October 24 - 30, 2021: Issue 515

Our Youth page is for young people aged 13+ - if you are younger than this we have news for you in the Children's pageNews items and articles run at the top of this page. Information, local resources, events and local organisations, sports groups etc. are at the base of this page. All Previous pages for you are listed in Past Features

Echidna At Mona Vale

This echidna, photographed at Mona Vale on Friday October 22, was having a stroll around. One of several spotted lately, a pair at Bayview. For most of the year the short-beaked echidna (Tachyglossus aculeatus) is a solitary animal, although each animal’s territory is large and often overlaps with that of other echidnas. The short-beaked echidna is protected in NSW and although relatively abundant and widely distributed within NSW and Australia it is not readily seen in the wild because of its quiet, reclusive nature.

In temperate climates, echidnas are most often seen during early morning and in the late afternoon, as they tend to avoid temperature extremes.

Echidnas breed from the end of June to early September. A female lays a single egg, which is incubated in the pouch and takes about ten days to hatch. The young echidna is suckled by its mother from mammary glands in the pouch, and is carried in the pouch for about three months. During this time the female will sometimes leave the young animal in a burrow, made by the female for its protection, so she may go and eat.

Termites and ants are its preferred food and this is why the animal is often called the ‘spiny anteater’. Earthworms, beetles and moth larvae are also part of the echidna’s diet - a good reason to not use harmful chemicals in your garden, or in this case, the local street. This one was eating lots of tiny ants.

An echidna will use its fine sense of smell to find food and has a beak which is highly sensitive to electrical stimuli. It tracks down its prey and catches it with its long, sticky tongue. Echidnas do not have teeth and they grind their food between the tongue and the bottom of the mouth.

When the infant leaves the pouch, its spines have started to develop, but it still stays close to its mother and may continue to suckle. The young echidna will leave the burrow at around 12 months of age, weighing 1–2 kg (Strahan 1995). When grown, echidnas measure 30–53 cm long with males weighing about 6 kg and females about 4.5 kg.

Echidnas have been known to live for as long as 16 years in the wild, but generally their life span is thought to be under 10 years.

photos by and courtesy Alex Tyrell - information: NSW Dept. of Environment.

The Flannel Flower: Australia’s Symbol For Mental Health Awareness During Mental Health Month - October

There are HEAPS of Flannel Flowers out at present. In Aboriginal or Indigenous Lore and storytelling they are a flower of close relationships, intimacy and healing, and sharing those healing pathways for people.

The Flannel Flower, an Australian native, has been chosen as the national symbol to promote mental health awareness in Australia.

The Australian bush has an inherent beauty and strength. It is also known for its extremes of weather and landscape. Varieties of the Flannel Flower are commonly found growing wild in the bush throughout Australia. The Flannel Flower, as with all native Australian plants, needs to be adaptable and enduring in order to survive.

In the same way all of us, regardless of our life circumstances, develop resilience and the ability to adapt to change, in order to maintain good mental health.

Being open and empathetic to a person’s expression of distress can assist in the recovery of a person living with mental health illnesses and change the negative attitudes of our society as a whole. 

Start a Conversation
R U OK? inspire and empower everyone to meaningfully connect with the people around them and start a conversation with those in their world who may be struggling with life.
You don't need to be an expert to reach out - just a good friend and a great listener. 
Use these four steps and have a conversation that could change a life:
1. Ask R U OK?
2. Listen
3. Encourage action
4. Check in

Aussie Backyard Bird Count 2021

The 2021 Aussie Bird Count runs this week, October 18‒24 during National Bird Week. 

The Aussie Backyard Bird Count is one of Australia’s biggest citizen science events. This year is our eighth count, and we’re hoping it will be our biggest yet!

Join thousands of people around the country in exploring your backyard, local park or favourite outdoor space and help us learn more about the birds that live where people live.

Taking part in the Aussie Backyard Bird Count is a great way to connect with the birds in your backyard, no matter where your backyard happens to be. You can count in a suburban garden, a local park, a patch of forest, down by the beach, or the main street of town. ⁠

To take part, register on the website today, then during the count you can use the web form or the app to submit your counts. Just enter your location and get counting ‒ each count takes just 20 minutes!

Not only will you be contributing to BirdLife Australia's knowledge of Aussie birds, but there are also some incredible prizes on offer. ⁠

Head over to the Aussie Backyard Bird Count website to find out more. Register as a counter today at: https://aussiebirdcount.org.au/

Please count birds today, Sunday October 24th, last day of this years' Bird count; so we can see how our own Pittwater Bird Life is doing.

Thank you!

What’s it going to be like when school starts again?

By NSW Education Dept.
It’s going to be different, that’s for sure. For a start, there will be new rules around mask wearing, school yard areas and social distancing.
You might not be able to do some things like sing in groups, attend assemblies or play some sports.

On the flip side, you’ll be able to see your friends IRL, and get your questions answered quickly in class.

There are a few things to consider when it comes to getting back to school:

  • Keep up to date about the rules around mask wearing at school and while travelling to and from there. If you need more information, look at your school’s website, Facebook page or contact a teacher or year adviser. Remember, COVID safe practices about physical distancing and hand washing are for the safety of everyone in the school community.
  • There may be changes to school-based activities like assemblies, sport, and excursions to encourage physical distancing and help keep people safe.
  • If you feel unsafe, or are worried about safety, talk to a trusted adult in the school about it.
Keep connected
  • Challenging times can be easier to get through together, so stay connected, be positive and be there for each other. Others may be feeling the same way so it can help to talk about it together and support each other.
  • Look out for your friends. If you think your friend is having a tough time, it’s a good idea to reach out and offer support. ReachOut has some helpful tips on how to start the conversation.

Don’t forget your physical health
  • Eating healthier food throughout the day and drinking water will help to improve your mood, aid concentration, boost your energy level and support your general health. This includes eating breakfast.
  • Stay active. Returning to school may make you physically and mentally tired for a while. Try to spend some time doing something physical at the end of the day to give yourself a break, get the blood flowing and boost your mood. This could be a walk, bike-riding, dancing, yoga, or high intensity exercise.
  • Make sure you get enough sleep to give your brain a rest and allow you to recharge. Get back into the routine of sleeping 8-10 hours and go to bed earlier enough so you can wake up in the morning in time for school. Uninterrupted sleep is best, so put your phone on silent or, even better, in another room.
  • It’s ok to feel a range of emotions about returning to school after learning from home. You may feel worried, nervous, angry, or happy, or any emotion in between. It may take you time to reconnect with teachers and other students and settle back into the school routine. And remember that some days may be easier than others.
  • Try to remember a time in the past when you have faced challenges that made you feel nervous or worried. Think about the strategies that you used to manage these emotions and get through the situation.
  • Even though it can be tough, look to focus on the good things, no matter how small they may seem. It is important to seek out the positives to help build your confidence and focus on your strengths.
If you do feel overwhelmed there are heaps of things you can do:
    • Take some deep breaths, walk away to another area, or talk about it with your mates.
    • Use an app to help look after yourself. Smiling Mind is one app that can be used to practise mindful meditations to manage stress and assist with relaxing. Reachout.com has heaps of other apps you can check out.
    • Reach out to your support network. This may include your family, people at school such as your teachers, year adviser, school counsellor/ school psychologist or student support officer.
    • There are some helplines that are great to use. You can do this on the phone or online chat. Kids HelpLine (Kidshelpline.com.au or 1800 55 1800) or Headspace (1800 650 890) are two places you can contact. Their services are free of charge.
    • Your local doctor is also someone you can talk to.
You will find more ideas on how to look after yourself and your friends on the Department of Education’s student mental health and wellbeing pages.

Your feelings are important, and you are allowed to talk about them. There are lots of people you can talk to when and if you need to.

Scholarships open for vulnerable youth

Some of the state’s most disadvantaged young people will be supported to achieve their academic aspirations as part of the NSW Government’s Youth Development Scholarships program.

Minister for Families, Communities and Disability Services Alister Henskens said applications are now open for the $1,000 scholarships to students in Years 10, 11 and 12 or TAFE equivalent.

“A good education is the foundation for a better future. This program supports disadvantaged students by reducing financial barriers so they may engage in study,” Mr Henskens said.

“It is about giving young people who need support a helping hand. These scholarships will help students achieve their educational dreams.”

The program supports young people living in social housing or on the housing register, students receiving private rental assistance, or those living in supported accommodation or out-of-home care.

The funds can be used to help pay for education-related expenses such as textbooks, IT equipment and internet access.

Minister for Education and Early Childhood Learning Sarah Mitchell said more than 3,300 students have been supported by the scholarship program since it was established in 2017.

“Fires, floods and COVID-19 have posed significant social and economic challenges for our communities, and have particularly affected young people,” Ms Mitchell said.

“These grants will help reduce the financial burden for more students so they can focus on their studies.”

The Youth Development Scholarships program is part of Future Directions for Social Housing in NSW, a ten-year plan to drive better outcomes for social housing tenants.

For more information on how to apply, visit Youth Development Scholarships 2022.
Applications will close at 5:00pm, 18 February 2022.

RSV Nuyina Arrives In Hobart

Published October 19, 2021 by the Australian Antarctic Division

The world’s most advanced Antarctic icebreaker, science and resupply ship, Australia’s RSV Nuyina, has arrived at its home port of Hobart! 

Despite southern Tasmania’s COVID-19 lockdown, the 160 metre-long, 50 metre-tall, bright orange icebreaker was impossible to miss by those with a waterside view, as it sailed up the River Derwent.

The ship’s historic arrival comes after 10 years of planning, design and construction, and an epic 24,400 km ‘delivery’ voyage from Europe.

The $500 million vessel is part of a $1.9 billion investment by the Australian Government to build, maintain and operate the ship over the next 30 years.

To find out more visit: www.antarctica.gov.au/nuyina/stories/2021/antarctic-icebreaker-arrives-in-hobart

Joni Mitchell - Come In From The Cold

written by Joni Mitchell | produced by Joni Mitchell & Larry Klein | from the album Night Ride Home (1991) | video directed by Rocky Schenck | vhs transfer by sonicboy19

Fire and Rescue NSW: School-based Apprenticeship Opportunity

Are you in year 10 or know someone who is? We have an exciting opportunity for Year 10 students interested in completing a School-Based Apprenticeship in Heavy Vehicle Mechanic in Years 11 and 12.
As a School-Based Apprentice Heavy Vehicle Mechanic, you will learn all aspects of the repair, service, and maintenance of heavy vehicles. 

A School based Apprenticeship forms a part of a student’s Higher School Certificate.
Students will undertake to complete paid work in Years 11 and 12 and attend training in a block release of 1 week a couple of times per term with TAFE NSW to complete stage one of a Certificate III qualification.
During the apprenticeship you will assist the qualified mechanics in the Strategic Capability, Fleet Management section which oversees the maintenance and repair of 702 appliances, 241 passenger vehicles and various other mobile plant and trailers.
The January after the student completes the Higher School Certificate they will continue with their apprenticeship as a fulltime 2nd year apprentice provided, they have successfully completed all the requirements of the first year of their apprenticeship.

Apprentice Heavy Vehicle Mechanic Fire and Rescue NSW
Salary: $13.54 per hour plus SBA Loading 25% (1st Year), and tool allowance and superannuation
Location: 1 Amarina Avenue, Greenacre
Closing date: Tuesday 5 November 2021

If this sounds like you, click here to apply: https://fal.cn/3j8FS

Opportunity: Free Training to Help Hospitality Industry Raise the Bar

Global drinks giant Diageo has enlisted TAFE NSW and the Australian Hotels Association NSW (AHA NSW) to support their ‘Raising the Bar’ COVID-19 response initiative, offering three free online hospitality licensing courses for existing workers and new entrants to the sector.

The three courses: Statement of Attainment in Responsible Service of Alcohol (RSA), TAFE Statement in NSW Liquor Licensee, and TAFE Statement in NSW Liquor Licensee (Advanced) are targeted to existing industry members to upskill and to drive more workers to hospitality venues in NSW.

In 2020, Diageo Australia pledged $11.5 million to the Down Under instalment of ‘Raising the Bar’, through iconic Aussie brand Bundaberg Rum. The ‘Raising the Bar’ fund will invest $11.5 million over two years to help venues in Australia adapt and emerge stronger from the COVID-19 crisis.

Diageo Australia Managing Director Angus McPherson said the fund has already provided thousands of venues across the country with targeted support which includes practical equipment to promote safe indoor and outdoor socialising.

“The first phase of Raising the Bar supported venues with funds for much-needed equipment to re-open, such as hand sanitiser dispensers, temperature scanners and personal protective equipment,” Mr McPherson said.

“We are now excited to offer the industry access to free digital training through TAFE NSW to help our hospitality workers understand complicated legislation and compliance and support their business from the bottom up.”

TAFE NSW Teacher of Tourism and Hospitality Monique Fors said the free courses are delivered online and are available to anyone across the state who wants to learn how to comply and understand NSW liquor laws.

“These courses offer a great opportunity for people to upskill, whether you wish to become a compliant licensee, approved manager, club secretary, or simply require an RSA to secure bar and wait staff roles,” Ms Fors said.

“As the online courses are self-paced, they can be picked up at any time of the day or week, such as in between work shifts.”

AHA NSW CEO John Whelan said offering the industry free training in mandatory areas will ease a little of the economic burden experienced over the last 18 months.

“Support like the ‘Raising the Bar’ initiative is exactly what we need to help our hotels get back on their feet, employing people and contributing to the Australian economy,” Mr Whelan said.

“A large portion of this funding will see training for the next generation of leadership in the hotel sector. It will see managers provided with the same training as licensees and will vastly improve pub operations.”

The free courses are available until 30 June 2022. To enrol or find out more visit www.tafensw.edu.au/raising-the-bar.

What does a “history professional” actually do?

For many students and early career professionals interested in history, finding employment opportunities beyond their tertiary studies can be both challenging and daunting.
Join the History Council of NSW and the Professional Historians Association NSW/ACT with session Chair, Dr Matthew Allen [HCNSW Councillor] for an informal session featuring a diverse range of guest speakers working in the history sector.

Hear ‘lightning talks’ from historians, archivists, researchers and other history professionals as they share their experiences and tips on how to kick-start a career in the history world.
After each lightning talk, there will be an opportunity for a Q&A.

This is a free and online event! Registrations are essential. Runs Nov 2, 2021 06:30 PM RSVP - https://us02web.zoom.us/webinar/register/8016345051342/WN_VuyDkbT1S_awR17MaBozGQ

Image 1 Credit: Ken Turner using Kodak camera, c. 1940s. Source Museums Victoria. Credit Kodak (Australasia) Pty Ltd.
Image 2 Credit:  Computer and operators, shows Exciter Lamp voltage dial, August 1963: photographed by Max Dupain. Courtesy of the State Library NSW.

Demand for Wildlife Carers

Tahnee Barnes is studying a Certificate IV in Native Wildlife Veterinary Nursing and is encouraging others to consider a career in the industry. This comes after newly released statistics reveal the number of animals needing care due to car collisions has surged in the wake of the COVID19 pandemic with more cars on the road along the NSW North Coast, which means career opportunities in wildlife rehabilitation are on the rise.

According to the NSW Wildlife Rehabilitation dashboard, in 2015, 15 animal rescues in the Tweed Region were due to car collisions, in 2016, there was 8. 

Since the start of COVID with more people going on road trips along the coast in lieu of international holidays, in 2020 there were 502 native wildlife animals that needed rescuing due to car collisions in Tweed alone. 

Ms Barnes is working to to expand on her knowledge and grow her practical skills to build her conservation organisation, End Extinction International. The not-for-profit organisation aims to educate people on the importance of protecting wildlife in the environment. 

Ms Barnes has a Bachelor of Zoology and has in-depth knowledge of ecology, conservation and anatomy, it was during an internship with the Jane Goodhall Institute that she realised what she was missing is hands-on practical medical skills to help animals in the field in need of help.

“TAFE NSW has taught me so many practical skills and vastly improved my knowledge. The learning and mentoring that the wonderful teachers provide is second-to-none. Their relevant, practical experience and strong industry connections, together with my qualification, have enabled me to progress in my career.”

Studying under the tutelage of TAFE NSW Animal Services teacher, Emma Whitlock, students are getting hands-on exposure to caring for wildlife.

“It is important that students learn the fundamentals of caring for animals in real situations and they get to do that through work placement with the Currumbin Wildlife Hospital. Upon graduation, TAFE NSW students are job-ready and fully equipped to walk into any animal caring facility to put into practice what they have learnt,” said Mrs Whitlock.

For more information about courses at TAFE NSW or via TAFE Digital, visit www.tafensw.edu.au or phone 131 601.

TAFE NSW student Tahnee Barnes

The Dabous Giraffes 

The Dabous Giraffes are neolithic petroglyphs by unknown artists on the western side of the Aïr Mountains in north-central Niger. The carvings are believed to have been done between 6,000 and 8,000 years ago, during the African humid period, when the region was less arid, and the Sahara was a vast savannah. They are the largest known animal petroglyphs in the world.

The giraffe carvings were first recorded by French archaeologist Christian Dupuy in 1987, and documented by David Coulson in 1997 while on a photographic expedition to the site.

The carvings are 6 metres (20 ft) in height and consists of two giraffes carved into the Dabous Rock with a great amount of detail. Dabous Rock is located on the slope of a small rocky outcropping of sandstone in the first foothills of the Air Mountains. One of the giraffes is male, while the other, smaller, is female.

In the surroundings 828 images have been found engraved on the rocks, of which 704 are animals (cattle, giraffes, ostriches, antelopes, lions, rhinoceros, and camels), 61 are human, and 17 are inscriptions in Tifinâgh. Tifinagh, also written Tifinaɣ in the Berber Latin alphabet; Neo-Tifinaɣ, is an abjad script used to write the Berber languages.

Due to degradation of the engravings resulting from human activity, a mould was made of the engravings for display. An aluminium cast of this mould is on display at the airport of Agadez. The Bradshaw Foundation is an organization dedicated to the protection and preservation of this petroglyph.
Dabous Giraffes, 1991. Photo: Albert Backer.
Smaller petroglyphs near the Dabous Giraffes. Photo: Albert Backer.

Two days in spring

Published September 11, 2021 by Surfing Visions (Tim Bonython)

Two great days of waves greet Sydneysiders into a new Spring. With the right swell direction & winds this reef break can deliver some fun barrels & some punishing wipe-outs.

Featuring locals Kirk Flintoff, Maxime Raynor, Dylan Longbottom, Jarvis Earle  & Shane Campbell. Enjoy

NB: Tim has a new film that will be available in November - visit: www.surfingvisions.com/tbp

Jordan Lawler getting some Air in France - ProFrance21. Credit: © WSL /  Masurel - MORE HERE

2021 ARIA Awards in partnership with YouTube Music: Nominated Artists Revealed - Amy Shark & Genesis Owusu nominated for 6 ARIA Awards.

October 20, 2021
The countdown to the 2021 ARIA Awards in partnership with YouTube Music is on, with just five weeks to go. The ARIA Awards Nominations Announce event saw the nominees in all categories revealed today via a YouTube Premiere. This is the second time in ARIA Awards history that the Nominations event has premiered on YouTube and can be viewed here: youtube.com/aria and available to stream free on 9Now. The winners will be announced on Wednesday 24th November 2021 to be broadcast from Sydney, Australia and the world on YouTube, and on 9Now.

8x ARIA Award winner Amy Shark is closing a huge year with six nominations, including Album of the Year, Best Artist, Best Pop Release, Song of the Year presented by YouTube Music and more. Amy’s confessional sophomore album Cry Forever, debuted at #1 on the ARIA charts, following in the footsteps of Shark’s debut/breakthrough 2018 ARIA Album of the Year, LOVE MONSTER. Platinum accredited “Love Songs Ain’t For Us,” featuring Keith Urban, hit #1 on the Apple Music and Shazam charts and is nominated for Best Video presented by YouTube Music. A returning guest of the awards, last year Amy Shark opened the ceremony with an outstanding performance of platinum accredited single and the winner of 2020’s ARIA Best pop release, “Everybody Rise”. In addition to her solo performance, Amy joined other prominent female artists to pay tribute to Helen Reddy with a stunning performance of “I Am Woman” before receiving an additional award for Best Australian Live Act. Amy is once again nominated for Best Australian Live Act presented by Heaps Normal for her Cry Forever Tour 2021 making this her 28th nomination.

Genesis Owusu lands in tally with six nominations, including Album of the Year, Best Artist, Best Independent Release presented by PPCA, Best Hip Hop Release presented By Menulog and Best Cover Art. Genesis Owusu’s debut album Smiling With No Teeth peaked at #27 on the ARIA charts. The record gained worldwide acclaim from outlets like triple j, BBC, KCRW, The Needle Drop, The Guardian, NME and more, featured in a multitude of Spotify and Apple Music playlists and saw him sell out his 22 date national tour. In 2019 Genesis Owusu released “WUTD / Vultures” which went on to land his first ARIA nomination for Best R&B/Soul Release. In 2020, he was once again nominated for Best R&B/Soul Release for “Don't Need You,” which has collected over 5 million streams and landed #73 in triple j’s Hottest 100 in 2020.

Also receiving five nominations, including Best Artist, Best Soul/R&B Release and the Michael Gudinski Breakthrough Artist, is R&B wunderkind Budjerah. The 19-year-old breakout artist released his self-titled debut Budjerah this year, co-written and produced by ARIA winner, singer songwriter Matt Corby. “Missing You,” the debut single from Budjerah has seen him garner widespread support from radio including #1 most played on triple j and Top 30 national airplay. Earlier this year, Budjerah was commended for his excellence with a nomination for New Artist of the Year from the National Indigenous Music Awards and was recognised by Apple Music as their latest local Up Next Artist. Signed to Warner Music, Budjerah is bringing listeners closer together with his crafted sound that melds the formative elements of gospel and soul, with contemporary pop and R'n'B references.

Internationally acclaimed Australian rapper Masked Wolf has secured five nominations this year, including Michael Gudinski Breakthrough Artist, Best Artist, Best Hip Hop Release presented By Menulog, Song of the Year presented by YouTube Music and Best Video presented by YouTube Music. In 2021 Masked Wolf re-released his 2019 single “Astronaut in the Ocean,” and it immediately caught fire, igniting 17.5million-plus TikTok videos. “Astronaut in the Ocean” has since gone triple platinum on the ARIA charts, hit #1 on the Global Shazam Chart and holding for 6+ weeks and has garnered over 1.6 billion streams with the official music video holding 230 million YouTube views to date.Australian treasures, 11x ARIA Awards and 2006 ARIA Awards Hall of Fame inductees, Midnight Oil, have landed five nominations this year, including Best Group, Best Australian Live Act presented by Heaps Normal and Best Video presented by YouTube Music. The Rock n’ Roll icons have also scored nominations for Album of the Year and Best Rock Album for this year's mini-album The Makarrata Project, which debuted at #1 on the ARIA charts, the band’s first new body of work in nearly 20 years. All of the songs on the record share a strong focus on Indigenous reconciliation, with each track featuring collaborations with the band’s First Nations friends. The first single “Gadigal Land” (feat. Dan Sultan, Joel Davison, Kaleena Briggs and Bunna Lawrie) went straight to #1 on the iTunes chart within hours of its release. Bunna Lawrie, Joel Davison and Rob Hirst, writers of “Gadigal Land” were awarded winners of the prestigious Song of the Year at the 2021 APRA Music Awards. The mini-album itself debuted #1 on the ARIA Album Chart, becoming their first studio album to do so since Blue Sky Mining over three decades ago, and their fifth overall chart-topper. In early 2021, Midnight Oil and First Nations collaborators Dan Sultan, Alice Skye, Troy Cassar-Daley, Leah Flanagan and Tasman Keith toured across the country with Makarrata Live, sought to elevate The Uluru Statement From The Heart through performances of songs from The Makarrata Project as well as iconic Midnight Oil songs of reconciliation.

It was an exciting day for Australian electronic group, The Avalanches, who landed five ARIA Award nominations for Album of the Year, Best Group, Best Pop Release, Best Australian Live Act presented by Heaps Normal and Best Video presented by YouTube Music. In 2020, the band released their third studio album - We Will Always Love You, which features an array of living guests who contribute vocals and lyrics – meaning the album is their most song-oriented album yet. We Will Always Love You was awarded Album of The Year from the Australian Music Prize (AMP). Welcomed to worldwide praise, the album peaked at #4 on the ARIA Australian Albums charts. The Avalanches have celebrated the 20th anniversary of their 2001 debut album Since I Left You which won awards for Best New Artist (Album), Best Dance Release and Best New Artist (Single) for the album's feature track “Frontier Psychiatrist” at the 2001 ARIA Awards.

One of Australia’s fastest growing breakthrough artists, Tones And I, has this year been nominated for five awards, including Album of the Year, Best Artist, Best Pop Release, Song of the Year presented by YouTube Music and Best Video presented by YouTube Music. Following the enormous success of her breakout global hit “Dance Monkey,” which has accrued 7 billion global streams, 1.7 billion views on YouTube and went 15X platinum; Tones And I released her debut studio album, Welcome to the Madhouse, which debuted at #1 on the ARIA charts, hit #1 on the iTunes Album charts and #144 on the US Billboard 200. Tones And I rose to fame in 2019 and has since collected quite the stash of awards including Best Female Artist, Michael Gudinski Breakthrough Artist, Best Pop Release and Best Independent Release from the 2020 ARIA Awards.

Previous ARIA Award winner Vance Joy has scored five nominations for Best Artist, Best Pop Release, Best Independent Release presented by PPCA, Song of the Year presented by YouTube Music and Best Video presented by YouTube Music. Vance Joy has long been winning the hearts of Australians and the world with his anthemic folk-influenced tunes; this year he released two singles, “You” with Marshmello and Benny Blanco and the platinum – selling global hit “Missing Piece.” Featured on the seventeenth season of Grey’s Anatomy, “Missing Piece” landed #14 on the ARIA charts and #5 on the Billboard US Alternative Airplay charts. In September of this year, Vance Joy was invited to perform “Missing Piece” on the popular US TV talk show Late Late Show with James Corden and earlier in the year performed virtually as a part of Splendour in the Grass XR.

Papua New Guinea born and Sydney based R&B artist Ngaiire is celebrating four nominations for Best Artist, Michael Gudinski Breakthrough Artist, Best Soul/R&B Release and Best Cover Art. 2021 saw the release of Ngaiire’s third album, 3, which transcended music, to stand as a mission. Beginning as an experiment in 2017, 3 saw Ngaiire return to her home country, Papua New Guinea, with a small creative team to extract the unique visual aspects of her culture and present in a contemporary context alongside music that would be composed throughout and after the research period. Four years later, 3 arrived to fans open arms, since landing feature album of the week on Double j, FBi Radio, Triple R and Radio Adelaide, debuting at #5 on the ARIA charts and reaching #2 on the AIR Independent Label Album charts across Australia.

The excitement continues for Sydney-born international superstar, The Kid LAROI, who is nominated for four awards including Best Artist, Best Pop Release, Best Hip Hop Release Presented By Menulog and Song of the Year presented by YouTube Music. It’s been a groundbreaking year for The Kid LAROI, not only in his homeland but across the globe, with over 3 billion global streams across his catalogue. In early 2020 he released the first part of the F*ck Love trilogy, which went on to claim #1 on the Billboard 200, Top 40 in 17 countries and #1 on the ARIA charts, making him the youngest Australian artist to top the charts. Collaborating with some of the biggest names in Hollywood, The Kid LAROI released “Go” with Juice Wrld in 2020, which reached #52 on the Billboard 100 charts; as well as “Without You” with Miley Cyrus, which went 5X platinum on the ARIA charts, hit top 10 on the Billboard Hot 100 and broke the record for the longest non-consecutive weeks ever in the #1 Australian radio airplay slot. “Without You” received two nominations at the VMAs for Best New Artist and Push Performance of The Year. The Kid LAROI and Justin Beiber performed their 3x platinum single “Stay” at the MTV VMAs this year, a track that quickly hit #1 on both the Billboard 100 and the ARIA charts as well as a number of other countries. Adding to his long list of achievements, 18-year-old The Kid LAROI featured on The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon, Ellen and SNL with Elon Musk and Miley Cyrus earlier this year and most recently sold out his North American tour within a matter of minutes.

With three nominations indie, rock pioneers Ball Park Music are nominated for Best Australian Live Act, Best Independent Release presented by PPCA and Best Rock Album. In late 2020 the five piece released their latest self titled album Ball Park Music, the sixth in their 13 years since formation. At its peak, the album hit #2 on the ARIA charts, an achievement that can be attributed to the band's consistent style and experimentation that their fans have come to know and love. The album was nominated for AIR Awards Independent Album of the Year, the J Awards Australian Album of the Year and took out the crown for the Queensland Music Awards Album of the Year. Their single “Cherub” has since amassed upwards of 7 million streams, landed #4 on the 2020 triple j hottest 100, and was performed as part of Ball Park Music’s triple j Like A Version performance alongside their cover of Radiohead’s hit song “Paranoid Android.” Luxury in the age of COVID-19, Ball Park Music have spent their year on the stages of Aussie festivals including Summer Sounds and Toowoomba Carnival, while embarking on their own tour alongside Thelma Plum and Alice Ivy.

Also nominated are locals Lime Cordiale - renowned for their live shows:

Annabelle Herd, ARIA Chief Executive, said: “Today, a huge congratulations are in order for every recording musician across Australia. After another immensely challenging year for creatives, it has been truly phenomenal to see such amazing, diverse and celebrated work continue to pour out from all over the country. In the face of such adversity, we can all be proud to say Australia’s creative heart is still alive and beating. That is exactly what the 2021 ARIA Awards, in partnership with YouTube Music, plan to celebrate. To all of this year’s amazing nominees, thank you for continuing to share your stories and brighten the lives of music fans across the globe, thank you to all the teams who have worked so hard behind the scenes, and thank you to the fans for continuing to show their love and support for this amazing and dedicated industry. Let’s party (safely)!”

Natalie Waller, ARIA Chair, said: “On behalf of the ARIA Board, we are sending an enormous congratulations to all of the talented people who today received a nomination for the 2021 ARIA Awards, in partnership with YouTube Music. You are all the very core of the unique brilliance that is Australia’s thriving music community. We are pleased to be honouring the strength and perseverance of our talented nominees from our homes this year. While this year will be a little different from every other, the spirit, gratitude and celebrations will remain just as large. Good luck to all of our nominees and thank you to all of our sponsors, I look forward to a fantastic evening.”

Marion Briand, Manager, Music Content Partnerships (AU/NZ), YouTube, said: “I’m ecstatic to see this year’s ARIA Awards nominees, including for the first time those in the Best Artist category - a massive congratulations to all. It’s been amazing to see the resilience of our home-grown talent that continues to shine bright, inspiring, entertaining and motivating people. We're thrilled to be working with ARIA again and can't wait to join others around the world tuning in to YouTube on November 24 to celebrate Australia’s incredible music industry.”

Stuart Ayres, NSW Minister for Jobs, Investment, Tourism and Western Sydney, said: “Once again, the breadth and depth of Australian music talent is shining through the prism of the ARIAs. The NSW Government joins ARIA in congratulating all the incredibly gifted nominees for the 2021 ARIA Awards. Your perseverance with your art during this challenging period has brought life and light to Sydney and NSW at a time when it has never been more needed. We are proud to partner with ARIA in celebrating the strength and incredible resilience of our music industry and we look forward to supporting large-scale music events for our musicians to get back out and performing in front of their fans.”

The nominees for the Fine Arts and Artisan Awards were also announced today, which include Best Classical Album, Best Jazz Album, Best Original Soundtrack or Musical Theatre Cast Album and Best World Music Album – and Artisan awards – which include Best Cover Art, Engineer of the Year and Producer of the Year – will be presented at the ARIA Awards ceremony. Producers and Engineers will be nominated for their whole body of work, rather than one particular project. ARIA Award nominees for Engineer of the Year include Chris Collins, Eric J Dubowsky, Konstantin Kersting, Matt Corby, Tony Espie, while Producer of the Year nominees includes, Andrew Klippel and Dave Hammer, Konstantin Kersting, M-Phazes, Matt Corby and Robert Chater.Also returning this year is the opportunity for music fans to decide an ARIA winner via Twitter for the Most Popular International category. Fans can start voting for their favourite International Artist today by heading to Twitter and using the following hashtags:

#ARIAsArianaGrande #ARIAsDojaCat #ARIAsJustinBieber #ARIAsKanyeWest #ARIAsLukeCombs #ARIAsMachineGunKelly #ARIAsMileyCyrus #ARIAsOliviaRodrigo #ARIAsPopSmoke #ARIAsTaylorSwift

ARIA would also like to take this opportunity to thank 9Network’s Brooke Boney for her participation in the ARIA Awards Nominations Announce.

The 2021 ARIA Awards in partnership with YouTube Music are proudly supported by the NSW Government through Destination NSW. Stay tuned for more exciting announcements in the coming weeks.

Ausmusic T-Shirt Day Announced for 2021

Music industry charity, Support Act, has announced that its annual Ausmusic T-Shirt Day will return on Friday 19 November, backed by some of Aussie music’s biggest names including Jessica Mauboy, Jon Stevens, 5 Seconds of Summer, Amy Shark, Lime Cordiale and Neil Finn.

Ausmusic T-Shirt Day, which is supported by ARIA and celebrated across triple j, Double J and the ABC as part of Ausmusic Month, is an annual day of fun and awareness to celebrate Australian music and raise urgently-needed funds for music workers in crisis due to the devastating impacts of COVID-19 or an issue that prevents them from working.

Over the past 18 months, Support Act has committed $22.8m in the form of 10,000 crisis relief grants to music and live performing arts workers in need, and provided mental health and wellbeing support to many thousands more through its mental health programs and Wellbeing Helpline. But with lockdowns and restrictions still in place, more support is needed.

A record number of Ausmusic T-Shirt Day ambassadors have put their names behind this year’s campaign. As well as those mentioned earlier, Accordion Hans, Adalita, Alex Hayes, Mo’Ju, Myf Warhurst, Ngaiire, Peking Duk, Rob Mills, The Amity Affliction, The OG Wiggles, The Teskey Brothers and Travis Collins are helping to ensure that all genres of music are represented. 

Hundreds of other artists will Champion the day through social media and companies across the country are gearing up to create teams to fundraise.

Music lovers around Australia can support the campaign in one of three simple ways:
  • Buy an Ausmusic T-Shirt
  • Fundraise in a team with work/school/mates/family 
  • Donate to Support Act
Participants are asked to share their Ausmusic T-Shirt love by posting on their favourite social media platforms including YouTube, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and TikTok using the hashtag #ausmusictshirtday and tagging Support Act, triple j and ARIA*

Ambassador Jessica Mauboy explains: “Our industry is in crisis like never seen before. We’ve lost work and livelihoods due to the pandemic, and for many this is our hour of need. Ausmusic T-Shirt Day is a simple and fun way YOU can help raise funds to get our beloved Aussie artists and music workers back on their feet.”

More fantastic Aussie artists have created this year’s range of limited edition Premium T-Shirts including Genesis Owusu, GFlip, Keith Urban, King Gizzard & The Lizard Wizard, Lime Cordiale, Paul Kelly, Powderfinger, Spacey Jane, Tame Impala, Tones and I and honorary Australian, Ed Sheeran, with 100 percent of net proceeds going to Support Act. Premium T-Shirts are $50 and are available to order now until Friday 5 November.

This year’s Ausmusic T-Shirt Day logo, a non-binary drumming echidna, has been created by First Nations artist Bree “Little Butten” Buttenshaw and is also available as one of this year’s Premium T-Shirts.

If that’s not enough, then a wide range of merch partners are onboard including Love Police, Sound Merch, Threadshop, Merchfan, Artist First, Merch Jungle, Warner Music and more who will all be donating a percentage of their proceeds to the campaign.

Support Act CEO, Clive Miller, adds: “While there is now light at the end of the COVID tunnel, thanks to the massive uptake of vaccinations across Australia, there is still a long way to go before the music industry is operating at pre-pandemic levels.

“We know just how much the Australian community loves and misses their live music, which is why we are asking everyone with a passion for Australian music to get behind this year’s Ausmusic T-Shirt Day to help raise the funds we urgently need to continue providing our support services to music workers in crisis.” 

For further information on Ausmusic T-Shirt Day including information about how to set up a team to fundraise, buy an Ausmusic t-shirt and ways to donate, visit ausmusictshirtday.org.au.

For further information on Support Act and its services, including crisis relief, mental health resources and programs, visit supportact.org.au. For the Wellbeing Helpline, call 1800 959 500.

Get Ready to Celebrate World Teachers' Day on 29 October

From today, students, parents, carers and the community can begin preparing to celebrate World Teachers’ Day on 29 October, with an e-toolkit now available for download from the NSW Education Standards Authority.

NESA Chief Executive Officer Paul Martin said across NSW, 160,000 early childhood, primary and secondary teachers have continued to educate, inspire and support young people, as the state has dealt with a global pandemic.

“Thanks to the adaptability and professionalism of teachers, students have continued learning whether from home or in the classroom.

“World Teachers’ Day gives us a chance to acknowledge their incredible work, and for students to share how their teachers have made a difference,” Mr Martin said.

This year, schools and the community can download an e-toolkit to support them letting a teacher know how they have inspired and helped them in their learning. The toolkit includes:
  • E-cards for students to send to their teachers
  • Badges to add to social media profiles
  • A downloadable colouring-in page
  • Tiles for Twitter posts
  • Backgrounds for Teams/Zoom meetings, screensavers and digital display screens
A digital card means students can join the celebration, even if they are learning from home. Students, school staff and families can share cards, tell their teacher how they have helped or inspired them and share their favourite learning experiences over Zoom, their Google classroom or on social media.

A World Teachers’ Day social media badge is available for the community to celebrate their own teachers from school and share all the ways their teachers inspired them.

“I encourage the community to join NESA in celebrating the teaching profession on 29 October, for the work they do and the lasting impact they have on our communities,” Mr Martin said.

Internationally, World Teachers Day is celebrated on 5 October. As this usually falls during the school holidays, Australia celebrates on the last Friday in October.

The e-toolkit can be downloaded from the NESA website now: https://educationstandards.nsw.edu.au/wps/portal/nesa/about/events/world-teachers-day 

The City Of Sydney

Published October 21, 2021 by NFSA - Silent
From The Film Australia Collection.  Made by the Cinema and Photographic Branch 1927. Directed by Bert Ive. The major landmarks and public buildings in inner city Sydney, N.S.W. Scenes include: the ferry terminals and tram stops at Circular Quay, Central Railway Station, the largest train terminus in the British Empire, Railway Square, Sydney University, the Commonwealth Bank and General Post Office in Martin Place; Martin Place decorated with stalls and bunting; Town Hall; and the façade of the Art Gallery.

Young people take centre stage at global conference on the climate crisis

In the lead up to the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow next month, several leading young climate activists from around the world will gather for the closing session of a nine-day conference on ‘Health and Human Rights in the Climate Crisis’. They’ll appear alongside global leaders in health, human rights and climate change policy, including former Prime Minister of New Zealand Helen Clark, UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health Tlaleng Mofokeng, former Director of Preparedness and Mobilisation at the Australian Department of Defence Cheryl Durrant, and former Assistant Director-General of the World Health Organization Flavia Bustreo.

Curated by the Australian Human Rights Institute at UNSW Sydney, the George Institute for Global Health and the University of Southern California’s Institute on Inequalities in Global Health, the conference draws together more than 30 international speakers across eight sessions. The conference will serve as a call to global governments to take urgent steps at gatherings like COP26 that recognise the link between the increasing burden on under-resourced public health systems, the exploitation of the natural world and altered climatic conditions.

“The future of climate activism lies with young people, which is why we wanted them to play a large part in our conference,” said Professor Justine Nolan, director of the Australian Human Rights Institute.

“They are demanding greater accountability from governments, business and international institutions for progressing action on climate change and they must play an active role in that process.

“The time for talk or ‘blah, blah, blah’ as Greta Thunberg might say, is over. It’s time for action.”

Young Australians in particular overwhelmingly want to see immediate action on climate change but have little faith their leaders will do anything significant, according to a recent survey from Foundations For Tomorrow, an initiative of the World Economic Forum. In recent years, frustration and anger at government inaction has led to a wave of international school strikes and legal action where courts are asked to define the rights of younger generations to a healthy future. 

Ava Princi, who will speak at the closing session, is one of eight students who filed the class action Sharma and others v Minister for Environment in September 2020 on behalf of young people in Australia and around the world. The students alleged that the federal Environment Minister had a duty to avoid causing future harm related to the carbon emissions that would result from the approval of a proposed coal mine extension project in NSW, known as the Vickery Extension Project.

In May 2021, the Federal Court of Australia found that the Environment Minister has a duty of care to avoid causing injury to young people while exercising her powers to approve the new coal project.

“One reason I was inspired to become involved in the case is the fact that it was a class-action lawsuit, meaning we were able to argue on behalf of all young Australians,” Princi said.

“Young people – particularly young First Nations, disabled and rurally-located Australians – are the most vulnerable groups in terms of climate impacts, yet we cannot vote or run for political positions.

“It's important that young people have a voice in the climate movement and influence climate policy to overcome our political circumstances.”
oining Princi in the youth-focused session is US teen climate activist Alexandria Villaseñor, founder of international non-profit Earth Uprising. Villaseñor became an international voice in the fight against climate change after witnessing firsthand the devastation of California’s deadliest ever wildfires in 2018. Smoke triggered Villaseñor’s asthma and inspired her to research the links between wildfire disasters and climate change. She soon began striking in solidarity with Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg as part of the Fridays for Future movement. For more than a year she missed school every Friday to sit outside the United Nations in New York City.

Villaseñor, Thunberg and 14 other young people representing 12 nations also filed an official complaint to the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child for violating the human rights of children in regards to government inaction on climate change.

“We’re here as citizens of the planet, as victims of the pollution that’s been carelessly dumped into our land, air and sea for generations, and as children whose rights are being violated,” Villaseñor said at UNICEF Headquarters in New York.

Along with Princi and Villaseñor, the closing session, titled ‘Defending our Future’ will feature Tish King from Australia’s first Indigenous youth climate network SEED, and Vice President of Pacific Islands Students Fighting Climate Change Belyndar Rikimani.

As COP26 approaches, Princi echoed similar sentiments to Thunberg’s recent excoriation of global leaders over too much talk and not enough action.

“I sincerely hope Prime Minister Scott Morrison will attend COP26 as we need to commit to more ambitious targets, including a moratorium on all new coal and gas projects here in Australia,” she said.

Health and Human Rights in the Climate Crisis: Charting Challenges and Solutions runs 21-29 October, 2021. Speakers, session and registration information is available at humanrights.unsw.edu.au/conference. Free ticket (For students and civil society)

NSW is Burning, Sydney is Choking - Climate Emergency Rally!, December 11, 2019 - Photo credit: Little Raven Photography

NESA Media Statement: HSC Major Projects

The NESA COVID-19 Response Committee has extended the COVID Special Consideration Program to most HSC major projects being completed by HSC students across the state.

This means teachers will provide a mark or estimate for their students’ major projects in:
  • Drama
  • Textiles and Design
  • Design and Technology
  • Industrial Technology
  • Visual Arts
Students will need to submit their projects by the published due dates and teachers will have until 22 October to submit marks to NESA.

When providing a mark or estimate, teachers will take into consideration any impact of COVID-19 restrictions on students’ work.

Teacher provided marks will be moderated by NESA to ensure equity across the state.

The decision was made to limit the movement of NESA markers within and beyond Greater Sydney and is in line with Health advice for protecting the health and safety of everyone involved in the HSC exams.

The following major projects (that are submitted online) will continue to be marked online by NESA markers (unless an application for special consideration is made):
  • English Extension 2
  • Music 1 (compositions)
  • Music 2 and Extension (compositions and musicology)
  • Society and Culture Personal Interest Project
The Special Consideration Program is already in place for students completing language oral and performance exams across the state.

For up-to-date advice about the 2021 HSC, visit NESA’s COVID-19 advice.

HSC 2021 Key Dates: - from NESA

Term 4, 2021

Friday, 22 October 2021
Submission of teacher-provided marks due (via Schools Online) for:

  • all HSC performance and language oral exams
  • major projects/submitted works for:
    • Textiles and Design
    • Design and Technology
    • Industrial Technology
    • Visual Arts
    • Drama
  • major projects/submitted works where applications to the  COVID-19 Special Consideration Program have been approved for:
    • English Extension 2
    • Society and Culture
    • Music (compositions and Musicology).
Friday 29 October 2021
Year 11 grades and Life Skills outcomes to be submitted (via Schools Online)

Monday 1 November 2021
2022 HSC student entries open.

Tuesday, 9 November 2021
HSC written exams start.

Friday, 26 November 2021
Year 10 grades and Life Skills outcomes to be submitted (via Schools Online).

Monday, 29 November 2021
Last day to notify NESA that a Year 12 student has met the HSC Minimum Standard

After last HSC written examination
HSC Assessment Ranks released to students via Students Online for 4 weeks.

24 January 2022
HSC results released.

HSC Online Help guide

REMINDER: there's a great Practical Guide for Getting through your HSC by Sydney Uni at: cce.sydney.edu.au/getting-through-your-hsc-a-practical-guide

Stay Healthy - Stay Active: HSC 2021

Stay active, keep connected and look after yourself during the HSC this year! 
Find helpful study tips, self-care resources and guides for students and parents at https://education.nsw.gov.au/stay-healthy-HSC

Write what you know: the COVID experience is a rich resource for year 12 English exams

Janet Dutton, Macquarie University

Generations of students sitting exams would know what Australian poet Joanne Burns means when she writes of the fear of failure when expressing ideas.

they don’t come out of your mouth in smooth formation very often […]

you become intimidated far too easily by the prospect of that great black trapdoor under your words, that might open and tumble you down to the cavern of indefinite shame if you start to make the slightest mistake […]

In 2021, English students are not only striving to overcome the “trapdoor” under their words, they are doing so in a year that has challenged them to see their world very differently.

COVID-19 has shaped a year of uncertainty. For secondary students eyeing the finish line of their school days, the disruptions to life, and disappointments from cancelled rites of passage, have been a crash course in the vicissitudes of human experiences.

Read more: Fears loom for teens undergoing vital brain development during COVID. Telling stories might help

There is no denying the serious challenges faced by so many. But senior students writing English exams can also use their experiences from this period of turbulence as a source of inspiration.

Write what you know, but stand outside your experience

Classroom-based research has long supported the importance of “harnessing students’ own knowledge, experience, imagination and memories” in writing. Helping students to tell their own stories is a powerful way to value their experiences and support their identity.

Read more: 'I'm in another world': writing without rules lets kids find their voice, just like professional authors

Authors often use their everyday perceptions of the world as a source of inspiration. Novelist P.D. James famously observed:

You absolutely should write about what you know… [but] You have to learn to stand outside of yourself. All experience, whether it is painful or whether it is happy, is somehow stored up and sooner or later it’s used.

Drawing on lived experience doesn’t have to be explicit. Standing outside of yourself means not literally recounting a life story in boring detail. It means being original and doing what good writers do by asking questions to re-imagine personal experiences.

Questions you could ask yourself include:

  • what if the personal experience was told from a different perspective?

  • how could a character trait or emotion be exaggerated for comic or tragic effect?

  • how could the setting be changed to become more dramatic, unfamiliar, surreal, or perhaps possible in the future?

  • what if you use a flashback or flashforward to delay the action and build suspense?

  • could the dominant mood be altered to take the narrative in a different direction?

An elephant sitting in a tree.
Could you use personal experience and change it to make it surreal? Shutterstock

Using these techniques you could write about Zoom gatherings and viral TikTok dances in a satirical way.

Or consider using the enduring tensions around individual choice and collective responsibility as an example or metaphor in a writing task or persuasive text (writing an argument).

Use the writing prompt, but be interesting

Writing tasks in English exams include prompts. These vary widely but commonly focus on human experience and are broad enough to open a wide range of possibilities you could use in your writing.

In a past senior English Queensland exam, students were asked to use a set of images and develop a narrative using the theme of “a fork in the road”.

In one of the images a man wearing a backpack is standing in a forest.

For this task, you could use the image and “fork in the road” theme to explore potential decisions that could come about from having experienced social isolation during COVID. For instance, after the pandemic is over, do you want to return to your old social life or continue spending more time by yourself?

Illustration of people standing part from each other.
You could explore the idea of social isolation. Shutterstock

English exams often contain excerpts from texts as a writing stimulus, like this one from the short story Underdog, by Tobias Madden, which appeared in a NSW exam.

This is my world now, and it can be yours too, if you like. A place can soak through your skin like sweat, and ooze into your heart and soul. Breathe it in, and let me tell you a story.

With a prompt like this, you could use personal experiences such as:

  • a familiar location such as a disused warehouse in a local street, or the carefully styled loft apartment from an influencer’s social media post

  • comparisons between two worlds – your known world (a bustling commercial landscape) and another world (a desolate, urban landscape waiting for people to re-inhabit it)

  • a memoir-style description of a grandparents’ house, as told to a younger family member with use of dialogue in English and the student’s first language to construct authenticity.

Read more: Inside the story: writing trauma in Cynthia Banham's A Certain Light

It is always important for students to closely follow the task instructions because the marking criteria will assess the extent to which students are able to reflect the task parameters in their response.

Rote-learned, off-task pieces of writing will not be graded highly by markers.

English offers a unique space for students to write about their world. If students write what they know but make it interesting, their experiences during their turbulent senior year can be reshaped into meaningful and creative exam writing tasks.The Conversation

Janet Dutton, Senior Lecturer, Secondary English, Macquarie University

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Mateship might sound blokey, but our research shows women value it more highly than men

Naama Carlin, UNSW; Amanda Laugesen, Australian National University, and Benjamin T. Jones, CQUniversity Australia

Mateship is an intrinsic part of Australian society, routinely discussed as an important national value. In 1999, Prime Minister John Howard even attempted to include mateship in the constitutional preamble.

But despite its ubiquity in Australian culture, what does mateship mean to people and how do they really feel about the term? Our new Australian Mateship Survey attempted to find out.

In a survey of over 500 respondents, we found that while support for the concept of mateship is high among Australians, many find it problematic.

And surprisingly, women supported the idea of mateship being a key feature of Australian national values more strongly than men (70% and 60%, respectively). This finding stands out since mateship has historic masculine connotations – a perception that was supported by many of our respondents.

Short history of mateship in Australia

Mateship is a common word in many countries, but it has come to have a special meaning in Australian English. The Australian National Dictionary defines it as “the bond between equal partners or close friends; comradeship; comradeship as an ideal”.

While that definition is gender-neutral, mateship has historically been seen as a male domain. One of our respondents succinctly described it as “friendship, but bloke-ier”.

There is a long mythology of mateship in Australia. Canonical bush writers such as Henry Lawson drew on the concept of mateship, enshrining it as part of the Australian bush tradition of the late 19th century.

In the first half of the 20th century, mateship came to be closely associated with the ANZAC legend – and this remains the case today.

In the 1970s, historian Miriam Dixon, among others, challenged the cultural dominance of mateship and argued it was an exclusionary concept. For Dixon, mateship was “deeply antipathetic to women”.

By the 1990s, Howard claimed the term had outgrown its masculine origins and could be regarded as an inclusive national ideal. Nevertheless, his plan to include the term in the constitutional preamble was roundly criticised and ultimately abandoned.

The purpose of our research was to test attitudes towards mateship two decades after this public debate to see how people view it today.

Positive feelings on mateship – except when used by politicians

Our survey posed a series of questions that sought to determine if and how respondents used the term “mate”, whether they believed mateship was important in Australia, and how people defined it.

A strong majority of respondents (82%) said they use the word “mate” in conversation and nearly 65% responded yes when asked, “Is mateship a key feature of Australian national identity?”. Many respondents also had positive things to say about mateship in their comments.

Our survey also showed women overall had a slightly more positive view of mateship compared to men and non-binary or gender-fluid respondents, despite the fact many women found the term to be too “blokey”.

Read more: Get yer hand off it, mate, Australian slang is not dying

While mateship is seen as a positive Australian value by most, we found there is suspicion when politicians try to gain political mileage from it.

When asked if politicians should invoke mateship in national rituals such as speeches on Australia Day and ANZAC Day, only 45% of our respondents said yes.

Without mentioning the phrase’s origin with the Howard government’s proposed addition to the constitutional preamble in 1999, respondents were asked if they supported the line, “We value excellence as well as fairness, independence as dearly as mateship”. Only 39% said yes.

Mateship and exclusion

While most of our respondents (60%) said they believed mateship includes “all Australians”, a sizeable minority said the term is exclusive on gender and racial lines.

Many of the comments associated mateship not only with men, but specifically with white men. One respondent described it as “a dog whistle for white nationalism and misogyny”. Others suggested mateship was “too white male-centric” and “mateship feels like a boy’s club, specifically for white men”.

Read more: Paul Hogan and the myth of the white Aussie bloke

This perhaps reflects a sense of distrust people feel when mateship is used in political discourse. Australia’s political leaders are predominantly white and male, and regularly use the language of mateship to speak of solidarity and political community.

Like Howard, recent leaders have attempted to harness its cultural power. In fact, then-Treasurer Scott Morrison said in parliament in late 2015 that “mateship is the Australian word for love”.

Our survey shows there are many Australians concerned with attempts to force mateship as a civic ideal, as political rhetoric often does.

The future of mateship

Although mateship is largely seen as a positive feature of Australian life, defining it is difficult and attempts to politicise it are generally frowned upon.

Our survey also found that, for a significant minority, the exclusionary connotations of mateship are too strong for it to be a unifying civic ideal. For many of our respondents – as with critics of Howard’s constitutional preamble – the term has not outgrown its sexist and exclusionary baggage.

In his history of mateship, Nick Dyrenfurth notes it has always been contested. The diverse range of responses to our survey support this.

As a result, we believe that political attempts to take ownership of mateship and enshrine a particular definition as a civic ideal are more likely to divide than unite.The Conversation

Naama Carlin, Lecturer, UNSW; Amanda Laugesen, Director, Australian National Dictionary Centre, Australian National University, and Benjamin T. Jones, Senior Lecturer in History, CQUniversity Australia

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Australia’s oldest dinosaur was a peaceful vegetarian, not a fierce predator

Anthony Romilio, Author provided
Steven W. Salisbury, The University of Queensland and Anthony Romilio, The University of Queensland

Ipswich, about 40 kilometres west of Brisbane, seems an unlikely place to find dinosaur fossils. Yet the area has produced the oldest evidence of dinosaurs in Australia.

A fresh look at these fossils now reveals they aren’t what they first seemed, and it’s prompting us to reconsider how the story of Australia’s dinosaurs began.

In research published today in Historical Biology, we reanalyse a sequence of 220-million-year-old tracks from the Ipswich Coal Measures, thought to have belonged to a carnivorous dinosaur.

We show they actually belonged to an early sauropodomorph — a distant relative of the plant-eating sauropods that roamed the planet much later, during the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods. This is the first time fossil evidence of early sauropodomorphs has been found in Australia.

Subterranean dinosaur tracks

The Ipswich area was once the principal source of coal for Queensland. Its suburbs including Ebbw Vale, New Chum and Swanbank were dotted with underground mines during the late 1800s and the first half of the twentieth century.

These mining operations involved the creation of deep shafts and tunnels, from which miners could access deposits of coal sandwiched between other layers of rock. Some tunnels would descend hundreds of metres below the surface.

The coal would be removed from the seam by hand, and pillars were left in its place to support the ceiling of the resulting underground “room”. It was difficult and dangerous work.

In 1964, miners working at the Rhondda colliery in New Chum made a startling discovery. As they removed the coal from a seam they were following 213 metres below the surface, a series of giant, three-toed tracks became exposed in the ceiling of the mine shaft. For the miners, it was as if a dinosaur had just walked over their heads.

Fossilised plant remains found in association with the tracks provide a fascinating window into the world of Australia’s first dinosaurs. The highly diverse flora comprised a dense groundcover of ferns, cycad-like plants and horsetails that grew under a canopy of gingko, voltzialean conifers and seed-ferns (corystosperms), like this Dicroidium dubium. Steven Salisbury, Author provided

These tracks remain the oldest-known dinosaur fossils in the entire continent. They’d been made by a dinosaur walking across a layer of swampy vegetation, which would be extracted as coal 220 million years later. Buried under fine silt and mud, they’d been preserved as natural casts.

It had been assumed some type of predatory dinosaur made the tracks. The only problem was the footprints were reportedly about 40–46 centimetres long. This would suggest the track-maker was just under 2m high at the hips.

This isn’t necessarily large for a theropod such as Allosaurus fragillis, which was about this size. Tyrannosaurus rex was even bigger, with a hip height of about 3.2m.

But the tracks found in Ipswich were created during the Late Triassic about 220 million years ago — 65 million years before Allosaurus and 150 million years before T. rex. And fossil evidence from around the world indicates theropods of a larger size didn’t appear until the start of the Early Jurrasic Period, 200 million years ago.

Was something unusual afoot in Australia during the Late Triassic?

As part of a broader review of Australian dinosaur tracks, we decided to take a closer look at the Rhondda colliery tracks. The mine has long been closed, so the original tracks are no longer accessible, but archival photographs and a plaster cast are held at the Queensland Museum.

Read more: Introducing Australotitan: Australia's largest dinosaur yet spanned the length of 2 buses

Dispelling the myth of the ‘Triassic terror’

Using the photos and cast, we created a 3D digital model of the track to allow a more detailed comparison with other dinosaur tracks from around the world.

Our study revealed two important things. First, the footprints were not as big as initially reported. Excluding drag marks and other unrelated surface features, they are close to 32–34cm long (not 40–46cm as previously documented).

Second, the shape of the footprints and the sequence in which they were made is more consistent with early sauropodomorphs. Sauropodomorphs were the distant relatives of the lumbering sauropods of the Late Jurassic and subsequent Cretaceous Period.

The towering Triassic terror of the Ipswich Coal Measures was no more. In its place was a peaceful plant-eater.

Australia's oldest dinosaur, reconstructed based on a fossilised tracks founnd in 220 million year old rocks from Ipswich.
Hypothetical reconstruction of the Ipswich sauropodomorph dinosaur, alongside an 3D orthographic image of one of the fossilised tracks form the Rhondda colliery, with a 1.8m person for scale. Anthony Romilio

The remains of early sauropodomorph dinosaurs have been found in Upper Triassic rocks, aged between 220 million and 200 million years, in continental Europe, Argentina, Brazil and South Africa.

And by the start of the Jurassic, 200 million years ago, they had achieved a near global distribution, with fossils in North America, China and Antarctica. This isn’t surprising, given the continents at the time were still connected in a single landmass called Pangaea.

Our new interpretation of the Rhondda colliery tracks shows early sauropodomorphs lived in Australia, too, and that Australia’s first dinosaurs were friendlier than we thought.

Read more: The march of the titanosaurs: the Snake Creek Tracksite unveiled The Conversation

Steven W. Salisbury, PhD; Senior Lecturer, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland and Anthony Romilio, PhD, Independent Researcher, The University of Queensland

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

From counting birds to speaking out: how citizen science leads us to ask crucial questions

Hugh Possingham, The University of Queensland

My utopia is based on one simple idea: we should all become citizen scientists.

Why? Because citizen scientists can overturn the information inequity that plagues much of our collective decision-making. If citizens immerse themselves in gathering knowledge and asking questions, they gain power – and are far more likely to engage in participatory democracy. This is fundamental to achieving sustainable environmental change.

Let me give you an example. Over the last 25 years, I’ve been lucky enough to be an active participant in the development of marine spatial plans in many countries.

These plans aim to deliver win-win outcomes for nature, climate, the economy and equity. If you protect marine areas from fishing and other human uses, the fish and other species will bounce back, increasing the number of fish we can catch outside the parks.

But there’s a problem. To work, these plans need buy-in from everyone from artisanal fishermen to national governments. Ideally, that means people need to be able to understand fish growth, movement and population dynamics to be able to discuss the issues on a level playing field. At present, that isn’t always possible.

That’s why I have my hopes pegged on a rapid expansion and celebration of citizen science.

What is citizen science?

The Australian Citizen Science Association defines citizen science as:

public participation and collaboration in scientific research with the aim to increase scientific knowledge.

In short, it’s where lay people collect and sometimes analyse, interpret and share scientific information.

Finding out which species live where is often the first step to becoming a citizen scientist. Many people do this without realising.

binoculars and birdwatching guide
Birdwatchers are often engaged in citizen science without even knowing it. Shutterstock

Every day, thousands of birdwatchers enter data about birds they’ve seen into apps. This collective undertaking can become almost addictive for the user. On a mass scale, it allows us to produce maps showing where species are present, where they are not, and in some cases their abundance.

This citizen-collected data is exactly the kind we need for better spatial planning and environmental regulations. Collecting this data across large areas quickly would be almost impossible without the help of citizen scientists.

A huge body of scientific literature has been built around assembling, analysing and interpreting community-gathered spatial data.

Read more: Citizen scientists are filling research gaps created by the pandemic

Citizen science creates informed citizens

Citizen science also creates informed citizens who ask crucial questions.

Are there errors in the data and do they matter? How can we make distribution maps when so many parts of Australia are rarely visited by people? What does this data tell us about whether species are becoming more or less abundant, or changing their distribution?

If we collectively create and share data on species distributions, that allows communities to meaningfully discuss thorny issues such as the tension between threatened species and urban development.

Is a block of koala habitat important even if no koala has been seen in it for a couple of years? Should we be planting koala habitat in other areas?

The next fundamental question - what is changing? – is what leads citizen scientists further into engagement with science and collective decision-making.

This question has been important in improving policies for more than 50 years. Rachel Carson’s groundbreaking book about environmental science, Silent Spring, was inspired in part by data collected by birdwatchers in the US showing some species were declining rapidly. That book led to changes in pesticide policy and gave rise to the modern environmental movement in the US.

To truly understand change, citizen scientists ideally collect data in the same way, at the same locations and across many years. Though this type of data requires more commitment and more attention to process, it produces the most valuable outcome: information on changes in species distribution and abundance.

bushwalkers photographing waratah flowers
Observing changes in where species live and their abundance provides vital data. Shutterstock

For instance, the Threatened Species Index has influenced policies such as the recent review of the federal Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act, which exposed Australia’s failure to arrest the decline in listed threatened species over twenty years.

But this index would not have been possible without the data generated by citizen scientists (and researchers and governments). It was the quality of the data that made clear the alarming trends for our wildlife.

Knowing that the sky is falling is necessary, but it’s not enough. Knowing what to do about the falling sky is much more useful. This happens when a citizen scientist begins asking how our actions cause change.

Read more: Our turtle program shows citizen science isn't just great for data, it makes science feel personal

Speaking up and speaking out

In my ideal world, everybody in Australia would not only be asking questions about what causes changes to the environment but would also be involved in solving the problems we face and making the most of whatever opportunities emerge.

For example, we have found that the work of recreational fishers in monitoring species abundance and size of fish in and outside of protected areas proves powerful advocacy for more marine zoning.

When people see with their own eyes how fish increase in size in protected zones compared to fishing zones, they often become advocates for protected areas. To me, this is a clear example of the power of information and connected knowledge in locally managed ecosystems.

Large ball of schooling fish
Citizen science can help capture changes in fish abundance and distribution in real time. Shutterstock

Any utopia requires decision-making by the people, for the people. For us to make good decisions together, we need to have equal access to information - not only consumption, but production.

That’s why I see citizen science as so important. It’s information produced by the people for everyone’s benefit. Its power lies in the opportunities it gives anyone to learn about the world, to ask questions about how it is changing, and and how our actions are affecting that change.

More and more citizen scientists are willing to speak up and speak out about matters they care about, and to question policies or decisions they disagree with. Science has given them power to speak with authority. If we were all citizen scientists, information inequities would be a thing of the past.

This piece has been adapted from Professor Possingham’s essay in Griffith Review 73: Hey, Utopia!The Conversation

Hugh Possingham, Professor, The University of Queensland

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Book of the Month october 2021: Boys' own book; a complete Encyclopaedia of athletic, scientific, outdoor and indoor sports

Published in 1898 by P J Kenedy, New York

New Shorebird Identification Booklet

The Migratory Shorebird Program has just released the third edition of its hugely popular Shorebird Identification Booklet. The team has thoroughly revised and updated this pocket-sized companion for all shorebird counters and interested birders, with lots of useful information on our most common shorebirds, key identification features, sighting distribution maps and short articles on some of BirdLife’s shorebird activities. 

The booklet can be downloaded here in PDF file format: http://www.birdlife.org.au/documents/Shorebird_ID_Booklet_V3.pdf

Paper copies can be ordered as well, see http://www.birdlife.org.au/projects/shorebirds-2020/counter-resources for details.

Download BirdLife Australia's children’s education kit to help them learn more about our wading birdlife

Shorebirds are a group of wading birds that can be found feeding on swamps, tidal mudflats, estuaries, beaches and open country. For many people, shorebirds are just those brown birds feeding a long way out on the mud but they are actually a remarkably diverse collection of birds including stilts, sandpipers, snipe, curlews, godwits, plovers and oystercatchers. Each species is superbly adapted to suit its preferred habitat.  The Red-necked Stint is as small as a sparrow, with relatively short legs and bill that it pecks food from the surface of the mud with, whereas the Eastern Curlew is over two feet long with a exceptionally long legs and a massively curved beak that it thrusts deep down into the mud to pull out crabs, worms and other creatures hidden below the surface.

Some shorebirds are fairly drab in plumage, especially when they are visiting Australia in their non-breeding season, but when they migrate to their Arctic nesting grounds, they develop a vibrant flush of bright colours to attract a mate. We have 37 types of shorebirds that annually migrate to Australia on some of the most lengthy and arduous journeys in the animal kingdom, but there are also 18 shorebirds that call Australia home all year round.

What all our shorebirds have in common—be they large or small, seasoned traveller or homebody, brightly coloured or in muted tones—is that each species needs adequate safe areas where they can successfully feed and breed.

The National Shorebird Monitoring Program is managed and supported by BirdLife Australia. 

This project is supported by Glenelg Hopkins Catchment Management Authority and Hunter Local Land Services through funding from the Australian Government’s National Landcare Program. Funding from Helen Macpherson Smith Trust and Port Phillip Bay Fund is acknowledged. 

The National Shorebird Monitoring Program is made possible with the help of over 1,600 volunteers working in coastal and inland habitats all over Australia. 

The National Shorebird Monitoring program (started as the Shorebirds 2020 project initiated to re-invigorate monitoring around Australia) is raising awareness of how incredible shorebirds are, and actively engaging the community to participate in gathering information needed to conserve shorebirds. 

In the short term, the destruction of tidal ecosystems will need to be stopped, and our program is designed to strengthen the case for protecting these important habitats. 

In the long term, there will be a need to mitigate against the likely effects of climate change on a species that travels across the entire range of latitudes where impacts are likely. 

The identification and protection of critical areas for shorebirds will need to continue in order to guard against the potential threats associated with habitats in close proximity to nearly half the human population. 

Here in Australia, the place where these birds grow up and spend most of their lives, continued monitoring is necessary to inform the best management practice to maintain shorebird populations. 

BirdLife Australia believe that we can help secure a brighter future for these remarkable birds by educating stakeholders, gathering information on how and why shorebird populations are changing, and working to grow the community of people who care about shorebirds.

To find out more visit: http://www.birdlife.org.au/projects/shorebirds-2020/shorebirds-2020-program

The world at your finger tips: Online

With current advice to stay at home and self-isolate, when you come in out of the garden, have had your fill of watching movies and want to explore something new, there's a whole world of books you can download, films you can watch and art galleries you can stroll through - all from at home and via the internet. This week a few suggestions of some of the resources available for you to explore and enjoy. For those who have a passion for Art - this month's Artist of the Month is the Online Australian Art Galleries and State Libraries where you can see great works of art from all over the world  and here - both older works and contemporary works.

Also remember the Project Gutenberg Australia - link here- has heaps of great books, not just focused on Australian subjects but fiction works by popular authors as well. Well worth a look at.

Short Stories for Teenagers you can read for free online

StoryStar is an online resource where you can access and read short stories for teenagers


Storystar is a totally FREE short stories site featuring some of the best short stories online, written by/for kids, teens, and adults of all ages around the world, where short story writers are the stars, and everyone is free to shine! Storystar is dedicated to providing a free place where everyone can share their stories. Stories can entertain us, enlighten us, and change us. Our lives are full of stories; stories of joy and sorrow, triumph and tragedy, success and failure. The stories of our lives matter. Share them. Sharing stories with each other can bring us closer together and help us get to know one another better. Please invite your friends and family to visit Storystar to read, rate and share all the short stories that have been published here, and to tell their stories too.

StoryStar headquarters are located on the central Oregon coast.

NFSA - National Film and Sound Archive of Australia

The doors may be temporarily closed but when it comes to the NFSA, we are always open online. We have content for Kids, Animal Lovers, Music fans, Film buffs & lots more.

You can explore what’s available online at the NFSA, see more in the link below.


NLA Ebooks - Free To Download

The National Library of Australia provides access to thousands of ebooks through its website, catalogue and eResources service. These include our own publications and digitised historical books from our collections as well as subscriptions to collections such as Chinese eResources, Early English Books Online and Ebsco ebooks.

What are ebooks?
Ebooks are books published in an electronic format. They can be read by using a personal computer or an ebook reader.

This guide will help you find and view different types of ebooks in the National Library collections.

Peruse the NLA's online ebooks, ready to download - HERE

The Internet Archive and Digital Library

The Internet Archive is an American digital library with the stated mission of "universal access to all knowledge." It provides free public access to collections of digitised materials, including websites, software applications/games, music, movies, videos, moving images, and millions of public-domain books. There's lots of Australian materials amongst the millions of works on offer.

Visit:  https://archive.org/

Avalon Youth Hub: More Meditation Spots

Due to popular demand our meditation evenings have EXPANDED. Two sessions will now be run every Wednesday evening at the Hub. Both sessions will be facilitated by Merryn at Soul Safaris.

6-7pm - 12 - 15 year olds welcome
7-8pm - 16 - 25 year olds welcome

No experience needed. Learn and develop your mindfulness and practice meditation in a group setting.

For all enquires, message us via facebook or email help@avalonyouthhub.org.au

BIG THANKS The Burdekin Association for funding these sessions!

Green Team Beach Cleans 

Hosted by The Green Team
It has been estimated that we will have more plastic than fish in the ocean by 2050...These beach cleans are aimed at reducing the vast amounts of plastic from entering our oceans before they harm marine life. 

Anyone and everyone is welcome! If you would like to come along, please bring a bucket, gloves and hat. Kids of all ages are also welcome! 

We will meet in front of the surf club. 
Hope to see you there!

The Green Team is a Youth-run, volunteer-based environment initiative from Avalon, Sydney. Keeping our area green and clean.

 The Project Gutenberg Library of Australiana

Australian writers, works about Australia and works which may be of interest to Australians.This Australiana page boasts many ebooks by Australian writers, or books about Australia. There is a diverse range; from the journals of the land and sea explorers; to the early accounts of white settlement in Australia; to the fiction of 'Banjo' Paterson, Henry Lawson and many other Australian writers.

The list of titles form part of the huge collection of ebooks freely downloadable from Project Gutenberg Australia. Follow the links to read more about the authors and titles and to read and/or download the ebooks. 

Profile: Ingleside Riders Group

Ingleside Riders Group Inc. (IRG) is a not for profit incorporated association and is run solely by volunteers. It was formed in 2003 and provides a facility known as “Ingleside Equestrian Park” which is approximately 9 acres of land between Wattle St and McLean St, Ingleside. IRG has a licence agreement with the Minister of Education to use this land. This facility is very valuable as it is the only designated area solely for equestrian use in the Pittwater District.  IRG promotes equal rights and the respect of one another and our list of rules that all members must sign reflect this.


Research shows that one in five Australian children aged 8 to 17 has been the target of cyberbullying in the past year. The Office of the Children’s eSafety Commissioner can help you make a complaint, find someone to talk to and provide advice and strategies for dealing with these issues.

Make a Complaint 

The Enhancing Online Safety for Children Act 2015 gives the power to provide assistance in relation to serious cyberbullying material. That is, material that is directed at a particular child with the intention to seriously embarrass, harass, threaten or humiliate.


Before you make a complaint you need to have:

  • copies of the cyberbullying material to upload (eg screenshots or photos)
  • reported the material to the social media service (if possible) at least 48 hours ago
  • at hand as much information as possible about where the material is located
  • 15-20 minutes to complete the form

Visit: esafety.gov.au/complaints-and-reporting/cyberbullying

Our mission

The Office of the Children’s eSafety Commissioner is Australia's leader in online safety. The Office is committed to helping young people have safe, positive experiences online and encouraging behavioural change, where a generation of Australian children act responsibly online—just as they would offline.

We provide online safety education for Australian children and young people, a complaints service for young Australians who experience serious cyberbullying, and address illegal online content through the Online Content Scheme.

Our goal is to empower all Australians to explore the online world—safely.

Visit: esafety.gov.au/about-the-office 

The Green Team

This Youth-run, volunteer-based environment initiative has been attracting high praise from the founders of Living Ocean as much as other local environment groups recently. 
Creating Beach Cleans events, starting their own, sustainability days - ‘action speaks louder than words’ ethos is at the core of this group. 

National Training Complaints Hotline – 13 38 73

The National Training Complaints Hotline is accessible on 13 38 73 (Monday to Friday from 8am to 6pm nationally) or via email at skilling@education.gov.au.

Sync Your Breathing with this - to help you Relax

Send In Your Stuff

Pittwater Online News is not only For and About you, it is also BY you.  
We will not publish swearing or the gossip about others. BUT: If you have a poem, story or something you want to see addressed, let us know or send to: pittwateronlinenews@live.com.au

All Are Welcome, All Belong!

Youth Source: Northern Sydney Region

A directory of services and resources relevant to young people and those who work, play and live alongside them.

The YouthSource directory has listings from the following types of service providers: Aboriginal, Accommodation, Alcohol & Other Drugs, Community Service, Counselling, Disability, Education & Training, Emergency Information, Employment, Financial, Gambling,  General Health & Wellbeing, Government Agency, Hospital & GP, Legal & Justice, Library, Mental Health, Multicultural, Nutrition & Eating Disorders, Parenting, Relationships, Sexual Health, University, Youth Centre

Fined Out: Practical guide for people having problems with fines

Legal Aid NSW has just published an updated version of its 'Fined Out' booklet, produced in collaboration with Inner City Legal Centre and Redfern Legal Centre.

Fined Out is a practical guide to the NSW fines system. It provides information about how to deal with fines and contact information for services that can help people with their fines.

A fine is a financial penalty for breaking the law. The Fines Act 1996 (NSW) and Regulations sets out the rules about fines.

The 5th edition of 'Fined Out' includes information on the different types of fines and chapters on the various options to deal with fines at different stages of the fine lifecycle, including court options and pathways to seek a review, a 50% reduction, a write-off, plan, or a Work and Development Order (WDO).

The resource features links to self-help legal tools for people with NSW fines, traffic offence fines and court attendance notices (CANs) and also explains the role of Revenue NSW in administering and enforcing fines.

Other sections of the booklet include information specific to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, young people and driving offences, as well as a series of template letters to assist people to self-advocate.

Hard copies will soon be available to be ordered online through the Publications tab on the Legal Aid NSW website.

Hard copies will also be made available in all public and prison libraries throughout NSW.

Read the resource online, or download the PDF.

Apprenticeships and traineeships info

Are you going to leave school this year?
Looking for an apprenticeship or traineeship to get you started?
This website, Training Services NSW, has stacks of info for you;

It lists the group training organisations (GTOs) that are currently registered in NSW under the Apprenticeship and Traineeship Act 2001. These GTOs have been audited by independent auditors and are compliant with the National Standards for Group Training Organisations.

If you are interested in using the services of a registered GTO, please contact any of the organisations listed here: https://www.training.nsw.gov.au/gto/contacts.html

There are also some great websites, like 1300apprentice, which list what kind of apprenticeships and traineeships they can guide you to securing as well as listing work available right now.

Profile Bayview Yacht Racing Association (BYRA)
1842 Pittwater Rd, Bayview
Website: www.byra.org.au

BYRA has a passion for sharing the great waters of Pittwater and a love of sailing with everyone aged 8 to 80 or over!

 headspace Brookvale

headspace Brookvale provides services to young people aged 12-25. If you are a young person looking for health advice, support and/or information,headspace Brookvale can help you with:

• Mental health • Physical/sexual health • Alcohol and other drug services • Education and employment services

If you ever feel that you are:

• Alone and confused • Down, depressed or anxious • Worried about your use of alcohol and/or other drugs • Not coping at home, school or work • Being bullied, hurt or harassed • Wanting to hurt yourself • Concerned about your sexual health • Struggling with housing or accommodation • Having relationship problems • Finding it hard to get a job

Or if you just need someone to talk to… headspace Brookvale can help! The best part is our service is free, confidential and youth friendly.

headspace Brookvale is open from Monday to Friday 9:00am-5:30pm so if you want to talk or make an appointment give us a call on (02) 9937 6500. If you're not feeling up to contacting us yourself, feel free to ask your family, friend, teacher, doctor or someone close to you to make a referral on your behalf.

When you first come to headspace Brookvale you will be greeted by one of our friendly staff. You will then talk with a member of our headspace Brookvale Youth Access Team. The headspace Brookvale Youth Access Team consists of three workers, who will work with you around whatever problems you are facing. Depending on what's happening for you, you may meet with your Youth Access Worker a number of times or you may be referred on to a more appropriate service provider.

A number of service providers are operating out of headspace Brookvale including Psychologists, Drug & Alcohol Workers, Sexual Health Workers, Employment Services and more! If we can't find a service operating withinheadspace Brookvale that best suits you, the Youth Access Team can also refer you to other services in the Sydney area.

eheadspace provides online and telephone support for young people aged 12-25. It is a confidential, free, secure space where you can chat, email or talk on the phone to qualified youth mental health professionals.

Click here to go to eheadspace

For urgent mental health assistance or if you are in a crisis please call the Northern Sydney 24 hour Mental Health Access Line on 1800 011 511

Need Help Right NOW??

kids help line: 1800 55 1800 - www.kidshelpline.com.au

lifeline australia - 13 11 14 - www.lifeline.org.au

headspace Brookvale is located at Level 2 Brookvale House, 1A Cross Street Brookvale NSW 2100 (Old Medical Centre at Warringah Mall). We are nearby Brookvale Westfield's bus stop on Pittwater road, and have plenty of parking under the building opposite Bunnings. More at: www.headspace.org.au/headspace-centres/headspace-brookvale

Profile: Avalon Soccer Club
Avalon Soccer Club is an amateur club situated at the northern end of Sydney’s Northern Beaches. As a club we pride ourselves on our friendly, family club environment. The club is comprised of over a thousand players aged from 5 to 70 who enjoy playing the beautiful game at a variety of levels and is entirely run by a group of dedicated volunteers. 
Profile: Pittwater Baseball Club

Their Mission: Share a community spirit through the joy of our children engaging in baseball.

Year 13

Year13 is an online resource for post school options that specialises in providing information and services on Apprenticeships, Gap Year Programs, Job Vacancies, Studying, Money Advice, Internships and the fun of life after school. Partnering with leading companies across Australia Year13 helps facilitate positive choices for young Australians when finishing school.

Driver Knowledge Test (DKT) Practice run Online

Did you know you can do a practice run of the DKT online on the RMS site? - check out the base of this page, and the rest on the webpage, it's loaded with information for you!

The DKT Practice test is designed to help you become familiar with the test, and decide if you’re ready to attempt the test for real.  Experienced drivers can also take the practice test to check their knowledge of the road rules. Unlike the real test, the practice DKT allows you to finish all 45 questions, regardless of how many you get wrong. At the end of the practice test, you’ll be advised whether you passed or failed.

NCYLC is a community legal centre dedicated to providing advice to children and young people. NCYLC has developed a Cyber Project called Lawmail, which allows young people to easily access free legal advice from anywhere in Australia, at any time.

NCYLC was set up to ensure children’s rights are not marginalised or ignored. NCYLC helps children across Australia with their problems, including abuse and neglect. The AGD, UNSW, KWM, Telstra and ASIC collaborate by providing financial, in-kind and/or pro bono volunteer resources to NCYLC to operate Lawmail and/or Lawstuff.

Kids Helpline

If you’re aged 5-25 the Kids Helpline provides free and confidential online and phone counselling 24 hours a day, seven days a week on 1800 55 1800. You can chat with us about anything… What’s going on at home, stuff with friends. Something at school or feeling sad, angry or worried. You don’t have to tell us your name if you don’t want to.

You can Webchat, email or phone. Always remember - Everyone deserves to be safe and happy. You’re important and we are here to help you. Visit: https://kidshelpline.com.au/kids/