November 17 - 23, 2019: Issue 429

Our Youth page is for young people aged 13+ - if you are younger than this we have news for you in the Children's page

News items and articles run at the top of this page. Information, local resources, events and local organisations, sports groups etc. are at the base of this page. All Previous pages for you are listed in Past Features

For you this week:

Front Page Issue 429

The Long Awaited Barrenjoey Community Performance Space Officially Opened

Remembrance Day 2019: Commemorative Services In Pittwater - 100 Years Since The First Armistice Day Service

Inaugural Surf Life Saving Day at NSW Parliament House by Surf Life Saving New South Wales

The Christmas Drought Run - Hampers For Farmers and Their Families 2019: drop off items to Lisa Hewitt, 594 Barrenjoey Rd, Avalon Cnr Eastbourne ave, - by November 25th

Pictures Pittwater's Mix: November '19 - Issue 429 - Avalon Beach SLSC's Gala Day 2019 + Narrabeen Lagoon Boardwalk Opened + Annual Art Shows Around Popular Market Day + Palm Beach Views + More

Aquatics Palm Beach Longboarders Club 2019 Palmy Old Mal Old Log Rally

Profile Spark Tank Grant Winners 2019: Young Adults Seize Opportunity For Mentorship With Brilliant Ideas And Projects
Six teams of young people competed for over $4000 in funding and professional business mentoring at the Avalon Rec. Centre Annex at the end of October. Fourteen youth ranging in ages from 12 to 23 gave their business pitches live in front of a packed house and a judging panel made up of prominent local business men and women. 

The business pitch event named Spark Tank, is similar to the TV show Shark Tank®. It was hosted by Share the Spark, an ACNC approved charity that helps young people build resilience and learn life skills. Each team who participated in the event included at least one person they know who is going through a hard time.

“We had over 60 application downloads,” said Kimberly Clouthier, a Share the Spark director, “and every single entry we received was either about helping the environment or helping people. It was really heart-warming to see such selfless proposals.”

“All the pitches were outstanding,” said Crystal Petzer one of the six judges on the panel, “It was a real struggle between us to decide how to award the funding. Everyone deserved the whole lot!” 

History Pittwater Roads II: Where The Streets Have Your Name - Whale Beach Overlapping Careel Bay at one end, and Careel Bay House, and Palm Beach at its other end past the Jonah's  ridge along Bynya road, the development of roads and then homes and holiday houses at Whale Beach formed part of the subdivisions at either end of its bay-like cove. 

The earliest sub-divisions of Whale Beach show two Reserves or 'parks' to link the Careel Bay side with this beach and provide easy access, over those hills, to the beach itself, and to the estuary, and in linking to the Pittwater estuary, access to the main road and transport to and from this place during the years when public transport was infrequent and most people came to this end of the peninsula via the estuary itself aboard ferries or launches. Those linked pathways are still intact and used by walkers over those hills through Dolphin Crescent, with one towards the Barrenjoey road-Careel Bay perimeter and one at the back of the crescent itself linking onto Whale Beach road just opposite Rayner road.

The role of Warringah Shire Council played a huge role here in requiring that reserves be dedicated to council as part of any subdivision. In some land speculators they found ready supporters, who not only set aside pathways and whole blocks but larger allotments to ensure succeeding generations would have access to bush reserves and that breath of air beneath eucalypts with views of the estuary and coastline. McKay Reserve atop the Whale Beach to Palm Beach hills is one such place.

When the Barranjoey Land Company was formally registered in June 1911 the first directors were named as Harry Wolstenholme, E T Jones, John Thompson Ralston, James Young, and Herbert Russell Nolan. Many of these partners were either students together at Newington College, the well-known Wesleyan School at Stanmore, or related through marriages.

Schoolies Week Revellers Reminded to Be Beach Safe

Friday 15 November 2019: Surf Life Saving NSW
As thousands of NSW Year 12 graduates make their final preparations for the traditional Schoolies week, which officially kicks off from Saturday, surf lifesavers are again issuing a warning to those looking to cool off during the celebrations; alcohol, drugs and the ocean are a dangerous combination.

An influx of school leavers will be heading to holiday hotspots across the state, with sea, sun, and fun sure to be an important part of the festivities which marks the end of 13 years of study and end-of-year exams.

One of the more popular destinations for the class of 2019 is Byron Bay and surrounding regions. Preparations are well underway by the area’s lifesavers and lifeguards in anticipation of the expected surge of visitors set to descend on the town. Byron Bay’s Main Beach alone receives over 10,000 visitors a day during Schoolies week.

“For us, Schoolies week really is the start of summer and one of our busiest periods of the year,” said Far North Coast Lifeguard Coordinator Scott McCartney.

“Our message to everyone, but particularly to school leavers visiting from outside the area, is to make that extra effort and swim between the red and yellow flags at a patrolled location.

“Come and have fun but give yourself plenty of time to recover before going for a swim after a big night out.

“Every year we respond to emergency call-outs where people have gone for an early morning swim, with alcohol still in their system, and have found themselves in need of assistance” he said.

Surf Life Saving NSW is encouraging visitors to head to Main Beach Kingscliff, Byron Bay’s Main Beach or Lennox Head where Lifeguards will be on patrol for the three-week Schoolies period. All local surf clubs will be patrolling over the weekends.

Additionally, the Far North Coast Branch of Surf Life Saving has activated their Support Operations team for the entire duration of the festivities. That means jet skis, four-wheel drives and duty officers are available to respond to emergencies if required.

The impact of Schoolies week also extends down the coast to towns including Port Macquarie, Forster, South West Rocks and Batemans Bay which have all experienced a surge in popularity with schoolies in recent years.

Surf Life Saving NSW CEO Steven Pearce hopes that the key message of “watching out for your mates” will get through to all teenagers visiting the beach during Schoolies week.

“While our lifesavers and lifeguards are all extremely well-trained, it is important for everyone to know the dangers and to watch out for your friends while enjoying the water.

“There are many wonderful beaches across NSW, and they are great places to relax after the stress of exams, but it is crucial for everyone to be aware of the importance of surf safety.

“Please take the time to familiarise yourself with local conditions, always swim between the flags during patrolled hours, ask lifeguards or lifesavers for advice and avoid the temptation of swimming after consuming alcohol or swimming at night,” Mr Pearce said.

Far North Coast Patrolled Beaches - Schoolies Weeks (16 November to 8 December).
  • Duranbah - Lifeguards (7 days per week). Starts 1 December.
  • Kingscliff - Lifeguards (Mon-Fri). Volunteer Surf Lifesavers (Weekends). Currently operational.
  • Byron Main Beach - Lifeguards (Mon-Fri). Volunteer Surf Lifesavers (Weekends). Currently operational.
  • Lennox Head - Lifeguards (Mon-Fri). Volunteer Surf Lifesavers (Weekends). Currently Operational.
Schoolies Safety Checklist:
  • Only swim at a patrolled beach, between the red and yellow flags
  • Don’t swim under the influence of alcohol or drugs
  • Never swim at night
  • Ask a surf lifesaver or lifeguard for advice
  • Look after your mates, and know where your group is while in the water
  • Call triple-zero (000) to report an in-water emergency.

WSL Sydney Surf Pro “Drops In” To Manly for 2020-2022

Friday November 15th, 2019
Manly will host the World Surf League’s newest event – the Sydney Surf Pro – over the next three years.

The NSW Government, through its tourism and major events agency Destination NSW, has secured the event exclusively for Sydney as part of the new global WSL Challenger Series.

The WSL Sydney Surf Pro will include men’s and women’s events and is locked in for Manly from 2020 to 2022, with the first event to take place between 8-14 March next year.

Member for Manly James Griffin said Manly is Australia’s home of surfing and has successfully hosted countless international, national and local surfing contests.

“Manly staged the first-ever world championships in May 1964, and in March this year our iconic four-kilometre beach attracted 11-time world champion Kelly Slater to compete,” Mr Griffin said.

“I made a commitment that not only would we retain a pro surfing event, but would grow it to ensure Manly had a diverse calendar of events that locals are proud of and we showcase our beautiful part of the world. This announcement delivers on that commitment.

“Where better to kick off the WSL Challenger Series than in the hub of surf culture that is Manly?”

Minister for Jobs, Investment, Tourism and Western Sydney Stuart Ayres said the event positioned NSW and Manly firmly on the map for the enthusiastic world surfing fraternity.

“The WSL Sydney Surf Pro will be the first event of the Challenger Series, so fans and athletes worldwide will be sizing up the competition as the action unfolds at Manly,” Minister Ayres said.

“We expect that over the next three years the Sydney Surf Pro will deliver $3.7 million in visitor spend for NSW from more than 4,000 visitors and over 25,000 visitor nights.

“NSW is loved by surfers and travelers alike for our unforgettable coastline, world-class hospitality and the State’s incomparable calendar of sport, art, culture and lifestyle events.”

The WSL Challenger Series, announced in September, is a new level of competition that provides athletes with more opportunities at the highest level to qualify for the elite Championship Tour.

WSL Asia Pacific General Manager Andrew Stark is thrilled that one of Australia’s most iconic beaches will be a part of this exciting new series.

“Manly has such a rich history in Australian and International surfing. Holding the inaugural WSL Challenger Series event here will continue this lineage of historical surfing moments which WSL is really excited about.

“We’re thrilled that Destination NSW have come on board to ensure Australia will have a stop on the newly announced WSL Challenger Series. We look forward to returning to Manly and delivering a fantastic and truly international event in Sydney.”
Jordy Lawler wins Sydney Surf Pro 2019 - photo by Ethan Smith/Surfing NSW

Stage set for women’s qualification showdown at Port Stephens Toyota Pro pres. by Sisstrevolution 

A field of almost 100 of the world’s best female surfers have touched down in New South Wales ahead of the 2019 Port Stephens Toyota Pro presented by Sisstrevolution, World Surf League (WSL) Qualifying Series (QS) 6000 event.
Being the final event on the 2019 Qualifying Series it will be the last chance for competitors to gain all-important QS points as they look to book themselves a spot on the elite Championship Tour (CT) in 2020.
Former CT competitor Chelsea Tuach (BRB) has struggled to find her way back to the ‘dream tour’ since being relegated at the end of her rookie season in 2016. The Barbados representative has arrived in Port Stephens sitting just one spot outside of the qualification cut off meaning a solid result here will almost guarantee her a spot back where she belongs in 2020.
“Coming into this event I’m sitting quite a few spots higher than at the same time over the last few years so I’m definitely feeling a bit more pressure this time around,” Tuach said. “I love having that pressure though because this is where I want to be at this end of the season. Since falling off the CT at the end of 2016 it’s taken me a few years to find my feet and get back in a position to qualify so I’m stoked to be going for it this year. I also know if it doesn’t happen this year, it wasn’t meant to be, and I’ll come into the QS in 2020 with a much stronger seed.”
Former WSL Australia / Oceania Regional QS Champion Mikaela Greene (AUS) has only just returned to competitive surfing after taking almost two years off to star in a reality renovation television show. Greene was awarded the wildcard into the Port Stephens Toyota Pro and although she isn’t in range of qualifying, she is stoked to get the opportunity to mix it with the best as she warms up for the 2020 QS season.
“I’ve got no pressure on me coming into this event which feels really nice,” Greene said. “Obviously I want to do well and the better I do the better my seed will be in 2020 but it’s nice knowing that my year won’t be decided by this contest. I’m a really competitive person so it feels amazing to be back at a surfing event and preparing to compete. I can’t wait to get the jersey on and get my feet back in the wax and play some part in the qualification race over the next few days.”
Having already guaranteed her spot as a rookie on the 2020 CT, Isabella Nichols (AUS) comes into the final event of the 2019 QS season feeling far more relaxed than previous years. With goal number one taken care of, the 2016 WSL World Junior Champion is now solely focussed on a win at Birubi Beach his weekend.
“It’s nice to come into this event without really needing a result,” Nichols said. “Winning the entire QS would be awesome and there are three of us that are really close, so I’d need a win here to do that. I’d like to win the event and it’s definitely the goal but there are so many hungry competitors here, so it won’t be easy. There is so much riding on this event and I definitely think it is the most important of the year for the women – I’m nervous for all of the girls that are so close to qualifying. I can’t wait to watch it all unfold over the weekend.”
With 6000 points on offer, anyone in the top 30 has a mathematical chance at clinching one of the 6 spots on offer meaning the scenarios will be ever-changing throughout the weekend. That coupled with appearances from CT surfers including Bronte Macaulay (AUS), Paige Hareb (NZL), Sage Erickson (USA), Nikki Van Dijk (AUS), and Macy Callaghan (AUS) to name a few will make the 2019 Port Stephens Toyota Pro one of the most exciting events on the WSL calendar.
The 2019 Port Stephens Toyota Pro pres. by Sisstrevolution women’s QS6,000 event will run from November 15 – 17. To watch the event live, head to or download the free WSL App.
The 2019 Port Stephens Toyota Pro pres. by Sisstrevolution is proudly brought to you by Port Stephens Toyota, Sisstrevolution, Port Stephens Council, Newcastle Airport, AirAsia, PRD Nationwide, Crest Cafe, Kaos Surf, Middle Rock Holiday Resort, Wanderers Retreat, Bondi Chai, WSL and Surfing NSW.

Photo: (L-R) Chelsea Tuach (BRB), Mikaela Greene (AUS), Isabella Nichols (AUS) and Bronte Macaulay (AUS) gathered  for the launch of the 2019 Port Stephens Pro at Birubi Beach. Image by Ethan Smith / Surfing NSW

'I cheated on a school exam and I feel terrible. How can I get past this?'

We often spend a lot of time beating ourselves up over something that seems worse in our heads than in reality. from
Lydia Woodyatt, Flinders University

With so many external pressures, I yielded to cheating on an exam. I feel absolutely terrible as it is not what I stand for at all, a lot of people seem to hate me and I totally respect their opinion as what I did was wrong … but I’m so scared that now it will define me; before I had a perfect record and outstanding achievements and I don’t know how I can get past it. – Anonymous

Key points

  • everyone makes mistakes, but they don’t define us
  • our brains are wired to make us feel shame after making a mistake
  • forgive yourself!

You’re not the only person who has done something you wish you hadn’t. By the time we reach adulthood most, if not all, of us have. People cheat, lie, hurt others, or fail. It’s part of the human condition.

Many people have cheated in exams. For example, nearly 30% of university students who responded to a 2012 UK survey agreed they had “submitted work taken wholly from an internet source” as their own.

Read more: When does getting help on an assignment turn into cheating?

These mistakes don’t have to define us. If we work through them in a healthy way, mistakes can help shape who we are, what we care about, and how we treat others.

At the time, mistakes can be painful. It can seem to be this huge thing, occupying lots of our thoughts, impacting how we see ourselves and making it feel like everyone else will be focused on this failure forever.

But think of someone you know who has made a mistake. Do you spend all your time thinking about that person’s failure – is that failure all the person is to you? Probably not. Humans spend most of their time thinking about themselves, and humans have lots of ways of reconciling, forgiving and forgetting.

So why does our brain make us feel like it’s the end of the world when we fail?

Blame our brains

Humans are a group species. Our brains have evolved to pay attention to when people might exclude or judge us for being a bad or inappropriate group member.

Our brains are wired to make us feel awful when we believe we’ve been an inappropriate member of our social group. from

When we do something wrong, our feelings act like an alert signal; a red flashing yucky feeling telling us there is a problem. These guilty feelings can be especially bad if we think about our mistake in certain ways. Thoughts like:

“This is going to affect how everyone sees me!”


“People are never going to trust me again!”

Blowing up the negative consequences in your mind, predicting the future in a negative way, or rehearsing how bad a person you are, are types of thinking that can send that red alert into overdrive.

Another way we keep the red alert on is if we avoid the issue and don’t take time to work through what happened. Research shows avoiding things that make us feel shame can actually just make us feel worse.

Instead, you can learn to forgive yourself. Start by taking responsibility – rather than trying to explain it away or avoid it, own up to it and say to yourself “yep, I did that”.

Read more: If someone hurt you this year, forgiving them may improve your health (as long as you're safe, too)

Then, you need to work through what happened. Research shows reaffirming our values is one of the most effective ways of working through our wrongdoing and forgiving ourselves.

Forgive yourself. Here’s how

Reaffirm your values

Write a letter to yourself answering the following questions:

  1. What value have I broken in this situation? (Values are what character traits you find important. These could be generosity, fairness or authenticity. If you have trouble identifying your values, this can help.)
  2. Why is that value important to me?
  3. What is a time in the past I have acted in a way that is consistent with that value?
  4. What would it mean to act consistent with that value over the next day, week and month? (This may include confessing to someone, an apology or a commitment to do it right next time.)

Write three ideas of what you could do, and plan to do one of them this week. Remind yourself of these values and your commitment to them whenever you feel guilty.

Write a letter to yourself outlining your values. Remember them every time you feel guilty. Hannah Olinger/Unsplash

Accept your emotions as feelings, not facts

Emotions are part of the way our body responds to a situation. But they are not perfect. They are like a torch in a dark room, focusing our attention on a small part of the room, but missing other things.

Write a thought diary of your feelings and thoughts. Then go back over what you have written and think:

Is this really the full picture of what is happening, or am I keeping my alert button on by practising unhelpful thinking?

Remember you’re a human

When we fail, we sometimes hold ourselves up against perfect standards. But we are human, which means we don’t always have perfect knowledge of the future, control of our own feelings, or wisdom about how to act in the moment.

Instead of beating yourself up about what you could or should have done, acknowledge you are not perfect – then choose to pursue your values moving forward.

Talk it out with others

Often we keep our failures private. But since our brain is monitoring for risk of rejection, it stays active in case others find out or are already judging us because they know.

Talking it out with others can help because we have also evolved a sense of compassion and can often be kinder to others than to ourselves.

Seek help

Underlying depression or other health or mental-health issues may be making our feelings of guilt, regret, shame, fear or embarrassment worse. If your feelings don’t change (especially if they continue for two weeks or more) then it is probably a good idea to chat to a psychologist, counsellor or your doctor.

Read more: 'What is wrong with me? I'm never happy and I hate school'

You can also call Beyond Blue at any time on 1300 22 4636; or Kids Helpline, a service specifically for children and young people aged 5-25 on 1800 55 1800.

I Need to Know is an ongoing series for teens in search of reliable, confidential advice about life’s tricky questions.

If you’re a teenager and have a question you’d like answered by an expert, you can:

Please tell us your name (you can use a fake name if you don’t want to be identified), age and which city you live in. Send as many questions as you like! We won’t be able to answer every question, but we will do our best.The Conversation

Lydia Woodyatt, Senior Lecturer, College of Education, Psychology and Social Work, Flinders University

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

The 2019 Comedy Wildlife Photographer Of The Year Is: Sarah Skinner

Thursday, November 14th, 2019
Taken in Botswana, the winning entry shows the wonderful moment of a cub and adult lion ‘playing’...although the thought of what might have happened next, truly makes the eyes water!

Commenting on the good news, Sarah said:
“I am absolutely delighted to be awarded the title as Overall Winner in the Comedy Wildlife Photography Awards2019. It certainly warms my heart to know that this image will spread some laughter and happiness around the world. I am happy to report that this cub continues to thrive in the pride, having seen her again in October this year. I can only hope and encourage everyone, as a collective to each do our part in the conservation of all wildlife species, so that future generations can enjoy them, in the same way that I have done during my career as a wildlife photographer. Long may lions walk the plains……….”

Sarah’s image wins her some incredible prizes;  A fantastic safari in the Masai Mara, Kenya, courtesy of Alex Walker's Serian, along with the unique handmade trophy from the Wonder Workshop in Tanzania, an Airport Advantage bag from THINK TANK, and an iPad preloaded with the Affinity Photo’s award-winning software.

This year has been fantastic, and it is almost unfair to have to select an outright winner.  But thanks to all your entries we are managing to reach more and more people with our conservation message - the most important part of this competition. 

What is the Comedy Wildlife Photography Awards?
The Comedy Wildlife Photography Awards, ingeniously titled to avoid any confusion, was the result of two factors: Firstly, a need for a photography competition that was light hearted, upbeat, possibly unpretentious and mainly about wildlife doing funny things. 4 years on and these objectives seem to have been met. Secondly, and way more importantly, this competition is about conservation.

None of us are perfect, all of us at some point will fly somewhere, drive somewhere, cook something, burn something and probably provide some direct input into the general warming of the globe. Indirectly, we will also have some impact on the animals that share this planet with us. So the end result?

By entering this competition it gives both Paul and Tom and the rest of you talented photographers a chance to do a little bit for conservation. How? Well… you are now obviously going to go to your office, home, pub, club or wherever and talk about the dire need for us all to be conservationists in our own little way. Also, perhaps you will go to Born Free’s website and have a look at the work they do and spread that word as well.

It’s not a lot necessarily but it is the right step forwards. And one step leads to the next step. With your help and the help of Born Free it’s way more than we could possibly have done without them and without you.

We hope that you feel the same way, keep clicking and keep appreciating the other living things that we live with.

Thanks, to all of you.
Paul and Tom

One of us is the Founder and an inspired wildlife photographer (@pj_hicks) and the other one is the grown up Chair of the Judges and Competition Director and Landscape photographer (yawn - but admittedly he has won not one but TWO awards...? Shut it Tom) (@sullamphoto)

One of our favourites among this year's Finalists and those Commended: 'Surfing….South Atlantic Style!'  photo by Elmar Weiss
'Surfing….South Atlantic Style!'  photo by Elmar Weiss

Friday essay: shaved, shaped and slit - eyebrows through the ages

In ancient China, India and the Middle East, the art of eyebrow threading was popular. It is now enjoying a resurgence.
Lydia Edwards, Edith Cowan University

Eyebrows can turn a smile into a leer, a grumpy pout into a come hither beckoning, and sad, downturned lips into a comedic grimace.

So, it’s little wonder these communicative markers of facial punctuation have been such a feature of beauty and fashion since the earliest days of recorded civilisation.

From completely shaved mounds to thick, furry lines, eyebrows are a part of the face we continue to experiment with. We seek to hide, exacerbate and embellish them. And today, every shopping strip and mall has professionals ready to assist us with wax, thread and ink.

Minimising distraction

In the court of Elizabeth I, to draw attention to the perceived focal point of a woman’s body – her breasts – the monarch would pluck her eyebrows into thin lines or remove them completely, as well as shaving off hair at the top of her forehead.

Many of her subjects followed Queen Elizabeth’s shaved eyebrow example. New York Public Library, CC BY

This was an attempt to make her face plain and blank, thereby directing the viewer’s gaze lower to her substantial décolletage.

Although the intentions were different, nonexistent or needle-thin brows had also been common in ancient China and other Asian cultures, where women plucked their eyebrows to resemble specific shapes with designated names such as “distant mountain” (likely referring to a central and distinctive point in the brow), “drooping pearl” and “willow branch”.

In ancient China, as well as in India and the Middle East, the technique of threading - the removal of hairs by twisting strands of cotton thread - was popular for its accuracy. The technique, referred to as “khite” in Arabic and “fatlah” in Egyptian, is enjoying renewed popularity today.

Detail from Tayu with Phoenix Robe, a Japanese painting by an anonymous artist. Honolulu Academy of Arts/Wikimedia, CC BY

In Japan between 794 and 1185, both men and women plucked their eyebrows out almost entirely and replaced them with new pencilled lines higher up on the forehead.

Eyebrows of Ancient Greece and Rome, on the other hand, are frozen in contemplation.

They are often represented in sculptures through expressive mounds devoid of individual or even vaguely suggested hairs: in men they are strong and masterful furrows above a purposeful gaze; in women, soft and emotive.

Bronze portrait of a man from early first century with masterful furrows. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

This lack of detail demonstrates a fondness, in some corners of ancient Greek and Roman society, for joined or “continuous” brows.

Poet of tenderness, Theocritus, openly admired eyebrows “joined over the nose” like his own, as did Byzantine Isaac Porphyrogenitus.

Brows as barometers

For much of the 19th century, cosmetics for women were viewed with suspicion, principally as the province of actresses and prostitutes. This meant facial enhancement was subtle and eyebrows, though gently shaped, were kept relatively natural.

Despite this restraint, a certain amount of effort still went into cultivation. A newspaper article from 1871 suggested intervention during childhood to thicken them:

If a child’s eyebrows threaten to be thin, brush them softly every night with a little coconut oil, and they will gradually become strong and full; and, in order to give them a curve, press them gently between the thumb and forefinger after every ablution of the face or hands.

As fashions became freer after the first world war, attention was once again focused more overtly on the eyes and eyebrows.

Louise Brooks’ high brow bob showed off her neck and her eyebrows. New York Public Library

This was partly to do with the development of beauty salons during the 1920s, many of which offered classes in makeup application so women could create new, bold looks at home.

The fashion for very thin eyebrows was popularised by silent film stars such as Buster Keaton and Louise Brooks, for whom thick kohl was a professional necessity and allowed a clearer vision of the eyebrows – so crucial, after all, for nonverbal expression on screen.

The amount of attention paid to eyebrows continued to change according to specific global events.

In the 1940s, women began to favour thicker, natural brows after several decades of rigorous plucking to achieve pencil-thin lines. Considering the outbreak of the second world war had forced many out of a wholly domestic existence and into the workforce, it stands to reason they had less time to spend in front of the mirror, wielding a pair of tweezers and eyebrow pencil.

The natural look, circa 1943. Author provided

The post-war 1950s saw wide, yet more firmly defined brows and from the 1960s onwards various shapes, sizes and thicknesses were experimented with, accompanied by a firm emphasis on individuality and personal preference.

A brow beautician in a South Yarra salon in 1960. Laurie Richards Studio/National Library of Australia, CC BY

More than mono

When Dwight Edwards Marvin’s collection of adages and maxims, Curiosities in Proverbs, was published in 1916 it included the old English advice:

If your eyebrows meet across your nose, you’ll never live to wear your wedding clothes.

The “mono-” or “uni-brow” had become suggestive of a lack of self care, particularly in women.

Research undertaken in 2004 reported American women felt judged and evaluated as “dirty”, “gross” or even “repulsive” if they did not shave their underarm or leg hair, or pluck and shape their eyebrows. As the most visible of these areas, untamed eyebrows perhaps point to the bravest exhibition of natural hair.

Today, model Sophia Hadjipanteli sports a pair of impressively large, dark joined eyebrows, and has assertively fought back against the legion of online trolls who have abused her for this point of difference.

Model Sophia Hadjipanteli and her distinctive brow. Instagram

A reference back to the distinctive brows of Frida Kahlo, Hadjipanteli’s look is linked to an ongoing debate surrounding women’s body hair.

Artist Frida Kahlo and her famous monobrow. Guillermo Kahlo/Wikimedia

Giving a pluck

For many, excessive plucking and shaping has become emblematic of the myriad requirements women are expected to comply with to satisfy restrictive societal beauty norms.

Still, plenty of people with eyebrows are dedicating time and money to their upkeep. In Australia, the personal waxing and nail salon industry has grown steadily over five years to be worth an estimated A$1.3 billion and employ more than 20,000 people.

Over this time, social media has offered a diverse and changing menu of brow choices and displays.

One choice: the “eyebrow slit” – thin vertical cuts in eyebrow hair – has re-emerged online and in suburban high schools. It’s important to emphasise re-emerged because, with beauty as with clothing, what goes around comes around.

Vanilla Ice, working the eyebrow slit since 1991. Smash Hits/Twitter

The eyebrow slit was especially popular amongst hip hop artists in the 1990s, and draws appeal due to its flexibility: there are no firm rules as to the number or width of the slits, which originally were meant to suggest scarring from a recent fight or gangsta adventure. More recent converts have been accused of cultural appropriation.

Some have experimented by replacing plain slits with other shapes, such as hearts or stars, though plucking or shaving brows into unusual shapes is – as we have seen – by no means new either.

Facing the day

If the popularity of recent trends is anything to go by, eyebrow fashion will remain on the lush side for some time.

The “Scouse” brow (very thick, wide and angular eyebrows emphasised with highly defined dark pencil shapes: named after natives of Liverpool in the United Kingdom) is still trending.

The “Instagram eyebrow” (thick brows plucked and painted to create a gradient, going from light to very dark as the brow ends) is inescapable on the platform and beyond. Makeup for brows is therefore also likely to continue, providing a clear linear connection through nearly all the eyebrow ideals since ancient times.

The latest offering to those seeking a groomed look is “eyebrow lamination”, a chemical treatment that uses keratin to straighten individual hairs - a kind of anti-perm for your brow.

Those still searching for their eyebrow aesthetic may benefit from some wisdom shared by crime and society reporter Viola Rodgers in an 1898 edition of the San Francisco Call newspaper.

In a piece which ran alongside an interview with the man who had inspired Mark Twain’s Tom Sawyer character, she advised that the appearance of one’s brow conveyed more than just their grooming habits:

An arched eyebrow … is expressive of great sensibility … Heavy, thick eyebrows indicate a strong constitution and great physical endurance … Long, drooping eyebrows indicate an amiable disposition and faintly defined eyebrows placed high above the nose are signs of indolence and weakness.

Eyebrow slits? We can only imagine what Viola would think.The Conversation

Lydia Edwards, Fashion historian, Edith Cowan University

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Avalon Youth Hub: More Meditation Spots

Due to popular demand our meditation evenings have EXPANDED. Two sessions will now be run every Wednesday evening this term at the Hub. Both sessions will be facilitated by Merryn at Soul Safaris.

6-7pm - 12 - 15 year olds welcome
7-8pm - 16 - 25 year olds welcome

No experience needed. Learn and develop your mindfulness and practice meditation in a group setting.

For all enquires, message us via facebook or email

BIG THANKS The Burdekin Association for funding these sessions!

 Keep A Look Out For (iOS and Android App)

Keep A Look Out For is a Northern Beaches app, featuring upcoming events, groups, places and job opportunities. Download for free at: - for and by young people! Like our Facebook page -

Follow us on Instagram -

Follow us on Twitter -

Green Team Beach Cleans 

Hosted by The Green Team
The Green Team is back for 2019! 
It has been estimated that we will have more plastic than fish in the ocean by 2050...These beach cleans are aimed at reducing the vast amounts of plastic from entering our oceans before they harm marine life. 

Anyone and everyone is welcome! If you would like to come along, please bring a bucket, gloves and hat. Kids of all ages are also welcome! 

We will meet in front of the surf club. 
Hope to see you there!

The Green Team is a Youth-run, volunteer-based environment initiative from Avalon, Sydney. Keeping our area green and clean.

 The Project Gutenberg Library of Australiana

Australian writers, works about Australia and works which may be of interest to Australians.This Australiana page boasts many ebooks by Australian writers, or books about Australia. There is a diverse range; from the journals of the land and sea explorers; to the early accounts of white settlement in Australia; to the fiction of 'Banjo' Paterson, Henry Lawson and many other Australian writers.

The list of titles form part of the huge collection of ebooks freely downloadable from Project Gutenberg Australia. Follow the links to read more about the authors and titles and to read and/or download the ebooks. 

Profile: Ingleside Riders Group

Ingleside Riders Group Inc. (IRG) is a not for profit incorporated association and is run solely by volunteers. It was formed in 2003 and provides a facility known as “Ingleside Equestrian Park” which is approximately 9 acres of land between Wattle St and McLean St, Ingleside. IRG has a licence agreement with the Minister of Education to use this land. This facility is very valuable as it is the only designated area solely for equestrian use in the Pittwater District.  IRG promotes equal rights and the respect of one another and our list of rules that all members must sign reflect this.


Research shows that one in five Australian children aged 8 to 17 has been the target of cyberbullying in the past year. The Office of the Children’s eSafety Commissioner can help you make a complaint, find someone to talk to and provide advice and strategies for dealing with these issues.

Make a Complaint 

The Enhancing Online Safety for Children Act 2015 gives the power to provide assistance in relation to serious cyberbullying material. That is, material that is directed at a particular child with the intention to seriously embarrass, harass, threaten or humiliate.


Before you make a complaint you need to have:

  • copies of the cyberbullying material to upload (eg screenshots or photos)
  • reported the material to the social media service (if possible) at least 48 hours ago
  • at hand as much information as possible about where the material is located
  • 15-20 minutes to complete the form


Our mission

The Office of the Children’s eSafety Commissioner is Australia's leader in online safety. The Office is committed to helping young people have safe, positive experiences online and encouraging behavioural change, where a generation of Australian children act responsibly online—just as they would offline.

We provide online safety education for Australian children and young people, a complaints service for young Australians who experience serious cyberbullying, and address illegal online content through the Online Content Scheme.

Our goal is to empower all Australians to explore the online world—safely.


The Green Team

This Youth-run, volunteer-based environment initiative has been attracting high praise from the founders of Living Ocean as much as other local environment groups recently. 
Creating Beach Cleans events, starting their own, sustainability days - ‘action speaks louder than words’ ethos is at the core of this group. 

National Training Complaints Hotline – 13 38 73

The National Training Complaints Hotline is accessible on 13 38 73 (Monday to Friday from 8am to 6pm nationally) or via email at

Sync Your Breathing with this - to help you Relax

Send In Your Stuff

Pittwater Online News is not only For and About you, it is also BY you.  
We will not publish swearing or the gossip about others. BUT: If you have a poem, story or something you want to see addressed, let us know or send to:

All Are Welcome, All Belong!

Apprenticeships and traineeships info

Are you going to leave school this year?
Looking for an apprenticeship or traineeship to get you started?
This website, Training Services NSW, has stacks of info for you;

It lists the group training organisations (GTOs) that are currently registered in NSW under the Apprenticeship and Traineeship Act 2001. These GTOs have been audited by independent auditors and are compliant with the National Standards for Group Training Organisations.

If you are interested in using the services of a registered GTO, please contact any of the organisations listed here:

There are also some great websites, like 1300apprentice, which list what kind of apprenticeships and traineeships they can guide you to securing as well as listing work available right now.

Profile Bayview Yacht Racing Association (BYRA)
1842 Pittwater Rd, Bayview

BYRA has a passion for sharing the great waters of Pittwater and a love of sailing with everyone aged 8 to 80 or over!

 headspace Brookvale

headspace Brookvale provides services to young people aged 12-25. If you are a young person looking for health advice, support and/or information,headspace Brookvale can help you with:

• Mental health • Physical/sexual health • Alcohol and other drug services • Education and employment services

If you ever feel that you are:

• Alone and confused • Down, depressed or anxious • Worried about your use of alcohol and/or other drugs • Not coping at home, school or work • Being bullied, hurt or harassed • Wanting to hurt yourself • Concerned about your sexual health • Struggling with housing or accommodation • Having relationship problems • Finding it hard to get a job

Or if you just need someone to talk to… headspace Brookvale can help! The best part is our service is free, confidential and youth friendly.

headspace Brookvale is open from Monday to Friday 9:00am-5:30pm so if you want to talk or make an appointment give us a call on (02) 9937 6500. If you're not feeling up to contacting us yourself, feel free to ask your family, friend, teacher, doctor or someone close to you to make a referral on your behalf.

When you first come to headspace Brookvale you will be greeted by one of our friendly staff. You will then talk with a member of our headspace Brookvale Youth Access Team. The headspace Brookvale Youth Access Team consists of three workers, who will work with you around whatever problems you are facing. Depending on what's happening for you, you may meet with your Youth Access Worker a number of times or you may be referred on to a more appropriate service provider.

A number of service providers are operating out of headspace Brookvale including Psychologists, Drug & Alcohol Workers, Sexual Health Workers, Employment Services and more! If we can't find a service operating withinheadspace Brookvale that best suits you, the Youth Access Team can also refer you to other services in the Sydney area.

eheadspace provides online and telephone support for young people aged 12-25. It is a confidential, free, secure space where you can chat, email or talk on the phone to qualified youth mental health professionals.

Click here to go to eheadspace

For urgent mental health assistance or if you are in a crisis please call the Northern Sydney 24 hour Mental Health Access Line on 1800 011 511

Need Help Right NOW??

kids help line: 1800 55 1800 -

lifeline australia - 13 11 14 -

headspace Brookvale is located at Level 2 Brookvale House, 1A Cross Street Brookvale NSW 2100 (Old Medical Centre at Warringah Mall). We are nearby Brookvale Westfield's bus stop on Pittwater road, and have plenty of parking under the building opposite Bunnings. More at:

Profile: Avalon Soccer Club
Avalon Soccer Club is an amateur club situated at the northern end of Sydney’s Northern Beaches. As a club we pride ourselves on our friendly, family club environment. The club is comprised of over a thousand players aged from 5 to 70 who enjoy playing the beautiful game at a variety of levels and is entirely run by a group of dedicated volunteers. 
Profile: Pittwater Baseball Club

Their Mission: Share a community spirit through the joy of our children engaging in baseball.

Year 13

Year13 is an online resource for post school options that specialises in providing information and services on Apprenticeships, Gap Year Programs, Job Vacancies, Studying, Money Advice, Internships and the fun of life after school. Partnering with leading companies across Australia Year13 helps facilitate positive choices for young Australians when finishing school.

Driver Knowledge Test (DKT) Practice run Online

Did you know you can do a practice run of the DKT online on the RMS site? - check out the base of this page, and the rest on the webpage, it's loaded with information for you!

The DKT Practice test is designed to help you become familiar with the test, and decide if you’re ready to attempt the test for real.  Experienced drivers can also take the practice test to check their knowledge of the road rules. Unlike the real test, the practice DKT allows you to finish all 45 questions, regardless of how many you get wrong. At the end of the practice test, you’ll be advised whether you passed or failed.

NCYLC is a community legal centre dedicated to providing advice to children and young people. NCYLC has developed a Cyber Project called Lawmail, which allows young people to easily access free legal advice from anywhere in Australia, at any time.

NCYLC was set up to ensure children’s rights are not marginalised or ignored. NCYLC helps children across Australia with their problems, including abuse and neglect. The AGD, UNSW, KWM, Telstra and ASIC collaborate by providing financial, in-kind and/or pro bono volunteer resources to NCYLC to operate Lawmail and/or Lawstuff.

Kids Helpline

If you’re aged 5-25 the Kids Helpline provides free and confidential online and phone counselling 24 hours a day, seven days a week on 1800 55 1800. You can chat with us about anything… What’s going on at home, stuff with friends. Something at school or feeling sad, angry or worried. You don’t have to tell us your name if you don’t want to.

You can Webchat, email or phone. Always remember - Everyone deserves to be safe and happy. You’re important and we are here to help you. Visit:

Youth Source: Northern Sydney Region

A directory of services and resources relevant to young people and those who work, play and live alongside them.

The YouthSource directory has listings from the following types of service providers: Aboriginal, Accommodation, Alcohol & Other Drugs, Community Service, Counselling, Disability, Education & Training, Emergency Information, Employment, Financial, Gambling,  General Health & Wellbeing, Government Agency, Hospital & GP, Legal & Justice, Library, Mental Health, Multicultural, Nutrition & Eating Disorders, Parenting, Relationships, Sexual Health, University, Youth Centre