July 24 - 30, 2016: Issue 273

Herbert Henry Schlink

Herbert Henry Schlink (Sir)
28 March 1883 - 30 November 1962 

Dr., (later Sir) Kempson Maddox, in the Eulogy he read for Sir H. H. Schlink, stated: "He was of Churchillian stature, and had he elected to devote his outstanding gifts to public life ... he would have been one of the greatest Prime Ministers this country has ever seen."

Herbert Schlink, pioneered the use of cobalt ray therapy in treating pelvic cancer as a gynaecologist and instigated the systematic follow-up of cancer patients. As Chairman of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital he expanded one of our best places of healing into an international renowned and great city hospital. He was responsible for the founding the King George V Hospital Memorial Hospital for Mothers and Babies in 1958, and ensured the opening of the Queen Mary Nurses' Home, the neurosurgical and psychiatric blocks, the (Sir Earle) Page Chest Pavilion and the hospital chapel happened. He had a bigger plan too.

Sir Schlink was a founder of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, in 1936 he introduced the three-tiered system of private, intermediate and public ward accommodation in a major teaching hospital,  was foundation president in 1946 of the Australian Hospital Association and edited its journal, Australian Modern Hospital (1949-56), became an honorary member of the American Hospital Association and Australian representative to the International Hospital Federation,  was a foundation council-member of the (Metropolitan) Hospital Contribution Fund (1932-62), the Medical Benefits Fund and the Blue Cross Association and wrote numerous articles and books; some on Gynaecology (1939, 1949 and 1955), some on hospitals and health; The hospital problem of the metropolitan and suburban area of Sydney(1940) and The national medical centre for New South Wales(1946) and on skiing; The lure of Australia's snowfields (1926) and A day's skiing on the Muniong Ranges (1928). He is also considered to be the “father of Australian skiing” by many, (along with fellow founding member of the Kosciusko Alpine Club 1909-20, photographer Charles Kerry) and was president of its successor, the Ski Club of Australia (1921-62). 

His first copyrighted work, was "Medical Graphic Chart System" A System for Recording Histories of Patients", registered 28 December, 1909. 

Born the seventh child of Albert Schlink and Maria Franzisca(née Trudewind) H. H. Schlink had a love of Australia and ethos of contributing to Australia from his childhood on, something instilled by hard working practical parents. A country boy, "Bertie" as he was known to his friends, loved his mother, who apparently once fed an on the run Ned and Dan Kelly [1.], honoured his father, and maintained a close relationship with the indigenous peoples he met from boyhood on, learning from their own gynaecological knowledge, celebrating and admiring this thousands of years old culture.

Albert Schlink was born in Paderborn, a Catholic cathedral town, in the province of Westphalia, Prussia in 1840. He first came to Australia, landing on January 23rd 1865, via the Forest Rights, described as a 'Transit Ship from the Baltic' in Shipping Arrivals for the Port of Melbourne. Initially he spent time with a cousin, Anton Schlink, in South Australia. Anton was a prosperous sheep pastoralist of some note. Albert then came to Victoria, possibly following the gold rush of 1865.

Mr. Schlink Snr.'s reasons for coming to Australia may have been opportunity for everything then on offer here and a desire to leave a place that had been through several decades of unrest by the time the 25 year old landed in Australia. Prussian men at that time were subject to a law that stated 'Men of all classes, if physically-capable, must serve as common soldiers' and were expected to spend six weeks every year until aged 42 serving in this capacity and for life, if and when needed, from the time they could bear arms. Prussia was heading for more conflict and this arrived in 1870 in what is called The Franco-Prussian War. Even prior to that instances and evidence of this not being the best place for those not in charge, eg, farmers, fills the newspapers of then, and now, the history books.

Albert returned to Germany to marry Maria Franzisca (also spelt Franziska, Francesca, Francisca and Frances in various records). They returned, landing on February 20th, 1868 via the Suffolk, a ship of 1100 tons from London via Plymouth.

Albert and Francesca did as all new arrivals dd then, and began a new life, working hard on a farm to establish themselves:
Two Pound Reward.
LOST, from Belvoir, about 10th instant, BAY DRAUGHT MAKE, branded B over S off shoulder. Last heard of near El Dorado on 12th inst. Above Reward will be paid by- undersigned for information leading to recovery. ALBERT SCHLINK. Advertising (1868, November 3). Ovens and Murray Advertiser (Beechworth, Vic. : 1855 - 1918), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article198055242 

I HEREBY  give notice that I have applied to T. G. Kennan, Esq , Government Contract Surveyor, and have had surveyed for me, forty acres of land, under the 42nd Section of the Amending Land Act, 1865, situated at Belvoir.— Albert Schlink.  Advertising (1868, November 19). Ovens and Murray Advertiser (Beechworth, Vic. : 1855 - 1918), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article198055714 

Their first son, Rudolph Herriberd, was born in 1869, followed by Charles 'Carl' (1870 - died 1888), Maryann Francis (1873 - died 1874)Joseph Clement Albert (1875) Clement August (1877), Francisca Sarah Bertha (1879), Henry Herbert (1883), Anton Leo (born 1886 - died 1896).

Although Carl died due to an accident Mary and Anton appear to have been lost to childhood diseases - perhaps one reason two Schlink sons became doctors of the highest calibre. Clement returned to Germany to be 'adopted' by an uncle and be his heir. He stayed there and married, having children although he was interned during WWI for being an 'Australian' until the cessation of hostilities.

Albert worked hard and prospered - by 1872 he was opening a shop in High Street, Wodonga and starting a venture which would prove to be another success - wine making and specifically 'Claret':

The Wodonga correspondent of the Ovens Spectator writes:—A German resident here, Mr Schlinck, is going to establish a vigneron's depot here. For some time past Mr Schlinck has been importing such requisites as casks, large and small, and presses. Now he purposes importing or manufacturing every requisite for the vineyard and wine house. The almost stupidly childish character of the border customs arrangement here are shown in this very matter of vineyard requisites.
There is no duty on must, but take a last year's cask and dress it up, it will look new, and if filled with must en route to Albury, great becomes the concern of the custom-house officers.
The must may go free, but not the cask, if it can be shown to be new. A business man, a resident in Wodonga, was bringing some over from the other side a few days since. He presented himself at the Albury custom house with a regularly filled bill of entry. Judge of his surprise on being told that he should go to a custom house agent to get his entry passed. This may be law, but it does not look like common sense.
The grape crop is such a failure in some parts of the Geelong district that Messrs Hope Brothers will make only from fourteen to fifteen hogsheads of wine where they expected to make from eighty to a hundred. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. (1872, April 6).Riverine Herald (Echuca, Vic. : Moama, NSW : 1869 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article113591080 

On August 30th, 1876 he was 'Naturalised' (records retrieved from the National Archives of Australia):

The patriarch of this family went on to take up civic responsibilities and held positions that required him to perform duties at Wodonga and elsewhere during the year Herbert Henry was coming into the world:

Friday, August 25. (Before Mr W. H. Foster, P.M.)
Mr Albert Schlink, the President of the Shire of Wodonga, was sworn in as a justice of the peace, and took his seat upon the Bench.WODONGA POLICE COURT. (1882, August 29). Ovens and Murray Advertiser (Beechworth, Vic. : 1855 - 1918), , p. 1. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article199463381 

The oldest and most widely-known residents of Wodonga is Mr. A. Schlink, whose drapery business is a centre of attraction to the ladies of the district. Mr. Schlink arrived in the Wodonga district in 1864, and established his present thriving business in 1872. 
The house is liberally stocked with all the latest lines available in a metropolitan warehouse, and its popularity is a most gratifying and entirely satisfactory proof of the energy and intelligence  expended in its management. Mr. Schlink has long been associated with the viticultural interest on this centre. He is the proprietor of a very productive vineyard of 15 acres, situated within three miles of the town, and his wine cellars occupy a central position in the town itself. 
This gentleman’s wines took first prize at the Launceston exhibition, and have been equally successful at the Albury and Rutherglen shows. 
Mr. Schlink enjoys the distinction of having been  president of the Wodonga shire on the occasion of the opening of the railway between Albury and  Wodonga, and is now a prominent citizen and a Justice of the Peace for the Northern Baliwick…. HAYES BROS[?] PATENT ROLLER FLOUR MILLS. (1898, October 20).Melbourne Punch (Vic. : 1855 - 1900), , p. 17 (Supplement to Melbourne Punch). Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article177527090

Like his brothers Herbert Henry Schlink attended a Catholic schools at Wodonga and Albury early on and then went to St. Patrick’s College, Goulburn, where his passion for snow may have begun.

On 7th instant the 'break-up' of the students of St. Patrick's College, Goulburn, took place in the Oddfellows' Hall. The building was filled with an appreciative audience, present by invitation, and all enjoyed the display made by the students for their entertainment, and were also pleased at theeducational progress attained by the pupils during the year — the first under the management of the Christian Brothers, The Right Rev. Dr. Gallagher presided. The Mayor (Mr. P. M'Shane) and several other gentlemen were with his Lordship on the platform. The Rev. Fathers Ryan, Q'Shea, Donoghue, and … The prizes were distributed by Dr. Gallagher as follows : 
'most studious boy in Junior University Class, Herbert Schlink'
PATRICK'S COLLEGE, GOULBURN. (1898, December 24). Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), , p. 7. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115388540

Herbet then went on to Sydney University - Arts was his 1901 pass, Latin and French forming art of his 1902 curriculum:
Allowed an ordinary matriculation pass : T. J. Fletcher, R. W. Lockhead, G. D. Milford, R. L. de T. Prevost, H. E. Pridham, A, B. Steele, H. H. Schlink, F. O. Stokes, C. W.Thompson.THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY. (1901, March 22). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14337898

The University Boat Club of 1903 had Mr. Schlink among its rowing fraternity, as did Lawn Tennis, as half of a Doubles team. In 1904, as part of St Johns College residential college within the University of Sydney, established in 1857, the oldest Roman Catholic, and second-oldest overall university college in Australia, H H Schlink 'passed with credit' his second year of Medicine.

Passed with Distinction.—H. R. G. Poate.
Passed with Credit.—J. E. F. Deakin, O. A. A.Diethelm, H. H. Schlink and J. L. Shellshear...UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY. (1905, December 23). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14739535

Dr. H. H. Schlink, Photograph of Herbert Henry Schlink doctor [no date], Item FL2626321, courtesy NSW State Records.

He joined the staff of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital (RPAH) as a Junior Resident Medical Officer in 1907, commencing what would be almost six decades of service to this hospital and its associated health institutions. In 1910 he was appointed Medical Superintendent, reorganising many of the services of the Hospital and instituting a new records system. 

The monthly meeting of the senate of the University was held yesterday at Selborne chambers, Phillip-street. There were present: The Chancellor (Sir Normand MacLaurln), the Vice-Chancellor (Sir Arthur Renwick), Mr. H. C. L. Anderson, Judge Backhouse, Professor Butler, Dr. Cullen, M.L.C., Mr. E. W. Knox, Sir Samuel Griffith, Mr. Justice A. H. Simpson, Mr. C. B. Stephen, and Professor Stuart.

The following degrees were conferred: Master of Arts, T. N. Leo, in absentia; Bachelor of Medicine, F. B. Craig, K. Hammand, A. J. Mackenzie, G. A. Paul, H. H. Schlink, O. E. G. Withers; Master of Surgery, W. T. Quaife.
The Hon. Gerald Collier, B.A., was appointed Acting Professor of History for 1907, during the absence of Professor Wood on leave. Mr. Collier graduated at Oxford in 1901, in the first-class in Modern History. A letter was received from his Excellency the Naval Commander in Chief, conveying his thanks to University professors for courses of lectures delivered by them to the midshipmen of his Majesty's ship Powerful. Letters were received from the Agent-General for New South Wales, reporting the appointment of Mr. F. A. Eastaugh as demonstrator in metallurgy, in accordance with the request of the senate. A letter was received from Mr. Robert Smith, M.A., acknowledging his appointment as University solicitor....UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY. (1907, February 5). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14854966

From Dr. Herbert Schlink, Medical Superintendent, Prince Alfred Hospital, 15th June, 1912 - "Having known Dr. Frank Wooster for many years, both as a student and as a colleague in residence at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, I feel I am well qualified to bear testimony to his excellent capabilities as a medical man and his agreeableness as a companion. I have every confidence in recommending him for any position which requires a capable trustworthy, sympathetic, and tactful medical man." ROCKHAMPTON GENERAL HOSPITAL. (1914, January 23). Morning Bulletin(Rockhampton, Qld. : 1878 - 1954), , p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article53316344

In 1913, he applied for the post of Honorary Junior Gynaecological Surgeon. His application was successful, and he commenced practice as a gynaecologist and obstetrician in Macquarie Street. 

Dr. Schlink, late medical superintendent of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, has been succeeded by Dr. Kenneth Smith. Dr. Schlink is now in private practice, but retains an active interest in the hospital. THE HOME CIRCLE (1913, April 20). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), , p. 25. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article126459492

He lived in this premises too. Dr. Malcolm Coppleson (later Professor) reminisced in 1973:

"He virtually directed our futures ... He had an eyrie of an apartment over his rooms in Macquarie Street. We young doctors used to call it 'Berchtesgaden'.
"You'd get summoned down there when he was feeling expansive. He'd sit over his whisky and cigars, getting ash all down his front, punching your chest and telling you what to do and what to think about politics or something, often for eight hours at a stretch.
"It was marvellous,  though. He had a fantastic mind and breadth of knowledge, especially about world history, and he was a wonderful talker. I loved Bertie ...
"You mightn't get away till four in the morning. But he expected you to be on duty at 7.30 - and at your top! He always was . . .
"The relationship then was quite different, and heaven help you if you took advantage. Not that you'd dare.
"He might operate then right through till eight at night. Then straight to his club to play bridge, or eat, drink and talk half the night. His energy was fantastic, right to the end."

Throughout his life he would continue to support and promote good fellowship between all branches of Medicine:

The Council of the Sydney University Medical Society has announced that this year their annual social function ..will take the form of a conversazione, to be held for the first time in the history of the society at the Medical School, on Tuesday, September 23rd, at 8 p.m. His Excellency the Governor of New South Wales has graciously consented to bestow his patronage, and will honour the society by his presence.. The function will serve not only as a reunion of medical graduates and undergraduates but will at the same time afford an excellent opportunity for their parents, sisters, and ; friends to view under most favourable circumstances what is every graduate's and student's greatest pride, the Medical School, their Alma Mater. ... 'Every department of the school will be illuminated, and open for inspection. Lecturettes on scientific subjects of popular interest will be delivered by the professors and other members of the teaching staff. Specimens, microscopic and lantern slides, the pidia scope, and the uses of other scientific apparatus, will be displayed by demonstrators and assistants. Invitations will be issued to the Government, the Chancellor and members of the Senate, the Dean and members of the.medical faculty, the president of the British Medical Association, the visitors and principals of the University Colleges, and the directors, of the two Clinical Schools, Royal Prince Alfred and Sydney Hospitals. The Chancellor (Sir Normand MacLaurin), the Dean of the Faculty of Medicine (Professor Anderson Stuart), and the president of the society (Dr. C W. Thompson) will receive the 'guests. Nominations may be sent by members of the society to the Hon. Graduate (Dr. H. H. Schlink), the Hon. Undergraduate Secretary (Mr. B. C. A. Pockley), or handed to any of the year representatives. SYDNEY UNIVERSITY. (1913, September 18). Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), , p. 17. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article108165945
Finding images of a younger Herbert Henry Schlink shows a good looking man who was often described as having 'hair the colour of flax' - the amount of weddings of fellow students who became doctors where he was either a groomsman, best man or an attendee, flow thick and fast from 1912 to 1920:
Celebrated at the Cathedral, Newcastle, New South Wales, on 22nd May, and afterwards at the Cathedral Hall.  Photos by Falk Studios, Sydney. 
Standing.—Dr. Falkner Blaxland, Dr. Langloh Johnson, Dr. Lacey Dawson, Miss Nona Wilshire, Bride, Bridegroom, Dr. Schlink, and Dr. Burke-Gaffney. Sitting.—Miss Phylis Lang, Miss Gill Windeyer, Dr. Bauer's boys, Miss Frieda White, Miss Betty Bray. MRS. W. E. BATES, HOSTESS. (1912, May 30). Punch (Melbourne, Vic. : 1900 - 1918; 1925), , p. 30. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article175617722 

A NEWCASTLE wedding of interest took place recently at the Anglican. Cathedral, Newcastle, when Miss Nina Windeyer, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Julian Windeyer, of Newcastle, was married to Mr. Gordon Bray, second son of the late Mr. Alfred Bray, of Braygrove, Concord, and of Mrs. Bray, Ringsclere, Macleay-street. The Cathedral was elaborately decorated with white flowers and palms, and the wedding group was a charming one. The bride, who is extremely pretty, was gowned in white satin with a ninon overdress embroidered in silver. Beautiful old lace formed the veil, which was draped over orange-blossoms, and a posy of lilies-of-the-valley was carried. The maids were Miss G. Windeyer (sister of the bride), Miss Bray (sister of the bridegroom), Miss Freida White (Armidale), Miss Phyllis Lang, and Miss Noni Wilshire (cousin of the bride). The latter was dressed in white muslin embroidered in pale pink with tiny blue roses, and a' small becoming cap of fine. lace. The other maids were dressed alike in pale blue satin with pale blue ninon tunics embroidered with crystal beads and finished with pink satin rosebuds. On their heads they wore lace caps trimmed with blue and pink rosebuds,' and they carried posies of pink roses, which, in conjunction with handsome cameo slides, had been given by the bridegroom. Dr. Lacey Dawson was best man, and Dr. Langloh Johnson, Dr. Schlink, and Dr. Falconer Blaxland were the groomsmen. SOCIAL GOSSIP. (1912, June 5).Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), , p. 22. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article160341657

Gordon Wolseley Bray - Master of Surgery 1914 (Sydney University) Captain in WWI Dermatological Hospital (December 1915) and later, founder of the venereal clinic at the Prince Alfred Hospital. He and his first wife divorced in 1923 - he remarried in 1925.

This image from April 1915 of a get together with colleagues from St Patrick's shows Mr. Schlink's face clearer - interestingly he attended the inaugural  meeting for this group - there is a photo of their first dinner in EXtras - hard to distinguish which gentleman is H H Schlink though:

The tenth annual meeting of the above association was held at Aaron's Exchange' Hotel. 'The president (Mr. J. S. M'Auliffe) was in the chair, and there was a large attendance of members. The report for last year was read, and showed very marked progress not only in point of number of members, but also with regard to : the financial position of the Union. The enthusiasm displayed by the members throughout the year augurs well for the future prosperity of the association. 

Dr. H. H. Schlink, President of St.. Patrick's College (Goulburn) Old Boys' Union.
The various functions- held; during the year were outlined, the principal ones, being' the master dinner, the annual ball, and the reunion at the college. These functions were all very successful. At the latter gathering a Bursary Board was formed, and consisted of 'his Lordship Dr. Gallagher^' the President of the College, and the President, of the Old Boys' Union. The placing of a bursar at the college each year shows that1 the Old Boys' Union, besides fostering a feeling of good fellowship amongst its members, can materially assist the Alma Mater in .bringing to the front some deserving lad who would otherwise be debarred from obtaining a Catholic high school, education. Feeing reference was made at the meeting by the chairman and several other members to the deaths of the Hon. J. L. Trefle, Messrs. J. Blakeney, and J. Quigley. The deceased gentlemen had been towers of strength to the union by advice and by wholehearted co-operation and sympathy m everything connected with the Union since its inception. By the death of Hon. J. L. Trefle the Union has lost an esteemed confrere, a helpful adviser, and a faithful friend, and the State a trustworthy, competent statesman and a patriotic son. The election of officers for the ensuing year resulted as follows: Patron, Right Rev. Dr. Gallagher (Bishop of Goulburn).; vice-patron, Brother Joyce (President of St. Patrick's College); president, Dr. H. H. Schlink; past president, Dr. H. Odillo Maher, Messrs. Ulrrick M'Evilly, F. N. Molonerv, F. Coen, M. J. Glennon, J. M'Cormack, J. S. M'Auliffe; vice-presidents, Messrs. A. T. Locke, J. Hennessy, Rev. P. Dowling, Rev. P. Hartigan, J. Lamaro, B.A., J. Parle, J. Meldrum, J. A. Harney, B.A., S. V. O'Regan; -pmmittee., Messrs. W. Sheahan, E. L. Fitzgerald, J. White, J. M'Evoy, T. P. O'Mara, D. O'Meally, James Noone, A. J. Harney, and M. Hahesy ; hon. auditors, Messrs. Jack Noone, R. Saunders; hon. treasurer, Mr. J. M. Tully ; hon. secretary, Mr. H. G. Sheahan ('Innisfail, Wattle-street, Haberfield). Messrs.. A. T. Locke and J. Lamaro, B.A., were appointed delegates to the Catholic Federation Conference. Our advertisement column shows that the old boys intend holding the annual dinner at Sargent's, Market-street, on Thursday, 15th April, at which his Lordship Dr. Gallagher will, if possible, attend. The secretary expects to see a record number at the function. ST. PATRICK'S COLLEGE GOULBURN. (1915, April 1). Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), , p. 17. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115309304 

Dr. Schlink's name appears in the Social Pages as much as among reports about medical developments for hospitals. He is often 'spotted' at the premiere of a new play or music - opera, words, art in the form of sculpture, there are a few pictures of him being present at the unveiling of sculptures - all tell of a fine mind reflecting articulate tastes. 
The 1915 "branded for life" Episode

Most biographers of the life of Herbert Schlink mark the scrutiny he received while serving as a Medical Officer during World War One when anti-German sentiment was at its peak as an episode that produced a sadness that didn't go away.

Herbert joined the Australian Army Medical Corps reserve in 1908, was gazetted captain and attached to the 40th (Western Suburbs, Sydney) Company, in August the following year. In September 1914 he was appointed officer commanding that company, which took up duties at the Liverpool military camp in March 1915 - and was then a recruits receiving camp

Following allegations in Federal parliament by a Mr. Orchard, which some reports and letters of those months referred to as a means to gain political credit, Justice (Sir) George Rich, was appointed royal commissioner of an inquiry into the camp. Included below is one article regarding this Hearing in which, by its forthrightness, also claims recruits sent overseas had not been properly trained for war.

Despite Mr. Schlink's declarations of and his families obvious loyalty he was immediately removed from the camp, then reinstated and then resigned. Although remaining on the officers' list until 1919, he felt he had suffered 'political assassination', especially as his brother Clement was interned in Germany as an alien soon after hostilities began. Letters and petitions defending Herbert appeared after the initial allegations and although his career continued and he excelled, the personal hurt he felt was, apparently, a lifelong hurt.

A pre-trial episode:

Warrant-officer shot dead.
Gunner John Leonard made a Shocking discovery at the Victoria Military Barracks; Paddington, about half-past 9 last night Inquiries had been made for Honorary Warrant-officer John E. Constable, who was a draughtsman In tho Commonwealth Forces, and Leonard, walking into Constable's office, found him stretched on the floor dead in a ' pool of blood, with a revolver lying beside him and a bullet wound in his head. Leonard summoned Dr. Captain Schlink, who examined the body, and gave his opinion that death had occurred two hours before. Constable was 39 years did, and lived with his wife at Woolcott-street, Darlinghurst. WARRANT-OFFICER SHOT DEAD. (1913, July 16). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 4 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229687044

An outline of what was reported:

With reference to a statement made In the House of Representatives about there being a German doctor at Liverpool camp, Senator Pearce says he has made Inquiries, and found that the parents of Dr. Schlinck, who is the medical officer at the camp, came to Australia 50 years ago, and were naturalised before their children were born. Dr. Schlink has never, been out of Australia, and can neither speak, nor read German. He has a brother who is a doctor, and has been In Wodonga for 27 years, also a brother who in his youth was adopted by an uncle In Germany and made his heir. This young man was in Germany at the outbreak of the war, and was at once arrested for being an Australian. He was interned, but subsequently released as an Australian with other Australians. DR. SCHLINK RESUMES DUTY. (1915, July 7). The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW : 1888 - 1950), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article86096270 

Dr. Schlink, senior medical officer at Liverpool and Holsworthy camps, has resigned his position. It will be remembered that recently Mr. Orchard made certain charges in the House of Representatives against Dr. Schlink and the administrator generally of the camps. Dr Schlink said not till his honor and loyal had been vindicated by the Minister for Defence and others on the floor of the National Parliament had he sent in his resignation as S.M.O. at Liverpool and Holsworthy in deference to public opinion as expressed by Mr. W. Brooks and others in the public press. He feels no resentment against such attacks as the writer only knew him by name, and have in certain cases been given just cause for doubting the loyalty of those bearing German names. Dr. Schlink’s intention to resign has resulted in three largely signed petitions from officers and men at the military camps asking him to reconsider his decision. DR. SCHLINK RESIGNS. (1915, July 16).Dubbo Dispatch and Wellington Independent (NSW : 1887 - 1932), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article228563141 

When the Inquiry at the Liverpool military camp was resumed on Saturday, Mr. H. B L. Innes informed Mr. Justice Rich that he was appearing for Mr. R. B. Orchard, -M.P. The counsel assigned by the Federal Crown Law Department said that he was Instructed by Mr. D. Bertram for Mr. A. S. Boulton. Mr. H. B. Manning appeared tor the Defence Department; Mr. B. Milner Stephen (instructed by Stephen, Jaques, and Stephen) for Dr. Schlink. Colonel Kirkland, camp commandant, and 'Major, Edwards, general staff, were again present.

Before any witnesses were called, Mr. Innes asked that one statement in' the precis of charges should be altered. He referred to "German doctor with German sympathies." Mr. Orchard did not propose to prove that Dr. Schlink was German by birth or in his Sympathies. The charges made by the member for the Nepean in the Federal Parliament were not against Dr. Schlink personally, but against the camp administration-against the Defence Department for employing In the position of medical officer In charge of the Field Hospital at Liverpool a doctor with a German name and of German parentage. What Mr. Orchard maintained was that under the circumstances, and in view of the prejudices of the public and the prejudices of the Australian soldiers, it was a gross blunder on the part of the administration to employ Dr. Schlink in the camp at this time.,
Mr. Stephen: Then It is clearly understood we are now only going Into the question of Dr. Schilnk's loyalty.
His Honor: Yes. '
Herbert Henry Schlink, who wore his uniform as an officer of the Army Medical Corps, in which he holds the rank of captain, said he was born in Australia, and had never been out of the Commonwealth. He knew he had been spoken of privately and publicly as a German doctor. Much to his regret he had not been given an opportunity to expose the originator of the falsehood. He did not speak German, nor did he understand that language All his brothers and sisters were born at Wodonga, Victoria. One brother had been practising medicine at Wodonga for 25 years. His father came to Australia from Germany more than fifty years ago. Going back to Germany, he married, and, returning with his wife, remained in Australia. Their loyalty had never been questioned in the Wodonga district. Both were still living. One son went to Germany about 20 years ago to become the heir of two bachelor uncles. He was Interned when war broke out, and was now In the British concentration camp. There was a sister in Beechworth and a brother at Wodonga-both married to Australians. Born in Victoria in 1883, he (witness) obtained his medical degree at the University of Sydney. He was appointed resident medical officer at Prince Alfred Hospital, and was there for seven years-the last two years as medical superintendent. On retiring from the hospital he was appointed honorary assistant Surgeon. Since then he had practised his profession In Sydney. 

About a month after the outbreak of the war he worked at the Garrison Hospital, and then took charge of the field hospital at Liverpool. He took up military work at great professional sacrifice. When he read the attacks on him he sent in his resignation. On leaving the camp he was presented with testimonials signed by every member of the Army Medical Corps and by the Red Cross Society.

Asked about alleged disloyal utterances, Dr. Shlinck replied:-Those statements are absolutely untrue. I have never entertained disloyal sentiments. I have never used disloyal words in the Australian Club or any other place. As for the hospital at Liverpool, the records will show the trouble I took while I was in charge for four months. I Invite the fullest investigation by experts. I lost money all the time I was, there, as the principal medical officers well know.

Cross-examined by Mr. Innes: His brother, who went to Germany to inherit money, remained there. That brother was a British subject, and he himself was loyal to the King and loyal to Australia. Always a firm advocate of Empire, he had not spoken as a man who held other opinions In the Australian Club or the University Club. There was not a particle of truth In the statement that he had refused to stand up when "God Save the King" was played.
What clubs are you a member of In Sydney? -The Australian club and , the University Club.
Did. you ever In the University Club say that you had fealty to 'Australia, but did not recognise the British Empire or the King? I certainly did not.
Did you over in your club express the view that the British Empire was not going to win?-No. I always expressed the belief that she would win. I have always told the blind men who have a flag round their eyes, and who are knocking their heads against the wall without seeing things, that It could not be done In six months. That is all.
It was at the University Club that those discussions took place?-Yes; not at the Australian Club.
Did you ever say these words, or words, to this effect: "Do not be certain-Germany Is not beaten yet?"-I do not remember over saying that. Most of the discussions were post-mortem discussions-what would be the result to Europe and so forth after the war. The details of the war and the present situation were very rarely discussed.
I suppose those discussions were In the smoking-room at the club?-Mostly In the smoking-room. I have since spoken to those intimate friends, and asked if they thought there was anything disloyal in what I had said. They replied not at any time. If you doubt my statement I should like you to call any of the gentlemen with whom I have discussed the war, and find out whether there was any disloyalty expressed. They are Dr. Brissenden, Mr. Mitchell, Mr. Delohery. Dr. Waddell, and Dr. Ritchie.

Mr. Innes then read portion of a speech delivered in the Senate. The speaker was Senator Millen: "There is In charge of the Liverpool camp a doctor with a German name and of German descent. I do not know whether the Minister is aware that on that account a very considerable amount of dissatisfaction exists in the ranks of the volunteers. I do not wish to give the name of the-doctor publicly, but I will give it to the Minister privately. It is reported on excellent authority that in the early days of the war this doctor was giving expression to sentiments which did not indicate a whole-hearted adherence to the cause of the British Empire When a medical gentleman in his club expressed a very grave doubt as to whether the British Empire Is going to win, and says, 'Don't be too certain-Germany Is not beaten yet,' his conduct is open to great suspicion when it is coupled with the fact that he Is of German descent."
Mr. Innes: I suppose you read that speech? It was sent to me in a Melbourne daily paper. I have not read It in "Hansard." I first wrote out my resignation when I saw that statement In the paper.
You knew he was referring to you?-I took It that he was referring to me.
You have no doubt that it is you?-I have no doubt. But I might point out that there have been others of German name and German descent under my command. I think their remarks have been circulated, and that I have been carrying the baby.
Have you any objections to giving the name of another doctor with a German name?-No. Dr. Heupt. Ho pronounces the name Hoyt.
Is it a fact that at any time in your club you expressed very graves doubt that the British Empire was going to win?-Men have told me that Russia would be in Berlin in three weeks, and I told them I did not think so, that the roads were bad, and that the Russians had few railways. We have discussed those problems. I did not say that the British would never win. My belief was, and is, that we will win.
You admit that you may have said that the war was not all plain sailing?-Yes, to my intimate friends.
Did you not think as an export that England had a long way to go yet?-Yes, and I said it. But I did not say what you suggest, that England would be beaten. I thought, and said, that Russians would not get to Berlin in six weeks. It was merely a matter of common sense to know they would not, and every military man in the camp know it.
Did you use these words: "Germany is not beaten yet"?-No. The meaning you wish to have Implied Is that I had some Information up my sleeve. 
You will not deny that you may have used words to that effect ?-1 will not deny It. 
His Honor: I understand that the charge of disloyalty has been entirely withdrawn?
Mr. Innes: The charge was never made that Dr. Schlink has German sympathies. What we say, is that he has a German name and is admittedly of German parentage. That being so, he should be very careful In these times, when the ignorant and those who are ready to draw erroneous conclusions may believe that he has German sympathies. 
Mr. Orchard then gave evidence, and described his visits to the camp. A number of men complained that Dr. Schlink had German sympathies. Others stated that sick soldiers did not like to go to the camp hospital on account of the German doctor. He was told that there were two German doctors in the camp.
Mr. Stephen: You are not suggesting that Dr. Schlink appointed the medical staff?-I am not.

Private Cyril Marsden Eyles, who enlisted In February, complained of bad treatment in the camp hospital. While suffering from a bad throat and pains in the back he had to sleep in camp on bare boards, with a water-proof and two blankets over him. He could speak from personal observation o£ the rough manner In which sick men were carried to the hospital. Untrained stretcher-bearers shook the life out of the men who were being carried.
To Mr. Manning: He reported the sleeping on bare boards to the sergeant-major of the 3rd Reinforcements of the 18th Battalion, but no attention was paid to his complaint.
Private Francis Daniel Harrison (In civilian dress) said he came into camp on Juno 15. A Bachelor of Arts at the Sydney University, he had gone through a course of ambulance training before enlisting. He was now attached to the Army Medical Corps. He and most of his comrades had not yet received uniforms. Some had not received underclothing -men who had been there three months. There were too many men doing little or nothing about the hospital, while, in his opinion, there were not enough doctors. What was wanted was drill and discipline. Some of the men did nothing but pick up papers. When he spoke of drill he meant ambulance drill.

George Keenens, a resident of Abbotsford (called by Mr. Innes), said he had a large experience In rifle shooting. He had been a member of national and Intercolonial rifle teams. At present he was a musketry Instructor. He had been appointed with 14 other Instructors to look after the men who were going to the front. The arrangement was abandoned by the military authorities when it had been in operation about 12 weeks. What there was of instruction now was In the camp-not at the ride ranges In Sydney. About 150 men were brought down from the camp to the rifle range on appointed days from January to March. There were different men each time. Each man had about 17 shots -the real duffers a few more. (Laughter.) A great many of the men know nothing about a gun. They could not load or unload the rifles. Some he was sure had never fired a shot. Except for a slight knowledge of wind-age, the men did not seem to have had any practical or technical instruction. In his opinion the men who came to the range for a day's practice were not fit to go to the front. If there had been a solid week’s training at the range there might not have been so many casualties abroad. Some of the novices at the range tried to shoot from the right shoulder with the right eye shut. (Laughter.)
Colonel Kirkland Interjected: These men showed what they could do at the Dardanelles.
Mr. Innes: Yes; but If they had been taught how to shoot they would have done much better, and many might have saved their lives.
The witness went on to say that It was of great Importance that a man should know the rifle he was to use in action. At the front the rifle would be a second wife to him, and if this wife failed it would be all up with him. (Laughter.) He had been Informed that nearly all the men who had gone away took rifles which they had never used.
To Mr. Manning: He was now instructing rifle clubs at Randwick. While they were engaged the Instructors were paid 10s a day. A third of the men who came from Liverpool knew nothing about sighting. They were instructed In sighting at the range. In his opinion the military authorities should have adopted a plan of three weeks' continuous training for the men, under competent and experienced instructors, at the camp before the men were sent to the rifle range. He had not offered this criticism because the system of instruction with which he was connected had been discontinued. Although he could speak only of the Liverpool squads which had come under his personal observation, he was sure that all the other instructors would tell the same story if they were called.
Corporal Charles E. Halle (Orderly Room staff) gave evidence as to the musketry Instructions and the returns which were sent with the troopships. The returns were for the information of the military authorities on the other side. In cases whore the rifle training was to be given in other camps, the entry was. "nil"-meaning no musketry practice. 
LIVERPOOL CAMP. (1915, July 19). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15603407 

Dear Worker, A great deal of fuss was kicked up the other day about the position of senior medical officer at the Liverpool and Holdsworthy military camps being held by Dr. Schlink. It was claimed that he was a German; that his brother was fighting on the side of Germany, and that he had no business whatever to be holding the position he did. All this was obviously a very serious matter for Dr. Schlink, and persons, such as his accusers, ought to have sense and decency enough to know the significance of charges of the kind made, and also of the dire necessity of being perfectly sure of their facts before butting in in the way they did. Dr. Schlink's is certainly a German name, but what of that? Through the Minister for Defence it has been made abundantly clear that Dr. Schlink's entire connection with Germany at the present time begins and ends with his name. It is now pretty certain thatMr. Orchard's name suggests sour grapes to an infinitely greater extent than does the name of the S.M.O. at the Liverpool camp indicate disloyalty to the Empire. Furthermore, the gentlemanly attitude adopted by Dr. Schlink throughout, and the ultimate and complete falsification of the charges, created a fine contrast as compared with that of his accusers. And if there is anything in the 'heaping coals of fire' principle it ought to reveal itself in the action of Dr. Schlink in this matter. It is a shameful thing to publicly question, without excellent reasons for doing so. the integrity of one who has always been esteemed an upright, honorable man. But, after all, it is scarcely astonishing to find that such was done by a member of the Cook Opposition, in the interests of party strife. DENVER JAY. THE DR. SCHLINK BOGEY. (1915, July 22). The Australian Worker (Sydney, NSW : 1913 - 1950), , p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article145787358 

And when you're vilifying someone, a touch of hearsay never goes astray:

The Royal Commission of Inquiry into Liverpool Camp was continued on Saturday.
Isabelle McKinnon, in the employ of the Telephone Department, said that about the middle of February she went with a lady friend who wished to consult Dr. Schlink at his rooms in Macquarie-street. Dr. Schlink took up a letter, and read extracts from it. He said some relation in Germany had told him there was no shortage of food for the German troops. He also mentioned that a cousin of his had been wounded, and that once this relation had been decorated with the Iron Cross. In the course of further conversation, Dr. Schlink said the Liverpool camp was full of disease. The doctor's words were: "The physical condition of the Australian boys, compared with the fine physique of the men of the German army, gives the Australians no chance." He also said that we were sending out the rotten core of Australia. The lady with whom she went was a Mrs. Fallon, whom she believed was a relation by marriage of Dr. Schlink.

In cross-examination witness said she was not sure that it was a cousin who had been wounded, but she was sure there was a mention of a cousin being at the war. Dr. Schlink said it was his cousin. The remarks were not passed to her, but to Mrs. Fallon; she had overheard them. Dr. Schlink referred to the reports that the Germans had to cut out luxuries, while the writer of the letter said they were short of nothing. She had not written a letter to Senator Pearce about it, nor had she talked it over with Mrs. Fallon; she had been served with a subpoena on the previous day. She had spoken of the incident at home, and had also mentioned It on the Peakhurst coach since the Inquiry began, but could not remember to whom. Although it was five months ago, she could distinctly remember the exact words used by Dr. Schlink about the comparative physique of the Australians and Germans. Shecould not, however, remember the exact words of a statutory declaration she had made a few days ago before a justice of the peace.

Dr. Schlink stated that Mrs. Fallon's brother had married his sister. He remembered reading to Mrs. Fallon a letter from his brother, who had been interned In Germany. That letter was the only letter he had received from his brother in eight years. It was certainly written In a favourable tone to the Germans. This ho believed was dono In order to got through tho German censor, because his mother was anxious, and had not had a letter for a long time. He was positive the letter which he had sent on to his mother, did not say a cousin of his had been wounded, or that another relation had been decorated with the Iron Cross. There may possibly have been a reference to a member of his brother's wife's family (who were Germans), but he did not remember. He absolutely denied over having made statements derogatory either to the health of the Liverpool camp, or to the physique of the Australian soldiers. The only relation he had In Germany who could possibly be fighting was a cousin of the name of Schlink, but he, the witness knew, had a chronic heart complaint, and in all probability would not be accepted for military service. He was certain the letter from his brother then did not refer to this relation.

Richard Beaumont Orchard, M.P., under cross-examination by Mr. Milner Stephen, admitted that the words "Germany is not beaten yet," could not be called the expression of a disloyal sentiment. He thought, if they were used by Dr. Schlink, they were highly Indiscreet, and, coupled with the opinions he had heard expressed at the camp, he thought them a sufficient basis for his speech in Parliament. He had been told that when the words were used they were uttered in a significant manner, but he admitted that he had not tested the accuracy of this information in any way, and that there was now no charge of disloyalty against Dr. Schlink. THE CAMP. (1915, July 26). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 5. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15603801

How did Dr. Schlink keep going through this - one way was his passion for skiing - for cold weather and fields of white, although this experience, so soon after the Royal Commission, may have been too much the same:

On Tuesday the first race to the summit of Kosciusko and back, a distance of 35 miles, was held. Three members of the Alpine club entered - Dr. Schorney, Dr. Schlink, and Mr. P. W. Pearson. The competitors, accompanied by Mr. J. Jacobson, of Norway, who acted as referee, left the hotel at 7 a.m. A severe headwind was met at Piper's Gap. However, the surface of the snow was good, and Betts Camp was reached in excellent time at 9.20 a. m. Here a stop of 25 minutes was made for breakfast. At At this stage, Mr.. Pearson retired from the race on account of his knee, which had been injured a few days previous to the race. The other competitors arrived at Charlotte's Pass at 11.15. and from this stage on they encountered a merciless head wind and falling snow. By following the Snowy River track they reached the summit at 1.30 p.m., securing their tickets, which had been previously placed in a tin attached to a snow pole on the summit. A dense fog descended on the mountain, and the competitors were lost for one hour and a half, Dr. Schlink falling down a crevice on the Victorian side for a distance of 40 feet. The party, having re-united, made slow progress in the fog, which lasted almost to Char-lotte's Pass. Mr. Pearson was anxiously awaiting the competitors a few miles above Betts' Camp, which was reached at 5.45 p.m. A stop ot three-quarters of an hour was made for dinner, and then the whole party continued on in a mild snow storm to the hotel, Dr. Schorney arriving first at 10.15 p.m.. and the balance of the party five minutes later. Considering the adverse head winds and falling snow, the performance of the competitors is extremely satisfactory. SNOW RACE AT KOSCIUSKO. (1914, August 3). The Manaro Mercury, and Cooma and Bombala Advertiser (NSW : 1862 - 1931), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119119986

At a general meeting of the Sydney University Medical Society, held recently, the following motion, moved and , seconded by the acting superintendents of the Royal Prince Alfred and Sydney hospitals respectively, was unanimously passed : —
"That this meeting has supreme confidence in Dr. Schlink as a patriotic Australian and an efficient medical practitioner, and expresses its deep sympathy with him for the cowardly charges that have been made against him." At the close of the meeting a copy of this motion was signed by everyone present, and was presented to Dr. Schlink. All of which has nothing to do with the question as to whether it was politic to give him charge of the hospital at Liverpool. Being of German parentage and having a German name, Dr. Schlink should never have been appointed there, as any man with commonsense and not blinded by class prejudice knows. DR. SCHLINK. (1915, August 27). The Sydney Stock and Station Journal(NSW : 1896 - 1924), , p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article125913276 

At the end of this sad episode the Schlink family lost their mother in February 1917 and then their father in July 1918. Very tough years to lose so much so close together - 

Dr. Schlink seems to retire slightly from public view for a few years, no mentions in social pages, no mentions in asking him for a statement on anything - just his name, initialed, in attending weddings. 

The Healer may have needed time to Heal himself.
A Premier Gynaecologist and Obstetrician and Hospital and Teaching Facility Builder

Herbert Schlink is noted among the attendees of the March 1920 funeral of Sir Thomas Peter Anderson Stuart (1856-1920), professor of physiology and medical administrator, founder of the medical school at the University of Sydney, chairman of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital (1901) under whom in 1904, the Victoria and Albert pavilions were built to flank G. A. Mansfield's central block. 

Under Anderson Stuart, dean of medicine and fellow of the senate (1883-1920) the undergraduate enrolment in medicine rose from 6 to 604 and staff also increased substantially. 

Biographer J. A Young states..' Drawing heavily on Edinburgh, his appointments—among whom were the foundation professors of anatomy (J. T. Wilson in 1890) and pathology (D. A. Welsh in 1902)—included several highly talented scientists: Wilson, (Sir) Almroth Wright and (Sir) Charles Martin, all of whom became fellows of the Royal Society (London). Anderson Stuart, known to the undergraduates as 'Andy', was an illuminating lecturer, 'plain, direct, concise', who took infinite pains preparing his blackboard diagrams and founded the Sydney University Medical Society to assist students.' [2].

This description sound alike how Dr, Schlink was later described by his students. These teachers were his teachers. To list all this gentleman achieved would take several volumes - a timeline of key notes shows someone with high energy, exhaustless pursuit and being involved in more than a few aspects of health and medical developments still prevalent today.

Department of Public Health.
Herbert Henry Schlink, Esq.. M.B., to be a Government Representative on the Board of Directors of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, vice. Dr. J. B. Nash, deceased. APPOINTMENTS. (1925, July 24).Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 3276. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223014612 

Dr. Schlink had a few inconsistencies, or was an old world gentleman, who despite being known for puffing away on a cigar, didn't think women should smoke and was against the US Prohibition (drinking alcohol):

Cigarette Smoking.
Effect on Women.
BOSTON (U.S.A.), October
Dr Herbert A Schlink of Sydney who is attending the clinical congress of the American College of Surgeons stated that girls and women in the United States were seriously injuring their beauty and health by excessive cigarette smoking. Women who smoked incessantly were becoming extremely nervous and neurotic and typical nerve subjects for hospitals and specialists. He added however that smoking and dunking in moderation would not affect women but it seemed that they smoked continuously because they had all day to do it. Dr Schlinck expressed himself strongly against prohibition, stating, "You cannot prohibit anything by law '.Cigarette Smoking. (1928, October 11). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), , p. 7. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3962204 


Sir George Syme, of Melbourne (on the right) and Dr. Herbert H. Schlink, of Sydney, who are attending a clinical congress of surgeons in Boston.Englishmen's Second Sydney Match-- --A Hundred Years Old To-morrow (1928, November 16). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 24 (CRICKET-STUMPS). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223249221 

Sydney Medico Looks Over Hospitals . AUSTRALIA IS UP-TO-DATE .
(By Our Special Correspondent, ISABEL RAMSAY)
PARIS, April 22, 1929.
Dr. Herbert Schlink spent a few days in Paris last week on his way through to London. Since his arrival in Europe some five months ago, Dr. Schlink has wandered as far afield as Constantinople, to reach which he went through some amusing, though trying, experiences as a result of the Orient express being snow-bound.
In an informal chat I had with Dr. Schlink, he told me of that part of his trip which was occupied with things rather more serious than skiing and sight-seeing. Much of it was sufficiently interesting to tempt me to commit the indiscretion of divulging it in print. 

Before coming to Europe, Dr. Schlink spent some the in the United States, during which he visited over 74 hospitals and kindred institutions. Most famous of all, he visited the Mayo Institute at Rochester. His description of the gigantic scale on which this is organised, with sidelights on the details ol the working of it, together with the history of its foundation by the father of the two brothers who now run it, sounds more like a romance from the Arabian Nights than a recital of actual facts. All Rochester turns round the Mayo Institute, and its many ramifications. The entire activities of the town are centred in the running of the collection of hospitals and private clinics which are controlled by this amazing couple. There is one building of 17 stories, where only diagnoses are carried out. There is a staff of 168 paid doctors, and at least 10 'heads' who are responsible for the running of their own special department. 

What appealed personally to Dr. Schlink, as it is a subject he is very interested in, was the arrangements made for the convenience of the middleclass patient, who, without being a pauper, has not the means at his disposal to pay the heavy fees demanded l-y private clinics. For these an arrangement is always made by the doctor in charge of the case, and accommodation found in the private rooms and small private wards attached to the big institutions.

Quite an innovation, though, is the hotel which has recently been built at Rochester, with the object of helping out the middle-class patient. There are many cases, particularly surgical ones, where it is not absolutely necessary for the patient to be in a hospital after a certain number of days, and yet where a certain amount of medical attention is still needed. In order, therefore, to lighten the burden of expense for the middle-class patient, this hotel .was built, and the four top floors of it reserved for people who arc still under medical supervision, people who, for instance, have to have dressings done once or twice a day, and nothing more. There is a staff: of nurses in attendance to continue to give these patients the attention they may need, and during the remaining hours of the day and evening they are free to move about the hotel, to mingle with the other guests, and listen to the orchestra or the radio in the Winter Garden. It is a system which has been found to prove most popular. The only drawback, according to Dr. Schlink, is from the point of view of the ordinary guests in the hotel, for they are apt to demur at times when they find themselves seated beside someone with his head swathed in rather grim-looking bandages, or another guest-patient smelling rather strongly of iodoform. 

ALL through the United States, Dr. .Schlink was impressed with the consideration that is being given to the patient with a moderate income. At the New York Medical Centre, which is run in conjunction with the Columbia University, a whole wing has been sot aside for paying patients. At the Jewish Hospital at Brooklyn, which takes about six hundred patients, only one-third of these Are non-paying, the remainder being accommodated in paying wards of one, two, three, and six beds. In England, too, Dr. Schlink found this idea taking on tremendously. Thanks to such a system, very often the man of modest means is able to get the benefit of a better equipped operating theatre and X-ray department, combined with expert nursing, than the millionaire, capable of paying the heavy fees, demanded by the private clinics. 

From Paris, Dr. Schlink went across to London, where he visited a number of the leading specialists and inspected several of the big institutions, including the cancer hospital. He is returning to Paris this week, and from here will go to Marseilles to catch his boat for home. This will be the Dutch boat, 'Slamat,' as Dr. Schlink intends taking in Java en route. At Batavia, he intends changing over to the 'New Zeeland,' of the Dutch Packet line, arriving in Sydney about June. Among the multiple impressions Dr. Schlink is taking back with him is the conviction that Australia has very little to learn as regards public hospitals and medical work generally. If anything, he is of the opinion that the members of the medical profession in Australia show a greater amount of sincerity and earnestness to their work than do the majority of medical men in other countries. A WISE MAN ABROAD (1929, June 9).Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), , p. 29. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article131635858 

Canberra Conference. CANBERRA, Friday.
The Cancer Conference today agreed to a resolution which emphasised the danger of cancerous conditions following skin irritations caused by sunburn.
The resolution, which was moved by Dr. E. H. Molesworth, of Sydney, was as follows:

That this conference is impressed by the influence of skin irritation by sunburn as a potent factor in the production of precancerous conditions and actual cancer on exposed parts of the surface of the body, and considers that a warning should be given by health departments and other authorities to the public to keep constantly in mind the necessity of taking reasonable step.to avoid unnecessary sunburn during both recreation and outdoor work, especially In the drier districts of the interor.

This morning there was a long discussion on gynaecological cancer, and papers were read by Dr. Leila Keatinge and Dr. Constance Darcy, of Sydney. Dr. H. H. Schlink and Dr. F. A Maguire, of Sydney, and Dr. Robert Fowler, of Melbourne, discussed the field of utility of radium x-rays and surgery in relation to certain cancerous conditions in women.

Discussion on the gynaecological aspects of cancer was carried on by Dr. E. H. Molesworth, who referred to the original scheme initiated at the time of the distribution of radium to various hospitals in Sydney, under which a co-operative system of testing fully the different methods of treatment had been arranged so that additional knowledge, slowly accumulated at each treatment centre, might be at once available for the benefit of othei centres. Dr. Darcy, Dr. H. M. Moran (Sydney), Dr. Maguire, Professor D. Welsh, of the Uni-versity of Sydney, Dr. F. Hone, Adelaide, and Dr. H. K. Portel, Sydney, contributed to the discussion.

The discussion was marked by a desire to ensure that the experience of each delegate was available for the benefit of all others. It was recognised that further exchange of experience was necessary, and the outcome was an arrangement for complete and more immediate exchanges of experience between the hospitals in the different cities.

A committee, which was already In existence for the consideration of the physical aspects of radium, was increased by the addition of two medical members, and was entrusted with the task of following developments in the treatment of cancer by high voltage X-ray apparatus and by the radium bomb.


The conference expressed a unanimous desire that some Australian-wide organisation should be formed to deal with the cancer problem, and a committee of seven was appointed to consult with existing organisations with the object of drafting a scheme of Federal organ-isation to keep the public informed of and to co-ordinate different activities of the cam-paign. Hope was expressed that at an early date there would be formed in Victoria an active organisation for enlisting the interest of the public to keep the public informed of progress made, and to co-ordinate all activities in that State engaged in the campaign against cancer. .It was stated that Victoria was th»; only State that had not formed an active organisation of the kind.


The Director General of Health (Dr. Cumpston), who presided at the conference, said afterwards that it had been a complete suc-cess. The number of delegates had been larger than .at any previous conference, and it was gratifying that New Zealand had sent two delegates. These delegates had stated that they had profited greatly by the discussions, and their experiences in New Zealand wer« also welcomed by the Australian delegates. The feeling at -the conference had been that all present were greatly impressed with the result of the work done to investigate one of tin great causes of death. The people of Aus-tralia might be well assured from the standard of work presented and from the earnestness of the discussion that whatever was possible in the difficult field of cancer research was being done. SUNBURN. (1933, March 4). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16961554

To Commemorate Name of Dr. H. J. Marks
To commemorate the name of Dr. Herbert J. Marks, who died some years ago, the vice-president of Royal Prince Alfred Hospital (Sir Samuel Hordern) this afternoon unveiled a plaque of Dr. Marks, designed by Mr. Rayner Hoff, Dr. Sinclair Gillies paid a glowing tribute to his late friend and colleague, whom he described as a man with friends from peerage to the newsboy. It was decided to utilise the balance of the fund in research in connection with the ear, nose and throat. Memorial Plaque At R.P.A. Hospital.

Unveiling of memorial plaque to the tale Dr. H. J. Marks. From left: Dr. Sinclair Gillies, Dr. H. H. Schlink, Mrs. Herbert Marks, and Sir Samuel Hordern.HOSPITAL PLAQUE (1933, June 13). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 9 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article228898057 

Appointments Announced.
At a meeting of the board of management of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Sir Samuel Hordern was elected chairman Dr H H Schlink vice chairman and Mr R M Clark honorary treasurer In addition to the foregoing Sir Allen Taylor Dr E W Fairfax Alderman A McElhone and Messrs D Benjamin R S Henderson N McCorquodale W S Morrison Orwell Phillips and H E Ross were elected to the house committee The finance committee will consist of the chairman vice chairman honorary treasurer and Mr H E Ross Sir Albert Gould who decided not to nominate foi re election to the board as the subscribers representative has had an un-broken period of service since 1899 In 1900 and 1901 he was honorary treasurer of the institution succeeding the late Sir James Reading Fairfax in that capacity Mr T A J Playfair fills the vacancy caused by Sir Albert’s retirement.

The board announced a number of changes in the honorary medical staff Dr John Storey was reappointed honorary surgeon for a further term of six years Dr Charles G McDonald who had been honorary assistant physician since 1920 was appointed honorary physician a vacancy having been occasioned by the retirement of Dr J I C Cosh who occupied the position for 11 years having previously been assistant honorary physician for 16 years Dr W A Bye who had been medical superintendent for five years until August last was appointed assistant honorary physician Other appointments were Honorary radiologist Dr Philip S Parkinson honorary assistant radiolgist Dr B P Anderson-Stuart honorary assistant anaesthetist Dr Edward S Holloway honorary clinical assistant medical out-patients department Dr N E Fenner honorary clinical assistant surgical outpatients department Dr r W Niesche.R.P.A. HOSPITAL. (1933, October 27).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17019355 

DR. HERBERT SCHLINK, former medical superintendent of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, has been appointed chairman of the board of directors of that institution, in  succession to Sir Samuel HordernMEDICAL CHIEF TO EXECUTIVE HEAD (1934, November 14). Northern Star (Lismore, NSW : 1876 - 1954), , p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article94494066 

"We will build a new maternity block alongside the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, if it takes us twenty years," declared Dr. Herbert Schlink, chairman of the Hospital Board, yesterday.

Dr. Sclilink and the Federal Minister for Health (Mr. Hughes) have been the strongest supporters of the scheme to build a model maternity hospital and ante-natal clinic close to the University. The Professor of Obstetrics at Sydney University (Dr. J. C. Win-dcyer) and some other medical men have objected that such a hospital is unnecessary, and the Jubilee Fund money might be spent to better advantage on research. 

"Arguments about the expenditure of the Jubilee Fund for maternal and infant welfare have clouded the main issue," said Dr. Schlink, who added that the board had intended to build a maternity hospital whether the fund was raised or not. "The public subscription received for the fund, only £7500, is a mere drop ill the bucket. "It would scarcely pay for the foundations of a new hospital. If It is to be employed in another direction we can do quite well without it. 

Will Cost £100,000 
"There will be a tremendous saving by building the block next to the Royal Prince Alfred." he claimed. Plans included an underground corridor to connect the buildings, to enable the Royal Prince Alfred plant to be used. "The hospital we intend to build will meet Sydney's requirements for the next 100 years, he added. 

According to Dr. Schlink, the building will cost about £100,000. and annual maintenance costs will be approximately £15,000. Dr. Schlink strongly criticised the existing maternity hospitals in Sydney. 

"All obstetric hospitals in Australia are out of date in structure alone," he stated. 

Modem equipment was also urgently needed. A new standard in obstetrical work should be given, and the tone of accommodation, research and treatment should be raised. 

Contrary View 
"There was small necessity at present to build a maternity block at the University, and the money could be better spent on research," said Dr. E. Ludovicl, who is attached to the Crown-street Hospital for Women. 

"The Royal Prince Alfred Hospital and the University have well-equipped laboratories where attention could be devoted to solving grave problems affecting women," Dr. Ludovici said. "It is to the advantage of the Federal authorities to assist investigations which will alleviate women's disabilities. "Money could be better devoted to developing research departments in the two large and admirably conducted obstetric hospitals now in existence." 

Dr. J, C. Windeyer, professor of Obstetrics at Sydney University, also claimed that the proposed block for midwifery was unnecessary. The Jubilee fund should be devoted to post-graduate training and research work. There were already sufficient beds for teaching students at the Crown-street Hospital and the Royal Hospital for Women. Dr. Constance E. D'Arcy reaffirmed the view, expressed in her Anne MacKenzie oration, that a large modern maternity hospital should be built near the University. Sydney's midwifery hospitals and the University were too far apart. Mrs. Jessie M. Street (president of the United Associations) : "A large part of the Jubilee fund should be spent upon creating new health centres throughout the State. Sydney urgently requires another 20 of them. We think that essential social services should be considered before money is spent upon a new hospital." MATERNITY BLOCK WILL BE BUILT (1935, November 3). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 7. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230180691 

Back Home Again.
After an extensive tour abroad, and visiting hospitals in Great Britain and the Continent, Dr. Herbert H. Schlinck returned to Sydney on Thursday, 7th inst., by the Oronsay. Social News and Gossip (1937, October 14). The Catholic Press (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1942), , p. 8. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article106338659 

Dr. Herbert H. Schlink, chairman of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, after a study of hospitals in Great Britain and the Continent, arrived in Sydney by the Oronsay. DR. SCHLINK (1937, October 14).Goulburn Evening Penny Post (NSW : 1881 - 1940), p. 5 (DAILY). Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article99534643 

Filled with ideas on what worked overseas, Dr. Schlink returned with plans for a Women's Hospital that would also be a teaching hospital for obstetrics and gynaecology. This was one of many projects for which the architect was A. G. Stephenson:

The board of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital has approved plans for the King George V. Memorial Hospital for Women in Missenden Road, Camperdown. 
The estimated cost is £318,000 and the architects are Stephenson and Turner. Opportunities for Business (1938, November 9). Construction(Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 19. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222853403

Dr. Schlink with one of those statues: 


DR. HERBERT SCHLINK, chairman of the hospital board, and LADY WAKEHURST beside the statue of Imhotep, ancient Egyptian god of medicine, after Lady Wakehurst had unveiled it at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital yesterday afternoon. FOR WOMEN UNVEILING OF STATUE: LEAVING FOR AMERICA: AFTER CHRISTENING. (1938, November 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 4. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17536541 

Nationalisation of hospitals by the State Government was strongly opposed by Dr. Herbert H. Schlink, chairman of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital (Sydney) in evidence before the Joint Parliamentary Committee on Hospitals. He submitted proposals for Improving hospital finances. 'Any direct Government or municipal tax as a means of financing hospitals would be a mistake,' Dr. Schlink said. 'Where such taxes have been introduced the hospitals nave nearly always succumbed to the dead hand of departmentalism, and the general public sheds its responsibility and loses interest.' Dr. Schlink said that the crux of the present hospital problem was the need for financial stability. The hospitals were trying to live a champagne life on a beer Income. More money would have to be made available to the hospitals if they were to carry on, and he suggested increased grants from State revenue. 'It is easy to understand why the hospitals are in such a parlous financial condition,' he said. 'Since the State lottery has been Introduced the total number of hospital beds in New South Wales has almost doubled, yet the annual revenue obtained by the hospitals from consolidated revenue has dropped from an average of £615,036 to £168,133. In fact, in one year, 1932, £176,215 of the lottery money was retained by consolidated revenue. 
'Had the State maintained the allotment of money from the consolidated revenue as up to the year 1931, and allowed the lottery money to be an additional subsidy, the hospitals would have been well provided for. Unfortunately, the State merely relieved itself of its old hospital responsibility by substituting the money from the lottery.' If it was the considered policy of the Government to retain the lottery, he said, it should be enlarged so that It would return more money. Totalisator and all amusement taxes, and some portion, if not all, of the tax derived from the sale and manufacture of alcohol, should be reserved for the alleviation of human suffering. If sufficient funds were not obtained from those sources, there should be a stamp tax on matches and tobacco, such as existed in Italy. Voluntary social Insurance schemes, such as the Metropolitan Hospitals' Contribution Fund, should be made compulsory , he said, and all hospitals should be encouraged to become community hospitals by the erection of paying or part-paying pavilions. The profits from such activities would be an off -set against their Indigent beds, which were a total financial loss to the hospital. VOLUNTARY MEDICAL SERVICE 
He advocated the retention of the present voluntary medical service to the indigent, saying that it provided a better service to the public than would be obtained by any paid service. Maintenance costs could be lowered by the establishment of sub-acute and chronic hospitals. Because most of the large metropolitan hospitals had nowhere to send their long-term cases, many patients were in beds which cost £4 a week to maintain, who could be adequately treated in £2 beds. The Australian public, especially the poorer section, had better hospital facilities, at a far cheaper cost, than world average. The financial burden on the purse of the community was not heavy when compared with other burdens. Public hospitals cost the community about 13/6 a head, compared with £5/18/6 a head for public houses, and £2/9/ a head for public schools. The Hospitals (1939, October 9). Daily Advertiser (Wagga Wagga, NSW : 1911 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article144250553 

There has been some controversy of late, on the subject of hospital units, especially with regard to the isolation of the maternity units from the medical. 
The following article by Dr. Herbert H. Schlink, M.B., Ch. M., F.R.A.C.S., Chairman of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, is a striking exposition of the theory that medical and maternity hospital units should not be isolated one from the other. Hence the decision to erect, as a unit of the R.P.A.H., the King George V. Memorial Hospital for Women (see illustration on Page 5). Dr. Schlink points out that confinement is not a disease, but the reason why so many are forced into hospital is not hard to find. 

"The modern woman," he said, "has taken to cocktails and cigarettes, indulges freely in dietetic indiscretions, lives under the stress and strain of financial and social worries, feeds her mind on doubtful and exciting literature, is harried by telephone and wireless, and rushed about by motor cars and flying machines so that she comes to the couch of travail unfit and tired, notwithstanding the new liberty in outdoor sport and musically-conducted exercises."
As chairman of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, I am in the happy position to tell the public that the board, with the help of the Premier and the Minister for Health, and the moral support of the present and late Federal Ministers for Health' has made financial arrangements to proceed with the erection of a modern, model hospital for women that will be second to .none in the world. It is proposed to call it the "King George V. Memorial Hospital for Women." When completed it will contain 200 beds. Preliminary sketch plans and estimates have already been placed before the board of directors. Of late, there has been much discussion in the Press as to where such units as we propose to build should be situated. After a recent world-wide inspection of women's hospitals and "Frauen Kliniks" in Britain, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Italy, France, Holland, Belgium, Greece, Turkey, and other Balkan Stales, as well as Egypt, America and Canada, I am thoroughly convinced that the day of the specialised hospital, built apart from general hospital centres, is finished. The modern trend is to plan and construct hospital villages, or cities, with separate _ and .distinct pavilions for each speciality in close geographical relation to each other. 

THE day of the American skyscraper hospital also is doomed. At least, the idea is doomed in Europe, where all authorities are satisfied that nothing higher than six to eight stories should be erected. Charts and graphs, showing conclusively the economic reasons for such limitation, can be inspected at nearly every modern centre in Europe. Practical proof of this is seen throughout the world to-day. The best examples arc the new Birmingham Centre and the new Heidelberg University Village. Those cities which have built isolated "specialised" hospitals in the past are, as fast as finances will permit, shifting them near their main hospital centres, e.g., Edinburgh, Manchester, Stockholm, &c, But probably the best example of the fallacy of building specialised hospitals long distances from general hospital activities is the Chicago Lying-in Hospital. This is one of the most famous and best-conducted obstetric hospitals in America. After occupying two sites away from general hospital areas, because its founder, Dr. De Lee, originally believed in obstetric isolation, it was discovered to be too far away from the University laboratories and the medical school. A new hospital was built within two miles of the University Centre, but; when occupied, it also was found to be too far distant. The directors had the courage to cut their losses; they scrapped their second new home and, with the help of the University built an entirely new hospital of 180 beds for maternity and gynaecology within the University grounds at an expense of £500,000 — nearly £3000 per bed in Australian currency. 

WERE is what the founders, J. B. de Lee, M.D., and F. L. Adair, M.D., have to say about the hospital which occupied four different sites before a correct solution of this obstetrical problem of Chicago was solved: — "The affiliation of the Chicago Lying-in Hospital with the University of Chicago brought advantages to both institutions. The hospital needed the University to provide the laboratories and the men for research; to establish a gynaecologic service to co-operate with the maternity, thus making a real 'Frauenklinik' on the German plan, and to continue and develop in the antenatal clinics the study of the borderlands of obstetrics with pediatrics,, surgery, syphilology and other specialities. "The University was able to establish a complete department of obstetrics and gynaecology, medical students having access to the wards and delivery rooms. Advance in general medical knowledge will be hastened by co-operation with the obstetrician and gynaecologist and the specialists of the other clinical departments of the University have here unlimited opportunities to broaden their vision and their usefulness. One' of the most valuable advantages will be the application of the sciences ancillary to medicine to the study of general diseases in pregnant women." 

MOST European cities have never made the basic mistake of isolating their medical units. Berlin, Munich, Leipzig, Vienna, Copenhagen, and London, where the financial aspect prevents such medical and sudden change of plans instanced above, have got over the problem by adding obstetric wards with horizontal isolation, or erecting new pavilions, e.g., St. Bartholomew's, Guy's, The London, St. Thomas'. Westminster, University College, King's College, St. Mary's, Middlesex, The Royal Free Hospital for Women, &c. There is no doubt whatever that the N.S.W. Government's policy of adding separate and isolated wards, or new additions to the existing country hospitals, and building separate pavilions for the chief metropolitan hospitals is 100 per cent, correct, and in conformity With hospital practice throughout the entire world. Some people believe that, Australia, being a new and young country, can afford to strike a revolutionary line of development in obstetric construction; but I hope the vast sums of money that will be needed to bring up to date our obstetric facilities will not be unwisely spent on the advice of well-meaning idealists who dare to teach their grandfathers of the Old World. 

THE public should realise that the present State Government is straining every nerve to rectify the mistakes and overtake the deficiencies in health matters which were bequeathed to them by the predecessors of the last 37 years. As chairman of our oldest teaching hospital, I am astounded that they have been able to accomplish so much in so short a time, realising, as I do, the amount of thought and money that efficient modern hospital construction entails. Advocates of the lonely, specialised obstetric hospital forget that pregnant women are just as liable as their nonpregnant sisters to suffer from all the ills the human body is heir to, from carious teeth to cancers, skin diseases, and a variety of toxnemins. The unit our directors envisage will admit such complicated cases and deal 'with them thoroughly, as we have 137 honorary specialists attached to the staff of our hospital centre, as well as having the whole of the University laboratory facilities to assist in the elucidation of medical problems. 

I AGREE with those who urge that the accommodation for uncomplicated cases, homes for expectant mothers, ante-natal clinics and convalescent homes, should be conducted with as little hospital atmosphere as possible. More of these cases should be dealt with in their own homes by a well-organised and well-trained professional team— doctor, nurse and student— provided, of course, that only normal multoparous patients are handled, and provision is made for proper hospital care and transportation if emergencies should arise. The fact that for the year ending June 30, 1937, 6000 others successfully delivered themselves at home, without the aid of a doctor, shows the possibilities for the development of such a service. Our mothers of 50 years ago lived a much more placid, expectant life, and so had fewer difficulties' and complications during childbirth than their present-day sisters. This is a factor that the scaremongers on mortality forget, and accounts for the better results obtained in the different districts and countries. Women brought up in the country, and domesticated women who grew up under simple and frugal parental direction, stand a much better chance of an uncomplicated labor than women addicted to social gaiety and late hours, or those who live, during their carrying period, in picture shows and restaurants. All the progress that modern medicine has made in preventing and curing intercurrent diseases has been more than offset by the change in the social habits of our women, and this factor must always be given due weight' when considering mortality rates for different races and different occupations. 

AGAIN, all the talk about the "dirty nurse" and the "dirty doctor" is so much nonsense and all informed persons know that a large percentage of women go to their bed of labor with internal disease which has often existed before they first became pregnant. It should be known that the patient, more often than not, contains the germs of septicaemia within herself and that the attending doctor or nurse is powerless to prevent their invading the blood stream. If well-intentioned people who are constantly attacking the profession and public authorities about mortality will remember these two factors when considering the rate, we will be nearer the solution of the obstetric problem that confronts this Stale. The small unit which the Royal Prince Alfred Board is about to erect and conduct will have far-reaching results in the study of disease in the pregnant woman, and, without interfering with the excellent facilities which the Professor of Obstetrics has established for students in the existing well-conducted obstetric hospitals, will provide a home for post-graduate study for 50 doctors and many nurses annually. Nobody will deny that the better qualified the doctor and the nurse the better will be the obstetrics throughout the State. Moreover, the present undertaking will give the Government a guide to a model construction for any future hospitals which finances permit them to erect in the various suburbs and large towns of the State.

King George V. Memorial Hospital for Women, as it will appear on completion. (See article on Page 4.) 
MODEL HOSPITAL FOR N.S.W. MOTHERS (1938, April 13). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 4 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229866664 

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital life governor's certificate electing Sir William Dixson, 1 November 1939. Image No.: a7182001, courtesy The Dixson Library, State Library of NSW. Signed by RPAH Chairman of Directors H H Schlink.

Sir William Dixson (18 April 1870 – 17 August 1952) was an Australian businessman, collector and benefactor who bequeathed his collection of over 20,000 items of Australiana to the State Library of New South Wales, forming the Dixson Library. 

In recognition of his public benefactions, in 1937-39 William Dixson gave a total of £5000 to assist in establishing a library at the New England University College, Armidale, which is named in his honour; he also presented some 1500 anthropological specimens from Australasia, New Guinea and the Bismarck Archipelago to the Australian Museum, he was knighted in the New Year Honours of 1939.

SIR WILLIAM DIXSON, K.B. NEW KNIGHTS (1939, January 3). Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate(NSW : 1876 - 1954) , , p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article135465630

Just as his parents had done prior to him, Sir Hugh Dixson (1841-1926), he donated generously to hospitals, the RPAH among them. His mother had been made a Life Governor of RPAH as well.

New Sydney Hospital Offered To Military Authorities
SYDNEY, Friday.— The Defence Department has been offered the use of the almost-completed King George V Memorial Hospital for Women at Camperdown. The hospital, which will have 263 beds, is controlled by Royal Prince Alfred Hospital. It was intended to be a maternity hospital. . An appeal will be launched In August for £25,000 to equip the hospital. The general superintendent of Royal Prince Alfred Hospital (Dr. A. B. Lilley) said that most of the obstetric equipment could be used for general work. A number of beds in the general hospital will also be made available to the military authorities,' he added. Other metropolitan hospitals have also offered fully-equipped beds for military purposes. At. Prince Henry Hospital a new infectious diseases block will probably be built, to make 240 beds In the general hospital available for military use. New Sydney Hospital Offered To Military Authorities (1940, June 29). The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article40948255

The appeal finally raised was £45,000 - all raised by the Ladies Auxiliary.


MATRON H. B. HETHERINGTON, matron of the new hospital, and Dr. H. H. SCHLINK, Chairman of the board of directors of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital receiving DR. HELEN MACDONALD at the opening of the King George V Memorial Hospital for Mothers and Babies at Camperdown last night Dr. MacDonatd will begin her duties as an assistant anaesthetist at the hospital this morning Also in the picture are DR. A. J. COLLINS, a member of the Board of Directors, and MRS. COLLINS. For Women.—RECEPTION AT HOSPITAL (1941, May 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17748846

The Matron pictured here is the very good friend of Muriel Knox Doherty, overseeing her acquiring of a home at Avalon Beach. Muriel was also supported in her endeavours by Dr. Schlink.

The trip to America, and subsequent trips abroad seeing medical institutions working on a grand scale with aligned disciplines working together within one campus inspired Dr. Schlink to attempt the same thing for Australia and his beloved RPA and in seeing a shortfall that would follow WWII - this plan, fortunately, did not materialise on the scale Dr. Schlink envisioned in his ever expanding roles for the RPA and the structures required for these - the RPA of today though is a very close version of this - health, research, teaching, a long list of first in the Australia developments in medicine and operations remain part of the RPA vision:

A National Medical Centre In Sydney to Cost £3,000,000
By Dr. H. H. SCHLINK, Chairman of Directors of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital
Governments everywhere are planning to make better medical services available to all in post war years. If Australia is not to lag behind it behoves all in this State who will be responsible for the education of the huge medical, nursing and technical personnel needed for this purpose to make early plans for the organisation of this teaching; other wise schemes, splendid on paper, will, fail through a lack of properly educated men and women to conduct them.

A pen and ink impression of a part of the proposed Medical Centre.
CONSCIOUS of oversea activities  in the hospital world, and realising the need for better medical services, the directors of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital have decided on the founding of a national medical centre round the only medical school In New South Wales at Sydney University.
The board Is convinced that proximity to the University and Its libraries, museums, and laboratories will necessarily determine for all that the site of the National Medical Centre, and has already purchased some of the necessary land. Its plan for this centre means the remodelling of a portion of Camperdown near the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, the erection of modern buildings for preventive medicine, curative treatment, clinical teaching, and medical research, and the provision of an additional 2000 beds. The cost of the centre is estimated at £3 millions.
With Government aid the hospital wishes to resume the whole of the area on the western side of Missenden Road as far as Australia Street, and re-plan the area with streets lined by modern medical buildings erected to cope with the rapid expansion of medicine.
No other city in the world has such an ideal area for the purpose proposed. It is an area which will make future, hospital and education progress economically sound.
Ten Years to Complete
The buildings planned by the directors are estimated to take under 10 years to complete, but with the help of the Government and the community, the whole could be in occupation within five years. A start has already been made by the erection of the King George V Memorial hospital for Mothers and Babies, the steam service building:, the workshops, and the laundry, all of which occupy their permanent sites in the general plan.
The outpatient and casualty polyellnic is the gate or doorway to the whole village of teaching hospitals. It is to this that patients will come from city and suburbs to be treated for minor illness or accidents, for purposes of diagnosis, and for the treatment of chronic Illness.
Paticnts will be admitted to the various hospitals through It, and those discharged Will attend it for their follow-up. Small wards and an operating theatre will be attached to the casualty-room. In the wards cases will be kept no longer than 24 hours; after that time the patient, if not well enough to be sent home, will be sent to one of the constituent hospitals. The main dispensary, dental clinic, and ambulance station will also be in this block.
The diagnostic therapeutic unit will be located in a central building to serve both outpatients and bed patients. The X-ray plant, the blood bank, the haematology department, biochemistry department, physiotherapy and other highly specialised departments and laboratories are also situated here.
It is proposed to construct new pavilions for general medicine and general surgery, and new hospitals specially adapted and equipped to suit each specialty will be built. Sites have been allotted for a cancer institute, a post-graduate hospital, pavilions for sub-acute and chronic diseases, and a hostel for the dying.
The construction of a nurses' home with about 2,000 bedrooms is considered vital, and the present home will be converted into residential quarters for medical officers, post-graduate students, and medical students in residence during their fifth and sixth years.
A College of Nursing Is planned to embrace the whole range of nursing Instruction.
Other schools will be provided for the allied callings necessary to give a complete health service to the community; dietitians, physiotherapists, almoners, instrument assistants, and provision for apprenticeship in all callings relative to hospital service.
A residential hostel for Hospital Workers as well as one for country students is also contemplated. With such a community living within the centre, a. community auditorium for meetings shows and conferences would be required. and a site has been reserved for this purpose. With resident workers, married workers and their families, ambulatory patients and visitors, the daily community of the centre would probably number 20,000.
Provisions within the plan for the centre Include the use of one of the nearby parks for an airfield for any patients who in the future are transported by air.
The hospital survey made by the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Social Security revealed inadequate hospital facilities throughout Australia, and that tile City of Sydney in particular was short of world standard requirements
The Sydney Faculty of Medicine is already facing a serious situation in practical hospital instruction for its ever-increasing number of medical students. Last year, for the 164 students in the three teaching hospitals, there was only one bed to every four students instead of the standard laid down by the latest British authority of one student to 10 beds. An adequate community medical service cannot be obtained if future doctors are not provided with necessary practical experience.
Various organisations, institutions, and individuals who co-operate with the national medical centre will not lose their identity. The Royal Alexandria Hospital, for example, would be managed by its independent board, and would only participate In certain common services to reduce costs and co-ordinate its student time-table With that of the centre.  A National Medical Centre In Sydney to Cost £3,000,000 (1945, July 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17946585 

The Royal Prince Alfred Hospital was opened in 1882. It was built by public subscription in commemoration of Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh's, survival of an assassination attempt at Clontarf Beach during a royal visit in 1868. See: The First Royal Visitor to Australia: the Incident at Clontarf March 12th, 1868 

The original hospital, a three-storey square building with basement, was based on the design for St Thomas's Hospital in London and classified by the National Trust. The facades of the Queen Victoria and Prince Albert blocks, added on either side in 1901, are also classified, as are the original nurses' home, Gloucester House and the King George V Hospital.

Another statue!:

The Duke Approves Statue
The much-discussed statue of King George V at the King George V. Memorial Hospital, Camperdown, was unveiled by the Duke of Gloucester. The Duke said he thought the statue was "very good." 
"I am very pleased to extend my family's connection with this hospital by unveiling this statue” said the Duke, pulling the cord. The Duchess of Gloucester, who screwed up her eyes as she inspected the statue, said; "I am intrigued by it." 
Doctors from the King George V. Memorial Hospital, in front of which the statue has been placed, said it was dreadful. Audrey Laws (14), of Camperdown, who came to the unveiling ceremony carrying her baby sister, said it was lovely. "Is It a Shroud?" -

Andor Meszaros designed and carved the unusual and radically different conception of the late King, standing with bowed head and carrying a sceptre. The coronation robe' is bare of ornament, and spectators in the crowd asked: "Is it a shroud?" 

Meszaros used an 8 ½ ton block of Australian marble to carve the 2 ½ ton figure. Chairman of the hospital (Dr. Schlink), welcoming the Duke and Duchess said the statue was Inspired by the artist's desire to represent the late King, not as a soldier, warrior, diplomat, ruler or supreme commander, but as the spiritual head of the charitable activities throughout the Empire.  
Afterwards. Dr. Schlink said that the simple dress of the statue was designed to prevent it from becoming dated. The features were exaggerated because the statue had to stand in the weather, and a thin nose and ears would he likely to drop off after time. Hundreds watched the unveiling.

STATUE of King George V., which was unveiled today by the Duke of Gloucester at the King George V. Memorial Hospital. It is the work of Andor Meszaros. The Duke Approves Statue (1947, January 10). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 2 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229994286 

Meszaros was a Hungarian sculptor who settled in Melbourne in 1939. He was introduced to Herbert Schlink by Architect A. G. Stephenson, who designed the Chapel among other structures already listed above.  Meszaros’s most prominent commission was perhaps the medals of the
1956 Olympic Games. Two other statues of his “Maternity” and "The Surgeon" were also installed in the Royal Prince Alfred Hospita grounds - these were made of Hawkesbury sandstone while the statute of KIng George V was sculpted from Queensland white marble for which the sculptor needed special tungsten chisels

Dr. Schlink's Address
The best hospital systems of the modern world had grown through the co-operation of voluntary and Government enterprise, the president of the newly formed Australian Hospital Association, Dr. H. H. Schlink, said at the first general meeting of the association yester-day.
"Some persons believe that the voluntary system to-day cannot do the whole job," he said . "Others feel that complete Government control cannot do it. The obvious solution is for the two systems to work together in collaboration, consultation, and harmony.
The two essentials necessary for success are money and knowledge. Governments have the financial strength no longer within the reach of voluntary effort, but the right use of that strength to the ultimate good of the community depends on the co-operation of the medical profession, the administrative agencies of hospitals, and the consumers of hospital services." CO-OPERATION IN HOSPITALS (1947, February 18). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18015498 

Your Illnesses Get More Costly
Hospital Expenses Are Still Soaring, But You Get Fewer Comforts
SOARING costs are forcing a crisis in the affairs of our hospitals. Since 1940 costs of hospital treatment have increased 150 per cent., and they are still rising. In one big Sydney hospital it costs £675 a year to maintain a bed, compared with only £268 in 1940. Factors that account for this are wage increases for nurses and domestic staff, the 4,0hour week, and higher prices for food, drugs, and surgical equipment.
MORE than a score of private hospitals in Sydney have been forced to close in the last two years. Even the big hospitals are so costly to run that their administrative staffs are battling to make ends meet.
Last year most hospitals were compelled to increase charges for accommodation in private wards very steeply. This has forced many patients, unable to pay the cost of a bed in a private ward, to press for free- treatment in the overcrowded public wards.
But the more immediate effect of the cost rise is to force even our best hospitals to economise-not in essential services, but in many ways which must in the long run seriously reduce standards of comfort.
Our hospitals will resist to the limit any temptation to cut down on things which could reduce the efficiency of the service they perform for the sick and injured.  But in a desperate attempt to make ends meet and live within their fixed incomes, they now find themselves obliged to economise on such things as equipment for the wards, apparatus for . their technical workers, and general hospital improvements.
Patients will get the same medical care but they will not get the same comforts and luxuries.

WHEN the war ended in 1945 the taxpayers of New South Wales were paying £1,700,000 a year to-ward the upkeep of our public hospitals.
That was the total subsidy paid by the State Government to the Hospitals Commission for distribution to more than 200 public hospitals in this Slate.
Today the taxpayers are paying £6 million towards the upkeep of these hospitals. That includes £4 million paid by the State Government and about £H million paid by the Commonwealth Government out of the social service contribution which the people pay with their income tax.
That jump, from £1,700,000 to £6 million in four years, shows how our hospitals have had to call upon Governments for bigger and bigger handouts to bridge the widening gulf between expenditure and revenue.
Take the case of Australia's biggest hospital, the Royal Prince Alfred, in Sydney. This is what it has cost to maintain a bed in this hospital each year since 1935:
Average cost per bed. £
1935 . 194 
1940 . 268
1945. 356 
1946 . 386 
1947 . 481 
1948 . 573 
1949 . 675
Dr. Herbert H. Schlink, chairman of this great hospital, and probably the leading authority on hospital administration in Australia, says:
"If we knew the cost-price spiral had been checked we might know where we stand. But the end is not in sight. Costs arc still rising in every department. At this rate it is appalling to think what we may be faced with before the year is out."
The matron of a private hospital says:
"The way costs keep on mounting up just makes me gasp. If something isn't done to check it the private hospitals will soon be-empty because we shall be forced to charge prices beyond our patients' means."
ALL hospitals have increased their charges to patients in the last few years, some by 50 per cent., some by 100 per cent., a few by 150 per cent. Even then they bear little relation to actual costs.
"If we put up our charges in proportion to our costs we wouldn't have a patient in the place," says the chairman of a private hospital.

Under the Hospital Benefits Act, patients in public wards are now treated free, the Commonwealth Government compensating the hospitals by paying 8/ for each patient a day (£2/16/ a week).
Under the same scheme the patient in a private ward gets a rebate of a similar amount (£2/16/ a week) off his bill. This, in effect, substantially reduces the cost of his illness, though the relief he gets from the rebate is counter-balanced, of course, by the, amount of the social benefits contribution he makes to the Common-wealth Government when he pays his taxes...
CHARGES such as these naturally vary greatly according to how heavily a hospital is endowed and the extent to which it is subsidised.
Private hospitals, for instance, are not subsidised at all; they receive the social benefits contribution of 8/ a day for each patient, but that is all.
Of course, a patient in a private hospital has to pay more than the charge for his bed. He will find, for example, that the charge for the use of the operating theatre has gone up from £2/2/ in 1936 to £3/3/ or £3/10/ to-day (if he is undergoing a major
Here are some Royal Prince Alfred Hospital figures (remembering that the hospital had 736 occupied beds in 1940 and 1,172 to-day):
                                       1940                 1948 £ £
Wages .                        118,000           458,000 
Food .                              38,000           114,000 
Drugs .                            16,000              61,000 
Fuel, power .                     9,000             25,000 
Bedding, laundry, etc ..    9,000 28,000 
General-expenses . 9,000 27,000 
X-ray, pathological, etc . 9,000 17,000 
Repairs . 8,000 20,000 operation) and from £1/1/ to £1/15/ (for a minor operation).
Drugs (for which the private ward patient also pays) are very expensive, and are used much more generously than they were a few years ago. A doctor relates how a patient who recently paid 25 guineas in doctors' fees had to pay £89 in addition for drugs before she was cured. 

BIGGEST. factors in present-day hospital maintenance costs are wages and the effect of the 40-hour week. In 1937 a first-year nurse was paid £1/13/6 a week. Under the Kinsella award of 1947 she is paid £3/12/. A senior sister who got £4/6/ in 1937 gets £7/16/ to-day, with an additional 5/ if she is employed on an obstetrical case.
These increases lifted the wages bill at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital by about £50,000 last year. But the wages of all other hospital employees have gone up, too, as a result of basic wage rises and higher penalty rates. In addition, it is estimated that the 40-hour week, which now applies to all hospital employees, has raised bed costs by 10 per cent.

Three or four years ago coal could be bought  for 34/44 a ton; now it is 60/3. Milk has gone up from 1/4 to 2/54 a gallon; crepe bandages from 1/44- to 2/0 each. Since 1941 the meat bill at one hospital has gone up from £700 to £2,200 a month. The story is the same in every other department of our hospitals. Your Illnesses Get More Costly (1949, February 27). The Sunday Herald (Sydney, NSW : 1949 - 1953), , p. 2. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18464827

By Our Special Reporter
Sydney is so short of hospital beds that 10,000 people needing: medical or surgical attention are on hospital waiting lists. Doctors say that the condition of many of these people is becoming progressively worse and their chances of recovery lessens by the delay in treatment.
Some hospitals have waiting lists of 2,000 names. One, Royal Prince Alfred, has 4,800 names. It will take from three weeks to nine months to find beds for all these people.
While they are waiting, they will be denied the surgical opera-tions or hospital treatment which their doctors have advised. There are 22,200 hospital beds in the'State; another 2,000 to 3,000 are needed in Sydney alone.
Three Months' Wait For Operation
To blame for this situation
  • The war.
  • Failure of successive State Governments to appreciate the health needs of the growing population.
  • The disinclination of the present State Government to give new hospitals top building priority.
  • Abolition by the Federal Government of the patients' means test. This has precipitated a rush for free medical treatment for which our existing hospitals were totally unprepared.
Only if you are dying, or very very ill, can you hope to get a bed- promptly in any of our big hospitals. If you try to get into the Royal North Shore Hospital, for example, you will be told that you must wait three weeks to get a bed for medical treatment, any-thing up to three months if you need a surgical operation, up to nine months for orthopaedic treatment, and from six to nine months for treatment of chest diseases.
Consequences Can Be Alarming
Doctors who are trying every day to get their patients into hospital will tell you that that is typical of nearly all Sydney's big hospitals. The consequences can be alarming. Here arc some of the things that happen:
People suffering from haemorrhoids, gall bladders, and other painful growths have a low priority in their claims upon hospital accommodation and must suffer agony for as long as six months before a hospital will admit them.
People suffering from allergic complaints, like asthma and eczema, have to wait up to three weeks for a hospital bed, suffering acute depression and irritation.
Women have to book beds in maternity hospitals eight months ahead for their confinement.

Accident Victims Cannot Stay
If they suffer complications after childbirth they have little chance of getting into hospital, 'where 15 days' treatment would set them right. Instead, they have to suffer at home, where domestic duties deprive them of the rest they need.
Victims of road accidents who are suspected of having suffered brain injury are not permitted to occupy hospital beds for more than a few hours. Surgeons claim that a stay in bed for at least 24 hours for observation is essential.
Convalescence after illness or operation is reduced to dangerous limits. A relapse in the home, where proper observation and attention are lacking, sometimes has fatal results.
As for the elderly sick, the bed-ridden, the chronically ill, and the troublesome-they have hardly a chance in the world.
No matron would risk admitting a patient whom she might have on her hands for years, occupying a precious bed which could accommodate 15 or 20 urgent surgical cases every 12 months. And if her heart melted, and she took the patient in, as likely as not the entire staff would walk out.

Must Languish-and Die-At Home
If you are over 60 and bed-ridden you are not popular in hospital. You must languish at home -and probably die sooner than you. otherwise might
Here is what a leading Sydney allergist says of the hospital bed shortage:
"It takes from 10 days to three weeks to get a serious asthma or eczema patient into any hospital in Sydney. That is quite useless and most damaging to the patient. -
"The people I refer to suffer severe asthma continuously and require oxygen or adrenalin injections every two hours day and night. Their only hope of relief, in some cases their only hope of life, is to get into hospital quickly for constant treatment. But this is denied them. Because of the shortage of beds, which they are told are needed for more urgent cases, . they go home to suffer and, I regret to say, in some cases to die.
"Sydney could do with a hos-pital for asthma cases alone. It could be kept going every day and all the year with the most severe type, status asthmaticus, alone."
Makes Extra Work For The Staff
Besides piling up pain and misery for a lot of people, the hospital bed shortage makes extra work for nursing and medical staffs and contributes to the feeling of irritation and frustration you find in many hospitals.
Some doctors, more short tempered than others,, admit that after telephoning a dozen hospitals in vain for a bed they have in desperation called an ambulance, bundled the patient inside, and had him dumped on the near-est hospital doorstep.
If it is an urgent case, demanding immediate treatment, the patient gets a bed at once. But the doctor guilty of such summary and unorthodox action runs the risk of having his name jotted down in the matron's black book, and he may quite easily get a cool reception when next he speaks to her on the telephone. 
Sydney doctors estimate that the city Is short of from 2,000 to 3,000 hospital beds. And they see no prospect of the shortage being ovçrcome for many years. 
Top Priority To Home Building
When the war ended in 1945, all of Sydney's big hospitals had plans for increasing their accommodation. In the aggregate, those extensions would have cost £15,000, 000 and provided beds for neatly 100,000 more patients a year. *(
Two big hospitals alone, Royal Prince Alfred and Royal North Shore, each have building projects costing -£2 ½  million.
But the State Government refused permission to build. It allotted top priority in building materials only to houses, and allowed schools and hospitals to compete for second and third places. 
Under this division of priorities, the needs of the sick and ailing came off Very badly. In the past year a limited amount of building has been ¡permitted outside Sydney, notably at Newcastle" and Wollongong, and in the outer environs of ¡Sydney a new hospital is going up at Bankstown, and tenders have ,been called for others at Hornsby and Sutherland,  but except for additions at Crown Street and St. Margaret's Women's Hospitals, nothing has been done to tackle the problem where'it,is most urgent and the bed shortage presses hardest-in the city. ''
The three new hospitals at Bankstown, Hornsby, and Suther-land will provide another 660 beds. But that (is not enough. Commission Policy Is "Dangerous"
Sydney doctors say that the Hospital Commission's policy of shorter stay-ins for patients relieves the pressure on hospital space but brings many dangerous risks in its train and is in the interests neither of the patients nor the doctors.
Much harm can be done, they say, by forcing patients to vacate beds before their full course of treatment is completed.
The medical superintendent of one Sydney hospital put it this way:
"A great deal of clinical acumen is required to assess the risk of discharging a patient.
"A modern hospital, with its life-saving machinery, is well equipped to do this, but it does not follow that because a patient is discharged he is fitted to return to his home. 
"The proper place for many of these patients is a convalescent or rest home and accommodation in those places is even harder to find than it is in a hospital.
"The fact is that because of the bed shortage a great many people who badly . need from one to two weeks' convalescence after operations or serious illness are not getting it."
Dr. H. H. Schlink, our leading authority on hospital administration, claims that the recent craze in America for reducing the patient's stay-in is over.
He says it has been found wanting in too many vital medical respects to have had anything more than a passing vogue. 10,000 On Hospital Waiting List (1949, May 1). The Sunday Herald (Sydney, NSW : 1949 - 1953), , p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18467232 

Romance Takes Toll Of Graduate Nurses

SISTER ELAINE BARCHAM came from sick bay at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital yesterday to receive her nurse's diploma from the wife of the Prime Minister, Mrs. R. G. Menzies.
"I hope you don't marry too soon," the chairman of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Board, Dr. Herbert Schlinck, said in his address to 20 girls,three of whom are already engaged, when the wife of the Prime Minister, Mrs. R. G. I Menzies, presented them with their nurses' diplomas at the hospital yesterday.
"Looking around me, I feel that Dr. Schlinck's wish is I doomed to failure," Mrs. Menzies remarked.
Commenting on Dr. Schlinck's statement that expenses were rising so rapidly that a hospital bed, which once cost £72 a year to maintain, now costs £800, and  may soon be £1,000, Mrs. Menzies said, "These figures frighten I me. They give the impression that at some stage we may not be able to afford hospitals, and I think that the position will indeed be bad when we cannot have large hospitals such as this i in which to train young doctors 1 and nurses to help others."
Except for Dr. H. Selle, Matron M. Looker, examiners, and sisters, most of the guests at the ceremony yesterday were country people who had come to see their daughters graduate.
Sister Margaret Hughes (Newcastle) and Sister Judith Thompson (Bathurst), who graduated yesterday, will leave for England in the Moreton Bay next January, with Miss Ann Macansh, to continue their studies abroad.
The nurses held a small party after their graduation yesterday, but as most of them were on night work they deferred their celebrations until the dance at the Pickwick Club being arranged by the fourth-year students for May 31.
Mrs. Menzies, who has been in Sydney since Friday, returned to 'Canberra by air last night. Romance Takes Toll Of Graduate Nurses (1950, May 4).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18168747 

U.S. Honour For Dr. H. H. Schlink
The chairman of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Dt. H. H. Schlink will leave Australia today to attend the congress of the American HospitalsAssociation. Dr. Schlink is the first doc-tor from a non-American country to receive an invitation to the congress, which will be attended by 10,000 doctors from all over America, including Canada.
He will also receive honorary membership of the association, which is the highest honour that can be bestowed upon a doctor from a non-American country.
Dr. Schlink announced his departure for overseas at the opening of the new laundry block at the R.P.A. Hospital yesterday. He will also attend the International Gynaecological. Congress in Paris on June 23, and the International Hospitals Congress at Brussels on July 15.
At yesterday's ceremony, Mr. A. G. Stephenson, one of the architects who designed the new £130,000 laundry block, presented Dr. Schlink with a plaque from the standards committee of the American College of Surgeons. The plaque was in recognition of the outstanding work done by the R.P.A. The American College of Surgeons gave the plaque to Mr. Stephenson, during a recent visit to America, for presentation to Dr. Schlink. U.S. Honour For Dr. H. H. Schlink (1951, May 5). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18213209

£50,000 gift to cancer fight
Sydney, Friday
Sydney philanthropist Mr, E. J. Hallstrom today offered £ 50,000 to the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital for the campaign against cancer.
He slid the sum was for a “general attack on the disease," to include research and clinical treatment. Dr Schlink, hospital chairman, said he was sure this "most generous offer” would be accepted by the board. Three years ago a Hallstrom heart clinic was established at the hospital
"A separate unit will be established, similar to the heart clinic, and the whole problem of cancer will be attacked," Dr. Schlink said

£20,000 already
The £50,000 is additional to £20,000 Mr. Hallstrom has already given for cancer treatment, including: the use of A.C.T.H. and anti-biotics
He said today that mice to be used for research were on their way from New York, and would be available early next month.
A committee on cancer research had been chosen Mr O'Sullivan, Minister for Health, said today. £50,000 gift to cancer fight (1952, January 5). The Argus(Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), , p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article23155641 

In 1954 Dr. Schlink and the architect who had helped him in his endeavours to expand all the RPAH could do were recognised for their efforts:

Queen Honors Judges, Scientist, Airman and Churchmen
Thirteen Australians, including three Victorians, have received knighthoods conferred by Queen Elizabeth in her Birthday honors Commonwealth List. The list names three High Court Judges, two of whom have 'been knighted previously and now receive higher orders of knighthood. 

The Chief Justice of the High Court, Sir Owen Dixon — - already a Knight Commander of St. Michael and St. George — becomes Knight Grand Cross of St. Michael and St. George.-
The two other Victorians have been created Knights Bachelor- — Sir Ian Clunies-Ross, chairman of the C.S.I.R.O., and Sir Arthur George Stephenson, a distinguished architect.

SIR ARTHUR GEORGE STEPHENSON, C.M.G., M.C., of Melbourne, in recognition of his outstanding contribution in raising the standards of architecture throughout Australia, and for his valuable assistance to the Commonwealth in the sphere of architectural design over a period of many years.Sir Ian Clunies-Ross had received the C.M.G. in the last New Year honors. 

SIR HERBERT HENRY SCHLINK, of Sydney, in recognition of a most distinguished career both as a surgeon and as a citizen. His contributions to the treatment of cancer are world famous, and he has written a number of text books on gynaecology. 
SIR PATRICK GORDON TAYLOR, G.C., M.C., of Sydney, in recognition of his outstanding pioneering services to Australian civil aviation.
THIRTEEN KNIGHTS IN NEW BIRTHDAY AWARDS (1954, June 10). The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), , p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article205391216 

Sydney now had methods of detection and cure of certain types of cancer in women that might be ahead of any other clinic in the world, Sir Herbert Schlink said today.
Sir Herbert, who is Royal Prince Alfred Hospital chairman, made this claim when, giving details today of new cancer detection apparatus installed at the hospital. He said this could result in cures for between 90 and 98 percent of cases of certain types of cancer in women, provided an early diagnosis were made, be also claimed that the death rate from this type of cancer was lower at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital than at any other clinic in Australia. He said that by early detection and a combination of radium and radical surgery the hospital had saved the lives of from eight to 10 more patients in every 100 than any other clinic in Australia. Sir Herbert said that a new cancer detection machine had been imported from Vienna The machine, called an Antoine electric colpomicroscope, could detect malignant cells below the surface, and magnify them 2000 times. NEW AID ON CANCER (1954, July 8). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 21 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229713668 

Cancer Detection
SYDNEY, Thurs. — A. new cancer detection apparatus at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital offers methods of curing certain types of cancer in women. The methods might be ahead of any other clinic in the world.
This claim was made today by Sir Herbert Schlink, chairman of the hospital, who said the new detection machine had been imported from Vienna six months ago. Sir Herbert said the new methods could result in cures for between 90 and 98 per cent of cases of certain types of cancer in women, provided an early diagnosis were made. Cancer Detection (1954, July 9). Daily Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1915 - 1954), , p. 1. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article192823966 

A round of social functions for the 2,000 visitors who will attend the Australasian Congress of the British Medical Association in Sydney next year is already being planned by a committee of more than 100 wives of Sydney doctors.
Groups have been formed to organise transport, sports, home entertainment, parties, and outings for the week of the congress, from August 20 to 27.
On the first night of the congress, Mrs. A. J. Collins, who is president of the women's committee, will give a cocktail party for 100 guests at her home at Killara, and Mrs. Frank Hansman will also entertain 100 visitors at her Vaucluse home.
Parties at Palm Beach on the Sunday of congress week are being planned by Sir. Herbert and Lady Schlink, Dr. and Mrs. S. N. Chanhall, and Dr. and Mrs. C. R. Laverty.
Other hostesses who will entertain at home are Mrs. A. H. Baldwin, Mrs. M. A. O'Halloran, Mrs. Stanley Goulston, and Mrs. Clive Robinson.
Six hostesses—Mesdames R. Black, Rod Macdonald, Richard Harris, Edgar Thom-son, Fred Niesche and R. B. Noad, will give a combined cocktail party at the Pickwick Club, and another group of eight, Mesdames Rex Money, Grant Lindeman, Victor Coppleson, John Belisario, A. W. Morrow, F. Chenhall, Cotter Harvey and George Stening, will entertain 200 guests for cocktails.
The biggest official functions will be the congress dinner at Mark Foys, and the ball. BIG PARTIES TO BE HELD FOR B.M.A. CONGRESS (1954, August 10). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18432430 

Care Of The Aged
How we can alleviate the social problem of our old and sick people was the main discussion at the United Hospital Auxiliaries 20th Annual conference, held in Sydney last week.
The 270 delegates who attended the three-day conference were acutely aware of the- urgent need for proper housing and medical care for the aged. Sir Herbert Schlink, chairman of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, who officially opened the conference said, 'Since attending overseas conferences, I believe that we in Australia are lagging behind in the question of the care of old, sick people. We seem to have forgotten what we owe to the old who made our cities. 'It is not only homes that are needed for the old,' he continued, 'but care of the sick, which is most important. When I attended the Brussels conference, I noticed that around the hospital centre were built houses for the old sick people, so that the staff of the hospital could visit them in their homes. 'The aged were admitted to the homes for even minor complaints, and so they received prompt attention,' he added. 

Sir Herbert Schlink fully supported a motion put forward by the Parkes branch that the government be urged to give serious and sympathetic consideration to the establishment of homes for aged people in city and country areas in the very near future. A Parkes representative reminded the conference that it is the old people who made Australia what it is today for us to enjoy. 
Country Appeal 
She asked all the women present to pledge that they would see their local State member and let him know that the women are alive to social problems. One of the guest speakers, Miss Katharine Ogilvie, who is a lecturer in medical social work at the Sydney University, appealed to people in country towns to start small, intimate homes for those with long chronic illnesses. 'What, happens to long term cases in country; hospitals?' Miss Ogilvie asked her audience. 'They are either kept indefinitely in the hospital, with no facilities for proper care, or moved out to make room for casualty cases. 'It would help if there was an increase in the number of small welfare homes run by churches and voluntary societies. 'Although there are undoubtedly some homes for the aged run for profit, there are also some Very wonderful women running private welfare homes,' she added. During her address, Miss Ogilvie supported a suggestion put forward by Sir Herbert Schlink earlier at the conference, that a community chest be established along American lines, to do away with perpetual canvassing and box rattling. Money collecting would then be concentrated on a certain section of the year. Miss Ogilvie commented that a community chest would .mean enhanced efficiency and save time and trouble. Home and Fashion (1954, October 29).The Farmer and Settler (Sydney, NSW : 1906 - 1955), , p. 21. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117083811 

The above few insights into what Dr. Schlink was known to have achieved, wanted to see occur, and a few articles that he has written, make you wonder if this man ever took a day off. In 1962 he ended his 28 years as Chairman of Directors at the RPAH
Lady Schlink

In his 1950 Address to graduating nurses Dr. Schlink expresses a wish that these nurses won't marry too soon, once again showing a slight incongruity as he himself had married almost five years prior to that date.

The chairman of the board of directors of Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Dr. H. H. Schlink, is to marry Dr. Margaret Mulvey, who for the past two years has been superintendent of the King George V Memorial Hospital for Mothers and Babies, which is attached to the R.P.A. Hospital.
The wedding is expected to take place this week.
Dr. Schlink has been chairman of the R.P.A. Hospital board since 1934. A distinguished gynaecologist, he is a foundation fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons. Dr. Mulvey, who is the elder daughter of Dr. R. D. Mulvey, of Bathurst, has been on the staff of the R.P.A. Hospital for nearly five years.  DR. H. H. SCHLINK TO MARRY DR. M. MULVEY (1945, June 28). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 4. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27938245 

Margaret Mulvey was the eldest daughter and born at Concord to Roy Dadson Mulvey and Gladys Esme (nee Taylor) who met while they were some of the first teachers at Parramatta High School when it was still in Macquarie street. 

MULVEY-TAYLOR.-December 20, 1915, at the Congregational Church, Pitt-street, by the Rev. N. J. Cocks, M.A., Roy Dadson, son of Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Mulvey, of Mayfield, Newcastle, to Gladys, eldest daughter of Mrs. R. C. Taylor, Concord. Family Notices. (1916, January 29). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28782345

Mrs Mulvey remained teaching while her husband served in WWI and on his return produced their first son, Eric William (1919). Roy Mulvey worked as a GP on his return. Two other sons and a daughter were born in the 1920’s. Mrs Mulvey died 8 days after a fourth son, stillborn, in 1929, when Margaret was just 12 years old, an experience and memory that seemed to mark the rest of her life. The family was living at Oberon then but moved to Bathurst soon after.

By 1940 Margaret and her brother Eric were both at Sydney University, Margaret graduating that year with Honours (Bachelor of Surgery). In 1942 the first of her brothers, John Dadson, enlisted. In 1943 Eric William enlisted and died a few months before his son was born in 1945 of disease while serving in Borneo. In 1945 Peter Maxwell Mulvey, then a few months short of being 18, enlisted. Roy Dadson, their father, also re-enlisted. This family's sons and father served in the Army, Air Force and Navy. 

During this period Margaret, or ‘Meg’ as she was popularly known, began her career in 1941 as a Junior Medical Officer at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital. By 1943 Dr Mulvey was Clinical Superintendent at the King George V Hospital for Mothers and Babies which was attached to the RPA. Around this time she also began to come into contact frequently with Dr Herbert Schlink who apparently sent bouquet after bouquet of red roses to her and spoke about his wonderful garden at Careel Bay, "It's the tracery of the trees I want to share."

On the 28th of June 1945, at St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, Margaret married Herbert. Theirs was to be a marriage that focused on the passion they shared; bringing new lives into the world and ensuring the women who gave birth survived. 

Medical Visitors From Sydney: Dr Herbert H. Schlink, chairman of directors of the King George V Hospital, Sydney, who is in Melbourne, is accompanied by his wife, whom he married shortly before coming here, so their trip is in the nature of a honeymoon, though Dr Schlink is here on business as well. His wife was formerly Dr Margaret Mulvey, deputy superintendent of the same hospital. She is a daughter of Dr Mulvey, of Bathurst, and the late Mrs Mulvey. She will go into partnership with her husband, "as a wife and a doctor," as he put it. THE LIFE OF MELBOURNE. (1945, July 12). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article974929

Known to many as '‘Mother of Australian Obstetrics’', many in Pittwater still remember this lady in real life too with love. On May 2nd 1985 Sydney University conferred an Honorary Degree on Lady Schlink - Bachelor of Medicine. 

IN the Australia Day Honours of January 26th, 1986, Lady Schlink was awarded a Member of the Order of Australia for "FOR SERVICE TO MEDICINE, PARTICULARLY IN THE FIELD OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY, AND TO THE COMMUNITY".

Above:  From left to right: Mr G Parry, Lady Schlink, Sir Herbert Schlink, Mr G Duncan, Date of Work; 20/10/1955 Home and Away – 28347, Taken for Newcastle Morning Herald, hood_28347, Courtesy State Library of NSW

Careel Bay Peace - A Weekender of Beautiful Gardens

When  Dr. J F Elliott  passed away his acreage at Careel Bay, and his plans for this to be a place for yachtsmen of the Royal Sydney Yacht Squadron to congregate at also went - See Careel Bay Steamer Wharf and Boathsed - Issue 140

A description of this property from the sale notice:

Under Instruction from THE EXECUTORS OF ESTATE OF THE LATE Dr. JAMES FREDERICK ELLIOTT, "MARARA." CAREEL BAY. near PALM BEACH. OCCUPYING a sheltered position, commanding a wide range of enchanting views if the picturesque Inlets of Pittwater, its shores, and headlands. An ideal Waterside Bungalow of attractive design, built of specially selected mahogany weatherboards on massive stone foundation, WITH DOUBLE ROOF and shingles over iron, to ENSURE A LOW TEMPERATURE.

It contains: Living-room, 25 x 10, with inglenook. In addition large plate glass observation window, and is fitted with built-in bullet and cabinets, four bedrooms, each with lavatory basin fitted therein, supplied with running water, modern bathroom, with lavatory, kitchen with stove and sink, hot and cold water service, etc. Verandah in front. 33 x 12. Verandah at rear. All windows and doors fitted with copper wire flyscreens. Delco Electric Light Installed throughout, Telephone. The water supply Is a special feature, having a storeage capacity of '60.000 gallons, with special Reserve supply for household purposes, connected to bedrooms, bathroom, and kitchen.

DETACHED LAUNDRY, fitted with up-to date appointments, storeroom.

ON THE WATERFRONT Is a BOATSHED. with man's quarters over, comprising living-room, large bedroom, kitchen (stone), separate water supply. SHARK-PROOF SWIMMING BATH. 130ft, x 40ft. Substantial Hardwood Wharf, Other improvements comprise: Motor Garage, Cow Shed. Fodder Bins, Poultry Run, Septic Tank. THE LAND COMPRISES AN AREA OF 28 ACRES 8 ROODS 6 PERCHES. TITLE TORRENS. HAVING FRONTAGES to CAREEL BAY. BAYVIEW ROAD AND RIVERVIEW-ROAD, about 4500 FEET t o EXISTING ROAD?.

Boatshed - from section of Panorama of Careel Bay and the jetty, Pittwater, New South Wales 
EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.) Image: nla.pic-vn6154594, courtesy National Library of Australia.

EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Careel Bay and the jetty, Pittwater, New South Wales Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162413016

PHOTOS. ON VIEW. RICHARDSON and WRENCH. LTD. in conjunction with JOHN W. ILFORD. 82 PITT STREET, will submit the above GENTLEMAN'S SEISIDE HOME (FURNISHED. AND BOATS, GEAR, FISHING NETS, ETC. ETC.) to PUBLIC AUCTION.IN THE ROOMS. on PITT-STREET. on FRIDAY  15th of MARCH. AT 11 A.M. INSPECTION BY CARD ONLY MAY BE MADE BETWEEN THE HOURS 0F 9AM AND 5PM (INCLUDING WEEKENDS). Advertising. (1929, March 2). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 24. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16535201 

Hardie and Gorman Proprietary, Limited, reports having sold the following properties during the week:-Pittwater-Careel Bay: Cottage, Marara, with large area of land, £6500. REAL ESTATE. (1929, December 28). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16613608 

Dr. Schlink was the purchaser and this was his 'breath of sea air place' - he loved the space, he loved the view, most of all he loved his garden and the towering trees - many of them spotted gums and many still intact on this property today.

Sir Herbert Schlink & Sir Arthur Stephenson at Careel Bay,circa 1951-54 image No.: pi017198:3061360, courtesy State Library of Victoria 

Sir Arthur George Stephenson (1890–1967), was an Australian architect, born in 1890 at Box Hill, Victoria, Australia. In 1907 Stephenson worked for Swansson Brothers while studying construction at the Working Men’s College. He joined the Australian Imperial Force in 1915 as a lieutenant, promoted to captain and awarded the Military Cross. After WWI, Stephenson remained in London and studied at the Architectural Association School (AA) and joined the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) in 1920. He returned to Melbourne and established Stephenson & Meldrum in 1921.

Stephenson was largely responsible for Stephenson & Meldrum's direction to specialise in hospital and industrial architecture. He also lectured, wrote widely and was a member of numerous committees, including the International Hospitals Federation, the Hospital Advisory Council (Melbourne) and a trustee of the National Museum of Victoria. In 1954 Stephenson was knighted for services to architecture and was the first Australian to receive a RIBA Gold Medal in 1964. The Royal Australian Institute of Architects (RAIA) awarded him a Gold Medal in 1963 and was made honorary fellow by The American Institute of Architects in 1964. - from Wikipedia

Marara April, 1933 Digital Order No a3299015,  Caption; Album 74: Photographs of the Allen family, November 1932 - March 1934, Courtesy State Library of NSW

When reading the above page of photographs from wonderful photographer, and prominent lawyer of this era, Arthur Wigram Allen, readers will see that 'Margaret was also there with another party'. This is a relative of his:

Regular readers will know we are huge fans of the 51 Allen Family Albums digitised by the State Library of NSW, in which you will see things you won't see anywhere else that span the years 1890 to 1934. Mr. Allen and his wife Ethel (nee Lamb) had three girls and one boy, Ethel Joyce, born 1893, Arthur Denis Wigram, born 1894, Ellice Margaret, born 1896 and Marcia Maria, born 1905. Ellice Margaret, who married Charles Maurice Elton Gifford, 5th Baron Gifford in 1939, was a keen skier and as Dr. Schlink's home was alike his Macquarie street address, an open house at weekends, and Mr. Allen's albums are filled with an unpretentious family warmth, this may well be the 'Margaret' he is referring to - gathering fellow lady skiers to plan for the new Ski Season:

The Government Tourist Bureau has received advice, to the effect that Dr. Schlink on the 4th inst. skied from the Hotel Kosciusko to the summit of the mountain and back (34 miles) in 10 hours 60 minutes, thereby breaking the record the and Dr. Fisher established on July 30, 1918, by 22 minutes. Miss Margaret Allen, who went with Dr. Schlink on Monday also, took just one hours longer than he. Dr. Fisher, the other member of the party, broke a ski at Charlotte Pass, and was unable to complete the journey. He, however, repaired his ski, and rode it back to the hotel. The manager of the Hotel Kosciusko and Mr Percy Pearson, secretary of the Kosciusko Alpine Club, are of opinion that Dr. Schlink's new re cord will be very hard to beat. They further regard Miss Allen's performance as wonderful, and believe that she is the only lady who has negotiated the distance in one day. The journey is a feat of endurance for experienced men, who train each year for the effort. Several years ago two Continental experts, a Norwegian and an Austrian, completed the distance in a little over 12 hours, which was regarded by the Alpine Club enthusiasts as an extraordinary feat, which they hardly hoped to excel. This makes Miss Allen's achievement the more remarkable. There is at present an unbroken snowfield be tween the Hotel Kosciusko and the summit, and of late an excellent surface on the frozen lake has made ice skating thoroughly enjoyable. SKI-ING EXTRAORDINARY. (1919, August 15). The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (NSW : 1860 - 1938), p. 20. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article101504746

SKIING AT KOSCIUSKO. The Government Tourist Bureau has received advice to the effect that Dr. Schlink skied, on the 4th instant. from the Hotel Kosciusko to the summit of the mountain ( ? miles) and back in 10 hours 50 minutes, there by breaking the record he and Dr. Fisher established on July 30, 1918, by 22 minutes. Miss Margaret Allen, who went with Dr. Schlink on Monday last, took just one hour longer than he. SKI-ING AT KOSCIUSKO. (1919, August 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15852727

ALL males, all bachelors, and all doctors at Dr. Bertie Schlinks house party at Careel Bay for the holidays. They got their gallons of rain, the same as you did, a fair issue of bridge, and once in a while a glimpse of the famous bilburgias (ask Fred Searl what they are). Monday they foregathered with the Graham Prattens at Palm Beach, and no fewer than seven grave medical men sat down to lunch — Dr. Schlink, Rex Money, Eric Susman, Grant Linderman, John Belisario, Kevin Collins and Hal Cramsie. The Jottings of a Lady about Town (1933, October 8)Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), , p. 21. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article169304866 

Dr. H. H. Schlink has Issued Invitations for his annual dinner for members of the Ski Club at his house at Careel Bay on Sunday. About 30 are expected to be present. SOCIAL AND PERSONAL. (1936, April 30).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 21. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17347283 

St John’s College University Completion Appeal
Dr. H. H. Schlink, Careel Bay Advertising (1936, December 3). Catholic Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1932 - 1942), , p. 30. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article146392963 

Mrs. R. H. Schlink and Miss Elsa Schlink motored to Sydney, where they were joined at Earl's Court, Manly, by Mr. and Mrs. Martin Webb. Union Bank, Donald (V.), and their children. Upper Murray and Albury News (1938, January 22). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), , p. 33. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11142445 

MEG and Bertie Schlink are spending the holidays at their house at Careel Bay. They usually spend their weekends there. The Jottings OF A LADY ABOUT TOWN (1946, December 29). Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), , p. 33. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article168773420 

Warringah Shire Council records indicate that the Schlinks had the same problems with access that many residents had during these decades, with the council unable or unwilling to supply them with roads - one of the main reasons suburban councils were formed to begin with. The records show:

H Schlink 12/7/1949, (a) stating that the promised attention to Cabarita Road: and Shorebrace, Careel Bay, has not yet been given, and the road is now so bad that traffic turns back, using his turntable for the purposes as a result of which damage to the extent of £20 has been done to the stone fences on Cabarita and requesting that immediate action be taken to enable cars  and lorries to pass through the road, or that a notice be put up that the road is awaiting repair; (b) again asking that the edge of the road beyond his gates be moved back from his boundary fence as it is in danger of being pushed over by lorries; and (c) requesting that at least temporary repairs be made to Riverview Road to ensure the safety of transport. Council Resolved, He be informed of the Engineer's report that these roads are bush tracks only, and to make them into roads would cost some thousands of pounds. (Crs. McKay, Thomas)

D. G. Bruce, 18/7/50, pointing out the extremely untrafficable condition of Nullaburra Road, Newport, at the northern Road end, and requesting that this road be included in the list of roads to be constructed. Council Resolved: He be informed there is no present proposal to give attention to the unmade section at  the northern end of this road. 

(26) Dr. H. H. Schlink, 12/6/50 (a) again protesting against the state of Riverview and Cabarita "tracks’’, Careel Bay, and again offering to give the Council land to effect widening of Riverview these roads; and (b) inquiring as to who is responsible for the erosion which is destroying his fence. G. W. Brown, 21/6/50, submitting petition from residents re the condition of Cabarita, Riverview and Cabarita Roads, Stokes Point. Resolved, - That Road the Engineer submit a full report on the question of widening these roads, and the offer by Dr. Schlink to give land therefore, and urgent maintenance attention be given in the meantime. (Crs. Thomas, McKay) 

2a) B. Du Faur (he lived at Collaory at this stage and is a son of the more famous DuFaur of the Ku-ring-gai National Chase Park), 19/6/50 stating that the road gutter has overflowed on to his and adjoining properties, causing many tons of soil to be washed away, that two concrete steps and a brick wan on his property have collapsed, and submitting a petition from owners that the Council supply and spread soil equivalent to the quantity lost, or that each owner be paid a sum which shall be deemed to be sufficient to pay for the Collaroy labour to replace the soil to be delivered by Council; also, Drainage that the choked up gutter be cleared and formed through to the Kent Street easement. Resolved, - He be informed of the Engineer's report that maintenance attention will be given to the gutter as soon as possible. (Cr. Butcher

(6) Dr. I. Brodsky, 23/6/50, (a) inquiring whether the Council would tar the approach to his recently erected garage at Bungan Head Road, Mona Vale; and (b) requesting that a very ugly and dilapidated garage on the Council's land opposite his property be removed. Resolved, - That he be informed the cost of the access would have to be paid by him, and the attention of the Chief Health Inspector be drawn to the garage, and he be asked to report as to whether the repairs required by the Works Committee some time ago have been carried out.

Lady Schlink lived at Marara until mid-2001 when health necessitated her being moved to a nursing home. This was the place they shared after Dr. Schlink had performed all that hard work in building and beginning to build new aspects of health, from structures to heal and teach in through to the infrastructures such (Metropolitan) Hospital Contribution Fund (1932-62), the Medical Benefits Fund and the Blue Cross Association.

It was their place of peace and glorious trees.

Let it Snow: The Mount Kosciusko Alpine Club, The Ski Club of Australia, and Those 'Crimson Trousers'

When researching for Dr. Schlink's page a curious item turned up:
A young fellow named Charles William Clarke, 17, who has been employed for nine or twelve months at Prince Alfred Hospital, first as messenger boy, then ' window-cleaner, and latterly as assistant wardsman, struck a world of trouble when interrogated by Constable S. Hobson, on the 14th inst, with the result that Clarke .' was accommodated with a seat in the : dock at the Newtown Police Court on ..
A second charge against Clarke was that of stealing wearing apparel belonging to the Medical Superintendent, Dr. Herbert Schlink, about July 10. Hobson said that while discussing the robbery of the money, he remarked to Clarice. 'By the way, Dr. Schlink lost a suit of clothes, very much like those you are wearing. Is that his suit?' Clarke admitted that it was, as were also a pair of silk suspenders and a collar and tie, which he had helped himself to in the doctor's room. Dr. Herbert Schlink, a flaxen-haired young medico, identified the apparel as his, and said that Clarke, being the GENERAL ROUSEABOUT and window-cleaner, had access to every part of the hospital. On this charge also Clarke was committed for trial.  Sergeant Mitchell said there were 13 other charges listed against Clarke, on which no evidence would be entered. The whole related to money, Jewellery, surgical Instruments, umbrellas, shirts, etc., belonging to the doctors and nurses at the hospital. The thefts had been going on for a long time, and had, of course, engendered a lot of needless suspicion on various persons. PILFERING AT THE P.A.H. (1911, August 27). Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article168749063

For some reason, perhaps the above item shedding light, Dr. Schlink chose to buy what he described as 'crimson trousers' for his first forays into skiing at Mount Kosciusko, which placed him among the founding parties there at this sport too. Prevention of further pilfering of his pants was stated as the reason and he became famous for these alone. According to legend he wore them constantly - and that created a legend (see below).

There are several other reasons Dr. Schlink and skiing became synonymous with practising what you preach in pursuing heath though - not only was he an expert and champion skier, his promotion of the sport for young and old alike contributed to what became, and is a favourite Winter pastime for many and a professional career for others.

It all began way back when the Government took the lead:

The Hotel Kosciusko, which has been erected by the Government on the slopes of Mt. Kosciusko is now practically completed, and tenders are being invited for the lease of the establishment for a period of six years. The building is situated at an altitude of 5500 feet, and is about 50 miles distant from Cooma by road. It is anticipated that the establishment will be in full swing by the end of January, and that it will speedily become popular both in Summer and Winter. Full particulars regarding the conditions of the lease may be obtained from the Immigration and Tourist , Bureau, Challis House, Martin Place, Sydney. HOTEL KOSCIUSKO. (1908, November 29). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), , p. 11. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article126730002

... KOSCIUSKO ALPINE CLUB. . The .following office-bearers have been elected in connection with the Kosciusko Alpine Club:— President, Mr. C. H. Kerry; vice-presidents, Mr. C. G. Wade and Mr. Percy Hunter The Star (Sydney, NSW : 1909 - 1910) Saturday 7 August 1909 p 2

The following office-bearers have been elected in connection with the Kosciusko Alpine Club: — President, Mr. C. H. Kerry; Vice-Presidents, Mr. C. G. Wade and Mr. Percy Hunter; Committee, Messrs. Thompson, Vindin, Pitt, Turton, Paterson and Dr. Schlink; Hon. Treas., Dr. O. Paul; Hon. Secty., Mr. P. W. Pearson. Messrs. Hunter and Paterson have been elected a sub-committee to control the annual carnival to be held at Kosciusko on Wednesday and Thursday next. Social Chat of the Day. (1909, August 14). The Newsletter: an Australian Paper for Australian People (Sydney, NSW : 1900 - 1919), , p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article102792082

Photographer Charles Kerry first visited Kiandra in 1894 to pursue his mining interests, then returned in 1896 on a photographic tour. The following year with practically no skiing experience he was assisted by group including Kiandra ski club members on an historic photography tour to the summit of Mount Kosciusko. In 1909 he was elected Founding President of the Kosciusko Alpine Club, which led to the opening up of the area for skiing and the naming of a run after him. 

The still thriving Kosciusko Alpine Club (KAC) claims for him the title of 'father of Australian skiing'.

Skiers from the 1900 Kiandra Snow Shoe Carnival - photo by Charles Kerry

Among these early skiers is Seaforth gentleman and former Manly Alderman C D Paterson, stated by many to be the founder of the Surf Life Saving Association of Australia.

The first ski carnival of the Kosciusko Alpine Club was opened today at the Hotel Kosciusko, and will be continued tomorrow and on Thursday.
The weather yesterday was anything but promising, heavy rain and snow falling for several hours. But at nightfall the clouds cleared away, and the temperature fell rapidly below freezing point. This morning broke cloudless, and the sun shone from a glorious blue sky. The weather was absolutely perfect for snow sports. The snow being hard and fast and the temperature low, while the sunlight streaming through the rarefied atmosphere bathed the landscape in gold, the scene being exceedingly beautiful. The whole country side was many feet deep in snow. The races today took place on the Vernon course, a magnificent slope on the left of the hotel, named in honour of Colonel Vernon, the Government architect who chose the site on Diggers' Creek, and designed the house. The hotel is full of visitors from all parts of Australia, and other countries, for the carnival, and everyone is spending a very jolly time. Some South Australian residents who threw up a trip to Cairns to come to Kosciusko, ex-press the keenest delight at the surroundings, and on all hands exclamations are heard at the extraordinary site of an Australian landscape under snow. The lake is now frozen to a depth of 2ft, but the surface has been ruffled by snow and rain. New racing courses are being prepared, for the skating events will be held on the lake on Thursday morning.

Today's sports consisted of the short distance ski-racing and class races of various kinds. The events were controlled by Messrs. C. H. Kerry (president), David Davis, and Percy Hunter, and Mr. G. T. C. Miller, the member for the district, acted as judge. The whole of the events attracted good entries, and were keenly contested, the sports being exciting throughout the day. One of the features of the carnival was a number of very young children, ranging from 3 years, who had accompanied their parents from Sydney, sliding about on skis apparently without any inconvenience. Some experienced ski-runners from abroad who were watching the boys' races expressed delight at the form shown by the Australian youth, and volunteered the opinion that the Australians would hold their own with the experts of Europe. A magnificent exhibition of ski jumping was given by Messrs. Robert and Frank Fenwick, formerly residents of Kiandra. The Fenwicks came like lightning down the Vernon course, and leaping off a huge snowbank especially prepared shot out into the air, landing 40 feet or 50 feet on the hill below, and swinging round at full space almost in their own length, stopped within a few feet of the enthusiastic spectators, who warmly cheered the plucky and skilful feat. A well-known English ski-runner and Alpine climber, who has a Swiss reputation. Mr. L. Meale, who came up for the carnival, acted as referee, and was an interested spectator. Cinematographic pictures were taken of all the events, and also the exhibitions of ski jumping. The films will be projected in Sydney at an early date.

The party on the snow to-day was clad in the lightest manner possible, and the air was more suggestive of a spring day in Sydney than of winter on Kosciusko. The road to the hotel is now opened, a drift 15 feet deep having been cut at Rennix Gap. The visitors are loud in their praises of the drive from the Creel through the picturesque Wilson's Valley and the great snow cut on the gap.

To-morrow the carnival is to be continued on the Plains of Heaven, a beautiful stretch of undulating snow country the north of Daine's Gap. All the competitors and spectators will proceed to the course on ski and picnic on the ground. Some long-distance races are to be run. So far the carnival has been a great success, and much credit is due to the officials of the ski club, as well as the officers of the Tourist Bureau, for so successfully ini-tiating Alpine sports at Kosciusko. Everyone is agreed that the future of this district as a tourist resort in winter is assured. The visi-tors from other states declare that the ex-isting accommodation will never hold the peo-ple next winter. The snow and ice look like lasting this winter until well after September. Results:—
Boys' race: Bont Hunter, 1; Jim Dwyer, 2. Ladies' race: Miss C. Burns, 1; Mrs. C. H. Kerry, 2. Novice race: R. D. Melrose (South Australia), 1; Mrs. C. H. Kerry, 2; Y. Denyer, 3. Boys' toboggan race: Peter Hunter, 1; Bont Hunter, 2. Men's tobbogan race: C. D. Paterson, 1; C. Stratfod, 2. Old buffers' race: Walter Denyer, 1. Press race: George Bell ("Sydney Mail"), 1; Moulden (South Australia), 2. Press toboggan can race: G. [Higgins?], 1; Miss Conor O'Brien, 2. Ladies toboggan race: Miss Leila Perkins, 1; Miss Woodhouse, 2. International scratch race: Captain Head (from England), 1; Percy Hunter (Australia), 2. Half-mile glissade and hill-climb: C. D. Paterson, 1; C. Stratford, 2. Staff race: J. Fernleigh, 1; A. Lang-don, 2. Staff ladies' tobbogan race: Nellie Orchard, 1; Agnes Hamilton, 2. Tobbogan v ski: C. H. Kerry (toboggan), 1; Frank Fenwick (ski), 2. SKI-RUNNING. (1909, August 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15081308 

The annual snow carnival of the Kosciusko Alpine Club, held on July 15 and 16 was a pronounced success, a large number of visitors participating in the proceedings. The weather was very suitable for the sports, snow having fallen for a few days previously. A considerable amount of interest was taken in the championship ski event, which was run during a heavy snowstorm. The event was won by Dr. Schlink, who negotiated the diffi cult course with ease. At night various entertainments were held at the Hotel Kosciusko. A plain and fancy dress ball took place on the evening of the last day of the sports, some of the costumes being very novel. A number of the visitors availed themselves of the opportunity of skating on Lake Percy by moonlight. The results of the various events are: - Championship Ski Race : Dr. Schlink, 1 ; C.D. Paterson, 2. Champion Toboggan : C. D. Paterson, 1 ; A. G. Pitt, 2. Champion Ladies' Ski Race : Miss Bowman, 1 . Ladies' Novice Ski : Miss. D. Playfair, 1 ; Miss E. Maiden, 2. Novice Ski (gentlemen): W. Curtin, 1 ; J. C. Walker, 2. Double Toboggan : Dr. Schlink and Miss Bowman, 1 ; C. D. Patcrson and Miss Bell, 2. Kosciusko Ski Race : J. C. Walker, 1 ; A; Vonbrecht, 2. Open Novice Ski : T. A. J. Groggain, 1 ; Bloomfield, 1. Open Novice Ski (Ladies) ?: Miss E. Maiden, 1. , Open Ladies' Ski : Miss Booth, 1 ; Miss Craggain...No title (1910, July 24). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), , p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article123814877

Yesterday saw one of the most pleasant and successful house carnivals over held by the guests of the Hotel Kosciusko. Splendid weather conditions and good racing were the order of the day. The presence of such a keen sportsman as Lord Denman lent an extra keenness to the competitions.
The first race was the gentleman's open ski, and proved a splendid run from start lo finish. The Governor-General had a splendid position on the last slope, and seemed to be gaining every yard on the leading man, but at the bend he had the misfortune to strike soft and ridgy snow, which throw him back into fourth position at the finish.

A fancy dress dinner and ball terminated the day's sports. Mr. Cheeseman, the manager, provided artistic decorations and an excellent supper. The committee managed the carnival splendidly. Those composing the committee were:-Race secretary, Mr. W. D. Scott; referee, Dr. Schlink; judges, Sir Walter Barttelet, Mr. Fay, Mr. Murdoch Eaton, and Professor Blunno; starters, Mr. P. W. Pearson and Mr. Douglas Campbell; call stewards, Dr. Goldsmid, Mr. Cormack; clerks of course, Miss Knox, Miss Murray, Mr. Holden, Mr. Brierly, Mr. Walker, and Mr. Massey. SKI-RUNNING. (1913, August 1). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15439700

Kosciusko Klimbed
Governor-General Denman, Consul-General Fay for Norway, Dr. Schlink, Dr.  Paul, and Percy Pearson, have been having a glorified kindergarten sort of Antarctic expedition at Mount Kosciusko. Perhaps, when we have recovered from the smallpox scare, and have time to think about booming our snow-clad Kosciusko, we shall strike and present medals to those who brave its dangers and delights for a week or so. 
It is as well to recognise that the weather behaved well on the occasion of the Vice-Regal visit, that the snow was thick everywhere, and that a howling blizzard struck the party while mountaineering at Betts' Camp. Lord Denman did the eight miles from the hostel to Betts' Camp in three hours, and proved himself a better ski-runner than the Norwegian Consul, who was dressed in his native costume. The party had to stay in the hut all day on account of the gale and blizzard, and returned next day looking like the remnants of the Mawson party. The Siberian dogs that accompanied the Scott expedition to the Antarctic, were valuable members of the Kosciusko expedition — they drew the Vice-Regal tucker and camping outfit on a sledge to the Camp in great style. The Ma' State scores considerably with its Alpine resort, and don't you forget it. At this time of the year, she has all sorts of climate on hand, and her achievement of a blizzard while Denny was attempting to climb to the summit of Mount Kosciusko, is deserving of the greatest praise. The Vice-Regal party left for Melbourne on Wednesday. SHEISMS. (1913, August 3). Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), , p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article168740716

There's a variation on who's drawing the sleigh here!:

In July of each year (says the Adelaide " Advertiser ") snow sports are held, under the auspices of the Mount Kosciusko Alpine Club, in the vicinity of the hotel, which is about 17 miles from the summit. In July this year, when some members of the club still were holiday making in those snowclad parts, his Excellency the Governor-General (Lord Denman) invited them to join him in an attempt to reach the summit. Accordingly a party, comprising Lord Denman, Drs. Paul and Schlink (Sydney), and H. F. Shorney (Adelaide), Mr. Pearson (Sydney), and Mr. Fahey (of the Norwegian consulate, Melbourne), set out about noon one day on skis, and a sleigh drawn by two dogs (one each from Scott's and Mawson's expeditions)was sent ahead with provisions and luggage. 

Dr. Shorney had been to the summit on three occasions, and little difficulty was expected in making the ascent. The half-way house (a shanty called Bett's camp) was reached late in the afternoon, and shortly afterwards it began to snow, and blow hard from the south-west. It had been arranged to continue the journey early next morning, and make the run to the summit, but it was still snowing, and after a consultation, it was decided not to make the trip, which would have meant heavy going, with wind and sleet beating in the faces of the tourists, and the probability, on reaching the summit, of not being able to see for any distance. On the following morning the party returned to the hotel. As the snow was 18 inches or more deeper than two days previously, the journey down was most exciting, and members of the party met with many falls owing to the tricky nature of the track. Lord Denman expressed himself as having had an interesting trip, and the Alpine Club intends extending to him an invitation to be present at the next sports carnival in July, 1914. TOURISTS ON MOUNT KOSCIUSKO. (1913, September 4). The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld. : 1872 - 1947), , p. 7. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article175985450

The Kosciusko Alpine Club (1909-20) became simply the Alpine Club around 1919-1920 and a club to rival them evolved. Herbert competed in ski races in 1920 but then became part of a successor, the Ski Club of Australia (1921-62). 

....This race was made the venue for the first inter-club contest which has been held at Kosciusko, the challengers being the Ski Club of Australia. Their team were Harold Damm, Drs. Schlink and Eric Fisher, and C. Lie. Though the challengers carried off the race, the old club won the competition by 16 points to 12, the Kosciusko Club's team being Gordon Munro, C. L. McFadyen, Roy Furley and Neville Fraser. The event was entirely successful, and everyone agreed that the inter-club rivalry added a lot of interest to it. The time for the race beat the previous best, 34min 20sec (which Gordon Munro did in the handicap), by nearly five minutes, and Gordon Munro knocked nearly four minutes off his own time. This season was rendered notable by a visit from the Governor and Dame Margaret Davidson. The Governor went to the mountain purely for a holiday, but he and Dame Margaret endeared themselves to all the big party in residence in the hotel by their sportsmanship and kindly interest in the snow events. Dame Margaret acquired quite a proficiency on ski. WINTER SPORTS ON KOSCIUSKO'S SNOWY FIELDS. (1920, August 15). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), , p. 18. Retrieved  from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article120529727

At the annual meeting of the Ski Club of Australia, Dr Herbert Marks in the chair, it was decided to open the season with a club meet at Kosciusko from July 23 to August 14 The official opening day was fixed for July 23 when a club run will be arranged for all member» I programme of runs and sports for the following fortnight will be arranged by committee ...

It was reported that experienced members would give attention to and instruction of novices in ski running, ...

One of the objects of the club is to undertake general exploration work, with a view of opening up new and easily accessible skiing grounds in the immense snowfields in the country surrounding The Perisher Gap and Betts Camp. The extent of these magnificent snow-covered slopes is known only to a few of the more experienced ski runners, owing to the absence of shelters, which are necessary in the event of snowstorms or bad weather It is hoped to make some satisfactory arrangement for the erection I of shelters in these parts, «o that tills great national playground, which i» the true ski running country of Kosciusko, can be made available to the ordinary tourist

Dr Schlink, speaking from a health point of view, drew attention to the immense advantages of a week or two holiday in this wonderful stretch of about 30 miles of snowfields with a barometric pressure different from anything else in Australia, and hoped, before many years, some means would be found whereby these fields would be brought within reach of the ordinary hardworked men and women of Australian cities at a cost not prohibitive ...

ensuing year -President, Mr A Consett Stephen, vice presidents, Dr Herbert Marks and Mr D Vaughan, committee, Mr Niels Storaler, Dr C A ^ erge, Dr Eric Fisher, Mr Denis Allen Mr C HRoss Mt James Burns, Dr J Woodburn and Dr H Schlink,...

It was stated that the Tourist Department had this year made considerable improvements at Bett's Camp. New heating stoves and water service have been installed, and the accommodation has been generally improved. SKI CLUB OF AUSTRALIA. (1921, July 5). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15936778

Dr. Schlink, who holds the ski record from the Hotel Kosciusko to the Summit. In five journeys, he lowered the record four times. Current Events in Pictures (1923, August 19). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), , p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article120548817 

Medical Tribute to Snow Sports.
Dr Herbert Schlink, the champion skier of Kosciusko, speaking at the annual dinner of the Ski Club of Australia in Sydney last week, claimed thatskiing was not only a physical enjoyment, but an intellectual one. The ski-runner must interest himself in meteorology, geography, and navigation, he said, and for this clean and healthy sport Australia had been provided by Nature with some of the finest and safest snowfields In the world. Dr. Schlink paid tribute to a far-seeing Government that bad, the courage and vision to do what it had already done at Kosciusko, in the teeth of great opposition, and the wisdom of those bygone legislators was now recognised by all. DIARY OF A MAN ABOUT TOWN (1925, July 30). Table Talk(Melbourne, Vic. : 1885 - 1939), , p. 15. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article146558405 

Short of food, fire and bedclothes, a party consisting of Drs. Herbert Schlink, Lennox Teece, and Eric Fisher, and Messrs. Richard Allen, William Gordon and Arnold Moulden, was in close grip with a blizzard which kept them prisoners in a small hut at Kosciusko for three days last week. The party returned to Sydney today — all well. 

Led by Dr. Schlink noted alpine' skier and climber, the party left Bett's Camp after a heavy snowstorm at Kosciusko on Saturday afternoon with the object of traversing the 75 miles journey to Kiandra within three days. In good weather the first stage of the trip to Bett's Camp was accomplished, but not without Incident, as Dr. Teece, borne on the back of Mr. Gordon, nearly came to grief in fording the Snowy River. Having slept at. Bolt's Camp on the Saturday night, the party the next morning explored the whole of the range, and had got to Gungarton Pass, when a snow storm burst. Visibility was very bad, and it became a grim fight, not only to reach the sheltering hut, but to find It. Luckily, despite the fog and mist, the Tin Hut was eventually reached, this being the furthest place on the main road to be reached in winter. Hardly had the climbers settled themselves down in the Tin Hut when the blizzard burst in great fury. They had provided themselves with three days' rations, and in the hut were a tin of bully beef, a bag of flour and a tin of baking powder.
Cramped for space, and with only one blanket to each man, and with the sodden wood throwing off more smoke than heat, the party suffered intensely from the cold. As the days sped by, and the raging blizzard, blizzard prevented escape, their plight became critical. Food ran out, and one of the party turned his hand to bread-making, but the stuff was like leather and uneatable. Another attempt by Mr. Gordon was more successful, and the captives munched ravenously at the hard bread.

Photo: The tin hut in which six men spent three days.

 From Sunday afternoon until Wednesday morning the climbers were weather-bound in the hut, and time had hung heavily, on their hands. Occasional rushes were made outside In search of wood, while attention was given to improving the hut. 

At 10.30 a.m. on Wednesday, with all food exhausted, the party determined on the daring hazard of defying the blizzard, which had abated a little. They decided to strike across country to the hotel over the Snowy River. Progress was slow in the teeth of the gale though only ten miles had to be negotiated. In face of many hardships, the party, plodded on, missing by Inches menacing crevasses, and almost borne down by hall and wind. With their clothing held over their heads, the climbers they forded the Icy waters of the Snowy. On the other side It took them nearly an hour to restore circulation. The end of their goal came at last, the Hotel Kosciusko being reached at 5.30 p.m. on Wednesday. It was an almost unbeaten track the party took, over hairpin bends and along steep gorges. Great anxiety prevailed at Kiandra when the climbers failed to reach the town, and search parties were being organised when word came through that they were all safe. Dr. Schlink not only knows the perils of Kosciusko — he has climbed the principal peaks in Europe. Messrs. Leslie Conselt Stephen and Alastair Stephen were almost in the adventure. They accompanied the main party as far as Gill's Knob, 10 miles out, but returned from there to the hotel.

SKIERS A skiing party at Kosciusko, Left to right: Dr. L. Teece, Dr. Laidley, Dr, Fisher, Mr. Chester Foy and Dr. Schlink. Inset: Left, Dr, Fisher; right, Dr. Schlink. LOST IN SNOW (1926, August 14). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 7 (LAST RACE EDITION). Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222714461 

Dr. Schlink, after his first foray into Australian snow from at least 1909, and earlier, as mentioned above, during the white fields that can overcome a Goulburn Winter, was a member of the Ski Club of Great Britain (1910-62) and an honorary member of the Kandahar Ski Club (Gold K) from 1928. In 1960 the Schlink Pass between Guthega and Geehi was named after him. 

Short of food, fire, and bed clothes, a party consisting of Drs. Herbert, Lennox, Schlinck, Teece and Fisher, and Messrs. Richard Allen, William. Gordon, and F. Moulder, were kept prisoners in a small hut at Kosciusko by a blizzard for three days last week. The party returned to Sydney to-day, all well Led by Dr. Schlinck, a noted Alpine climber, the party left the hotel, Kosciusko on Saturday week with the object of travelling 65 miles to Kiandra within three day. In good weather the first stage of the trip was accomplished,- but not without incident, as Dr. Teece carried on the back of Gordon, nearly came to grief in fording the Snowy River. 

Having slept at Betts' Gap that night, the party explored the whole of the range next morning, and had got to Gungarton Pass, when a snowstorm occurred. The men had a fight not only to reach the sheltering hut, but to find it. Hardly had the climbers settled than a blizzard burst in full fury. Cramped by space, with only a blanket to each man, and the sodden wood throwing off more smoke than heat, the party suffered intensely from the cold. As the days passed and the blizzard continued, their plight became critical. On the Wednesday the party defying the blizzard, decided to strike across country to the hotel over the Snowy River. New South Wales (1926, August 17).Geraldton Guardian (WA : 1906 - 1928), , p. 2. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article67220445 

Dr Davey, Dr Fisher, Dr Herbert Schlink, (President, Ski Club of Australia), Richard Allen, Tom Baker ("Old Tom"), all from Ski Club of Australia, Mount Kosciusko, 1926 - Image No. perier_34208, courtesy State Library of NSW

Tom Baker ("Old Tom"), Dr Davey, Dr Fisher, Richard Allen and Dr Herbert Schlink (president) of the Ski Club of Australia in a horse drawn sleigh outside the Kosciusko Hotel, 1926 - Image No. perier_34187, courtesy State Library of NSW

Of course they did it again the next Season, and succeeded this time:

Details of the trip made on skis over 75 miles of the snow-bound Great Dividing Range by Dr. Herbert Schlink, Dr. Eric Fisher, Dr. John Laidley, and Mr. William Gordon have been received by the Ski Club of Australia. The party, the report states, set out from Kiandra on Thursday, at 8.30 a.m., taking with them a local guide, Mr.. W. Hughes. The route through the Nine-mile mining camp was very rough, fringed by steep and thickly-wooded hills, and steering was difficult. The party had to strip to cross Happy Jack's River, and, In wading across the Doubtful River, about halt a mile from Farm Ridge, several members of the party were carried off their feet. To add to their discomfort a heavy snowstorm burst on them. They had not expected It — the messenger who had chased them for nine miles with Mr. Mares's special weather report.. had not been able to overtake them. They received the report three days later, on their arrival at the Hotel Kosciusko. 

The line indicates the route followed by Dr. Herbert Schilnk’s party on this over the 75 miles from Kiandra to the Hotel Kosciusko. The first day's journey ended at Farm Ridge (4), which is just off the line. On the second day they went to Pounds Creek (2), and on the third day they arrived at the hotel (I). All the country contained in the triangle from Cungartan (3) to Ram's Head (7) and to the hotel (I), as Well as the 12' miles between Kiandra (6), and Table Top ( 5), are Well-known under snow conditions. The area from Table Top (5) through Farm Ridge (4) to Cungarlan (3) had not been known under snow conditions until Dr. Schlink's party blazed the trail.

Tired and hungry, the skiers reached Farm Ridge hut in the darkness at 7.10 p.m. Fine weather and a blue sky greeted them as they moved off at 8 a.m. on the second stage of their Journey. Excellent progress, they say, was made over perfect snow through the most wonderful skiing country in the world.Dr, Schlink, familiar with France and Switzerland, who testifies to this fact, says that Australians need never go outside their own country for skiing grounds. The party, after passing Jagungal, described by them as the most majestic mountain in Australia, arrived at Tin Hut for lunch. With difficulty they negotiated a passage over the Munlong Ranges. No language of theirs could tell of the beauties of this part of the trip. Halfway up Mount Tate a blanket fog descended on the skiers, and it was only with extreme caution of the many dangers that they found Consett Stephen Pass. They crossed precipitous country, forded the Guthega River at its Junction with the Snowy In darkness and arrived at Pounds Creek exhausted at 8.10 p.m.— 35 miles In 12hr. 10min The next day the Journey to the Hotel Kosciusko was completed without mishap. Had not the weather, with the exception of the few hours of snow and fog, been generally favorable, the party would never have got through, they say.  They recognise that luck was with them.  'LUCK WITH THEM' (1927, August 2). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 13 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222497087 

Dr. Eric Fisher's wedding was the umpteenth wedding where Dr. Schlink served as part of the wedding party:

A pretty wedding was celebrated at St. Martha's Church, Strathfield, on Tuesday evening, when Miss Patricia Watt, seventh daughter of Mr. Andrew Watt, K.C. and Mrs. Watt, of Redmyre-road, Strathfield; became the wife of Dr. Eric Fisher, son of Mr. and Mrs. Albert Fisher, of Stanmore. Pink and white flowers with palms and foliage were used in the decoration of the church. Rev. Dr. Kerwick was the officiating clergyman. The bride, dainty and petite, made a charming picture, as she walked up the aisle on her father's arm. She wore an ankle-length gown of ivory satin, heavily embroidered down the front of the skirt and bodice in pearl. It was finished at the waist with a satin sash, the long ends of which fell to the ground at the back, to form a train. Her veil of old lace was mounted on the palest of pink tulle, and she carried a shower bouquet of lily of the valley orchids, and white carnations. The bridesmaids were the Misses Joan and Meg Watt, sisters of the bride. They wore gowns of blue and pink ring velvet and georgette. Felt hats to tone, and carried bouquets of roses, orchids, and lily of the valley. Dr. Herbert Schlink was best man, and Dr. John Laidley groomsman. A largely attended reception was held in the Strathfield Town Hall, which was very artistically decorated. Mrs. Watt received the guests in a smart gown of black velvet and floral lame. Mrs. Fisher chose black georgette and black hat. The bride left for her honeymoon in a blue and grey suite and hat to tone. Nuptial Knots (1928, June 10). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), , p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article122803139 

Members of the Ski Club, Including Dr. Herbert Schlink and other pioneers, on leaving last night for Kosciusko, were uncertain whether they would attempt to blaze any new trails this season. For the time, they are content to rest on their laurels of having trekked, on ski, the 75 miles of the Australian Alps from Kiandra to Kosciusko, with the dangers' and adventures of a three-days' journey. 

Dr. Herbert Schlink, former medical superintendent of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, who, with Dr. Rex Angel-Money, will sail from Sydney on August 23, by the Niagara to attend the Congress of the American College of Surgeons, at Boston.

A party of Ski Club members, however, proposes to climb Jagunal (6755 ft.), which although not the highest peak on the range will necessitate a 12-hours' journey before the climbers get back to their base at Tin Hut. Among members, there is a strong feeling In favor of the erection of additional accommodation closer to the snowfields. During the season, It is said, the Hotel Kosciusko is literally crowded out. Another objection Is that the Hotel Kosciusko Is too far away to facilitate the opening up of now skiing grounds, and limits the season by Its remoteness from the main snow-fields. For the proper utilisation of the snow country, It Is declared, ' there should be five different types of accommodation houses: Base hotels such as at Kosciusko and Kiandra; sports hotels manned by a small staff for a limited winter season, and capable of accommodating 50 guests; chalets staffed by one man and , capable of housing In a simple way 10 to 20 skiers; huts stocked with food, fuel and blankets, with capacity for six persons; shelters without provisions or sleeping facilities, but containing fuel for the use of one-day picnic tours. Thus, there would be a chain of shelters from the base right up to the thickest of the snow country. SKI CLUB MEMBERS (1928, July 28). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 8 (LAST RACE FOOTBALL). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222170229 

Dr. Herbert Schlink, of Macquarie street, who is an expert alpinist, was talking to Evan Hayes a little while before the latter set out on his dangerous journey. Hayes said to the doctor: 'I am going out amongst the big Alps stuff. I am not going to stay about the hotel but I want to encourage visitors to climb and enjoy the true Alps of Australia.' Dr. Schlink is of the opinion that both men have met with an accident. 'The country they are in, and which I personally know very well, is extremely treacherous,' he said last night 'There are some very dangerous places in the Northcote Canyon, and certain death, or serious injury, lurk in a hundred unexpected spots.
'If '
If alive and uninjured, they have one hope in being able to catch a rabbit or two, which might help to keep them alive until they are found.'-
A welcome sight to many a tired- mountain-climber — Bett's Camp, on the road from the Hotel Kosciusko to the summit, practically covered by snow.HAYES WANTED" BIG ALPS STUFF" (1928, August 19). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), , p. 1. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article122810429


The chilliness of this scene; merely enhances the warmth and good cheer to be found inside the walls of the Hotel.
(photo by N.S.W.. Govt. Tourist Bureau.) HOTEL KOSCIUSKO. (1929, July 12). The Land (Sydney, NSW : 1911 - 1954), , p. 17. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117243501

The Australian Championship Ski-jumping Contest

Great interest was taken in this contest. Our photograph shows (left to right) Dr. H. H. Schlink, Miss Joyce Finlayson, and Dr. Lennox Teece (referee).No title (1931, August 5). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), , p. 27. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article159792778 

From Album 07: Photographs of the Allen family, 1931-1933 - 'Kosciusko - August 1933' Digital Order Number: a9728071 and a9728070h - Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales.

DR. AND MRS. BERTIE SCHLINK, who have been holidaying at Kosciusko and revelling in winter sports, are expected back any tick of the clock. Dr. Schlink and his wife are expert skiers.  THE JOTTINGS OF A LADY ABOUT TOWN (1947, July 20). Truth(Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), , p. 56. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article168784741 

Right: FOUNDER AND PRESIDENT of Ski Club of Australia, Dr. Bertie Schlink, outside clubhouse with fellow member, Mrs. Ashleigh Davy.
SETTING OFF for Ski Club of Australia's Downhill race on Mt. Twynham. Mrs. Venn Wesche (left), Mrs. John Laidley, Mrs. Bill Adams, Nuttie Mackellar, Helen Burdekin, and Bill Adams.
MEETING at Chalet this year is record for Ski Club of Australia, which is first of clubs to have snow reunion.
Fortnight starts off with good weather, but ends unfavorably. Though latter days are ideal for "fireside skiing," snowy slopes are worked overtime.
Biggest disappointment of season is that ski lift is still not working. Uphill plodding leaves so much less time for thrills of sport.
CLIMAX of fortnight's stay is the wind-up dinner, at which founder and president of the Ski Club, Dr. Bertie Schlink, presides.
His was first name inscribed on Pauss (championship) Cup, which he presents to winner, Dickie Laidley Dowling. Dickie takes largest share of trophies with Teece and Storaker Cups besides.
BEST snow reminiscences are those of Dr. Bertie Schlink, who has wonderful memory for pioneering experiences. Stories include a tale about his scarlet trousers, which he has taken to Kosciusko since he asked his tailor for a pair "no one else would want." in 1915.
Club captain Len Bligh and Jill McDonald are runners-up for championship cup, which was presented to club when it was founded in 1920 by Norwegian consul, Mr. Pauss. Jottings from Kosciusko (1947, August 2). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), , p. 16. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article46943883 

ABOUT 200 skiers discussed their fading snowtans, snap-shots taken on the snow, plans for their best snow holiday, and skiing generally at the buffet dinner held at the Pickwick Club last night to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the founding of the Kosciusko Alpine Club.
Two foundation members of the club, Dr. H. H. Schlink, who is now president of the Ski Club of Australia, and Dr. Oscar Paul, were among the guests of honour. This Week In Town (1949, September 22).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 7. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18127416 

"TOASTING" the founder of the Ski Club of Australia, Dr. H. H. Schlink, in front of his portrait in the main clubroom: MISSES BARBARA POTTER, A. LAMBERT, and SARA HORDERN. The portrait is famous for the crest in the corner-red plush trousers inside a shieldSki Club At Kosciusko (1954, July 29). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 6 (Women). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article29607813

Sir Herbert Schlink, chairman of board of directors of the R.P.A. Hospital and president and founder of the Ski Club of Australia, with women's president, Mrs.  Ashley Davey,outside the Ski Club of Australia rooms at the Chalet. 

Dr. Schlink was responsible for the Chalet being built and is generally known as the Father of Skiing at Kosciusko. He has been skiing since 1909. Snow Holiday (1954, August 8). Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), , p. 39. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article168412673 

Even after he'd left Sir Herbert Henry Schlink kept giving, in ideas, in culture, in aspiration and inspiring all those he'd inspired to do their utmost too:

Extension to college opened in Goulburn
Many proud parents, guests of honour, teaching staff and students streamed into St Patrick's College at Goulburn on Saturday for an important joint event. It was the day for the annual ceremonial parade and the opening of a £160,000 science laboratory and library complex.

… brilliant afternoon sunshine, eight cadet platoon in jungle greens with under officers wearing swords….

 After Senator Gorton inspected the parade, awards were presented. The Sir Herbert Schlink Baton went to Cadet Under Officer John Heydon; the Major Christie Baton to Cadet Under-Officer Vincent Quade; the RSL Award to WOl Timothy Ohlmus; and the OC's award to Sergeant Michael Burke. Extension to college opened in Goulburn (1965, November 1). The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995), , p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article105870435 

One of his preferred sculptors, Andor Meszaros, was commissioned to do a bust of Sir Herbert Henry Schlink after he passed away. Placed in his beloved RPAH grounds, this is a small testament to a gentleman who did his utmost to ensure the progress of medical treatment and teaching in Australia embraced all and led onwards and upwards.

And when he needed peace - he found it in the quiet snowfields or here, on the Careel Bay of the estuary called Pittwater.

Sir Herbert Schlink passed away on 30 November 1962 and was buried in the Catholic section of Mona Vale cemetery. 

1.  'A Hospital Remembers Its 'Churchill', written by Kay Keavney, The Australian Women's Weekly, September 5, 1973.

2. - J. Atherton Young, 'Anderson Stuart, Sir Thomas Peter' Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, 1990.

References - Extras

Unassisted – from Public Record Office of Victoria – Shipping Lists
Family Name Given Name Age Month Year Ship                         Port
SCHLINK ALBERT          25 JAN        1865 FOREST RIGHTS         B
Port of Melbourne
Arrived January 23, Transit ship from Baltic – Forest Rights, ship, from London. INTELLIGENCE. PORT OF MELBOURNE. (1865, January 24). Ovens and Murray Advertiser (Beechworth, Vic. : 1855 - 1918), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article112910657 

Returned with wife
Family Name Given Name Age  Month Year  Ship        Port

February 20—Suffolk, ship (Money Wigram and Son's Blackwall line), 1,100 tons, W H Merryman, commander, from London via Plymouth 3rd Dec.
Passengers—cabin: Mr and Mrs Bradney. Misses Bradney (two) Mrs Oakden, Misses Oakden (two), Mr and Mrs Messer, Mr'and Mrs Hilton and child, Mrs Cooper and family (two), Mrs Lyttleton and child, Mr. and Mrs Nimmo, Miss Nirmmo, Mr and Mrs Myers, Mrs Adamson and family (two), Messrs Oitkilen (two),;A Cleveland, B Cleveland, Alfred Collinson; Rudolph Roehl, J Marsh, Arthur-Molinej' Hickson (two), It L Matthews, F Robertson, Thos Bolam, Wm Sime, A Warner, Edmund Dixon, Masters Newton and Salon Bazalis; and sixty in the second and third cabins. SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. (1868, February 22). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87894244 

On the military organisation of Prussia.—Germany has obtained for all classes a system of equal rights, duties, and efforts by which the whole nation is formed into a real unity, and presents itself in anew light by the military organisation of Prussia. Men of all classes, if physically-capable, must serve as common soldiers. As their system of public education and civil organisation develops all the mental faculties of the nation into a life of intellectual strength, so the military organisation forms of the whole nation one army to which each individual belongs as long as he can bear arms. The Prussian army is composed of two classes, that Of the line and that of the landwehr, which means the defence and  the; armament of the country. But the landwehr is no national guard. The three classes of the landwehr have all served in the line army. The army of; the line is only a great military school for the nation. Here the individual is instructed and disciplined to arms. After his service in the army of the line he enters the first class of the landwehr, in which he must serve till he attains the age of 32, but only for six weeks during each year. The first class Of the landwehr, with the army of the line, form together the active army in time of war. Each brigade contains, an equal number of regiments of the line -and of the landwehr. In the artillery there are regiments, but alp are mixed up with the line. The lieutenants and the captains are selected by the soldiers; the king appoints majors and colonels, "The second class of the landwehr never leaves the country in time of war, but forms such a reserve for the active army that each province can furnish anew army of men from the age of 32 to 42. against an advancing enemy. The third class, which consists of all those men who have finished their service in the line and in the two first classes, occupies the fortresses of the country in wartime. Every year during six weeks, the peasant must leave his plough; the artisan his workshop, the merchant his counting-house, the professor his library, the noble his state, the judge his hall of justice, while their wives and children join the regiments, and notwithstanding its labor, no institution is more popular in Prussia, or more national than this military system, because the weight of the burthen is equally distributed, and no one class is privileged, and that under this system Prussia has become invincible. Within a fortnight she can raise a million of men well prepared and instructed. It is observed she does not yet enjoy the liberty of the press. PRUSSIA. (1870, November 11). The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article218799974 

Prussia claims the hereditary right of succession to the Duchies, and has laid the question before the Crown lawyers for their opinion; meanwhile Prussia  has taken possession. The municipal elections all resulted in the success of the liberal candidates. PRUSSIA. (1865, February 11). The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946), , p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article138037821 

The Province of Westphalia (German: Provinz Westfalen) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1815 to 1946.
Napoleon Bonaparte founded the Kingdom of Westphalia, which was a client state of the First French Empire from 1807 to 1813. This state shared only the name with the historical region, containing mostly Hessian and Eastphalian regions and only a relatively small part of the region of Westphalia.
Although Prussia had long owned territory in Westphalia, King Frederick William III had preferred to incorporate the Kingdom of Saxony first. It was not until the Congress of Vienna in 1815 that the Province of Westphalia came into being. The province was formed from several territories:
• regions in Westphalia under Prussian rule since before 1800 (the Principality of Minden and the counties of Mark,Ravensberg and Tecklenburg)
• the Bishopric of Münster and Bishopric of Paderborn, acquired by Prussia in 1802–03; the northernmost parts of the geographically enormous Bishopric of Münster, however, became part of the Kingdom of Hanover or theGrand Duchy of Oldenburg
• the small county of Limburg, acquired in 1808
• the Duchy of Westphalia, placed under Prussian rule in 1815 after the Congress of Vienna.
• the Sayn-Wittgensteiner principalities of Hohenstein and Berleburg, along with the principality of Nassau-Siegen(in 1817)
In 1816, the district of Essen was transferred to the Rhine Province.

The Prince-Bishopric of Paderborn (German: Fürstbistum Paderborn) was a principality (Hochstift) of the Holy Roman Empire from 1281 to 1802. The Diocese of Paderborn was founded in 799 by Pope Leo III. In the early years it was subordinated to the bishop ofWürzburg. Since 855 the clergy had the right to elect the bishop. The diocese included the larger part of Lippe, Waldeck, and nearly half of the County of Ravensberg.
In 1180 when the Duchy of Saxony ceased to exist, the rights which the old dukedom had exercised over Paderborn were transferred to the Archbishopric-Electorate of Cologne. The claims of the archbishops of Cologne were settled in the 13th century, almost wholly in favor of Paderborn. Under Bernhard II of Ibbenbüren (1198–1204) the bailiwick over the diocese, which since the middle of the 11th century had been held as a fief by the Counts of Arnsberg, returned to the bishops. This was an important advance in the development of the bishops' position as a secular ruler in his temporalities, forming a Hochstift of imperial immediacy since. From this time on the bishops did not grant the bailiwick as a fief, but managed it themselves, and had themselves represented in the government by one of their clergy. They strove successfully to obtain the bailiwicks over the abbeys and monasteries situated in their diocese.

Paderborn Cathedral around 1891 Albert Ludorff - Die Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler des Kreises Paderborn. UB Paderborn

Bishop Otto von Rietberg had to contend with Cologne; in 1281, when only bishop-elect, he received the regalia fromRudolph of Habsburg, and full judicial power (except penal judicature). After the defeat of the Cologne arch bishop at the Battle of Worringen 1288 the bishops of Paderborn became increasingly sovereigns, though not over the whole of their diocese. Bernhard V of Lippe (1321–41) established a first territorial constitution ("Privilegium Bernhardi"). However he had to acknowledge the city of Paderborn as free from his judicial supremacy. Heinrich III Spiegel zum Desenberg (1361–80), also Abbot of Corvey, left his spiritual functions to a suffragan; in 1371 he rebuilt the Burg Neuhaus at Paderborn. Simon II, Count of Sternberg (1380–89), involved the bishopric in feuds with the nobility, who after his death devastated the country. Wilhelm Heinrich van Berg, elected 1399, sought to remedy the evils which had crept in during the foregoing feuds, but when in 1414 he interested himself in the vacancy in the Archbishopric of Cologne, the cathedral chapter in his absence chose Dietrich III of Moers (1415–63). The wars of Dietrich, also Archbishop of Cologne, brought heavy debts upon the bishopric; during the feuds of the bishop with the city of Soest(1444–49) Paderborn was devastated.
Under Eric, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen (1502–32), the Protestant Reformation obtained a foothold in the diocese, although the bishop remained loyal to the Church. Hermann von Wied (1532–47), also Archbishop of Cologne, sought to introduce the new teaching at Paderborn as well as Cologne, but he was opposed by all classes. The countships of Lippe, Waldeck, and Pyrmont, the part of the diocese in the County of Ravensberg, and most of the parishes on the right bank of the Weser became Protestant.

Matthäus Seutter: Map of the Bishopric, 1750 

Heinrich IV, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg (1577–85) was a Lutheran; he permitted the adoption of the Augsburg Confession by his subjects. In the city of Paderborn only the cathedral and the Monastery of Abdinghof remained faithful. To save the Catholic cause, the cathedral chapter summoned the Jesuits to Paderborn in 1580.Dietrich IV of Fürstenberg (1585–1618) restored the practice of the Catholic religion, built a gymnasium for the Jesuits, and founded the University of Paderborn in 1614.

During the German Mediatisation in 1802, the bishopric became Prussian, from 1807 until 1813 it was part of the Kingdom of Westphalia, and then part of the Prussian province of Westphalia. While the bishopric as a state had been permanently dissolved, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Paderborn was recreated by Pope Pius VII in 1821. Through the Prussian Concordate, it was promoted to an archdiocese in 1930; at the same time, Paderborn lost its districts around Erfurt and Heiligenstadt to the Diocese of Fulda, and two small areas to the Archdiocese of Cologne. The dioceses of Fulda and Hildesheim were made subordinate to it.

When the Diocese of Essen was created in 1958, Paderborn lost a significant portion of its district to it. In 1994 Paderborn lost the part of its district located in the former East Germany to the newly created Diocese of Magdeburg. Both Magdeburg and the Diocese of Erfurt were made subordinate to Paderborn. At the same time, Hildesheim was made subordinate to the Archdiocese of Hamburg.
In the 1990s, the conflict between the Archdiocese and renegade priest Eugen Drewermann made headlines. The current archbishop is Hans-Josef Becker.

The name Prussia derives from the Old Prussians. In the 13th century, the Teutonic Knights—an organized Catholic medieval military order of German crusaders—conquered the lands inhabited by them. In 1308, the Teutonic Knights conquered the region of Pomerelia with Gdańsk (Danzig).
Old Prussians or Baltic Prussians refers to the indigenous peoples from a cluster of Baltic tribes that inhabited the region of Prussia. This region became the core of the later state of Prussia. It was located on the south-eastern shore of the Baltic Sea between the Vistula Lagoon to the west and the Curonian Lagoon to the east. The people spoke a language now known as Old Prussianand followed pagan Prussian mythology.

During the 13th century, the Old Prussians were conquered by the Teutonic Knights. The former German state of Prussia took its name from the Baltic Prussians, although it was led by Germans. The Teutonic Knights and their troops transferred Prussians from southern Prussia to northern Prussia. Many Old Prussians were also killed in crusades requested by Poland and the popes. Many were also assimilated and converted to Christianity. The old Prussian language was extinct by the 17th or early 18th century. Many Old Prussians emigrated due to Teutonic crusades. Old Prussians, who emigrated to surrounding areas, later returned.

Their monastic state was mostly Germanised through immigration from central and western Germany and in the south, it was Polonised by settlers from Masovia. The Second Peace of Thorn (1466) split Prussia into the western Royal Prussia, a province of Poland, and the eastern part, from 1525 called the Duchy of Prussia, a fief of the Crown of Poland up to 1657. The union of Brandenburg and the Duchy of Prussia in 1618 led to the proclamation of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701.

Prussia entered the ranks of the great powers shortly after becoming a kingdom, and exercised most influence in the 18th and 19th centuries. During the 18th century it had a major say in many international affairs under the reign of Frederick the Great. During the 19th century, Chancellor Otto von Bismarck united the German principalities into a "Lesser Germany" which excluded the Austrian Empire.

At the Congress of Vienna (1814–15), which redrew the map of Europe following Napoleon's defeat, Prussia acquired a large section of north western Germany, including the coal-rich Ruhr. The country then grew rapidly in influence economically and politically, and became the core of the North German Confederation in 1867, and then of the German Empire in 1871. The Kingdom of Prussia was now so large and so dominant in the new Germany that Junkers and other Prussian élites identified more and more as Germans and less as Prussians.

The Kingdom ended in 1918. In the Weimar Republic, the state of Prussia lost nearly all of its legal and political importance following the 1932 coup led by Franz von Papen. East Prussia lost all of its German population after 1945, as Poland and the Soviet Union absorbed its territory and expelled most of its inhabitants.   Prussia and Prince-Bishopric of Paderborn. (2016, May 12). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved fromhttps://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prince-Bishopric_of_Paderborn&oldid=719949422 

Schlink Family Records Retrieved:

SCHLINK.- Accidentally killed at Wodonga, on the 22nd September, Carl, the second and dearly beloved son of Albert and Francisca Schlink, aged eighteen years.-- R.I.P. Family Notices (1888, September 28).Wodonga and Towong Sentinel (Vic. : 1885 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article70749883 

SCHLINK. - At Wodonga, on the 22nd August, Anton Leo, the youngest beloved  son of Albert and Francesca Schlink; aged 10 years. R.I.P. Family Notices (1896, August 28). Wodonga and Towong Sentinel (Vic. : 1885 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article69541934 

The death of Mrs. Albert Schlink sen., Which occurred on Friday afternoon last removes from our midst one of Wodonga's best and most. esteemed citizens. The deceased lady had been ill for only short period with pleurisy but serious complications developed and despite the best medical attention and the care of a trained nurse the end came rather unexpectedly.  The late Mrs. Schlink, who was 70 years of age, had resided in Wodonga continuously for 50 years and during that long residence retained the affectionate regard of the whole of the community which her grand personality had won for her. Her charity was unbounded and was all the more appreciated by those less fortunate recipients on account of the unostentatious manner in which it was extended. A staunch adherent of the Roman Catholic Church, the late Mrs Schlink was to foremost in any religious work. A husband and grown up family are left to mourn the loss of a worthy spouse and an indulgent mother. The sons are Drs R. H. and Herbert Schlink and Messrs. Albert and Clem. Schlink, and Mrs W. F. Ryan, of Beechworth, is the only daughter.  
The funeral took place on Saturday when the cortege was the largest seen here for a great number of years, showing the esteem in which the deceased lady was held and the general regret at the disappearance of another landmark, as well as the sympathy felt for the bereaved husband and children. The Rev. Dr Flynn impressively read the burial service of the R.C. Church at the graveside. The mortuary arrangements were in the hands of Mr J. S. Adams. OBITUARY. (1917, February 16).Wodonga and Towong Sentinel (Vic. : 1885 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71351128 

Mr. A. SCHLINK, Sen. The death of Mr. A. Schlink, senr., at the advanced age of 78 years, occurred at his late residence, High-street, Wodonga, at mid-day, on Wednesday, after a long and painful illness. The late Mr. Schlink was little more than a youth when he landed in Australia in January, 1865, and joined his cousin, who was settled at Port Lincoln (S.A.). After a brief stay, he decided to visit Victoria, and finally purchased a farm at House Creek, Wodonga, which he retained up, to a few years ago. Shortly after his arrival at Wodonga the late Mr. Schlink returned to Germany, where he married. Returning to Wodonga, he resumed farming pursuits for a few years, and as far back as 1872 established a well-known business, which has been carried on of late years under the name of Schlink & Sons. Up to a few years ago the departed gentleman took it prominent part in public affairs, and, as well as being a Justice of the Peace, was, for a time, a member of the local Shire Council and during his term of office occupied the presidential chair on a couple of occasions. He was president of this shire at the time of the opening of the Wodonga-Albury railway line. The late Mr. Schlink was always large hearted and generous and ever ready to lend his aid to any deserving object for its furtherance. The departed gentleman is survived by a grown-up family of four sons and one daughter to mourn their irreparable loss-Dr. R. H. Schlink (Wodonga), AM. A. J. Schlink (Wodonga), Mr. C. Schlink (Germany), Dr. H. H. Shchlink (Sydney), and Mrs. W. F. Ryan (Beechworth)-to whom we extend our deepest sympathy in the hour of bereavement. The late Mrs. Schlink pre-deceased her husband a little more than a year ago. As a mark of respect to the late Mr. Schlink, the flag was flown at half-mast yesterday at the Shire Hall. The funeral, which was largely attended, took place at the Wodonga cemetery on Thursday. The Rev. Dr. Flynn read the burial service; the mortuary arrangements were carried out by Mr. J. S. Adams.  OBITUARY (1918, March 15). Wodonga and Towong Sentinel (Vic. : 1885 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article69654938 

We regret to record the death of Mr Albert Schlink,. senr., one of the pioneer residents of Wodonga and a colonist of over 50 years in Australia. Mr Schlink, who was 78 years of ago, had been in failing health for some time, and passed peacefully away about noon on Wednesday. The deceased gentleman arrived in Australia about 56 years ago, and for over half a century had resided at Wodonga, where he was a successful and popular business man. The late Mr. Schlink was widely known and deservedly esteemed for his estimable qualities. The deceased gentleman leaves a grown-up family, the members of his family being :-Dr R. H. Schlink (Wodonga), Dr H. Schlink (Sydney), Mr A. J. Schlink (Wodonga), and Mrs J. Ryan (Beechworth). Another son is Mr Clem Schlink, who, when war broke out was in Germany, where he has been interned since the war started.OBITUARY. (1918, March 15). Federal Standard (Chiltern, Vic. : 1914 - 1918), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article130646648 

The death of Mr. A. Schlink, Senr., at the age of 78 years, occurred at Wodonga, on Wednesday, 13th Inst The late Mr. Schlink arrived In Melbourne at the end of 1864. He revisited Germany, where he married and returned to Australia. He was appointed a justice of peace and was for a time a member of the Wodonga Shire Council, occupying the presidential chair on several occasions. He is survived by a grown-up family of four sons and one daughter, Dr. R. H. Schlink, Wodonga; Mr. A. J. Schlink, Wodonga; Mr. C. Schlink (who was Interned In Germany shortly after the war commenced); Dr. H. H.  Schlink, Macquarie-street; and Mrs. W. Ryan, Beechworth. As a mark of respect to the late Mr. Schlink the flag was flown half-mast at the Shire Hall during Wednesday. DEATH OF MR. A. SCHLINK. (1918, March 20). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 12. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15766824 

ALBURY – In endeavouring to cross the embanked side round one of the broken bridges on the Albury-Wodonga Road, on Sunday, a motor car driven by Mrs. Albert Schlinck, a well known resident of Wodonga, and containing  her two children and Miss Murphy, swerved and toppled over the embankment, falling into the water. Miss Murphy, though thrown into the water, which was several feet deep, escaped injury. Mrs. Schlink and the baby were pinned underneath, but were rescued by some men, who were in the vicinity. The baby was uninjured but Mrs. Schlink sustained injuries to her leg and body. The bridges have been down on this road ever since the serious flood ten months ago. Public opinion has been bitterly aroused against the responsible department. Motor Car Over Embankment. (1918, September 3). The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), , p. 6. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article155130964 

Death of Dr. R. H. Schlink
Dr. Rudolph Herbert Schlink, who for over 40 years was one of the best known medical men in the Wodonga and Albury districts, died at his home, Elizabeth and Stanley Streets, Albury, on the 24th inst. Though his health had been indifferent for the past couple of years, his death came with dramatic suddenness, the cause being heart failure. In addition to his widow, Dr. Schlink is survived by his daughters, Mrs. Martin Webb, of Donald (Vic), and Miss Elsa Schlink, of Albury. His surviving brothers are Dr. Herbert Schlink, the well known Macquarie-street specialist (who has been overseas, and returns to Australia on October 8), Mr. Albert Schlink, for many years in business in Wodonga, and Mr. Clem Schlink, who is living in Germany, and who, early in the Great War, being an Australian, was interned in a German concentration camp until the Armistice in 1918. A surviving sister is Mrs. William Ryan, of Sydney. 

The late Dr. R. H. Schlink was the eldest son of the late Mr. and Mrs. Albert Schlink. His father was one of the early settlers of the Wodonga district, where he arrived in or about 1863. He acquired a farm a few miles from Wodonga, and there Dr. Schlink was born in 1868. Some years later his father established a general store in Wodonga, being one of the pioneer business men of that town. The business is still carried on by his son, Albert. 

Dr. Schlink received his primary education at the Catholic school in Albury when the late Peter and Simon Cullen were the masters. He passed on to St. Patrick's College, Goulburn, where he was a brilliant student. Leaving the college he went to Germany, where his uncles were living, and studied for the medical profession, taking his courses at three universities, including Berlin, where he qualified. Professor Virehow, a man whose reputation in his day was world-wide, when conferring the degrees, paid Dr. Schlinck the compliment of describing him to his fellows as a 'rare avis,' and predicted he would be a man eminent in his profession. The old professor's prediction was verified, for it was well known that his opinion and confirmation or otherwise of their diagnoses were often sought by his colleagues in the profession. As a professional man, Dr. Schlink's ideals were of the highest. His diagnoses were invariably correct, and he left his patients under no illusions. If their cures were hopeless he candidly said so. If there was hope for the patient he was equally candid. The result was that he commanded the confidence of all who consulted him. When Dr. Schlink returned to Australia he commenced the practice of his profession at Wodonga. For over 30 years he was the trusted physician and surgeon of Wodonga and its adjacent centre, and was consulted often by Albury residents. About 1925 Dr. Schlink, who disposed of his practice in Wodonga, went to Albury and practised there. While in Wodonga, Dr. Schlink played his part as a good citizen in the community's activities. In his young days he was a keen cricketer. His passing is a loss to the professional and communal life of Albury. The funeral cortege moved from St. Patrick's Church, Albury, for Wodonga Cemetery. — R.I.P. Death of Dr. R. H. Schlink (1937, September 30). The Catholic Press (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1942), , p. 17. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article106339748 

After two years' illness, the death occurred at his home on the corner of Elizabeth and Stanley-street, Albury, on Friday morning, of Dr. Rudolph Herbert Schlink, who was one of the most experienced medical men in the Wodonga and Albury districts for more than 40 years. Dr. R. H. Schlinks' parents, the late Mr. and Mrs. Albert Schlink, were early settlers in the Wodonga district, where they arrived about 1863. Dr. Schlink was born on the farm, a few miles from Wodonga, in 1868. Later Mr. Albert Schlink established a general store at Wodonga, which is still carried, on by his son Albert. Dr. Schlink received his early education at Wodonga and Albury Catholic schools, and then went to St. Patrick’s College, Goulburn. After matriculating at Goulburn, he went to Germany, where his uncles were living. He studied in three German universities and obtained his medical degrees at Berlin. This, training, together with his own natural ability, marked his as an outstanding member of his profession. 

Returning to Australia, Dr. Schlink commenced practice at Wodonga, and over 30 years later disposed of the practice and came to Albury, where he established his home and surgery at the residence of the late Mr. G. A. Thompson, at the corner of Hume street and Wodonga Place. Dr. J. Noel Noel Brown entered into partnership with him a few years ago. The partnership was dissolved when, owing to continued ill-health, Dr. Schlink retired six months ago; after fulfilling for more than 40 years the position of physician and surgeon to many people in the Riverina and northeastern districts. 

On his retirement Dr. Schlink lived privately in Albury. Confident of Albury 's future, Dr. Schlink invested in property, including partnership of the Central Private Hotel, and was interested in mining ventures and general speculations. He made a host of friends in Wodonga and Albury districts. Dr. R. H. Schlink is survived by his widow (nee Miss Selle), two daughters, Mrs, Martin Webb, of Donald (Vic.) and Miss Elsa Schlink, of Albury; three brothers, Dr. Herbert Schlink, the Macquarie-street, specialist, who returns from abroad next week, Mr. Albert Schlink, of Wodonga, and Mr. Clem Schlink, who is living in Germany; and one sister, Mrs. William Ryan, of Sydney. 

Representatives of all sections of the community attended the funeral from St. Patrick's Church, Albury, on Saturday, to the family grave at Wodonga cemetery. The casket was carried to the grave by Doctors Conway Macknight, B. A. Robertson, J. Noel Brown, F. Grant, H. C. Worch, and L. S. Woods, and the pallbearers were Messrs. W. Trudewind, M. Martin, H. Dunn, J. Prow, Ar. Flood Nagle and H. F. Jackson. The chief mourners were Mr. Albert Schlink (brother), Mr. H. Trudewind (uncle), Dr. Chenall (nephew), Sydney, and Mr. M. Webb (son-in-law), Donald (Aric). The burial service was read by Rev. Dr. F. Flynn, of Yarrawonga (who had been a close friend of Dr. Schlink for over 30 years and was formerly parish priest at Wodonga), who v. as assisted by Very Rev. Father T. Auburn (parish priest of AVodonga). Many floral tributes were placed on the grave. DEATH OF DR. R. H. SCHLINK (1937, October 1). Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (NSW : 1896 - 1938), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article102703826 

Extra Schlink insights

The results of the recent examinations at the Sydney University, as for as they relate to matriculation, first year students, and degrees, are now made public : The following candidates have passed the matriculation examination :
T. C. Abbott, I. W. Abigail, I. de U. Armstrong, Ettie L. Artlett, W. L. Atkins, E. E. P. P. Bassett, A. G. H. Bond, Martin Bronnan, Sarah Brennan, H. E. Britten, L. E. Burnell, I. A. Busby, M. A. Cal- . laghan. P. B. Colquhoun. A. P. Cooper, T. Cooper, E. IC. ' Cox. T. _. D'Arcy, H. II. Dare, S. T. Day, A. IT. Eden,  N. Pitt., J. T. Fitzgerald, W. Fitzhardinge.-T. V. Fletcher, R. Fresbnev, E. A. Gurrnrf, D. Grayson, L. Harrison, I. W. Hart. L. T. Hollis, Fanny E. Hunt, II. Hunt, S. P. Hyam, A. G. F. James, EC. B. Jamieson, T. Kelly, J. S. Kilpatrick, G. C. lung, J. II. Loibius, R. W. Lenehan, H. Lister, Ii. C. W. MacDonnell, T. M. C. Maclnnes, Toter MnoPhorson, A. MacTa¡rgart, R. T. Mutohett, E. M'Nevin, A. L. M'Nicoll, D. A. J. M'Intyre, L. F. Meagher, Matilda Meares, T. B. Mitchell. A. J. Mooro, A. D. Moriarty, E. Morton, J. Morion, L. Mossop, Ii. R, Nolan, A. A. O'Hora, J. A. O'JCpiiF, W. H. O'Neill, A. W. Parsonfl, W. C. Pritchard, L. S. C. Robertson, E. C. Robison, M, M. Ryan, J. C. Soanlan, R. Schlink, A. E. Bendall, A. M. Sheppard, W. A. Smith, J. Ü. Stephenson, C. Taylor, S. J. Thompson. J. Vieois, W. A. Walker, F. E. Wallace, H. Warren, J. Wollford, C. G. Wilson, E. Winter, H. T. Wood.
Class I.-Fitz, Lister, Schlink, Atkins, Hollis, Bassett, Busby. UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS. (1885, March 23). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13584728

The third brother (Mr Clement Schlink) was a vivid instance of "horrors of war." Many years prior to the outbreak, of hostilities he had gone to Germany is a successor to his uncles' business. He married a German lady and had several children. Unfortunately he had not
been naturalised. On the outbreak of war he was thrown into a concentration camp as a Britisher, and not released until after the Armistice. PASSING OF DR SCHLINK (1937, October 1). Wodonga and Towong Sentinel (Vic. : 1885 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article69631395 

OBITUARY MR. A. J. SCHLINK It is with sincere regret that we have to record the death of Mr Albert J. Schlink, which occurred in Sydney on 31st December, after a long illness. The late Mr Schlink was born in Wodonga in March, 1875, and spent practically the whole of his life in Wodonga. Following his more youthful school days, he was a student at St. Patrick's College, Goulburn, and, later on entered the business of his father at Wodonga. Still later, he gained experience in the -Mutual Store, Melbourne, for some time. Returning to Wodonga he again became associated with his father's store, and, on the latter's death ultimately acquired the business, which he carried on until his health gave out a few months ago. Right throughout his career the late Mr. A. J. Schlink was a most generous man. He gave to everything worth while and gave freely. During his long stay in Wodonga, he was associated at various times, with nearly every public movement. The Wodonga Cricket Club, Wodonga Public Library, Wodonga Recreation Reserve (of which he was the treasurer for over 40 years), Wodonga Turf Club. etc. claimed his attention and assistance. Of more recent years he dropped out of a good many public organisations, and gave his attention to his business which grew to large proportions. Still more recently his health has been anything but satisfactory, but, despite this serious disability, he was one of the most uncomplaining men in the district. A few months ago Mr. and Mrs. Schlink disposed of their interests here and went to Sydney to live. Since then varying reports have been reaching here regarding his condition; mostly they were not of a welcoming or encouraging nature. The end came as stated here. In addition to his widow two sons (Dr Carl Schlink, W.A., and Lieutenant John Schlink) and a daughter (Dr F. Schlink, of Broken Hill) are left to mourn their loss The burial took place in Sydney. OBITUARY (1942, January 9). Wodonga and Towong Sentinel (Vic. : 1885 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article69577856 

Franziska Schlink served the Broken Hill community as a General Practitioner from 1936 through to the 1950s. She was one of the few women allowed to go underground when she demanded access to treat miners who were injured or unwell. Franziska Schlink was the daughter of Albert Joseph and Mabel Ann Schlink. Like her brothers Carl and John, Franziska completed a medical degree and she began work at the Royal Melbourne Hospital before moving to the Ballarat Base Hospital, the Royal Perth Hospital, and finally the Broken Hill and District Hospital in 1936. As one of the town's first women doctors she had to withstand a hostile reception from resident surgeons Samuel Barnett and Wilhelm Dorsch, but she and Dorsch went on to become firm friends. From 1951, Dr Schlink moved into private practice with Dr Brian Funder and Dr Edmond Thomas Walsh.
Franziska Schlink was president of the Broken Hill branch of the Australian Medical Association. A heavy smoker, she contracted lung cancer and after many years of service in Broken Hill returned to Wodonga, where her father had once owned a general store. She died at the age of 55.

Amongst the contents of the last number of the Kew Bulletin, the official gazette, so to speak, of the Botanical Department of the Government, is a mass of important information about butter made from cocoanuts. This may be of interest to Queenslanders. The British Vice-consul at Berlin reports that the process of producing an edible fat from the marrow of the cocoanut was discovered about five years ago by Dr. Schlinck, of Ludwigshafen on the Rhine and has been regularly carried out since 1888 by a Mannheim firm. Factories are also about to be established in Pasta and Amsterdam. The article is described as having "at present an unlimited sale*" ...Old Country Notes. (1890, December 13).The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939), p. 1139. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article20288505 

LUCY, schooner, 60 tons, Tulloch, master, from Venus, Streaky, and Fowler's Bays.
Twelve passengers. Cargo— 209 bales wool, 1do. skins, R. B. Smith ; 209 bales wool, J. Baker; 26 do. do., A. SchlinkeSHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. (1870, October 31). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), , p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article39196319 

Mr Schlinck, the well-known squatter and shipowner, who has been associated prominently with the westward line between Port Adelaide and Esperance Bay, died suddenly today.  SUDDEN DEATH. (1895, December 28).Kalgoorlie Miner (WA : 1895 - 1950), , p. 3. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87725495 

Paderborn, a cathedral town, in the province of Westphalia, Prussia, was the birthplace of Anton Schlink, who had experience among sheep in :the south of Germany before transferring to South Australia some time in the forties. He obtained employment with the Bankines in the Strathalbyn district, and spent part of his time shepherding sheep at Eelvidere and on Langhorne's Creek. The old chimney of his hut in the latter district is still standing. Mr. Schlink was one of the few able-bodied men in South Australia to resist the temptation to visit the Victorian gold diggings. But in 1854 he practically cut himself off from civilisation by taking a lease of Flinders Island; on the West Coast, about 17 miles out from Port Elliston. In shape this extremely interesting island is nearly square, each side being from three to five miles in length. Captain Matthew Flinders, in H.M.S. Investigator, was the first white men to visit it (in 1802). In his journal he speaks of his disappointment in not finding water on the island, but the great navigator's search for it must have been perfunctory, because subsequent pastoral occupants always had an ample supply for man and beast. On the south-eastern side springs run out from below the cliffs, and on the north-western side the sandhill country affords water by shallow sinking. Flinders found the beaches abounding in seals, and he mentions the presence of a small species of Kangaroo not bigger than a cat. As a matter of fact the marsupial in question- .was a wallaby much akin to the Kangaroo Island type.

Mr. Schlink was not the first man to engage in pastoral operations on Flinders Island, although he did much to develop the place. The "South Australian" of August 22, 1845, records that the Messrs. Lechmere. and others were removing stock from Thistle; Island to Flinders Island, "a very pleasant place, with good grass, wood and water." The same paper mentioned that the people of the "Falco," lately wrecked, were at the same island, trying to build another vessel. These settlers left behind them pigs whose progeny had become wild. One ferocious boar, with' well developed tusks, gave Mr. Schlink a lot of trouble by killing and maiming his stock, and was eventually captured by natives. There was also a curious species of black and white rabbit which used little burrows when breeding, but otherwise lived entirely on the surface. Mr. Schlink proved Flinders Island to be an excellent grazing proposition, and he maintained a flock of 7,000 merinos. Isolation was the principal drawback. It was very difficult to get workers to remain there owing to the loneliness of the conditions, and a good deal of reliance had to be placed on the, services of the blacks. When it was desired that a vessel should call a big signal fire was lit on a prominent headland called Bob's Nose, so named- from the circumstance that the first horse Mr. Schlink had was dubbed Bob, and he used to stand habitually on this headland. The animal lived for 36 years, and then met death by falling down a well. 

Right: Anton Schlink Circa 1890 - Photograph is an insert from Percy John Baillie's manuscript for "A pictorial history of Port Lincoln". Portrait photograph of Anton Schlink, who was born in Germany, but moved to Thistle Island where he grazed 7000 sheep. He later had around 60000 sheep on the mainland and formed a shipping company on the West Coast. Image PRG 458/1/2/16 - courtesy State Library of South Australia.

There is a big range of granite outcrops, clothed with sheoak, in the middle of the island, and a prolific growth of the juniper bush in other parts made mustering difficult. Mr. Schlink was greatly handicapped, in the marketing of his sheep, and he sought to get rid of some of his surplus by stocking the largest of the Pearson Isles south of Flinders Island. The new country, however, proved altogether unsuitable for sheep farming. It was 60 rough, steep, and scrubby that it was practically impossible to yard the stock, which were eventually abandoned to their fate. These sheep became as agile as goats in climbing the steep rises, and developed muscles as hard as those of a well trained racehorse. Seafaring men used to call at the Pearson Isles for meat, but-the remnants of the flock would scamper away up the hills on the approach of a ship, and the mariners gave up hunting them." Their bones still lie there as the reminder of an enterprise which failed. Pearson's Isles are noted for the presence of a species of rock wallaby, the like of which is discoverable elsewhere only in Central Australia.

After Mr. Schlink had become thoroughly well established on Flinders Island he decided to extend his operations to Eyre Peninsula. The first run he took up was Yalabingie, between Maryvale and Witera stations, and in what is now the north-eastern corner of the Hundfed of Rodafiev…time to time, and took in Cungena, Walpuppie, three big back paddocks that were used mostly as winter country. On the coast Mr. Schlink's holding stretched from Yanera to Gibson's Peninsula. All the sheep had to be shepherded, and the blacks were as troublesome as wild dogs. They would steal sheep from the yards at night, and hamstring them. They fatally speared the man Beard, after whom Beard's Bay was named. He had put up the hut where he was murdered, and his body was buried on the edge of the bay. From Yalabingie Mr. Schlink moved, to Witera Station, near Venus Bay, which he acquired from the Thompsons. There was only a brush woolshed at Witera, but the new owner erected a stone shed capable of accommodating twelve shearers. This Old station included a large area of the Mount Cooper and Mount Hall country, very mixed in character but comprising some of the best mallee areas on Eyre Peninsula. The proposed line from Capietha siding to Calca, as recommended by the Railways Standing Committee, would serve much of the country that was once in Mr. Schlink's hands. At one time Witera was a changing place for the horses employed in the Port Lincoln mail service. Venus Bay, too, has known its lively days. The little store there was once an hotel kept by Robert Symes, but the place" took on the elements of a sleepy hollow when Port Elliston pulled the trade in one direction and Sceales Bay in another direction.

In his interesting book, "Pioneers of the North West," Mr. Norman Richardson says that for a few years Yardea was about the only permanent station on the western side of the Gawler Ranges, the majority of the other holdings being- used principally for winter pasture for stock from i iins on the West Coast. Anton Schlink. was one of the pastoralists who so directed his operations. In 1868 James Hiern secured a lease of the country now known as Hiltaby (sometimes'' spelt Hiltruby and Hiltaba). Shortly afterwards he sold it to Mr, Schlink, at whose instigation and expense all the improvements were made there. When the lease expired he took the improvement money, and the country went back to the Crown. Tom Fitzgerald was the next lessee, and tried cattle, dingoes being too numerous for sheep. Mr. Fitzgerald disposed of the run to Mr. W. Oliffe, of Miller's Creek, whence the cattle were removed. The Kokatha station was also leased originally to James Hiern, who, after getting two wells there, sold to Mr. Schlink in 1876. It is situated between Lake Gardiner and Lake Harris, and to the north of Lake Everard. After the lease rah out it remained unoccupied for many years, and then was taken up by Mr. F. A. Tennant. Mr. Schlink also had Kondulka, or Koon doolka, which had been leased originally by John Dunn &-Co. It will be seen that altogether Mr. Schlink was in a very large way of business. At one time he was carrying 60,000.sheep, and good luck supplemented his skilful handling of the" various properties. Although the distance between the western side of the Gawler Ranges and the West Coast is only 80 to 90 miles, the intervening country included a 30-mile belt of mallee scrub and heavy sandhills. This gave trouble in the transfer of stock, and particularly in the matter of carting. To overcome the latter difficulty Mr. Schlink purchased 13 camels from Sir Thomas Elder about 1878. He paid £75 a head for them, little dreaming that the day would come when camels would be shot like vermin in South Australia. Still they solved the problem of the barrier between the Gawler Ranges and the coast.

Besides being a big pastoralist, Mr. Schlink had considerable shipping interests. He had four sailing vessels engaged in the Eyre Peninsula trade—the Alto, Freebridge, Lady Robinson, and Waratah. The Freebridge sat on her anchor at Port Elliston and sank with some of Mr. Schlink's cargo aboard. Later the Waratah, a barquentine, was wrecked off Thursday Island. The Lady Robinson had an extraordinary experience in the vicinity of the Great Barrier Reef on the Queensland coast. Her crew was compelled to abandon her with all the sails set. Ten days later the vessel was found, practically undamaged, sailing about the ocean aimlessly, and was brought safely to port. The steamer Meeinderry traded to the West Coast and' the South East in Mr. Schlink's interests. He also had the steamer Helen Nicoll, which was afterwards engaged in the Esperance Bay trade. The Meeinderry was disposed of to Huddart, Parker & Co. At one time Mr. Schlink was in partnership with Captain Tulloch only so far as shipping interests were concerned.

Sheep and. ships made plenty of money for Mr. Schlink, who got out of both forms of enterprise very, well from a financial point of view. He was able to retire from business in 1883, and thereafter lived at Woodville, where he died on December 26, 1895, at the age of 73 years. His son John (how of Gl'enunga) had Witera after his father's retirement, and his son William took the management of Kokathla and Hiltaby. Anton Schlink's estate was sold upon his demise, and William went back to Flinders Island, where he was born, and continued the breeding of merinos combined with cereal cultivation. In later years he has'come more, prominently into public notice as the owner of the Hillsea thoroughbred stud, near Sheringa, on the West Coast, which is the home of the sires Green Seal, Scorpions and Burnley.' He married a daughter of another well-known pastoral - pioneer of Eyre Peninsula—James Thompson, of Witera station.—The Adelaide Stock and Station Journal. A PASTORAL PIONEER. (1927, July 22).West Coast Sentinel (Streaky Bay, SA : 1912 - 1954), , p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article168245394

Thursday, 2nd November, (Before Messrs Jas. Bambrick and A. Schlinck, J.P.'s.)
Two inebriates were brought up for having been drunk and disorderly, and were discharged with a caution. John May, alias " The Canary-bird," was charged with being an idle and disorderly person, and with threatening to burn down the Victoria Hotel, Wodonga. Margaret Little, the landlady of the hotel, gave evidence as to the words used by prisoner because she refused him drink. Prisoner was sentenced to two mouths' imprisonment inBeechworth Gaol. Friday, 3rd November. (Before. Messrs W. Huon, A. Schlinck and John O'Callaghan, J.P.'s.) Margaret Sayers v Henry Stead : Threatening language. Margaret Sayers stated : Defendant used the following words to me : — " Shut your mouth, you b tiling, or I'll break your b jaw." I was standing in the front of my own door. To defendant : You asked if my husband was at home, and I said, "No." Mrs G s'lier ancl Mrs Sayers, senr. , also gave evidence as to the words used. Wm. Hendy stated for the defence : It was Mrs Silvers who had caused the disturbance, by using bad language herself. Did not hear the defendant using any bad language. Was only about five yards away from Mrs Sayers 's house. The defendant stated that the complainant had stated to his wife that she could prove that I went to "The Poplars," a celebrated house in Albury. The Bench were of opinion that the case was proved, but would only fine defendant lightly, on account of his having received provocation. Fined 5s, and costs. Georgc S. Manns, State-school teacher, v Edward Draper, farmer : Wilful trespass in the Leneva Free Library. Mr Emerson for complainant ; Mr Thorold for defendant. George W. Manns stated that he was the secretary of the trustees of the Leneva Free Library. Mr Thorold asked the witness if he produced his authority to act as such. Witness said he did not produce it. Mr Thorold said the defendant was charged with wilful trespass in the Free Library at Leneva ; and he (Mr Thorold) considered that the witness ought to produce his authority.
Mr Emerson considered that as Iong as Mr Manns was in possession, he was the proper parson to bring the case into court. Mr Thorold asked their Worships io take a note of his remarks : as he considered that he had a perfect right, on behalf of his client, ta object to the complainant giving evidence without producing his authority to act. Complainant stated : Mr Draper came into the building. He seemed the worse of drink, and stank of rotten grog, and said, " Put me out ; put me out. You are too d d cunning to do so." The defendant burst open the door, and struck me. By Mr Thorold : I did not summons him for the assault." This happened en the 26th October. I produce copy of the notice put on the door, and….WODONGA POLICE COURT. (1882, November 7). Ovens and Murray Advertiser (Beechworth, Vic. : 1855 - 1918), , p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article207179324 

The ordinary monthly meeting of this body was held on Tuesday. Present: The President (Cr Schlinck), and Crs Bambrick. Reidy, Ferrier, Newnau and McFarlane.  The minutes of the previous meeting were read and confirmed. The following accounts were passed for pavement : — David Bowdren .... £36 0 0 John Kotthoff 112 10 -I Dickson and Son 3 8 6 I George Thorn ton 2 2 0 I G. Hennsler 0 15 0 I A, H. Emerson 3 17 0 1 Commission on dosr fees 3 5 0 John Woodland 9 4 6 The tender of James Egan, for works on the Chiltern-road, £10 13s 3d, was accepted. The Public Works Committee also commended that fresh tenders be called for 150 yards of gravel for High-street, Wodonga. The report was adopted. The following correspondence was dealt with : — From William Berry, Wodonga, requesting to be allowed to erect a fence on the gravel reserve, adjoining his section, on the flats. If granted, he would put a gate on the reserve, for the use of contractors. I Cr REIDY moved, and Cr FERRIER….  WODONGA SHIRE COUNCIL. (1883, July 12). Ovens and Murray Advertiser (Beechworth, Vic. : 1855 - 1918), , p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article198959930 

RUTHERGLEN, Wednesday.
The judging of wines in connection with the show of the Rntherglen and Murray Valley Agricultural Society, to be held tomorrow, was commenced on Tuesday. The judges were Messrs. Gooch, Caldwell, Tynan. Goodall. O. H. P. Martin, P. Martin, Melbourne ; and Lankestor, Albury. The entries number over 640, being a considerable increase on previous years. Prizes were awarded as follows – Claret any vintage : 1st, Lindemann ; 2nd, Schlink, Wodonga. RUTHERGLEN WINE SHOW. (1891, October 22). The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), , p. 6. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article193412606 

Claret derives from the French clairet, a now uncommon dark rosé, which was the most common wine exported from Bordeaux until the 18th century. The name was anglicised to "claret" as a result of its widespread consumption in England during the period in the 12th–15th centuries that Aquitaine was part of the Angevin Empire (please compare the History section). It is a protected name within the European Union, describing a red Bordeaux wine, accepted after the British wine trade demonstrated over 300 years' usage of the term.

WODONGA WINE GROWERS ASSOCIATION. An enjoyable little luncheon was given yesterday at the Exhibition, chiefly to test the quality of the wines grown at Wodonga, Victoria, and which carried off several awards at the recent adjudication. The wines represented were of the vintages of Messrs P. Adams, J. Tenner, Wickham Bros, R. Peoples, A. Schlink, M. Kelly and G. S. Masons. The luncheon comprised magnificent tubers grown by Mr Wachamuth, tinned mullet from Mr F. Notley Meadows, official agent for New Zealand, with a nice cream salad, cheese, and butter. After ample justice had been done to the viands and the various wines sampled, Mr D. F. Scott, official agent for Victoria, said that on behalf of the Wodonga Winegrowers' Association he wished to propose the health of the jurors in the wine section. All the gentlemen had devoted a great deal of their time and attention to adjudicating on the many wines placed before them, and he personally could speak of the very great care given to the matter by Messrs Marsh and Whitfeld. The association were thoroughly satisfied with the awards made, and would be the more so when they knew of the severe tests to which their wines were subjected. The jurors, added Mr Scott, had shown themselves thoroughly competent for their work, and had given general satisfaction. Mr E. Whitfeld, on behalf of himself and Mr Marsh, thanked Mr Scott for what he had said with reference to the wine jurors. By the system, previously arranged, the jurors did not know where the wines came from that were placed before them. All the glasses were merely numbered and they had therefore to test the quality. They were greatly pleased that the result of their work was so well appreciated, and at the same time were glad that so young an association as the Wodonga Winegrowers had came out so well in the contest. He was gratified that the association had Leon so enterprising as to send exhibits to so great a distance, and was greatly pleased that they were so well rewarded. Mr Aihitfold next proposed the health of the "Wodonga Winegrowers' Association," (Mr Marsh: " May they take a high position in the English market.)" Mr W. R. Marsh next proposed the "Press," and coupled with it the name of Mr D. F. Scott. He (Mr Marsh) was glad to find that the work done by the jurors had been so well noticed and appreciated. Mr Scott in his capacity had caused very considerable interest to be created in the Tasmanian Exhibition. He knew of none more able or who had worked harder than Mr Scott had done to promote the general interests and the common good in connection with the Exhibition. (A voice: And good fellowship). The gentleman named had rendered very great assistance to the jurors in going round with them and pointing out the locality of exhibits, and in addition to bringing forward his own colony found time to advance the interests of Tasmanian exhibitors. With regard to the wines the jurors were surprised to find that New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia possessed wines of such a high quality as were sent in for adjudication. the (Mr Marsh) had tested every wine in Europe, and therefore felt in a position to judge of the quality of the wines submitted. It afforded him gratification indeed to find that Australia had placed herself in such a high position with regard to her wines. He believed that the future of Australian wines would be of great importance in the world, not only with regard to the quantity produced, but the quality. Mr Whitfeld endorsed, as a juror, every word with regard to Mr Scott that had fallen from Mr Marsh. He assisted the jurors very materially, and greatly lessened their labours by showing not only his colony's exhibits, but those of every one else. The health of Mr Wachsmuth was then drunk, and the hope expressed that he would long live to grow such splendid potatoes as appeared on the hoard that day. Mr D. F. Scott next proposed the health of Mr F. Notley Meadows, the popular official agent for New Zealand, and the proceedings terminated. WODONGA WINE GROWER'S ASSOCIATION. (1892, March 3).Launceston Examiner (Tas. : 1842 - 1899), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article39459315 

William Henry Plummer said he combined dairying and agricultural farming on a farm at Huon's Creek which he rented from Mr A. Schlink. The lease had four years to run. The farm he occupied practically, adjoined the allotments he applied for. Had never selected in Victoria, but had put in a tender for a grazing license at Barnawartha, when he was unsuccessful. Was married, with nine children, all under 18 years of age. Had an acre and a half freehold in Albury. Had been renting land in Victoria for 10 years--- seven years at Barnawartha and three at Huon's Creek. He could cultivate the 38-acre block provided he got both blocks. He would reside on the front block. Had stock and machinery to work the land. In reply to Mr Edmundson, the applicant was opinion that a man could not possibly make a living off the back block, though he could off the front block. He had not said that one block was no good without the other. RUSH FOR LAND. (1904, February 19).Wodonga and Towong Sentinel (Vic. : 1885 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article69544640 

Mr. A. J. Schlink, junior partner of Schlinck and Sons, Wodonga, has gone for a three weeks' holiday to Sydney and Noumea. He will spend most of his time at. the latter place, which is an island in the French settlement of New Caledonia. The Wodonga Turf Club held a general meeting on Friday. There was a good attendance, Mr. Carkeek being in the chair. The club have a credit balance of £80 14s. 2d. Mr. Steve Carkeek was appointed president, Mr. Marney vice-president, and Mr. Albert Schlink treasurer. WODONGA. (1904, March 5). Ovens and Murray Advertiser (Beechworth, Vic. : 1855 - 1918), , p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article199683440 

An interesting wedding was celebrated at the Roman Catholic Church, Wodonga, on Wednesday evening, the contracting parties being Miss Frances Schlink only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Albert Schlink, and sister of Dr. Schlink, of Wodonga, and Mr. William Francis Ryan son of Mr. Ryan, of "Kincora" Mittagong (N. S. W.), and brother of the late Father Ryan, who died at Wagga some time ago. The bridegroom is manager of the Bank of Vic-toria at Kilmore. The marriage ceremony was performed by Father Ryan (Wodonga) assisted by Father Hartigan (of Albury), and the bridesmaids were Miss M. Ryan and Miss Agnes Maloney (Albury). Mr. Albert Schlink was best man. The bride, who was beautifully gowned, was given away by her father. The bridesmaids were also handsomely attired. After the ceremony the wedding party adjourned to the residence of the bride's parents, where a sumptuous dinner was partaken of. Father Ryan proposed the toast of "The Bride and Bridegroom," which was responded to by the bridegroom. Father Hartigan proposed 'The Parents of the Bride,' which, with the other customary toasts, was duly honored and responded to. The newly-married couple left by the express for Sydney on their honeymoon tour. Wodonga. (1906, February 2). Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (NSW : 1896 - 1938), p. 17. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article100686363 

There are few, if any, residents of the North-Eastern District better known than Mr Albert Schlink, of Messrs Schlink and Son, Wodonga, and I doubt if there is any other- general storekeeper in this part of Victoria who does a larger or more comprehensive business. I had a conversation with Mr Schlink today, which was not only highly interesting from the personal point of view, but also highly instructive as it afforded some insight into the growth, progress, and carrying on of a large country business —which, it must be remembered, from the very-nature of things, has to be conducted on different lines to a city business. Mr Schlink started the business in 1872, at a time when Wodonga was rising into prominence as a Border town. Taking full advantage of the long run of good success— which he was fortunate enough to encounter and wise enough to profit by— Mr Schlink, by steady industry and close application, coupled with good intuition and great foresight, by degrees built up a business second to none in these parts. It augurs well too, let me interpolate, for the future of the business that in the present firm of Schlink and Son, the 'Son' in represented (in Mr Albert Schlink jun.) by a young man of exceptional capability and shrewdness, who already relieves his father of most of the huge amount of detail inseparable, from such a concern.PROGRESSIVE BUSINESS AT WODONGA. (1907, June 22). The Border Morning Mail and Riverina Times (Albury, NSW : 1903 - 1920), , p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article109031924 

Renewals were granted to - Albert J Schlink, High Street, Wodonga.. AUSTRALIAN WINE LICENSES. (1913, December 19). The Border Morning Mail and Riverina Times (Albury, NSW : 1903 - 1920), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article112142757 


Wodonga consists of two principal streets lying parallel to each other seemingly desirous of outstripping the , other in length and the straggling character of its buildings. After carrying on this contest for the length of three quarters of High- street, of which we give a view, bears off the palm. Between the township and Albury there is a distance of three miles, which in summer has the reputation of being the dustiest three miles in Australia. This distance is traversed by omnibuses and cabs, which ply between the two towns, and until the junction of the railways did a good business in carrying all travellers from station to station. The dwellers in Wodonga, who are Victorians to the backbone, complain severely of the disadvantages under which they labour, owing to the border duties, in comparison with their more fortunate neighbours in Albury, but though they grumble they have no intention of giving in, and confidently look forward to the brighter days which they say are in store for Wodonga. 

A better site for a town than that occupied by Albury could hardly be chosen. The level plain on which the town stands, surrounded on all sides by hills, presents at all times of the day, in all weathers, some prospect which is pleasant to the eye, and if, as was our artist's good fortune, the weather is fine, some of the views are beautiful. Immediately on crossing the Murray the township begins. On. the left-hand side the ground is chiefly taken up by vegetable gardens, worked by indefatigable celestials, who are the sole purveyors of vegetables to the inhabitants of Albury. Some of their old shanties, with the evening sunlight striking upon them — the noble masses of gum trees on the Victorian side, enveloped in that purple haze peculiar to Australia — with here and there a glimpse of the Murray winding its tortuous way round the base of the distant hills — all go to make up a picture which the spectator will have to travel far to forget. In the well laid-out, if straggling, town the visitor will find other sights that will please him, all with a background of high hills, on which innumerable vineyards lie dotted here and there. The views selected by our artist are but a few amongst the many that present themselves on every hand. First, the Hume memorial near the wharf, set there in honour of the first white man who crossed tho Murray ; then a view of the Union-bridge, over which the greater portion of the traffic between Victoria and New South Wales has hitherto passed, but which now is likely to be superseded in great measure by the new railway bridge a little further up the river. Then a sketch of the Roman Catholic convent and the Joint Stock Bank, which lies at the corner of Dean and Kiewa streets. Our next sketch is of the public buildings, which are conveniently grouped together and comprise the Mechanics' Institute,Telegraph and Lands Ofiices,the Courthouse and Post-office. Illustrations of Dean-street, looking west, west, and Townsend-street, looking south, with a central engraving of the handsome building occupied by the Postal department, complete a series of views which will be of interest to our readers from the recent celebration in this town of , the junction of the railway systems of New South Wales and Victoria. We are indebted to Messrs. Burton Bros., photographers, for the use of the photographs from which these views were mostly taken. 

The opening of the line connecting the railway systems of New South Wales and Victoria was celebrated on June 14, at Albury, by a demonstration conducted on a scale of magnificence never before' attempted in the colonies; The line itself is a short one, being little more than three miles in length, but its importance as regards both the political, and commercial relations of the two colonies is justly considered as being of supreme moment. Hitherto the Northeastern railway of Victoria and the Southern railway of New South Wales terminated at the border towns of 'Wodonga and Albury respectively, and passengers from one colony to the other had to cross the intervening country, through which the Murray River runs, by omnibuses, thus extending the time occupied by the ?whole journey by several hours. The connecting line wag constructed by the two Governments each continuing its own railway to the banks of the Murray, which is spanned by a temporary bridge. The cost of the latter is equally borne by them, but at a future time a more substantial and imposing iron structure will be substituted. The object of the demonstration was to bring the Governors, the prominent politicians,*' and public men of both colonies in contact -with each other, and to signalise the event as a landmark in intercolonial history. The preparations were left in the hands of the New South 'Wales Government, the cost of the celebration being equally divided, and as Albury offered greater facilities for such an affair than Wodonga, it was decided to hold it there. A large engine-shed close to the station was transformed into a handsome banquet-hall. A false ceiling beautifully painted in azure and amber, and stencilled with ornate designs, concealed the open roof, and the walls were coloured similarly, and hung with armorial shields, and decorated with evergreens and flowers. Tents were erected for their Excellencies, Lady Loftus, the press, and the telegraph operators, and the most elaborate plans to insure the convenience of the guests were put into practice. The tables were arranged in two sections, divided in the middle by a raised table, at which the Governors were to jointly preside, supported on either hand by their Ministers and other prominent public men. At the ends of this table were semi-circular galleries for the representatives of the press. Attached to them were elevated rostra, from which the principal speeches were delivered. Over 1,000 invitations were issued, and the guests were brought down from Melbourne and Sydney to the scene of the festivities by several special trains. The town of Albury was en fete on the occasion, and presented a scene .of excitement and bustle which its inhabitants will long remember. Oar artist has in a number of characteristic sketches given us a series of various incidents of this important demonstration. 'The Premier of New South Wales Speaking,' 'Mr. Service in the Rostrum,' and ' The Governor of 'Victoria at the Banquet,' are the principal points which characterised the feast, while 'Federation,' under a Victorian and New South Wales policeman fraternising together, and the 'Arrival of Mr. M'Coll with his Map,' are amongst the humorous incidents of that memorable day.

This fine building is a credit to New South Wales, and for size, general convenience, and completeness of design is decidedly the best railway station in Australia. The stationmaster's house, which stands a little apart, is a most handsome residence, while even the porters and firemen are accommodated in a sumptuous fashion. The view we give of the station is that from the, railway line, as being the most interesting, though the front, with its well-proportioned tower, is a great addition to the architectural beauties of Albury. A RIDE ON THE ELEPHANT AT THE "ZOO." (1883, July 2). The Australasian Sketcher with Pen and Pencil (Melbourne, Vic. : 1873 - 1889), , p. 113. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60620860


THE Goulburn Roman Catholic College stands about the middle of an enclosure of 55 acres, 30 of which is a Government grant-the remainder was purchased by the Right Rev. Dr. Lanigan, and all is vested in trustees, for Roman Catholic purposes. Although there are many fine Situations about Goulburn, for building purposes, yet no more eligible site for a College could have been selected. It is convenient to the town, on the western suburbs, yet sufficiently removed to be ont of it Being oh the side of a gentle elevation, it commands a most extensive and picturesque view. Looking from the front, towards the east, you see Goulburn immediately under, and the Governor's Hill standing out in bold relief at the back. From the southern wing you see across the Gundary Plains, as far as the eye can reach, till you meet the ranges towards the sea coast. From the northern wing a good view of the valley of the Wollondilly is obtained, and you can trace the little stream, in its tortuous course, till it winds round the foot of Mount Cock-bon-Doon. The foundations of this College were laid in Feb., 1873, and the house was opened, with great pomp and ceremony, on the first day of February last, so that the whole work was completed, and the house furnished with every requisite, and ready to receive boarders in less than twelve months. The building consists of an hexagonal centre, with three wings. The centre part rises three stories, and the wings two. The ground floor is occupied by the chapel, study hall, refectory, reception room, class and music rooms. Over these, in the centre, are the professors' rooms, and in the wings are three very fine, well-ventilated dormitories, each 33 feet by 18 feet. The house is most substantially built of rubble stone, with Wingello freestone dressings around windows and doors. The front door is a very fine massive piece of work, with stained glass fan-light and side-lights. The house is all slated, and the water from the roof is all conveyed by pipes into a tank capable of containing 50,000 gallons. The College is now in full working order, with a complete staff of professors and twenty eight boarders. When we look at the solidity and completeness of the building, and consider the extraordinary rapidity with which it was got up, we must confess our astonishment. His Lordship, the Right Rev. Dr. Lanigan, and the Catholics of his diocese, are to be congratulated on the spirit and energy displayed by them in undertaking and completing so noble a work in so short a time. The materials used in the building are all of the very best description, and the contractors, Mr. W. Duncan and Mr. F. Horn, both of Goulburn, deserve much credit for the manner in which they have finished their work. Mr. Duncan was the contractor for all the stone work, and Mr. Horn for the carpenter work and finishing trades. Though last, not least, we are bound to mention, that the Very Rev. P. Dunne, who presides over the College, contributed not a little, by his energy and experience, in pushing forward the building to its completion, and to him is due the exclusive merit of organizing it, and making it one amongst the first educational establishments in New South Wales. Mr. A. Stombuco, of Goulburn, was the architect, and superintended the works.
ST. PATRICK'S .COLLEGE, GOULBURN.  ST. PATRICK'S COLLEGE, GOULBURN. (1874, June 27). Illustrated Sydney News and New South Wales Agriculturalist and Grazier (NSW : 1872 - 1881), , p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63106404  

St. Patrick's College, Goulburn. 'Old Boys' Meet at Their First Annual Dinner. Stirring Addresses by Bishop Gallagher.
The first annual dinner of the recently formed Union of 'Old Boys' of St. Patrick's College, Goulburn, was held at the 'A.B.C.'' Rooms, Pitt-street, Sydney,' on Wednesday ' evening in last week, and in every respect did credit to the committee who had its promotion v in hand, and especially to the honorary secretary (Mr. M. J. Glennan), to whom the lion's share of the work had necessarily fallen. Advantage had been taken of the Easter influx of visitors and the consequent convenience of country members had been consulted in arranging that the reunion should take place in the metropolis during that festive , season, and the fact that some forty members ? were present is a happy augury for the future. His Lordship Bishop Gallagher displayed the great interest he has in the movement — as bishop of the diocese, as Patron of the Union, as academical preceptor of most and beloved friend of all the 'old-boys' — by travelling to Sydney to be present at the gathering. His Lordship was accompanied by the Rev. Joseph Dwyer (Goulburn Diocesan Inspector cf Schools), whose association with St. Patrick's as student and professor made his presence doubly welcome; the presence of two other old boys; in the persons of Father Alphonsus Coen, C.P. ('Mary's Mount,'- Goulburn), and Father Graham, M.S.H. (Randwick), was only prevented by the calls of duty of their respective Orders. Others likewise unavoidably absent were Professor Butler, Mr. M. Coen (Nowra), and the Rev. Brother O'Connell, who at present directs the destinies of St. Patrick's College at the head of the Christian Brothers. A gathering which, nevertheless, would have done credit to any similar body, in the world assembled round the festive board at its first annual dinner. Mr. Ulrick M'Evilly, Is. A., presided, having on his right the Bishop and on his left the Rev. J. Dwyer, the company including the following: — Dr. Odillo Maher; Dr. 1-V W. Langton, Dr. J. Coen, Messrs. P. K. White, B.L., A. M'Evilly, B.A., T. J. Tarlinton (Cobargo), Phil Sheekey, T. B. Kennedy (Crookwell), R. A. Cox, F. N. Moloney, B. Coen. P .A. Ryan, H. E. Ellen, M. A. Donnelly (Wagga), P. A. Kennedy, J. A. Quigley, P. E. Kenny, Herbert H. Schlink, ....

St. Patrick's College, Goulburn. (1906, April 28). Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), , p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119939562 

(Sir) Herbert Henry Schlink, Careel Bay -  An Australian Hero for Health, threads collected by A J Guesdon, 2016.

Previous History Pages:  

Marie Byles Lucy Gullett Kookoomgiligai Frank Hurley Archpriest JJ Therry Sir Patrick Gordon Taylor Bowen Bungaree W. Bradley 1788 Journal Midholme Loggan Rock Cabin La Corniche La Corniche II Lion Island Bungan Beach Botham Beach Scarred Trees  Castles in the Sand Dame Nellie Melba lunches at Bilgola Spring, 1914  First to Fly in Australia at North Narrabeen  Mona Vale Golf Club's Annual Balls  Governor Phillip camps on Resolute Beach  Ruth Bedford  Jean Curlewis  Mollie Horseman  Charlotte Boutin  May Moore  Neville W Cayley Leon Houreux  Frederick Wymark  Sir Adrian Curlewis  Bilgola Heron Cove  Mullet Creek  Shark Point  Woodley's Cottage  A Tent at The Basin  Collin's Retreat-Bay View House-Scott's Hotel  Bilgola Cottage and House  The First Pittwater Regatta  Women Cricketers Picnic Filmed In Pittwater  Governor Phillip's Barrenjoey Cairn  Waradiel Season The Church at Church Point  Gov.  Phillip'€™s  Exploration of Broken Bay, 2 €- 9 March 1788   Petroglyths: Aboriginal Rock Art on the Northern Beaches  Avalon Headland Landmarks  Steamers Part I Pittwater Aquatic Club Part I  Woody Point Yacht Club  Royal Motor Yacht Club Part I  Dorothea Mackellar Elaine Haxton  Neva Carr Glynn Margaret Mulvey Jean Mary Daly  Walter Oswald Watt Wilfrid Kingsford Smith John William Cherry  George Scotty Allan  McCarrs Creek Narrabeen Creek  Careel Creek  Currawong Beach Creek  Bushrangers at Pittwater  Smuggling at Broken Bay  An Illicit Still at McCarr's Creek  The Murder of David Foley  Mona Vale Outrages  Avalon Camping Ground  Bayview Koala Sanctuary Ingleside Powder Works Palm Beach Golf Course  Avalon Sailing Club  Mona Vale Surf Life Saving Club  Palm Beach SLSC Part I - The Sheds  Warriewood SLSC Whale Beach SLSC Flagstaff Hill Mount Loftus Pill Hill Sheep Station Hill  S.S. Florrie  S.S. Phoenix and General Gordon Paddlewheeler  MV Reliance The Elvina  Florida House  Careel House   Ocean House and Billabong  Melrose-The Green Frog The Small Yacht Cruising Club of Pittwater  Canoe and I Go With The Mosquito Fleet - 1896  Pittwater Regattas Part I - Dates and Flagships to 1950 Shark Incidents In Pittwater  The Kalori  Church Point Wharf  Bayview Wharf  Newport Wharf Palm Beach Jetty - Gow's Wharf  Max Watt  Sir Francis Anderson Mark Foy  John Roche  Albert Verrills  Broken Bay Customs Station At Barrenjoey  Broken Bay Water Police  Broken Bay Marine Rescue - Volunteer Coastal Patrol  Pittwater Fire-Boats  Prospector Powder Hulk at Towler's Bay  Naval Visits to Pittwater 1788-1952  Pittwater's Torpedo Wharf and Range Naval Sea Cadets in Pittwater S.S. Charlotte Fenwick S.S. Erringhi  P.S. Namoi  S.Y. Ena I, II and III  Barrenjoey Headland - The Lessees  Barrenjoey Lighthouse - The Construction  Barrenjoey Broken Bay Shipwrecks Up To 1900  Barrenjoey Light Keepers  Douglas  Adrian Ross Newport SLSC 1909 - 1938 Part I Overview  North Narrabeen SLSC - The Formative Years  Bilgola SLSC - the First 10 years   North Palm Beach SLSC    A History of Pittwater Parts 1 and 4 Pittwater Regattas - 1907 and 1908  Pittwater Regattas - 1921 - The Year that Opened and Closed with a Regatta on Pittwater Pittwater Regatta Banishes Depression - 1933 The 1937 Pittwater Regatta - A Fashionable Affair  Careel Bay Jetty-Wharf-Boatshed  Gow-Gonsalves Boatshed -Snapperman Beach  Camping at Narrabeen - A Trickle then a Flood Pittwater's Parallel Estuary - The Cowan 'Creek'  RMYC Broken Bay Boathouse and Boatshed Barrenjoey Boat House The Bona - Classic Wooden Racing Yacht Mona Vale Hospital Golden Jubilee - A Few Insights on 50 Years as a Community Hospital Far West Children's Health Scheme - the Formation Years  The First Scotland Island Cup, Trophy and Race and the Gentleman who loved Elvina Bay Royal Motor Yacht Club Broken Bay NSW - Cruiser Division History - A History of the oldest division in the Royal Motor Yacht Club   Royal Motor Yacht Club€“ Broken Bay€“ Early Motor Boats and Yachts, their Builders and Ocean Races to Broken Bay, the Hawkesbury and Pittwater  The Royal Easter Show Began As the Royal Agricultural Society of New South Wales   The Mail Route to Pittwater and Beyond  The Wild Coachmen of Pittwater - A Long and Sometimes Bumpy Ride on Tracks Instead of Roads  The Fearless Men of Palm Beach SLSC's Surf Boats First Crews - A Tale of Viking Ships, Butcher Boats and Robert Gow'€™s Tom Thumb 'Canoe'  Furlough House Narrabeen - Restful Sea Breezes For Children and Their Mothers  From Telegraphs to Telephones - For All Ships at Sea and Those On Land Mona Vale Training Grounds - From Lancers on Horses to Lasses on Transport Courses  Fred Verrills; Builder of Bridges and Roads within Australia during WWII, Builder of Palm Beach Afterwards  Communications with Pittwater  Ferries To Pittwater A History of Pittwater - Part 4: West Head Fortress  Pittwater's Lone Rangers - 120 Years of Ku-Ring-Gai Chase and the Men of Flowers Inspired by Eccleston Du Faur  Early Pittwater Launches and Ferries Runs Avalon Beach SLSC - The First Clubhouse  Avalon Beach SLSC The Second and Third Clubhouses From Beneath the Floorboards at Hyde Park Barracks  Bungaree Was Flamboyant  Andrew Thompson - 'Long Harry'  Albert Thomas Black John Collins of Avalon Narrabeen Prawning Times - A Seasonal Tide of Returnings  Oystering in the Pittwater Estuary - Oyster Kings and Pearl Kings and When Not to Harvest Oysters Yabbying In Warriewood Creeks  Eeling in Warriewood's Creeks (Includes A Short History of community involvement in environmental issues/campaigns in and around Narrabeen Lagoon - 1974 to present by David James OAM) Eunice Minnie Stelzer - Pittwater Matriarchs  Maria Louisa Therry - Pittwater Matriarch  Katherine Mary Roche - Pittwater Matriarchs Sarah A. Biddy Lewis and Martha Catherine Bens Pittwater Matriarchs  Pittwater's New Cycle Track of 1901 Manly to Newport  The Rock Lily Hotel  Barrenjoey House The Pasadena Jonah's St Michael's Arch  The First Royal Visitor to Australia: the Incident at Clontarf March 12th, 1868  Pittwater: Lovely Arm of the Hawkesbury By NOEL GRIFFITHS - includes RMYC Wharf and Clareville Wharf of 1938 + An Insight into Public Relations in Australia George Mulhall First Champion of Australia in Rowing - First Light-Keeper  at Barranjuey Headland  Captain Francis Hixson - Superintendent of Pilots, Lights, and Harbours and Father of the Naval Brigade  The Marquise of Scotland Island   The First Boat Builders of Pittwater: the Short Life and Long Voyages of Scotland Island Schooner the Geordy  Boat Builders of Pittwater II: from cargo schooners and coasters to sailing skiffs and motorised launches  The Currawong: Classic Yacht  The Riddles of The Spit and Bayview/ Church Point: sailors, boat makers, road pavers winning rowers   VP Day Commemorative Service 2015 –  at Avalon Beach RSL Cenotaph: 70th Anniversary  Captain T. Watson and his Captain Cook Statues: A Tribute to Kindness   Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways; Hordern or Wiltshire Parks to McKay Reserve – From Beach to Estuary Pittwater Reserves, The Green Ways: Clareville Wharf and Taylor's Point Jetty  Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways Bilgola Beach - The Cabbage Tree Gardens and Camping Grounds - Includes Bilgola - The Story Of A Politician, A Pilot and An Epicure by Tony Dawson and Anne Spencer  Pittwater Reserves - The Green Ways: Mona Vale's Village Greens a Map of the Historic Crown Lands Ethos Realised in The Village, Kitchener and Beeby Parks  Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways; Bungan Beach and Bungan Head Reserves:  A Headland Garden  Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Green Family  Elanora - Some Early Notes and Pictures  The Stewart Towers On Barrenjoey Headland  Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Williams Family  Early Cricket in Pittwater: A small Insight Into the Noble Game from 1880's On  The Pacific Club's 2016 Carnival in Rio Fundraiser for Palm Beach SLSC Marks the 79th Year of Support  Bert Payne Park, Newport: Named for A Man with Community Spirit   Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Fox Family  Surf Carnivals in February 1909, 1919, 1925, a Fancy Dress Rise of Venus and Saving Lives with Surfboards  Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Paddon Family of Clareville  Mermaid Basin, Mona Vale Beach: Inspired 1906 Poem by Viva Brock  Early Pittwater Schools: The Barrenjoey School 1872 to 1894  The Royal Easter Show and 125th Celebration of the Hawkesbury Agricultural College: Farmers Feed Us!  The Newport School 1888 to 2016 Pittwater's Ocean Beach Rock Pools: Southern Corners of Bliss - A History The Royal Botanical Garden Sydney Celebrate 200 Years in 2016  The Porter Family of Newport: Five Brother Soldiers Serve in WWI Church Point and Bayview: A Pittwater Public School Set on the Estuary  The Basin, Pittwater: A Reprise: Historical Records and Pictures  Lighthouse Keepers Cottages You Can Rent in NSW - Designed or Inspired by Colonial Architect James Barnet: Includes Historic 'Lit' Days records   Bayview Days Ships Biscuits - the At Sea Necessity that Floated William Arnott’s Success  Mona Vale Public School 1906 to 2012   St Johns Camden: 176th And 167th Anniversaries In June 2016 - Places To Visit  Narrabeen Lagoon And Collaroy Beachfront: Storms And Flood Tides Of The Past  Avalon Beach Public School - A History   Muriel Knox Doherty