November 18 - 24, 2018: Issue 384
MONUMENT TO THE HEROIC DEFENDERS OF LENINGRAD
Aerial view of the Monument to the Heroic Defenders of Leningrad in St. Petersburg - Courtesy of Wikipaedia
MONUMENT TO THE HEROIC DEFENDERS OF LENINGRAD
By George Repin
Built during the early 1970s, and completed in 1975, to commemorate the victims of the Siege of Leningrad and its survivors this monument, sometimes called the Victory Monument, is a focal point on Ploshchad Pobedy and is prominently seen by people entering St Petersburg from the airport or the E-95 highway.
It was designed by Sergei Speransky and Valentine Kamensky, with sculptures executed by Mikhail Anikushin.
Sculpture of a pilot and sailors.
Sculpture of industrial workers.
Sculpture of casualties in the city.
Sculpture of two defenders side by side.
A 48 m. (157 ft) high obelisk of red granite is near a vast circular enclosure which symbolises the vice-like grip of the siege on the city.
An underpass on Moskovsky Prospect leads to a gloomy subterranean Memorial Hall where solemn music gives way to the persistent beat of a metronome, the wartime radio signal that had been intended to represent the city’s defiant heartbeat. Lighting is subdued, provided by 900 dim orange lamps, one for each day of the siege.
The underground Memorial Hall.
On the marble walls are tablets inscribed with the names of 650 Heroes of the Soviet Union who were awarded the title after the war, while, on the far wall, a mosaic depicts the women of the city greeting their returning soldier menfolk at the end of the war.
Around the hall there are small displays of artefacts recording the contributions of different community groups to the war effort. For example there is Dimitri Shostakovich’s violin as a reminder that, at the height of the siege in August 1942, a live performance of his Seventh Symphony was broadcast to the world from the Great Hall of the Philharmonic in the city – a display of defiance.
A poignant display is a tiny piece of bread showing how small was the daily ration received by many people.
Following the end of the war in Europe the practice arose for a parade to be held on Nevsky Prospect on May 9 (the date Russians regard as the end of World War II in Europe - not May 8) of survivors of the siege, in their diminishing numbers as the years have gone by.
Ex- service survivors marching on Nevsky Prospect - May 9, 2005.
Surviving civilians marching on Nevsky Prospect - May 9, 2005.
The Siege of Leningrad was a prolonged blockade by the German Army of Leningrad (St Petersburg) which began on 8 September, 1941 when the last road to the city was severed. The siege was not lifted until 27 January, 1944.
It was one of the longest and most destructive sieges in history, and possibly the costliest in casualties suffered. Over one million civilians perished while 300,000 Soviet soldiers died defending the city or attempting to raise the siege.
(Photographs by George Repin in May, 2005)
Previous Reflections by George Repin
The Nineteen Thirties Remembering Rowe Street The Sydney Push Saturday Night at the Movies Shooting Through Like A Bondi Tram A Stop On The Road To Canberra City Department Stores - Gone and Mostly Forgotten An Australian Icon - thanks to Billy Hughes Crossing The Pacific in the 1930s Hill End The Paragon at Katoomba Seafood In Sydney How Far From Sydney? Cockatoo Island Over The Years The Seagull at the Melbourne Festival in 1991 Busby's Bore The Trocadero In Sydney Cahill's restaurants Medical Pioneers in Australian Wine Making Pedal Power and the Royal Flying Doctor Service Pambula and the Charles Darwin Connection Gloucester and the Barrington Tops A Millenium Apart Have You Stopped to Look? Gulgong Il Porcellino Olympia Durham Hall Sargent's Tea Rooms Pie Shops and Street Photographers The Ballet Russes and Their Friends in Australia Hotels at Bondi Alma Ata Conference - 1978 Keukenhof - 1954 The Lands Department Building and Yellowblock Sandstone The Goroka Show - 1958 A Gem On The Quay Staffa The Matson Line and Keepsake Menus Kokeshi Dolls The Coal Mine At Balmain The Hyde Park Barracks The Changing Faces Of Sydney From Pounds and Pence to Dollars and Cents Nell Tritton and Alexander Kerensky Making A Difference In Ethiopia William Balmain J C Bendrodt and Princes Restaurant Azzalin Orlando Romano and Romano's Restaurant Waldheim Alcohol in Restaurants Before 1955 King Island Kelp The Mercury Theatre Around Angkor - 1963 Angkor Wat 1963 Costumes From the Ballets Russe Clifton at Kirribilli Chairman Mao's Personal Physician The Toby Tavern The MoKa at Kings Cross The Oceaographic Museum in Monaco The Island of Elba Russian Fairy Tale Plates Meteora Souda Bay War Cemetery Barrow, Alaska Cloisonné Tripitaka Koreana Minshuku The Third Man Photographs and Memories Not A Chagall! Did You Listen? Did You Ask? Napier (Ahuriri, Maori) New Zealand Borobudur Ggantija Temples Plumes and Pearlshells Murano University of Padua Ancient Puebloe Peoples - The Anasazi Pula The Gondolas of Venice Cinque Terre Visiting the Iban David The Living Desert Bryce Canyon National Park Aphrodisias The Divine Comedy Caodaism Sapa and local Hill People A Few Children Cappadocia Symi Jean-Marie Tjibaou Cultural Centre Aboriginal Rock Art on Bigge Island ANZAC Cove (Ari Burnu) 25 April, 1997 Hotere Garden Oputae Children of the Trobriand Islands Page Park Market - Rabaul Rabual Kotor, Montenegro Galleries of Photographs I Lascaux Galleries of Photographs II The Cathedral of St. James – Šibenik, Croatia Ivan Meštrović - Sculptor Delphi Gallery of Photographs III The Handicrafts of Chiang Mai Raft Point San Simeon - "Hearst Castle" Floriade - The Netherlands - 1982 Russian New Year Mycenae "Flightseeing" Out Of Anchorage Alaska The White Pass and Yukon Route Totem Poles Tivkin Cemetery Krka National Park - Croatia Tavistock Square and the BMA Orthodox Easter Wieliczka Salt Mine A Walk on Santorini Indonesian Snapshots Ephesus - The Library of Celsus Ephesus - Some Places Of Interest Waimea Canyon and the Kalalau Valley United Nations Headquarters 1958 A Miscellany of Flower Images Gardens Bath St. David's In Wales Zion National Park Nicholas Himona - Artist Kraków Lilianfels Collonges-La-Rouge Gingerbread Houses Cape Sounion Delos Wroclaw Colonial Williamsburg Gruyères Strasbourg Coventry Cathedral The Roman Theatre at Aspendos Turkish Carpets The Duomo of Orvieto Rovinj The City Walls of Dubrovnik Monaco - Snapshots Bonifacio, Corsica Autumn in New England USA The Great Ocean Road Pompeii Didyma Lawrence Hargrave 1850-1915 The Corinth Canal Malta Snapshots of Amsterdam Café Central - Vienna The Forbidden City - Beijing, China A Ride on the Jungfrau Railway - 1954 Snapshots in the Highlands of Scotland 1954 Must See Sights in Paris - 1954 Corfu Reflections On the Nineteen Thirties The Gold Souk in Dubai Stromboli Ha Long Bay - Vietnam Lake Argyle The Bungle Bungle Range Langgi Inlet, W.A. White Cliffs, NSW - 1990 Sturt National Park - May, 1990 A Few Statues and Water Spouts The Dodecanese Archipelago Rhodes Lindos The Church on Spilled Blood - 2005
Copyright George Repin 2018. All Rights Reserved.