August 21 - 27, 2016: Issue 277

           Sir Edward John Lees Hallstrom

Sir Edward John Lees Hallstrom
25 September  1886-  27 February 1970

Known for having a sense of humour which grew as he matured, for having a love of food and inventions, Edward Hallstrom was most well known for his love of his birds, all other animals and spending huge sums on promoting health, particularly on TB, heart and Cancer research. He spoke during a few interviews of suffering from Bronchitis form an early age, while family members while he grew up and his wife's family members 'suffered from long illnesses' prior to passing away.

From an early age and throughout his career and long afterwards he would personally attend to the sick and injured native animals, had his own personal aviary at his main home at Willoughby and did his utmost to save koalas in Pittwater, setting up a privately funded koala sanctuary at Bayview, a Flora and Fauna sanctuary that lasted until shortly before he passed away and the land was sold to become what we now know as Bayview Gardens, a retirement village

His presence in our area can be first seen as being one of those brave souls taking a turn at being airborne at Narrabeen when he, along with George Augustine Taylor and Florence Mary Taylor, took turns to fly in a biplane glider.

See: First To Fly In Australia, Sunday December 5th, 1909 and The House at The End of the Road (Billabong and Ocean House: Charles and Emma Schulz and D H Lawrence).

He then reappears associated with Pittwater through these items in the early 1940's:

Factory Staff Nursing Injured Koala
SYDNEY. — A koala, which has both legs and its left paw fractured, is being nursed 24 hours a day at Hallstrom's refrigerator factory, Willoughby. The governing director of the firm (Mr. Edward J. L. Hallstrom), the factory nurse (Sister E. Harris), and members of the staff take turns at caring for it. The bear is kept in an annexe to Mr. Hallstrom's office, strapped to a specially built stand. Both legs, are encased in plaster. Mr. Hallstrom and Sister Harris bring it a saucerful of milk and brandy six times a day. The curator of Taronga Park Zoo (Mr. Patten) brings special koala gum leaves from the Zoo. Mr. Hallstrom is a member of the Taronga Park Trust. In another corner of his office is an incubator in which he is hatching three ostrich and two cassowary eggs laid by birds at the Zoo. The koala, nicknamed Taronga, was injured by youths near the home of Mrs. E. M. McKay, Ocean Beach Road, Palm Beach, a month ago. They knocked it from a tree by throwing an empty beer bottle at it. It fell in the grounds of Mrs. McKay's home. Mrs. McKay and Barry Laird (11) and Colleen Laird (12), children of Constable Laird of Narrabeen police, cared for it until it was handed to Mr. Hallstrom. The bear has gained four pounds in the past three weeks. It is expected to be fully recovered in a fortnight. Factory Staff Nursing Injured Koala (1943, December 6). The Evening Advocate (Innisfail, Qld. : 1941 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from 

Koala being fed on milk by Mr J. Hallstrom, of Willoughby (NSW), who is nursing it back to health despite two broken hind legs and a broken forefoot. The bear is tied to a rubber cushion, has its injured limbs in plaster, and supports itself by the upright post. INJURED KOALA AS PATIENT. (1943, December 1). The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from

Sir Hallstrom was also a family man and was, in fact, the first gentleman to be named 'Father of the Year' in Australia.

Half a year prior to his death, in a Women's Weekly interview he said, when asked alike other what his perception of Heaven and Heel weer, he answreed: 
"HELL is a way of thinking. I don't have any Hell, because I have no terrors about anyone or anything. My outlook toward my neighbor is friendly. Heaven to me now is a happy home life. It's people who make Heaven or Hell."

Edward was born on the 25th of September 1886 at High Park station, near Coonamble, New South Wales, eighth of nine children of William Hallstrom, a saddler from England who was of Swedish descent, and his native-born wife Mary Ann, née Colless, a descendant of John Lees of the New South Wales Corps on her maternal side and also the gentleman who was responsible for building the first Methodist Church in Australia at Castlereagh. His parents marriage was registered in Mudgee on the 24th of October, 1873. Their children were William Charles (born 1874), Elizabeth E (born 1876), Mary A (born 1878), Christina Ida (born 1879) Ruby J (born 1882) Clement G (born 1883) Jessie M (born 1885), Edward J L (born 1886), Percival W (born 1888).

His father seemed to have a rough trot as a farmer, had problems with a neighbour farmer whose farming practices were ascribed as the reason for flooding on the Hallstrom farm and his losing fruit trees and valuable crops. A Court Case where William Hallstrom asked for £2000 in compensation resulted in £500 being awarded, although whether he ever received this is unsure. He was accused as being responsible for a barn burning down, for which he was arrested and later found to be innocent as the accuser was lying. Soon afterwards, in 1890, the family moved to Sydney.

Some records state Mr. Hallstrom left the family soon after their arrival in Sydney and that his wife struggled to raise their children on her own. A poem written by him and published in 1910 may indicate religious differences of some sort of a certain pride in his son Edward's penchant for aeronautics during this time.

Inventor And Businessman - From Aeronautics To Bedsteads To Refrigerators

At the age of 10 Edward Hallstrom began working at the weekend to help his family make ends meet. At age 13 he had left school to become an apprentice:

There’s room at the top of the tree -By Robin Adair
…. Then, of course, there was a boy named Edward, who was born at Coonamble, N.S.W., in 1887, the son of an English migrant, and who moved to Sydney as a baby. Edward started work at 10, doing odd jobs after school and at week-ends. He also left school at 13, for a job in a furniture factory. When he was 16 he was in charge of the factory and only a few years later set up his own furniture-manufacturing business.
His eventual big career - making refrigerators - doesn't mean Edward has a "cold" heart.

Fun (through "his" Sydney Zoo) and financial aid (through his many philanthropic gifts) have been given to thousands of Australians by Sir Edward Hallstrom. There's room at......the top of the tree (1961, May 24). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), , p. 4 (Teenagers' Weekly). Retrieved from 

A quick mind and a love of every new advancement for humankind mark many chapters in Edward Hallstrom's life. He was quick to support by funding advances in medicine and embraced, as someone who saw all these possibilities, what could become, initially this showed in a penchant for air, for birds, and flight and wishing to be his own man - this was the first 'business' Edward Hallstrom went into, possibly one of many who sought to win this offer from the Federal Government - 1909 being the same year the Orville brothers secured eleven thousand pounds from the American government for a similar challenge - there is a little on these early flight developments in Pittwater Regatta Air Race Trophies: from 1934 and 1935 and The Pilot Who Saved William Hughes

For Mr. Hallstrom, this was obviously a great idea and a chance to win a fortune. This was also where and when, during one exhibition, he met the girl who would become his wife and the association which began his being among the First to Fly in Australia at Narrabeen:

COMMONWEALTH AEROPLANE. FEDERAL GOVERNMENT'S OFFER. MELBOURNE, Thursday. The federal Government has de rifled to otter a prize of £5000 for tie inventor of an aeroplane capable of being made nee of In war time, on condition that a similar amount be raised by public subscription. COMMONWEALTH AEROPLANE (1909, July 23). Daily Post (Hobart, Tas. : 1908 - 1918), , p. 6. Retrieved from

Wright Aeroplane Sold. AMERICAN GOVERNMENT PAYS £11,000.

As a result of Mr. Orville Wright's success in completing a straight flight with the Wright aeroplane over a distance of five miles, then turning and coming straight back, the U.S. Government has awarded him a prize of £5000, and has agreed to purchase the machine for £6000.

Mr. Wright, in accordance with the conditions of the trial, carried a passenger, Lieutenant Faulois, and the flight was made at the rate of 42 miles per hour. A despatch from- St. Paul states that a proposal is being forwarded to Mr. Wright and to M. Bleriot, for an aeroplane contest between the two aviators, to take place at the Minnesota State Fair. A prize of £5000 is offered for the competition. Wright Aeroplane Sold. (1909, September 11). The World's News (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 1955), , p. 12. Retrieved  from 

The first aeroplane factory established in the southern hentisphere has been started in Sydney. The works are situated in Surry Hills. and consist, of a two-storied building, sufficiently large to allow many full-sized aeroplanes and war kites to be constructed. Eight war kites are now being built, and a large aeroplane is ready to be assembled. Following on the foot-steps of the British authorities, the Sydney factory is paying a lot of attention to war kites.' These models, which are now nearly built, are an improvement of the British productions. The defect in the latter, as in most large kites, was that they required a very strong wind to lift them. With the local variety, however, this, it is claimed, has been got over, owing to simpler construction and modified ideas- all of which wili tend to perfect this type of flying machine.

Mr. George A. Taylor. Secretary of the Aerial League, said that the possibilities of the man-lifting kite have not yet been fully realised. He considered that the war kite-simple to build, cheap, and compact, can be more easily transported in the field of operations. For a place like Australia, he contended, with her wide unpopulated areas and lack of communication, and with lonely scattered defences- war kites, especially if fitted with wireless telegraphy, will be preferable to torpedoes, Dreadnoughts, or aeroplanes. This type of flying machine possesses advantages over military balloons, Mr. Taylor thinks, as any variety of the latter is difficult to transport, if not impossible, owing to the cost of gas. cylinders, and expense of up-keep. The model, which looked enormous, was shaped somewhat like the wings of a bird. The arms on each side measured 15ft., or 30ft. across from tip to tip. Below these wing-like planes is another smaller pair, the height from the lower to the lipper set being 10ft. This new war kite showed that wonderful thought has been expended, with a view of obviating wind resistance anil vacuums, which in all air vessels is one of the greatest diilliculties to overcome. Unlike other models produced in England and the Continent, the Sydney varieties have the planes curved upward, so as to give a lifting power of their own.

A frame of a full-sized aeroplane is only awaiting its engine from Melbourne before being tested with other war kites at the aviation display to be held late this month. An interesting feature of the latter demonstration will be the installation of wireless telegraphy. Some of the kites to be flown will be supplied with this method of communication, and will prove no doubt of interest, seeing that the coming military manoeuvres are near at hand. Mr. Taylor, in exposing some of the material ready to be adopted in his kites and aeroplanes, said that the possibilities of wireless telegraphy.should especially appeal to Australia, as it will be the means of bridging silent spaces in a way hitherto impossible.

''We will have 50 aeroplanos in use by the Government within the next few years. War kites-they will be in common use, and wireless telegraphy will be fitted to them.j Had the Waratah been fitted with wireless telegraphy her messages could have been received by war kites over many times the distance that would have been possible with an ordinary receiving station. That shows you the great possibilities of these handy reliable, and cheaply-made methods of flight." AEROPLANE FACTORY. (1909, October 7). Clarence and Richmond Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1889 - 1915), p. 8. Retrieved from 


The attractions at the Building Australia Exhibition have been so varied of late that huge crowds now visit the grounds morning and evening. Yesterday the balloon ascent, the flights of the war kite and the numerous other displays proved exceeding interesting. A  further trial of model aeroplanes took place when the Postle Bros of Ashfield and Mr Hallstrom of Summer Hill tested new models. Those who attended were aroused to a great pitch of enthusiasm over the exhibitions. Mr. Hallstrom flew his model from one end of the Exhibition Hall to the other and Messrs Portle also succeeded in accomplishing equally sensational flights …
 BUILDING AUSTRALIA EXHIBITION. (1909, November 6). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 16. Retrieved from

AERONAUTICS, with Exhibition of Original Working Models, by E. J. L. Hallstrom, Esq. (Inventor), of The Ricketts Hallstrom Aeroplane Coy., Eastwood, N.S.W., at School of Arts, 275 Pitt-street, Sydney, on MONDAY', Dec. 27, at 8 p.m. Musical Programme at conclusion of lecture. Aerial League Members cord. inv
. Advertising (1909, December 25). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 13. Retrieved from

Mr. E.J.L. Hallstrom of the firm of Ricketts, Hallstrom Aeroplane Company, delivered a lecture last night at the School of Arts under the auspices of the Australian Natives' Association. Mr Ricketts occupied the chair, and read a paper by Mr Hallstrom, which outlines the history of flying machines.Mr Hallstrom then produced and described several model flying machines of his own invention. One of these was the small monoplane which he had first exhibited in public in Queensland. It was driven by a propeller worked by elastic and on being released it flew smoothly down the hall and dropped on to a vacant seat. Another monoplane of his own invention was shown. This he stated had attained a flight of 200 yards, which, he said, was a world’s record for a model.
During the evening, Mr. George Taylor, secretary of the Aerial League, addressed the meeting and expressed regret at the lack of interest exhibited in aerial matters in Australia
. AERONAUTICS. (1909, December 28).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 4. Retrieved from

This Queensland visit is significant as it establishes Mr. Hallstrom in Queensland during this time and when and where he may have initially met his first wife. One of his brothers, Percival, spent a fair amount of time in Queensland too prior to this and appears among Rowing competitions back in Sydney afterwards. Another brother, Clement, also married a Queensland girl. Their mother had a relative in the area and the boys may well have been sent north for work opportunities.


Sir -At the Sydney School of Arts last Monday evening in a paper read by Mr. Hallstrom of the Ricketts Hallstrom Aeroplane Company, re aerial navigation, a suggestion was thrown out by the speaker that gliding was a preliminary to aeroplaning was essential and seeing that gliding in other parts of the world has developed into a comparatively safe and certainly a most exhilarating pastime is it not wise that Australians should be moving.
Geographically we have a country in the suburbs of Sydney particularly suited for the sport having the necessary inclines for the pastime and suitable to making successful ascents.
Moreover the temperament of the people of this country would lend itself to this pastime as the sport is one that would appeal to them once introduced, and is one requiring judgment, a little nerve at the earlier stages, and for purposes of health it would be hard to strike on anything so beneficial. Moreover excellence in the sport would serve as a necessary introduction to aeroplaning. Seeing that Australia from its geographical position has more to gain than possible any other country by successful aerial navigation for defence and other purposes it would be wise for the Federal Government in addition to the £5000 prize for the most successful Australian aeroplane to subsidise by a small grant clubs formed for the purpose of fostering the gliding sport as successful aeroplanes are of comparatively little utility unless we have people with the necessary experience in driving them which can best be attained in gliding. I am, etc.. NATIONAL SPORT.
 GLIDING AND AEROPLANING. (1909, December 30). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 10. Retrieved from

“An Aeronautical Evening” was the title of the Aerial Leagues entertainment at the Royal Society’s House last evening. The proceedings were opened by a paper by Mr. G. Garland on “The Aerial Defence of Australia”, in which it was graphically pointed out how Australia today is defenceless against aerial attack. He was followed by Major Rosthenthal, who lecture on “Modern Artillery in relation to Aerial Invasion”, illustrated with lantern slides of what the world is doing to put up some kind of defence against the new terror.
Mr. G. A. Taylor spoke on “Failures and Successes in Australian Aeronautics” which contained much valuable advice. His flights at Narrabeen Heads were graphically told and illustrated by striking photographs, his new machine, now complete, was shown in the air. A number of interesting models were shown, those by Messrs. Hallstrom and Heath Bros. being exceptionally clever.
 AERIAL LEAGUE. (1910, January 27). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from

The Aerial League of Australia had a successful meeting at the Royal Society's House one night last week, when a large audience .was treated to what was styled 'an aeronautical evening.' Mr. Charles L. Garland opened the proceedings with a lecturette on 'The Aerial Defence of Australia,' pointing out .how the conquest of the air was fraught with very great danger to the Commonwealth, as it proved an opening for. an attack in a sphere for which we were utterly unprepared. He was followed by Major Rosenthal, who gave an interesting description of the various methods the Old-world aviators were using in endeavoring to combat aerial attack, and he incidentally mentioned that the equipment for such purposes was very necessary in Australia in view of the activity in that quarter in other countries. Mr. George A. Taylor dealt with 'Failures and Successes in Australian Aeronautics.' He pointed out the varied work that he had been doing in aeronautical matters, laying particular stress upon the war kite construction which he had prepared for the recent exhibition, and how when success was almost assured, the City Council stepped in and put a stop to the experiments. He contrasted the action of the local body with that of the Paris Municipal Council, which was offering £4000 to encourage aerial experiments. The sensational gliding flights carried out by Mr. Taylor and his brother members of the Lillienthal camp, Narrabeen, were illustrated and described, and created great enthusiasm. Mr. Taylor also showed a new aeroplane he had just completed, which overcomes many of the difficulties of modern aeroplanes. He then exhibited a view of the engine that is now being installed in his monoplane. A number of interesting models were shown by Messrs. Hallstrom and the Heath Bros., and they won particular praise. These models contain many features new to the science, and the members of the League hope that the attention of our moneyed gentlemen will be drawn to these clever experimenters, so that their work can be fittingly encouraged. Motoring! (1910, February 2). Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), , p. 14. Retrieved from

At age 24, meanwhile in Croydon, the Inner West of Sydney:

Sydney, July 10.
There was a break in the storm during the night, but this morning there was a shift in the wind to the northward, and the gale raged with renewed vigor, accompanied by blinding rain squalls. The highest velocity of the wind was 57 miles an hour. All along the coastline the storm is in full blast, rough seas sweeping the whole seaboard- Shipping so far has escaped serious disaster, but a number of minor casualties have been reported as a result of the battle with the elements. …
At Croydon yesterday Mr. E. Hallstrom, an enterprising mechanic, possessed an aeroplane, which he had constructed at the cost of much time and trouble. It reposed in an apparently safe hangar. Today he possesses neither aeroplane nor hangar, only a mass of torn canvas, broken wood-work, and other debris. In the height of the storm yesterday the wind gained an entrance to the hangar, and in a moment there was rending of canvas, and the hangar had departed. The aeroplane then went on its first and only trial flight, and made its descent in the back yard of a dwelling, just missing an elderly occupant, Mr. E. A. Thomas, who subsequently explained that he saw it coming, and thought if was a large bird.
 THE NEW SOUTH WALES STORM (1910, July 20). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), , p. 10. Retrieved from

LECTURE.— On Saturday Captain G. A. Taylor, of the Commonwealth Intelligence Forces, delivered his very instructive and entertaining lecture on 'Wire-less telegraphy and aeronautics' to a fair audience on behalf of the School of Arts. The Hon. Joseph Cook, M.H.R., ex-Minister for Defence, occupied the chair, and in introducing Captain Taylor, said he was an enthusiast on the topics of wireless and aviation, especially in relation to Australian Defence, and that his knowledge of these matters would be quite up to date, and second to that of none in Australia. The lecturer fully justified Mr. Cook's remarks. His lucid and often racy explanations of otherwise abstruse facts kept his audience .wide awake for considerably over an hour. A model aeroplane, made by Mr. Halstrom, who assisted Captain Taylor, was launched amongst the audience by an electric spark. Ken. Hunt (a younger son of Mr. ,T. C. Hunt, M.L.A., the worthy member for Sherbrooke) dodged the flying machine — which made a bee-line for him from the platform — with all the agility of a politician skilfully evading an awkward question. A cannon was also fired by electricity. Miniature wireless posts and other electrical apparatus on the platform wore used by the lecturer to illustrate his remarks, and the magiclantern having caught, tho strike epidemic, Captain Taylor well made up for its absence by his lightning skill as a black-board artist. On the motion of Mr. ,T. J. Price, president of the School of Arts, a hearty vote of thanks was given to Captain Taylor, who, it may be said, is the editor of 'Building' and the 'Marine Engineer,' Sydney.  Kerosene was first used for lighting purposes in 1826. Baulkham Hills. (1910, November 12). The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW : 1888 - 1950), , p. 8. Retrieved  from

The Hallstrom- Nineham and Hallstrom - Jaffrey weddings.

MARRIAGE. HALLSTROM-NINEHAM.-At St. Paul's Cathedral, Rockhampton, by the Rev. Mowbray O'Rorke, Clement George Hallstrom, of Sydney, to Mabel Frances, only daughter of A. C. and T. Nineham, of Mount Morgan. Family Notices (1910, November 26).Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1878 - 1954), , p. 1. Retrieved from 

HALLSTROM-JAFFREY - On April 6th, at the residence of the bride's parents, by the Rev. Scott Macdonald, of Scots Church, Clayfield, Edward Hallstrom, of Summer Hill, Sydney, to Margaret, youngest daughter of Douglas Jaffrey, Raie Villa, Merthyr-road, New Farm. Family Notices (1912, April 10). The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), , p. 4. Retrieved from 

Margaret was a Maryborough girl originally and a talented artist. Her father was the Engineer for the Water Supply after coming ashore from being an Engineer aboard steamers. He is credited with many useful inventions himself while in charge of these works and he and Edward may have met, through their mutual interest in 'advancements'. There is more on this gentleman under Extras and References.

The marriage of Mr. Edward Hallstrom, of Summer Hill, Sydney, to Miss Margaret Jaffery (youngest daughter of Mr and Mrs W. Jaffery, late of Teddington, Maryborough), took place on April 6 at Raie Villa, New Farm (the residence of the bride's parents). The ceremony was performed by the Rev Scott Macdonald. The bride, who was given away by her father, wore a simple frock of Brussels lace and a wreath veil. She was attended by her sister (Miss Jean Jaffery) as bridesmaid, and Mr. J. G. Gawthorp (Brisbane) acted as best man. After the reception Mr. and Mrs. Hallstrom left by the RMS Osterley for Sydney, their future home. Hallstrom—Jaffery. (1912, April 17). The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), , p. 19 (Courier Home Circle). Retrieved from 

Jean, sometimes 'Jane' Jaffery was a Nurse, one thread in a lifetime focus on health worth noting.

Edward and Margaret Hallstrom had three girls and a boy, Grace Margaret, John Edward, Thelma Jean, and Esme Elliott. Their first child was born in December 1913 and Esme in 1918.

As stated in the 'Room at the top of the tree' article, Edward went into a furniture making business as an apprentice and then began his own business. 

Soon after the trying to win the government aeroplane prize, another invention, which will not be the last time Mr. Hallstrom seeks to add to the defence of Australia, appears in the National Archives of Australia's Letters for Patents lists:

E J L Hallstrom claims he has invented a shell for striking vessels below the water line - 1914, record created by the Navy Office, Department of Defence.

Unfortunately the tragic death of one worker, never really explained but seemingly caused by an injury which sounds like concussion, resulted in bankruptcy. The law suit brought by the poor man's wife was protracted and went through a few courts, indicating in many a such case, the lawyers may have recouped more than those they represented. The widow was awarded £500.

This tragedy seemed to mark Mr. Hallstrom in other ways - once successful and giving away hundreds of thousands of pounds that amounted to millions of dollars in today's terms, the number of times he gave £500 could indicate this was a marker of some sort for him. It was £500 damages his father was awarded in 1888 too due to losing his own livelihood, an enormous sum for then. 

The case attracted nationwide press as the award was made under the newly introduced Workmen's Compensation Act of 1926. Prior to this the young father showed some of the enterprise that extended throughout his life, experienced what many go through when running a business and also lost his father

This era of making beds is also notable as another Edward Hallstrom first as these are reputed to be innerspring mattresses – the first in Australia:

The Timber Industry
Mr. Hallstrom, an enterprising furniture manufacturer, of Pyrmont, Sydney, started a saw-mill at Micalong about eight months ago, on the most -up-to-date and modern lines, and must be finding the mountain ash a good proposition, as we have just learned from a reliable source that that gentleman is now having plans and specifications prepared to install a branch of the furniture-making business in the district. The idea is to use hydraulic or hydroelectric power to dress and prepare the timber, after seasoning it, thus avoiding the carriage on waste material. The use of cheaper power will also be of advantage. The Timber Industry. (1921, November 4).The Tumut and Adelong Times (NSW : 1864 - 1867; 1899 - 1950), p. 2. Retrieved from

Fittings for bedsteads — Hallstrom. Advertising (1922, January 18). Daily Commercial News and Shipping List (Sydney, NSW : 1891 - 1954), , p. 5 (Weekly Summary.). Retrieved from

PUBLIC NOTICES. OWING to a death in the Family' the establishment of E. J. L. Hallstrom, Abattoirs-road, Pyrmont, will be closed on Thursday. Advertising (1923, March 14). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 8 (LAST RACE EDITION). Retrieved from

HALLSTROM.—March 14, at Sydney, William Hallstrom, sen., aged 80 years. Privately interred. Family Notices (1923, March 16). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from

Cracksmen - Attempt at Pyrmont Fails
Sydney – Monday

Hallstrom’s bedding factory, at Pyrmont, was broken into during the night by cracksmen, who removed the safe at the back of the factory. After packing it they tried to blow it open. The lock was damaged but the door held fast.
 CRACKSMEN. (1923, July 16). The Maitland Daily Mercury (NSW : 1894 - 1939), , p. 5. Retrieved from

Hallstrom, E. J. L.. Ltd. — Regd.
19.11.23. Capital: £10,000 in £1 shares. Objects: To acquire by agreement the business of a wire mattress and general manufacturer now carried on by Edward J. L. Hallstrom under the style of E. J. L. Hallstrom. First Directors: Edward John Lees Hallstrom (chairman) and Paul Jenner Ure (deputy). Regd. office: Sydney. 
COMPANIES REGISTERED (1923, November 28). Daily Commercial News and Shipping List(Sydney, NSW : 1891 - 1954), , p. 5 (Weekly Summary.). Retrieved from 

THE police are investigating a suspicious outbreak of Fire which occurred in the premises of E. J. L. Hallstrom, Limited, bedstead and wire-mattress manufacturers, Abattoir road, Pyrmont, at about 3 a.m. yesterday.
When discovered the fire was beginning to secure a hold on the contents of the factory, and had destroyed some bedsteads and timber. A safe near the front of the promises was found to have been tampered with, and traces of kerosene were found near this safe and in other parts' of the building.
Mrs. Addison, of Edwin-street, Drummoyne, was going towards her home, in a car in the early morning when she saw the fire gaining headway in the factory. She motored to the fire brigade, whose prompt action averted a serious fire, especially as a timber-yard adjoins the factory at the rear.
Last night Mr. Hallstrom stated that two previous attempts had been made to break the safe in the past six months. Once an explosive charge had been placed in the lock, but had only blown part of the door away. On the latest occasion the bottom of the safe was cut, and safebreaking tools were found nearby.
 PYRMONT FIRE. (1924, February 18). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 10. Retrieved from

WALL V HALLSTROM. Ruby Lilian Wall, of Leichhardt, a widow, appealed from the Judgment of the Full Court of the Supreme Court on the question, whether a wire mattress maker, who met bis death while In the employ of respondent, died through an accident arising out of and in the course of bis employment. Wall was engaged as a wire-drawer by E. J. Hallstrom, bedstead manufacturer, Abattoir-road, Pyrmont, and shortly after he had had his lunch he was found lying dead In a comfortable position on his left side, near the bench at which he worked, with his head on his left arm. There were slight abrasions, but nothing of any Importance, and there were no external signs of Injury; but a post mortem examination revealed the fact that there was a very extensive fracture of the skull. There was no evidence of any kind whatever to show how that was brought about. There was evidence that deceased had been ailing for two or three days beforehand, and that he had complained about his head. Judge Scholes In the Metropolitan District Court, on the hearing of an arbitration under the Workmen's Compensation Act, made an award in favour of the widow for 500, but the Supreme Court set It aside. The widow now appealed from the latter judgment. Mr. SI'Donell (Instructed by Messrs. Jennings and Jennings) appeared for the appellant, and Mr. Monahan (Instructed by Messrs. Dawson, Waldron, Edwards, and Nlcholls) for the respondent. The matter stands part heard. November 28, 1924, The Sydney Morning Herald · Page 6

(Before Sir Adrian Knox, C.J., Mr. Justice Isaacs, and-Mr. Justice Gavan Duffy.)

Argument was concluded In the appeal by Ruby Lilian Wall, of Leichhardt, a widow, from the Judgment of the Full Court of the Supreme Court on the question whether a wire mattress maker, who met his death while in the employ of E. J. Hallstrom, bedstead manufacturer, Abattoir-road, Pyrmont, died through an accident arising out of and in the course of his employment.
By consent, the order of the Supreme Court and the award made by Judge Scholes were both discharged, and the claim was remitted to arbitration by an arbitrator under the Act, other than the previous arbitrator, no costs to be decided at present, either of former hearing before arbitrator or of appeal before Supreme Court.
Mr. McDonell (Instructed by Messrs. Jennings and Jennings) appeared for the appellant; and Mr. Monahan (instructed by Messrs. Dawson, Waldron, Edwards, and Nicholls) for the respondent.
 LAW REPORT. (1924, November 29). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 14. Retrieved from

An application was made, under the Work-men's Compensation Act, for arbitration between Ruby Lillian Wall, of Elswick-street, Leichhardt, widow, and E. J. Hallstrom, of Abattoir-road, Pyrmont, bedstead manufacturer, from whom she claimed £500 in connection with the death of her husband, who was employed as a wire drawer at the defendant's factory. Wall was found dead near his work, but nothing definite could be arrived at regarding the actual cause of his death
The case came before Judge Scholes, who awarded the widow £500 compensation. His Honor held that Wall had died as the result of a fall at his place of occupation on July 5, 1923. The respondent contended that Wall's death was not due to an accident arising out of his employment. An appeal to the Full Court against the Judge's decision was upheld, and the award was set aside. From this decision, the applicant appealed to the High Court, which referred the matter back to the District Court for arbitration de novo.
According to medical evidence, Wall had a fractured skull, but no definite opinion could he given as to whether this had caused his death.  The case is part heard. Mr. Windeyer, K.C., and Mr. McDonnell (instructed by Messrs. Jennings and Jennings) appeared for the applicant; and Mr. Monahan (instructed by Messrs. Dawson, Waldron, Edwards, and Nicholls) for the respondent.
 DISTRICT COURT. (1925, March 6). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 6. Retrieved from

WALL-The Friends of Mr. ANTHONY THOMAS WALL and FAMILY are Invited to attend the Funeral of their late loved HUSBAND and FATHER, Anthony Thomas; to leave 60 Tebbutt-street, Leichhardt, THIS AFTERNOON, at 1.1S, for Church of England Cemetery, Rookwood, via Lewisham Station. F. DANGAR, Funeral Director, 'Phone, MW1468._02_George-street West.
ALL.-The Relatives and Friends of Mr. and Mrs. GEORGE HENRY WALL and FAMILY are invited to attend the Funeral of their late loved SON and BROTHER, Anthony Thomas; to leave 60 Tebbut. street, Leichhardt, THIS AFTERNOON, at 1.16, for Rookwood Cemetery.
 Family Notices (1923, July 7). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 11. Retrieved from

Award of £500 to Widow

A widow, Mrs. Ruby Lillian Wall, of Elswick-street, Leichhardt, was recently awarded £500 by Judge Scholes in respect to the death of her husband, an employee at E. J. Hallstrom's, a bedstead manufacturer, of Pyrmont. Her husband was found lying dead beneath his bench at the factory. Death was caused by injuries, probably the result of a fall, but nothing definite could be ascertained as to how he came to fall. On appeal the Full Court upset the Judgment— but the High Court ordered a fresh arbitration by another judge. To-day Judge Mocatta reaffirmed the decision of Judge Scholes. He found that Wall met his death as the result of an accident arising out of his employment, and awarded the widow
 £500. MYSTERIOUS DEATH (1925, March 13).The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 9 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from


SYDNEY, Friday.— Judge Mocatta, in the District Court to-day, awarded £500 under the Workmen's Compensation Act to Ruby Lillian Wall, of Leichhardt, in respect of the death of her husband, who was an employee. of E. J. Hallstrom, bedstead manufacturer, of Pyrmont. Wall was found dead at his work on July-5, 1923, from a fractured skull. 
A stay of proceedings was applied for on behalf of respondent. In view of the appeal, the judge said he would delay the signing of the award for 14 days.
AWARD OF £500 (1925, March 14). The Daily Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1903 - 1926), , p. 12. Retrieved from

Due perhaps to the ongoing court case any improvements Mr. Hallstrom made in his beds factory were listed in his wife's name: Application for Letters Patent for an invention by Margaret Elliott Hallstrom, titled Improvements in joint connections for bedsteads or the like Contents date range 1926 – 1926

Extraordinary Resolution, Passed 29th January, 1926.

AT an Extraordinary General Meeting of the Members of the above named Company, duly convened and held at 47 Elizabeth-street, Sydney, on Friday, the twenty-ninth day of January, 1926, the following Extraordinary Resolution was duty passed as an Extraordinary Resolution :—
That it has been proved to the satisfaction of this meeting that the Company cannot, by reason of its liabilities continue its business, and that it is advisable to wind up the same, and accordingly that the Company be wound up voluntarily; and that William Harrington Palmer be and is hereby appointed Voluntary Liquidator for the purposes of such winding-up.
Dated this 30th day of January, 1926.
E. J. L. HALLSTROM, Chairman
E. J. L. HALLSTROM LTD. (1926, February 5). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 726. Retrieved from

The new factory was listed for sale
PERCY A. WELLS and COMPANY  will sell on the Premises. 

 Advertising (1926, January 28). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from

above at PUBLIC AUCTION, in the ROOMS, 98 PITT -STREET, on FRIDAY, 9th APRIL, at 11 a.m.
 Advertising (1926, April 7). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 18. Retrieved from

By Older of the Mortgagee
LEICHHARDT LARGE FACTORY PREMISES and LAND lately occupied by E J L Hallstrom, Ltd, known as No 87 MOORE STREET, between the premises of J Bardsley and Sons, Ltd , and the Hunter River Meat Preserving Co , Ltd. A short distance from Balmain road  EMINENTLY SUITABLE FOR MANUFACTURERS, IRON MERCHANTS, BOTTLE AND TlMBER MERCHANTS, OR MOTOR TRADEs THE LAND has a frontage of about 152 feet to Moore street by depths of from about 196 feet 3 ½ inches to 150 feet 11 ½  Inches, rear line about 150 feet 2 Inches
THE BUII DINGS COMPRISE Two story brick building, containing 2 offices, with cellar below, and large Iron building, with brick floor, extending back for the full depth of the land, and partly along the rear boundary. Also a one story brick building (about 70 x 65), with iron roof, brick floor, and furnaces installed.  Attached are 2 iron sheds, also small weatherboard and Iron Shed. A large portion of the land Is vacant, and available for further building extension. Key for inspection may be obtained at No 130 Moore street, opposite property.
TORRENS TITLE A P Sparke, Esq., 12 Castlereagh street, Soucitor for Mortgagee
HARDIE  and GORMAN PROPRIETARY, LTD, in conjunction with J F Green and Co, have  received instructions to submit the above at Public Auction in their Sale Rooms, Ocean House, 30 Martin place, at 11 am on  WEDNESDAY JULY 28 1926. 
Advertising (1926, July 17). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 20. Retrieved from

[Notice under Section 11 of the Bankruptcy Act, 1898.] In the Supreme Court of New South Wales. (25,348)
Re Edward John Lees Hallstrom, formerly of Abattoirs road, Pyrmont, now of Moore-street, Leichhardt.
NOTICE is hereby given that a Sequestration Order has this day been made against the above named bankrupt, on the petition of Ruby Lillian Wall, and Mr. C. F. W. Lloyd appointed to be the Official Assignee.— Dated at Sydney, this 3rd day of February, 1926. N. C. LOCKHART, Registrar in Bankruptcy. 
IN BANKRUPTCY. (1926, February 12).Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 821. Retrieved from 

THE creditors of the above named Company are required, on or before Monday, the 17th day of May, 1926, to send their names and addresses, and particulars of their debts or claims and the names and addresses of their solicitors, if any, to William Harrington Palmer, of 47 Elizabeth-street, Sydney, the Voluntary Liquidator of the said Company, and if so required by notice in writing from the said Voluntary Liquidator are to come in and prove their said debts or claims at such time and place as shall be specified in such notice, or in default thereof they will be excluded from the benefit of any distribution made before such debts are proved. WILLIAM HARRINGTON PALMER, Voluntary Liquidator. 47 Elizabeth-street, Sydney. 29th April, 1926.
E. J. L. HALLSTROM LTD. (1926, April 30). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 1950. Retrieved from 

The family moved to Dee Why in late 1927 or 1928. Then what was to become the turning point in Edward Hallstrom the Inventor's life was also listed in his wife’s name due to ongoing bankruptcy proceedings which continued while this eventuated and marked in just four words:

Patents 13, 475. M. E. Hallstrom.- Refrigerating apparatus. COMMONWEALTH APPLICATIONS. (1928, June 20). Daily Commercial News and Shipping List (Sydney, NSW : 1891 - 1954), , p. 8 (Weekly Summary.). Retrieved from 

From National Archives (of Australia): Application for Letters Patent for an invention by Margaret Elliot Hallstrom, titled - Improvements in refrigerating apparatus 1928

The ‘Debentures’ were still trying to sell factory late in 1928, possibly to begin a new enterprise, definitely to feed and house children:

Advertising (1928, August 25). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 25. Retrieved from

To the Nth. Sydney Boys' Intermediate High School. E. J. Hallstrom. Artarmon;  HIGH SCHOOL NEXT (1928, February 2).The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 22 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from

As a result of the High School entrance examination' held last October the boys and girls named qualified for admission to the Intermediate High Schools mentioned. They will be enrolled upon application to the principals of the following schools on February 5
MANLY I.H.S … Hallstrom, E. J., Dee Why;  
QUALIFIED (1929, January 24). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 17 (CRICKET STUMPS). Retrieved from

This Notice of prizes won lists so many rural prizes at the 1930 Brookvale Show that it could easily have been a smaller rival for the Royal Easter Show.

Crayon Drawing (fruit or flowers), boy or girl 16 years or under: Jean Hallstrom 1 Best Pen-and-ink Copy of Cartoon, boy or girl 13 years and under: Jean Hallstrom 1. Original Design, in water or dry color, for  book cover, 7in. by 5ln. (not less than three colors), schoolboy or girl— Esme Hallstrom 1Map of Australia, 16ins. by 12ins. (school boy or girl) Jack Hallstrom 1. Mapping Book, at least 5 maps (schoolboy or girl): Jean Hallstrom 1. Water Color Painting, from copy (school boy or girl): Jean Hallstrom 1. BROOKVALE SHOW (1930, April 12). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 7 (LAST RACE RESULTS). Retrieved from 

Jean and Esme continued drawing and their drawings were published. The third and fourth ones show a lovely nature, a love of ‘fairy nooks’ perhaps, and a talent for art. The Hallstrom home at Willoughby amounted to 21 acres at the time it was sold after Sir Hallstrom passed away. Bush pockets and a park were donated to Willoughby Council prior to then. Perhaps these provided inspiration, along with popular stories every child has access to. 

Their mother painted all her life and kept supporting local endeavours:

Lady Hallstrom gives her paintings away

A TINY, grey-haired woman sat on a doorstep in Montmartre last year with a Polish artist, and painted a picture of the steep cobbled street in front of her. More than 100 Sydney women looked at the picture yesterday, and heard the artist — in a slim black suit, with elegant leopard skin hat and scarf — tell stories of her overseas painting tour. She is Lady Hallstrom, wife of Sydney philanthropist Sir Edward Hallstrom, who lent 30 water colors for an exhibition for the Metropolitan Group of the Country Women's Association. Proceeds of the showing, which was at Abbotsleigh, Cammeray, will buy furnishings for a room in Keera House, the CWA holiday home at Dee Why. New pictures None of the pictures had been shown previously. They are mostly landscapes and street scenes from the British Isles, Europe, Scandinavia and parts of America. Lady Hallstrom, soft-voiced and unassuming, said, "I painted them all in one or two hours each. The largest is about this big (indicating a canvas about 18in by 10). "I have no idea how many other paintings I've done — I couldn't even guess." Her companion on the seven months' trip (her second abroad) was Mrs. Grace Holswich, of Sydney. They returned last November. 

Paints antiques 

"Grace doesn't do much painting, only a few copies," Lady Hallstrom said. "She likes to look at antiques — and I like to paint them." On all her travels Lady Hallstrom took a bottle of water and a folding seat with her painting essentials. She took the water to mix her paints, in case none was available where she felt like painting, and used to set up the seat with equal aplomb in the streets of townships or on mountain tops. Although she has been painting since she was 16, Lady Hallstrom has never had a public exhibition, and has never sold a painting. Her exhibitions have been for charities, and she prefers to give away her paintings rather than to sell them. Photo: Lady Hallstrom speaking to C.W.A. members against a background of some of her paintings.  Lady Hallstrom (1954, May 13). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 49 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from  

Jean went on to have a career as a sculptor TAFE teacher in Arts and exhibited her paintings as well. Many of the busts donated by her father to commemorate notable people and historic steps were created by her.

These sketches, winning prizes, also shows the same 'earning it for yourself' ethos their father learnt as a 10 year old had translated across the generations. As pocket money, 7 shillings and 6d (2 ½  pence) in 1934 would be around £13.87 today or $23.35 cents, not bad pocket money for teenagers and ranking the Hallstrom girls as among some of Sydney's youngest professional artists of that era.


BIB AND BUB were one day lost in the bush. This scene shows their return to the "Sunbeams" family, much to the joy of all. For this sketch, Jean Hallstrom (17), 26 Ryans-rd., Willoughby, wins 7s 6d. No title (1934, July 22). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 54 (STUMPS). Retrieved from

BY THE SEASIDE.— Purple Certificate to Jean Hallstrom, 26 Ryan's-rd., Willoughby. CASH PRIZE STORIES (1934, November 4). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 3 (SUPPLEMENT TO THE SUNDAY SUN AND GUARDIAN). Retrieved from

Purple certificate to Jean Hallstrom (17), 26 Ryan’s road, Willoughby. No title (1934, December 23). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 4 (SUPPLEMENT TO THE SUNBEAMS). Retrieved from

Memorial to Sir Joseph Banks

A £2000 memorial to Sir Joseph Banks was unveiled at Kurnell, Botany Bay (where he landed with Captain Cook), last week by Governor-General McKell. THE monument was given by Mr. Edward J. Hallstrom. Mr. McKell and Mrs. McKell and Mr. Hallstrom. and his daughter, Mrs. Jean Hill, planted banksia trees behind the memorial. Mrs. Hill modelled the head of Banks for a bronze plate on the memorial. Memorial to Sir Joseph Banks (1947, September 15). Worker (Brisbane, Qld. : 1890 - 1955), , p. 13. Retrieved from 


The Maritime Services Board, in consultation with the Royal Australian Historical Society, plans to erect a memorial to the first Governor of N.S.W., Captain Arthur Phillip, in front of the Board's new building on Circular Quay. The memorial will overlook Sydney Cove, which is still the official name of Circular Quay, where Phillip established the first settlement on the banks of the Tank Stream in 1788. A metal plaque for the memorial is to be provided by Sir Edward Hallstrom. MEMORIAL TO FIRST GOVERNOR. (1953, August 5). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from 


This Memorial has just been erected in front of the Maritime Services Building, Circular Quay West, Sydney. It was just about this spot that Captain Arthur Phillip, R.N., landed in Sydney Cove on January 26, 1788. On the rear of the sandstone pedestal is this inscription: "This Memorial was erected by the Maritime Services Board of N.S.W. in conjunction with the Royal Australian Historical Society. The bust of Captain Phillip was sculptured by Mrs. Jean Hill, daughter of Sir Edward Hallstrom, through whose generosity the bust was donated." THE GOVERNOR PHILLIP MEMORIAL (1954, August 18). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from 

This last entry for the Arthur Phillip work was recently moved and can now be seen at the Museum of Sydney on the site of Australia’s first Government House. This Museum of Sydney page even shows a photograph of the sculptress at work.shared by her daughter

Blue Certificate to Esme Hallstrom (14), 26 Ryans rd„ Willoughby.

Queen of the Wattle Fairies ,  7s 6d to Esme Hallstrom (14), 26 Ryan's rd., Willoughby. Queen of the Wattle Fairies (1933, July 23). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 2 (SUPPLEMENT TO THE SUNDAY SUN AND GUARDIAN). Retrieved from

SUMMER GIRL.- — Purple. Certificate, to Esme Hallstrom. 26 Ryan's-rd,. Willoughby. No title (1934, November 25). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 2 (SUPPLEMENT TO "THE SUNDAY SUN AND GUARDIAN"). Retrieved from

Results of the 1937 final examinations of the Technical Education Branch are published below…East Sydney: COMMERCIAL ART COURSE Stage III- …  Esme Hallstrom  ART DEPARTMENT. (1938, January 5).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from

The Hallstrom girls earlier art works show the family has moved to Willoughby, while a Discharge of Bankruptcy Notice show Mr. Hallstrom is getting ready to begin again with the refrigerators he became famous for - soon after the 1928 Patent Letters applied for Notice appears, so does this little invention from a gentleman in America - no fridges were being made in Australia, they were all imported:


This is an age of progress, and the latest example in the West ls the Icy Ball Refrigerator. The Icy Ball requires no Ice, freezes ice cream, Jellies, and keeps food in even, temperature. It Is easily operated, requiring five minutes every 24 hours, yet is claimed to do the working of any  refrigerator. without cost. No electric light is required, or running water, and the price ls from £32 10s cash, or easy terms can be arranged. Demonstrations daily at N. Phillips and Co, 867 Hay-street, Perth.WHAT IS THE ICY BALL? (1928, September 2). Sunday Times (Perth, WA : 1902 - 1954), p. 11 (First Section). Retrieved from

Right: Icy Ball Advert with diagram FRESH, FROZEN FOOD (1928, December 19). Crookwell Gazette (NSW : 1885 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from

TAKE NOTICE That Edward John Lees Hallstrom, of 26 Ryan-street, Willoughby.
To the Official Assignee and Creditors.
TAKE NOTICE that Edward John Lees Hallstrom intends to apply to the Court, Supreme Court Building, Elizabeth-street, Sydney, on Monday, the 8th day of February, 1932, at 10 a.m., or as soon afterwards as the course of business will admit, that a Certificate of Discharge be granted to him under and according to the provisions of the Bankruptcy Act, 1898.—Dated this 20th day of January, 1932.
C. E. CHAPMAN, Solicitor for the Applicant, 29 Bligh-street, Sydney.
  IN BANKRUPTCY. (1932, January 22).Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 404. Retrieved from

Above from: Advertising (1932, March 26). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 4 (LAST RACE RESULTS). Retrieved  from

By 1933 Mr. Hallstrom had not only launched his 'White Frost',. he had also become an exporter:

To: PAPEETE. E. Hallstrom, 3 cs refrigerator units. NEW SOUTH WALES EXPORT MANIFESTS. (1933, December 19). Daily Commercial News and Shipping List (Sydney, NSW : 1891 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from

The Food Saver That 'Pays For Itself'

It should be no surprise that a man who began life in rural areas and had a mother of country upbringing, and who began working himself at age 10 should focus on producing something that could be used to benefit people in the rural areas of Australia, without electricity in many cases, and make it affordable as well as safeguarding your health.

As a Cabinet Maker constructing something which could be cooled down, after decades of already being fascinated with machinery, began many improvements on great ideas. A list of his patents charts these:

Application for Letters Patent for an invention by Edward John Lees Hallstrom , titled - Improvements in refrigerating apparatus employing the absorption principle - 1934: Patent Office - Retrieved from the National Archives of Australia

Application for registration of a design by Edward John Lees Hallstrom for Refrigerator - Class 1 - 1934: Patents Office - Retrieved from the National Archives of Australia

Application for Letters Patent for an invention by Edward John Lees Hallstrom titled - Improvements relating to condensing means in refrigerating apparatus 1935: Patents Office -  Retrieved from the National Archives of Australia

Application for Letters Patent for an invention by Edward John Lees Hallstrom , titled - Improvements in household refrigerator cabinets 1936: Patents Office -  Retrieved from the National Archives of Australia


HALLSTROM Improved Refrigerators - Kerosene Operated

NO other home utility gives greater convenience than a Refrigerator. It eliminates food waste and begins to pay for itself from the moment of installation. A HALLSTROM refrigerator in a country home is a necessity not a luxury, and requires two minutes daily attention in lighting a small kerosene lamp which automatically burns out.

In Australia a local industry of paramount interest to country dwellers has been pioneered and built up after years of experimental work, and the problem of food preservation for country people has been solved by the HALLSTROM kerosene operated Refrigerator. The inventor, E. 'Hallstrom, who holds Australian and world-wide patents, is also the manufacturer. In his spacious factory at 462-464 Willoughby Road, Willoughby, Sydney, the refrigerators are constructed entirely of Australian materials.

Why HALLSTROM Refrigerators are only available in Chest Models: On opening an upright refrigerator cold air descends and is lost. On the, opening of a Chest Model the cold air remains imprisoned.

European and American refrigeration engineers and inventors have found great difficulties in producing a non-electric semi-automatic refrigerator, and this field of refrigeration research and manufacture is strewn with numerous models placed on the market, subsequently recalled, and production stopped.

The HALLSTROM Refrigerator; which has proof of efficiency in country homes throughout Australia, will give a lifetime of service, is fully guaranteed, and costs less than 2/~ per week in kerosene. PAYS FOR ITSELF! See Local Agents for E. F. Wilks & Co., Ltd.; Simplex Baltic Machinery Coy., Ltd.; and Dangar Gedye & Co., Ltd. Trade names in N.S.W.: "Gulbraneen," "Hallstrom," and "Magicold." DAWN OF NEW ERA (1935, August 2).The Land(Sydney, NSW : 1911 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from 

The New Era for Country Home Life PROGRESS AND COMFORT.

What a boon— non-electric Refrigerator for the country. Kerosene costs 2/- a week.

New Era in Home Comfort. 

An ancient refrigerator marks the starting point of a new era in home comfort and good preservation. A starting point which like the car Industry was destined to expand with enormous strides until to-day almost everyone who can afford either a car or a refrigerator will add thorn to their list of modern possessions. The automobile has justified itself by the comfort and convenience it gives its owner. A refrigerator in a home has developed far beyond though degree of a luxury and has become a modern household necessity. For many years since the advent of commercialised electric power city dwellers were tho only section of the community who could obtain a suitable typo of convenient, refrigerator. Consequently country dwellers have up to fairly recent years still had to grapple with one of the most difficult problems the housekeeper has to face in summer months. Primarily it is a question of family health, but, in addition, there is the Important question of expenses Involved in food wasted. The food which quickly becomes unsuitable for consumption in hot weather represents so much money wasted. 

Pays for Itself. 

The modern refrigerator therefore provides not only a definite protection to health, but, remarkable though it may seem on first thought, it is one of the  really modern household appliances I which pays for itself as time goes on.  Large quantities of meat immediately 1 after a 'killing' on a country property can be stowed away and kept fresh and I wholesome for long periods. In addition I it enables the housewife to enlarge her I table menu with all the delicacies which I can be provided in mid-summer by use of a refrigerator. It is impossible to live in the city without being 'refrigerator minded.' Every modern home is incomplete without a refrigerator. In the country districts people are rapidly taking advantage of the boon to their home life which the advent of a nonelectric refrigerator has brought them. 

A visit to the large and modern factory of Edward John Hallstrom, of Willoughby, Sydney, gives a striking impression of the growth of this branch of the non-electric refrigeration industry which he has pioneered in Australia. Mr. Hallstrom is the inventor and manufacturer of the Semi-automatic kerosene operated refrigerators which have built up for him a fine reputation for so successfully fulfilling the pressing needs of such a large proportion of the population. 

Simplicity and Trouble Proof. 

A remarkable feature of the Hallstrom manufactured refrigerator is its extreme simplicity and trouble-proof system of operation in providing perfect refrigeration. All that is required by the User is to light a small kerosene lamp once a day, which automatically burns out after a short while, involving a total running cost of 2/- per week In kerosene. These kerosene operated refrigerators have no moving parts or mechanism, are strongly built to last a lifetime, and each unit passes through a most thorough process of testing as to construction and the Hallstrom factory. The cabinets have been designed and constructed to give the maximum of refrigeration any storage capacity, and by reason of the 'chest type' design of the cabinet, cold air remains imprisoned when the lidiIs lifted for the purpose of handling foodstuffs, which is a decided advantage in maintaining uniform refrigeration efficiency.These remarkable refrigerators are covered by patent rights throughout the world, and their perfect efficiency in every climate in Australia as well as the Pacific Islands has justified the confidence in them of the N.S.W. Distributors, Messrs. Dangar Gedye & Co. Ltd. The view expressed by one used after the arrival of a Hallstrom manufactured refrigerator to his country home, which Is typical of many others, was expressed an follows: 'The dawn of a now era has arrived for people compelled to live in the hot drought-stricken area.' Seeing is believing, and those who have not yet had the opportunity of actually wooing the Hallstrom manufactured non-electric refrigerator in operation should write for particulars, and arrangements will be made for a demonstration by the N.S.W. Distributors, Messrs. Dangar Gedye & Co. Ltd. either at their head office or their local country town agents.When Catholics (1935, September 19).Catholic Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1932 - 1942), , p. 8. Retrieved from 

Above from: Advertising (1935, October 12). The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946), p. 55. Retrieved from

Progress: The Hallstrom Era

For many years since the advent of commercialised electric power, city dwellers were the only section of the community who could obtain a suitable type of convenient refrigerator. Consequently country dwellers have up to fairly recent years still had to grapple with one of the most difficult problems the housekeeper has to face in summer months. Primarily it is a question of family health but in addition I there is the important question of I expenses involved in food wasted. Food which becomes unsuitable for I consumption represents so much money wasted. The modern I refrigerator provides definite protection to health and is one of the really modern household appliances which pays for itself as time goes on. Large quantities of meat immediately after a "killing" on a country property can be stowed away and kept fresh and whole-some for long periods. The house-wife can also enlarge her table menu with all the delicacies in mid-summer by use of a refrigerator. It is impossible to live in the city without becoming "refrigeration minded." Every modern home is incomplete without a refrigerator. Country people are rapidly taking advantage of the boon to their home life which the Hallstrom nonelectric refrigerator has brought to them. The large and modern factory of Edward John Hallstrom of Willoughby, Sydney, gives a striking impression of the growth of this branch of the nonelectric refrigeration industry which he has pioneered in Australia. 

Mr Hallstrom is the Inventor and Manufacturer of the Semi-automatic kerosene operated refrigerators which have built op for him a world wide reputation for so successfully fulfilling the pressing needs of such a large proportion of the population. A remarkable feature of the Hallstrom manufactured refrigerators is their extreme simplicity and trouble proof system of operation in providing perfect refrigeration. They are also extremely economical. The user simply lights a small kerosene lamp once a day, which automatically burns out after a short while, involving a total running cost of 2/- per week m kerosene. They have no moving parts or mechanism — are strongly built to last a lifetime, and each unit passes through a thorough process of testing as to construction and refrigeration efficiency before leaving the Hallstrom factory. The Hallstrom refrigerators are trouble proof, give a lifetime of refrigeration efficiency, are most simple to operate and cost only 2/- per week in kerosene which is their sole running cost. They have I been Installed in thousands of homes J throughout Australia and the I Islands and their perfect efficiency in every climate has given womanly satisfaction to their enthusiastic tests Enquiries as to these Ideal country refrigerators should be seat immediately to the Victorian Distributors, Mitchell & John. Ltd., …Progress (1935, November 28). Cobram Courier (Vic. : 1888 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from 


The month decided upon for the public release of the 1937 Hallstrom Kerosene-operated Refrigerator is August. Then will be brought to the country public of Australia the most important development in the history of non-electric refrigeration. Country refrigeration has developed so much over the past 10 years that everywhere the advent of this entirely new product is awaited with most widespread interest.

The new model is a result of a decade of exclusive and specialised experience without parallel in the; successful manufacturing of nonelectric refrigerators in Australia; a success which each year has brought about the rapid expansion of manufacturing facilities and retail selling outlets.

This leadership of the entire refrigeration industry has been still further stabilised in the sensational announcement of the 1937 Model. In the new model is incorporated beyond doubt, the finest freezing unit ever produced in any type of kerosene operated refrigerator. It is aircooled, dispensing entirely with the usual water cooling system, and is encased in the most modern of streamlined white steel . upright cabinets. "Every feature has been designed to give greater efficiency, greater convenience, greater utility and moulded into a complete refrigerator unsurpassed in appearance- and ih value and at prices •unequalled in the entire refrigeration industry. 

Further important announcements will be made on this Hallstrom masterpiece, and August will witness its arrival, in most country towns throughout the Commonwealth. HALLSTROM LEADS THE WAY (1937, May 21). The Land (Sydney, NSW : 1911 - 1954), , p. 24. Retrieved from 


PERHAPS the most interesting exhibit to country visitors to the Royal show Is that of the Hallstrom kerosene operated refrigerators being displayed by the manufacturers on their large stand in the new Australian Manufacturers' Hall. This exhibit has attracted particular interest on account of the new model, which has been termed the 1938-39 Hallstrom Centenary Refrigerator. The Important features about this refrigerator, from a country man's point of view is the extra large storage space, as well as the very safe and simple system of operation. Just by the mere process of an oil burning lamp, burning for two hours out of each 24-hours, continuous refrigeration is provided. They combine all the best features for country refrigeration, and at the price of £50/10/ F.O.R. Sydney, they certainly represent very excellent value, particularly as they are not only covered by a 3 years' guarantee, but are designed and constructed to give many more years of trouble-free serviceHALLSTROM (1938, April 14). The Farmer and Settler(Sydney, NSW : 1906 - 1955), , p. 9. Retrieved from 

COMPANIES ACT, 1936 (Section 323 (5)). NOTICE is hereby given that the names of the Companies set out below have been struck off the register. The Concentrating and Amalgamating Company Limited(In Liquidation).  E. J. L. Hallstrom Limited (In Liquidation)COMPANIES ACT, 1936 (Section 323 (5)). (1939, June 23). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 3077. Retrieved from

Boys, strong, for refrigerator factory. Sheet metal experience advantage. Apply personally. HALLSTROM. 452 Willoughby road, Willoughby. 

SHORTHAND-TYPISTS. 20 years or over. Must be thoroughly competent. Apply personally, with references. HALLSTROM. 452 Willoughby road, Willoughby. Advertising (1939, October 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 16. Retrieved from 

The Silent Knight

During the early part of World War Two Edward Hallstrom made further improvements to his fridge invention and came out with what would be his one of his most successful  versions. He was also involved in the war effort, as were his children, son John serving, enlisting in 1939, while Jean;


His factory produced munitions, as well as refrigerators for the American Army for medical purposes. By 1945 Hallstrom Pty Ltd was turning out 1200 refrigerators per week and employing over seven hundred people and invented a machine for refrigerating anaesthetics which he presented to Sydney Hospital during these years as well as 'body armour - which brings us to that 'silent knight and wooden cabinets evolving into steel ones'.

These were not only affordable they were accessible in post-war scarcity and when some complained of the high cost of running them with electricity, Mr. Hallstrom met their energy bills - for a while.

In 1940:

'Silent Knight'

YOU need a refrigerator, Perhaps you think that is just nonsense, but when you consider these facts we believe you will reach a difernt conclusion. A refrigerator Is essential to health because It keeps food fresh and wholesome throughout the summer months when every country woman ...Thnt weans thut It offori nioro stornne upset) than tho motordriven types, tin Important consideration. The 'Silent Knight' Is soundless and reliable. It Is the Ideal refrigerator you need. It Is operated by Kerosene lamp, gas Jet or electric element.  "Silent Knight" (1940, November 28). Advertisment Illustration from page 9 of same Issue: The Farmer and Settler (Sydney, NSW : 1906 - 1955), p. 7. Retrieved from

[Inventor/Submitter -] E L Hallstrom - Body armour - 1942: Record made by Army Inventions Directorate - Retrieved from the National Archives of Australia

EJL Hallstrom - Improvements in absorption refrigeration - 1944: Patents Office - Retrieved from the National Archives of Australia

Spectacular fire at Willoughby

Awakened by explosions which could be heard a mile away, hundreds of Willoughby residents early today watched a spectacular blaze which did £4000 damage at E. J. Hallstrom's refrigerator factory. The factory in Willoughby-road is worth £40,000, and firemen made a brilliant saveisolating the outbreak in the cabinet-packing Section. Here 400 refrigerators' — 200 ready for the usual daily delivery—were destroyed. Forty firefighters, directed by Deputy-Chief Officer Currer and Sixth Officer Bishop, quelled the fire in half an hour. Boiling over of a pot of bitumen, used for sealing the insulation in the refrigerators, is believed to have started the fire. Prompt action by resident works manager Ernest Bell, clad only in pyjamas, saved five motor lorries, which he drove to safety through flames. Spectacular fire at Willoughby (1948, March 2). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 5 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

Mr Hallstrom rebuilt, spending thousands of pounds, and including:

Alterations and AdditionsE. J. Hallstrom, 462 Willoughby Rd., £1085Miscellaneous. Amenities building, cnr. Willoughby and Artarmon Rds.—E. J. Hallstrom, 462 Willoughby Rd., £1100; SMALL CONTRACTS (1948, April 14).Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 7. Retrieved from 

Clinic In Factory 

MR. E. J. HALLSTROM, Elizabeth Andrews (on bed), and Sister Hoy, in the clinic at Mr. Hallstrom's Willoughby (NSW) .factory. The clinic is for the treatment and examination of factory employees. Clinic In Factory (1948, May 30). Sunday Times (Perth, WA : 1902 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from 

Miscellaneous. Canteen, Willoughby Rd.—E. J. Hallstrom,462 Willoughby Rd., Naremburn, £5100SMALL CONTRACTS (1948, November 24).Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 14. Retrieved from 

Refrigeration tycoon E. J. Hallstrom is pining away for the sake of health. He's been dietinghas lost three stone in the last few months. Now his extensive wardrobe is flapping about him. To get them back into his new shape he's employed a new Australian tailor and fitted up a tailoring shop in his Willoughby factory. To make it a full-time job for the tailor E.J. will make his services available to the top brackets of the Hallstrom enterprise.

There's a touch of sardonic humor on the wharves these days, now that discipline has been tightened up. One company, quick to sack men for offences on its wharf, is known as the Rocket Range — all hire and fire. Another has its wharf named Taronga Park, because the wharfies say that the foremen are like wild animals. ARTHUR POLKINGHORNE'S (1951, September 17). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 11 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

Hallstrom's offer

A new-model refrigerator will be given by Mr. E. J. Hallstrom to anyone who has lost an uninsured Silent Knight refrigerator through bush-fires. Hallstrom's offer (1952, January 31). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 13 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

In a Sydney Morning Herald report of March 1970 on the funeral of Sir Hallstrom at St. Andrew's Cathedral, outside of which there were hundreds of wreaths from surf life saving clubs, from Ministers in Government, Macquarie street surgeons as well as friends, Mr. Hallstrom is noted as being called 'The Chief' by employees, a man who was generous and kind to those who worked for him but whose word was law. Reputed to be a strict man by his wife and children, who still adored him nonetheless, the discipline Edward had learnt as a boy translated into a driven man who was probably harder on himself than others.

Even though he left school at age 13 he never stopped learning or updating his inventions. Some records state Edward studied using the Harmsworth Self-Educator, encyclopaedias and scientific magazines.

In Never say never, a book narrative, illustrations and portraits by Esme E. Bell, his youngest daughter, the author records:
"There's always a way," he'd say. "Never think it can't be done."

Philanthropy - Health And Animals And Environment

Edward Hallstrom suffered from chronic bronchitis, which began when a small child at Coonamble. A focus on health for people concentrated on Cancer, TB and Heart conditions in massive donations which amounted to one million pounds over several years. Some records estimate he gave the same again to Taronga Zoo in donations of animals and facilities for years. 

His wife and his own family, with records of illnesses not cured for decades and family members who served as health professionals or served the community in other capacities, are firm threads in his private and public life: 

A New Auxiliary

A very successful meeting of women was held on Wednesday afternoon at Roseville for the purpose of forming an auxiliary to work for the Renwick Hospital for Infants, Summer Hill. Great interest was evinced in the movement, and it was decided to commence activities at once. The following office-bearers were elected:-Mrs. E. Hallstrom (president), Mrs. J. P. Osborne (vice-president), Mrs. E. Pye (honorary secretary), and Mrs. A. Diamond (honorary treasurer). BRIEFLY— (1934, March 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 4. Retrieved from 

One of his first large donations was towards a replacement for HMAS Sydney. Edward had an ongoing honouring of the Navy - one item indicates his grandfather was a Swedish sea captain, his father in law had served aquatically too.

On 19 November 1941, HMAS Sydney, a light cruiser of the Royal Australian Navy with an impressive record of war service, was lost following a battle with the German raider HSK Kormoran in the Indian Ocean off the Western Australian coast. The loss of the Sydney with its full war complement of 645 remains Australia’s worst naval disaster. The Kormoran was also sunk, but 317 of its crew of 397 were rescued. The fate of the Sydney remains one of Australia’s greatest wartime mysteries; even the location of the wrecks was not established until 2008.

The circumstances of the Sydney-Kormoran action also contain dramatic elements. The ships' careers had been the antithesis of each other. TheSydney was an outstandingly successful warship, the most famous of the RAN's ships in November 1941. Aesthetically elegant, she had created headlines with her exploits in the Mediterranean, especially the brilliant action off Cape Spada.

The Kormoran's mission was to shun the limelight. Converted from a freighter she was well armed with guns, torpedoes and mines, but this armament was carefully disguised so that only the closest scrutiny would reveal that she was not a merchant ship. It was not her role to fight fleet actions but to operate alone against unescorted shipping for months at a time, avoiding publicity and supported by clandestine meetings with supply ships in remote locations.

The two ships met off the Western Australian coast in the afternoon of 19 November 1941. In the ensuing action the Kormoran's disguise was sufficient to entice the Sydney into close range where she was able to overwhelm her with gunfire and torpedoes. However, although mortally hit, the Sydney was able to fight back and ensure the raider's destruction before limping slowly away to her own fate and that of her crew.

A starboard view of HMAS Sydney taken in August 1941 Courtesy AWM. Image No.: 301407

For 12 days the government maintained the strictest secrecy about the loss of the Sydney. When Prime Minister John Curtin made the first of two public announcements on 1 December 1941, he did little more than confirm rumours that the Sydney had been sunk. For the public the shock of the loss was accompanied by bewilderment that such a disaster could occur. A suspicion that information was being concealed was strengthened by the delay in making the official announcement, by the lack of any real explanation when the announcement did come, and by the secrecy which surrounded the official investigation of the disaster.

Commemorate Sydney's Exploits - NATIONAL FUND TO REPLACE GALLANT LOST CRUISER. Curtin Announces Plan— City Business Man Offers £1000

A national fund, to be known as “Sydney Fund," will be launched soon to commemorate H.M.A.S. Sydney's heroic achievements by replacing her with another cruiser.

The Prime Minister (Mr. Curtin) said in Canberra to-day that he favored this course and would instruct the Navy and Treasury to confer immediately to iron out "technical difficulties." "Let those patriotic citizens who wish to give money for the purpose of the war, give, and we shall name the ship the Sydney," he said.

The Minister for the Navy (Mr. Makin) also said that public-spirited people who wished to assist the Government In any such project would find that their assistance would be welcomed. "Already initial suggestions have been made by civic heads of both Sydney and Melbourne concerning a public appeal to forward such a project," Mr. Makin said. "I have no doubt that within the next week we shall be able to say more clearly what proposals would be best." 

A Sydney businessman to-day offered to start a fund' for the purchase of a new cruiser Sydney with a personal gift of £1000. He is Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, a refrigerator manufacturer, of Willoughby. "I feel sure that every person in Australia would spare something towards a nation-wide fund, If it were launched," he said.

Solemn Requiem Mass

Amid the peal of muffled bells, a huge congregation, representing every class and creed, united in paying their tribute to the memory of the men of H.M.A.S. Sydney, at the solemn Requiem High Mass at St. Mary's Basilica to-day. "We are united, to-day in a common bond of suffering," said Archbishop Gilroy, us he gazed out over a great expanse of faces where the deep mourning of mothers, wives, and sisters contrasted sharply with the white of naval summer uniforms. Women relatives of the men of the Sydney's gallant company were profoundly moved by the-solemn ritual of the Prayers for the Dead, and many affecting scenes were witnessed. The prayers were recited in Latin by the Celebrant (Rev. T. A. McNiven) and the deacons in black vestments around a catafalque draped in the white naval ensign and flanked by eight candles in  ebony sconces. 

Before a High Altar, hung with black and purple, a mourning color of the Church, the most solemn of Masses in the Church ritual proceeded with a choir of theological students intoning the responses. Myriads of candles sparkled as stars against a sable background. The congregation, which packed the Basilica to its southern doors, included Vice-Regal representatives and those of the Navy, Army and Air Force and of the political, civic, judicial and commercial life of the community. A contingent of Catholic naval men cut a swathe of  white between pews filled with women relatives of the Sydney men in sombre black. 

Phalanxes of olive-green and white were formed near the High Altar by girls of the C.UB.A. and V.A.D.'s. The Governor (Lord Wakehurst) and Lady Wakehurst, and Brigadier-General Anderson. representing the Governor-General (Lord Gowrie), occupied a special pew. One of the most moving moments of the ritual came when two naval buglers sounded "The Last Post" from a point high up in the newly-completed organ gallery. "Every one of us feels a sense of personal loss at the passing of a gallant company and this magnificent ship, that bore the name of our city," said Archbishop Gilroy. 

"To the mothers, fathers, brothers, sisters, wives, children and friends of the deceased risen I tender an expression of the most profound sympathy, a sympathy which, as you see, Is shared by this huge congregation. "Here are men and women, from all walks of life, all inspired by a common purpose before the altar of God, to express, their sympathy and unite their prayers for these men, whom. God has called before the judgment seat of the Almighty "We grieve because they have left us, but our grief is not without hope. They have passed from this vale of tears, and we join in offering for them the Mass. the most sublime prayer or the Church." 

The celebrant of the Mass, Rev. T. V. McNiven, was formerly a lieutenant on the first cruiser Sydney, which sank, the Emden. He was assisted by the Catholic chaplains of the Army and the Air Force.

Aid For Dependents

Normal dependents' allowances will be paid to relatives of the personnel of H.M.A.S. Sydney until the fate of the cruiser is finally decided. Official circles hope that survivors of the cruiser will be picked up to give an account of what happened to her. If, however, no survivors are found and the Navy presumes that tlie men are dead, the normal pensions operating. alike for wives and dependents of Navy, Army, and Air Force men lost in action will be paid. Widows with dependent children under the age of 16 get a weekly pension of 42s where the rate of pay of the member, did not exceed '26s 9d a day. Where the rate of pay exceeded 26s 9d a day, ; pensions vary accordingly to a maximum of 60s a week. In addition, 10s a week will be payable ' for the first child and 7s 6d each for the second and subsequent children.. Where a widow has no dependent children, the minimum schedule rates vary according to the rate of pay of the member of the forces—' from 23s 6d where the daily pay of the member was 6s a day to 60s a week where the daily pay was 50s or more. However, where the Repatriation Commission is satisfied that the circumstances of- the- widow justify an increase to the schedule rate, it may increase any such lesser rate to an amount not exceeding 42s a week. The Commission was liberal in its interpretation of its discretionary power, said the Chairman (Mr. John Webster) in Melbourne to-day. For instance, he said, personal earnings of a widow, assistance from sons or daughters, sick pay from any society, or organisation, and the first 20s weekly of income from investments, bank interest. &c., were disregarded. As a consequence, more  than 95 per cent, or the widows without dependent children now receiving pensions were being paid at the maximum rate of 42s a week. There will under no circumstances be any gap between cessation of naval payments and the commencement of payment of pensions. The Navy Board will Intimate to the Repatriation Department the date upon which it proposes to cease making the usual Navy payment to dependents, and upon that date the Repatriation Department will provide the first of regular pensions. 

Safeguarding Interests

The Minister for the Navy (Mr. Makin) said in Canberra to-day that dependents of the Sydney's men need have no fear that their interests will not be safeguarded by the Government. Assistance to dependents of those missing on the lost cruiser will be provided by the Royal Australian Naval Relief Fund Commodore Muirbead-Gould in charge of naval establishments in Sydney, will receive donations to the Naval Relief Fund for sailors' dependents Commodore Muirhead-Gould explained -to-day that the pensions which dependents of the Sydney's men would receive would be much less than the allotments that the men would send home but of each pay. The Royal Australian Naval Relief Fund was intended to help the needy who would be living in reduced circumstances through the loss of their men-folk. Mrs. C. J. Pope, president or the Naval War Auxiliary, said to-day that she knew of one dependent who needed money at once to pay the rent. “That is just one case, and there will be more," she added -Money may be needed for illnesses, and there are expectant mothers who may need help to tide them over."' Under the auspices of the N.S.W. Council of Churches, a special memorial service for the men of H.M.A.S. Sydney will be held in St. Stephen's Presbyterian Church, Macquarie-street, city, on Thursday, at 11 a m

Mr. E. J. L. Hallstrom, who has offered £1000 in .start a new Sydney land. Officers and ratings listen attentively to an address by Archbishop Gil my at the Solemn Requiem Mass at St. Mary's Basilica to-day for men of H. M.A.S. Sydney. Commemorate Sydney's Exploits (1941, December 2). The Sun(Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 3 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

NEW SYDNEY FUND TO OPEN AT ONCE. SYDNEY: 'The new Sydney fund' to replace HM.A.S. Sydney In Australia's naval strength Is to be opened Immediately the Lord Mayor (Alderman Crick) announced to-day. 

Duty of New South Wales 

In this nation-wide appeal will be to raise £1 000,000 by Christmas. The Lord Mayor of Melbourne (Cr. Beaurepaire) has already pledged his state to provide £500 000. Alderman Crick to-day sent telegrams to the Lord Mayors of all capital cities in the Commonwealth, inviting support.


Before the announcement of the fund, more than £6000 was sent to the Lord Mayor at the Town Hall. This Included £5000 from Mr. Frank Albert, whose son, the late Cadet Midshipman Otto Albert, was a Geelong College colleague of the late Captain Joseph Burnett, of H.MA.S. Sydney, and £1000 from Mr. E. J. L. Hallstrom, North Sydney businessman. NEW SYDNEY FUND TO OPEN AT ONCE (1941, December 3). The Newcastle Sun (NSW : 1918 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from

Edward Hallstrom's daughter Jean's works weren't the only items of historical commemorations given by Sir Hallstrom:
Australia's Most Valuable Documents
THE sum of £2,000 recently allocated by Mr. McKell, together with the gift of £500 from Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, now brings the amount available for the editing and publishing of the Banks Papers to £3,800.
Few people are aware' however, of the extent and content of these Papers, which, both in historical value and in human and literary interest. comprise by far the most comprehensive and outstanding documentary material relating to the discovery and colonisation of Australia that we possess.
When David Scott Mitchell bought the Alfred tee collection of '"Australiana," the high spot was the MS. journal of Sir Joseph Banks, kept by him on Cook's First Voyage, and dating from August 25, 1768, to July 12, 1771. At Banks's cteath in 1820, this journal, which is in two volumes, with certain other papers, yvas handed to Robert Brown, the botanist, who intended to write Banks's life. When illness prevented his dome! so. Dawson Turner took over the task.
Documents for Sale
Again nothing eventuated except the making of a number of copies of the MS. In October, 1873. the whole of the material was deposited with the British Museum. Several scholars, including Lard Stanhope. Mr. Daydon Jackson, and Mr. John Ball, were then approached, with a view to writing the biography. None was willing.
In 1880, Lord Brabourne, whose grandfather and Sir Joseph Banks had married sisters, claimed the originals as his own property, and in spit« of the protests of the Museum authorities, carried them off. 
The documents were afterwards offered to the museum for sale, but as the price offered did not prove satisfactory to the vendor, the whole collection was broken up into 207 lots and sold by auction at Sotheby's on April 14. 1886. The Journal of Cook's Voyage (lot 1761 was described in the catalogue as "Bank.s's (Sir Joseph) Journal of a Voyage to the Sandwich Islands and. New Zealand, from March, 1769, to July, 1771, in the autograph of Banks." The earlier portion was missing from the lot sold. It was bought for £7'2/6 by Jotni Waller, an autograph dealer. The 207 lots realised in all £182/19/.
How the journal, in its entirety, came into the possession of Sir John Henniker Heaton, its next owner, we cannot say. In 1894, however, he sold it to Alfred Bee, from whom it passed to David Scott Mitchell.
Short Form Published
In 1816 Sir Joseph Hooker director of the Royal Gardens at Kew using not the original Journal but one of the Dawson Turner transcripts edited printed and published a shortened form of the Journal through Macmillan's. As he himself explains the original contained nearly double the amount of matter printed.. . "SIR JOSEPH BANKS PAPERS" (1944, November 4). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 7. Retrieved from 

Expert picture restorer Ronald Kingersley is busy working on about 100 authenticated European old masters at his Roslyn Gardens studio flat. The pictures are the Gregory
Board collection, had been left for ages in a garage.
They include Rembrandt's Head of a Capuchin Monk; a Gainsborough' portrait and works by Lancrets, Watteau, van Eyken, a portrait, by David Wilkie and Australian works, by Conrad Martens, Streeton, Gruner and Hilder. The European group was originally in the famous Bellisario collection.Kingersley, incidentally, recently restored the Audibon bird and animal pictures presented by philanthropist Hallstrom to the Audibon Institute, New York. ARTHUR POLKINGHORNE'S (1951, June 28). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 19 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

THE NAME OF SYDNEY. Portrait of Viscount Sydney Unveiled. A portrait of Viscount Sydney, after whom Governor Phillip named Sydney Cove, was unveiled at History House, Young Street, Sydney, Headquarters of The Royal Australian Historical Society, on May 19th last. The portrait, which was copied from the original in the National Portrait Gallery, London, by Mr. W. A. Moir, was presented and unveiled by Mr. E. J. Hallstrom. Advt.—Will party who picked up black cocker spaniel return him to or come and get the 8-year-old boy who owns him. THE NAME OF SYDNEY. (1952, May 28).Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 6. Retrieved from 

£200 prizes in play contest First prize of £100 cash is offered in the Playwrights' Advisory Board stage play competition, Sir Edward Hallstrom, Sydney philanthropist has provided total prize money of £200. Entries must be submitted by May 31, 1955. Details are available from Miss A. Sykes, Box 4220. G.P.O., Sydney. £200 prizes in play contest (1954, September 14). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 9. Retrieved from 

By far the most Mr. Hallstrom gave in his early decades of success was to health - to saving lives and to set up new facilities for treatment and research

Mr. E. L. Hallstrom, photographed with the 'blue baby,' four-year-old Roy James, of, St.. Leonard's, Sydney. Mr. Hallstrom is paying all expenses necessary to take Roy and his mother and father to America, where the child will undergo an operation for cyanosis. Sydney doctors say that, without the operation, Roy would not have more than 12 more years of life— Photo by air from Sydney last night. Spectacular Fire At Fun Carnival: Sydney Luna Park Sensation (1947, April 13). Truth (Brisbane, Qld. : 1900 - 1954), p. 44. Retrieved from

£10,000 FOR HOSPITAL. E. J. Hallstrom's New Gift
Mr. E. J. Hallstrom has given £10,000 to the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital. The board of directors of the hospital announced the gift yesterday.
The money will be used to establish the Hallstrom Research Fellowship. The Fellow, when appointed, will work in the Clinical Research Unit to be established at the hospital for general medicine and surgical work.  [Mr. Hallstrom's previous gifts include £50,000 to Sydney Hospital for cancer research.]
The general superintendent of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Dr. H. Selle, said last night:
"Because of Mr. Hallstrom's magnificent donation and other financial assistance, it is now possible for the board of directors to initiate and establish a research unit which will be com-parable with research units in England and America."
He added that as a result of Mr. Hallstrom's donation the Research Fellow would be appointed for a period of seven years.
A special committee set up by the board of directors, to be known as the Hallstrom Research Fellowship Committee, will supervise the work of the Fellow. £10,000 FOR HOSPITAL (1948, May 26).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from 

Mrs. Hallstrom survived this emergency 

Mrs. Hallstrom ill
Mrs. E. J. Hallstrom, wife of Sydney philanthropist and manufacturer E. J. Hallstrom, is dangerously ill in Kur-ing-gai Community Hospital where an emergency operation was carried out last night. Mrs. Hallstrom ill (1951, October 3). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 2 (LAST RACE ALL DETAILS). Retrieved from

Hospital Visit By Hallstrom
SYDNEY; Mr. E. J. Hallstrom visited a hospital at Ryde today to inspect possible accommodation for the treatment of some of the cancer sufferers who have been appealing to him.
Mr. Hallstrom is financing experiments in the treatment of cancer with the drugs aureomycin and ACTH and since publication of medical reports on the progress of 15 advanced cancer patients treated with the drugs, he has received innumerable appeals from cancer sufferers who want to volunteer as 'guinea pigs.' 'One doesn't realise just how many people there are suffering from cancer until a thing like this happens,' said Mr. Halistrom. 'Not one cancer sufferer will be refused help, but the problem is to work out the most practical way of helping.' Today's visit was to the Home for Incurables at Ryde, where Mr. Hallstrom inspected bed accommodation, in company with a group of doctors. Hospital Visit By Hallstrom (1951, December 11). The Newcastle Sun (NSW : 1918 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from 

E. J. Hallstrom To Endow Cancer Research Clinic
Mr. E. J. Hallstrom announced yesterday that he intends to endow a general cancer research clinic in Sydney.
He said he hoped to arrange for a prominent Australian scientist to take charge of experiments there on the treatment of cancer.
Mr. Hallstrom recently has financed tests by two Sydney doctors, Major-General F. A. Maguire and Dr. Mabel McElhoneof a new treatment.
A paper published by them in the Medical Journal of Australia this week describes tests they have carried out for nine weeks on 15 patients.
They said they did not claim to have discovered a cure for cancer, but the results they had were identical with those achieved in controlling diabetes and pernicious anaemia “in which the disease is controlled, but not cured; but the patient is able to carry on normal life and live in com-fort for many years."
The two doctors have worked on a theory that cancer is the result of a virus.
Mr. Hallstrom said that the new clinic would continue work on this theory.
He had already arranged to obtain about 400 white mice from the United States for research work.
It had been shown in the United States that a mouse tumour or cancer could be cured. He was confident that a cure for cancer in human beings could be found.
However, he said, he wished to emphasise that Major-General Maguire and Dr. McElhone had not claimed a cure for cancer. E. J. Hallstrom To Endow Cancer Research Clinic (1951, December 7). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 4. Retrieved from 

This 1951 association with these two doctors marks the beginning of a long friendship with Dr. Mabel McElhone, who later became Sir Hallstrom's wife, and then lost her second husband in an even shorter time span than she lost her first. 

Mary Mabel McElhone was born in Sydney on the 4th of April, 1898, a fifth generation Australian. Her grandfather, father and uncle all had terms serving as Lord Mayor of Sydney. Mary had been a dedicated member of the VAD prior to WWII and when war broke out she was one of the first to enlist and sailed to the Middle East with the rank of Major and Assistant Comptroller. After a period of time the government decided to disband the VAD HQs in Cairo so McElhone returned to Australia. She discharged as Lt in the VAD on 11 June, 1942. She entered Sydney University and later graduated as a Doctor of Medicine as a gynaecologist  focused on cancer research.

Frederick Arthur Maguire was born at Cobar on 28 March 1888. He trained as a teacher and taught at Sydney Grammar School. In 1911, he graduated with Honours in Medicine at the University of Sydney. He served as Resident Medical Officer at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital and was a gynaecological consultant at other hospitals. He was Deputy Director of the NSW Medical Service before becoming Professor of Anatomy at the University of Sydney in 1920-22 and 1924-25. Maguire gave distinguished service in both World Wars. As Lieutenant-Colonel, he commanded the Ninth Australian Field Ambulance in World War I and was Director-General of the Australian Army Medical Services in 1941 and 1942. He was a member of the National Health and Medical Research Council, was on the NSW Council of the BMA, and was for many years Chairman of the Sydney Branch of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. He was Fellow of both the English and Australian Royal College of Surgeons. 

Well-known doctors wed
DOCTORS WED. Well-known Sydney Doctors, Dr. F. A. Maguire and Dr. Mabel McElhone leaving St. Mark's Church, Darling Point, after their wedding late yesterday afternoon. Dr. Maguire was Director-General of Army Medical Services during the war. He and his wife have been working together on cancer research, supported financially by Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, who was a guest at their wedding. Well-known doctors wed (1951, December 18). The Sun(Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 5 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

NEWLYWEDS Dr. F. A. Maguire and his bride, Dr. Mabel McElhone, whose marriage was quietly celebrated at St. Mark's, Darling Point, are spending their honeymoon in Tasmania.
Dr. McElhone, who is the eldest daughter of a former Lord Mayor, the late Mr. Arthur McElhone, and of Mrs. McElhone, of Potts Point, was given away by her nephew, Mr. Peter Throsby. Her sister, Mrs. Jim Throsby, was matron of honor and Dr. Lawrence Hughes was best man.
The bride went overseas as assistant controller of the first draft of V.A.s to serve in the Middle East. She began her medical studies before leaving Australia and completed her course when she returned.
Dr. McElhone was so engrossed in her work before her marriage that she didn't have time to try on her wedding dress, a dusty pink faille with black guipure trimming. She wore a matching pink hat with a black eye-veil, and black accessories.
These two doctors, who recently attracted world-wide attention with their report on their research on the treatment of cancer with antibiotics and ACTH, will return to Sydney in January to continue their work together. They will make their home at Darling Point.
The ceremony was followed by a small family reception for about 35 guests at the Macquarie Club. Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, who is financing clinical experiments on cancer sufferers, was a guest at the wedding. He brought the couple news that an American company planned to manufacture the drug ACTH in Sydney soon. Social gottings (1951, December 26). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), , p. 22. Retrieved from 

Commandants Entertain
In honour of Miss Mabel McElhone, who has been appointed Assistant Controller of Australian V.A.D.'s Overseas, and Miss Lilian Boyd Irwin, who has been appointed commandant, 5i commandants of V A D s entertained at the Australia Hotel yesterday afternoon The guests of honour were received by one of the assistant State controllers of V A D 's, Dr. Frances MrKav Among those present were the Director-General of Medical Services, Major-General F. A. Maguire, and Mrs. Maguire, the State Director of Medical Services, Colonel Wilfred Vickers, and Mrs Vickers: assistant State controller of V A D 's, Miss Rosa Piper; and Miss McElhones mother, Mrs Arthur McElhone. SOCIAL AND PERSONAL (1941, October 30). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 5. Retrieved from 

Dr F A Maguire Buried Today 
SYDNEY.— High tribute was paid by hundreds of citizens who today attended the funeral of Major-General Frederick Arthur Maguire, former Director-General of Australian Army Services, who died on Wednesday night.
St. Mark's Church, Darling Point, where the funeral service was conducted by the Rev. C. A. Goodwin, was filled with service chiefs, doctors, lawyers, business men and representatives of leading organisations throughout the Commonwealth. Major-General Maguire, who was one of Australia's most distinguished surgeons and gynaeologists, was also a past Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of Freemasons in N.S.W.  Dr F A Maguire Buried Today (1953, June 12). The Newcastle Sun (NSW : 1918 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from 

Many prominent doctors will attend the funeral tomorrow of Major-General Frederick Arthur Maguire, who died at his home in Ocean Street, Woollahra, last night, aged 65.
The late Maj.-Gen. Maguire
The funeral will leave for Northern Suburbs Crematorium from St. Mark's . Church, Darling Point, after a service at 10 am. Maj .-General Maguire was one of Australia's most, distinguished surgeons and gynaecologists. He was a prominent Freemason, being Past Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of Freemasons of NSW. In December, 1951, he married Dr. Mabel McElhone, with whom he had been collaborating in cancer research. Their joint report on the treatment with antibiotics and ACTH, which appeared in the Medical Journal of Australia, was the first published account of this treatment. 
Big war Task 
Major-General Maguire, who is survived by his widow and two children of a former marriage, was senior gynaecology surgeon at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, and gynaecological consultant at other hospitals, and honorary lecturer in Anatomy at Sydney University. He was acting - Professor of Anatomy between 1920 and 1922, and 1924 and 1925. He served in both World Wars and was Director-General of Australian Army Medical Services in 1941 and 1942. Major - General Maguire won the DSO and was four times' mentioned in despatches in World War I. He was honorary surgeon to the Governor-General, Lord Gowrie, from 1935 to 1940. FAMED CANCER EXPERT DIES (1953, June 11). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 23 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

The death occurred suddenly at his home at Woollahra on Wednesday last of Dr. Frederick Arthur Maguire, D.S.O., V.D. The late Dr. Maguire, who was a past Grand Master of the United Grand Masonic Lodge of N.S.W., was well-known in Bathurst, having visited here on numerous occasions, during his Masonic term of office. He was a brilliant orator and made many friends in Bathurst. Incidentally, the late Mr. W. G. Lee, former district Inspector of Schools at Bathurst, whose death was reported on Monday last, was a very close and life-long friend of deceased. Dr. Maguire is survived by his wife, one daughter and one son. The funeral will take place today (Friday) after services at St. Marks Church, Darling Point for the Northern Suburbs Crematorium. PERSONAL (1953, June 12). National Advocate (Bathurst, NSW : 1889 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from 

£50,000 gift to cancer fight
Sydney, Friday
Sydney philanthropist Mr, E. J. Hallstrom today offered £50,000 to the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital for the campaign against cancer. He said the sum was for a “general attack on the disease," to include research and clinical treatment.
Dr Schlink, hospital chairman, said he was sure this "most generous offer” would be accepted by the board.
Three years ago a Hallstrom heart clinic was established at the hospital
"A separate unit will be established, similar to the heart clinic, and the whole problem of cancer will be attacked," Dr. Schlink said
£20,000 already
The £50,000 is additional to £20,000 Mr. Hallstrom has already given for cancer treatment, including: the use of A.C.T.H. and antibiotics
He said today that mice to be used for research were on their way from New York, and would be available early next month.
A committee on cancer research had been chosen Mr O'Sullivan, Minister for Health, said today. £50,000 gift to cancer fight (1952, January 5). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), , p. 1. Retrieved from
In their report, Drs. Maguire and McElhone say that the standards of effective therapy in certain diseases are fourfold:
. A sense of well-being.
. Good appetite and digestion.
. Ability to carry on gainful occupation.
. Normal weight and blood pressure.
In the case of cancer therapy, the writers suggest two additional standards:
. Relief of pain.
. Relief of distressing symptoms.
The two physicians add that the investigation has been made possible by the generosity of Mr. E. J. Hallstrom who met the heavy expenditure involved in the supply of ACTH, cortisone and other drugs.
Mr. Hallstrom also bore the entire hospital fees of nearly all the patients in the group, including the serological, biochemical, pathological and radiological investigations.
Mr. Hallstrom has declared that he intends to endow a general cancer research clinic in Sydney and is arranging to secure the services of a noted scientist to supervise it. New Hope far Cancer Victims (1952, January 12). The World's News (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 1955), , p. 5. Retrieved from 

Hallstrom To Order New Drug From US
SYDNEY: Sydney philanthropist Mr. E. J. Hallstrom will order from the United States a new drug which doctors there claim is having amazing success in the treatment of tuberculosis.
Mr. Hallstrom said he would ask the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Board if it could carry on clinical work with the drug in the Hallstrom Cancer Foundation. The drug, known as rimifon or hydrazid has been used experimentally on 92 'hopeless' T.B. patients in New York's Seaforth Hospital for eight months. The doctors there claim that the results have been astonishing and that the drug is very cheap. The entire treatment for cure of a T.B. case might not be more than £45, they claim. Hallstrom To Order New Drug From US (1952, February 25). The Newcastle Sun (NSW : 1918 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from 

Millionaire Edward Hallstrom has pledged his wealth to fight disease in Australia - N° 1 BENEFACTOR
WHEN Edward Hallstrom heard that a new drug for treating tuberculosis had been discovered in America, recently, he opened his cheque-book and asked: "How much and when can we get it?"
This gesture by Australia's most publicised philanthropist was just one more blow in his fight against the three greatest killers, cancer, T.B., and heart disease.
Edward John Lees Hallstrom, of Sydney, is a product of the State educational system. He made his money out of refrigerators, and will leave, as his most enduring memorial, gifts of about £1 1/2 million to the cause of cancer research. This generous man of 65, who looks like a not quite-so-robust Dr. Evatt, has had publicity thrust upon him. Inherently reserved, he has cast diffidence aside when sponsoring unorthodox methods in the war against pain. His willingness to use any weapon, medically approved or not, that would ease the world's ills even by a fraction, has placed him often and squarely in the limelight, focused controversy upon him, and brought him publicity he neither wanted nor sought.

He knows a great deal about pain. For nearly 16 years he was never free from it. For five years, he was immured in a room with an unvarying temperature of 95 degrees. Pain became for him a constant companion. He had what the doctors call "a chest condition." Then the patient research of science brought the discovery of the anti-biotic drugs - penicillin, streptomycin, aureomycin, and so on - and ended his ailment.

SO it was, in the large sense, that he pledged himself to sponsor further research into the cure of disease, and decided finally to channel most of his gifts of money toward the anti-cancer cause.
"Why did I choose to war against cancer?" he said, repeating an interviewer's question. "I chose it because there is more desperate distress in that disease than in any other I know...

HE struck his first blow-a broad and massive one - when he gave £56,000 to Sydney Hospital to establish a clinic for the treatment of superficial cancer. Immediately, almost, there was a great human dividend. Doctors arrested cancer of the skin, lips, and mouth in hundreds of patients - and already E. J. Hallstrom had helped to diminish the sum of human suffering.

Only recently, he gave £50,000 to the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Board for cancer research, and for clinical treatment, making his total gifts to that hospital £80,000. He had already given £ 30,000 to promote and stimulate new cancer therapies involving ACTH and the anti-biotic drugs, he had, too, given £30,000 to endow the Hallstrom Heart Clinic at R.P.A.

GIVING away money, for no matter what purpose or motive, is not always easy, or even pleasant. There can be repercussions. Mr. Hallstrom found himself in some "disfavor" when he decided to bypass orthodox procedures and help the unorthodox, in the belief that every weapon should be tested in a bitter campaign. He had to face some official criticism - and his offer of £50,000 for research was actually refused by at least one organisation before it was accepted by the board of the Royal Prince Alfred. Mr. Hallstrom has never tried to treat, or advised any line of treatment for, a sufferer. His self-chosen role was to help provide the means, and the place, of treatment.

HIS belief, on which his benefactions firmly rest, is that the cure for cancer is at hand:
"Somewhere among these miracle drugs, which are the gift of science, I believe that there is at least one that may be a stepping stone to the complete cancer cure," he says.
That is one man's faith, the faith of a layman; the researchists share it, and daily grow more diligent in their search. Recently Mr. Hallstrom received a consignment of ACTH, valued at £1,400.
He showed the packages to an interviewer. Each was capable of easing the sufferings of a dozen patients.
"What will you do with the drug?" I asked him.
"Any doctor can apply for it - and he may have it without charge, if it will do good to some sufferer," he said simply.
IT is not only in the field of cancer that Mr. Hallstrom's gifts are bearing fruit.
Last March, another of his benefactions reached a dramatic climax: A young Sydney surgeon, whom Mr. Hallstrom sent to Britain and America for a two-year specialised course in the treatment of heart ailments, performed for the first time in Australia a delicate heart operation which may point the way to longer, useful life for thousands who have been stricken by rheumatic fever and its after-effects.
Since this first demonstration, the operation has been performed many times, always successfully.
His benefactions have not ended. In the cause of humanity, Mr. Hallstrom is, in the true sense, an adventurer, a man with an endless quest. Yet he is modest enough to see his work not as something noble or self-sacrificing -John BolandABOVE: Mr. Hallstrom. His generosity covers many fields - from giving sheep herds to New Guinea natives to animal welfare at Sydney's Zoo. Millionaire Edward Hallstrom has pledged his wealth to fight disease in Australia No1 BENEFACTOR (1952, March 20). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), , p. 2. Retrieved from  

News in Brief - Hallstrom's Plans
Well-known philanthropist, Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, hopes eventually to establish cancer clinics in every major city in Australia. The first two clinics will be opened in Hobart and Launceston. Mr. Hallstrom has guaranteed funds for the operation of the clinics for at least three years. He has already made gifts totalling £200,000 for health research and treatment, including £50,000 for cancer research at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney. Mr. Hallstrom said that treatment of cancer sufferers with the drug ACTH had shown the need for early diagnosis of the dread disease. News in Brief (1952, May 6). The Lockhart Review and Oaklands Advertiser (NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 4. Retrieved from 

Mr. Hallstrom was in no way a fool by giving so much to so many for so long, he personally went through all pleas for help and could spot genuine need.

Hallstrom Wary Of Imposters 
Quacks and impostors had no chance of imposing on him because he "did not part with his dough" unless he knew where it was going, Sir Edward Hallstrom told Wallsend Rotary Club last night.
In the last five years Sir Edward has given about £1,000,000 to further cancer and other researches. Taking as his subject, 'A Layman Meddles In Medicine,' he said this phase of his life had just 'grown on him.' He had seen his employees die and he wanted to do something to prevent it. Some years ago he wanted to give £20,000 to the then Minister for Health to test an anti-TB theory. He was also willing to maintain the laboratory, but was told to give the money to Sydney University. Sydney Hospital today had one of the best superficial cancer clinics in the world. Although not the largest, about 120 patients were treated daily and some received two and three courses of treatment a day. As a layman he believed cancer was a virus, but only time would tell whether his assumption was correct. On the subject of blue babies (leukaemia), Sir Edward said that in a few weeks time the 100th operation would be performed. The death rate since the operations started had been reduced to two per cent. Hallstrom Wary Of Impostors (1953, March 17). The Newcastle Sun (NSW : 1918 - 1954), , p. 5. Retrieved from 

As well as giving to hospitals Mr. Hallstrom also built hospitals:

St. Ives C. of E. Hospital has received a donation from Mr. Hallstrom of £2,000 toward the construction of a large new hospital on land recently acquired. Opportunities for Business (1946, July 31).Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 6. Retrieved from 


Saturday, 24th July, 1954, marks the day when a major extension of the Social work of the C.M.M. was begun. At 3.30 p.m. on that day Sir Edward Hallstrom, K.B., set the foundation stone for the new building and remodelling of the Waddell House Private Hospital. The importance of this venture is indicated by the public interest which it has evoked. Both the daily press and the A.B.C. have deemed it to be of sufficient import to warrant special mention. For several years the Sydney C.M.M. has been providing facilities at Waddell House whereby female Epileptics and nerve patients can be given accommodation and treatment. The last patient 4;o be admitted was in response to an appeal to Waddell House by a Federal Government Department, and came from the Gulf of Carpentaria. In addition to medical treatment, occupational therapy is provided, arid services conducted which1 greatly assist the patients toward recovery. Although a splendid work is already being done at Waddell House, the Superintendent and members of the Mission Executive have felt it laid upon their hearts to establish a clinic for research into the incidence, causes and cure of epilepsy. A panel of distinguished neurosurgeons has been formed who will supervise treatment as well as conduct the necessary laboratory work. The Clinic thus formed will be the only one of its kind in Australia, and one of only five in the world. Plans for the erection of the clinic and enlarged Hospital were prepared by Mr. N. W. McPherson, B. Arch, F.R.A.I.A., and the building contractors are William Hughes and Co. Pty. Ltd. £35,000 REQUIRED 
The cost of the new undertaking, together with essential furnishings, is £35,000. The question may be asked: 'Is the money in hand?', and the answer is 'No'; but the Executives of the Mission are deeply convinced that the need for such an Institution must be met, and are confident that the ministry to be exercised is so much in harmony with the Spirit of the Divine Physician, Who Himself healed the minds of men, that the people of Methodism will respond to the challenge.
Photo: Sir Edward Hallstrom, K.B., setting the foundation stone of the new Hospital. WADDELL HOUSE EPILEPTIC CLINIC (1954, August 7). The Methodist (Sydney, NSW : 1892 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from 


Sir Edward Hallstrom (centre) chats with visiting authorities on cancer, Professor R. McWhirter (left), Professor of Medical Radiology at Edinburgh University, and Dr. Brewster S. Miller, director of the professional section of the American Cancer Society, at the civic reception for the scientists at the Town Hall yesterday. CANCER EXPERTS AT RECEPTION (1954, October 2). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 10. Retrieved from 

A few of the many instances of giving to people:

Makes money, but HE LIKES GIVING
Mr. Edward John Hallstrom, Sydney zoologist, refrigerator manufacturer and philanthropist, who will arrive in Brisbane tomorrow, started work at the age of 10 and came up the hard way. He is visiting Brisbane to advise the City Council on the best method of disposing of the birds and animals in the Botanic Gardens. The son of an English migrant, Mr. Hallstrom was born at Coonamble (N.S.W.) 61 years ago. Heavily-built, grey-haired, cheery, and active, he leads a simple life. He does not drink, smoke, or gamble. 
Makes big gifts 
Mr. Hallstrom has been described as 'a man who has a good time giving money away,' and his philanthropy begins in the factory. He makes his employees many loans or gifts. Last month Mr. Halistrum. who is president of the Taronga Park Zoo Trust, gave £10,000 to a Sydney hospital, and said that by the end of June he will have given away £150,000. In January this year he offered 'cancer man' John Braund £20,000 to establish a cancer clinic. A week later he decided against it, and gave Sydney Hospital £50,000 for the same purpose. He will not say how much money he has given to Taronga Park Zoo, but last year he gave the zoo 1645 animals, including two elephants. Makes money, but HE LIKES GIVING (1948, June 6). Sunday Mail (Brisbane) (Qld. : 1926 - 1954), , p. 5. Retrieved from

E. J. Hallstrom's philanthropy
SYDNEY. — A well-known Sydney philanthropist, E. J. Hallstrom, yesterday wrote an open cheque to cover the cost of sending a five-years-old half-caste boy to his father in Ohio (USA)
The boy, Geoffrey Joiner, was put in a Dalwood home early m 1947 by his white mother, who surrendered all claim to the child and she has since married. Geoffrey's father, Trennon Joiner, a negro who served in the U.S. navy during the war wrote to officials at home asking them to send his son to him. He informed officials he would have to use his life savings to pay the childs fare. Mr. Hallstrom presented the open cheque to pay Geoffrey’s transport from the door of the Dalwood home, to the door of his fathers home in Ohio." E. J. Hallstrom's philanthropy (1949, February 21). The Evening Advocate (Innisfail, Qld. : 1941 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from 

E. J. Hallstrom Will Pay Plane Fare
Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, well-known Sydney philanthropist, has donated £200 to cover the cost of Miss Joyce Sternbeck's return fare by plane from America. Miss Sternbeck will leave Sydney in B.C.P.A.'s new DC6 aircraft on Wednesday morning for America to enter the Kabi Kaiser Institute for treatment of multiple sclerosis. Additional contributions to the fund dye as follows: Acknowledged .... £2036 10 3 Emily Sternbeck (St. Alban's) ...... 500 £2141 10 3E. J. Hallstrom Will Pay 'Plane Fare (1949, March 28). Singleton Argus (NSW : 1880 - 1954) , p. 2. Retrieved from 

Mr. E. J. Hallstrom has donated £5,000 to Sydney Hospital for a building to house X-ray plant for cancer treatment.  Opportunities for Business (1949, November 30). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from 

Opinion. Hallstrom's enduring generosity
SON JOHN (right) of Sydney philanthropist E. J. Hallstrom (currently in New Guinea) talks with Sydney's Lord Mayor after presenting his father's £500 cheque for Tarakan relatives.

NOT long ago, I noticed, one of your correspondents nominated Sydney philanthropist E. J. Hallstrom the Man of the Year, in Australia for his enduring generosity in the war against cancer. . I silently applauded this at the time and my applause is repeated now that this man has shown all Australians (including the regulation-bound Navy) a lead by giving £500 to Sydney Lord Mayor Alderman O'Dea's fund for relatives of the Tarakan victims. In these days disaster cannot be offset by honeyed, words alone; people who are bereaved need money, and with typical promptitude Mr. Hallstrom has recognised this. If he is not knighted next year, something is wrong.— Tarakan Wife, Perth. Opinion (1950, February 10). The Daily News (Perth, WA : 1882 - 1950), , p. 5 (HOME). Retrieved from 

The name 'Tarakan' refers to an accident that occurred on Garden Island on January 25th, 1950 aboard the H.M.A.S. Tarakan that resulted in eight men losing their lives. The tank landing ship [LST] HMAS TARAKAN, a 2,256 ton ship was undergoing a re-fit at Garden Island. Mercifully, most of her 90 crew were ashore, but 25 were still taking breakfast in a mess at the stern of the ship. 

At the Cruiser Wharf on Garden Island, for days people had been noticing petrol fumes around the ship - later found to be emanating from an emptied 2000 gallon fuel tank near the men's mess. 'Danger - No Smoking Signs' had been prominently erected. Fans had been set up to disperse the fumes.
On the morning of January 25th a workman aboard decided one of the fans was only blowing the fumes farther back into the ship. He flicked it off - igniting an electrical short spark. A sheet of flame enveloped the entire stern section of HMAS TARAKAN, and a jumble of steel completely trapped the 25 men in the mess. The ship was on fire.Three were killed immediately and another five died as a result of their injuries. 

The Navy Department of the then Menzies government were criticised for not providing adequate funds for men to be transported to their home towns around Australia for burial. This may have been influenced by Mr. and Mrs. Hallstrom honouring Margaret's father's legacy and Queensland being her other home, but it is also an incident that recurs frequently throughout Mr. Hallstrom's life - he simply loved people:

The body of Cook David Graydon, of Buranda (Q.), was taken to Brisbane today. Sydney philanthropist E. J. Hallstrom paid the expenses, amounting to £60/3/, following the refusal of the Navy Department to contribute more than £15 towards burial expenses. AID FOR TARAKAN FAMILIES (1950, February 3). The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), , p. 23. Retrieved from 

Halstrom Acted As Nursemaid 
SYDNEY: Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, Sydney philanthropist became a self-appointed "nurse” for two Greek children in a Qantas Constellation which brought him from London today. He was returning from a six weeks' world trip when the two children, being brought to Australia by the International Social Service, boarded the plane. As he was a member of the service, he felt that it was his duty to look after the unescorted boy and girl. "It 'wasn't too easy. however, as we didn't speak the same language." Mr. Hallstrom said. "They must have been given strict instructions. When I offered the boy a glass of lemonade, he wouldn't take it. He must have been warned against intoxicating drinks." The children, Christopher Demau, 13, and Naso...rou, 17, flew to Australia to join their parents soon after arriving in SydneyDirector of the International Social Service, Miss E. Fitzpatrick, said that the service had traced more than 300 children who had been cut off from their parents by the Greek civil war. Hallstrom Acted As Nursemaid (1950, July 1). Brisbane Telegraph (Qld. : 1948 - 1954), p. 3 (LAST RACE). Retrieved from 

Giving away fortunes is just a habit



One day early this month Sydney refrigerator manufacturer Edward John Hallstrom got into his car, drove to Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, and offered the Board of  Directors £50,000 to set up a cancer clinic. He did it as easily and naturally as if he had been taking a relaxing afternoon drive in the country. Giving away small fortunes is no novelty for this man of 60. In the past 20 years he has become Australia's best known philanthropist. He has given away so much money that he does not know what it would all add up to. A MILLIONAIRE in his own right, Hallstrom scoffs at the suggestion that he is generous. He once told me: "I do not give away my money. I invest it in the most important" of all causes — humanity." 

E. J. Hallstrom is a short, stout, pleasant man who looks as though he could be Dr. Evatt's twin brother. In fact, during a visit to Brisbane in recent years he was mistaken by aerodrome employees for the Labour Party's leader.  His philanthropic ventures have become so numerous that he recently handed over the control of his £l million refrigerator factory at Willoughby, in Sydney's northern suburbs, to his son, John, so that he could devote more time to them.

THESE activities' include cancer research, a clinic for "blue babies,"- zoos, and an experimental sheep station for natives in the highlands of New Guinea. The story of Hallstrom's life could, almost have come straight from a story book. He was born of English parents, and spent the early days of his childhood in Redfern, in the heart of Sydney's slums.

As a child he took an interest in animals — still his consuming passion today — and, while other children spent their pocket money on sweets, he used his to buy medicines and equipment to treat sick neighbourhood pets. Hallstrom went to school with the "dead end" kids of Redfern, and at 13 left to take a job in a furniture factory. He learned so quickly that at 18 he was managing the place, and at 21 had his own factory turning out cabinets for ice chests. By the time he was 21 he had foreseen, the up-and-coming modern refrigerator, and was making his own cheap kerosene-powered units. Now his Willoughby plant is the biggest in Australia. It turns out about 1,200 refrigerators a week.

HALLSTROM first became interested in cancer research when- he offered John Braund, who made the sensational claim in 1947 that he could cure cancer, £10,000 to set up a clinic. A week after his offer, Hallstrom denounced the medically unqualified Braund as a fraud. Feeling that he owed something to cancer sufferers, he then gave the money to the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital to set up a clinic. Excellent results from research at this clinic have prompted his latest offer. Hallstrom has . also setup a "blue baby" clinic at the Hospital which has been responsible for more than a dozen successful "blue baby" operations. HIS experimental sheep station at Nondugl, in the New Guinea highlands, resulted from a visit during which he decided that the natives did not have enough clothing or opportunity for development. He spent thousands of  pounds to build station equipment and accommodation, and air freighted sheep into the wild mountain country at £20 a head. Hallstrom's love of zoos and animals has brought him to the chairmanship of Sydney's Taronga Park Zoo, recognised as one of the world's est. In recent years he has spent countless thousands of pounds , to secure for. the Sydney, London and New -York zoos some of the finest arid rarest animals in the world. Although Hallstrom is so free with his money, when it can help his fellow men, he is quick to spot any insincerity designed to defraud him. A SPECIAL small utility truck is sent to collect his "appeal" mail every morning, but he discards thousands of letters begging money. Yet I know of one case in which he built another house for a newly-married couple whose, new home was burnt out by a faulty refrigerator which did not even come from his factory. 

Paradoxically, Hallstrom, who has given hundreds of thousands of pounds to help sick and suffering people, has never had good health. He suffers from chronic bronchitis, and has a comfortable bedroom adjoining his factory office so that he can retire when he has one of his frequent attacks. A trained nurse attends him constantly, and a formidable battery of telephones arid dictaphones flanks his bed so that he can continue working even when sick. Giving away fortunes is just a habit (1952, January 18). Brisbane Telegraph (Qld. : 1948 - 1954), p. 5 (CITY FINAL). Retrieved from 


The gift of four refrigerators for each of the Baby Health Clinic cars run by the Far West Scheme in the country has been offered by well-known philanthropist Sir Edward Hallstrom. "This is a very generous gesture and one that we most sincerely appreciate," said the General Secretary, Matron E. E. Hill, M.B.E. recently. "Our Sisters who run these Clinics have been working under great difficulties in the heat of the outback areas where they all attend to 800 babies each, every month. The refrigerators they have were installed when the cars first started running, more than 20 years ago. This magnanimous present will make conditions much better for them." HALLSTROM GIFTS TO FAR WEST (1958, January 17). Western Herald (Bourke, NSW : 1887 - 1970), p. 8. Retrieved from 

Whether the flooding of his father's farm in 1888, when he was but 2 years old, was the commencement of a lifetime bronchitis battle for Edward, or his sister in law being a nurse, or family battles with disease, such as the report of his wife's 'emergency operation' were the inspiration for this constant focus on health, on supporting people in need - they all point to a lifelong passion for ensuring any life could be lived to its utmost through the restoration of health and misery averted through someone coming to the aid of those in trouble.

Taronga - A Zoo Ark

One of many articles focused on Sir Hallstrom love of all creatures great and small relates his having been a lover of animals since a small boy in the country, one of those children who would bring home stray animals or nurse ill ones back to health. He loved birds, had a private aviary at his home in Willoughby which housed exotic feathered delights. He loved every other animal too, finned, scaled, furred, whether from here or elsewhere.

Some ascribe this to wanting to ensure the Taronga Zoo was a success in attracting visitors but Mr. Hallstrom, as head curator, got rid of the miniature railway, elephant and camel rides and performing seals saying, “It’s a zoo, not a circus”.. 

The zoo was also a place where many a sick animal was nursed back to health. Mr. Hallstrom is the gentleman who is attributed for establishing a successful breeding program at Taronga, perhaps one of the earliest incidences of this now world renowned 'Zoo Ark'. This was discussed at a Royal Zoological  Society  of  New South Wales Meeting, published in their 1945-1946 Annual Report (See under Extras below). Edward Hallstrom was a member and one of four Vice Presidents of this Society, which worked with the Taronga Zoo Trust Board, of which he was also a member. He was also the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales first endowment member.

From that annual publication: 'An important and difficult problem related to rare and vanishing- birds and animals, and it seemed very necessary that breeding sanctuaries should be developed in this country. Mr. Brown, the Secretary of the Trust, was now in Central Africa securing giraffes and zebras, lions and elephants mayhao also, for the Zoo. At the present time there are only two giraffes in Australian Zoos, one in Taronga and one at 

Perth, W.A. These are also becoming scarce in their native land, and it has become imperative to breed them in this land. There are great difficulties in the breeding of wild animals in zoos, as the parent is apt to kill the young soon after birth unless special individual care is taken. He suggested scholarships should be created in each State for 

the study of breeding not only the rare members of the Australian, but  also the rare and vanishing wild animals of other countries, so that the species can be kept alive in zoos. This should be a national responsibility subsidised by the Commonwealth, special enclosures to be created and special research students to be employed to watch the  breeding. This would not really be an innovation, as certain phases of health are already under control and all animals have to be quarantined under the Health Departments of the various States. That such is possible has been shown elsewhere, the Whipsnade Experiment proving a wonderful success, and it must be done soon here, as through  settlement our wild life was rapidly decreasing and numbers are vanishing, some already extinct. He hoped that this Society will co-operate in this aim, as it always has in the past, and he hoped to see the Society's own aim, of a Zoological House, soon fulfilled. 

The motion was seconded by Mr. E. J. A. Hallstrom, who also paid tribute to the great work done by the late Secretary, Mr. A. F. Basset Hull, and hoped that his wishes with regard to the building would soon be carried out. There was urgent need as, until the Society owned its own meeting-centre its progress would be much handicapped. 

If a Government grant, either of a building site or subsidy, could be secured and approval of a gift by himself, he would be glad to contribute largely to the fund. Mr. Hallstrom also pointed out that Mr. Clyne has assisted materially in the progress of Taronga Park, and was desirous of assisting the Society in its aim of a Zoological House, so that the Society could be assured of the support of the Trustees. He would like to see us assist the Trustees in their aim of a special establishment for the purpose of breeding and propagating rare birds and animals, as that is very necessary now that settlement is decreasing wild life at a disastrous rate. 

The motion was carried by acclamation. '

Although later ridiculed by those who think you need degrees in everything to be accredited to think, and criticized for his methods, Mr. Hallstrom's methods worked, he did save thousands of animals throughout his life by being 'nurse' himself. He also was known for being a voracious reader of everything so that, even if he did have to leave school at age 13, he was still a lifelong learner who didn't think he knew everything, ever.

Although curious items appear, such as this July 1941 snippet stating "A Macaw Feather in Sydney's Hat - A macaw at Willoughby is the first bred in Australia and gives his tail for ladies' hats. THE Red and Yellow Macaw pictured on this page was bred by Mr. E.Hallstrom ...." RED AND YELLOW" macaw, bred by Mr. E. Hallstrom, of Willoughby, is worth £50. " The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954) Sunday 27 July 1941 p 3 Article Illustrated - and all birds do molt, the accepted or usual rate for birds such as this discarding feathers is two per year so even if Mr. Hallstrom's birds did live between 40 and up to 70 years, as some have been recorded, that's still not too many tail feathers.

Edward Hallstrom loved zoos - he had one in the form of beloved birds at his home in Willoughby, installed another at Bayview, and set aside bush areas as 'zoos without cages' in the form of flora and fauna nature reserves.

This snippet from a long article ' Doesn't know how much money he's given away' by Blake Brownrigg states: He first owned a dog. Gradually he acquired white mice, guinea pigs, cats, rabbits, parrots, and other birds - his first zoo. He doesn't drink, smoke, or gamble. With all his wealth and power, he is one of the least ostentatious men I have ever met.  Doesn't know how much. (1951, October 22). Barrier Miner(Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from

Sydney, 10th January, 1941.

IT is hereby noticed that, in accordance with the provisions of section 28 of the Crown Lands Consolidation Act, 1913, Edward John Lees Hallstrom, Esquire, is hereby appointed (in the place of Mr. A. F. Basset Hull, resigned) as a trustee of the portions of land at Bradley’s Head Port Jackson, hereinafter particularised, namely—

The areas of 43 acres 1 rood 5 perches, 5 acres 1 rood 24 perches, 2 acres 1 rood 9 perches and 9 acres, dedicated 24th April, 1912, 22nd April, 1914, 29th November, 1918, and 14th October, 1932, respectively, for Zoological Gardens and Additions thereto, and known as Taronga Park. The area of 98 acres 2 roods 17 ½ perches, dedicated 29th November, 1918 for Public Recreation, and known as Ashton Park. A. W, YEO, Minister for Lands. Government Gazette Notices (1941, January 10). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 65. Retrieved from 

Work will commence in the New Year. New offices are being erected at Taronga Park Zoo to replace those destroyed by fire last year. Plans were prepared by the Government architect. The building will be officially opened early in 1945. The entire cost, £8,500, has been defrayed by Mr. E. J. L. Hallstrom.  OPPORTUNITIES. (1944, December 20).Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 13. Retrieved from 


After the destruction of the offices at Taronga Zoological Park by fire, and faced with an expense for rebuilding and reoccupation, the Board, or the Zoo Trust, must feel exceedingly grateful to Mr. J. E. Hallstrom for coming forward with his offer to pay for the rebuilding of these offices. In gratitude and as recognition for this act of grace, the building now bears his name. It is designed in the modern Georgian manner on exceedingly simple lines. When the open flagstone court is lined with trees and tub foliage, as it. will be, the approach, which leads to a stoneflagged porch, will be rendered more inviting. The foliage will act as a contrasting foil to the building, which is in pastel shades and light tones. of colour. The walls are of mottled light cream bricks, with a tiled roof in light red to match the adjoining building. The woodwork has been painted in cream colour. The gable ends and soffit of the eaves are in light blue. On the ground floor are the Administrative Offices and upstairs accommodation is for temporary and permanent staffs, with lockers, lavatories, rest rooms, etc. The walls are rendered internally in cement. "The Zoo" has developed into what is regarded far and wide as the most beautiful thing of its kind in the world.



NEW OFFICES, TARONGA ZOOLOGICAL PARK, SYDNEY (1945, September 5).Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from 

Mr. Hallstrom seemed to want to have lots of white or albino animals. Older Pittwater residents can still recall albino kangaroos being brought to his 'sanctuary' at Bayview(these eventually ended up on 'Hallstrom Island - part of the Snowy Scheme - see below) but he also brought these rare speciemn in from overseas as well, on the other side, export black swans to Italy - 'From Como to Como' features in a British Pathe film - perhaps they were really from Dee Why or any rate, he knew the way to keep people visiting the zoo was to allow them to see something they may never have seen before - only in this way would they be able to keep up with the costs of housin or upgrading facilities, feeding all those animals, and meeting the wages of those hired to look after them. Recent announcements by the current NSW Government of investing millions to improve what is the 2016 Zoo Ark loved as Taronga Zoo are some indication that it has never been cheap to meet the needs of running a proper zoo:

White Koala, Monkey for Zoo: Taronga Park now has a white koala (a perfect albino male, two years old), and a white monkey will reach there soon. Deputy president of the Zoo Trust-(Mr. E. J. Hallstrom) said the koala was captured- "somewhere" in NSW.

"It is still fairly wild, and gives anyone a clout who goes too close," said Mr. Hallstrom. " We will do all we can now to breed more like him." The white monkey reached Sydney from South Africa in the steamer Tai Ping Yang. Like the koala, it, too, is an albino male, two years old. "You might see only ‘one' among several million monkeys," said Mr. Hallstrom. Two rare black-maned lions, a tapir, leopard, cheetah, and flock of South African birds, were also aboard the Tai Ping Yang. BITS AND PIECES (1947, November 7).Warwick Daily News (Qld. : 1919 -1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from 

ZOO.-Mr. E. J. Hallstrom was elected president of the Taronga Park Zoo Trust yesterday, in succession to Mr. D. Clyne, M.L.A. Mr. Hallstrom is the governing director of Hallstroms Pty. Ltd., refrigerator manufacturers. News In Brief (1948, March 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from 

A description of some of the birds in his home aviary and a picture at right of some of these cages:

African lovebirds are among big collection of birds owned by Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, Sydney. Female Eclectus parrot, more beautiful than the male.
Major Mitchells, or Leadbeater’s, among Australia's handsomest cockatoos Hybrid South American macaws, result of a red-and yellow father, blue and gold mother, on cage (right).
More hybrid macaws. These large and colorful birds come from Cuba and adjacent tropical countries. Australia has its full quota of beautiful lorikeets, which are also found in Malaya and some of the islands in the Pacific.
Hyacinthine macaws may fight a bit, but they'll always kiss and make up.
This Military macaw is a mere youngster, hence the immature plumage.
Alexandrine and Moustache parakeets, both from India, watch activities on all sides. Macaws must have their daily gossip. "What! Did she say that? The nerve I Let me tell you-" Eclectus parrot, mate of beautiful creature on other page. Rare case where the male is less beautiful than the female. Birds are housed in aviaries which over1ok beautiful panorama of Sydney Harbor. FINE FEATHERS MAKE FINE BIRDS (1949, January 8). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), , p. 8. Retrieved from 

Jaguar dies 

No longer will an old jaguar at Taronga Park Zoo frown and growl for wide-eyed kiddies. It died yesterday from cancer. Chairman of the Taronga Trust (Mr. E. J. Hallstrom) said that the animal had been ill for a long time. Another jaguar has been bought to replace it. SPOTLIGHT ON THE NEWS (1949, June 3). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 4 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

Sir Edward Hallstrom- Date of Work 11 & 12/1950 Government Printing Office 1 - 50514 From NSW Govt Printer series - Taronga Park Zoo - monuments & memorials at Taronga Zoo (Sydney, N.S.W.) Image no.d1_50514, courtesy State Library of N.S.W., The Mitchell Library. 

John Hallstrom becomes a more official part of the Taronga Zoo work:

Sydney, 9th April, 1948. IT is hereby notified that, in accordance with the provisions of section 26 of the Crown Lands Consolidation Act, 1913,John Edward Hallstrom, Esq., is hereby appointed (in the place of Professor W. J. Dakin, resigned) as a trustee of the portions of land at Bradley's Head, Port Jackson, hereinafter particularised, namely:—

The areas of 43 acres 1 rood 5 perches, 5 acres 1 rood 24 perches, 2 acres 1 rood 9 perches, and 9 acres, dedicated 24th April, 1912, 22nd April, 1914, 29tli November, 1918, and 14th October, 1932, respectively, for Zoological Gardens and Additions thereto, and known as Taronga Park.

The area of 98 acres 2 roods 17 ½ perches, dedicated 29th November, 1918, for Public Recreation, and known as Ashton Park. P. 48-2 513.

W. F. SHEAHAN, Minister for Lands. Government Gazette Appointments and Employment (1948, April 9). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 867. Retrieved from 

Edward Hallstrom became to be considered such an authority on how to set up and run a zoo his advice was sought by one of Australia's oldest zoos:

The Zoological Board of Victoria considers that the report on the Zoo by Mr Hallstrom president of the Taronga Park Trust, vindicates the present administration. A statement issued by the board yesterday after an interview with Mr Leggatt, chief Secretary, said the criticisms, suggestions, and advice in the report were receiving careful consideration. The report endorsed findings on urgently needed works which the board had already brought to the Government's attention. The board would continue to stress the urgency of much of the work now endorsed by Mr Hallstrom. Above all, it would ask for confidence in its work to be expressed by granting of the necessary authority and finance. HALLSTROM ZOO REPORT WELCOMED (1949, February 9). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 6. Retrieved from

£4000 hide £4000 worth of rhinoceros is on its way to Melbourne Zoo — its first. It is one of three on the high seas from Africa and was donated by Sydney's Taronga Park Trust chairman and philanthropist, Mr. E. J . Hallstrom. For good measure, Melbourne's also getting two grizzly bears and a pair of bison from America this year. SPOTLIGHT on the NEWS (1950, January 20). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 4 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

Several Sydney Chinese have approached Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, president of the Taronga Park Trust, for the horn of the Zoo rhinocerous which died yesterday-Chinese pound rhino horns to a powder for use as a medicine. -They believe it has rejuvenating properties. However, Mr. Hallstrom will keep the horn among other trophies in his office; He said today that cause of the rhino's death was due to two broken ribs abscessing. The broken ribs were probably sustained fighting other animals in the African jungle. Spotlight on the NEWS (1950, February 24). The Sun(Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 4 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

Edward Hallstrom would send Australian animals overseas, a practice that became illegal trafficking and open him to more ridicule and a government led inquiry. Koalas he had'treed' at his Pittwater zoo farm were among those sent out of the country that never returned. Another example:

Hopes of the Duke of Bedford that he'll be able to breed a herd of kangaroos on the estates around his Buckinghamshire castle in England are likely to be fulfilled if he seeks information from the keepers of the Rothschild estate, not so far away between Wendover and Tring, in Hertfordshire. The four female red kangaroos being sent to the Duke by air this week from E. J. Hallstrom won't be the first to be seen in those parts. Fifty years ago, a reader, then a boy, spent a weekend as a guest of Lord Rothschild at Tring and he still remembers the pride with which he was shown not only kangaroos, but emus living there in deep contentment. SYDNEY DIARY (1950, May 16). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 15 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

The breeding program to prevent extinction begins:

War of sexes at Zoo By JOSEPH WINKLER 
SCIENCE is being brought to the aid of Zoo keepers at Taronga Park in an attempt to keep alive species of birds and animals becoming so rare as to be threatened with extinction. Zoo experts are collaborating with Sydney University 'scientists and medical specialists in their many and varied problems. Special foods being fed to birds and animals contain Vitamin E extract to promote fertility and assist the breeding process. But the ' possible loss by ' extinction of some members of this valuable collection isn't the only worry of Zoo officials.  They have on their hands a constant "war of the sexes" and all the complications that the eternal triangle can produce. The animals, some of them worth £1000 or more, would settle their differences with typical jungle fierceness. But this would mean death or serious injury, and for this reason their keepers deal summarily with the combatants. They had to do this to settle a triangular quarrel in the zebra family of a male and two females. One of the females gave birth to a male foal. Mother and offspring were placed in a screened enclosure to avoid the possibility of injury. The other zebras went on living happily together. Then came the day when Zoo officials decided it would provide a treat for visitors to see the new baby. To do this the fence around their enclosure was extended and the screens were pulled down. Immediately the "old" male zebra saw the mother and her foal he went berserk. He attacked his mate, biting her savagely. Now the zebras are in three enclosures instead of two. 
A male platypus — one of the protected, family — had the cream-tiled swimming pool to itself for a long time. Now it has a mate. The newcomer was hooked by a Tamworth resident while he was fishing. He sent it by air to Taronga. It was fortunate that the new arrival was a female. Swimming and feeding times would otherwise have had to be staggered to avoid vicious quarrels. 
One of the bird species that has come into the rare class is the Princess Alexandra — a beautiful parrot from inland Australia. Zoo Curator Mr. R. A. Patten, BVSc, had a note of triumph- in his voice as he explained how they had overcome the difficulties of . breeding the Princess Alexandras in captivity. It is believed that Taronga was also the first Zoo to breed such birds as the Solitary Lory, from Fiji, and Kuhle's Roughed Lory, from Manning Island. An artificial nectar had to be prepared to provide the foods that the birds, in their free state, secure' from flowers. 
Great difficulty was experienced in getting the elands, large South African antelope, to raise their young. As the outcome of experiment, the mother is now placed in a separate yard, screened from public view, before her offspring arrives. She remains in this "isolation" until the young are less likely to be injured. The result has been that in each of the last three births the young elands have been saved. Importation of these valuable animals is banned under quarantine regulations. But Taronga hopes to become the source of supply for other Australian zoos
The import prohibition was imposed to prevent the possibility of the cloven-footed eland bringing in diseases that might take toll of our domestic animals. The Zoo has its own hospital and isolation block. New arrivals from overseas are placed in isolation until they are given a clean bill of health. 

Quite frequently the Zoo is called upon to care for koalas found injured in the bush. Broken limbs are mended, and when they are restored to health the Chief Secretary decides whether they are to be released or to remain in captivity. The laboratory attached to the animal hospital is almost as well stocked with drugs as a suburban chemist shop. There are large supplies of atebrin and the sulpha drugs with which troops who served in the tropics during the war became familiar. "These drugs are used to treat animals suffering from tropical complaints," Mr. Patten said. s Penicillin is also widely used. Mr. Patten, the assistant curator (Mr. J. A. Coenraad) and their staff make it their business to become "matey" with their charges. This not' only simplifies everyday care and attention but' in the case of illness an animal will submit to treatment more readily from one with whom it has become familiar.

Zoo animals, like the domestic cat and dog, are not without intelligence. Almost without exception they have a high appreciation of acts of kindness. Miss Ethel Mansfield, who has been employed in the Taronga Park refreshment rooms for nearly 26 years, has proven the truth of the saying that "the elephant never forgets.'! . She has made a habit of feeding cakes to the African Chori elephant. Every time the huge beast sees her it extends its trunk in greeting. Another Another refreshment room employee (Mrs. Collings) was once rushing for herboat when a voice screeched: "Hey there, hey there." Mrs. Collings didn't wait. . When the same voice screeched at her the following evening she investigated and found a white cockatoo was responsible. 

Mr. Patten points to the chimpanzee family as having the highest degree of intelligence. Keefi, the pet of them all, was reared on a bottle: Now she comfortably disposes of these items for her tea: two dozen bananas, two apples, one boiled potato, some raw rolled oats, pieces of celery, carrots, shallots, a tomato, an orange and some dry wholemeal bread.
As an appetiser she gladly accepts some vegetable soup fed. to her from a spoon. Keefi can peel bananas quite expertly, but she has no objection to her attendant doing this for her. in fact, every time he passed her cage she passed a banana through the iron grille in an inviting fashion. If the attendant ignored her she would drop the fruit in disgust outside the cage - — but not out of reach. Mr. Patten went into the chimpanzees well - stocked pantry and secured a bottle of "humbugs." As he rattled the sweets a black hand shot out from each cage and remained there until each received a share. 

Taronga Park secretary, Mr. H. B. Brown, says the Zoo, with its collection of 663 mammals, 2500 birds, 3100 fish and 120 reptiles, valued at about £100,000, costs £2600 a week to maintain. Lettuce, now costing 2/-and upwards each, are fed to the more valuable birds, like birds of paradise. The Zoo gets a regular rice ration to keep its birds alive,
Some food is grown at Taronga Park. Most of it is purchased on the open market. Employees of the president of Taronga Park Trust, Mr. E.  J. Hallstrom, regularly cut loads of grass in the Mona Vale district to feed to deer, antelopes and other animals.  "Jim ' Whenever Zoo .... officials hear that a Moreton Bay fig tree is to be felled, they make haste for the spot. The. rhinos, regard the leaves as a delicacy, and they will quickly dispose of branches as thick as a man's arm. Where natural foods cannot be secured, artificial preparations. have to be used. Bone flour, for instance, makes up for loss of calcium. Mr. Hallstrom gave this summing up: "Running the Zoo is a big business. It has to be run as a business to be a success." He left on a world trip this week, and will come back with some more animal attractions among his acquisitions. War of sexes at Zoo (1950, May 19). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 17 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

This great shark hunt, followed by a 'porpoise' hunt, may not have been such a great idea. Sharks live longer when left where they live - in the ocean. This whole series of capturing these sea creatures and them subsequently dying soon afterwards, possibly because they were injured when caught, is just one instance of how much more is known now as much as a reminder of how much more may be known in the future

Taronga's aquarium was first opened in 1927:

Old Grey Nurse

I SEE where Mr. E. J. Hallstrom has offered £75 for a grey nurse. That's a lot of money. For that amount he can have my Aunt Bertha. She's not only grey, but she's also a matron, which is infinitely better value than a nurse. Incidentally, his offer has caused quite a stir amongst us shark fishermen. For the last fortnight you haven't been able to move around off Long Reef for boats. The only member of the club, who hasn't been out there to date is Bob Dyer. I understand that he's waiting till the price goes up to a hundred. The trouble is that the sharks themselves seem to have got wind of the offer and they have become very snooty and extremely hard to get. Where before it was just a matter of pouring a little blood from a porpoise into the water to bring a dozen  sharks around the boat, now they want fried bream!

"Where's Joe?"

If Mr. Hallstrom really wants to know where the best sharks go in spring he might have a look around a few Sydney fish cafes. We've had a lot of bad luck chasing around for a shark for Mr. Hallstrom. Last week the family landed a whopper at Bondi Beach. There was Mrs. Davey with a line around his tail, Aunt Bertha administering anaesthetic at the front end and the rest of us screaming and cheering. It looked like the money. Suddenly somebody looks  around and says, "where's Joe??'

Down in mouth

You guessed it. Brother Joe's been down in the mouth for weeks. Now he was down in the shark's mouth. As Aunt Bertha pointed out, that increased the value of the shark by a few bob, but my wife wouldn't have it. She said we'd have to get Joe out of the shark because he was minding her £250 platinum wrist watch. By the time we got Joe out the shark was useless as a Taronga Park exhibit. JACK DAVEY (1950, September 10). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 52. Retrieved from


A 9 feet 6 inch shark, netted off Austinmer Beach on Friday, arrived at Taronga Park Zoo last night. It was in a special steel case. Chairman of Taronga Park Trust E. J. Hallstrom said last night: "The shark will be on exhibition tomorrow."  The grey nurse shark was netted off Austinmer Beach by the crew of the meshing trawler Kembla. It weighs 500 pounds.Four men will share in the £100 offered by Mr. Hallstrom if the shark lives seven days9FT. SHARK FOR ZOO (1950, October 1).The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 5. Retrieved from

Shark Netted at Austinmer In Taronga Zoo

The 8501b. grey nurse shark, caught off Austinmer beach on Friday morning is alive and well in its new surroundings at Taronga Park Zoo. If the fish lives for seven days, three Wollongong fishermen will be entitled to £100 offered Mr. E. J. Hallstrom. The shark was captured by the shark meshing trawler “Kembla” when collecting nets off Austinmer on Friday morning. McAuley, of Port Kembla, a part-owner of the vessel stated that about 15 yards of the net was ripped to pieces by the shark in an effort to regain its freedom. “It looked a bit sick and obviously distressed,' continued McAuley, “as we hauled him alongside someone on board suggested he might by acceptable to the Sydney Zoo so we decided to have a go and tow him slowly back to Wollongong.” “ It was the slowest tow we've ' added Jim Knight, the skipper and part owner of the trawler.- 'We could not go any faster than two knots an hour for fear of drowning the brute. 'Fortunately it seemed satisfied to swim along peacefully and we made Wollongong harbour after a tow of nearly six hours. KEPT ONE NIGHT 'Rather than bring the zoo people down on a wild goose chase,' continued Knight, 'we decided to keep the shark in Wollongong harbour for the night, just in case it died on us. 'On Saturday morning we were quite relieved to find him very much alive, and apparently fully recovered from the effects of being held in the net at Austinmer for some hours.' . A truck containing a team of workmen from the zoo arrived in Wollongong at 1.30 p.m. on Saturday complete with a large steel tank in which to transport shark. After filling the tank the shark was brought ashore on the beach near the Wollongong lighthouse. CONTINUED FIGHT Thrashing its tail vigorously, it was a difficult job to put nets around the monster. About 12 men helped to lift the still fighting shark into the tank. As soon as the fish was placed in the tank a team of four men commenced to swirl the water, so the shark would have no difficulty in breathing. Taking turn about, they continued this until arrival in Sydney.  Shortly after 6 p.m. on Saturday night, the shark was placed in its new home in the aquarium at Taronga Park. If the shark lives for seven days the three Wollongong fishermen, Messrs C. McAuley, J. Knight and R. Profilio, the crew of the 'Kembla,' will receive the prize of £100 offered by Mr. E. J. Hallstrom. Mr. Hallstrom has offered this reward to the persons catching a suitable exhibit for Taronga Park. The Zoo has been without a shark exhibit since 'Skipper' died some months ago. Shark Netted at Austinmer In Taronga Zoo (1950, October 2). Illawarra Daily Mercury (Wollongong, NSW : 1950 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from


SYDNEY, October 1.— The Taronga Park Zoo aquarium now has two sharks in Its pool. One is groggy and the other is rare. The Taronga Park Trust chairman Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, today accepted the aquarium's second shark in two days. The first, an 8ft. 6in. 850-lb. grey nurse, was caught at Wollongong last Friday. Fishermen towed it 10 milees to Port Kembla. Mr. Hallstrom sent eight men in a truck, and a water tank, for the shark, which reached Taronga on Saturday. If it lives seven days the fishermen will collect £75. Latest reports claim that the shark is groggy. The second shark arrived at the aquarium today. Four shark meshers caught it off South Curl Curt Beach. It is 7 ft. 6 in. and is a man-eater. Experts said that itwas a rare black-tailed porbeagle shark, seldom seen in these waters. If the porbeagle lives seven days the four meshers will also collect £75. IF SHARKS LIVE WILL BRING £150 (1950, October 2). Maryborough Chronicle (Qld. : 1947 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from 

The porbeagle (Lamna nasus) is a species of mackerel shark in the family Lamnidae, distributed widely in the cold and temperate marine waters of the North Atlantic and Southern Hemisphere. The meat and fins of the porbeagle are highly valued, which has led to a long history of intense human exploitation. However, this species cannot sustain heavy fishing pressure due to its low reproductive capacity. Direct commercial fishing for the porbeagle, principally by Norwegian longliners, led to stock collapses in the eastern North Atlantic in the 1950s, and the western North Atlantic in the 1960s. The porbeagle continues to be caught throughout its range, both intentionally and as bycatch, with varying degrees of monitoring and management. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has assessed the porbeagle as Vulnerable worldwide, and as either Endangered or Critically Endangered in different parts of its northern range. The maximum lifespan of this species appears to be 30–40 years in the Atlantic, but could be as much as 65 years in the South Pacific.  - from -

SYDNEY: The chairman of the Taronga Park Trust (Mr. E. J. Hallstrom)' has: offered to pay £300 to the Tamarama Surf Club it its members will catch six porpoises for him. The surf club would be lucky to show a profit on a deal like that. The nearest porpoises are 10,000 miles away. There are no porpoises in Australian waters. But there are plenty of  dolphins.
Mr. Hallstrom, like most Australians means dolphin when he says "porpoise."
The porpoise lives mostly in the Northern Hemisphere. He grows to about six –feet, has a blunt snout and dolphin-like habits. The common dolphin lives in most temperate and warm seas. He grows; to about eight feet, has a narrow, 5in.beak, an intellectual brow, and porpoise-like habits. 
Both porpoises and dolphins belong to the family Delphinidae, which includes killer whales, white whales,— pilot whales; and narwhals.
Nobody is quite sure if dolphins are small whales, or whales are large dolphins.
If  you telephone a zoo, museum or library about dolphin's, the man who will  answer your questions is not the ichthyologist or fish expert, but the mammalogist —the man who knows all about animals.
That's because the dolphin, which can swim fast enough to make rings round a 30-knot vessel, is an animal, not a fish.
When you see him leaping out of the sea off the Heads, he's coming up for air. He breathes through a hole on the top of his head. His back is black or dark brown and his belly is white. He has two flippers (evolved from front legs) and hind legs modified into flukes that look like a fishtail.
His name is Delphinus delpis, and he likes people. His mate bears one "young" dolphin every summer, and suckles it mammal fashion. Yet the dolphin, formerly a latid-animal, is now so fishlike in appearance that he's become the heraldic and artistic' representative of the fishes generally.
The graceful symmetry of the dolphin’s body has figured for thousands of years in Sculpture, heraldry, and design. Few cities in the world do not possess at least one fountain decorated with stone or bronze dolphins. 
In legend and myth, and folklore the dolphin appears always as the genial friend of man and confidant' of the gods. In the days before psychoanalysis, gods and men used the dolphin mainly as a form of transport. In the early stories, Eros, Aphrodite, Neptune, and a few others 'thumbed' a dolphin when they wanted a ride:  even the lesser "folk" of legendary times, including rivermaids, poets and schoolboys, used the dolphin, for free transport.
Axion, lyric poet of Lesbos, so charmed the Mediterranean dolphins by his songs that they rescued him from pirates off Sicily and bore him ashore to safety. Or so the legend says. 
The ancient Roman scholar Pliny the Elder tells of a dolphin which, in the reign of Caesar Augustus, carried a small boy to school every day from an island to the mainland.  When the boy died, the dolphin pined away waiting for him on the shore and expired of grief.
Medieval mariners believed dolphins approached their Ships to warn them of bad weather or impending-catastrophe.
A 17th century- traveller wrote:
"Dolphins, or sea hogs, when pursuing one another in their waterish pastimes, foreshadow wind, and from that quarter from Whence they fetch their frisks.”  Schools of dolphins, rolling one after the other in "line ahead," gave rise to mariners' sea-serpent tales. 
Until the reign of Queen Elizabeth dolphin's flesh was considered a delicacy too dainty for the Common people. English, monarchs declared it one of the 'royal fish’ reserved for the king's. table. 
First British Sovereign to spurn it was Queen Elizabeth, who refused to eat dolphin on the ground that it was "congealed water."
Nowadays, the only commercial dolphin "fishery" is in America. A few England fishermen extract a special Oil from the dolphin's jaw. Refining the oil takes two years, but, it's "the finest lubricant" known for watches; and delicate instruments. Extremes of heat and cold don't affect it.
According to the Superintendent of State Fisheries (Mr. T. C. Roughley). Australia had a thriving dolphin "fishing" industry until about 20 years ago. East-coast fishermen from Port Stephens to the Barrier Reef harpooned dolphins in thousands— for their teeth. They exported the dolphins' teeth at considerable profit to the Pacific islands, where the native peoples used them as currency. Each dolphin has 40 to 50 pairs of teeth.
"They are small teeth," said Mr.Roughly, "about ½ in. in diameter.-They're intended for attacking small fish only.
"The belief persists among most people, particularly surfers, that dolphins will drive off sharks from the beaches.
"The reverse is probably true. A dolphin is no match for a shark. Shark fishermen often find the remains of dolphins in shark stomachs.
“The dolphin's small teeth would make no impression on the tough skin of a shark, but a medium sized shark could rip a dolphin to piecesin no time."
A dolphin eats many thousands of fish in a year. And there are thousands of dolphins in N.S.W. waters. Despite the havoc the dolphin causes among our edible fish, the law strictly protects him. To kill a dolphin is an offence in N.S.W.
Mr. Roughly explained: "All other N.S.W: fauna are protected only if they are scarce or in danger of extinction.
"The dolphin is not scarce, and he is by no means in danger of extinction. We protect him because he gives so much pleasure. He is playful, kindly, and happy. He's good to watch.
"The waters of New South Wales would be much less interesting without them."
So the fabulous dolphin, sacred to the ancients; is also sacred to us. He's the only wild creature in New South Wales who's' protected by law purely from sentiment and appreciation of his beauty.
In Florida. U.S.A., dolphins are kept in enclosed pools and become quite tame.
The pool in which Mr. Hallstrom will keep the Tamarama dolphins won't be ready for eight months. It will be deep and spacious, giving the dolphins plenty of room to cavort and show off. Mr. Roughley says; "I've no objection to zoos keeping dolphins in captivity, provided the pool's big enough for them to become pets and yet remain dolphins," Wanted-Six Dolphins (£300) (1951, April 2). Warwick Daily News (Qld. : 1919 -1954), , p. 5. Retrieved from

They hope shark will live
Four fishermen who caught a 12ft. bronze whaler shark off Bondi today wanted to save its life. If it lives for 14 days it will earn them £75.
Within 600 yards of early morning surfers the fishermen fought the shark for an hour before they hauled it to the beach. Then they took it to Taronga Park Zoo in a canvas tank.
Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, chairman of the zoo trust, has a standing offer of £75 re-ward for sharks delivered to the zoo aquarium. But because of a "jinx" on the last few sharks sold to the zoo, today's catch must live a fortnight before the fishermen can claim their £75. They hope shark will live (1951, December 18). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), , p. 3. Retrieved from 

A £100 offer for a shark
SYDNEY. — Skipper III, Taronga Park Zoo's 10ft. female grey nurse shark, has died, and Sir Edward-Hallstrom is offering £100 ft for a male shark to take her place. Skipper III, who lived for three years in the Zoo's aquarium, was in distress for some time, and died, suddenly. Sir Edward, who is Chairman of the Taronga Park Trust, said he would give any person £100 for a large male grey nurse if caught uninjured and if it lives for two weeks at the zoo aquarium He said zoo officials would pick up the shark at any point between Palm Beach and Bulli. Sir Edward is also offering £75 for a large grey nurse female under the same conditions. A £100 offer for a shark (1954, October 20).The Evening Advocate (Innisfail, Qld. : 1941 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from 

£1000 Reward For Killer Shark
SYDNEY, February 7.- A £1000 reward has been offered for a killer shark which is haunting Sydney Harbour beaches. EXPERTS say the shark is the one which killed 13 year-old John Willis, off Balmoral Beach, on January 13, and German migrant, Bruno Rautenberg, at nearby Sugarloaf Bay, in Middle Harbour, on Saturday.
The chairman of the Taronga Park Zoo Trust (Sir Edward Hallstrom), who offered the reward today, said he would give, £600 to the person who caught the shark alive and the other £500 to the Chatswood Community Hospital.
The former superintendent of the State Fisheries (Mr T. Roughley), who has made a life study of marine life, warned today that the killer shark now had the "blood lust" and would be looking for a third victim.  He said it could be taken almost for certain that the shark which attacked Rautenberg on Saturday was the same one that killed Willis on January 18. Mr Roughley said the Government and anglers should make special efforts to trap the killer.
Fishermen said that the shark menace was the worst in many years in the harbour and its estuaries.
At Little Manly Cove, Manly, today, a huge shark almost leapt out of the water as it made a mad dash at children paddling at the water's edge. The children ran screaming with fright as the shark swam within a few feet of the shore, thrashing the water with its tail. Several men put out in boats to try to catch the monster, but without success. £1000 Reward For Killer Shark (1955, February 10). The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 1930 - 1956), , p. 3. Retrieved from 

The aquarium's facilities were also used as part of the hospital aspect of  Taronga zoo:

Old Injured Seal Has Pneumonia Too
An old male seal found on Curl Curl beach a week ago badly bitten by sharks and other younger seals is now at Taronga Park. He has pneumonia. The seal would normally eat 12 fish at a meal, but he has refused to eat at the Zoo. At mealtimes he is now forced to take something for his own good.
As the picture shows, he is held in a net and fed through a funnel and hose. His 12 fish are mashed in a machine of a type used in hospitals for preparing food for humans with certain gastric troubles. The chairman of the Taronga Park Trust, Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, said last night that it had been "touch and go" with the seal. "We've been able to pull him through so far, and hope we can get him fit again," said Mr. Hallstrom. Old Injured Seal Has Pneumonia Too (1951, May 25). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 4. Retrieved from 

Spotted baby 

PADDY the leopard cub is zoo baby number 2401 — the latest arrival at Taronga Park. He is the 2401st animal baby successfully born and bred at Taronga Park since the zoo was shifted there from Moore Park 35 years ago — and fourth of his spotted kind. Paddy, who made his debut in the Big  World only a fortnight ago — after a few weeks in the dark recesses of his mother's  den — is one of the friendliest leopard cubs lever bred at the zoo. He was so friendly with the Sun cameraman that Ma turned on him. The odd thing is that Paddy's mother is herself the tamest leopard ever seen in Taronga Park. She was given to Taronga Park Trust Chairman Hallstrom by the Johannesburg Zoo, and normally allows herself to be hand fed. Said a Zoo keeper today: "We can't make the old lady out. She's as docile as a tabby, but she seems to have other ideas for young Paddy's future behavior." Spotted baby... Impact! Firefly breaks back on H.M.A.S Sydney (1951, March 1). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 5 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

Hallstrom To Pay For Virus Study

Mr. E. J. Hallstrom said last night that he would meet the cost of the university's sending a scientist to Mildura to investigate the effect of myxomatosis on marsupials. Mr. Hallstrom is vice-president of the Fauna Protection Board.

The Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, Professor H. R. Dew, said that Dr. A. Bolliger, considered Australia's leading authority on marsupials, would carry out the investigation. Dr. Bolliger said he hoped to fly to Mildura on Sunday.

"It is time some proper scientific examination was made," he said. "We have appealed to everyone in the district to send us in a specimen of one of these infected animals, birds, or fish, but not one specimen has been sent in," he said.

The State Director-General of Health, Dr. E. S. Morris, last night denied a report in a Sydney newspaper that he had said doctors were "completely baffled by the encephalitis virus."


"What I did say," he declared, "was that there had been an enormous amount of research done all over the world on virus diseases, including encephalitis and poliomyelitis, but, so far, no one has been able to discover a cure or how the diseases are transmitted in epidemic form.

"When this appeared in print it was sensationalised."

The Minister for National Development, Mr. R. G. Casey, said in Canberra that the myxomatosis virus had not been tested on humans, but on some higher forms of monkeys, which reacted in a similar manner to humans to the virus. The virus had been tested on a number of domestic animals as well. Mr. Casey repeated that leading scientists in Australia had stated that the myxomatosis virus did not affect humans. Hallstrom To Pay For Virus Study (1951, March 2). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 10. Retrieved from 

Although some records indicate Mr. Hallstrom would have preferred not to have had so much focus on himself, he certainly knew to bring in those on whom many eyes were trained. Visitors to Sydney, everyone from Lords and Ladies to Alfred Hitchcock and the Beatles were encouraged to have an encounter with a real Australian at Taronga Zoo.

The favourite shown due to the expression you may see on his face and what that tells, comes from an encounter with someone who could not see what he was meeting:


Blind pianist-entertainer Alec Templeton photographed with Sir Edward Hallstrom feeding some of the kangaroos at the Sydney Taronga Park Zoo. He also visited the Australian bird aviaries to listen to their sounds. He plans to use them when he goes back to America in musical impressions of his Australian visit. BETWEEN COURSES (1952, July 16). The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), , p. 4. Retrieved from 

SIR EDWARD HALLSTROM, the Sydney philanthropist, is still making contacts regarding his proposal to send an expedition to Tasmania in search of the Tasmanian Tiger. Sir Edward has stated this in a letter to the Minister for Health (Dr. Turnbull). He told the Minister the expedition would come to Tasmania in charge of his son as soon as inquiries were completed. "These inquiries are very hopeful," Sir Edward" added CONTINUING SEARCH FOR TIGER (1952, December 2). The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from 

Advertising (1952, December 28). Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), p. 34. Retrieved from

TARONGA DEPUTATION (1950, June 7). Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , p. 2. Retrieved from


Mr. Hallstrom Replies

Sir,-My attention has been drawn to three letters in the "Herald," September 4, under the heading,''Lions for Circuses." I feel that had the writers been aware of the actual facts their letters would not have been written. So that they may know the true position, I am taking this opportunity of setting the facts out, and will be obliged if you will be so good as to publish my letter to remove the erroneous misconception that has arisen. . .

One letter, "Be Fair to Beasts," in my opinion, is particularly damaging, unkind, and untrue, and is not being kind to a human being whilst claiming to "be fair to beasts." The real facts as set out in recent newspaper articles were perfectly clear and could not reasonably give rise to the statement, "Lions for Circuses."

The plain and interesting fact is that I was offered lions in Africa for £200 each, and I have had several inquiries in Africa for lions from Australia. Nothing more than that. No promise on my part to sell lions or to buy them. It was interesting news and should not have been capable of distortion. There is no project in existence for the selling of lions by me to circuses.

The other item of news was that Chicago Zoo offered to sell Taronga Park five kangaroos. I consider that particularly interesting, and to offer to sell us kangaroos amounted to "taking coal to Newcastle."

Even if there were some arrangement to sell or dispose of surplus stock in Taronga Park, surely I could be trusted with the destiny of a few animals that come under my care there. 

Perhaps, the writers of the letters do not know that both in my private capacity, and at Taronga Park, I am continually having birds and animals sent to me or placed under my care because of their ill-health or injury. These birds and animals are restored to health, returned to their owners, or returned to their natural habitats.

From injured koala bears sent to me, I have built up a sanctuary where these injured creatures are now breeding, and are under the jurisdiction of the Fauna Board.

E.J.L. HALLSTROM (F.R.Z.S.). Mosman. Letters (1950, September 5). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from

Hallstrom And The Three Bears
SYDNEY. — The president of Taronga Park Trust (Mr. E. J. Hallstrom) today spent an hour in a pit at the zoo and released three grizzly bears.
Mr. Hallstrom ran for cover when he released the las tbolt holding a cage door. The grizzlies, All Khan and his two wives each weigh five cwt. and are 18 months old. They are from San Francisco Zoo and were in a cage which was lowered 35 feet into the pit by a crane. Mr. Hallstrom loosened the bolts of the cage door and then secured a rope to it. He darted for a trapdoor immediately he pulled the rope holding the last bolt, but the grizzlies didn't chase him. They immediately dropped in the pool in the pit. Mr. Hallstrom said he did not want anyone else to release the bolts because it was too dangerous. ' 'There was nothing to it really,' he said, 'but if there had been an accident, one of those bears could rip you to shreds in a few minutes.' Zoo keepers will feed the bears with meat, fish and biscuits. Mr. Hallstrom carried the three syphons of soda water to squirt in the bears' faces to keep them away from the bolts. Hallstrom And The Three Bears (1952, January 17). The Newcastle Sun (NSW : 1918 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from 

Honor for E. J. Hallstrom
Clay Hake, managing director of Paramount Pictures in Australia, received a cable this morning from Mrs. Benchley, director of the San Diego Zoo, advising that Taronga Park Trust chairman E. J. Hallstrom had been made an honorary life-member of the Zoological Society of San Diego. Mr. Hallstrom also has been made an honorary vice - president of the society. Honor for E. J. Hallstrom (1952, January 29). The Sun(Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 7 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

Mrs. Belle Benchley and Mr. Edward Hallstrom -photo; courtesy San Diego Zoo

SlR EDWARD HALLSTROM, who's a knight of Sweden as well as of Britain, will leave next month for a 25-day tour of England and Europe. He'll have with him a batch of sound and color films of Taronga Park and rare Australian fauna to show a world-wide gathering of zoologists at Copenhagen.Sir Edward, whose Swedish grandfather was a sea captain, isn't quite sure from precisely what part of Sweden his family comes. ARTHUR POLKINGHORNE'S (1953, June 19). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 13 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from

Hallstrom Leaves For Denmark
The chairman of the Taronga Park Trust, Sir Edward Hallstrom, left Kingsford Smith Airport last night to attend the 14th International Zoological Conference in Copenhagen, Denmark. Sir Edward will head a delegation from the Royal Zoological Society of N.S.W. to the conference, which begins early next month. Other members of the delegation are Miss J. Allan and Mr. A. Keast. Hallstrom Leaves For Denmark (1953, July 28). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 4. Retrieved from 

'Quins' are a handful 

Taronga Zoo Park president Sir Edward Hallstrom (above) is foster mother to five baby parakeets. The parakeets, found in bush country near Mona Vale, were brought to Sir Edward 2 when only a few days old. To save their lives he took on the task of rearing them in his office at his Willoughby factory. Although still almost featherless, the young parakeets are thriving in a suitcase under Sir Edward's desk. He feeds them five times a day with canary seed flour, mixed with a little peanut oil and orange juice,
The parakeets, now 10 days old, take their food through a medicinal syringe. Said Sir Edward today, "I'll have to keep on feeding them until they're five or six weeks old 2 "They've come on amazingly well since they were first brought  in here." 'Quins' are a handful (1954, June 16). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 1 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from

This item tells why the one that runs straight after it may have occurred - the zoo was so expensive to run, and Sir Hallstrom had contributed so much for so long, that losing him would be a great loss - the article 'The tenacious Zoo Keeper' 

TARONGA Park Zoo's chairman. Sir Edward Hallstrom, refrigerator magnate, retires on September 25, 1956, aged 70. He is spending the time between now and then gathering a selection of rare and expensive animals as a final gift to cap the £250,000 he has already donated.Humans can't complain at this expenditure on animals. For man's medical benefit, Sir Edward has already spent more than £1-million. Also, he has spent thousands sending desperately sick adults and children to doctors overseas when local skills have failed. SYDNEY DIARY... (1954, November 1).News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954), , p. 13. Retrieved from

Legislative Council Office, Sydney, 20th September, 1956.
IT is hereby notified, for general information, that His Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor has, in the name and on behalf of Her Majesty, this day assented to the undermentioned Act passed by the Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly of New South Wales in Parliament assembled, viz.:—
Act No. 19, 1956.—"An Act to dedicate Taronga Zoological Park as a public park; to provide that the existing trustees of that Park shall be deemed to have been appointed under the Public Parks Act, 1912, as amended by subsequent Acts; to extend the term of office of Sir Edward Hallstrom as a trustee of that Park; to amend the Crown Lands Consolidation Act, 1913, the Public Parks Act, 1912, and certain other Acts in certain respects; and for purposes connected therewith." J. R. STEVENSON, Clerk of the Parliaments. 
ACT OF PARLIAMENT ASSENTED TO. (1956, September 28). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 2829. Retrieved  from

Can Boongarry, tree-kangaroo, jump 100 ft. to the ground? FOR YOUNG AUSTRALIANS  By NORMAN McCANCE 

We have a racehorse somewhere in the family called Jean Garry, a black mare that "also ran" at Caulfield, and her sire was a steeplechaser most aptly called Boongarry, which is the native name for the Tree Kangaroo, the world's champion long distance jumper.

Before I tell you something about this Boongarry —the marsupial, not the horse— may I explain that you can have too much of a good thing, and see so many rarities that they, become no longer rare. I have in mind a remarkable botanical curiosity called a Maidenhair Tree, or Gingko, which is; a relic of a wonderful period in earth's history when all vegetation was ferns. It is, therefore, a living fossil. It is a sacred Japanese tree and there were once only three in Melbourne. But someone with lots of money ordered a whole avenue of them to be propagated and planted in the Dandenong Ranges. The curio became a commonplace. 

Common in Sydney 

There was once a Tree-climbing Kangaroo in the Melbourne Zoo, and we used to gaze upon it as a great wonder. But Sir Edward Hallstrom, the great benefactor of the Taronga Park Zoo in Sydney, ordered about 20 pairs to be brought from New Guinea, and the last time I was at Taronga Park I had the same feeling of nightmare as I had when I walked down the Gingko grove. I saw in Sydney so many Boongarries that one of the rarest marsupials in Australia became almost as common as guinea pigs —and about as interesting. I suppose if you papered your dining room with Corot's "Bent Tree." a wonderful picture would become simply a pattern on the wall. And fancy a hundred Mona Lisas smiling. 


There are only two kinds of Tree-climbing Kangaroos in Australia — the true Boongarry or Lumholtz Tree-Kangaroo named after Carl Lumholtz, who discovered it in the Herbert River district of Queensland during an exploration; and the smaller species, Bennett's Tree Kangaroo. Boongarry is a very handsome creature with grey coat and creamy waist-coat, and a coal black face. He can cover the ground quite nimbly, but his home and hunting-grounds are in the tree-tops. He, if hard pressed or if someone cuts down the tree, can leap from these arboreal heights 60ft. to the ground in one great jump, and no other living creature can challenge this phenomenal record. It has even been said that Boongarry can land safely from a tree-top 100 ft. from the ground, but I think we have to draw the line somewhere. Some student in physics with a knowledge of the acceleration rate of falling bodies may calculate the force of Boongarry's impact upon earth after a leap from such a height. If he assures us that no living bone arid muscle could I withstand such a shock, I will believe him. 


Boongarry is simply a kangaroo that has gone aloft and adapted himself for a tree-top existence.) In so doing he has developed marked differences from his ground-living relatives. His fore and hind legs are nearly equal in development, because all four are in use in tree-climbing, whereas the ordinary kangaroo's hind legs are abnormally developed for jumping, while its forelegs have dwindled almost to the degree where they are just a support for the paws. In the tree-climbers, the hind feet are broad and the second and third toes are quite well developed and not just appendages of the great toe as in true kangaroos. Moreover, the claws of the fourth and fifth toes are strongly curved for clasping boughs. Unlike possums, Boongarry does not use his tail to grip the boughs of a tree for greater safety but maintains balance with -his fore and hind Jimbs while his tail hangs loosely down beneath him. It would be a gigantic tree- python that could challenge Boongarry in the tree-tops, and I cannot think of any other enemy that would cause him to take prodigious leaps of 60 ft. or 100 ft. 

What 100 ft. is 

The green and gold tree-python of New Guinea could scarcely frighten a ring- tail possum, anyhow, being only about four feet long. So I think that when Boongarry comes down to earth he would very likely do it as you or I would by climbing slowly and safely down to the bottom branches, and dropping neatly down without unnecessary risk. Have you any idea of what a 100 ft. jump would be? From about the 9th floor of the Manchester Unity Building to the pavement in Swanston Street opposite the Town Hall ! Can Boongarry, tree-kangaroo jump 100 ft. to the ground? (1953, December 30).Weekly Times (Melbourne, Vic. : 1869 - 1954), , p. 28. Retrieved from 

Black Swans From Australia To Italy 1962 - British Pathe video

Mr. Hallstrom would also take animals that were not wanted elsewhere - sometimes with tragic results. An elephant named 'Nellie' fell into a moat and broke her back at the elephant enclosure decades before elephants were housed in more suitable 'fields':

Nellie The Elephant Fractured Spine - Big Loss For Taronga Park

Sydney, May 23. — A fractured spine caused the death of the Taronga Park Zoo elephant Nellie on Saturday. Officials said this after a post-mortem examination yesterday. Nellie fell into the moat that guards the Zoo's elephant house on Saturday. The president of the Taronga Park Trust, Mr. R. J. Hallstrom, said last night that the post-mortem examination had been held yesterday instead of Monday to prove or disprove the theory that Nellie had been strangled. He said that filling in of the moat would start today. The moat would be replaced with a fence of steel and concrete strong enough to withstand a 20-ton blow. Large crowds congregated at the elephant house yesterday. The elephants missed Nellie, a keeper said. 'That's them singing out to her now.' he added. 'She was a good elephant.' Nellie The Elephant Fractured Spine (1949, May 24). Barrier Daily Truth (Broken Hill, NSW : 1908; 1941 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from

Nellie, rogue elephant aboard the "Arcadia" accepts an apple from Mr. J. E. Hallstrom who brought her from Sth Africa [picture] 1948  Argus Newspaper Collection of Photographs, courtesy State Library of Victoria.  

Taking animals could no longer be where they once were also brought a few celebrities of the animal world to the zoo:


DARWIN, Tuesday.—Sydney philanthropist Sir Edward Hallstrom plans to reform Jimmy the chimpanzee. Sir Edward said he would break Jimmy of his drinking habit when he got him to Taronga Park. Sir Edward is in Darwin to get Jimmy back from the remote Elcho Island Mission station. Jimmy, formerly the star chimpanzee of the Tarzan films, has been voyaging around the Pacific with actor yachtsman John Calvert. The voyage ended when the Sea Fox, Calvert's yacht was beached at Elcho IslandSir Edward said Jimmy would be allowed a ration of cigarettes but no alcohol at Taronga Park. PLANS TO REFORM RAKE CHIMP (1959, July 22). The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995), , p. 18. Retrieved from 

Although, as can be seen above from some items, Mr. Hallstrom was considered a 'talented amateur', Taronga flourished under his stewardship. Times change and his own focus on bringing in specialists in each field for each animal, zoologists, while still being 'The Chief'  

The tenacious keeper of Taronga Zoo


WHAT right has Sir Edward Hallstrom, honorary life director of Taronga Zoo, to start charging motorists £2 a month for parking on the road down to the Zoo wharf?

The answer, as Mosman motorists learnt to their annoyance this week, is that Taronga Park Zoological Trust owns the road, and can do what it likes. Very well then, let us go further: what statutory right has 77 years old Sir Edward to decide or help decide what the Trust shall do? The answer to this question is-none.

The truth of the matter is that for the last five years Sir Edward has exercised authority of a kind which is probably unique in the major zoological gardens of the world. The latest edition of "Who's Who In Australia" describes Sir Edward as "Honorary Life President Taronga Park Zoological trust..

This is not correct. The real president (honorary, though not for life) is Sir Edward's 49 years old son, Mr. John Hallstrom. Yet the only public statements made about Taronga since John Hallstrom's appointment to this office in 1959 have all come from Sir Edward.

Sir Edward, the phenomenally generous refrigerator manufacturer who became president of the Trust in 1948, lavished so much of his personal fortune on the zoo (his total benefactions in this direction have been estimated at £750,000) that it became difficult to imagine how Taronga would ever again manage without him. Unfortunately, the Public Parks Act provides that all members of public trusts in N.S.W. must retire at the age of 70.

But not Sir Edward. As his 70th birthday approached, the N.S.W. Parliament amended the Act "in its application to Sir Edward Hallstrom" by replacing the words "seventy years" with "seventy-three years." Time slipped by, however, and soon the president was 73.

At a farewell function in 1959, the then Premier, the late Mr. J. J. Cahill, "nominated" Sir Edward as an "honorary life director" of the Trust, and at its next meeting the Trust seconded this informal nomination. Ever since then, with not a skerrick of statutory authority, Sir Edward has continued to exercise wide executive power.

He no longer has a Trustee's vote, but he attends all Trust meetings, and at each meeting he submits a report for the Trustees' consideration. "I simply make recommendations," he explains, "and they can accept them or reject them. They've never turned me down on anything yet though."

Although now in his 78th year, Sir Steward usually works a six-hour day from Monday to Friday at Taronga-unless, of course, he happens to be overseas on zoo business. During the last two years, he has made three trips to the United Stales, six to New Guinea, and one to Indonesia and Singapore. On the. last of these trips he presented five kangaroos to the Los. Angeles Zoo, and received in return the skeleton of a 20,000 years old. sabre-tooth tiger.

It is impossible not to admire Sir Edward's philanthropy and vitality, but his policy of zoo management is by no means above criticism. Before he became president of the Trust, Taronga had a curator and an assistant curator, both of whom were trained veterinarians. These men retired or resigned during the early 1950s and were not replaced.

Today Taronga has neither a veterinary scientist nor a trained zoologist on its staff. "There's no zoologist in Australia who has the qualifications to come and advise us," says Sir Edward. "All over the world zoos have gorillas and lose them. I acquired seven, and I've still got seven. What do I want a zoologist for?"

Compare this with the view expressed recently by Professor Bernhard Grzimek, director of Frankfurt Zoological Gardens. Professor Grzimek, who is renowned throughout the world not only as a zoo director but also as a crusader for the preservation of wild life in Tanganyika's Serengeti game reserve, is at present visiting Australia. Interviewed here the other day, he said that Frankfurt Zoo employed eight scientists: two veterinarians and six biologists. "That is how a modern zoo must be run," he said. IN NEW SOUTH WALES THIS WEEK The tenacious keeper of Taronga Zoo (1964, August 5). The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995), , p. 2. Retrieved from 

The Pittwater Connections - Nature Reserves, Fauna And Flora Sanctuary And Holiday Homes For Respite 

Mona Vale - Bayview - Avalon Beach - Whale Beach

Setting aside or taking on looking after bush and the flora and fauna that thrives there was a Hallstrom family focus. When Edward Hallstrom became part of Taronga Zoo officially in 1941 he quickly recognised one of the most adorable and endearing Australian animals is the koala. Even today visiting dignataries and celebrities are photographed with the koala. 

Unfortunately the koala, which you see moving when it has to 'migrate' to different food trees through the annual seasons, and not all that much at other times, was hunted during the 1930's, almost to extinction. It hadn't been treated too well prior to then either.

Pittwater, as we now know, has lost all the koalas that once lived here. The encroachments of developments, people allowing their dogs to hunt them, the loss of habitat food trees all combined and the result was we don't have any anymore.

Edward Hallstrom must have been horrified by what he witnessed happening and although he may have had one eye on making Taronga more lucrative through this beautiful animal's universal appeal, he also ensured the best in the business were called in to save the animal - basing his 'zoo' for koalas here in Pittwater.

Just before an announcement he has been appointed an Honorary Ranger under the BIRDS and Animals Protection Act, 1918-1930, this item appears in Warringah Shire Council minutes if meetings records:

19. Lands Department, 6/10/42, advising that the Department has received from Mr. E.J.L. Hallstrom  an application for the purchase of part of a private subdivision road which runs into Cabbage Tree Road, requesting that the Council furnish particulars of the dedication of the road as a public road, and suggesting if no evidence of dedication is available, the Council consider taking action under the provisions of Section 224 of the Local Government Set to make the road a public road, after which it could be closed and sold under the Public Roads Act provided such a course is found to be unobjectionable in the public interest. Resolved, - That, as recommended by the Engineer, the Council object to the closing of the road, and that it take action under the provisions of Section 224 (3) of the Local Government Act to make the road a public road. (Crs. Baths, McLean)

He was, of course, trying to set up lands free of koala killing cars to establish the Bayview Koala Sanctuary on the site of the present day retirement village at Bayview where he had purchased 40 acres.

As may be obvious by now, Mr. Hallstrom was not one to give up from Warringah's Minutes of Meetings and had support from those who could help him in excellent quest:
(3) Lands Department, 14/4/44, forwarding copy of Gazette notification by the Minister of intention to close part of the Road- Unnamed road in Portion 30, Parish of Narrabeen, and to sell same to-Mr. E J L Hallstrom, and inquiring whether Council. Concurs in the proposal to place a valuation of £35.5.0 on the land (at the rate of, £20 per acre). Resolved, That the Council concur in the proposal.

Sydney, 7th March, 1945.
I, the Right Honourable John de Vere, Baron Wakehurst, Governor of the State of New South Wales, with the advice of the Executive Council, do hereby not/fv that, in pursuance of the provisions of 20th section. Public Roads Act, 1902, the roads described hereunder are hereby closed, and the lands comprised therein are to be granted to the person mentioned.
WAKEHURST, Governor. J. M. TULLY, Minister for Lands.
Edward John Lees Hallstrom, 1 acre 3 roods 2 perches. The public road separating lots 4 and 3 from lots 5, 6 and 7 of a private subdivision of portion 30 (plan 6,466 L.), now shown on plan R. 23.256-1,603, parish Narrabeen, county Cumberland, Land District Metropolitan, Shire Warringah.  NOTIFICATION OF CLOSING OF ROADS AND APPROVAL OF THE SALE OF THE LANDS COMPRISED THEREIN UNDER ROAD PURCHASE APPLICATION. (1945, March 16). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 478. Retrieved from 

The next step?; Food, glorious koala food:
(24) Mona Vale Community League, 28/10/44, (a) informing the Council of the formation of the League, stating its objects, and that the President, the Councillors for "A" Riding, and the Officers of the Council, have been elected honorary members; (b) advising that the League meets at intervals of two months on the second Friday of the month at 7.30 P.m. at Community the Public School, that Mr. Hallstrom, who has promised to donate 1,000 trees of a variety that will provide suitable food for koalas, will probably address the meeting to be held on 8th December; (c) suggesting the Council supply the League with a map showing the boundaries of the area in which the League proposes to operate; (d) stating the League hopes to work in close co-operation with the Council, and to make the area one that will make the public tree-conscious, but not from a commercial aspect. Resolved, - That (a), (b) and (d) be "received", and in regalia-to TWT that a nap be supplied, and the League assured of the Council's co-operation. (Crs. Dunbar, Spicer) 

(65) Kurig-gai Council, 20/6/49, forwarding copy of letter from E J. Hallstrom, offering to supply about 5 000 trees yearly without cost, to be given to the residents to replenish the food trees for Koalas In the Shire. Council to arrange for distribution of the trees. Resolved, - That Mr. Hallstrom be thanked, and informed that the Council will accept the trees in batches and local residents advised as the batches are received; also, that publicity be given to the offer, and suggestions Invited as to the locations for the trees.

The Koala Sanctuary was ready to go, and, as shown in the articles below where experts are asked to attend to saving the koalas, part of this was building structures they may need. Finding those records also made it apparent Mr. Hallstrom built a weatherboard cottage in Malo Road Whale Beach during this shift back to his old stomping grounds:

Warringah—Bk. cotts.—Barrenjoey Rd.—Verrills Bros.; …. W.B. cott., Malo Rd.—Hallstrom Pty. Ltd.; Metropolitan Water Sewerage & Drainage Board (1949, November 16). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 14. Retrieved from

Houses dotted on the hillside around Whale Beach, Sydney, ca. 1930s [picture] PIC/15611 Fairfax archive of glass plate negatives, courtesy National Library of Australia

WILD FLOWERS AND NATIVE PLANTS. PROTECTION ACT, 1927. Appointment of Honorary Rangers. THE undermentioned persons have been appointed as Honorary Rangers in pursuance of the provisions of the Wild Flowers and Native Plants Protection Act, 1927: — James Joseph Brosnan, Diamond-street, Tingha. Clarence Ernest Martin, Starkey-street, French's Forest. Alice Edie Collins, 70 Spring-street, Arncliffe. Clement George Hallstrom, 55 Nicholson-street, Strathfield.  M. E. MANFRED (for Minister for Local Government). Department of Works and Local Government, Sydney, 28th August, 1940. WILD FLOWERS AND NATIVE PLANTS PROTECTION ACT, 1927. (1940, September 6). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 3707. Retrieved from 

APPOINTMENT OF AN HONORARY RANGER. BIRDS and Animals Protection Act, 1918-1930, and the Careless Use of Fire Act, 1912, as amended by the Bush Fires Act, 1930: Mr. Edward John Lees Hallstrom, of 462 Willoughby road, Willoughby, has been appointed an Honorary Ranger for the purposes of these Acts. (692) J. M. BADDELEY. APPOINTMENT OF AN HONORARY RANGER. (1942, October 16).Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 2773. Retrieved from 

IN accordance with the provisions of the Public Parks Act, 1912, I, Lieutenant-General John Northcott, Governor of the State of New South Wales, with the advice of the Executive Council, do by this notice appoint Edward John Lees Hallstrom, Esq., as a trustee of Captain Cook's Landing Place, in the place of Mr. J. Molesworth, retired. P. 48-2,818.
Signed and sealed at Sydney, this 22nd day of April, 1948. (l.s,) J. NORTHCOTT, Governor. By His Excellency's Command, GEO. WEIR. (693) GOD SAVE THE KING! NOTICE APPOINTING A TRUSTEE UNDER THE PUBLIC PARKS ACT, 1912.—PROCLAMATION. (1948, April 23).Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 947. Retrieved from 

The Sanctuary, a place of healing, was also offered as a place of study;

Koala Study Centre For N.S.W.s . The Chief Secretary, Mr. C. H. Matthews, said last night that, the deputy chairman of the Fauna Protection Panel, Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, had offered to make his property at Mona Vale available for research into the conservation of koala bears. He said Mr Hallstrom would put up any buildings required and would provide labour for the care of the animals.

He said that he and the panel appreciated Mr. Hallstrom's generosity. It was intended, to use the property as a centre for scientific investigation into the breeding, feeding, and diseases of koalas. EXPERT ADVICE: The panel would-have the advice of experts, including Professor P.D. F. Murray, Challis Professor of Zoology at the University of Sydney. Mr. Matthews said the panel was making a State-wide survey to find out about-how many koalas there are. He appealed to the public to give the chief guardian of fauna. Mr. F.J. Griffiths, any information about the location of koala colonies in New South Wales Mr. Griffiths is in the Chief Secretary's Department. Koala Study Centre For N.S.W. (1949, October 18). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from

Perhaps, the writers of the letters do not know that both in my private capacity, and at Taronga Park, I am continually having birds and animals sent to me or placed under my care because of their ill-health or injury. These birds and animals are restored to health, returned to their owners, or returned to their natural habitats.

From injured koala bears sent to me, I have built up a sanctuary where these injured creatures are now breeding, and are under the jurisdiction of the Fauna Board. E.J.L. HALLSTROM (F.R.Z.S.)Mosman. Letters. (1950, September 5). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from

More Than 50 Injured Koalas Saved At Coastal Sanctuary 


A CAR sped along the Pacific Highway towards  Sydney late one summer night. There was a bump against the front mudguard, so slight that it was hardly noticed by the driver. Anyone watching closely, however,  would have noticed a grey ball  of fluff, lit up for a moment by the  headlights, bounce on to the side of the road. After a time they would have seen it crawl away into the bush. That injured animal was a koala. A number of koalas, which sleep during the day and move around at night, have been hit by cars. Some have been killed.

The more fortunate of the injured ones find their way to the private sanctuary run by Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, industrialist and naturalist, at Mona Vale. Mr. Hallstrom is president of the Taronga Park Trust.  There they are joined by others of their kind, who have got into fights among themselves, been caught in traps, fallen from trees, been burned in bush fires, and suffered a variety of injuries.  During the past five years 50 to 60 koalas have been treated there, mainly for fractures and burns. Over 80 per cent, have regained normal health.  

Mr. Hallstrom deals with cases of simple fracture himself. He calls in a vet. for compound fractures and other difficult cases. It was found that koalas strongly objected to being treated lying down. So a special apparatus was devised to enable them to recover in their natural sitting-up position. It consists of an upright wooden post, mounted on a rubber cushion. The bear sits with its legs straddled each side of the post, and clings to the wood with its claws. After its broken limbs have been set, they are strapped into a suitable position around the post.

How They Are Fed: If the animal is capable of feeding itself, a box of leaves and a canister of water are left within easy reach. Otherwise it is fed with milk from a spoon. A young koala which was picked up in a gutter at Vaucluse had two fractured limbs and a broken pelvis. The injured parts of its body were set in plaster, and it was carefully nursed for nearly three months. It is now well and the mother of a baby at Taronga Park.

I drove out with Mr. Hallstrom to see the 20-odd koalas at present convalescing at Mona Vale. The sanctuary is in typical bush scenery, on a hillside overlooking the sea. More than 5,000 young trees, mostly grey gums, have recently been planted to ensure a good supply of natural feed. Injured koalas spend their time in a shed during wet weather, and in a small paddock "hospital" clear of trees (to avoid further injuries from falls) when it is dry.

When they, are well enough to climb and take care of themselves, they are released into a 15-acre paddock, where they live in completely natural surroundings. The paddock is also used for breeding purposes. I saw several of the convalescents perched in the trees. Some were sleeping peacefully in the forks of branches. Others, with their young in pouches or on their backs, were crawling precariously amongst the thick foliage after food.

"Mac," a bush veteran who helps Mr. Hallstrom look after the animals, nodded at one young mother who was working her way obstinately along a particularly slender branch. "If it snaps." he said, "she'll be back in hospital. Mostly they send the young ones out on the tricky branches after they're a few months old. Two months in the pouch, a month being carried piggy-back, and they're ready to fend for themselves. I've seen them hanging on as cool as cucumbers with a westerly blowing the branches all over the place."  
I asked "Mac" how he dealt with burns, and how the animals behaved when they were hurt.
"Burns," he said, "I treat with salt and water solution and special emulsions. Where their eyes are closed up I use silver nitrate drops to take off the scum. Most of them sit still during treatment and don't make any fuss. They're not overburdened with brains, but they seem to realise we're trying to help. I've known them scratch and nip a bit at first, but they soon get tame enough to be handled. Once they get well and back in the trees again it doesn't take long before they forget 'civilisation'."
Mr. Hallstrom explained that most of the koalas get injured "on nocturnal prowlings after food and females," or during bush fires when they curl up in the trees and refuse to budge. "Although their fur is close-knit and highly resistant to water," he continued, "they have been known to die of pneumonia. Twenty-odd years ago hundreds of thousands died of a disease rather similar to sinus. "With pneumonia and septic conditions setting in around fractures, I usually give a few shots of penicillin."
 More Than 50 Injured Koalas Saved At Coastal Sanctuary. (1950, September 6).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from

Please note this following article will upset children, we would not read it out to them - it will upset adults too - but should form part of this record, especially during current times when we find ourselves in danger of losing all koalas - it also shows Edward's son John had begun to take in many of the duties in looking after the animals thank you Mr. Gellert:

Leon Gellert Finds Himself.. AMONG THE KOALAS

AN incensed reader has sent me a newspaper clipping in which, she claims, a libellous injustice has been  done to a koala. It states that at Mona Vale one of these animals bit and poisoned the hand of a solicitous naturalist who was trying to succour it-a Mr. John Hallstrom. The name seems familiar. Were there any truth in this alarming story it could only be assumed that the unhappy marsupial, immeasurably wiser than its kind, singled out that particular hand as most deserving the honour of the first koala-bite in history.

Such reckless stories of the ferocity of our native bears may have their uses. Apart from frightening us into barring our doors more securely at night, they should act as a warning to those foolhardy wayfarers who are always eager to rescue a country's fauna from its natural surroundings.

Man, in his dealings with creatures of the wild, suffers many misadventures. He may be torn asunder by raging silkworms, brutally battered to death by butterflies or trampled underfoot by stampeding ladybirds, but he is never, never, never bitten by koalas.

This is not to say that every-body who chooses to play fast and loose with a koala comes away unscathed.. The single occasion on which I engaged one of the species single-handed proved to be a pretty bloody affair. 

MANY years ago my friend Harold Cazneaux (the celebrated photographer) and I were assigned to bring out an illustrated booklet on the Australian native bear. During the preliminary operations of getting facts and photographs at Koala Park, Mr. Noel Burner, the director of the sanctuary, placed an exquisite cub of about seven inches long in my arms while he and Cazneaux went in search of a larger specimen.

Mistaking me for the bole of  a stunted bluegum, the animal began to mount, hand over hand,[for the topmost branches where, if instinct could be relied upon, the most succulent pastures were to be found. I tried as gently as possible to thwart its purpose, but my tender restraint was met with a cheerful but desperate opposition. The harder I tugged, the deeper its needle-sharp claws dug in.

Having negotiated my vest, it scrambled from one chin to the next and began its ascent of the face, itself, where the yielding, penetrable tissues were more to its liking. Eventually it gained the summit and, as far as I remember,- settled down among the sparse undergrowth and quietly dropped off to sleep.

By the time Mr. Burnet returned my countenance was ashambles. But, there and then, I was given a lesson in the correct method of disengaging a koala bear from the human face. The procedure is much like removing a cluster of fishhooks that have become embedded in the flesh. The booklet is long since out of print and Mr. Cazneaux's incomparable photographs have circulated on their own merits and have been acclaimed in every quarter of the globe.

THE publication I speak of was an inexpensive little thing, and I can recall only one other incident in connection with it, and that was a true story that my friend  Hemsley told me while it was in preparation.

Hemsley is one of those kindly, sensitive mortals who shudder visibly at the very thought of pain wantonly inflicted.

One evening, as we were travelling together on the ferry-boat from the city, I told him of our prospective brochure on the koala, and saw him wince at the mention of the name. After some moments of grave silence he came out with his story. It was simple and brief.

"It was towards the end of my knicker bocker days," said Hemsley. "There were three of us all boys of about the same age and armed with pea-rifles, we had set out across country one morning for a day's rabbit-shooting.

"We had tramped through the fields and low-lying paddocks for hours. We had scattered through the stubble and peered into burrows. We had combed the bushes and the dead wood for miles around but with no sight of a rabbit, except, here and there,  a vanishing tail.

"By midday not a shot had been fired. And then someone suggested that we make our way up the gentle slope of ground to the foothills where, out of reach of the sun, under the tall timber we could eat our lunch.

"AS soon as we got well into the belt of towering gums we collapsed forlorn and frustrated at the foot of the largest of then and lay there on our back munching and grumbling.

"Revived by our meal, we gathered enough energy to make a target of a young sapling. But we soon wearied of sapling shooting and once more lay on our backs in the shade looking up at the blue fragments of sky showing through the distant wickerwork of leaves. It was close timber and the lowest branches emerged from their trunks some twenty feet from the ground.

"Suddenly the idling eyes one of us descried a small brown shape huddled in the delicate fork of the highest limb of our tree. It swayed in the mild wind overhead like a tiny mariner caught in the farthest rigging. And although none of us had seen one we all knew that it was a koala.

"There was great excitement. Game at last!-and nicely silhouetted against a clear heaven.

"After the usual dispute as to whose privilege it was to have the first shot we were all at it firm singly, at first, and then in volleys

"The brown shape continued to swing unconcernedly and then someone scored a hit.

"There were yells of delight as our marksmanship improved and we could hear our bullets find their mark.

"Slowly the small brown bundle began to stir, unfolding itself like a woollen glove. And then we saw a drop of blood among the dead leaves at our feet. Another drop fell beside it and another. It wouldn't be long now, we thought, before that clump of fur came tumbling down. It must be fairly riddled with lead by this time.

"Nevertheless a feeling of un-easiness had set in. From away up in the tree-top there came drifting down to us a sound that made us lower our rifles and stand close together-a white faced little group, paralysed with awe. It began as a soft whimpering such as might have come from a forsaken child and swelled to the terrible grief-stricken lamentation of a heart hopelessly broken. It went on and on.

THERE was no protest in that piteous crying-only an inconsolable anguish. And as the moaning continued we noticed that the bear had begun to move.

"It was coming down-not falling down, but slowly, falteringly groping its way along the branch to the main stem, weeping and shaking its head from side to side as it paused, every now and again, to steady itself.

"Eventually it arrived at the lowest limb and commenced its backward descent of the smooth trunk. Never was progress so slow.

"And all the time we stood there watching and listening watching its poor feet fumble for a grip so that pieces of bark came clattering down-listening to that interminable crying of despair.

"When at last it reached the ground, it hesitated for a second or two and then, as though it had lost the power to see, it came stumbling to where we stood petrified with shame and horror. And there it sank at our feet.

"Not till we had realised that it was dead did we notice, clinging to its back, another diminutive bear looking up at us with bright beady eyes. It seemed as though that heroic mother had, with its last gasp, trustingly committed her cub into our care.

"I tell you that during the whole of that horrible journey home none of us spoke a single word. And since that day I have never touched a firearm of any kind."

COULD see that Hemsley was considerably upset. But it was time for me to leave him. The boat was drawing into my wharf.

As I rose to go I said, "And what became of the . . ."

But somehow I could not get the words out of my mouth. With a dumb gesture of understanding I left him sitting there.

Leon Gellert Finds Himself.. (1950, October 15). The Sunday Herald (Sydney, NSW : 1949 - 1953), , p. 2. Retrieved from 

Wild Life Preservation Society of Australia. Preserving Australia's Fauna and Flora.

The Annual Report of the Secretary of The Wild Life Preservation Society of Australia for the year ending June 30th, 1950, sets forth in considerable detail the various activities of this important Organisation, which quietly, consistently and altruistically, year in and year out, strives to preserve the flora and fauna of our country against the apathy of the people and the inroads of vandalism. Regret is expressed that the Wild Life Section of C.S.I.R.O. cannot find time to tackle many of the problems that the Society would wish, the Report stating that this section "continues to concern itself only with the rabbit.'" International Conference. In August, 1949, the International Union for the Protection of Nature held a conference under the auspices of UNESCO at Lake Success, U.S.A., the purpose of the conference being the sponsoring of more efficient conservation and the better use of the earth's resources. Mr. Ellis Troughton, of the Australian Museum, Sydney, and Mr. Harold Coolidge, Washington, acting for the Society, were Australian delegates. Dr. J. H. Westerman, a Councillor of the Society, was also present. The Society is represented by the Secretary, Mr. Allen A. Strom, and Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, representing the Taronga Zoological Park Trust, on the Fauna Protection Panel. A protest has been made during the year regarding the alienation of land between National Park and Garrawarra Park. All those interested in this important work should belong to this Society, the annual subscription for which is for men, 10/-, and women 5/-, with life membership at five guineas. The Hon. Secretary is A. A. Strom, 6 Coopernook Avenue, Gymea Bay, Sydney. Wild Life Preservation Society of Australia (1950, November 1). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 16. Retrieved from 

Plan to save our koalas




FAR behind what the world has come to call the Iron Curtain, in a tiny wooden village schoolhouse in Bessarabia, I was once shown a postcard which the aged schoolmaster carried carefully in his wallet, in just the same way as a soldier carries the photograph of his wife or sweetheart. He had shown it to his class year after year when the geography lesson on Australia came round, and was never tired of displaying it at night under an oil lamp to the gaping peasants in the village wine-shop. It was the worn photo of a Dinkum- Aussie who has done more to publicise Australia abroad than the Department of Information and the Departments of Tourism put together — the koala. 

Throughout the Continent, in all sorts of odd places, I came across photos of our little ambassador, who knows no politics, and who has captured the world's imagination even more than the kangaroo or the platypus. In hotel, bars, cafes, restaurants you had to be ready to brush up your zoological knowledge of the koala, the kangaroo and the platypus once it became known that you came from Australia Wheat, wool and gold, Australia's rapid march in industry, arid its civilisation meant little in the school geography books beside our remnants of the fauna of a bygone geological age-saved from extinction long ago by a timely land-subsidence which cut our continent off from Asia. 

To foreign eyes this land of ours is a living museum of ancient geological forms of life— a place where evolution stopped, another "Lost World" with monotremes and marsupials instead of the pterodactyls and dinosaurs. If there is any animal which has become a martyr to human greed and cruelty, it is the gentle, inoffensive koala; if any animal has a damning indictment to present against humanity, it is the koala. In the days of our first settlers, it was flourishing almost everywhere except in Western Australia. But the harmless little gumtip-eater had the bad luck to possess a strong hide and a lovely fur which would stand up to a lot of wear. That started the white man's slaughter of the innocent. More than a million were killed and their skin's exported to America (under the name of "wombat" skins, in order to allay any public outcry). Only 25 years, ago, American fur catalogues still listed them as such. Under the depredations of the fur-hunters, the koala began to shrink fast in number. Then came the virus disease which swept Australia's animal life, killing off countless numbers of marsupials of other species, as well as the koala. The harmless koala began to disappear everywhere except in Queensland, where it had been on the list of totally protected animals. Then followed the "depression" killings, when the Queensland Government lifted its protection from koalas to give "employment" to workless and raise money from the furs. Tens of thousands were ruthlessly shot down from their trees, in spite of loud protests from conservationists who were awake to the fact that one single live koala was worth, as a tourist attraction, a thousand killed for their skins. The only country on earth with koalas was robbing itself of the greatest tourist draw on earth. 

After the "depression" massacre, Australia suddenly woke up to the fact that there were only about 100 koalas left in NSW, about 300 in Victoria; and in Queensland, where there had been a million, only a few thousand. It was thanks to men like Keith Minchin, in South Australia, Noel Burnet, at Koala Park, NSW, and other informed and capable conservationists (as well as the extension of the Native Flora and Fauna Protection Acts), that the koala was narrowly saved from extinction along with the pretty little Toolachi wallaby and the other harmless and beautiful  wild creatures which have become extinct within living memory. 

In response to public pressure, the NSW Fauna Protection Panel was set up several months ago under Chief Fauna Protector Mr. F. J. Griffiths. Among the 14 other members of the unpaid panel, is Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, Sydney philanthropist and animal lover, as Deputy Fauna Protector. The panel's programme is a comprehensive one for the restoration, protection and maintenance of our wildlife. Its first job is to find out what the koala population stands at, where it is distributed and how it is getting along. Re-populating areas where the koala once lived, but from which they have disappeared, is also on the agenda.. Through the Press and over the radio, the panel is seeking information and help from the public, and is gradually piecing together the information it is gathering. It has already established that the koala-colonies exist in some 100 places in the State, almost all along our eastern seaboard, and thickest on the Far North Coast. Very few are found west of the Blue Mountains now. Mr. Griffiths believes that the past five lush seasons ' and the. relatively few bush-fires have boosted Australia's animal and bird, populations to the highest level in long years. Although there are today some 350 game sanctuaries in this State, they are giving little or no real protection to our wild life. The panel is considering the establishment of special reserves in different parts of NSW to include all forms of our wild life. These will be under the control of the panel and will be subject to special supervision by appointed officers. 

One other aspect of the panel's work is to set up at Mona Vale an experimental station to breed and study koalas on 40 acres of land made available by Mr. Hallstrom. All native wild animals (except pests such as the dingo and the flying-fox) are fully protected under the Protection Act. With the exception of the koala and the lyre-bird, they can be exported only to foreign zoos or scientific institutions. The koala and the lyrebird cannot be taken outside Australia under any circumstance. Neither can they be owned by anybody but the Crown. The panel is expected to make the same ruling for the platypus. Killing of any protected bird or animal may bring a fine of up to £50. Possession of a skin carries the same penalty. Shooting a kangaroo carries the same, penalty except during an open season, declared when the animal is proved to be a pest. No reptile is protected in Australia. While most native birds are protected, the Fauna Protection Panel is particularly interested in getting information of the whereabouts of the lyre-bird. If you are caught killing a lyre-bird you can expect the full £50 penalty! The kookaburra, although claimed by some to be a pest, is protected. If protection were dropped, a storm of sentimental protest would blow up overnight, Mr. Griffiths believes. The wedge-tailed eagle (of the species which recently created a sensation at King's Cross when it attacked a woman and her child) is the biggest' eagle in the world. The panel does not know what to do about the wedge-tailed eagle. They would like to protect it, but it has occasionally been known to attack lambs. Manufacturers of toy koalas have made huge profits from the public's love of the dreamy-eyed little marsupial. Overseas visitors to these shores have taken away thousands of them, including American "Queen for a Day" Mrs. Mortensen's last-minute gilt of an armful when she left by plane last December. Our postal stamps have made the koala known abroad, and hundreds of thousands of postcards (manufacturers say the koala card is No. 1 seller) have gone to all parts of the civilised world. . It was the State Minister for Tourism (Mr. G. J. Arthur) who rushed the toy koalas to- Mrs. Mortensen at the airport-This is the Minister's comment on the koala: — "The koala and our other unique animals and birds are our trump tourist draw-card. They can earn us fortunes from tourists jaded by the monotonous attractions in other countries. . . . We must not grudge money spent on their care or on koala parks." Plan to save our koalas (1950, February 9). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 24 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

The Koala sanctuary was also used as a breeding place with some koalas being sent to the United States of America, despite a ban on exporting these creatures, in 1952 to be part of a film ‘Botany Bay’. Released in 1953 this American drama directed by John Farrow and starring Alan Ladd, James Mason and Patricia Medina was based on a novel of the same name by Charles Nordhoff and James Norman Hall. Two kagaroos were also flown in to appear the film.

Hollywood "limit" on koalas Sydney, Thursday: Four koala bears being flown to Hollywood on Sunday for the film "Botany Bay'' must be returned within six months, an official of the N.S.W. Chief Secretary's Department said today. Any young born to the bears, two males and two females, also must be re-turned, he added. About 56lb. of gum leaves will be on the plane to feed the bears on their 40-hour trip. Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, Sydney philanthropist, said today the State Government had issued a' special permit for the bears to leave Australia for the first time since their export was banned 25 years ago. "Probably about 2,000,000 people will see the bears during their stay at San Diego Zoo, where they will be expertly cared for," Mr. Hallstrom said.Hollywood "limit" on koalas. (1952, January 4). The Argus(Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 3. Retrieved from

These koalas came from the Mona Vale Sanctuary and recognised Hallstrom when he visited them at the San Diego Zoo late in January 1952. Sir Hallstrom ran into controversy during this episode which he resolved with customary logic:

We Might Lose Our 4 Koalas; Canberra. - Four koala bears flown to America for a film, "Botany Bay," don't know all the fuss they're causing back home. Mr. Clive Evatt, N.S.W. Chief Secretary, who authorised the bears' departure, wants them returned to Australia. But Sir Earle Page, Federal Health Minister, says the Commonwealth will not allow the animals to return by air, because disease might be introduced. He doesn't mind if they come by sea, spending a quarantine period on the way. Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, from whose private sanctuary the bears were taken, says they could not survive a sea trip, and wants them to stay in America. Unless they return to Australia in the form of a skin rug, the bears look like forming the first permanent koala colony outside Australia. We Might Lose Our 4 Koalas. (1952, February 12). Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from

However, they will remain in the zoo on indefinite loan from the Taronga Park Zoological Gardens in Sydney. This loan from the 'land of living fossils' is expected to last as long as the small marsupials do well in San Diego. 'It is purely an experiment,' Mr. Hallstrom said. There are not likely to be any other koalas exported because of the strict embargo imposed by the Government when they almost became extinct a quarter of a century ago. The need for Mr. Hallstrom's brief visit arose, he explained, after Mrs. Benchley directed so many fineries to him about the koalas' care that answers would have become encyclopaedic if he tried to write them down. He said he examined the bears this morning and they appear to be adjusting quite well to California's varieties of eucalyptus, the koala's only diet. He added he was satisfied with Mrs. Benchley’s plans for a spacious koala enclosure. Four Koalas Loaned to America. (1952, March 14).Centralian Advocate (Alice Springs, NT : 1947 - 1954), p. 15. Retrieved from

Four Australian actors who are expected to take Hollywood and America by storm said goodbye to their Mona Vale friends today. They moved to Taronga Park today and on Sunday will leave by Pan - American Strato-Clipper for Los Angeles. The actors — two male and two female koalas — were reared by philanthropist E. J. Hallstrom at his private Mona Vale sanctuary. They will star in a Hollywood film, Botany Bay, and will live in San Diego zoo for six months before returning. National Trust vice-president Mrs. I. B. Wyatt said today the sending of the koalas to the US would mean sentencing them to death and she hoped public ' indignation would prevent the move. Mr. Hallstrom said today that all necessary types of eucalypt were available at San Diego zoo to keep the koalas in good health.

FOUR STARS: These little Australians are bound for Hollywood where they appear in the Paramount film, Botany Bay. Today at Mona Vale sanctuary they faced the camera for the first time. On Sunday they will leave by Pan-American, plane for USA. Assurances have' been given that they will be well cared for. FOUR NATIVE ACTORS FOR AMERICA (1952, January 4). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 1 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

Although the koalas sent to America appeared at first to be adapting well to their new environment and diet they did not live as long as they may have at home. Koalas require more than one kind of tree and are seasonal migrators to these different trees for food. 

In 1959 this gentleman was able to send more koalas from his Mona Vale Koala sanctuary to zoos in the US and opened himself to possible charges as a result:

AMERICAN ZOOS GET SIX KOALAS-PLUS; Californians considered themselves lucky when, despite many Australian protests, they recently got six koalas from Sydney. Now, in San Francisco, Sir Edward Hallstrom has announced that two of the bears will soon have babies. LEAVING for the U.S., Blinky Bill, one of the six koalas, had a last look at Sydney from the arms of air hostess Audrey Bailey.
SIR EDWARD, chairman of Sydney s Taronga Park Zoo Trust, travelled with the six koalas on their flight to America earlier this month. They are the only koalas in captivity outside Australia. Soon after their arrival in San Francisco he said that two of the females had been mated. The city's Fleishacker Zoo could expect more "teddy bears" soon. The bears-two males and four females-come from Sir Edward Hallstrom's animal sanctuary at Mona Vale, N.S.W. Three will be kept in the San Francisco zoo and three will go to San Diego, where the last koala in America died a few months ago.
The arrival of the koalas in California may have started anew toy fad. Toy-shop dealers in Los Angeles and San Francisco have sent rush orders for toy koalas to a leading
New York manufacturer. Mr. Sol Klein, president of the toy company, told  The Australian Women's Weekly that he would send an initial shipment of 1200 koalas to California this week. He was prepared to meet a large-scale demand if the toys proved popular. Mr. Klein said his company had been making the traditional teddy-bears for 30 years, as well as panda bears and other types, but had never before made koalas.
"I got photographs of koalas from the Australian Government Information Office here and descriptions of their colour and fur and so forth," he said.
"That's all we had to go on. None of us had ever seen a live koala, but I think our toy looks like the real thing, judging by the pictures."
The teddy-bear is a traditional possession of very young American children, who often take them to bed with them. And although it looks like a koala, it was copied originally from the cub of the American brown bear. "They first became popular in America during the Teddy Roosevelt administration," Mr. Klein explained. "President Roosevelt was a hunter and outdoor man. He was photographed with a bear cub, and a manufacturer putout a toy cub and called it a teddy-bear. "Now it looks as if we're in for a big koala-bear fad."
Enormous crowds of men, women, and children queued for the first sight of the furry little animals in San Francisco. Sir Edward Hallstrom was pleased to note the koalas' appetites, and predicted a long and happy life in California for them. A local newspaper is running a contest for children, offering prizes for the best names for the koalas. Sir Edward, who has received the key to the city for his gift, made a careful inspection of the elephant house and pronounced it "very fine temporary accommodation." He suggested, however, that 15ft. be trimmed from the eucalyptus tree to forestall the bears jumping on to a nearby roof. San Francisco Zoo director Mr. Clarey Baldwin said the permanent site for the koala» would be modelled closely upon the facilities at Taronga Park. AMERICAN ZOOS GET SIX KOALAS — PLUS. (1959, April 29). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 5. Retrieved from

It was here that he 'bred' his white koalas too - albinos that may have not done so well in the Australian sun. The image to right shows one of the white koala bear bred by Mr. Hallstrom -  1953, Courtesy  State Library of Victoria. Image  No.:  702895272 

Mr. Hallstrom also purchased land at Mona Vale which was utilised to grow food for the animals at Taronga Zoo until the 'elephant grass' etc. wasfound unsuitable for that purpose. AS this land had been subject to flooding prior to making it fields for growing food Mr. Hallstrom had drains installed. This increased the land value as it could then be changed in classifciation - which happened again later on too, and sold off some and kept some, building a cottage in Coolawin Road Avalon, in Darley Road, Mona Vale and in Cabbage Tree Road, Bayview. The Whale Beach and Avalon places may have been for family members, the Mona Vale and Bayview premises connected to koala care:

NSW State Records lists:
Primary Application - Edward John Lees Hallstrom 3 roods 37 1/2 perches on Bassett Street Mona Vale in Parish Narrabeen County Cumberland Volume 7018 Folio 86 – April 1952
Primary Application - Edward John Lees Hallstrom 3 acres 1 rood 25 1/4 perches on Bassett Street Mona Vale in Parish Narrabeen County Cumberland Volume 6969 Folio 15 – April 1952
Primary Application - Edward John Lees Hallstrom 5 acres 1/2 perch on Darley Street Mona Vale in Parish Narrabeen County Cumberland Volume 6969 Folio 14 – April 1952
Primary Application - Edward John Lees Hallstrom 3 roods 39 3/4 perches on Mona Street in the Parish Narrabeen County Cumberland Shire Warringah Volume 7218 Folio 123 – May 1955 
Primary Application - Edward John Lees Hallstrom 3 acres 2 3/4 perches in the Parish Narrabeen County Cumberland Shire Warringah Volume 7217 Folio 221 - May 1955 
Primary Application - Edward John Lees Hallstrom 32 perches on Walter & Scott Street in the Municipality & Parish Willoughby County Cumberland Volume 9672 Folio 92

No 38028 Edward John Lees Hallstrom 3 a 1 r 25'A p lot, 56 sec 1 Mona Vale Est Bassett St. Mona Vale. No 38029 Edward John Lees Hallstrom 2 a 1r 393i p pt lot 57 sec 1 Mona Vale Est Darley St, Mona Vale. Advertising. (1953, August 14). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from

GOVERNMENT NOTICES - REAL PROPERTY ACT NOTICE Applications have been made to bring the undermentioned lands under the Real Property Act. Plans may be inspected and caveats lodged at the Land Titles Office. Sydney, until the respective dates mentioned. 5th MARCH 1954 No 38027 Edward John Lees Hallstrom 5 a 2 1/2 perches lot 54 sec 1 Mona Vale Est Darley St, Mona Vale. Advertising. (1954, January 29). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 18. Retrieved from

Warringah Alts, and adds, to cott.. Coolawin Rd.—Hallstrom Pty. Ltd.: METROPOLITAN WATER SEWERAGE & DRAINAGE BOARD (1951, September 26).Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 14. Retrieved from

Cabbage Tree Road, W.B. cott. — Sir Edward Hallstrom, O., Hallstrom P/L., Willoughby, B„ £1000. SMALL CONTRACTS (1952, December 10). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 17. Retrieved from

'W.B. cott' means weatherboard cottage. The Coolawin road - Avalon Home and the Malo Road, Whale  Beach homes may have been for family use

Interesting Women In The News
LADY HALLSTROM, wife of Sir Edward Hallstrom, who was awarded a Knight Bachelorhood in the Queen's Birthday Honours List, is a keen and energetic worker for charitable organisations, and still finds time as well for her hobby of painting.
For many years she has held the presidency of the Northbridge branch of the Red Cross, and was an untiring worker for the society during the war years. Lady Hallstrom has also given her time to the Country Women's Association, of which she is a member, and has taken an active administrative part on the board of control of the St. Ives' Church of England Hospital. When Lady Hallstrom left a week ago for an island cruise she carried her painting equipment as an essential part of her luggage: Her weekly routine includes one hour either at the coast or in the bush painting landscapes. Many of her paintings, which she signs Margaret Hallstrom, have been hung in private and public exhibitions in Sydney.
Interesting Women In The News KNIGHT'S WIFE IS CHARITY WORKER AND KEEN ARTIST (1952, June 8). The Sunday Herald (Sydney, NSW : 1949 - 1953), , p. 12. Retrieved from 

Mona Vale: Darley Rd.: W.B. adds.— Sir Edward Hallstrom, 462 Willoughby Rd., Willoughby, O., £1000. SMALL CONTRACTS (1954, March 24).Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 20. Retrieved from  weatherboard 'additions'.

FAUNA PROTECTION ACT, 1948. Appointments.

THE Governor-in-Council has approved of the following persons being appointed as members of the Fauna Protection Panel:—

Dr. Robert Carrick, Senior Principal Research Officer (Bird Section), Wildlife Survey Section, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Canberra—nominated by the Colonial Secretary from persons nominated by organisations the constitutions of which include specific or general objects in relation to the preservation, conservation, protection or scientific investigation of fauna-—vice Sir Edward John Lees Hallstrom.  Charles Edward Elphinstone, Esquire, Deputy Surveyor General, Department of Lands—nominated by the Secretary for Lands—vice Arthur Robert William Littlewood Jones, Esquire. C. A. KELLY.  FAUNA PROTECTION ACT, 1948. (1957, April 5). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 1125. Retrieved from 

As can be seen below this section, Edward Hallstrom remained a lover of the sea and all those who go into this. His ethos of 'saving lives' naturally extended to supporting those who also save lives - surf life savers. He donated or funded many surfboats, along with other items. 

He also gave t the community as well - not just structures and boats but an opportunity to establish a Flora and Fauna Sanctuary.  From Warringah Shire Council Minutes of Meetings records:

(B) Warringah & Manly A. & H. Society, 30/1/56, stating that His Excellency the Governor desires to spend the best part of a full day in Warringah Shire on the occasion of the opening of the Brookvale Show on 16th March, and supplying the timetable which has been approved by His Excellency a namely, (a) the Governor arrives at Shire Hall approximately 12.30 pm; (b) Shire President to extend Civic Welcome; (c) Official Show Luncheon, 1p.m.; (a) Governor to open Brookvale Show at 2.30 p.m. (e) Governor to open new Sir Edward Hallstrom Pavilion, say 3.3.0 p.m.; aM (r) possibly Shire President and others would then entertain His Excellency for a short period.

20/8/1956 Brookvale Park. Deputation from representatives of Warringah & Manly A. H; Society: 12. Resolved, - That the Committee's recommendations be adopted, and the application for the letting of the Hallstrom  Pavilion for storage purposes be refused. (Crs. Gwynne, Job)

Scotland Island Progress Association, 8/5/59, regarding the following matters:- (a) seeking co-operation in recognising the 150th anniversary of the grant of Scotland Island to Andrew Thompson, being of the opinion that this was the first official grant of land in what is now Warringah Shire; (b) asking that notices be erected in the Church Point wharf shelter shed prohibiting the use of it as a store room; (c) asking to be allowed to put an awning something like a car- port in front of the bush fire shed; (d) seeking Council's concurrence in an approach to the Chief Secretary's Department with a view to finding out if it would be possible to instal koalas on Scotland Island, the Association already having the promise of Sir Edward Hallstrom to give assistance; and (e) asking if Council can do anything to stop the practice of cleaning fish on the public wharves at Church Point and Bayview, which makes the steps dangerously slippery. 19, Council's decisions:- (a) noted, the Council to co-operate; (b) that notices be erected as requested; (c) already authorised by Council; (d) that the Council support the request; and (e) that the necessary notices be erected prohibiting this practice. (Crs. Reynolds, Job) 

7th of January, 1963

PRESIDENTIAL MINUTE: ESTABLISHMENT OF FLORA & FAUNA SANCTUARY PITTWATER PENINSULAR. The 'President outlined an interview he had with well known Sydney philanthropist Sir Edward Hallstrom concerning the future protection and cultivation of flora and fauna on the Pittwater Peninsular. Sir Edward wished to establish a flora and fauna sanctuary on his property covering some forty acres of choice bushland off Cabbage Tree Road, Mona Vale, for the protection and breeding of Koala Bears, Kangaroos and other native fauna. He also desired to address Council at 8 p.m. on Monday 21st January to explain his proposals. Resolved,- That Council agree to interview Sir Edward Hallstrom at 8 p.m. on Monday 21st January regarding the proposals. 

Ordinary Meeting 21.1.63. CONFERENCE WITH SIR EDWARD JOHN LEES HALLSTROM , CONCERNING THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A FLORA AND FAUNA SANCTUARY ON THE PITT- WATER PENINSULA. The President welcomed Sir Edward Hallstrom  and introduced him to Councillors, then invited him to address Council on the future protection and cultivation of flora and fauna on the Pittwater Peninsula. Sir Edward stated that he wished to establish a sanctuary of flora and fauna on his property covering some 40 acres off Cabbage Tree Rd., Mona Vale, for the protection and breeding of koala bears, kangaroos and other native fauna. Sir Edward then showed Councillors and the assembled gathering a film setting out full details of his undertaking at the sanctuary, and asked the Council if it would take steps to have the land rezoned' "Special Uses" - "Sanctuary for flora and fauna". Moved by Cr. Jones, seconded by Cr. Gold, "That Council accede to Sir Edward Hallstrom's request that the land as outlined by the Town Planner be rezoned for "Special Uses" - "Sanctuary for flora and fauna", and that the Minister be asked to make the necessary adjustments. An amendment was moved by Cr. Beckman, seconded by Cr. Pickett -Heaps "That this matter be referred to the Town Planning Committee." DEFEATED A further amendment was moved by Cr. Brown, seconded by Cr. Pickett-Heaps, - "That Sir Edward Hallstrom be advised that this Council has no power to accede to his request, but that the matter will be placed on the Council's business papers for consideration after the Warringah Planning Scheme is prescribed, and will be taken into consideration when the varying scheme of this Council and the ratepayers of Warringah is being prepared for the Minister for Local Government. DEFEATED. The motion was CARRIED.

Koalas weren't the only native animal installed at Bayview - Mona Vale zoo 'farm':

LEFT: White and grey. Nine white kangaroos were flown to Sydney for Sir  Edward Hallstrom and are at his Mona Vale farm, where these two color pictures were taken by Ron Berg.

ABOVE: Young albino kangaroo, which has a snow-white pelt and pink eyes, it looks more fragile than the grey kangaroo of the same species. Like all albinos, it has weak eyesight. White kangaroo: Tasmania's pride (1958, September 10). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), , p. 3. Retrieved from 

A dream.. and a team.. disintegrates by Kevin Pearman of the "Cooma-Monaro Express"

Within six years the 'Snowy scheme' will be completed and thousands of highly-skilled men and women who contributed to the engineering wonder will be spread through every State of Australia and overseas countries. ….The lake, created by a 481 ft. high dam is capable of holding nine times the volume of water in Sydney Harbour, over an area of 56 square miles. From the lake, one development — the 'Snowy Murray' — runs virtually sth-west through the Great Dividing Range to Khancoban, near the Victorian Border, where it empties into the Murray River. The second, the Snowy Tumut', runs northwest, also through a tunnels system, into the Tumut River which is a tributary of the Murrumbidgee. Near the dam wall, the party boarded one of three large pleasure craft owned by the Authority - all have since been sold — for a cruise across part of the lake, which measurers 32 miles from end to end. The boat, a former motor torpedo recovery vessel, passed quite close to Hallstrom Island which has been stocked with albino kangaroos from the private collection of Sydney breeder, Sir Edward HallstromA dream.. and a team.. disintegrates (1968, August 2). The Beverley Times (WA : 1905 - 1977), , p. 4. Retrieved from 

This short snippet from a film by British Pathé allows us to see the Koala and Pittwater Flora and Fauna Sanctuary

Koala Bears Threatened By Extinction (1962)

Sir Edward Hallstrom with two companions strolling through his sanctuary where he tries to preserve breeds of animals that like the Koala are near exhibition. MS. Koala mother with baby on back climbs tree. CU. Sir Edward Hallstrom looking up into tree. Various shots of koala bears.

(F.G. Comb) by British Pathé Date found in the old record - 16/02/1962. FILM ID:2613.26

The Pittwater Flora and Fauna Sanctuary was sold off the year after Sir Edward passed away. This wasn't the only land set aside or given to establish fence-less arks:

Muogamarra - Another Flora and Fauna Reserve

The wonderful Muogamarra Nature Reserve, presently opened for visitors to marvel at its spring beauties, owes part of its grounds to them being handed over by Edward Hallstrom

The Muogamarra Nature Reserve is a protected nature reserve located in the Sydney region of New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The 2,274-hectare (5,620-acre) reserve is situated in the northern edge of Sydney and lies between the suburb of Cowan to the south, and the Hawkesbury River to the north.
In 1836 George Peat was granted 50 acres (20 ha) on the Hawkesbury River at what is now Peats Bight. He built huts and a wharf there, and farmed his land. A dairy farm was then built nearby at Peats Crater. Founded by John Duncan Tipper in 1934 when he leased 600 acres (240 ha) to protect the flora, fauna and aboriginal sites, due to his concern at the loss of Hawkesbury sandstone forest. He named the site 'Muogamarra', which he believed was an aboriginal Awabakal word meaning "preserve for the future." This area was at the northern end of what is now the nature reserve. Over time Tipper expanded his lease to 2,050 acres (830 ha). In 1954 the land was given up by Tipper and gazetted as Muogamarra Sanctuary.

The 750-acre (300 ha) Sir Edward Hallstrom Faunal Reserve was dedicated in 1961 in what is now the southern part of the nature reserve. This was the work of Allen Strom and Sir Edward Hallstrom. In March 1969 the two areas were amalgamated into what is now Muogamarra Nature Reserve, under the control of the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. - from

(l.s.) A. R. CUTLER, Governor.
I, Sir Arthur Roden Cutler, Governor of the State of New South Wales, with the advice of the Executive Council and in pursuance of the powers vested in me under section 9 (1) of the Fauna Protection Act, 1948-1967, do, on the recommendation of the Director, National Parks and Wildlife Service, proclaim that the areas dedicated as a Nature Reserve by Gazette notifications of 10th June, 1960, 5th February, 1965, and 16th September, 1966, as Hallstrom Nature Reserve No. 15 and Hallstrom Nature Reserve No. 15, Extensions Nos 1 and 2, shall henceforth be known as "Muogamarra Nature Reserve No. 15". (N.P.W.S. 21e-1)
Signed and sealed at Sydney, this 5th day of March, 1969.
By His Excellency's Command,
T. L. LEWIS, Minister for Lands. (1050) GOD SAVE THE QUEEN!
 LANDS DEPARTMENT NOTICES FAUNA PROTECTION ACT, 1948-1967.—PROCLAMATION (1969, March 28).Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 1207. Retrieved from 

One man's achievement
MUOGAMARRA owes its existence as a reserve to one a man, the late John Duncan Tipper, who devoted a lifetime to its preservation. An engineer by profession, he undertook lone-handed guardianship of the wilderness region as early as 1923. He pointed out that much of the sandstone flora around Sydney is unique. The land is useless for cultivation and so escaped early settlement, but he was worried about the march of the suburbs.
In 1933 his work was recognised when the State Government gave him permissive occupancy of the first 600 acres. Twenty years later Muogamarra was proclaimed a sanctuary in perpetuity, under a trust headed by John Tipper.
It is now a Nature Reserve, enlarged about four years ago by inclusion of the adjoining 2000-acre Hallstrom Nature Reserve, and is administered by the National Parks and Wildlife Service. 
One man's achievement (1972, August 16). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), , p. 26. Retrieved from


£3000 has been offered by Hallstroms Pty. Ltd. as a contribution towards the beautification of an area under control of the Willoughby Council. Mr. Hallstrom has also offered to pay the cost of erecting waiting sheds for tramway passengers in Willoughby Road and Artarmon Road. Opportunities for Business (1946, July 17).Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 6. Retrieved from 

A gift of £2000 to improve parks in the Municipality of Willoughby has been given to the Council by Mr. E. J. Hallstrom. Opportunities for Business (1946, September 4). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 6. Retrieved from 

Sydney, 13th November, 1959.

IT is hereby notified that in accordance with the provisions of section 26 of the Crown Lands Consolidation Act, 1913, Arthur Robert William Littlewood Jones, O.B.E., is hereby appointed as a trustee of an area of about 88 acres 2 roods 17 perches at Athol Bay, parish of Willoughby, county of Cumberland, dedicated 29th November, 1918, for Public Recreation, and known as "Ashton Park", in the place of Sir Edward John Lees Hallstrom, retired. Pks. 58-4,861.
J. M. A. McMAHON, Minister for Lands. 
NOTICE APPOINTING A TRUSTEE UNDER THE CROWN LANDS CONSOLIDATION ACT, 1913 (1959, November 13). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 3485. Retrieved from

Surf Boats For Saving Lives And Seaside Holiday Cottages

Edward Hallstrom was a keen supporter of surf life saving and donated numerous surf boats, with a focus on "for smaller clubs". In a January 1952 article published by The Sydney Morning Herald announcing his donating a further £400, he stated, "The Surf Life Saving Association deserves all possible public support. I have already given, as promised, seven surfboats, but to encourage others to support this appeal I shall be glad to give another, which I would like to go to one of the weaker clubs." - 'Lord Mayor Urges Support for Herald Surf Fund - The Sydney Morning Herald -January 11, 1952

Surf Boats- North Narrabeen – Freshwater – Dee Why - Bondi - Bronte ...and further ashore

For the 1947-1948 Season the Tamarama SLSC received it's first new full-sized surf boat, the "Ted Hallstrom 1", donated by Edward Hallstrom - Waverly Council book HERE

Edward Hallstrom was a big supporter of surf life saving clubs too, a Patron at Warriewood SLSC. To begin with many of these surfboats were named for him. After a while they began to be named after birds, perhaps because they were the 'fliers' then too!

Sir Edward Hallstrom has been elected patron of Warriewood Surf Club. 
HALLSTROM PATRON (1952, September 24). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 39 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from

One of his first surfboats and others follow

SIR EDWARD HALLSTROM, who has donated a new lifeboat GOT £250 CHEQUE FOR SAVING LIVES SYDNEY, Friday.-A Sydney business man, Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, tonight handed Tamarama Surf Club lifesavers a cheque for £250 to buy a surfboat. Officials of the club had approached Mr. Hallstrom after Mr. J. Braund had rejected his £20,000 offer to set up a cancer clinic. They told Mr. Hallstrom" they were engaged in saving lives, and that their first and only boat had been lost in a gale during the war. Mr. Hallstrom has already donated two boats to Dee Why Surf Club. GOT £250 CHEQUE FOR SAVING LIVES (1948, February 7). Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , , p. 1. Retrieved from

Life Saving Club Received Boat
SYDNEY, Friday.

Mr. J. Hallstrom, whose offer to J. Braund to provide £20,000 for a cancer clinic was withdrawn, has donated £250 to the Tamarama Life Saving Club to buy a surf boat.
Club officials approached Mr. Hallstrom and told him they were engaged in saving life and their only boat had been lost in a gale during the war. 
Mr. Hallstrom has donated already two boats to the Dee Why ClubBRAUND APPEALS TO FORMER PATIENTS FOR INFORMATION (1948, February 7). The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995), , p. 4. Retrieved from 

ANY 'IDEAS. — The '64 members of Tamarama Surf Club want suggestions on the best way to catch porpoise alive. If they are able to snare six ; porpoise alive they stand an excellent chance of getting a third surf-boat from Mr. E. J. Hallstrom. No title (1951, February 19). Lithgow Mercury(NSW : 1898 - 1954), p. 1 (CITY EDITION). Retrieved from

Wife risks death in heroic rescue
Sydney, Sunday
THE heroine of yesterday's surf drama off Warriewood tonight was nursing her husband, who lay helpless with illness while she battled single-handed to save their disabled yacht from destruction.
Mrs. Alma Kothner (picture right), whose fortitude amazed the crews of a surf boat and a police boat which went to her aid, was at the helm of the yacht Alcyone when a huge sea snapped the rudder. Alcyone drifted helplessly towards the rocky shore as Mrs. Kathner flashed distress signals from a small torch.
Six lifesavers left a dance at North Narrabeen and put out in their surf boat to row to the yacht, five miles away. They fought the waves until they reached Alcyone, but she was so near the rocks they, could not get alongside. Ken Hodges, a probationary constable, put on a belt and swam 30 yards through shark-infested water with a line. Mrs. Kathner helped him on to the yacht, and fastened the tow rope. It snapped twice as the surf boat, full of water, and battered by the storm, went down into troughs between the waves. Each time Hodges dived in and swam back to the surf boat for a new one.
Boat disappears
The police boat Nemesis arrived after the surf boat crew, cramped with cold and exhaustion, had held the yacht for four hours. They had just boarded Nemesis and fastened a line from Alcyone, when their wrecked surfboat disappeared. Mrs. Kathner, drenched and cold, stayed on the yacht, and fastened new tow lines as the storm broke the others. Mrs. Kathner, who cannot swim, clung precariously to the side of the rolling yacht as wind and waves tried to pluck her loose. A Sydney newspaper has started a fund to replace the £450 surf boat. But philanthropist Sir Edward Hallstrom said today he would buy the club a new one. 
Wife risks death in heroic rescue (1952, December 29). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), , p. 3. Retrieved from

New Boat For Rescue Men
Sydney philanthropist Sir Edward Hallstrom will buy a new surfboat for North Narrabeen lifesavers to replace the one they lost on Friday night in a rough weather rescue. Sir Edward said last night that the lifesavers showed great courage in rowing four miles at night through mountainous seas. He told a "Sunday Herald" reporter: "Tell the surf club to get in touch with me. I'll get them a new boat."
The president of the North Narrabeen Surf Club, Mr. J. King, said: "We'll get in touch with him immediately."
Towed Five Miles Out To Sea
The surfboat-which cost £400 two years ago-was lost when six lifesavers went to rescue Mr. and Mrs. Rupert Kathner from their 27ft auxiliary yacht Alcyone 11, in danger of being smashed on rocks near Mona Vale. The yacht, with its rudder smashed, was only 30 yards from the rocks when the surf-boat reached it.
One of the lifesavers, Ken Hodges, dived from the surf-boat and swam with lines to the yacht, which was towed five miles out to sea.
Twice the line snapped and. both boats were in peril when the police launch Nemesis took the Kathners and the lifesavers on board.
The surfboat, leaking badly, sank. Other lifesavers who took part in the rescue were Jim Mason, Norman Ambrose, Ron Well, Les Brown, and R. Noonan.
They were at a dance at North Narrabeen Surf Club when Sergeant Adams, of Narrabeen police, sought their help. Mrs. Kathner, of Rose Bay said last night: "All concerned in the rescue did a colossal job. 
Could See Rocks Looming Up: "We could see the rocks looming up when Ken Hodges dived from the surfboat and passed us a line. It was a nightmare when the line broke. "I don't know how the surf-boat battled through the seas. It was the most courageous feat of endurance I have ever seen. "Time and time again I thought it would sink before other help arrived."
Towed by the Nemesis, the yacht reached its mooring at Rose Bay shortly after 4 a.m.  yesterday. The rescue operations had lasted for more than seven hours. TAILPIECE.-A new surf-boat will cost about  £450
New Boat For Rescue Men. (1952, December 28). The Sunday Herald (Sydney, NSW : 1949 - 1953), p. 3. Retrieved from

Two boats needed by surf club
Although Sir Edward Hallstrom has promised the North Narrabeen Surf Club a surf boat, the appeal launched by The Sun and The Sunday Sun will continue, as the club requires at least two boats.
North Narrabeen club's boat was wrecked when club members went to the rescue of a married couple in a crippled yacht on Friday night. "There are thousands of holidaymakers at Narrabeen now, and we have had to borrow Collaroy's second boat to maintain our normal patrols," said Ford. "We have been unable to adequately patrol our beach when surf carnivals are held at other beaches," he said. "Our members must compote at carnivals to keep them right up to the peak of efficiency," said Mr. Ford. Mr. R. W. Askin, MLA, who represents Narrabeen, said today that members of . the North Narrabeen Club were grateful to the people who had contributed to the appeal and The Sun and Sunday Sun for launching it. "It is pleasing to see the heroism of these young men being recognised in such a fashion," said Mr. Askin, who has made a donation to the appeal. Subscriptions to the fund should be addressed to the "Surf Boat Fund, Daily and Sunday Sun, Sydney." The surf boat promised by Sir Edward Hallstrom will be the seventh he will have given to Sydney lifesaving clubs. "The bravery of the men of the surf clubs is something which must be rewarded," Sir Edward said.
 Two boats needed by surf club (1952, December 29). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 7 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from

SIR EDWARD HALLSTROM, who has donated a new lifeboat to the North Narrabeen Surf Life-Saving Club, has old associations with Narrabeen Beach. Back in 1909 young Edward was one of that eager group who made the first Solo gliding flights over the beach. The Idea was to lie flat on the flimsy machine and steer it by wiggling. They considered 200 yards a pretty good glide. A bit later Edward Hallstrom was arrested for flying an airship in a manner dangerous to the public near Prince Alfred Park. The "airship" was a little toy aeroplane. ARTHUR POLKINGHORNE'S Sydney Diary (1953, January 3). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 5 (LAST RACE LATE CRICKET). Retrieved from

Coogee surf boat telescoped by North Narrabeen, with Dee Why coming in on a wave. (Inset: Don Mason , Belt champion) PICTORIAL HIGHLIGHTS OF YESTERDAY'S MAJOR SPORTING EVENTS (1953, March 15). Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), p. 22. Retrieved from

In fact, Edward Hallstrom gave so many surfboats this item appeared:

THE value of a surf boat to a surf club goes beyond providing a rescue medium for surfers in difficulties as has been shown by recent rescues of craft in distress: In no punning sense, every club should be assured of adequate 'sinking' funds to replace boats and it shouldn't all be left to Sir Edward Hallstrom, either. The Newcastle Scene (1952, December 29). The Newcastle Sun (NSW : 1918 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from

On Sunday Bellambi, Corrimal and Towradgi Surf Clubs will stage a display on Towradgi Beach. They will compete for the Hallstrom Shield, donated by Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, for annual competition among the three clubs. The first of these competitions was held last year on Corrimal Beach, when Corrimal club proved the winners. 
SURF CLUB DISPLAY AT TOWRADGI (1951, January 11). Illawarra Daily Mercury (Wollongong, NSW : 1950 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from

Warringah Shire Council Records - Minutes of Meetings: Freshwater S.L.S. Club, 24/11/54, extending invitation to the President and Councilors to attend the presentation of the Surf Boat by Sir Edward Hallstrom  at 2.30 p.m. on Saturday, 11/12/54.

Dull On Beaches
About 6,000 people went to Sydney beaches in the dull weather yesterday. The largest crowds were 2,000 at Deewhy and Freshwater.
At Deewhy, the local community centre held a bazaar and Father Christmas distributed presents to children from a pine tree.
At Freshwater, Sir Edward Hallstrom christened and launched The Hallstrom, the club's new surfboat.
  Dull On Beaches (1954, December 12).The Sun-Herald (Sydney, NSW : 1953 - 1954), p. 27. Retrieved from

NEW BOAT. Sir Edward Hallstrom will christen the Malabar surf boat Hallstrom Gift 2 at the Maroubra surf carnival on Saturday. The boat was donated to Malabar club by Sir Edward. CHANGE IN C.H.S. CRICKET (1954, December 13). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from

In recognition of the Bondi Surf Club's 50 years of service to the community, Sydney philanthropist Sir Edward Hallstrom donated a surf boat called Bird of Paradise, launched on the 6th of May 1956.

Cooks Hill, surfboat launching- 2/9/1956 Home and Away - 28915 Taken for Newcastle Morning Herald. Snowgoose II (surfboat). Image No.: hood_28915, courtesy State Library of NSW.

New Guinea

During trips to procure creatures for Taronga Zoo, and perhaps because his brother had been there decades before and spoken of the place (his name appears in Shipping Lists top and from New Guinea in 1909 to 191), Mr. Hallstrom formed an attachment to New Guinea, and invested in the people and places there too. A sheep station, a coffee plantation and a Bird Sanctuary were set up. Peter Turner, a man who spent decades in New Guinea posted in 2011 on a page about Mr. Hallstrom in New Guinea describes the place while another gentleman asserts another was also established in:

"the Baiyer Valley called the Trauna Valley. It was well established and was started by Mr Hallstrom after realising that the conditions at Nondugl were not ideal for the sanctuary. The altitude would have been much higher maybe 4,500ft or more amsl. Baiyer was about 3,500ft amsl."

Peter Turner recalls:

"...his celebrated Hallstrom Bird Sanctuary, at Nondugl in the Minj District of the Western Highlands Province, overlooking the Wahgi Basin from the southern foothills of the Central Range, about 40 minutes drive into the mountains, off the Highlands Highway, halfway between Kundiawa and Mt. Hagen. 

To preserve and protect the local Highlands species, Sir Edward had established the 'bird sanctuary' with the help of Neptune Blood, one of the area's pioneering Kiaps, in the middle of what came to be an extensive coffee plantation. Whilst bird life and other fauna are not exactly rare in the Highalnds valleys, every single one of the poor buggers are relentlessly hunted all their lives to satisfy the Highlands folk's penchant for the equivalent of a beaver hat. It's not hard to understand why Sir Edward was thinking along the lines of a 'sanctuary' rather than an aviary or a zoological garden. 

Anyway, when I called in for a look in the early 1970's, it was a gem. A variety of Bird of Paradise, Goura (Guria) Pigeon ( a protected species about the size of a small turkey, famed for its agressive tendency to attack patrols and end up a very satisfactory main course), and a large collection of possums, karpals, magani, sinake, tweety birds etc were housed in enclosures, cages, aviary cages etc set in an exotic parkland of rare PNG flora of all descriptions, and commercial coffee plantation and processing factory. ..."

KEEN interest is being shown in the experimental sheep breeding scheme in the Mt. Hagen area of New Guinea, whither 62 Romney Marsh ewes of 13 months were shipped this week by air.

The plan is sponsored the wealthy refrigerator - manufacturer, Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, whose offer of £20,000 for the experiment was accepted by the Commonwealth Government. Mr. Hallstrom will travel to New Guinea with one of the shipments of sheep soon.

Mr. Hallstrom-is chairman of the Taronga Park Trust, and has been responsible for a lot of publicity for the zoo lately. He came into prominence earlier with an offer of a large sum to establish a cancer clinic for the work of Mr. Braund, but later withdrew the offer when he and Braund could not come to an agreement about how it should be run (Braund's "cure" was later reported on adversely by a committee of doctors).

Called into consultation on a method by which one of the big Sydney hospitals could utilise refrigeration for the freezing system of anaesthesia for amputations, Mr. Hallstrom personally worked on the production of a special machine which he presented to the hospital, and which is understood to be in use now. Sydney Topics BEAUTY CONTESTS ARE A MEANS OF RAISING MONEY, AND WINNING IT (1948, November 10). The Mercury(Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from 

[Papua and New Guinea] Official opening of the Tupusuleia school, 9th November 1949 - Mr E J Hallstrom, at the request of His Honour the Administrator, declares the Tupusuleia school officially open- 9th November 1949 - Papua, Central, Tupusuleia

A photographer in Shangri-la

by RON BERG, staff photographer

I returned from a visit to the Nondugl Livestock Experimental Station in the central highlands of New Guinea with a four-day growth of beard, a solid case cf sunburn and the pictures in this issue. I WANT to go back. I'm all for packing my camera and family in a neat brownpaper parcel and setting off again. It's a positive Shangri-la. It has a constant climate of 70 degrees, there's plenty of native labor, and no housing problem. The sun shines pleasantly through the day, the air is usually cooled at night by a shower of rain, and a week without rain is regarded as an absolute drought. And there's plenty of tucker-all that a well nourished photographer could could need.

The natives are perfect physical specimens, with wonderful teeth and a high intelligence quotient. They are learning sheep breeding and animal husbandry on the Experimental Station, which was established by the Commonwealth Government with a gift of £20,000 from Sydney philanthropist E. J. Hallstrom.

I made my trip to New Guinea with Mr. Hallstrom. The station, to which zoological gardens are attached, is located in a fertile valley surrounded by tall mountains.

The natives haven't seen many white men, and we fascinate them as much as they do us. During my first night at Nondugl I awakened several times to see fearsome-looking head-hunters standing in the door-way of my hut looking at me. Fortunately, they're happy natured fellows. In fact, they're rather timid. The sudden flame from a match or cigarette-lighter fills them with wonderment, and the explosion of a camera flashlight bulb always makes them jump. Three thousand of them put on a welcome "sing-sing" for our party in the grounds around the home-stead of Captain Ned Blood, who manages the station.

They dressed in all the colored fal-lal they could get hold of. It was a terrific spectacle to see them carrying ceremonial stone axes and spears and wearing feathered and pearl-shell headgear. 

ZOOLOGICAL EXPERT Dave Bush explains the tree kangaroo to natives in pidgin English. Native in lap-lap is Booka, one of station's houseboys. 

STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER Ron Berg and his retinue. The natives carry his luggage and camera gear.

The sing-sing went on all day. For the first hour it was melodious and interesting, but as the day wore on it nearly drove us silly. The singing developed into a chant their stamping feet created a mild dust storm, and thousands of blowflies came from everywhere. 

The native Kanana, or tribal love ritual, which was staged for the Hallstrom party at the end of the day, also had its drawbacks. At a Kanana men and women sit in two long, alternate rows in a hut in which eight fires are burning strongly, and chant love songs similar to the tunes Carmen Miranda sings.

The only way I could manage to stay in the hut for as long as ten minutes was by hunching on the ground so that much of the smoke from the fires would go over my head. Even then the tears were running out of my eyes.

I took my first flashlight picture at the Kanana, and it promptly stopped proceedings. The natives mumbled and jabbered until an interpreter explained that the flash would not do them any harm. The natives have a good sense of humor and learn rapidly.

Those working on the station are efficient and willing to learn all they can about sheep. The hundreds who come in daily from the hills are also learning, because they watch the others at work and are always ready to lend a helping hand.  In fact, their willingness to share and share alike is an example to white men. They're completely unselfish, and if I gave a native two used flashlight bulbs he would invariably give one to his friend.

The idea of sheep-breeding by natives of Nondugl first came from Ned Blood, who inspects the valley while he was on Army patrol a few days before the end of the war.  He suggested it to Mr. Hallstrom, who promptly visited Canberra and told Mr. Chifley and the Minister for External Territories, Mr. Ward, about the scheme and his willingness to finance it. Permission to establish the station was given after ten minutes' talk among the three men. There are 500 sheep at Nondugl and more will be flown up until there are 10,000.

Natives learn all aspects of sheep-breeding, and as each one graduates from the station he will be given a number of sheep and the necessary assistance to set up as a grazier. Other natives are being taught the industrial side of wool. A photographer in Shangri-la (1949, January 8). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), , p. 18. Retrieved from

THE news that a species of parrot found in New Guinea is to be named after Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, Sydney philanthropist and zoo benefactor, reminds me that a while ago a natural history expert told me that the custom of naming species after people is gradually going out of fashion. So having a species named after you is a special honor these days.

Not long ago a parasite found in the blood of a platypus was named after the Governor of Tasmania, Sir Hugh Binney. Its name, in case you run across it, is Trypanosoma binnevi. Dinneyi.

To the layman that may sound a doubtful compliment. But far from it. The pleasure that a racehorse owner gets when his horse wins the Melbourne Cup is no greater than that of a person interested in natural history who has his name perpetuated in this way. Modern practice except in special cases tends, according to my informant, to use either descriptive names or names relating to localities.

For instance, when you see the name "Tachyglossus aculcatus" you say, "Ha! Tachyglossus means stickytongued and aculeatus means covered with prickles, so, of course, that's a spiny ant-eater." Similarly should you meet a Hederodontus portus jacksoni you will probably throw it back, it's a Port Jackson shark. The Americans, so I'm told, have hit on a nice compromise. They give the creature some good pungent Latin tag to describe it, then in their published matter use an asterisk and a footnote saying who discovered it. Thus may immortality be achieved in a footnote. It seems to me... (1949, October 22). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), , p. 27. Retrieved from 

This was not the only New Guinea species named for Mr. Hallstrom as he also brought the New Guinea singing dog to world attention. In 1956, medical assistant Albert Speer and Officer Jim Sinclair obtained a pair of singing dogs in the Lavanni Valley of the Southern Highlands. These dogs were sent to Sir Edward Hallstrom who had set up a native animal study centre in Nondugl. He studied them for a time and then sent them to Taronga Zoo in Sydney. Subsequently, in 1958 the New Guinea singing dog was classified as a distinct species and was named Canis hallstromi (in honor of Sir Edward Hallstrom). The dog is named for its distinctive and melodious howl, which is characterized by a sharp increase in pitch at the start and very high frequencies at the end.

New Guinea Singing Dog on trail - courtesy Patti McNeal

E. J. Hallstrom Back From N. Guinea
The chairman of the Taronga Park Trust, Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, who went to New Guinea last Thursday to lead an expedition into the interior, unexpectedly arrived back at Mascot by Qantas. Skymaster last night.
Mr. Hallstrom said: "I had to go to bed because of severe chest trouble almost as soon as arrived at Nondugl.
"There was a doctor and a hospital nearby, and they had all the modern drugs which could have cleared up my trouble.
"But they didn't have a hypodermic needle to give me the drug, so I had no alternative but to return to Sydney." E. J. Hallstrom Back From N. Guinea (1950, November 16). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from

PORT MORESBY, Friday: The well known Sydney philanthropist. Mr. E. J. Hallstrom. is giving £1000 to the Mt. Lamington disaster relief fund. The fund is now nearing £2000.  HALLSTROM'S £1000 DONATION (1951, February 10). National Advocate (Bathurst, NSW : 1889 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from 

Mount Lamington is an andesitic stratovolcano in the Oro Province of Papua New Guinea. Mount Lamington began to erupt on the night of 18 January 1951. Three days later there was a violent eruption when a large part of the northern side of the mountain was blown away and devastating pyroclastic flows (steam and smoke) poured from the gap for a considerable time afterwards. 

Devastation caused by the 1951 eruption caused a Jeep to become stuck in a tree - National Library of Australia V3537727v 
The area of extreme damage extended over a radius of about 12 km, while people near Higaturu, 14 km from the volcano, were killed by the blast or burned to death. The pyroclastic flows and subsequent eruptions of dust and ash which filled streams and tanks, caused the death of some 3,000 persons, and considerable damage. More than 5,000 people were made homeless. - from Wikipedia

Mt Lamington from the Amboga River opposite the Higataru station plateau, [1951] [picture by Albert Speer - courtesy National Library of Australia.

There is also evidence of his continued scholarship:

Inauguration of the Legislative Council for the Territory of Papua and New Guinea, Port Moresby, 26th November, 1951 /compiled and prepared by E.J.L. Hallstrom at:   

One of the most outstanding addresses heard at a meeting of Liverpool Rotary Club, was delivered last Thursday night by Sir Edward Hallstrom, on his "New Guinea Experiment" - the introduction of sheep into that country. The pictures screened, depicting natives at work and play and in ceremonial attire and in ceremonial attire and dances were most colorful, interesting and educational.

Wives and children of club members had been invited, and were cordially welcomed by President Frank Ollis, who also gave a special welcome to Sir Edward Halltrom (an honorary member of North Sydney Rotary Club).

Accompanying the guest speaker were Rotarians from North Sydney-Dr. T. J. Biggs and Harold-Kidger. Messrs. Stan Murdock  and John Bates operated the projector for the movies.

Introducing the distinguished speaker, Dr. Tom Biggs gave some details of his activities add achievements.- Sir Edward was knighted by the present Queen for his outstanding contributions towards the treatment of cancer, he described “Ted Hallstrom" as Australia's greatest philanthropist, who had also been knighted by the King of Sweden for his philanthropy in scientific research. He is president of the Taronga Park Zoo Trust, Fellow of the Museum of Natural History of New York, and of the Zoological Society of N.S.W.. also a member of most museums and zoological societies throughout the world. He had endowed the Australian community with large sums of money devoted to research and Improved technique in treatment of cancer. He had sponsored and was responsible for the Hallstrom Cancer Clinic at Sydney Hospital; also had responsibility for the Hallstrom Heart Clinic at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital. He has assisted numerous other hospitals in the supply of essential experiments. In association with the Tasmanian Government he had sponsored the Prothylactic clinic in that island for the detection of cancer in women. He had developed a model sheep station in the heart of New Guinea, at Nondugal, which he had handed over as a gift to the Australian nation, at the hands of the Governor General, Sir William McKell.
Rotarian Biggs exhibited a handsome plaque that had been presented to Sir Edward at the Chicago Rotary Club, where he had received a wonderful reception on delivering an address. He remarked that, through the guest speaker's efforts, the N.S.W. zoo was perhaps the best in the world.His interest in animals and birds had taken him to New Guinea, - hence his story to be heard that night.

Rotarian Hallstrom said it was indeed a pleasure to give a little talk on his experiment, and thanked his friend Tom Biggs for his kind remarks: also his interest in arranging for him to speak at so many Rotary Clubs. His New Guinea experiment was tied up with Taronga Park, where he liked to have a great show of animals and birds-which, by the way, belonged to Australia and its people. He found himself, about eight years ago, needing some animals, and visited New Guinea, whence he brought back a number of rare specimens-including birds of paradise. He had gone to the highlands of Lae, which territory was not controlled, and was told he was taking a certain amount of risk. However, there was very little danger, as the people were friendly, and when they understood what be wanted, were very helpful. He had only a feather to Identify one bird - the ribbon-tailed bird of paradise. The natives were soon bringing in birds and animals, including tree-climbing kangaroos and rats as big as our cats. Aviaries and cages were built to bring these back to Taronga Park by plane.

The speaker said he had noticed a habit of the people-crossing their arms over their breasts and around the back of their necks, to keep warm. That gave him the idea of wool to make blankets, and soon he had 25 sheep sent to start the experiment. First they had to find If they would live in the country; and it was seen they survived there. Cattle followed, and there was no doubt the right type would do well. However, the Jersey cows all died. The sheep were flown from Sydney, this necessitating a lot of preparation.

One of the first tasks was to find a suitable location, prepare the areas-bought from the natives and made ready. There were many cleared areas, which natives had farmed, and provided ideal site for his purpose. He had established friendly relations with a leading chief, who had presented the speaker with specimens of stone, also gold, and from one of these he had made a beautiful ring, which he exhibited to his hearers. The chief was a real character, and in the pictures that were screened later, appeared frequently, wearing gorgeous and Beautiful headdresses - a different one on almost every occasion. He also had a boomerang of shell hanging from his nose and large shells around his neck. This practice was common with most of the male natives.

A series of silent moving pictures were then screened, during which Sir Edward made running commentary on the various aspects of his unique experiment. The natives were shown to be very adaptable and became rather proficient, especially in shearing the sheep. The first buildings erected to house the natives on the farm were screened, and the cost quoted as about £2/10/- each. "That would solve our housing shortage," he said. "Too right," remarked several of the audience.

The flair of the natives for colorful dress and spectacular headwear was evident throughout the pictures. An intriguing picture was the method of cooking meals. First the native made his fire with fibre drawn smartly around very Inflammable, pieces of wood. Stones were packed in the fire, and afterwards placed amongst the food, splashed with water to make steam and all wrapped in large green leaves. "No need for electric stoves or pressure cookers," said Sir Edward, and he remarked that the food was very appetising and delicious. 

The films showed the sheep in paddocks, all in good condition, with a number of lambs frolicking around. His experiment had been most successful, and eventually handed over as a gift to the Commonwealth Government.

The glorious beauty of the native birds was realised when peacocks, birds of paradise, bluecrested pigeons and others were screened. The colors were vivid and of many hues blending in lovely patterns. Shearing the sheep by natives was very interesting; also the "boys" playing Soccer football, with plenty of speed and energy.

A visit by Colonel Murray, the Administrator, was included, arriving in a plane and conveyed to the assembly area by the only car-a jeep-on the island. The scenery Included in the various phases of the picture-story was simply grand, and Well worth the long trip far anyone fortunate enough to be able to make the journey. Stone axes and spears for ceremonial affairs were carried by many natives, whose faces and bodies were painted in gaudy colors-giving them a ferocious appearance, although (as the speaker said) they were all most friendly. 

A very interesting film gave glimpses of the visit by Sir William McKell, then Governor General of Australia, to officially take over the "experiment." from Sir Edward. Sir William arrived by air, and was welcomed by local officials and about 10,000 natives in ceremonial attire. This picture was in sound, and the noise was at times deafening, especially when dancing was in progress to the accompaniment of the drums made from large pieces of bamboo or cutout logs. Sir William said nowhere in the British Empire had such progress been made in so brief a period. His speech was Interpreted (over amplifiers) by a native, and received with loud ejaculations from the natives.

The old chief (Sir Edward's friend) had, of course, to speak, and left no doubt as to his earnestness. Some of the natives had walked over 100 miles to be present, and still had unbounded energy and enthusiasm; and when leaving on the return, Journey appeared to be still very lively. A native choir sang “God Save the King" in perfect harmony. His whole address and comments during the, screening were full of great interest and outstanding incidents: -but as most of these notes were taken In the dark, much, of course, had to be omitted. However, as stated at the beginning of this report, it was an outstanding presentation in both words and pictures.

Moving the vote of thanks. International Chairman Bill' Bright said it was a proud occasion for the club to have such an eminent personage as guest speaker. Sir Edward's grand philanthropic and national work gave an Inspiration to others who laboured in a much less important sphere; but all admired and praised his far-sighted and self-sacrificing services for the good of mankind and his own country. "MY NEW GUINEA EXPERIMENT" (1953, October 15). The Biz (Fairfield, NSW : 1928 - 1972), p. 5. Retrieved from 

The Governor of NSW, Sir John Northcott, with Sir Edward Hallstrom and the Hon. Sir Paul Hasluck, Australian Minister for Territories, inspecting Sergeant-Major Christian Arek of the Royal Papuan and New Guinea Constabulary at Government House, Sydney. Official photograph by W. Brindle, News and Information Bureau, Dept of the Interior. April 1953. Photo by Grimshaw, Peter John (1932-2003) - Retrieved from Australian National University Archives - Pacific Manuscripts Bureau - ANU College of Asia & the Pacific

It is important to note that Edward made this possible as well: Hallstrom Pacific Library Trust - Grant of a Sum of Money ( £10,000 gift) by E J Hallstrom for the Founding of a Library of Pacific Affairs and Colonial Administration - Preparation of Deed of Trust for Appointment of Trustees

Autumn Years

There was so much written about Sir Edward Hallstrom that we can know his favourite menu was Grilled Lobster and mushrooms, that his glasses were tinted blue, that he suffered all his life from Bronchitis, that he was good at making money but loved spending it as well as investing it in animals, health and people, that he was known as 'Ted' to his wife and friends. We know that he loved birds, that he collected hats worn by the well-known:

SIR EDWARD HALLSTROM is back from his American visit wearing a giant gold ring with a whopper ruby set in it. He says he picked it up in the States. Sir Edward, always a one for collecting hats, picked up at Honolulu and wore home a jolly piece of headgear adorned with a band of finely-woven brilliant birds' feathers. He also has for his private collection of famous hats, one of General Eisenhower's more gaudy military hatsARTHUR POLKINGHORNE'S (1952, June 25). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 21 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

Hallstrom got hat from Truman. SYDNEY.) — The chairman of the Taronga Park Trust, Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, arrived in Sydney from the US by BCPA, bearing one of President Truman's hats. Mr. Hallstrom recently gave Mr. Truman a collection of Audubon bird paintings for the American people.

"When Mr. Truman heard I collected hats of famous men and was anxious to get one of his, he responded immediately," Mr. Hallstrom said. "He sent one of his hats to the Australian Ambassador, Mr. Spender, and asked him to give it to me," That hat is a large-size grey felt. Whilst in the United States, Mr. Hallstrom secured some grizzly bears and some rare snakes for Taronga Park.  Hallstrom got hat from Truman (1951, August 6).The Evening Advocate (Innisfail, Qld. : 1941 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from 

Another Hat for Hallstrom -  Hong Kong. Friday.-Australian Senator John Armstrong, who visited Chinese Nationalist President Chiang Kai-shek in Taipeh, Formosa, recently has taken home one of President Chiang's old felt hats A correspondent in Taipeh says Senators Armstrong asked for the hat and got it for Sir Edward Hallstrom, who collects hats. Another Hat for Hallstrom (1952, August 30).Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), , p. 5. Retrieved from 

What did he do with all these hats? – an earlier article from that same year tells us:

Knight Collects Hats Of The Famous

Sir Edward Hallstrom, Sydney industrialist and philanthropist, has set up Australia's first private hat museum. The museum already has 30-odd exhibits of hats worn by outstanding world personalities, including King Gustav of Sweden and US President Truman. One section is devoted to notable Australians. Sir Edward is now awaiting a military cap promised him by US presidential candidate Mr. Eisenhower. 'I believe that the hat a man chooses to wear is an outward indication of his inner personality and it is also the most convenient piece of a man's wearing apparel to collect,' said Sir Edward Hallstrom. Knight Collects Hats Of The Famous (1952, July 22). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from

As shown in one 1950 'Opinion', people could not believe that Mr. Hallstrom had not been honoured for all his work and generosity. That lady's letter was one of several such, including articles by journalists, most of these in rural newspapers, that continued to appear until a knighthood was granted:

A surprising omission from the list of New Year honours was the name of E. J. Hallstrom, President of Taronga Park Trust, and Sydney's most generous philanthropist. If ever a man deserves recognition for his liberality to worthwhile causes and especially to charity, Hallstrom does. Apparently, service to party counts for more these days than service to humanity. Notes from the City (1951, January 17).The Scone Advocate (NSW : 1887 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from 

NO KNIGHTHOOD FOR HALLSTROM SYDNEY: The Opposition Leader in the Legislative Assembly, Mr. Treatt, urged that Mr. E. J. Hallstrom should be knighted for his philanthropic work. He was an outstanding benefactor, said Mr. Treatt. Mr. McGirr said that it was against the Labour policy to bestow honours. The Government and the people of N.S.W. recognised Mr. Hallstrom's great philanthropic work. He was confident that Mr. Hallstrom had acted as he had done without wanting any recognition other than the knowledge that he had done good. NO KNIGHTHOOD FOR HALLSTROM (1951, December 6). Goulburn Evening Post (NSW : 1940 - 1954), p. 4 (Daily and Evening). Retrieved from 

Three Sydney Knights
LONDON, June 4 (A.A.P.).-The Queen's first Birthday Honours contain the names of eight Australians who receive Knighthoods, including the Australian Ambassador in Washington, Sir Percy Spender, and Sydney philanthropist Sir Edward Hallstrom.
Macquarie Street surgeon Hugh Raymond Guy Poate becomes Knight Bachelor, and the Minister for Defence Production, Mr. Eric John Harrison, is appointed a Privy Councillor.
In the United Kingdom list the arts and sport are each honoured by the award of two Knighthoods.
The new Australian knights are:
Knights Commanders Of The British Empire
Sir Clifden Henry Andrews Eager, Q.C., President of the Legislative Council of Victoria since 1943 and created Knight Bachelor in 1945;
Percy Claude Spender. Knights Bachelor
John Keith Angas, South Australian pastoralist;
Edward John Lees Hallstrom; PHILANTHROPIST
Sir Edward Hallstrom is at present in the United States investigating the work and organisation of cancer clinics. He was born in Coonamble, N.S.W., in 1886, the eighth child of an English migrant, William C. Hallstrom. At the age of 13 he was apprenticed to a Sydney cabinetmaker, and eight years later set up in business himself.
He entered the refrigerator field and became the largest producer of refrigerators in Australia. He became president of the Taronga Zoological Park Trust in 1948.
Sir Edward has given money and gifts to hospitals, zoological societies, scores of seriously ill private citizens, to the library of Parliament House, Canberra, and a wide range of other institutions and causes. His total benefactions exceed £500,000. BIRTHDAY HONOURS (1952, June 5).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 1. Retrieved from 

SIR EDWARD WILLIAMS. KNIGHTS IN HONOURS LIST (1952, June 5).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 1. Retrieved from 

Philanthropist honored
Canberra, Tuesday
Sir Edward Hallstrom Sydney philanthropist has been appointed a Commander of the Swedish Order of the Royal North Star by the King of Sweden.
Mr Martin Kastengren Swedish Minister in Australia at the Swedish Legation luncheon in Canberra yesterday said that Sir Edward Hallstrom had given substantial services at the recent scientific expeditions to New Guinea which collected valuable material for Stockholm's natural history museum. Philanthropist honored (1952, September 3).The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), , p. 5. Retrieved from 

His lovely wife continued to put her energy into community too, particularly community hospitals:

One-time Resident Now Lady Hallstrom
Members of the Northbridgc (N.S.W.) branch of the C.W.A. are very happy that, through the inclusion of her husband's name in the Queen's Birthday honour list, their popular patron received a title. Lady Hallstrom was born in Maryborough and as Margaret (Maggie) Jaffrey, she is remembered by many old friends. Her father was chief engineer at the Teddington Water Works and their home was on the corner of March and Albert streets. In Northbridge, Lady Hallstrom, as foundation president of the branch, endeared herself to all by her untiring work and help, and by her kindness and friendly manner, which attracted new members to her branch. Her charming home and garden were made available to the movement on various occasions, and she has held art exhibitions for both branch and association funds. Her own delightful water colours have hung in private and public exhibitions in Sydney. Lady Hallstrom has four children and 10 grandchildren. Two of her daughters have inherited her love of art. One is a sculptor and the other illustrates children's books. — 'JANE.' One-time Resident Now Lady Hallstrom (1952, August 23). Maryborough Chronicle (Qld. : 1947 - 1954), , p. 6. Retrieved from 
Right: Painting by Margaret Hallstrom 'Gypsy'

A guard of honor of 300 nurses, Guides, Scouts, Junior Red Gross and St. John's Ambulance members, VADs 'and Air League Cadets, will be formed at the opening of the annual fete in the grounds of the War Memorial Hospital, Waverley, on Saturday. Lady Hallstrom will officially open the fete, organised by the Women's Guild of the hospital. Around and About (1953, March 4). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 25 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from

Lady Hallstrom Emu Plains
"THIS glorious display of flowers massed before me iss something I shall always remember." Thus spoke Lady Hallstrom in opening the St. Paul's Annual Flower Show in the Melrose Hall on Saturday last.
This gracious little lady was welcomed by the Rector, Rev. G. Morris, and Mrs. Morris, and given a great ovation by the gathering.
The Sunday School Choir sang the lovely anthem, "Praise Him with Melody," accompanied by Miss J. Walker.
As usual, the goods on display were right up to the standard one associates with these functions and the judges had a hard time deciding on the winners.
Two special cash awards, donated by Mr. N. A. Hunter, were won by Mrs. M. Walker, who generously donated them to the funds.
In the flower section some record entries were received, there being 27 in one rose section and 200 in all.
Results were as follows:
Flower section: Champion rose, Mrs. M. Walker; light roses, Mrs. Gow; dark roses,' Mrs. M. Wnlker; blooms bud to bloom, Mrs. M. Walker; bowl roses, Mrs. M. Walker; hippeastrums, Mrs. M. Walker; bowl stocks, Mrs. Gow; sweet peas, Mrs. Lyn Clarke; dish pansies, Mrs. A. D'Ornay; Iceland popples, Mrs. Clarke; lupins, Mrs. Gow; lillies, Mrs. N. A. Hunter; nasturtiums, Mrs. N. A. Hunter; calendulas, Mrs. L. Clarke; shrub, Mrs. N: A. Hunter; flowers not scheduled, Mrs. M. Walker; best arranged bowl of flowers, Mrs. Clarke; sweet scented flowers, Mrs. Clarke; ranunculi, Mrs. Gow; gerberas, Mr. G. Pike; carnations, Mrs. Clarke; geraniums, Mrs. N. A. Hunter; miniature garden, Mrs. K. Wood; potted plant, Mrs. I. Walker. Lady Hallstrom at Emu Plains (1954, October 14). Nepean Times (Penrith, NSW : 1882 - 1962), , p. 1. Retrieved from 

In 1966 this genteel country lady passed away:
HALLSTROM, The Funeral of the late LADY MARGARET HALL-STROM, of Northbridge, will leave St. Mark's Church of England Church. Tunks Street, North-bridge, This Day (Wednesday), after a service commence at 1.15 p.m. At the conclusion of the service a Cremation will take place at the Northern Suburbs Crematorium. GREGORY and CARR Pty. Ltd,, GORDON. The Sydney Morning Herald  • Page 54 Wednesday, May 22, 1968

When his wife died he donated 22 thousand dollars for the Margaret Hallstrom Home for unmarried mothers. Reported in Sydney Morning Herald, February 13, 1969 as:
‘Sir Edward Hallstrom has given $22, 000 to aid work among unmarried mothers, the Rev.  Alan Walker, Superintendent of the Central Methodist Mission said yesterday. The gift will cover payments on a large home at Leichhardt at present being used to care for 14 unmarried mothers. 
“Sydney does not possess enough homes to meet the needs of unmarried mothers, many of whom are in serious physical and emotional need.” Mr. Walker said.
The home is to be dedicated to Lady Hallstrom at a ceremony on Saturday when it will be officially named the Margaret Hallstrom Home. 

The speaker was Sir Edward Hallstrom, frail, 82, and as affable as ever. : On Saturday, he attended the dedication at Leichhardt of the Margaret Hallstrom Home, a large residence used by the Central Methodist Mission to care for 14 unmarried mothers. Sir Edward gave $22,000 to cover the cost of establishing the home, dedicated to Lady Hallstrom who died in May last year, shortly after opening the building. The home was first named Pinaroo, an Aboriginal word meaning resting place. Mindful of his philanthropic generosity spread across the span of years, DATA did some file digging in an attempt to put a total figure on it. Our best estimate, and we suspect it to be conservative, is more than $2m all of it given to help medical research and hospitals. His gifts to medical research is … The Sydney Morning Herald - Page 7 Monday, February 17, 1969

As stated above, Sir Hallstrom remarried, this time to long term friend of both the Hallstroms, Dr. Mabel Maguire

AT RIGHT: Sir Edward and Lady Hallstrom leaving St. Philip's  Church, Church Hill, after their marriage, which was followed by a reception at the American Club. Lady Hallstrom was  Dr. Mabel Maguire. They will honeymoon in New Guinea. SOCIAL ROUNDABOUT (1969, July 2).The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), , p. 10. Retrieved from 

Sir Hallstrom is stated to have been active and at his factory up until six weeks before he passed away. Once again Mabel McElhone only had a few short months with her spouse:

Hallstrom dies
SYDNEY, Friday. — Sir Edward Hallstrom, the Sydney philanthropist, died tonight at his Northbridge home. The 83-year-old electrical-trade magnate was renowned for his gifts to medical research. For many years he was director of Taronga Park Zoo.
 Hallstrom dies (1970, February 28). The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995), , p. 1. Retrieved from  

Service for Sir Edward
SYDNEY. Monday. — Sir Edward Hallstrom, the man who gave away millions, will be buried on Wednesday after a funeral service at St Andrew's Anglican Cathedral in Sydney. Sir Edward, who was 83, died in Sydney on Friday. The funeral service will begin' at 2.30pm and cremation will take place at Northern Suburbs Crematorium, Sydney, at 3.45pm.
 Service for Sir Edward (1970, March 3). The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995), , p. 18. Retrieved from  

Sir Hallstrom's left an estate of $1,049,627 which was reduced to $974,914 by death duty. Between 1971 and 1973 the land at Bayview was sold, as was his family home, and the lands around it, of 21 acres:

House sold. SYDNEY, Thursday. - The 21-acre waterfront home of the late Sir Edward Hallstrom was auctioned today for $370,000. IN BRIEF Hepatitis victims now 26 (1971, October 8). The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995), , p. 3. Retrieved from 

Northside estate THE site of the late Sir Edward Hallstrom's family home, which was broken up into eight lots, fetched $741,500 when it was auctioned early in April. More than 200 buyers attended the auction in Coolawin Road, Fig Tree Point (overlooking Middle Harbor), and prices for the blocks ranged from $70,000 to $134,000.

Pictures left and right are two of the spectacular views from the Hallstrom site.

This new estate is expected to be a showplace for sites north of the harbor bridge. Sir Edward Hallstrom, philanthropist, honorary director of Taronga Park Zoo, and pioneer of the Australian refrigerator industry, lived in an old family home on the land for many years. He died in 1970. SYDNEY'S MILLION DOLLAR VIEWS (1973, May 9). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), , p. 8. Retrieved from 

Extras and References

Australia's First Bird Counts - a 115 Year LegacyIssue 234

Decline of the urban Koala (Phasco/arctos cinereus) population in Warringah Shire, Sydney 
Peter Smith and Judy Smith 44 Hawkins Parade, Blaxland, NSW 2774 – September 1990. 
The Koala population In Warringah Shire has declined over the last 50 years with increasing urbanization. Koalas were reported from various localities throughout the Shire in the 1940's, 1950's and 1960's. They now occur only at Barranjoey Peninsula, Ku-ring-Gai Chase National Pant and, possibly Davidson Park State Recreation Area. The colonies at Barrenjoey Peninsula and Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park have both declined in numbers and distribution since the 1970·s. 
On Barrenjoey Peninsula, the main subject of this study, clearing for residential development has steadily reduced the area of forested land from about 705 ha (47% of the Peninsula north of Bungan Beach) in 1946 to about 125 ha (8%) in 1989. The Koala colony on the Peninsula has declined from an estimated 123+ Koalas in 1970 to only about eight Koalas in 1989. The remaining koalas appear to use several to Council bushland reserves as refuges: Angophora Reserve, Hudson Park. Stapleton Park, Careel Headland Reserve, Crown of Newport Reserve and, until 1988, Algona Reserve. The principal food tree on Barrenjoey Peninsula is GJt!y Gum, punctata. Other importllnt food trees are Scribbly Gum, E. haemastoma, and Swamp Mahogany, E. robusta. These food trees occur in low densities in the reserves compared with their former densities elsewhere on the Peninsula. The reserves have also suffered extensive eucalypt dieback associated with urban runoff, and their eucalypt communities are threatened by expansion of rainforest vegetation and Black She-oak, Allocasuarina littoralis, scrub. The chief threats to continued survival of the Peninsula's Koala colony are further loss of habitat, within as well as outside reserves, and further mortality from dogs, motor vehicles and the disease chlamydiosis. The limited information available suggests that dogs have been the chief cause of mortality on the Peninsula, in contrast to other urban colonies studied, where it has been motor vehicles and chlamydiosis. The incidence of chlamydiosis has been low but may pose a particular threat to the few remaining Koalas. The history of Koalas on Barrenjoey Peninsula illustrates how a carefully planned and managed reserve system is crucial for Koala conservation In urban areas. This must be established in the early stages of regional development. The deficiencies of the reserve system on Barrenjoey Peninsula pose enormous difficulties for rehabilitation of the Koala colony now.
Full Study available at:

Never say never / narrative, illustrations and portraits by Esme E. Bell. Published Richmond, N.S.W. : Esme E. Bell, 2007  248 p. : ill. (some col.), Facsims., ports. (some col.) ; 30 cm. Notes:  "Esme's father, Edward Hallstrom, around 1927, invented a refrigerator powered by kerosene. It was a huge leap forward for country Australia. "There's always a way," he'd say. "Never think it can't be done."---Cover.


MISS JEAN HALLSTROM and Mr. R. Perritt enjoying themselves at the Journalists' Ball last night. SHEIK STRUTS HIS STUFF (1941, July 13). Truth(Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), , p. 27. Retrieved from 

AN extraordinary amount of interest was shown in the meeting convened by the Lord Mayor, which was held in the vestibule of the Town Hall on Friday night for the purpose of considering the offer of the Federal Government of £5000 for the encouragement of Australian inventors in aerial navigation. The room was packed before the appointed time, and the outer doors had to be closed to keep out a number of people for whom accommodation could not be provided. The Aeriai League members were present in foi-ce, the platform having on it several models of aeroplanes. Two of the models were 'flown' in the room by their respective owners, Messsrs. Peacock and Lawrence. The Lord Mayor congratulated the league on the work it had done. He recognised the movement as being one which commended itself to the intelligence of Australians equally with those in the old world. Major Rosenthal moved, — 'That this meeting of citizens of Sydney considers that special attention should be directed to the remarkable developments taking place in aerial navigation, not, only in view of national defence, but also in view of the fact that a successful flying machine will mean a remarkable change in commercial facilities.'

Mr. T. R. Roydhouse seconded the motion. He was sorry to say that, Australian inventors did not get the encouragement in this country that they did in others. He mentioned an inventor who was engaged on the 'Herald,' and who designed a most striking electrical device. That one had the good sense to take his invention elsewhere. He went to America, and it had since been taken up by the British and the German Post Offices.

GARTY'S AEROPLANE. The most interesting feature of this machine is its propellers, which, by means of universal sockets, are worked at any angle. 

GREEN's FLOATING AEROPLANE. Showing superstructure opened to act as parachute in the event of any acciednt. 

EWING'S AEROCAR. This ingenious machine consists of a series of revolving bi-planes, so arranged that the upper series lift and the lower repel.

GARTY'S BIRD AEROPLANE. The principal features are its lifting wings and its large propellers.

Mr. Merrivale said that the aeroplane was not expensive. A Dreadnought cost about a million and a half, and 2000 aeroplanes could be built, which would carry 4000 people, for that money. The motion was carried. Mr. Oakes, M.L.A., moved, — 'That this meeting notes with pleasure the offer of the Commonwealth Government of £5000 as a reward to the inventor of the first practical Australian aeroplane, and trusts to see carried out at an early date the stipulation that a similar amount be raised by private subscription.' Commander Brownlow, in seconding the motion, said that a football match or two denied, or a smoke dropped out now and then, and they would soon have the £5000. We should have our own aeroplanes and dirigible airships, not only for pleasure, but capable of being used for commercial and defence purposes.

Colonel Burns supported the motion, and it was carried by acclamation. Brigadier - General Gordon moved, — 'That a fund be now opened, to be called the Australian Aerial Navigation Fund, and that the first £5000 received be devoted to covering the money offered by the Commonwealth Government, the balance and interest of the wliole of the moneys t3 be devoted to forwarding the national objects of the Aerial League of Australia, the in(orest to be divided amongst the various sections in proportion to their membership.' He spoke of the great value of aerial navigation combined with wireless telegraphy. It was far greater than could be realised in an ordinary way of life. Australia's defence depended first on each doing his duty, and, secondly, upon the fact that notice or news of an intended attack should be known to us previous to the arrival of the enemy. By means of aerial navigation and wireless telegraphy we would be in a position to be forewarned. Major Spain seconded the motion. Mr. George Taylor, secretary of the league, said that each of the models on the stage represented stepping-stones in the history in which hearts had been broken and lives lost. The ridicule cast upon Hargreaves was a black spot on the history of Australia until we achieved something great to wipe it out. Hargreaves — a Sydney man — invented the box kite. It was shown to the Wright brothers in America. They made friends with the air with it, and they now put a motor behind it and were flying. Large sums were being offered in Europe and America for specified flights and flying machines — £806,800 altogether — to encourage this great science. The motion was carried with cheers. Subscriptions may be sent to the secretary or treasurer of the league.

GARTY'S FLYING SHIP. This vessel is designed so that if it falls upon water the mechanism and occupants will be secure.

ANOTHER VIEW OF GREEN'S FLOATING AEROPLANE, Its propeller is worked at any inclination without any Ioss of power. It is constructed to carry hydrogen baloonets AUSTRALIAN AERIAL INVENTIONS. (1909, September 1). The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912), , p. 34. Retrieved from 

more 1909 Models: MODEL AIR-SHIPS. (1909, September 25). The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946), , p. 31. Retrieved from 

Extensive article on Hargreaves: GEORGE A. TAYLOR IN HIS MOTORLESS AEROPLANE AT NARRABEAN BEACH (SYDNEY) ON DECEMBER 5th, 1909. (1923, December 29). The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), , p. 10. Retrieved from 

HEAVEN is many things to many people. So is Hell. And many others just don't believe in either. When the London "Sunday Telegraph" conducted a poll on the subject, 23 percent said they believed in Hell and 58 percent said they didn't. Yet when asked if they believed in Heaven, 54 percent said yes and 27 percent said no. Illogical but understandable. "Queen Magazine" then asked some English and European celebrities for their ideas of Heaven and Hell, and we asked the same questions in Australia. Their answers are on these two pages.
HEAVEN: Sitting on a terrace by the sea, in comfortable clothes, with some ice-cold orangeade to sip and a number of profitable deals which could be made and which I could consider. I would also like some thrillers, and alternate between reading them and studying the deals. Hell: A place where there are no business activities.
LAURIE LE GUAY, PHOTOGRAPHER: IT'S absolute Hell to find a woman with a beautiful face and a raucous voice. For Heaven, I’ll go along with Omar Khayyam; a loaf, a glass of wine, a book, and lots of thous.
WHAT is Heaven? To me it is having a weekend in Sydney with that absolutely beautiful weather, my nice friends around, and nice food. And REALLY having nothing to do. Hell is having too much to do and not enough time.
HELL is a way of thinking. I don't have any Hell, because I have no terrors about anyone or anything. My outlook toward my neighbor is friendly. Heaven to me now is a happy home life. It's people who make Heaven or Hell.
I DON’T believe in either of the places. 
TRENT NATHAN (fashion designer):
THEY’RE both related to people most of the time. I think that we're really all in Hell now, and it is life on this Earth. That's probably why I believe in Heaven, we are all pretty tough to be able to take everything. Heaven is being with people you love among all this Hell. It's peace and calm peace of mind, doing things that you want to do without having to impress anyone.
 HEAVEN AND HELL (1969, June 18). The Australian Women's Weekly(1933 - 1982), , p. 32. Retrieved from

William Hallstrom Snr.
Suspected Incendiarism.
COONAMBLE, Wednesday. — A fire, supposed to be the work of an incendiary, broke out yesterday morning at Hyde Park, near Gulargambone, on a farm occupied by Mr. William Hallstrom, destroying two sheds and a quantity of corn and hay, valued at over £300. The owner was uninsured. The police are making inquiries. Suspected Incendiarism. (1888, November 8). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), , p. 6. Retrieved from

Before Mr. Justice Stephen and a jury of four.
HALLSTROM v. BROWN. This action, which lasted all Monday, was continued on Tuesday. The plaintiff, William Hallstrom, a farmer in the neighbourhood of Coonamble, sued J. Lawrence Brown, a pastoral lessee, for the recovery of £2000 as compensation for injury caused to his land, with the growing crops, fruit trees, and other matters, in consequence of the defendant having so carelessly and negligently constructed a dam on his run, Tonberbine, in the county of Leichhardt, that the water was allowed to escape and overflow plaintiff's land and cause the injury set forth. The evidence for the plaintiff and the defendant was of the most voluminous character; and the main question was as to a dam which was constructed by the squatter close to the farmer's ground, and as to the damage alleged to have been caused by the diversion of water. After counsel had addressed the jury, his Honor summed up, and the jury, after a brief adjournment, brought in a verdict for the plaintiff, with £500 damages.
 No. 2 JURY COURT. (1888, December 12). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), , p. 6. Retrieved from

SUPREME COURT.-Friday, February 22.
In Banco.-(Before (their Honors the Chief Justice, Mr. Justice Windeyer, and Mr. Justice Stephen.)

Mr. Pring, instructed by Messrs. Bradley and Son, appeared for the defendant, and moved for a rule nisi for a new trial. The case, which was tried in December last before Mr. Justice Stephen, was brought by William Hallstrom, a farmer, residing near Baronne Creek, in the Coonamble district, and in the vicinity of defendant's run, to recover compensation for injury done to his crops, fruit trees, &c, between July, 1886, and July, 1887, owing to the negligent construction of a dam by defendant, in consequence of which a large body of water was allowed to flow over and accumulate upon the plaintiff's land and cause the injury complained of. The jury returned a verdict in favour of the plaintiff with damages £500, and the defendant now sought to have this verdict set aside and a new trial granted on the following grounds:-(1) That the verdict was against evidence; (2) that the defendant at the trial was taken by surprise by the evidence of the plaintiff that no water came on to his land after the defendant's dam had broken away, and that such evidence, as appears by affidavits filed herewith, is absolutely false ; (3) that since the trial the defendant has discovered certain evidence, which, if it had been produced at the trial, would have entitled the defendant to a verdict. This first ground was, however, abandoned.
After hearing Mr. Pring, The Chief Justice said that consistently with the decision of this Court, the ground that the verdict was against evidence had been abandoned. With respect to the ground that the damages were excessive, he thought there was abundant evidence before the jury to justify the verdict. Then, with respect to the matter of surprise, it seemed to him that the alleged matter of surprise was a matter which defendant might reasonably have anticipated. He found it stated in the declaration that "the land for a long time was covered with the said water." Well, if the lands were not covered with the water sent down the creek by the dam being cut away, the defendant ought to have been in a position at the time to bring witnesses to prove what was now set out in the affidavits now before the Court, so as to show that the cutting away of the dam did not cause the land to be covered with water, and that on the contrary it was covered with water owing to previous heavy rain. That might have been anticipated by defendant. Now, he simply wished to have the case tried again, and to adduce further evidence in support of his case. That was not, he thought, a ground of surprise. It must be shown to be some matter sprung upon the defendant at the last moment, or some new matter which they could not foresee either by the pleadings or in any case have reasonably anticipated. Mr. Justice Windeyer and Mr. Justice Stephen concurred. Rule refused.
 LAW REPORT. SUPREME COURT.—FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 22. (1889, February 23). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from

A protracted inquiry, before Mr Mr. R Bailey SM , District Coroner, and a jury of 12, which was held over the fire at Coonamble West, at which property insured for £500 was destroyed, has terminated. The jury brought in a verdict that the fire was wilfully caused and added a rider to the effect, that they did not believe the evidence given by William Hallstrom owner of the property. Hallstrom has since been arrested.
 COUNTRY NEWS. (1890, February 8).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 9. Retrieved from

It is asserted that one of the witnesses in the case of arson with which Hallstrom was charged at Coonamble has confessed to having been guilty of perjury in the case.
 COUNTRY NEWS. (1890, February 22).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 12. Retrieved from

Two cases caused considerable local interest, one against John William Clarke, a well-known selector, for making unlawful use of the provisions of the Land Act of 1884. Accused, who was defended by Mr. D. Buchanan, was acquitted. The other case was against William Hallstrom, for burning down a shed in West Coonamble, in which he had property insured for £500. Mr. D. Buchanan also defended the accused, who was also acquitted. COUNTRY NEWS. (1890, March 24). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from


To walk this flinty soil below
We need the cobbler's trade,
We must to heav'n if we would go,
Be in' bright wings array’d.

Soles for earth's dry and dusty road
The cobbler may prepare,
But souls for way that leads to God
Need pilots of the air.

The cobbler he may make the sole,
And he may mend it too,
He asks but for a simple toll,
When he has made his shoe.

But gents who claim to wing to heav'n
Have nothing they can show,
They claim, but nought of proof is giv'n,
How far their wings will go.

These confidential coves well know
Their name is but a trick,
But still they play it very low,
And to the fraud they stick.

The honest cobbler plies his trade,
For which he gets his mite,
But what he gets for what is made.
Is far below the right.

The reverend rogues and schemers pose
Above all sons of toil,
But when the ranks of labor close,
' Look out for dusty soil.

Meanwhile their fraud, of wings for heav'n
Is doubtful as a trade,
Some say that only wings are giv'n
When Popish priest have pray'd.

And others think a soul's well-wing'd
By pilots Anglican, 
Who when the bells had duly ring'd
To church they' quickly ran.

And ranters and dissenters say
Souls may be wing'd for skies
By every or by any way,
True faith will make them rise.

The sturdy cobbler boasts that he
Makes solid soles that wear,
And that a heav'n we cannot see,
Is naught but fine, thin air.

And that a soul with fancy wings
Is not a thing at all,
And that alone in dreams such things
The thoughts of men appal.

The solid sole for solid ground
Is what he claims to be,
Of value in his travels round,
Whether o'er land or sea.

Let souls he says take wings and fly,
I stick to soul right here,
The soul's too vague, and heaven's too high,
Sky pilots costs too dear.

BOOTS AND WINGS. (1910, August 20).The International Socialist (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1920), , p. 5. Retrieved from 

Mary Ann Hallstrom (née Colless)
Death of Mr. Charles Colless.
We take the following from the " Mudgee Post " of Monday last:—

Another old identity passed away on Wednesday morning, in the person of Mr Charles Colless, of Fairy Dale. For a long time past the deceased had been ailing in fact, he had enjoyed but very indifferent health during the last 10 years or more, but it was only within the last few months that his condition showed alarming symptoms. During the month of December last he was prostrated by a severe attack of diarrhoea, and although medical aid was early procured, the disease held to its victim with such tenacity that he was never entirely free from it since. From the first Dr. Lester had pronounced the prognosis as unfavorable, and had warned the family that a sudden change for the worse might occur at any time. His condition, however, improved somewhat, and at times it was thought that he might yet get right again; but on Monday he was unable to leave his bed, and it was feared that the 'dred messenger ' was really close at hand at last. On Tuesday Dr Lester advised the sending for the various members of the family, as he did not think the patient could live through the night. Accordingly wires were despatched with all haste, and in response to the numerous calls, most of the family arrived early on Wednesday morning, but were too late to see the end. Exhausted nature had at last been compelled to effect the final separation of souI and body, and at 7.86 that morning Mr Charles Colless bade farewell to the joys and sorrows of this sublunary sphere, and entered peacefully into the realm of the Unseen. By a strange coincidence the train was about half-an-hour late that morning, and thus four of the daughters, who had been so hastily summoned from Sydney and Lithgow, arrived just too late to see the end. Mr John Colless was more fortunate, for, though in Guntawang at the time the wire was sent off, he managed to reach Mudgee during the night. A sadder fate was that of the eldest brother—Mr George Colless, of Box Ridge—who could not so much as hear of the impending trouble until it was all over, while harder still was the lot of the youngest daughter—Captain Helen Colless (S.A.)—who was in Victoria at the time, and was not able to reach home to see the end.

The deceased was within a few months of his 74th birthday, having been born at Castlereagh, near Penrith, on 11th June, 1824. Although brought up by his father as a farmer, he never settled to the life, and was for some years well-known as a teamster in the old days. It was while still working for his father that the Rev S. Wilkinson joined him in wedlock to the wife who now survives him. About 25 years ago he left his own property at Penrith and came to Mudgee, where he has ever since resided. He was the father of 14 children, 11 of whom are still living. Mr Colless was well and favorably known in the Penrith District, and had been a local preacher in connection first with the Wesleyan and then with the Primitive Methodist Churches from early manhood. Much sympathy is expressed on all sides for the bereaved ones, for the deceased had ever been an upright, worthy citizen, a model husband, and a kind and indulgent father. The funeral took place on Friday, the melancholy procession starting from the deceased's late residence at a few minutes past 10 o'clock. The coffin was taken into the Primitive Methodist Church, where a short service was conducted by the Rev J. W. Horberry, and several of the late Mr Colless' favorite hymns were sung. The cortege was afterwards re-formed, and proceeded to the cemetery, where the remains were interred in the Primitive Methodist portion of the ground, the Rev Horberry officiating at the grave. There was a large attendance of mourners and friends, both in the Church and at the cemetery. On Sunday morning a memorial service was held in the Primitive Methodist Church, when the Rev J. W. Horberry made special reference to the veteran who had so lately been removed from his earthly work. For half a century, he said, the one whom they had lost had been an active worker, occupying the position of local preacher for nearly all that time. While health permitted he had ever been a most zealous laborer in the great field, and had, at different times, filled all the offices open to laymen in the Church. Of late years failing strength had prevented him from taking much active part in public work, but he had still been ever anxious to continue his work of visiting the sick, his last offices in this connection being performed but a few weeks prior to his death. His suffering had been great, but he (Mr Horberry) was happy to be able to say that he knew of nothing in his life with which to find fault. He was broad and liberal in his views, constant and consistent in his life, and earnest and eager in his endeavors to do good. They all deeply felt and deplored the loss they had sustained.Family Notices (1898, April 2). Nepean Times (Penrith, NSW : 1882 - 1962), , p. 3. Retrieved from

COLLESS.—May 3, at her residence, Nepean Cottage, Castlereagh, Eva, only and dearly loved sister of Mrs. M. Colless, Inverleigh Station, Normanton, Queensland. Family Notices (1898, May 31). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 1. Retrieved from

JONES—HALLSTROM.—June 8, at the Wesleyan Church, Cleveland-st., city, by the Rev. H. Jones, Alexander Thomas, second eldest son of Charles A. Jones, and grandson of the late William Charles, of Castle Hill, to Elizabeth Ellen, eldest daughter of William Hallstrom, and granddaughter of the late Charles Colless, of Mudgee. Family Notices (1898, June 18). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 1. Retrieved from

Obituary - MRS M. A. HALLSTROM.

The late Mrs Hallstrom was a daughter of the late Charles Colless, of Fairy Dale, Mudgee, and a great-granddaughter of the late John Lees, of Castlereagh, near Penrith, whose name is famous in Australian Methodism as the one who gave the first block of land the Methodist Church ever possessed in Australia — the site of the church at Castlereagh. Mrs. Hallstrom was born at Castlereagh in 1852, and later, with her parents, came to reside in Mudgee. After her marriage in 1873 she went to the Castlereagh, where her husband had taken up land on Tunderbrine Station. Later, having disposed of the property, they went to live for a brief time in Coonamble, and then moved to Sydney, where Mrs. Hallstrom resided until her death, which occurred at the residence of her daughter, Mrs. Simmons, of Nicholson Street, Strathfield, on Sept. 8, 1927. 

The remaining members of the family are: William (Summer Hill), Mrs Handock (Belmore), George (Sydney), Edward (Sydney), Percy (Sydney), and Mrs J. J, Noad (Hurlstone Park), and Mrs A. Jones (Melbourne), all of whom were present at the funeral with the exception of Mrs Jones, who was not able to be present owing to the distance. The funeral took place at Rookwood, the service being conducted by the Rev. Mr Poole, of the Bur- wood Methodist Church, whilst Mr A. Ward delivered an address both at the home and the graveside. The late Mrs. Hallstrom was a woman of fine character, 'Her children rose up to call her blessed, for as a mother she fulfilled nobly the duties which came upon her. Outside the immediate circle of her family her memory abides as a woman of kindly, generous nature, whose home was always open and whose gracious presence made it a home from home to all who were privileged to enter therein. Upon receiving word of Mrs Hallstrom's death, Messrs J. W. and A. E. Colless (brothers), Miss Colless (sister), Mrs Button (niece), and P. J. Flack (nephew) left for Sydney to be present at the funeral. The deceased is survived by the following brothers and sisters: J. Colless (Lutterworth), John W. Colless (Mudgee), Mrs John Flack, Albert E. and Miss Jessie Colless (Mudgee), Mrs M.' L. Pack (Newcastle), E. S. Colless (Sydney), Mrs Arthur Ward (Enfield, Sydney), Miss Flo. Colless (Southern Line), and Mrs Albert Hargraves, Emu Plains. Obituary (1927, September 22). Mudgee Guardian and North-Western Representative (NSW : 1890 - 1954), p. 14. Retrieved from 

NICE CROC. Present T o Zoo A REAL PET 

MR. ST. JOHN ROBINSON, of Townsville (Q.) makes a hobby of keeping crocodiles. He thinks the world of them, but as a personal favor to Mr. H. B. Brown, secretary of Taronga Park, be is sending a 16ft. specimen to the Zoo. In a letter to Mr. Brown, Mr. St. John Robinson says : — "I am forwarding to you by steamer the big crocodile that I promised you. "I am really sorry to part with this croc., as I have had him for seven months and his length is about 16ft. He is the most contented chap I have ever handled, and I will feed him on Wednesday morning before I put him Into his box, and I fail to see why this fine specimen of a croc, should not live at your Zoo for all time. "I suggest that you feed him twice a week with about two or three pounds of any kind of flesh, from a billy-goat to an elephant. He will thrive on any kind of meat, and he eats occasionally now himself. Feed the Brute "When he arrives, I suggest that you give him about 3lb. of any kind of flesh, and that will keep him contented. I will fasten a couple of sticks to his cage to handle him. "Directions. — With long stick, touch him behind neck and he will open his jaws; you can throw a half-inch rope over his jaw and get the rope on his upper jaw, then tighten and pull him towards you; if he is not facing you, throw the meat into his mouth and. with the blunt end of the stick, push it down his gullet, and you will see him swallow. "You will find, when you take a strain on the rope, he will roll; but if you slacken rope he will remain quiet — I am sure you will manage him and you will have no trouble after the first attempt. It takes me about three minutes at the most to feed him. "I have advertised for the dingoes, but I am afraid they will be hard to got, but may get them any time. The pelicans have all left the district, and when they return I will snare you some. The snow goose arrived safely, and many thanks. Later I may ask you for a young ostrich." NICE CROC. (1934, March 14). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 16 (LAST RACE EDITION). Retrieved from

Dear Playmates, — I have lots of Zoo news to tell you, but may only put in a little at a time. Six gibbons — they are apes without tails, you know, Playmates — are expected to arrive at Taronga Zoo earIy next month, and' they are coming from the -jungles of Sumatra.  Taronga is sending over four kangaroos in exchange, and in the ship that brings in the gibbons will be four very rare blue-birds, known as fairy rollers. The Children's Playground (1940, February 29). The Catholic Press (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1942), p. 36. Retrieved from

Margaret (nee Jaffrey) Hallstrom's Father


Yesterday, at the invitation of the Chairman of the Waterworks Committee of the Municipal Council, Alderman Harris, a party of citizens paid a visit to the Teddington Waterworks. There were sixteen in all, and they were con-veyed from Maryborough in Nicol's spanking coach and four and two buggies. After a very pleasant drive by the Gympie road route, the pumping station was reached at about 2 o'clock, and the company immediately adjourned to a very seductive lunch prepared by the engineer, Mr. D. Jaffrey, in his house. A round of toasts were speedily made up, opened by the usual loyal obligation, and followed by 'The Municipal Council,' proposed in a very long speech by Mr. John Walker. The Mayor (Alderman Dawson) responded briefly. Alderman Booker then proposed the health of the Works Committee in a most eulogistic speech, and mentioned that they would soon have £25,000 to spend in the extension of waterworks. They had much to thank Alderman Harris in his constant display of discretion and good judgment. He hoped that citizens would be invited out to the waterworks every year, in order that they might realise what magnificent works Mary-borough possessed. Alderman Harris, in modest praise of the efforts of the Committee of which he was head, explained their intentions in the future. Mr. A. F. Sapsford also responded. Mr. C. A. J. Woodcock proposed the "Old Identities' in most humerous style, and several others were honored, especially a most hearty one to Mr. and Mrs. Jaffrey. Mr. Jaffrey returned thanks, and mentioned that while in 1881, 27,000,000 gallons were pumped into tbe reservoir, last year no less than 74,000,000 gallons were sent through the pipes. Altogether about two hours were spent in post prandial orations of a convivial nature, so that there was very little time left for any inspection to be made. How-ever, a run was made through the engine room, where the beautifully clean and polished machinery, working away so noiselessly, won deserved admiration. Several gentlemen then went to see the new bridge over the creek that has replaced the one swept away by the late flood. It is a strong wooden, tressle bridge, 132ft. long, very much resembling the railway bridges, and has been constructed to allow of another rising main being taken across. Safety from future floods is assured by fixing heavy skids on both sides against the piles, and it is altogether a very stable appearance, and it is not likely that we shall again hear of its having been carried away by storm-waters. Dr. March took several barometrical measurements of the heights of various hills en route, and found the reservoir hill to be 207 feet above the Town Hall verandah. The party re-turned home by the Teddington road, very rough by the way, and reached town shortly before six, the time having been spent most enjoyably, notwithstanding the cold raw day. Regarded as a visit of inspection, we are afraid that the trip must be put down as a failure, for by far the greater amount of inspection was done through glasses — beer glasses. TINANA WATERWORKS. (1887, May 17).Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (Qld. : 1860 - 1947), , p. 3. Retrieved from 


The following report from Mr. D. Jaffrey, who has been Engineer-in-Charge of the Maryborough Waterworks at Teddington since they were taken over in 1881, and who has now resigned, was tabled at the last meeting of the Municipal Council :— Pumping Station, Teddington, 28th February, 1910. "The Right Worshipful the Mayor and Alderman of Maryborough.

" Sir and Gentlemen, — As my resignation is now in your hands, I take the liberty of laying before you several facts in connection with the Waterworks since I took charge, on the 3rdAugust, August, 1881, that being the date the works were taken over from the Government by the Municipal Council. For many years I carried on the works under disadvantages that I venture to say not many engineers would have. By careful handling and driving the engine and pumps no accident of a serious nature has taken place, and any overhauling and repairs that required doing had to be done during the night as to have the pumps ready to start in the morning. Outside the pumping station, the first serious accident occurred on the night of the 21st January, 1887, when Oakey Bridge was carried away by flood, with about 100 feet of the rising main. I was instructed to put Mr. John Linklater on with a gang of men, when a temporary tressle bridge was built, the pipes laid across, and the engine started again in three days, which I consider was quick work. I then received instructions to prepare plans and specifications for a new bridge, and this was in due time completed and the pipes laid on it. "I would then refer you to the great flood of 1893. I think I was of service to the Council at that time, in suspending the pipes across the gap in the bridge of 400 feet. The work was eventually completed and the water turned on to the city. How was I treated on this occasion? My salary was reduced by £2o, as an excuse for retrenchment. Were the other officers treated in the same way? Not so. This appeared to me at the time very strange ; and while the work was going on for three weeks I did not know what it was to have dry clothes on, and the work when completed did good duty for over fifteen months, until the new syphon was completed and laid in the bed of the river. The plans and specifications for this work I also prepared, also for other work going on in town, and to the best of my ability . "When the Council decided to erect a duplicate pumping plant, I received instructions to prepare plans and specifications, from which tenders were called and that of the late Tooth & Co. accepted and the work duly completed, and the contractors did not receive one penny above their contract price of nearly £3,000. With reference to this engine, I may state plans and specifications were submitted to Mr. Goldsmith to report upon, well knowing that they must be approved of by Mr. Henderson before he would grant a certificate for the loan; and he did not find one single error in them, neither did Mr. Gold-smith, who received a fee of £15 15s. I was also complimented by Mr. Wilson, the late manger of Walkers Limited, on their being perfect in every detail, and the engine has given every satisfaction, and may be termed a high duty engine as it is better adapted for pumping direct under the stand-pipe than the old engine. "When, in my opinion, it was necessary to instal new boilers you were not satisfied with my report, until one of the Government inspectors confirmed my report after a thorough inspection. In due time tenders were called, and two tendered— one from Walkers Ltd., and one from Babcock & Wilcox, and that of Walkers Limited accepted. The boilers are what is termed the Cornish type, and since they have been under steam, not one single penny has been expended on brick-work. The other is what is termed the water tube type, and from what I could learn they are a source of expense, as the furnaces are entirely of brick. There were two of this type of boilers installed at Messrs. Hyne & Sons' sawmill about the same time as the boilers here. I am still of the opinion I was justified in recommending the Cornish type, and was approved of by the hydraulic engineer. "You are aware I have been called into town on many occasions on Council business, and any thing that has taken place here during my absence I am to be excused, if I could not give the proper dates, and I think you are a little to blame in taking me away from my duties. "I have, at all time given you of the very best that is in me, and, seeing that I have charge of the largest asset you have (and I am not ashamed of the present state and condition the machinery is in), I therefore think the Waterworks' Committee should have quarterly visits, as I have frequently recommended. "I also thank you for allowing me to leave, before the term of my agreement with the Council expires. "I have the honor to be, etc., "DOUGLAS JAFFREY, "Engineer." THE TEDDINGTON WATERWORKS. (1910, March 4). Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (Qld. : 1860 - 1947), , p. 3. Retrieved from 

"A Piece of Impertinence."

At a meeting of the Municipal Council to-night the resignation of (Douglas Jaffrey, engineer in charge of the waterworks since 1887, was accepted (our Maryborough correspondent wired last night). A letter from Mr. J. Howitt (chief inspector under the Machinery and Scaffolding Act) stated that as the engineer had resigned the permits issued to the two assistants at the waterworks were cancelled in accordance with the Act, and calling attention to a penalty of £5 per day attached to a breach of section 65. The Mayor indignantly characterised the letter as a piece of impertinence, and several other aldermen spoke similarly. Alderman A. Dunn was deputed to interview the Minister on the subject of the inspectors interference, the contention being that, as two weeks were still to run of the month's notice given by Mr. Jaffrey, the inspector's letter is premature. A non-official presentation will, it is said, be made to Mr. Jaffrey. "A Piece of Impertinence." (1910, March 2).The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), , p. 4. Retrieved from 


A long discussion took place on Tuesday | night at the meeting of the Maryborough Council on the question of the salary, to be paid to the engineer in charge of the waterworks. The salary was recently fixed at £156 a year- a reduction on the amount paid to Mr. Douglas Jaffrey, who recently resigned the position to accept a Government appointment. Alderman A. Dunn urged that the salary should be increased to £200 a year. The Mayor (Alderman C. S. M'Ghie) pointed out that Alderman Dunn's proposition aimed at rescinding a previous motion fixing the salary at £156 per annum, and was not in order. He decided, however, to permit the discussion to proceed. Alderman Hyne seconded the proposition, and Alderman C. Crystall supported it. Aldermen C. Robaa, Barbeler, Tuohy, and White opposed the motion, which was eventually defeated. MARYBOROUGH CITY COUNCIL. (1910, March 18). The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), , p. 2. Retrieved from 


The following is the annual report for 1894 of Mr. D. Jaffrey, Engineer in charge of the Teddington Waterworks : -Gentlemen, — I have the honour to lay before you a resume of work done during the year 1894. Since the commencement of the year nothing of a serious nature has occurred at the pumping station to in any way stop the water supply, and all the machinery has been kept in a fair state of efficiency. At the beginning of the year a very important branch in connection with your water supply was completed, viz., the connection of the gravitation main on both sides of the river by means of a wrought iron syphon 12in. diameter laid across the bed of the river and was satisfactorily completed and tested and the water turned on on the 24th February, and performing its duties well ever since. The suspended pipes that were laid across the gap at the bridge acting as a temporary means of water supply, were carefully taken down without accident, and I understand have been cleaned and painted, and which could be used again for temporary work ; also all the cables and gear have been put away at the Town Hall. The rising main and service reservoir have been kept in fair condition ; the undergrowth and long grass have been cut away from the reservoir. I may mention the stand pipe has only been in use about six weeks, and I anticipate no further use for it at present, as there has been considerable rain. The rising main bridge at Oakey Creek is also in fair condition, and would be the better of a coat of tar, which I will attend to at the first opportunity. The other bridge over Oakey Creek requires little doing to it and a coat of paint, which I will also attend to. There are several of the telephone poles in a very bad state, and would require to be renewed. Pumping Station.— The machinery has been kept in a fair state of efficiency. I have had the suction valve on main pump out, which is a job that takes some considerable time, and by procuring assistance I was able to effect the repair to it without sending it to town. I have a spare one ready for service in case of accident. The bucket on main pump has also been replaced by spare one I always have by me. A slight accident occurred on one of the boilers, viz., the pipe that connects the gauge glass broke off close to the boiler, which necessitated my getting up steam on the other. I effected the necessary repairs, and it is in good order again. I have not put on the composition on the boilers yet, but will attend to it as soon as possible, as the old com-position is peeling off in several places and will have to be attended to, as it is a great saving in fuel having the boiler and steam pipe covered. The air pump I have overhauled and done repairs where required, but I may state will require new packing rings very soon. The lightning conductor dropped off the chimney, the brackets giving way that secured it. I engaged a man and had it fixed up again. I have only to refer to the bottom cover on the high pressure cylinder, which gave me considerable trouble, in effecting the repairs. There was only about 5 feet of water in the reservoir when I got finished and the engine started again, and proves beyond anything the necessity of another engine and pump. In carrying on the works during the year I have endeavored to be as economical as possible, at the same time keeping everything up to a fair state of efficiency. The quantity of water delivered from the pumping station from 1st January to 31st December, 1894, 83,638,360 gallons; quantity of firewood consumed at the pumping station from 1st January to 31st December, 1894, 476 cords. I have, &c. Douglas Jaffrey, Engineer. OUR WATERWORKS. (1895, January 10).Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (Qld. : 1860 - 1947), , p. 2. Retrieved from 

Obituaries. The many, friends of Mr. Douglas Jaffrey, formerly for many years Resident Engineer at the Teddington Waterworks, will regret, to learn that he died to Brisbane on Tuesday night after being in ill health for some time. The deceased who had previously followed his calling as a marine engineer and came out to Australia as chief engineer of a big steamer, was given the appointment of Engineer-in-Charge as soon as the Waterworks were completed in 1878 and had held that position up to about three years ago, when he retired from the service of the Municipal Council- Mr. Jaffrey gave very valuable service to the town during that long period over 30 years, and kept the machinery under his care always in splendid working order. Many years ago he personally constructed an electric plant with steam engine to drive it and installed it in the works. The part he took, in keeping the town supplied with water when the great flood of 1893 had swept away the old Maryborough ridge and the connecting water pipes with It as well as destroying the syphon under the river will always keep his name prominently associated with the memorable disaster. With much ingenuity skill and the utmost determination, under supreme difficulties he succeeded in spanning the great gap in the bridge by means of water pipes suspended in the air by wire ropes and stays, and this rendered good service for many months until a new siphon was laid. In social life, Mr. Jaffrey as a patriotic Scotchman, took a most active interest in the local Caledonian movements and was also a leading Mason. The sympathy of many Maryborough friends will be extended to the widow and family of latter having been born and educated in Maryborough.— "Chronicle," OBITUARIES. (1913, June 20). The Bundaberg Mail and Burnett Advertiser (Qld. : 1892 - 1917), , p. 3. Retrieved from 

Flooding of the Mary River along Richmond Street, Maryborough, 1893 - photo courtesy State Library of Qld. Image No.: 52544_

Much regret has been expressed in Maryborough at the death of Mr. Douglas Jaffray, in Brisbane last Tuesday. The deceased for very many years held the position of resident engineer at the Teddington waterworks, during which time he constructed an electric plant with steam engine to drive it, in connection with the works. In other directions his services proved invaluable. In his early days the late Mr. Jaffray was a marine engineer, holding a chief's certificate, and was engaged by the A.S.N. Co., of those times. He was a prominent Freemason, and also took great interest in any Scottish movements. The deceased leaves a widow, one son, and three daughters, one of the latter being Nurse Jaffray, of the Maryborough General HospitalMARYBOROUGH AND DISTRICT. (1913, June 20). The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), , p. 9. Retrieved from 


(I) The Custom House. (2) Doon Villa bowling-green. (3) Maryborough Bowling Club's bowling-green. (4) Teddington, the source of Maryborough's water supply. (5) On the reservoir, Teddington waterworks. (6) The School of Arts museum. (7) Interior of the exhibition pavilion at show time. Photos, by Fosbrooke.

MRS. E. H. ANDERSON. Mrs. Jane Dix Anderson (wife of Mr. E. H. Anderson, of The Glen), whose death occurred in the Tumbarumba District Hospital last week after a long illness, at the age of 53 years, was a daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. D. Jaffrey, of Maryborough and Brisbane (Q.), and was born at Maryborough. She was educated at the Girls' Grammar School in Maryborough, and trained for the nursing profession in the General Hospital of that city. After serving for varying terms in Queensland as matron of the Laidley Hospital, the Boys' Grammar School, Southport, and the Goondiwindi Hospital, and a period of private nursing, she came, 17 years ago, to take charge of the Tumbarumba District Hospital. Not quite a year after her arrival there she married Mr. Anderson, and for the last 14 years their home has been Allerthorpe, The Glen, one of the properties of the late Edmund Jowett. Mrs. Anderson is survived by her husband and daughter, Margaret ('Peggy'), one brother, Mr. T. Jaffrey (Ayr, Q.), and two sisters, Mrs. E. Hallstrom and Miss Annie Jaffrey (both of Sydney). Mrs. Andersen, with her husband, was among the best known and most respected residents of the district, and her passing will be regretted by many, while the sincerest sympathy will be extended to her husband and daughter in their sad loss. A large number attended the funeral. The burial took place in the Tumbarumba Cemetery, after a service in St. Andrew's Church, con-ducted by the Rev. F. H. Druery, who also officiated at the graveside. In the church Mr. Druery made graceful reference to the fine character of Mrs. Anderson, and extended the sympathy of the people to her relatives. MRS. E. H. ANDERSON (1937, December 15). Daily Advertiser (Wagga Wagga, NSW : 1911 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from 

JAFFRAY Annie Livingstone - February 1 1952, at the Mater Miscricordiae private hospital loved sister and sister-in law of Mr and Mrs E. J. Hallstrom and fond aunt of Grace, John, Jean, and Esme, aged 76 years At rest. Family Notices (1952, February 2). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 40. Retrieved from 

PROCEEDINGS  OF  THE Royal Zoological  Society  OF  New South Wales 
FOR THE YEAR 1945-46 
Price 1/-. 
(Free to all Members and Associates.) 
Published by the Society, 28 Martin Place. 
London: Wheldon & Wesley Limited, 721 North Circular Road, N.W.2. 
(Established 1879.) 

Registered under the Companies Act, 1899 (1917). 
The Right Honourable Sir John Greig Latham, G.C.M.G. 

Sir Philip Woolcott Game, GJBJE., K.C.B., D.S.O. 

COUNCIL, 1946-47. 
President: Frank Marshall, C.M.G., D.D.S. 

Garnet Halloran, B.Sc, M.D., F.R.A.C.S., F.R.C.S.  (Syd.), Edward John Lees Hallstrom, Albert Sherbourne Le Soaef, CH.Z.S., and Emil Herman Zeck. 
Endowment Member. — Mr. E. J. L. Hallstrom has become the first endowment member, and his able assistance in every manner is also herewith gratefully acknowledged.

The Hon. Daniel Clyne, M.L.C., Speaker of the N.S.W. Legislative Assembly, and Chairman of the Taronga Park Trust, moved the adoption of the annual report and balance sheet, upon which he congratulated the Society, but first he wished to signify the sympathy of himself and all the members of the Trust at the great loss the Society had suffered by the death of the late Secretary, Mr. A. F.  Basset Hull. Mr. Hull had been a colleague on the Trust for many years, and had been of great assistance through his interest and industry and his ever-ready assistance in every matter to his colleagues. 

Otherwise it had been a year of achievement for the Society due to the enthusiasm of the members, a year of progress in scientific research, not spectacular but nevertheless of great value to science generally. Since the Zoological Gardens was inaugurated in 1884, and since the Trust was brought into being in 1916, there had been close co-operation between the two which had been very happy, and in the future with the benefit of unlimited membership suggested greater value to both in the problems still to be tackled. 

An important and difficult problem related to rare and vanishing- birds and animals, and it seemed very necessary that breeding sanctuaries should be developed in this country. Mr. Brown, the Secretary of the Trust, was now in Central Africa securing giraffes and zebras, lions and elephants mayhao also, for the Zoo. At the present time there are only two giraffes in Australian Zoos, one in Taronga and one at 
Perth, W.A. These are also becoming scarce in their native land, and it has become imperative to breed them in this land. There are great difficulties in the breeding of wild animals in zoos, as the parent is apt to kill the young soon after birth unless special individual care is taken. He suggested scholarships should be created in each State for the study of breeding not only the rare members of the Australian, but also the rare and vanishing wild animals of other countries, so that the species can be kept alive in zoos. This should be a national responsibility subsidised by the Commonwealth, special enclosures to be created and special research students to be employed to watch the  breeding. This would not really be an innovation, as certain phases of health are already under control and all animals have to be quarantined under the Health Departments of the various States. That such is possible has been shown elsewhere, the Whipsnade Experiment proving a wonderful success, and it must be done soon here, as through  settlement our wild life was rapidly decreasing and numbers are vanishing, some already extinct. He hoped that this Society will co-operate in this aim, as it always has in the past, and he hoped to see the Society's own aim, of a Zoological House, soon fulfilled. 

The motion was seconded by Mr. E. J. A. Hallstrom, who also paid tribute to the great work done by the late Secretary, Mr. A. F. Basset Hull, and hoped that his wishes with regard to the building would soon be carried out. There was urgent need as, until the Society owned its own meeting-centre its progress would be much handicapped. 

If a Government grant, either of a building site or subsidy, could be secured and approval of a gift by himself, he would be glad to contribute largely to the fund. Mr. Hallstrom also pointed out that Mr. Clyne has assisted materially in the progress of Taronga Park, and was desirous of assisting the Society in its aim of a Zoological House, so that the Society could be assured of the support of the Trustees. He would like to see us assist the Trustees in their aim of a special establishment for the purpose of breeding and propagating rare birds and animals, as that is very necessary now that settlement is decreasing wild life at a disastrous rate. 
The motion was carried by acclamation. 

By Frank Marshall, C.M.G., D.D.S. 
Once again this Society has arrived at a turning point in its career, and before we look to the future it will be as well to trace its past,  showing the advance made in the past 60 odd years. 

It was in 1879 that a few farseeing men floated the idea of a Society for Acclimatisation in Sydney. There had been one previously, beginning in 1861 and petering out in 1869, but the present Society was not a continuance of the earlier one. There has been confusion, as it has been placed on record that the present Zoo traces its career to 1865 when it consisted of several animals kept by Mr. William Beaumont at Sir Joseph Banks Pleasure Grounds at Botany. There is nothing in our early records tying us up with that venture, and it may be pointed out that the original prospectus suggested that an Acclimatisation Society be formed. At the meeting someone may have indicated the distinct proposition, and at that meeting the resolution was "That the New South Wales Zoological Society be formed." There was a large meeting and events moved rapidly, as the prospectus was dated March 24, 1879, the meeting held on March 31, a committee formed, and rules drafted on April 7. W. C. Wentworth regretted that he could not take up the Presidency, and Walter Lamb was elected. The initial purpose of this Society was the "introduction and acclimatisation of song birds and game," and we have gone a long way since. For the purposes of establishing such, aviaries and keepers were necessary, and the City Council granted a site on the place then known as Billy Goat Swamp reserve, Moore Park, for the Society's operations as early as July 8, 1880. The membership fees were to be used for this purpose, and subscriptions were added to private amounts, which were increased by a Government grant of £500. Soon a oological Gardens was mooted and in a few years a small but attractive Zoo came into being, this being opened to the public in 1884; previously it had been the sole care of the members. 

Year by year the Zoo became more popular and expanded, but there was a limit to its expansion in this locality, and the Society had to consider seriously its removal. In 1909 a Royal Charter was granted and the name became The Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, and an appeal was made to the Government for a new site worthy of the city and its people. The Government accepted the proposal and offered several sites, including Victoria Park Racecourse, one at Maroubra, and one at Ashton Park. These were carefully considered by a select committee of the Council of the Society. On this committee was Mr. A. F. Basset Hull, a name ever to be remembered by this Society. The site favoured was one near Bradley's Head, known as Ashton Park, and this was granted to the Society, but it was then found that under the constitution of the Society it could not undertake the trust of this site and gardens, it not being a registered or corporate body. Therefore a new Trust had to be formed, composed of two Government representatives and five members of the Society, and this Trust took over the planning and construction of the new Zoo site which was named Taronga, a name now famous all over the world. 

The grounds were completed and the animals, birds and reptiles, with plant and fixtures, transferred to the Trust, while the Society was reorganised "To promote and advance the Science of Zoology" with many other minor details; the second being "To protect, preserve and study indigenous and introduced animals of Australia." 

The Trust took over the whole care of the Zoological Gardens, and for its part the Society was allowed 250 members who were entitled to the privileges of admission to the Gardens and also given tickets to take friends. The Society was also allowed the right of study at Taronga with a meeting-house and care of the Library. Thus a close co-operation of the Society and Trust was intended, and has been kept to this day. The Society, being thus freed of the responsibility of the Zoological Gardens, undertook the popularisation of zoology, one if not the chief worker being Mr. Hull, who became the first president of the new Society in 1917, and has been the most enthusiastic supporter until last year, when he passed away, full of ideas to the last, although he was in his 83rd year. It is hoped when printing affairs become settled to issue a Memorial Number in honour of our greatest member, who was the friend of all of us. 

The Society continued the publication of a periodical called the "Australian Zoologist," which had been begun a few years before, and this is still continuing, being well known now all over the world. As a means of reaching the reading public interested in zoological matters, a project of illustrated handbooks was initiated, and a fund for that purpose alone was instituted. At the present time there appears to be a demand for such, but unfortunately the matter of getting them printed is a hindrance. Nevertheless good work has been done and better will, it is hoped, in the near future. 

For the purpose of interesting students personally a number of sections have been brought into being, and these are doing their jobs well, and there is evidence of a revival now that the war days are gone. One of the last efforts by Mr. Hull was the development of a Building Fund so that the Society could be housed in its own building. Mr. Hull is specially mentioned as, though this latest appeal was actually introduced by another member, as long ago as 1919 Mr. Hull, then President, appealed for subscriptions for a Central Hall of Science which he estimated to cost £20,000. This appeal did not eventuate, but later the idea was reintroduced by another Society and resulted in 
Science House, which has departed a little from Mr. Hull's original idea. 

Now we have to look to the future without Mr. Hull's guidance, but we have his splendid example and it is hoped that his dreams may come true. What of the future? We can envisage a building wherein our meetings may be held with most conveniences such as a large meeting room, smaller committee rooms, our Library with its books properly encased with a catalogue available to all our members, with a reading room always open. It is hoped also that we may be able to publish a well illustrated popular periodical, probably in conjunction with the Trust, as well as our "Australian Zoologist," and the "Proceedings." 

How can this be brought about with our present membership? It looks impossible from a glance at our Balance Sheet, but by means of an arrangement with the Trust in the future our membership becomes practically unlimited. As you know, our membership was limited to 350, and thus our resources were also limited, but now the limitation has been removed an effort will be made to increase materially our membership. As this is increased our efforts towards our optimistic aims will follow so that our future really depends upon you. 

Probably our first work is to bring into order our Library. We have a large number of useful and valuable books which are available to members, and a catalogue is very necessary. Cases have been ordered so that, at least, they can be kept as befits their value. 

The Years of Nestor. 

It was usual among the Greeks and the Latins, when they wished a long and happy life to their friends, to wish them to see the years of Nestor. The passing on September 22, 1945, of Mr. Arthur Francis Basset Hull, our secretary, was a grave blow to our Society, for, like Nestor of old, with whom he had been compared, Hull "distinguished himself by eloquence, address, wisdom, justice, and uncommon prudence of mind." 

Many of us used to say that Hull was the Royal Zoological Society, so great were his labours in its interest. He had built it up in prestige and membership, and probably in other ways known only to himself, so that in 40 years' association he knew almost every member personally and none disputed his presiding over the Society's destinies. So much the more, then, do we miss our versatile, silver-haired secretary in dapper grey suit, seated behind the sheaf of correspondence at his table. Crisp in his manner yet courteous withal, Hull was never too busy to weigh a problem, to share a joke, or shed some light from his vast experience on any matter under debate. For almost a quarter of a century he graced the office of secretary and he was the best of all editors. Mr. Hull was elected President of our Society from 1917 to 1919 and, appropriately, in our jubilee years 1928/9 and 1938/9, and he was also a Fellow. The Royal Zoological Society intends to issue later a special Hull Memorial Volume in honour of its doyen; meantime, for the sake of record, a few notes on the life of our late friend are set down here. 

The late Arthur Francis Basset Hull was born at Hobart on October 10, 1862, and educated at the High School there. He chose a legal career and was admitted Barrister-at-Law in Tasmania. Later, he came to New South Wales and was employed in the Postal Service, when doubtless he laid the foundations of his unrivalled knowledge of postage 
stamps and fiscals. From 1903 to 1921, he was clerk in charge of legal matters in the Department of Mines, Sydney. His interest in natural history was primarily that of a collector, but broadened later to include many aspects of zoology and fauna conservation. His activities in circles outside the scope of zoology were too many to enumerate. 

He was world-famous as a philatelist, having written the standard text-books on early Australian stamps. All his work was literally written, in courtly penmanship, and composed clearly and fluently so that few, if any, alterations had to be made. No typewriters and card- indexes could replace his methodical memory and skill. Hull was an able Latin scholar, as befitted a barrister of repute, but he was also a numismatist, the author of a book of verse, and, in his younger days, a chorister. He served on the councils of several learned societies and was for many years a Trustee of the beautiful Taronga Zoological Gardens and Ashton Park. Mr. Hull's work for the Royal Zoological Society speaks for itself in every phase of its varied activities. He was also President of the Royal Australasian Ornithologists' Union in 1919 and 1920, President of the Linnean Society of New South Wales in 1925, a Corresponding Member of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, a Fellow of the American Ornithologists' Union and 
Honorary Ornithologist of The Australian Museum. Of all his honours, he treasured most the M.B.E. 

Not only was he the peer of his colleagues in ornithology and conchology, but the counsellor and friend of the most junior naturalists who, to the last, found him up-to-date and alert, instead of tedious or dated as might have been expected from his years. 

Hull confessed to being an "omnivorous collector" and visitors to "The Eyrie," overlooking Manly, would be shown his stamps, birds' eggs, mounted skins, land and marine shells, books, portraits, medals, coins or any other things of mutual interest. Philately, ornithology and conchology were his recreations from law, real estate, mining, or other business, and he illumined them with his love and application. But Basset Hull was no "fossil," and we never considered him an old man. 
His close friend and colleague, Tom Iredale, has well said, "He died young in his 83rd year." 

The after-effects of rheumatic fever in his boyhood caused Mr. Hull to rely on a stick when walking, but this did not prevent him from pluckily undertaking what must have been very exhausting field work. 
Thus, he landed on the slippery granite islets of the Recherche Archipelago through the treacherous seas of that part of Western Australia; he hobbled over the coral reefs and rocks of Queensland, Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands, and New Caledonia in search of his specialty, the Loricate molluscs or "chitons" which he monographed with Iredale. His first interest in these animals had been aroused one day, 40 years ago, when he was amazed to find 14 species in a single rockpool at Freshwater, New South Wales. In later years, his beautifully mounted and labelled collection of Loricates was famed throughout the world of conchology, and a duplicate set formed the basis of the Australian Museum's collection of those shells. He was very interested in the breeding-places of rare sea birds, landing on various islands off the eastern Australian coastline to seek their nests. 
He also collected specimens in many parts of his native Tasmania, visiting some places which even to-day are not easy of access. 

Several species of animals and at least one genus (Bassetina) were named in his honour. So far there is no Hullia or Hulliornis, but it is anticipated that such generic names will be erected out of respect to him and his zoological work. 

Basset Hull was the Royal Zoological Society and we feel that he will always be an integral part of it, as, confidently facing the future, our Society cherishes the memory of one who spent his years of Nestor so faithfully and well. — G.P.W. 

One of the most remarkable personalities connected with Australian natural history has passed away. He had been a Life Associate Member of this Society for many years and, although his name is not so well known to-day as in former years, yet it deserves honour. He first became well-known about 40 years ago as the owner of a large egg collection and, when this was purchased by H. L. White, Jackson accompanied the collection as keeper and remained so until White's death. The collection passed to the National Museum of Victoria, and everyone referring to it must admire the great patience taken by Jackson in labelling every specimen in beautiful copperplate hand- writing. But as a collector he was probably unique in Australia's history as, interested originally in birds'-nesting, he took notice of everything in the bush and accumulated specimens in every group. He became especially interested in land mollusca and his collection of these, which is also in the National Museum, Melbourne, would be an excellent memorial without his other collections. His contemporaries were amused at his personal vanity in labelling his collections, but truly they were worthy of vanity, and will be praised when his failing is long forgotten. He contributed an account of his career to Gregory Mathews who published it, abbreviated, in the "Austral Avian Record" (v., p.110, 1927), from which it may be noted that Jackson was born in Brisbane, June 12, 1873, so that he had passed his 73rd milestone when he died in Sydney on September 30, 1946. He was a pioneer nature photographer in Australia, whose excellent pictures still bear comparison with modern work. A full obituary notice is to appear in The Emu. —T.I. 

Hallstrom, Edward John Lees, 462 Willoughby Road, Willoughby. 

Littlejohn, Albert, 9 Young Street, Sydney. 
Walter & Eliza Hall Trust, Box 130, G.P.O., Sydney. 
Waterhouse, Dr. Gustavus Athol, c/o Australian Museum, Sydney. 
Weingott, Leo, 10 Lamont Street, Crows Nest. 

Allan, Miss Joyce K., Australian Museum, Sydney. 
Barrett, Charles, C.M.Z.S., "Maralena", Maysbury Street, Elsternwick, Victoria. 
Cayley, Neville W., 32 Cecil Street, Gordon. 
Chisholm, A. H., "The Herald" Office, Melbourne. 
Dakin, Professor William John, The University, Sydney. 
Glauert, L., Western Australian Museum, Perth, WA. 
Hindwood, Keith A., Wingello House, Angel Place, Sydney. 
Iredale, Tom, "Solander", Queenscliff Road, Manly. 
McKeown, Keith Collingwood, Australian Museum, Sydney. 
Mathews, Gregory Macalister, C.B.E., St. Cross, Winchester, England. 
Musgrave, Anthony, Australian Museum, Sydney. 
Rayment, Tarlton, Bath Street, Sandringham, Victoria. 
Roughley, Theodore, Cleveland, B.Sc, Fisheries Department, Chief 

Secretary's Department, Sydney. 
Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt, C.M.Z.S., Australian Museum, Sydney. 
Turner, Dr. A. Jeffries, Wickham Terrace, Brisbane, Queensland. 
Ward, Melbourne, Hydro Majestic Hotel, Medlow Bath. 
Waterhouse, Gustavus Athol, D.Sc, B.E., Australian Museum, Sydney. 
Whitley, Gilbert Percy, Australian Museum, Sydney. 

Allan, Miss Joyce K., Australian Museum, Sydney. 
Dunbabin, Thomas, c/o Australia House. Strand, London, England. 
Evatt, The Hon. Clive, 182 Phillip Street, Sydney. 
Johnston, Professor T. Harvey, The University, Adelaide, South Australia. 
Lyell, George, Gisborne, Victoria. 
McKeown, Keith Collingwood, Australian Museum, Sydney. 
Stiffe, R. J., 350 George Street, Sydney. 

Baxter, Mrs. D., "Clyde", 35 Station Street, Crow's Nest. 
Bryce, Ernest John, 47 Nelson Road, Killara. 
Buckle, Frank, 104 Hunter Street, Sydney. 
Campbell, Joseph Owen, 24 Macquarie Street, Mascot. 
Coles, Clifford, C.M.Z.S., Dorset House, Darling Point Road, Edgecliff. 
Comtesse, Capt. D. L., Maritime Services Board, 6 Goat Island. 
Crommelin, Miss Minard, "Warra" Sanctuary, Pearl Beach, Woy Woy. 
Dellow, Walter Joseph, 32 Alibone Street, Ashfield. 
Dixson, Robert Craig, J.P., 33 Hunter Street, Sydney. 
Dixson, Sir William, "Merridong", 586 Pacific Highway, Killara. 
Foreman, Dr. Joseph, "The Astor", 123 Macquarie Street, Sydney. 
Friend, Alfred Harry, B.Sc. (Agr.), 10 Laurel Street, Willoughby. 
Golding, Miss Maisie, 2 Broderick Street, Balmain. 
Halloran, Aubrey, B.A., LL.B., Bull's Chambers, 28 Martin Place, Sydney. 
Hallstrom, John E., 462 Willoughby Road, Willoughby. 
Hordern, Sir Samuel, "Babworth House", Darling Point, Edgecliflf. 
Marshall, Dr. Frank, C.M.G., Harley", Macquarie Street, Sydney 
Minell, Mrs. Dorothy Ebsworth, 20 Wylde Street, Potts Point. 
Monticone, Dr. Charles Albert, Box 2058, G.P.O., Sydney 
Murray, C. Stuart, Box 2427, G.P.O., Sydney. 
Musgrave, Anthony, Australian Museum, Sydney. 
Nash, Albert Edward, 8 Alt Street, Waverlev. 
Oldham, Roland, c/o Mrs. T. Suess, 70 Kent Road, Wooloowin, nr. 

Brisbane, Queensland. 
Packer, H. E., Belgenny Flats, Taylor Square, Darlinghurst. 
Pope, Miss Elizabeth C, M.Sc, 36 Kameruka Road, Northbridge. 
Rogers, William James, Box 4155, G.P.O., Sydney. 
Spain, Col. Alfred, V.D., 16 Spring Street, Sydney. 
Spring, Robert Alexander, "Woodford", St. Elmo Street, Mosman 
Todman, R. G., "Merdin", 328 Edgecliflf Road, Edgecliflf. 
Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt, C.M.Z.S., Australian Museum, Sydney. 
Turner, W. H., 15 Sutherland Road, Chatswood. 
White, Alfred Henry, Belltrees, Scone. 
White, Arthur George, c/o A. C. Ebsworth, Union House, Bligh Street 

White, Mrs. Millicent, Hotel Australia, Sydney. 
Whitley, Gilbert Percy, c/o Australian Museum, Sydney. 
Yardley, Harley, 10 Great North Road, Five Dock. 
Zeck, Emil H, Box 36, G.P.O., Sydney. 

for the year 1950-51 
OCT 14 1953 
Price, 3/- 
(Free to all Members and Associates) 
Published by the Society, 28 Martin Place 
March 5, 1952 
Registered at the G.P.O., Sydney, for transmission by post as a periodical. 
Established 1879 

Patrons : 
Sir Philip Woolcott Game, K.C.B., K.C.M.G., G.C.V.O., G.B.E., D.S.O. 
The Right Honourable Sir John Greig Latham, G.C.M.G. 

COUNCIL, 1951-52 
President : James Roy Kinghorn, F.R.Z.S., C.M.Z.S. 
Vice-Presidents : 
Edward John Lees Hallstrom, F.R.Z.S. 
Frank Marshall, C.M.G., D.D.S. 
Garnet Halloran, M.D., B.Sc., F.R.C.S. (Edin.), F.R.A.C.S. 
Emil Herman Zeck, F.R.Z.S. 

Members : 
Henry Burgh Anthony Irwin Ormsby, LL.B. 
Norman Chaffer Theodore Cleveland Roughley, B.Sc., 
Aubrey Halloran, B.A., LL.B. F.R.Z.S. 
Percy Fincham Harvey Ellis Le Geyt Troughton, F.R.Z.S., 
James Allen Keast C.M.Z.S. 
Keith Collingwood McKeown, F.R.Z.S.

The Seventy-first Annual Meeting was held at Taronga Park on Saturday, 28th July, 1951. About 160 members and friends were present. The Hon. Secretary presented the Seventy-first Annual Report. 

On the 30th March, 1951, our esteemed Councillor and one time President, Mr. A. S. Le Souef, died suddenly at his home at the age of 74. 
He had been a member of this Society for about 40 years, first as Director of the Zoological Gardens, Moore Park, and subsequently as Curator of Taronga Park. He was a Councillor for many years, and only a few days before his death had been acting as Hon. Secretary. Mr. Le Souef, who was a man of considerable charm, had a wide zoological knowledge and devoted his later years to the conservation of the Australian fauna. 

Albert Sherbourne Le Souef . 

To his many friends and associates within the Society, and the Council in particular, news of the sudden death of Albert Sherbourne Le Souef on 31st March, 1951, at his Mosman home in Sydney, was received with a keen sense of personal loss. Not only had he been a member of Council for almost fifty years, since first assuming the Curatorship of the Society's Moore Park Zoological Gardens in 1903, but he was also its Honorary 
Secretary in 1908, and President in 1943-4. 

It was characteristic of his self-effacing but enthusiastic sense of service  to natural history that he should have occupied the presidential chair so late in his prolonged service to the Society. Equally significant was the fact that he had taken over the Acting Hon. Secretaryship as a matter of emergency at the time of his death, just prior to which he had written the President, not relinquishing the responsibility in an emergency, but expressing regret that his service to the Society must be curtailed on explicit instructions from his doctor. 

The name of Le Souef has been practically synonymous with the foundation and progress of zoological display in various States of the Commonwealth. A. S. Le Souef was born on 30th January, 1877, at Melbourne, and was educated at Carlton College. The father of "A.S./, as he was affectionately known, Albert A. C. Le Souef took charge of the Albert Park Gardens, Melbourne, in the early days of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria. The eldest son, W. H. Dudley Le Souef, succeeded the father, while another son, E. A. Le Souef, became Curator of the Perth Zoo. After assisting his brother in Melbourne, A. S. Le Souef accepted the appointment in Sydney. The older members of the Society may well remember the controversy about the transfer of the Zoological Gardens in 1916 from the flat and unimposing site at Moore Park to the present situation at Taronga Park. It was strongly urged in many quarters that the site was too exposed and that the more tropical kinds of animals would suffer in consequence. Who can doubt that the wealth of knowledge, gained from childhood under his distinguished father, as well as an innate love and understanding for wild creatures, was largely responsible for the successful establishing of the zoological gardens at the new site? He continued in charge until his retirement in 1939, and the world-wide acclaim of Sydney's Taronga Park must ever remain as a tribute to his planning and efforts for its foundation. 

Arising from his close study of captive fauna, A. S. Le Souef became a comprehensive student of wild life, contributing a number of papers on birds to Emu, the Journal of the Royal Australasian Ornithologists' Union,  of which he was one of the few remaining original members. He also went to considerable personal expense in obtaining specimens of marsupials and indigenous rats and bats from a wide range of localities. Several papers were written upon mammals, notably the naming of the Great Grey Kangaroo of Tasmania as a distinct species. The writer had the privilege of co-authorship with him in naming a very distinct species of Ring-tail Possum from the Bunya Mountains of south-east Queensland. In one's early experiences in organising the new Department of Mammals at the Museum, Le Souef was to prove a generous and encouraging collaborator, especially in the preparation of The Wild Animals of Australasia, in company with the late Harry Burrell, which appeared in 1926. 

As a lover of nature, he was particularly interested in several societies concerned with conservation of the flora and fauna and, indeed, it was in such activities that he found his greatest satisfaction after retirement. He was a member of the Royal Society and the Linnean Society of New South Wales, and a Corresponding Member of the Zoological Society of London. 

The writer well remembers the great enthusiasm of Le Souef, after the Second World War, on deputations to Canberra advocating the establishment of a National Fauna Park in accordance with the original plans for the capitol. He was also a member of the joint Committee of the Linnean and Royal Zoological Societies for planning and carrying out a Scientific Survey of Kosciusko State Park, under the leadership of Dr. W. R. Browne. 

Le Souef loved the gorsey alpine heights of Kosciusko and the rugged tree-covered slopes of the Snowy River. He was perhaps most at home at the Creel after a day's trouting, and one likes to remember him in good companionship around the fireside, for in such surroundings his gentle soul found its happiest expression. People believed in him and his work, and one might quote of him, from Browning's Lessons from the Gorse: 

Mountain gorses, do you teach us 
From that academic chair 
Canopied with azure air, 
That the wisest word man reaches 
Is the humblest he can speak? 
E. Le G.T. 
Pittwater Heroes and Heroines - Sir Edward Hallstrom - threads collected and collated by A J Guesdon, 2016

Previous History Pages:  

Marie Byles Lucy Gullett Kookoomgiligai Frank Hurley Archpriest JJ Therry Sir Patrick Gordon Taylor Bowen Bungaree W. Bradley 1788 Journal Midholme Loggan Rock Cabin La Corniche La Corniche II Lion Island Bungan Beach Botham Beach Scarred Trees  Castles in the Sand Dame Nellie Melba lunches at Bilgola Spring, 1914  First to Fly in Australia at North Narrabeen  Mona Vale Golf Club's Annual Balls  Governor Phillip camps on Resolute Beach  Ruth Bedford  Jean Curlewis  Mollie Horseman  Charlotte Boutin  May Moore  Neville W Cayley Leon Houreux  Frederick Wymark  Sir Adrian Curlewis  Bilgola Heron Cove  Mullet Creek  Shark Point  Woodley's Cottage  A Tent at The Basin  Collin's Retreat-Bay View House-Scott's Hotel  Bilgola Cottage and House  The First Pittwater Regatta  Women Cricketers Picnic Filmed In Pittwater  Governor Phillip's Barrenjoey Cairn  Waradiel Season The Church at Church Point  Gov.  Phillip'€™s  Exploration of Broken Bay, 2 €- 9 March 1788   Petroglyths: Aboriginal Rock Art on the Northern Beaches  Avalon Headland Landmarks  Steamers Part I Pittwater Aquatic Club Part I  Woody Point Yacht Club  Royal Motor Yacht Club Part I  Dorothea Mackellar Elaine Haxton  Neva Carr Glynn Margaret Mulvey Jean Mary Daly  Walter Oswald Watt Wilfrid Kingsford Smith John William Cherry  George Scotty Allan  McCarrs Creek Narrabeen Creek  Careel Creek  Currawong Beach Creek  Bushrangers at Pittwater  Smuggling at Broken Bay  An Illicit Still at McCarr's Creek  The Murder of David Foley  Mona Vale Outrages  Avalon Camping Ground  Bayview Koala Sanctuary Ingleside Powder Works Palm Beach Golf Course  Avalon Sailing Club  Mona Vale Surf Life Saving Club  Palm Beach SLSC Part I - The Sheds  Warriewood SLSC Whale Beach SLSC Flagstaff Hill Mount Loftus Pill Hill Sheep Station Hill  S.S. Florrie  S.S. Phoenix and General Gordon Paddlewheeler  MV Reliance The Elvina  Florida House  Careel House   Ocean House and Billabong  Melrose-The Green Frog The Small Yacht Cruising Club of Pittwater  Canoe and I Go With The Mosquito Fleet - 1896  Pittwater Regattas Part I - Dates and Flagships to 1950 Shark Incidents In Pittwater  The Kalori  Church Point Wharf  Bayview Wharf  Newport Wharf Palm Beach Jetty - Gow's Wharf  Max Watt  Sir Francis Anderson Mark Foy  John Roche  Albert Verrills  Broken Bay Customs Station At Barrenjoey  Broken Bay Water Police  Broken Bay Marine Rescue - Volunteer Coastal Patrol  Pittwater Fire-Boats  Prospector Powder Hulk at Towler's Bay  Naval Visits to Pittwater 1788-1952  Pittwater's Torpedo Wharf and Range Naval Sea Cadets in Pittwater S.S. Charlotte Fenwick S.S. Erringhi  P.S. Namoi  S.Y. Ena I, II and III  Barrenjoey Headland - The Lessees  Barrenjoey Lighthouse - The Construction  Barrenjoey Broken Bay Shipwrecks Up To 1900  Barrenjoey Light Keepers  Douglas  Adrian Ross Newport SLSC 1909 - 1938 Part I Overview  North Narrabeen SLSC - The Formative Years  Bilgola SLSC - the First 10 years   North Palm Beach SLSC    A History of Pittwater Parts 1 and 4 Pittwater Regattas - 1907 and 1908  Pittwater Regattas - 1921 - The Year that Opened and Closed with a Regatta on Pittwater Pittwater Regatta Banishes Depression - 1933 The 1937 Pittwater Regatta - A Fashionable Affair  Careel Bay Jetty-Wharf-Boatshed  Gow-Gonsalves Boatshed -Snapperman Beach  Camping at Narrabeen - A Trickle then a Flood Pittwater's Parallel Estuary - The Cowan 'Creek'  RMYC Broken Bay Boathouse and Boatshed Barrenjoey Boat House The Bona - Classic Wooden Racing Yacht Mona Vale Hospital Golden Jubilee - A Few Insights on 50 Years as a Community Hospital Far West Children's Health Scheme - the Formation Years  The First Scotland Island Cup, Trophy and Race and the Gentleman who loved Elvina Bay Royal Motor Yacht Club Broken Bay NSW - Cruiser Division History - A History of the oldest division in the Royal Motor Yacht Club   Royal Motor Yacht Club€“ Broken Bay€“ Early Motor Boats and Yachts, their Builders and Ocean Races to Broken Bay, the Hawkesbury and Pittwater  The Royal Easter Show Began As the Royal Agricultural Society of New South Wales   The Mail Route to Pittwater and Beyond  The Wild Coachmen of Pittwater - A Long and Sometimes Bumpy Ride on Tracks Instead of Roads  The Fearless Men of Palm Beach SLSC's Surf Boats First Crews - A Tale of Viking Ships, Butcher Boats and Robert Gow'€™s Tom Thumb 'Canoe'  Furlough House Narrabeen - Restful Sea Breezes For Children and Their Mothers  From Telegraphs to Telephones - For All Ships at Sea and Those On Land Mona Vale Training Grounds - From Lancers on Horses to Lasses on Transport Courses  Fred Verrills; Builder of Bridges and Roads within Australia during WWII, Builder of Palm Beach Afterwards  Communications with Pittwater  Ferries To Pittwater A History of Pittwater - Part 4: West Head Fortress  Pittwater's Lone Rangers - 120 Years of Ku-Ring-Gai Chase and the Men of Flowers Inspired by Eccleston Du Faur  Early Pittwater Launches and Ferries Runs Avalon Beach SLSC - The First Clubhouse  Avalon Beach SLSC The Second and Third Clubhouses From Beneath the Floorboards at Hyde Park Barracks  Bungaree Was Flamboyant  Andrew Thompson - 'Long Harry'  Albert Thomas Black John Collins of Avalon Narrabeen Prawning Times - A Seasonal Tide of Returnings  Oystering in the Pittwater Estuary - Oyster Kings and Pearl Kings and When Not to Harvest Oysters Yabbying In Warriewood Creeks  Eeling in Warriewood's Creeks (Includes A Short History of community involvement in environmental issues/campaigns in and around Narrabeen Lagoon - 1974 to present by David James OAM) Eunice Minnie Stelzer - Pittwater Matriarchs  Maria Louisa Therry - Pittwater Matriarch  Katherine Mary Roche - Pittwater Matriarchs Sarah A. Biddy Lewis and Martha Catherine Bens Pittwater Matriarchs  Pittwater's New Cycle Track of 1901 Manly to Newport  The Rock Lily Hotel  Barrenjoey House The Pasadena Jonah's St Michael's Arch  The First Royal Visitor to Australia: the Incident at Clontarf March 12th, 1868  Pittwater: Lovely Arm of the Hawkesbury By NOEL GRIFFITHS - includes RMYC Wharf and Clareville Wharf of 1938 + An Insight into Public Relations in Australia George Mulhall First Champion of Australia in Rowing - First Light-Keeper  at Barranjuey Headland  Captain Francis Hixson - Superintendent of Pilots, Lights, and Harbours and Father of the Naval Brigade  The Marquise of Scotland Island   The First Boat Builders of Pittwater: the Short Life and Long Voyages of Scotland Island Schooner the Geordy  Boat Builders of Pittwater II: from cargo schooners and coasters to sailing skiffs and motorised launches  The Currawong: Classic Yacht  The Riddles of The Spit and Bayview/ Church Point: sailors, boat makers, road pavers winning rowers   VP Day Commemorative Service 2015 –  at Avalon Beach RSL Cenotaph: 70th Anniversary  Captain T. Watson and his Captain Cook Statues: A Tribute to Kindness   Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways; Hordern or Wiltshire Parks to McKay Reserve – From Beach to Estuary Pittwater Reserves, The Green Ways: Clareville Wharf and Taylor's Point Jetty  Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways Bilgola Beach - The Cabbage Tree Gardens and Camping Grounds - Includes Bilgola - The Story Of A Politician, A Pilot and An Epicure by Tony Dawson and Anne Spencer  Pittwater Reserves - The Green Ways: Mona Vale's Village Greens a Map of the Historic Crown Lands Ethos Realised in The Village, Kitchener and Beeby Parks  Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways; Bungan Beach and Bungan Head Reserves:  A Headland Garden  Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Green Family  Elanora - Some Early Notes and Pictures  The Stewart Towers On Barrenjoey Headland  Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Williams Family  Early Cricket in Pittwater: A small Insight Into the Noble Game from 1880's On  The Pacific Club's 2016 Carnival in Rio Fundraiser for Palm Beach SLSC Marks the 79th Year of Support  Bert Payne Park, Newport: Named for A Man with Community Spirit   Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Fox Family  Surf Carnivals in February 1909, 1919, 1925, a Fancy Dress Rise of Venus and Saving Lives with Surfboards  Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Paddon Family of Clareville  Mermaid Basin, Mona Vale Beach: Inspired 1906 Poem by Viva Brock  Early Pittwater Schools: The Barrenjoey School 1872 to 1894  The Royal Easter Show and 125th Celebration of the Hawkesbury Agricultural College: Farmers Feed Us!  The Newport School 1888 to 2016 Pittwater's Ocean Beach Rock Pools: Southern Corners of Bliss - A History The Royal Botanical Garden Sydney Celebrate 200 Years in 2016  The Porter Family of Newport: Five Brother Soldiers Serve in WWI Church Point and Bayview: A Pittwater Public School Set on the Estuary  The Basin, Pittwater: A Reprise: Historical Records and Pictures  Lighthouse Keepers Cottages You Can Rent in NSW - Designed or Inspired by Colonial Architect James Barnet: Includes Historic 'Lit' Days records   Bayview Days Ships Biscuits - the At Sea Necessity that Floated William Arnott’s Success  Mona Vale Public School 1906 to 2012   St Johns Camden: 176th And 167th Anniversaries In June 2016 - Places To Visit  Narrabeen Lagoon And Collaroy Beachfront: Storms And Flood Tides Of The Past  Avalon Beach Public School - A History   Muriel Knox Doherty Sir Herbert Henry Schlink  Shopping And Shops In Manly: Sales Times From 1856 To 1950 For A Fishing Village