inbox and environment news: Issue 584
May 21 - 27 2023: Issue 584
Drain Is Just For Rain
A resident has witnessed a lawnmowing business man blow grass clippings and mowed leaves into the drain outside a home lawn they had just mowed and leave them there on Thursday May 18.
It’s illegal to contribute to blocking drains in streets, what's more, this street near Careel Bay has drains and a creek that flow into Pittwater, where, what would have taken 5 minutes to complete properly, will now pollute this local waterways and catchment areas.
You can report incidents of deliberate and accidental pollution to council at: https://help.northernbeaches.nsw.gov.au/.../Water-Pollution
Leaves and clippings decay in water, using up oxygen needed by water plants and fish to survive. There are big fines for polluting waterways.
How to reduce stormwater pollution
Here are some ways you can prevent stormwater pollution and help keep our waterways healthy. Local councils control and maintain stormwater systems, but everyone can help stop pollution from entering our waterways.
In the street
- >stop leaves, litter and sediments from entering gutters and drains – sweep gutters and driveways regularly and put sweepings on the garden, in the compost or bin
- >pick up litter and put it in a bin – bin your cigarette butts
- >pick up pet droppings and dispose of them in a rubbish bin, the garden or toilet
- >limit use of detergent when cleaning outside
- >wash your car on grass or gravel or take it to a car wash
- >maintain your car – make sure fuel is burnt ‘cleanly’ and there are no fuel or oil leaks by keeping your car tuned
- >work on your car in the garage, not on the street or where oil and grease may wash into gutters.
In the garden
- wash your car on grass or gravel or take it to a car wash
- reduce use of pesticides, herbicides and fertilisers
- stop dirt, leaves, grass clipping, etc. from entering gutter and drains – sweep hard paths and driveways regularly and put sweepings on the garden, in the compost or bin
- stop soil and mulch from being washed or blown off the garden
- replant areas of disturbed soil
- use natural alternatives to pest control chemicals.
More Waterways Pollution: Narrabeen Lagoon
Oily slick coming out of the stormwater drain (opposite the Nourished Cafe) and emptying into the Lake Narrabeen entrance which at the time was running back into the lagoon with high tide - May 19, 2023, 8.00am. Photos supplied.
Yet More waterways pollution - in this Issue's report: Clay Stormwater Still Polluting Bayview Golf Course, Pittwater Estuary: Bayview GC's 3 Year Battle To Save The Environment and Waterways 'Like Banging Your Head Against A Brick Wall'
Hawkesbury Councillors Battling Own Councillors To Save Koala Habitat: Rural Boundary Clearing Code
In October 2021 Hawkesbury Councillors tried to, as one Councillor states ''ram through the adoption of the "Rural Boundary Clearing Code", which would allow the clear-felling of up to 15,800 hectares of rural land where landowners assert such clearing is needed to improve fire safety.
The Rural Boundary Clearing Code, introduced by the NSW Government on Saturday September 11 2021, allowed rural landholders to clear vegetation on their property within 25 metres of the boundary to reduce the potential spread of bushfires without the need to seek approval.
Widely stated by opponents as a means for developers to clear land previously requiring approvals, neither the NSW Bushfire Inquiry nor the Royal Commission recommended land clearing on property boundaries as a valid response to the Black Summer fires.
The Nature Conservation Council wrote to key ministers detailing minimum environmental standards any new code must meet, especially excluding areas of koala and other threatened species habitat.
“The code could mean the difference between survival and extinction for koalas and other threatened species in some parts of the state, so it was vital that the government got this right,” Mr Gambian said.
Similarly the EDO stated:
The NSW Government stated that these new provisions and the Code respond to Recommendation 28 of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry which recommended the Government …“review vegetation clearing policies to ensure that the processes are clear and easy to navigate for the community, and that they enable appropriate bush fire risk management by individual landowners without undue cost or complexity”.
The Rural Boundary Clearing Code allows landowners to clear certain vegetation on their property within 25 metres of their property boundary (i.e. the boundary of a single holding, including holdings made up of multiple lots), without a permit or approval, if undertaken in accordance with the Code. The Rural Boundary Clearing Code does not provide approval but rather a person is not guilty of an offence for clearing vegetation in accordance with the Code. The Rural Boundary Clearing Code overrides environmental assessment and approval requirements in the Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016 and the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979.
The NSW Bushfire Inquiry did not explicitly recommend code-based clearing of vegetation within 25m of rural boundaries.
When the changes were first proposed, EDO raised concerns that “the proposed code will facilitate clearing of vegetation without the need for robust environmental assessment or approval and without a clear framework for monitoring and oversight, in some cases overriding existing environmental protections.”
Conservation scientists expressed concern that the new Code will have a devastating impact on wildlife.
With no clear obligations to monitor or report on clearing under the Rural Boundary Clearing Code, it was unclear how the implementation of the Code, including its cumulative impacts on important landscapes and wildlife in terms of both local impacts and impacts on connectivity and corridors, or its role in providing increased protections from bushfires, would be assessed.
The following are key elements of the Rural Boundary Clearing Code:
- The Code applies to land within a rural zone (RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4, RU5, RU6) identified on the Boundary Clearing Code Vegetation Map. However, the Code does not apply in certain Sydney local government areas, unless the Council requests to have the Code apply to their local government area. Certain exclusions and restrictions also apply (see below).
- Any clearing must be undertaken in accordance with the Rural Boundary Clearing Code, on the day that the clearing is undertaken. Landholders must use the online Rural Boundary Clearing Tool to conduct a search of their property (to determine how the Code applies) and maintain search results from the day that the clearing is undertaken. Landowners are required to provide evidence of the online search tool results if requested by the relevant regulatory authority.
- Part 6 of the Rural Boundary Clearing Code contains exclusions and restrictions on vegetation clearing, for example:
- Three categories of vegetation cannot be cleared (6.2(1)), namely:
- Parcels containing specific vegetation, including (but not limited to) coastal wetlands, littoral rainforests, core koala habitat, areas of outstanding biodiversity value, vegetation within 100 metres of the coastline or estuaries, and critically endangered ecological communities. (Note – certain temporary exemptions exist areas impacted by the 2019-2020 bushfires)
- World Heritage; and vegetation of high environmental significance identified as part of the bio-certification of the Sydney Region Growth Centres (6.2(2))
- Mangroves and saltmarsh (6.2(3)).
The broader context
The new Rural Boundary Clearing Code and changes to the Vegetation in Non-Rural Areas SEPP have been made despite ongoing criticism of the government’s broader land management and biodiversity conservation framework, which has resulted in a return to broadscale land clearing across the State and put biodiversity at further risk. In particular, independent reports by the NSW Audit Office and the NSW Natural Resources Commission have highlighted the failings of the system.
The Government failed to publicly undertake a three-year review of the land management and biodiversity and conservation framework – something it promised to do when it introduced the current framework over four years ago.
It has also failed to effectively resolve tensions around koala planning policies, which has seen important koala habitat put at risk.
And these failings must now also be considered in the context of a changed landscape following the catastrophic 2019-2020 bushfire season. In NSW, bushfires burnt over 5.52 million hectares of land. The fire ground in NSW covered approximately 7% of the state, including 2.7 million hectares in national parks (37% of the NSW park system), and that the habitat of more than 293 threatened animals and 680 threatened plants has been impacted.
The current framework has been shown time and again to be flawed, yet rather than wholescale reform aimed at strengthening protections for our valuable native vegetation, the Government continues to introduce incremental, ad hoc changes to further facilitate land clearing without appropriate levels of environmental assessment and oversight, meaning the phrase ‘death by a thousand cuts’ may soon no longer be metaphorical.' the EDO stated
Although that October 2021 Hawkesbury Council bid failed, it was pushed through at the January 25 2022 Meeting with then Liberal Mayor Patrick Conolly using his vote to pass the adoption of the same and break a deadlock of Councillor votes.
Hawkesbury Council is the only peri-urban council in NSW to opt into the Code and was also the first action the now Liberal dominated council took after being elected.
''I think that Council has a moral obligation to look at this area, given the loss of 65 homes in the Hawkesbury in the fires. But balancing community safety with protection of the environment is challenging. It takes leadership, and nuancing the various issues and views, not ramming something through without consideration of the consequences.'' Councillor Nathan Zamprogno of the Small Business Party said
''Firstly, we had conducted zero formal consultation with our local RFS.
Secondly, it was clear that we needed to resource Council to measure the effects of this policy with geospatial mapping tools, provide guidance to landowners about the torturous eligibility criteria, and ensure we could conduct basic compliance and enforcement. We had no knowledge of a single other Council taking up the voluntary adoption of this code and what that experience looked like for them, and many local experts told me that they were either opposed, or took a "yes, but" approach contingent on these basic precautions.
I advanced an alternative motion to get Council to conduct that consultation and resourcing, and I got it passed. The report would have come back to Council this year.
However, the complexion of the Council chamber has changed, and on Tuesday my Liberal colleagues again tried to ram summary adoption of the code through. This time, they had the numbers.
So that's it. No consultation. No resourcing for partnering with landowners. No resources for mapping, compliance or enforcement. Oh, and no takebacks. Once we're in, we're in for good.''
I think of this as a massive slap in the face for our local RFS, who are free to be for or against this, but who would have at least been accorded the courtesy of being *asked*. So much for the oft-claimed respect for our RFS. I've always claimed that it's possible to be a good Conservative, and a good Conservationist. It's a pity that this looks nothing like that. Environmentally conscious voters in the Hawkesbury, and if I might suggest, across the seat of Macquarie ought to keep their own counsel about whether this looks like the kind of representation they want.'' Independent Councillor Nathan Zamprogno said then
Koala's in NSW were officially added to the endangered species list on February 12th 2022.
The decision by the local Liberal Council to opt into the Rural Boundary Clearing Code without consultation or proper mapping of koala habitat in advance would have horrific consequences, residents stated. Many expected vast tracts of land-clearing. Much of that will occur in areas which have been land-banked by property developers. This could occur in areas and of trees used by koalas so that when development proposals were forwarded this would nullify any requirement to ascetain if any were there as their habitat would already have been cleared.
''This will strengthen the Liberal Government’s plans to transform the Hawkesbury from a semi-rural community into large scale housing estates.'' Haweksbury residents have stated
‘Supporting this is farcical, it is very, very distressing and one would have to wonder of the motivations behind it,” Councillor Mary Lyons-Buckett told council.
On February 17 2022 a Motion to Rescind the January adoption of the Rural Boundary Clearing Code was put by Councillor Danielle Wheeler (GRN) and seconded by Cr. Mary Lyons-Buckett (IND) with once again a deadlock in voting with Liberal Mayor Conolly again using the Mayoral casting vote to vote against the motion.
For the May 9 2023 Hawkesbury Council Meeting Councillor Mary Lyons-Buckett requested the Motion be heard as an Urgency Motion in relation to the Rural Boundary Clearing Code due to the clearing of habitat and the mapping of koala populations (which has not occurred here).
Due to that Council now holding only one meeting per month (the June meeting not until 13 June 2023), and the Mayor disallowing it to be heard as an Urgency Motion at the previous meeting, ruling it was 'not of great urgency', Independent Councillor Mary Lyons-Buckett and Greens Councillor Danielle Wheeler called for an Extraordinary Meeting.
They called the Extraordinary Meeting due to residents raising concerns about developers using the Rural Boundary Clearing Code to clear sites for development.
On Wednesday May 17 2023 a Motion was brought to look at whether the land-clearing policy introduced 18 months ago has resulted in excessive felling of wildlife habitats including for Koalas.
Councillor Nathan Zamprogno stated, ''Disappointingly, some Councillors not only rejected the initiative, but moved to gag debate and prevent their colleagues from representing their community. This is what you need to know about what happened. '' and posted the below video.
Mayor Sarah McMahon (Richards) sent an apology and did not attend the May 17 Extraordinary Meeting.
Councillor Mary Lyons-Buckett posted on her Fascebook page;
In February and March 2023 Mayor Sarah McMahon (Richards), a Vice President of the Liberal Party of Australia (NSW Division), was one of 4 Hawkesbury Councillor who recused themselves from the vote on whether the Council would endorse the amendment of its Local Environmental Plan to allow a site-specific legalising of a property subdivision for the Tallowood 2 Seniors Community in Vincents Road Kurrajong. The changes sought would substantially alter the planned Tallowood 2 development from a 13 acre senior living facility to a 19 lot subdivision of sellable plots, no less than 360 metres squared.
''Thank you to the speakers who spoke tonight and raised really good points.
I don't usually post after meetings but I found tonight's meeting particularly disappointing. We have an outcome but not the one Councillor Danielle Wheeler and I hoped for to begin a process addressing a growing threat to our native habitat and threatened and endangered species through land clearing.
There was no real argument against why we wouldn't begin a process to try and address the anomalies arising from the Rural Boundary Clearing Code. Resistance, but no real argument.
In a boldly orchestrated and coordinated approach to 'debate' we saw the call for the motion to be 'put', seeing Councillor Nathan Zamprogno excluded from debate. One Councillor bemoaned having to attend (despite he and 2 other Councillors present tonight not attending last night's briefing) because he considered threats to the environment as non-urgent.
This was an Extraordinary Meeting, the urgency motion having failed to be heard at the previous meeting. Any two Councillors can call one anytime about any topic. This was an incredibly important topic.
A majority of Councillors (the Liberal and Labor Councillors) did not support writing to the Environment Minister about the review into this code. There is very little understood about this code and how it impacts an area such as ours.
Gathering data around where the Code may have been implemented out of alignment with its objectives is important. Improving our practices in dealing as a Council with vegetation removal - also not supported, but also very important. It is noteworthy that as the only peri-urban Council to opt in, we may have specific experiences with the Code which other Councils may not have experienced.
I express my disappointment in Labor Councillors not supporting this motion - it's a bold move given their party now in Government is trying to claim to have a superior approach to environmental issues compared to the last one. Let's hope at a State level they show more concern.''
The changes were sought after a Land and Environment Court Decision would allow the development to proceed as long as there was no subdivision of the site. The developer(s?) behind Tallowwood 2 in Kurrajong wanted to change that court ruling prohibiting the subdivision of the land which has been approved for a seniors living facility. The multi-million dollar, 19 dwelling development had been approved on the existing D.A but obviously it will be far more profitable for the developer if the land is also subdivided.
The Mayor, Sarah McMahon recused herself from the vote citing a pecuniary interest, stating the ‘landowner’ is a relative of her partner Matthew Bennett - in fact his mother Pamela. A pecuniary interest is one in which there is a “reasonable likelihood or expectation of appreciation financial gain or loss to the person.”
Mayor McMahon (Richards) has steadfastly denied being a property developer by her association with Matthew, who himself has denied being a property developer. Mayor McMahon (Richards) was the subject of an Inquiry in 2022 after it was declared in the NSW Parliament that she falsely claimed on her Declaration prior to the 2021 Local Government elections that she was not a developer nor associated with one.
Her partner, Matthew Bennett, co-owns BCM Property Group, which was, at the time of the electoral declaration, advertised as “BCM Real Estate and Development” and offered “End to End Property Development Services”.
The website previously stated Mr Bennett “has been in real estate and property developing his entire life. From selling villas to commercial properties and development sites worth up to $900m, he has over 25 years experience in every aspect of property development and sales.”
The company is named under its previous guise of Bennett Cooney Mackman Real Estate on past development applications, but Cr. Richards (McMahon) said Mr Bennett was a real estate agent who consulted with land owners about what to do with their land. The business’s website states BCM is “not a property development company”.
A spokesman for the NSW branch of the Liberal Party told the Sydney Morning Herald that Mr Bennett’s commercial activities didn’t reach the threshold under state electoral law to qualify him as a property developer.
“The NSW Electoral Funding Act has a specific definition of a property developer, and this does not meet that definition,” the spokesman said. “Ms Richards’ declaration is also therefore correct and accurate.”
The Office of Local Government also determined that Matthew Bennett did not meet the legislative definition of a property developer. The OLG has also confirmed Sarah Richards did not breach the code of conduct that applies to councillors.
Former Liberal Mayor Patrick Connolly also recused himself from the vote citing, “owner is the relative of a close friend”. Councillors Mary-Lyons Buckett and Paul Veigel also recused themselves from the vote citing non-pecuniary interests.
Councillors who voted against the motion questioned how the subdivision would benefit the community and why the controversial plans were being rushed through.
“What has been suggested to us tonight is that we have to bend or break our own rules to make this legal and its perfectly sensible for us to say well, right sometimes we do amend our LEP but there has to be a jolly good reason and I haven’t been presented with that reason here,” Councillor Nathan Zamprogno said.
The amendment to the D.A. is also being challenged by those who live in Tallowood 1 who state they had not agreed for the developer to use their site to further their development. “For this application to be granted the Applicant would need the consent of the owners and members of Lot 1 being the ‘Tallowood’ Community Association’. It is understood that the Applicant advised the said Council meeting that the owners and members of ‘Tallowwood 1’ had agreed to the use of Lot 1 for the purpose of the application and development. There is no truth to this statement,” Lawyer acting for Tallowwood 1 residents, Herbert Weller said in a letter sent to Hawkesbury Council.
Despite these concerns Council – in a split vote - voted to support the next stage of the approval process which will likely rubber stamp the subdivision to proceed at its February Meeting.
The next day trees were being felled on the Tallowwood 2 site even though the project has yet to receive final approval from the NSW Department of Planning, some state using the Rural Boundary Clearing Code - and another of at least 3 instances being cited by the community for developments not yet approved.
“Council resolved to support the request for the zoning variation. There is no foundation for this support as the owners and members of the Association will not give consent for the use of Lot 1,” the letter from lawyer Herbert Weller reads.
“…It is also noted that the owners of Lot 6 have today removed numerous large trees on lot 6 without Council having issued (sic). Please investigate this urgently before further destruction of habitat takes place,” Mr Weller said.
While not in itself providing a green light for similar future subdivisions of this kind in the area the special treatment given to this development is likely to set a precedent for future development and will not discourage using the RFS code for clearing land prior to submitting a D.A.
Cr McMahon and Mr. Bennett had also featured in a Parliamentary statement by Blue Mountains Labor MP Trish Doyle who said on August 21 2019 the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) should investigate Matthew Bennett and the former federal election candidate for Macquarie in relation to the other property dealings through that council, among other items.
Hawkesbury residents have stated, since that May 17 2023 Extraordinary Meeting to try and redress what is happening:
''The adoption of the code was pure corruption. I have 10 years of Koala records totalling over 100 records in the Kurrajong Hills area. Looking at the location of each record, I believe around 90% of the trees these Koalas were recorded using would be eligible for removal under this rotten code, which was not recommended by the RFS for adoption by the Liberal-run Hawkesbury Council. Corruption is the key here.''
''All it would take is for a speaker on the item to mention the main reason for concern is the clearing of trees on 2 properties ..... has direct links with - the Kurrajong Bark Park and a property at Bowen Mountain. Both are being cleared under the pretence of the Rural Boundary Clearing Code, but the mention of those properties would constitute a clear conflict of interest and she should declare such and leave the meeting and debate. It would also require Conolly and Sheather to do the same given their close association with the non-developer.''
Councillor Sheaher has been referred to in this manner as during the 2021 local government elections he made statements to the media that Mr. Bennett and Ms McMahon (Richards) are 'good friends [of his] and had been for many years'.
''I can not believe that in 2023, we still have to fight to stop land clearing to save habitats, let alone critical habitat for endangered Koalas that have a real possibility of extinction in the future.''
''I find the whole thing so upsetting. Greed above all else. The Motion two years ago was a complete farce. Honestly, it wouldn't have mattered who the speakers were, those with an agenda knew they had the numbers and arrogantly ignored all educated submissions. Despite experts from RFS and WIRES with input from Science for Wildlife, and despite Council confirming they had no way to police breaches, Liberal councillors went ahead with their agenda. From memory, one of their speakers even admitted during questions that boundary clearing had nothing to do with fire safety for him, and he just wanted to get his mower access along his fence line, before the mayor counselled him to stop answering the question and cut the councillor questioning off. It was a revolting display from those councillors.''
The types of vegetation that cannot be removed under the Rural Boundary Clearing Code include:
1. Parcels of the following vegetation which are within areas mapped in the Rural Boundary Clearing online tool may not be cleared under the Rural Boundary Clearing Code. The onus is on the owner or occupier of the land to demonstrate that they did not clear any vegetation that constitutes any of the following types of vegetation:
a. SEPP Coastal Management - CoastalWetlands (not including the proximity area) as mapped and provided to the NSW RFS by the Department ofPlanning, Industry and Environment;
b. Wetlands in the Sydney Regional Environmental Plan (Sydney Harbour Catchment) 2005 as mapped and provided to the NSW RFS by the Department of Planning, Industry and Environment;
c. Wetlands in the Sydney Regional Environmental Plan 20 – Hawkesbury Nepean River (No 2 –1997) as mapped and provided to the NSW RFS by the Department of Planning, Industry and Environment;
d. SEPP Coastal Management – Littoral Rainforests (not including the proximity area) as mapped and provided to the NSW RFS by the Department of Planning, Industry and Environment,
e. Core Koala habitat identified at Attachment ‘A’ as mapped and provided to the NSW RFS by the Department of Planning, Industry and Environment;
f. Ramsar Wetlands;
g. vegetation within 100 metres of the coastline or estuaries of NSW;
h. any vegetation on Lord Howe Island;
i. Land mapped as Declared Area of Outstanding Biodiversity Value (as listed in Attachment A – Vegetation Types) as mapped and provided to the NSW RFS by the Department of Planning, Industry and Environment;
j. Critically Endangered Ecological Communities (as listed in Attachment A – Vegetation Types) as mapped and provided to the NSW RFS by the Department of Planning, Industry and Environment;
k. ‘Land avoided for strategic biodiversity’ and ‘strategic conservation area’ (as listed in Attachment A – Vegetation Types), whether exhibited as part of the draft Cumberland Plain Conservation Plan (CPCP) or the approved CPCP, and as mapped and provided by the Department of Planning, Industry and Environment.
2. Vegetation on land parcels (cadastre lots) which are within areas mapped in the Rural Boundary Clearing online tool as identified below are excluded from the Rural Boundary Clearing Code and may not be cleared.
The protected categories are:
a. World Heritage as mapped and provided to the NSW RFS by the Department of Planning, Industry and Environment,
b. Vegetation of high environmental significance identified as part of the bio-certification of the Sydney Region Growth Centres as mapped and provided to the NSW RFS by the Department of Planning, Industry and Environment.
However, after this Extraordinary Meeting Items 3 and 4 were Carried and now Hawkesbury Council at least have some means of commencing what it was stated they would do 14 months ago - e.g.; map koala populations in the LGA. The rest of the items were voted down, including aligning the Rural Boundary Clearing Code to align with bushfire risk and removing that council from the Rural Boundary Clearing Code.
So all wildlife in this LGA is still at the mercy of those using this Code to further their ends.
Screenshot of finalised Motion from Hawkesbury council YOUTUBE video of Public Meeting for same.
Hawkesbury Council currently has a 'Have Your Say' for residents on its Draft Environmental Sustainability Strategy, which is on public exhibition to Tuesday, 13 June 2023.
The webpage for the same states;
'The Draft Environmental Sustainability Strategy is overarching umbrella document identifying how Council will protect, maintain, and enhance the sustainability within the local area whilst also preparing for the projected impacts of climate change.
The Strategy incorporates the actions Council is currently undertaking to improve the sustainability of the area, and identifies the gaps and priorities.
As a long-term guiding document that aims to work across different departments, agencies and with the community, the strategic directions are high-level and holistic.'
The current Hawkesbury Council, elected in 2021, in order of election, is:
Councillor Party Notes
Nathan Zamprogno Independent Elected Liberal in the 2016–2021 term, now independent
Sarah McMahon Liberal Mayor 2022–date - first elected in 2016
Mary Lyons-Buckett Independent Mayor 2018–2020, Deputy Mayor 2016–2018
Barry Calvert Labor Deputy Mayor 2018–date, Mayor 2016–2018, Deputy Mayor 2022–date
Patrick Conolly Liberal Mayor 2020–2022
Paul Veigel Liberal
Jill Reardon Liberal
Danielle Wheeler Greens
Les Sheather Independent
Eddie Dogramaci The Small Business Party
Amanda Kotlash Labor
Shane Djuric Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party
The previous Council, elected in 2016, went for a term of five years owing to the COVID emergency. On its creation in 1981, Hawkesbury was largely rural, but urban expansion within Sydney has since transformed the southern part of the area into dormitory suburbs. The northern part of the local government area still contains some farmlands and national parkland.
Council Victory In Court Over Illegal Clearing Of Trees = 10k For 14 Killed Trees: 'A Poor Outcome' Residents State
In related news, Council announced this week it had had a victory in court over the illegal clearing of 14 trees by a developer.
The developer has been convicted by Manly Local Court for the illegal removal of 14 trees. Appearing before Magistrate Denes on 9 May, the defendant pleaded guilty to illegally removing the trees which were required to be retained and protected by a development consent. The defendant was convicted by Manly Court and was ordered to pay a fine of $10,000 plus professional legal costs.
In the judgment, Court found that the removal of 14 trees in contravention of the development consent constituted a serious breach.
Council was first alerted to the issue in September 2021 after receiving a complaint about the removal of a tree at a construction site in North Narrabeen.
On inspection, Council found that 14 trees had been removed in contravention of a development consent.
Northern Beaches Council Interim CEO Louise Kerr said the case served as an important reminder of the need to comply with development consents.
“Northern Beaches Council is committed to protecting and maintaining trees and bushland, especially threatened species and trees with heritage significance,” Ms Kerr said. “Council has zero tolerance to these types of offences and takes these matters seriously.
“While these 14 trees have sadly been removed, we hope that this will serve as an important reminder to others in the community to comply with conditions of their development consent and not remove trees without Council permission.”
However, residents have pointed out that this is less than $1000.00 per irreplaceable tree and fines and deterrents should be much more to disincentivise the practice.
Further, residents state Council needs to have 'more boots on the ground' to ensure DA's are being complied with and to revert to a system where Private Certifiers cannot tick off compliance that allows developers to tear down habitat or allow developers to take over public land adjacent to a development by planting it out.
One stated: ''It’s all too late after they have been removed or public land taken. Fines are peanuts next to what they gain after the removal or after they have planted out what is and was a passageway so others may not use it. Another now common practice where Council refers us to the Private Certifiers who do not even bother to answer you.''
Another resident has commented that developers who clear trees illegally should have the maximum penalty applied as a deterrent and that this is a very poor outcome.
Further comments made similar statements.
In November 2018 residents reported the illegal clearing of Sclerophyll Forest At Warriewood, with statements from Council that they would investigate.
Nothing has been heard since.
Under the Native Vegetation Act 2003, if you removed a native tree illegally in NSW you could be liable for a fine of up to $1.1 million if prosecuted. The Native Vegetation Act 2003 and the Native Vegetation Regulation 2013 were repealed on August 25th, 2017. Current legislation governing the clearing of native vegetation is the Local Land Services Act 2013 and the Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016.
Under the Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016, a 'Dedicated Conservation Zone' definition does not exist. There is Damaging habitat of threatened species or ecological community under which the Maximum penalty is a Tier 1 monetary penalty or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.
The maximum monetary penalty for Tier 1 is:
(a) in the case of a corporation:
(i) $1,650,000, and
(ii) if this Act provides that an additional daily penalty applies to the offence—a further $165,000 for each day the offence continues, and
(iii) if this Act provides that an additional penalty for each animal or plant applies to the offence—a further $165,000 for each animal or whole plant to which the offence relates, or
(b) in the case of an individual:
(i) $330,000, and
(ii) if this Act provides that an additional daily penalty applies to the offence—a further $33,000 for each day the offence continues, and
(iii) if this Act provides that an additional penalty for each animal or plant applies to the offence—a further $33,000 for each animal or whole plant to which the offence relates.
Council also have a webpage where you may report Illegal tree works. If the matter is urgent (e.g. happening right in front of you) you can call them.
At the March 2023 Council Meeting Cr.s Korzy and Glanville tabled a Motion, 'BUILDING AND DEVELOPMENT COMPLIANCE', which was unanimously passed, to try and address the non-compliance that is rampant across the LGA where thousands of D.A.'s are approved each year without enough officers to ensure compliance with the Conditions of Consent is occurring - instances of residents contacting Council and being told to take it up with Private Certifiers are growing, along with the abovementioned taking over of public lands and pathways, as well as trees and lower level habitat being cleared - sometimes before a D.A. is even submitted.
That Motion stated:
1. Council note:
A. The leadership role Council plays in fostering a strong compliance culture within the community with regards to compliance with building and development controls.
B. Resourcing of compliance staff dealing with development and building control, and other areas of compliance, are being prioritised for review through the ongoing service levels review being undertaken by Council staff.
C. Council’s Compliance and Enforcement Policy is being currently reviewed by staff, and draft amendments for exhibition will be reported to the May 2023 council meeting.
2. The Chief Executive Officer prepare a report to Council at the May 2023 meeting concerning the following points regarding the private certification scheme:
A. Any issues identified by staff or residents regarding the efficacy of this scheme
B. Any recommendations for improving state legislation dealing with oversight of development and compliance
C. Prepare a letter to the NSW Government, Shadow Planning Spokesperson, Department of Fair Trading, Office of Local Government, and Local Government NSW, highlighting the matters identified in A - B.
3. The Chief Executive Officer prepare a workshop by May 2023 for the Councillors concerning any innovative ideas for improving compliance by the community with building and development regulations. This could include, for example:
A. Proactive and random inspections of building sites
B. Joint inspection ‘blitzes’ with co-regulators such as the NSW EPA
C. Use of new technology to identify illegal development such as clearing of trees
D. Education campaigns to improve a culture of compliance.
4. The Chief Executive Officer report back to Council at the May 2023 meeting with options for resourcing a specialised compliance team responsible for dealing with allegations of unauthorised tree or vegetation clearing.
International World Turtle Day 2023
American Tortoise Rescue (ATR), a nonprofit organisation established in 1990 for the protection of all species of turtles and tortoises, “shellebrates®” its 23rd international World Turtle Day® on May 23 2023.
ATR created and launched WorldTurtleDay.org to increase respect for and knowledge about one of the world’s oldest creatures. Now observed around the globe, turtle and tortoise lovers show their appreciation of the special day by taking “shellfies” and “shellebrating” with events and shares on social media. Millions of turtle lovers in the U.S., Canada, the UK, Borneo, India, Australia, Greece and many other countries worldwide now observe the day with thousands of educational events, parties, fundraisers and more.
Susan Tellem, RN, BSN, executive director, co-founded the ATR sanctuary 33 years ago with her husband, Marshall Thompson. Together, they have rescued and rehomed thousands of turtles and tortoises and provided turtle education to turtle lovers worldwide.
“We want to have fun with World Turtle Day and make it appealing to all ages,” Tellem said. “This year’s ‘I Love Turtles’ theme features handsome turtle Mr. Mudd (featured) and encourages our worldwide audience to see turtles as amazing creatures who outlived the dinosaurs just to make us laugh and love them as much as people do with warm and fuzzy cats and dogs. They are more than just rocks with legs!”
Tellem says these sentient beings are amazing creatures that live 25, 50, 100 years or more. They feel happiness and pain, show a true sense of humor, as well as affection. Turtles have personalities just like dogs and cats. “When they are allowed to live wild in a safe environment, turtles and tortoises search for food, do funny things like walking backwards or honking, and most important, have relationships with other turtles, sometimes procreating.
Sadly, these gentle animals survived 200 million years after an asteroid destroyed most life on the planet, yet they are rapidly disappearing as a result of smuggling, habitat destruction, the cruel pet trade, and live exotic food markets domestically and internationally. About 61 percent of turtles worldwide are threatened or already extinct. According to experts, turtles are the most threatened of the major groups of vertebrates, more so than birds, mammals, and fish. Tellem says this is why education is so important in every country globally.
In Pittwater, on the ocean side and within the estuary itself, fishing lines and balloons, boat strikes and shark nets cause fatalities. Our area has the vulnerable green turtle (Chelonia mydas) and the endangered loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta) and the Leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) as residents and visitors.
Ella: Green Turtle Rescued From Manly; Ella was discovered at Shelly Beach in Manly looking extremely unwell and was rescued by Australian Seabird Rescue Central Coast on April 18th, 2020. The rescue at Shelley Beach was by ASRCC volunteers Silke and Paul who brought this sick turtle in for care after a photo was seen on a diving page.
Ella was examined and it was discovered that she is suffering from a severe case of pneumonia and septicaemia. She was placed in care with Australian Seabird Rescue where it was found a balloon and attached streamers were the problem. Ella is lucky to actually still be alive - imagine being only 47cm long and having a balloon with 2.5mtrs of streamer attached but also a plastic bag in your stomach! Ella excreted the plastic bag on April 28th, while the balloon and tie attached was passed on April 25th.
Leatherback Turtle saved by Newport SLSC members from shark net entanglement
On land Warriewood wetlands is the home to the eastern long-necked turtle, Chelodina longicollis (Family Chelidae), which will cross local roads during breeding times to find a mate.Adult turtles are protected by their shells from most natural predators when they are in the water, but when they venture onto land they can be killed by dogs, foxes or pigs, or crushed by motor vehicles. Chelodina longicollis can also be washed out onto our beaches during storm events, which is why it is best to contact wildlife carers if you find a turtle on the beach as it may be a freshwater turtle - either way, don't put it back into the water. A turtle found on a beach may well need help.
Eastern Snake-necked Turtle (Chelodina longicollis) - Courtesy CSIRO Science Images
Call it in to Sydney Wildlife, Wires or Marine Wildlife Rescue Central Coast (MWRCC).
Underside of a loggerhead sea turtle as it swims overhead. Photo: Lance Miller,
Flowering Now; Pittwater Spotted Gum
Corella Fledgling Pair On Mother's Day 2023; 'Feed Me, Feed Me!'
They are still slightly smaller than their small already parents and a little less sure when jumping around on tree branch etc. - prone to almost missing the bough.
Global Temperatures Set To Reach New Records In Next Five Years
Geneva, 17 May 2023 (WMO) 18 May AEDT
Global temperatures are likely to surge to record levels in the next five years, fuelled by heat-trapping greenhouse gases and a naturally occurring El Niño event, according to a new update issued by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
There is a 66% likelihood that the annual average near-surface global temperature between 2023 and 2027 will be more than 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels for at least one year. There is a 98% likelihood that at least one of the next five years, and the five-year period as a whole, will be the warmest on record.
“This report does not mean that we will permanently exceed the 1.5°C level specified in the Paris Agreement which refers to long-term warming over many years. However, WMO is sounding the alarm that we will breach the 1.5°C level on a temporary basis with increasing frequency,” said WMO Secretary-General Prof. Petteri Taalas.
“A warming El Niño is expected to develop in the coming months and this will combine with human-induced climate change to push global temperatures into uncharted territory,” he said. “This will have far-reaching repercussions for health, food security, water management and the environment. We need to be prepared,” said Prof. Taalas.
There is only a 32% chance that the five-year mean will exceed the 1.5°C threshold, according to the Global Annual to Decadal Climate Update produced by the United Kingdom’s Met Office, the WMO lead centre for such predictions.
The chance of temporarily exceeding 1.5°C has risen steadily since 2015, when it was close to zero. For the years between 2017 and 2021, there was a 10% chance of exceedance.
“Global mean temperatures are predicted to continue increasing, moving us away further and further away from the climate we are used to,” said Dr Leon Hermanson, a Met Office expert scientist who led the report.
From page 12. WMO Global Annual to Decadal Climate Update (Target years: 2023-2027)
- The average global temperature in 2022 was about 1.15°C above the 1850-1900 average. The cooling influence of La Niña conditions over much of the past three years temporarily reined in the longer-term warming trend. But La Niña ended in March 2023 and an El Niño is forecast to develop in the coming months. Typically, El Niño increases global temperatures in the year after it develops – in this case this would be 2024.
- The annual mean global near-surface temperature for each year between 2023 and 2027 is predicted to be between 1.1°C and 1.8°C higher than the 1850-1900 average. This is used as a baseline because it was before the emission of greenhouse gases from human and industrial activities.
- There is a 98% chance of at least one in the next five years beating the temperature record set in 2016, when there was an exceptionally strong El Niño.
- The chance of the five-year mean for 2023-2027 being higher than the last five years is also 98%.
- Arctic warming is disproportionately high. Compared to the 1991-2020 average, the temperature anomaly is predicted to be more than three times as large as the global mean anomaly when averaged over the next five northern hemisphere extended winters.
- Predicted precipitation patterns for the May to September 2023-2027 average, compared to the 1991-2020 average, suggest increased rainfall in the Sahel, northern Europe, Alaska and northern Siberia, and reduced rainfall for this season over the Amazon and parts of Australia.
In addition to increasing global temperatures, human-induced greenhouse gases are leading to more ocean heating and acidification, sea ice and glacier melt, sea level rise and more extreme weather.
The Paris Agreement sets long-term goals to guide all nations to substantially reduce global greenhouse gas emissions to limit the global temperature increase in this century to 2 °C while pursuing efforts to limit the increase even further to 1.5 °C, to avoid or reduce adverse impacts and related losses and damages.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says that climate-related risks for natural and human systems are higher for global warming of 1.5 °C than at present, but lower than at 2 °C.
The new report was released ahead of the World Meteorological Congress (22 May to 2 June) which will discuss how to strengthen weather and climate services to support climate change adaptation. Priorities for discussion at Congress include the ongoing Early Warnings for All initiative to protect people from increasingly extreme weather and a new Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Infrastructure to inform climate mitigation.
The report 'WMO Global Annual to Decadal Climate Update (Target years: 2023-2027)' is available at: https://library.wmo.int/doc_num.php?explnum_id=11611
May 18, 2023
Every increment of warming results in rapidly escalating hazards.
More intense heatwaves, heavier rainfall & other weather extremes further increase risks for human health & ecosystems.
Read more from IPCC's Synthesis Report ➡️ https://bit.ly/SRYRpt23 (marhc 2023)
'Planet Hurtling Towards Hell Of Global Heating' UN Secretary-General Warns Austrian World Summit; Urging Immediate Emissions Cuts, Fair Climate Funding
May 16, 2023
Following is the text of UN Secretary-General António Guterres’ video message to the seventh Austrian World Summit, in Vienna today:
I thank the Austrian Government and Arnold Schwarzenegger for this opportunity. The climate crisis can feel overwhelming. Disasters and dangers are already mounting, with the poor and marginalised suffering the most, as we hurtle towards the hell of 2.8°C of global heating by the end of the century.
But, amidst all this, I urge you to remember one vital fact: limiting the rise in global temperature to 1.5°C remains possible. That is the clear message from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). But, it requires a quantum leap in climate action around the world.
To achieve this, I have proposed an Acceleration Agenda. This urges all Governments to hit fast-forward on their net-zero deadlines, in line with the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities in the light of national circumstances. It asks leaders of developed countries to commit to reaching net zero as close as possible to 2040 — as Austria has done. And leaders in emerging economies to do so as close as possible to 2050.
The Acceleration Agenda also urges all countries to step up their climate action, now. The road map is clear: phasing out of coal by 2030 in OECD [Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development] countries and 2040 in all others; net-zero electricity generation by 2035 in developed countries, and 2040 elsewhere; no more licensing or funding of new fossil-fuel projects; no more subsidizing fossil fuels; and no more fake offsets, which do nothing to cut greenhouse-gas emissions, but which are still being used to justify fossil-fuel expansion today.
We can only reach net zero if we make real and immediate emissions cuts. If we embrace transparency and accountability. Relying on carbon credits, shadow markets, or murky accounting means one thing: failure. That is why I have asked CEOs to present clear net-zero transition plans, in line with the credibility standard presented by my high-level expert group on net-zero pledges.
And the Acceleration Agenda urges business and Governments to work together to decarbonize vital sectors — from shipping, aviation and steel, to cement, aluminium and agriculture. This should include interim targets for each sector to pave the way to net zero by 2050.
The Acceleration Agenda also calls for climate justice, including overhauling the priorities and business models of multilateral development banks, so that trillions of dollars in private finance flow to the green economy.
Developed countries must also make good on their financial commitments to developing countries. And they must operationalize the loss and damage fund, and replenish the Green Climate Fund. I commend Austria for increasing its pledge to the Green Climate Fund by 23 per cent and urge others to deliver their fair share.
On climate, we have all the tools we need to get the job done. But, if we waste time, we will be out of time. Let’s accelerate action, now. Thank you.
Secretary-General, At Asia-Pacific Commission Session, Notes Region Can Set Pace For Action, Urges Fast-Tracking Climate Efforts
May 15, 2023
Following is the text of UN Secretary-General António Guterres’ video message for the seventy-ninth session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), held in Bangkok today:
I send warm greetings to the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. I welcome your theme for this session: “Accelerating climate action in Asia and the Pacific for sustainable development”. This region accounts for more than half of global greenhouse gas emissions and is home to some of the most vulnerable countries in the world.
It is vital to global efforts to keep temperature rise within the 1.5°C limit. Most countries in the region have already pledged carbon-neutrality goals towards mid-century. But we need to accelerate action, with steep reductions in emissions within the next few years.
The Acceleration Agenda will require fast-tracking climate efforts in every sector and on every timeframe. The ESCAP study that provides the basis for your discussion sets out the necessary transformations and pathways.
ESCAP stands ready to support. Asia and the Pacific region can set the pace of climate action in the decades to come. I urge you to be bold, and I wish you a successful session. Thank you.
Protect Mona Vale's Bongin Bongin Bay - Establish An Aquatic Reserve
Friends Of Bongin Bongin Bay (Mona Vale Basin) Update: May 2023
Ausgrid Community Battery Pilot - Warriewood: Have Your Say
- Take the survey here: https://yoursay.ausgrid.com.au/sharedbatterywarriewood
- Email email@example.com
- Call 1800 995 674 (Mon- Fri 09:00 to 16:30 AEST)
- Postal Mail to Ausgrid Community Battery Project, GPO Box 4009, Sydney NSW 2001
Northern Beaches Clean Up Crew: Freshwater May 28
Come and join us for our family friendly May clean up, close to Freshwater Surf Lifesaving Club on the 28th at 10am. We meet in the grass area behind the surf life saving club.
We have gloves, bags, and buckets, and grabbers. We're trying to remove as much plastic and rubbish as possible before it enters the ocean. Some of us can focus on the bush area and sandy/rocky areas, and others can walk along the beach and even clean up in the water (at own risk). We will clean up until around 11.20, and after that, we will sort and count the rubbish so we can contribute to research by entering it into a marine debris database. The sorting and counting is normally finished around noon, and we'll often go for lunch together at our own expense. We understand if you cannot stay for this part, but are grateful if you can. We appreciate any help we can get, no matter how small or big.
No booking required - just show up on the day - we will be there no matter what weather. We're a friendly group of people, and everyone is welcome to this family friendly event. It's a nice community - make some new friends and do a good deed for the planet at the same time. For everyone to feel welcome, please leave political and religious messages at home - this includes t-shirts with political campaign messages. There is a council carpark, but it is often busy on Sundays, so check streets close by as well if it's full or please consider using public transport.
Message us on our social media or send us an email if you are lost. All welcome - the more the merrier. Please invite your friends too!
Permaculture NB: May To July 2023 Events
Permaculture Northern Beaches (PNB) is an active local group on Sydney's Northern Beaches working for ecological integrity and assisting you on a pathway to sustainability.
PNB holds monthly permaculture-related public meetings on the last Thursday of each month at the Narrabeen Tramshed Community & Arts Centre, Lakeview Room, 1395A Pittwater Road, Narrabeen. Buses stop directly at the centre and there is also car parking nearby. Doors open at 7:15 pm and meetings take place monthly from February to November.
Everyone is welcome!
We also hold a range of workshops, short courses, film and soup nights, practical garden tours, permabees (working bees), beehive installations, eco-product making sessions and much more.
Thursday, May 25, 2023: 7:30pm – 9:00pm
Narrabeen Tramshed Arts and Community Centre, Lakeview Room
1395A Pittwater Road, Narrabeen
Join us for a night of education and connection, as we come together to learn about and celebrate the richness of Aboriginal culture.
This community gathering is an opportunity to deepen your understanding of connection to country and the diverse culture of Australia's First Peoples, and explore ways to work towards reconciliation and respect. Koori Kinnection Facilitator, Trent Kelly is a Yuin and Wailwan man, born and raised on Darawal country. Trent draws his cultural knowledge from his family, community and lived experience as a first nations person of this country.
Koori Kinnections runs educational programs for people of all ages: from bush food classes to school incursions, guided bush walks, resource talks, weaving workshops, and more. It is a 100% Aboriginal-owned and employed company.
Koori Kinnections: https://www.koorikinnections.com/
WORLD OCEANS DAY - BIG BLUE FUTURE
Thursday, June 8, 2023
World Oceans Day is held every year on 8th June to raise awareness of the vital importance of our oceans and the role they play in sustaining a healthy planet. A global celebration, it looks to bring people and organisations together across the globe in a series of events highlighting how we can all help protect and conserve the oceans.
Our ocean needs protection. Our ocean covers 70% of the planet and supports life as we know it. Every second breath we take comes from the ocean. Our ocean feeds billions of people. Our ocean hosts 80% of the world’s biodiversity.
However, our oceans are in crisis. They are being threatened by pollution such as abandoned fishing nets, overfishing, bycatch, and the effects of climate change.
We know the problems. We know the solutions.
World Oceans Day is a day to take action and raise awareness.
The 2023 theme for World Ocean Day is Big Blue Future.
To conserve our wonderful marine resources for future generations. Get involved in the conversation with #WorldOceansDay and #BigBlueFuture.
CELEBRATING WORLD OCEANS DAY
Thursday, June 29, 2023: 7:30pm – 9:00pm
Narrabeen Tramshed Arts and Community Centre, Lakeview Room
1395A Pittwater Road, Narrabeen
Join us in World Oceans’ month to learn more about the Blue planet we live on.
Two great speakers will tell us the wonders and threats facing our oceans.
Australia Marine Conservation Society works on the big issues that risk our ocean wildlife - protecting critical ocean ecosystems with marine reserves around the nation, including Ningaloo and the Great Barrier Reef. As well as issues such as over-fishing and supertrawlers, and protecting threatened and endangered species like the Australian Sea Lion.
Surfrider Foundation is actively working to stop drilling and exploration for oil and gas off our coast (PEP2). The organisation works to protect our oceans, beaches and waves through a powerful activist network.
$5 entry by donation to pay for room hire. Organic teas and coffee are available at the night + swap table - bring plants, seeds, food, books and permaculture items to swap and share.
SEED SAVING CIRCLE
Saturday, July 8, 2023: 11:00am – 1:00pm
Balgowlah Community Garden
100 Griffiths Street, Balgowlah
Gather your seeds in winter for the coming spring. Share and swap seeds that are grown organically and locally. These seeds will be the best adapted you can find for the Northern Beaches climate and soils as many have been grown over generations.
Tap into the knowledge and the databank of seeds at Balgowlah Community Garden and PNB + share permaculture knowledge. This is an invaluable resource for the local community. Be part of the change - grow your own seeds and food.
Bring your non-alcoholic drinks and food to share on the day. The seed circle will be outdoors but under cover so dress weather-wise.
PLASTIC FREE JULY
Saturday, July 1, 2023 – Monday, July 31, 2023
Permaculture Northern Beaches is a part of the Plastic Free July challenge - Join Us!
The plastic bottles, bags and takeaway containers that we use for just a few minutes use a material that is designed to last forever. Every bit of plastic ever made still exists!
- Break up, not break down – becoming permanent pollution
- Are mostly made into low-grade products for just one more use or sent to a landfill
- End up in waterways and the ocean – where scientists predict there will be more tons of plastic than tons of fish by 2050
- Transfer to the food chain – carrying pollutants with them
- Increase our eco-footprint – plastic manufacturing consumes 6% of the world’s fossil fuels
Be part of the solution, by taking up these habits:
- Refusing plastic bags and packaging (choose your own alternatives)
- Reducing packaging where possible (opt for refills, remember your reusable shopping bags)
- Refusing plastics that escape as litter (e.g. straws, takeaway cups, utensils, balloons)
- Recycling what cannot be avoided by the use of alternatives.
Register to join 100,000 Australians and a million+ people worldwide stepping up in Plastic Free July www.plasticfreejuly.org
PNHA Guided Nature Walks 2023
Our walks are gentle strolls, enjoying and learning about the bush rather than aiming for destinations. Wear enclosed shoes. We welcome interested children over about 8 years old with carers. All Welcome.
Sunday June 25: Birdwatching and Bushland along Mullet Creek in Ingleside Chase Reserve
Swamp forest and coastal wetlands are rich habitat for fauna such as Swamp Wallaby and Diamond Python. Over 150 bird species have been recorded for the area. Red-Browed Finch is one.
Bring your binoculars and keep your ears pricked for bird calls. The track is mostly level, but with an optional steep climb near the Irrawong waterfall.
Meet: 8.30am near 31 Irrawong Rd North Narrabeen. Ends about 10.30.
So we know you’re coming please book by emailing: firstname.lastname@example.org and include your phone number so we can contact you if weather is doubtful.
Red-browed finch (Neochmia temporalis). Photo: J J Harrison
Chemical CleanOut: June 2023
Mona Vale Beach Car Park: Sat 24, Sun 25 June 2023 - 9am-3:30pm
Surfview Road, Mona Vale
Only household quantities accepted. Maximum container size of 20kg or 20L per item.
*Up to 100L of paint (in 20L containers) now accepted at all Sydney, Hunter and Illawarra events.
Fluoro globes and tubes, Gas bottles and fire extinguishers, Household cleaners, Batteries, Paint*, Oils, Garden chemicals, Poisons, Smoke detectors.
Bushcare In Pittwater
Where we work Which day What time
Angophora Reserve 3rd Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Avalon Dunes 1st Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Avalon Golf Course 2nd Wednesday 3 - 5:30pm
Careel Creek 4th Saturday 8:30 - 11:30am
Toongari Reserve 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon (8 - 11am in summer)
Bangalley Headland 2nd Sunday 9 to 12noon
Winnererremy Bay 4th Sunday 9 to 12noon
North Bilgola Beach 3rd Monday 9 - 12noon
Algona Reserve 1st Saturday 9 - 12noon
Plateau Park 1st Friday 8:30 - 11:30am
Browns Bay Reserve 1st Tuesday 9 - 12noon
McCarrs Creek Reserve Contact Bushcare Officer To be confirmed
Old Wharf Reserve 3rd Saturday 8 - 11am
Kundibah Reserve 4th Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Mona Vale Beach Basin 1st Saturday 8 - 11am
Mona Vale Dunes 2nd Saturday +3rd Thursday 8:30 - 11:30am
Bungan Beach 4th Sunday 9 - 12noon
Crescent Reserve 3rd Sunday 9 - 12noon
North Newport Beach 4th Saturday 8:30 - 11:30am
Porter Reserve 2nd Saturday 8 - 11am
Irrawong Reserve 2nd Saturday 2 - 5pm
North Palm Beach Dunes 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon
Catherine Park 2nd Sunday 10 - 12:30pm
Elizabeth Park 1st Saturday 9 - 12noon
Pathilda Reserve 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon
Warriewood Wetlands 1st Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Norma Park 1st Friday 9 - 12noon
Coopers Point, Elvina Bay 2nd Sunday 10 - 1pm
Rocky Point, Elvina Bay 1st Monday 9 - 12noon
Friends Of Narrabeen Lagoon Catchment Activities
Gardens And Environment Groups And Organisations In Pittwater
Report Fox Sightings
Weed Of The Season: Cassia - Please Pull Out And Save Our Bush
New Marine Wildlife Rescue Group On The Central Coast
A new wildlife group was launched on the Central Coast on Saturday, December 10, 2022.
Marine Wildlife Rescue Central Coast (MWRCC) had its official launch at The Entrance Boat Shed at 10am.
The group comprises current and former members of ASTR, ORRCA, Sea Shepherd, Greenpeace, WIRES and Wildlife ARC, as well as vets, academics, and people from all walks of life.
Well known marine wildlife advocate and activist Cathy Gilmore is spearheading the organisation.
“We believe that it is time the Central Coast looked after its own marine wildlife, and not be under the control or directed by groups that aren’t based locally,” Gilmore said.
“We have the local knowledge and are set up to respond and help injured animals more quickly.
“This also means that donations and money fundraised will go directly into helping our local marine creatures, and not get tied up elsewhere in the state.”
The organisation plans to have rehabilitation facilities and rescue kits placed in strategic locations around the region.
MWRCC will also be in touch with Indigenous groups to learn the traditional importance of the local marine environment and its inhabitants.
“We want to work with these groups and share knowledge between us,” Gilmore said.
“This is an opportunity to help save and protect our local marine wildlife, so if you have passion and commitment, then you are more than welcome to join us.”
Marine Wildlife Rescue Central Coast has a Facebook page where you may contact members. Visit: https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100076317431064
Watch Out - Shorebirds About
Possums In Your Roof?: Do The Right Thing
Aviaries + Possum Release Sites Needed
Platypus Return To Royal National Park For The First Time In Decades
May 15, 2023
Platypus have returned to Royal National Park, after being locally extinct for 50 years. This is the first ever translocation program for platypus in New South Wales and will re-establish a self-sustaining and genetically diverse platypus population.
The project is a collaboration between the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (NPWS), Taronga Conservation Society Australia, UNSW Sydney and WWF-Australia.
Five female platypus were released into the park this week and will be followed by 4 males in the coming week once the females have successfully established their territory.
The platypus were collected from southern NSW to ensure genetic diversity and brought to Taronga Zoo's purpose-built platypus refuge.
They received veterinary health checks, were assessed for release, and fitted with transmitters.
Ongoing monitoring and tracking by UNSW and WWF-Australia will determine the success of the re-introduction to the park.
Platypus are under threat from habitat destruction and fragmentation.
These factors are increasing extinction risk to platypus populations and their resilience to endure extreme climate events.
NSW Environment Minister Penny Sharpe said,
"The iconic platypus is under immense pressure. The work that has gone into this project to get to the point of releasing these platypus is essential to assure the security of these species into the future."
"Royal National Park is Australia's oldest national park and I am pleased this historic reintroduction will help re-establish a sanctuary for this iconic species."
"Translocation is just one conservation measure that can help ensure the survival of NSW species such as platypus against climate change."
Cameron Kerr, Taronga Conservation Society Australia said,
"Shy and enigmatic, platypus are the silent victims of climate change. While their elusive behaviour keeps them from view, under the surface they are particularly susceptible to drought and environmental change."
"This translocation not only re-establishes a population in part of their former range but allows us to refine the skills and expertise that will inevitably be required to counter the impacts of increasingly frequent and more severe climate events."
"The platypus is Taronga's emblem, and we are committed to ensuring it not only survives but thrives for years to come."
Dr Phoebe Meagher and Cameron Kerr AO, CEO, Taronga Conservation Society Platypus release Credit: R Freeman/UNSW
Dr Gilad Bino, UNSW's Centre for Ecosystem Science stated,
"The reintroduction of platypus to the Royal National Park is more than just about returning an iconic species to its home; it's about restoring balance to the ecosystem and reinforcing our commitment to conservation."
"We hope that people will be inspired by the incredible platypus and its successful reintroduction, as it serves as a testament to what can be achieved through conservation and dedicated efforts."
Rob Brewster WWF-Australia's Rewilding Program Manager said,
"Platypus are the face of our creeks and rivers, but we risk losing them forever if we don't take bold actions to reverse their decline."
"The last century saw the destruction of so much of Australia's wildlife and wild places. The return of platypus to the Royal National Park shows that we can move beyond just protecting what remains, and actually restore what we've lost."
Taronga Zoo Sydney has stated;
'For the first in decades, the platypus has returned to the Royal National Park; a milestone that was made possible thanks to a unique collaboration between Taronga Conservation Society Australia, UNSW, NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service and WWF-Australia. In total, 10 platypuses will make the park their home, and help re-establish a self-sustaining population.
Learnings from this landmark project will inform future emergency response plans to translocate platypus from drought-affected areas.
During the black summer bushfires, platypus were being rescued from drying riverbeds across NSW and brought to our Taronga Wildlife Hospitals. Although we tried to help as many as we could, sadly, we didn’t have the capacity to take in all the animals that needed our help. It was heart-breaking, and we never wanted to be in that position again.
That is why, with the support of RSPCA NSW NSW and philanthropic donors, we have opened a new Platypus Rescue and Rehabilitation centre at Taronga Zoo with another centre set to open at Taronga Western Plains Zoo later this year.
These purpose-built facilities will provide important refuge for platypus during emergency translocations when intervention is required to save a population. The platypuses released earlier this week were cared for at our new refuge centre, and also received health checks at the Taronga Wildlife Hospital.
We refuse to stand by and watch as our wildlife disappears, and this project is another example of how Taronga’s expert conservationists, scientists, vets and keepers are working tirelessly to protect this iconic species.
Find out how you can support our ongoing conservation efforts for this unique species: https://fal.cn/3yef5
NSW Natural Resources Minister Visits Mt Arthur Coal Mine
May 17, 2023
Minister for Finance and Natural Resources Courtney Houssos toured the Mt Arthur Coal Mine on Monday, and on Tuesday met with Chairs of the Royalties for Rejuvenation Expert Panels to discuss future opportunities for coal-mining regions.
Minister Houssos said the NSW Government will deliver its election commitment to establish authorities that will support local communities as they diversify to new and emerging industries.
“I’ve seen first-hand the scale of the operation at Mt Arthur and understand how important these local jobs are for the region,” Minister Houssos said.
Minister Houssos continued: “As the mine’s closure date nears it will be crucial to find ways to partner with the mine’s workers, use existing infrastructure and skills and achieve a balance of social, environmental and economic outcomes for the site’s next chapter. This is going to take a sustained effort from Government and industry.”
The Minister met with the Expert Panels on Tuesday. They discussed the challenges for local communities, and opportunities to create new jobs, drive new investment and activate opportunities for future workers.
“There are great opportunities in NSW. The NSW Government is listening and committed to collaborating with local communities, industry and workers to develop bespoke plans for these regions,” Minister Houssos said.
“The NSW Government will use the convening power of government to find innovative solutions which harness the opportunities in renewable energy and drive future investment in the regions.”
The NSW Government will work with the Federal Government to coordinate with the recently announced Net Zero Authority.
"By working with communities to find localised solutions, NSW will be able to support regional communities and economies to access new employment, skills and harness the opportunities that are presented by the industries of the future," Ms Houssos said.
Inaugural Exotic Vet Nurse Of The Year 2023: Elizabeth ‘Liz’ McConnell - Senior Nurse At Taronga Wildlife Hospital
Elizabeth was voted as the recipient of the award by her past and current colleagues for her passion for wildlife care, her dedication towards further learning and her willingness to help others. The awards are organised by Exotic Veterinary Nurse Training. Elizabeth has been with Taronga Wildlife Hospital in Sydney for 12 years.
Elizabeth's is committed to ongoing professional development, volunteering, improving wildlife care and teaching others.
Liz says that she feels privileged to have the opportunity to care for, and learn from, a wide variety of native and exotic species, and to be part of a team with a diverse range of skills and experience that share their knowledge with one another.
She would also like to give a big thank you to all the wildlife carers, that she has previously and currently work with, who have always been open to teach her and share their wealth of knowledge with her. It takes a team of people with various skills to successfully care for and treat wildlife. Most importantly thank you to the animals that she has nursed that teach her new things every day, she feels so privileged to work with them. Also a huge thank you to all the zookeepers, wildlife nurses and vets.
A huge congratulations to the other nominees too, Shannen Koppen, Amy Bartlett, Emma Douglas and Ellen Richmond. You are all amazing nurses and exotic pet and wildlife champions. Keep being the amazing people you are!
Well done Elizabeth, it is a well deserved award.
2023 Emerging Exotic Vet Nurse Award: Madeleine Reid
Currently working as a RVN at Perth Zoo, and having previously worked as a Veterinary Nurse at Greencross Vets and as a Former Keeper at Caversham Wildlife Park, Maddie was voted for by her community for her passion, commitment to learning, her ability to learn fast and her kindness and compassion.
Madeleine said that she was very humbled even to be nominated as she's only just scratched the surface of what it means to be an exotic vet nurse. Both her teams are fantastic and shes so grateful to be learning from such skilled and knowledgeable professionals in the field.
And a huge shout out to Paityn Anderson, our runner up.
Exotic Veterinary Nurse Training - Based in Melbourne
Drawing on experience from experts around the globe, Exotic Veterinary Nurse Training caters to wildlife carers, veterinary nurse/DVM students, through to qualified veterinary nurses and veterinarians. Training on all aspects of exotic species care, from nutrition and handling, anaesthesia and CPR and everything in between. Find out more at: https://www.exoticvetnursetraining.com/
Draft Bush Fire Risk Plan: North Shore
The Mosman/ North Sydney/ Willoughby Bush Fire Management Committee is seeking feedback on a draft Bush Fire Risk Management Plan (BFRMP).
A Bush Fire Risk Management Plan (BFRMP) is a document that maps and describes the level of bush fire risk across an area and sets out treatment strategies to reduce the risk of bush fires and better protect the community over 5 years.
Download the draft Bush Fire Risk Management Plan for Mosman/North Sydney/Willoughby at:
The Mosman/ North Sydney/ Willoughby Bush Fire Management Committee, consisting of fire agencies, land managers and other stakeholders, have been working to identify ways of reducing the impact of fires on this area – protecting lives, homes, businesses, the environment, cultural values and other assets that are important to the communities within these Local Government Areas.
Your input is important – and by planning together, we will help shape the Bush Fire Risk Management Plan for this area for the next 5 years.
Your comments are invited on the draft Mosman/ North Sydney/ Willoughby Bush Fire Risk Management Plan. You can view the plan online or at your local Council.
Have your say
Have Your Say by 5pm 30th June 2023
There are three ways to submit your feedback, listed below.
- Provide your feedback online by visiting the Mosman/ North Sydney/ Willoughby Bush Fire Risk Management Plan website: https://www.rfs.nsw.gov.au/plan-and-prepare/managing-bush-fire-risk/bush-fire-management-committees/mosman-north-sydney-willoughby
- Email: email@example.com
- Formal submission: Address: Executive Officer, Mosman North Sydney Willoughby BFMC, 99 Shirley Road, Crows Nest NSW 2065
Getting The Scoop On The Pelican Travel Brief: Please Report Any Pelicans With Bands
May 9, 2023
Scientists hope the secret lives of Australian Pelicans will be revealed in more detail thanks to a project tracking the travel habits of these majestic birds. More than 1,200 birds across three locations have so far been fitted with brightly coloured leg bands which show where the pelican hatched.
Scientists from the Department of Planning and Environment (DPE) are now calling on the public to log any sightings of the banded birds to help build a picture of their movements.
"Once pelican chicks fledge, they take to the skies but where they choose to go and nest is critical data we are keen to collect," said senior scientist Dr John Porter.
"We can use this information to make decisions on wetland and water management for sites favoured by the pelicans and to find out if pelicans prefer to return to where they hatched to breed."
Almost 400 birds were banded at Narran Lake in late March and bird watchers should look out for pelicans returning to coastal regions from May.
The pelican banding project has been running since 2017, with Narran Lake added for the first time this year.
Narran Lake birds will sport a numbered black band. Blue bands indicate the pelican hatched in the Gayini Wetlands while birds from Lake Brewster have orange leg bands.
Victorian pelican nesting sites use red and green leg bands.
The pelican research includes the University of NSW, WaterNSW and the Lake Cowal Foundation as project partners. The Nari Nari Tribal Council who manage Gayini Wetlands and a private property owner at Narran Lake have generously allowed access to breeding pelicans.
Fully grown pelicans have a wingspan of around 2.5 metres which means they can travel considerable distances. One adventurous Lake Brewster banded bird has been spotted 650 kilometres away in St George, Queensland, while two Lake Brewster banded birds recently arrived at the Narran Lake colony. Narran Lake is 400km from Lake Brewster.
UNSW Sydney Centre for Ecosystem Science, Senior Research Fellow, Dr Kate Brandis, said learning where juvenile pelicans travel to once they fledge is important in understanding which wetlands they use, to help us better manage the species and wetlands.
"In the case of the Narran Lake colony, until this year pelicans had not bred at the Lake since the 1990s as there had not been sufficient flooding to support them for the 6 months needed to successfully raise chicks.
"If we find pelicans do return to their hatching place to breed, maintaining suitable habitat at Narran Lake for this cohort to return to in a few years' time is essential to helping support Australian Pelicans into the future," Dr Brandis said.
To report a banded pelican sighting, email firstname.lastname@example.org, including location, band number, condition of the bird, behaviour and a photograph if possible.
Photo: NSW Dept. of Environment
NPWS Ramps Up Bushfire Preparedness
May 17, 2023
With fire season around the corner, more than 130 national park firefighters are being put through their paces today as part of a rigorous training program designed to maintain and build firefighting capacity in national parks.
With more than 1200 professional firefighters, the National Parks and Wildlife Service (NPWS) is the largest professional bushfire fighting force in NSW.
NPWS is also responsible for around 75% of all hazard reduction burns across NSW, working in partnership with the NSW Rural Fire Service and Fire and Rescue NSW.
The highly trained NPWS crew includes a large contingent of Remote Area firefighters who are winched from helicopters into remote bushland to suppress otherwise inaccessible fires before they become large and out of control.
Today’s fire preparedness training at Mt Colah will use live fire to train for realistic scenarios in bushfire fighting and planned hazard reduction activities.
The crew will undergo practical training in what to do in the event of a ‘burn over’, appropriate ignition techniques and get a better understanding of fire behaviour under different conditions.
NPWS hazard reduction program has further hazard reduction burns planned for in and around Sydney in the coming weeks.
Hazard reduction burns aims to reduce the risk of wildfires to life and property, as well as protect biodiversity and important ecological assets in our national parks.
Penny Sharpe, Minister for the Environment said;
“I am pleased to see national park firefighters maintain their training for hazard reduction, as well as bushfire response.”
“This training, plus strategic hazard reduction burns already undertaken this year, are all geared towards making our parks and communities safer over summer.”
“These cooler months are the ideal time for crews to refresh their skills, undertake further prescribed burns and prepare to be bushfire ready.”
Leigh Nolan, NPWS Fire Team Leader, stated;
“This training is an opportunity for NPWS firefighters to learn new skills, particularly relating to new technologies and understanding of bushfire behaviour which is constantly evolving, and refresh existing skills that can save lives.”
“As NPWS firefighters we work to continually improve the way we manage fire across the landscape, bringing the latest research onto the fireground to protect neighbours, property, environmental values and cultural sites.”
Pittwater Reserves: Histories + Notes + Pictorial Walks
A History Of The Campaign For Preservation Of The Warriewood Escarpment by David Palmer OAM and Angus Gordon OAM
A Stroll Through Warriewood Wetlands by Joe Mills February 2023
A Walk Around The Cromer Side Of Narrabeen Lake by Joe Mills
America Bay Track Walk - photos by Joe Mills
An Aquatic June: North Narrabeen - Turimetta - Collaroy photos by Joe Mills
Angophora Reserve Angophora Reserve Flowers Grand Old Tree Of Angophora Reserve Falls Back To The Earth - History page
Annie Wyatt Reserve - A Pictorial
Avalon's Village Green: Avalon Park Becomes Dunbar Park - Some History + Toongari Reserve and Catalpa Reserve
Bairne Walking Track Ku-Ring-Gai Chase NP by Kevin Murray
Bangalley Headland Bangalley Mid Winter
Banksias of Pittwater
Barrenjoey Boathouse In Governor Phillip Park Part Of Our Community For 75 Years: Photos From The Collection Of Russell Walton, Son Of Victor Walton
Barrenjoey Headland: Spring flowers
Barrenjoey Headland after fire
Botham Beach by Barbara Davies
Bungan Beach Bush Care
Careel Bay Saltmarsh plants
Careel Bay Birds
Careel Bay Clean Up day
Careel Bay Playing Fields History and Current
Careel Creek - If you rebuild it they will come
Centre trail in Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park
Chiltern Track- Ingleside by Marita Macrae
Clareville/Long Beach Reserve + some History
Coastal Stability Series: Cabbage Tree Bay To Barrenjoey To Observation Point by John Illingsworth, Pittwater Pathways, and Dr. Peter Mitchell OAM
Cowan Track by Kevin Murray
Curl Curl To Freshwater Walk: October 2021 by Kevin Murray and Joe Mills
Currawong and Palm Beach Views - Winter 2018
Currawong-Mackerel-The Basin A Stroll In Early November 2021 - photos by Selena Griffith
Currawong State Park Currawong Beach + Currawong Creek
Deep Creek To Warriewood Walk photos by Joe Mills
Drone Gives A New View On Coastal Stability; Bungan: Bungan Headland To Newport Beach + Bilgola: North Newport Beach To Avalon + Bangalley: Avalon Headland To Palm Beach
Duck Holes: McCarrs Creek by Joe Mills
Dunbar Park - Some History + Toongari Reserve and Catalpa Reserve
Dundundra Falls Reserve: August 2020 photos by Selena Griffith - Listed in 1935
Elsie Track, Scotland Island
Elvina Track in Late Winter 2019 by Penny Gleen
Elvina Bay Walking Track: Spring 2020 photos by Joe Mills
Elvina Bay-Lovett Bay Loop Spring 2020 by Kevin Murray and Joe Mills
Fern Creek - Ingleside Escarpment To Warriewood Walk + Some History photos by Joe Mills
Iluka Park, Woorak Park, Pittwater Park, Sand Point Reserve, Snapperman Beach Reserve - Palm Beach: Some History
Ingleside Wildflowers August 2013
Irrawong - Ingleside Escarpment Trail Walk Spring 2020 photos by Joe Mills
Irrawong - Mullet Creek Restoration
Katandra Bushland Sanctuary - Ingleside
Lucinda Park, Palm Beach: Some History + 2022 Pictures
McCarr's Creek to Church Point to Bayview Waterfront Path
Mona Vale Beach - A Stroll Along, Spring 2021 by Kevin Murray
Mona Vale Headland, Basin and Beach Restoration
Mona Vale Woolworths Front Entrance Gets Garden Upgrade: A Few Notes On The Site's History
Mount Murray Anderson Walking Track by Kevin Murray and Joe Mills
Narrabeen Lagoon Catchment: Past Notes Present Photos by Margaret Woods
Narrabeen Lagoon State Park
Narrabeen Lagoon State Park Expansion
Narrabeen Rockshelf Aquatic Reserve
Nerang Track, Terrey Hills by Bea Pierce
Newport Bushlink - the Crown of the Hill Linked Reserves
Newport Community Garden - Woolcott Reserve
Newport to Bilgola Bushlink 'From The Crown To The Sea' Paths: Founded In 1956 - A Tip and Quarry Becomes Green Space For People and Wildlife
Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways; Bungan Beach and Bungan Head Reserves: A Headland Garden
Pittwater Reserves, The Green Ways: Clareville Wharf and Taylor's Point Jetty
Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways; Hordern, Wilshire Parks, McKay Reserve: From Beach to Estuary
Pittwater Reserves - The Green Ways: Mona Vale's Village Greens a Map of the Historic Crown Lands Ethos Realised in The Village, Kitchener and Beeby Parks
Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways Bilgola Beach - The Cabbage Tree Gardens and Camping Grounds - Includes Bilgola - The Story Of A Politician, A Pilot and An Epicure by Tony Dawson and Anne Spencer
Pittwater spring: waterbirds return to Wetlands
Pittwater's Lone Rangers - 120 Years of Ku-Ring-Gai Chase and the Men of Flowers Inspired by Eccleston Du Faur
Pittwater's Parallel Estuary - The Cowan 'Creek
Resolute Track at West Head by Kevin Murray
Resolute Track Stroll by Joe Mills
Riddle Reserve, Bayview
Salvation Loop Trail, Ku-Ring-Gai Chase National Park- Spring 2020 - by Selena Griffith
Seagull Pair At Turimetta Beach: Spring Is In The Air!
Stapleton Park Reserve In Spring 2020: An Urban Ark Of Plants Found Nowhere Else
Stony Range Regional Botanical Garden: Some History On How A Reserve Became An Australian Plant Park
The Chiltern Track
The Resolute Beach Loop Track At West Head In Ku-Ring-Gai Chase National Park by Kevin Murray
Topham Track Ku-Ring-Gai Chase NP, August 2022 by Joe Mills and Kevin Murray
Towlers Bay Walking Track by Joe Mills
Trafalgar Square, Newport: A 'Commons' Park Dedicated By Private Landholders - The Green Heart Of This Community
Tranquil Turimetta Beach, April 2022 by Joe Mills
Turimetta Beach Reserve by Joe Mills, Bea Pierce and Lesley
Turimetta Beach Reserve: Old & New Images (by Kevin Murray) + Some History
Warriewood Wetlands - Creeks Deteriorating: How To Report Construction Site Breaches, Weed Infestations + The Long Campaign To Save The Warriewood Wetlands & Ingleside Escarpment March 2023
Warriewood Wetlands and Irrawong Reserve
Whale Beach Ocean Reserve: 'The Strand' - Some History On Another Great Protected Pittwater Reserve
Wilshire Park Palm Beach: Some History + Photos From May 2022
Winji Jimmi - Water Maze
Australian Predators of the Sky by Penny Olsen - published by National Library of Australia
Baby Birds Spring 2015 - Rainbow Lorikeets in our Yard - for Children Baby Birds by Lynleigh Greig, Southern Cross Wildlife Care - what do if being chased by a nesting magpie or if you find a baby bird on the ground
Baby Kookaburras in our Backyard: Aussie Bird Count 2016 - October
Bird of the Month February 2019 by Michael Mannington
Birdsong Is a Lovesong at This time of The Year - Brown Falcon, Little Wattle Bird, Australian Pied cormorant, Mangrove or Striated Heron, Great Egret, Grey Butcherbird, White-faced Heron
Bird Songs – poems about our birds by youngsters from yesterdays - for children Bird Week 2015: 19-25 October
Bird Songs For Spring 2016 For Children by Joanne Seve
Birds at Careel Creek this Week - November 2017: includes Bird Count 2017 for Local Birds - BirdLife Australia by postcode
Black Cockatoo photographed in the Narrabeen Catchment Reserves this week by Margaret G Woods - July 2019
Black-Necked Stork, Mycteria Australis, Now Endangered In NSW, Once Visited Pittwater: Breeding Pair shot in 1855
‘Feather Map of Australia’: Citizen scientists can support the future of Australia's wetland birds: for Birdwatchers, school students and everyone who loves our estuarine and lagoon and wetland birds
Flocks of Colour by Penny Olsen - beautiful new Bird Book Celebrates the 'Land of the Parrots'
Front Page Issue 177 Front Page Issue 185 Front Page Issue 193 - Discarded Fishing Tackle killing shorebirds Front Page Issue 203 - Juvenile Brush Turkey Front Page Issue 208 - Lyrebird by Marita Macrae Front Page Issue 219 Superb Fairy Wren Female Front Page Issue 234: National Bird Week October 19-25 and the 2015 the Aussie Back Yard Bird Count: Australia's First Bird Counts - a 115 Year Legacy - with a small insight into our first zoos Front Page Issue 236: Bird Week 2015 Front Page Issue 244: watebirds Front Page Issue 260: White-face Heron at Careel Creek Front Page Issue 283: Pittwater + more birds for Bird Week/Aussie Bird Count Front Page Issue 284: Pittwater + more birds for Bird Week/Aussie Bird Count Front Page Issue 285: Bird Week 2016 Front Page Issue 331: Spring Visitor Birds Return
Jayden Walsh’s Northern Beaches Big Year - courtesy Pittwater Natural Heritage Association
John Gould's Extinct and Endangered Mammals of Australia by Dr. Fred Ford - Between 1850 and 1950 as many mammals disappeared from the Australian continent as had disappeared from the rest of the world between 1600 and 2000! Zoologist Fred Ford provides fascinating, and often poignant, stories of European attitudes and behaviour towards Australia's native fauna and connects these to the animal's fate today in this beautiful new book - our interview with the author
Juvenile Sea Eagle at Church Point - for children
Kookaburra Turf Kookaburra Fledglings Summer 2013 Kookaburra Nesting Season by Ray Chappelow Kookaburra Nest – Babies at 1.5 and 2.5 weeks old by Ray Chappelow Kookaburra Nest – Babies at 3 and 4 weeks old by Ray Chappelow Kookaburra Nest – Babies at 5 weeks old by Ray Chappelow Kookaburra and Pittwater Fledglings February 2020 to April 2020
Lion Island's Little Penguins (Fairy Penguins) Get Fireproof Homes - thanks to NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service and the Fix it Sisters Shed
Magpie's Melodic Melodies - For Children (includes 'The Magpie's Song' by F S Williamson)
Nankeen Kestrel Feasting at Newport: May 2016
National Bird Week 2014 - Get Involved in the Aussie Backyard Bird Count: National Bird Week 2014 will take place between Monday 20 October and Sunday 26 October, 2014. BirdLife Australia and the Birds in Backyards team have come together to launch this year’s national Bird Week event the Aussie Backyard Bird Count! This is one the whole family can do together and become citizen scientists...
National Bird Week October 19-25 and the 2015 the Aussie Back Yard Bird Count: Australia's First Bird Counts - a 115 Year Legacy - with a small insight into our first zoos
New Family of Barking Owls Seen in Bayview - Church Point by Pittwater Council
Odes to Australia's Fairy-wrens by Douglas Brooke Wheelton Sladen and Constance Le Plastrier 1884 and 1926
Oystercatcher and Dollarbird Families - Summer visitors
Painted Button-Quail Rescued By Locals - Elanora-Ingleside escarpment-Warriewood wetlands birds
Palm Beach Protection Group Launch, Supporters Invited: Saturday Feb.16th - Residents Are Saying 'NO' To Off-Leash Dogs In Station Beach Eco-System - reports over 50 dogs a day on Station Beach throughout December-January (a No Dogs Beach) small children being jumped on, Native birds chased, dog faeces being left, families with toddlers leaving beach to get away from uncontrolled dogs and 'Failure of Process' in council 'consultation' open to February 28th
Pecking Order by Robyn McWilliam
Powerful and Precious by Lynleigh Grieg
Restoring The Diamond: every single drop. A Reason to Keep Dogs and Cats in at Night.
Sea Birds off the Pittwater Coast: Albatross, Gannet, Skau + Australian Poets 1849, 1898 and 1930, 1932
Seen but Not Heard: Lilian Medland's Birds - Christobel Mattingley - one of Australia's premier Ornithological illustrators was a Queenscliff lady - 53 of her previously unpublished works have now been made available through the auspices of the National Library of Australia in a beautiful new book
7 Little Ducklings: Just Keep Paddling - Australian Wood Duck family take over local pool by Peta Wise
Spring Notes 2018 - Royal Spoonbill in Careel Creek
Station Beach Off Leash Dog Area Proposal Ignores Current Uses Of Area, Environment, Long-Term Fauna Residents, Lack Of Safe Parking and Clearly Stated Intentions Of Proponents have your say until February 28, 2019
New Shorebirds WingThing For Youngsters Available To Download
A Shorebirds WingThing educational brochure for kids (A5) helps children learn about shorebirds, their life and journey. The 2021 revised brochure version was published in February 2021 and is available now. You can download a file copy here.
If you would like a free print copy of this brochure, please send a self-addressed envelope with A$1.10 postage (or larger if you would like it unfolded) affixed to: BirdLife Australia, Shorebird WingThing Request, 2-05Shorebird WingThing/60 Leicester St, Carlton VIC 3053.
Shorebird Identification Booklet
The Migratory Shorebird Program has just released the third edition of its hugely popular Shorebird Identification Booklet. The team has thoroughly revised and updated this pocket-sized companion for all shorebird counters and interested birders, with lots of useful information on our most common shorebirds, key identification features, sighting distribution maps and short articles on some of BirdLife’s shorebird activities.
The booklet can be downloaded here in PDF file format: http://www.birdlife.org.au/documents/Shorebird_ID_Booklet_V3.pdf
Paper copies can be ordered as well, see http://www.birdlife.org.au/projects/shorebirds-2020/counter-resources for details.
Download BirdLife Australia's children’s education kit to help them learn more about our wading birdlife
Shorebirds are a group of wading birds that can be found feeding on swamps, tidal mudflats, estuaries, beaches and open country. For many people, shorebirds are just those brown birds feeding a long way out on the mud but they are actually a remarkably diverse collection of birds including stilts, sandpipers, snipe, curlews, godwits, plovers and oystercatchers. Each species is superbly adapted to suit its preferred habitat. The Red-necked Stint is as small as a sparrow, with relatively short legs and bill that it pecks food from the surface of the mud with, whereas the Eastern Curlew is over two feet long with a exceptionally long legs and a massively curved beak that it thrusts deep down into the mud to pull out crabs, worms and other creatures hidden below the surface.
Some shorebirds are fairly drab in plumage, especially when they are visiting Australia in their non-breeding season, but when they migrate to their Arctic nesting grounds, they develop a vibrant flush of bright colours to attract a mate. We have 37 types of shorebirds that annually migrate to Australia on some of the most lengthy and arduous journeys in the animal kingdom, but there are also 18 shorebirds that call Australia home all year round.
What all our shorebirds have in common—be they large or small, seasoned traveller or homebody, brightly coloured or in muted tones—is that each species needs adequate safe areas where they can successfully feed and breed.
The National Shorebird Monitoring Program is managed and supported by BirdLife Australia.
This project is supported by Glenelg Hopkins Catchment Management Authority and Hunter Local Land Services through funding from the Australian Government’s National Landcare Program. Funding from Helen Macpherson Smith Trust and Port Phillip Bay Fund is acknowledged.
The National Shorebird Monitoring Program is made possible with the help of over 1,600 volunteers working in coastal and inland habitats all over Australia.
The National Shorebird Monitoring program (started as the Shorebirds 2020 project initiated to re-invigorate monitoring around Australia) is raising awareness of how incredible shorebirds are, and actively engaging the community to participate in gathering information needed to conserve shorebirds.
In the short term, the destruction of tidal ecosystems will need to be stopped, and our program is designed to strengthen the case for protecting these important habitats.
In the long term, there will be a need to mitigate against the likely effects of climate change on a species that travels across the entire range of latitudes where impacts are likely.
The identification and protection of critical areas for shorebirds will need to continue in order to guard against the potential threats associated with habitats in close proximity to nearly half the human population.
Here in Australia, the place where these birds grow up and spend most of their lives, continued monitoring is necessary to inform the best management practice to maintain shorebird populations.
BirdLife Australia believe that we can help secure a brighter future for these remarkable birds by educating stakeholders, gathering information on how and why shorebird populations are changing, and working to grow the community of people who care about shorebirds.
To find out more visit: http://www.birdlife.org.au/projects/shorebirds-2020/shorebirds-2020-program
Aussie Bread Tags Collection Points
Wildlife Photography Thrills At The Australian National Maritime Museum
Exhibition of over 100 stunning images from the 58th Wildlife Photographer of the Year open now - runs until October 31, 2023.
The world-renowned exhibition, on loan from the Natural History Museum in London, is once again on show at the Australian National Maritime Museum from April 1. In its 58th year, this exhibition explores a spectacular array of plant and animal species and a micro-view of the natural world.
The arresting power of the photographic medium shines a light on places, plants and creatures from around the world, inspiring audiences and fostering connections, toward a future of advocating for the planet.
Judges of the Natural History Museum’s 58th Wildlife Photographer of the Year competition had the challenging task of reviewing 38,575 entries from 93 countries, which were assessed and judged anonymously by an international panel of experts, on criteria including originality, narrative, technical excellence, and ethical practice.
Australian National Maritime Museum CEO and Director Ms Daryl Karp said, ‘This exhibition gives us an insight into the hidden lives of these creatures and habitats that have often been affected by human activity. I’m always inspired and moved by the impact these images have both on me and our many visitors. I’m in awe of the talent, tenacity and, the instincts of nature photographers of this calibre who go above and beyond for the perfect shot.’
Wildlife Photographer of the Year is the one of the world’s most prestigious photography competitions, providing a global platform that showcases the natural world’s most astonishing and challenging sights. Launched in 1965 with an initial 365 entrants, today the competition draws thousands of entries from all over the world.
The Wildlife Photographer of the Year is developed and produced by the Natural History Museum, London.
This year’s exhibition features a number of images by Australian photographers including Up a gum tree by Callum Hockey, Double interest by Scott Portelli, The snake tree by Juergan Freund and Wombat lockdown by Douglas Gimesy.
Want to learn how to take great pictures of wildlife on your phone? Read this amazing article by London's Natural History Museum!
To visit or find out more, go to: https://www.sea.museum/wildlife
Image credit: © Brandon Güell, Wildlife Photographer of the Year - A male gliding treefrog, Agalychnis spurrelli, in search for mates and reproductive opportunities amidst thousands of potential offspring. Thousands of adults aggregate to reproduce on Costa Rica's Osa Peninsula after torrential wet-season rainstorms over a large pond. There, females lay clutches of over 200 eggs and often lay them next to eggs already on leaves creating huge egg masses on palm fronds that overhang forest pools, as seen here.
Northern Beaches Police Area Command: E-Scooter And E-Bike Safety Operation
Commencing at 8am today (Wednesday 17 May 2023), officers from Northern Beaches Highway Patrol will be conducting a high-visibility operation on e-scooter and e-bike safety along the Northern Beaches.
The aim of this operation is to educate the public on traffic laws associated with e-scooters, e-bikes and pedestrian safety.
Police will also be running this operation across May through to July 2023.
🚲 For more information on E-Bikes: https://roadsafety.transport.nsw.gov.au/stayingsafe/bicycle-riders/petrol-powered-bicycles.html
🛴 For more information on E-Scooters: https://roadsafety.transport.nsw.gov.au/stayingsafe/e-scooters/index.html
The 2023 CWAS "David Malin Awards"
Entries close Wednesday, 31 May 2023
The Central West Astronomical Society is proud to announce the 2023 CWAS Astrophotography Awards - the "David Malin Awards".
The competition will continue with the new judging structure, introduced last year. In order to build on the experience of previous years, and to continue as the premier competition of its kind in Australia, a panel of distinguished Australian astrophotographers will judge the category entries. Dr David Malin will judge the Overall Winner from the list of these winners. We are honoured that the judging panel will include Phil Hart, Alex Cherney, and Peter Ward, previous winners of the "David Malin Awards" and numerous other national and international astrophotography competitions.
There are three sections of entry - General Section, Open Themed Section, and a Junior Section (18 or younger). The general section is divided into six categories; Wide-field (camera shots), Deep Sky (telescope shots), Solar System, Nightscapes, Animated Sequences, and Smartphone Astrophotography. The Junior Section will have one open category and entries can be of any astronomical subject, and can be an animated sequence.
The Competition Structure:
- General Section:
- Deep Sky
- Solar System
- Animated Sequences
- Smartphone Astrophotography
- Junior Section (18 or younger) - One Open Category (can be of any astronomical subject)
- Open Themed Section - "The Zodiac"
The "David Malin Innovation Prize" may be awarded, at Dr Malin's discretion, for a striking astronomical image that shows exceptional imagination, innovation or an unusual approach in any of the categories.
An additional prize, "The Photo Editor's Choice", will also be awarded. This will be judged by a major news organisation's photo editor or editors.
The Solar System category is for images of solar system objects taken with a telescope. Wide-field solar system shots may be entered in the Wide-Field or Nightscape categories depending on the subject and composition.
The Nightscapes is intended to showcase the increasing popularity and evolution of this relatively new genre of astrophotography, combining beautiful terrestrial foregrounds with a night sky scene - often in a single exposure (HDR is OK) or as a multi-shot panorama. NOTE: Any image that contains terrestrial foregrounds will be considered to be a nightscape image.
Animated Sequences should be videos that are intriguing or highlight concepts and events not obvious or significant in stills. Astrophotographers are invited to submit animations, produced as either time-lapse sequences or with other forms of video. They can be of any subject, provided there is a distinct astronomical link. All animations must be submitted as MOV, MPEG, AVI or MP4 files. Today, smartphones are ubiquitous and some are capable of impressive low light-level photography.
In Smartphone Astrophotography we are looking for images that have been taken with only a smartphone, and without telescopes, of an astronomical scene that has some aesthetic appeal and/or that has captured something you might not expect to see from such a tiny camera.
There is no strict delineation between Deep Sky and Wide-Field images. Wide-field images are typically produced with DSLR and interchangeable lens cameras at a focal length of less than ~400mm, but this characterisation is becoming less clear as equipment evolves. Wide-field images are typically constellations or "scenes" rather than deep sky "objects" but entrants are free to submit images to either category.
Judges reserve the right to move images between categories.
The Open Themed Section is open to all astrophotographers. They are encouraged to see who can be the most inventive and creative in evoking the theme, which this year will be "The Zodiac". Photographs could be of the dusty zodiacal light or gegenschein, portraits of the zodiac constellations with or without planets amongst them, or anything else that symbolises the zodiac, one of the earliest astronomical concepts in our understanding of the sky. We are looking for eye-catching images that are also aesthetically pleasing and/or challenging.
All entries must be images that faithfully reflect and maintain the integrity of the subject. Image manipulations or composites that produce works that are more "digital art" than true astronomical images, will be deemed ineligible.
All still images must be submitted as digital files via a dedicated web site that can be accessed at this myphotoclub web page. For judging purposes, still images must be submitted as JPG files with the longest side having a dimension no greater than 4,950 pixels. All images must be in Adobe 1998 RGB colour space and will be judged using a calibrated monitor. Similarly, winning images will be printed from the files as-received, so it would be prudent for entrants to calibrate their monitors if possible. It does make a difference. Click here for an example of a very detailed set of calibration procedures for all platforms. For Mac users, a useful monitor calibration program can be found under "Monitors" in System Preferences, and the ideal solution for monitor calibration is a stand-alone device such as the Spyderexpress.
Submission of entries will close at 24:00 (AEST) on Wednesday, 31 May 2023. Entrants must first create an account on the MyPhotoClub submission page, by clicking on the green entry button. Follow the links to create the account and password.
Entry fees are $15 per entry and should be paid by the PayPal gateway on the entry website. Credit and debit cards can be used on this gateway.
The photographs will be judged by a panel of distinguished astrophotographers, who will judge the category winners. Dr David Malin will judge the overall winner from this list of winners.
Submitted image files should not contain identifying metadata. If anonymity of the judging process is important to the entrant, then images should not be shared in public forums prior to completion of judging. The winners will be notified and presented with the "David Malin Awards" during a special ceremony, held during the 2023 CWAS AstroFest, in the presence of invited dignitaries on Saturday, 22 July 2023. All winners should make every effort to attend the presentation of the awards.
A selection of the finest astrophotographs received will be professionally printed courtesy of Sunstudios and exhibited for the entire year at the CSIRO Parkes Observatory's Visitors Centre. In addition, a second set will tour the country in a travelling exhibition, organised by the Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, to selected venues across Australia.
There is a limit of five (5) entries per category per photographer. All photographs must have been taken no more than 2 years before the closing date of entry, and no re-entries from previous DMA competitions will be accepted. All entries must be submitted in electronic form via the MyPhotoClub submissions web site. The entrants must provide brief details of the equipment, exposure times, processing, and where relevant, the location where the image was taken.
It is not just technical skill that the judges will be looking for, but an aesthetically pleasing picture that reflects and captures the beauty, inspiration and interest of astronomy. All images will be judged by these criteria.
More details here: https://www.cwas.org.au/astrofest/DMA/
Enter here: https://cwasdma.myphotoclub.com.au/
2022 Winner: Ian Inverarity - Nightscapes; OVERALL WINNER "Old Giant in the Fog"
Citation: "This is the finest image I have seen in this competition. It is simply beautiful, and no more needs to be said. No sign of stitching, either."
The Big Bike Film Night At Warriewood
Australian Flies: There Are 30 Thousand Species - Here's Two That Look Like Bees That You Will See During Winter
Did you know that flies form one of the five most diverse insect orders, including about 150,000 described species in 150 families?
It is estimated that there are 30,000 species of fly in Australia, of which only 6400 have been described!
Although we don't see too many around as it gets colder, they are still here - here are just two you will see in your area even in Winter, both of which can often be mistaken for bees.
Hoverfly Feasting On Nectar At Palm Beach
Hoverflies, sometimes called flower flies, or syrphid flies, make up the insect family Syrphidae. As their common name suggests, they are often seen hovering or 'nectaring' at flowers; the adults of many species feed mainly on nectar and pollen, while the larvae (maggots) eat a wide range of foods. In some species, the larvae are saprotrophs, eating decaying plant and animal matter in the soil or in ponds and streams. In other species, the larvae are insectivores and prey on aphids, thrips, and other plant-sucking insects.
Aphids alone cause tens of millions of dollars of damage to crops worldwide every year; because of this, aphid-eating hoverflies are being recognised as important natural enemies of pests, and potential agents for use in biological control. Some adult syrphid flies are important pollinators of flowering plants in a variety of ecosystems worldwide.
About 6,000 species in 200 genera have been described. Hoverflies are common throughout the world and can be found on all continents except Antarctica. Hoverflies are harmless to most other animals, despite their mimicry of more dangerous wasps and bees to ward off predators.
Bee-fly (Bombylius major). Photo: Richard Bartz
The Bombyliidae are a family of flies, commonly known as bee flies. Adults generally feed on nectar and pollen, some being important pollinators. Larvae are mostly parasitoids of other insects.The Bombyliidae are a large family of flies comprising hundreds of genera, but the life cycles of most species are known poorly, or not at all. They range in size from very small (2 mm in length) to very large for flies (wingspan of some 40 mm). When at rest, many species hold their wings at a characteristic "swept back" angle.
Adults generally feed on nectar and pollen, some being important pollinators, often with spectacularly long proboscises adapted to plants such as Lapeirousia species with very long, narrow floral tubes. Unlike butterflies, bee flies hold their proboscis straight, and cannot retract it. In parts of East Anglia, locals refer to them as beewhals, thanks to their tusk-like appendages.
Many Bombyliidae superficially resemble bees and accordingly the prevalent common name for a member of the family is bee fly. Possibly the resemblance affords the adults some protection from predators.
The larval stages are predators or parasitoids of the eggs and larvae of other insects. The adult females usually deposit eggs in the vicinity of possible hosts, quite often in the burrows of beetles or wasps/solitary bees. Although insect parasitoids usually are fairly host-specific, often highly host-specific, some Bombyliidae are opportunistic and will attack a variety of hosts.
The Bombyliidae include at least 4,500 described species, and certainly thousands more remain to be described. However, most species do not often appear in abundance, and compared to other major groups of pollinators they are much less likely to visit flowering plants in urban parks or suburban gardens. As a result, this is arguably one of the most poorly known families of insects relative to its species richness. The family has a patchy fossil record, with species being known from a handful of localities, the oldest known species are known from the Middle Cretaceous Burmese amber, around 99 million years old.
History Of The Spit To Manly Tramline (And A Bit On A Punt And A Bridge)
By BackTracks Channel
more in; Tram Memorabilia - Historic Daylight Run For Sydney Light Rail Begins 80 Years After Last Tram To Narrabeen Closed - 2018 PON History page and The Riddles Of The Spit And Church Point: Sailors, Rowers, Builders
"French Roast" - By Fabrice O. Joubert
When it is time to pay the check at a chic Parisian brasserie, a stiff businessman realizes, with horror, that he's forgotten his wallet. How is going to pay the check?
This little ditty shows how the poorest are often the most generous, without even waiting for a thank you.
The animation was directed by the great French Animator Fabrice O. Joubert, known for his work on "The Prince of Egypt", "Wallace & Gromit", "Star Wars: The Clone Wars", "Despicable Me" and "A Monster in Paris".
This french animated short film won numerous awards and was nominated at the Academy Award (Oscar) for Best Animated Short Film in 2010
School Leavers Support
- Download or explore the SLIK here to help guide Your Career.
- School Leavers Information Kit (PDF 5.2MB).
- School Leavers Information Kit (DOCX 0.9MB).
- The SLIK has also been translated into additional languages.
- Download our information booklets if you are rural, regional and remote, Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander, or living with disability.
- Support for Regional, Rural and Remote School Leavers (PDF 2MB).
- Support for Regional, Rural and Remote School Leavers (DOCX 0.9MB).
- Support for Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander School Leavers (PDF 2MB).
- Support for Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander School Leavers (DOCX 1.1MB).
- Support for School Leavers with Disability (PDF 2MB).
- Support for School Leavers with Disability (DOCX 0.9MB).
- Download the Parents and Guardian’s Guide for School Leavers, which summarises the resources and information available to help you explore all the education, training, and work options available to your young person.
School Leavers Information Service
- navigate the School Leavers Information Kit (SLIK),
- access and use the Your Career website and tools; and
- find relevant support services if needed.
Word Of The Week: Blue
1. of a colour intermediate between green and violet, as of the sky or sea on a sunny day. 2. INFORMAL (of a person or mood) melancholy, sad, or depressed.
1. blue colour or pigment. 2. a small butterfly, the male of which is predominantly blue while the female is typically brown.
1. make or become blue. 2. HISTORICAL wash (white clothes) with bluing.
- (health care) Having a bluish or purplish shade of the skin due to a lack of oxygen to the normally deep red blood cells.
- (politics) Supportive of, run by (a member of), pertaining to, or dominated by a political party represented by the colour blue; (US politics) Supportive of, run by (a member of), pertaining to, or dominated by the Democratic Party. [late 20th c.]; (Australian politics) Supportive of or related to the Liberal Party; (UK politics) Supportive of or related to the Conservative Party.
- (astronomy) Of the higher-frequency region of the part of the electromagnetic spectrum which is relevant in the specific observation.
- (of steak) Extra rare; left very raw and cold.
- (of a dog or cat) Having a coat of fur of a slaty gray shade.
- (archaic) Severe or overly strict in morals; gloomy.
- (archaic, of women) literary; bluestockinged.
- (particle physics) Having a color charge of blue.
- (informal) Risqué; obscene; profane.
- (slang, dated) Drunk.
- (symbology) true blue
- (joke name for redheads) coined in Australia more than anywhere else in the world, 'bluey' is used as an affectionate nickname for a redhead. It is thought by some to have derived from the early 1900s as a form of irony. Blue is evidently contrasting with red, thus being used as a joke.
From Middle English blewe, from Anglo-Norman blew (“blue”), from Middle French bleu, from Old French blöe, bleve, blef (“blue”), from Frankish blāu (“blue”) (perhaps through a Medieval Latin blāvus, blāvius (“blue”), from Proto-Germanic blēwaz (“blue, dark blue”), from Proto-Indo-European bʰlēw- (“yellow, blond, grey”). Cognate with dialectal English blow (“blue”), Scots blue, blew (“blue”), North Frisian bla, blö (“blue”), Saterland Frisian blau (“blue”), Dutch blauw (“blue”), German blau (“blue”), Danish, Norwegian and Swedish blå (“blue”), Icelandic blár (“blue”), Latin flāvus (“yellow”), Middle Irish blá (“yellow”). Doublet of blae.
Possibly related also to English blee (“colour”), from Old English blēo (“colour”); but direct derivatives of Proto-Germanic blēwaz (“blue, dark blue”) in Old English include: Old English blāw and blēo (“blue”), Old English blǣwen (“bluish, light-blue”), blǣhǣwen (“blue-coloured, bluish, violet or purple colour”, literally “blue-hued”). There seems to be a parallel connection in Germanic between words for blue and colour, dually exemplified by Proto-West Germanic *blīu (“colour, blee”) and *blāu (“blue”); and Proto-Germanic *hiwją (“colour, hue”) and *hēwijaz (“blue, purple”).
The modern English word blue comes from Middle English bleu or blewe, from the Old French bleu, a word of Germanic origin, related to the Old High German word blao (meaning 'shimmering, lustrous'). In heraldry, the word azure is used for blue.
Blue is one of the three primary colours in the RYB colour model (traditional colour theory), as well as in the RGB (additive) colour model. It lies between violet and cyan on the spectrum of visible light. The eye perceives blue when observing light with a dominant wavelength between approximately 450 and 495 nanometres. Most blues contain a slight mixture of other colours; azure contains some green, while ultramarine contains some violet. The clear daytime sky and the deep sea appear blue because of an optical effect known as Rayleigh scattering. An optical effect called the Tyndall effect explains blue eyes. Distant objects appear more blue because of another optical effect called aerial perspective.
Blue has been an important colour in art and decoration since ancient times. The semi-precious stone lapis lazuli was used in ancient Egypt for jewellery and ornament and later, in the Renaissance, to make the pigment ultramarine, the most expensive of all pigments. In the eighth century Chinese artists used cobalt blue to colour fine blue and white porcelain. In the Middle Ages, European artists used it in the windows of cathedrals.
Europeans wore clothing coloured with the vegetable dye woad until it was replaced by the finer indigo from America. In the 19th century, synthetic blue dyes and pigments gradually replaced organic dyes and mineral pigments. Dark blue became a common colour for military uniforms and later, in the late 20th century, for business suits. Because blue has commonly been associated with harmony, it was chosen as the colour of the flags of the United Nations and the European Union.
Above: Superb Fairywren, Malurus cyaneus, also known as the Superb Blue-wren or colloquially as the Blue Wren, seen with another male and two females flitting around Avalon Dunes and over to sand.
Superb Fairy-wren (Malurus cyaneus) - female
Vale George Annells CHAMPION
Lifting The Standard Of Food And Nutrition In Aged Care
- triage food hotline calls based on the nature and level of risk to older people
- coordinate up to 720 provider spot checks annually, with 10% of spot checks of the highest risk services to have accompanying dietitians
- support providers to build capability by linking them with education programs
- engage Dementia Australia experts to promote nutrition and food enjoyment for people with dementia.
Care Finders Program Launches In Northern Sydney
- Aged care services for the first time or if they want to change services.
- Community supports.
- Phone or visit My Aged Care and arrange an assessment.
- Attend and provide support at the assessment.
- Find and short-list aged care providers in your area.
- Complete forms and understand aged care service agreements.
- Check in once services are up and running to make sure everything is OK.
- Help arrange reassessments where needed.
- Solve other challenges and connect you to supports in the community, such as health, mental health, housing and homelessness, Carer Gateway, drug and alcohol services and community groups.
Giving Up Driving Is A Senior’s Nightmare – But Smart Help Is Here
- UNSW and National Seniors launched a joint research report this week about older people and advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS).
- The study surveyed 1,300 NSA members and affiliates aged 60-98 who had a current driver's licence.
- Generally, older drivers do not use ADAS technologies regularly, except for conventional cruise control.
- Most of those surveyed welcomed the new technology but question its reliability and safety in all conditions.
- Diminished hearing and eyesight.
- Slower decision making.
- Slower reflexes and reduced agility.
- Reduced muscle strength and response.
- Chronic conditions requiring medications that affect reflexes and reaction times.
- Cruise control was far and away the most well-known and popular ADAS – more than 40% of participants regularly use it.
- Traffic-assist – which warns of oncoming traffic when reversing – and lane change warning tied for second at a much lower 23%.
- Park assist was least popular, used by fewer than 5% of study participants.
Seniors Miss Out On Vital Crohn’s And Colitis Support
- Abdominal pain.
- Frequent diarrhoea (sometimes mixed with mucus and blood) and need to use the toilet.
- Tiredness, fatigue.
- Raised temperature, fever.
- Loss of appetite, weight loss.
- Anaemia (reduced level of blood cells).
- Joint pain.
- Mouth ulcers (sores).
- Eye inflammation (uveitis and episcleritis).
- Liver inflammation (Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis).
- Skin rashes.
State Of The Older Nation (SOTON) 2023: New Research Shows Age-Related Discrimination Is Rampant In Western Australia
- Identify as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander: 55% are renters
- Are not in paid employment: 47% are renters
- Have a disability: 38% are renters
- Identify as LGBTQ+: 38% are renters
- Are single: 37% are renters
- Their primary source of income is a government pension: 34% are renters.
Pittwater RSL: Seniors Show + Lunch 2023
MEN’S TABLE FOR PITTWATER, MONA VALE AND SURROUNDING AREAS
Heart Health Assessment Rebate Extended
Volunteers In Aged Care Consultation Open
- all people who volunteer in the aged care sector
- all those who work with volunteers in their role as a volunteer manager or as an aged care provider.
Plastic Pervasive In Food Supply: New Study
Support For Women Living With Hyperemesis Gravidarum: NSW Health
Cancer Survival Rates For Young Australian People At An All-Time High
Construction Complete At Tamworth Ambulance Station
New Guide For Estimating Space Requirements For Hospital Departments In Australia
Out Of This World Control On Ice Age Cycles
Butterfly Tree Of Life Reveals Origin
Disclaimer: These articles are not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of Pittwater Online News or its staff.