October 8 - 14, 2017: Issue 332

Traces Of WWII Coast Watchers (1942) Found On Bangalley Headland After Recent Fire

 Shells Massage, Avalon - with her discovery
A recent fire on Bangalley headland has uncovered traces of our past not seen before by a lady whose family has been in our area for a few generations and knows much of our local history handed down through family members. We thank Shells Massage, Avalon for contacting us and taking the time to photograph and send through these carvings in local rocks.

A few years ago we found similar evidence of Coastal Watchers stationed along the ridges at Ingleside. What is clear from these ‘carvings’ and the dates carved with them, brings in what was happening during the twelve months of 1942, including the Midget Submarine attacks on Sydney Harbour, the formalisation of Coastal Watchers, women being called to join in the plane spotting and women growing vegetables locally to forestall the effects of rationing rules that year and locals stationed along these ridges alongside those who carved their enlistment numbers under their names.

The names and ID carved into rocks atop Bangalley Headland, revealed after accidental bushfire a month back - service numbers allowed a search of the national Archives of Australia to find out a little more:

WOODFORD EARNEST PERCY : Service Number - NX109698 : Date of birth - 05 May 1913 : Place of birth - DACEYVILLE NSW : Place of enlistment - NORTH HEAD NSW : Next of Kin - WOODFORD EARNEST

REYNOLDS NORMAN ARTHUR : Service Number - NX109699 : Date of birth - 03 Mar 1912 : Place of birth - SURREY HILLS NSW : Place of enlistment - NORTH HEAD NSW : Next of Kin - REYNOLDS THELMA

T. CLIFFORD ?12/BOR  12/BDR Bdr - Bombardier (Cpl in the Artillery)
NX109697 10.4.42 - ?.3.43
CLIFFORD THOMAS : Service Number - NX109697 : Date of birth - 30 Nov 1915 : Place of birth - GOSFORD NSW : Place of enlistment - NORTH HEAD NSW : Next of Kin - CLIFFORD WILLIAM
 [CLIFFORD Thomas : Service Number - NX109697 : Unit - Water Transport Training Centre, Australian Military Forces : Date of Court Martial - 26 April 1945]

(off to south, damaged in last few days:)
J. Lumley
As J. Lumley is the only one to not carve a service number on the rock, perhaps he/she (?) was someone with local knowledge, who was helping out; who may also have been too old/young/incapacitated to officially join or be accepted by the armed services, or J Lumley was a female plane spotter.

Cement rendered brick box near the names carved into Bangalley

Cement rendered brick box interior walls

Ring of rocks and flattened area near the names carved into Bangalley

Rings embedded into rocks on the site

During WWII the troops of the 18th Battalion were based on Barrenjoey Headland and reported every hour to their Headquarters at St Ives using the telephone from the Beacon Store.  Careel Head House, Whale Beach  was hired by the Australian Military Forces. The Property, then owned by Pauline Grieve, was required as a troop accommodation site by 18th Australian Infantry Battalion from 1942 - 1943. Situated at the north end of Bangalley, this home has extensive views over Whale Beach and towards Palm Beach.

In July 1940 the Returned Soldiers’, Sailors’ and Airmen’s Imperial League of Australia (or RSL – now the Returned and Services League of Australia) was given the responsibility of organising the Volunteer Defence Corps (VDC), units of First World War veterans who trained for the defence of their local area. 


MAJOR-GENERAL GORDON BENNETT, who has been appointed Officer Commanding the R.S.L. Volunteer Defence Corps. VOLUNTEER DEFENCE CORPS APPOINTMENT. (1940, June 19). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17694088 


The Kuring-gai unit of the Returned Soldiers' Volunteer Defence Corps, under the command of Major C. T. Pinnock, will parade at 9.45 a.m. on Sunday at Killara Reservoir. This unit is recruited from Linfield, Killara, Gordon, Pymble and Turramurra. Returned soldiers who have not yet enrolled may do so at the parade ground. 

About 200 members of the Manly Returned Soldiers' Defence Corps were put through physical training exercises at the Dungowan last night by Harry Hay, the Olympic coach. Arm-bands were issued bearing the letters R.S.L.V.D.C. The Hornsby unit has arranged for medical examination from 10 a.m. on Sunday at the Drill Hail, Dural Lane Five doctors will be present. The 17th Battalion, from North Sydney, Mosman. Manly and Warringah Shire, will hold an all-day parade at the French's Forest Showground on Sunday Manly members Will leave by car at 9.30 a.m. PARADES OF DEFENCE CORPS (1940, July 10). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 5 (LAST RACE ALL DETAILS). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230922045 


Week-end Parades. Nearly 800 members of the Volunteer Defence Corps, in the 17th Battalion area, which extends from North Sydney to Palm Beachparaded at French's Forest Showground yesterday afternoon, under Colonel Travers. The men were inspected by Major-General Gordon Bennett, Commandant, of the Training Depot, Eastern Command, who later took the salute in a march-past. He praised the physique and marching of the men.

Major-General Bennett also attended a parade of the Kuring-gai Gai Battalion of the Home Defence Corps, held yesterday morning at Killara. More than 200 men of B Company paraded under Major Pinnock. It was their first combined drill, and General Bennet complimented them on their performance…VOLUNTEER DEFENCE CORPS. (1940, July 15). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17687421


Appointments of officers to the R.S.L. Volunteer Defence Corps in the Sydney area were announced today. The list is:

17th Battalion Area: "C" Company (Manly)— O.C., Lieut. V. J. Brady, D.S.C.; 2nd in Command, Major E. W. Carter, D.S.O.; Platoon Commanders, Lieut. W. J. Baird, E.M., Major E. S. Vidal, M.C.. Lieut. E. S. Dickinson, Lieut. R. Elsmore.

"D" Company (Warringah) : O.C., Capt. A. H. Lyddall, M.C.; Platoon Commanders, Capt. J. A. D. Robb, Lieut. A. A. Butler. Capt. M. Burns- Lyndon. 

 Training Course A course in training for officers and N.C.O's. will be held at the Sydney Boys' High School from July 22 to August 15. Personnel will be required to attend two nights a week, from 7.30 to 9.30. Training will include squad, platoon, company and battalion drill, rifle exercises. arms, bayonet and physical training, and recreational games and The Engineers' sub-branch will form an engineers' reserve as part of the corps. Engineers, pioneers, tunnellers. and miners are asked to attend a rally at 2 p.m. on Saturday, July 20. at the Sydney Boys' High School. They need not be members or the sub-branch. 

Officers' Colors 

The Returned Soldiers' League has been advised that the Army Department has approved the following-colors to be worn on the armlets by officers of the R.S.L. Volunteer Defance Battalion leader, yellow; company leader, green; platoon leader, white; section leader, purple; administrative staff, including liaison officer, light blue. It is now anticipated that at least 104,200 war veterans will enrol in the corps, comprising 40,000 in New South Wales, 30,000 in Victoria, 10,000 each in Queensland, South Australia, and Western Australia, 4000 In Tasmania, and 200 in the Australian Capital Territory. On Thursday, 350 men of the 18th Battalion area, members of the Defence Corps, will march at Chats-wood, headed by the band of the local militia unit. At a meeting of the Arncliffe sub-branch of the R.S.S.I.L.A., in the Arncliffe Memorial Hall at 8 p.m. tomorrow, the nature of the Defence Corps will be explained in detail by representatives of the Corps and R.S.L. headquarters. Major-General H. Gordon Bennett, leader of the corps, will visit Goulburn and Wagga this week to inspect local units. Drill Manual Military authorities have expressed interest in an army drill manual, prepared by Captain R. K. Wilthew, officer-in-charge of training for the Defence Corps He has collected all the drill amendments issued by the Army into one, freely-illustrated booklet of 56 pages. It includes physical training tables and illustrated games. The Department of Education is paying the printing costs.VOLUNTEER CORPS ACTIVITIES (1940, July 15). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 10 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230913339 


Nearly 600 members of the Volunteer Defence Corps, in the 17th Battalion area, which extends from North Sydney to Palm Beach, paraded at French's Forest Showground yesterday afternoon, under Colonel Travers.

The men were inspected by Major-General Gordon Bennett, Commandant, of the Training Depot, Eastern Command, who later took the salute in a march-past. He praised the physique and marching of the men.

Major-General Bennett also attended a parade of the Kuring-gai Battalion of the Home Defence Corps, held yesterday morning at Killara. More than 200 men of B Company paraded under Major Pinnock. It was their first combined drill, and General Bennett complimented them on their performance

About 100 members of the Maroubra-Kensington unit of the Returned Soldiers' De-fence Corps paraded yesterday morning. The unit was instructed in physical training, and marched to the Labour Farm in Bunnerong Road.

A total of 140 members of the sub-branch have been enrolled. Additional members will be enrolled on Wednesday night, when another medical examination will be held.

Returned soldiers of the Paddington-Woollahra area decided, at a branch meeting, to form a unit of the R.S.L.. Volunteer Defence Corps. VOLUNTEER DEFENCE CORPS. (1940, July 15). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17687421 


Members of the Returned Soldiers' Defence Corps from North Sydney, Mosman, Manly, and Warringah Shire took part in an all-day parade at the French's Forest Showground yesterday. Left: Some of the Diggers doing exercises. 

Right: Major General H. Gordon Bennett, Commandant, Training Depot, Eastern Command, taking the salute during the march past of the Corps.RETURNED SOLDIERS' DEFENCE CORPS PARADE. (1940, July 15). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17687517 


The 17th Battalion, Manly R.S.L. Volunteer Defence Corps, will hold a field day at French's Forest Showground on Sunday. Members will fall-in at the drill hall, opposite the old tram depot, Manly, at 10 am and will travel by motor transport to French's Forest. Competitions will be held in the section drill, and there will be marching, bomb-throwing, and physical training. Tea, milk, and sugar will be provided, but members are asked to bring their own lunches. MANLY VOLUNTEER DEFENCE CORPS. (1940, September 20). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17710252 

The 17th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army. Although its numerical designation was bestowed upon it during World War I, the 17th Battalion can trace its lineage back to 1860, when a unit of the New South Wales Volunteer Rifles was raised in St Leonards, New South Wales. This unit has since been disbanded and reformed a number times. Through its links with the units of the colonial New South Wales defence force, the battalion's history includes service in the Sudan and South Africa. During World War I, the 17th Battalion was raised for overseas service as part of the Australian Imperial Force. Attached to the 5th Brigade, 2nd Division, the battalion was raised in 1915 and sent to Egypt initially, before taking part in the fighting at Gallipoli against the Turks. Later the battalion was sent to the Western Front in France and Belgium, where it served in the trenches as part of the Australian Corps. Throughout the course of the war, the battalion won numerous battle honours and its members received many individual awards, however, at the end of the war the battalion was disbanded in April 1919. In 1921, the battalion was reformed as a militia unit known as the 17th Battalion (North Sydney Regiment), before being disbanded in 1944. [1]
The government took over control of the VDC in May 1941, and gave the organisation the role of training for guerrilla warfare, collecting local intelligence and providing static defence of each unit's home area. General Harry Chauvel, who had retired in 1930, was recalled to duty in 1940 and appointed Inspector-General of the VDC. Chauvel held this position until his death in March 1945. 

By 1942 the VDC was 45,000 strong and growing and in February of that year was made part of the Australian Military Forces. Following the outbreak of the Pacific War, the Government expanded the VDC in February 1942. Membership was open to men aged between 18 and 60, including those working in reserved occupations. As a result, the VDC reached a peak strength of almost 100,000 in units across Australia.

In 1942 men were being trained at North Head

Rifle Club Reservists.
Training of rifle club reservists began last night at several metropolitan drill halls. Men aged 16 to 60, who are not members of one of the services, the militia, or the Returned Soldiers' Volunteer Defence Corps, may enrol and do one evening's training a week in squad, platoon, and company drill, with and without arms.
Instruction began last night at drill halls at Paddington (Park Road), Haberfield (Hawthorn Parade), and Gladesville (Monash Road).
Instruction will begin at other drill halls as follows: February 11, Marrickville (Addison Road); February 12, Homebush (Station Street), and Merrylands (Woodville Road) ; February 13, Belmore (Canterbury Road) ; February 14, Chatswood (Kooringa Road); February 17, Manly (Pittwater Road), North Sydney (Ernest Street) ; February 19, Arncliffe (Burrows Street), and Hurstville (Dora Street). At Windsor and Penrith, instruction will begin on dates to be arranged. Information can be obtained from the honorary secretary, Metropolitan District Rifle Clubs Union, Box 2469MM, G.P.O., Sydney. 
NEW DEFENCE UNITS BEGIN TRAINING. (1941, February 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17735422 

Vacancies in Sydney. 
There are vacancies in the Volunteer Defence Corps battalions being raised in the eastern and western suburbs of Sydney, and the St. George district.
Army Headquarters. Victoria Barracks, has announced that service in the corps is on a part-time basis and its members are not paid.
The corps was originated by returned soldiers and others In civil occupations who wished to make an active and voluntary contribution to Australia's defence
Recruits should be between the ages of 35 and 55, of reasonable physical fitness, and exempt from militia training or service in the A.I.F. Preference will be given to re-turned soldiers, members of rifle clubs, and those whose civil occupations fit them for some special part in the corps. Uniforms will be issued as they become available.
Enrolment forms are available at the head-quarters of the corps. A.P.A. Building, 53 Martin Place, Sydney.

The following appointments to the corps have been approved:
Newcastle-North West Group: Group Commander, Col. T. M. C. Corlette, C.M.G.. D.S.O.. V.D.: Deputy Group Commander, Lt.-Col B. B. Rodd, V.D. 5th.V.D.C. Battalion: Commanding Officer, Major Percy Charlton, with V.D.C. Battalion: Commanding Officer. Lt.-Col. H. F. White, C.M.G., D.S.O.
Sydney-Kembla Group.-7th V.D.C. Battalion (Northern Suburbs): Commanding Officer, Lt.-Col. R .I. A. Travers, D.S.O. 8th V.D.C. Battalion (Northern Suburbs): Commanding Officer. U.-Col. C. H. Howard. O.B.E., V.D. 9th V.D.C. Battalion (East Suburbs): Commanding Officer, Capt. A. S. Keighley, M.C. 10th V.D.C. Battalion (St.. George district): Commanding Officer, Major J L. H. Macauley, M.C. 11th V.D.C. Battalion (West Suburbs): Commanding Officer, Lt.-Col. S. L. Percy, D.S.O., M.C. VOLUNTEER DEFENCE CORPS. (1941, June 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17753880 


Left. Moving through the bush, members of thee Volunteer Defence Corps use all available cover as they advance on the enemy." A rifleman of the 10th Battalion filing from a kneeling position. Right: A signaller of the same battalion maintaining contact with headquarters by signalling lamp. VOLUNTEER DEFENCE CORPS ON TRAINING MANOEUVRES (1942, February 24). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17789455 


Sir,-The number of Australian men capable of bearing arms is small compared with the Japanese. Even if, as Major-General Gordon Bennett states, one Australian can account for ten Japanese, there would still be a surplus of Japanese. Thus it is imperative for our vital defence that every Australian man should be trained to the limit of the opportunities available.

It has been stated that the Volunteer Defence Corps is the organisation intended by the Government to attend to the training of all who are not members of one of the regular fighting Services, including men in reserved occupations. In view of this, it is surprising that the following instruction has been issued to company commanders in the Volunteer Defence Corps:

"Classes 1, 2, and 3 are not eligible to attest with the Volunteer Defence Corps, no matter what their period of exemption or occupation may be," with the sole exception of those who are rejected as medically unfit by the militia.

V.D.C. CAST-OFF. SydneyVOLUNTEER DEFENCE CORPS (1942, March 21). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17793536 

Contests at North Head last night resulted:-Gnr. Meldrum 111-8) beat Gnr. Goodfellow (11-11) on points; Gnr. Lazarus (9-0) beat Gnr. Green (B-2) in two rounds: Gnr. O'Donnell (9-9) beat Gnr. Ives (9-4) in two rounds; Gnr. Tyrie (10-6) beat Gnr. Harvie (10-10) on points.
A challenge match, four two-minute rounds: Gnr. Curry (9-12) (North Head Barracks) beat Gnr. Cook (10-8) (West Head) on points. NORTH HEAD CONTESTS (1942, February 25). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17789583 

A military wedding took place on Saturday, April 25, at St. John's Church of England, Parramatta, when Bishop Billiard united in the bonds of holy matrimony Beryl Mary, youngest daughter of Mrs. G. A. Scott and the late Mr. E. A. Scott, of 14 McFarlane Street, Merrylands, and Private Arthur H. Taylor, youngest son of Mr. and Mrs. A. Taylor, of Elsinore Street, Merrylands.
The bride entered the church on the arm of her uncle, Private R. Willis, and looked very smart in a bou de rose frock with navy accessories. Her bouquet was of mauve chrysanthemums and tuberoses.
Miss Olive Taylor, the bridesmaid, chose, a frock of powder blue with navy accessories, and carried a posy of pink roses. .
Gunner Eric Green acted as best man. During the signing of the register, Miss Joan Taylor sang "Because." 
The reception was held at the home of the bride's parents, where fifty guests were received by the bride's mother, who wore brown, with beige accessories, and a shoulder posy of gold roses She was assisted by the bridegroom's mother, who chose an Alice blue ensemble, with a shoulder spray of roses.
The wedding cake was made and iced by the bride's mother.
The happy couple left for their honeymoon at Avalon Beach.
They received a large array of useful and valuable presents, including a beautiful water set from the bride's staff. WEDDING BELLS (1942, May 7). The Biz (Fairfield, NSW : 1928 - 1972), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article76269833 

As the perceived threat to Australia declined the VDC's role changed from static defence to operating anti-aircraft artillery, coastal artillery and searchlights. Members of inland VDC units were freed from having to attend regular training in May 1944 and the VDC was officially disbanded on 24 August 1945.

Many Australians spent time looking for aircraft, both enemy and Allied. They included soldiers from anti-aircraft batteries, specialist observers from the Australian Women’s Army Service (AWAS), sailors at shore bases, and airmen protecting radar installations and airfields. Tens of thousands of civilians from the Volunteer Air Observers Corps (VAOC), created in 1942, were ever vigilant around population centres. At key industrial sites and capital cities, the VAOC supplemented radar, searchlights and anti-aircraft artillery crewed by men and women of the AMF and RAAF.

The VAOC were trained in aircraft recognition and equipped with a variety of visual and audio aids, from fine optical lenses to simple bell trumpet listening cones. Although they rarely saw Japanese planes, they tracked and saved many Allied planes. Their numbers declined as the threat passed.

In mid 1942 there were 95,000 people Australia-wide, including 17,500 in Queensland. As volunteers weren't serving on official duty, the Australian War Memorial do not have state-by-state figures.

AIR SPOTTERS CORPS - Enrolments Begin at Week-end

MELBOURNE, Thursday.-Enrolments for the new Volunteer Air Observers' Corps, whose job will be to spot enemy aircraft from observation posts, will probably begin in New South Wales and Victoria about the end of this week. Similar steps will be taken in other States soon afterwards.

The Minister for Air, Mr Drakeford said to-day that when unknown aircraft were seen or heard from an observation post the Air Intelligence authorities would be notified without delay by a special priority signal known as an "airflash message" and action necessary for the protection of the public would be taken.

Information supplied in the "air-flash message" would include the number and description of aircraft, the point at which they were sighted or heard, the altitude at which they were flying, their position in relation to the observation post, the direction in which they were travelling, and the time at which they were heard or sighted.

Principal items of equipment supplied to all posts would be binoculars, sun glasses, telephones, "airflash message'" pads, and silhouettes of enemy, Allied and Australian aircraft.

Mr. Drakeford said that before enrolment, applicants would be required to pass comprehensive vision and hearing tests. On appointment to the corps they would be supplied with distinguishing armbands bearing "V.A.O.C." in gold letters on a dark blue background.


Where possible, personnel for each observation post would be selected from among volunteers, living nearby.

Observation posts themselves would be situated in quiet localities giving an unobstructed view in all directions and providing adequate shelter from the weather.

Instructions issued to observation posts would include location of personnel in places where the sound of approaching aircraft would not be missed. At night sound would be the main indication of approaching raiders, although in certain circumstances enemy aircraft might be seen against a light background or by their navigation or other lights.

"By joining the corps, those who are too old for military service or cannot qualify for more active duty in the field will be rendering a great service to the nation in its hour of peril," Mr Drakeford said. AIR SPOTTERS CORPS (1942, January 2). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17781596 


Volunteers are wanted for the Volunteer Air Observers' Corps for aircraft spotting work in the Sydney metropolitan area. The men required may be up to the ages of 50 to 55 years, but they must be active, and eligibility for military service precludes membership. Those who wish to join should apply in writing to the Officer in Charge, Main Control, Volunteer Air Observers' Corps, Sydney. AIR OBSERVERS' CORPS WANTS VOLUNTEERS (1942, March 2). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved  from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17790376 


CANBERRA, Monday.-Regulations were gazetted to-day to authorise the creation and maintenance of a volunteer Air Observer Corps to keep watch for and report, enemy aircraft over Australian territory.

The Observers Corps will be maintained and controlled by the Air Board, which will prescribe the conditions of service and the duties to be performed by its members.

Members may be either volunteers or members of the Air Force,-or of the Women's Auxiliary Australian Air Force, detailed for the purpose by the Air Board. AIR OBSERVERS' CORPS TO BE FORMED (1942, March 10). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17791708 

WOMEN AS ARMY SIGNALLERS - 700 Volunteer in N.S.W.

Nearly 700 women in New South Wales alone have applied for enlistment as a result of the call for 1,000 volunteers throughout Australia to serve with the Australian Corps of Signals. They will relieve men from rear operational areas for service in the front line.

No enlistments have yet been made, a military spokesman said yesterday, but the applications are being considered by the Australian Women's Army Service, which will enlist the women signallers.

Medical examinations are taking place. It Is expected that at least, three weeks will elapse before any women will be called up to serve in this branch of the Army.

Many officers and some, other ranks of the A.W.A.S., particularly those in outlying and colder districts, have already been issued with winter uniform, in addition to greatcoats.

As supplies are available winter clothing is being generally issued, and It is expected that all A.W.A.S. women will shortly have received their warmer clothing. WOMEN AS ARMY SIGNALLERS (1942, June 4). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17821814 

Locally our older men and younger men, girls and women joined various organisations to help out. 

ADVANCE PARTY IN CAMP. N.D.L. Transport Corps.

THERE were scenes of great activity yesterday at Winijimmi Point, Mona Vale, when an advance party of members of the National Defence League Transport Corps went into camp for more than 50 women who will be in camp there from to-day until Sunday.

The 13 members of the advance party, wearing  slacks and shirts of khaki drill, were employed erecting tents and digging water trenches, building fireplaces, and assembling: the equipment.

Mainly concerned with the provision« was the quartermaster, Mrs.. C. P. Wynark, who has planned the meals for the camp. The menus for the day included cereals and eggs for breakfast, a hot midday meal with plenty of vegetables, and a cold evening meal of meats and salads.

Organised Training.

"WHILE they are in camp the members will receive training in many branches of their studies. These include map reading, signalling, first aid, morse, stretcher drill, convoy work, military transport drill, infantry drill, physical training, and they will have organised games to promote the team spirit.

Their mechanics Instructor will be Miss E. Perry, one of the 30 members of the Transport Corps, who has passed an advance course in mechanics, which is conducted tinder the auspices of the Technical College.

The commandant is Mrs. Murchison Kater, and the 2I.C. is Miss Pat Godhard. both of whom were in the advance patty. (See pictures on page 13.) ADVANCE PARTY IN CAMP. (1941, January 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17731044  - Visit Mona Vale Training Grounds: From Lancers on Horses to Lasses on Driving Courses

Mrs. Murchison Kater, the commandant of the League Transport Corps and Miss Norma Dunlop at Mona Vale. Morse Keys and code sheet seen in foreground. National Defence League - 1941, Image No.: H99.201/5082, courtesy State Library of Victoria.

MRS. RONALD TRAILL, the Adjutant of the National Defence League Transport Corps, and the Quartermaster, MRS. C. F. WYMARKwere busy members of the advance party in camp at Mona Vale yesterday.

MISSES ESME VOST, AALETHA ANCHER and PAT GODHARD erecting a tent at the camp established yesterday at Mona Vale by an advance party of the National Defence League Transport Corps, of which Miss Godhard is the 2 IC.
MRS. MURCHISON KATER, the Commandant of the National Defence League Transport Corps, and MISS NORMA DUNLOP, members of the advance party, discussing camp plans at Mona Vale yesterday. The unit's Morse keys and code sheet can be seen in the foreground.

(Above)MEMBERS of the "chain gang" packing stores into the quartermasters’ tent.

(Left) GIRL GUIDES. PREPARING dinner for a hungry 30 Guiders at the Training Camp. At the fire is MISS B. HOWELL, while doing the other jobs are MRS. F. DRURY (Milthorpe), and MISSES K. SOLOMON, E. JONES (Bowral), M. HOLMES and G. COLES (Forbes) Note the racks made for washing up and for holding fruit and vegetables: the racks are made from wood found on the property, lashed securely together with stout string. WAR WORKERS IN CAMPS—CLOTHES FOR BRITISH CHILDREN. (1941, January 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17731053

It seems that the North Palm Beach Aussie larrikan spirit was rampant, even during wartime:

"Bomb" Thrown At Minister. SYDNEY. Thursday.-The Minister for the Army (Mr. Spender) was attacked yesterday by military forces with a bomb. The forces were a contingent of the A.l.F. travelling in an army lorry from leave at Palm Beach, north of Sydney, and the bomb was a bag of flour. A direct hit was scored, and Mr. Spender's driver was smothered in flour. The occupants of the lorry did not recognise Mr. Spender, and as his car drew alongside the lorry the flour bomb was thrown with precision through the front window, where it burst over the driver. Mr. Spender, who came unscathed through the attack, does not view the incident seriously. Having pacified his driver - who wanted to pursue and annihilate the occupants of the lorry, he resumed his Journey to Sydney. "Bomb" Thrown At Minister. (1941, January 23). Barrier Miner(Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), p. 5 Edition: HOME EDITION. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article48413593

The area, a training ground for decades prior to this conflict, and, in fact, the place where the first Naval Exercises took place in 1885, became once again the place to test out our defences and defence skills:


Force Makes Inland But Is Repulsed SYDNEY, September 12. The invasion exercises carried out this morning on the shores of Broken Bay and in French's Forest have satisfied Army officers that an actual invasion of the New South Wales coast could be repulsed. Although the invading force, in theory, smashed the coastal defences at Broken Bay, managed a successful landing, and pushed several miles inland, the advance was halted when reserves were rushed up and it was eventually pushed back into the sea. The invasion exercise was the culmination of a week of manoeuvres in which the Navy, Army and Air Force took part, and which were devised to test the communications and co-ordination of the three services in the defence of the coast. An Army spokesman said today that manoeuvres had been entirely successful, and many valuable lessons had been learned. All the material collected during the exercises was being carefully studied by the defence chiefs. 

Residents of Palm Beach, Newport, Mona Vale and French's Forest awoke yesterday morning to find fully-armed soldiers guarding all the strategic points on roads. Early morning motorists and bus drivers found roads blocked with barbed wire and traps, and were challenged by dust-begrimed militia men These were the invading forces -carefully selected men of the 2nd Division, Home Defence Force—who had been landed before dawn—theoretically—from an enemy convoy and had overcome the local defenders. Covering Force Lands The 2nd Division men were taken into Broken Bay before dawn in a naval vessel and landed at three points in motor launches by the Naval Auxiliary patrol. They represented the covering force of an attacking brigade. The first party was landed at a jetty on the Pittwater side of Palm Beach. The members sprang into motor lorries which were waiting, and which represented armored fighting vehicles. They overcame and captured detachments of defenders until they reached Mona Vale, where there was a battle for the junction of the road from French's Forest. Without meeting opposition, the second party landed at Church Point and raced to the junction of the Church Point and Pittwater roads through French's Forest. The third landing party got ashore at Coal and Candle Creek, captured defenders there and overran a large part of Pittwater road. By dawn a great section of French's Forest and the coast from Mona Vale to Palm Beach was in occupation by the covering force of the invading troops. 

But their success was only temporary. Men of the 1st Division Militia were racing from a big military camp in trucks, Bren-gun carriers and other fighting vehicles to French's Forest. The arriving defenders halted the advance and, as the reserves arrived, counter-attacks were made, and the invaders were gradually driven back. Artillery was brought up to shell the attackers out of strategic points. Because of the great amount of cover provided by the trees, the defending troops were able to carry put flanking movements to dislodge the invaders. "INVASION" OF N.S.W. COAST. (1941, September 13). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article44956820

At North Curl Curl about 200 members of the Warringah and Manly branches of the Volunteer Defence Corps spent the day in exercises on the beach. BIG CROWDS AT BEACHES (1941, September 15). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17741714 

This insight came with photos, although where they were is not specified:


Strenuous training manoeuvres of the 10th Battalion Volunteer Defence Corps, near Sydney. The strength of the V.D.C., is to be increased by 50 per cent, chiefly in country districts. Many of the volunteers served in the 1914-1918 war and many are in reserved occupations. Top: A bayonet attack proves that the volunteers have dash and stamina. Lower left: A typical member of the corps many of whom have been decorated for bravery. Lower right : A trench mortar section in action. VOLUNTEER DEFENCE CORPS TRAINS HARD AT WEEK-ENDS (1942, March 11).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17791826 

Although there were many challenges to overcome, locally, those that lived here, seemed universal whatever their age or gender, to do what they could, whether this was helping out being a plane spotter or helping out by growing their own food and becoming more self sufficient during wartime rationing and did so fairly quickly after war had been declared.

Their determination and resolution may be attributed to losing neighbours and friends loved ones so soon after young local men signed up after the September 3rd 1939 announcements:

THE lovely grounds of the home of Mrs. W. Illingworth Hill, at Careel Bay, will be thrown open for inspection on Saturday in aid of the Avalon branch of the Red Cross Society, of which she is president.
Lady Owen will perform the opening ceremony at 2 p.m., and music will be provided by the Police Band. SOME COMING EVENTS. (1939, November 2). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 19. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17631625

Avalon Beach Man Killed 
LONDON, Monday: The R.A.F. causality list includes Pilot-officer S. M. Wickham, of Avalon Beach N.S.W, and Acting Flight Lieutenant E. J. Hetherington, of Timaru, New Zealand. Both were killed on active service…. AIRMEN LOSE LIVES (1940, January 2).Goulburn Evening Penny Post (NSW : 1881 - 1940), p. 5 (Daily). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article106142520 

Compulsory Registration For Training Begins To-day 
SYDNEY, Tuesday. 
Army officials announced to-day that compulsory registration for all men whose 21st birthday falls in the 12 months ended June 30, 1940, will commence to-morrow.
The registration period has been fixed for three days, and all men will be medically examined. Those who pass will be notified subsequently as to when and where they will train for three months.
Enlistments in the country will take place at Newcastle, West Maitland, Inverell, Goulburn and Wollongong.
Employers who hinder employees from registering are liable to a heavy penalty.
Time off to report for medical examination and enlistment must be given without prejudice to their employment. Compulsory Registration For Training Begins To-day (1940, January 3). Northern Star (Lismore, NSW : 1876 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article101492774 

WAL SIMMONS, Avalon club president, has got more propaganda points than Dr. Goebels. and more driving force than Goering. He wants it too, for the 2nd A.I.F. has robbed his club of many stalwarts. Apart from Stan Wickham, killed in an R AF. reconnaissance over the North Sea, Avalon's contribution to war includes the club captain, A. Ibbotson: secretary, Clem Russell: Tom Harrison and A. Cunningham, all members of the 2nd A.I.F. BOOM PS-A-DAISY AT NORTH STEYNE (1940, January 7). Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), p. 13. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article169109055 

Palm Beach Prepares For Almost Adam-less Eden
A bumper season Is expected this year at Palm Beach, even though numbers on the exclusive stretch of sand in front of the Pacific Club will J be depleted by many sun-tanned "handsomes ' who have joined up for service.
THE affiliated clubs of the Surf Life Saving Association have contributed 1300 members to the Navy, the Army and the Air Force and the Palm Beach list has supplied its quota. The popular president of the Palm Beach S.L.S. Club, Captain Adrian Curlewis, whose name has been associated with the Beach for many years, is now with the A.I.F. It sounds like an almost Adam-less Eden, but Palm Beach Eves are not prone to moping. They are putting on their glad rags just the same, and setting up their house dogs as protectors. 

Life will not be as pleasantly indolent as in previous summers. The Red Cross branch is very active and all residents and regulars are members. At the branch's meeting on Wednesday members decided to hold a stall in Martin-place on December 6, selling all types of beach wear. Mme. Piat and Mitti Lee Brown, whose mother, Mrs. Scotty Allan, has that lovely pink rough cast house, The Cabin, on Pacific-road, will be mannequins.
Whale Beach and Avalon Red Cross branches are collaborating. 

MRS. ALAN COPE-LAND and Mrs. K. F. Coles had a big idea of turning the Coles' lovely new home overlooking the beach into a home for evacuated British children and forming a committee to look after them; but the scheme has not yet been accepted. 
Mrs. Alan Copeland has turned a serious mind, too, to vegetable growing, and on the scorched soil of the beach slopes has a fine crop of spinach, peas, beans, rock melons, and strawberries coming on. 

She is an attractive figure at work in the garden in her little-girl cotton frocks which have set quite a fashion at the Beach. The Beach rules out housecoats this year and ...
Bookings are filling so rapidly this year, it looks as though the Beach is being sought as a haven. The Warwick Fairfaxes have taken Boanbong, the Mackay house on the front, for the summer. Mrs. Stanley Edwards has taken Palm Corner and will go down next month for the Christmas season. The Edgerton Tacombs have taken Far End, which used lo tic The Cornci- House. Mrs. John Laidley Dowling is taking a house-party down. Captain and Mrs. Claude Healy are sharing with Mr. and Mrs. Tom Vincent.
'there'll he a housewarming among the Christmas celebrations if the Lionel Dares' new house right on the beach is finished in time. It is to be attractively simple and practical, like all the houses at the Beach, and completion is promised for December 20. The Jim Normoyles hope to build, too . . . and for the past few weeks Mrs. Normoyle has used up all her petrol coupons looking for suitable blocks of land. J|t
Winter Palm Beachers, MRS. IAN DODDS and WIMPIE, have Mrs. Laurie Ingram's house. 

MRS. MAXWELL HINDER has taken with ease to the simple life in her new home at the Beach.
Smart Beacher, and regular all the year round surfer, MRS. EDGERTON JACOMB in a new season's outfit of marine striped silk shorts and slack blouse.
MRS. FRED CHENHALL, whose husband, has left for overseas with the A.I.F., is Beaching with her sister, Mrs. Hinder.

MRS. JIM NORMOYLE'S Palm Beach wardrobe includes this suit of Bahama print that has just arrived for her from New York, the color . . . similar to Indian Red . . was designed for the Duchess of Windsor's brunette color-
Youthful glamor in a hooded frock, PAT FITZGERALD, who has already started her season at the Beach.
MRS. MARION MORFEE who is staying down at Whale Beach with Mrs. Bubble Cohen. 

MRS. ALAN COPELAND on the terrace of "Strayleaves," Palm Beach, now her permanent home . . . with her canine,' GEORGIE. She has gone in for pert little girl frocks for beach wear this year.

Left: It's the life all right . . . MRS. BUBBIE COHEN, who has taken Mrs. Douglas Doyle's house at Whale Beach for the summer.

MADAME HENRI PIAT, of Careel Bay;" her home is one of the snuggest- 'of the Beachites'. 
Palm Beach Prepares For Almost Adam-less Eden (1940, October 27). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 21. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article231187108 

IN Hotel Manly ballroom this afternoon, Lady Wakehurst met every Red Cross branch president and honorary secretary from Avalon to Mosman — about 150 altogether. Manly branch gave a musicale, at which Items were given by Miss Winifred Gardiner and Mrs. E. Donohue, with Mr. Roy Freeman as accompanist. Their Bullseye Is (1941, August 25). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 6 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article231623082

Guests at Musicale
Lady Wakehurst, Mrs. Percy Spender, and Mrs. T. P. McDonald were guests of honour at a musicale held at the Hotel Manly yesterday afternoon to enable the presidents and secretaries of Red Cross branches at Avalon, Collaroy-Narrabeen. Deewhy, Harbord, Balgowlah, and Mosman to meet Lady Wakehurst. SOCIAL AND PERSONAL (1941, August 26). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17747884

Problem for Housewives
Bread-zoning in areas from Gladesville to Hornsby and Manly to Palm Beach yesterday affected a further 100,000 people. Next Monday another 500,000 people will be affected, when four large areas will be transferred to the block system of deliveries.
Housewives will have to reorganise all their shopping and housekeeping arrangements to adapt themselves to the new conditions.
Yesterday, for the first time, house-wives who live within a mile of butcher's shop had to collect their own meat.

Restricted deliveries are only the forerunner of restricted shopping facilities The Department of War Organisation of Industry has already indicated that if there are too many similar shops in a small area some may have to close. Some grocers weeks ago stopped delivering parcels because of lack of labour and transport.
Suggestions for modifying the regulation affecting the delivery of meat were received yesterday from retailers and customers all over the State by the Master Butchers' Meat and Allied Trades Federation.
The State Secretary. Mr. T. A. Herbert, said the regulation was clear, but many people thought there were ways of overcoming the difficulty of personal shopping while remaining inside the law. Retailers suggested establishment of central depots, but the regulation forestalled that by stipulating that more than 20lb of meat could only be delivered to one address "for consumption therein." Therefore, housewives could not have all the orders for one street delivered to one house for collection.
"If housewives pay delivery boys 6d or 1/ to run the messages that also is employing labour," said Mr. Herbert "If Boy Scouts or Girl Guides did the job as the daily good deed, without profit, I have no doubt that would be sanctioned. Beyond a few grumbles, women yesterday faced up to the business of collecting their own meat, and in the cooler weather supplies can be obtained every second day. The real test of the scheme will come next week-end."

Most, of the trouble in the block delivery of milk came from our natural conservatism, said the secretary of the Milk Board. Mr. J. J. Sheils. Women were accustomed to being served by one tradesman, and resented a new face or they complained that raw milk was not as good as pasteurised or vice versa, ac-cording to which variety they had been taking,
"Most people do not realise that the Sydney milk supply, for a big city, is one of the best in the world." said Mr. Sheils. "America has praised it, not only for its Quality, but for its method of distribution."
The bulk of Sydney's milk is distributed loose, only 22 per cent, being bottled. The change to a much larger percentage of bottled milk has been interrupted by the war because of the difficulty of obtaining containers. America is using cardboard containers to some extent, but they are relatively dearer because they cannot be re-used in the same manner as bottles.
The general secretary of the Master Bakers' Association, Mr. W. R. Treacy, said yesterday that minor complaints were still being received, but that housewives were adjusting themselves to the new system.
"There are a few recalcitrant traders who have not fulfilled their obligations under the zoning system." said Mr. Treacy. "The Department of War Organisation of Industry is determined to see that bakers provide good quality bread and reasonable service to customers, and licences will be cancelled if the regulations are not observed." WIDER FOOD ZONING (1942, May 5). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17826133 

This fine strawberry crop was grown at Avalon.  
GARDENING (1942, May 3). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 6 (SUPPLEMENT TO THE SUNDAY SUN COLOR MAGAZINE). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article231788602 

IF you have the right conditions it is worth while trying to grow vegetables out of season. But to do this the lie of your land must be right. It must reproduce sub-tropical surroundings to give the necessary warmth and protection. Under ordinary conditions there is scarcely any limit to the varieties of crops that can be grown even in winter around Sydney.
Near Palm Beach and Gosford are areas where the lie of the land re-produces sub-tropical conditions. Here, bananas, paw-paws, and other fruits usually confined to the north have been grown successfully for years. These sub-tropical conditions prevail where the slope of the land towards the sun reflects the warmth from the surrounding hillsides, and there is shelter from the south and the west. On land like this tender crops, such as beans, tomatoes, and pumpkins, can be grown when they are out of season elsewhere. Householders whose land has similar characteristics might well risk tomatoes, beans, marrows, pumpkins, and squashes. These crops should mature at a time when they would be scarce and dear. They would prove both a triumph and a saving for the private gardener. just for the average holding the crops to plant now are beetroot, Jerusalem artichoke, cabbage, carrot, leeks, radish, onion, lettuce, peas, potatoes, rhubarb.
Beetroot, silver beet; Soak the seeds in warm water for few hours and sow them where they are to grow in rows 18 inches apart. Drop the seeds about six inches apart, and cover with soil from an inch to half an inch deep. Sow more deeply in light ground. Cabbages: In the cooler uplands, set out young plants, and sow another lot of seeds to ensure orderly succession of crops. In the warmer coastal districts, don't sow seeds again till towards the end of the year. Carrots: Sow thinly in rows, leaving space between for cultivation. Carrots germinate slowly. Drop a radish seed every six inches or so in the carrot rows. These come up in a few days and mark the rows, so that you can cultivate without fear of damage. Lettuce: To keep up a supply of fresh lettuce, plant seedlings in a warm, well-drained position in rich soil. Each week-end afterwards put in a short row of seeds. By the time the seedlings are ready the first seeds will have produced sufficient for the household . for a week, and the successive sowing will keep up the supply. Superphosphates or sulphate of ammonia, dissolved in water and applied to the roots, bring good results. Peas: In coastal gardens these can be sown for the next three or four months. Plant enough for the family, then repeat the sowing every three weeks. This will keep up a succession of crops. ' Onions: Brown-skinned varieties keep best. Plant young seedlings six to nine Inches apart in rows, the roots alone being covered. Keep weeds down rigidly.

These tomatoes wore produced in the open at Avalon. 
GARDENING (1942, June 21). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 6 (SUNDAY SUN COLOR MAGAZINE). Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article231785769 

EVERYONE seemed quite satisfied with the deal at the cracker card party held in the local hall at Avalon last night. Proceeds went to aid pretty brown-haired Judy Barraclough's candidature in the Miss Red Cross compShe's 'Miss Avalon Beach.' Women in War Work (1942, November 1).Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), p. 25. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article168967432 

For the first time in its history, the Australian Red Cross Society will hold its annual meeting in Sydney-at the Town Hall on November 27 Lady Gowrie, president, the Minister for the Navy, Mr Makin, the Lord Mayor, Alderman Crick, and others will address the meeting
Penny votes for the 111 candidates in the Miss Red Cross competition are coming In steadily the aggregate votes now numbering about 600 000 The promoters point out that in this competition which is for New South Wales the smallest branch has the same chance of winning the title for their candidate as the largest The competition is on a per capita basis
Recent donations include -
… Avalon District £43 6 8 DONATIONS TO RED CROSS (1942, November 7). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17797797 

Over 43 pounds!? The Average weekly or annual wage in 1942: No general case, but indexation. In 1941 the average weekly wage was £4.6.0 (86s.) 
Source: The Australian minimum wage [1906–2013] - Retrieved from Australian Fair Work Commission - webpage

TILL early this afternoon, Red Cross Day was the quietest Sydney button day on record. There had been some hitch in obtaining power for the amplifiers, and spruikers on the chocolate wheels and around the stalls could be heard only within a radius of a few yards. There was none of the din that usually makes it impossible to hear anything in Martin-place on such occasions.
The first strident amplified voice came from a chocolate wheel run by N.E.S. ambulance drivers at 12.30 p.m. and after the prolonged silence, everyone said: "What's that noise?" Almost Immediately, however, the spruiker's voice was drowned by an outburst of martial music from a band and then one felt that Red Cross Day had really started. 
THE lack of electric current had repercussions in Hyde Park also. Mrs. A, Ogilvie of Darling Point on hearing that there was no- electricity immediately rushed a primus from her home , and so her stall , which provided the morning tea Was able to cope with the orders. In addition several of the helpers kept dashing backwards and forwards from the stall to Sydney capital for boiling water. 
FIRST arrivals in Martin-place to furnish stalls were Mrs. Scotty Allen, Mrs. Georgina Macphillimy and Mrs. Kitty Dalrymple Hay, all of whom motored up early from Palm Beach in Mrs. Allen's utility truck, which was stocked full of goods for the Palm Beach stall. Attractive among the stall-holders was Miss J. Handley, of Avalon, who wore beach slacks of cream linen with a patriotic red, white and blue floral top. SUE SEES SYDNEY ON (1940, December 6). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 9 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article231154888 

Mrs. Scotty Allan, Ailsa, was the wife of Captain George Allan, daughter of Dr. Gordon Craig, and among those artists led by Margaret Preston, Thea Proctor and Adelaide Perry who were central to the promulgation of modernism in Sydney in the inter-war years, through their wood and lino-block prints. Her work emphasised design, surface patterning, flattened forms and decorative detail, typical of Sydney modernism at the time. 

MISS Thea Proctor, the artist, is spending a week with Mrs. Gordon Craig, at Palm Beach. She left her paints and crayons behind, but at the last minute could not resist slipping in her pencils to do some drawing. IN THE NEWS (1930, January 13). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 17 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article226023899 

In October 1934 'Scotty' Allan joined QANTAS on the DH86 service between Brisbane and Singapore. During this period he also worked as a flight instructor and trained a keen aviator, Dr Lee Brown, a surgeon in partnership with famous surgeon and urologist Robert Gordon Craig, and Dr Lee’s wife, Ailsa Craig, also a keen aviator, and artist. Dr Lee Brown died in 1934 when he crashed his self-piloted biplane on a Botany Bay beach. He was 39. Their daughter, Mitty, was born in San Francisco in 1922.

Ailsa married Scotty Allan in 1935 and moved home to Palm Beach in 1937:
Mrs. G. U. Allan, who is the wife of Captain Allan, the well known aviator on the Singapore route, has since her marriage been residing in Ascot, Brisbane, but has now decided to make her home in Sydney.  She intends to refurnish and redecorate the house at Palm Beach, which was the seaside home of her parents, the late Dr. Gordon Craig and Mrs. Craig. A Few Lines to Say. (1937, April 17). The Courier-Mail(Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954), p. 27. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article36887917

The engagement is announced of Miss Juanita (Mitty) Lee-Brown, only child of the late Dr. R. K. Lee-Brown and of Mrs. G. U. Allan, of Palm Beach, to Lieutenant-de-vaisseau Francois Paul Fourlinnie, second son of M. and Madame Paul Fourlinnie of Paris. Family Notices (1942, May 1). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17800862 

We include Mitty's engagement announcement as a note of cheer prior to the item that points out her mother, a coast-watcher - plane spotter, was killed the following year while on her way home from Whale Beach to Palm Beach. Details of exactly what occurred are not available but local anecdotes state the accident occurred on the corner of Surf Road and Barrenjoey - where her post was is also uncertain - perhaps that large rock at the commencement of Byna Road where you can see so much from if you climb it - perhaps somewhere else in Whale Beach - either way the lady is the only local we know to die on active service in her home grounds.

Some sources state she was struck by a bicycle. She died at Palm Beach and was interred at Manly.

ALLAN.-On February 9, at Palm Beach(as the result of an accident), Ailsa, beloved wife of Wing-Commander G. U. Allan, A.F.C., and sister of Mrs. J. F. Chambers, Toorak. Privately cremated. Family Notices. (1943, February 12). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17836678

Of course it wasn't all perching on the clifftops looking worriedly out to sea and sky; being a place so many came to for holidays Avalon, Palm Beach and surrounds continued to attract visitors for respite and although Pittwater remains a place that can be quiet, peaceful - it was, then, still a place where the circus would come to town:

THE other day the family and I came back from a very enjoyable holiday at Avalon Beach.
Fishing and surfing took up most of the time but one red-letter night, a circus pitched its tent not very far from where we were staying. Trained elephants, horses, dogs, lions, and monkeys were all included in the entertainment, as well as clowns, acrobats, trapeze artists and tightrope walkers. One horse played football and kicked a bail with his hind legs into the audience. 
Another day a couple of friends and I went fishing at Pittwater for the day. Some bream and a couple of leather-jackets were all we caught. (Blue Certificate to Bruce Salmon (12), 66 Findlay-avenue. Roseville.) 
RAMBLER'S NOTEBOOK & HOBBIES (1942, March 1). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 7 (SUPPLEMENT TO THE SUNDAY SUN COMICS). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article231759658 

The J. Lumley inspired an investigation into who lived in Avalon Beach in 1942 - Sydney Morning Herald letter writers proved a bit of a boon and also proved that people are people, whatever year they're living in, or through - as did other items residents sent in to various publications:

Sir,-What has happened in the bringing up of children? How long are we to endure their shocking; manners in tram and bus? Old people like myself may stand in a bus from Wynyard to Palm Beach , when they, on half fares or less, remain seated.
The other day, in a crowded bus, a woman with a three-year-old girl refused, though there was room, to give me an inch of space. In the Bondi tram young gentlemen (?) stick manfully to their seats, but at last, seeing that I was ready to drop, a girl of 18 got up and made me take her seat.
In Melbourne the children behave differently, thanks to a superior administration.
OLD 79.
Avalon Beach. 
BAD MANNERS (1942, January 14). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17783571 

STROLLING one summer evening in 1913 through a Heidelberg biergarten, I paused outside the brilliantly-lighted open window of a kiosk where a party of military cadets were "celebrating." Suddenly the tapping of beer stems and noisy chatter ceased and a beautiful tenor voice filled the warm dusk with golden song — not the usual German drinking song nor student lieder, but that tender Scottish ballad "Annie Laurie," sung, I felt with a nostalgic lump in my throat, as only a true-born Scot could sing it.
When the uproarious applause was answered with a rollicking "I Love a Lassie," I had only to shut my eyes and it was the voice of Harry Lauder himself, as I had heard him a dozen times in a Glasgow music hall. _ Yet when I peered through the haze of tobacco smoke it was evident that my ears had deceived me, for the singer was German from the tips of his "en brosse" fair hair to his clicking heels; the hallmark or a budding Prussian officer— a schlacher scar— barely healed on his flushed cheek. And truly-Germanic was the fervor with which a few minutes later he "Hoch! Hochedi" to the toast of "Der Tag." 
Three years later I was strolling past a wine shop in Salonica and stood for a moment at the open window. The place was crammed with Allied troops — British, French and a sprinkling of Serbs and Bersaglieri. A piano tinkled and the uproar within ceased. A glorious tenor, voice floated out Into the dusk. In an instant, I was back in that Heidelberg biergarten, for the song was "Annie Laurie." In breathless expectancy I waited for the encore and sure enough-- it came; "I Love a Lassie." I crept closer, and through the haze of smoke saw, not a young Prussian cadet in field-grey, but a fair-haired khaki-kilted Scottish sergeant who called for another pint in the broadest Doric. Was it a coincidence that he had a barely-discernible- scar on his cheek? A few days later a firing party behind the barracks at Kalamaria answered that question. This story wins first prize of £1 1s for Mrs. Alys Brown, Riverview-road, Avalon Beach. 

Message Comes Home 
DURING the 1914-18 war young women packing uniforms frequently pinned brief messages in tunic pockets. When the war ended, surplus military stocks were issued to the citizen forces. The tunic issued to me in the Signal Engineers contained a message that had . been written by my sister in 1916. Five .shillings prize for A. Thornton, 4 John-street, Woollahra. WHAT A COINCIDENCE! (1942, April 12).The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 6 (SUPPLEMENT TO THE SUNDAY SUN). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article231770610 

Sir – Oscar Wilde used to say that nature follows art and there is some-thing in this contention It may be said for instance, that Victorian novelists created just as much as they portrayed the Victorian Englishman Australian writers are now moulding Australian character in the same way and on none of us is the effect so noticeable as on soldiers in uniform These are mostly young fellows with oractically unformed characters so they live the part written for them. The part is that of an uncouth tough ignorant of all rules of social behaviour. The ‘Ginger Mick' tradition has been carried on to such lengths that the suggestible bulk of the army think that all Australians must be ‘blokes and coves and coots’ and that false picture of Australian has travelled abroad
American writers have built up different legend around their soldiers in their literature and journalism the Doughboy is a clean, smart keen chivalrous chap with great respect for himself who always does the right thing. It seems that the Doughboys try to live this part, just as our chaps seem  to feel obliged to live the sillier part laid down for them by Australian writers. War itself is brutalising enough in all conscience but there is no need to aggravate its effects on personality. Cannot our writers build up a different and better part for our soldiers to live?
J F MOSELEY Avalon Beach 
SOLDIERS AND LEGEND (1942, May 4).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17815634 

Monday last, J. F. Moseley, of Avalon Beach, wrote in 'The Herald' thus:— Oscar Wilde used to say that nature follows art, and there is something in this contention. It may be said for instance, that Victorian novelists created just as much as they portrayed the Victorian Englishman. Australian writers are now moulding Australian character in the same way and on none of us is the effect so noticeable as on soldiers in uniform. These are mostly young fellows with practically unformed characters, so they live the part written for them. The part is that of an uncouth tough, ignorant of all rules of social behaviour. The 'Ginger Mick' tradition has been carried on to such lengths that the suggestible bulk of the army think that all Australians must be 'blokes and coves and coots' and that false picture of Australians has travelled abroad. American writers have built up a different legend around their soldiers; in their literature and journalism the Doughboy is a clean, smart, keen, chivalrous chap with great respect for himself, who always does the right thing. It seems that the Doughboys try to live this part, just as our chaps seem to feel obliged to live the sillier part laid down for them by Australian writers. War itself is brutalising enough in all conscience, but there is no need to aggravate its effects on personality. Cannot our writers build up a different and better part for our soldiers to live? AUSTRALIAN WRITERS. (1942, May 6).The Macleay Chronicle (Kempsey, NSW : 1899 - 1952), p. 4. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article173620270 

The sounding of the "alert" on the sirens should be reserved, these days, solely for the real thing, and not for trials. One day the wolf might come! For the forthcoming surprise blackout, the public could be warned that the commencement and termination of the test period would he marked by a long blast on the sirens. Unnecessary alarm would thus be avoided, and all doubt removed regarding the sincerity of future "alerts."

The new Public library slipped quietly into daily use, without a fan-fare of trumpets. I dropped in one morning in passing and stayed to enjoy the beauty of the main reading room. Restfulness, harmony, spaciousness, lighting, convenience, and an easy access to books, make it an acquisition to Sydney. Of the many famous libraries, public and private, that I have visited in Europe and America, there was none with A general reading-room so well equipped and so thoughtfully planned. The dignity of the main architecture of the library provides an appropriate setting.
Avalon Beach B.B.

T. Carson suggested that the Stat« surplus was not sound finance in that much of what had been taken in this form of taxation should have, been remitted because of the Federal commitments of taxpayers. It should not be too late for i he Premier to retrieve the position in some measure by with-drawing the wages tax in fact, not in theory, as he promised in his pre-election speech. 

The brown-out owes its birth to an ostrich-like instinct. Although ridi-culously futile, it. has proved tragic In the loll of lives. Mr. Heffron has 90 per cent, of the people behind him in his disapproval of the absurd brown-out motor lamps. Though bright at s. distance, they fade nut when they should be bright and make night driving a nightmare. 

Gather every bit of burnt wood, coal, and coke into an old bucket and wash with water. Wet It again, and when the fire is .started throw on the washed cinders. Result: A gaslike fire to last the evening.
Mascot. M. MCKENZIE. 
POINTS FROM LETTERS (1942, July 11).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17796521 

Sir,-In Britain applications for exemption from military service by conscientious objectors are heard by special tribunals, who grant conditional or unconditional exemption with the right of appeal. Conscientious objectors are doing conspicuous service all over England, and many have lost their lives while caring for air-raid victims; at least one has been awarded the George Cross.
In Australia we made no such provision for over two years, until last February they were treated as ordinary criminals and many suffered gaol sentences. Then regulations like the British law were gazetted, and an era of liberalism lasted for nearly three months. In April a Senate motion made the C.O. regulations inoperative and a new arrangement came into force last week. Under this scheme there is no unconditional exemption, the ordinary right of appeal is denied, and the only alternative service allowed so far is in the Labour Corps.
Avalon Beach. 
CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS (1942, July 23). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17829920 

Stating that for 10 years he had worked publicly for peace, Harold Morton, managing director and general manager of Radio Library, Pitt-street, Sydney, sought exemption from military callup at Manly Court today on the grounds that he was a conscientious objector.
On his application, he described himself as 'bookseller," "librarian" and "broadcaster." In support of his application, Morton set out: "As a priest I have preached non-violence; as a radio lecturer, I have spoken for peace; as a writer. I have promulgated the idea of universal brotherhood, instead of war. "I joined Canon Shepherd's and General Crozier's Peace Pledge Union about six years ago. "I am a foundation member of the Australian Peace Pledge Union." Morton gave his private address as "Nornaville," Elouera-road, Avalon Beach. When Captain Crammond had intimated that Morton was in Class 4 and the date of the call-up of Class 4 was indefinite and uncertain, Mr. Doolan, SM, suggested that the case be "adjourned generally." He explained to Morton that he could not be called up before his application was heard, and Morton agreed to the adjournment.

. . . Asked for war exemption — Harold Morton. Preached Peace.. 
(1942, August 11). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 3 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article231781246 

Sir.-A well-known Australian writer now residing in England, writes in a letter dated May 8:
"As you will have read ere now, our quiet, time is over. Unspeakable things are happening again. Oh, I can't tell you how I have learned to admire the English people since this ruddy war began. Talk about decadence-I've seen no sign of it. Even the humblest is as grimly determined as Churchill himself: and every bomb that falls set the mouths more grimly. There's been no squealing here-not even after Dunkirk, when England seemed to stand alone in the" world. Such a people will never, can never, be defeated." 
The concluding sentence in this tribute to the British spirit should be our slogan.
Avalon Beach. M.A.K. THE BRITISH SPIRIT (1942, August 25).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17798270 

Sir.-One of the main arguments in favour of daylight saving seems to have been overlooked by your recent, correspondents. Has it occurred to them, I wonder, how difficult it is during the black-out and brown-out in the hot weather, to have light with-out excluding air? Daylight saving gives us natural light till a late hour, while still allowing us the much needed air.
If we go to bed an hour earlier, I how can we have an hour's less-sleep?
Avalon Beach. C.P.
Sir,-From the beginning of October to the end of March we have an average of about 14 ½  hours natural light dally, of which more than (on an average) one and a quarter hours occurs before 6 a.m., and nearly the same amount after 6 p.m. What is the purpose, then, of this so-called "daylight saving"? As people cannot go to sleep by the clock, although they will have to rise by it, the result will be the upset of domestic life as regards retiring and meals, particularly where children are concerned, and the deprivation to weary workers of an hour's much-needed, sleep.
Sydney. C.W.S. DAYLIGHT SAVING (1942, August 25).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17798285 

Former Driver Honoured 
Among the recipients of King's Medals presented yesterday by the Governor, Lord Wakehurst, was Mr. R. C. Grimble, formerly of Goulburn. Mr. Grimble, who received the King's Imperial Service Medal, was selected to drive the Royal train when the present King visited Australia as Duke of York. He was also asked to conduct a Sydney-Newcastle speed test following modernisation of both the track and the engine. The record then made still stands. Mr. Grimble, who is now living in retirement at Avalon, is a brother of the late Harold Grimble, who was well known in southern railway circles. KING'S MEDAL (1942, June 23). Goulburn Evening Post (NSW : 1940 - 1954), p. 2 (Daily). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article99784197 

Letters home or reports from or about those serving overseas provide a few more Avalon Beach residents names as well as pre-war visitors who'd rather be in Avalon, right now:

Died of Injuries.
.. Stafford. Sig:. A. T , Sig . Avalon Beach.  ARMY CASUALTY LIST (1942, September 4). Northern Star (Lismore, NSW : 1876 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article98976250 

Raise Funds In Flannels
Cricketers in reserved occupations are to play a full part in augmenting war funds by Sunday matches against service men.
They may not draw attendances as big as Rugby League footballers did, but the £70 realised at Waverley last Sunday with an "open gate" to most sides of the ground was highly encouraging. Strong teams will play at Marrickville Oval on Sunday, November 22, for war funds. Marrickville secretary, Bert Bicknell, announces his team: O'Reilly, Barnes, Fallowfield, Chilvers, Jackson, Chegwyn, Lawrence, Saggers, Murphy, Graham and O'Connor. The Army team will include many well-known players, and, starting at 1.30 pm, the match should attract a big attendance. 
News comes from R. W. Daniel, Coogee lifesaver, of many well-known Sydney sportsmen who have, had their Air Force training in Canada. He tells of their adaptability to the Canadian forms of sport, and mentions footballers, athletes and swimmers.
Among the boys are A. O'Grady, Rugby League player, and Ian Ewing, of the Rugby Union. Allan Murray, a topnotch runner when at the University, L. R. Barnes, yachtsman, and C. Halliday, Balmoral swimmer, are also mentioned. 
"Sport Very Slow" 
P. A. Fraser of Avalon, and Eddie Sier, both well-known in surf circles, are also named in the letter. "Sport over here is very slow," wrote LAC Daniel, "and the folks do not seem to enjoy games as we do. "You never see games played for the fun of them, and team work is unknown. It is a case of every man for himself," he said. Daniel concludes: "Canada, however, is a great place, and the people cannot do enough for us. The food is good, and altogether we are very well off." A Brisbane Air Force man, Frank Webster, made a big hit playing his first game of Canadian football. One writer said: Webster, a wiry, little, black-haired Australian, rocketed up centre like one of the ships in which he flies, and took the first game of Winnipeg's new City League schedule with him. "With only five minutes remaining in a strenuously contested game, Webster tucked an unfamiliar Canadian football in his elbow, bowed his neck, and sprinted for the score that gave Royal Canadian Air Force a 6-0 victory over Bombers." Raise Funds In Flannels (1942, November 11). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 8 (LATE FINAL EXTRA V FOR VICTORY). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230594534 

Airmen's Greeting
LONDON, Thursday. — "Tell my family and friends that we will be home for next Christmas." said Pilot-Officer Cliff O'Riordan, of Avoca-street, Randwick. "Meanwhile all the best to them." O'Riordan was among the members of the RAAF, encountered in London this week, who sent. Christmas messages to their friends. "I am at present hitting a long ball, but will be returning to my unit for Christmas," said O'Riordan. "I wish I were having it at Avalon." O'Riordan, an air gunner, recently participated in raids against Italy. He is now completing a special course. 

Off To Scotland 
Sergeant Frank Shepherd, of Queen's-avenue, Vaucluse, said: "Tell my father (of Shepherd and Newman, Pty., Ltd., Yurong-street) that I am going to Scotland to spend Christmas with sister Gwen at Gourock. I wish he were with us." Shepherd, an air gunner with considerable operational experience, returned to Australia from South Africa, by way of Canada, to join up. Sergt. J. F. Clarkson, an air gunner who has made 19 trips over Germany and Italy, has not been home to Rockhampton for three Christmasses. "Give me Rockhampton or Sydney," he said. "And that goes for the other four Australians in the crew of my Lancaster." Though homesick, all the boys encountered were grateful for the hospitality they are receiving throughout Britain.— Sun Special. Airmen's Greeting (1942, December 24).The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 2 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230586131 

Meanwhile, Palm Beach fishermen, Carl Gow, a Gallipoli Veteran of WWI, went fishing with his lifelong mates:

Narrow Escape in Rough Sea 
GRAFTON, Monday.-A crew of three in the motor schnapper boat Darra had an adventurous journey in rough seas from Palm Beach, Sydney, to the Clarence River. The men - P. Gonsalves, C. Gow and C. Gilbert-had a miraculous escape near Smoky Cape. They said the little boat was struggling against heavy seas for five hours on Thursday night without making any headway. Suddenly out of the blackness of the night a steamer with all lights out loomed up a few yards away and swept past the small craft, with only a few feet to spare,. "There was no time to get frightened," said Gonsalves. "It was all over in a few seconds." Narrow Escape in Rough Sea (1942, October 13). Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article132819229 

Not Avalon, but close to where the men from Manly, enlisting at North Head, were being trained:

A tree-planting ceremony on Ball's Head. North Sydney, on Saturday, Alderman .J. S. Stanton, president, of the Rangers' League, said the league had asked the Main Roads Board to plant an avenue of the eucalyptus tree known as Macarthur in honour of General MacArthur.
Representatives of the North Sydney Council. Naturalists' Society, and other organisations planted 100 trees on the headland, bringing the total to 1,800. 
Alderman Hodgson said that only 1.5 percent of Australia was timbered, one of the lowest percentages in the world. 
TREES PLANTED ON BALL'S HEAD (1942, July 6). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27943188 

Campers were camping out - structures were trying to get built, despite rationing of everything so everything could be poured into the war effort:

The N.R.M.A. reports that the principal motor camping grounds in the Erina Shire are still available to the public, as well as the three main camps north of Manly — at NarrabeenAvalon and Palm Beach— and most of the principal grounds on the near south coast.
Cabin camps within a reasonable, distance of Sydney have been booked, and the N.R-M.A. advises speed in completing accommodation arrangements. Prospective campers are also advised to keep in mind the local tradesmens delivery problems, and to carry a good stock of ordinary foodstuffs, particularly condensed milk. Tea and sugar coupons, of course, should be carried by holiday makers. MOTOR CAMPING (1942, December 11).The Burrowa News (NSW : 1874 - 1951), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article102516112 

Avalon—Fibro dwelling, Avalon Parade.—Mrs. A. Towns, Owner; Condon & Sharp, 20 Oberon St., Randwick, Builders; £736. 
Palm Beach—Caretaker's residence, Iluka Road.—  J. B. Stephens, Owner; J. W. Hoddinott, Ashley St., Chatswood, Builder; £80. BUILDINGS AND WORKS APPROVED (1940, May 1). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved  from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222858387 

GARAGES. Avalon—F. garage, (55 Kevin Avenue,—J. A. Hancock, 4 Earle Street, Cremorne, Owner/Builder; £35
Collaroy—F. garage, Wetherill Street.—H. R. Dunbar, Wetherill Street, Collaroy, Owner/Builder; £25. BUILDINGS & WORKS APPROVED (1942, December 16). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222865199 

A.T.C. Physical Fitness Camp
The Air Training Corps' seaside camp at Avalon will be ready for use from Christmas time. 
Built on an area of 50 acres. 80 huts will provide accommodation for from 200 to 300 cadets continuously throughout the year. Training will be given in service subjects, but the camp will primarily be a physical fitness camp in which life-saving instruction will be given by the Avalon Club. Ivan Bathgate, of Wee Waa, nearly 400 miles from Sydney, is the first ATC cadet to gain his proficiency certificate by the correspondence course, and will be in the next RAAP call-up. He is one of 150 cadets now learning the ATC training by correspondence. Miss Cohen has sent in 240 "smokes" to "The Sun" Cigarette Drive, which has sent 5,262,260 to the fighting forces, leaving a balance of 112.380. A.T.C. Physical Fitness Camp (1942, December 15). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 4 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230583040 

Completion of the Air Training Corps Fitness Camp at Avalon has been delayed because of lack of sup-port by cadets at week-ends and during their leave periods.
"There are at least 600 cadets on leave," an R.A.A.F. spokesman said yesterday, "and they could help materially in the clearing of the ground and approaches to the camp. We feel sure that, having drawn the attention of the cadets to the matter, a ready response will be forthcoming, especially as it is desired that the camp be ready for occupation by the end of January. Cadets who are available should get in touch with wing head-quarters immediately. A.T.C. FITNESS CAMP DELAYED (1942, December 31). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17828915 

Above: Avalon, NSW. c. 1940. Huts surround the parade ground of the Sun Down RAAF Camp where the Women's Air Training Corps (WATC) undertook some of their training, including the first aid hut on the right. Note the flag pole on the right is flying the RAAF flag. The WATC was formed in January 1940, a civilian voluntary organisation. The women were trained in a variety of skills including aircraft engine maintenance, ambulance first aid, signalling, and driving cars and trucks. Many members of the WATC later joined the Women's Auxiliary Australian Air Force WAAAF. (Donor M. King) - Visit Muriel Knox Doherty

In Avalon people were having accidents alike the accidents that still recur:

Sustaining a double fracture of the right ankle, when he fell 25 feet from a cliff at Avalon, this afternoon, Walter Ward, 36, of Canberra-street, Randwick, crawled 100 yards through scrub and over rocks before his cries for help were heard. His rescue was accomplished with difficulty by police. Ward was taken by ambulance to Manly Hospital, and admitted. INJURED IN CLIFF FALL (1942, December 26). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 3 (LAST RACE EDITION). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230581202 

Walter Ward, 36, of Canberra Street, Randwick, fell over a cliff 160ft. high at Avalon on Saturday, but escaped death by dropping on to a ledge 30 foot from the cliff top. Ward was out on a holiday walk when he fell over the cliff. SURVIVED CLIFF FALL (1942, December 29). The Kyogle Examiner(NSW : 1912; 1914 - 1915; 1917 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article234921910 

Clearly there are a few blanks in these small insights into Avalon Beach and the Bangalley Headland Coast Watchers of 1942 - contributions, as always, very welcome - particularly if you know who J. Lumley is. The Clifford family are synonymous with Gosford and the Central Coast.

As can be seen from just a few items found above, Avalon Beach was a fairly busy place during WWII - older women were working as plane spotters or Red Cross fundraisers or at camp where Ruskin Rowe is now, soon to become a cadet training area, boys from the Police club in town were patrolling the beach, coast watchers and plane spotters, both VDC and local volunteers, took turns peering from every headland and outcrop of rock. Those far from her shores, whether residents or visitors, dreamt in foreign places of being here once more.

This poignant note seems an appropriate close for the worst of times that brought out the best in those here in 1942 - with peace still years away:

Jungle— and Mistletoe
Jungle Dreams
We've tramped at fever heat for thirty days
Here in Papuan jungle, where the blaze
Of tropic flowers hurts the eyes,
And through dense, tangled hell the shies
Burn brightly, strangely blue
— But now, my love, this gift from you,
And I can sit, and think awhile
Of your cool grey eyes, your quiet smile;
Dream, maybe, of Avalon;
Follow Wollondilly on
Ah! the stinging hiss of Pacific spray, 
And the sheen of the sea down Coogee Way!

Dear God! just once to see December
In the South : things I remember
Iike St. Mary's spire, when Christmas hymns
Pour soothing balm through the languid limbs —
These draw me closer, closer still;
If I should die, I shall remember them,
As Iong years gone, upon Golgotha Hill,
One dreamed of tiny Bethlehem.
Christian -- and War-- In Poets Thoughts (1942, December 5). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 5 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230580441 
Ingleside carvings found in 2012 - Plane Spotters or Coast Watchers?
Ingleside carvings found in 2012


Rhys Williams: 8th Bn V.D.C Sigs Operating Heliograph and Lucas Lamp,Terrey Hills,13th June 1943 Watercolour 37.0 x 40.0 Signed, inscribed & dated 1943 and Rhys Williams 8th Bn V.D.C. Sig's Operating Heliograph Terrey Hills, 13th June 1943 Watercolour 37.0 x 40.0 Signed, inscribed & dated 1943 - Visit Rhys Williams Painting - June, 1942

The View south from Bangalley Headland today

References And Extras

1. AWM and 17th Battalion (Australia). (2017, August 21). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=17th_Battalion_(Australia)&oldid=796482254

Colours are to be presented to the Hawkesbury Volunteers on Saturday, the 31st instant, and they (the Volunteers) are to give a ball on the following Monday evening. This fixing upon the 31st as the day of presentation will prevent the attendance of the Sydney and Suburban Volunteers. THE SYDNEY MONTHLY OVERLAND MAIL. (1861, September 21). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13059149 

ABBOTT - July 17, 1943 (suddenly of illness on active service) NX10246 Eric Cairns Abbott, dearly loved son of William Campbell Abbott, of Avalon Beach, aged 39 years. Family Notices (1943, July 19). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27942465 

Ashfleld Club Picnic.
Ashfleld Executive have once more set the pace for other clubs in the Association. This time it was a bus picnic. Over 60 Association members and friends assembled at Ashfleld on Sunday morning, 28th January, and proceeded by double-decker bus to Avalon Beach.
The bright spot of the run down in the bus was the singing of Bren Reade and his pals, whilst the community singing of Paul Malone and Company at lunch time added considerably to the entertainment. After lunch the party was graced with the presence of none other than Austin Glacken, who proceeded to act the Good Samaritan by taking some of the company in his car to have a look at the scenery around Newport. The social secretary of the Association, Marie Falvey, was present, and added considerably to the life of the party. Ashfield committee appreciate the interest displayed by the Association Executive. Len Spillane was in excellent voice on the way home. SPORT (1940, February 8). Catholic Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1932 - 1942), p. 24. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article146099841 

Easier Speed Test Admits More W.A.A.F. Trainees
GIRLS able to send and receive 15 words a minute in wireless telegraphy. are now acceptable for training -with the Women's Auxiliary of the Air Force.
Previously the minimum speed was
20 words a minute. Applications must be sent to the Women's Voluntary National Register, 16 O'Connell-street. Sydney. The age limit is 18 to 40. "I think every girl should give -up at- least one: night a week for "first aid, home nursing, drill; physical culture, or something of 'the "'kind. The bigger jobs, like nursing and helping at canteens, are for those who do not have to earn - their own living and help in their homes. In an emergency, of course, " everything would be changed.'' Miss P. Gordon, of Jessie-street, Arinidale, makes this reply to Miss D. Peters's query of last week: "Am I doing my bit to win the war?" She continues: — "I think Miss Peters is doing as much as she can at present. She knits a pair of socks a fortnight and writes to various boys in the
forces. Both these services are what we might call 'helping,' be it ever such a little bit. She also learns first aid, which I consider one of the most important things to do in these times. "Office girls need some form of entertainment, such as one night a week- at the pictures, to take their minds off work and the worry of "So I would say, Miss Peters, keep on as you are going. Get your first aid certificate, and then start to learn morse code, signalling, A.R.P, or . home, nursing on the Tuesday night that you usually give up for work of this kind. "in case of extreme emergency, everything would be changed, and I think every girl and every woman would be ready to give up her week-ends and every night a week to help in whatever way she could. "You are 20 years old. Your work at the factory is probably just as important as any other job you could do, You are helping in an industry, and whatever happens none of us must 'crack up.' " . Miss Jean Kauber, of Jesmand, Newcastle: The address of the Wans is 16 O'Connell-street, Sydney. They teach such a wide range of subjects that I am sure you would find what you want there. Write to that address. . ? Miss Fay Juleff, Deniliquln: No, I am afraid you could not possibly get a position at an air training school until you had trained and been accepted by the WAAF. in Melbourne. It would then rest with the authorities where you were sent, Write to the Women's Voluntary National Register, Bank of N.S.W. Building, 16 O'Connell-street. and outline your ambitions. ? ? Miss Phyllis Allan, via Wingham: Write to Wans headquarters, 16 O'Connell-street, and ask if they have any country classes in signalling you could join. Explain just where you live, and your nearest big centre. Miss D. Blair, of Kensington, and "Young Lady," of Cronulla: You both want to do voluntary work a few days a week. The Women's Voluntary National Register is wanting people like you. Please write— the address is Bank of NH.W. Building, 16 O'Connell-street — and state the time you have available, your age, qualifications, and when you would be ready to begin duties. Miss A. Bond, Coolac: Would it be possible to complete your training, and register for service overseas? If not, rest assured any nursing you do here in Australia is useful, for you will be releasing more fully-trained girls to go away. Write to the Red Cross again and ask if there is anything further you could do to qualify for an appointment.

Miss Joyce Byron, Avalon Beach: You did not say if you want voluntary or paid work. For the former, write to the W.V-.N.R., 16 O'Connell-street, Sydney. You might also apply to the transport section of the National Defence League, having obtained your Sydney licence. If you want a paid job, you might like to study signalling and stand the chance of being accepted for one of the services. Apply for training at the Flying Club, 231 George-street, or the Signallers, 10 Clarence- street.
Easier Speed Test Admits More W.A.A.F. Trainees (1941, April 27). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 27. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article231208141 

Naval christening on board HMAS Barcoo today, for one year-old Patricia Margaret Cook. Her father, Lieut.-C. L Cook and Mrs. Cook, of Avalon Beach, will entertain friends at a party after the christening. The ship's bell will be used as a christening font. Sugar aeroplanes decorate cake . . . old lace bridal veil ... welcome home party . . . brothers at wedding (1946, August 4). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 13. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article231571915 

Plans for the erection of a new clubhouse at Avalon Beach have been prepared and will go to the Warringah Shire Council for approval.
The Minister for Education, Mr. Heffron, has announced the resumption of a new public school site in Barrenjoey Road, Avalon . 
Opportunities for Business (1948, September 29). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222880569
If only they had known what they were sending these souls back to:

HAMBURG, Tuesday.
The St. Louis (16,732 tons), the last of the five Hamburg-Amerika liners to reach Germany, has arrived after an absence of seven months.
It was under the command of Captain Gustav Schroeder. Until before the war it was engaged in an attempt to carry refugees to Southern American ports. (See picture below).

The German steamer St. Louis unsuccessfully attempted to land 913 German Jewish refugees in Cuba. Here men of the Cuban military forces are seen watching the departure of the ship after permission to land the refugees had been refused. ST. LOUIS REACHES GERMANY (1940, January 3). Northern Star (Lismore, NSW : 1876 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article101492773 
Traces of WWII Coast Watchers on Bangalley Headland – 1942 - by ShellsMassage Avalon and A J Guesdon - 1956 to 2017!

Previous History Pages:  

Marie Byles Lucy Gullett Kookoomgiligai Frank Hurley Archpriest JJ Therry Sir Patrick Gordon Taylor Bowen Bungaree W. Bradley 1788 Journal Midholme Loggan Rock Cabin La Corniche La Corniche II Lion Island Bungan Beach Botham Beach Scarred Trees  Castles in the Sand Dame Nellie Melba lunches at Bilgola Spring, 1914  First to Fly in Australia at North Narrabeen  Mona Vale Golf Club's Annual Balls  Governor Phillip camps on Resolute Beach  Ruth Bedford  Jean Curlewis  Mollie Horseman  Charlotte Boutin  May Moore  Neville W Cayley Leon Houreux  Frederick Wymark  Sir Adrian Curlewis  Bilgola Heron Cove  Mullet Creek  Shark Point  Woodley's Cottage  A Tent at The Basin  Collin's Retreat-Bay View House-Scott's Hotel  Bilgola Cottage and House  The First Pittwater Regatta  Women Cricketers Picnic Filmed In Pittwater  Governor Phillip's Barrenjoey Cairn Waradiel Season The Church at Church Point  Gov.  Phillip'€™s  Exploration of Broken Bay, 2 €- 9 March 1788   Petroglyths: Aboriginal Rock Art on the Northern Beaches  Avalon Headland Landmarks  Steamers Part I Pittwater Aquatic Club Part I  Woody Point Yacht Club  Royal Motor Yacht Club Part I  Dorothea Mackellar Elaine Haxton  Neva Carr Glynn Margaret Mulvey Jean Mary Daly  Walter Oswald Watt Wilfrid Kingsford Smith John William Cherry  George Scotty Allan  McCarrs Creek Narrabeen Creek  Careel Creek  Currawong Beach Creek  Bushrangers at Pittwater  Smuggling at Broken Bay  An Illicit Still at McCarr's Creek  The Murder of David Foley  Mona Vale Outrages  Avalon Camping Ground  Bayview Koala Sanctuary Ingleside Powder Works Palm Beach Golf Course  Avalon Sailing Club  Mona Vale Surf Life Saving Club  Palm Beach SLSC Part I - The Sheds Warriewood SLSC Whale Beach SLSC Flagstaff Hill Mount Loftus Pill Hill Sheep Station Hill  S.S. Florrie  S.S. Phoenix and General Gordon Paddlewheeler  MV Reliance The Elvina  Florida House  Careel House   Ocean House and Billabong  Melrose-The Green Frog The Small Yacht Cruising Club of Pittwater  Canoe and I Go With The Mosquito Fleet - 1896  Pittwater Regattas Part I - Dates and Flagships to 1950 Shark Incidents In Pittwater  The Kalori  Church Point Wharf  Bayview Wharf  Newport Wharf Palm Beach Jetty - Gow's Wharf  Max Watt  Sir Francis Anderson Mark Foy  John Roche  Albert Verrills  Broken Bay Customs Station At Barrenjoey  Broken Bay Water Police  Broken Bay Marine Rescue - Volunteer Coastal Patrol  Pittwater Fire-Boats  Prospector Powder Hulk at Towler's Bay  Naval Visits to Pittwater 1788-1952  Pittwater's Torpedo Wharf and Range Naval Sea Cadets in Pittwater S.S. Charlotte Fenwick S.S. Erringhi  P.S. Namoi  S.Y. Ena I, II and III  Barrenjoey Headland - The Lessees  Barrenjoey Lighthouse - The Construction  Barrenjoey Broken Bay Shipwrecks Up To 1900  Barrenjoey Light Keepers  Douglas  Adrian Ross Newport SLSC 1909 - 1938 Part I Overview  North Narrabeen SLSC - The Formative Years  Bilgola SLSC - the First 10 years   North Palm Beach SLSC    A History of Pittwater Parts 1 and 4 Pittwater Regattas - 1907 and 1908  Pittwater Regattas - 1921 - The Year that Opened and Closed with a Regatta on Pittwater Pittwater Regatta Banishes Depression - 1933 The 1937 Pittwater Regatta - A Fashionable Affair  Careel Bay Jetty-Wharf-Boatshed  Gow-Gonsalves Boatshed -Snapperman Beach  Camping at Narrabeen - A Trickle then a Flood Pittwater's Parallel Estuary - The Cowan 'Creek'  RMYC Broken Bay Boathouse and Boatshed Barrenjoey Boat House The Bona - Classic Wooden Racing Yacht Mona Vale Hospital Golden Jubilee - A Few Insights on 50 Years as a Community Hospital Far West Children's Health Scheme - the Formation Years  The First Scotland Island Cup, Trophy and Race and the Gentleman who loved Elvina Bay Royal Motor Yacht Club Broken Bay NSW - Cruiser Division History - A History of the oldest division in the Royal Motor Yacht Club   Royal Motor Yacht Club€“ Broken Bay€“ Early Motor Boats and Yachts, their Builders and Ocean Races to Broken Bay, the Hawkesbury and Pittwater  The Royal Easter Show Began As the Royal Agricultural Society of New South Wales   The Mail Route to Pittwater and Beyond  The Wild Coachmen of Pittwater - A Long and Sometimes Bumpy Ride on Tracks Instead of Roads  The Fearless Men of Palm Beach SLSC's Surf Boats First Crews - A Tale of Viking Ships, Butcher Boats and Robert Gow'€™s Tom Thumb 'Canoe'  Furlough House Narrabeen - Restful Sea Breezes For Children and Their Mothers  From Telegraphs to Telephones - For All Ships at Sea and Those On Land Mona Vale Training Grounds - From Lancers on Horses to Lasses on Transport Courses  Fred Verrills; Builder of Bridges and Roads within Australia during WWII, Builder of Palm Beach Afterwards  Communications with Pittwater  Ferries To Pittwater A History of Pittwater - Part 4: West Head Fortress  Pittwater's Lone Rangers - 120 Years of Ku-Ring-Gai Chase and the Men of Flowers Inspired by Eccleston Du Faur  Early Pittwater Launches and Ferries Runs Avalon Beach SLSC - The First Clubhouse  Avalon Beach SLSC The Second and Third Clubhouses From Beneath the Floorboards at Hyde Park Barracks  Bungaree Was Flamboyant   Andrew Thompson - 'Long Harry'  Albert Thomas Black John Collins of Avalon Narrabeen Prawning Times - A Seasonal Tide of Returnings   Oystering in the Pittwater Estuary - Oyster Kings and Pearl Kings and When Not to Harvest Oysters Yabbying In Warriewood Creeks  Eeling in Warriewood's Creeks (Includes A Short History of community involvement in environmental issues/campaigns in and around Narrabeen Lagoon - 1974 to present by David James OAM) Eunice Minnie Stelzer - Pittwater Matriarchs  Maria Louisa Therry - Pittwater Matriarch  Katherine Mary Roche - Pittwater Matriarchs Sarah A. Biddy Lewis and Martha Catherine Bens Pittwater Matriarchs  Pittwater's New Cycle Track of 1901 Manly to Newport  The Rock Lily Hotel  Barrenjoey House The Pasadena Jonah's St Michael's Arch  The First Royal Visitor to Australia: the Incident at Clontarf March 12th, 1868  Pittwater: Lovely Arm of the Hawkesbury By NOEL GRIFFITHS - includes RMYC Wharf and Clareville Wharf of 1938 + An Insight into Public Relations in Australia George Mulhall First Champion of Australia in Rowing - First Light-Keeper  at Barranjuey Headland  Captain Francis Hixson - Superintendent of Pilots, Lights, and Harbours and Father of the Naval Brigade  The Marquise of Scotland Island   The First Boat Builders of Pittwater: the Short Life and Long Voyages of Scotland Island Schooner the Geordy  Boat Builders of Pittwater II: from cargo schooners and coasters to sailing skiffs and motorised launches  The Currawong: Classic Yacht  The Riddles of The Spit and Bayview/ Church Point: sailors, boat makers, road pavers winning rowers   VP Day Commemorative Service 2015 –  at Avalon Beach RSL Cenotaph: 70th Anniversary  Captain T. Watson and his Captain Cook Statues: A Tribute to Kindness   Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways; Hordern or Wiltshire Parks to McKay Reserve – From Beach to Estuary Pittwater Reserves, The Green Ways: Clareville Wharf and Taylor's Point Jetty  Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways Bilgola Beach - The Cabbage Tree Gardens and Camping Grounds - Includes Bilgola - The Story Of A Politician, A Pilot and An Epicure by Tony Dawson and Anne Spencer  Pittwater Reserves - The Green Ways: Mona Vale's Village Greens a Map of the Historic Crown Lands Ethos Realised in The Village, Kitchener and Beeby Parks  Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways; Bungan Beach and Bungan Head Reserves:  A Headland Garden  Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Green Family  Elanora - Some Early Notes and Pictures  The Stewart Towers On Barrenjoey Headland  Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Williams Family  Early Cricket in Pittwater: A small Insight Into the Noble Game from 1880's On  The Pacific Club's 2016 Carnival in Rio Fundraiser for Palm Beach SLSC Marks the 79th Year of Support  Bert Payne Park, Newport: Named for A Man with Community Spirit   Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Fox Family  Surf Carnivals in February 1909, 1919, 1925, a Fancy Dress Rise of Venus and Saving Lives with Surfboards  Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Paddon Family of Clareville  Mermaid Basin, Mona Vale Beach: Inspired 1906 Poem by Viva Brock  Early Pittwater Schools: The Barrenjoey School 1872 to 1894  The Royal Easter Show and 125th Celebration of the Hawkesbury Agricultural College: Farmers Feed Us!  The Newport School 1888 to 2016 Pittwater's Ocean Beach Rock Pools: Southern Corners of Bliss - A History The Royal Botanical Garden Sydney Celebrate 200 Years in 2016  The Porter Family of Newport: Five Brother Soldiers Serve in WWI Church Point and Bayview: A Pittwater Public School Set on the Estuary  The Basin, Pittwater: A Reprise: Historical Records and Pictures  Lighthouse Keepers Cottages You Can Rent in NSW - Designed or Inspired by Colonial Architect James Barnet: Includes Historic 'Lit' Days records   Bayview Days Ships Biscuits - the At Sea Necessity that Floated William Arnott’s Success  Mona Vale Public School 1906 to 2012   St Johns Camden: 176th And 167th Anniversaries In June 2016 - Places To Visit  Narrabeen Lagoon And Collaroy Beachfront: Storms And Flood Tides Of The Past  Avalon Beach Public School - A History   Muriel Knox Doherty Sir Herbert Henry Schlink  Shopping And Shops In Manly: Sales Times From 1856 To 1950 For A Fishing Village   Royal Prince Alfred Yacht Club's 150th Sailing Season Opening: A Few Notes Of Old  A Few Glimpses Into Narrabeen's Past Beauties  Dr. Isobel Ida Bennett AO   Taronga Zoo 100th Birthday Parade: 1000 Reasons To Celebrate  War Memorials: Manly, October 14, 1916  Avalon Beach Golf Links: Pittwater Fields of Dreams II  War Memorials - Mona Vale, November 14, 1926  Annie Wyatt Reserve Palm Beach: Pittwater Fields of Dreams II  Tumbledown Dick Hill  Waratah Farm and Narrabeen Plums: Pittwater Fields of Dreams II  Mark Twain, J.F. Archibald And Henry Lawson - Did They Go Fishing At Narrabeen In The Spring Of 1895?: Probably!  Bayview Baths Centenary Celebration in November 2016 hosted by Bayview-Church Point Residents Association  Dr. Jenny Rosen's Historical Timeline  Palm Beach RSL - Club Palm Beach Celebrating 60 Years  Early Years At Narrabeen: The Plane Sailing Day Of 1944 The  Five Ways- Six ways Junction; Kamikaze Corner - Avalon Bilgola  RPAYC Season on Pittwater and coming of Jubilees in Summer of 1938 Local Explorers’ Modern Day Discovery - Governor Phillip’s First Landing site, Campsite and contact with Local Aborigines in Pittwater: The Case for West Head Beach    Rendezvous Tea Rooms Palm Beach: links with 1817 and 1917: Palm Beach Stores  and Fishermen  St Cloud's Jersey Stud: Elanora Heights: Pittwater Fields of Dreams II  Roderic Quinn's Poems And Prose For Manly, Beacon Hill, Dee Why And Narrabeen  A Historic Catalogue And Record Of Pittwater Art I – Of Places, Peoples And The Development Of Australian Art And Artists: The Estuary  Celebrating World Radio Day: The Bilgola Connection With The Beginnings Of Radio In Australia  Emile Theodore Argles - champion of all Australians without a Voice - a very funny Satirist, Manly Poet and Pittwater Prose Writer and Litterateur  Sydney Harbour Bridge Celebrates 85th Birthday: A Few Pittwater Connections  Victor James Daley: A Manly Bard And Poet who also came to Pittwater and the Hawkesbury  Let's Go Fly A Kite !: Palm Beach Whistling Kites Inspire sharing How to Make Standard, Box and Whistling Boy Kites - school holidays fun with a bit of Australian and Narrabeen history  Clifton Gardens Mosman: An Eternal Green and Saltwater Space, and Of Many Captains   Historic Catalogue And Record Of Pittwater Art I: Coastal Landscapes and Seascapes  The Bayview Tea Gardens 1920 to 1923 When Run By Thomas Edward And Annie Newey (Nee Costello) An Australian and RPAYC Commodore Aboard an America's Cup Challenger of 1908 and 1914   Henry Lawson - A Manly Bard and Poet: on his 150th Birthday  Historic Catalogue and Record of Pittwater Art I: Artists and Artists Colonies  Opportunity To Visit Submarine War Grave Renews Memories Of 75 Years Ago  Early Bayview - insights courtesy Don Taylor and Margaret Tink   Retracing Governor Phillip's Footsteps Around Pittwater: The Mystery Of The Cove On The East Side   Early Pittwater Surfers – Palm Beach I: John (Jack) Ralston and Nora McAuliffe  Patrick Edward Quinn: A Manly Prose writer who gave us A Run To Pittwater (1889) and Songs for the Federation of Australia  Avalon Beach North Headland Indian Face 'Falls': An Everchanging Coastline  Nautical Treasure In Suburbia    Narani, Captain Cook Celebrations At MVPS And Elvina Bay Memories - 1970s  Early Pittwater Surfers – Palm Beach I: Alrema Becke Queen of Palm Beach  The Beachcombers Surfboard Riding Club: Palm Beach, NSW - 1959 to 1961  Year Dated Beer Bottles Found at Taylors Point  Early Pittwater Surfers: Avalon Beach I  - 1956: The Carnival That Introduced The Malibu Surfboard and Being Able To Surf Across A Wave Face - Reg Wood Anecdotes   Mona Vale SLSC To Be Completely Renewed + A Few Insights from the Pages of the Past  The Firecracker That Closed Narrabeen Hotel By Ken Lloyd (Savalloyd) + Narrabeen Hotel Licence Transfer Trail  Traces Of WWII Coast Watchers Found On Bangalley Headland - 1942