July 23 - 29, 2017: Issue 322


                                                                                                                 La Condamine.


By George Repin
Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco, is a small sovereign city-state located on the French Riviera in Western Europe, surrounded on three sides by France while the fourth side borders the Mediterranean Sea.  It is the second smallest country in the world with an area of 75 sq. miles – only the Vatican City being smaller.

Traditional quartiers of Monaco.

It is a constitutional monarchy ruled by the House of Grimaldi – in effect since 1297 when Francisco Grimaldi dressed as a Franciscan monk captured the fortress which is now the Prince’s palace.  The House of Grimaldi is closely associated with the history of the Republic of Genoa.

Statue of Francisco Grimaldi outside the Prince's Palace.

The opening of the casino in Monte Carlo, one of the country’s quartiers, in the late 19th Century spurred economic development, and its status as a tax haven have ensured Monaco’s popularity with wealthy foreigners who make up the majority of the population (approx. 84%). Because of the casino and the Monaco Grand Prix it features extensively in motion pictures and in crime fiction. The marriage of the actress Grace Kelly to Prince Rainier III also gave it world-wide publicity.

Looking out across Monte Carlo Bay towards the Monte Carlo Bay Casino.

Looking across Monte Carlo Bay to Larvotto.

Larvotto at the Eastern area of Monaco.
Reclamation of land to increase the country’s area and other pressures over time have resulted in changes in the wards of the Country but the four traditional Quartiers of Monaco are still recognised to be Monaco-Ville, La Condamine, Monte Carlo and Fontvieille.  However, the suburb of Moneghetti, the high-level part of La Condamine, is generally seen today as an effective fifth quartier of Monaco. 

La Condamine.


Cafe de Paris.

Entrance to the Café de Paris.

The Casino of Monte Carlo.

Monte Carlo Bay Casino.

 The Palace of Justice.

Cathedral Notre-Dame-Immaculae - also known as Saint Nicholas Cathedral.

The High Altar in the cathedral.

Tomb of Princess Grace of Monaco (the former actress Grace Kelly).

Until 2002, a treaty between Monaco and France stated that if the Grimaldi family ever failed to produce a male heir the sovereignty over the territory would pass to France.  The 2002 agreement modified this to make provision for a regency and continued Monegasque sovereignty if such an even were to occur. 

The Prince's Palace  - built in 1191 as a Genoese fortress.

Main entrance to the Prince's Palace.

An article on The Oceanographic Museum in Monaco appeared in Pittwater Online News Issue 138, November 24-30, 2013.

Outlook near the Oceanographic Museum.

The Oceanographic Museum on the cliff edge overlooking the Mediterranean Sea.

(Photographs by George Repin in 2011)

Previous Reflections by George Repin 

The Nineteen Thirties  Remembering Rowe Street  The Sydney Push  Saturday Night at the Movies  Shooting Through Like A Bondi Tram  A Stop On The Road To Canberra  City Department Stores - Gone and Mostly Forgotten  An Australian Icon - thanks to Billy Hughes  Crossing The Pacific in the 1930s  Hill End  The Paragon at Katoomba  Seafood In Sydney  How Far From Sydney?  Cockatoo Island Over The Years  The Seagull at the Melbourne Festival in 1991  Busby's Bore  The Trocadero In Sydney  Cahill's restaurants  Medical Pioneers in Australian Wine Making  Pedal Power and the Royal Flying Doctor Service  Pambula and the Charles Darwin Connection  Gloucester and the Barrington Tops  A Millenium Apart  Have You Stopped to Look?  Gulgong  Il Porcellino  Olympia  Durham Hall  Sargent's Tea Rooms Pie Shops and Street Photographers The Ballet Russes and Their Friends in Australia  Hotels at Bondi  Alma Ata Conference - 1978 Keukenhof - 1954 The Lands Department Building and Yellowblock Sandstone  The Goroka Show - 1958  A Gem On The Quay  Staffa  The Matson Line and Keepsake Menus Kokeshi Dolls  The Coal Mine At Balmain  The Hyde Park Barracks  The Changing Faces Of Sydney From Pounds and Pence to Dollars and Cents Nell Tritton and Alexander Kerensky  Making A Difference In Ethiopia William Balmain  J C Bendrodt and Princes Restaurant Azzalin Orlando Romano and Romano's Restaurant  Waldheim  Alcohol in Restaurants Before 1955  King Island Kelp  The Mercury Theatre   Around Angkor - 1963   Angkor Wat 1963  Costumes From the Ballets Russe Clifton at Kirribilli  Chairman Mao's Personal Physician  The Toby Tavern The MoKa at Kings Cross  The Oceaographic  Museum  in Monaco  The Island of Elba  Russian Fairy Tale Plates  Meteora  Souda Bay War Cemetery Barrow, Alaska  Cloisonné  Tripitaka Koreana Minshuku The Third Man Photographs and Memories  Not A Chagall!  Did You Listen? Did You Ask?  Napier (Ahuriri, Maori) New Zealand  Borobudur  Ggantija Temples Plumes and Pearlshells  Murano  University of Padua  Ancient Puebloe Peoples - The Anasazi   Pula  The Gondolas of Venice Cinque Terre  Visiting the Iban David The Living Desert Bryce Canyon National Park   Aphrodisias   The Divine Comedy Caodaism  Sapa and local Hill People  A Few Children  Cappadocia  Symi Jean-Marie Tjibaou Cultural Centre   Aboriginal Rock Art on Bigge Island    ANZAC Cove (Ari Burnu) 25 April, 1997  Hotere Garden Oputae  Children of the Trobriand Islands  Page Park Market - Rabaul  Rabual   Kotor, Montenegro   Galleries of Photographs I   Lascaux  Galleries of Photographs II   The Cathedral of St. James – Šibenik, Croatia  Ivan Meštrović  - Sculptor   Delphi   Gallery of Photographs III  The Handicrafts of Chiang Mai Raft Point  San Simeon - "Hearst Castle"  Floriade - The Netherlands - 1982  Russian New Year  Mycenae  "Flightseeing" Out Of Anchorage Alaska  The White Pass and Yukon Route  Totem Poles  Tivkin Cemetery  Krka National Park - Croatia   Tavistock Square and the BMA  Orthodox Easter  Wieliczka Salt Mine  A Walk on Santorini  Indonesian Snapshots Ephesus - The Library of Celsus  Ephesus - Some Places Of Interest  Waimea Canyon and the Kalalau Valley United Nations Headquarters 1958  A Miscellany of Flower Images Gardens Bath St. David's In Wales   Zion National Park Nicholas Himona - Artist  Kraków  Lilianfels  Collonges-La-Rouge  Gingerbread Houses   Cape Sounion   Delos  Wroclaw  Colonial Williamsburg  Gruyères   Strasbourg  Coventry Cathedral  The Roman Theatre at Aspendos  Turkish Carpets The Duomo of Orvieto  Rovinj  The City Walls of Dubrovnik 

Copyright George Repin 2017. All Rights Reserved.