February 21- 27, 2021: Issue 484


Pittwater Summer Houses: Ocean beach House - The Combers, Newport beach

Newport in March 1908 (circa) - from NSW State Records & Archives, Item: FL12893 
Newport grew as a place for excursionists and visitors during the 1870s - soon there were thousands catching a paddle-steamer for a weekend jaunt to glorious Pittwater - leaving that vessel for a few hours to explore the beautiful bush gardens onshore, collecting ferns and wildflowers, or eating Newport oysters and going fishing, exploring the 'Newport Maze' -that conglomerate of wetlands and mangroves that spread from the southern end of Newport's Pittwater side over to Winnererremy and Bayview, or strolling to the ocean beach from the Newport wharf disembarkation point, the first near current day Waterview street in Mona Vale, the second the Jeanneret-Pile built jetty at the base of Newport Hotel, for a whiff of ocean air.

Showing placement of old wharf- Section from Mona Vale, Pitt Water [i.e. Pittwater] [cartographic material] / for sale in the rooms, 130 Pitt Street on Monday June 13th 1887 at 11.30 a.m., Mills and Pile, auctioneers, 130 Pitt St. MAP Folder 103, LFSP 1553. Courtesy National Library of Australia.

Newport Hotel, circa 1884, a Robert Hunt photograph, courtesy State Library of NSW

Disembarking at Newport for picnic, circa 1895-1900 (Ferry is the SS Phoenix), 'Newport Wharf '- by Sydney & Ashfield : Broadhurst Post Card Publishers from album: Scenes of Newport, N.S.W, Image No: , courtesy State Library of NSW

Newport in March 1908 - from NSW State Records & Archives, Item: FL12959

Sunday, 21st of November, 1909 'Beach near Newport' (is actually Newport Beach, called then 'Farrell's Beach', later 'Calvert's Beach') from Album 52: Photographs of the Allen family, November - December, 1909. Images No.: a1373014h,a1373015h and a1373016h courtesy State Library of NSW 

For those who wanted to stay longer than these day excursions there were often little cottages or farm out-sheds to rent for a weekend, you could stay at the Newport Hotel or Collin's Retreat, later Scott's Hotel, a boarding house. Although one of these represents the 1880 New Marine Township of Newport commenced by Mr. Jeanneret and Mr. Pile, who would later become a director in the Mona Vale Land Company along with R. G. Vallack and Isaac Chapman, and continue subdividing and selling lots of land at BunganNewport and Mona Vale, the area surrounding the estuary and close to the wharf was where people who were not full time residents first bought and built cottages for holidays. 

One of these, who purchased his 6.5 acres in 1893, was Thomas Copley Calvert, one of numerous real estate holdings this gentleman invested in. 

Screenshots; sections from NSW HRLV records - Mona Vale Land Company Proprietors named and T C Calvert deed and purchase/deposit

Calvert's Estate, although named after T C Calvert, had a few proprietors. In 1905 the land around Calvert Parade was owned by the Mona Vale Land Company who a sold it on March 22nd 1906 to Francis Gellatley, the gentleman who also bought the original 2 acres on which 'Cooinoo' Bungan Beach would be built. He subsequently sold the holding to the Intercolonial Investment Land and Building Company.

Thomas Copley Calvert was a son of John Jackson Calvert, first clerk of NSW parliament. His Bungan-Newport land holdings were brought under the Real Property Act in October 1906:

Notices Under Real Property Act

No., 14, 420. APPLICANT:—Thomas Copley Calvert; Manly. LAND;-County of Cumberland, parish of Narrabeen,. 6a, 3r. 28p., situated on Bulgola-road; Pitt Water, In the Shire of Warringah,— being lot No. 15 of section No. 6 of Mona Vale Estate- (3rd sub-division), and is part of 700a. ' (portion No.47 of  parish) granted to Robert Campbell, adjoining the property of F. M. Gellatley. Advertising (1906, October 13). The Australian Star (Sydney, NSW : 1887 - 1909), p. 8 (EARLY SPORTS). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article228490266

Calvert's Beach Estate - Beaconsfield St, Queen St, Gladstone St, Pittwater Rd, Bulgola Rd, Calvert PdeStanley St, Queen's Pde East, 1912. Item No.: c050400011, Subdivision Materials, courtesy State Library of NSW

Advertising (1912, April 15). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15348037


Richardson and Wrench, Ltd., report having sold, on behalf of the Intercolonial Investment, Land, and Building Company, Ltd., on the ground, on Saturday afternoon, 30 lots of Calvert's Beach Estate, Newport, Pittwater, at prices ranging from £2/3/ to 12/0 per foot.  Total sales, £2035/4/. PROPERTY SALES. (1912, April 22). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15358109

The Intercolonial Investment, Land and Building Company Limited was formed in 1885 to deal in real estate and to operate as banker and financial agents in the Australian colonies. In 1887, it absorbed the Joint Stock Building, Land and Investment Company Limited. The company became a subsidiary of the Mercantile Mutual Insurance Company Ltd in January 1960.

The Intercolonial Investment Land and Building Company, by means of its policy of long terms and assisting their purchasers to build, are rapidly developing the Highfield Estate, at Campsie. Quite a number of superior cottages have been erected by the company on this estate, from £600 upwards, and already in the Canterbury District 300 houses have been built by them. The Highfield Estate is one of the most elevated in the district, the streets are all well made, and are now under the control of the Council, while electric, light has been installed. Another of the Intercolonial I.L. and B. Co.'s estates, the Dutton Park, at Bankstown, Is sharing in the popularity of that district among investors. The company claims that this property, occupies a very fine position for residential purposes, and the same- conditions as for the Highfleld and their other properties apply to Dutton Park purchases. Other estates which the company has developed include the Malvern Hill, at Croydon, of which few lots are now left, and in which a building covenant ensures the good class of residences already built being maintained.  ACRES AND LOTS (1914, June 21). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article120365521

The ocean beach side was mostly held by the Farrell family from Bungan Hill down and up to the hill edge which is today's Newport-Bilgola beachfront crossover. John Farrell III, the inheritor of the Farrell family's vast holdings, also subsequently brought under the Real Property Act:

No.: 16,118. APPLICANT:—John Farrell, Newport.

LAND:—County Cumberland, parish Narrabeen, shire Warringah, 132 acres 2 roods, on McMahon's Creek and South Pacific Ocean,— being lands granted as 60 acres (portion 21 of parish) and 30 acres (portion 23 of parish) to John Farrell, and 50 acres (portion 22 of parish) to Martin Burke, and part 50 acres (portion 38 of parish) granted to Robert Henderson, and also part 1200 acres (portion 20 of parish) granted to the Reverend John Joseph Therry, exclusive of the road 1 chain wide from Manly to Barranjoey, the area of which has been deducted from the total area; adjoining properties of M. Dowling and A. M. Bowman, P. J. Shopee, J. Stevenson, W. C. Woolcott, G. Skinner, J. H. Slater, S. Oliver, M. Eason, J. McGlynn, A. Middows, New South Wales Realty Co., W. S. de Wilde, and H. M. Malcolm and Crown Land. NOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT. (1910, February 23). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1112. Retrieved from  http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article227062930

However, it was Charles William Bray King, real estate agent, who sold the lots. A little about him:


Mr. Charles William Bray King, a member of one of the pioneer families in New South Wales, died yesterday after an illness of nine months.

Mr. King was born on June 8, 1855, at Hillsborough, West Maitland. He was the only son of Mr. John William King, of Queensland, who came to Australia in 1837, and his mother was the daughter of Mr. John Bray of Denfield, Campbelltown, whose father came out as a member of the first troops in 1790, and settled at Rhodes. His early life was spent with his uncle, the Rev. Dr. George King, Incumbent of St. Andrew's Church, now St. Andrew's Cathedral, and afterwards rector of St. Peter's Church, St. Peters, Sydney, and later with his father in Queensland. 

He was educated at the Newtown Academy, under Mr. Charles Sampson. In January, 1874, at the age of 18, he became a licensed surveyor and civil engineer, and practised as a surveyor practically in every part of New South Wales. In 1881 he came to Sydney, and in 1903, with Mr. F. W. B. Humphery, founded the firm of King and Humphery, real estate agents. In his professional capacity he supervised and controlled the Verges Estate, Kempsey, and later the Duckenfield Estate, Morpeth. As an expert he advised in the largest resumption cases, including Peel River, Brookong, Larris Lake, and Cunningham Plains, and was instrumental in settling all the resumption cases in the Federal Capital at Canberra and Jervis Bay.

In 1878 Mr. King married the late Miss Kate Clements Moore, daughter of Captain Frank Moore, of the Mikado, the first British mail steamer to Fiji. The late Mrs. F. T. Humphery was his only sister. He is survived by three sons and three daughters, Messrs. S. M. King, Ralph W. King, and Clifford B. King, and Mrs. G. C. Phillips, Mrs. G. W. Hellicar, and Mrs. Kenneth A. Bennett.

The funeral will take place at Waverley Cemetery this afternoon. MR. C. W. B. KING. (1930, April 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16699295 

Screenshot section of HRLV records: Farrell to C W B King

The 'Ocean Beach Estate' plan and lithograph:

Plan showing subdivision of Ocean Beach Estate - for subdivider and Warringah Shire council - date of Survey January, 1911 - done by Sidney Bush Madsen, Surveyor. Item No.: c050400061

Farrell’s paddock – Ocean Beach Estate sale: Advertising (1911, April 1). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 20. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28140750 

Newport on the ocean side had already been attracting attention and visitors to this valley from sales such as those up on Bushrangers Hill and the Calvert holding as well as what happens in an aquatic place:


The dead whale was the great attraction at Newport on Sunday. It is stranded on Little Reef, at the southern end of Farrell's Beach, and although the locality is between 11 and 12 miles from Manly, quite a crowd of people made the journey out to this secluded and unfrequented spot. Sightseers were most numerous during the afternoon when the leviathan, as it lay stretched out at full length on a level patch of rock in the shadow of Bushrangers' Hill, was an object of the greatest interest to the hundreds that visited the place. 

The monster, one of the hump-backed species, was first seen off Newport last Saturday week by Mr. J. Farrell, the pound-keeper at Manly, who lives down that way, and who at the time was fishing off Little Reef. It was then drifting towards the south, and was subsequently reported off the Heads. On Thursday evening last Mr. Farrell again sighted it off the beach that bears his name, and on Friday the huge Inanimate creature was landed, where It now lies high, and dry. 

Coast view Newportcirca (1880) 1900-1910 - the gentleman in this photo may well be a member of the Farrell Family. Image a116492  from the collections of the State Library of New South Wales.

Early Morning Bungan Head. Farrells Beach. Date: 4/1912 - Government Printing Office original negative archive is held at State Archives & Records Authority of New South Wales as NRS 21689 Images [Government Printing Office] & NRS 448. Courtesy State Library of NSW. Image d1_12147h

Farrell's Beach and Bushrangers Hill, Newport from Small Picture File, Courtesy Mitchell Library, State Library of NSW

Mr. Farrell mentions that when he first saw the whale last Thursday week it presented a curious sight with the hundreds of seagulls that were perched on Its back feasting themselves on what was doubtless regarded by the birds as very dainty fare. Mr. Farrell took a few measurements of the leviathan, and found that It was 76ft long, and 15ft. across the back. One or two residents of the locality have been discussing the question as to what should be done with the dead monster. Had it been a little fresher than it Is, it would have been cut out and tried down before this. As It is however those who are interesting themselves in the whale are doubtful whether the oil that the blubber would yield would compensate them for their trouble. STRANDED WHALE. (1907, September 10). The Australian Star (Sydney, NSW : 1887 - 1909), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229493385 

You can also see from the Sales Lithograph that a section on the beachfront is marked 'Middleton's - this was a family that came from Mosman and erected one of the first small cottages on the beachfront, known as the 'Tea Pot Inn' -  which, according to 'The Story of Newport' by Guy Jennings, had to be replaced once white ants devoured it. Guy's research shows that the new Tea Pot Inn included a small golf course.

The second Tea Pot Inn would be later be owned by a Miss Rose Berry and then bought/resumed only to be then rented out by Warringah Council as part of their 1926-1929 beach resumptions. Prior to that it was the first business trading on the Newport beachfront:

Ocean Beach Estate 1911, and section from showing Middleton's holding. Item No.: c050400043 Subdivision Materials, courtesy State Library of NSW

A few Tea Pot Inn Notes:


A pigeon, with a ring lettered and numbered S. V. S.L 10.136, has been caught at Middleton's dining rooms, Ocean Beach, Newport. PIGEON HOMING. (1911, July 24). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article238870127 

Smaller section from Broadhurst postcard circa 1911 (beach shows 'bathing sheds' installed as party of 1911 resumed beach celebrations') and Tea Pot Inn on beachfront with Farrell's farm sheds at rear and fences now taken down. Broadhurst Postcard possibly commissioned for 1911 land sale. Newport Beach 1911 resumed beach celebration notes under 'Extras'. 

Fishing at the reef near Newport (ocean side) and off Farrell's Beach several holiday parties have had fine sport lately with groper, drummer, sweep, black bream, red bream, and kelp fish. ANGLING. (1908, January 27). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14933191 

The Misses Billie Barlow, Blanche Brown, Jessie Lennen, and Mabel Webb entertained a party of friends at Calvert's Beach, Newport, on Sunday last. SOCIAL GOSSIP (1913, February 9). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 21. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article228695438 

NEWPORT.— Comfortable Cottage, at surf. Sale or Let. Call Miss Berry's Cottage, Barrenjoey Road, Newport. Advertising (1923, January 27). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article245832065 

The only 'Rose Berry' found:


Like every other vaudeville artist Miss Rose Berry, the clever entertainer at the Tivoli Theatre, has travelled. Her conversation is specially interesting now in view of the trouble between the United States and Mexico. Miss Berry cornea from a town near the Mexican border. She spent a few weeks there before leaving for Australia, and, according to her, the local people view with complete indifference the disturbances ill that quarter, The young lady has been in many other parts of the world, and claims to tie the only white woman who has sung a Chinese song in a Chinese theatre.. This happened at Shanghai- She was dining with a friend when she mentioned that at one time of her career she had had occasion to learn a Chinese song in order to sustain a character she was playing. Miss Berry sang the number over to the company, and, subsequently, at the request of several leading merchants, she appeared at a performance at which only Chinese songs were given. 
SANG IN CHINESE (1916, June 25). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 18. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article221353122 

Warringah Shire Council minutes of meetings record:

September 27, 1926: 22. Miss Rose Berry. 14.9.26. giving the Council "cheerful permission" to remove sand from her property at Newport, formerly known as the Tea Pot Inn. She be thanked for her offer.  

26/11/1928:  Resolved (Ore. Hitchcock, Parr4' - That £4 be voted for repairing the dressing sheds on Newport Beach, as recommended. Surfbathing10, .Resolved (Crs. Hitchcock, Parr) - That heavy clay filling be placed round the surf sheds on Newport and on Mona Vale Beaches as recommended.  Resolved (Crs. Campbell, .Austin) — That the question of the tenancy of the resumed premises at Newport known as "The Teapot Inn" be reviewed next meeting.

17/12/1928; 2. Newport Resumed Property: Resolved (Crs Campbell, Robertson) - That the question-of B. Wilkinson's tenancy of "The Teapot Inns" be deferred until next meeting. 17/12/1928;  J. R. Darker 11/12/28. stating that he in prepared to transfer the piece of land required to connect Barrenjoey Road and Nullaburra Road Newport, for the sum of £50, plus legal

June 16th, 1930:  Newport  Beach resumed property ."Tea Pot Inn": The Newport Beach report was adopted (Crs. Austin, Parr),and £20 voted for necessary repairs. – 

N. J. Douglass 27/10/30. Requesting permission to remove. 20 cubic yards of sand from Farrell's Beach, Newport. Resolved, That he be allowed to take the sand from the site of the "Tea Pot Inn", where directed.. 

'Newport Beach (and Tea Pot Inn in white structure (?) - with behind it on left, roof profile of 'Newport Ocean House'), From Album 'Scenes of Newport, Broadhurst postcards, circa 1900- 1927, Item: a106117h, courtesy State Library of NSW - Below, 'Tea Pot Inn', towards road view circa 1927 courtesy Manly Warringah Pittwater Historical Society (MWPS)

The 1911 Ocean Beach (Farrell's 'Paddock') Land Sales

The first two lots sold in this subdivision were purchased by Alice Mulholland on May 9th, 1911 and Patrick Thomson Taylor (of Bayview) on May 30th:

Lot 21, Section 6, was bought by Elizabeth Ann Alphen on December 10th, 1913. Lot 22, Section 6 was bought by William Archer Pike, Henry Francis Pike and Alice Clara Pike as tenants in common', on August 24th, 1912, which became subject to covenants on August 18th 1915. Lot 23, Section 6 was purchased by Richard Enar Eastway. 

Warringah Shire Council resumed the northern end of Newport Beach in 1911 and enlarged that reserve, through loans from the state government, from 1927 on - part of which was paying £ to those who then owned these sections, some of which had changed hands by then. 

There are pages of these sales going on for years of 'Farrell's Paddock' by Mr. King, with a lot being bought by single women, 'spinsters' on their sale records alike that above for Alice, and a lot of male resident buyers from up around St Ives, Turramurra and other 'North Shore' connections, as well as Mosman residents such as Mr. Taylor and those further west, Concord, Liverpool, the places people may wish to escape during hot Summers, exchanging stifling conditions for fresh cool sea breezes - on the ocean front. Newport was becoming a weekender resort with small additions to a permanent year round residency.

That relevant to this 'Pittwater Summer House' is Lots 16 and 17, Section 6 that were bought by Charles Churchill Tucker [Book 2582 – Fol 56 DP 6284] on April 22nd, 1915, who then sold to Frank Kleemo, Merchant, on March 20th 1916. Seaside blocks, close to the beach at Newport, were being advertised for £45 per block in June 1916.

Mr. Frank Kleemo, then of 'Malvern' Mosman, later of Darling Point, was a very successful Jeweller of that era and third son of Peter Kleemo, Diamond Merchant and investor in mining, and formerly managing director of P. Kleemo and Company, Limited, wholesale jewellers, of 3 Wynyard-street, Sydney. 

There were three other sons, Walter (4th son) and Ernest (2nd son), and a daughter, Lily. Walter lived at Neutral Bay. Their mother, 'Louisa' passed away August 14th 1901 at 'Topaz', 104 Norton-street, Leichardt, aged 61. Peter Kleemo passed away March 16th, 1910 at Lister Private Hospital, Darlinghurst, aged 80.

Mr. P. Kleemo, managing director of P. Kleemo and Co., Limited, died at a private hospital on Wednesday last, after an illness of some months. Mr. Kleemo had reached the ripe age of 80 years. He was one of the best known men in the gem trade in Australia. PERSONAL. (1910, March 21). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15159243

Unknown women (possibly Una, daughter, Lillie, wife, and Lily, sister) in front of house, possibly in Muston Street, Mosman, c. 1915. Written on the back is ''Kleemos home ? and 'Topaz' Muston street Mosman''.  Image courtesy Mosman Council, CC by.

A dispute over his father's will in November 1910 saw Frank, his brother Walter and Lily take Ernest to court. Ernest was subsequently declared bankrupt in 1911, discharged the debt and cleared his name by 1913 and became a Master Butcher at Manly for several years and had a very successful 'melon patch' in his home in Middle-Harbor road, Lindfield in 1924. Ernest was also party to a few other ventures prior to this.

KLEEMO MEAT SERVICE, MANLY, N.S.W.  H. O. Woodhouse, A.R.I.B.A., Architect. Installation by Frank G. O'Brien Ltd. KLEEMO MEAT SERVICE, MANLY, N.S.W. (1936, April 22). Construction and Real Estate Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1930 - 1938), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222918891

Frank Kleemo also owned other lots of land around these two lots and located where present day Ross Street and Bert Payne Park, Newport is. He was also selling land elsewhere in Sydney prior to these years. In 1917, during World War I he brought some of his Newport land holdings under the Real Property Act:

No. 20,446. APPLICANT: —Frank Kleemo, Sydney. LAND;—County Cumberland, parish Narrabeen, shire Warringah, 3 roods 38 1/4 perches, in Bulgola-road and Gertrude-avenue, Newport,—lots 15 to 19, and part lot 20, subdivision lots 3 and 3a, Mona Vale Estate, and part 700 acres (portion 17, parish), granted to Robert Campbell; adjoining properties of E. M. Laing and F. Kleemo. NOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT. (1917, June 15). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 3025. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article226216476

No. 22,962. APPLICANT:—Frank Kleemo, Sydney. LAND:—Shire Warringah, at Newport, 1 acre 3 roods 39 1/2 perches, at corner Queen's-parade East and Barrenjoey-roadNOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT. (1921, March 18). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1786. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220083436

The Kleemo family would also go on to be Real Estate Developers:

STOP-PRESS (1941, April 13). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1931 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article247560724

His wife, Lillie Rebecca Harding (nee Harding Moore - married January 3rd, 1903 at All Souls in Leichhardt, they had one daughter born January 20th, 1904 at Mosman; Una) would go on bringing Kleemo and holdings at Newport under the Real Property Act after he passed away on August 5th, 1946:

No. 39012 Lillie Rebecca Harding Kleemo; 3 r. 16 p. pt. lots 8, 9, 10 and 11 sec. P Township of Newport Barrenjoey Rd, NewportREAL PROPERTY ACT NOTICE. (1955, September 9). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 2662. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220387322

The sales lithograph below, from January 1920, shows what would be named 'Newport Ocean House' overlooking the Newport Lagoon outlet on the Newport beachfront already in place, meaning that Mr. Kleemo paid for the build of this structure, which was described as comprising 16 rooms originally, and built between March 1916 and by late August 1918. There were already cottages at Newport a few years prior to this:

.... Then comes Newport, where there is a modern tourist hotel. Within a stone's throw is Farrells Beach, where there are 20 or 30 furnished cottages, a surf club-house, and ample dressing accommodation for both ladies and gentlemen. Over more headlands to Palm Beach, and five miles further on, one passes Barrenjoey Lighthouse, perched on a rocky prominence which rises some 200 feet above the sea. For motorists the road is somewhat 'tricky' after leaving J Farrell's Beach, but the coastal views are lovely, and the panorama on the Hawkesbury side simply glorious. There is good accommodation at Barrenjoey, and one has the I advantage of being right on the sea front, where there is good surfing and 'fishing, and at the same time' may turn at will to the calm waters of the Hawkesbury for boating, sailing, or line fishing. Is it any wonder that this …is fast becoming one of this most popular holiday … around TWENTY MILES OF OCEAN BEACHES. (1915, April 7). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), p. 33. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article166255869 

It's worth noting Frank already owned a bungalow and cottage on the Pittwater side of Newport and that someone had been seeking a co-investor to build cottages on lots prior to these 1916 and 1918 advertisements:

OWNER of 30 Allotments, Newport Township, wishes to sell half interest on building partnership. Rupert V. Minnett, Architect, 70 Pitt-street. Advertising (1913, July 23). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 19. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15437599

NEWPORT.-Newly Furnished Bungalow, water frontage, for Sale, cheap. Small deposit, easy terms. Keys at P.O., Newport. F. KLEEMO, 217 Clarence-street, Sydney. Advertising (1916, December 29). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15693451

NEWPORT.-Newly Furnished 4rm. Bungalow, 13oft water frontage to Pittwater. Will let for a term, option purchase at £450. A Gift. Also 5-rm. Cott. nr. hotel, opp. wharf. Will let with option purchase £600. Some splendid Week (end) Building Sites, cheap. F. KLEEMO, 217 Clarence-street, Sydney. Advertising (1918, March 23). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 17. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15775411

NEWPORT. A GIFT. TALOFA. 5 rooms, well furnished, exceptionally large wide sleeping-out verandah, on Queen's-parade, 'motor 'bus half-minute to door, 3 mins. to wharf. Magnificent views of Pittwater. Large Block of Land, grow anything. Cheapest thing in-Newport, £550, including furniture; deposit £150, balance over 4 years, Interest 5 per cent. At present let on lease, £101 per annum, expiring on January 1st, 1920. -- Apply F. KLEEMO,-217 Clarence-street, Sydney.  Advertising (1919, August 16). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28096243

And among these:

Newport — Large Concrete Bungalow . .  Undated— Wilshire & Day, 3 Spring Street. Sydney. Advertising (1917, December 31). Construction and Local Government Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1913 - 1930), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article109676163 

Newport, via Manly.
When on your next visit to Sydney, stay a week at the seaside.
Surfing, Fishing and Boating. '
Particulars apply,
MISS A LEWIS, Manageress,
 (Late Caledonian Hotel, Tamworth).
 Advertising (1918, September 25). Daily Observer (Tamworth, NSW : 1917 - 1920), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article105033966

Miss Lewis only ever advertised in the country papers near where she had run the Caledonian Hotel - several appeared in 1918 and 1919, perhaps relying on old customers a little too much. And then a water shortage struck, which would have impacted on trade and visitors, saw Frank Kleemo move to divest himself of this property to invest in another:

Newport and Bayview Suffer.

At Newport. Bayview and Mona Vale, north of Manly, the shortage of water in places where the tanks are inadequate is being seriously felt. The district has experienced a drought, and many persons are carting water from public and private wells. Springs, never before known to fail, are dry, and preparations are being made for the sinking of more wells. This district has had as unusually large number of visitors during the holiday season and the drain upon the local tanks has been abnormal. There is no public water supply beyond narrabeen. Residents have expressed the opinion that the Warringah Shire Council should take up the question of establishing a reservoir before the population, which is rapidly increasing, becomes much greater. WATER PROBLEM ACUTE. (1919, January 1). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article114261933 

ALL THAT well-known Boarding Establishment, containing very Large Vestibule, Living Room, 16 Bedrooms, Front Verandah 10 x 110, widening to 15 feet. Back Verandah, 40 x 10. 2 Bathrooms, Kitchen. Laundry.

THE WHOLE is Fully Furnished and Equipped with every necessity for an Up-to-date RESIDENTIAL RESORT.
Regular Motor Service from the Narrabeen Tram
Terminus right to the door. Meals on the premises, at Reasonable Kates.
Price, £1650. Terms Arranged.

HARDIE &~BLOOMFIELD, 80a Pitt Street. 
Advertising (1919, March 23). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article123215957 

NEWPORT.— FURNISHED COTTAGE, "TALOFA," Queen's Parade, minute from P.O., Wharf, and motor stop. Lovely views Pittwater, wide sleeping ver., 3 bedrooms, 'dining-room, and kitchen. .Good stove. Low rent, £2, to reliable tenant for term three months or more. Present tenant vacating in two or three weeks. Will allow Inspection. Inquire Post Office, or Barrett's Store, NEWPORT.


12 miles North of Manly (entirely under new management). Right on the Ocean Beach. Splendid fishing and surfing, lovely walk, first-class catering and accommodation. Book now for January to Easter. 'Phone, Newport 14. Car Garaged. Advertising (1920, March 6). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article239663621 

Hardie and Bloomfield and private advertisements couldn't sell it so Robjohns had a go:


THIS SPLENDIDLY APPOINTED BOARDING HOUSE ESTABLISHMENT is situate right at the Beach and on the Main Road. It Is constructed of fibro-cement, Malthoid roof, and contains 16 bedrooms, large dining-room, card room and all usual domestic offices. Attached to the premises are a Wizard gas plant, septic tank, etc
The Vendors instructions are to offer the Property fully furnished, or on a long lease with the furniture.
Photos., plans, and inventory at our Office FOR INSPECTI0N. This Property will be open for inspection all day Saturday.
Auctioneers, 78 Pitt-street, Sydney.
 Advertising (1920, July 17). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 18. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15898145 

None of the 'photos on view' or plans spoken of in these listings could be found - other than this:

Newport Warwick estate - image showing ''Ocean House'' on beachfront in 1920. Item No.: c050400006, Subdivision Materials, courtesy State Library of NSW

Soon after that date the March 1920 advertisement appeared, it became apparent that Miss Lewis had been replaced by a Miss Jowett, and would be thus until late 1924:

NEWPORT.—' The splendidly-appointed Boarding Establishment, "NEWPORT BEACH HOUSE." right at the Beach. Miss JOWETT, Newport 14. Advertising (1920, July 20). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 7. from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article239691705 

Frank Kleemo sold to Josephine Brightmore Argyle Scrivener, widow, of Newport, on November 6th,1920. The name changed to 'Ocean Beach House' and on the same date this listing appeared:

Newport, ocean beach house. On Ocean Beach and main Barrenjoey Road. Motorists catered for. Afternoon Teas. High-class Accommodation. Cars garaged. 'Phone. Newport 14. Miss JOWETT, Manageress. Advertising (1920, November 6). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article239759094 

NEWPORT Ocean Beach House, on Ocean Beach for ideal holiday-Superior Accommodation Cars garaged. Booking for season now Phone Newport 14 Miss JOWETT Manageress. Advertising (1920, November 20). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16876063 

Josephine, 'Josie' as she was known, may have been working at Liverpool still, where she owned a store, and paying off the property for a few years after an agreement for purchase was reached.

NEWPORT. BEACH HOUSE. Superior Accommodation. Booking season now. Miss JOWETT, Newport 14. Advertising (1923, October 24). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article245998251 

NEWPORT, Beach House, minute surf.-Sup. Accom., booking Easter now. T.. N. 14. Miss Jowett.

NEWPORT.-To Let, new Cott., well furn., every convenience, garage, a.o. verand., accom. For 6 or more, nr. beachMrs. Scrivener, Bellevue, N'port JI088. Advertising (1924, February 13). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28075089 

Terry, Michael. (). View from the Penfold's verandah towards the south headland, Newport Beach, Sydney1922 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-149019825 with enlarged section from to show Ocean Beach House, Newport

NEWPORT. beach house. Superior Accommodation. Booking season now. Miss Jowett. Newport 14. Advertising (1924, March 5). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article245902717 

There were no advertisements after March 1924 with 'Jowett' in them. Josie had a place in Beaconsfield street as well during 1924.  

No. 31,018. General Investments Limited, 1 r. 17 ½ p., lot 31, and 2 rr36£ p., lots 33 and 34, sec. E, Beaconsfield-st. and Newport-rd., township of Newport.

No. 31,020. Josephine Brightmore Argyle Scrivener, 1 r. 17 p., lot 32, sec. E, Beaconsfield-st., township of Newport. NOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT. (1930, October 3). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 3910. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223054564 

There was local competition:

PALM BEACH.— Barrenjoey House, recently rebuilt, under new management. Excellent accommodation, garage, surfing, boating, fishing, golf. Palm Bench 35Advertising (1924, November 19). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article245462623 

PALM BEACH.— PALM BEACH HOUSE which is now undergoing extensive alterations and additions, will be carried on under existing management. Bookings are now being made for the season. Guests' comfort personally supervised by the Proprietress, Mrs. CHARLES MACLEAN. Tel. 1, Palm Beach

A charming view of Newport

Advertising (1924, December 13). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article245476753 

Josie was later the proprietor of the original chemist shop on the Barrenjoey Road -Ross Street end, near where that original hardware store was, if anyone remembers, and near where the present day TAB and chicken shop/takeaway is. She was the mother of Gordon doctor Harry Reynolds Scrivener– he served in WWI – her husband already passed away soon after Harry was born. Harry took over the shops still owned after his mother passed away. [SCRIVENER Harry Reynolds : Service Number - N92888 : Place of Birth - Liverpool December 20th, 1893 NSW : Place of Enlistment - Sydney NSW : Next of Kin - (Mother) SCRIVENER Josephine Brightmore Argyle Contents range 1914 – 1920].

Josephine was a daughter of Joseph and Jane Reynolds and born in Goulburn in 1869, one of seven children the couple had, one passing away at birth. The eldest two children, Mary and John, were born at Campbelltown, the others at Goulburn. In 1893 she married:

SCRIVENER— REYNOLDS.— January 24, at St. Mary's. Balmain, Sydney, by the Rev. Mervyn Archdall, M.A., Harry, third son of C. A. Scrivener, Esq., of Liverpool, to Josephine B. A., second daughter of Joseph Reynolds, Esq., Snails Bay, Sydney. Family Notices (1893, March 4). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article235944876 

They possibly met at an early New South Wales 'tree day':


Liverpool, Friday.— Some 12 months ago Mr. Carruthers, Minister for Public Instruction, started the Arbor Day movement in the public schools of the colony, and to-day, at Liverpool, the anniversary of , the inauguration was celebrated ? with, much enthusiasm. Liverpool had been chosen as the place -which was to be honored with the. vice-regal presence, although at 800 schools through the colony the same day was being kept locally. This town was consequently in holiday., trim this morning. A special train from Sydney arrived at a quarter to 11 a.m., bringing the Governor and Lady Jersey with their two daughters, Lord Ancram, the Hon. J. H. Carruthers, Mr. and Mrs. Frank FarnelL Messrs. Johnson, U.S. for Education, J. E. Brown, Director-General of Forests, and other ladies an gentlemen. The party; was received at the station by a number of local residents and the members of the school board. . In the station yard a company of cadets formed a guard of honor, which with the cadet band escorted the visitors to the school grounds, a few yards from the station. The school verandah had been tastefully fitted up and decorated as a vice-regal box, where an informal sort of reception was held, the little boys and girls of the school being drawn up around. The sun shone brightly and warmly, and the scene was one of animation and enthusiasm under the most favorable circumstances. The programme was opened with the ' National Anthem,' after which Alderman Scrivener, chairman of the school board, introduced Cadet Charles Walker, who, on behalf of the school, presented Lord and Lady Jersey with a very handsomely designed address, the work of Miss Reynolds, who was sent for by Lady Jersey and complimented on her artistic production. The children then sang an appropriate chorus,entitled'WeAreTheFlowers.' Four little girls, named Matilda Goodman, Lola Deatman, Bessie Bart, and Lena Hopkins, were then taken to the front, and they presented the ladies of the vice-regal party with handsome bouquets of native flowers. Lord Jersey, in a few kindly words, expressed the pleasure he and Lady Jersey felt at being present, and thanked them for the very cheerful reception he had received. One of tire boys (Albert Clyde) then presented Mr. Carruthers with a complimentary address of welcome. Lady Jersey then briefly addressed the children, giving a few words of kindly advice. Her Ladyship was cheered to the echo. Mr. Carruthers having replied to the address he had received, Mr. Swanten, headmaster of the school, delivered a lecture on' The Tree,' which had been prepared, at the request of Mr. Carruthers, by Mr. J. Ednie Brown. An adjournment was then made to that portion of the ground which was set apart for the planting of trees. Trees having been duly planted by Lord and Lady Jersey and the Ladies Mary and Margaret Villiers, the children were mustered for luncheon, and half an hour later the visitors were asked to partake of an excellent repast supplied by the

City Catering Co. in first-class style. The only toasts honored were those of 'The Queen' and 'Lord and Lady Jersey,' both proposed by Alderman Scrivener, who occupied the vice-chair. The Governor having- replied, a number of boys and girls were inarched in; and, under the direction of Herr Hugo Alpen, rendered the 'Arbor Day Cantata' in exceptionally good style. The words of the cantata were specially written by Lady Jersey, and have been set to very pretty music by Herr Alpen. Solos were sung by Master Clough and Miss Garvin, both of whom possess very fine voices. After a short interval the visitors were invited to attend a concert of an appropriate character, and the day's programme was brought to a close about halt-past 4 o'clock. The vice regal visitors and Mr. Carruthers were loudly cheered, as the special train moved off at 4.40, by a large crowd which had gathered on the platform. The proceedings throughout the day were most successful. Arbor Day. (1891, August 22). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article111979289 

The couple had Harry later that year, 1893. He was their own child. Her husband passed away in 1911, possibly from 'consumption' now called tuberculosis, and prevalent here then, and what may have driven his son to become a doctor. Josephine she stayed at Liverpool, running the business he had taken over from his father.


A HIGHLY successful entertainment, promoted by Mrs. H. Scrivener, of this town, in aid of the above laudable object, was held in the local Town Hall on Wednesday evening last. There was a fair and representative audience. The programme opened with a drama, entitled " A Study in Pearls," which was well staged and capitally enacted, the characters being sustained by Mr. J. S. Lyons (Sir George Fullerton, M.P.), Mrs. J. S. Lyons (Kitty Fullerton) and Miss Mabel Rowe (Josephine). The Muff's Orchestra followed with a number of musical selections, the rendition being decidedly amusing, and a comic duet was well rendered by Miss Rowe and Mr. Somerville. A banjo trio was nicely executed by Mrs. Lyons and Messrs. R. Scott-Young and R. Way, and Mr. R. Dale Cox gave a recitation. The following tableaux were strikingly represented" Women's Rights," " Dignity and Impudence," " Young Man's Slave and Old Man's Darling," "School of Arts Billiard Table," "Joan of Arc" and "A Scene in a Lunatic Asylum." The singing of a verse of the National Anthem by the performers concluded the entertainment. CONSUMPTIVE SANATORIA FOR WOMEN. (1905, January 14). Liverpool Herald (NSW : 1897 - 1907), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article37376032 

SCRIVENER.—December 20, at her residence, Brightmore, Liverpool, the wife of Harry Scrivener, of a son. Family Notices (1894, January 13). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13906608


BAD TURN.— We were sorry to learn that Mr. Harry Scrivener, of this town, who has not been in robust health for some considerable time, had another bad bout of sickness in the- early portion of the week. LIVERPOOL DISTRICT. (1911, January 7). The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW : 1888 - 1950), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article85991024 

SCRIVENER,— January 3. at his residence', Brightmore, Macquarie-street, Liverpool, Harry, beloved husband of Josie Scrivener, the third son of the late C. A. Scrivener, aged 50 years. At rest. Family Notices (1911, January 31). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article238716896 

Mr Harry Scrivener one of the leading storekeepers and a prominent townsman of Liverpool, died at his residence Liverpool, yesterday morning, aged 50 years Deceased was a son of the late Mr C A Scrivener and had been in indifferent health for several years Notwithstanding this, he took an active part In promoting and assisting anything that had as its object the betterment of the district In former years he held the office of alderman of the municipality, and succeeded his father on the latter’s death In the business which he was carrying on at the time of his death He leaves a widow and one grown up son. PERSONAL. (1911, January 31). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15208951 

Mr Harry Scrivener, a leading business man of Liverpool (N.S.W.), died early on Monday morning, aged 50 years. He succeeded his father-a well-known identity, C. A. Scrivener— in business, and was connected with the municipal life of the old town.' He leaves a widow and grown-up son.  RATTLE OF THE VILLAGE PUMP. (1911, February 5). Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article168751948 

Liverpool .Council.

This council met on Tuesday. Present : the Mayor (Alderman Bossloy), Aldermen Whitfield, Ashcroft, Chapman, Suttor, Harvison, Swain, Deadman, Thorne, Ivonnett and Hamoii. Prior to commencing business, the Mayor referred to the great loss the district had sustained by the death of Mr. Harry Scrivener. He had for some time occupied a seat at 'the council table, and had always taken an active interest, in the welfare of Liverpool and district. He was a man, too, who was esteemed by all. He moved that a letter of condolence be forwarded to Mrs. Scrivener and family. Alderman Chapman seconded the motion, and in doing so, spoke of the late Mr. Scrivener's connection with the council, and the independence of mind that he exercised whilst he occupied a seat there. :When the town lost men of Mr. Scrivener's calibre it lost something that was hard to replace. Their late friend had not an enemy, and that was saying a great deal. Aldermen Harvison and Hamon spoke in support of the motion, and testified .to the high character of the deceased townsman. The motion was carried in silence, the aldermen rising in their places. Liverpool Council. (1911, February 11). The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW : 1888 - 1950), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article85990036 



A little about her husband's father:

Death of Mr. C. A. Scrivener.
A Very Sudden Ending.

Mr. Charles Ambrose Scrivener, one of the most prominent men in the Liverpool district, passed away at his residence, High-street, Liverpool, on Thursday at the advanced age of 73 years. His portrait is published in another column of to-day's Argus. Early this week he became afflicted with partial loss of memory; but still to some extent he followed up his business as storekeeper, and on the morning of his death he had gone to the shop as usual. He left again shortly after his arrival, and walked home. His death took place only a little while afterwards. Drs. Birch and Pirie were called in, but too late. The cause of death was failure of the heart. 

About a month ago Mr. Scrivener was taken with an attack of influenza, but he fought it down and kept closely to his business, as usual. Latterly he had been complaining of dizziness in the head, which at times quite prostrated him. He was advised to remain quietly at home for a day or two, but could not be induced to do so. His old friend, Dr. Beattie, had been with him, in a friendly way, for the past week, the doctor evidently believing that Mr. Scrivener was more seriously ill than he himself imagined. Deceased leaves a widow and a family comprising four sons and three daughters. 

Of the sons, one is manager of the London branch of the Commercial Bank, another is bank manager at Gundagai, another is a surveyor in the Lands Department, and the last is Mr. Harry Scrivener, who recently purchased the business of Messrs. John Cole and Sons. The daughters are Mrs. Hatton, of Liverpool, Mrs. Dale (wife of the postmaster at Albany), and Mrs. Reay, wife of Mr. A. E. Reay (principal of the Auburn public school). 

The late Mr. Scrivener was born in London in the year 1830. He went to school first, as a boarder, at Mr. Moss' school at Coggerhill, Essex, and after-wards studied at the Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, Southwark. At the age of 14 he left school, and took up work in his father's business, that of manufacturing stationer in the parish of St. Olave's, Southwark. The Rev. Cornet Le Bereton (afterwards Dean of Jersey) was curate of the parish, and young Scrivener was associated as a district visitor with him in parochial work, and he saw much of the misery resulting from the conditions in which the poor (the industrial portion of whom were mostly dock laborers earning 2-1/2d or 3d per hour) lived in the water-side suburbs of the great British metropolis. While connected with this parish, he, in conjunction with Mrs. Le Breton, carried on the small Sunday-school. The Rev. O. Le Breton is the father of Mrs. Langtry, ('The Jersey Lily,') who was not then born, but her two brothers he knew. Mr. and Mrs. Le Breton were models of what an earnest parish priest and his wife should be. During this time, he used often to see Sidney Waterlow, then a pushing, active, honorable business man, beginning his career, which included the honors of knighthood, and being made Lord Mayor of London. 

Mr. Scrivener's own life was unsettled thence until, at 20, he met Miss Passefield, daughter of a widow at Hackney, whom he married a year later. This he regarded as the best and most important incident in his life, and one to which, in conjunction with the teachings of his mother, he owes all that has been useful, good, and successful; whilst to her also he attributed all the advantages his children have enjoyed. Becoming a victim to the then prevailing gold fever, he came to Australia. On the voyage he and five others agreed to form a party to seek for gold, and though physically adapted for the exigencies of the digger's life, they were perfectly innocent as to the requirements and methods towards success. 'Armed to the teeth' (for what reason he does not know) they tramped to Wattle Flat, with their belongings on a bullock dray, and prospected there, at Oakey Creek, and the Turon, but unsuccessfully, and with his companions returned to civilisation. 

Then Mr. Scrivener purchased the business of a book and vellum binder, and machine ruler, in York-street, Sydney, residing himself at Camperdown. Here he made the acquaintance of the late Sir Henry Parkes, then editor of the Empire, who courteously afforded him all information desired. For Mr. Parkes he bound a complete set (20 volumes) of the Empire. Meeting one of his digging comrades, he was induced to commence farming with the latter. Mr. Scrivener furnished the capital, while they were both totally inexperienced. Then came dark days, hard work and trouble, under which he would have sunk but for the noble support and comforting of his wife. 

In 1860, he answered an advertisement by the Dean of Sydney, for teachers for C. of E. day schools, and after passing the examination, was given charge of the junior school at St. James'. One day, an old gentleman, whom he thought was an 'up-country squatter,' visited the school, manifesting considerable interest in the boys and their work. At recess, he went to the playground, and arranged jumping contests for the pupils. This courteous visitor was afterwards found to be Sir William Denison. Mr. Scrivener was appointed afterwards to the charge of Liverpool school (where he had 120 scholars). He had no assistant so he adopted the 'monitor system,' which he found to act very well. An R.C.. school was the only other school in the town at the time, and it was under the control of a lady. After having charge of the local school mentioned for five years, Mr. Scrivener started in business as a storekeeper, believing that a life of business was likely to afford him better opportunities of providing for the employment of the members of his family. 

From the time of the inauguration of the Liverpool municipality till a few years ago, Mr. Scrivener was in the local council (with only a break of three years); and he occupied the position of Mayor for several terms. He was made a J.P. in 1875, and a member of the School Board in 1880. He was then elected to the Chairmanship of the board. He was assistant returning officer under Mr. McDougall for the Central Cumberland district, and, later on, he was himself the returning officer. When the electorates were altered he was appointed returning officer for Canterbury. 

He took a very keen interest in all matters of public importance and general interest in his district, and his advice was invariably sought by many hundreds of his fellow colonists on all sorts of matters, and all sorts of occasions. He was largely instrumental in founding the Ladies' Benevolent Society. His later connection with public affairs in his home district have only recently been treated upon in detail in the columns of The Argus, and they must be fresh in the memories of our readers. The annual meeting of the Liverpool School of Arts which should have been held on Thursday night, was adjourned out of respect to the memory of deceased, who was its first president. The president, Mr. Clyde Rowe, stated that the committee had ordered a wreath for the funeral. Mr. Scrivener had always taken a great interest in the School of Arts, and in fact, he was informed, that the deceased had been there the day before he died. Mr. Chapman moved the adjournment of the meeting, and that the secretary be instructed to send a letter of con-condolence to the widow and family. He felt sure he was voicing the feeling of all the residents when he expressed his regret at the death of Mr. C. A. Scrivener, who had been a power for good in the district. The motion was seconded by Mr. Hamon, and carried by all standing in silence. It was also decided that the members should attend the funeral, and the action of the committee in ordering the wreath was endorsed. The School of Arts remained closed till 6 p.m. next day. The interment took place on Friday afternoon at St. Luke's Cemetery, Liverpool.  Death of Mr. C. A. Scrivener. (1903, August 1). The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW : 1888 - 1950), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article85693196 

NOTICE is hereby given that all creditors and other persons having any debt; or claim upon or affecting the estate of the late Charles Ambrose Scrivener, of Liverpool, N.S.W., store-keeper (who died on or about the 30th day of July, 1903, and probate of whose will was granted by the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in its Probate Jurisdiction, on the 18th day of September instant, to Charles Robert Scrivener, of Deniliquin, and Percy Passefield Scrivener, of Gunnedah, the executors of the will, of the said deceased), are hereby required to send in to the executors, addressed care of Albert Borchard, of the Equitable Buildings, George Street, Sydney, incorporated accountant, their claims against the estate of the said Charles Ambrose Scrivener, deceased, on or before the 9th day of November next, at the expiration of which time the said executors will proceed to distribute the assets of the said deceased among the persons entitled thereto, having regard to the debts and claims only of which they shall then have had notice; and the said executors, in respect of the assets so distributed, will not be liable to any person of whose debtor claim they shall not have had notice at the time of such distribution. - Dated this 23rd day of September, 1903.

DIBBS & PARKER, Solicitors for the Executors, 92, Pitt street, Sydney. NOTICE is hereby given that all creditors and other persons (1903, September 25). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 7109. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220996313 

SCRIVENER.—July 30, at his residence, High-street, Liverpool, Charles Ambrose Scrivener, aged 73 years. Family Notices (1903, July 31). The Australian Star (Sydney, NSW : 1887 - 1909), p. 4 (FIRST EDITION). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article228606497 

An obituary for her husband's mother shows she is still at Liverpool, working:

Passed Away. — A resident for over 40 years in Liverpool, Mrs. Jane Scrivener, of 'Passfield,' Campbelltown-road, passed away on Saturday morning at 4.45 a.m. at the ripe old age of 85 years. Mrs. Scrivener was the relict of the late Charles Ambrose Scrivener, formerly in business as a storekeeper in Macquarie-street, Liverpool (now carried on by Mrs. Josephine Scrivener), and mother of Mr. C. R. Scrivener (Commonwealth Surveyor), Mr. F. Scrivener (manager London branch of the Commercial Banking Company, Sydney), Mr. P. Scrivener (bank manager, Gunnedah, New South Wales), Mr. H. R. Scrivener (storekeeper, Liverpool; deceased); Mrs. Dale (wife of Mr. Dale, Postmaster, Parramatta), Mrs. Hatton (storekeeper, Liverpool), and Mrs. Reay (Mosman). The old lady-had lived in quiet retirement for some years past. She was interred in the new Church of England cemetery on. Sunday morning at 10 a.m., after a short service in St. Luke's Church of. England, conducted by the Rev. Pitt-Owen: The funeral was of a semi-private nature, friends and relatives and the employees of Scrivener's Family Store following the coffin to the grace. The Rev. R. H. Pitt Owen read -the burial service. Mr. Lawrence Murphy had charge of the funeral arrangements. LIVERPOOL. (1914, October 17). The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW : 1888 - 1950), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article85963058 

Newport was by now a place to head for a relaxing weekend - there was a surf club with skilled lifesavers from among the residents and weekenders' sons, a hotel, growing yacht fraternity that would visit at Christmas for Pittwater Regattas, a camping ground, scouts visiting, at least two good boarding houses and other cottages that would be rented out seasonally, a rock pool at the north end of the beach, and a few reports of who stayed at Newport Ocean House during these 'Seasons' began appearing in local newspapers:

Summer School.

A novel school la being opened by Miss Joan Raynor of the Greenleaf Theatre to provide an elementary training In synthetic drama. It will be called a Summer school, and three classes will be given each day. The rest of the time may be spent In the bush, boating on the Pittwater, surfing on Newport Beach, or dancing on the specially laid floor of the camp. Enrolments may be made with Miss Joan Raynor, The Greenleaf Studio, Victoria Arcade, opposite The Australia, or by ‘phoning Y379O. For Women (1924, November 29). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119970313 

Newport, the Combers in the foreground, New South Wales, ca. 1925 John Cosh. nla.obj-135195387-1

Warringah Shire Council minutes of Meetings record:

Item 62. Mrs. J. Scrivener, 11/6/25, requesting permission to erect a petrol pump outside her new business premises at Newport, and asking also that the footpath be pre... in concrete. Resolved, - (Crs. TIentt, Parr) That no objection be raised to the erection of the petrol pump, and hat the engineer estimate the cost of the footpath. 

27th July, 1925: Resolved, - (Crs. Hewitt Hitchcock) That regarding Mrs. Scrivener's footpath at Newport, be adopted; Mrs. Scrivener to be aflored to complete the construction of the footpath, and the Council to pay half cost up to £12/15/-, and carry out ballasting at a further cost of £10. 

November 30th, 1925: 53. Mrs. Josie Scrivener, requesting the Council to increase the amount of its contribution towards the cost of the footpath which she constructed in front of her property at Newport : Resolved, That she be informed of the further improvements the Council agreed to at its last meeting.

Section from E B Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Newport Beach, New South Wales, ca. 1925-26 (showing Newport Ocean House and Josies store at front on Barrenjoey Road) Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162404370 

Traffic on Barrenjoey Road in 1927 - Bulfins Ocean Beach Store on the left - photo courtesy Mitchell Library, State Library of NSW and information sourced from Guy Jennings 'Story of Newport'

Part of Council's helpfulness, as this was a fair amount of money, could relate to their then agenda to increase public ownership of Newport Beach, and the negotiations they were then having to purchase the cottages alongside where the larger Newport surf club now is as well as land holdings. The 1911 'resumptions' were to the north of where the surf club building now is, as seen by the placement of the bathing shed facilities in the above 1911 photo. 

Josie was one of these beachfront cottage owners, hers being named 'Quarterdeck', and found, when she went to rent it from council after agreeing to it being resumed, that it had been rented to another - alike the Tea Pot Inn deal - this was £ they had to get from the then state government and then repay:


Mr. Wearne, Minister for Lands, visited Bilgola, Newport, and Narrabeen yesterday, to go into various schemes placed before him. The proposal to establish at Bilgola a seaside camp for hush people, which is being forwarded by Dr. Arthur, was rejected by "the Minister. He said that the site was too far from the tramline; that sufficient safeguards for children against the dangers of the surf were not available; and that the bush round about could not appeal to those who had come to the city for a change. The president of the Warringah Shire, Cr. Parr, promised to confer with Dr. Arthur on a proposal to provide for the camp an area of land at Narrabeen. The Minister subsequently inspected Islands on the Narrabeen Lake, which it is proposed to form together into an area of about eight acres for a park. Mr. Wearne promised to carefully consider the proposal. At Newport Mr. Wearne was asked to resume land along the beach to give a clear frontage and park area. The Minister said he was willing to reserve the foreshores from Balgowla to Newport, and contribute a certain amount toward the proposed resumption, but the council must call upon owners of land who would receive direct benefit to make a substantial contribution themselves. The cost of the resumption is estimated at from £7000 to £8000.  MR. WEARNE AT SEASIDE (1925, March 23). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article245265059 


IN A LETTER to Warringah Shire Council the Under-Secretary for Lands, referring to the proposed resumptions of land at Newport Beach for a public recreation ground, stated that the owners of the land concerned, knowing that It was Intended to resume their properties, In every case had lodged objections to the values placed on them. They claimed an all round Increase of 100 per cent. The Under-Secretary suggested that aa the Land Valuation Court would deal with the objections shortly, Council should take no action until the hearing of the appeals. LAND VALUES BOOM (1926, May 11). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117289047 

Warringah Shire Council's Minutes of Meetings records:

31/5/1920: Hardy & Busby 17/5/20, submitting survey and report regarding land adjoining Ross Street and Newport Lagoon Bridges .... . deferred until next meeting.

E Trevor-Jones. 22,/4/21 requesting that Newport Lagoon be opened. It was decided that the Engineer should inspect in company with the President, and if advisable direct that' the Lagoon be let out, otherwise have the footbridge extended a little. 

Monday august 22nd, 1921: Resolved, - (Crs. Hewitt, Qurik) That the owners of the three blocks lying between the street and the lagoon point on Newport Beach be written to,. and asked to' put a price on their land. Newport Beach Resumptions

October 4th, 1921: (Ore. Quirk,,Greenwood) That Notices be posted up at Newport Lagoon and also at Curl Curl Lagoon, warning against the practice of throwing garbage into the Lagoons

February 6th, 1922: - Newport Beach Resumptions  31. Mrs, E. A. Alphen 26/1/22, withdrawing her land at Beach from sale, as she is going to Europe I Received. 32

27th of June, 1922: Approach, In pursuance of Notice, Cr, Quirk moved - That, subject to the necessary land being given for the widening of the Barrenjoey Road, the Engineer prepare an estimate of the cost- of constructing a culvert to give vehicular access to the land at Newport Beach, which was recently acquired by the Council for public recreation 

December 6th, 1926: - 26. Mrs. Josie Scrivener. 30.11.26. requesting that steps be taken to compel the discontinuation of the dredging operations in Newport during the summer months : Resolved: (Crs. Campbefl, Hitchcock) She be informed the Council has no jurisdiction in the matter

Newport S.L.S Club 20/2/28 Requesting permission to take over one of the cottages on the resumed area at  Newport Beach for the purpose of a club house Resolved (Crs. Hope, Hitchcock) — The Association be informed the Council regrets it cannot see its way to comply with the request. 

Andy Robertson. 12/7/28. Furnishing advice as requested respecting rental of resumed premises on Newport Beach. Council Employees Union. 9/728. Submitting two proposals for preference to Unionists in the-Council's employ. To be informed that the preference to unionists" clause is already observed, and that the Council cannot see its way to grant thefr second request.

 Andy Roberts on. 13/8/28. Requesting permission to remove about 100 loads of sand from  Newport  Beach. Referred to the Works Committee.

Mrs. N. Robertson 26/9/28. Submitting an offer for Newport the renting of Mrs. Scriveners cottage on Newport Beach Resumed Reserve. Resolved .. That the offer be accepted provided a Property lease be taken for 12 months, and that the Council do not be called upon to effect any repairs etc. 86.H.E.Porter. .. 14/9/28. Refusing Council’s offer for his land proposed to be acquired for the connecting between- Barrenjocy and Nullaburra Road. Decided that to let the matter stand over for resumption.

Mrs. J. Scrjvener. 3/10/28. submitting offer to rent the cottage on Newport Beach resumed area, formerly owned by herself. Resolved - That Mrs. Robertson's lease date issued from 1st November, and that it be a condition of the lease properties she shall not use any portion of the building as a tea room but that the building be used solely for residential purposes.

Lands Department. 18/4/29. Re: Newport Beach resumptions, and replying that Mr. Lane is required, under an agreement respecting occupation of the property, to keep the fences and improvements in reasonable order. Received.

Newport Progress Assn. 7/1/29Asking that the Council protest and lodge objections to the application of J..C. Bulfin in Newport to reclaim and purchase an area of 21 perches of the Newport Lagoon . Newport  Rosolved (Crs. Robertson, Austin) that in-view of the resumption and the proposed reclamation work in the vicinity, the Council lodge an objection.' 

21/1/1929: P.T Jeffery. 12,11/29. Respecting proposal to extend the reclamation of Newport Lagoon, recommending the acquisition Newport Lagoon of part of Lot 13, Section 6, Ocean Beach Estate, and offering 'the land at £4 per foot. Referred to A. Riding proposed reclamation 47,  Newport Progress Association. 14/1/29.. Also respecting and reclamation of Newport Lagoon, and requesting the Council co-acquisition acquire the whole of the lands on the ocean side of Barrenjoey road north of the present reclamation; also again drawing attention to the unsatisfactory condition of the public dressing sheds on the beach, referred to A. Riding CouneL. 48. Same. 14/1/29. Repeating the Association's offer to advance the money for the erection of concrete dressing shed at the Ncwport:rock.bath, on the condition that the Council refund half the cost when the rate revenue is available. Referred to A.Riding Councillors  E. E. Isley. 19/1/29. submitting petition containing 50 signatures for early measures to be taken to do away with the quarry at Newport and requesting that in the meantime the making of unsightly earth dumps &c be discontinued.. Thç. Resolved TCrs. Robertson,Austin) - That that the Association be informed the Council regrets it cannot see its way to close the quarry, but will give consideration to using the matter in the dumps for the purpose of topdressing the beach....

March 4th, 1929 3.. Boulevarde Estate, Newport ;. Proposal by Mr. Kent to advance, as a ratepayer's loan, £200 for the carrying out certain improvements to roads and drainage, adjacent to the Boulevards Estate: Resolved (Crs. Hitchcock,. AuStin) -, That Mr. Kent be furnished with a copy of the Engineer's report and asked whether he desires his advance to be applied towards the cost estimated for the drain, or desires it to be applied to the drainage of Myola Road.  46. Valuer General. 26/2/29. Inquiring if the Council considers that an increased offer of compensation should be made in the case of two outstanding cases in the Newport Beach ( tesolved (Crs, Hitchcock, Austin) - That Resumptions Beach resumptions he be informed the Council does not favour any increases. 

April 3rd, 1929:  39. Bculevarde Entates Eenort) Ltd. Stating conditions oKuhich the stcte.viil1 lend for the carrying out of certain improvements, at  Newport affecting Boulevarde Estat. 39a. Same. 25/3/29. Forwarding cheque for £250 as a ratepayer's loan, in terms ,of their letter of 22nd inst. Resolved (Crs. Hitchcock, Robertson) - In view of the fact that the 'rate revenue for, the year will shortly be available the loan be not accepted, and that the approved work on Myola road be proceeded with immediately.   4. Barrenjoey Road-Nu1laburrr Road Connection: Letter from H.W Jackson - 20/3/29 forwarding Contract for purchase from Mrs. Courteney of Lot 17 Section 5 . Ocean Beach Estate, Newport and letter from J.A.Clapin-28/3/29, advising that his client, Mr, Musgrave, is willing to waive any claim he may have against the subject land, on condition that on completion of the Contract Mrs. Courtney pays to his client the sum of £10, as agreed between themselves. Resolved (Cre. Robertson, Austin) - That the Contract be now signed.

April 15th, 1929: 2. The President-verbally reported regarding the hearing by the Metropolitan Land Board of J. C. Bulfin's application to purchase a small portion of Newport Lagoon, at which hearing he appeared on behalf of the Council to oppose the application.. Resolved (Cra.  Robertson, Austin) - That as recommended by President, the Council now make application for the same land to be placed under the Council's control, and that the Council also grant Mr. Bulfin reasonable compensation for expenses incurred by him in connection with his application. 2. The report respecting proposed exchange of land at Newport Lagoon Newport Lagoon with Mr. Scott was referred back for amendment on the lines discussed at the meeting. 

Reads as though there's a lot going on in Newport because there was. Mrs. Robertson would, in 1931 when the Depression was biting hard, request and receive a reduction in her rent due.  The Boulevarde Newport real estate agent almost got himself into problems speaking out of turn - however, by July the same developers had connected up Ross street with The Boulevarde and were sticking there hands out to be reimbursed, The Health Department was declaring some lands around the Lagoon and Ross street to be unsafe building lots due to sanitary concerns while some of the early ramshackle shed/cottages were having closing orders placed on them by Council, Mr. Kleemos holding there, and cottage, among them.

Chief Secretary's Department and Office of the Minister of Public Health, Sydney, 27th November, 1924.

Unhealthy building land, Barrenjoey and Palm roads, and Ross-street, Newport, comprising lots 1 to 5, section 1, and lots 1 to 13, section 6, Ocean Beach Estate; lots 1 to 4, and portion of lot 44, Sea Murmur Estate; portion of lots 4 to 8, the whole of lots 9 to 17, and 31 to 33, Lilli Pilli Estate, Warringah Shire.

The Board of Health have reported that, after due inquiry, they are of opinion that it would be prejudicial to health if certain land situated within the Warringah Shire and described in Schedule hereunder was built upon in its present condition.

The Board of Health have further reported that in order to render such land fit to be built upon it is necessary that: —

(a) The present surface of the land be covered with clean soil or sand to the height of the crown of Barrenjoey-road at a point over the existing culvert passing under that road about 105 feet north from Palm-road;

(b) The surface of all that part of the land which is included within the walls of every building which may be built upon it, except buildings erected upon piles or piers, be covered with a layer of concrete comprised of the following ingredients, namely: —

One measure of cement of approved brand, three and a half measures of clean, sharp sand, free from loam or organic metier, and six and a half measures of broken metal or gravel of 2 J-inch gauge, laid 6 inches thick, properly spread and well rammed;

(c) All floors to be laid on joists not less than 1 foot 6 inches above the concrete covering, the space thus formed to be ventilated by insertion of air bricks each measuring 9 by 6 inches to every 6 feet (lineal) of foundation, except in the case of buildings erected on piles or piers, the floors of which are to be laid on joists 1 foot 6 inches above the surface of the filling upon the said land;

(d) The space between piles and piers to be left open, the whole of the work to be done to the satisfaction of the Board of Health.

Now, therefore, in pursuance of the power and authority vested in me by section 55 (1) of the Public Health Act, 1902, I hereby declare that such land shall not be built upon until the measures above referred to, which are also specified in a document deposited in the Office of the Local Authority (The Council of the Shire of Warringah) and open to the inspection of any person, have been complied with, or until this notice has been revoked by me.


(for Chief Secretary and Minister of Public Health.)


All that piece or parcel of land situated within the Shire of Warringah, parish of Narrabeen, county of Cumberland, described as follows; Commencing at the northern corner of lot 13, section 6, Ocean Beach Estate, shown on deposited plan 6,248 and bounded thence by the south-eastern side of Barren joey-road south-westerly to the north-westerly corner of lot 1 aforesaid, section 6; thence north-westerly across Barrenjoey-road to the north-eastern corner of lot 5, section 1, of the same estate; thence westerly b^ the northern boundary of aforesaid lot 5 to its western boundary; thence southerly by the western boundaries of lots 5, 4, 3, 2, and 1, of the same section and estate to the southern boundary of last-mentioned lot; thence easterly by that boundary to Barrenjoey-road; thence south-easterly across that road to the south-western corner of lot 1, Sea Murmur Estate, shown on deposited plan 10,529; thence easterly by the northern side of Palm-road to the south-eastern corner of lot 4 of' same estate; thence northerly by the eastern boundary of that lot to its north-eastern cornier; thence easterly by the northern boundaries of Lots 5, 7, and 8, of the same estate to the eastern boundary of the last-mentioned lot; thence by a line bearing northerly in prolongation of the said eastern boundary 60 feet; thence by a line hearing easterly to the south-western corner of lot 2, Lilli Pilli Estate, shown on deposited plan 7,424; thence northerly by the east ern boundary of lot 4 of the same estate to the north-eastern corner of that lot; thence northerly across Ross-street to the south-eastern corner of lot 31 of the same estate; thence northerly by the eastern boundary of that lot and lot 33 of the. same estate to the northern corner of lot 33; thence north-westerly across Ross-street to the eastern corner of lot 17 of the aforesaid Lilli Pilli Estate; thence north-westerly by the north-eastern boundary of that lot to its northern corner; thence north-westerly to the eastern corner of lot 33, section 6, Ocean Beach Estate, shown on deposited plan 6,248; thence north-westerly by the north-eastern boundary of lot 13, to the point of commencement.

The abovenamed deposited plans are lodged at the Office of the Registrar-General, Sydney. PUBLIC HEALTH ACT, 1902, SECTION 55. (1924, December 5). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 5469. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223003271 

The Lot 21 Section lady Elizabeth Ann Alphen pops up again as the Council attempts to come to an agreement with her over the resumption of her property - she wanted and eventually received over £800.

The Council was also trying to improve the roads and amenities, some of these via Work relief programs, a contract that went to the gentleman who built and owned Florida House then, Lawrie Gallagher, and built the first version of Ocean road along the beachfront beside the Black Rock, and he had a union chap visiting the site to stand over him - hectic? Yes! 

From the official and retrievable records:


A scheme for the Improvement of the road from Manly to Newport, Palm Beach, and Barranjoey, which, if carried out, will Involve an expenditure of nearly £40,000, was discussed on Monday by the Warringah Shire Council.

The shire engineer (Mr. E. Ward) submit-ted a special report at the request of the council, In which he dealt with the condition of the main road from the Manly boundary of the shire at Burnt Bridge Creek to New-port, and of the Barrenjoey-road from New-port to Palm Beach. He estimated the cost of reconditioning the Pittwater-road as far as Newport at £10,095, and of deviations to the Barrenjoey-road In the vicinity of Bilgola Bench at £19,230-a total of £36,391. Adding 6 per cont. for contingencies (£1720), the estimated cost of the whole scheme was £37,111.

Councillor Rayner said that if concrete roads were constructed the cost of the road as far as Newport would be £74,000, and If continued to Barrenjoey the road would cost between £120,000 and £150,000. Ho was still favourable to the big scheme If the council could borrow half the amount, and Induce the Main Honda Board to finance the other half.

The deputy president (Councillor McKillop) reminded the council that when the larger schemes were discussed twelve months ago It was decided that they were beyond the shire's borrowing capacity. Although the road as far as Newport was designated a main road under the Local Government Act, there had not yet been any decision of the Main Roads Board to declare the Pittwater-road a main road. "As a matter of fact," he added, "the board can take the £6000 per year main roads tax from the shire, and still say that the highway through the shire is not a main road." The council had, however, been in communication with the board, which had asked for the Information contained in the engineer's report, and also for a census of the traine using the road.

It was decided, on the motion of Councillor Hewitt, seconded by Councillor Ellsworth, to forward the information to the Main Roads Board, and to request the board to receive a deputation from the council. PITTWATER. (1925, April 22). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16215541

At Newport, on Gallagher's road contract, there are now 75 men at work. I assisted the rep. on Friday last to issue part of tickets for some of the men working there. A good many of them have just started work, and, weather permitting, they will take out their tickets, if not in full, then half of it next Friday week. There were three young chaps who refused to take any part of a ticket. Not that they wished to join something else, but because they preferred to be parasites on the men on that job and every other job. In their presence I told Rep. Gunnell not to argue with them about taking tickets. Seeing there are 75 men at work there, 72 of them solid for taking out their tickets and three not, well, 72 into three won't go— but three will. 

It must be told that I, as the representative of this Union, was responsible for putting the men up in wages on the above job to the amount of 4/- to 6/- per week. The contractor did not know of the 4/ per week for the non-payment of holidays. He was also under award rates' in other respects for some of the men. And these ticket scalers before-mentioned got the increase, and now they don't believe in Unions.

At Narrabeen I visited Contractor Jeffries. He has 50 men at work on road construction. I stayed a long time on the job, because it was necessary to see all the men, who were much scattered. After handing the Union's books over to Rep. Green I went and found the contractor. The men were in receipt of £5/2/6 per; week as a flat rate. Pick and shovel, jumper and spawler was the class of labor on the job. The highest rate was £5/6/6 per week for jumper men, etc.; the lowest rate £5/1/6 for shovel men. The pick and shovel men were in the majority. I got from the contractor a flate rate of £5/6/- per week for all men on the , job. I am expecting no difficulty in making Jeffries' job all A.W.U. ORGANISERS' REPORTS. (1928, October 17). The Australian Worker (Sydney, NSW : 1913 - 1950), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article145989997 

29th April, 1929.  At this stage Mr. F. T. Jeffery, Manager of the Boulevarde Estate, Newport, attended the meeting, at the President's request, in connection with a statement he was alleged to have made to Cr. Robertson that the President, Shire Engineer and Shire Clerk, at an informal conference held in the Shire Hall, Brookvale, some weeks ago, had agreed to the 2-ft. lane in Boulevarde Estate subdivision remaining in the same position as shown on the original subdivision layout submitted to the Works Committee on 27th February. Cr. Robertson repeated and confirmed his state- ments made to the Council at the last meeting. Mr. Jeffery, on the other hand, denied having made the statement attributed to him. Letters from Messrs. H. C. Kent, G. B. Kent and I. K. Curdie, asserting that the lane was not mentioned at the conference referred to, at which they were the only other persons present , were read. ' It was -aentually resolved (Crs; McPaul, Robertson) - That the ComieQ ha$ every confidence in its President and two responsible Officers, and, considers that they acted in an honourab1eanner. Cr. Robertson state that he would procure statedenV6 from members of the Newport Progres Association that a' simi-14r 'statement was made.by Mr. Jeffery at a recent meeting at the Association Resolved  -That G-.'Robertson endeavour to obtain these statements and furnish them to the next -a Council meeting. Messrs. McKay and Harkness,Directors,of Paln:Beach, Estates Ltd. waited on the Council in regard to the Council's requirements respecting the Scott Road sub-division of Palm Beach Estate. After hearing them, it was resolved, (Crs Ross, Greenwood) -. That the ...of Iots 335 and 336 be included in the sub-division plans as shown on the plan, and that it withdraw objection to the allotments fronting Rock Bath Road; provided they be reduced in number to three by the amalgamation of Lots 292 and '293 . 

June 10th, 1929: Resolved that the signboard erected by Boulevarde Estate (Newport) Ltd. without permission, be pulled down. Resolved that a copy of the report regarding insanitary dwelling on Mr. Putnam's land in Ross Street, Newport, be forwarded to the Board of Health, with a certificate for a Closing Order. 4. Re recommendation that steps be taken under the Public Health Act to bring about a demolition of the building in Ross Street, Newport, owned by Mr. Kleemo, in respect of which a Closing Order was issued on 3rd December 1924. Resolved (era; Hitchcock, Robertson) - That the recommendation be adopted;

June 27th, 1929: 5. Metropolitian Health Board - Medical Officer of Hdalth. 24/6/29. Furnishing Closing Order Certificated in respect of premises in Ross Street, Newport, 'owned by Mr. Putnam' Resolved -  '(Crc. That a Closing Order under Section 16 Public Health (Amendment ) Act, 1915, be carried out the owner of the subject property, declaring the premises unfit for human habitation and occupation, and directing that they shall not after three months from the date of such Order be inhabited or occupied by any person; and that the Seal of the Council be affixed to such Order.

July 22nd, 1929: Boulevarde Estates (Newport)- Ltd. 13/7/29. Suggesting that the Council bear the cost of the sand filling on Ross Street, and also requesting the Council to reimburse the Estate to an approximate amount Est £50 for expenditure .. incurred in connecting up The Boulevard with Ross Street. Resolved (Ore.Austin-, Robertson). - The matter be referred to the Works Committee, and in the meantime, the Engineer inspect and estimate- the value of the work done in both places.

August 7th, 1929: Valuer General, re; Newport Beach Resumptions, stating that Mrs. Alfon offers to settle at £852, and inquiring if the Council is agreeable. Resolved - that he be informed that the Council is agreeable to the compensation being increased to £800, but no more. F. Kleemo. 31/7/29. Replying that he will be unable to attend the Council meeting respecting the proposed demolition of his building at Newport, and again requesting Orders to be furnished with particulars of the repairs necessary to such building. Resolved - He be informed off, the inspector's report, and informed that the demolition must proceed.

 62. A. T. Keirle. 1/8/29. Re proposed reclamations at Newport Beach, and suggesting Engineer point out on the ground to his representative exactly what work the Council proposes to carryout. . Resolved. - That the Engineer make arrangements for a conference as requested. 

September 9th, 1929: That similar action be meted out to: D. Wilkinson for rent of resumed property at Newport Beach

September 23rd, 1929:  27. Newport  Progress Assoc. 8/9/29. Requesting: that a start be now made with, the levelling off and top-dressing of the sand on Newport  Beach Reserve with spoil from Newport Quarry to provide a parking area. Resolved (Cr,. Beach  Robertson) - That spoil from Newport Quarry instead of Reserve being dumped in the vicinity of the quarry, be dumped on reserves as opportunity offers. 39. John Orr. 12/9/29. Requeating permission to erect a finger post at the junction of Bay View Road and Newport  Road "To Warringah Golf Links''. Resolved (Crs. Austin, Robertson) - That permission be granted. 40.

Valuer General. 17/9/29 Re Newport Beach resumption, Newport Beach and submitting fresh basis for settlement of Mrs E. A. Alphon's resumptions claim for compensation. Resolved (crs. Robertson, Austin) - That the council agree to settlement as recommended at £852.10.0, plus statutory interest. Same date: TENDERS were received for the purchase and demolition of Lanes Cottage on Newport Beach resumed area cottage - That resumed tender be accepted for Lane’s cottage, but the Council demolish the building and stack the-timber. 

November 4th 1929; Sydney Harbour Trust Commissioners. Same. 3. 25/10/29.. replying that the Council's application for permission to reclaim an area at Farrell's Newport  Beach, will be dealt, with at the earliest opporunity. Received

November 18th, 1929: 2) that the Overseer report in regard to the road giving access to the northern end of Newport Beach Reserve.

December 2nd, 1929: Resolved (Crs. Robertson, Hitchcock) - That £5 be voted for repairs to the road giving access to the northern end of  Newport Beach Reserve. 6. Resolved (Ore. Boss, Roberteon) - That authority be. given to use the old..iron on the shed in Trafalgar Square, Newport, for the purpose,of constructing dressing sheds on Lake Park, .and.that.if it be not sufficient, authority be given to purchase further iron up to an amount of £5., 

December 2nd, 1929: .8.. Mrs. N. Robertson... 21/11/29. Requesting that the rent of the cottage, "Quarter Deck" on Newport Beach resumed area be reduced. (Cr..Robertson left the meeting while this letter was being deaIt with.) Resolved (Cra. Prpertiep Hitchcock, Austin) - That the rental be reduced to 15/- a week until the end of the lease and then a new request will need to be made

June 16th, 1930:  Newport  Beach resumed property ."Tea Pot Inn": The Newport Beach report was adopted (Crs. Austin, Parr),and £20 voted for necessary repairs

And then:

June 30th, 1930: 25. Reynolds White & Co. 16/6/30. submitting plan showing proposed private right-of-way through J.B. Scrivener’s land in Barrenjoey Road,  Newport, adjacent to Farrell's Lagoon. .Approved (Crs. Campbell, Robertson).  The following requests, submitted 4r the Qouncillors named, Were agreed to:- ' ' By Cr. Robebteon -That the Engineer look into the matter' of the water going down into Erickson's property in ueents Myola Road Parade from, the- stree behind; (a) that a report be furnished-to next, meeting as to what has been expended on the drainage work in Myola Road since the work was carried Newport  out; 'that a set of concrete tubs be furnished to the Resumed(3) "Tea Pot Inn' on Newport Beach resumed property..  

71. F. T. Jeffory. 9/7/30. Respecting proposed exchange of lands at Newport Beach and stating that Mr. Scott Scott Scott Scott's is prepared to pay the price fixed by the Lands Department i.2plic.!tion . provided the Council reimburse him. Resolved, - That the . Shire Clerk's report be adopted, and the Departm&ntadvised • . . . I accor4ingly

July 28th, 1930 The SHIRE CLERKS REPORT was read and dealt with as follows - Items 1 and 2 relating to extension of electricity service beyond  Newport, and the existing electricity loan rate in A Riding were deferred till later in the meeting to enable Councillors to inspect the electrical Engineer's plan show- ing particulars of proposed extension. . . 12. J. C. Bulfin, 11/7/30. Stating he will withdraw his application to the Lands Department ifior a portio'i of Newport Lagoon if the Council 'recompense him to the extent  of £25. To be' requested to furnish a statement of his out 4 Reclamation of pocket expenses in connection with the matter. 

25th of August 1930; Resolved, - That application by made to the Unemployment Relief by Council for a grant, of a sum sufficient- to regrade, Unemployment reform and ballast Lagoon Street from one end to the other, and that the Shire Engineer, furnish the necessary plans, Relief Work specifications and estimates to accompany' the applcation as soon as possible. (Crs.Grcc-;wod,Ross) Resolved, - That the drainage of Mona Vale Flat be included in the application. (Cr8. Austin, McPaul) Resolved - That application be also made at the same time as for a grant for the proposed reclamation work at Newport Lagoon, excluding the construction of the outlet pipe (Crs. Robertson1 ilcPaul). 6. Manly Council, circular. Submitting, with a view of cooperation the following resolution - "That with the object of relieving distress, consequent upon unemployment action be taken to bring under the notice of the Government the advisability of investigating the circumstances of females employed in Government Departments, with a view to the retrenchment of those persons whose domestic financial status does not justify their employment in preference to males with family responsibilities and/or other females in less fortunate circumstances who are qualified to give equal and perhaps more efficient service." Resolved, -That the letter be received. (Crs., Ross, Austin)

September 22nd, 1930: Parks Resumptions Loan Rates Account -c.tcncion to the General Fund to recoup the latter for the expenditure on Lake Park extension resumptions in respect of the loan money. (Cra. Hitchcock, Robertson) In connection with the Lands Department's demand for the payment of £2633.12.9 in respect of  Newport Beach resumption, it was resolved that, as recommended, the Department be asked to accept payment of £633.12.9 now, of £1000 on 1st June next year, and £1000 on 1st June the following year. (Ors. Ross, Robertson)

October 7th, 1930:  That the Seal of the Council be affixed to the application for the Governor's approval to the borrowing of Electricity £11,000 for the purpose of extending the electricity service from Newport to Palm Beach. (Crs. Austin,Robertson) MOTIONS GENNLLY By Robertson and Ross - That Mr. AT.Keirle be requested to remove the old barge from Newport  Beach as, early as possible 

November 3rd, 1930: Resolved. That tenders be called for the demolition of the ladies' club room on Newport Beach, and for the use of the materials from for repairing the men's dressing Surf sheds and Clubhouse, to be done under the supervision of the Inspector.. (Cr5. Robertson, Austin) 

Josephine, 'Josie', gave a series of mortgages to different people during 1920s, including those who would later be involved in the 30 rooms version, and later, converted it to flats. Some of these would have been her exapnding the footprint of the building and adding to its rooms or improving what was there. 

Josie sold part of the property to Percy Alexander Wilson, Elsie May Wilson and Isabella (NSW BDM's and Warringah Council spelled it Isabel) Lydia Roberts on July 10th 1930 - a right of way beside the lagoon:

Above record: Tenants in common Percy Alexander Wilson, Elsie May Wilson and Isabella Lydia Roberts – July 10th, 1930 Vol 4456 Fol: 47/48/49.

It was also during the later 1920's that the name changed from 'Newport Ocean House' to the Combers, suggesting the Wilsons-Roberts family took over prior to the name change and soon after Miss Jowett's name ceases in the advertisements in 1924:


Freshly decorated, newly furnished throughout by Robert Monteith, Ltd.
Special Dinners, and Morning and Afternoon Teas.
For tariff and Particulars, PHONE MONA VALE 32. Telegrams, The Combers. 
Advertising (1927, December 29). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16430045 

C.W.A. Founder Dead: Miss Florence Gordon, who 'was instrumental in founding the Country Women's Association, and was for a time its secretary, died on Tuesday, January 31st, at her residence, "The Combers, " Newport. HERE AND THERE (1928, February 15). Crookwell Gazette (NSW : 1885 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article221330695 


Miss Florence Gordon, who was instrumental in founding the Country Women's Association, and was for some time its secretary, died on Tuesday afternoon at her residence, "The Combers," Newport. Miss Gordon was well-known as a freelance journalist, and was a regular contributor to the "Sydney Morning Herald," under the initials. F.G., for a number of years. Her earlier journalistic experience, was on the staff of the Tamworth "Observer." She was a native of Launceston, Tasmania. The funeral took place yesterday afternoon at the Rookwood Crematorium, Rev. A. H. Garnsey conducting the service. Among the floral tributes were wreaths from the Country Women's Association, the Society of Women Writers, and, the staff of "The Combers." OBITUARY (1928, February 2). Goulburn Evening Penny Post (NSW : 1881 - 1940), p. 4 (DAILY and EVENING). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article102532669 

ATTENTION is Invited to Notice In Government Gazette of 8th March 1929, calling for Objections to an Application by Boulevarde Estates (Newport), Limited, to Reclaim and Purchase areas of 8 perches and 2 perches on each side of the channel at the outlet Into Farrel's Lagoon, between the main Barrenjoey road and Ross street. Warringah Shire, parish Narrabeen. Objections. accompanied by deposit of £10, and lodged with the Metropolitan District Surveyor on or before 5th  April, 1929. will receive consideration. W. J. ROPER. Under-Secretary for Lands. Advertising (1929, March 8). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 18. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28050359 

Advertising (1929, March 23)The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 23. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article245634126

NEWPORT BEACH THE COMBERS now under New Management Right on Beach Rooms overlooking ocean 30/ per week separate arrangements for meals If necessary or full board arranged Apply A ROBERTSON Estate Agent, Newport Beach. Advertising (1930, March 1). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16629719

Nothing daunted by depression, both senior and girls' departments of the Y.W.C.A. are preparing for camp over Eight-Hour Day. A party of 43 girls from sports and Indoor senior clubs will leave for "The Combers," Newport, to-morrow, while a group of 25 girls under 18 years of age will depart for Austinmer. Study groups, surfing, and hiking are the attractions offered, and everyone is looking forward to a jolly time. Mrs. Austin and Mrs. Peatfield will be in charge of the senior group and Miss Newby Fraser of the Juniors. VISITORS (1931, October 3). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 7 (LAST RACE EDITION). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223674314 


The Warringah Shire Council experienced difficulty in 1934, mainly because of the rapid development in the shire. The 13 beaches in the shire constituted both an asset and a liability. While they attracted thousands to the shire and had been largely responsible for its progress, they also entailed a big expenditure on necessary improvements and conveniences. New beach buildings were erected at Newport, Avalon, Mona Vale, South Narrabeen, and North Curl Curl, at a total cost of £5800. Extensions were being made at North Narrabeen, and £2000 was being spent on a modern building at Harbord. The clubhouse at Collaroy would shortly be ex-tended. In addition, rock baths were pro-vided at North Narrabeen.

An effort was made to secure the surroundings of Deewhy Lagoon as a public reserve. The Minister for Lands gave a sympathetic reply to a deputation's request that the Government should resume the area. The matter went to the Cabinet for consideration. Farrell's Lagoon at Newport was converted into a recreation area, as an unemployment relief work. Reserves throughout the shire had been improved.

The problem of communication between the city and the shire was one of the problems of the council. The Main Roads Department carried out work on Pittwater-road, Warringah-road, and Condamine-street, and the roads connecting with Roseville. These, it was stated, were providing speedier access from the northern suburbs to the beaches. It was hoped that a scheme would shortly be car-ried out to make a marine drive from Manly through Harbord, Curl Curl, and Deewhy.

Building in the shire continued to improve. In the quarter ended September 30 last, the value of buildings approved was £35,595, the largest quarterly total in the history of the shire. THE COUNCILS. (1935, January 2). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28022988 



A Public Meeting convened for the Formation of a Branch of the United Australia Party, will be held TO-NIGHT in The Combers, Newport Beach, at 8 o clock H W HORSFIELD. 15 Bligh-street Sydney. Advertising (1932, March 5). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16845624 

WARRINGAH ELECTORATE (candidate. W. R. Salter).— Narrabeen Tram Ter.): D. Kilmartin. W. R. Salter. Newport (Tea Pot Inn Tea Rooms): W. R. Salter. Dee Why (Pittwater Road and Pacific Pde.i: Chair. J. Underwood; O. Evans, D. Kilmartin. LANG WILL SPEAK AT GOULBURN TO-NIGHT (1937, October 21). The Labor Daily (Sydney, NSW : 1924 - 1938), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article237757267 

MRS. A. F. EVANS, of Cleveland-street. Wahroonga, has been, for a week's holiday with her family at "The Combers," Newport. Miss Olive Evans, who will study third year Arts this year at the University, made one of the party, and Miss Patience Evans, who has just left Abbotsleigh, also enjoyed a week's surfing. Spotlight on Society (1939, January 26). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 29 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229474005 

Josie passed away in 1939, with her son inheriting her portfolio. Her son, Harry Reynolds Scrivener, had married in 1924 and had children, so Josie was a grandmother. His mother must have worked hard to enable her son to be educated - he also signed up to serve in WWI but was given leave to complete his medical education at Sydney University. Sydney University Records, along with the National Archives of Australia, provide:

Harry Reynolds SCRIVENER, Portrait. Med IV. His surname and initials were listed at the back of the Book of Remembrance as a member of the Company who enlisted as private in the A.I.F. and was given leave of absence to complete the Medical Course.

Early education Scrivener H.R. : Sydney Grammar School
Tertiary education Scrivener H.R. : Ch.M., 1920, University of Sydney
Scrivener H.R. : M.B., 1920, University of Sydney
Occupations Scrivener H.R. : Medical Practitioner 1921 at Killara [ NSW Australia ]
Scrivener H.R. : Medical Practitioner 1933 at Gordon [ NSW Australia ]
Scrivener H.R. : Medical Practitioner 1940 at Gordon [ NSW Australia ]
Death Scrivener H.R. : Death 15 Feb 1973


The marriage was celebrated last night at St. James' Church, Gordon, of Marjorie Boyce, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. F.S. Boyce, to Dr. H.R. Scrivener, only son of Mrs. J. Scrivener, of Gordon. Archdeacon Boyce (the bride's grandfather) officiated, assisted by Bishop Langley (uncle of bride), and Rev. Connolly. The bride, who was given away by her father, wore a gown of ivory crepe romaine, embossed with silver, and made in tube fashion, with a girdle and tassel of pearls and diamonte. Her cloth of silver train was shirred in sections from the shoulders, and finished with silver water lillies. She wore a limerick lace veil. The brides-maids were Miss Helga Halberg, Miss Merril Boyce, who wore frocks of cyclamen, shot taffeta, made with a tunic effect, finished with blue ribbon, and velvet flowers. Two smaller bridesmaids, Miss Lucy Martin and Miss Norah Boyce wore frocks of hydrangea blue taffeta, trimmed with silver medallions and silver lace. They all wore bandeauxs to tone with their frocks. Dr. Pillett was best man, and Mr. Herbert Fitzsimmons was groomsman. The reception was held at "Atholl." Pymble, where the bride's mother received the guests. The bride's travelling frock was of autumn-tinted beaded crepe romaine, edged with two-toned ostrich feathers. Family Notices (1924, December 4). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16185804


Yesterday was a day of fashionable weddings, when three well-known Sydney girls were married.  ...and at St. John's Church, Gordon, Marjorie, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. F. S. Boyce, married Dr. H. R. Scrivener. Mrs, H. R. Scrivener (nee Marjorie Boyce). (Photos, by Dayne.) The WORLD OF WOMEN (1924, December 4). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article245465724

SCRIVINER (nee Boyce).-November 24, at Cranbrook, Gordon, to Dr. and Mrs. H. R. Scrivener-a daughter. Family Notices (1925, November 28). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16257345

SCRIVENER.—August 21, to Dr. and Mrs. H. R. Scrivener, Gordon—a son. Family Notices (1929, August 23). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16577824

She was laid to rest beside her husband:


The death of Mrs. Josephine Scrivener, relict of the late Mr. Harry Scrivener, formerly of Liverpool, took place on May 9, at Killara. She is survived by a son, Dr. Harry Scrivener, of Sydney. After the death of her husband, Mrs. Scrivener left Liverpool, to reside at Killara. She and her husband were well known and highly respected. Mrs. Scrivener was the owner of the Macquarie Street buildings at Liverpool known as Scrivener's Buildings. She was a sister of Messrs. A. J. and M. H. and Rev. O. A. Reynolds. The funeral left St. Martin's Church, Killara, on Wednesday afternoon, and the interment took place in the Liverpool Cemetery. OBITUARY (1939, May 11). Liverpool News (NSW : 1937 - 1941), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66426917 

SCRIVENER - May 9, 1939, at her residence, No. 556 Pacific Highway, Killara, Josephine Scrivener, relict of the late Harry Scrivener, of Liverpool, and loved mother of Dr. Harry Scrivener. At rest.

SCRIVENER - The Relatives and Friends of Dr. HARRY SCRIVENER, of Gordon, are invited to attend the Funeral of his loved mother, Josephine Scrivener, to leave St. Martin's Church, Arnold Street, Killara, THIS DAY, after a service commencing at 2 p.m., for Liverpool Cemetery. ERNEST ANDREWS, Chatswood. Family Notices (1939, May 10). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1931 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article247603666 

Harry turns up in Warringah Shire Council Records : Dr. H. R., Scrivener, 15/8/45, (a) requesting that several bad holes in the concrete footpath at his shop premises at Barrenjoey Road, Newport Beach, be repaired; (b) also requesting that the, laneway adjoining the property be kerbed and guttered to prevent cars parking near the fence and damaging the verandah posts...(a) that repairs be made as quickly as is, possiible; .(b):referred.....

Another Scrivener, P E Scrivener, later has a place at Bayview:

LUCKY enough to acquire a charming flat at Hare Hatch, Wallaroy Cres., Double Bay, are Mr, and Mrs. Albyn Stewart. They have just sold their home at Bayview to Mr. and Mrs. Peter Scrivener. THE JOTTINGS of a lady about town (1950, April 9). Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), p. 34. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article167911139

Warringah Shire Council Records provides:

(20) Petition from M.J.Walsh and other residents of Patrick Street, Avalon Beach, drawing attention to the "shocking state" of that street, tradesmen and sanitary carters refusing to call, Patrick and stating that there is not a vestige of lighting of any Street description. Referred to Works Committee, (21) Mrs. H. Errington, 7/1/51, Complaining of the condition of Lot 32, Barrenjoey Road, Palm Beach, where there is a fire danger from lantana which was cut back but not remo2vd; Berrenjoey and (b) complaining of the nuisance caused by vehicles using Road the footpath in front of her property and making a parking area of it, completely preventing access to her place, and stating she is willing to contribute towards the cost of kerbing and  guttering. Resolved, - That She be informed/that the scrub will be cleaned up; and (t) that the question of forming kerbing and guttering will be considered when the Council is allocating funds for this year's uork. (Crs. Beach,1.1.eeler) (22) H.W.Horning & Co. Pty. Ltd., 15/1/51, re Estate of late Mark Foy, and land owned by the Estate at Bayview Road, Bayview, and the Council's proposal to widen aid reconstruct the road Bayview adjacent to such land. (22a) P.E. Scrivener, 12/1/51, on same Road matter, and offering to sell Its Lots 9A cnd 10A to the Connell. W,.dening (Copies supplied to each Councillor) Resolved, - let these 33.letters be referred to the Engineer for report to next meeting

(71) H.W.Horning & Co, Pty. Ltd., 15/1/51, re Estate of late Mark Foy, and land owned by the Estate at Bayview Road, Bayview, and the Council's proposal to widen and reconstruct the road adjacent to such land; (7*a) P.E.Scrivener, 12/1/51, on same matter, and offering to sell his Lots 9A and 10A to the Council. - That the Council offer to purchase Lots 23, 25 and 14A from H.W.Horning & Co. for £1715, and that Mr. Scrivener's offer be accepted; also, that the boat-shed on Lots 9A and 10A be removed to Bayview for use by the Bayview Yacht Club.

 (20) P. E. Scrivener 2/10/51, further regarding the question of payment for slips at Bayview, suggesting that the Council consider paying him £25 for the slips concerned, and if it cannot agree to this proposal, he is prepared to donate the slips in full. Resolved, - He be informed that the Council does not desire to purchase the slips. (Crs. McKay) Corkery)

Mrs. Roberts had been Belle Codrington prior to her marriage – known locally as ‘Boo’. She, along with her sister and brother ran the Combers until the late 1930s’, when visitors declined, with Guy Jennings ‘The Story of Newport’ recording the premises was then converted into flats. 

Tourist houses give preference to soldiers

Some guest-houses and hotels are cancelling holiday bookings to make room for ex-servicemen.

Bookings were made early in the year, before guesthouse proprietors knew that P.O.W's and other returned men would be back for Christmas. Most tourist resorts within 305 miles of Sydney are booked out. Manageress of Foley's Hotel, Jervis Bay (Mrs. M. Foley), said: "We are giving preference to ex-servicemen, and are returning deposits on other bookings to make room for them. "I am getting into hot water for doing this, but I think the boys have a right to accommodation. "We are booked out until March." Proprietor of Harbor View Guest House, Manly (Mr. R. A. Creswell): "We have cancelled five or six civilian bookings to give soldiers holiday accommodation. "Now we are allowing only returned soldiers to book. 'We have had no complaints about our policy." 

Proprietress of the Combers, Newport (Mrs. L. L. Roberts): "We are making an effort to accommodate returned men. We ask people to change their times so that the soldiers can come in. We have done this several times, and find people willing and helpful." 

Seaside agents said fewer holiday homes were available for letting this year. Many of the houses had been leased by people who had nowhere else to live. Dee Why estate agent (Miss G. M. Badgery), said: "Every day people ask me for houses, but I have nothing to give them until after Easter. "All our houses are taken at rents up to eight guineas." Spokesman for Beach Estates Pty., Ltd., Collaroy: "We havent a thing left until after February 3. After that we may have a few flats to rent at about five guineas. "Rent for cottages for the Christmas holidays is about 10 to 12 guineas a week." 

£6 For "Dog-Box" 

Harold Brown and Co., estate agents, Manly: "Hundreds of country people won't be able to have their usual holiday at Manly this year. "We have an enormous number of inquiries. People are paying seven to nine guineas for big flats. "But I know of people being charged £5 or £6 a week for a flat you wouldn't keep a dog in." A -Railway Department spokesman said yesterday that he could not say whether extra trains would be run for the Christmas holidays. "It all depends on the coal situation, - and at present it looks pretty bad," he said. "But we can say that there certainly won't be many extra trains for the holidays." Tourist houses give preference to soldiers (1945, December 2). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1931 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article248032186 

Sand Directory, 1940 - Newport, lists these businesses, showing The Combers is now refreshment rooms again as well:

On December 1st 1948 – the Wilsons transferred their parts to Isabella Roberts – becomes Bk 5978-56 for new deed – with one and a quarter acre.


FURNISHED self-contained flats, hot water, septic, on beach. Vacant 8th March. The Combers, Newport Beach, XW9135. Advertising (1949, February 25). The Blue Mountains Advertiser (Katoomba, NSW : 1940 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article189914052 

On January 20th, 1964 the holding was transferred to ‘The Combers Pty Ltd’ of Lots 22 and 23 DP 7424 – becomes Vol 9686 Folio 16 – holding is one acre etc. The residue (part Lot B) becomes Vol 10839 Fol 17 Dated 16/7/1968

This image shows Newport Beach in 1964 with Combers Guest House as the large building to the left of the Newport surf club. As you can see the expansion via additions to 30 rooms occurred under the Wilson-Codrington ownership.

NSW State Records & Archives show the Combers Trading Co [Company] Pty [Proprietary] Limited Contents Date Range 14-11-1955 to 06-09-1972. They originally submitted plans in 1961, under 'Newport Investments Pty Ltd' on behalf of K. G. Ryan Hotels was for a substantial hotel on the beachfront, had the backing of Millers brewery, for what was slated to be the second largest residential hotel in NSW. Mr Jennings' 'The Story of Newport' relates this edifice would have accommodation for 60 and enough car spaces for 262 vehicles:

Image from NSW State Records& Archives and 'The Story of Newport' by Guy Jennings

The Council ended up going through some problems over this development. At its meeting of March 20th 1961 the council referred the application to then Minister for Local Government Mr. Hill with a comment that ‘’Council is at the moment in a position to give approval, excepting for residential proclamation existing in immediate area.’’

They at first approved it on April 15th, 1964 and were even visited by a same named Mr. Roberts, representative from applicant Marshall, Lander & Co. (Solicitors) - owner Combers Pty. Ltd. Lots 22/23, D.P.7424. Mr. Roberts addressed the Council and set out full reasons why the matter was urgent, as the bankers who were financing-the project required this subdivision plan before they would advance any further payments. a 'General discussion followed'. 

By September 27th 1965 the owners were applying to erect 'Residential Flats - "The  Combers Pty. Ltd." at 30 Ross Street, Newport. Council.Resolved,'' That this item be dealt with in "Committee of the Whole". (Crs. Knight/Mauer). Cr. Wilson requested that his name be recorded as thing opposed to this motion.'' There was a Temporary Adjournment at 10.20 p.m. and resumed at 10.30 p.m.'

Then the discussion over the 'Residential Flats, The Combers, Pty. Ltd., Lot 2 D.P.512313, Ross Street, Newport' rsumed and Council Resolved ; ''that the Minister for Local Government be advised that this council, after receiving advice that it acted illegally, has decided to take no further action regarding the suspension action and that a stop work notice be issued immediately on the property. Moved by Cr, Mill seconded Cr. McLean that the recommendations submitted by the "Committee of the Whole" be adopted. 

An Amendment was moved by Cr. Wilson seconded Cr.Adcock that the recommendations of the "Committee of the Whole" be adopted with the exception of that relating to item (d), The Combers Pty. Ltd., and with respect to this item the Minister for Local Government be requested to take action for suspension unit, Section 342Y of the Local Government Act 1919. That was Defeated and the MOTION was thereupon CARRIED. The Meeting terminated at 1.12 am. on Tuesday 28.9.1965. 

This advertisement, pre the change to decimal currency in Australia on February 14th, 1966, shows what they were selling for once built:

from 'The Story of Newport' by Guy Jennings

By July 1977 Warringah Shire Council with John Byrne & Assocs., Owners of The Combers Pty. Ltd. over a joint report with Town Planner. Further to Council's resolution requiring a joint report by the Shire Engineer and Town Planner following receipt of a special valuation of the and proposed to be acquired for Public Reserve, this valuation is now to hand in the sum of $11,000.

Council records stat a valuation has been obtained by the subdividor in the sum of $32,000 of Lots 10 and 11 of Bungan Head Road Newport, as part of yet another subdivision.

Still doing what they celebrated around Newport reserves in 1911. 

And thus creating 'Room' for a poem:

Where the road dips down it is nestled 'there,
With its headlands green as a mermaid's hair;
And the sun a-gleam on its sapphire sea
Where the spray leaps high and the waves break
Hear the wild gulls call from their rocky ledge,
Where the she-oaks sway to the water's edge;
And the air is cooled by the evening breeze
As the sun sinks low o'er the mangrove trees.
With its golden beach where the wet sands gleam
On the brink where the billows swirl and cream;
When the lilac shadows of twilight fall
I am winging there at a whip-bird's call!

Dorothea Dowling.  CHARM OF NEWPORT. (1935, March 14). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11 (Women's Supplement). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17171353 

EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of houses on top of Bungan headland, looking north towards Newport Beach, New South Wales ca. 1920s (and enlarged sections from) Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162419012 

EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Newport Beach, New South Wales, ca. 1920s (and enlarged sections from) Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162404370 

Newport and coast. from album Palm Beach, Whale Beach and coast. Item 13: Milton Kent aerial views of Avalon, Bronte, Palm Beach and Sydney, ca. 1931-1935 Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales. Item c078890001

References & extras

  1. TROVE - National Library of Australia.
  2. State Library of New South Wales
  3. The Historical Land Records Viewer (HLRV) NSW State Government Land Registry Services
  4. Newport Surf Life Saving Club, The First Century: 1909-2009, compiled by Guy Jennings
  5. The Newport Story. Author; Guy Jennings. Publisher, ARAMO Pty., 1987
  6. Mona Vale Outrages by George Champion OAM
  7. Pittwater Roads II: Where The Streets Have Your Name - Newport
  8. Pittwater Roads II: Where The Streets Have Your Name - Bungan Beach
  9. Pittwater Roads II: Where The Streets Have Your Name - Mona Vale, Bongin Bongin, Turimetta and Rock Lily
  10. Pittwater Summer Houses: Cooinoo, Bungan Beach
  11. Newport Wharf history
  12. Collin’s Retreat, Bay View House, Scott’s Sanatorium, Guest And Boarding House: Crystal Bay, Newport
  13. The 'Water Maze' - Winji Jimmi - Newport
  14. Roads In Pittwater: The Barrenjoey Road
  15. Steamers in Pittwater: Part I
  16. Barrenjoey Lighthouse - The Construction
  17. SS Florrie - history
  18. Newport Residents Association Profile (Newport Lagoon extras)
  19. Pittwater Reserves - The Green Ways Bungan Beach and Bungan Head Reserves:  A Headland Garden
  20. Black-Necked Stork, Mycteria Australis, Now Endangered In NSW, Once Visited Pittwater - shot and killed here (in 'lagoon' near Pittwater; Newport?) in 1855
  21. Some Recollections Of  Early Bayview: by and from Don Taylor, youngest son of W. D. M. Taylor, who was eldest son of P. T. Taylor and brother to P. G. 'Bill' Taylor, and Margaret Tink (nee Andrews, whose mother was a Snow)
  22. Bert Payne Park, Newport: Named for A Man with Community Spirit
  23. Shopping and Shops In Manly: Sales Times From 1856 To 1950 For A Fishing Village

A few past Newport Progress Committee articles:

A Meeting of the residents of Pittwater was held on Saturday evening at the Bolton Hotel, for the purpose of urging the Government to-make the road from the Lagoon to Newport. Mr. Crawford, who was voted to the chair, explained the object of the meeting, and drew attention to the state of the road, which in some parts was almost impassable. He stated that he was convinced it was only necessary to bring the matter under the notice of the Minister for Works to get the work done. After several speeches had been made, the following gentlemen were appointed to form a deputation to wait upon the Minister:-Messrs. Mc Koowa, Dr. Tibbitta, J. Riley, B. James, and F. Smith. NEWS OF THE DAY. (1883, March 28).The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13531240


The residents of Pittwater and Broken Bay met on Saturday last, the 13th, at Bullier's Newport Hotel, Newport, for the purpose of establishing an annual regatta-the first to be held on Boxing Day, the 26th December. There was a large attendance, and the object of the meeting was warmly approved of. A considerable sum was subscribed in the room. Messrs. W. C. William and W. T. A. Shorter, solicitor, took an active part in the proceedings, the latter acting as hon. treasurer, and it is understood that the Hon. W. B. Dalley will, if his health permit, act as patron. There is every probability of some good sailing and pulling races, as the prizes should afford inducement for even Sydney competitors, and the harbour presents every natural advantage for the purpose, hardly lo be rivalled by that of Sydney. AQUATICS. (1887, September 15). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13655348


An outrigger handicap race for £20, under the auspices of the Pittwater  and Newport Regatta Committee, was decided yesterday at Newport. There were tour competitors, viz., the brothers Messenger, W. Anderson, and Green. It was a hard-contested race. Anderson, after a hard struggle, won, with H. Messenger second. Owing to the fastening which secured C. Messenger's foot giving way he was out of the race. C. Messenger allowed 10 seconds to H. Messenger and Anderson, and 20 seconds to Green. OUTRIGGER RACE AT NEWPORT. (1888, January 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13667714


The Minister for Works promised a deputation of Newport residents yesterday afternoon that he would obtain a report as to the -necessity of constructing a tank to provide a water supply for that place, and that if the report were favourable he would go on with the work, the estimated cost of which is £50. WATER FOR NEWPORT. (1904, March 3). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article112791741

Newport lagoon - circa 1910 1900


The Newport residents communicated with the Warringah Shire Council at its last meeting on the matter of financial assistance towards the provision of surf-bathing accommodation on their beach. It was pointed out that the pastime had greatly increased in popularity in that locality, and towards the end of the last season the local attendance in the breakers was considerably increased by Sydney visitors and other tourists. It was further desirable that accommodation should be provided as a matter of decency. The councillors, while being sympathetic, admitted there was a difficulty, as Newport had not been included in the resorts mentioned in the recent application to the Government for money, and which was granted. It was subsequently decided to vote a sum of £10 towards the provision of temporary enclosures, with a proviso that the residents interested subscribe a similar amount, making £20 in all. SURE BATHING AT NEWPORT. (1909, October 16). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1923), p. 21. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article238227462

A CREEK AT NEWPORT BEACH, (Photo: C. S. Harnett.)

Between Narrabeen and Barrenjoey, N.S.W. OUR NEW SERIAL (1923, October 10).Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), , p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article159036756 

Newport's ' Farrell's lagoon' prior to the bridge across it as shown above; and illustrating how landscapes are changed by those occupying them - Image No.; d-12147h, courtesy State Library of NSW - the Mitchell library


At yesterday's meeting of the Warringah Shire Council, a letter was received from the Newport Progress Association requesting that a special Improvement rate of /1 in the £ be levied In Newport. It was also suggested that tenders be called for the construction of a rock-bath at the southern end of Newport Beach. The association stated that local residents would contribute towards the cost of the bath.

The civic spirit of members of the association was applauded by several members of the council, and it was decided to ask for particulars of the area to be included under the proposed special rate, and also for information regarding the improvements to be carried out.  It was also decided to call for tenders for the proposed rock-bath, and to accept the offer of co-operation in the matter. CIVIC SPIRIT AT NEWPORT. (1924, September 2). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 12. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16168520 


The Newport Progress Association, which is co-operating with the Warringah Shire Council in effecting local improvements, has raised £262 by a queen competition, which concluded last week. The primary object of competition was to raise the balance of £40 due on the Newport rock swimming pool, which was opened a few months ago. The surplus will be devoted to other improvements in the district.

The queen competition was won by Mrs. Harold St. John Bodle, who secured 15638 votes, the other candidate being Mrs. Lawton Greig with 5548 votes. Councillor A. G. Parr, president of the, Warringah Shire Council, presided at the crowning ceremony, which was performed by Mr. Victor Holland. NEWPORT IMPROVEMENTS. (1926, June 8).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 9. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16297442 

Newport Lagoon, circa 1900 - 1920

Sand-shifting on a great scale is going on at Newport. Residents say that it threatens to do lasting damage to one of the finest beaches near Sydney.

To fill in a swampy piece of land behind the beach a syndicate requested, and obtained, the permission of the Lands Department to tear a big hole in the Newport beach to get sand. To-day the beach is an eyesore. A blot has been placed oil the natural beauty of Newport. People who patronise the bench are alarmed at the spoiling, and want an Instant stop put to the depredations. Newport is just a nice run by ear from Manly. It has a progress association and a life surf club. It is also a popular resort for thousands who surf on the beach. 

This beach is to-day being pumped of its sand, drawn from a large area right in front of the main surfing portion. The surf club members are up in arms, for they say that, this work Is likely to create a dangerous channel. There has never been a fatality on Newport Beach, and the Life Saving Club wants this record to remain. "By this vandalism the bench is made dangerous and our members' lives are Imperilled." said the club secretary (Mr. G. Meillon). "Should any member of the public be carried out one of our boys will go to their assistance, no matter what the risk. "This club," he continued, "has patrolled the beach for years, and we do not feel inclined to submit to the creation of greater danger for surfers." 

The work has, been, going on for a few years— so far an enormous hole has been cut in the beach, and there yet remains a big area of unclaimed land behind the beach requiring sand. "If the sand was taken from the other end of the beach, where there are drifting sand dunes, we would all be satisfied," said a leading member of the Progress Association. 

"We are mighty glad to see the lagoon being filled in, but not at the expense of a beautiful beach. Newport Beach, as it now stands, is not a nice sight, and if this sand-shifting is allowed to go on it will soon lose numbers who make it their weekend holiday spot. 

"The public looks to the Government to protect its playgrounds. The beaches are public property, and despite representations from incensed citizens the work still continues. Those interested now propose to place the matter before the premier. The first start on the work was made two years ago — for over seven months sand has been pumped from the beach. Householders directly in front of the excavations are both incensed and alarmed. Experienced people say that the beach will be made very dangerous by the first big sea that comes along.
SAND SHIFTERS (1926, November 4). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 6 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from  http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224132863 

Sand-shifting on a great scale is going on at Newport. Residents say that it threatens to do lasting damage to one of the finest beaches near Sydney.
To fill in a swampy piece of land behind the bench a syndicate requested, and obtained, the permission of the Lands Department to tear a big hole in the Newport beach to get sand. To-day the beach is an eyesore. A blot has been placed oil the natural beauty of Newport. People who patronise the bench are alarmed at the spoiling, and want an Instant stop put to the depredations. Newport is just a nice run by ear from Manly. It has a progress association and a life surf club. It is also a popular resort for thousands who surf on the beach. 

This beach is to-day being pumped of its sand, drawn from a large area right in front of the main surfing portion. The surf club members are up in arms, for they say that, this work Is likely to create a dangerous channel. There has never been a fatality on Newport Beach, and the Life Saving Club wants this record to remain. "By this vandalism the bench is made dangerous and our members' lives are Imperilled." said the club secretary (Mr. G. Meillon). "Should any member of the public be carried out one of our boys will go to their assistance, no matter what the risk. "This club," he continued, "has patrolled the beach for years, and we do not feel inclined to submit to the creation of greater danger for surfers." 

The work has, been, going on for a few years— so far an enormous hole has been cut in the beach, and there yet remains a big area of unclaimed land behind the beach requiring sand. "If the sand was taken from the other end of the beach, where there are drifting sand dunes, we would all be satisfied,"said a leading member of the Progress Association. 

"We are mighty glad to see the lagoon being filled in, but not at the expense of a beautiful beach. Newport Beach, as it now stands, is not a nice sight, and if this sand-shifting is allowed to go on it will soon lose numbers who make it their weekend holiday spot. 

"The public looks to the Government to protect its playgrounds. The beaches are public property, and despite representations from incensed citizens the work still continues. Those interested now propose to place the matter before the premier. The first start on the work was made two years ago — for over seven months sand has been pumped from the beach. Householders directly in front of the excavations are both incensed and alarmed. Experienced people say that the beach will be made very dangerous by the first big sea that comes along.
SAND SHIFTERS (1926, November 4). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 6 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224132863 

Aboriginal descendants that the area around the now long gone Newport Lagoon may once have been a burial ground for the original inhabitants, which some published reports indicate has credence:


An old aboriginal burying place was discovered by workmen making an excavation at Newport Beach yesterday. An almost complete skeleton was found about 8ft from the surface, and another collection of bones was turned up nearby. Constable Huckins, of the Narrabeen police, took charge of the remains. ABORIGINES' BONES. (1933, March 9).The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16967172 

This wasn't the only one found:


A human skeleton was discovered in a channel at Newport Beach yesterday afternoon by two set of twins, John and Peter Morris, 14, and their sisters, Judith and Joan, 8. "Look what I found," said John, excitedly thrusting the head of the skeleton in the face of a woman on the beach. The woman fainted with shock. Police say the bones have been there for years. They may be the bones of an aborigine. SKELETON ON BEACH (1942, April 5). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article231763395 


The action of the sea, assisted by the recent flood rains, on Saturday unearthed a human skeleton in a channel near the Newport Beach. The bones were examined by the Government Medical Officer, Dr. Percy, at the City Morgue yesterday, and he expressed the opinion that it was the skeleton of a female aboriginal, and had probably been buried for at least 100 years. SKELETON PROBABLY 100 YEARS OLD (1942, April 6). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17816956 


Erosion of a dry creek bed at Newport during the recent rains was responsible for exposing a skeleton, which was later decided to be that of an aboriginal woman who died at least 100 years ago. The remains were found by some children who played with them for some time, till one, tiring of the game, thrust the grinning skull into the face of a woman visitor to the beach. The shock proved too much, for her, and she fainted. The police were notified and took charge of the bones. A GRUESOME TOY (1942, April 11).Molong Express and Western District Advertiser (NSW : 1887 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article140104755 

Newport Progress
"Taxpayer's" letter ("Sun,'' Mar. 4), protesting against the proposed resumption of allotments on the Woollcott Estate, Newport, calls for an immediate reply. Warringah Shire Council is acting in this matter following a petition signed by 275 Newport residents for the resumption of the land which is badly needed as a general sports ground, a playing field for school children and a site for a community centre. Newport is a rapidly growing centre, but because of bad planning in the early days it has no adequate recreational area. School children have no playing field apart from the sloping school grounds which are rapidly becoming built upon and school attendance has doubled in the past seven years The land in question, is largely- inferior and a considerable area is swampy, and this is under embargo for building by the Board of Health. The proper draining and reclamation of this area would, in itself, be sufficient reason for the proposed resumption.
F. T. Jeffrey, president, Newport Progress Association
Newport Progress (1946, March 7). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 4 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article228788828 

Newport Beach as a Public Reserve:

Proposed Resumption of Newport Beach. At a public meeting held at Newport resolutions were carried urging the Government to have the Newport beach resumed by the Warringah shire council as a public reserve. Speakers representing local residents, tourists to the district, and the Newport Surf Club pointed out that resumption would been easier matter at present than later on, when the beach would probably come under private ownership. The proposal is to resume the whole of the beach from low water-mark to Barranjoey-road, and it was decided to ask tho council to arrange a deputation to the Minister for Lands on the subject. EMPIRE FORESTS. (1910, March 22).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15133762


The Newport Beach, which was recently resumed by the Lands Department and Warringah Shire Council, was dedicated on Saturday before a large gathering. The ceremony was performed by Mrs. Nielson (wife of the Minister for Lands). Councillor Ralston, (president of Warringah Shire) in presenting Mrs. Nielson with a pair of silver scissors with which to sever the blue ribbon, said they could well call it a red-letter day in the annals of the shire. The council had recognized the nescessity of securing the beaches for the people, and a few more would be resumed later on.
Mrs Nielson, in cutting the ribbon, said “I hereby declare the Newport beach open for the public.”
Alderman C. D. Paterson and Dr Arthur, M.L.A. also spoke and congratulated the shire on securing such a fine beach.
During the afternoon the members of the North Steyne Surf Club and Newport Surf Club gave exhibitions in the surf and refreshments were supplied by a committee of local ladies and gentlemen. The Warringah Shire Band rendered a programme of music.
 NEWPORT BEACH OPENED. (1911, April 10). Evening News(Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 10. Retrieved from 

The keeping of lands as open spaces for people was expanded upon with people who owned land in the vicinity asked to allow it to be sold to enlarge these green spaces:

Expenditure on Reserves in Warringah Shire 

Warringah Shire Council has acquired land valued at £36, 247 for public recreation purposes, during the past ten years. Of this amount, the sum of £31,267 was incurred for the purpose of establishing beach reserves, with the exception of £6000 which the crown contributed towards the* cost of Collaroy Beach resumption. £25,542 has. been incurred in the last four years. Now an additional sum of £30,200 is to be raised by two loans for the purpose of making further acquisitions of foreshores for the public, and for liquidating some of the liabilities included in the above list to a total of£6600. The balance of £23,600 will be spent in enlarging the ocean beach reserve at Newport, providing reserve for recreation and access to Pittwater, Newport, enlarging ocean beach reserve Mona Vale, enlarging Lake Park on northern shores of Narrabeen Lake and extension to Dee Why beach reserve. Some 40 acres of reserves have been acquired through subdivisions of large estates, and Manly and Warringah Shire Councils are under joint agreement to acquire 130 acres of land for a district park at a cost of approximately £15,000, this being an internal reserve mainly for residents of Manly and the Shire, which is not included in the above list of expenditure. Local Government. (1927, May 25). Construction and Local Government Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1913 - 1930), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article108990996 


During the past five years the ratepayers of Warringah Shire have paid £50,790 of the £68,956 authorised for the purchase of fore-shores and reserves.

The principal resumptions and their costs are:- Newport Beach reserve, £9600; Newport reserve, for access to Pittwater, £2200; Mona Vale Beach, £2800; Palm Beach, £4500; Lake Park extension, Narrabeen, £1900; Collaroy Beach reserve, £18,050, Deewhy Beach reserve extension, £2000; district park, £9500, Manly Municipal Council contributing a similar amount in respect of the last-mentioned purchase.

The matter was referred to the council meeting by the shire clerk (Mr. R. G. Jamie-son), who stated that probably no other council in New South Wales could show such a fine record.

The president (Councillor Corkery) said that they could not be expected to go on burdening the ratepayers in that way indefinitely. The beaches were used by people who came in their thousands from all parts, and the acquisition of places of access, in his opinion, should be a national work. THE FORESHORES. (1929, August 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16574253 


Rupert Villiers Minnett, Architect, is a name that may be familiar to fans of early Pittwater Regattas, RSYC and RPAYC history, or Australian cricketers. Born in North Sydney in 1884, the son of the insurance manager John Alma Villiers and Ellen Minnett of ‘Nengah’, Merlin Street, North Sydney, Rupert was articled to the architectural firm Spain and Cosh in 1904. This may have been facilitated by familial connections as the principal of Spain and Cosh, Alfred Spain, had long term links to North Sydney and shared a love of boating with John Minnett. 

The Kleemo family at Mosman and Neutral Bay also had a love of sailing and would go on to sponsor the Kleemo Trophy in the 1930's and 1940's, and this may have the sport through which they connected. 


Rupert V. Minnett is 22 years of age. He is a son of Mr. J. A. Minnett, the treasurer of the Royal Sydney Yacht Club, and an enthusiastic yachtsman being a well-known figure in the Thelma. Rupert was born at North Sydney and learned his cricket at the Church of England Grammar School, under the coaching of 'Sam' Jones, who was a member of some Australian Elevens. 

Minnett's best for the school were 96, not out and 50, not out, against Sydney Grammar ... Newington and 'The Grammar' in the schools competition....

Minnett's success has been phenomenal. Against Burwood II. he got ...with, ...375 for..., the latter's share being 202, not out. ...set amongst the hundreds-100, against Glebe II. He is a fast-scorer, and keeps the ball well along the ground. His best stroke is the off-drive. Last year he was uncertain on the leg, but this season there is a marked improvement in tins respect. He has a capital square-cut. 

Righthanded, he bowls a little, and can field serviceably anywhere. . . 

Cricket is not the only game in which Minnett shines. He is an interstate baseballer, and plays for Chatswood. 

There are quite a number of Minnetts on the 'Shore,'; and for the information of our readers it would be just as well to say 'who's Who. ' Rupert Minnett has two brothers; L A who plays for the North Sydney II., and R. B., of University. The latter, on no less an authority than Jim' Mackay, promises to be a good fast bowler. There is another Minnett, J., who also plays for North Sydney, but he' is no relation. 

There is a little story told about Rupert. He has a motor car, and the other day he fell under the eagle eye of the law for fast driving, and paid 10s for his experience. He is a fine athletic fellow, standing 5ft 10in, and weighing 11st.  R. V. MINNETT. (1906, October 31). The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912), p. 1148. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article163685440

Rupert would go on to play six first-class matches for New South Wales between 1909/10 and 1914/15 and even feature on cricket cards that came as part of a cigarette packet during that era. He, alike his father, also loved yachting.

He commenced his own private practice in 1913.

North Sydney Council, in its biography on Rupert, states:

''Spain and Cosh's signature building was Culwulla Chambers influenced by the design of Chicago's skyscrapers, and Sydney's tallest at 164 feet. 

Rupert probably had American skylines in mind when he co-designed the 140 foot New Zealand Insurance Building as his father’s company headquarters. In 1912, alarmed at the prospect of a city of skyscrapers, the State Parliament passed an act that limited building height to 150 feet.''

He enlisted on August 20th, 1917, aged 32 and 11 months, Captain Stanley Spain signing his attestation paper. He married Coral Maddrell, youngest daughter of Mr. Henry F. Muddrell, of "Mona," Braidwood, on Saturday October 20th, 1917. He did not leave until the next year, possibly fulfilling work contracts, but was serving in France by August 1918. He was a Private with the 35th Battalion on enlistment but eventually earned a commission as Second Lieutenant. He came home and disembarked on March 5th, 1919 and went straight back to work, playing cricket and being an outstanding member of the Australian Automobile Club, even arranging a 'splendid motor car procession for soldiers' orphans' for that years Anzac Memorial Day.

His Architectural work has been described as the streamlined style of Modernism, typified by the landmark OJ Williams building at Crows Nest, while his domestic work was a simple conservative form of Modernism which occasionally featured classical elements. 

Mr. Minnett gave his time freely to design an Anzac Memorial Hall for North Sydney Council which opened in 1941. He also redesigned their chambers earlier on, among a lifetime of works:

NORTH SYDNEY COUNCIL CHAMBERS (1938, August 10). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222852556

Although no plans signed by Rupert Minnett can be found for 'Ocean House', the thread of connections, advertisements and style and lines of the new building on the beachfront by January 1920 point in his direction and the 'off work' relaxations of these North Sydney, Mosman and Neutral Bay gentlemen. There are also Minnett connections to the Newport Beach Life Saving Club which show up in the records later on through Rupert and Coral's daughter Mimi - by this time the Rupert Minnett family have their family home at St. Ives. Mimi would have been 18 years of age when she attended this Ball:

 At Life-savers' Dance.

A model surf reel with the rolled cord in gold and blue, the club colours, and streamers of the same shades decorated tile official table at the 11th annual ball of the Newport Surf Life Saving Club held at the Florentine Ball-room, Hordern Brothers, last night, to augment the club funds.

A basket of golden flowers and autumn leaves tied with blue ribbon and place cards of photos of different views of Newport were also set on the table where Mr. Robin Cale, president, and his wife entertained. Mrs. Cale chose a gown of Chinese floral silt, which she brought back with her from a recent trip to the East. It was fluted round the neckline and at the back of the full skirt to give a trained effect.

Among their guests were Dr. and Mrs. H. Hanson, her frock being of dull red crepe with slightly caped sleeves; Mr. and Mrs.'P. E. Cran, the latter choosing a gown of gold lame; Mr. Norman Gilbert and Mi's. Gilbert, who draped a wide scarf of amber-toned georgette around the neck and shoulders of her mag-nolia stain frock; Mr. and Mrs. R. Parr, Mrs. Parr's gown of parchment lace finished with a heavily shirred neckline and a sash of cherry red velvet; and Mr. N. Caples.


Another big party was arranged by Mr. George Glider and Miss Edna Davis, who fastened a long spray of blue flowers across the throat of her bouffant frock of pink taffeta. Silver leaves distinguished the black velvet coat covering the lake blue crepe frock worn by Mrs. N. Cornish, who was accompanied by her husband. Miss Pat Southwell Keely chose a gown of orchid blue suede crepe with long sleeves and a high cowl neck. Clips of blue stones set in diamcnte caught the shoulders of the blue and white floral frock worn by Miss Ruth Willis. Miss Margaret McManus favoured tailored black velvet with a long dia-mante brooch fostered Into the folds of white lace on the corsage. Miss Gwen Coleman's frock of Gloucester green ribbed crepe showed a full skirt falling from a ruching of gold lame at the knees; and Miss Kath GIvney ' danced in a simply designed gown of black velvet.

Misses Elise Bridge, Janet McMaster, and Ruth Layton, members of the ball committee, entertained a large party, and also among the dancers were Mr. S. Roberts and Miss Peggy Roberts, in lily of the valley green crepe with frilled cape sleeves; Miss Winifred Reedhom, whose old-world frock of white taffeta had horizontal bands of net inserted In the full skirt, Misses Joyce Clarke, Marion Limpus, Enid Fountain, Joan and Betty Harbutt,' Joyce Beart, Molly Longford, and Mimi Minnett.  MODEL SURF REEL (1936, May 2). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17337285

The original structure may also have been from the designs originating in the Wilshire & Day office of architects, they were very active at Palm Beach during this period and later at Narrabeen as part of getting Furlough House going, and specialised in 'concrete bungalows, many of which were built by the Verrills family of Palm Beach. 

Codrington Family Notes

No connection between the family of Codringtons that were at Bayview, led by matriarch Emma after her husband's early death, and Isabal, 'Boo' of The Combers, could be found. But how could they not know each other? The NSW BDM Records seem to indicate that Isabel and Jospehine shared onme tragic experience, in that both lost their husbands too soon and with children to raise.

Isabel Lydia:





WILSON -July 11, at his residence, Bellevue, Thornleigh, R. Wilson, late of Enfield, aged 58 years. In Memoriam. Family Notices (1893, August 1). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13910496 - (?)


Congratulations to Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Roberts, of Kurrajong, on the arrival of a bonny baby girl.  RICHMOND. (1923, July 6). Windsor and Richmond Gazette (NSW : 1888 - 1961), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article85873119 

Arthur’s death: ?


Her death:

ROBERTS ISABEL LYDIA  29087/1970  Parents: RICHARD ISABEL EVA  at: ST LEONARDS - NRS-13660-60-150-Series 4_701371 | Isabel Lydia Roberts - Date of Death 15/08/1970, Granted on 08/12/1970


Mr. Syd. Roberts has retired after five years as captain of Newport Surf Life-Saving Club. He received a presentation at yesterday’s annual meeting of the club. The meeting decided to purchase a new surf-boat for this season's racing. NEWPORT LIFE-SAVING CAPTAIN RETIRES (1938, October 4). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1931 - 1954), p. 15. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article247359767 



On Saturday evening a tea meeting and entertainment was held in Booth's Hall, Bayview, in aid of the Church of England Building Fund. The Committee have already £126 in hand, and Saturday's gathering will add considerably to that amount, so that the new church will soon become an accomplished fact. The tea tables were laden with all sorts of good things, and the little hall presented a very animated appearance. When all had partaken of the tasty things provided the tables were cleared for the second part of the evening's amusement. .This opened with an overture by Mrs. Tolhurst (piano) and Mr. G. Allpress (violin). " A Fancy Fair," being a study in white and gold, was given by Frank and Kathleen Tolhurst, and they also gave t musical comedietta, "Pierrot and Pierrette," Mrs. Tolhurst and Mr. Allpress gave some excellent renderings during the evening, among them being ‘’Dreaming (duet). "The Double Eagle" (overture), Violets(duet), and " Picka ninny Christening" (overture) Alec Patison sang ''Egypt" and "Britannia's Navy. Mr. H. p. Brodie, who is the districts popular catechist, sang "A fter ' B Song " and "I trust you still." Mr. Brodie's energy and untiring efforts to further God's work in this district is meeting with success every where, and now that Bayview has secured sufficient or nearly so to build a new Church an effort will shortly be made to start and build one at Newport. Too much praise cannot be bestowed on Miss Codrington, Hon. Secretary, Mr. H. Ball, Hon. Treas., and the ladies and gentlemen who assisted them in making the gathering so gigantically successful. 

Hullo! the Russo-Japanese War scare has reached here. Nothing like being ready in time. The Park Trustees have got a cannon ; they asked the Military authorities for one and down it came such a beauty, weighs six tons. It took a few strong horses and £3 10s. to get it down, but it's here, and when it is erected on the stonework upon which this deadly weapon is going to stand then we shall all feel perfectly safe, that is so long as no one attempts to fire a charge. It has had its good effect already, for there are no grasshoppers or locusts in the park now, and the chirruping birds eye the instrument of torture with great suspicion. NEWPORT. (1904, December 10). The Mosman Mail (NSW : 1898 - 1906), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article247009143 

Major Phillip Charley (1863–1937)  purchased the property from Mr Bakers widow (1890) and added considerably to a basic cottage. This gentleman was among seven shareholders in the original Broken Hill silver mine and ended up a millionaire. He was renowned for his breeding of horses and bulls and owned extensive properties, the best of these said to be Belmont Park at Kurrajong Heights, on the Hawkesbury. Visiting Pittwater, from the Hawkesbury, he would have appreciated the pristine beauty of Pittwater and Church Point, a primary stop for ferries (The Phoenix). One of his children with wife Clara, Noel G, was born at Manly in 1898, pointing to a long association with the Northern Beaches. His sister Mrs Foster is also purported to have lived there for quite some time. Around 1900 Mrs Codrington took over the residence and ran it as a boarding house, changing the name to ‘Bellemere’;

Mrs. EMMA CODRINGTON and FAMILY, of Bay View, Pittwater, desire to express their sincere GRATITUDE  to the medical and nursing staff of Prince Alfred Hospital and kind friends for attention, expressions of sympathy, and floral tributes in their recent bereavement.  Family Notices. (1900, February 14). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14294008

LAWS-CODRINGTON-December 4, 1901, at Pitt-street Congregational Church, Sydney, by the Rev. James Trevor Ernest, only son of Percy C. J. Laws, of Mosman, to Olive youngest daughter of the late Hamilton Osbert and Emma Codrington, of Bellemere, Bay View. Family Notices. (1901, December 28). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14450726

It was actually Lucy (born 1880) whom James married. Vincent Lee was the eldest son of Emma and Hamilton Osbert Codrington who died in 1900, her husband having passed in 1883 when Lucy was a mere three years old and Vincent just six. Edith Elizabeth (born 1874) Frances M (born 1872) and John E (born 1878) necessitated the earning of a living by Emma and ‘Bellemere’ was not the only boarding or Guest House she was associated with in Pittwater. More about that in the next issue.



MARRIED. ON the 28th October, at the Congregational Church, Pitt-street, Sydney, by the Rev. John Graham, HAMILTON OSBERT, youngest son of the late GEORGE FREDERICK CODRINGTON, Esq., M.D., to EMMA, youngest daughter of the Rev. JOHN WEST, Westbourne, Woollahra. Family Notices (1871, November 11). The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (NSW : 1864 - 1881), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article101096482 


In the Supreme Court of New South Wales.


In the Goods of George Frederick Codrington, late of Braidwood, in the Colony of New South Wales, physician, deceased.

NOTICE is hereby given, that after the expiration, of fourteen days from the publication hereof, application will be made to this Honorable Court, in its Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction, that Letters of Administration of the goods, chattels, credits and effects of the said deceased, may be granted to Jane Codrington, of Braidwood aforesaid, the widow of the said deceased.— Dated this 20th day of May, a..d, 1862.

JAMES HUSBAND, 375, George-street, Sydney, Agent for H. C. Fell, Braidwood, Proctor for the said Jane Codrington. ECCLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION. (1862, May 27). New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900), p. 989. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article225233106 


On the 3rd of May, at Braidwood, by a fall from his horse, George Frederick Codrington, Esq., M.D., in the 51st year of his age. Family Notices (1862, May 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13228327 

On the 31st August, at Sampford Arundell, Somerset, Alexander Codrington, Esq., of Coolootai, Warialda, N. S. Wales, to Georgiana, daughter of the late Rev. S. T. Slade-Gully, Rector of Benynarbor, Devon. Family Notices (1869, December 4). The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW : 1843 - 1893), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18741673 



CODRINGTON.—The Friends of HAMILTON OSBERT CODRINGTON are invited to attend the Funeral of his beloved SON, Vincent Leo (who died at Prince Alfred Hospital on 4th inst., in his 23rd year). Funeral to leave Redfern for Rookwood THIS AFTERNOON, at 2.23. Family Notices (1900, February 6). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved February 11, 2021, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14292620 

In the Supreme Court of New South Wales.


In the will of Hamilton Osbert Codrington, late of Bathurst, in the Colony of New South Wales, Bank Manager, deceased) who died on the 23rd day of April, 1883.

NOTICE is hereby given, that after the expiration of fourteen , days from tlip pfu|)|icat<ion hereof in the New South Wales Government Gazette, application will bp made to the Supreme Oourt o| Kew South Wales, in its Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction, that probate of the last will and testament of the abovenamed deceased may be granted to Carl George Frithiof Blix, of Sydney, | in the Colony of New South Wales, marine suryeyor (in the said will (Ailed deorge Carl Frithiof Blix, one of Che executors in the said will named', John Frederick Codrington, the other executor in the said will named, having renounced probate thereof.— t)ated this 17th day of May, a.d. 1883, ,

H. (3. COLYER,

Proctor for the sajd Executor, pari George Frithiof Blix, 1.8, Elizabeth-street, Sydney. ECCLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION. (1883, May 18). New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900), p. 2798. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article225726842 

Round The Lamp
Sydney Girls in The Fifties
{By Vandorian)

Here is an interview with Mrs. Hamilton Osbert Codrington, who recently celebrated her 78th birthday. She was formerly Miss Emma West, her father eing the late Rev. John West, who was for many yearsd Editor of the ‘Sydney Morning Herald’. 

Rheumatism grips muscles that were once taut and trim. And feet that used to walk   swiftly up Barracks Hill, Paddington, when the lumbering omnibus stuck in the mud go sedately now, with the help of a stick. But, in spite of such admitted incidents in Travelling the long road that has passed so many milestones a very bright old lady recently celebrated her seventy-eighth birthday. She was formerly Miss Emma West and is the widow of Mr. Hamilton Osbert Codrington. The youngest and last surviving member of the family of that Rev. John West who for about twenty years was editor of the 'Sydney Morning Herald,' Mrs. Codrington can recall many interesting memories of her girlhood. Born in Launceston, where her brilliant father was one of the founders, and in fact (if not in name) first editor, of the 'Examiner’ in that town, the then Emma West was a girl when the family moved to Sydney.

'IN those days — that was in 1851'' (says the old lady) —  'life was much simpler for everyone, and most of our amusements as girls in Sydney we had to make for ourselves. In the evening we all took our work, whatever it might be — mine was generally a sketchblock— into the general sitting-room. Only lamps in those days, of course. And, as we had a big house, a great nuisance they were!. Still, those were very happy times.

Mrs. Codrington's face lit up with a mischievous smile as she recalled the family circle of the then editor of the 'Herald.' 

'My mother had her needlework, of course, and was exempt from reading aloud. This lark was usually given by father to my eldest sister, who not only had a beautifully modulated voice, but was a charming reader. But, alas! books that were the choice of a learned father were not always very interesting to girls. And he, the most genial and at times must absent-minded of men, would suddenly and in an unexpected place stop the silvery flow of language and ask the reader some searching question on the subject.

'And then?' 

''My sister, whose reading had become quite mechanical, was apparently able to think of other things. She often had to confess that she didn'1 know what it was nil. about.' 

MR. WEST, a Congregational minister whose literary ability had automatically driven him to a newspaper life, was a powerful and trenchant leader-writer. On Sundays he preached, 'for Hie love of it' wherever his services were required. A few old-fashioned members of his various congregations thought that, after preaching all the week in the 'Herald,' it was unfair of him to also give them 'his mind ' on Sundays from the pulpit. 

But John West went his own way unperturbed. And, being as forcible a speaker as he was a writer, he was in great request. 

'We lived in Point Piper-road — the part now known as Jersey-road. It was a very countrified place, in the early fifties, with bush all round it and a few houses dotted here and here. Double Buy was then a beautiful tract of hilly bushland. Sydney girls in those days were great walkers. We had to be! The roads were, so bad that even when we started out in a vehicle, if there had been heavy rain, it would often stick in the mud — while, we walked home.

' People lived in a more or less patriarchy fashion in the Sydney of the 'fifties. Mr West, would usually hire a bus to take his family to church. There were five daughters and three sons, and when a few neighbours going the same way joined in it, took an outsize in the conveyance of the day to get them comfortably seated. 

MRS. HAMILTON OSBERT CODRINGTON. An interview with whom is here published. (Photo: Dalmar.)

WATER, or the want of if, was a problem in the fifties.' continued the alert old lady, 'and, as I am a constant newspaper reader, I see that Sydney has not entirely escaped trouble in that respect even in these advanced times. We had tanks, of course; but in droughts these naturally dried up. And when our home was at Charlton House we had in dry summers to get our water from a creek in the gully. A church now stands not far from that old stream — in what is now Jersey-road.'

The late John West had three properties on which he built, the houses then standing in extensive, grounds. They were old Charlton House, which has been pulled down, its place being occupied by a modern terrace: Selby House, a solid stone structure, still standing, and belonging to Mrs. Codrington under her father's will, and Westbourne House, where Mr. West lived at the time of his death, and which is also a substantial example of the solid mason work that went into the making of old Sydney. 

'Property was kept in good order in those days, certainly, my father's houses were He had a carpenter in constant employment — for nine years he had the same man — doing odd jobs to keep everything in perfect, repair.'' 

MRS. CODHINGTON claims that girls dressed in comfortable, becoming frocks in the early fifties. The crinoline had not then reached Sydney, and New South Wales was a long, long way from London and Paris. 

'As to fashions, our skirts were rather wide, and flounced, the bodices high, at the neck, with a little lace collar fastened by a large brooch for daytime wear. I wore a bonnet, as quite a young girl. There were plenty of cavaliers eager to escort young ladies to hear a regimental band play mi certain days in the Gardens, or to take us for an afternoon promenade in the Domain. But.' and the old lady's eyes twinkled with mirth,  ‘although, we had our escorts, we always had a chaperone as well.' 'With all the little difficulties of life in Sydney in the fifties, I think, looking back on my own girlhood,' muses Seventy-eight as she thinks of Seventeen, 'we were happier and more contented than are the girls of to-day, though all their whims are gratified.'  Round The Lamp (1923, May 2). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), p. 22. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article159024273 

Pittwater Summer Houses: Ocean House - The Combers, Newport Beach, threads collected and collated by A J Guesdon, 2021