September 22 -  28, 2019: Issue 422


Pittwater Roads II: Where The Streets Have Your Name - Great Mackerel Beach

from Album Hood Collection part II : [Foreshores: Sydney Harbour, rivers, lakes and waterways; beaches] Circa 1920 - 1950 Photos 25-28. [Beach scenes, Pittwater ?] Images  No.: a230022h, a230023h (under New Approach Dedicated article of 1920 below) and a230024h, Courtesy The Mitchell Library, State Library of NSW.

The first Europeans to hold land at Great Mackerel Beach, under the Land Grants system, were Martin Burke and James Kirby.

Memorials Nos. 131, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191,1

192, 193, 194, 195, 196, 297, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 230.

Register No. 1.

THE Commissioners for hearing and determining

upon Claims to Grants of Land within the Colony of New South Wales, under the Act of the Governor and Council, 4th William IV. No. 9, do hereby give Notice that the following Claims have been filed with their Secretary : —to wit—

No. 188. By Martin Burke, of Pitt Water, to 100 Acres of Land, promised by Sir Thomas Brisbane to John Clarke, now, of Launceston, a pensioner of the 102d regiment, described as follows; situate in the county of Cumberland, parish of Broken Bay, 60 acres at Great Mackerel Beach, on the western shore of Pitt Water, and 40 acres adjoining and extending towards an inlet called the basin, bounded on the north by James Reiby's 40 acres, on the west by a line south 46 chains, on the south by a line east 18 chains, and on the east by the Little Mackerel Beach, Pitt Water, and the Great Mackerel Beach. 

And the said Commissioners do hereby require all and every Person or Persons having any claim to the said Lands to present their claims or pretentions thereto within the period of three months from the date of this present Notice, and in default thereof, all claims and pretentions to such Lands will be barred and extinguished, except as now filed.

Dated at Sydney, New South Wales, this 21st day of April, One thousand eight hundred and thirty four.

By Order of the Board;

JOHN DILLON, Secretary. Government Gazette Notices (1834, April 23). New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900), p. 234. Retrieved from 

On November 6th, 1834 Martin Burke sold the Great Mackerel 60 acres to James Marks for £50, provided that Burke should occupy the house and outhouses and three acres of the land during the term of his natural life. Prior to that part of the land had been owned by James Kirby, whose father was a marine with the First Fleet. On March 9th, 1831, aged 34, he petitioned Governor Ralph Darling for a grant of land, saying that he was the only support of his 63 year old mother; he possessed 20 head of cattle but no land for their pasture. He selected land at Great Mackerel Beach and received his grant of 40 acres on October 18th 1831. 

On April 16th, 1832 James Kirby of York Street, mariner, conveyed the land to George Green of Sussex Street, shipwright, for £9. George Green built boats at Pittwater (Careel Bay and Clareville) and was one of the early great rowers of Australia. You can find out more about the Green Family in Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Green Family

This George Green acreage was sold to James Marks on March 16th 1836. [2.]

James Moody Marks was a relative of the King family as his daughter Margaret had married Alexander King - records indicating the property, perhaps once slated for a yachting rendezvous place alike The Basin, was purchased by the father of Elizabeth Connell (nee King) when she was a mere 12 years of age. Elizabeth was born in 1851 to Alexander J and Margaret King. Other records indicate James Marks gave the land in a Trust for his granddaughter. Elizabeth appears to have been named for her grandmother Elizabeth, James M Marks' wife.

Elizabeth King married William Moore Connell in 1875 and they had four children, three sons, and a daughter, Harold Moore Palmerston (born 1876), Henry Norman (born 1880), Leslie Gordon (born 1882) and Vera Elizabeth (born 1887):

CONNELL.—KING.—June 10, at Christ Church, Kiama, by the Rev. J. H. L. Zillman, William Moore Connell. J. P., of the Merri Merri, Coonamble, youngest son of Assistant Commissary-General Connell, to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of the late Alexander King, J.P., Avoca, Kiama. Family Notices (1875, June 15). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 2. Retrieved from 

In 1886 the 60 acres of the Great Mackerel Beach Connell land holding was brought under the Real Property Act:

APPLICATIONS having been made to bring the lands hereunder described under the provisions of the Real Property Act, Certificates of Indefeasible Title will issue, unless Caveats be lodged in Form of the said Act on or before the date named opposite each case respectively. 
No. 6,327. Pitt Water, near the Basin, 60 acres, fronting Great Mackeral Beach,—is part of 100 acres granted to M. Burke.
Applicant: Elizabeth Connell, wife of William Moore Connell. Address of applicant: Merri Merri Station, Galargambone – 27th of May 1886. NOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT. (1886, March 19). New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900), p. 1881. Retrieved from 

In 1890 the rest, after a bit of paperwork, was acknowledged as Elizabeth's:

NOTICE is hereby given that the following claim for a Deed of Grant will be ready for examination by the Commissioners appointed for that purpose under the Act of Council 5th William IV No. 21, at the expiration of two months from this date, before which day any caveat or counter-claim must be entered at the office of the Commissioners, 41, Elizabeth-street, Sydney. Due notice will be given of the day appointed for hearing—
Case No. 1,530.
Applicants—W. M. Connell and wife.
All that parcel of land situated at Great Mackerel Beach, Pittwater, parish of Broken Bay, county of Cumberland, Colony of New South Wales, containing by admeasurement 40 acres, more or less : Commencing at a point on Great Mackerel Beach, being the north-eastern corner of M. Bourke's (now applicants') 100 acres; thence bounded on the south by a line bearing west 22 chains to a Government reserve; thence on the west by Government reserve being a line bearing north 16 chains; and on the north by said Government reserve being a line bearing easterly 39 chains to the waters of Pittwater; thence on the east by the waters of Pittwater, to the commencing point aforesaid : Be the said several bearings and dimensions all a little more or less.

It appears that the land above described was originally granted by the Crown as a small grant, in the year 1831, to one James Kirby, who afterwards assigned the same to James Green. Green afterwards conveyed the same to the late Honble. James Marks, who executed a voluntary settlement over the said land in favor of applicant's wife upon certain trusts. The applicants now seek a Crown Grant of the said land subject to the trusts of the said indenture of settlement.
By order of the Commissioners,
Court of Claims, Secretary.
3rd May, 1890. NOTICE OF HEARING. (1890, May 6). New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900), p. 3606. Retrieved from

{Before his Honor Mr. District Court Judge WILKINSON (President), and Messrs. Theodore Powell and EDMUND Burton, Commissioners.)
This was a claim to the issue of a grant to 40 acres, Mackerel Beach, Broken Bay, under promise to one James Kirby, dated October 13, 1831. The Commissioners reported in favour of the claim, and recommended the issue of a Crown grant to Mrs. Connell. Mr. J. A. Doyle appeared for the applicant. COURT OF CLAIMS. (1890, August 25). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from 

In 1904 William Moore Connell passed away and the land at Great Mackerel Beach was bequeathed to the youngest son, Leslie:

Death of Mr. W. Moore Connell.
A Resident of the District for 30 Years.
Our Coonamble correspondent wired to us on Monday as under:—
"Mr. Moore Connell, Avoca Station, on the Merri Merri, a resident of the district for 30 years, died somewhat suddenly on Saturday. He came into Coonamble for medical attention a few days ago. The deceased gentleman was widely known and held in high esteem throughout the whole north west." Death of Mr. W. Moore Connell. (1904, July 27). Dubbo Dispatch and Wellington Independent (NSW : 1887 - 1932), p. 2. Retrieved from 

In Memoriam.
William Moore Connell.
The late Mr. W. M. Connell, of Avoca station, whose death we lately announced, was a member of a well-known Irish family, his grandfather (Anthony Connell, of Kinsale), having been one of Her Majesty's Judges. He was an intimate friend of Daniel O'Connell, "The Liberator." Amongst the heirlooms of the Connell family are several letters written by him to his sons, then leaving for Australia, and containing the fruits of a ripened experience of the world. One of these sons was appointed Assistant Commissary-General to the Forces in Western Australia, and he was the father of the subject of this notice. The family was also connected with Sir John Moore, the hero of Corunna. 

Mr. W. M. Connell was born in Sydney nearly 70 years ago. He bought Avoca about 1870 continuing to reside there ever since. Owing to a severe and protracted illness, a few weeks ago he consulted Dr. Bertram, of Coonamble, who held out no hopes, but advised a visit to the Hot Lakes of New Zealand as the only chance of prolonging life a little. On returning to the station, however, Mr. Connell collapsed from heart failure, and passed away in the most peaceful manner. His sisters — Mrs. Allen, wife of a well-known Savings' Bank official, and Mrs. W. F. Buchanan, of Killarney station, Narrabri, and his brother (Mr. Henry Connell, once P.M. at Kiama)— all pre-deceased him. He leaves a widow, three sons, and a daughter.

Mr. Connell was one of the best known and most esteemed men on the Castlereagh. The writer can testify to his native goodness of heart to travellers. In this, as in other ways, he upheld the best traditions of the Australian country gentleman. Most assuredly the district will long continue to hold, in honour and affection, the memory of William Moore Connell. In Memoriam. (1904, August 20). Dubbo Dispatch and Wellington Independent (NSW : 1887 - 1932), p. 4. Retrieved from 

In the Supreme Court of New South Wales. (32,434)
In the will and codicils of William Moore Connell, late of "Avoca," Merri Merri, near Coonamble, in the State of New South. Wales, grazier, deceased.
PURSUANT to the Wills, Probate and Administration Act, 1898: Notice is hereby given that all creditors and other persons having any claims upon or being otherwise interested in the estate of the abovenamed deceased, who died at Avoca, Merri Merri, near Coonamble aforesaid, on the 23rd day of  July, 1904, are hereby required to send in full particulars of their claims to the undersigned, the proctors for the executrix of the will of the said deceased, before the 19th day of May next, after which date the said executrix will proceed to distribute the assets of the said deceased amongst the parties Entitled thereto, having regard to the claims of which, she shall then have notice; and the said executrix shall not be liable, for the assets or any part thereof so distributed, to any person of whose claim she shall set have had notice at the time of such distribution .—Dated this 28th day of March, 1905.
Proctors for the Executrix,
Coonamble, and 84, Elizabeth-street, Sydney. PROBATE JURISDICTION. (1905, April 4). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 2432. Retrieved from 

Probate of the will of the late Mr. William Moore Connell, grazier, of Merri Merri, in the district of Coonamble, has been granted. The value of the estate was sworn at £47,950, and the duty amounted to £1789. The testator appoints his wife sole executrix, and directs that, the station known as Upper Merri shall be managed and kept in trust for the benefit of his wife and four children, Harold, Henry, Leslie, and Vera Connell. A half interest is secured to the widow, the other half going to the children. A house in William-street, Sydney, is left to Henry when he comes of age, and a property at Lane Cove is similarly bequeathed to Harold. To Leslie is left the property known as Mackerel Beach, containing 100 acres. The station is to be worked in conjunction with other lands owned by testator in the Coonamble district. A property known as St. Damien's is left to the deceased's wife, and a house in Bourke-street, Woolloomooloo, to Harold. Bequests of £800 each are made to Leslie and Vera, and of £100 to Mr. G. Fuller, M.H.R. A COONAMBLE DISTRICT GRAZIER. (1905, February 25). The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate (NSW : 1894 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from 

Meanwhile, at Great Mackerel Beach:

Department Of Fisheries,
Sydney, 1st August, 1906.


IT is hereby notified, for general information, that the undermentioned persons have applied to lease for Oyster Culture the portions of land rest opposite their respective names as mentioned hereunder.

Tracings showing the positions of the several portions enumerated may be inspected at this Department daily, excepting Saturdays, between 11 and 3 o'clock, and on Saturdays between 11 and 12 o'clock.

Any person may, by memorial to the Board of Fisheries, within thirty days from the date of this notice, and on grounds to be stated in such memorial, pray that leeases of the portions may not be granted.



Pitt Water.

4725 4726 4504

Henry Edward Wilson. Do - On the eastern bank of a small creek flowing behind Great Mackerel Beach through E Connell's portion No. 8 of 47 acres 3 roods at Pitt Water.

On the western bank of a small creek flowing behind Great Mackerel Beach, Pitt Water, through E. Connell's portion No. 8, and lying 725 yards south-westerly from its north-east corner.

William Savage Ongley. - On the western side of the Maze, Pitt Water, fronting Ben Crew's portion No. 29 of 80 acres., Broken Bay. Narrabeen  Cumberland. do do 250 250 400  - all three applications 15 years. 

APPLICATIONS FOR LEASES FOR OYSTER CULTURE. (1906, August 1). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 4425. Retrieved from 

The eldest Connell sons married in a double wedding to twin sisters:

CONNELL-MITCHELL.-December 14 1907 at St. James Church King street by the Rev G. North Ash M.A. Harold Moore P. eldest son of the late W Moore Connell Avoca station Coonamble, and Mrs. Connell Holmbank Neutral Bay to Vera Ormonde elder twin daughter of Herbert Charles Mitchell, Marguerite, Neutral Bay
CONNELL-MITCHELL -December 14 1907 at St James Church King Street, by the Rev G. North Ash, M A. Henry Norman second son of the late W Moore Connell, Avoca station Coonamble, and Mrs Connell, Holmbank, Neutral Bay to Beatrice Hastings, younger twin daughter of Herbert Charles Mitchell, Margurite, Neutral Bay Family Notices (1908, January 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from 

CONNELL. — October 29, at St. Ronan's, Manly, the wife of H. Norman Connell — a daughter.
CONNELL. — October 18, at Carlton Villa, Dubbo, to Mr. and Mrs. Harold M. Connell — a daughter. Family Notices (1908, November 4). The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912), p. 1224. Retrieved from 

Worth noting is the marriage between the Connells' only daughter Vera and Harry Ruskin Rowe (of Avalon Beach Ruskin Rowe renown), who moved in the same circles if this Spring event at the home of the Rickard's is anything to go by:

Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Rickard - Entertain
At "Berith Park’’, the charming residence of Mr. and Mrs Arthur Rickard at Wahroonga, yesterday afternoon, nearly 200. guests were entertained. A band stationed on the lawn played throughout the afternoon, and in the drawing-room, -decorated with perennial sweet peas, Miss Mabel Batchelor and Mr. Weir contributed a musical programme. Afternoon' tea was served in a large marquee erected on the lawn, and decorated with yellow jonquils. The hostess wore a model: gown', of vloux rpse/cnarineuso gracefully ' draped /and /finished on the corsage with pompadour silk and cream lace, worn with  a black tulle hat. /The Misses Mona and Gwen Rickard who assisted in entertaining, were attired alike in white Mallnes lace and ninon frocks relieved with pink ribbon rosettes. Mrs Rowe was' in black ' brocaded velvet and crepe de chine; and a black hat' with white feathers, Mrs James Rickard, golden brown satin veiled in-Bulgarian embroidered net, and a hat en suite; Mrs. Albert Nettleton saxe blue crepe-'dechine,' and a black tulle hat;- Mrs. Peter Britz, hyacinth blue ninon over satin, and a white hat with shaded pink feathers; Mrs. Sidney Raper, white embroidered ninon over cream satin, and a white plumed hat; Mrs. P. Thomas, floral ninon bordered with black, and a hat en suite; Mrs. W. S. Morgan, lotus' blue crepe de chine, and a white, hat;. Mrs. Bert Parker, white crepe Inlet with-Irish cochet over pink crepe dechine,  and a black hat with an ostrich feather mount; Mrs. W. S. Morgan, white broderie Anglaise, worn with a white feather boa, and a pink hat; Miss Todman white crochet lace robe, and a black hat relieved with white feathers ; Mrs. E. J. Young, peacock blue moire silk tailor-made and a black picture hat ; Mrs. Rose (Melb.); "White lingerie robe, and a black hat; Mrs. J. T. Tillock, black crepe de chine, and a black hat with a golden feather mount; Mrs. W. Chenhall, lime green ninon over crepe de chine, and a plumed hat en suite; Mrs. A. Harrison, grey floral ninon over white silk, and a black hat with grey feathers; Miss Harrison, lemon crepe de chine Inlet with real lace and a black and white floral hat; Miss Daisy Rickard; white satin veiled in heliotrope floral ninon, and a tuscan hat with pink roses; Miss Thelma Rickard, white satin yelled In embroidered, net, and a Tuscan hat wreathed with roses; Mrs. Stanley Rickard, cream lace robe' relieved with cherry lace and a grey and cherry colored hat; Mrs. Lambton, white broderie Anglaise frock and a violet plumed hat. Also present were Dr. and Mrs. Walton-Smith, Dr. and Mrs. A. Parsons, Major and Mrs. Waine, Colonel and Mrs. Lonehan, Mr. and Mrs. S. Nettleton, Mr. and Mrs. Percy Hardy, Mr. and Mrs. W. O. Carter, Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Griffiths, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Lee, Mr. and Mrs. A. Pearson, Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Lambton, Mr. and Mrs. A. Saunders, Mr. and Mrs. E. Lufft, Mr. and Mrs. T. B. Wilkinson, Mr. and Mrs. E. V. T. Rowe, Misses ConnellRowe, and Wilkinson, Messrs. Chris Rowe. Bert Parker, Ruskin Rowe; and Gordon Rickard, and Dr. W. Chenhall. GARDEN-PARTY AT WAHROONGA (1913, September 21). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from 

Pink true-lovers' knots were interspersed with all the white decorations that made a mass of lovely bloom in St. James' yesterday afternoon, when Harry Ruskin, son of the late Colonel Rowe, was married to Vera Elizabeth, only daughter of the late Mr. Connell, and of Mrs. W. Moore Connell, of 'St. Damien,' Neutral Bay. The Rev. Wentworth Shields officiated, and the service was fully choral. Mr. Emil Sussmilch sang 'A Song of Thanksgiving.' The bride, given away by her brother, Mr. Harold Connell, was gowned in ivory duchesse mousseline satin, draped with tulle: the bodice embroidered in silver and seed pearls, was draped in Limerick lace and tulle. A coat of lace and broad stole end of satin was embroidered in silver and heavily fringed. The court train, suspended from the high waist with two diamond clasps, was of duchesse mousseline lined with flesh-tinted drawn ninon and draped with tulle and lace. It was caught with a large butterfly embroidered in silver and pearls. A clear tulle veil in cap effect was worn with a coronet of orange blossoms. A beautiful shower bouquet was carried, which, with a diamond ring, was the bridegroom's gift. 
The bridesmaids were the Misses Gwen Fuller, Gladys Fuller, Florrie Christmas (three cousins of the bride), Miss Gladys Rowe (bridegroom's sister), and the Misses Marjory and Dorothy Connell (nieces of the bride and cousins of each other). The four elder girls wore white satin frocks with lace overdresses, and Nattier blue belts and white chiffon hats with Nattier blue bands and white feathers. The little girls were in white silk lace frocks and lace hats, with Nattier blue brims. All carried shower bouquets of roses. The bridegroom gave the elder bridesmaids pearl earrings and the younger Nellie Stewart bangles. 
Mr. Rex Provost was best man, the groomsmen being Mr. Leslie Connell (bride's brother), Mr. Chris. Rowe (bridegroom's brother), and Mr. Robinson. 
Mrs. Connell held a reception at the Australia, about 200 guests being present. She wore a beautiful gown of black Chantilly lace and ninon-de-soie over white charmeuse, relieved with ivory shadow lace finished with touches of cerise and ciel blue, caught with two pearl and diamond buckles. A black pedal straw hat with blue ostrich plumes was worn, and a bouquet of blue hydrangeas was carried. 
Mrs. Rowe (bridegroom's mother) was in black satin, with black bonnet trimmed with white feathers, and a black and white boa, and carried a bouquet of roses, Mrs. Norman Connell was in cream crepe-de-chine, and cream hat with pink feathers at the side. Mrs. Harold Connell was in white with a tangerine coatee, and hat with feathers. At the wedding tea the Hon. Geo. Fuller proposed the health of the parents of bride and groom, and the Rev. Wentworth Shields the health of the bridal couple. The toasts were drunk with musical honors. The Smart Set Orchestra played and Mr. Sussmilch sang Tosti's 'Matlinata.' 
The guests included the Rev. Wentworth Shields, Mrs. R. S. Bowker, Mrs. Walter Marks, Mrs. Charles Watson, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Sautelle, Miss Clarke, Miss Woods, Miss Smail, Mrs. Spain, Mr. and Mrs. W. Buchanan, Mr. and Mrs. Christmas, Miss Mitchell, Miss Marks, Mrs. and Miss Cameron, Mrs. Henry Connell, Miss F. Connell, Mrs. and Miss R. Harrison, Miss W. Mitchell, Mr. Nott, Mrs. Charles Buchanan, Mr. R. A. Warden, Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Barlow, Mrs. and Miss Morgan, Mrs. Doak, Mr. and Mrs. Malcolm Stephen, Mr. and Mrs. Farrell, Miss Farrell. The drawing-room was tastefully decorated in pink and green. The presents, which were beautifully arranged by Mr. H. C. T. Sawyer, included a silver electric plate warmer with appliances from Mr. and Mrs. Herbert E. Ross, an electric grill from the staff of the Australian General Electric Co., a coffee service and coffee set from Mr. and Mrs. H. Moore Connell, a solid silver jewel case from Uncle Robert King, and an artistic collection of Amphora, Doulton, and other ware. The bride left in a chasseur blue cashmere-de-soie, trimmed with ivory shadow blue, finished in front with deep rose sash embroidered with Oriental silks, and a pleated coatee of ninon to match the gown; hat of white tagel straw, wreathed with white ostrich feathers and finished with posies. YESTERDAY'S WEDDING (1913, November 2). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 14. Retrieved from 

BRIDAL GROUP OF THE MARRIAGE OF MISS VERA CONNELL AND MR. RUSKIN ROWE, Celebrated on ' 1st November. Photos by Falk Studios, Pitt st., Sydney.

A PICTURESQUE WEDDING. (1913, November 20). Punch (Melbourne, Vic. : 1900 - 1918; 1925), p. 30. Retrieved from 

The marriage of Mr. Ruskin Rowe, son of the late Colonel Rowe, Mona, Darling Point, Sydney, and of Mrs. Rowe, North Sydney, and Vera, only daughter of the late Mr. W. M. Connell, Avoca, Gular-gambone, N.S.W., and Mrs. Connell, of Neutral Bay, was solemnised on November 1 at St. James's Church by the Rev. Went-worth Shields. The church was prettily decorated, and a wedding bell suspended in the chancel had the initials of the bride and bridegroom done in pink -flowers. The bride, who is very fair, looked nice in ivory white satin duchesse, with draperies of white tulle; the bodice was embroidered in seed pearls and silver, and draped with Limerick lace. The train of satin was lined with pale pink ninon and draped with lace. She wore a tulle veil and orange blossom wreath, and carried a bouquet of white carnations. Her bouquet and diamond pendant were the bridegroom's gifts. The four bridesmaids, the Misses Gladys and Gwendoline Fuller, (bride's cousins), Miss Gladys Rowe, and Miss Florence Christmas, wore white ninon, with tunics of filet lace, and saxe-blue sashes; white hats, with ostrich feathers and bows of blue velvet. Their bouquets of red roses, and pearl earrings, were gifts from the bride-groom. Marjorie and Dorothy Connell, the bride's little nieces, acted as train bearers. Mr. R. Prevost was best man, Mr. Leslie Connell, Mr. Rowe, and Mr. F. Robinson groomsmen. A reception was held afterwards at the Australia. The bride went away in a gown of blue cachemire de soie, with coatee of blue ninon over a blouse of shadow lace; white hat, with ostrich feathers and small posies. The honeymoon was spent at Mount Kosciusko.  Family Notices (1913, November 15). The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946), p. 44. Retrieved from 

ROWE—CONNELL.—November 1, at St. James's Church, Sydney, by Rev. Wentworth Shields, H. Ruskin, third son of the late Colonel Rowe, Darling Point, and Mrs Rowe, of North Sydney, to Vera Elizabeth, only daughter of the late W. Moore Connell, Avoca station, Gulargambone, and Mrs. Moore Connell, Neutral Bay. At home St. Damien's, Neutral Bay, Thursday and Friday, 11th and 12th inst. Family Notices (1913, December 6). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 20. Retrieved from 

The last Connell son, Leslie Gordon Connell also married a Mitchell daughter - and by then the family had moved from Neutral Bay to Double Bay:

CONNELL— MITCHELL— St. James' Church King-street, was the scene of a picturesque wedding on Wednesday afternoon. The bride was Miss Dorothy Mitchell, daughter of Mrs. Charles Mitchell, of Ranelagh, Darling Point, and the bridegroom Mr. Leslie G. Connell, son of Mrs. W Moore Connell, Double Bay. The Rev. Wentworth Sheilds officiated. The bride's charming trained gown was fashioned of white taffeta, draped with d'Alencon lace, the corsage being composed of tulle, caught with a knot of orange blossoms. Her tulle veil was arranged with a mob cap effect, and she carried a showed bouquet of white carnations, sweet peas, and lilies of the valley tied with tulle and satin streamers. The bride groom's gift was a diamond ring. The bride was attended by her two sisters, Marjorie and Winifred Mitchell, and two little nieces, Marjorie and Dorothy Connell. They wore dainty white net frocks and hats, with salmon pink touches, and carried pink posies. The bride groom presented the bridesmaids with pearl rings, and to the little maids he gave gold bangles. Mr. G. Cook supported the bride groom as best man, and Mr. Keith Nott was groomsman. After the ceremony a reception was held in the drawing-room of the Australia, the decorations being charmingly carried out in pink sweet peas, carnations, and arum lilies. The bride and bridegroom received congratulations standing under a wedding bell of white flowers. The bride's travelling costume was a cream gaberdine coat, and skirt, allied to a white silk sailor hat. WEDDINGS (1916, November 19). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 26. Retrieved from 

In 1918 the first Notices that a sale of land would occur at Great Mackerel Beach were advertised, only in some of these, and in Warringah Shire Council Notices, it was referred to as 'Big Mackerel Beach'. This proposal was met with opposition at first, and this delayed that first proposed subdivision and land sale.

During 1919 a syndicate was formed to progress and pay for the subdivision, while an application for a lease for a wharf in December 1919 names Ernest Blackwell as the applicant. A later Warringah Shire Council advertisement stating unpaid rates will cause the sale of land, names Mr. Blackwell's wife as one of those who still owned lots of land at Great Mackerel Beach and those names alongside hers indicate a Neutral Bay-Mosman association between some of the land owners and at least one real estate agent whose name pops up in Warringah Shire Council records later on. Then that gentleman is suggesting a track be made through the National Park to Great Mackerel Beach to provide access, and is calling on council to support this.

Ernest James Blackwell, Journalist and Dentist, had a history of Labor Party support. During 1916-1920 New South Wales had Mr. Holman as its Premier, who began as a Labor Party member prior to walking out with William (Billy) Hughes over compulsory conscription during WWI and alike Mr. Hughes, being expelled. They then formed the National Party and were swept back into power, their victory indicating a big swing. 

Premier Holman visited Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park during the time Ernest Blackwell and his syndicate were attempting to commence the subdivision of Great Mackerel. Mr. Holman and Mr. Blackwell had known each other for a while by then:

The literary staff of the 'Daily Telegraph' and a few friends met last night at Tollemache's Cafe to wish bon voyage to Mr. Percy Hunter, who is leaving Sydney tonight on a trip through Europe and America. Mr. Norman, sub-editor of the 'Daily Telegraph' occupied the chair. The health of the guest was proposed by the chairman, who referred to the distinguished position that Mr. Hunter had won by his exceptional literary ability, his wonderful alertness and energy, and his splendid personal qualities. Other speakers, among whom were Mr. T. R. Royahouse (editor of the 'Sunday Times'), Mr. Holman, MP, and Mr. Ernest Blackwell, an old 'Telegraph' man, testified to the appreciation in which Mr. Hunter is held by journalists, not only in Sydney, but in other colonies, where he has been engaged on the Press. The guest responded, in a characteristically happy speech, to the toast of his own health and that of Mrs. Hunter. PERSONAL. (1900, February 11). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 7. Retrieved from

The newspaper advertisements of the Great Mackerel Beach estate record some great descriptions and at least one word that we no longer use. The first subdivision land sales advertised for Great Mackerel of 1918, when it was named 'Big' to differentiate between 'Little' Mackerel Beach:

One mile from Palm Beach, one mile from the Basin. The Iast important sandy beach intact and still in private hands near Sydney.
A veritable Paradise of shimmering sand and semi-tropical vegetation.
Splendid boating, bathing, and fishing, with a north-easterly aspect.
An Ideal pleasaunce for the families of Professional and Commercial men.
Great Mackerel Beach is, in fact, one of the very few highly-desirable stretches of Foreshore on the entire Coastline of this otherwise magnificent National Estate.
Further particulars from
AUCTIONEERS, MOORE-STREET, SYDNEY. Advertising (1918, October 9). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from

Advertising (1918, October 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 14. Retrieved from 

Advertising (1918, October 9). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 4. Retrieved from 

H. W. Horning and Co., Ltd., announce that they will conduct a sale of land at Big Mackerel Beach, Kuringai Chase, Pittwater, on New Year's Day, January 1. REAL ESTATE. (1918, October 12). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 10. Retrieved from 

Three councils joined the Trustees of the Ku-ring-gai Chase in stopping the subdivision and sale - Warringah, Kuring-gai and North Sydney:

Big Mackerel Beach
At a meeting of the Kuring-gai Shire Council on Thursday evening the President, Councillor Fitzsimons, protested against the subdivision and sale of Big Mackerel Beach, Kuring-gai Chase, Pittwater. He said that the trustees of the Chase had recently by a unanimous resolution, approached the Minister for Lands requesting him to resume or purchase the Beach. The northern suburbs councils are to be asked to join in a protest. NEWS IN BRIEF (1918, October 13). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from 

Mackerel Beach
The North Sydney Council decided last night to co-operate with the Kur-ing-gai Shire Council, in objecting to the proposed sale of Mackerel Beach, Pittwater, with a view to securing this popular water frontage for the people's use. WHEAT IN THE EAST (1918, October 23). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 4 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

The Warringah Shire Council has agreed to co-operate with the Kuring-gai Shire Council and the North Sydney Council against the subdivision and sale of the Big Mackerel Beach, Pittwater. 
The trustees of the Kuring-gai Chase have approached the Minister for Lands to resume the beach for the purpose of a public reserve. BIG MACKEREL BEACH (1918, October 25). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 5 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

Also happening in 1918:

Last night Dr. F. M. Gellatly and Mr. Farmer Whyte,' who are leaving the "Sydney Morning Herald," the former to take up his duties as Director of the Commonwealth Institute Science and Industry, the latter to go to Brisbane as editor of the "Daily Mail," were entertained by the New South Wales Institute of Journalists at the Mary Elizabeth tea rooms. Mr. T. W. Heney, president of the institute, was In the chair. Speeches paying high tributes to the guests were delivered by Messrs. George Black, M L C, Percy Hunter, Ernest Blackwell, W. R Charlton, W. F. L. Bailey, B. J. Grogan, B. Mudge, W. T. Temperley, and W. J. Bailey. Miss May Summerbelle, Mr. A. P. Cooper, Mr. I Hinchcliffe, Mr. Roy Houston (accompanist), and Mr. J. T. Donovan took part in a programme of mimic, Recitations and character sketches were supplied by Mr. Harry Leston and Mr. A. Bearpark-Dimelow. ENTERTAINED BY JOURNALISTS. (1918, May 30). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from 

And specifically happening at Kuring-gai Chase National Park in October 1918, while bearing in mind that WWI is weeks away from ending with peace being declared and all the thousands of young Australians, Pittwater residents among them, who had served in France:

Yesterday afternoon, among the most beautiful scenery on the New South Wales sea-board, a general of France had an experience that he had not known before in all his long life. He was made a prisoner. At the lead of a party of about 40 he stepped ashore from a launch at Bobbin Head Kurring gai-Chase, on his way to the waiting motor cars and found his way barred. Right across his path, spelling out the words "Vive la France," was a chain of scarlet coral flowers. At each end, shy but very resolute, were the small builders of the barrier, the children of Mr D L Perecival. The general capitulated and smilingly permitted himself to be photographed with his captors. It was an incident typical of a particularly pleasant excursion undertaken yesterday by the French mission.

The party left the city early in the morning, and went by launch to Mosman. All the members of the mission were present, and they were accompanied by the Premier (Mr Holman) and Mrs Holman, Mr and Mrs D R Hall, Mr and Mrs Ashford Mr and Mrs Ball, Mr and Mrs James, Mr Garland, Dr. Richard Arthur, Mr P A Colquhuon, Mr. Perry, M Campana Colonel Leo, and Lieutenant-Colonel Hutley, CMG The excursion was supervised by Mr E Stoney, of the Premier’s department.

A fleet of motor cars carried the party from Mosman to Manly Beach, and thence along the coast to Narrabeen and Newport. The French visitors expressed delight with the watering-places and the country. ‘’Fortunate people-beautiful sunshine, fine beaches charming scenery," said one ‘’Better than southern France?'' he was asked 'Ah, France is different," was the smiling elusive reply
If General Pau and his friends, on the dusty roads, were obliged to eat more than the average mortal speck o' dirt there was compensation in the cordiality of the populace. Men and women came to their gates to wave their hands and cheer, children lined up outside their schools to see the famous visitors, bunting flaunted brightly here and there. And it was all unarranged spontaneous. Newport was very gay with flags, and a little gathering cheered the general as the cars passed on down to the jetty.

The big steam launch Premier, which had come round from Sydney was waiting. So were the Kuringai-Chase Trustees, headed by Mr Jacob Garrard, who expressed their great pleasure in being allowed to conduct the French visitors Into their beautiful domain. The waters of the Hawkesbury, sparkling under bright sunshine and a blue sky, called forth the members of the Mission further exclamations of delight. One finds new values In the English language when it is used by a cultured and enthusiastic Frenchman.

The launch slipped smoothly down Broken Bay, circling the shores of Inlets and lingering near white sandy beaches and presently anchored for a period in Coasters Retreat, where lunch was served. Even In this region, which is more notable for scenery than population the Mission was expected, and welcomed. The tricolour and the Australian flag here and there fluttered among the bluegums. A man came down to the shore of a lonely bay, waved his hat and cheered till the hills echoed. A group of ladies, before a pretty cottage, dipped the ensign on their flagpole and fired half a dozen shots from a revolver.

During the afternoon the launch sauntered up the Hawkesbury and up Cowan's Crook, frequently leaving the regular track to show the visitors some entrancing little bay or a particularly striking view over land and water.

Monsieur Corbière, the agricultural expert 'with the French Mission, left Sydney last night for Wagga Wagga in romp my with Mr Fred C Govers superintendent of the Government Tourist Bureau Monsieur Corbière will visit the Wagga Wagga Experiment Farm before breakfast this morning and will subsequently pay a visit to the well-known mixed farm of Mr Anthony Brunskill, Allenby. He will leave Wagga in the evening and the following morning join the other members of the French Mission on their visit to Burrinjuck.  FRENCH MISSION. VISIT TO KURING-GAI CHASE (1918, October 5). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 13. Retrieved from 

Paul Marie Cesar Gerald Pau, (November 29 1848, Montélimar – January 2 1932) was a French soldier and general who served in the Franco-Prussian War and in World War I. He took part in the Franco-Prussian War, suffering the loss of his lower right arm. By 1903, he had reached the rank of General, but he retired from active service in 1911. He was offered the position of Army Chief of Staff by War Minister Adolphe Messimy, but was removed from consideration due to his anti-republican political views and his insistence on the authority to personally nominate generals for high commands. The position instead passed to Joseph Joffre, who would become the French commander-in-chief during World War I.

When war broke out in 1914, General Joffre recalled Pau from retirement to command the Army of Alsace to participate in the attacks towards Alsace called for by Plan XVII. The Army of Alsace contained VII Corps (which had taken but failed to hold Mulhouse between 7 and 10 August), 44th Division, the 55th Reserve Division, the 8th Cavalry Division and the 1st Group of Reserve Divisions (58th, 63rd and 66th Reserve divisions). Although initially successful, Pau was forced to withdraw after the defeat of the First Army at Morhange-Sarrebourg. When it was clear to Joffre that French hopes for a quick victory in Alsace had faded and that France now faced the real possibility of quick defeat (caused by the Schlieffen Plan), Pau's army was broken up and sent north to join Maunoury's Sixth Army in time to participate in the First Battle of the Marne.

General Pau in 1932

After this, Pau was not given another field command. After serving in the French Supreme War Council, he was sent in January 1916 as French representative to the Russian high command, known as the Stavka. General Pau also toured Australia in 1918, meeting Australian veterans, and attending war rallies. He died in Paris in 1932. - From Wikipedia

The protests in October of 1918 against the Connells had become, by August 1919, the project of Ernest James Blackwell and friends. This has been preceded earlier in 1919 by the plans of others to sell the William Lawson grant acreage at West Head and the start of the building of the Flint and Steel guesthouse by Eardley McGaw:

The proposed subdivision and sale of a 640 acre section on the extreme point .of ;West Head, Broken Bay/came before the Kuring-gai Shire Council at last night's meeting, at the instigation of Councillor Lockley. Councillor W. Scott, Griffiths said that West Head was one of the best defensive positions In Broken Bay. It was to the west of Pittwater, and commanded the southern entrance of Broken Bay, much in the same way as Middle Harbor guarded Port Jackson. The 640 acre section to be subdivided was one of the only three or four alienated lots outside the Kuring-gai Chase. It was decided to take immediate steps to place the matter before the Acting Minister for Defence. SALE OF WEST HEAD (1919, March 21). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from 

Kuring-gai Chase Invaded AUDACIOUS SYNDICATE
Somewhere about a hundred years ago or more, one William Lawson, took up a Crown grant of land containing 640 acres, it was at the head of a peninsula that looks out boldly to the Pacific Ocean from the entrance of Broken Bay, and is washed by the waters of Pittwater on the one side, and the Hawkesbury River on the other. It is understood that this William Lawson was the well-known explorer, and In accepting this Crown grant so long ago created quite an interesting position today. 
The grant passed some time ago into the hands of a syndicate, and, as is the way with syndicates, it sought, to become busy. This block of land is inaccessible, or was, excepting by water. Behind it, along the peninsula, and out on the mainland, stretches Kuring-gai Chase, an area of 36,000 acres, which lies between Turramurra and Pittwater, and Is held' In trust for the people of New South Wales. Kuring-gai Chase is a magnificent but rather inaccessible recreation reserve, which in years to come is destined to be a glorious playground for the people of Sydney. At present there are only two portions, Bobbin Head and Towler's Bay, which have been made accessible, while there are some motor runs about Turramurra. The bulk of the Chase is wild primeval country, and the main aim of the Trust has been to ensure the preservation of its fauna and flora. And rightly so. As the trust has to work on a revenue of £1500 a year, it has a tough job, as it Is obviously impossible to supervise properly such an area of rough country on such provision. 
Which explains why a road was built, or a track cut — according to the point of view— for eight miles, and the trust knew nothing of it until the job was finished and motor cars traversed the road! The 'syndicate had become busy. Its block was practically unapproachable by land, and, Inspired probably by the memory of Lawson, the track-builder of the past, the syndicate settled the problem in a simple manner. It just started In and cut out a track, making a passable road from its block to Tumbledown Dick, a point on the road running from Gordon to Mona Vale. Incidentally the road ran through the sacred preserves of Kuring-gai Chase. Now the Lands Department and the Trust are considering what is going to be done about it. Meantime the road, or track, is there, and it opens up one of the most beautiful motor runs about Sydney. It also further breaks down the inaccessibility of the Chase, a point which does not appeal to the Trust, unless it is in the position to protect the reserve from vandalism and exploitation. 
It is contended that an open road would provide further opportunity for people to invade the Chase and destroy the wild plants and animals that are now protected mainly by the inaccessibility of the country. It is admitted that effective supervision is impossible unless more revenue is provided. Still, something is done, and not long ago some' enterprising hunters of grass-tree gum, who had taken up residence in the wilds of the Chase, were discovered, prosecuted, and gaoled for six months. What action, if any, will be taken against the road-builders is a matter for the authorities. Are they pioneers or pirates?
The syndicate, with charming audacity, have cut their track, and it is claimed that if the Government — the good old Government— expended about one thousand pounds on construction a road would result that, by its beautiful environment, would have every motor car in Sydney running out to the edge of Broken Bay. Meantime, one wonders why the Government did not, many years ago, acquire that block granted to William Lawson, and thus bring Kuring-gai Chase down to the ocean. THE ROAD MAKERS (1919, April 24). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 5 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

The land at Great Mackerel Beach is acquired by the syndicate headed up by Ernest Blackwell in August 1919:

Big Mackerel Beach

Big Mackerel Beach, Kuringai Chase, Pittwater, said to be the last of the white sandy beaches still intact and in private hands in the neighborhood of Sydney, was last week acquired by a syndicate with a view to subdivision and sale by auction during the approaching summer.

The history of this purchase is Interesting. The property was advertised for sale last New Year's Day, and withdrawn In response to a clamor from the three councils of the Northern Suburbs and a protest addressed to the Government by the trustees of Kuring-gai Chase, who not unnaturally objected to seeing one of the largest and most attractive beeches on their foreshores’ cut up into 40ft allotments. The Premier and Minister for Lands favored resumption, but departmental Influence got against the purchase, and the matter was allowed to drop

The syndicate that has now bought Big Mackerel Beach evidently means business, for we hear that on Monday last a tender was accepted for the erection of a substantial wharf 200ft in length. Building and Building Land (1919, August 20). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 6. Retrieved from 

His Excellency Sir Walter Davidson and Lady Davidson were entertained by the Premier and Mrs Holman and most of the members of the Ministry and their wives at Kur-ing-gai Chase yesterday. PERSONAL. (1919, November 25). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from 

It's interesting that a tender to build a wharf was accepted prior to a lease for that wharf into the water being applied for:

Department of Lands.
IT is hereby notified, for general information, that the undermentioned applications have been received for Special Leases, under the provisions of the 74th, 76th, and 229th sections of the Crown Lands Consolidation Act, 1913, of the lands and for the purposes hereunder stated, and that it is the intention to grant such leases, should no sufficient objection be found to exist, after inquiry by the Land Board and consideration by the Minister.
Any objections will receive due consideration, if lodged in writing with the Chairman fur the Laud Board District in which the land is situated, on or before the date specified in each case hereunder.
W. G. ASHFORD, Minister for Lands. 
Applicant: Blackwell, Ernest, Sp. L 1919 8, Metropolitan.
Locality of Land applied for. Fronting portion 9, parish of Broken Bay, county of Cumberland, at Great Mackerel Beach, Pitt water.
Purpose of Lease: Wharf
APPLICATIONS FOR LEASES FOR SPECIAL PURPOSES. (1919, December 5). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 6910. Retrieved  from 

The syndicate, eager to recoup some of their costs, offered camping places - available for a week!:

In Anticipation of the Subdivision Sale on Anniversary Day, January 26. A Limited Number of WALDER'S TENTS will be Erected on the Estate (Payment in Advance) from DECEMBER 24th to NEW YEAR'S DAY.

Advertising (1919, December 16). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from

The Great Mackerel Beach Wharf was dedicated on Saturday January 3rd, 1920:

New Approach Dedicated
On Saturday the residents of the locality assembled on Great Mackerel Beach, Kuring-gal Chase, Pittwater, to take part in the dedication of the new wharf and adjacent foreshore to the public. 

The occasion was one of much rejoicing in the district. Not only has the entire foreshore been made available to residents and to the community generally, but access has been afforded where previously there was none to one of the most delightful gorges of Kuring-gai Chase. KURING-GAI CHASE (1920, January 5 - Monday).The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 4 (CABLE EDITION). Retrieved from 

While surveying was carried out the recent past popped up:

On Great Mackerel Beach
Shortly before the Christmas holidays, When Mr. James Curdy, a surveyor, was engaged in the work of subdividing Great Mackerel Beach, Kuring-gai Chase, Pittwater, he stumbled upon some copper coins of the reign of George III, intrinsically, of course, they are worthless enough, as the gigantic pennies of those days can hardly be said to have attained "a collector's value." 

But on the other hand their presence on Great Mackerel Beach is a matter of some Interest. Until the construction of the wharf, a few weeks ago, the spot was not easy of access, and it is hardly likely that the occasional visitor who found his way ashore from an open boat would drop them from the pocket of a pair of "shorts" as he wandered Inland in search of drinking water. Of course the coins may be part of the "treasure" that, according to local tradition lies buried with the bones of an early settler. Or again, they may have been carried there by a convict. 
OLD COINS FOUND (1920, January 12).The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 5 (CABLE EDITION). Retrieved from 

George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death.

1797 British Penny Specifications: Weight; 28.3 g, Diameter; 36 mm Composition; copper. Minted; Soho, Handsworth, England. Mintage; approx. 8,601,600 (inc varieties). 1797 British Penny Design - Obverse and Reverse; Conrad Kuchler. Now semi-rare and have collector's value. Notes: laurel has 11 leaves, SOHO mintmark below shield, first British or English copper penny. Images courtesy of Gold Guinea. The first copper penny to be circulated in Britain, the cartwheel penny was designed to combat counterfeiting. Designed to weigh its exact value in copper, (one ounce), the 1797 penny was very large. The 1797 British penny obverse features the robed laureate bust of King George III facing right. The legend reads: 'GEORGIUS III-D:G-REX.' The reverse shows Britannia seated facing left, holding an olive branch and a trident with a shield resting beside, with a ship in the distance. The legend reads 'BRITANNIA.' above, with the date below.

The January 1920 sales advertisements and lithograph:

Advertising (1920, January 7). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1923), p. 11. Retrieved from 

Advertising (1920, January 21). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 13. Retrieved from 

Advertising (1920, January 25). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from 

That ''Beautiful Illustrated Booklet'':

Great Mackarel Beach : Kuring-Gai Chase : The Balmoral Of Pittwater 

Sydney, N.S.W. : H. W. Horning & Co., 1920. Copy at Mitchell Library has book plate 'Presented to Mitchell Library by Horning & Co, Ltd'. Mitchell Library copy 2 at Q981.1/H1 transferred from Pittwater subdivision plans P13/85-85f. Online images available via the State Library of NSW at:

Great Mackerel Beach Kuring-Gai Chase, Pittwater - Monash Av. and Ross Smith Crescent - 1920 showing those sold - Item No.: c053460063, and section from showing H. Daniell's bungalow, from Pittwater Subdivisions Album, courtesy State Library of NSW

The report of how many sold:


H. W. Horning and Co., Ltd., reports having sold by public auction, on the ground, 39 lots of the Great Mackerel Beach Estate, Kuring-gai Chase, at prices ranging from 10/ a foot to £4/17/6 per foot. Total sales, £2950. PROPERTY SALES. (1920, January 27). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from

The lease for the wharf is finally granted:

Department of Lands, 
Sydney, 19th March, 1920.
IT is hereby notified, for general Information, that Special Leases of the lands specified in the annexed Schedule have been granted to the undermentioned persons.
The leases are subject to the provisions of the Crown Lands Consolidation Act, 1913, and the Regulations thereunder, and to the special conditions, provisions, exceptions, covenants, and reservations set oat at the foot of the Schedule. 
Any amounts which have been paid in excess will be refunded upon application at the State Treasury.
Any amount required to complete payment of expenses and rent from the date of the commencement of lease to 31st December, 1923, must be paid by the Lessee to the Crown Land Agent of the District or to the State treasurer within one month from this date, otherwise the lease will be liable to forfeiture, and should forfeiture be declared all moneys lodged with the application will become forfeited to the Crown.
For the year 1921 and any subsequent year the rentals must be paid during the month of December of the preceding year.
W. G- ASHFORD, Minister for Lands.
Special Lease 1919-8, Metropolitan. Ernest Blackwell.—The lease shall be subject to sub sections 1, 3, 4, 6 to 9, 11 to 13, and 22 of Regulation No. 106 (notified 20th April, 1917), and to following special conditions :—(a) The lessee shall construct the wharf in accordance with the plan and specification as approved by the Minister. (b) In event of the destruction of the wharf by storm or otherwise, the lessee shall, if required by the Minister, remove the wreckage and all remaining portions of the wharf within such time as the Minister may direct-, (c) All structures erected upon the site shall be kept in a good, efficient, and sanitary condition and in a thorough state of repair, and free from rats and other noxious animals, during the currency of the lease, to the satisfaction of the Minister, {d) The lessee shall, after determination of the lease by forfeiture, effluxion of time, or otherwise, and within such time as may be given, remove the structure or all or any material from the site at his own cost, and without compensation, if required by the Minister in writing to do so.
Lease cost £5 annually.
NOTIFICATION OF GRANTING OF SPECIAL LEASES. (1920, March 19). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1815. Retrieved from

And how much those first 63 lots that were sold brought in for the syndicate:

Messrs. H W. Horning and Co., Ltd., during the week disposed of the following properties. ... allotment, Great Mackerel Beach Estate, Pittwater, £236 .. REAL ESTATE. (1920, October 30). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from

Other sales during the year included: … Great Mackerel Beach Estate, £4923 REAL ESTATE. (1920, December 28). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 6. Retrieved from 

The addition of 'Diggers Crescent' was part of the January 1922 land sales. Warringah Shire Council Minute of Meetings records:

Chapman and Favielle, 5/2/20, submitting amended plan of subdivision of Blackwell's Big Mackerel Beach Estate each Subdn. Referred to the Engineer for report. 

Chapman & Faviell, 11/2/20, re completion of improvements on Big Mackerel Beach Subdivision required by Council. Dealt with in Works Committee 

Ernest Blackwell, 12/5/20, forwarding balance of guarantee deposit required, and asking approval to amended plan of Great Mackerel Beach Subdivision. Resolved, - (Councillors Quirk and Campbell) That the amendment of the plan be required, showing residue of the land to have a frontage to the road. 

This advertisement includes a bungalow residence of five rooms, (H. Daniell's ?) and a description of that structure, as well as the new addition of 'Digger's Crescent': 

Advertising (1921, December 21). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 13. Retrieved from 

Ernest James Blackwell and his wife had sons; Harold James (born 1905), Norman Ernest (born October 19th, 1898 - served in WWII), Clive De La Tour (born 26/02/1893 in Queensland), Stanley William (born 1892), and Eric De La Tour (born 1890). Their daughters: Vera (born 1895), Elizabeth De La Tour (born 1902), Evelyn M (born 1903) Eleanor C (born 1904). The De la Tour added into some of their children's names comes from Ernest's family in England.

Clive, a Dentist, enlisted in January 1915 and was assigned to the 3rd Australian General Hospital when 22 years and 5 months of age. He left Australia on the 14th of April, 1915. His father's address then was 'Linwood', Finlay Avenue, Chatswood. He went to Alexandria in 1915-1916 - had the mumps and was in hospital for a while, joined the 1st Light Horse Regiment on the 17th of December 1916 (? - perhaps mixed up with his brother Eric), was sent into France in April 1917 and was back in the Dental Unit then, to England in January 1918 and returned to Australia in October 1918. He was discharged on February 19th, 1919.

Eric, a Grazier, enlisted on March 3rd, 1915 and was assigned to the 1st Light Horse and was sent into Gallipoli by October 1915. In 1916 the 1st Light Horse were in Egypt and served in Cairo, in Moascar. The 1st Light Horse Brigade was a mounted infantry brigade of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF), which served in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I. The brigade was initially formed as a part-time militia formation in the early 1900s in New South Wales and then later in Queensland. In 1914, the brigade was re-constituted as part of the AIF and was sent to Egypt. Forming part of the New Zealand and Australian Division, during the Gallipoli Campaign it served in a dismounted role between May and December 1915. After being withdrawn to Egypt it served in the Anzac Mounted Division from March 1916 as part of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, taking part in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign until the end of the war. It was disbanded in 1919.

Eric made it home too and in 1968 he is living in Dee Why and a member of the Dee Why RSL Sub-Branch when James V. Courtney. Hon. Secretary of the branch, is writing to Melbourne requesting his Gallipoli medals be forwarded.

The naming by his father, Ernest Blackwell, and syndicate members, reflects the times these subdivisions were initiated in, the family's own personal experiences and those of the nation around them. Mr. Blackwell was clearly an A.I.F. (Army) man:


There is a patriotic atmosphere about the Great Mackerel Beach Estate, at Pittwater. The subdivisional streets are named Diggers'-crescent, Monash-avenue, and Ross Smith parade.

There were 128 allotments on the estate, of which 63 have been sold, all suitable for cottages or bungalows. Several have extensive depths and could be laid out in an attractive garden scheme. The estate is right at the beach, after which It is named. Only Ross Smith-parade Intervenes.

A new wharf has been built upon the beach, and is used for a launch service to Newport and the Hawkesbury River. The required deposit is £5 per lot. H. W. Horning and Co., auctioneers. HOLIDAY SALES (1921, December 28). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 9 (FINAL RACING). Retrieved from 

After WWI, Mr. Blackwell, the gentleman who led the syndicate to subdivide this beautiful paradise welcomed home sons who had served at Gallipoli, Egypt and in France. He himself had joined the Australian contingent to the Sudan in 1885 as a correspondent - but who and what inspired the names of the three Great Mackerel Beach streets in late 1919 and in 1920?

The word 'Diggers' is an Australian military slang term for soldiers from Australia and New Zealand. Evidence of its use has been found in those countries as early as the 1850s, but its usage in a military context did not become prominent until World War I, when Australian and New Zealand troops began using it in the Gallipoli campaign and on the Western Front around 1916–17. Evolving out of its usage during the war, the term has been linked to the concept of the Anzac legend, but within a wider social context, it is linked to the concept of "egalitarian mateship".

General Sir John Monash, GCMG, KCB, VD ( June 27 1865 – October 8 1931) was a civil engineer and an Australian military commander of the First World War. He commanded the 13th Infantry Brigade before the war and then, shortly after its outbreak, became commander of the 4th Brigade in Egypt, with whom he took part in the Gallipoli campaign. In July 1916 he took charge of the newly raised 3rd Division in northwestern France and in May 1918 became commander of the Australian Corps, at the time the largest corps on the Western Front. The successful allied attack at the Battle of Amiens on 8 August 1918 was planned by Monash and spearheaded by British forces including the Australian and Canadian Corps under Monash and Arthur Currie. Monash is considered one of the best allied generals of the First World War and the most famous commander in Australian history.

For his services during the war, and in addition to his creation as a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath, Monash was appointed as a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George on 1 January 1919. He also received numerous foreign honours – the French appointed him a Grand Officer of the Légion d'honneur and awarded him the Croix de Guerre, the Belgians appointed him a Grand Officer of the Order of the Crown (Grand-Officier Ordre de la Couronne) and awarded him the Croix de Guerre, and the United States awarded him the Distinguished Service Medal. The Australian Government honoured Monash with promotion to the full rank of general explicitly “in recognition of his long and distinguished service with the Australian military forces” on the 11th November 1929.

He returned to Australia on December 26th 1919 to an enthusiastic welcome. 

Sir John Monash died in Melbourne on 8 October 1931 from a heart attack, and he was given a state funeral. An estimated 300,000 mourners, the nation's largest funeral crowd to that time, came to pay their respects. After a Jewish service, and a 17-gun salute, he was buried in Brighton General Cemetery. In a final sign of humility, despite his achievements, honours and titles, he instructed that his tombstone simply bear the words "John Monash". He was survived by his daughter, Bertha (1893–1979).

The Monash Club at Ingleside is another local place named in tribute for this gentleman. 

Monash Country Club

The Monash Golf Club, in existence since 1933, has been dissolved, and the Monash Country 'Club has been duly constituted and formed.

The following gentlemen were elected as first office-bearers:

Patron, Brigadier J. Steigrad, C.B.E., President, Hyman Eizenberg Esq., Captain, B. Chirlain Esq., Treasurer, H. Don Esq., Committee: D. Abbott Esq., H. Joseph Esq., S Moss Esq., R. Michaelis Esq., E. Rheuben Esq., Dr. M. Richmond. Trustees: Hon. L. S. Snider, M.L.C.,- -J. W. Catts Esq., P. Rheuben Esq, Secretary Manager, Mr. S. Davis; Hon. Handicapper, Mr. H. Adelstein.

It is anticipated that play will commence on the course about March, 1950. Monash Country Club (1949, October 20). The Hebrew Standard of Australasia (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1953), p. 10. Retrieved from

His memory and service is also shown in the naming of Monash University, a public research university in Victoria, the City of Monash, a local government area in Melbourne, the Division of Monash, a Federal electoral division covering part of Gippsland, Victoria, the  Monash Medical Centre, a teaching hospital in Melbourne (and location of his bust, which was originally located in former SECV town Yallourn), Monash Freeway, a major urban freeway in Melbourne, John Monash Scholarships, annually awarded to outstanding Australians for postgraduate study overseas, John Monash Science School, a specialist science secondary school in Clayton, Victoria, the Town of Monash in South Australia, Kfar Monash ("Monash village") in Israel, the suburb of Monash in Canberra, the Sir John Monash Stakes is a Group 3 horse race run each July at Caulfield Racecourse, Sir John Monash Drive in Caulfield East, Victoria, the 306 Monash Army Cadet Unit, the Sir John Monash Centre, commemorative interpretive centre at Villers-Bretonneux, France and General Monash Branch - Royal Canadian Legion (Branch #115) Winnipeg, Mb, Canada.

John Monash portrait- 1918

Sir Ross Smith is an Australian war hero and pioneering flyer. Serving with the AIF, Smith made many distance flights and flew the first England-to-Australia route in 1919. 

Sir Ross Macpherson Smith, KBE, DFC (and two Bars), MC (and Bar), AFC (1892–1922) had served in the cadets and the militia before he left Australia as a sergeant in the 3rd Light Horse Regiment in October 1914; he went to Gallipoli the following year, landing May 15th, 1915. He was later commissioned and was at the battle of Romani (in the Sinai) in August 1916. 

The next year he volunteered for the Australian Flying Corps. Flying with No. 1 Squadron AFC, Smith took part in attacks, aerial photography missions, and bombing raids on Turkish forces. On one occasion he landed in the face of the enemy to rescue a downed comrade. During his extensive war service he was twice awarded the Military Cross, received the Distinguished Flying Cross three times, as well as the Air Force Cross.

A gifted flyer, Smith became experienced in flying his squadron’s twin-engined Handley Page 0/400 bomber. Smith was pilot for T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) and fought in aerial combat missions in the Middle East. He is mentioned several times in Lawrence's book, Seven Pillars of Wisdom, Chapter 114. 

It is likely that Eric de la Tour Blackwell either met or saw Captain Ross Smith in action, and his next deeds would not have been missed by his ex-journalist father. 

Capt. Ross Smith (left) and observer with their Bristol F.2B Fighter, in Palestine, February 1918. Photo is by Frank Hurley - The photo is a colour Paget Plate.

While still with the flying corps, he made pioneering flights from Cairo to Calcutta, and from Calcutta to Timor.

On November 12th 1919, assisted by his brother Keith and two mechanics, Wally Shiers and Jim Bennett, he set out to fly from England to Australia in a large Vickers Vimy bomber. This was an epic 28-day flight, completed at an average speed of 137 kilometres per hour, but not without mishap. On their arrival, landing in Darwin, Australia, on Wednesday, December 10th, the pioneering flyers were welcomed home as national heroes;and  their £10,000 prize money, for being the first to fly from England to Australia, was shared equally. The two brothers were knighted.

In April 1922, while preparing for a record-breaking around the world flight, Smith and Bennett were killed in a crash. Keith Smith witnessed the death of his brother, who was not yet 30. Their famous Vimy aircraft was displayed at the Australian War Memorial, but is now in the Smiths’ home town, Adelaide.

Ross Macpherson Smith (1892-1922), by unknown photographer, c.1920 - courtesy State Library of South Australia, Item No.: 6101

Air mail envelope: Ross Smith carried the first air mail from Britain to Australia. This envelope has a commemorative label designed by the war artist George Benson. It was cancelled with a stamp “First Aerial Mail – Great Britain to Australia – Received 26 February 1920”.

The second 'Digger's Crescent' subdivision was slated for January 2nd, 1922, until a storm came along and made access, and the likelihood of people being on the grounds to buy lots, unlikely.

The charms of Pittwater will be difficult to exaggerate, and the growth of the resort seems to be assured. Some very successful sales have been held in this locality, and another attractive subdivision, known as the Great Mackeral Beach estate, will be offered by Messrs. H. W. Horning and Co. to-morrow, Monday, afternoon. The estate has the distinct advantage of being right at the beach, where a new wharf has been built, which is used for a launch service to Newport and the Hawkesbury River. The subdivision includes a fine bungalow residence and a number of well-planned allotments, admirably suited for bungalow homes or week-end cottages. Arrangements have been made by the agents for launches to leave the Newport wharf for the convenience of those who will prefer to reach the scene of the sale from this point. TO-MORROW'S SALES (1922, January 1).Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 5. Retrieved from

Great Mackeral 2nd subdivision 1922 - B&W version. Item No.: c053460058 - and sections from showing residences of Renshaw cottage and Daniell bungalow,from Pittwater Subdivisions Album, courtesy State Library of NSW 

Great Mackerel beach Kuring-Gai Chase, Pittwater - 2nd subdivision 1922. Item No.: c053460033, from Pittwater Subdivisions Album, courtesy State Library of NSW - shaded lots are already sold.

For buyers, to-morrow, all roads will lead to Manly. Some, doubtless, will so through the village and on to Pittwater, where the Great Mackerel Beach sale, postponed on Monday because of the storm, will be held. But many will be unable to overcome the temptations of free motor buses and ringing bells at the ferry, wharf. With two land sales within a short distance of each other, there will be rivalry aplenty, and the man who's not sure where he is suing will be lucky if he gets there.  MANLY TO-MORROW (1922, January 6).The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 2 (CRICKET EDITION). Retrieved from 

Great Mackerel Beach 

The Great Mackerel, after which this Pittwater estate is named, is probably a fisherman's yarn, as fishermen congregate in this vicinity and the output of yarns is terrific. There are 62 lots in the estate, fronting on Diggers'-Crescent, Monash-avenue and Ross Smith-parade. The beach itself is separated from the estate by the parade. The whole expanse of Pittwater is in view of the land, which has been cut into lots ranging from 33 feet to 75 feet in frontage. Some of them have large areas, the majority would suit the small holder. The new wharf is right at the estate. Launches will run from Newport and the Hawkesbury River to-morrow, but are available by ticket only. A deposit of £5 per lot Is required, H. W. Horning and Co.,. auctioneers. MANLY TO-MORROW (1922, January 6 - Friday). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 2 (CRICKET EDITION). Retrieved from 

The Blackwell syndicate loses their special lease:


IT is hereby notified, for general information, that the special Lease specified hereunder is declared forfeited, iti accordance with the, provisions of the Grown Lands Consolidation Act, 1913.

The forfeiture will take effect at the expiration of thirty clear days from this date.

W. E. WEARNE, Minister for Lands.

ffo. of Papers, Ms. Lb. 1922-11216

No. of Lease.

1919-8, Metropolitan 1

Name And Address of Lessee. Blackwell, Ernest, of Macquarie-street, Sydney.

Situation, and Area of Land. County Cumberland, parish Broken Bay, fronting portion 9 at Great Mackerel Beach, Pittwater. Area, about 6 perches.  Annual Rent. £ s. d. 5 0 0. Reason for Forfeiture. Non-payment of rent. Shire; Warringah. FORFEITURE OF A SPECIAL LEASE. (1922, September 22). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 5259. Retrieved from 

The Government makes it a public wharf:





I Sir Walter Edward Davidson, the Governor of the State of New South Wales, with the advice of the Executive Council, in pursuance of the Local Government Act, 1919, do hereby declare to be a public wharf the wharf known as "Great Mackerel Beach Wharf ' and described as having an area of about 6 perches, fronting portion 9, parish of Broken Bay, county of Cumberland, and vest the control thereof in the Warringah Shire Council.

Signed and sealed at Sydney, this fourth day of April, 1923.

By His Excellency's Command,

J. C. L. FITZPATRICK.  GOD SAVE THE KING! LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT, 1919. (1923, April 13). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1859. Retrieved from 

Photo is from the Pamphlet/Brochure that accompanied the Riviera Estate (Flint and Steel) - The beautiful Riviera estate / Stafford & Co. Ltd. Sales plan for land in The Riviera Estate showing the proposed development of West Head area, Ku-Ring-Gai Chase, N.S.W. Shows railways, main roads and roads to Estate. Date of publication estimated from text "The completion of the North Shore Bridge in two years time (1931) will materially improve the opportunities.". Includes text and photographs. Also available online

Stafford & Co. (1929). The beautiful Riviera estate / Stafford & Co. Ltd Retrieved from 

In 1934 the Great Mackeral Beach site was used as a camp for a Chauvel film with the Chauvels staying on site:

More than a hundred men. most, of them unemployed, have been given work for to-day as "extras" in the Australian picture,  "Heritage."' which Mr. Charles Chauvel is producing for Expeditionary Films. Ltd. Seventy of the men were selected in Sydney,  and a large number in the district about Pittwater. Today, all these will be transported to Great Mackerel Beach, where they are to take part in scenes depicting the landing of Governor Phillip.

The settings for Governor Phillip's camp have been faithfully reproduced from sketches prepared by Mr. Ray Lindsay from original sources in the Mitchell Library and elsewhere. Much difficulty has been experienced, however, in damming the small stream which flows from the hills to the beach, and which is Intended to represent the historic Tank Stream of Circular Quay.  Several hundred bags, to be filled with sand for that purpose, were sent from Sydney yesterday. Hitherto, the tides have moved all the sandbags available at Pittwater.

It is hoped to make a start with the crowd scenes at Pittwater this morning. The film should be sufficiently advanced by the end of the week to be taken to Melbourne by Mr.Chauvel for "cutting." RE-ENACTING SCENES FROM THE FIRST SETTLEMENT. (1934, October 25). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from

THAT enterprising couple, the Charles Chauvels, have found the quaintest little beach. In among the rocks and tea-tree, high above Mackerel Beach, near Pittwater, from which they will be able to keep an eye on the extras to be utilised in finishing their film, "Heritage," and, incidentally, the social-lights across the bay at Palm Beach. 

And what do you think they found there? Pasted on the front verandah was a large photograph of a group of those luscious Mack Sennett bathing girls, just too, too Mae Westy for words. It quite brought Charles' 'Hollywood days back to him when he used to scamper round as one of Douglas Fairbanks' publicity men. 

Incidentally, this week Pittwater will resound to the commands of Governor Phillip's military, and the curses of his convict men. Nevertheless, Mrs. Chauvel thinks her little pill-box on the hill is the most restful spot since she left the Blue Lagoon in Tahiti. Catty Communications (1934, October 27). Smith's Weekly (Sydney, NSW : 1919 - 1950), p. 21. Retrieved from

Photograph: RE-ENACTING SCENES FROM THE FIRST SETTLEMENT. (1934, October 25). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from - Visit: Filmed in Pittwater

Heritage was originally conceived in 1933, while Charles Chauvel was organising publicity for his previous film, In the Wake of the Bounty. The Australian government, in a bid to encourage the local film industry, announced the Commonwealth Prize, an award of £2,500 to the best Australian-made film. Chauvel declared his intentions to enter the competition, and conceived a large-scale historical drama, spanning 150 years of Australian history, to maximise his likelihood of winning.

The film was announced in July 1933. It was dubbed an Australian version of Cavalcade and was supported by Herb McIntyre of Universal. It would cover Australian history form the arrival of Captain Cook to the Great Depression. Chauvel announced plans to hold a Miss NSW competition to promote the movie.

By February 1934 the film was called Heritage and registered a script the following month. Production began in April 1934 and went for eight months. Studio scenes were shot at Efftee Studios in St Kilda, Melbourne. Outdoor filming took place in New South Wales and Queensland. Forty aborigines were employed to appear in a scene filmed at Canungra, Queensland. There were also scenes shot at Parliament House in Canberra while Governor Arthur Phillip's landing in Sydney was shot at Pittwater.

Heritage was first released on 13 April 1935, and distributed by Universal Films through the General Theatres Corporation. Of the thirteen films in contention for the Australian government's Commonwealth Prize, Heritage was awarded the top prize of £2,500. The runner-up films were Ken G. Hall's The Silence of Dean Maitland, in second place (£1,250), and Frank Harvey's Clara Gibbings, in third place (£750). The judges stated that the film "comprised a constructive effort in Australian film development, showing fine pictorial quality and camera work."

DON'T FORGET... (1934, September 22). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 2 (THE AUSTRALIAN WOMEN'S WEEKLY HOME MAKER). Retrieved from



An interesting characterisation In "Heritage," the new Charles Chauvel film, now being completed at Pittwater, will be that of W. C. Wentworth, who has been impersonated by Victor Fitzherbert, a well-known actor under the J. C. Williamson management. Mr. Chauvel, who entrusted the role of Governor Phillip to Frank Harvey, and that of Governor Macquarie to Norman French, considers that the Victor Fitzhnrbert impression of Wentworth conveyed by Mr. Fitzherbert is that of a living likeness. Two featured plnyers, Peggy Maguire and Franklin Bennett, are now with Mr. Chauvel at Pittwater, working on the last portion of "Heritage." W. C. WENTWORTH IN "HERITAGE" (1934, October 7). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from

GREAT THINGS FROM SMALL BEGINNINGS FLOW — and certainly Governor Phillip never dreamed of the magnificent nation that would arise from the first landing he made at Pittwater. This is what it looked like— a hundred years and more ago— according to Charles Chauvel, who last week reconstructed in Sydney the scene with hundreds of 'supers,' for his new epic 'Heritage.' Society Mother Faints In Court When Denounced By Relative (1934, October 28). Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from


As a rule. Great Mackerel Beach, Pittwater, is a quiet place. Two week-end cottages stand among trees on a headland at one end of it. At week-ends and on holidays, a few people row across from Palm Beach or come in launches, and picnic among the rocks. Otherwise its solitude remains undisturbed. But last week the place was a hive of activity. Arriving by water at the little jetty, one seemed suddenly to have 'stepped into another century. Blue-coated soldiers of Governor Phillip's day were at drill under their commanding officer. A gang of tattered rapscallions transported block and tackle, oars, and other gear across the shallow stream. Others co-operated in the carrying of a fishing net. A crowd of women, with long hair hanging down their backs, appeared to be storming the doors of two or three huts. 

From a distance, all this looked convincing. Then one noticed a fringe of present-day Australian figures, all in seaside costume, straggling on the outskirts. Moreover, there was a high wooden rostrum with a camera perched on it; alongside this camera stood Mr. Chauvel, who is directing the picture, "Heritage," for .Expeditionary Films, Ltd. Through a megaphone, he shouted directions to the soldiery, the women, and the tattered convicts. Mr. Tasman Higgins, the photographer, peered through the lens. Mr. "Chic" Arnold, the assistant director, ran frantically to and fro across the sands. The sun poured down relentlessly. It was hot. Already at midday some of the convicts, who were stripped to the waist, showed ominous red streaks of sunburn. One huge fellow, with a face as rubicund and good humoured as Falstaff's, shrouded the upper part of his person in sacking, and refused to emerge until the camera was about to turn. Yet the blue-coated soldiery in heavy uniforms seemed to be looking enviously at the actors who moved about so lightly clad. 

All the "extras" — about 120 of them — had been transported from the city, or from the districts to the north of Manly, specially for the photographing of this scene of Governor Phillip's first camp in Sydney Cove on the banks of the Tank Stream. One detected a few old actors in their ranks; but the great majority were appearing before the camera for the first time. It seemed really remarkable how Mr. Chauvel handled this motley array of humanity (which included some rough and apparently intractable types), and inspired every person with a burning desire to carry the scene in a successful conclusion. In a large scale set of this sort, one forgetful man can spoil the effect by turning his head towards the camera. But no head ever seemed to turn. When Mr. Chauvel asked the camera rostrum should be moved, the convict actors bent them-selves under the weight of the wooden frame.When When a Hollywood company goes "on location," it carries with it an army of technicians. There are camera men, script girls, costume experts, and all sorts of other officials, each with his specialised task. Mrs. Chauvel began by making up the women actors, who wore costumes that she herself had prepared. Then she rehearsed the women in their action. Then she was to be seen standing behind the camera and writing a record of the footage and subject of every "take." This multiplicity of effort is typical of the energy lavished on the production of "Heritage." Certainly this Australian film should achieve success. GOVERNOR PHILLIP'S CAMP (1934, November 2). The Kyogle Examiner (NSW : 1912; 1914 - 1915; 1917 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from


MILLER'S POINT, after one hundred years and more, last week re-echoed to the tramp of Macquarie's men. The military authorities at Victoria Barracks co-operated with Mr. Charles Chauvcl by making available fifty men for scenes in 'Heritage.' These scenes were completed just before the film went to Melbourne.

Clad in the picturesque red and white uniforms of Governor Macquarie's day, and carrying the famous old Brown Besses'— the muskets then used by the militia — the soldiers marched to Miller's Point to welcome the arrival of one of Sydney's early bride-ships. The Point was agog with excitement. Mr. Chauvel had selected a delightful Colonial location, where the stone buildings and walls reproduced the atmosphere of old Sydney. Girls in poke-bonnets and Empire gowns, and men in split tails and chimney-pot hats cheered the red coats as they marched by. With the shooting of these city scenes — the work on the Pittwater location was completed earlier in the week — 'Heritage' is now ready for the necessary sub-editing, which will be done in Melbourne. The featured players in the new film are three young Australians Peggy Maguire, of Brisbane; Margot Rhys, of Melbourne; and Franklin Bennett, of Wellington, N.S.W. ''MACQUARIE'S" MEN MARCH (1934, November 4). Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), p. 29. Retrieved from

Great Mackerel began as a holiday resort for many and this, tragically, meant the loss of life of this family's very young son:

Frank Barnett, 3, was drowned at Great Mackerel Beach, near Palm Beach, on Saturday. The boy, who was holidaying at the beach with members of the family, who live in Grafton Avenue, Naremburn, fell into the water from a jetty. BOY DROWNED NEAR PALM BEACH(1945, April 23). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from 

The original inhabitants of Great Mackerel, The Basin, Resolute Beach and Coaster's Retreat, as well as beautiful places like Portuguese, Towler's, Woody Point and Flint and Steel were the original garden and home of the Kuringgai (also spelt Ku-ring-gai, Kuring-gai, Guringai). The Kuringai were hunters and gatherers. 

When Europeans fled their homelands for a chance for a better life, or were transported as convicts, they brought with them smallpox, the common cold and other ailments which literally wiped out a large portion of the families who once lived happily here.

Just as mariners and earlier residents have been interned in the hills and middens around The Basin, others given back to the earth have been found at Great Mackerel Beach. One such instance opines that perhaps they have found the remains of one who walked here before Europeans trod on this land:

Police believe that human bones found at Mackerel Beach, Pittwater, yesterday are those of an aboriginal.
Mr. Max Walters was sinking a well on his property when he noticed the bones at a depth of about five feet. He carefully built in the hole to avoid disturbing them, and then called the police.

Detective-Sergeants Sawyer and Jardine and other police went to Mr.Walters's property. Working by the light of torches and lanterns, they dug a pit six feet square and six feet deep. The bones recovered include the roof of a skull and part of a jawbone with teeth attached. The skull was much thicker than in any European, and had evidently been buried 50 or 100 years ago. The bones will be submitted to expert medical opinion to-day. HUMAN BONES DUG UP. (1947, May 21). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from

Dug Up Skull, Bones From Backyard
A human skull and bones were found by Mr. M. Walters while he was digging a hole in the backyard of his home at Mackerel Beach, Pittwater, on Tuesday.
Mr. Walters advised the police that he believed he had unearthed a complete skeleton. He was sinking a well and came on the bones 3ft. down in sandy soil. Police dug further and searched the area. They found part of a skull and collarbone and other pieces of bone. These, on examination, appeared to very old bones of an aboriginal, they said. The bones were taken to the Scientific Bureau of the C.I.B., where they will be examined thoroughly. Mackerel Beach is on the opposite side of Pittwater to Palm Beach. It is sparsely settled. Dug Up Skull, Bones From Backyard (1947, May 23). The Scone Advocate (NSW : 1887 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from

A Few Early Land Owners And Residents

James Marks Snr.

Death of an old Resident at Jamberoo— We have this week to record the death of one more of those settlers whose residence in our district embraces by far the greater part of the time since the axe of the white man first commenced the clearing of its natural forests, Mr James Marks, sen., expired on Saturday last, at the residence of his youngest son, Culwalla Jamberoo. It had been a matter of familiar knowledge throughout the district for a considerable time (some months), that Mr Marks, was in a failing state of. health, nor had he, we believe, any other serious complaint than the mere decay of nature, which, though he had usually enjoyed the most vigorous health, could yet excite no surprise in the case of a person whose age was several years over the threescore and ten. 

Mr Marks was about 71 years, was born (we believe) at the town of Ballryronan, country Derry Ireland. In 1826 he arrived in this colony in company with Mr W Charles, and bringing his wife (who died some years since), and his second son John, then a year or two old, and settled in Sydney, where for several years he carried on business with energy and success. 

About thirty years since he settled in Illawarra having purchased the Terragong Estate, a transaction which no doubt laid the foundation for that favourable position which his family still occupy in the district. The remains of the deceased were interred on Monday last in the burial ground attached to the Presbyterian church, Jamberoo, the hearse being followed from Culwalla by several carriages and a cavalcade of about a hundred and sixty horsemen, a number which would certainly have been which increased, had not the circulation of the tidings of Mr Minks death been restricted by the circumstance that the only intervening day was a Sunday. The Rev. Mr Kinross delivered a brief but impressive address over the grave, and a large number of those in attendance remained on the spot to the last. Of the position of those members of Mr Marks family who survive him — five sons and one daughter — it would be quite superfluous for us to speak. Extraordinary Maintenance Case. (1870, December 2). Illawarra Mercury (Wollongong, NSW : 1856 - 1950), p. 3. Retrieved from 

On the 26th November, at Culwulla, Jamberoo, Mr. JAMES MARKS, age 74 years. Family Notices (1870, December 6). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from

Culwulla, Jamberoo, was owned by James Marks. His mother, Elizabeth passed away a few weeks before a garndchild was born:

MARKS—November 8th, at her residence, Culwulla, Jamberoo, Mrs. James Marks, jun., of a son.

MARKS—October 18th, at Kiama, Elizabeth, the wife of James Marks, sen., Esq., aged 63 years. Family Notices (1863, November 21). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from

Children of James and Elizabeth Marks born in NSW:






MARKS ANNE E 4186/1839 V18394186 45B JAMES ELIZABETH


A bit about James Marks Jnr.;

The youngest son of James Moody Marks married the youngest daughter of William Moffitt, stationer, bookseller and engraver, who was born at Liverpool, England, where he served his apprenticeship as a bookbinder. Sentenced to seven years transportation in 1823 for stealing tea, he arrived at Sydney in the Guildford on 25 July 1827 and was assigned to the Engineer's Department. On December 24th, 1829 he married Mary Anne Galliott, a free immigrant aged 16. Of their six children, three daughters married: Elizabeth Preston (b.1834) to John Marks of Jamberoo; Mary Anne (b.1836) to Robert Thorne of Sydney; and Sarah Jane (b.1842) to James Marks of Jamberoo. Henry, aged 10, and Sophia Jane, 16 months, died of scarlatina in 1841, and another son died in infancy in 1832.

When his sentence expired Moffitt set up in business as a bookbinder, stationer, engraver and copperplate printer at 8 King Street, and in August 1833 moved to 23 Pitt Street. In 1831 he had two assigned servants, and five in 1832. The business prospered, and in March 1842 he made a trip to England with his wife and two daughters after selling thirty-two acres (13 ha) of 'rich forest land', with two cottages and an orchard, six miles (9.6 km) from Sydney. On his departure he was presented with a silver snuff box of colonial workmanship by the Australian Lodge of the Independent Order of Oddfellows, which he and two others had founded in 1836. He was later for a time a director of the Australian Joint Stock Bank, and as early as 1846 supported a movement for the early closing of shops. In 1844 he stood unsuccessfully for the City Council but in general he avoided public life, devoting himself to his business and to unobtrusive acts of private benevolence.

Unlike so many of his contemporaries he never felt the lure of squatting or broad country acres, but was content to invest shrewdly in city property. In 1845 his shop was said to be the handsomest in Sydney, and three years later Joseph Fowles noted the 'elegant design' of his row of four houses in Pitt Street. There he lived, near his shop, until his death, and there he could be seen on fine evenings sitting outside his front door chatting with the neighbours. In 1874 he handed over his business to T. R. Yeo, from whom it was purchased in 1886 by W. C. Penfold & Co. He died on 31 July 1874, survived by his three married daughters. He left an estate consisting of city freeholds, bank shares, mortgages and debentures valued at £230,000. [4.]

On the 19th instant, at St. James's Church, by the Rev. R. Allwood, Mr. James Marks, of Kiama, to Sarah Jane, youngest daughter of Mr. William Moffitt, of Pitt-street, Sydney. Family Notices (1862, June 24). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from

A brief outline of the career of James Marks:

Mr. James Marks (F), the third member for Paddington, was born in Sydney on January 3, 1835. He was educated at a private school in Sydney, conducted under the headmastership of the Rev. C. Kemp. Having received a sound commercial education, Mr. Marks proceeded to devote his energies and abilities to farming pursuits. He went on his father's holding, Illawarra, and subsequently engaged in the vocation of farmer on his own account. The greater part of his life was spent in the Illawarra district. His career as a farmer was eminently successful, and he retired from it at the age of 40. 

Mr. Marks has for the past 16 years been living in the eastern suburbs, for 11 years at Waverley and for tire past five years at his beautiful residence in Trelawney-street, Woollahra. He has never taken an active part in public life until recently, although lie has always interested himself in securing the return of good men to municipal councils and to Parliament on behalf of the districts with which he has been associated. He, however, made a successful debut as a public man a little time since, and within the last year he was twice returned unopposed as an alderman for Piper Ward in the Woollahra Council. He made a highly successful alderman, but his many friends considered that he had the necessary qualifications for a higher sphere of public life, and they therefore induced him to contest the Paddington seat in the freetrade interest, with the result that at this, his first attempt for Parliamentary honors, he was returned third on the poll. Mr. Marks is a freetrader of the uncompromising order and is, as he ever has been, a warm supporter of the present Ministry.  MR. JAMES MARKS. (1891, June 29). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 6. Retrieved from 

After an illness extending over several weeks, Mr. James Marks died at his residence, 'Arlington,' Edgecliff - road, Woollahra, yesterday. The deceased was a brother of the late Hon. John Marks, M.L.C., and father of Drs. Herbert and Arthur Marks and Mr. Walter Marks, the owner of the well-known yacht Culwulla. For a brief term the deceased gentleman, who was 72 at the time of his death, occupied a seat in Parliament. DEATH OF MR. JAMES MARKS. (1907, January 13). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 3. Retrieved from 

Death of Mr James Marks. 
Mr James M Marks, of "Arlington", Edgecliff-road, Woollahra,, died at his residence on Saturday, after a brief sickness at the age of 72 years. The deceased, who was a son of the late Mr James Marks, of Culwulla, Jameroo, was born in Sydney in 1835 and upon attaining manhood he followed pastoral pursuits for a number of years in the Illawarra district. In 1878 he relinquished his earlier line of business, went to Sydney, and settled down at Waverley with his family for a time. Eventually he cast in his lot with the people of Woollahra, the neighbouring suburb, and he had his residence there until his death. The deceased took an earnest interest in public matters, and was a member of the Woollahra Municipal Council for a number of years. 

Mr. Marks gave a good deal of attention to politics, and in 1894 he came forward at the general election, and secured a seat for the Woollahra Constituency in association with the late Mr. J. H. Want, and Merss. J. O, Neild (now Senator), and King, before political centres were divided into single electorates. Owing to health, considerations Mr. Marks only remained a member of the Legislature for the term of one Parliament, shortly after his retirement he made a tour round the world, spending three years in visiting places possessing ancient and modern interest. 

In all the manly sports the late Mr. Marks was always ready to take a part. He had an especial fondness for yachting, and was well known among all the yachtsmen and fishermen on the waters of Port Jackson. The flags of the yachts in the harbour on Saturday were at half mast, and a number of city establishments paid similar respects to the deceased. 

Rifle shooting was onto of the late Mr, Marks hobbies, and when marksman had to try their skill on the old rifle range the deceased shot sufficiently well to appropriate a number of trophies. As an elderly man he took delight in associating with the young men and their pastimes, for he believed in encouraging the rising generation in the desire for pure and manly sport. Mr. Marks was a benevolent man those who know him best declare that his hand was never out of his pocket, and many an anonymous benevolent act was done of which he was the author. He was associated with a number of charitable institutions, but never took any active part in their management. He was a liberal supporter of church work and was a prominent member of the Woollahra Presbyterian Church. He leaves a widow, three sons and two daughters. The only surviving brother is Mr. Samuel Marks (late of Terragong); who reside at Roseville, near Tarramurry. The remains of the late Mr, Marks were interred in the Waverly cemetery on Sunday afternoon last, the funeral cortege being an imposing one. Death of Mr. James Marks. (1907, January 15). The Kiama Independent, and Shoalhaven Advertiser (NSW : 1863 - 1947), p. 2. Retrieved from 

Walter Mark's Culwulla III pictured rounding Lion Island in 1914: 

MR. W. M. MARKS' CULWULLA III. Designed by W. Fife, of Fairlie, Scotland ; builder, W. Ford, jun., Sydney, 1907. Length over-all, 50ft. l.w.l., 30ft., beam, 9ft. 3in.; tons, 13. MR. W. M. MAKES' CULWULLA III. (1910, February 22). The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from  

Visit: The Postponed America's Cup Of 1914: Bermuda Once A Refuge For The British Shamrock IV And An Australian RPAYC Commodore Part Of The Trials Crew

PRINCE ALFRED YACHT CLUB.  OCEAN RACE— BROKEN BAY AND BACK. The Basin Cup was raced for yesterday under the auspices of the Prince Alfred Yacht Club. It is the longest ocean race of the season, the course being from Fort Denison to Broken Bay and back, a distance of about 42 miles. Last year the first Basin Cup, which is named after the the well known yachtsmen's camping ground at Broken Bay, was presented by Mr. Harry Cox, at whose suggestion the race was placed on the programme, and was won by Rawhiti. This year's cup has also been donated by Mr. Cox, and yesterday's winner turned up in Mr. E. E. Saver's Fleetwing.

The race was sailed under the system of classification, that no two boats of the same take first and second prizes. Result : Fleetwing (E. E. Sayer), 57min  1Rawhiti (C. T. Brockhoff), 4min 2 White Wings (J. A. Muston), 7min 

Other starters : Awanui (A. C. Saxton) scr., Culwulla (W. M. Marks) 62min, Heather (N. H.Murray) 54min, Magic (J. Murray) 56min, and Herreshoff (C. Duval) 75min. At the time of starting, .10 a.m., a nice breeze from the northeast prevailed. Good process was made down to the heads, where, however, a belt of calm practically brought  all the competitors together. Awanui was the first out of the doldrums, and, leaving Rawhiti, the first yacht to reach South Reef, for the time being becalmed, opened out a big lead. The latter, however, was the next boat to strike the breeze, and she was followed by Heather. It was but a fickle breeze on the work along the coast. Long Reef saw Rawhiti with a lead of some 15min from Awanui. 
At Lion Island the times were:  Rawhiti 3.7.12, Awanui 3.16.46, White Wings 3.18.1, Fleetwing 3.40.27, Heather 3.41.60, Culwulla 3.57.30, Magic having given up before this stage was reached, whilst Herreshoff retired, and made for the Basin, Broken Bay. They had a good run back as far as Long Reef. Here the wind again failed, and Awanui and White Wings ran on top of the leader. Picking up the breeze again, they reached the harbor without further delay, Awanui in the meantime having passed Rawhiti. At the finish the times were : Awanui 6.24.30, Rawhiti 6.26.0,White Wings 6.31.13, Fleetwing 7.7.42, Heather 7.21.20, and Culwulla 7.21.32. Thus after adjusting the time allowances Fleetwing won by 11min 18sec from Rawhiti, which had 2 min 1 sec to spare from White Wings.PRINCE ALFRED YACHT CLUB. (1907, December 15).Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 10. Retrieved from

James' wife passed away son after him:


The estimated net value of the estate of the late Mrs. Sarah Jane Marks, widow, of Arlington, Edgecliff-road, Woollahra, who died at Bowral on March 22, is £165,631. By her will, made on May 8, 1908, she bequeath-ed all her household furniture, plate, linen, china, wines, cutlery, jewellery, books, pictures, etc., to her daughters, Edith Mary Schute, wife of Arthur Schute, and Muriel Palmerston Watson, wife of Dr. Frederick Watson, in equal shares. She appointed as her trustees and executors her sons, Dr. Herbert William James Marks, of Trelawny, Trelawny-street, Woollahra, and Walter Moffitt Marks, solicitor, of Culwulla, Mona-road, Darling Point. She bequeathed a certain share of residuary income, to which she was entitled under her late husband's will, to her sons, Herbert William James Marks, and Walter Moffit Marks, upon trust to pay it to her sons and daughters; after providing for an annuity of £80 to Lydia Eunice Marks, £50 to Mrs. Williams Marks, and a legacy of £60 to Mary Christmas. 

By the provisions of the will of her late father, William Moffitt, who died on June 5, 1871, certain real and personal estate was devised upon certain trusts to testatrix for life, with power to dispose of the same, and testatrix now appointed a sum to each of her grandchildren; and the balance to her trustees, to be divided in shares of a fifth each to her son, Herbert William James Marks, Edith Mary Schute, Arthur Robert Marks, Walter Moffitt Marks, and the balance to her daughter, Muriel Palmerston Watson. Every devise or bequest on trust for any female was declared to be for her separate use independently of any husband. Authority was given the trustees in matters of sale and investment. It was directed that the trustees be remunerated at the rate of £2 2s each for each meeting, such meetings not to exceed two per month, except on matters of great urgency.
A BIG ESTATE. (1909, May 4). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from

The King-Connell Family

The late Mr A. King —The mornful duty again desolves upon us this week of recording the death of another one of our oldest and most successful residents. On Sunday afternoon last the mortal remains of Alexander King, Esq. J.P, were interred in the Anglican Church graveyard, Kiama, being followed thereto by a large number of the most respectable and wealthy residents from all parts of the district. The deceased gentleman took up his abode in this neighborhood, with his still surviving brothers, at a very early period of its settlement ; and by the force of industrious and thrifty habits, had succeeded in obtaining a very comfortable temporal position. His intelligence and sagacity recommended him to the Government for the honor of J.P., which was conferred upon him five or six years ago, and the duties of this office were performed by him honorably and creditably. Mr King leaves behind him a widow and a large family, by whom, as well as a large circle of relatives and friends, his death will be deeply deplored. — ' Independent.' No title (1867, March 22). Illawarra Mercury (Wollongong, NSW : 1856 - 1950), p. 2. Retrieved from 

In the Supreme Court of New South Wales.
In the will of Alexander King, late of Kiama, Illawarra, in the Colony of New South Wales, Esquire, deceased.
NOTIC is hereby given, that after the expiration of fourteen, days from the publication hereof, application will be made to this Honorable Court, in its Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction, that probate of the last will and testament of the abovenamed deceased may be granted to John Marks, of Jerragong Swamp, near Jamberoo, Illawarra aforesaid Esquire, and Samuel Charles, of Eureka, near Kiama aforesaid  Esquire, the Executors named in the said will.—Dated this 11th day of April, a.d. 1867.
Proctor for the Executors,
Shoalhaven-street, Kiama. By his Agent, R. W. Robberds,
159, Castlereagh-street, Sydney. 
ECCLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION. (1867, April 16). New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900), p. 991. Retrieved from 

The death occurred at Kiama last week of Mrs Margaret King (relict of the late Mr Alexander King and only surviving daughter of the late Mr James Moody Marks). The deceased lady, who was 72 years of age, had, for a considerable time past, been suffering from diabetes, which was the cause of her death. The remains were interred at Kendall Cemetery. The late Mrs King was Mrs G W Fuller's mother. The Searchlight. (1905, July 14). Illawarra Mercury (Wollongong, NSW : 1856 - 1950), p. 4. Retrieved from 

William Moore Connell was the youngest son of Henry Connell:


In our obituary last week we announced the death of Mr. Henry Connell. This week we are enabled to give a few fuller particulars of the life of the deceased. Mr. Henry Connell arrived in the colony in the year 1824. He brought letters of recommendation from the Earl of Bathurst, Secretary of State to the Colonies, and subsequently received a grant of land of 640 acres. Shortly after his arrival he acted, for about three months, as assistant private secretary to Sir Thomas Brisbane. He was then appointed to the Commissariat Department, under Deputy Commissary General Laidley. He received his appointment as a Treasury clerk from the Lords Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury, in the year 1839; and in 1844 he received his commission as a Deputy Assistant Commissary-General. 

In 1848 he was ordered to proceed to the formation of a new colony by the home authorities at Port Curtis, Northern Australia, under the newly-appointed Governor, Colonel Blamey. After a large expenditure of Imperial money the project of establishing a new colony was cancelled about nine months from the arrival of the first vessel with troops. In 1849 Mr. Connell was ordered to proceed to Western Australia, where he did duty at several stations in that colony Perth, and Albany, King George's Sound. He was a magistrate of that colony. In 1856 he received his commission, and promotion to the rank of Assistant Commissary-General, and was ordered to proceed to the Crimean war. He and his son William took their departure in the steamship Royal Charter, and upon their arrival in London, found that the Russian war was over. Mr. Connell was then placed with a large number of other officers on the half-pay list, but was allowed to return to Australia to await further orders. Having arrived in Sydney, he shortly afterwards received instructions to proceed to New Zealand, where the rebellion with the natives was going on. Mr. Connell was attached to the 60th Regiment of Foot at Taranaki, and subsequently received the New Zealand war medal. In 1861, after a long and meritorious service, he was allowed to retire on full pay, which he enjoyed for nearly 20 years. He gave his leisure services to the performance of magisterial duties at the metropolitan police courts. 

Mr. Connell was the second son of the late Anthony Connell, barrister-at-law, Recorder of Kinsale, and Commissioner of Bankrupts, Cork, Ireland. He expired at his residence, William-street, on the 22nd ultimo. Obituary. (1880, July 10). Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1870 - 1907), p. 13. Retrieved from

Elizabeth passes away:

CONNELL. -June 17, 1942, at her residence, Merribah, Ocean Avenue, Double Bay, Elizabeth, widow of the late William Moore Connell, of Avoca Station, Gulargambone, and mother of Harold Moore, Henry Norman (deceased), Leslie Gordon, and Mrs. Vera E. Ruskin Rowe.  Family Notices (1942, June 19). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from


Ernest Blackwell

Marriage: BLACKWELL—BLACKWELL.—On December 24, at the residence of the bride's parents, by the Rev. Joseph Parker, Ernest Blackwell, oldest son of Samuel Blackwell, Esq., of Stockport, England, to Gertrude Hodges Blackwell, eldest daughter of J. W Blackwell, of this city. Family Notices (1889, December 28). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from


BLACKWELL October 11 Ernest, beloved husband of Gertrude Hodges Blackwell and eldest son of the late Mr and Mrs Samuel Nicholson Blackwell, Stockpool, England. Privately cremated October 12. Family Notices (1929, October 14). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from 


The death of Mr. Ernest Blackwell took place suddenly on Friday afternoon at his home, St. Michael's Flats, Hunter-street. Mr. Blackwell suffered a stroke on Wednesday night, and died without regaining consciousness. He had a very large circle of friends in literary, artistic, and political circles.

Mr. Blackwell, who was a member of a well-known family in the English Midlands, came to Australia as a young man about 1884, and was soon afterwards engaged on the staff of the "Sydney Daily Telegraph," where he had a brilliant career. He represented the paper in the Soudan war, accompanying the Australian contingent, and afterwards worked on the staff for some years, finally forsaking journalism, of which profession he had been a notable ornament, for the practice of dentistry. 

He was in practice in Macquarie-street at the time of his death. He will, however, be chiefly remembered for his services in the newspaper world, and Press-men all over Australasia will regret to hear of his passing. Mr. Blackwell had recently been appointed to the Film Censorship Board, on which he did valuable work.

Mr. Blackwell had an extraordinary range of friends and acquaintances, and was very well known in the political world. His was a nature of remarkable urbanity and kindness, and his toleration of the hard luck story was profound, while his endeavours to mitigate misfortune were never-ceasing.

He is survived by Mrs. Blackwell and six children-three sons and three daughters. Two of his sons are on the land, and the other, Dr. Clive Blackwell, is a dentist. One of the daughters is Mrs. Arthur Cooper. The remains were privately cremated, in accordance with Mr. Blackwell's wish, on Saturday afternoon. OBITUARY. MR. ERNEST BLACKWELL. (1929, October 14). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 15. Retrieved from 

(BY A.J.H.)

The community is poorer by the death of this cultured gentleman. It was the writer's privilege to enjoy his friendship for close on 40 years, and his sudden end came to an unnumbered host of friends as a great shock. How much better as a place to live in this world would be were there more of his kind, only those who knew Ernest Blackwell can Imagine. Did anyone ever see him with a wry or glum face? Surely not. His perennial smile and bonhomie were inexhaustible. His cheery optimism poured out the very wine of life. His note was one of gladness and gratitude for life itself, and no one met him but felt an uplift and shared the radiance of his rare personality. The writer has often met him when his mood might easily have been one of anxiety and worry, but his sparkling eyes and his natural bearing simply would not be denied. His thought was for others, not himself. But a week ago we met when he was in one of his most charming moods, and when he was looking forward to some new venture with rare and Intelligent optimism. One was so struck with his infectious smile and cheerful outlook that one was tempted to remark, "Ernest, when you die it will be with a smile on your lips." "I hope so, old man," was his happy reply; and if his last breath was not drawn to the music of laughter it is safe to say that his last conscious moments were in keeping with his whole life. Shakespeare might have had such a one as Ernest Blackwell for his inspiration when he made Mark Antony say of Brutus:
His life was gentle, and the elements
So mixed in him that Nature might stand up 
And say to all the world, "This was a man!" 
Long days will pass ere the fragrance of his memory is lost. 
ERNEST BLACKWELL. (1929, October 15). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from 

Ernest Blackwell

Last week end saw the death in Sydney of Ernest Blackwell. journalist and dentist. Formerly a brilliant reporter and paragraphist on the old Sydney Daily Telegraph, he later edited the Centennial Magazine. Giving up journalism he took up dentistry, and it was in his chambers that Mr Briscombe formerly of Manilla gained his professional knowledge. Right up to death he retained his membership of the Institute of Journalists. Ernest Blackwell (1929, October 18). Manilla Express (NSW : 1899 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from 


Mr. Ernest Blackwell, who died suddenly in Sydney recently, was a man of many parts. Coming to Australia from the English Midlands in 1884, he joined the literary staff of the Sydney "Daily Telegraph," and later was chosen to accompany, as that journal's representative, the Australian contingent that was sent to participate in the Soudan War. 

In the early nineties he took William Lane's place as editor of the Queensland 'Worker' until, 18 months later, William Guy Higgs, afterwards Labor M.P. for Capricornia, was appointed to the position. Mr. Blackwell was an academic and visionary exponent, of Labor principles, never having come into close touch with the Movement on its practical side. He cherished, however, its highest ideal. As a descriptive writer he held a very high place, and his article on the historic Brisbane Flood in 1893 is vividly remembered even unto this day by local oldtimers. Mr. Blackwell was a very lovable man, and the news of his death was received with deep sorrow by many Laborites who learned to know him in those far-off Brisbane days. ERNEST BLACKWELL. (1929, November 13). The Australian Worker (Sydney, NSW : 1913 - 1950), p. 14. Retrieved from 


Probate has been granted of the will of the late Mr. Ernest Blackwell, of Turramurra, dentist, who died on October 11 last, aged 66 years, leaving an estate of the net value of £9512, the whole of which he left in trust for his widow and children, the former to receive the income during her life. LATE MR. E. BLACKWELL. (1930, January 10). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 17. Retrieved from 


The wedding of Miss May Gordon Willis, only daughter of the late F. S. Willis, and Mrs. Willis, of Springdale-road, Killara, to Dr. Clive Blackwell, third son of Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Blackwell, of Turramurra, was celebrated last night at St. Stephen's Church, Phillip-street, by the Rev. C. E. James. The bride's frock of white georgette was appliqued with ivory chiffon velvet, embroidered in gold. She wore a train of white georgette, trimmed in the same way, and her cut tulle veil was confined to her head with a narrow wreath of orange blossoms. She carried a bouquet of gold and white orchids. There were three bridesmaids, the Misses Gwen Arthur, Lille Thomson, and Viva Blackwell, who wore Alice blue georgette, with gold lace. Their bandeaux were of blue and gold, and they wore armlets of autumn-tinted gloriosa. Dr. Wilson Evans was the best man, and the groomsmen were Messrs. Ramsay Pennecuik and Edwin Penfold. Dr. Sinclair Gillies gave the bride away. After the ceremony, a reception was hold at the Queen's Club, the bride's mother receiving the guests in a gown of grey georgette beaded and trimmed with fur. She added a black velvet hat. BLACKWELL—WILLIS. (1926, April 22). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from 

Earlam-Blackwell Wedding

Miss Covey (Eleanor) Blackwell, youngest daughter of the late Ernest Blackwell and Mrs. Blackwell, of Studley Royal, Kirribilli, wore a graceful gown of parchment satin with a long veil of parchment tulle, encircled with orange blossoms, for her wedding on Saturday afternoon to Mr. Stewart Earlam, younger son of Mr. Harold Earlam (superintendent of the N.S.W. Institution for the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind, Darlington) and Mrs. Earlam. Her bouquet of deep cream roses and frangipanni completed her parchment toned ensemble.

The ceremony was performed at Christ Church, Lavender Bay, by the Rev. J. Bidwell, and the bride was given away by her brother, Mr. Stanley Blackwell. Miss Helen Scott came from Canberra to act as bridesmaid, and wore a floral chiffon frock in shades of blue and white. Her large hat was of matching blue straw, and she carried pink roses and blue delphiniums. Dr. Malcolm Earlam, brother of the bridegroom, was best man.

Mrs. Blackwell, wearing a gown of black and white georgette and a black hat, received about 80 guests at a party held at her residence after the ceremony. PARCHMENT TONES. (1933, December 26). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from 


The funeral of the late Rev. Stanley Blackwell took place at Rookwood Cemetery on Saturday morning, the last simple rites of the Congregational Church being performed by the Rev. Walter Mathison, B.A., of Croydon, and the Rev. N. J. Cocks, M.A., of North Sydney. Amongst the relatives and friends present were Mr. Ernest Blackwell (only surviving brother), Mr. William Blackwell and Mr. Frank Blackwell (cousins), Messrs. Robert Hay, T. D. Hay, W. R. Beaver, William Laing, Herbert Robinson, Norman Robinson, W. D. Laing, W. R. Virgoe, G. F Birks, H. S. Giles, and R. Bernard Job. 

The deceased clergyman, who was for seven years a student at the Lancashire Independent College and the Manchester University, and an associate of the Theological Society, came to Sydney in search of health nearly 12 months ago, and during the greater portion of the time resided with his brother at Ashfield. In the early part of last winter, acting upon the advice of Dr. Blackwood, of Summer Hill, he underwent a somewhat serious operation, speedily recovered at least his former measure of health, and in the hope of still further recruiting, went for a while to Brisbane, where he was the guest of one of the leading medical men of that State. Before his departure for Queensland and since his return he had preached in several Presbyterian and Congregational churches in the neighbour-hood of Sydney, and within the past fortnight his services had been bespoken for several pulpits about to be rendered temporarily vacant by the absence of ministers on holiday. THE LATE REV. STANLEY BLACKWELL. (1902, December 29). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from 


The 'syndicate' members (??) - and again council is seizing land in the middle of WWII when many of those listed may have been serving elsewhere and unlikely to see this 'Notice':

OVERDUE RATES.—Shire of Warringah.—Land to be Sold for Default.—The following persons are required to take notice that the Council of the Shire of Warringah has applied to the Public Trustee to sell the land specified below against their names, of which they appear to be the owners or in which they appear to be interested, for overdue rates amounting to the sums mentioned in each case, and that in default of payment forthwith to the Public Trustee of the said rates and all interest charges and expenses in connection with the said applications and proceedings by the Public Trustee the said land "will be offered for sale by the Public Trustee at Public Auction:—

Gertrude Hodges Blackwell, Frank Wiseman Doak, and Percy Underwood Alley, all of Sydney, Florence Rose, of Haberfield, and Victor Rose, of Beecroft and Glebe Point; overdue rates, £47 Is. 8d.; land, lots 85/87, d.p. 10,000, Ross Smith parade, Broken Bay.

Howard Castle-Smith, of Woolwich and Sydney; overdue rates, £80 8s. 10d.; land, lot 1, being part of portion 15, Coasters Retreat, Broken Bay.

Adeleine Frances Miller, of Mosman, and Auckland, New Zealand; overdue rates, £39 0s. 8d.; land, lot 18, d.p. 11,107, Harley-road, near Careel Ocean Beach.

Gerald Wilkinson Mitchell, of Lindfield, Charles Harold Lane, of Turramurra, executors of the will of Gerald Wilkinson Mitchell and H. G. Congden, of Forest Lodge; overdue rates, £29 9s. Id.; land, lot 10, d.p. 16,749, Barrenjoey-road, Palm Beach.

Hedwig Rainaud, of Bayview, Catherine Sussanah Lloyd, of Bayview, and the estate of Michael O'Callaglian; overdue rates, £29 2s. 4d.; land, lot 12, d.p. 11,518, Corniche-road, Bayview.

Dorcas Scott and David Scott, both of Newport, Herbert Scott, of North Sydney, George Watkins Phillips, of Sydney, and Minnie Scott, of Collaroy; overdue rates, £427 Is. Id.; land, part portion 37, Prince-street, Newport.

Arthur Jabez Small, of Sydney, Avalon Beach Estates Limited and Louise Augusta Alrich, of Mosman; overdue rates, £116 18s. 4d.; land, lot 115, d.p. 16,393, The Serpentine, Avalon Beach.

Anna Thomson Stillman, of Mosman; overdue rates, £26 7s. 4d.; land, lot 4, section 10, George-street, Careel Bay.

W. B. GEDDES, Public Trustee, 19 O'Connell-street. 1574—£5 5s. OVERDUE RATES.—SHIRE OF WARRINGAH.—Land to be Sold (1943, June 25). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1098. Retrieved from 

Percy Underwood Alley – estate agent of Cronulla in 1935



In this action Florence Amelia Gasking sued Percy Underwood Alley (formerly in business in Taree), claiming £5000 damages for alleged breach of promise of marriage. The case, as out lined by counsel, was that the plaintiff, a single woman 27 years of age entered the employment of the defendant, a widower, 49 years of age, who carried on a real estate business at Cronulla, some four years ago, being engaged as secretary. At the end of her second year the defendant entered into partnership with a Mr. Dobson, and at this time the defendant became very friendly with her, visiting her in her mother's home. In October, 1920, the partnership with Dobson was cancelled owing to a disagreement which culminated in a police court case. Defendant eventually visited the plaintiff in her home before Christmas in 1927, told her that he did not before realise how much she meant to him, and begged her to return to the office. He told her that, he contemplated taking legal proceedings against Dobson, and suggested that she would be able to give valuable evidence in his favor. Having had an assurance of the sincerity of defendant's feelings towards her, she returned to his office, and on the day following received from him a present of a black opal locket. When on a visit with her, family to Ettalong Beach defendant spent the week-ends with her, and on her return to Cronulla in February he formally proposed marriage and presented her with an engagement ring, suggesting that they should be married in six months, by which time his lawsuit with Dobson would have been disposed of. At the end of that time, however, the case was still pending, and defendant proposed another postponement because as he explained, a wife's evidence in her husband's cause in any litigation would be discounted. Shortly before Christmas plaintiff complained of defendant corresponding with other girls, and returned his ring and locket. The defendant, however, persuaded her to resume the engagement, and definitely promised marriage, during Christmas of that year. As the appointed time approached he suggested another postponement, on the ground of the rush of business. After a visit to Canberra, plaintiff on returning found the defendant's attitude towards her completely changed. When asked if he intended to carry out his promise ; defendant said that he did not intend to marry the plaintiff because she had failed to keep her promise to give evidence against Dobson. Counsel suggested that if the defendant ever had any affection for the plaintiff it was subordinated to his inordinate enmity for Dobson, and that he intended merely to use her to accomplish his revenge. The defendant admitted the promise, and said he was always ready and willing, that he sought a postponement on the ground of ill-health, and that the engagement was terminated by the plaintiff. The jury returned a verdict for defendant. ALLEGED BREACH OF PROMISE. (1929, September 21). The Northern Champion (Taree, NSW : 1913 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from 

Frank Wiseman Doak – married Mabel Annie Bucknall (born on 1 Sep 1866 in Rodborough). She died on 15 Nov. 1947. She was buried in Northern Suburbs Crematorium, Sydney.

Mabel married Frank Wiseman Doak son of Andrew James Doak and Lucie Ellen Wiseman on 31 Dec 1894 in Rodborough Vale. Frank was born on 5 Jul 1870. He died on 22 Apr 1943. He was buried in Northern Suburbs Crematorium, Sydney.

They had the following children: Mabel Stella Doak, Anthony Frank Wiseman Doak, James Stephen Bucknall Doak, Joan Monica Doak was born on 25 May 1903, Janet Kathleen Doak

Dr. Doak's parents were:

DOAK—WISEMAN—April 18th, at St. Andrew's temporary Cathedral, by the rev. T. O'reilly, Andrew James Doak, to Lucy Ellen, second daughter of Captain Wiseman. Family Notices (1868, May 2). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1860 - 1871), p. 2. Retrieved from 

Lucy’s death: DOAK LUCY E 6201/1898  parents CHARLES ANNIE  at MOSMAN


WE regret to have to record the death of Captain CHARLES WISEMAN, a name as familiar as a household word to the majority of the old residents of the Clarence. A native of Essex, and connected by birth with an old shipping family, he came originally in 1839 as chief officer on board the Argyle, bound from London to Sydney and Calcutta. After his voyage to Calcutta, he returned to Sydney by the Lady M'Naughten. His first engagement in the colony was that of chief officer on board tho Maitland, of which, after a few months, he become captain ; he was after-wards transferred to the Tamar, and thence to the Sophia Jane, in which he made his first voyage to the Clarence in 1842. Regular steam communication with the Clarence was opened by the William the Fourth, of which vessel Mr. WISEMAN continued master and part owner till the latter end of 1846. The William the Fourth was superseded by the Phoenix, a new boat, built for Mr. E. MANNING ¡ this vessel was stranded at the Heads in 1850, and finally lost on the bar. The loss of this boat was the occasion of bringing out a strong feeling on the part of the district, which at that period had but few who were able to materially assist in the enterprise, in favour of another attempt to open up the Clarence trade. Captain WISEMAN was sent to England to superintend the building of the steamer Clarence, and to bring her out to the colony. Upon her arrival, she was sold for a large profit, over and above her cost, to a Launceston Steam Company, and Captain WISEMAN was sent to England to superintend the construction and to bring out the steamer Grafton, a boat which has done good service to the district, and proved a good speculation to the Clarence and Richmond Rivers Steam Navigation Company. The Grafton appears to have been put on the berth for the Clarence in 1854. The increase of the trade induced the Company to send home the CAPTAIN to superintend and bring out the Urara, which proved a good serviceable boat, but unfortunately was lost at the Heads; previously to this, Captain WISEMAN had left the service of the Company, having retired from the sea. On the formation of the Clarence and New England Steam Navigation Company, CAPTAIN WISEMAN was appointed the Sydney Manager, which office he ably filled up to about two years since, when he was compelled to resign in consequence of ill-health. The Directors, upon his retirement, presented him with an illuminated address from the shareholders of the Company. Captain WIISEMAN was universally respected by the settlers on the Clarence, and his death removes another connecting link between the old and the new times of the Clarence. His death was caused by an asthmatic disease, to which he has long been subject, and which had gradually reduced his constitution. He died at his late residence, Prince-street, Sydney, at three o'clock on Friday last, being, we believe, in his sixty-third year. DEATH OF CAPTAIN WISEMAN. (1873, September 30). Clarence and Richmond Examiner and New England Advertiser (Grafton, NSW : 1859 - 1889), p. 2. Retrieved from 

On the 26th September, at his late residence, 17, Prince street, Captain Charles Wiseman, aged 62 years. Family Notices (1873, October 4). Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1870 - 1907), p. 28. Retrieved from 


The Governor-General has approved of the retirement of Andrew James Doak, Chief Accountant and Controller Money Order Office, Sydney, from the 1st of November, 1903. RETIRES FROM SERVICE. (1904, January 31). The Sunday Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1903 - 1910), p. 2. Retrieved from 


The late Mr Solomon Wiseman, grazier, of Cliffdale, near Wingen, who died on December 22, 1901, under his will dated July 26,1900, appointed Laban Edwin Wiseman, of Grundy, near Scone, Gerrard Edwin Herring, of Sydney, and Thomas Dowe, of Tamworth, as trustees and executors of his estate, the value of which for the purposes of probate was sworn under £33,327. The real estate consists of 2317¾ acres of land at Cliffdale, 6939¼ acres of free-hold and C.P. land and 1695 acres of C.L. land at Woollara, in the Cassilis and Mudgee land districts, and also some freehold land at Hunter's Hill. The will instructed the trustees to sell the testator's real estate within a year of his death, and convert it into money, and after liquidating all debts and expenses to pay out of the proceeds £8000 to Albert Sydney Lavis, better known as Albert Sydney Wiseman, £7000 to Louisa Ellen Lavis, better known as Louisa Ellen Wiseman; £2000 to Lucy Jane Thomas, wife of Richard Will Thomas, Church of England clergyman; £2000 to Violet Nellie Alma Wiseman, daughter of Henry Rowland Lavis, better known as H. R. Wiseman; £2000 to Esther Caroline Levi Montefiori, daughter of Sophia Mary Montefiori, of Brisbane; £2000 to May Day, of Newcastle; and £2000 to Thomas Wiseman, son of Laban Edwin Wiseman. The balance of the estate after payment of these legacies is to be divided equally amongst the following persons:—Albert Sydney Lavis, Louisa Ellen Lavis, Mrs. L. J. Thomas, and Esther Caroline Levi Montefiori. By a codicil to the will testator directed that the sum of £8000, which had been bequeathed by him to Albert Sydney Lavis (who meantime had died) should be divided equally be- tween Mrs. Thomas and Esther Caroline Levi Huband-Smith (formerly Montefiori), and the balance of his estate to be divided in equal shares between Ellen Carter (formally Lavis), Mrs. Thomas and Mrs. Huband-Smith. A GRAZIER'S WILL. (1902, July 29). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from 

Frank Wiseman Doak
Born: 5 July 1870
Died: 27 April 1943
B.A., L.R.C.P. and S. (Edin.), L.F.P.S. (Glas.), F.R.A.C.S. : Captain, R.A.M.C., England, Scotland, Malta and Transport Service.
Enlisting in London in May, 1915, served at Aldershot, Edinburgh and then for twelve months in Malta, returning to England on hospital ship "Essequibo". Subsequently was S.M.O. troopship "Suffolk" to Durban and thence to Australia late in 1916.
University Scholar.
Early education at Sydney High School. Later at St. Paul''s College, also undergraduate in Medicine.
Source: Book of Remembrance, University of Sydney
Birth record
5 July 1870 in Surry Hills, NSW, Australia
Death record
27 April 1943 in Mosman, NSW, Australia
Warrender, Belmont Road, Mosman, NSW, Australia
Warrender, 106 Belmont Road, Mosman, NSW, Australia
Father - Andrew James Doak
Mother - Lucy Ellen Wiseman
Wife - Mabel Annie Bucknall
Child - James Stephen Bucknall Doak
Child - Anthony Frank Wiseman Doak
Member Of – University of Sydney
Royal Army Medical Corps
Main sources
DOAK, FRANK WISEMAN: Book of Remembrance, University of Sydney (webpage)
PERSONAL VICE--REGAL. [Departure for England] (newspaper article)
PERSONAL. VICE-REGAL. [Serving at Malta] (newspaper article)
Birth Notice (newspaper article)
Death Notice (newspaper article)
DOAK F. W. on the South Face of the Mosman War Memorial
DOAK, F.W. (Vice Pres.) on the Mosman Rowing Club Roll of Honour 1914-1918

Photograph of Frank Wiseman Doak doctor – courtesy NSW State Records and Archives


DOAK--BUCKNALL. —On the 31st ult., at Rodborough-vale, by the Rev. Charles Harris, Frank Wiseman, elder son of Andrew J. Doak, Sydney, to Mabel Annie, elder daughter of the late Stephen Bucknall. Family Notices (1895, January 31). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 1. Retrieved from 

Births. DOAK.—April 1, at Mosman, the wife of Frank W. Doak, of twin sons. Family Notices (1898, April 20). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from 

Dr. F. W. Doak, of Mosman, left by the Moeraki on Friday for Wellington. After touring New Zealand, he intends joining the Niagara at Auckland for Vancouver. PERSONAL (1915, March 14). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 2. Retrieved from 

Dr F. W. Doak, of Mosman, is now on the staff of the Military Hospital at Malta. PERSONAL. (1915, September 6). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from 

Divorce Court DOAK v. DOAK. Grace Ada Doak (formerly Fitch) v Anthony Frank Wiseman Doak. Marriage, September, 1931, at Cowra. Issue, respondent's adultery. Decree nisi. Divorce Court (1937, June 7). The Grenfell Record and Lachlan District Advertiser (NSW : 1876 - 1951), p. 2. Retrieved from 

Anthony Frank Wiseman Doak service no. 3655 and his twin brother, James service no.63734, were sons of Dr Frank Wiseman Doak and the former Mabel Bucknall. They grew up in family home Warrender, Mosman.  The boys attended The Kings School and became clerks. On 20 April 1917, Anthony enlisted in 6th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF, 33rd Reinforcement and embarked from Sydney on SS Canberra on 16 November, 1917. Anthony served in Palestine and returned to Australia on 28 June, 1919. He married and died on 6 October,1955. Contributed to Mapping our Anzacs by Judith Green; I also contributed note about Anthonys twin brother James Stephen Bucknall Doak service no. 63734 who enlisted in 35th Field Artillery on 25 February, 1918. 

Department of Public Health.
THE Governor-in-Council has approved of the following appointments":—
Dr. Frank Wiseman Doak to be Honorary Surgeon, Coast Hospital, Office of the Director-General of Public Health.
Dr. John Cappie Shand to be Assistant Honorary Surgeon, Coast Hospital, Office of the Director-General of Public Health.
APPOINTMENTS. (1929, June 21). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 2537. Retrieved from 

DOAK.--April 27 1943 at 114 Belmont Road Mosman, Doctor Frank Wiseman Doak in his 73rd year. For funeral arrangements see Thursday's Herald. By request no flowers. Family Notices (1943, April 28). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from 

References And Extras

  1. TROVE - National Library of Australia
  2. Shelagh Champion OAM and George Champion OAM, in their Profiles of the Pioneers in Manly, Warringah and Pittwater (1996 - revised 2013)
  3. Pittwater Fishermen: Great Mackerel, Little Mackerel (Wilson's Beach - Currawong) and The Basin
  4. L. F. Fitzhardinge, 'Moffitt, William (1802–1874)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 1967
  5. Historic Insights From The Australian National Maritime Museums 1890 Pitt Water 'Era' Yacht Collection: The Basin Regattas  
  6. Pittwater Fishermen: Great Mackerel, Little Mackerel (Wilson's Beach - Currawong) and The Basin
  7. Martin Burke - Pittwater Patriarchs
  8. Historic Insights From The Australian National Maritime Museums 1890 Pitt Water 'Era' Yacht Collection: The Basin Regattas
  9. Flint And Steel Guesthouse - A Hand Built Home That Kept Growing
  10. Pittwater's Lone Rangers - 120 Years Of Ku-Ring-Gai Chase And The Men Of Flowers Inspired By Eccleston Du Faur 
  11. Pittwater’s Parallel Estuary: The Cowan ‘Creek’
  12. The Hon. James Joseph Macken - 'Jim' - Profile
  13. Easter Cruises in Pittwater from 1893 

Also Available:

The Rod Fishers' Society of N.S.W. is arranging a deputation to the Acting-Premier to secure an alteration in the trout season and the introduction of a license on rods. The question of representation was discussed at the last meeting of the Amateur Fishermen's Association, and it was decided that Mr. C. Thackeray should attend. The rod license will not apply to marine fishermen. People living in the trout districts will probably object to it.
Some of them view the Sydney amateurs with a fair amount of scorn, and will hardly agree to everything suggested by the fishing bodies.
At Pittwater last Sunday Mr. C. Thackeray caught some fine bream, trevally and small Spanish mackerel. The wharf was crowded with both rod and line fishermen.
Bondi for some time has had an appearance similar to that presented at Pittwater. Last Sunday there were over 300 rodmen about the Boot, and moving pictures were taken of the scene. The rough weather will spoil the sport this week-end. No title (1917, June 24). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 12. Retrieved from 

Warringah Shire Council – Minutes of Meetings – 1918 on on Great Mackerel Beach - Ernest Blackwell subdivision

Kuring- gai Shire, 17/10/18, re: proposed sale of Big Mackerel Beach, Pittwater : Resolved(on the motion of Councillor Duffy, seconded by Councillor Sturman) that this Council co-operate in protesting against the sale of the beach, and that the Government be urged to resume it for the public use.

Dr. . Arthur, 31/10/18, respecting the proposed subdivision of Big Mackerel Beach : Received

Professor Stuart Anderson, 29/1/20, declining to dedicate to the public a strip of land between Bayview Road.and the Bay : Resolved, ( Councillor Quirk, Councillor A Cavifl) That Professor Anderson be asked to put a price on the land, and that he be informed that the Councl will have no objection to boat-sheds being erected opposite the allotments, provided that each takes up no more than twelve (12) square feet of space. 
Chapman and Favielle, 5/2/20, submitting amended plan of subdivision of Blackwell's Big Mackerel Beach Estate each Subdn. Referred to the Engineer for report. 

Chapman & Faviell, 11/2/20, re completion of improvements on Big  Mackerel Beach Subdivision required by Council Dealt with in Works Committee 

Ernest Blackwell, 12/5/20, forwarding balance of guarantee deposit required, and asking approval to amended plan of Great Mackerel Beach Subdivision , Beach Sub. Resolved, - (Councillors Quirk and Campbell) That the amendment of the plan be required, showing residue of the land to have a frontage to the road. 

P.U.Alley, 9/2/39requesting Council's assistance in getting a track made from West Head Road through Kuring-gai Kuring-gai Chase to Great Mackerel Beach, "as such a track would be a very great assistance to hikers and riding parties, etc, from Chase Chatswood, Pymble, Killara and the northern suburbs generally; 34a.. W.M.Ford, 11/2/39, stating he has learned the Council contemplates providing access to Great Mackerel Beach,congratulating the Councillors on such a forward move. Resolved,- That a letter be sent to the Minister for Works & Local Government on the lines suggested in the letter from Mr. Alley. (Crs. Nicholas, Butcher) 

H Daniell (of Mackerel Beach ??)


With a view of putting the Newport Hall in repair and paying off some of the existing liabilities a fancy dress ball was held on Saturday week in the building. Willing hands made the interier of the hall a perfect fairyland, nothing but native flora of various kinds could be seen and in several parts were erected cosey nooks. Among the fancy dresses were Miss Greig as May Beattie in the " Rose of Riviera," Miss Arter as Pierriot. Miss Violet Bulfin as Grace Bros., Miss Blanch Foster as the Duchess of Gainsborough. The British Embassy Manufacturing Co. had a tasty dress representing Pasteur's Washing Fluid and Household Purifier, but unfortunately it did not arrive in time. Miss Maudie Bulfin, who presides over the destinies of the local post office, looked exceptionally well in a pretty white dress, tastefully trimmed with " Forget-me-nots," with sprays of the same flowers woven through her hair. Mrs. J. Booth wore a becoming costume, and Mrs. Quirk, wife of the ex-parliamentary member for the district, displayed a beautiful dress of white satin. Mr. S. Greig gave a good representation of the " White Eyed Kaffir." Mr. F. Stringer took the character of a clown, and the dress was complete in all details. Mr. J. Oliver chose "Night and Morning," heing half white mid half black. " Uncle Sam's Nephew from Ohio" was a splendid rendering by Mr. H. L. Skinner; and Mr. Daniel's effort was a Cricketer. It would not do to close this list of dresses without mentioning Miss Stringer in palo blue. Prizes were offered for the best dresses, and these were carried off by Miss Greig, Miss Arter and Mr. F. Stringer, in that order. Mr. S. Greig, who was the hon. secretary to the movement, had his arrangements complete in every respect. 

For some reason men have been sent from Sydney to repair and make part of the road near Newport village, while some the local men, though used to this work, were passed over. This naturally caused some unpleasantness and a special meeting of the Progress Association was called, when it was decided to write to the Parliamentary member of the district with reference to it. It was pointed out that there were men in the district seeking work, and it should hare been given to them, more especially as they were used to the work of roadmaking. The next meeting of the association promises to be somewhat interesting, as several letters, some as far back as May, have not been acknowledged by the Works Department and the manner in which the Department, has treated the association over the public well and water supply has roused the ire of some of the councillors. The meeting is set down for next Saturday. NEHO.  PITTWATER-NEWPORT. (1904, November 5). The Mosman Mail (NSW : 1898 - 1906), p. 4. Retrieved from

The proposed subdivision and sale of a 640 acre section on the extreme point .of ;West Head, Broken Bay/came before the Kuring-gai Shire Council at last night's meeting, at the instigation of Councillor Lockley. Councillor W. Scott, Griffiths said that West Head was one of the best defensive positions In Broken Bay. It was to the west of Pittwater, and commanded the southern entrance of Broken Bay, much in the same way as Middle Harbor guarded Port Jackson. The 640 acre section to be subdivided was one of the only three or four alienated lots outside the Kuring-gai Chase. It was decided to take immediate steps to place the matter before the Acting Minister for Defence. SALE OF WEST HEAD (1919, March 21). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from 

Kuring-gai Chase Invaded AUDACIOUS SYNDICATE
Somewhere about a hundred years ago or more, one William Lawson, took up a Crown grant of land containing 640 acres, it was at the head of a peninsula that looks out boldly to the Pacific Ocean from the entrance of Broken Bay, and is washed by the waters of Pittwater on the one side, and the Hawkesbury River on the other. It is understood that this William Lawson was the well-known explorer, and In accepting this Crown grant so long ago created quite an interesting position today. 
The grant passed some time ago into the hands of a syndicate, and, as is the way with syndicates, it sought, to become busy. This block of land is inaccessible, or was, excepting by water. Behind it, along the peninsula, and out on the mainland, stretches Kuring-gai Chase, an area of 36,000 acres, which lies between Turramurra and Pittwater, and Is held' In trust for the people of New South Wales. Kuring-gai Chase is a magnificent but rather inaccessible recreation reserve, which in years to come is destined to be a glorious playground for the people of Sydney. At present there are only two portions, Bobbin Head and Towler's Bay, which have been made accessible, while there are some motor runs about Turramurra. The bulk of the Chase is wild primeval country, and the main aim of the Trust has been to ensure the preservation of its fauna and flora. And rightly so. As the trust has to work on a revenue of £1500 a year, it has a tough job, as it Is obviously impossible to supervise properly such an area of rough country on such provision. 
Which explains why a road was built, or a track cut — according to the point of view— for eight miles, and the trust knew nothing of it until the job was finished and motor cars traversed the road! The 'syndicate had become busy. Its block was practically unapproachable by land, and, Inspired probably by the memory of Lawson, the track-builder of the past, the syndicate settled the problem in a simple manner. It just started In and cut out a track, making a passable road from its block to Tumbledown Dick, a point on the road running from Gordon to Mona Vale. Incidentally the road ran through the sacred preserves of Kuring-gai Chase. Now the Lands Department and the Trust are considering what is going to be done about it. Meantime the road, or track, is there, and it opens up one of the most beautiful motor runs about Sydney. It also further breaks down the inaccessibility of the Chase, a point which does not appeal to the Trust, unless it is in the position to protect the reserve from vandalism and exploitation. 
It is contended that an open road would provide further opportunity for people to invade the Chase and destroy the wild plants and animals that are now protected mainly by the inaccessibility of the country. It is admitted that effective supervision is impossible unless more revenue is provided. Still, something is done, and not long ago some' enterprising hunters of grass-tree gum, who had taken up residence in the wilds of the Chase, were discovered, prosecuted, and gaoled for six months. What action, if any, will be taken against the road-builders is a matter for the authorities. Are they pioneers or pirates?
The syndicate, with charming audacity, have cut their track, and it is claimed that if the Government — the good old Government— expended about one thousand pounds on construction a road would result that, by its beautiful environment, would have every motor car in Sydney running out to the edge of Broken Bay. Meantime, one wonders why the Government did not, many years ago, acquire that block granted to William Lawson, and thus bring Kuring-gai Chase down to the ocean. THE ROAD MAKERS (1919, April 24). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 5 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from 

Photos and map are from the Pamphlet/Brochure that accompanied the Riviera Estate (Flint and Steel) - The beautiful Riviera estate / Stafford & Co. Ltd. Sales plan for land in The Riviera Estate showing the proposed development of West Head area, Ku-Ring-Gai Chase, N.S.W. Shows railways, main roads and roads to Estate. Date of publication estimated from text "The completion of the North Shore Bridge in two years time (1931) will materially improve the opportunities.". Includes text and photographs. Also available online

Stafford & Co. (1929). The beautiful Riviera estate / Stafford & Co. Ltd Retrieved from 

"Observer" writes: —
I venture to say that not 5 per cent, of Sydney's population has any conception of the beauties of Kuring-gai Chase, and until some broad-minded member of Parliament (if there is such an individual) will trouble to concern himself in the public interest Kuring-gai Chase will continue to remain what it (ins been -for centuries— merely a breeding ground for wallabies. Pittwater, which includes such favourite resorts as Palm Beach, Newport, Bay View, &c„ if made accessible by rail from Sydney, would quickly attract a largo population to its shores, and become a most popular suburb. It progressiveness depends on the efforts of the trustees of the chase (who appear to lack public spirit), I do not anticipate that conditions are likely to improve for the next ten years. Public agitation might help to put some life into those having -control of this public domain, with a view of making Kuring-gai Chase more accessible to the general public. KURING-GAI CHASE (1919, May 8). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from 

Frederick Boulton appeared at the Manly Court in answer to a summons issued at the instanco of  J. Garrard, as representing the trustees of Kuring-gai Chase, charging him with carrying firearms in the enclosure on May 20. Defendant pleaded guilty. Mr. Oarrard said that the authorities had great difficulty in watching the place. A particular reserve was dedicated to the protection of the flora and fauna of the place. Boulton was fined £5, in default a month's imprisonment. By consent, defendant was given two months to pay. The magistrate suggested that the trustees of the Chase should move in the 'direction of having the penalty (£10) for a second offence raised. The present penalty was too low, as there were plenty of moneyed men who would only be too glad, to pay £10 for a day's sport. There was a second information against Boulton — bringing sporting dogs into the Chase, to which ho also pleaded guilty, and was fined 40/- or two weeks' imprisonment. FIREARMS AT KURING-GAI. (1919, June 7). The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW : 1888 - 1950), p. 8. Retrieved from 

The thirtieth convention of the Pastoralists Federal Council of Australia baa been held throughout the week at the office of the Graziers Association. Sydney. …
Occasion was taken during the sittings to entertain the interstate visitors by a motor trip to Kuring-gai Chase, followed by a launch trip to Pittwater. ON THE LAND. (1919, July 19). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from 

William Arthur Holman (4 August 1871 – 5 June 1934) was an Australian politician who served as Premier of New South Wales from 1913 to 1920. He came to office as the leader of the Labor Party, but was expelled from the party in the split of 1916. He subsequently became the inaugural leader of the NSW branch of the Nationalist Party.

Holman was born in London and arrived in Australia at the age of 17, becoming a cabinet-maker in Sydney. Before being elected to parliament, he was active in the labour movement as a journalist and union official. He was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly in 1898. He began studying law part-time, and was called to the bar in 1903. In 1910, Holman became Attorney-General of New South Wales in the state's first Labor government, under Premier James McGowen. He succeeded McGowen as premier in June 1913, and later that year led his party to victory at the 1913 state election.

In 1916, Holman supported the "Yes" vote in the referendum on overseas conscription and was consequently expelled from the Labor Party. He and his supporters remained in government with the backing of the opposition Liberal Reform Party, and the two groups subsequently merged to form the Nationalist Party's NSW branch under Holman's leadership. The new party won a large majority at the 1917 election. However, it was heavily defeated at the 1920 election, in which Holman lost his own seat. After his defeat, he returned to his legal practice and was made King's Counsel. He was elected to the House of Representatives for the United Australia Party at the 1931 federal election, but was in poor health and died before completing his first term.

Holman was born in St Pancras, London, England in 1871, the son of William Holman, an actor. His mother was also on the stage under the name of May Burney. He was educated at an Anglican school and was apprenticed as a cabinetmaker. He attended night classes and literary societies. There were bad times in the theatrical profession during the 1880s, and the Holmans were glad to obtain an engagement with Brough and Boucicault in Australia. The family migrated to Melbourne, Victoria in October 1888. The burning of the Bijou Theatre in Melbourne resulted in their move to Sydney, New South Wales.

Trade union activity
As a cabinet maker in Sydney he was interested in the ideas of John Stuart Mill, William Morris, Herbert Spencer and Charles Darwin, and became very active in the Australian labour movement. He joined the Single Tax League, the Australian Socialist League and the newly formed Labor Electoral League, a forerunner to the Australian Labor Party (ALP). In the Australian Socialist League he mixed with anarchists and socialists and met future Prime Minister Billy Hughes, Creo Stanley, Ernie Lane, Henry Lawson and J.D.Fitzgerald. Holman and Hughes were associated with Arthur Desmond on the scandal sheet paper, The New Order.

In 1893 he became Secretary of the Railways and Tramways Employees’ Union, representing the union on the Sydney Trades and Labor Council. With the support of the Labor Electoral League he unsuccessfully stood for election to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly in 1894 and 1895. During this period he was the proprietor of the Daily Post newspaper, sympathetic to the labour movement, which wound up in liquidation, with Holman and four other directors convicted of fraud. He spent nearly two months in jail before the conviction was quashed. He went on to become a journalist for the Grenfell Vedette, and later its proprietor. From 1896 to 1898 he worked as an organiser for the Australian Workers' Union.

William Holman, Premier of N.S.W. – photo taken in circa 1919 – courtesy State Library of N.S.W.

In 1916 the conscription issue divided the Labor Party and wider Australian Community. While much of the Australian labour movement and general community were opposed to conscription, Australian Labor Prime Minister Billy Hughes and Premier Holman strongly supported conscription, and both were expelled from the Labor Party for this stance. On 15 November 1916, Holman and 17 other pro-conscription Labor MPs formed a coalition with the leader of the opposition Liberal Reform Party, Charles Wade, with Holman remaining as Premier. Early in 1917, Holman and his supporters merged with Liberal Reform to form the state branch of the Nationalist Party of Australia, with Holman as leader. At the general election held that March, the Nationalists won a huge victory, picking up a 13-seat swing which was magnified by the large number of Labor MPs who followed Holman out of the party. It proved to be a harbinger of the Nationalists' equally massive victory in the federal election held two months later.

On 22 January 1901, Holman married journalist and novelist Ada Augusta Kidgell, niece of James Kidgell, a Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly. Their one child, Portia Holman, was born on 20 November 1903; she was to become a doctor.
His health having deteriorated over a considerable period, he died on June 5th, 1934 in the Sydney suburb of Gordon, apparently from shock and loss of blood after a difficult tooth extraction on the previous day. He was cremated at Northern Suburbs crematorium on 6 June 1934. - from Wikipedia

The Great Flight Arrival of Ross Smith

Wednesday was an exciting day in Darwin when it became known by wire-less message that Captain Ross Smith, the famous airman, would land at Darwin during the afternoon. The cruiser "Sydney," on patrol duty on the route to Timor Island, and when 180 miles out, at one p.m., the machine passed overhead on its way to Darwin, the "Sydney" promptly flashed the in-formation by wireless to Darwin, where it was made known to the public by the Administrator and Flight Lieut. Fysh, and the rush to the landing ground resembled an old time gold rush in the west. But the airman took his time, the journey from Timor Island occupying about seven hours, and arriving at the landing place at 3.40 p.m. The crowd spent an anxious time watching the sky line, and once a false alarm was created by the appearance of an enormous pelican or some similar bird, which in the distance, looked very like a plane. 

The roar of the engine was heard before the machine was sighted. Ross Smith seemed to be making for the landing place as if he knew exactly where it was, circled over it to detect a suitable landing and volplaned down smoothly and easily and landed on the ground with the grace and ease of some giant bird.

The quarantine officers had wirelessed that the airmen would have to be medically examined before being allow-ed to go among the people.

The aviators were formally welcomed by Mayor Toupein, who read the following address:

To Captain Ross Smith, D.F.C., and Lieut. Keith Smith, and Party.

The citizens of the Northern Territory of Australia are privileged to be the first to welcome you valiant knights of the air who have crossed the wide continents and oceans of the world; whose dauntless courage has conquered the last of the elements and made it the handmaid of progress and civilisation. We are especially gratified to feel that the victory has been won by Australians who have been trained in many an aerial conflict in the late war. This great contest over space in which you have been so signally successful, has placed the coping-stone on the triumphal arch reared by Australian valour on the great battlefields of the world. It has enshrined Australian chivalry and resource in the pantheon of the nations where the whole world will do homage to your unique exploit.

Signed on behalf of the residents of the Northern Territory
Acting Administrator. Darwin, N.T., Australia.
December 11, 1919.

The Administrator (Mr. Staniforth Smith) was also asked by the Mayor to give a short address of welcome.

Mr. Smith said the arrival of the aeroplane was an epoch in the history of the world. For thousands of years fine conquest of the air had been the dream of the world. From the time of the ancient Greeks who made an ascent of some kind but got too near the sun which melted tile wax in their wings and they fell into the Aegian Sea. After all these years of struggle he was proud to know that the great conquest had been made by Australians, and to-day the world would quiver with pride at the victory of our fel-low Australians. (Cheers.) Captain Ross Smith and his men had perform ed deeds of valor and courage which all true Australians valued most, and had exhibited unequalled nerve and endurance.

(The Administrator was frequently interrupted with good humoured remarks and bursts of applause).

Captain Ross Smith briefly responded. He was indeed glad to get back again into Australia, and especially to Darwin, where he had received such a splendid welcome. He had set-out from London hoping to make the trip in 30 days, but he was proud to be able to say he had done it in 28 days. He was thankful for the honor he person-ally had received, but after all the most arduous and important work was done by his two mechanics (Sergeants Bennett and Shires.)

Many hundreds of cable messages and wireless messages and telegrams of con-gratulation on accomplishing their great flight awaited Captain Ross Smith on his arrival at Darwin. These included a message from the Prime Minister (Mr. Hughes) and messages from all parts of Australia.

The Administrator received the following message from H.M.A.S. Sydney: 

"We request that you will give the following message to Captain Ross Smith from the Captain, officers and ship's company of H.M.A.S. Sydney — Many thanks for your kind message received in latitude ten degrees, 57 minutes south, longitude 128 east. We offer our heartiest congratulations to you and your companions on winning the greatest race in the history of the world, and on the skill, gallantry, and endurance which you have all shown. We are particularly proud to feel that the first pilot to fly from England to Australia is an Australian."

The Administrator also received this message from Western Australia — 

"Will you kindly deliver for us a message which we particularly wish given to the first aviator arriving in Darwin as follows: The North-western Members in the Parliament of Western Australia Australia welcome your safe arrival on the soil of Northern Australia. Your wonderful performance thrills us with admiration. We congratulate you as the first great air pilot of Australia fulfilling the prophesy of Tennyson when he dipped into the future and saw the vision of the wonders that would be. By your achievement the world is brought closer to us realising visions for humanity of joy and delight." This is signed by Sir Edward Wittenoom, P. Durack, R. W. Underwood, F. W. Teasdale and E. H. Angelo.

The following address has been presented on behalf of the employees of the North Australian Meat Company and contains about 200 signatures in all: — 

Captain Ross Smith and Party. Dear Sir, — We herewith wish to ex-press our appreciation of your splendid achievement. Some of us do not know anything about flying, but we saw the final direct flight to the landing paddock and the final landing of your machine in Darwin, Australia, and are pleased to state that both efforts were carried on in an expert and absolutely per-fect manner. The undertaking is one that requires all the best qualities of mankind, and we take our hats off to the party who manipulated the air-ship. Any honors that are bestowed upon the party will not be too great, and in conclusion we wish you all the best of health and a successful finish to the balance of your flight. Good luck and best wishes.

Flying high and strong the Vickers Vimy aeroplane manned by Ross Smith and his companions crossed the coast of Australia at twenty minutes past three o'clock on Wednesday afternoon. Less than half an hour later it had landed on Australian soil at the Fannie Bay aerodrome and the flight from London to Australia, the longest in the history of the world, was over. The aviators have still to cross a continent, but that is a minor matter after crossing parts of three continents and of two oceans. The actual flying time from London to Darwin was one hundred and twenty four hours and the average speed about eighty five miles an hour.

Darwin, which justified its title of the front door of Australia on this occasion, was on the tiptoe of expecta-tion all day. The first actual news that the aviators had begun the last stage of their journey was given by a wireless message from Koepang, in Timor, stating that the aviators had spent the night in Timor and were then leaving for Darwin. The first to sight the aeroplane was an employee at Vestey's, who modestly refused to give his name. The pilot took for his land mark the lighthouse at Point Charles sixteen miles from Darwin, and those on board sighted Darwin itself when forty miles away and flying at six thousand feet. The gigantic aeroplane came straight for the aerodrome, gradually coming down to about two thous-and feet. The white guiding-mark in the centre was picked out nearly twenty miles away. The landing was perfect.

Before Captain Ross Smith, neat clean-shaved and with his uniform as spick-and-span, was allowed to leave the machine and shake hands with Lieutenant Fysh, who welcomed him to Australia on behalf of the Defence Department, he had to be examined by the quarantine officer (Dr. Harris). He and his three companions, his brother Lieutenant Ross Smith, and the two mechanics, Sergeants Bennett and Shiers, passed with honors.

"If I could have reached you, I would have asked you what you would like to eat and drink when you first touched Australia if it had cost my last shilling," said Captain Dempsey on arrival of the aviators at his residence. Captain Ross Smith replied that there could be noth-ing better than the home-made cakes and liquid refreshment provided, except the warmth of the welcome given to them by their fellow Australians. The quarantine examination was not the only official barrier that the aviators had to pass. Mr. Geraghty, Customs Officer at Darwin, sought to see that all was in order. Captain Ross Smith replied that the machine had been examined by the Customs officers in London and passed and that there had been no request for examination made by the Customs at any of their stopping places. It is a clean washout, he said. 

"We have nothing on board but spare parts, a little oil and petrol, pyjamas, a few clothes and a tin of bully beef stowed away somewhere," added Lieutenant Keith Smith. 

"I will give you my assurance that there is nothing dutiable on board," said Captain Ross Smith. Eventually the aviators were given a list of dutiable articles and it was decided that next day they should look through it and see everything was in order.

The machine, which is a 360 horse-power Vickery-Vimy of the type used in the flight across the Atlantic, left London on November 12. It flew by way of Italy, Egypt, India and Burma to Bangkok in Siam, then to Singapore and from Singapore the route ran through Java, touching at Soerabaya to Anatopo in Timor. The last stopping place is five hundred miles from Darwin. The aeroplane left shortly after half-past eight on Wednesday morning, covering the flight in about seven hours. A good deal of bad weather was encountered on the way. Early in the flight the machine had to land at Pisa, in Italy, on a ground covered by about 18 inches of water. Storms were met later but usually avoided by rising above them. At Akyab, in Burma, the Vickers-Vimy overtook Poulet, who was flying what one of the aviators described as "a rotten old bus." They left about the same time as Poulet next morning, but beat him by an hour. Poulet took this like a good sport, and next day both machines got under way for Bangkok. A storm en-countered seemed to be too much for Poulet and they saw him no more. The Vickers-Vimy had its worst time at Soerabaya, in Java. It landed on some reclaimed ground and was nearly bogged, going right down on one side till one wing was nearly in the mud. Next morning it threatened to stick fast, but about 300 coolies got to work and covered an area 300 yards long with bamboo matting. This enabled the machine to get a run and rise. The aeroplane was flying very light during the last part of the voyage. At Singapore the aviators jettisoned a photo-graphic outfit and everything else that could be spared. 

"Not on your life," said Lieutenant Ross Smith, when asked if he had a wireless outfit. "It would weigh a hundred and fifty pounds and would not be worth it. Unless we had the means of giving an absolutely ac-curate position, what would be the use of sending out a S.O.S. call and wasting people's time looking for us. One of the aviators expressed the opinion that the disaster which overtook Captain Ross and Douglas (who were killed in England) was due to having the machine overloaded. The aviators paid a tribute to the remarkable kindness and hospitality shown them by the Dutch residents at the places at which they stopped in the Netherlands. No one treated us like the Hollanders, said one of the mechanics.

"They will do me. Nothing that they could do for us was left undone. They fed us well and looked after us in every way." With the exception of a few reserves, such as the tin of bully beef, the aviators, carried no food with them. They depended on securing it at the stop-ping places. Their last meal before reaching Australia was a few sandwich-es given to them before they left Timor. The weather in the Netherlands Indies was very bad, very hot and close, except when they were actually flying and well above the earth, and with occasional heavy storms. One of the mechanics summed up his views of the journey as a whole by saying that he would not do it again for a hundred thousand pounds. "Believe-me," he said, "it was no joyride. The engines went well, but of course I've had to work practically every night at one thing or another. However, it's all right now."

One of the last things the aviators heard in London made them feel a little uncertain about what they would find at Darwin. The newsboys were calling out "Revolution in Australia," and selling by thousands newspapers giving a highly colored account of the trouble in the Territory.

Captain Ross Smith will stay two days in Darwin so that his engines may be overhauled. On Saturday (to-day) he will leave for the south. The first stage will probably be to Cloncurry, where-Lieutenant M'Guinness is in charge of a supply depot. If necessary, however, he can land at New-castle Waters on the way. From Cloncurry the aviators will follow the route mapped out by the Defence Department.

One of the most striking features of the voyage was the fear which the aeroplane inspired in the natives of the more out-of-the way countries passed over. In Timor, for instance, the natives were seen hiding behind trees or throwing themselves flat on the ground in fear of the monster. The same was the case in Siam, Burma, parts of Syria. Nowhere did the natives show any hostility to the airmen, not even in the places formerly part of the Turkish Empire. From Crete the airmen flew to Heliopolis and then to Damascus, on to Ramadi, fifty miles north of Baghdad. Bassorah was the first stop. The longest time during which the ma chine flew continuously was nine and a half hours. This was from Karachi to Delhi. Here the airmen were obliged to take a roundabout route to avoid the great desert of north-western India. They had been warned that the very fine dust rising from the desert otherwise might injure their engines. 

One of the airmen, who was emphatic about the fact that he would not like to make the flight again, explained that much trouble was caused by the various extreme changes in climate. Intense heat and wind slacked and crack-ed the woodwork and caused stresses and strains and very heavy labor in adjustments. Stays and parts expand ed or contracted and had to be altered. "The mechanics worked till well into the night and four o'clock was their usual time for rising," he said.

"You had to get up then, for the natives who had told told to call you never ceased knocking till you did. At Timor this morning, for instance, I thought we had struck an earthquake, but it was only a big Malay banging on the door." 
Much of the success of the voyage was probably due to the fact that Ross Smith and his companions had already surveyed the most difficult part of the route, that through the islands between Australia and India.

One of the aviators expressed the view that with the route properly mapped out and with regular landing grounds and supply stations there is a strong prospect of the route being developed for commercial purposes in the near future. The line would, of course, be worked by relays of ma-chines each doing a certain stage. He understood that the Vickers people had the matter in mind.

"Australia looks the best country we have seen on the flight, to us, anyway," said one of the arrivals. "Anyone can have the gorgeous East as seen from an aeroplane. What we saw of Java was mostly swamps and ricefields, and Timor is a wild-looking country. India did not impress us much from a bird's eye view and as to Syria and Mesopotamia, the less said the better. The boys told us that oranges were ripe in Palestine, but I did not see them. We were mighty glad to see first the "Sydney" and then the Australian coast rising away ahead.

Captain Ross Smith expects to reach Melbourne in about four days after leaving Darwin. It is not likely that he will touch at Sydney on the way south.

The radiator of the starboard engine of Captain Ross Smith's machine, formed part of the machine in which Captain (now Sir John) Alcock, made the first flight across the Atlantic. The Verey pistol on the G.E.A.U. (the letters stand for the registration number of Captain Ross Smith's machine) was also carried on the Atlantic flight.

Captain Ross Smith brought to Darwin the first aerial mail received in Australia from overseas. This included a packet for Mr. Norman Bell, of the Mines Department, from his broth-er in Singapore. One article enclosed was a cutting from a Singapore news-paper of December 5, giving an ac-count of the landing of the aviators at Singapore.

Adelaide,Friday — The news of the safe arrival of Captain Ross Smith and his party, three of whom are natlves of South Australia, was received with much gratification and many expressions of delight in Adelaide.

THE £10.000 PRIZE.
Lieutenant Fysh, the Defence Department's representative at Darwin, and Major Macpherson, examined Captain Ross Smith's machine on Thursday and certified that the seals were intact, and the machine duly eligible for the £10, 000 prize offered by the Commonwealth Government to the first machine manned by Australians to fly from London, to Australia. The Great Flight (1919, December 13 - Saturday). Northern Territory Times and Gazette (Darwin, NT : 1873 - 1927), p. 5. Retrieved from

From Issue 354 - March 2018:

One Month Until Australia's 2018 Commemorative Program Begins

March 29, 2018: The Hon. Darren Chester MP, Minister for Defence Personnel, Minister for Veterans’ Affairs
APRIL will mark the start of a significant program of military commemorations in Australia and overseas, with 2018 culminating in the 100th anniversary of the end of the First World War.

Armistice Day, 11 November 2018, will mark the end of the most important commemorative period in Australia’s history - the Anzac Centenary spanning 2014-2018.

Minister for Veterans’ Affairs Darren Chester encourages all Australians to attend the domestic and overseas commemorations throughout 2018 to recognise the service and sacrifice of the men and women who have fought to defend our country in all wars and peacekeeping operations.

“It is always a moving experience to attend a commemorative service in Australia and a truly memorable experience attending a service overseas where Australians actually fought,” Mr Chester said.

“As the last year of the Anzac Centenary, 2018 is an important year for Australians to commemorate those who have served our country and to learn about Australia’s military history so that it is remembered for generations to come.

“Many Australians will be planning overseas trips this year and I encourage them to register early for commemorative services to pay their respects.”

In Australia, commemorations will be held for the 75th anniversary of the Battle of the Atlantic, the 50th anniversary of the Battles of Coral and Balmoral, the 65th anniversary of the Korean War Armistice, the 75th anniversary of Australian work on Hell Fire Pass and completion of the Thai Burma Railway and the Centenary of the First World War Armistice.

Overseas, Australia will commemorate the Centenary of the Battle of Villers-Bretonneux, the Centenary of the Battle of Hamel and the Centenary of the First World War Armistice.

The Australian Government will support Anzac Day Services in France, Turkey, Belgium, Papua New Guinea, Thailand, Vietnam and Malaysia in 2018.

On 25 April 2018, the commemoration of the Centenary of the Battle of Villers-Bretonneux will be recognised in a Dawn Service at the Australian National Memorial situated just north of the village of Villers-Bretonneux, France.

The anniversary marks the day 100 years ago when the Australian 13th and 15th brigades successfully retook the village from German forces in a surprise night attack.

A commemoration to mark the Centenary of the Battle of Hamel will be held at the Australian Corps Memorial, Le Hamel, France on 4 July 2018. The 93 minute long battle on 4 July 1918 was a success due to the planning and direction provided by Lieutenant General John Monash.

In 2018 Australia will also mark other days of national significance including Kapyong Day (Korean War), Battle of Coral Sea Day, Victory in Europe Day, Battle of Lone Pine, Victory in the Pacific Day, Vietnam Veterans Day, the Battle for Australia Day, Merchant Navy Day and National Peacekeepers and Peacemaker Day.

Registration to attend overseas commemorations is now open and passes are provided at no cost. Details on how to register are available on DVA’s website at Passes are not required to attend domestic commemorations.

A list of key domestic and international commemorations for 2018 is set out below.
Date Commemoration Location
24 April Opening of the Sir John Monash Centre Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France
25 April Centenary of the Battle of Villers-Bretonneux Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France
25 April Anzac Day Australian War Memorial
Belgium (various locations)
Sandakan Memorial Park Borneo, Malaysia
Papua New Guinea
Kanchanaburi, Thailand
Long Tan Cross site, Vietnam
1 May 75th anniversary of the Battle of the Atlantic Captain Reg Saunders Courtyard, Australian War Memorial, ACT
13 May  50th anniversary of the Battles of Coral and Balmoral Australian Vietnam Forces National Memorial, Anzac Parade, Canberra, ACT
4 July  Centenary of the Battle of Hamel Villers-Bretonneux/ Le Hamel, France
27 July 65th anniversary of the Korean War Armistice - Korean Veterans’ Day Australian National Korean War Memorial, Anzac Parade, Canberra, ACT
16 October 75th anniversary of Australian work on Hell Fire Pass and completion of the Thai Burma Railway Australian Ex-Prisoners of War Memorial, Ballarat, Victoria
11 November Remembrance Day 2018 - 100th anniversary of Armistice  Various locations in Australia
France – wreath-laying ceremony

Great Mackeral Beach Notices


Clause 12.—Notice is hereby given that in accordance with, the provisions of clause 12 of the County of Cumberland Planning Scheme Ordinance, the Cumberland County Council, being of opinion—

(a) that the development which has taken place in the immediate vicinity of each of the parcels of land or parts thereof referred to in the Schedule hereto renders those parcels or parts thereof unsuitable for the purpose of parks and recreation areas (for which purpose they were reserved by the said Ordinance); and

(b) that such purpose will not be substantially prejudiced by the erection of a building on each such parcel or part thereof has approved the erection of a building on each such parcel of part thereof,

It is further notified that such parcels or parts thereof are not required for parks and recreation areas being the purpose for which they were reserved under the County of Cumberland Planning Scheme Ordinance, and that upon publication of this notice such parcels or parts thereof shall cease to be reserved for the purpose of parks and recreation areas.


Lots 30, 31 and 61, d.p. 10,000, Monash-avenue, Great Mackerel Beach, Pittwater—Shire of Warringah.

That part of lot 102, d.p. 11,052, Diggers'-crescent, Great Mackerel Beach, lying between Diggers'-crescent and a line drawn between a point on the northern boundary of the lot 150 feet from its intersection with Diggers'-crescent and a point on the southern boundary of the lot at its junction with the western boundary of lot 98 of the same d.p.—Shire of Warringah. LOCAL Government, (Amendment) Act, 1951.—COUNTY OF CUMBERLAND PLANNING SCHEME ORDINANCE.— (1952, May 16). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1747. Retrieved from 


(l.s.) J. NORTHCOTT, Governor. 19th August, 1953.

ORDINANCE No. 35a, as proclaimed in the Government Gazette of 12th November, 1920, and subsequently amended, is hereby further amended in clause 1 by inserting under the heading "Shires" after the words "Coal and Candle Creek Wharf, Cowan Creek" appearing opposite the word "Warringah" the words "Palm Beach Wharf in Pittwater Park, Salt Pan Wharf, Taylor's Point Wharf, Great Mackerel Wharf, four wharves on Scotland Island".

(S. 53-787)

By His Excellency's Command,

J. B. RENSHAW. [7199] GOD SAVE THE QUEEN! LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT, 1919.—PROCLAMATION. (1953, August 28). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 2736. Retrieved from 


Appointment of Honorary Rangers.

THE undermentioned persons have! been appointed as Honorary Rangers for the purposes of the abovenamed Act:—

Mrs. Shirley Doyle, Mackerel Beach, Pittwater, via Palm Beach; Mr. Bernard Charles Duck, R.M.B. 71, Werombi-rd., via Camden; Mr. David Colin Whiteman, Lake Midgeon Station, Narrandera. (A. 56-1,656, A. 56-1,825, A. 56-1,919)

(1975) C. A. KELLY. FAUNA PROTECTION ACT, 1948. (1956, November 16). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 3377. Retrieved from 


Land Affected by Section 55 of the Public Health Act at Great Mackerel Beach, Shire of Warringah, Area 948

THE Secretary of the Department of Health has reported that after due inquiry he is of the opinion that it would be prejudicial to health if certain land situated in the Shire of Warringah and described in the Schedule hereunder, were built upon in its present condition.

Now, therefore, in pursuance of the power and authority vested in me by section 55 (1) of the Public Health Act 1902, I hereby declare that such land shall not be built upon except with the approval of the Secretary of the Department of Health or until this notice has been revoked by me.

PETER COLLINS, Minister for Health.

All that piece or parcel of land situated at Mackerel Beach, in the Shire of Warringah, Parish of Broken Bay, County of Cumberland, being lots 115 to 118 inclusive in Deposited Plan No. 11052, and shown by red edging and light pink colour on Plan No. 948 deposited in the office of the Department of Health, New South Wales.  PUBLIC HEALTH ACT 1902 (SECTION 55) (1989, January 27). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 445. Retrieved from 

From State Library of NSW, Album Hood Collection part II : [Foreshores: Sydney Harbour, rivers, lakes and waterways; beaches] Image No.: a230025h
Pittwater Roads II: Where The Streets Have Your Name - Great Mackerel Beach - threads collected and collated by A J Guesdon, 2019.