October 24 - 30, 2021: Issue 515

 

History of the Modern Surfboat
Recognising the Surfboat Builders from 1950 to 2021

This History of the Modern Surfboat has been compiled and written by Bert Hunt, Life Member Moruya Surf Club & Australian Surf Rowers League; our thanks to Bert and the ASRL for permission to re-run this October 2021 Feature.


The first weekend of racing will begin with SLS SNB's Super Saturday, on the 13th of November!  Round 1 of the Surf Boats Premiership will be held at Freshwater Beach. Round 2 will be held at Newport Beach on November 20th.

This document has been extensively researched to the point of reasonable accuracy with a lot of input from Surfboat people from each State and many hours spent on web and other searches. Apologies in advance to any boat builder missed, or for any detail not completely correct, as this paper is a best attempt to create a running history of surfboat evolution.

The motivation for creating this document was to give due recognition to each and every surfboat builder across many decades. Our sport has always been totally indebted to these builders for their knowledge, passion and craftmanship in the continuing evolution of the iconic Australian Surfboat. To each of the builders, we the rowers and sweeps, say thank you.


A little on the first Surfboat type

The earlier surfboats started out as a clinker and some builders also started to employ the Carvel build method (see diagram below). Both techniques had been around for centuries, but the clinker seemed to be the preferred method for the early surfboats, which were really the old Whaler style fishing boat. The early builders started playing with design during the 30s and that saw the start of a shorter boat with a lot of rocker or banana built into the keel. The clinker relied on a good tight lap joint to keep the water out, whereas the carvel design originally used a chalking method between the planks as in the old sailing ships. By the time this reached surfboats, the builders were using glues to seal the plank edges. The carvel plank needed to be thicker than the clicker plank and required more internal support, so were in fact a heavier option.


Photo below of surfboat crew training on Sydney Harbour in a pretty early Clinker with a rudder instead of the later sweep oar. A good example of the early crews not sliding but employing a very long lay-back to finish to the stroke.


Surf rescue boat on Sydney Harbour (training?) – courtesy Australian National Maritime Museum on Flickr collection, picture: Object no. 00012117


The new generation of boat built from the mid 50’s

The real starting timeframe for this article is after the introduction of the “Cold Mould” strip Veneer built boats from the 1950’s, which became the precursor of today’s modern Glass boat. Some of today’s boats are still the same old timber hull design copied across into new moulds.

The Yacht industry not unsurprisingly had a huge influence on shifting the surfboat construction methods from clinker to veneer, as many of the early builders were already master yacht class boat builders and sailors. The yacht builders had started to shift to ply construction during the 40s, in part taking their lead from what was happening in the aircraft industry from manufacturers like De Havilland. Around the time of WW2, a lot of research went into utilizing light weight timber veneer with different glues for aircraft building and this of course could easily be transferred into boat building. This included an early version of heated vacuum gluing of the veneer.

The first shift from the old double ended whaler style came in 1946, when Tom Humphries of Swansea designed and built the first Tuck stern surfboat in Newcastle, but this was still a Clinker/Carvel hull craft. The clinker & carvel construction had served our lifesavers well from the early 1900s, as they were a primary method of rescue, but they were extremely heavy and, in most cases only able to be transported to carnivals on the back of trucks.

Another common method was for the crews to row and or tow behind trawlers with the boat fully loaded with crew between different beaches. In fact, a few crews actually combined rowing/towing from Sydney to Newcastle for competition. It was common to virtually see the whole club being needed on the beach to assist in pulling the Clinker from the shed to the water and back again on rollers.

Through a desire for lighter boats using less timber, the obvious place to start was a complete overhaul of boat design. So, during the 50s, a major transition took place when the old timber Clinker and Carvel planked “Whaler Style Double Ender” boat was replaced with a lighter “Cold Mould Strip veneer” tuck stern style surfboat.

The new 50s Veneer boats had internal ribs and stringers like the original clinker, over which at least three thin layers of cedar veneer strips were glued and pinned at 90 deg to the first strip, making for a relatively light but immensely strong hull. The new cross-ply construction method saw a very ridged hull which allowed much of the original internal timber ribs and stringers to be removed. This made for a new boat that could be built to around the 210-220kg weight range. Overnight surfboats had changed for ever.

During the 50s this new Cold Form surfboat saw the start of a new more mobile era and with that the number of surf clubs involved in surfboat events grew swiftly. A number of shipwrights became involved in the new design concept around the country and clubs had a wide range of choice.

The boat shape from each builder was pretty stable in design and didn’t change a lot, but each builder had their own distinctive recognisable shape and each boat their own different characteristics. To say the hull didn’t change, I am referring specifically to the external specified dimensions. These ply boats were being built over a skeleton style Jig and the longitudinal strip supports of the mould were not always fixed to the mould, so could have wedges inserted to push or pull the finished hull shape. 

Matt Clymer who took over the Clymer boat business from his father Bill informs that in the early years of the timber Jig the centre beam could be lifted of flattened thus providing a banana shaped keel for a big sea boat or a straight keel for a flat sea boat. Once built of course that was it - put a boat with a straight keel into a big sea and you have a submarine.

It’s important here to understand the few basic principles that dictate how the surfboat responds in different conditions to understand what the boat builders, and in turn sweeps, were trying to achieve.

❖ The more Rocker or Banana along the keel line the more lift the hull will have but it also makes for a slower running boat.

❖ Generally, the broader the tuck the less lift but faster downwind unless you make other changes to the hull to facilitate lift. See later discussion on the Slipstream design.

❖ A smaller tuck if combined with a bigger bow allows more lift.

❖ The longer waterline generally means a faster boat but also wetter, so conversely the short hull length the better the lift.

❖ The flatter the keel line the faster the boat, but that comes at the expense of lift.

❖ The positioning of foot stretchers to push the crew weight aft will allow more lift, but slow the run on the boat.

❖ To position the crew weight forward will encourage run at the expense of lift, but also if the weight is too far forward it causes the boat to dig in, thus pushing water which makes a slower boat.

❖ The width of the beam (hull width) also effects the hull displacement, which has influence on speed.

❖ The perfect all-round surfboat lives inside a combination of all the above, but what is that magical combination is the question.

So, when you look at the different builder’s shapes in the photos you can understand the evolution of the modern surf boat. Some boats display quite long bow decks, indicating a boat with the crew weight aft. Some very straight keel designs indicate a boat designed for flat conditions, while others had a lot of banana which made for great surf ability. It has remained a changing canvas of design from the 50s up until today, as boat builders strive to improve on design. However the current Glass boats are far less able to make radical shape changes due to the fixed nature of the moulds they come out of.

It can also be generally agreed that many timber boats were a one-off original, simply because of the ability for the builder to push and pull the hull. Today’s builders tend to have settled on their best hull shape and any changes are more tinkering at the edges.

As we know surf boat sweeps are all also self-endorsed Marine Architects and believe they know much more about design than the boat builder - at least in their own mind. So, understanding the different influence on performance of hull shape, and because the timber jig was somewhat adjustable, we saw many examples of a boat sweep twisting a builder’s arm - wanting to pull a little here and push a little there, looking for that extra yard of pace.

Every once in a while, one of these experiments actually worked, and along with the crew you would see a boat that seemed to be going pretty fast. Unfortunately, by the time the next club decided that they wanted to purchase exactly the same boat from Builder X, he had had another couple of boats on the mould and another couple of experts making changes, so no two boats were ever exactly the same, at least in most of the sheds. 

The early timber boats had no internal tanks, so no floatation. If a crew took on water their only way to empty the boat was for one of the crew to down their oar and start bailing with a bucket, the very important piece of equipment always attached to the quarter bar. Some of the builders then started boxing in slabs of Polystyrene under the bow and rear deck, which offered some floatation, but at best kept the gunwales at water level.

Surfboats from the 50s into the 70s had to have fitted a bow line with 50M of line attached to a rescue belt, plus a knife. These were considered critical pieces of rescue equipment and in fact were often used for difficult rescues off headlands or from the back of the break, remembering the IRB wasn’t thought of until the 70’s. The Box Line was later replaced by a Rescue Tube, then the knife disappeared and today not even the Rescue Tube remains.

It wasn’t until the mid-70s that we started to see a small changing of the guard of the boat builders. Some like Barnett, Bailey, Beashel, and Phillips started retiring and one of the new kids on the block was ex Olympian and Champion Queenscliff rower, Roger Ninham among others.


Another feature of the 50’s and 60’s was the mode of transport to carnivals for the crews. The photos above are of crews being towed across Port Phillip from Point Lonsdale to a carnival across at Portsea. As can be seen several boats in the tow line with crews stationed in each boat. This was a very common occurrence back in the clinker boat era in Sydney.

Imagine obtaining insurance clearance for this in the 2000s.

Let’s Meet Our Builders

The listing of builders is not in any date order as that information isn’t available. Instead, I have tried to stick roughly to decades or eras.

Humphries Boats NSW: 

Originally built under the business name T Humphries & Sons Newcastle, it was father and founder Tom Humphries that made the first Tuck stern surfboat in 1946. There were two Humphries brothers, Colin and Boyd, involved during the 50s to 80s, with Colin’s son Robert being sought out to build one further boat to keep the family boat building alive, after he retired his job as a Postie. The best example of who used the Humphries’ Boat was the great Swansea Caves crew swept by Ken Murray, but many clubs were Humphries fans.


Ken Murray at work in the back of a Humphries boat & Bulli Crew 1959-60


Humphries Boat built by Colin Humphries 1974


Bill Barnett NSW: 

He had his shed right on the water at McMahons Point in Sydney and to collect a new boat it had to be rowed or towed away. Bill suffered a major shed fire in the early 70s and lost all his patterns and jigs, which resulted in him starting again with a completely new hull shape. Bill built his first veneer surfboat for the legendary Sweep Keith (Spaz) Hurst in 1956 and he went on to win the Australian Open Championship that year.

Bill Barnett was a master craftsman and in some ways was the benchmark for boat design and build. His early boats were about 23 feet long in the old scale with good banana in the keel and a nice flared bow. His later boats had grown in length to just over the 25-foot mark and like all others, had straightened out the keel to provide more straight-line speed.

Bill Barnett was a champion 18 footer builder and sailor, a skill he easily transferred into his design and build of the modern surfboat. Bill was part of the design team that built and crewed the 1967 America Cup challenger “Dame Pattie”. He followed that up by building the 1970 America Cup challenger Gretel 11 for Sir Frank Packer. Bill Barnett died in 2018 aged 102.


Master boat builder Bill Barnett, crew member of the 1967 America’s Cup challenger DAME PATTIE, c 1967. Copyright. ANMM Collection Gift from Graeme Andrews


Barnett boat Port Macquarie crew 1961. Two ASRL Hall of Famers: Don McManus far right and Warren Malloy 3rd from left


Bailey Bros NSW: 

Bailey Bros were oar and skiff builders who also built a few surfboats. We know that Nth Cronulla had a boat built in 1954 as did many other clubs. The following extract is taken from the minutes of the Coffs Harbor Surf Club in 1954: 

“that boat builders Bailey Bros. be asked to supply one cedar tuck stern surf boat with spruce oars and an Oregon sweep oar at a cost of four hundred and sixty pounds; delivery by January 5, 1956.”


This is that first Bailey Bros tuck stern surfboat. Left to Right: Bill Pearce, Boyce Seccombe, Bill Palmer, Rear Alister Watt. 


And again, the Bailey Boat in competition: Left to Right: J Fuller, A Watt, R Turner, B Seccombe, G Voigt Examiner & B Palmer.


Roy Phillips NSW: 

He also built a lot of surfboats in Drummoyne during the 50s to 70s and his boats were considered fast, with one of the straighter keel lines. They included a flatter bottom and rounded hull that required good oarsmanship to set the boat up. Clubs like Sth Curl Curl, Freshwater and Merewether were known to row Phillips, and Spaz Hurst won an Australian Open Boat Championship with a very good Mollymook crew in a Phillip’s.


Phillips 1952 Carvel Plank

Bill Clymer NSW: 

A well-known Sydney boat builder whose boats are still available today, but now under new ownership. Bill built his first surf boat in 1963 for boat sweep John Winshuttle, who was with Palm Beach Surf Club Sydney. This boat had a drop-down keel which was engaged by the sweep pulling a lever to drop the keel down into the water. The big issue with this feature was that sweeps forgot to pull the keel back into the boat and kept ripping them off on the sand. The original Clymer boats featured a big tuck and a lot of banana in the keel line.

The first of the Clymer boats were much shorter that today’s craft. This allowed for good lift and manoeuvrability. As the crews started searching for more speed, the keel straightened and lengthened.

Clymer built his first Glass sandwich boat in 1978. Bill died in 2004, but had continued to work on the boats in the business (subsequently owned and operated by son Matt) until 2002.

  

Restored 1971 Clymer surfboat 


Restored 1971 Clymer boat in action with Freshwater old boys Crew

Ken Beashel NSW: 

Ken was another Sydney yacht builder and sailor who expanded his business to include surfboats as part of his fleet.

The following is an extract contributed by Gary (Herb) Staples of the Port Kembla Surf Club on his club’s involvement with the Ken Beashal surfboat:

Port Kembla had three boats built by Ken Beashal between 1965 & 1971, each boat was completely different. They were all well-built but designed for different surf conditions. 

The first one the H A Fleming was built from teak and was very light. Our open crew won the state in this boat ending Caves Beach’s four-year winning run.

The second boat built, the John ‘Scarlett’ O’Hara, named after a club member who was killed in Vietnam. Our open crew got fourth in the state in 1971 in this boat.

The last one was the Horrie Fleming. Was built for flat conditions, and had a bow shaped like a wedge, a straight keel with a small tuck about 350mm wide & 450mm high, and a very fast boat in flat conditions. In a surf it was like a submarine as it tended to want to go through a wave not lift over it, no pumps in those days. In a flat surf at the Australian in Burleigh Heads in 1973, our open crew finished fourth in this boat.

This is the very typical experience of many surf clubs where they worked directly with the boat builder looking for a boat that both suited the crew and usually the expected conditions at the next Australian Championship location.


Two of the Port Kembla Beashel Surfboats from 1965 & 1971


Ken Beashel in 2014


Arthur (Snow) Wallace SA: 

Snow built boats in South Australia during the 50s to 70s, mainly for SA and South Africa, with we believe some ending up in the UK. Snow Wallace was contracted to build 6 of the BP boats for SA between 1960 & 66. The SA crews loved their Wallace boats that were very comfortable and capable surfboats.


from - Henley SLSC, 1965 annual report

Like all the timber builders a major part of their work was repairing boats and oars after a weekend’s carnage. Locals well remember the outside of the Wallace shed being cluttered most Monday mornings after the weekend’s misadventures.

A look at the finish in the photo below clearly indicates the quality and love that went into each surfboat.


Snow Wallace boat built for Brighton. Crew Left to Right: Barry Hancock, Graham Reid & Warwick Archer.


Wallace on the water

Bill Ninham WA: 

Bill (Rodger’s father) built surfboats in Western Australia and was well known for his fine craftmanship. One of his last boats was built for the famous 1977 Aussies at Bancoora, coming away with a medal. By 1979 Bill had retired, but was encouraged to design and oversee yet another boat for Swanbourne Nedlands SLSC, that was built by Bill’s son-in-law Chris Lewkowski. This boat won the 1979 Reserve Boat final at Trigg Island Aussies that year.

  

Beautiful Ninham boat. 2nd photo with 1979 Australian Reserve Grade Surf Boat Champions. P. Wales, R. Bosworth, K. Jolly, I. Hodgkinson, G. Olsen.

John Stringfellow was Club President in 1991 and prior to this was Surf Boat Captain for 14 seasons. John recalled the following:

“We donated Cygnet V to the Fremantle Boat Museum when we ran out of room in the boatshed for the Norm Rees II surfboat that was purchased from North Cronulla. Tuppy Lahiff (a great surf competitor helped restore boats at the museum) and as such I considered it would get well looked after. Cygnet V had virtually not been used from 1979 until it was donated to the Museum and as such it was still in good condition. It was one of the last, if not the last, boats built by Bill Ninham who also built the Cygnets II, II and IV. I admired Bill greatly as he was a mentor to me from when I was in my first year of sweeping. I felt donating the boat to the Museum would be a tribute to both Bill and to the 1979 crew plus a few kudos to the Club. The boat was too good, in my opinion, to be thrown out and as the style was a bit unorthodox and old fashioned it would not have been wanted by any other club which would treat it in the manner that reflected it’s history.”

“Sundry equipment – Colour: From 1964/5 Swanbourne boaties wore Footscray football jumpers as their club identity (and to keep warm) and painted their oars with red, white and royal blue stripes.”


Cygnet V surf boat on display at the new WA Museum

“Cygnet V was built by Bill Ninham in his backyard workshop in Howick Street, East Victoria Park (Lathlain) and launched in late 1978. Bill was then a pensioner and the boat was nominally built by his son in law Chris Lewkowski whose boat builder’s registration should be seen etched into the boat’s inboard keel. Bill provided the design and the labour.

The Club ordered a new boat from Bill as a replacement racing boat for the Cygnet IV which was then 5 years’ old and was showing its age. Cygnet IV was arguably the Club’s most successful boat having been jointly designed by the legendary Cottesloe SLSC sweep Arthur “Danny” Kay and Bill and was the second of its type off the mould. It had a V shaped hull to enhance its speed but which was considered to slow the buoy turns. Bill was asked to design a boat with a more rounded bottom hull. When Cygnet V first came off its mould its higher bow made it looked more like a Viking longboat then a traditional surf boat and this may have influenced the A crew’s opinion of its racing ability.

The Club’s logo on the bow was in the spirit of the 1979 150th Anniversary commemoration of the European settlement of Western Australia when the State government had a similar logo of a rampant swan with a golden sun behind it. Our logo had a rampant swan rising from a blue ocean against a crashing white wave and a setting red sun.

The oars and sweep were just plain varnished. As I recall these were the new oars supplied with the boat. I think the club had only one good set of oars painted in the blue blade with red and white bands, and they were used by the A crew.''

Boyd Boats QLD: 

These were designed and built by Claude Boyd at Landsborough Qld. The early examples we found were from around the 1964 season and Claude retired from boat building in 1985. Many clubs on the east coast rowed the Boyd with good success.

Claude was an old NSW Swansea man and cousin to the Humphries brothers, so boat building was very much a family thing to do. Claude Boyd died in Qld in 2011 aged 95.


1968 Boyd Boat


More examples of the Boyd surfboat - 1980 Boyd at Merewether


1981 Boat; The Boyd boat had good surf credentials and a popular choice especially in Qld.

Geraldton Building Company WA: Only built one surfboat in WA during the 60s, but no other information is available.

Laurie Chivas WA: Chivas Marine won the contract to build 6 surfboats for British Petroleum (BP) during the 60s in WA. BP sponsored about 6 surfboats in each State at this time. They were balloted in some way to different surf clubs.

Les Rimmer WA: 

Les was another of the Western Australian boat builders. We found one image of a Rimmer boat hanging in the Maritime Museum Cornwell UK. This boat was built for the Floreat Surf Club in WA in 1963. It is believed to be the only surfboat Les Rimmer ever built and yet it ended up on the other side of the world in Cornwell.


Mouldcraft VIC: 

This company was a Yacht and Skiff builder, but also built veneer surfboats in Vic during this era. This was a very interesting design, having a very wide tuck and an extremely long raking bow. If we look at the much later Slipstream surfboat it is interesting how close the 60’s Mouldcraft and much later 2000’s Slipstream were in design concept. Absolutely no suggestion is made that one copied the other - more that they were both built along the wide aft sailing style with a very different approach at the bow end.


Anglesea crew during the 66-67 season in the Mouldcraft Surfboat


Internal of Mouldcraft noting reverse Rig, Jackets & Helmets plus the heavily raked bow


Hawker De Havilland Marine: 

This company also decided to enter the market with a full aluminium boat during the mid-60s. We know that Cronulla, Nth. Narrabeen and Portsea each had an aluminium surfboat and a photo exists of another at Swanbourne Nedlands WA. We understand that one also went to a Gold Coast club. Rowers who had the rowing experience told of a very different sound coming from the hull and a pretty hard landing if being tossed about. The idea was to make an indestructible surfboat, but it was soon found the metal was no match for timber in the handling and speed stakes.


Nick Dixon on Sweep, Cronulla crew, Aluminium boat, wave off Cronulla

Ninham Boats NSW: 

Rodger was revolutionary in that he came with a good Stillwater boat rowing and building knowledge and started to really play with hull shape and weight distribution.

Rodger did his apprenticeship in his father’s (Bill Ninham) WA sheds before moving to Sydney as a river boat rower and builder. He went on to work for some time with Bill Clymer, honing his skill and knowledge in surfboats.

Rodger was also a leader in refining the rowing stroke in the surfboat world, having represented Australia in the Eights at the Rome Olympics in 1960 and then switched to a Pair where he rowed in the Perth Comm games in 1962 and the 1964 Tokyo Olympics. Remarkably Roger was rowing heavyweight at 6 foot and 77 Kg so pulling way above his weight.

He manufactured his first Surfboat in about 1970 and his second was ordered by Warren Malloy of the Queenscliff Surf Club in 1971. Warren ordered the Ninham boat on the condition that Rodger joined the crew which he did and along with John Pool, Dave Baldwin and Rob Burgess they rowed in 24 events during the season, winning 20, which included winning the Australian Open Boat Championship. This 1971 boat was the first to include a double quarter bar. After that 1971 success, the Ninham Surfboat became extremely popular and the business took off. Rodger was extremely giving of his time and experience and many surf club crews from city to country tapped into this knowledge.

During the second half of the 70’s he started adding a layer of glass sheet over the ply hull to give it more rigidity. He also started working closely with some sweeps to trial very different hull shapes. One that sticks out was a boat he built for Peter (Grub) Grant and the Torquay club and possibly a second for Nth Bondi. It had the tallest bow Stem, possible sitting 1500mm high on the sand and the smallest tuck maybe only 250mm deep. It looked like a bomb and it performed like a bomb, but at least they tried.

Rodger manufactured his first Foam Sandwich boat in about 1980 but he continued to also build in timber as some crews still preferred the timber craft.

Sadly, Rodger died way too young in May 1985.

Rodger Ninham the Australian Sculler & his 1983 Surfboat. Note the short Bow

First of the Ninham Glass boats 1980. Photo of Moruya Crew.


Other builders starting operations in the 70s to 80s and these included:

Ron Corby NSW: Ron started building a few timber boats in Kiama and then shifted his shed to Braidwood. Ron was another who manufactured timber rowing and sweep oars and built his first boat for his Kiama crew in the second half of the 70s.

DeJong Boats QLD: Nick DeJong started building surfboats in Qld in the early 1960s. It’s not known how many DeJong boats were built, but it was several.


This in the DeJong in action.

Miles Boats NSW: (Contribution by Nathan Perry) 

Bob Miles became a very successful Sydney boat builder, also utilising the ply wrapped in glass method from the very early 80s into the early 90s. Bob was a shipwright in the naval shipyard and luckily for the sport he retired to build surfboats.

Bob Miles progressed from an all-cedar hull of 3 skins, diagonal, vertical, and finishing with a diagonal 90degrees to the first skin, much the same as all the other traditional builders at the time. Also, spruce stringers and silver ash laminated timbers or ribs were still used. This was varnished with no sheathing of any kind, just a ton of varnish.

In the 87-88 season he changed production to 2 skins of Gaboon ply. Again this was built over a male mould (see photo below), the same as the cedar boats. This was then sheathed with an epoxy resin and 10oz or 300gm cloth. The outside was varnished or sometimes painted. The inside was also sheathed and always painted.

The boat was fitted out the same way as the traditional boats with thwarts and knees, but the sheathing saw Miles do away with the stringers and ribs. It was at this time we saw both Clymer and Miles start to build air tight buoyancy tanks at either end, incorporating the bow, including under the bow seat and the aft in the sweep’s area. Initially, Bob was making these buoyancy tanks out of ply.

In my time at Miles', we built 3 one off foam hulls the same way we built the timber boats over the male mould. One for Grub Grant at Lorne, one for Michael Brown at Kurrawa and a marathon boat we built for Queenscliff. This boat for Queenscliff would have to be one of the most interesting boats of our time and it's lost. It was the same as all boats forward, probably a bit bigger volume than the ply boats, then from about mid way changed and developed a chine that grew more obvious to the tuck ala the Phillips boats they would have been introduced around the same time.

The Miles boats also ventured into the foam sandwich era, Bob Miles was one of the most successful builders of his time.

Bob died in 2001 of asbestosis contracted its thought from the earlier shipyard work environment.


Bob Miles Jig – still available today if anyone wants a timber boat at Mike Taylors Qld shed


More examples of the Miles Boats in action - 1992 Miles Boat with Sth. Curl Curl on board.

Skilful Boat Builders

By way of understanding the skill of our boat builders this boat that was smashed at the NSW State Titles in Thirroul in 1992 and ended up in three large and several small pieces went back to the factory for repair. Three weeks later it had been spliced back together and won a medal at the Australian Championship.


This section was re-joined to a large stern and another sizable side panel.

Taylor Boats Illawarra NSW: 

Father & son Max & Peter Taylor from Woonona in the Illawarra had a successful business right through the 70s & 80s, firstly with timber boats for a number of years and then they moved into the glass revolution completing several glass boats.

  

Max & Peter Taylor boat being Launched at Towradgi & Bulli 1974-75

Graeme King SA: 

A stillwater boat builder from South Australia, Graeme was coerced to build several surfboats. He took on the Snow Wallace mould, made some modifications and build a number of very nice-looking surfboats. Graeme moved his small skiff boat business to America in the 80s and was lost to SA surf clubs. Graeme has recently returned from America to retire to Port Pirie SA.


King Surfboat with Christies' Crew on board.

Bruce Keir VIC: 

A Victorian boat builder who was also active around this time. We do know that one of the boats he built was for Brighton SA and named in honour of the very popular SA surfboat builder Arthur (Snow) Wallace.


A wonderful example of the skill of the boat builders. Bruce Keir built.

Bob McClelland Boats NSW: 

Bob was the first to build a glass sandwich boat in 1977. Bob then decided after creating his mould to build the first unsinkable surfboat.

Bob was an innovator and decided (before pumps) that an empty boat would be a winning boat. He raised the floor up to seat level and created indented self-draining foot wells. Right along the side, just above the floor deck, he installed self-draining scuppers that with the internal buoyancy created by the raised floor, simply allowed any water to wash straight out of the boat. The first unsinkable boat built was for his Burning Palms club and it quickly won the name of “Yellow Submarine”. Finished in bright yellow, it could be seen being buried and rolled under surf and immediately self-righting and draining. It was a good boat, but pretty scary for the crew when coming aft on a big wave with such a high centre of gravity.

Taylor Boats QLD: 

Father and son, Ron and Mike Taylor (no relation to the other Taylor), built Veneer constructed boats at Slacks Creek QLD during the 70s to 90s. Mike is still manufacturing Timber Sweep oars at his QLD factory. Mike Taylor still has the old Bob Miles mould in his shed just waiting for a surf club somewhere to ask him to build one more timber surfboat.


Beautifully restored Mike Taylor Surfboat.

Mackay Boats NZ:

A few New Zealand made boats built by Jim Mackay also found their way to Australia. One of the NZ crews shipped a MacKay boat to Australia for the 1988 George Bass Marathon and left it in Australia at the end of the event. The big difference, (beside the very straight keel) to the boats being built in Australia was that this boat was manufactured using a single skin fibreglass method, no foam composite and the internals and gunwales were all timber.

It was a very straight waterline boat and at one stage Croker Oars actually manufactured a couple of these boats at Taree, as did Gus McDonald of South Coast Surfboats who had taken a “flop” off an imported MacKay, but only made one boat.


Early example of the NZ MacKay boat in timber.

Period of Change

The period between the 80s and 2000s saw a lot of development from all the boat builders and saw the explosion of composite sandwich construction in glass boat building. This was the era where both inner and outer construction started as Foam Sandwich glass coated and then in some cases the internal sandwich was replaced with an internal fixed one-piece tank. Internal buoyancy was maximised, two electric pumps fitted and the next generation of surfboat was born.

New builders to emerge during this period were:

Angus Humphries NSW: 

After the retirement of the Humphries family, Graham Angus was given permission to take what’s called a “Flop” off the Humphrey timber hull and convert that into a mould. Graham proceeded to manufacture a Foam sandwich boat, which he called the Angus Humphries, in QLD for several years starting in the early 1980’s. It’s unclear just how many of these boats were made, but it was several.

Angus Humphries boat circa early 80’s – fitout & finished. 

South Coast Surfboat NSW: 

Graham (Gus) McDonald introduced the South Coast Surfboat in 1985/86. After the sad passing of Roger Ninham in 1985, the family permitted one of his last timber hull boats to be “flopped” and transferred into a new fibreglass mould and the South Coast Surfboat was born.

The first of the South Coast boats was built by Moruya Dentist Graham (Gus) McDonald around 1986. The first couple of South Coast boats were built under the SLSA Experimental tag, which allowed innovation in design, but the boat could still be used in competition while agreement was reached on specification change. The first boat featured no keel, which was now possible in Glass where the timber hulls had a full-length solid timber external keel. The second boat added a very small half-moon shaped keel under the Stroke feet which proved to be a very good design for manoeuvrability. This keel change started a debate by SLSA and finally a specified keel size was written into the specifications some years later. Gus also introduced the internal buoyancy boxing under his boat seats along with a centre channel designed to funnel the water straight to the pumps, giving the boat more buoyancy and a higher centre of gravity. Before Gus made this change, boats had an open internal design which allowed water to flow freely around the hull not always to the pump (singular at that time).

Like Rodger Ninham, Gus was into innovation and he was determined to change the internal fit out of the surfboat away from timber struts and knees to a clean all sandwich composite finish, initially because Gus argued it would make a safer boat with no internal hard edges for the rowers to dodge. That required SLSA to agree to his changes which finally saw thickened sidewalls around seats and thwarts and a pretty major rewrite of the build specification. After seeing a NZ built MacKay surfboat in 1988 Gus was convinced that single skin construction was the way to go. He didn’t manage to convert his building method away from composite to Single Skin for the Hull but was a big pusher with the next business owner for the single skin. Composite hull at that time could have issues with taking on water and thus weight so Gus saw the single skin was a next logical development step before “Infusion” construction methods used by later boat builders.

Gus sold the business in 1991.


South Coast Surfboat built by Gus McDonald.

The Boyd Richardson QLD:

This boat was brought back to life in 1986 by Qld Boat Sweep Lofty Richardson who had been a long-time user and advisor to Claude on hull design. Lofty, with the support of Claude, took over manufacturing the Boyd boat, but this time in foam sandwich. Lofty changed his construction method in the mid 90s to join South Coast Surfboats as a single skin style boat. Over his time Lofty built about 70 surfboats until he also retired from boatbuilding in 2006.

Boyd Richardson on the water.

Boat Beavers WA: 

A couple of clubbies from City of Perth, calling themselves Boat Beavers, built one boat for City in the late 80s, but that was a one-off effort.

Clymer Boats NSW: 

In 1988 Matt Clymer, a very successful boat sweep with the Manly club, took over the building of these boats on the retirement of father Bill. Matt continued to build the very popular Clymer boat by now fully utilizing the foam composite construction method. Many crews will argue that the Clymer boat is their preferred surf boat for surf conditions.

Over the next decade Matt shifted focus from the built in internal composite foam fit out as had been the norm for all craft during the 80s through the 90s, into the development of a complete internal mould. Like any major new change, especially in a craft that was subject to the extreme external pressures of a surfboat, the new one-piece internal section took time, but the end result was well worth the wait.




Rick Millar and Avalon Beach. 




Peter Spence and Palm Beach.

Burton Boats NSW: 

Ray Burton was the Burton of the Sargent and Burton famed stillwater boats and oar business. During the 80s Ray Burton branched out to design and build a revolutionary new glass surfboat. This boat was a very different hull shape, especially at the bow end and with a vee shaped tuck. It enjoyed good success, production started in the early 80s and ran into the early 90s. The production method was also different to all the other builders of the time. The Burton boat was built from the outside, meaning that the foam was laid over a mould and the glass and gel coat applied to the outside of the foam.

The hull was then lifted off the mould and the inside glass coats applied. Other builders were using the mould system where the first layer applied was the gel coat, then the glass matte, then the foam and finally the internal glass mesh. The finished hull was them floated out of the mould.

The early Burton had a very short 150mm deep keel centred in the length of the boat which allowed the boat to spin on sixpence. It was this variation of keel that finally saw another formalisation on the actual surface area of the keel which still exists today.

Ray Burton was the only builder to produce aluminium oars, it was an experiment that didn’t last.


First ever Burton timber surfboat.

   

First Glass Burton at start of the George Bass. Penguin men in the Burton Boat.

South Coast Surfboats NSW: 

New owner Ron Kelly had purchased the SCS business in 1991 and shifted production from Malua Bay to Ulladulla. The boats continued to be built to the same specification but he did make the shift from composite to single skin in the early 90s. Ron made the next big change by removing the timber gunwales and replacing them with a new improved closed cell foam composite gunwale. There was a lot of apprehension from crews at the time as all builders started to convert to the foam gunwale for fear around strength and the ability to hold the rowlock housing securely. This apprehension soon gave way to acceptance when the new gunwales proved themselves to be well up to the task.

Ron Kelly sold the business in 2003. 


Examples of the boats produced by Ron Kelly. Bulli, Robbie Meijer on Sweep, Chris & Rod Mercer – International v NZ


Examples of the boats produced by Ron Kelly. 

Dennis Phillips NSW: 

Somewhere in the 90s, Dennis Phillips, son of Roy, who built in the 50s/60s, was sought out by Swansea Belmont Sweep Trevor Dyson (son in-law of the great Ken Murray) to build a one-off special boat. The base waterline was quite radical in that unlike all other boats it featured a flat almost planning bottom. It had some rocker on the keel but two distinctive flat sections either side of the keel. About 4 of these boats were made, 3 for Swansea and 1 for Maroubra. The photo below of the hanging boat will show the underside design. The photo of the boat and trailer clearly shows the side drain scuppers. This boat was the only other version of the self-draining hull with a very high deck first introduced by Bob McClelland in the 80’s. It straightened out the gunwales to make all rowlocks equal, but the biggest innovation was the introduction of distinct chine lines not before seen in modern surfboat construction. The finished look was square and chunky, but boy, the Swansea crew knew exactly how to row it and it was a flyer. This boat was never planned for mass production and was a good example of thinking outside the design box.


Dennis Phillips high deck & self-draining scuppers below flat bottom and chine line.

Perry Boats NSW: 

Nathan (NR) Perry completed his apprenticeship with Bob Miles and commenced his own business as a 23/24-year-old in 1997 and continues today with his own design and built Perry brand. Nathan built his first competition boat for Sth. Curl Curl who in 1997 went on to win an Aussie Title in that boat. Like many builders NR was searching for his own distinctive style of boat and for the first few years tried to manufacture a series of “one off” design boats, each that little bit different. He quickly realised that wasn’t going to be his long-term approach and set about stabilising his design into an all-round boat that he could repeat with consistency. Over the business cycle Nathan has had only one major design change and is happy that his product provides a boat suited for all conditions.

As the only boatbuilder/shipwright currently building surfboats that started by developing their own original design concept from scratch, we will devote a little time into understanding the thought process of a boat designer. We can probably guess that the following process would have been exactly the same for each of the original builders in both timber and glass as they attempted to balance the various options for speed and lift into their own surfboats. 


Nathan Perry watching the action - Bilgola SLSC Surf Boat Carnival 2016

The following is contributed by Nathan:

Phase one in all building projects is design. For Nathan it fell to his mother, Kristine Perry, to help him draw the line plan for the original 96 design and it took 4 days to complete the setout work and draw the plans. The first 3 boats were built as one-off foam boats all laid up over the male mould and there was staged progression from the first boat along the road to what was to become the final design.

Boat one was for South Curl Curl and was a one-off foam hull, timber decks and gunwales and a one-off foam interior.

It was in late 97, still looking to settle on the best design and after observing the radical Dennis Phillips boats and the pics of the “Flora Roberts”, a boat Roy Phillips built for SCC in the 1950s, that the concept to cut down on the unnecessary volume in the aft of the first boats was decided. The plan was a weight saving of mass and also to adjust the rigging. Up to this point the stroke seat was getting higher than the 3 seat from the water line, which didn’t seem right. Also, during this change the stem was cut down by 50mm to reduce the bowman’s height from the water. The changed design concept was for the boat to look straighter with less banana by design. The aim was also to have all rowers seated as close to the same distance from the water as possible. The changes to the mould also included some work to the actual hull shape. This entailed a flatter section to the rear underside. This boat was the first Perry boat built with foam gunwales, one-off foam interior and was the first boat with moulded decks.

At this point we were feeling comfortable with the design so a Flop (copy) was taken off the last boat and converted into a mould from which we started building future boats.

In 2017 Matt Clymer wanted to retire and sold the Clymer boat business to Nathan so today Nathan Perry is building both the Perry and Clymer surfboats in his Sydney factory.



Perry surfboat in the hands of Nathan and Manly LSC men


Nathan Perry with Manly LSC Boaties Division at Newport, 2017

DKG Boats NSW: 

Drew Griffith also completed his apprentice in the Bob Miles shed and in the years that followed built the first new DKG boat somewhere in the late 90s. Drew was a successful boat sweep, firstly with the Nth Narrabeen club and he came to building surfboats with both the knowledge of a boat builder but also of a boat sweep. DKG boats became very popular as clubs embraced the new designs and building methods. The DKG also embraced the one-piece internal fit out coupled with a composite foam sandwich hull.

At the start of the 2000s, with some retirements from the industry, the boat builders left standing were:

Clymer - was building a sandwich glass boat with a fitted internal tank.

South Coast Surfboats - building a single skin glass boat.

Boyd Richardson - building a single skin glass boat.

Perry Boats - using the sandwich construction method with an internal tank.

DKG - using a sandwich construction process and internal tank.

Slipstream - using a Sandwich construction process.

Major Changes

The big development for Perry, DKG and Slipstream at this time was in the construction method. All builders had been laying up the glass boats with different layers of stitched fabric or woven cloth and resin inside the mould. The one difficulty with this method of application in the composite construction was to achieve consistency with the amount of resin applied in equal proportions along the whole hull. It was possible, even with the best efforts, for boats to come out of the mould at different weights.

The game changer for the composite builders was the introduction of the “Infusion” method of applying the resin. The Infusion method basically is one very big plastic vacuum bag that is tapped around the outside of the hull mould and draped inside. A large vacuum pump type machine is then connected to an outlet suction hose and a second inlet hose to the resin. The resin is then basically sucked inside and through the foam and glass laminate under the plastic bag. Under immense pressure, the resin is forced or sucked right through the hull, filling every hole and crevice in the foam until it is drawn right up to the gunwale level. This is a very accurate method of applying the resin and can control the thickness of resin to extremely small margins, providing a boat of very consistent weight.

The Clymer boat at this same time was using a vacuum to form up their foam hulls in the female mould. They would gelcoat the mould, glass the outer skin, then just vacuum the hull foam down onto a very wet cloth or slurry. You didn't need a complete vacuum to achieve this, just a good amount of vacuum to press the foam into place while the ''glue'' went off. They would then pull off the bag, bog up all the gaps and holes and glass the inner skin.

The other manufacturing method is the “Single Skin” employed by South Coast Surfboats. This method has completely removed the foam from the hull, so the boat is laid up in layers of Glass Mat impregnated in Resin. It is the same base product as used in the Infusion method without the foam. The Single Skin method is also very accurate as all raw materials are weighed at the start and the builder knows exactly the weight of the finished boat from the quantity of materials used. 


DKG Hull and Internal being Infused separately before being fitted together.


South Coast Surfboat being Laid up in the Single Skin method.

Slipstream NSW:

In the late 90s to first half of the 2000s, Gavin Clark decided to engage a Marine Architect to look at surfboat design and the result was the Slipstream surfboat. It was another big shift away from the conventional surfboat design with a very wide Yacht style Tuck. It featured a short stub nose that was up to 200mm wider than other boat designs at the splash rail.

Many of the experts decided before it even hit the water that it wouldn’t work. Well, it challenged the traditional convention on style and it did in fact work, being favoured for a number of years by many crews. The wide flat tuck provided a great platform for running conditions. The wider nose with its additional volume above the waterline up front provided the lift. Slipstream went straight to a composite foam sandwich construction, utilizing the vacuum “Infusion” method.


Slipstream in Action notice wide Tuck and width at Splash rail.

As of 2021, the following boat builders are still visibly active in the market selling into Australia and New Zealand:

Clymer Boats NSW:  In 2017 Matt Clymer retired as a boat builder and sold his business to Nathan Perry. Nathan has continued to build both the Perry and Clymer surfboat in his Sydney factory.

Perry Boats NSW: Nathan Perry has developed his brand to be one of the very popular surfboats on the market. The Perry business can now offer the choice of either the Perry or Clymer surfboat. Both boats still hold onto their unique design performance features. Both boats are built using the exact same production method.

South Coast Surfboats NSW: 

In 2003 the Bean family purchased the business and after remaining for some years building out of Ulladulla, they eventually shifted the factory to the Sunshine Coast. Jase Bean took over the actual building from his brother Wes when the factories changed location.

Jase & Wes started to play with the design firstly adding a lot wider front Gunwale to keep the boat drier. The next stage was a slight increase to the volume of the bow above the waterline that completed the concept for a drier boat, while not changing the waterline. The boat is now the only surfboat built using the single skin technique and built-in internal bulkheads. One feature of the single skin is it can’t take on weight over time.


The modern version of the South Coast Surfboat with Bulli on board

The South Coast Surfboat like the Clymer is a hull born from a 70’s timber boat and basically remains true to the original design. Changes have been made in the method of construction and the improved performance in surf, but both the South Coast and Clymer are testament to the longevity and skill of the original builder’s design.

DKG Surfboats NSW: 

One of two boats built in Qld. In 2009 Drew Griffith sold the business to a new group including two Sweeps and a Photographer - Grant Wilkinson, Mark McDonald & Harvey Allison who have continued on building boats for clubs in all states. The DKG is a well-balanced surfboat that has enjoyed success in both flat and big surf conditions.


DKG Boat - Bondi in action

It is interesting and important to note that of the four remaining surfboat designs all have performed well in all surf conditions. It is also important to mention that each of the builders are also all very competent boat sweeps, so clubs can confidently know they are talking to a boat builder who really does know their business from all sides.


Summary

To conclude, across the last 7 decades crews have embraced all of these different surfboat manufacturers. Clubs at times shifted loyalties for reasons of perceived performance, availability and cost.

What hasn’t been mentioned is the quality of the craftmanship exhibited by the timber boat builders. The timber boat was partly taken for granted when we stood on the beach with a couple of hundred beautiful timber boats on display, but in reality, the build quality was more like what you would find in a fine timber furniture shop. These boats were built by quality timber craftsmen, beautifully finished in marine varnish.

What we have today is equally a quality product, but a very different product now built for lasting performance and endurance. The modern surfboat by comparison is possibly faster, certainly lighter and a more buoyant craft, perfectly suited to balance the requirement for speed and surfing ability. The modern surfboat is a credit to the builders who manufacture them, each with that same sense of love and pride as the early timber tradesman.

For those sweeps that have experienced steering boats manufactured from the early 60s to today, each change has been noticeable. The early timber boats were heavier, the 50’s and 60’s boats were highly manoeuvrable until keels started to lengthen in the quest for more speed. The timber boat tended to cut its way through the top of the wave whereas the lighter glass boat wants to go up and over. The modern-day sweep has to be a bit more aware because the lighter more buoyant surfboat will bounce, swing and roll a lot faster than the older timber surfboat, but both are equally wonderful craft.

In the era of the 50s to early 60s all these boats had much shorter timber seats. Crews were rowing a style with a lot less leg/bum slide and a big emphasis on upper body and arms.

As we hit the 70s, the seats started to lengthen and were made of timber ply as crews started to lengthen out the stroke. Crews used a range of methods to slide on the timber seats, including wearing shorts coated in Vaseline, shorts with a Shammy type material stitched to the seat and even some used Pantihose over sluggos and ultimately sluggos with detergent on the seat became the transition to simply using water as the seat finish improved. Today’s shop production fibreglass seat didn’t make its entrance until the 80s.

Acknowledgements

A very good document detailing more history and many other aspects of surfboat rowing can be found at http://www.surfboatdirections.com.au written by Kim Marsh. 

Also available by Kim: Timber Heritage Surf Boats 1947 to 1971

More history is to be found on the ASRL website: www.asrl.com.au, that has been contributed and authored by Michael King of the Newport Surf Club.


Newport SLSC Sweeps Michael King and Robert Emerson

The Gus McDonald era of South Coast Surfboats will soon be available on the Broulee Surf Club website for viewing.

Thanks to all those that contributed with photos and information including various websites:

Don McManus, Stephen Blewitt, Matt Clymer, Nathan Perry, Richard Olesinski, Richard Meadmore, John Wright, Neil (Twisty) Oliver, Peter Morey, Mike Taylor, Michael King, Pittwater Online News, Les Irwig, Warwick Archer, Robert (Daffy) Gray, Barry Duhne, Les Irwig, Bernard Duncan, Joe Weston, Garry Claypan, Grant Wilkinson, Gus McDonald, Gary Pettigrove, Kim Marsh and Surfboat Directions, Peter Taylor, Jase Bean, Michael Rees, Rob Burgess, Gary (Herb) Staples, Damien McSkimming, Brendan MacAlpine, Terry Owens, Barry Adams, Chris Mercer, Lofty Richardson, Graeme King, Harvey Allison, Shayne Clark, Chris Clayton, Nicolette Cartwright Chris (Ribs) Flemming.


Don McManus when Sweeping for Bilgola SLSC, now back with his original NB club, Nth. Narrabeen 

Sweeps; Ryan Halangahu (Mona Vale SLSC now with Long Reef SLSC) and Peter Spence (Palm Beach SLSC).

Previous History Pages:  

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Illustrated by J C Hoyte   Pittwater's New Cycle Track of 1901 Manly to Newport  The Rock Lily Hotel  Barrenjoey House The Pasadena Jonah's St Michael's Arch  The First Royal Visitor to Australia: the Incident at Clontarf March 12th, 1868  Pittwater: Lovely Arm of the Hawkesbury By NOEL GRIFFITHS - includes RMYC Wharf and Clareville Wharf of 1938 + An Insight into Public Relations in Australia George Mulhall First Champion of Australia in Rowing - First Light-Keeper  at Barranjuey Headland  Captain Francis Hixson - Superintendent of Pilots, Lights, and Harbours and Father of the Naval Brigade  The First Boat Builders of Pittwater I: the Short Life and Long Voyages of Scotland Island Schooner the Geordy  The Marquise of Scotland Island  Boat Builders of Pittwater II: from cargo schooners and coasters to sailing skiffs and motorised launches  130th Anniversary of Australia’s Sudan Contingent - Local Connections of the first Australians to Serve  The Riddles of The Spit and Bayview/Church Point: sailors, boat makers, road pavers and winning rowers The Currawong: Classic Yacht VP Day Commemorative Service 2015 –  at Avalon Beach RSL Cenotaph: 70th Anniversary   Captain T. Watson and his Captain Cook Statues: A Tribute to Kindness  Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways; Hordern or Wiltshire Parks to McKay Reserve – From Beach to Estuary  Pittwater Reserves, The Green Ways: Clareville Wharf and Taylor's Point Jetty Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways Bilgola Beach - The Cabbage Tree Gardens and Camping Grounds - Includes Bilgola - The Story Of A Politician, A Pilot and An Epicure by Tony Dawson and Anne Spencer  Pittwater Reserves - The Green Ways: Mona Vale's Village Greens a Map of the Historic Crown Lands Ethos Realised in The Village, Kitchener and Beeby Parks Pittwater Regatta Air Race Trophies: from 1934 and 1935 and The Pilot Who Saved William Hughes  Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways; Bungan Beach and Bungan Head Reserves:  A Headland Garden  Early Pittwater Paddlers,  Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Green Family  Elanora - Some Early Notes and Pictures  The Stewart Towers On Barrenjoey Headland  Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Williams Family  Early Cricket in Pittwater: A small Insight Into the Noble Game from 1880's On  The Pacific Club's 2016 Carnival in Rio Fundraiser for Palm Beach SLSC Marks the 79th Year of Support  Bert Payne Park, Newport: Named for A Man with Community Spirit  Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Fox Family  Surf Carnivals in February 1909, 1919, 1925, a Fancy Dress Rise of Venus and Saving Lives with Surfboards  Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Paddon Family of Clareville  Mermaid Basin, Mona Vale Beach: Inspired 1906 Poem by Viva Brock  Early Pittwater Schools: The Barrenjoey School 1872 to 1894  The Royal Easter Show and 125th Celebration of the Hawkesbury Agricultural College: Farmers Feed Us!  The Newport School 1888 to 2016  Pittwater's Ocean Beach Rock Pools: Southern Corners of Bliss - A History  The Royal Botanical Garden Sydney Celebrates 200 Years in 2016 The Porter Family of Newport: Five Brother Soldiers Serve in WWI  Church Point and Bayview: A Pittwater Public School Set on the Estuary  The Basin, Pittwater: A Reprise: Historical Records and Pictures  Lighthouse Cottages You Can Rent in NSW - Designed or Inspired by Colonial Architect James Barnet: Includes Historic 'Lit' Days records   Bayview Days Ships Biscuits - the At Sea Necessity that Floated William Arnott’s Success  Mona Vale Public School 1906 to 2012    St Johns Camden: 176th And 167th Anniversaries In June 2016 - Places To Visit  Narrabeen Lagoon And Collaroy Beachfront: Storms And Flood Tides Of The Past  Avalon Beach Public School - A History   Muriel Knox Doherty Sir Herbert Henry Schlink  Shopping And Shops In Manly: Sales Times From 1856 To 1950 For A Fishing Village  Sir Edward John Lees Hallstrom   Royal Prince Alfred Yacht Club's 150th Sailing Season Opening: A Few Notes Of Old  A Few Glimpses Into Narrabeen's Past Beauties   Dr. Isobel Ida Bennett AO   Taronga Zoo 100th Birthday Parade: 1000 Reasons To Celebrate  War Memorials: Manly, October 14, 1916  Avalon Beach Golf Links: Pittwater Fields of Dreams II  War Memorials - Mona Vale, November 14, 1926  Annie Wyatt Reserve Palm Beach: Pittwater Fields of Dreams II Tumbledown Dick Hill  Waratah Farm and Narrabeen Plums: Pittwater Fields of Dreams II  Mark Twain, J.F. Archibald And Henry Lawson - Did They Go Fishing At Narrabeen In The Spring Of 1895?: Probably!  Bayview Baths Centenary Celebration in November 2016 hosted by Bayview-Church Point Residents Association  Dr. Jenny Rosen's Historical Timeline  Palm Beach RSL - Club Palm Beach Celebrating 60 Years  Early Years At Narrabeen: The Plane Sailing Day Of 1944 The  Five Ways- Six ways Junction; Kamikaze Corner - Avalon Bilgola  RPAYC Season on Pittwater and coming of Jubilees in Summer of 1938 Local Explorers’ Modern Day Discovery - Governor Phillip’s First Landing site, Campsite and contact with Local Aborigines in Pittwater: The Case for West Head Beach  Rendezvous Tea Rooms Palm Beach: links with 1817 and 1917: Palm Beach Stores  and Fishermen St Cloud's Jersey Stud: Elanora Heights: Pittwater Fields of Dreams  Roderic Quinn's Poems And Prose For Manly, Beacon Hill, Dee Why And Narrabeen  A Historic Catalogue And Record Of Pittwater Art I – Of Places, Peoples And The Development Of Australian Art And Artists: The Estuary  Celebrating World Radio Day: The Bilgola Connection With The Beginnings Of Radio In Australia  Emile Theodore Argles - champion of all Australians without a Voice - a very funny Satirist, Manly Poet and Pittwater Prose Writer and Litterateur  Sydney Harbour Bridge Celebrates 85th Birthday: A Few Pittwater Connections  Victor James Daley: A Manly Bard And Poet who also came to Pittwater and the Hawkesbury  Let's Go Fly A Kite !: Palm Beach Whistling Kites Inspire sharing How to Make Standard, Box and Whistling Boy Kites - school holidays fun with a bit of Australian and Narrabeen history  Clifton Gardens Mosman: An Eternal Green and Saltwater Space, and Of Many Captains  Historic Catalogue And Record Of Pittwater Art I: Coastal Landscapes and Seascapes  The Bayview Tea Gardens 1920 to 1923 When Run By Thomas Edward And Annie Newey (Nee Costello) An Australian and RPAYC Commodore Aboard an America's Cup Challenger of 1908 and 1914   Henry Lawson - A Manly Bard and Poet: on his 150th Birthday  Historic Catalogue and Record of Pittwater Art I: Artists and Artists Colonies  Opportunity To Visit Submarine War Grave Renews Memories Of 75 Years Ago  Early Bayview - insights courtesy Don Taylor and Margaret Tink Retracing Governor Phillip's Footsteps Around Pittwater: The Mystery Of The Cove On The East Side   Early Pittwater Surfers – Palm Beach I: John (Jack) Ralston and Nora McAuliffe  Patrick Edward Quinn: A Manly Prose writer who gave us A Run To Pittwater (1889) and Songs for the Federation of Australia  Avalon Beach North Headland Indian Face 'Falls': An Everchanging Coastline  Nautical Treasure In Suburbia  Pittwater: Where the Wild Flowers Are 1917 to 2017  Narani, Captain Cook Celebrations At MVPS And Elvina Bay Memories - 1970s  Early Pittwater Surfers – Palm Beach I: Alrema Becke Queen of Palm Beach  The Beachcombers Surfboard Riding Club: Palm Beach, NSW - 1959 to 1961 Year Dated Beer Bottles Found at Taylors Point  Early Pittwater Surfers: Avalon Beach I  - 1956: The Carnival That Introduced The Malibu Surfboard and Being Able To SurfAcross A Wave Face - Reg Wood Anecdotes    Mona Vale SLSC To Be Completely Renewed + A Few Insights from the Pages of the Past  The Firecracker That Closed Narrabeen Hotel By Ken Lloyd (Savalloyd) + Narrabeen Hotel Licence Transfer Trail  Traces Of WWII Coast Watchers Found On Bangalley Headland - 1942  Early Warriewood  SLSC insights per Norman Godden + Extras  The Macphersons of Wharriewood and Narrabeen: the photo albums of William Joseph Macpherson  Angophora Reserve Avalon 1938 Dedication  Avalon Preservation Association History by Geoff Searl Pittwater Summer Houses: 1916 Palm Beach Cottage and Palm Beach House  Pittwater YHA: Some History  WWI Historian Presents New Film On The Beersheba Charge At Avalon Beach Historical Society Meeting  Newport's Bushlink 'From The Crown To The Sea' Paths: Celebrating Over 20 Years Of Community Volunteer Bushcare Results  Pittwater Fishermen: The Sly Family Narrabeen Exploits and Manly Community Contributors: The First Surfboat at Manly Beach  Women In The Surf Life Saving Movement As Life Savers: From At Least 1910 Locally - Awarded Medals For Saving Lives From 1880 In NSW  Windsor Bridge: Planned Destruction Of Historic Link With A Pittwater Connection The Rise Of The Cruising Season: A Look At Some Early Australian sailers and Local Visitor Beauties     Pittwater Fishermen: Barranjoey Days Polo By The Sea 2018: Over A Hundred Years Of Loving This Game In Pittwater  Australia Day Regatta Began As Anniversary Day Regatta  Black Bakelite Telephone: Early Pittwater Phone Numbers  Hy-Brasil, Avalon Beach - Pittwater Summer Houses  Ferry Names for Emerald Class: The Gibbs-Turner Original Magic Button  Pittwater Summer Houses: A Tent At Palm Beach's Governor Phillip Park 'Neath Barrenjoey  Pittwater Summer Houses: The Cabin, Palm Beach - The Pink House Of The Craig Family  Manly's Early Sand Sculptors: How Pennies Can Become Pounds and Found A New Art   Retracing Governor Phillip's Footsteps Around Pittwater: The Mystery Of The Cove On The East Side by Geoff Searl and Roger Sayers 230th Anniversary Edit March 2018  Black-Necked Stork, Mycteria Australis, Once Visited Pittwater: Pair Shot in 1855  Butter Churns: Pittwater Dairies The Drainage System In Thompson Square, Windsor  Sydney Royal Easter Show 2018 Show Stopper Beer Brewed By Modus Operandi Mona Vale Extends Locals Input Into RAS Annual Celebration Of Local Products Sydney's Royal Easter Show Showbag Began As An Australian Sample Bag   Pittwater Fishermen: Great Mackerel, Little Mackerel (Wilson's Beach - Currawong) and The Basin  Motor Car Tours To And In Pittwater Show Us The Way This Place Once Was  Some Bayview Memories: The Lloyd Family Tarramatta Park, Mona Vale 1904  The Collaroy Paddle Steamer: New Ephemera Added To Public Accessible Records - Her Connections To Pittwater  The Roads And Tracks Of Yesterday: How The Avalon Beach Subdivisions Changed The Green Valley Tracks  Australian Sailing's Barranjoey Pin Program; some insights into this Pittwater Yacht and owner, Sir W Northam who won Australia’s first Olympic sailing gold medal at the 1964 Tokyo Olympic Games  Avalon Beach Historical Society’s 9th Great Historic Photographic Exhibition: Thousands Of Stories Made Accessible  The Hawkesbury River Railway Bridge: Timely Winter Anniversaries and Commemorations For A Septuagenarian and her Predecessor  Photographers Of Pittwater Capture Historic Insights: A. J. (Arthur James) Vogan, 1859-1948  Roads To Pittwater: The Wakehurst Parkway Along Old Oxford Falls Track  Roads To Pittwater: The Pittwater Road  My Holiday by Charles de Boos – 1861  Shark-proof pools at Manly on the Harbourside  Dad's Fishing Shack At Long Reef  Historic Photographers Of Pittwater: Harold 'Caz' Cazneaux 1878 - 1953 Roads To Pittwater: The Mona Vale Road  My Singing Story Barrenjoey High School's 50th Year: History Notes + The Original Barrenjoey School  A Bunch Of Wildflowers: Historical Spring September Songs  Camden-Campbelltown Hospitals & Carrington Convalescent Hospital: A Mona Vale-Frenchs' Forest Hospitals Comparison With Pittwater History Links The Newport School: 1888 to 2018  A Visit to Bungan Castle by ABHS   Roads In Pittwater: The Barrenjoey Road Remembrance Day 2018 - Pittwater Veterans WWI 100 Years From Armistice Day 1918   Filmed in Pittwater: A Sentimental Reprise + Narrabeen  Roads In Pittwater: The Bay View Road  The NSW Women's Legal Status Bill 1918: How The 'Petticoat Interference In Government' Came Of Age - A 100 Years Celebration Of Women Alike Our Own Maybanke Selfe-Wolstenholme-Anderson Scott Brewster Dillon: A Tribute - He Did It His Way  Pittwater Summer Houses: Rocky Point and Elvina Bay -  A Place Of  Holiday Songs and Operas In Ventnor, Fairhaven, Trincomalee and Maritana    Remains Of Captain Matthew Flinders Discovered: Links with Bungaree of Broken Bay   Isabella Jessie Wye MBE OAM (Isa)  Off To School In 2019 Quicker Than 104 Years Ago  Photographers Of Early Pittwater: Charles Bayliss  Harold Nossiter's Classic Yachts  Pittwater Roads II: Where the Streets Have Your name - Scotland Island  Art Deco Inspirations In Palm Beach: The Palladium Dance-Hall, Cafe And Shop - The Surf Pavilion - The Beacon Store  Pittwater Roads II: Where the Streets Have Your Name - Newport Beach  Professor Christopher John Brennan: A Poet Of Newport Beach  M.V. Reliance Turns 100  Avalon Beach Historical Society March 2019 Meeting: Focus On Trappers Way   Pittwater Roads II: Where the Streets Have Your name - Clareville  Photographers of Early Pittwater: Henry King  Photographers Of Early Pittwater: David 'Rex' Hazlewood  Richard Hayes Harnett - First Commodore Of The Royal Prince Alfred Yacht Club and Designer Of The Yacht 'Australian' - Based On The Lines Of A Mackerel  Pittwater Summer Houses: Waiwera and Hopton Lodge, Bayview The Sirius Circumnavigation (1935-1937): Nossiter Trio Make Australian Sailing History  Pittwater Roads II: Where the Streets Have Your name - Avalon Beach  Were Manly's Statues, Smashed For Road Ballast, Sculpted By Achille Simonetti?   Pittwater Roads II: Where the Streets Have Your name - Warriewood  Avalon Beach Historical Society June 2019 Meeting  Flint and Steel Guesthouse    Pittwater Roads II: Where The Streets Have Your Name - 'Green Hills', Elanora Heights, and Ingleside  Ethel Turner's Seven Little Australians Added To UNESCO Memory Of The World Register - The Missing Pages Restored  RPAYC To Host 100th Year Of The Scandinavian Gold Cup and 5.5m Worlds In January 2020 - some Etchells Worlds and Gold Cup on Pittwater History    Pittwater Roads II - Where the Streets Have Your Name: Mona Vale  Pittwater Roads II - Where the Streets Have Your Name - Bungan  Shark Meshing 2018/19 Performance Report + Historical Pittwater Shark Notes  Anthony Thomas Ruskin Rowe, Spitfire Pilot (1919 To 1943) - Who Defended Darwin And His Mate: An Avalon Beach And Pittwater Hero  Newport Surf Club Celebrates 110 Years On October 19, 2019 - A Few Club Firsts  Pittwater Roads II - Where the Streets Have Your Name - Bilgola  Tram Memorabilia - Historic Daylight Run For Sydney Light Rail Begins 80 Years After Last Tram To Narrabeen Closed  Historic Insights From The Australian National Maritime Museums 1890 Pitt Water 'Era' Yacht Collection: The Basin Regattas   Pittwater Roads II - Where the Streets Have Your Name - Coaster's Retreat and The Basin Samuel Wood Postcards of Pittwater and Manly  Bilgola SLSC Celebrates 70 Years: Anecdotes from Early Members  Pittwater Roads II - Where the Streets Have Your Name - Great Mackerel Beach  G . E. Archer Russell (1881-1960) and His Passion For Avifauna From Narrabeen To Newport  A History Of The Campaign For Preservation Of The Warriewood Escarpment by Angus Gordon and David Palmer  Mark Foy of Bayview 2019 Inductee into Australian Sailing Hall of Fame  The Victa Lawnmowers Story With A Careel Bay Link  Plaque Unveiled To Mark Phenomenal Surfing Revolution Commencement: the 1956  Carnival at Avalon Beach That Introduced The Malibu Surfboard  The Other Angels From Avalon: 50th Anniversary Of The IRB Marks The Saving Of Over 100 Thousand Lives The Eos: Classic Pittwater Yachts  Pittwater Roads II: Where The Streets Have Your Name - Whale Beach  Palm Beach Pavilion To Be Renamed The Lieutenant Colonel Douglas Marks DSO, MC Pavilion - some historical insights  Daniel Gordon Soutar's Influence On Local Golf Courses: Some History Notes Pittwater Fire Boats History: January 2020 Tribute Palm Beach Pavilion Renaming Dedication Honours Lieutenant Colonel Douglas Marks DSO, MC  Ella McFadyen's Love Of Pittwater: An Environment, Wildlife and Children's Champion Ella McFadyen's Love Of Pittwater: A Children's Champion - shorter version for Children  Sydney Bus Museum Volunteers Helps Mona Vale Bus Depot Celebrate 50th Anniversary Of Opening Dorothy Hawkins - a new film by John Illingsworth  Dorothy Hawkins' family, father Joseph Homer, ran a dairy near Winnererremy Bay at Mona Vale from 1936 Narrabeen Fire Brigade Celebrates 100th Anniversary + A Few Extra Insights Into Local Fires And Brigade Formations  Pittwater, Narrabeen Lagoon & The Collaroy Beachfront: Some Storms and Flood Tides Of The Past - With Pictures  The Wolverene At Broken Bay In 1885   Jack 'Bluey' Mercer (January 2nd, 1923 - February 17th, 2020) - West Head Battery in WWII  Manly Children's Festival Federation Of A Commonwealth Medals Of 1901  Maybanke Selfe-Wolstenholme-Anderson: 2020 International Womens Day + Pittwater Online 10 Years Celebrations  The Bona - Classic Wooden Yacht 2020 Answers North Head Quarantine Station, Manly: Some History - Governor Ralph Darling Saved Australians, Saved Australia  Winnererremy Bay: Angus Gordon, the Sequel to Dorothy Hawkins by John Illingsworth Roderic Quinns Poems and Prose For Manly, Beacon Hill, Dee Why And Narrabeen - 10 Year Celebrations and all Manly-Pittwater Poets Series in One Place  Stargazing In Pittwater: Historic and Contemporary   The Naval Pioneers of Australia by Louis Becke and Walter Jeffrey 1899  Harold Tristram Squire: October 28, 1868 - May 16,1938; Artist of Mona Vale  All Is Quiet On The Western Front by Roger Sayers Pittwater Roads II: Where The Streets Have Your Name - Palm Beach   Large Sunfish Caught at Barranjuee in 1875  Grace Brook, 1921-2017 by Paul McGrath and Robin Bayes  The Pittwater Floating Hotels That Almost Were: Old Paddle Steamers, Fairmiles  + A Current 'Lilypad'  Pittwater's Ocean Beach Rock Pools: Southern Corners Of Bliss - A History: Updated 2020  Long Reef Aquatic Reserve Celebrates 40th Anniversary  Pittwater Roads II: Where The Streets Have Your Name - Careel Bay   Careel Bay Reserves and Playing Fields in Careel Bay Playing Fields Reserve - Including Hitchcock Park: Birds, Boots & Beauty  North Narrabeen Rock Pool: Some History Narrabeen Lakes Amateur Swimming Club by Maureen Rutlidge, Life Member  Avalon Beach North Headland: An Ever-Changing Coastline - Storm Swell Of July 2020  Anthony Thomas Ruskin Rowe, Spitfire Pilot (1919 To 1943) - 75th VP Day Tributes 2020  Walter ('Wal') Williams - VP Day 75th Tributes 2020 Gwenyth Sneesby (nee Forster) 75th VP Day Tributes 2020  Pittwater's Midget Submarine M24 War Grave Renews Memories Of 75 Years Ago   Avalon Beach and Surrounds in 1968 and 1970 - Photos Taken By Gary Clist  Muriel Knox Doherty of Avalon Beach VP Day 2020 75th Anniversary Tributes   Dundundra Falls Reserve: August 2020 photos by Selena Griffith - Listed in 1935  Binishells In Pittwater Schools Bairne Walking Track, Ku-Ring-Gai Chase National Park (Trig Stations) photos by Kevin Murray  Pittwater Roads II: Where the Streets Have Your Name - Bayview  Perons' Tree Frog At Careel Bay - who is 'Peron'?  Pittwater Roads II: Where The Streets Have Your Name - Church Point  Stapleton Park Reserve In Spring 2020: An Urban Ark Of Plants Found Nowhere Else Sydney's ACA Building Revitalisation Project Complete: Grand Old Building Has Links To Architects Of St. Patrick's College Manly - Some History Notes  Harry Wolstenholme (June 21, 1868 - October 14, 1930) Ornithologist Of Palm Beach, Bird Man Of Wahroonga   Three Ferries Named Narrabeen (1883 To 1984) + One Named Barranjoey (1913-1985)  Rockley was Cricket for Girls 130 Years Ago - and this Team Visited Narrabeen as well  The Bus To Palm Beach: Some History  Surf Boats Season Kicks Off At Newport November 14; A Whole Range Of Local Sydney Northern Beaches Branch Carnivals Set To Roll Out Over The 2020-2021 Season + Some History Newport to Bilgola Bushlink 'From The Crown To The Sea' Paths:  Founded In 1956 - A Tip and Quarry Becomes Green Space For People and Wildlife Welcome To Country: Neil Evers – NAIDOC Week 2020  Marine Rescue Broken Bay Naming Ceremony for the new BB30 - The Michael Seale   Marine Rescue Broken Bay Unit's Beginnings In The Volunteer Coastal Patrol -  Some RMYC BB Connections  Stokes Point To Taylor's Point: An Ideal Picnic, Camping & Bathing Place   Boy Scouts - The Pre-Nippers Life Savers: Some Notes On Local Troops From 1909  Pittwater Roads II: Where the Streets Have Your Name - Narrabeen  Warriewood Historic Farmhouse 'Oaklands' by Krisitin Zindel  John Illingsworth's Local History; 'The Water Dwellers' 1967, Enemark panoramas of Palm and Whale Beach 1917, 'Paper Run' 1956, John Illingsworth 1921 - 2012: 'A Newport Story  Pittwater Summer Houses: 'Cooinoo', Bungan Beach  Narrabeen Lagoon Catchment: Worth Looking After Past Notes and Current Photos  Pittwater Summer Houses: Ocean Beach House - The Combers, Newport Beach  Pittwater Aviatrixes On The Eve Of The RAAF's 100th: A NSW Women's Week - Women Of Aviation Week Celebration  Florence Mary Taylor   Doreen Mavis 'Bobby' Squire  2021 Tribute   Avalon Beach Reserve Heritage Marker For Old Kiosk Installed  Landing In Pittwater: That Beach-Estuary-Lagoon Looks Like A Great Place To Touchdown! Hawkesbury River: 1 In 100 Years Floods - What Washed Up On Pittwater Beaches   The Australian Air League Camps At Mona Vale Beach In The Old La Corniche Building + The Robey Family Of Manly; 'Always Looking Out For Younger People'  The Story Of Pittwater's Anti-Submarine Boom Net by John Illingsworth, Pittwater Pathways  Avalon's Village Green: Avalon Park Becomes Dunbar Park - Some History + Toongari Reserve and Catalpa Reserve Unseen Footage Of Nellie Melba To Celebrate Her 160th Birthday: The Day Dame Nellie Melba Lunched At Bilgola Cottage  Narrabeen Cenotaph + RSL History: 100 and 65 Years Markers Of Service In 2021  Avalon Beach Public School: Some History For A 70th Birthday  Bungan Head 'Bridge' and Tank Trap During WWII - by Malcolm Tompson  Currawong’s 10th Anniversary Funding: The Investment In Local Heritage Continues  The Wakehurst Parkway: 75th Anniversary Of Gazettal As A Main Road In 2021   Pittwater's Tropical Fruits: From The Middle Of Winter  Turimetta Beach Reserve: Old & New Images + Some History  National Fitness Centres At Broken Bay, Mona Vale, Narrabeen: Local History Shows We Like To Move It! Move It!  Nautical Words and Phrases Transposed Into Other Uses: Can You Fathom That?!  Mona Vale Cemetery: Some History  Narrabeen Lagoon and Collaroy Beachfront: Storms and Flood Tides Of The Past + Collaroy Beach Reserve Gazettal  The Hawkesbury River Railway Bridge: 75 Years old in 2021 + the Beluba Dam and Oscar Schulze  The Clareville/Long Beach Reserve: some History     John William Pilbeam Goffage MBE ''Chips Rafferty'' Of Lovett Bay: Victory In The Pacific Day 2021  The Fern Creek - Ingleside Escarpment To Warriewood Walk + Some History  The Cowan ‘Creek’ + Lovett Bay Heights Tracks: Some Notes From The Pages Of The Past With Early Photos Trafalgar Square, Newport: A 'Commons' Park Dedicated By Private Landholders - The Green Heart Of This Community  The  Rock Lily Hotel Mona Vale - A Place and Hotel Named for a Local Flower  Whale Beach Ocean Reserve: 'The Strand' - Some History On Another Great Protected Pittwater Reserve  How Camping and Campers At Whale Beach Helped The Whale Beach SLSC Save Lives  Camping at Palm Beach  The Baird Family Of Mona Vale - The Wentworths Of Newport  The Rise Of The Surfboard As Life Saving Rescue Equipment: Some History  Opening Narrabeen Lagoon: Keeping The Community Safer For Over 100 Years  Ellis Rowan's Adventures In Painting Birds, Flowers and Insects: 'This Meant That I Was Tapu - Sacred - Because I Painted The Birds'  History Of The Modern Surfboat: Recognising The Surfboat Builders From 1950 To 2021 by Bert Hunt

Collectors Corner pages:

Blacksmiths and Tinsmiths  Nylon Stockings Poster Art Furphy's Water Cart   Mousehole Anvil  Sapphire One Armed Bandit  Gould's 1840 Single and Compound Microscope  Tibetan Thangka Wheel Of Life Painting  Cast Iron Seats  Mabel Lucie Atwell Prints  The Customs of Traditional Dining by Hans and Jenny Carlborg  Albert Collins Landscape   Boomerang Harmonicas  Drinking: 18th Century Style Part I by H&J Carlborg  Drinking 18th Century Style Part II by H&J Carlborg Fleece Shears  Wood Case Crank Telephone  1803 Timepeice  Vintage Guitars  Milestones  No.38 Rolls Royce Motor Oiler  Christmas Postcards  Seashells  McCormick-Deering Horse Drawn Mower  Rope Making Machine  Marilyn Monroe 1955 Calendar  Stubbie Holders  Hill's Hoist  Akubra Hat  Fowler's Bottling Kit The Bold Autographed Script  Fishing Tackle  Arnotts Biscuit Tins  Comic Books  Silver Opium Pipe  Mrs Beetons Book  Souvenir Teaspoons  Bendigo Pottery  Gianelli Figurines  Key Fobs  Model Aircraft-static  Porcelain Slippers Wagon Wheels Rhys Williams Painting  Chinese Guardian Lions Australian Halfpenny  Bud Vases  Rolling Stones Still Life LP Autographed  WL1895 Thinking Monkey  Estee Lauder Ginger Jar  Reel Mowers  Surf Reels Millers Car Collection Hilton Lingerie - Slips Miniature Books of Verse - A Romantic Tradition  REGA Pouring Can  R O Dunlop - Sailing At Itchenor Painting Morning Shadows by C Dudley Wood  The Father of Santa Claus - Xmas 2012  HMS Penguin Anchor at RPAYC - Newport  SS Birubi Mast at RMYC - Broken Bay  Helen B Stirling Ship's Wheel at Club Palm Beach   Woomeras  HMS Endeavour Replica Cannon at RPAYC  The Doug Crane Classic Handmade Double Blade Paddle  HMS Bounty Wooden Ship Model Collecting Ladies - Ferdinand Von Mueller and Women Botanical Artists  Australian Bark Art  Chinese Ginger Jars  Hand Plough and Jump Stump Plough - Australian Inventions Frank Clune Books  Frederick Metters - Stoves, Windmills, Iron Monger  Trinket Boxes  1933 Wormald Simplex Fire Extinguisher is Pure Brass  Chapman 'Pup' Maine Engines - Chapman and Sherack  The Beach Ball  Figureheads Salty Wooden Personifications of Vessels  Binnacle at RMYC  The Australian Florin - Worth More Than 20 Cents to Collectors  Weathervanes; For Those Passionate About Seeing Which Way the Wind Blows Her Majesty's Theatre 1962 Programme - Luisillo and his Spanish Dance Theatre  Cooper's Sheep Shower Enamel Sign and Simpson's and Sons of Adelaide Jolly Drover Sugar Bowl and English Pottery A Means to Gaze into the Past Chief Joseph and Edward S Curtis; His Images of Native Americans an Inestimable Record of Images and Portrait Photographs His Masters Voice, Old 78s and Australia's Love of Music Jack Spurlings 'Tamar' Picture 1923  Resch's Beer Art - A Reflection of Australiana Now Worth Thousands  The Compleat Angler - Izaak Walton's Discourse Inspires Generations of Fishers Portable Ice-Boxes and Coolers How Many Claim This Invention as Theirs?  Malley's and Sons Ltd. - A Munificent Australian Family Company  Vintage Paddles and Gigs  Nautical Memorabilia  The Crinoline - a 550 Year Old Fashion  B.B. King - King of the Blues Goes Home: a Timely look into Photographs and Autographs and Being Buyer Aware  Deep Down Among the Coral - By Christopher Corr - A Limited Edition Print in Celebration of the seventy fifth anniversary of QANTAS Airways  Old Chinese Rice Bowls for Marriage: Worth More Than You Think...   Commanderie St. John: An Ancient Wine - From 1927 with Lineage to Cyprus in 1210/92 and Methods of Production to Greece in 800 B.C.  Pittwater Regatta Air Race Trophies: from 1934 and 1935 and The Pilot Who Saved William Hughes  Vintage Brass Mortar and Pestle  1958 Bedford 'D' Truck and GM Holden Australian Made Car Bodies  Heart Padlock Charm Bracelets for Newborns: A Golden Tradition  Marvellous Marbles: An All Ages Preoccupation for Collectors  Antique Silver Fish Servers: Artisans Past  Tuckfield's Bird Cards: to Swap or Collect   Joseph Lyddy – O.B.B. Dubbin Boot Polish  Vintage Wooden Tennis Racquets: A Collectors Item As Popular As Summer  Australian Trade Tokens Record Enriching Colonial Histories: the Cascade Shilling First Art Form To Record 'Tasmania' And Kangaroos  Australian Vinyl Singles of the 1950's and 1960's  Dicken's The Old Curiosity Shop bought at The Old Curiosity Shop  Pear's Soap: Artworks For The Masses  Collecting Vintage Photographs: Early Tasmanian Photographer - J W Beattie  Cyclops Vintage Toys  Year Dated Beer Bottles Found In The Estuary Adjacent To Taylors Point - Roger Wickins   Collecting Matchboxes: A Great Way To Explore History And Art  Black Bakelite Telephone: Early Pittwater Phone Numbers  Butter Churns and Milk Separators: Early Pittwater Dairies F100 Ford truck: 1977 model   Collecting Buttons  Photographers Of Pittwater Capture Historic Insights: A. J. (Arthur James) Vogan, 1859-1948 Historic Photographers Of Pittwater: Harold 'Caz' Cazneaux 1878 - 1953  Photographers of Early Pittwater: The Macphersons of 'Wharriewood' and Bayview  Photographers Of Early Pittwater: Charles Bayliss Photographers Of Early Pittwater: Henry King  Photographers Of Early Pittwater: David 'Rex' Hazlewood  Were Manly's Statues, Smashed For Road Ballast, Sculpted By Achille Simonetti?  Tablespoons - The Original Soup Spoons  Tram Memorabilia - Historic Daylight Run For Sydney Light Rail Begins 80 Years After Last Tram To Narrabeen Closed  Samuel Wood Postcards of Pittwater and Manly   The Victa Lawnmowers Story With A Careel Bay Link  Collecting Snow Globes Sydney Bus Museum Volunteers Helps Mona Vale Bus Depot Celebrate 50th Anniversary Of Opening  Manly Children's Festival Federation Of A Commonwealth Medals Of 1901: Collecting Commemorative Medals  Ranelagh Hotel 'Mist' Scent Bottle (Robertson Hotel): Collecting Vintage And Antique Perfume Decanters Stargazing In Pittwater: An End Of Daylight Savings Pastime - The 2020 CWAS David Malin Photography Awards Are Now Open  QANTAS During Centenary Year: 2020 Stamp Collecting Month 2020: Wildlife Recovery Miniature Books of Verse for Spring 2020  June 1942 Rhys Williams Painting of Sydney Harbour Attack