November 10 - 16, 2019: Issue 428

 

Pittwater Roads II: Where the Streets Have Your Name - Whale Beach

Panorama of Whale Beach no. 1 - (and enlarged sections from below), New South Wales between 1917 and 1946. Part of Enemark collection of panoramic photographs by EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). Image No.: nla.pic-vn6152463, courtesy National Library of Australia.

Panorama of Whale Beach no. 4 - (and blown up section from below), New South Wales between 1917 and 1946. Part of Enemark collection of panoramic photographs by EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). Image No.: nla.pic-vn6152465, courtesy National Library of Australia.


EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Whale Beach, New South Wales, 1 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162398255 - and enlarged sections from to show details.

Overlapping Careel Bay at one end, and Careel Bay House, and Palm Beach at its other end past Jonah's ridge along Bynya road, the development of roads and then homes and holiday houses at Whale Beach formed part of the subdivisions at either end of its bay-like cove. 


The earliest sub-divisions of Whale Beach show two Reserves or 'parks' to link the Careel Bay side with this beach and provide easy access, over those hills, to the beach itself, and to the estuary, and in linking to the Pittwater estuary, access to the main road and transport to and from this place during the years when public transport was infrequent and most people came to this end of the peninsula via the estuary itself aboard ferries or launches. Those linked pathways are still intact and used by walkers over those hills through Dolphin Crescent, with one towards the Barrenjoey road-Careel Bay perimeter and one at the back of the crescent itself linking onto Whale Beach road just opposite Rayner road.

The role of Warringah Shire Council played a huge role here in requiring that reserves be dedicated to council as part of any subdivision. In some land speculators they found ready supporters, who not only set aside pathways and whole blocks but larger allotments to ensure succeeding generations would have access to bush reserves and that breath of air beneath eucalypts with views of the estuary and coastline. McKay Reserve atop the Whale Beach to Palm Beach hills is one such place.

In Barrenjoey Road (Roads In Pittwater) the sandspit alongside the estuary at the Careel Bay end, and included in descriptions from early walkers to the Barrenjoey Headland, naming Dark Gully and other recognisable features along the way, or even through the photographs of the Allen Family, the shift from a thin track to a wider unsealed track, and eventually something that could barely be negotiated by early motor vehicles, led to open access along sand covered roads and subdivisions that eventually ensured every available block of land for housing was bought and then filled with a structure of some form.

An extract from an early account, A Ride to Barranjoey, describes:

About two miles further on, from another eminence, a view suddenly breaks on the way-farer, certainly, unsurpassed, we think, in this or any other country. It is a magnificent valley, nearly surrounded by hills, — in the centre of which is the daily farm of Mr. John Collins, nearly opposite whose door rises, to the height of 360 feet, the South Head of Broken Bay. 
On the west side are the ranges that divide Pitt 'Water Harbour from the Hawkesbury River, and through a narrow flat, may be seen the placid water of one of the numerous bays of this fine haven. This farm is a part of the property of the late Rev. Mr. Therry, R. C., and is also well covered with rich grass. Mr. Collins is seldom without a visitor, either by sea or land, and very few ever pass his hospitable cottage on the way to Barranjoey without calling. Here, too, is the cave to which has been given the name of St. Michael, the descent to which over the cliff has been rendered somewhat easier than it was — and about a mile from the cave is the 'Gothic arch,' almost perfect in its proportions, though a purely natural formation. It is about seventy feet high, and from a distance is exactly like the altar window of some huge ruined cathedral erected by the sea-side. 


W.H. Raworth (Brit./Aust./NZ, c1821-1904). St Michael’s Arch, NSW [Avalon] c1860s. Watercolour, signed lower left, obscured title in colour pencil verso, 34.2 x 56.5cm. Tear to left portion of image, slight scuffs and foxing to upper portion.  Price (AUD): $2,900.00  at:https://www.joseflebovicgallery.com/pages/books/CL181-53/w-h-raworth-c-brit-aust-nz/st-michaels-arch-nsw-avalon 

To that point vehicles may proceed without difficulty; from thence to Barranjoey it is only a bridle track, over a mountain, rugged with broken rocks and gnarled trees, but as you progress, magnificent views of Pitt Water harbour and the opposite shore of Broken Bay are obtained, while not the least striking feature is Lion Island, the outline of which is an almost exact resemblance of that noble animal lying . with its head erect, as if guarding the entrance to the Hawkesbury. The 'inclines' on this mountain track are somewhat startling to the novice in bush travelling, the descent into what is termed the 'Dark Gully' being not unlike some of those represented by folklore in Dante's journey to Hades — though the immortal Italian never tried it on horseback. 

At the south end of this mountain is Barranjoey, a dark oblong mass, presenting on all sides a rugged front, and joined to the mainland by a narrow isthmus of sand, over which the sea once broke, but now it is covered with a carpet of green, with a ridge of low brushwood along the centre. Just under Barranjoey is the pretty cottage of the Customs officer, Mr. Ross, and the residences of those connected with the Customs station. There is evidence of taste in the gardens and the other cultivated ground around the station, and an air of peaceful comfort quite refreshing to those engaged in the turmoil of city life. From the station to the flagstaff on the top of the mount, the ascent is by a pretty walk, which must have taken considerable time to make, and on either side are various shrubs so planted as to throw an acceptable shade over the road. The view from here is a fitting climax to those on the journey down — to the south-west is a harbour that would hold the fleets of Great Britain, to the west the mouth of the Hawkesbury, to the north Pyramid Island and the entrance to Brisbane Water, and the innumerable inlets that dent the land stretching far into the sea and forming the South Head of Broken Bay, and on the east the unbroken curve of the Pacific. 

On the eastern side of Pitt Water, between Barrenjoey and the farm of Mr. Collins, there is a fishing station, of Chinese and Europeans, and even here the neatness of the huts and the care bestowed on the cultivation, of flowers are really pleasing to contemplate. The hut of the European is literally covered with foliage, and surrounded with bee-hives, on which he bestows . much attention. The Chinese cure the fish caught for exportation, and their establishment is a perfect pattern of order and cleanliness; and like the hut of their neighbour, is in the midst of flowers, many of rare description. Beautiful and interesting as the country is from Manly Beach to Broken Bay, one feature presents itself of an unpleasant character, and that is the apparent decay of the farms — it is evident that a large quantity of land was under cultivation.  A RIDE TO BARRANJOEY. (1867, March 23). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1860 - 1871), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article166798985

Around 50 years later, some of the early panoramas commissioned by land sellers and from the National Library of Australia's Enemark collection of panoramic photographs show these early cut through treed hills road:

EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (circa 1917-1919). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales11 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162487775 - and enlarged sections from to show road running north beside Careel Bay - courtesy National Library of Australia.


From Newport ocean beach to Barrenjoey, two steep hills have to be encounteredthe first is in very bad repair, the surface being denoted by large stones, gutters, and nearing top, heavy, loose sand, which necessitates careful riding on account of its proximity to the cliff. There is also a very rough descent, with loose sand, large stones, gutters, and irregularitiesTo the foot of the second hill there is a cart track, which is very heavy with loose sand. The road has been neglected. The second hill is the same as the first, yet not so loose with heavy stones, but is steeper in places. The descent is bumpy, and covered in loose sand, and is altogether badly neglected. 

Then the road becomes a track which is more or less covered in sand. Here, a sign-post is met, which very indistinctly points the way to Barranjoey; those unable to read it will keep to the right. From here the road becomes rough and indistinguishable. From a track it becomes a grass field, but keeping straight on, the track is once again picked up in very loose sand, which is deep in places, but the absence of big stones is something to be noticed

Caption reads "This shows the kind of bush track we passed over on our way to Barrenjoey." Image No.: a1373018h, Sunday November 21st, 1909 -  from Allen Family Albums: Album 52: Photographs of the Allen family, November - December, 1909. Courtesy State Library of NSW 


Sunday November 21st, 1909 -  from Allen Family Albums: Album 52: Photographs of the Allen family, November - December, 1909. 
Image No.: a1373019h, Courtesy State Library of NSW 

The premature track is in places fair, but mostly rough, with loose metal and occasional pinches on to Barranjoey. The trip from Newport to Barranjoey is, altogether, unpleasant for the motorcyclist at the present time. I would advise that the rider who wishes to visit the beautiful resort for the week-end leave his machine at Newport, and take the ferry, which runs twice a day from Newport and Bayview. This is advised if he has any respect for his 'jigger.' Petrol cannot be purchased at Barranjoey, but should the motor-cyclist's tank become dry, he has only to ask the ferryman to bring the required quantity back on the next run. MOTORS AND MOTORING (1913, February 2). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 18. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article126462595 

Originally these lands were part of the Archpriest J J Therry grant at its southern Avalon Beach - Careel Bay end, with around 170 acres comprising Lots I and II of that northern Careel Bay-Whale Beach Therry lands.

Careel Bay Pittwater - No boundaries shown, 1882. Item No: c053460084, courtesy State Library of NSW.

NORTH DIVISION. FIVE CHOICE FARMS. No. I., area 104a. Ir. 22p. II., ditto 76a. 2r. 30p. III., ditto 128a. lV. 34p. IV., ditto 6oa. Or. 32p. Each of these have frontages to the Pacific Ocean and the main road to Barrenjoey. On Lot III. is the Homestead and Residence now in the occupation JOHN COLLINS, Esq., and also the Celebrated Cave. No. V., area 61a, 3 v. 32p., has frontage to the Central Road which passes from the coast-line to Pittwater, crossing the main road at the' Recreation Reserve. 

Nos. 1 to 21 are SUBURBAN BLOCKS and VILLA SITES, surrounding the TOWNSHIP of BRIGHTON, in areas from 2 ACRES 3 ROODS 35 PERCHES, to 18 ACRES 3 ROODS 3 PERCHES, having frontages to MAIN PITTWATER ROAD and other ROADS and STREETS, all one chain wide 22, a Farm of 38a. 3r. 37p. on the CENTRAL ROAD, about midway between PITTWATER and the OCEAN. ....

Messrs. ELLIS and MAKINSON, Elizabeth- street, are solicitors of the vendors. A large sum of money has been voted by the Government to complete the main road, which passes through the above estate, from Manly to Careel Bay, at the town of Brighton, Pittwater. Advertising (1880, April 24). Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article133487003

EIGHT MAGNIFICENT BLOCKS OF LAND, CAREEL BAY, PITTWATER, SURVEYOR'S DESCRIPTION. W PRITCHARD will sell by auction, THIS DAY,  Thursday, JULY 6th, at 11 o'clock, in his Rooms, 289 George-street. The above magnificent blocks of land.

SURVEYOR'S DESCRIPTION. The land forms the pick of the late Rev. Therry's PITTWATER ESTATE, on CAREEL BAY. It is with regard to beauty of scenery, salubrity of climate, and fertility of soil, unsurpassed in this charming locality, and overlooks the tranquil waters of CAREEL BAY and PITTWATER HARBOUR, backed by the bold MOUNTAINS of the WORLD-FAMED HAWKKESBURY on the WEST ; and commands an immense and extensive view over the PACIFIC OCEAN on the EAST. Lots A and B. of block 1, rise in gentle terraces from the MAINROAD to BARRENJOEE, to a height of above 200 feet, and then slope down to the coast in a northerly direction. Lots C and D of Block 1 lie on gently rising ground, partly cleared, and are protected against southerly winds by a wall of high COAST CLIFFS. All these four lots contain an abundant supply of USEFUL TIMBER and practicable facilities for a PERMANENT SUPPLY OF FRESH WATER, particularly lots C and D. which are traversed by a watercourse running into CAREEL BAY.

ALL lots have large frontages to the GOVERNMENT MAIN ROAD leading to the POST and TELEGRAPH OFFICE and LIGHTHOUSE at BARRENJOEE. which connects the land for sale with MANLY, LANE COVE, and M'CARR'S CREEK SETTLEMENTS: and on the portion from the old HOMESTEAD to BARRENJOEE the GOVERNMENT have voted £500 for improvements, so that communication with the POST and TELEGRAPH OFFICE will be EASY and ENJOYABLE.

LOTS A. B. and C of Suburban Lot 2, in the primary subdivision of the "PITTWATER ESTATE," are on level ground, bounded on the WEST by the waters of CAREEL BAY and on the EAST by the GOVERNMENT MAIN ROAD to BARRENJOEE. Lots A and B are pretty well timbered, and Lot C is nearly open ground, and enjoys on the South the frontage of another ONE CHAIN ROAD to the MOUTH of CAREEL CREEK.

THERE IS DAILY COMMUNICATION WITHIN A FEW MILES OF THE LAND FOR SALE, either by LAND or SEA, Coaches run duly from MANLY to NEWPORT, and thence a ride, drive, or sail for a few miles brings one to CAREEL BAY. The STEAMER FLORRIE, which runs in connection with the coaches from NEWPORT to GOSFORD, will also land passengers and luggage at BARRENJOEE; steamers run also direct from SYDNEY to the HAWKESBURY" and BRISBANE WATER, midland passengers at the LIGHTHOUSE STATION. The whole distance from MANLY is about 14 miles. The GOVERNMENT have voted the necessary funds for a bridge over the NARRABEEN LAGOON, and it is also clearing a new one-chain road from the LANE COVE-ROAD to the PTTWATER-ROAD, and so avoids the NARRABEEN LAGOON. FOUR SCHOONERS are plying regularly between PITTWATER and SYDNEY, and so facilitate the transfer of heavy material.

PLENTY of SPORT with GUN, ROD. or BOAT.

(Signed) J. WANDELS, CE., 19-6-82.

The land in this locality has been proved to be well suited for ORANGE GROWING ; but in a few months there will not be an acre of land in the locality available for purchase. LITHOGRAPHIC PLANS may be had at the Rooms of the Auctioneer. TERMS AT SALE. Advertising. (1882, July 6). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13514755

At the Palm Beach end the Napper grant of 400 acres eventually became part of the Darley Wentworth estate. James Napper (1787 circa to 1827) travelled to Sydney NSW as ships surgeon on board the Kangaroo, arriving in January 1814. During the voyage out he married a passenger Emma Luttrell in Rio. Emma was the daughter of Dr Edward Luttrell who had travelled to NSW [Free Settler "Experiment" 1804]  with his family. Kangaroo was an armed naval brig, which in March 1814 completed the evacuation to Sydney of the first settlement at Norfolk Island. Mr. Nappers name appears in a June 1814 list to receive land. He became ill in 1815 and on recovery was transferred to the Emu.

James Napper was formally granted 400 acres on March 16, 1816 between Whale Beach and Palm Beach which he call 'Larkfield'. Larkfield may be a name associated with his family. He left Sydney on January 28th, 1816 as surgeon on board the Emu, along with his wife Emma and infant son Richard. The couple also had a daughter, Marie Ann, born circa 1814-1815, while in Australia.

Notices in the Government Gazette for him to collect cattle assigned to him continued to appear until later that year, commencing in June 1816. These were to be collected from Seven Hills.

A CARD.- Dr. PARMETER respectfully acquaints the Ladies and Gentlemen of Sydney, that he will remove to No. 10, O'Connell-street, on the 22d Inst, the late residence of Mr. Napper. -The Public may depend upon Dr. P's medical assiduity, whether as a Physician or a Surgeon. Classified Advertising (1816, March 16). The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2176584

By July 1822 D’Arcy Wentworth was in possession of Napper’s 400 acre farm, and advertised it to let:

TO be LET, TWO FARMS, situate at Pittwater, the one containing 700 Acres, and the other 400 Acres of Land, nearly contiguous to each other, and particularly well calculated for the purposes of Grazing and Agriculture.-Apply to D'ARCY WENTWORTH, Esq. the Proprietor, at Sydney.Classified Advertising (1822, August 2). The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842), p. 2. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2181203



Enlarged Sections from - New South Wales. Department of Lands. (1886). Parish of Narrabeen, County of Cumberland Metropolitan Land District, Eastern Division N.S.W Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-233833505

In 1900 the land that formed part of the Bassett-Darley Estate was put up for sale:

PITTWATER. 
MARINE SITES. 
THAT MAGNIFICENT BLOCK of 400 acres delineated as James Napper's Grant on the Government plan of Parish of Narrabeen, ex the portions reserved by Government for Lighthouse and Public School purposes
, IN SUBDIVISION, now in preparation by Mr. Licensed Surveyor, A. W. Stephen, into SUITABLE AREAS, to fit the requirements of YACHTSMEN, RETIRED GENTLEMEN, PUBLIC CATERERS, BUILDING SPECULATORS and others seeking DESIRABLE FREEHOLDS in a district growing in popularity every day, and soon likely to became a favorite suburb.
THE ESTATE is traversed by the MAIN ROAD, and EMBRACES many favorite and historic vantage pctets, notebly on the ocean side— CABBAGE TREE BOAT HARBOR and Little Heads, and in Pittwater that lovely camping ground, CAREEL BAY.
By order of the surviving Trustee of THE BASSETT-DARLEY ESTATE, And the Administratrix of the late BENJAMIN WENTWORTH DARLEY. 
BATT, RODD, and PURVES, Limited, are instructed to sell the above by PUBLIC AUCTION, at their Rooms, 88 Pitt-street, on — TUESDAY, 30th JANUARY, AT 11.30 A.M.
Messrs. STEPHEN, JAQUES, and STEPHEN, Solicters, O'Connell-street, will furnish evidences of Titles.
Advertising (1900, January 21). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article126278402



Pittwater Marine Sites, Bassett-Darley Estate 1900, Pittwater subdivision plans Item c053460015, courtesy State Library of NSW.

The lots were re-advertised in June 1900 with mention of the tram towards Pittwater being used as a selling point and 18 lots up for sale at 'upset prices'!:

Messrs. Batt, Rodd, and Purves will sell by auction next Tuesday at their rooms 88 Pitt-street, 18 allotments at Pittwater, belonging to the Bassett-Darley estate. The lots vary in size from 74 acres down to 4 acres, and the upset prices at which bidding may start are quoted in the firm's announcement in our business columns. The sale is to be without reserve. No title (1900, June 3). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article126286201

ABSOLUTE SALE.
BY ORDER of THE SURVIVING TRUSTEE of the BASSETT-DAIRLEY ESTATE and the ADMINISTRATRIX of the late BENJAMIN WENTWORTH DARLEY.
CHARMING MARINE SITES, PITTWATER.
A SUBDIVSION by Mr. Licensed Surveyor A. W. Stephen in areas to fit -the requirements of INVESTORS and SPECULATORS, of THAT GRAND BLOCK delineated on the Government Map of the parish of Narrabeen as Jas. Napper's Grant, adjoining the reserve for Lighthouse and Public School purposes. 
AN IDEAL SPOT for YACHTING, BATHING, FISHING.
Breezy Heights and Sheltered Slopes.
LAKE and OCEAN FRONTAGES.
TRUSTEES, DETERMINED TO CLOSE ACCOUNTS, have ventured to risk public competition without captious restrictions, and boldly announce UPSET PRICES as per schedule hereunder as minimum reserve figures, at which bidding may start for the CHOICE BLOCKS shown on plan, SALE whereof will be recorded TO THE HIGHEST BIDDER without any reserve.
BATT, RODD, AND PURVES, Ltd., are instructed to sell at their Rooms, 88 Pitt street, by PUBLIC AUCTION, NEXT TUESDAY, JUNE 5, AT 11.30 A.M., the above mentioned LOVELY WATER FRONTAGE BLOCKS, as per LITHO PLAN, NOW AVAILABLE.
ac. r. p.
Lot 1, area 4 1 17 3/4 £50
2, ' 8 2 ,36 1/2 65
3, 18 1 2 1/2 100
4, 32 1 1 100
5, . 37 2 17 1/2 185
6, 46 0 30 , 230
7, 63 2 35 3/4 252
8, 65 1 0 200
9, 74 1 18 220 
10, .8 3 . 58 61
11, 8 0 32 51 .
12, 7 2 8 51 '
13, 7 19 50
14, 7 2 0 65
15, 6 3 83 61
16, . 5 3 36 51 '
17, 5 2 0 51
18, . 5 2 16 51
are the SACRIFICLAL PRICES at which the biddings will open, and the lots will be POSITIVELY SOLD WITHOUT RESERVE.
SPECULATORS, consider the opportunity for BIG PROFITS in view of the promised tram.
TITLE PERFECT. TERMS : 25 per cent. Deposit, Balance in 4 equal annual instalments with interest at rate of 5 per cent.
Messrs. STEPHEN, JAQUES, and STEPHEN, O'Connell -street, are Solicitors for Vendor.
Advertising (1900, June 3). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article126286238

In June 1911, just after the tramline to Brookvale really did open, a group of businessmen registered the 'Barranjoey Company':

NOTES AND COMMENTS. 

Barrenjoey Company, Ltd, has been registered with a capital of £6000, In 120 shares of £50 each, the object being to purchase 410 acres of the Bassett Darley subdivision. The first directors are Messrs H. Wolstenholme, E T Jones, J T Ralston, J Young, and H R Nolan. NOTES AND COMMENTS. (1911, June 3). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 15. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15239859 

They applied to install a jetty and a swimming area was later netted against sharks around this, which Warringah Shire council required them to maintain and make available for students to use. 

APPLICATIONS FOR SPECIAL LEASES

Attention is directed to the notification in the "Government Gazette" of this date of applications made for Special Leases, as hereunder mentioned. Any objections lodged in writing at this office on or before 13th December, 1911, or before the Local Land Board shall have concluded its inquiry at the hearing of the respective applications for such Special Leases, will be duly considered; and any objections lodged after that period will not be entertained.

ARTHUR SHARP. Chairman.

Applicant: THE BARRANJOEY COMPANY, Limited (S.L.), 11.7, Metropolitan). Locality: Pittwater, Parish of Narrabeen, County of Cumberland. Area: 32 perches; for wharf. Advertising (1911, November 18). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15290140 

The 'wharf' was situated at what we today call the Gonsalves Jetty, earlier a James Booth enterprise and Carl Gow's Jetty after that.

 Observation Point, Palm Beach, Newport Digital Order Number: a106120 circa 1912, Broadhurst Image, courtesy State Library of NSW.

EXTENSION OF TERMS OF SPECIAL LEASES. County Cumberland, parish Narrabeen, below high-water mark, Pitt water, portion Sp. L. 1912 4 ; Ms. 3,922 Sy. Area, 1 rood 20 perches. 

1917 -1176 Barranjoey Co., Ltd., 14 Castlereagh-st., Sydney. No. of Application – 1912 – 4, Metropolitan Bathing Place – from 1 Jan. 1917 to 31 Dec. 1921

Special Lease 1912 4, Metropolitan. Barrenjoey Company, Limited.—The lease shall be subject to subsections 1, 3, 4, G to 0, 11, and 13 of Regulation No. 10G (notified 20th April, 1917), and to the following special conditions:—


(a) The lessees shall permit children attending any school in Warringah Shire, and in charge of teachers, to have the free use of the baths without payment on one day in each week between the hours of 2 p.m. and 4 p.m., such children to provide their own towels and bathing costumes. (b) The lessees shall have not less than three life-buoys readily available at all times. (c) The lessees shall be responsible for the proper conduct and cleanliness of the baths, and shall compel bathers to wear suitable bathing costumes, (d) The lessees shall, after determination of the lease by forfeiture, effluxion of time, or otherwise, and within such time as may be given, remove the structure or all or any material from the lanel at their own cost, and without compensation, if required by the Minister in writing to do so. ) The lessees shall, within six months from the date of notification in the Government Gazette of the granting of the extension of the term of the lease, enclose the land with a shark-proof fence, and maintain such fence in efficient repair throughout the currency of the lease. (e) A breach of any of the conditions, or the occurrence of any indecent or disorderly conduct, will render the lease liable to forfeiture. EXTENSION OF TERMS OF SPECIAL LEASES. (1917, November 2). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 5968. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article227328341 

They then had to convey people to the site of their first subdivision:

TO LIVERY STABLE PROPRIETORS, MOTOR CARS and TAXI CAR PROP.-TENDERS are invited for the Conveyance of about 100 to 150 people on January 26 next, from Manly Pier to Bayview, Pittwater, and return, leaving at 10 a.m., arriving at Bayview Wharf at 12; return at 5 p.m. Subsidy, 2s per head each way. Tenders will be received up to December 4.The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted THE BARRENJOEY CO., Ltd., 1 Moore-street. Advertising. (1911, December 1). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15293434

Messrs. Raine and Horne have three new sales announced, one ls the Bellagio Estate at Woy Woy on December 30, another is at Barrenjoey on January 26, and at the Hawkesbury River on January 27. The same month a very large estate is to be offered at Bellevue' Hill. REAL ESTATE. NOTES OF THE WEEK. (1911, December 2). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28133069 

Warringah Shire.
There are only some five or six shires that adjoin the municipalities in the neighbourhood of the metropolis, and of these Warringah Shire seems to be one which is rapidly progressing in importance. The opening up of the various seaside resorts has been the means of bringing it into great prominence. It has a long line of sea beaches extending from Curl Curl Lagoon (Manly) to Broken Bay, and includes the now important places known as Brookvale, Freshwater, Narrabeen, Bay View, Newport, and Mona Vale, besides a number of others which at present are not quite so attractive, but their future is to come. At holiday time the various places are crowded with visitors, and each place has its attractions for week-enders. The council is a very progressive one, and at every meeting business is transacted which indicates that the councillors are live men, and study the growing wants of the district. 

At last meeting important business was transacted which included a decision to hold a conference for the purpose of devising a suitable scheme to place before the Minister in support of the proposed railway line from the Milson's Point line to the coast, at which all the adjoining areas are to be asked to co-operate. The engineer is to report on cost of erecting four jetties on the Narrabeen Lake. On completion of the tram to Narrabeen it is proposed to further advertise the shire. A letter was received from the Chief Secretary's Department, stating that the Narrabeen Lake would be further closed against net fishing for a further term of six months. A proposal is before the council to erect additional lights at Freshwater. Council is taking steps to procure a postal delivery in Freshwater district.
The Barrenjoey Company has presented plans of a new subdivision at Barrenjoey-this being only one of a series that are to be presented. The council is presided over by Cr. A. Ralston, president, and the administration is in the able hands or Mr, P. Carew, J.P., shire cleric. Warringah Shire. (1911, December 8). The Land (Sydney, NSW : 1911 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article102902245 

Advertisement for above stating 'harbour side wharf': Advertising. (1912, January 6). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 21. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15300293

And after all that was done:

NOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT.
APPLICATIONS having been made to bring the lands hereunder described under the provisions of the Real Property Act, Certificates of Indefeasible Title will issue, unless Caveats be lodged in accordance with the Third Schedule to the said Act on or BEFORE THE 21ST AUGUST, 1912.

No. 17,737. APPLICANT:—The Barrenjoey Company, Limited. LAND:—County Cumberland, parish Narrabeen, Shire Warringah, 437 acres 2 roods, on Careel Bay, Pittwater, and on South Pacific Ocean, and on road from Manly to Barrenjoey,lots 1 to 18. subdivision of Bassett-Darley Estate, and part 400 acres (portion 18 of parish), granted to James Napper;—exclusive of road 1 chain wide from Manly to Barrenjoey, the area of which is deducted from the total area; adjoining properties of C. Forssberg and M. M. Jones and Crown Land.
Diagrams delineating these lands may be inspected at the Land Titles Office, Elizabeth-street, Sydney.
W. G. H-WILLIAMS,
Registrar-General.
17th July, 1912. [362] NOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT. (1912, July 17). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 4485. Retrieved May from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article221604355 

In 1914 a Dr. Herbert Nolan, one of the original Directors of the company, brought the almost 180 acres of land at the Careel Bay end of Whale Beach under the Real Property Act:

No. 19,218. APPLICANT :—Herbert Russell Nolan, Sydney. LAND:—County Cumberland, parish Narrabeen, shire Warringah, 179 acres 3 roods, on Careel Bay, at the South Head of Broken Bay, and on the road from Manly to Barrenjoeylots 2 to 6 and blocks 1 and 2, north division, Pittwater Estate, and part 280 acres (portion 49, parish), granted to John Joseph Therry, exclusive of three roads each 1 chain wide, and land within the 100 feet reservation in the abovementioned grant the areas of which are not included in the above-mentioned area, 179 acres 3 roods ; adjoining properties of E. Trevor-Jones, H. Mackenzie, and Mrs. K. M. Roche

No. 19,248. APPLICANT .—Mabel Daisy Black, Annandale. LAND: County Cumberland, parish Narrabeen, shire Warringah,—8 acres 20 perches, at Pittwater, on Bay View road and a road 30 links wide,—being part 40 acres (portion 43. of parish), granted to George Weller; adjoining properties of F. J. S. Young, S. R. Mitchell, P. T. Taylor, Dr. J. Isbister, and G. Leslie. NOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT. (1914, August 19). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 5039. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article227674898 

Dr. Herbert 'Russell' Nolan, known for performing the first appendectomy in Australia, served in the Boer War where he contracted typhoid fever, from which he never really recovered. He passed away in February 1915. His estate, when valued, showed the bulk of his assets were investments in real estate.

His passing may account for the delay between bringing these parcels of land under the Real Property Act and the first 'Whale Beach' subdivision at the Careel Head Road-Whale Beach Road end.


EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (circa 1917-1918). Panorama of a bush track in the Careel Bay area, Pittwater, New South Wales  Enemark list title Careel Bay, Pittwater. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162412531 - and sections from to show detail; with road at far right of photo seen between trees leads to Palm Beach - courtesy National Library of Australia.

Whale Beach road (?) just up the hill from Careel Head road-Whale Beach road junction and looking back towards hill above Careel Bay. NB: flowering gum seen in one enlarged portion, and road running north glimpsed between trees goimng north, also portion of road visible running up to this road near fence posts in mid section.



Whale Beach Estate 1918 April 1st c053460074, showing Careel Head Road, Burrowong Road (now spelled Burrawong) and Whale Beach Road - from and courtesy State Library of NSW Pittwater Subdivisions folder.

A burrawong is a large attractive palm-like evergreen cycad of New South Wales. Individual specimens take 10–20 years to mature and may live for up to 120 years. Also a name for the poisonous nut of the burrawang, which becomes edible after prolonged soaking.

PROPERTY SALES.

Hardie and Gorman Proprietary, Limited, in conjunction with Mr. E de Gyulay, conducted the opening sale of the Whale Beach Estate, Pittwater, yesterday afternoon, on the ground. There was a large attendance, and the sale was very successful, 52 allotments out of 72 being sold, at prices ranging from 6/6 to 12/ a foot. Total of sale, £1584/2/. PROPERTY SALES. (1918, April 2). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15766139

A few days later a change in the sold £ total:

Messrs. Hardie and Gorman had a fairly busy week in their now rooms. They sold a pair of houses, Nundarra and Yarama, Moonbie-street, Summer Hill, for £1650; 52 allotments in the Whale Beach Estate, Pittwater, from 6s 6d to 12s per foot (£1574); REAL ESTATE. (1918, April 6). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15770535




Whale Beach Estate 1919 Item No.: c053460079 - showing Careel Head Road and Barrenjoey Road, from and courtesy State Library of NSW Pittwater Subdivisions folder

APPLICATIONS having been made to bring the lands hereunder described under the provisions of the Real Property Act, Certificates of Indefensible Title will issue, unless Caveats been lodged in accordance with the Third Schedule to the said Act on or before THE 20TH SEPTEMBER, 1919: —

No. 20.950. APPLICANTS:—Emily Darvall, Moss Vale, and Florence Maud Callaghan, Sydney. LAND : — Shire Warringah, 8 acres 0 roods 24, perches,—lot 9 of the North Division of the Pittwater Estate, at the junction of the roads from Manly to Careel Bay, and to Barrenjoey, about 17 chains northerly from Central-road. NOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT. (1919, August 8). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 4425. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222512530 






Whale Beach Estate, January 26th 1921 pamphlet (produced by E B Studios), and enlarged sections from. Item No.: c053460081, from and courtesy State Library of NSW Pittwater Subdivisions folder.

H. W. Horning and Co., Ltd., report a successful sale of the Whale Beach Estate on Anniversary Day. A large attendance of buyers was recorded, and bidding was spirited, 30 lots were sold at prices to £3/10/ per foot. Total sales, £3072. Whilst to many Sydney people the beautiful stretch of country from Narrabeen out to Palm Beach is too little known, yet gradually Its charms are being appreciated more and more, and a bright future undoubtedly awaits this district. REAL ESTATE. (1921, January 29). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved  from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16886076

The second sale in the Palm Beach 'No.1' Southern Beach Subdivision' took place, on the grounds, on October 3rd that year



Whale Beach Estate 1921, showing The Strand, Surf road, Bungalow where now is Whale Beach road, and Bynya Road and Morella roads as simply 'proposed' and using one of the Enemark panoramas Item No.: c053460112, from and courtesy State Library of NSW Pittwater Subdivisions folder


Palm Beach Whale Beach estate, October 3rd 1921 Barrenjoey Land Company, Item No: c053460113 - outside of Pamphlet, from and courtesy State Library of NSW Pittwater Subdivisions folder


EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Whale Beach, New South Wales, 5 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162400778 - and enlarged sections from to show details.

In January 1922 sections along the main road and whale Beach road were offered:


Whale Beach Estate January 26th, 1922, showing 2nd and 3rd subdivision - names Barranjoey Road with an 'a', Mr de Gyulay is still secretary but this is named as 'The Whale Beach Estate Limited' subdivision. Item No.: c053460088, from and courtesy State Library of NSW Pittwater Subdivisions folder.






Whale Beach Estate c053460080, flipside or variation of flyer/pamphlet and enlarged sections to show where park was to be dedicated and Enemark pano for, from and courtesy State Library of NSW Pittwater Subdivisions folder.


Flyer/pamphlet Whale Beach Estate January 1922, and section from showing new Enemark panorama used. Item: c053460089, from and courtesy State Library of NSW Pittwater Subdivisions folder. 

In 1924 the bulk of the land held by the Barrenjoey Company became the property of the Palm Beach Lands Company. Notices stating the Barrenjoey Company was going to be wound up due to this land sale show among the names of the liquidators some of surviving original directors as well as Mr. Ralston's son and others.

The Directors of Palm Beach Lands Ltd., NB: R T McKay was Chairman of this new company, not R R McKay.

Palm Beach Lands, Ltd,, has effected registration with an authorised capital of £15,000, In £1 shares. To traffic in land, house, and other property is the aim of the new company. First directors: R. R. M'Kay, E. B. Harkness, and A. M. K. Scott. COMPANY NEWS. (1924, July 31). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16177971

In Jean Curlewis' 'Beach Beyond' indications those who owned the land would sell only to those they considered 'suitable' are hinted at. A 1925 article published in The Sun (runs below) also states the previous owners would only sell to those who had been vetted and that, in some ways, The Palm Beach Lands Limited would continue this practice. Whether this was true or not, what was offered in these subdivisions. A copy of Jean's 'Beach Beyond' found/purchased for research for that page has been donated by Pittwater Online News to the Avalon Beach Historical Society should anyone wish to peruse it.

The land on which the Loggan Rock cabin now stands was part of an original 113.31 hectare grant of land to John Joseph Therry in 1837. In 1924 a 14.56 hectare parcel of land with road, including part of the Loggan Rock land, was subdivided and sold to Ernest Ebenezer Way (one of the liquidators named for the Barranjoey Company in 1924) who further subdivided the land and in 1928 sold Lot 179 and 180 DP to Harold Kent. By 1932 the land on which Loggan Rock is sited was part of 6 residential lot, Lots 175 to 180. 

Mr. Kent sold Lot 175 to Charles Berry Grieve and on this was built Careel House, by Alexander Stewart Jolly, who commenced the design and construction of Careel House on that parcel of land in 1932. Careel House was completed in 1934 but during its construction, Jolly set about building the Loggan Rock holiday cabin on Lot 179 - 180 for his friend the film censor, Lionel Hurley. 

This land was subsequently sold to Alfred Dangar Burne and Hurley did not have legal possession of the land until 1937 when he finally had purchased and consolidated Lots 176 to 180 which then became Lot 4 DP 420717.

Alexander Stewart Jolly was born in 1887 to Scottish parents, James Jolly and Jessie Stewart at Mearsham Vale near Lismore where his family ran a building firm, Brown & Jolly and his love of working with timber and stone began. In his post-school years he encountered architects Wardell & Denning and in 1908 began training in their Sydney offices to become an architect. He married Kathleen Wilhelmina, daughter of Rev. William Marcus Dill Macky, at Scots Church, Sydney in 1912 and they had a son and three daughters. 

He was quite successful as an architect during 1918 and the early 1920’s but appears to have had a breakdown in 1923 and also to be afflicted with alcoholism. Reports in the Sydney Morning Herald from 1923 to 1928 cite him as a respondent in drunk driving causing harm charges as well as experiencing bankruptcy. Other sources cite an over-generous and open nature (a country boy) as contributing factors to the state he found himself in during the twenties.

He moved to Avalon in 1923 and took up selling and developing land in Avalon with A E Dashwood. The natural bushland and his love of Nature seemed to heal this broken man while here. He often camped on the sites he was selling or those where he was building a home, and wrote two children’s books, The Spirit of the Bush (1932), filled with local references, and Adrift at Sea, while here. A scanned copy of The Spirit of the Bush is on the Loggon Rock cabin page. The original 'The Spirit of the Bush' found/purchased for research for the Loggonrock Cabin page has been donated by Pittwater Online News to the Avalon Beach Historical Society should anyone wish to peruse it.

Palm Beach Estate - Barrenjoey Rd, Surf Rd, - shows Dark Gully - Willmore & Randell, from Palm Beach subdivision plans. Item c052700017, courtesy State Library of NSW

REAL ESTATE
SHIRE'S ROAD BUILDING
PALM BEACH BOOST

Pursuing Its policy of better roads for quicker development, the Warringah Shire Council Is making arrangements for remaking the Newport-Barrenjoey road to Main Roads Board standard. After waiting the customary month for any possible objections from ratepayers (who were unanimously silent) the, council will now submit Its improvement scheme to the Minister for Local Government. This is necessary, as an officer of this department must make an Inquiry Into costs and necessities before the Minister sanctions a loan for road-making purposes. It is anticipated that this consent will be received In about four months, after which tho council will be free to borrow Its money and proceed with the project. 
WORST FIRST 
The Newport-Barrenjoey road Is the worst part of the Manly-Barrenjoey trip, and its Improvement will Increase the tourist (and probably residential) traffic to Palm Bench. This Is part of the scheme to Improve the whole road. Surveyors have been working for five months preparing plans and specifications for the construction of a permanent road (possibly concrete) from Manly to Newport. These plans have to satisfy the stringent Main Roads Board requirements; but the result, when both stretches of road are finally finished, will be a motor drive through magnificent scenery to a beautiful terminus at Palm Beach. 
BUYING FOR RISE 
Already the prospect of this Increased communication with the city has affected the sale of land at Palm Beach; Investors who scent a rising market following these Improvements are buying allotments In the Palm Beach Estate. Messrs. Willmore and Randell, sales agents for this estate, found that holiday tourists were amongst the most eager of these buyers.REAL ESTATE (1926, January 8). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 11 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224061696 

Palm Beach Estate - Whale Beach Subdivision - Bynya Rd, Barrenjoey Road,  Morella Rd, Bungalow Rd, February 18th, 1928, Palm Beach Lands Limited, Norma Road still 'proposed' - from Palm Beach subdivision plans. Item No.: c052700001, courtesy State Library of NSW


Palm Beach Estate - Bynya Rd, Morella Rd, Bungalow Rd,Palm Beach subdivision plans].  Item c052700006, courtesy State Library of NSW

Bynya was once an area, and huge station, far from Whale Beach:

Bynya, with its 131,000 acres, is a large run successfully managed by Mr. Jas. Mitchell, who has had a 13 years experience on the stations. He has about 130 acres under crop, and expects to have 600 or 700 acres in the future. The woolshed is five miles from the homestead, but communication is maintained for a distance of 33 miles, to the Peak-out station, by means of the telephone and the top wires of the fences. The usual number of sheep shorn is 64,003, but this year the manager thinks there will be but 37,000. This falling-offis accounted for by his selling 1500 in the good times and by losses from drought. A kitchen garden, kept in order by a solitary Chow, is worthy of admiration, for at all times of the year salads and vegetables grace the table.

The fatality attached to this station in the past seems to have vanished with the present management, and the profits will no doubt be considerably augmented.

I was almost forgetting Mr. Alex. Young, of Bynya, who has a very nice little property, and who has prevented me from straying into the bush by providing me with the requisite things for a traveller, viz., tea, bed and breakfast. COLINROOBIE, YANKO, BYNYA, AND MIDGEON. (1897, September 3). Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (NSW : 1881 - 1938), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article99414284

Morella is an ancient walled city located on a hill-top in the province of Castellón, Valencian Community, Spain. The town is the capital and administrative centre of the comarca of Els Ports, in the historic Maestrat (Maestrazgo) region. There are traces of settlement by the Iberians, succeeded by the Greeks and Romans, Visigoths and the Moors. From the early 17th century to the Spanish Civil War, the town was often fought over, due to its strategic situation between the Ebro and the coastal plain of Valencia. Morella is part of the Taula del Sénia free association of municipalities. One of the typical gastronomic products of Morella is sweets known as flaons. Local bakeries are also renowned for a number of other traditional pastries and sweets, like mantecadas, prepared in the ancient way.

The name Morella is an Irish baby name. In Irish the meaning of the name Morella is: Great.

Special attention is called by Messrs. Raine and Horne to the sale, on the ground, next Saturday, of the Whale Beach subdivision of the Palm Beach Estate. In all there are 95 lots on the slopes overlooking the beach, and 32 of these front the ocean reserve. These will probably be the last In which the public will have a chance to secure in this district, what are practically ocean beach frontages. The views from all 95 lots will be safeguarded under contract. REAL ESTATE. (1928, February 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16441060

Aerial view looking south, with Whale Beach on the left and Pittwater on right. Bynya Road winding past 'Jonah's' on the crest of the hill in the right. - From A Visit To Jonahs –  from The Motor In Australia, August 1st, 1930 – pages 34 to 36 - magazine - Visit: Pittwater Restaurants You Could Stay At Jonah's Road House – Whale Beach


Palm Beach Estate - Florida Rd, Rock Bath Rd, Scott Rd, Pacific Rd, Bynya Rd, January 25th, 1930, Palm Beach subdivision plans, Item c052700013


[Whale Beach sketch plan] - Lot 27 D. P. 26718 - Beauty Drive. Palm Beach subdivision plans].  Item c052700019


As the years went on Whale Beach became a popular destination for holiday homes and those camping, especially during the Depression years of the 1930's, with the result that those here regularly, or already residents, formed the Whale Beach Surf Life Saving Club. Bryan Webster, in his Profile of a few years back, explained his grandfather was one of the first, if not the first, Whale Beach permanent resident - known locally as 'Pop' Webster, this very popular gentleman was a Palm Beach-Whale Beach icon. From Bryan's Profile:

I was brought up in Whale Beach. My father lived in Whale Beach with his parents and he bought three blocks of land for a hundred pounds each over in Palm Beach, over the hill from Whale Beach. We ended up living on one of those blocks in a stone house, my father was a stonemason, as was his father.

My grandfather was the first permanent resident of Whale Beach – some say 1921, others say 1923, I don’t have the records to ascertain which it is.

What was your grandfather’s first name?

He was John, but everyone knew him as ‘Pop’ – Pop Webster. My father’s name was also John but they called him Jack. My eldest brother was called John – it ran in the family I suppose. 

My grandfather was given the job of organising the infrastructure for Whale Beach. This consisted of a crushed rock road. He had a gang of men who lived on the flat, on the dairy land at Careel Bay/North Avalon, some of them in tents.

They would come around, and Pop had a horse and dray and they would go around building this crushed rock road. This went along Bungalow road, from north to south Whale Beach – and this was joined up to Surf View Road, which came over the hill, to join on to Barrenjoey Road.

However, Surf View Road was shortened to ‘Surf Road’, and Bungalow Road, when it was finally joined up through North Avalon and around to Palm Beach, was renamed ‘Whale Beach Road’.

There’s many a trick where Surf Road leaves Whale Beach Road, it goes up in a series of dog legs or ‘s’ bends, that zigzags up the hill. My plans actually show it coming up at right angles (I live at the corer of one of these ‘s’ bends), and going straight up the hill.

What they forgot was that my grandfather only had a horse and dray, and a horse and dray couldn’t go up that steep incline, so he built the road as a series of ‘s’ bends that finally went up the hill and along up to Bynya Road.

There’s a lot of history of Whale Beach in the family – I’m the last of the Websters, the rest have died out now.

I love the place, I feel at home in Whale Beach. It’s a great place to bring up kids and grandchildren as well as it turns out.

That name change happened in 1947:

WARRINGAH SHIRE COUNCIL.—Naming and Re-naming of Streets.—Present Name and Situation and New Name:—

Stuart-road, Manly Vale—Quirk-road; Hayes-street, Deewhy —Lewis-street; Little Reef parade, Newport—Bungan Head road; Old Pittwater road, deviation of Condamine-street— Condamine-street; Condamine-street, from Campbell-parade to the intersection with the deviation just south of Kentwell-road—Sloane-crescent; Condamine-street, through District Park from opposite Kentwell-road to Pittwater-road, North Manly —Kentwell-road; unnamed road running west from Pymbleroad between portions 1.655-58 and portions 1,660-64, Belrose, parish of Manly Cove—Hews-parade; unnamed road off Pymble-road between portions 1,625-30, 1,634 and 1,639, and portions 1,651-2 and 1,640-44, Belrose, parish of Manly Cove —Ralston-avenue; unnamed road between proposed Ralston-avenue and proposed Hews-parade, Belrose—Pringle-avenue; unnamed road leading south, from Warringah-road between portion 1,245 and 262, French's Forest—Melwood-avenue; Old Powderworks road, from Garden-street to Pittwater-road, North Narrabeen—Garden-street; Kobado-road and unnamed sections of road between junction of Old Powderworks road and Kobado-road and Gordon-road, North Narrabeen—Powderworks-road; Powderworks-road, from Kobado-road to Gardenstreet, North Narrabeen—Bolwarra-road; unnamed road between portions 1,804 and 1,862 and portions 1,869, 1,805 and 1,960—Davidson-avenue; Unnamed road leading north from proposed Ralston-avenue, Belrose—Tarakan-road; unnamed road leading east and north off Allambie-road, between portions 1,725-9 and portions 1,705, 1,713-1,721, North Manly —Lilli-street; unnamed road between portions 1,249, 1,253, 118 and portions 1,259,1,262, 1,266, French's Forest—Cannon's-parade; Bungalow-road, Morella-road (north of its junction with Bungalow-road) and Scott-road, Whale Beach—Whale Beach road; Farnell-street between Gardere-avenue and Carrington-parade, South Curl Curl—Gardere-avenue; unnamed road off Samuel-street, Mona Vale, at northern boundary of lot 55, Rocklily Estate—Whitney-street. W. U. GORS, Shire Clerk, Brookvale, 17th February, 1947, 565—£1 18s. WARRINGAH SHIRE COUNCIL.—NAMING AND RE-NAMING OF STREETS.—Present Name and Situation and New Name:— (1947, February 21). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 461. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224766434

The commencement of the the Whale Beach SLSC had been preceded by tragedies, some of them related to fishing off the rocks, and Bryan's grandfather and father were who came to their rescue, or tired to: 

GAVE LIFE UNAVAILINGLY TO SAVE FATHER Tragic End To Fishing Holiday AUBURN HOME'S BEREAVEMENT

Seeing his father washed off the rocks at Creel Head, near Palm Beach on Sunday last, Clarence John Mitchell (22), unhesitatingly plunged into the raging sea with a schnapper line tied to his waist Heroically, he battled towards his drowning father, only to see him vanish from ' sight. Within a few moments, he, too, fell victim to the turbulent waters, when the slender life line snapped and the raging sea engulfed him. 

Thomas William Gerald Mitchell (55), his wife and two sons, Clarence and Douglas, together with their two girl friends, had gone to Whale Beach from their home at Dartbrook Road, Auburn, for a day's outing. Arrived at their destination, the men folk, shortly afterwards, went out fishing and when the tragedy occurred, the father was standing on a ledge near the point of Creel Head, when a huge wave swept him into the sea from the rocks. Within a few moments the current had carried Mitchell over 200 yards from the rocks, before the horrified gaze of his sons. 

Realising that his father was doomed unless help was speedily forthcoming, Clarence Mitchell cried out: "I'll have to go In for him; it's got to be done." . 

"No," replied his brother, I'll go in," and he began to strip. 

Though each knew that the strongest swimmer would have little chance in the raging sea, each tried to persuade the other to remain behind. Eventually Clarence, with a schhapper line tied around his waist, dived into the surf, while Douglas paid out the fragile line and agonisedly watched his brother's grim fight against the undertow. 

When 50 yards out, Clarence saw his father sink and realising that there was no hope of rescuing him, signalled to his brother to haul in the line. Gradually, inch by inch, the slender strand aided him to move nearer to safety until, near to the comparative safety of the rocks it parted and the horrified watchers at the waters' edge saw his brother sink near the spot where, but a few moments before, his father had vanished. 

Frantically clambering over the rocks, the grief stricken survivor, bruised and breathless, rushed for aid and attracting the attention of Mr. J. W. Webster and his two sons, John and Alfred, the quartet raced back to the scene of the tragedy, carrying a life line. 

Nothing but a roaring, seething expanse of angry sea met their eyes. Clambering precariously to the water's edge, Webster retrieved a fishing line caught on the edge of a rock. It was a portion of the line Clarence Mitchell had tied around his body. 

On learning of the tragedy, Mrs. Mitchell collapsed. Later, when she had recovered somewhat, she said: "It was only a little while ago that Tom became a fisherman. He used to laugh at other fishermen, but lately he had become quite keen about it. 

"Poor Clarence did all he could. He died trying to save his father. Douglas says he should have gone in after them. He feels terribly about it, but if he had dived in it would have meant another life." 

It is stated that Clarence Mitchell became engaged only a few weeks ago. He was employed as head salesman for a big meat firm. Local people describe the rocks at Creel Head as "Tragedy Point," and the police say that in 10 years eight people have been drowned there owing to the big waves that unexpectedly break over the rocks. 

A constable and a resident of Whale Beach discovered the body of Clarence Mitchell on Monday, on a rock near to where he was drowned. At the time of writing, despite intensive search, no trace of the body of Mr. Mitchell, senr., had been seen. GAVE LIFE (1933, July 6). The Auburn and Lidcombe Advance (NSW : 1925 - 1939), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article240066158

SURF CLUB PLANS FOR WHALE BEACH

A surf life saving club will be formed this season at Whale Beach, a resort near Palm Beach, which is becoming increasingly popular.

Those Interested are Invited to attend a meeting at 11 a.m. on Sunday at the Pacific Refreshment Rooms, Whale Beach. The acting secretary is Mr. Keith Webster, 112 Mount Street, Coogee.  SURF CLUB PLANS FOR WHALE BEACH (1937, September 28). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1931 - 1954), p. 17. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article247236242

ACTIVITY IN NEW SURF CLUB

J. Webster, who represented Palm Beach for eight years, was yesterday elected captain of the newly-formed Whale Beach Surf Life Saving Club. The executive officers elected were: — President, Mr. P. Timms; secretary, Mr. S Bacon; treasurer, Mr. A. Barrell. Twenty-three active members have joined up and co-operated with the Palm Beach club in practice swims over the weekend. Intending members are asked to phone Mr. Bacon, X5231. ACTIVITY IN NEW SURF CLUB (1937, October 19). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1931 - 1954), p. 17. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article247233038

WHALE BEACH 

HARRY DISMORR, who recently gained his bronze, is very keen on patrol  duty. Some say that it is club spirit, others declare that it is the hope that a fair damsel by the name of Nell will be carried out. 

MEMBERS complain that if Noel Greenfield does not stop his strong-man displays with the girls, there will be none on the beach soon. Someone suggested that his head be shaved. 

ADRIAN CURLEWIS, and the member for Warringah, Mr. P. C. Spender, were present to see the first squad from Whale Beach stand for the Bronze Medallion. Both complimented the team on their ability.

JOHNNIE WEBSTER, has the honor of being the first captain, chief instructor, and the first Bronze holder of Whale Beach. Johnnie was a member of Palm Beach at one time, and knows the ropes. Snaps About Surfers from North and South (1938, January 20). Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), p. 19. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article127499039

ENGAGEMENTS

MISS FLORA ANN JOLLY, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Peter Jolly, of Palm Beach. announces her engagement to Mr Alfred Charles Webster, second son of Mr. and Mrs. J. Webster, of Whale Beach. ENGAGEMENTS (1938, July 1). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 9 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229137483

Above - camping at Whale Beach 1930's.


BUSHFIRE AT WHALE BEACH.
Big Area Still Burning.

Throughout yesterday afternoon and until late last night more than a score of campers and local residents from the Whale Beach district fought a bushfire that swept through the bush between Careel Head Road and Barrenjoey Road.

The fire was begun by some careless picnickers, to boil their billy. The wind carried sparks into the scrub, which quickly caught fire. The picnickers abandoned the scene and the fire soon assumed alarming proportions.

Numerous surfers and residents organised fire-fighting squads, but the veering winds rendered their efforts futile. As quickly as they beat out the flames in one area the fire spread to another. More than a square mile of bushland has been swept by the fire, and late last night It was still burning fiercely. Flames could be seen for miles around. Many campers had hurriedly to abandon their camping sites. BUSHFIRE AT WHALE BEACH. (1940, January 1). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17653965

LOTHRINGER (nee Jean Thompson).-November 6, Mater Misericordiae Maternity, to Mr. and Mrs. P. Lothringer, of Whale-Beach-a daughter. Family Notices (1940, November 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17705241

WHALE BEACH SURF CAPTAIN RE-ELECTED

Keith Webster was re-elected captain at the Whale Beach Surf Club's annual meeting yesterday. Sergt. Noel Greenfield was elected boat captain. Other officials are: President, F. J. Timms; secretary, H. E. Heath; treasurer, P. Heath. WHALE BEACH SURF CAPTAIN RE-ELECTED (1941, September 29). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1931 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article247622775

N. Webster and C. Webster, brothers, will compete for Whale Beach in the belt races...Junior Surf Title Contests (1943, February 20). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1931 - 1954), p. 15. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article247851987

CLUB'S TRIBUTE TO PRESIDENT

Mr. F. J. Timms was re-elected president and made a life member of the Whale Beach Surf Club at last night's annual meeting. Mr. Timms has given valuable service to the club. Other officers elected were: Hon secretary, H. Heath; treasurer, R. Elvy; captain, K. Webster; chief instructor, H. Boyd. CLUB'S TRIBUTE TO PRESIDENT (1944, October 31). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1931 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article248070872

DEATH IN SCRUB FIRE

Thomas Campbell Mcintyre, 52, of Crow's Nest Road, Waverton, died in a scrub fire in Morella Road, Whale Beach, yesterday. Mcintyre bought the land on which the fire developed about eight weeks ago. He was clearing it yesterday and apparently collapsed in the path of the flames. The body was burned almost beyond recognition.

Firemen and civilians worked for several hours before they checked the flames. Two houses were threatened. DEATH IN SCRUB FIRE (1945, January 25). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17936366

SELBY—SANSOM.—At St. Augustine's Church, Hull, England, Cpl. Peggy, P.T., Instructress A.T.S., only daughter of Major and Mrs. Sansom, of Hull, to Stanley, R.A.F., only son of Mr. and Mrs. C. Selby, Outspan, Whale Beach. By cable. Family Notices (1945, March 17). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 24. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27930188

WEBSTER.—August 27, at the Mater Misericordiae Hospital, to Flora and Alfred, of Whale Beach—a son (Peter Colin). Family Notices (1946, August 31). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 32. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17986479


WHALE BEACH crew coming in on a breaker at Coogee yesterday. Surf Champions Fail At Metropolitan Carnival (1952, February 3). The Sunday Herald (Sydney, NSW : 1949 - 1953), p. 8 (Sports Section). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18501722

MARRIAGES

YONGE—LEGGE.—All Saints', Woollahra, Anne Pamela, daughter of late Colonel R. G. Legge and Mrs. Legge, of Woollahra, to Major Paul Duke Yonge, son of Mr. and Mrs. A. Duke Yonge, of Whale Beach. Family Notices (1952, May 6). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18263522

Whale Beach. £6,000 is the cost of a timber dwelling to be erected in Bynya Rd. for P. N. Muller by F. A..Molinari, 1 Mary St., Glebe Point.

Manly Vale. A brick dwelling costing £6,000 is to be erected in Marinelle St.. by K. Webster. Morella Rd., Whale Beach

Killara. R. Colligan is having a brick dwelling built at 7 & 8 Koola Avenue by N. Lipscombe, Barrenjoey Road, Palm Beach, at a cost of £8000. OPPORTUNITIES FOR BUSINESS (1954, August 4). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224516881

APPOINTMENT OF HONORARY RANGER.

FAUNA Protection Act, 1948.—The undermentioned person has been appointed an Honorary-Banger for the purposes of the abovenamed Act:— 

Dr. Harry Carew Nott, Bynya-road, Palm Beach. (A. 54 2,175)

(2163) C. A. KELLY. APPOINTMENT OF HONORARY RANGER. (1955, June 10). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1567. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220301896 

Resumption of land:

LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT, 1919.
Cumberland County Council: Proposed Resumption of Land at Whale Beach.

HIS Excellency the Governor, with the advice of the Executive Council, and in pursuance of the Local Government Act, 1919, has approved of the Cumberland County Council's causing a notice of resumption of the land described in the Schedule hereto, together with a description of such land, to be published in the Government Gazette and in a newspaper circulating in the area in which the land is located, such land being required by the Cumberland County Council for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of the County of Cumberland' Planning Scheme. (S. 56-3,657)

J. B. RENSHAW, Minister for Local Government. Department of Local Government,

Sydney, 18th January, 1957.

Schedule.

All that piece or parcel of land situate in the Shire of Warringah, parish of Narrabeen and county of Cumberland, having a frontage to Whale Beach road, Whale Beach, being Lot 255, Deposited Plan 16,362 and being the whole of the land comprised in Certificate of Title, Registered Volume 5,706, folio 39, and shown on plan with the Department of Local Government, Sydney. LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT, 1919. (1957, January 18). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 107. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220349641



Three Beaches Estate - 30 Jun 1929 - Advertising - Trove

5th of April 1931,: "Herbert and  Sir Alexander Hore-Ruthven at Jonah's - I think this is the best photograph of the three": from Album 72: Photographs of the Allen family, 31 January 1931 - 18 October 1931, Album ID : 910181, courtesy State Library of NSW. Images - a3298033h and a3298032h - " In 1966, the family of Sydney solicitor Arthur Wigram Allen donated 51 albums of his photographs to the Library. A compulsive amateur photographer, Allen had recorded his family and surroundings between 1890 and 1934 with 10,000 meticulously captioned black and white snapshots. As an intimate visual record of a well-to-do Sydney family and its milieu, the albums remain without peer." - State Library of NSW

Phillipson's Subdivisions

CAREEL HEAD
Overlooking Whale Beach

VACANT LAND situate in RAYNER ROAD OFF WHALE BEACH ROAD being Lots 110 111 and 112 Phillipson's Subdivision Each having a frontage of 50 feet by depths varying from 168 feet to 190 feet. To be offered In one or three lots

CAREEL BAY

Overlooking Pittwater - VACANT LAND situate fronting the BARRENJOEY-ROAD a SHORT DISTANCE NORTH OF WHALE BEACH ROAD having a frontage of 55ft 11 in x depths of from 270ft to 264ft the rear line being 37ft being Lot 102 in Phillipson's Subdivision of Lots 47 to 49. RICHARDSON and WRENCH LTD will sell the above by PUBLIC AUCTION at PITT-STREET on FRIDAY, 2nd of JUNE. Advertising (1933, May 20). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 20. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16982375

WHALE BEACH.

Whale Beach is situated near Palm Beach and has many pretty views. As you approach it you are confronted by a steep hill which you have to descend. At the bottom of the hill is a stretch of sandy ground where people camp; and it is very delightful 'to rise, about sunrise and walk along  the beach to the swimming pool, which is quite close to the natural rock pool ; over which the waves break at regular intervals. Looking from the beach, one sees' a large white house built on the edge of the southern headland, and it' is very interesting to walk over -the rocks round- to the edge of this headland. The rock pools are full of coloured fish, seaweed and shells, and at high tide the foamy waves break over these pools and wash in other pretty shells and fish from the ocean. l don't quite know how Whale Beach got its name, but the probability is that in the early days, it was the site of a whaling station and that the whalers' 'look-out was on the top of the steep hill. BERYL J. FLOYD, Hurstville. WHALE BEACH. (1938, September 15). The Propeller (Hurstville, NSW : 1911 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article235637282

Local anecdotes refer to the shape of the headland looking south and its whale-like appearance for the origin of the name. The beach, with its open aspects, has always been a great place to see whales from - especially from Jonah's atop the hill, and may point to further inspiration by the original land sub-dividers.




Tall Timbers Estate Whale Beach, Item No.: c053460025, from and courtesy State Library of NSW Pittwater Subdivisions folder. 

J. T. Stapleton, ABHS photo - courtesy ABHS and Stapleton family.


Whale Beach Walkers Estate, January 27th, 1941 c053460066, from and courtesy State Library of NSW Pittwater Subdivisions folder

WHALE BEACH. WHALE BEACH.
PICTURESQUE BUILDING BLOCKS OVERLOOKING OCEAN AND BEACH.
AUCTION SALE, ON THE GROUND,
ANNIVERSARY DAY, MONDAY, 27th JANUARY,
AT 3 P.M. (Wet or Fine.)
20 LOTS and Fibro COTTAGE of 4 rooms.
MANY LOTS HAVE MAGNIFICENT VIEWS OF SURROUNDING HEADLANDS.
Frontíng CAREEL HEAD ROAD and WHALE BEACH ROAD.
TERMS: 10 per cent. DEPOSIT, balance over 3 years. Interest 5 per cent.
TORRENS TITLE.
NOTE: Leave Main Road at Careel Head Road and proceed to Junction oí that road and Whale Beach Road.
Plans and Lithographs from A. H. PEARCE AND DUNCAN PTY., LTD., HARDY'S CHAMBERS, 5 HUNTER STREET. BW5064.
AND Auctioneer, K. S. WILLIAMS, 14 Spring Street. B0142.
PLANS are obtainable at WICKHAM'S STORE, AVALON OR WHALE BEACH STORE. Advertising (1941, January 25). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 19. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17740596

Malo road- Definition of malo. (Entry 1 of 2) : a loincloth that is now worn by Hawaiian men only on ceremonial occasions. Also From Spanish malo (“bad”).

WHALE BEACH-WARRINGAH SHIRE.

By Order of the Public Trustee (account Estate Wm. Leonard Smith, deceased). MALO ROAD. EXTENSIVE OCEAN VIEWS. A solidly constructed Stone Cottage, roof of tiles, has entrance lobby, wide verandah, living-room (open fireplace). 3. bedrooms, kitchen- (dec. stove), pantry, bathroom, etc. Detached is fibro garage, with roof of tiles, land has a frontage of 37ft to Malo Road by irregular depths. Torrens Title. Keys with Local Agent. WILFRED ROBEY and CO.. In conjunction with E. H. LAWS, of Whale Beach, will offer the above-described Property by AUCTION in the CENTRAL SALE ROOMS, DARLEY ROAD, MANLY, on SATURDAY. 13th DECEMBER. 1941, at 11 A.M. Advertising (1941, December 3). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27943991

REID, John Alexander Blair.—November 8, 1949, at his residence, 6 Malo Road, Whale Beach, loved husband of the late Marion Reid, and dear father of Sheila (Mrs. Mills), Ailsa (Mrs. Paterson), aged 68 years. See Thursday's "Herald" for funeral notice. Family Notices (1949, November 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 30. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18138111

WHALE BEACH
MODERN RESIDENCE with VAC. POSS.
"JURA," MALO ROAD
Situated In an excellent position with NORTHERLY ASPECT commanding excellent views over Whale Beach only 3 min to Surf The RESIDENCE Is 2-storey, built of brick, with flat roof, and comprises on the Lower Level, Bedroom, Laundry, storeroom and Garage The UPPER FLOOR Is approached by external stone steps, has large Living room, Bedroom with hand basin, small Kitchen shower Recess
Separate toilet Internal staircase leads to FLAT ROOF area on which is small Enclosed sunroom and Sunbaking area H W s connected Septic Tank Attractively laid out grounds LAND abt 56ft x 100ft
INSPECTION BY APPOINTMENT IN CONJ NORTHERN BEACHES ESTATE AGENCY, of Palm Beach
Solicitors PERKINS, STEVENSON and LINTON.
Advertising (1951, November 17). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 29. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18239913

LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT, 1919.
Cumberland County Council: Proposed Resumption of
Land at Whale Beach.

HIS Excellency the Governor, with the advice of the Executive Council, and in pursuance of the Local Government Act, 1919, has approved of the Cumberland County Council's causing a notice of resumption of the land described in the Schedule hereto, together with a description of such land, to be published in the Government Gazette and in a newspaper circulating in the area in which the land is located, such land being required by the Cumberland County Council for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of the County of Cumberland' Planning Scheme. (S. 56-3,657)
J. B. RENSHAW, Minister for Local Government. Department of Local Government,
Sydney, 18th January, 1957.

Schedule.
All that piece or parcel of land situate in the Shire of Warringah, parish of Narrabeen and county of Cumberland, having a frontage to Whale Beach road, Whale Beach, being Lot 255, Deposited Plan 16,362 and being the whole of the land comprised in Certificate of Title, Registered Volume 5,706, folio 39, and shown on plan with the Department of Local Government, Sydney. 
LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT, 1919. (1957, January 18). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 107. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220349641

Street Names in Whale Beach

Beauty Drive:
Bynya Road:
Crane Lodge Place: proximity to Careel Bay cranes (birds)
Dolphin Crescent: 
Malo Road:
Morella Road:
Norma Road:
Rayner Road:
Surf Road:
The Strand:
Whale Beach Road:

WARRINGAH SHIRE COUNCIL.—Naming and Re-naming of Streets.—Present Name and Situation and New Name:—

Stuart-road, Manly Vale—Quirk-road; Hayes-street, Deewhy —Lewis-street; Little Reef parade, Newport—Bungan Head road; Old Pittwater road, deviation of Condamine-street— Condamine-street; Condamine-street, from Campbell-parade to the intersection with the deviation just south of Kentwell-road—Sloane-crescent; Condamine-street, through District Park from opposite Kentwell-road to Pittwater-road, North Manly —Kentwell-road; unnamed road running west from Pymbleroad between portions 1.655-58 and portions 1,660-64, Belrose, parish of Manly Cove—Hews-parade; unnamed road off Pymble-road between portions 1,625-30, 1,634 and 1,639, and portions 1,651-2 and 1,640-44, Belrose, parish of Manly Cove —Ralston-avenue; unnamed road between proposed Ralston-avenue and proposed Hews-parade, Belrose—Pringle-avenue; unnamed road leading south, from Warringah-road between portion 1,245 and 262, French's Forest—Melwood-avenue; Old Powderworks road, from Garden-street to Pittwater-road, North Narrabeen—Garden-street; Kobado-road and unnamed sections of road between junction of Old Powderworks road and Kobado-road and Gordon-road, North Narrabeen—Powderworks-road; Powderworks-road, from Kobado-road to Gardenstreet, North Narrabeen—Bolwarra-road; unnamed road between portions 1,804 and 1,862 and portions 1,869, 1,805 and 1,960—Davidson-avenue; Unnamed road leading north from proposed Ralston-avenue, Belrose—Tarakan-road; unnamed road leading east and north off Allambie-road, between portions 1,725-9 and portions 1,705, 1,713-1,721, North Manly —Lilli-street; unnamed road between portions 1,249, 1,253, 118 and portions 1,259,1,262, 1,266, French's Forest—Cannon's-parade; Bungalow-road, Morella-road (north of its junction with Bungalow-road) and Scott-road, Whale Beach—Whale Beach road; Farnell-street between Gardere-avenue and Carrington-parade, South Curl Curl—Gardere-avenue; unnamed road off Samuel-street, Mona Vale, at northern boundary of lot 55, Rocklily Estate—Whitney-street. W. U. GORS, Shire Clerk, Brookvale, 17th February, 1947, 565—£1 18s. WARRINGAH SHIRE COUNCIL.—NAMING AND RE-NAMING OF STREETS.—Present Name and Situation and New Name:— (1947, February 21). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 461. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224766434

Real Property Act - 

NOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT.

Issue of Provisional Certificates of Title.

Vol. 4,244, Fols. 226 and 227. Registered proprietor: Marcus Stanley Barnett. Land: Lots 77, 78, 79 and 102, deposited plan 10,782, Whale Beach, rd., Sh. Warringah. Private Advertisements. NOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT. (1940, August 30). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 3685. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article225108155

Careel Bay - Avalon Beach end

No. 6,906. Pitt water, 38 acres 1 rond 13 perches, lots No. 14 and 15 of the Pittwater Estate, and is part of 1,200 acres granted to J. J. Therry. Applicant: Walter Henry Holt - Wealwandangie in the colony of Queensland. 14 July 1887. NOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT. (1887, May 6). New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900), p. 3052. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224295909

No. 19,362. APPLICANT: —John Henry Parry, LondonLAND:—County Cumberland, parish Narrabeen, shire Warringah. 2 acres 1 rood 15 1/2 perches, 3 roods perches, 2 roods 24 perches, and 14 acres 1 rood 29 perches, in William, John, and Patrick streets and Central-road.—lots 3, 4, and 5, section 13. lot 5, section 12, lot 2, section 9, Marine village of Brighton "Josephton," Pittwater, and lots 5a and 6a, villa sites in Pittwater Estate, and parts 1,200 acres (portion 20, parish), granted to John Joseph Therry; adjoining properties of estate late R. Mcintosh, Mrs. Madden, E. Cole, J. T. Taylor. London Bank of Australia Ltd., G. Crowley, J. M. Taylor, and A. J. Small. NOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT. (1914, September 9). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 5456. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article228098990 

No. 18,259. APPLICANTS:—Harley Usill Mackenzie and John George Cousins, both of Sydney. LAND:—County Cumberland, parish Narrabeen, shire Warringah, 161 acres 1 rood 16 perches, on road from Manly to Barren joey and Careel Creek, at South Head of Broken Bay and Hole-in-Wall on South Pacific Ocean,—lots 3 and 4, North Division, Pittwater Estate, also part 280 acres (portion 49, parish), and 1,200 acres (portion 20, parish), granted to Reverend John Joseph Therry; adjoining properties of H. R. Nolan, E. Darvall, F. M. Callaghan, estate late J. Lucas, Warringah Shire Council, and applicants. NOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT. (1914, December 16). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 7405. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article227425339 

No. 20,282. APPLICANTS:—Percy Charles Lucas, Ingleburn; John Hector Lucas, Five Dock; and Edgar Lucas, WaverleyLAND:—County Cumberland, parish Narrabeen; shire Warringah, 12 acres 12 perches, on road from Manly to Barrenjoey, and on Central-road,—lots 10 and 11, North Division, Pittwater Estate, and part 1,200 acres (portion 20, parish), granted to John Joseph Therry; adjoining properties of Mrs. E. Darval, E. M. Callaghan, and Careel Ocean Beach Estate, Limited. NOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT. (1916, December 29). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 7818. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article225966054 

No. 22,830. APPLICANT:—Samuel Jamieson, Manly. LAND:—Shire Warringah, 20 acres 32 perches, lots 12, 13, 15, and 16 North Division Pittwater Estate, fronting Barrenjoey-roadNOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT. (1921, March 18). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1786. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220083436

REAL PROPERTY ACT NOTICE.

Provisional Certificates of Title for the undermentioned lands will be issued after 23rd November 1951:—

Marguerite Dodd lot 10 D.P. 11067 Whale Beach will be issued after 16th November 1951. REAL PROPERTY ACT NOTICE. (1951, November 2). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 3239. Retrieved  from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220108406

Some of the people behind the subdivisions

The Barranjoey Company

When the Barranjoey Land Company was formally registered in June 1911 the first directors were named as Harry Wolstenholme, E T Jones, John Thompson Ralston, James Young, and Herbert Russell Nolan. Many of these partners were either students together at Newington College, the well-known Wesleyan School at Stanmore, or related through marriages.

The Barrenjoey Co. (sometimes Lands Ltd.) were among the first to give land at Palm Beach to be placed as reserves for everyone. In some ways these items read slightly like trade-offs but the end result may have suited the means and cynicism aside, those on either tide of these discussions must have had similar good intentions and some sensibility of something great being achieved for then and for the future.

From Warringah's archived, and online, Minutes from Council Meetings:

51. Barrenjoey Co Ltd , 22/4/1919, agreeing to the dedication of Palm Beach Reserve to the Council Resolved, - That the Reserve. Solicitor be Instructed to make out the necessary dedication deeds
27. Barrenjoey Co , 31/5/1920, intimating that the Company does not desire a local rate levied at Palm Beach; Received, 28, Barrenjoey Co. , 31/5/20 asking that steps be taken to prevent the removal of sand from Beach  Road,  Palm Beach. Resolved - (Cra. Quirk and Lodge) That Mr. Peters be informed of the Company's report, and that he be notified to desist. 29. Barrenjoey Co., 31//Z0, drawing attention to washaway on Florida Road ; Referred to Engineer.

18th of April, 1920 A letter from the Council's Solicitors, Maund & Christie regarding transfer of Palm Beach Reserve to the Council, was read, Resolved, - (Crs. Quirk & Cavill) That the Clerk get into communication with Hardy & Busby: Surveyors, and ascertain what they will prepare a plan of the Reserve for, 

The Barrenjoey Company, Limited, 29/ 11/1921, further to proposed Way of access from Florida Road to Ocean Road, Palm Beach, and agreeing to widen same to 66 ft., if Council will resume filling in Ocean Road, near Wollstonholme's: Engineer to Furnish Estimate for the cost of such work. - H.LC.Robinson,26/11./1921, offering up-to-date survey map of world for 25/s: Resolved(Crs. Campbell & quirk),- that it be procured.

E. Kenny,. 19/6/22, on behalf of Barrenjoey Co., submitting Palm Beach plan of further subdivision at Palm Beach between Sunrise Road and the Lighthouse Reserve: Referred to the Engineer, 
Barrenjoey Co,8/2/23, further re rock- bath at Palm Beach, Palm Beach Rock Bath, and stating that the Company's intention was to contribute one third of the original estimate of £125 - Barrenjoey Co, 6/2/23, re proposed rock-bath at Palm Beach, opposing a built-up bath as being insanitary : Resolved - (Cr; Rayner, Hitchcock) That tenders be called for. -- the construction of a bath in accordance with the Engineer's design, but without a concrete rim.
10, J. T. Ralston & Son. 19/11/23, submitting, for acceptance the Council Memorandum of Transfer of Lot 92, 2nd. Subdivision Reserves. Palm Beach Estate : Resolved, - (Crs. Hewitt, Hitchcock) That the Council accept the transfer and affix its'seal to the document. Wright & Cottam, 28/11/23, submitting plans and specifications of 2nd subdivision of Elanora Estate, Narrabeen : Ref e'red Estate. to' the Engineer. T. . 12. Arthur Small, 24/11/23, giving, reason for not providing reserves in No. 2 subdivision of Avalon Beach Estate: Resolved, Crs. Hewitt; Hitchcock) That he be informed of the Council's rule requiring provision for reserves when an estate is being subdivided in Sections, and again asking what provision he is making in regard to this Estate. 

8A. H. Wolstenholme, 13/9/24 and 23/9/24. one of the Liquidators of the Barrenjoey Co. Ltd., advising that Lot 84 Beach and the residue of Lot 93, Palm Beach  Estate would probably be dedicated to the Council on condition that the palm trees be preserved, and no bathing sheds be erected on the former lot- Resolved, • (Crs. Hewitt, Hitchcock) That the Council accept the two lots under the conditions mentioned, and Mr Wolstenholme be informed that the other matters referred to in his letters will receive the Council's attention, in due course. That a copy of the Engineer's report on the cost of widening the steep angle in Pacific Road,  Palm Beach at the first angle from Palm Beach Road be forwarded to Palm Beach Lands, and they be informed that the Council will proceed with the work, upon receipt of their cheque for £27/10/-, which is half the estimated cost, 14, . Resolved, - (Crs. Hewitt, Hitchcock)MacGregor and Palmer on behalf of J. Young 24/11/23, submitting plan of proposed Subdivision of land in Careel Head Road, Whale Beach Estate. Referred to e Engineer for rept. 

11. H. Wolstenholme, 3/10/24, further re Reserves at Palm Beach stating whole matter will be dealt with by the Liquidators of the Barrenjoey Co. when informed of the Council's intentions .. the other matters referred to in his letter of 13th ult : Resolved, - (Crs..Hewitt, Hitchcock) That the Engineer report on the matters referred to in Mr. Wolstenholmes letter of 13th September,

23. J. T. Ralston, 19/7/23, protesting against the "so-called Boat Shed." being erected on the Reserve close to his fence at Palm Beach. Resolved, - (Crs. Campbell, McKillop) That the matter be left in the hands of the Representatives of the Riding. 

16th November 1925: Resolved, - (Crs. Atkins, Hewitt) That the report of E. Kennys  plan of subdivision of W. H. Rayner's lot 66a, Palm Beach Estate, be referred to the Works Committee. 

12. W. H. Rayner. 18/12/25. intimating that unless immediate steps are taken to prevent the stormwater flowing on to his land at Palm Beach, he will be compelled to take legal proceedings Resolved, - (Crs. Hitchcock, sims.on) That the Council approve of Mr. Rayner's plan of subdivision, provided he dedicate to the Council, a portion of his land at the bend in Palm Beach Road, by rounding off the corner to a radius of 20 feet.

24. Linda Buttrun. 22/l/27. Complaining that her letter of June last regarding damage to her fence has not been attended to, and asking that the same treatment be given her as is being given to Mr. Rayner at Palm Beach, in connection with the damage to his property. Resolved (Crs.' Campbell, Ryan), - that the matter be referred to the Engineer. 25. W. H. Rayner. 1/2/27. Withdrawing request for compensation for damage to his property at Palm Beach, provided Council immediately re-erects wall. Received. Is being claim dealt with, and Engineer be instructed to make a strong and satisfactory job of it.

Meeting of 30th of August, 1938: Re permanent camps at Whale Beach: submitting statement of Council's decisions in this matter since 24th May last. Mr. Moore, a member of the Palm Beach Progress Association, and a resident of Whale Beach, addressed the Council on this matter by consent of the meeting, and protested against the permanent nature' of the camps. Resolved, - That the Shire Clerk's report be 'Received". (Cr. Nicholas, Cr.Campbell)
Palm Beach Lands, Ltd. request for approval to a lot at the junction of Bynya Road. and Norma Road. Resolved, - That the approval of the subdivision be confirmed.
Public Trustee, 3/8/49, inquiring whether Council is Land. for prepared to accept an offer of £300 for Lots 110/112, Rayner Road. Sale of Land for Rates. Resolved - That the Public Trustee be asked to auction the land.
14th of November, 1950: (19) Main Roads Department, 27/10/50, regarding re-naming of main roads, and (a) advising of agreement to the name "Pittwater Road" for the whole of the section from Manly to Mona Vale, Manly Council agreeing subject to it being extended to Raglan Street; (b) that the section from Mona Vale to Palm Beach be re-named "Barrenjoey Road"; (c) stating that the Department and the Kuring-gai Council have agreed to the re-naming of the road from Pymble to Mona Vale as "Mona Vale Road"; (d) stating that the Kuring-gai and Willoughby Councils opposed the naming of Main Road 328 as Roseville Road, and in view of this, the Department prepared to name the section in Warringah Shire, Street including Rodborough Road, Warringah Road, Maillop Road May Names Road and Roseville Road, as "Warringah Road"; (e) agreeing that Main Road No. 174 be named "Pittwater Road" from Mona Vale junction to Church Point) and from Church Point onwards as "McCarr's Creek Road"; also advising that the Department will take the necessary steps regarding naming and re-naming of these roads. Resolved, - That the Council concur in the names, which mostly follow its requests. 
Ordinary Meeting. 11/4/51
The following questions were submitted by the Councillors named, and the President's replies, where given, are indicated alongside; in cases where no reply is given, the President stated that he would have the matter investigated and a reply furnished in due course. By Cr. McKay: Will you direct that a letter be sent to the Department of Main Roads asking, with reference to the Narrabeen Bridge building contractor (Mr. Rolfe), whether the Council can be furnished with information as to - (a) what conditions are in the relevant contract enabling termination of the contract on the ground of unreasonable Narrabeen delay; (b) the amount of the original contract figure; Bridge (c) whether the contract includds a "vise and fall" clause; (d) the approximate cost to the Department of the work already done; (e) the anticipated cost of completion; and (f) the approximate date of completion.
By Cr. Hewitt: Could Mackellar County Council be asked to erect street lights at (a) Careel Head Road at the junction of Burrawong Road; (b) in Careel Head Road at the junction of Albert. Street; and (c) on the recently erected pole at the junction of Whale Beach Road and Rayner Road? The President replied that this would be referred to the Works Committee. By Cr, Hewitt: Could attention be given to the track from Malo Road to the beach; the road on the beach front,to the baths at Palm:Beach; and put the grader on Rayner Road? 

Walter Hubert Rayner was one of the early owners of a holiday home at Palm Beach, and is listed among those there from the early 1920's on. As can be read above, he too had land to subdivide and sell. A few notes form the pages of the past about him and his family:

NOTICE OF DISSOLUTION.
NOTICE is hereby given that the partnership heretofore subsisting between as the undersigned, carrying on business as cafe proprietors, fruiterers, caterers, and confectioners, at Nos. 6 and 7 Jetties, Circular Quay, Sydney, under the style of "Rayner and Gartrell," has been dissolved by mutual consent, as from the fourteenth day of June instant, the said Walter Hubert Rayner having purchased all the share and interest of the said Francis Gartrell in the said business. All debts due to and owing by the late firm will be received and paid by the undersigned Walter Hubert Rayner, who will continue to carry on the said business as "W. H. Rayner."

Dated this fifteenth day of June, 1918.
V. GARTRELL.
Witness,— W. H. RAYNER.

Eric H. Daniel, Solicitor, Sydney.  NOTICE OF DISSOLUTION. (1918, June 21). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 2862. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229427317

Councillor W. H. Rayner, one of the new members of the Warringah Shire Council, has brought forward a proposal that a special meeting be held on Wednesday for bringing Into operation a scheme for reconstructing roads throughout the shire. Warringah, one of the largest shires in the State, has about 350 miles of roads, and has unequalled, tourist and scenic advantages. BETTER ROADS (1923, January 24). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article245837372

BROKEN PROMISE
The Government Way INDIGNANT COUNCIL
A promise made some time ago by the Government that it would give Warringah Shire Council a substantial sum towards the con-struction of the Manly-to-Pittwater-road is said by aldermen to have gone to the limbo of broken Government pledges. In a letter to the council the Minister for Local Government, in replying to a request that he should honor his promise, pointed out that the cost of this road, according to the council's estimate, would be £90,000. The Minister regretted that he could not comply with the request. 
Councillor McKillop did not think the council should accept the Minister's letter lying down. The letter was flagrantly misleading and disengenuous. The estimated cost of the road was not £90,000, but £70,000. 
Councillor Rayner "After hearing the Minister's reply, and being conversant with the facts, I don't think there is any use wasting more time on Government promises. I don't believe the Minister has given the matter the slightest consideration." The matter was left in the hands of the president. BROKEN PROMISE (1924, February 19). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119194876

£20 TO FIRE HOUSE'
Kitchenman's Allegation of Offer
Denied by Employer
INQUIRY INTO PALM BEACH FIRE
SENSATIQNAL allegations of a conspiracy to burn down Palm Beach House, the well-known seaside boarding-house, were contained in a statement read at the City Coroner's Court last week when Mr; E. A. May enquired into the cause of two fires which occurred at Palm Beach-one on April 1, and the other on May 24. ....
Walter Hubert Rayner, of Independent means, said he had known Keys for six or seven years. He had been a hall porter at Ushers Hotel before he went to Palm Beach. The furnishings of his house there were above the average, and he (Rayner) estimated them to be worth between £1200 and £1400.
'I have always looked upon Keys as a straight-going, decent fellow,' he added. 'I once recommended him for an hotel and would do so again now.' 
...Mr. Rogers (Crown Law Department) appeared to assist the police; Mr. Moors (Instructed by Messrs. Turner, Nolan and Bender) for Sydney Keys; Mr. J. Yeldham for Brio Woodger, Mr. Aspinall for the Palm Beach Land Syndicate, unpaid vendors, and Mr. Rainbow for various insurance companies. "£20 TO FIRE HOUSE" (1929, June 23). Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), p. 20. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article169319074 

The first home built on the Palm Beach ocean front was Chorley's in 1913:

Chorley's - section from Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 7, nla.obj-162484891, PIC P865 Enemark collection of panoramic photographs [picture] courtesy of the National Library of Australia.

At 7.30 on Monday morning a very enthusiastic crowd of 80 to 100 friends assembled on the wharf at Palm Beach, Barranjoey, to bid farewell to Mr. W. Chorley and Mrs. Chorley and their daughters, of 'Mount Pleasant,' Cheltenham. The family have been staying over the holidays at 'The Rest,' which is their pretty seaside residence facing the ocean, and situated at Palm Beach. 

At 'The Rest' friends were right royally entertained, and received the Chorley family's usually abundant hospitality. Croquet tournaments were played, surf parties and plenty of music were indulged In, and altogether the holidays were very delightfully spent. There was great rejoicing when Mr. Chorley's private launch came alongside the wharf, which was overcrowded with sincere friends. The Hon. W. Tyler, of South Australia, made a most humorous speech; and Mr. Chorley responded in his usual happy way, and hoped that they and their friends would all be spared to meet again next Christmas. All joined hands and sang 'Auld lang syne' whilst the launch drew out from the wharf and steamed down the river. PERSONAL PARS. (1915, January 13).The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW : 1888 - 1950), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article86103157 

Recent Engagements: Miss Ethel Chorley, youngest daughter of Mr. W. Chorley and the late Mrs. Chorley, of "Mount Pleasant," Cheltenham, to Mr. C. W. Rayner, of the Malay States, son of Mr. G. Rayner and the late Mrs. Rayner, of Forepunkah, Victoria. THREE JAPANESE MAIDS WITH (1929, October 20). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 7 (Supplement to the Sun). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223494579

RAYNER.-September 18, at the Poplars private hospital, Epping, to Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Rayner, of Cheltenham-a son (Donald Chorley). Family Notices (1936, September 22). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17278503

OBITUARY.
MR. W. CHORLEY.

Mr William Chorley whose death took place on Monday at Cheltenham was a pioneer of that district where he took up land about 46 years ago and named it Cheltenham after his native town In England. He was also one of the first to build a home at Palm Beach. He was associated with all local enterprises at Cheltenham and was a prominent member of the Congregational Church of which he was a generous supporter for many years. The founder and principal of the well known business of W. Chorley and Co., Ltd., he had been associated with the business life of the city for more than half a century. He was 75 years of age. He is survived by two sons and seven daughters.

The funeral took place yesterday at the Northern Suburbs Cemetery. A short service was conducted at the home by the Rev. R. E. Chapman. The Cheltenham Congregational Church was crowded for the memorial service. The Rev. Dr. Robert Dey gave the address, others taking part being the Revs. W. T. Hooker (chairman of the Congregational Union), W. L. Patison (secretary), Clair Palmer and W. H. Bain. At the cemetery, the burial service was read by Mr. Hooker.

The chief mourners were Messrs. H. Chorley and W. Chorley (sons), Mrs. Millar, Mrs. Graham, Mrs. Allison, Mrs. Tulloch, Mrs. Rayner, and Miss Chorley (daughters), Mrs. T. Hooper (sister), Messrs. G. Graham, J. Allison, A. Tulloch, and C. W. Rayner (sons-in-law), Mr. T. Hooper, and Mrs. H. Chorley. OBITUARY. (1935, April 24). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17152960

COME-AS-YOU-PLEASE . . EVENING
AT NEW NIGHT CLUB
Palm Beach Crowd Makes Merry
The Palm Beach crowd had the time of their lives (says the "Orange Leader's" Sydney correspondent) when Pasadena, the new night club at Church Point was thrown open, in aid of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital. ...
Many of the people who had been to the theatre or parties in town arrived in tail coats and fashionable evening frocks. Mr. Vernon Dibbs and Commander Dixon, R.N. (England) took a party. After the dance they adjourned to Mr. and Mrs. Rayner's yacht, about 3 a.m. A motor drive to Central railway station followed, to get coffee and rolls, and then a trip to Watson's Bay to see the sun rise. Girls were returned to their long suffering mothers about 7.30 a.m. on Sunday. COME-AS-YOU-PLEASE EVENING AT NEW NIGHT CLUB (1936, February 28). The Kyogle Examiner (NSW : 1912; 1914 - 1915; 1917 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article235253974

LICENCES TRANSFERRED.
The following transfers of publicans' licences were granted by Mr. Laidlaw (chairman) at the Licencing Court yesterday: - William George Bulfin to Walter Hubert Rayner, Tattersall's Hotel, Pitt and George streets...LICENCES TRANSFERRED. (1934, October 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17110869

Tattersall's Hotel, Pitt and George Streets, Sydney, from Walter Hubert Rayner to Sydney Charles Short: LICENCES TRANSFERRED (1936, May 21). The Labor Daily (Sydney, NSW : 1924 - 1938), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article237771415

Weddings.
RAYNER— WINTER.
The marriage of Miss Jean Winter, only daughter of Mr. A. Winter, of Mungindi, to Mr. Walter Rayner, son of Mr. and Mrs. W. R. Rayner, of Palm Beach, was celebrated in St. Stephen's Church, Sydney, on Tuesday night last, by the Rev. Hugh Paton.
The bride was frocked in ivory satin, with a peacock skirt which formed the train. Her veil was of Honiton lace, and she carried an armlet of hyacinths, carnations and forget-me-nots. Mrs. J. Jakins was matron of honor, and Miss Ivy Baker was bridesmaid. Both were dressed alike in green chiffon, inlet at the hem with taffeta embroidered in gold thread. They wore bally buntles to match. Mr. John Ralston was best man and Mr. L. Winter was the groomsman. The reception was held in the ball-room at the Ambassadors. When leaving for the honeymoon the bride was wearing a navy and fawn suit and a navy paribuntle. Weddings. (1929, September 23). Moree Gwydir Examiner and General Advertiser (NSW : 1901 - 1940), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article111726001

... Other well-known folk who have opened their cottages for the summer season, some of them altogether, and others during week-ends, include Mr. and Mrs. C. P. Curlewis, whose lovely bungalow, built on stone piles in the front and backed by a beautiful palm grove, fronts the beach; Mr. Justice Halse Rogers and Mrs. Halse Rogers, Dr. and Mrs. Bullmore, Mr. and Mrs. Graham Pratten, Mr. T. Peters, Mr and Mrs. W. H Rayner, whose cottage holds a commanding position on the hill between Whale Beach and Palm BeachMr. B. B. Wilshire, Mrs. H Wolstoneholme, and Mrs. W. W. Ingram. Just by way of contrast, Mr. and Mrs. John Dansey are under canvas in their own palm grove, where they frequently camp. and in Sydney (1934, January 4). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 7 (Women's Supplement). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17037866

The Engagement is announced of Lois, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Kenyon, of Bayview, to Walter, only son of Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Rayner, of Palm Beach. Family Notices (1937, April 19). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17361028

RELIGIOUS BROADCASTS.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD.
Sir,-Bishop Batty's complaint that the best use is not being made of the time available for religious services by the Australian Broadcasting Commission has brought an immediate response from Mr. Moses, the Commission's general manager. Mr. Moses blames the Churches concerned, while listeners-in have been blaming Mr. Moses. Mr. Moses quite agrees wllh Bishop Batty, and the listening public agrees wholeheartedly with both of them.

I, like many thousands of people, live too far from a church to regularly attend Church services. Every Sunday, however, I go round the dial hoping to gain some spiritual uplift, but invariably have to switch off in disgust. Some time ago a monthly series of "sermons for those who do not like sermons," by the Padre, were put over the air, and I know dozens of men and women who eagerly awaited them, and I even heard these sermons being spoken of with enthusiasm in city cafes during the week. Women found that this same "Padre" was conducting dally devotional services over the air at 11 a.m., and they downed tools to listen in. These, unfortunately, have all ceased, and I am afraid many women have also ceased to listen in.

We all know many world-renowned preachers periodically visit this country, and I have often wondered why they are not invited to preach over the air. One can at least compliment the business man for his enterprise in securing a visiting artist to give an interview over the air, and presenting her at the conclusion with a pair of his firm's stockings, but the Church as a body, I am afraid, lacks enterprise.

I am, etc.,
W. H. RAYNER.
Palm Beach, May 19.
RELIGIOUS BROADCASTS. (1938, May 21). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17467671

LETTERS
ARMY CANTEENS. .
TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD. 

Sir,-It is to be hoped Mr Menzies, whom we have every reason to believe to be broadminded, will not allow a narrow-minded, In-experienced minority to Influence him but be guided by what has proved to be In the best Interests of soldiers and sailors all over the world.

For many years the writer supervised the running of naval and military canteens not only in Great Britain, but throughout the Mediterranean, Egypt, India, and the East, during both peace and war, and can, therefore, speak with some measure of authority The same old arguments are being put forward, which in the vviiter's long experience have been reiteiated ad nauseam All of them have been exhaustively considered by both male and female critics, who from practical expérience have a light to judge, and who jvlthout hestitatlon have decided that 'wet" canteens, properly controlled by the naval and military authorities themselves and not by private interests, have always proved to be both morally and physically in the best Interests of our soldiers and sailors.

No one had a greater prejudice against liquor than the late Lord Kitchener. He certainly never let his emotions get the better of him When he was appointed Commander-in-Chief in India one of the first things he did after Inspecting the canteens was to give an order to have them all refurnished and made as comfortable as possible He considerably extended the hours for drinking in the "wet" canteen, (this from the man who hated drink almost as much as Archdeacon Hammond) The result was less consumption of beer, but greater enjoyment and benefit from what was consumed

The writer knows because he supplied the beer

Yours, etc,
W. H. RAYNER. 
Palm Beach, Oct. 18.
LETTERS (1939, October 21). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17633802 

Walter Hubert Rayner passed away in 1956, the death was recorded at Armidale. 

Alike the reserves and walkways set aside to allow access to quiet green areas, as much as access to the Barrenjoey road, and transport via that road or the estuary, these still in place thoroughfares were a part of land developments by the Barrenjoey Company and carried forward by the Palm Beach Land Company, as well as a mark of the then still quite young Warringah Shire Council and its policies to see original landscapes set aside for all residents and visitors. For more, please visit:  Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways Hordern Or Wiltshire Parks To McKay Reserve – From Beach To Estuary

Harry Wolstenholme was the son of Maybanke (nee Selfe, later Anderson) and Edmund Kay Wolstenholme. He was a barrister and ornithologist, taking members of Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales to visit the shearwater colony on Lion Island in the 1920's.

Harry Wolstenholme (21 June 1868 – 14 October 1930) was born in Maitland, New South Wales, the son of Edmund Kay Wolstenholme, a timber merchant from West Maitland, and Maybanke Susannah Anderson (1845-1927), feminist and educationist. When his parents moved to Marrickville, New South Wales, he became a pupil at Newington College (1881–1885). In 1883, 1884 and 1885 he was awarded the Wigram Allen Scholarship, awarded by Sir George Wigram Allen, sharing it in 1885 with Herbert Curlewis. At the end of 1885 he was named Dux of the College and received the Schofield Scholarship. At the University of Sydney he graduated B.A. in 1890. 

HARRY WOLSTENHOLME, who has achieved such conspicuous success at the recent senior examination, is the eldest son of Mrs. Wolstenholme, of Maybanke School, Petersham, and was educated at Newington College. He is 18 years of age, having entered the college in July, 1882. He passed the junior examination in 1888, with five A's. and two B's., and won the silver medal for geometry. He gained the Wigram Allen scholarship at Newington College in 1883 and 1884, and the Schofield scholarship in 1885, in addition to numerous medals and books at the various college examinations. His record in the Senior is probably unprecedented, as ho has passed in 11 subjects, being marked A in all but one, in which he has B. He also takes the medals in Greek, Algebra, trigonometry, chemistry, and French, as well as the John West gold modal, and the University prize of £20 for general proficiency. It is hoped that this brilliant success is the prelude to an equally distinguished University career, and a life of usefulness to the colony of which he is a native. NEWS OF THE DAY. (1886, December 4). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from  http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13622134 

Harry Wolstenholme married Edith Lucy Doust (1875-1947) on 8 January 1902 in the Methodist Church, Stanmore. Lucy was the sister of Stanley Doust and was an early female graduate at the University of Sydney and tennis player. Prior to their marriage 'Lawn Tennis' results published in newspapers show they played against each other. The 'Tribute by E.D.' run after Maybanke's death was written by Edith, who had been one of Maybanke's former students.

Doust, Edith Lucy, Mrs. Wolstenholme. English history, A; geography, A: English, A; French; A, Arithmetic, B; geology, A; botany; A. SYDNEY UNIVERSITY. (1890, November 3). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13799217

Their marriage notice:

WOLSTENHOLME - DOUST.—January 8, 1902, at the Wesleyan Church, Stanmore, by the Rev. E. J. Rodd, assisted by the Rev. J. E. Carruthers, Harry Wolstenlolme, of Sydney, to Edith Lucy, daughter of Isaac Doust, of Wyroolah, Dulwich Hill. Family Notices (1902, February 5). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14445797 

They had two sons and a daughter, Arthur, named for Harry's lost brother, Marjorie and Harry:

MARRIAGES.

WOLSTENHOLME—MACKENZIE.—April 9, at St. Andrew's, Wahroonga, by the Rev. Stephen Taylor, B.A., Arthur Stanley, elder son of Mr. and Mrs. Harry Wolstenholme, of Wahroonga, to Jeannette Murchison, younger daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Mackenzie, of Wahroonga. Family Notices (1927, May 7). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16384296 

The Engagement Is announced of Mary, second daughter of the late Bishop Long and Mrs. Long, of Killara, to Harry Doust, younger son of the late Mr Harry Wolstenholme and Mrs Wolstenholme, of Palm Beach. Family Notices (1933, November 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17023397 

Harry Senior entered the legal profession and between 1907 and 1910 was in partnership with Henry Davis, the founder of Henry Davis York. Failing health caused his retirement from professional activity. Regular readers of History pages in Pittwater Online News would associated him with Mr. McKay and the Palm Beach Land Company and for being one of the early owners of a beachfront home and weekender at Palm Beach.

Social Surf Season Opens at Palm Beach
OCTOBER the first Is the official opening day of the surfing season; and from now on the red-gold ocean beaches, so far almost abandoned in the still cool breezes of late spring, begin like magical molluscs, with gigantic invisible shells, to open and tip on the seashore in multi-colored hundreds-and-thousands the' first enthusiasts of surfboards, sun and sea. A foretaste of the striking beach ensembles for this year, has been already enjoyed by many women at recent mannequin parades, and soon the, 'season will be thoroughly and merrily launched. Palm Beach is one of the - most beautiful of Sydney's surfing places. The wide sweep of bay and free view of ocean, the soft curves of the gum-tree covered hills; the delightful bungalows, the, groves of satin-leaved palms, and stately Norfolk Island nines on the front, make It distinctive and unique, while the many well-known people who are' residents, or-have summer houses or bungalows here lend a greater interest to this attractive spot. Tucked among the trees is "Bob-stay," the blue and white snuggery of the Lord Mayor Hagon family, whose pretty daughter Margaret recently spent the first days of her honeymoon in these appropriate surroundings.

The Horderns' fine house and blossom and shrub-filled grounds on the front are well knownBeside them is the bungalow of Mr. and Mrs. C.P. Curlewis. Their daughter Joyce and some of her girl friends add riding to other seaside joys, and are often seen cantering along Palm Beach roads. Mrs. Harry Wolstenholme, Marjorie and their Sealyham doggie, Jock, live next door in a delightful bungalow, whose garden plots glow with geraniums at the edge of a beautiful lawn. A cosy corner embowers Mr. and Mrs. R. T. Mackay, of "Boanbong," who yearly open their garden to the public to help Kindergarten Union funds. The well-groomed grounds abound in tropical plants and trees. 






EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 7 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162484891 - enlarged sections from to show the Hordern place beside first Palm Beach SLSC Shed, Curlewis home, Wolstenholme residence(with cows in front yard!) and Peters' place, now Palm Beach SLSC members clubhouse (with horses in front!)

When his father passed away in 1915 we see among the mourners:

THE LATE E. K. WOLSTENHOLME.

The death occurred somewhat suddenly on the 3rd inst. at the local Hospital of Edmund Kay Wolstenholme, a resident of some 25 years standing. For many years he followed various avocations, but being in receipt of a private income he retired some little time back and lived a very quiet life. He was 72 years of age, and a native of Maitland. The remains were interred in the Presbyterian portion of the local cemetery on Thursday morning, the chief mourners being Messrs. E. W. Wolstenholme (orchardist, Bathurst), H. Wolstenholme (barrister, Sydney), sons, and Mr. Young (Sydney) nephewTHE LATE E. K. WOLSTENHOLME. (1915, February 6). Cowra Free Press (NSW : 1911 - 1921), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article99691766 

Herbert Russell Nolan was born in 1866 at 'Patricks Plain', an old name for the Singleton area, one of seven sons of the Rev. James Adams Nolan. His father, born at Greencastle in Ireland in 1837, had migrated to Australia and in 1860 entered the Wesleyan Methodist Ministry. The Rev. James' first pastorate was at Newtown in Sydney and in the 44 years that he served the Church he was Minister to no fewer than 14 Parishes or Circuits as they were called, both in New South Wales and Queensland.

'Russell' Nolan's mother, Sara Susan (née Holme), from whose family the Christian name by which he elected to be known was derived, was a leader in Women's Movements and was widely known for her activity in the Women's Christian Temperance Union, of which she was for a number of years President.

After Newtown the Rev. James ministered successively to the circuits of Shoalhaven, Windsor and Singleton, and his son Russell was born in 1867 in the last year of his ministry at Singleton. It was here that he met and married Sara:

NOLAN—HOLME.—On the 15th March, at the Wesleyan Church, Terara, Shoalhaven, by the Rev. J. Watkin, assisted by the Rev. J.G. Turner, Rev. James Adam Nolan, to Sara Susan, youngest daughter of Thomas Holme, Esq., Tarara. Family Notices (1864, March 29). Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60581453

It was then the practice of the Church to give its Itinerant Preachers a change of circuit at intervals of three years, so that by the time Russell was 12 years of age the Nolans had lived also at Newcastle, Maitiand, Sydney and Orange.

In 1880 the Rev. James returned with his family to Sydney, living at Waverley for three years and then for a second time at Newtown. It was during this period that Russell was enrolled as a student at Newington College, the well-known Wesleyan School at Stanmore. Here at an early age he gained a scholarship.

From Newington in 1885 he proceeded to Sydney University where he entered the Faculty of Medicine. His portrait appears in a group of 14 students; the second-year medical students of 1886.

This photograph is of exceptional interest since in the group appears Miss Dagmar Berne, Sydney University's first woman medical student. 


Second-year medical students. University of Sydney, 1886. Dr. Nolan is wearing grey suit and black tie, in back row. Dagmar Berne (d. 1900), first woman medical student, in front row.

Their father was a Methodist minister and in 1885 president of the NSW and Queensland Methodist Conference. In 1886, his father was transferred to Queensland to the Brisbane Valley Circuit where he was to remain for three years before moving to Ipswich. Toowoomba was only 70 miles distance from Ipswich and both road and rail transport joined the two cities.

In 1890 while his family was resident in Ipswich, Russell Nolan graduated M.B., Ch.B.  He did not remain in Sydney but came to Queensland where his first years after graduation were spent as a Resident Medical Officer on the staff of Toowoomba Hospital.

In 1892, in Sydney, he married Emma Kelynack:

Nolan — Kelynack. — On the 21st inst., at the Wesleyan Church, Stanmore, by the Rev. James A. Nolan, father of the bridegroom, H. Russell Nolan, M.B., of Toowoomba, Queensland, to Emma Florence, eldest daughter of the late Rev. William Kelynack, D.D., of Newington College, Stanmore.  Family Notices (1892, December 31). The Methodist (Sydney, NSW : 1892 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article155399498

At the end of 1892 Nolan resigned from the full-time staff of the Hospital and entered private practice in Toowoomba. His address is given as Russell Street At this period most General Practitioners were Physicians and Surgeons. Nolan continued to practice in both fields and held the appointment of Honorary Surgeon to the Hospital.

He must have had a talent for surgery, for in the Australasian Medical Gazette of 15 July 1894 he reported on the three-year survival of a patient "T.W. age 54, from Drayton", whose tongue he had removed in 1891 for cancer, confirmed by Dr. Eugen Hirschfeld, Honorary Pathologist to the Brisbane Hospital.

In the Australasian Medical Gazette of 13 July 1893, he gave an account of the first deliberate appendicectomy to be performed in  Australia. The date of this operation was 11 March 1893. The report reads:

"On the afternoon of the 10th of March I was called to see Mrs. W., and found her complaining of great abdominal pain; she was vomiting persistently.

For some few days previously she had suffered from pain in the back, but had continued to perform her household duties. During the previous evening, the 9th, the pain in the stomach was first complained of and the vomiting began. The bowels acted twice, and then a dose of castor oil was taken, but after that there was no result nor had any flatus passed, but the vomiting had increased in frequency and the pain become more intense up to the time of my visit.

She was 30 years of age, and the mother of four children. The previous health good, with no attack like this before, and menstruation had occurred only three weeks ago. Hot applications were ordered, and morphia prescribed.

Late that evening I found her in all the throes of acute peritonitis, with quick pulse, rising temperature, dry skin, and thoracic respiration. Her face wore a very anxious expression, with sunken eyes and piched nose. The vomiting was continuous; no flatus had passed; the abdomen was somewhat distended and rigid, especially over its lower half, and acutely tender. After consultation with Dr. E. Roberts it was decided to operate early next morning.

At 8.30 on the following morning she was seen by Drs. Roberts, Falkiner, Garde, and myself, and it was then suggested to pass a stomach tube up the rectum.

This was attempted, but such pain was produced that it was abandoned; a tender bulging mass was felt high up, to the right of the uterus. Her condition after this became very critical, and for a time she was in a state of collapse. 

Operation was delayed for a few hours, and then chloroform was administered by Dr. Falkiner, and with the assistance of Drs. Roberts and Garde, I opened the abdomen in the middle line. Some dark fluid, offensive, but not faecal in odour, exuded. The presenting intestine was drawn out and examined carefully. It proved to be the jejunum and duodenum, and was examined up to the pylorus. Beyond being intensely injected and adherent in parts, it was normal. This was returned and the ileum extracted. This was of much darker hue, being purplish in places and the adjacent folds closely adherent to each other, and marked here and there with large plaques of yellow lymph.

The cause of the trouble soon appeared in the shape of an appendix — the seat of inflammation and perforation. Dark, stinking, thick fluid exuding from two perforations about one inch from its distal end. The appendix was detached, ligatured and removed. The uterus and ovaries were normal. The cavity was irrigated with hot water, carefully dried, and a perforated glass drainage tube left in the lower end of the incision, which was united with silk ligatures.

The subsequent history of the case presented nothing worthy of remark, except that there was much flatulence during the first week, and the track of the tube discharged for some weeks.

On slitting up the portion removed, a small faecal concretion was found at the distal end, about the size of a No. 3 shot grain.

This patient is alive today as the result of a prompt operation, my only regret being that seeing the urgency of the symptoms, even a few hours were lost from trying a useless, and, as it happened, a dangerous expedient."

In December 1894 he reported three further operations which he had performed for "peritonitis due to trouble in the vermiform appendix".

Nolan continued to practice in Toowoomba from his Russell Street address. In 1895 he was nominated by Dr. Freshney for membership of the Queensland Branch of the British Medical Association and duly elected.

In 1898 he volunteered for service in the Boer War and left Australia with the Second Contingent of the Queensland Mounted Infantry.

This constituted the 3rd Company, Queensland Mounted Infantry, and it was raised under proclamation, dated 29th December, 1900, authorising a further "Military Force of Volunteers." The Contingent left Brisbane 13 January 1900 and returned to Brisbane, 3 May 1901.


Captain Herbert Russell NOLAN - from The Queenslander, 20 January 1900, pp. 117 - 123.

His service in South Africa terminated when he was stricken with enteric (typhoid fever). He survived this illness, but it seems to have left his health permanently impaired and at the end of his convalescence he travelled to Europe. During the next two years his time appears to have been spent visiting various clinics and studying rhinology and laryngology.

Russell Nolan returned to Australia in 1902 but not to Queensland. His parents were once again living in Sydney, where his father was preacher at Newtown for the third and last time in his 44 years of ministry. This may have influenced Nolan's choice, although he was now a fully trained specialist and required a capital city in which to practice his specialty. 

He set up in Macquarie Street the Harley Street of Sydney, as a Specialist in Diseases of the Nose and Throat and rapidly gained a large following.

In the year after his return he was appointed to the staff of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital as Honorary Clinical Assistant Surgeon in the Department for Diseases of the Nose and Throat. Incidentally, Nolan was the first Clinical Assistant to be appointed to any department in that hospital. Advancement soon came, and on the retirement of Dr. Hankin in 1906 he was promoted to Honorary Surgeon.

Meanwhile he had been appointed Lecturer in diseases of the ear, nose and throat at Sydney University.

In 1914 Nolan's health, which had been indifferent since his South African illness, deteriorated further. He continued to practice, but towards the latter part of the year reduced the work load by taking into partnership Dr. Alexander Dunn. At the very end of the year he retired permanently from practice and on 3 February 1915 he died.

Nolan had married and had three sons, all of whom were living at the time of his death. This then is a thumb-nail sketch of the life of the Surgeon to whom goes the credit of having performed the first deliberate appendicectomy in Australia.

His obituary in the Medical Journal of Australia concludes with the words: 

"In his practice he was a man of resource, geniality and kindliness. His knowledge of and technical skill in his specialty, coupled with his experience as a General Practitioner, rendered him more than usually capable in dealing with his patients ... . He was essentially an optimist and his generosity in word and deed, and constant cheerfulness gained him the confidence and affection of his patients and friends". [6.]

Some may have memories of his brother, Percy Leonard Nolan (1886 – 1954) solicitor and a mayor of Manly Council. Percy was the 13th child of Sara and the Rev James Adams Nolan. Percy studied law and served articles with Reginald Cowlishaw, of Robson and Cowlishaw in Sydney. In 1908 he was admitted as a solicitor. He lived in Manly from 1918 and in 1922 he became a partner in the firm of Turner, Nolan & Company.

He first served on Manly Council as an alderman in 1923. For three terms from 1936 he was Mayor of Manly (the 28th Mayor) and served in that role during the Diamond Jubilee celebrations of the council in 1937 and the Sesquicentennial celebrations of the white settlement of Sydney the following year. The Dobroyd Head scenic roadway, funded by the council, was opened during his mayoralty. The new Manly Town Hall and the Eric Andrew designed Surf Pavilion at South Steyne were also undertaken whilst he was mayor. The pavilion won the Sir John Sulman Medal but has since been demolished. During his term as mayor, he was active in convincing the state government to allow the rebuilding of harbour ferry wharf which stands to this day. For many years, Nolan pushed for the removal of the North Head Quarantine Station from Manly and called for its use as public open space. In 1924, Percy Nolan was on the first board of the Manly Art Gallery and Museum and was a supporter of that unique municipal endeavour until his death. Just prior to his death on 3 June 1954 he received a certificate of merit from the Local Government Association of NSW for 25 years’ service to Manly Council. On his death at his residence in Margaret Street, Manly, he was survived by his wife, Irene, and daughters, Dorothy and Joyce. In 1955 Clontarf Road was renamed Nolan Place in his honour. [7.]

He was present at the funeral of his brother:

FUNERAL OF DR. H. R. NOLAN.

The funeral of Dr. Herbert Russell Nolan, second son of the late Rev. J. A. Nolan, took place yesterday in the Methodist section of the Rookwood Cemetery. The service held at Meville, Rockwall-crescent, Potts Point, deceased's late residence, and the service at the graveside were conducted by the Rev. Howard Nolan, brother of the deceased, assisted by the Revs. James Colwell, L. H. Kelynack, and F. Colwell.

The chief mourners were Messrs. Morven and Geoffrey Nolan (sons), the Rev. Howard Nolan, and Messrs. Henry, Oliver, Wesley, and Percy Nolan (brothers), the Rev. Harold Kelynack, and Messrs. W. Frank, Aubrey, Erich, and Athol Kelynack (brothers-in-Iaw).

Among others present at the grave were the Rev. C. J. Prescott, tho Rev. F. Boyer, the Rev. F. Colwell (President Methodist Conference), the Rev. Dr. Carruthers (Secretary of the General Methodist Conference, and representative of the Board of Missions), the Rev. James Colwell, the Rev. W. H. Williams, Sir Thomas Anderson Stuart, the Rev. C. E. James, Dr. Sinclair Gillies, Dr. S. Sheldon, Dr. Binney, Dr. Herbert Marks, Dr. W. A. Dunn, Dr. Woolnough, Dr. Mansfield, Dr. S. Lever, Messrs. C. Brunsdon Fletcher, Harold Rabone, W E V. Robson, M.L.A., E. E. de Gyulay, P ' N Slado, Arthur Hardy, F. M'Cure, L. G. Priestley, S. Waterson, A. J. Phillips, A. Whitney, Harold Cowlishaw, W. Cuthbertson, R. Cowlishaw, J. Barnard Clarence Prescott, G. Walker, and others.

A contingent of cadets from Newington College represented the college at the graveside. FUNERAL OF DR. H. R. NOLAN. (1915, February 5). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15564750

His brother Wesley also has a Manly connection:

BEQUEST FOR CARILLON AT NORTH HEAD

The erection of a carillon at North Head to be played to welcome oversea ships is provided for by the will of Wesley Holme Nolan, dentist, of Macquarie-street, who left £26,673. He died on September 2, aged 57, and was a bachelor. His relatives share his estate.

The bequest for the carillon takes effect on the death or marriage of his last surviving unmarried niece. The trustees of the Art Gallery are asked to see to the erection of the carillon on the lines of the one at Catalina Island, California. Mr. Nolan left £50 for an annual trophy for Concord Golf Club members. BEQUEST FOR CARILLON AT NORTH HEAD (1938, December 14). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 1 (LAST RACE ALL DETAILS). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article231125530

The bulk of Herbert 'Russell's estate was invested in land, and with his illness, the wish to move lands under the Real Property Act months before he passed away becomes apparent. A Probate notice supports this move:

LATE DR. H. R. NOLAN.

Probate has bean granted of the will of the late Dr. Herbert Russell Nolan, medical practitioner, of Potts Point, who died on February 3. Testator appointed his widow, Emma Florence Nolan, sole executrix, and bequeathed to her the whole of his real and personal estate.

The net value of the estate was estimated at £16,856 17s 1d, of which £14,764 2s 4d represented real estate. LATE DR. H. R. NOLAN. (1915, March 24). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15582712

His son Morven would serve too, during WWI, and lost his life in the Western Front in France. Lieutenant Morven Kelynack Nolan. Unit: 13th Battalion (New South Wales), Australian Infantry, Australian Imperial Force. Death: 26 March 1918 Western Front


Morven Kelynack Nolan Image source: Imperial War Museums

CWGC rank is given as 2nd Lieutenant and age as 24 Son of Herbert Russell Nolan and Emma Florence Nolan; husband of Doris Nolan, of Golf Links Rd., Leura, New South Wales. Native of Toowoomba, Queensland.

John Thompson Ralston, a native-born solicitor, and his wife Henrietta Marrianne, (née Orr, who came from Ireland), had three children, Edith Marion Ralston M.B.E. (1894-1967), headmistress of the  Wenona school, and John Malbon Ralston (born 1899), of which a little has already been run as one of Palm Beach's first surfers, and Jean (born 1904).

OBITUARY.
MR. J. T. RALSTON.
The funeral of the late Mr. John Thompson Ralston left the residence, Gulstan, Rangers Road, Neutral Bay, on Saturday and proceeded to the Presbyterian section of the Northern Suburbs Cemetery. There was a large and representative gathering at the service, which was conducted at the house by the Rev. P. H. Waugh, assisted by the Rev. S. B. Evans. 

The principal mourners included the widow and two daughters of the deceased, Mr. John M. Ralston (son), Mr. Acting Justice H. G. Ralston (brother), Messrs. A. W., J. W. and Gavin Ralston and Mr. E. R. Raine (nephews), Mr. Tom R. Raine (brother-in-law),Mr. David Vaughan, and Mr. E. C. M'Mondie and Miss M'Mondie. The service at the grave-side was conducted by the Rev. S. B. Evans. 

The following Masonic brethren, in regalia, accompanied the coffin to the graveside: Messrs. W. F. Hinton (W.M.), Edmund Read (I.P.M.). E. M. Mitchell, E. A. Scott and H. B. Allard (P.Ms.), H. Beardsmore (S.W.),R. H. Goddard, W. Boyce, C. L. Boyce, Walter F. Gale (Temperance), and Toose (Athenaeum).

Others present Included Messrs. Fred. L. King,A. L. Charlton, E. P. Carr, G. Mason Allard, E. W. de Gyulay, A. E. G. de Gyulay, G. R. AllardH. Wolstonholme, T. W. Seaver, Edward L. Ramsay, J. Allen Ramsay, Herman Fawl, Robert Guthrie, J. B. Hunter, W. N. Keast, V. W. Williams, N. L. Gilfillan, A. R.Stafford (Ballata), Frank Saunders, Prof. J. P. Peden, A. D. Peden, H. M'Kinnoy (representing H. G. M'Kinnoy, M.I.C.E.), W. J. Cunningham, W. A. Cunningham, J. T. Kerr, A. Kerr, E. H.E. Lodge, .James Paton, E. R. Scott, J. Nowack,J. H. Beatson, E. Bignold, J. F. South, N. Harding, C. Barker, and T. W. B. Oxenbould. OBITUARY. (1923, December 31). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16119140

DEATH OF MR. J. T. RALSTON
The late Mr. John Thomson Ralston, of Neutral Bay, whose death Is announced to have occurred at his home on December 27, was an old and well known solicitor of Sydney. He was one of the victims of the Redfern railway disaster about 35 years ago, when his injuries set him aside from the work of his profession for a year. 

He was a nephew of the Hon. J. Malbon Thomson, formerly a Minister of the Crown in Queensland and a son of the late Mr. Alex. Ralston, first general manager of the Australian Mutual Provident Society. 

The late Mr. J. T. Ralston was a prominent Freemason, but he never sought Grand Lodge honours, he was also a successful gardener, and in a suburban plot he used to grow masses of rare and lovely flowers. Of late years he spent much of his time in retirement at his seaside home at Palm Beach. DEATH OF MR. J. T. RALSTON. (1923, December 29). The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld. : 1872 - 1947), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article178444395 

His father Alexander James Ralston, was born April 19th, 1833 at Launceston, Tasmania, to Gavin and Emily Ann (nee Vardon, born February 12th, 1812 at Saint Leonards, Shoreditch, London), the second of 11 children. Gavin Ralston was born in 1805 in Ayreshire, Scotland and died in Prahan, Victoria, in 1874, his mother in 1903.

The Greenock left Leith the 22d November, and the Cape of Good Hope the 4th March. —
Passengers, (for Hobart Town), Mr. Gracie, Mr. W. Crawford Davidson, Mr. Burn, Mrs. Robertson and family, Mr. John Davidson, Mr. John Dalzell, Mr. and Mrs. John Scott, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Mailer, Messrs. William and John Elliot, Mr. John Fitzpatrick and family, Mr. James Dow, Mr. John M'Rae and family. — For Sydney, Mr. Andrew Newton and family, Mr. William Reid, Mr. Shairp, Mr. Gavin Ralston, the Rev. Mr. M'Garvie, (Presbyterian Clergyman), Mr. Rankin, Mr. James Sloan, Mr. William Jobson, Mr. Edward Middleton, Mr. Thomas Elliot, and Mr. Robert Smith. Ship News. (1826, April 28). Colonial Times and Tasmanian Advertiser (Hobart, Tas. : 1825 - 1827), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2447665

MARRIED - By special licence, at New Norfolk, Mr. Gavin Ralston, of Launceston, to Mrs. Emily Ann Crocket, widow of the late Dr. Crocket, of Hobart Town. (From the Launceston Advertiser.) printed in the Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser NSW Thursday February 23rd, 1832

DIED.
At his fathers residence, Prahran, on Monday the 22nd instant, in the 21st year of his age, Gavin Vardon, eldest Son of Gavin Ralston of this City 4787. Family Notices (1851, December 24). The Melbourne Daily News (Vic. : 1848 - 1851), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article226913070

VICTORIA. SANDHURST, March 1. Gavin Ralston, late legal manager, died in the hospital late on Friday night. An inquest was held upon the body on Saturday, when it appeared that the deceased was received into the hospital in an insensible condition. The evidence showed his death was caused by apoplexy. VICTORIA. (1874, March 5). Launceston Examiner (Tas. : 1842 - 1899), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article52891737

RALSTON.—On the 27th February, at Sandhurst, of apoplexy, in the sixty-ninth year of his age, Gavin, eldest son of the late Gavin Ralston, Captain Third Light Dragoons, of Lagg, Ayrshire, Scotland. Family Notices (1874, March 25). Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (Melbourne, Vic. : 1867 - 1875), p. 46. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60448398

RALSTON. —On the 11th January, at her residence, "Thornhill," Charles street, Kew, Mrs. E. A. Ralston, widow of the late Gavin Ralston, Esq., of Melbourne, and daughter of the late George Vardon, Esq., of the Honourable East India Company's service, London, England, aged 90 years. (English and Scotch papers please copy.). Argus . January 15th 1903.

A J Ralston married in 1860:
96/1860 RALSTON ALEXANDER JAMES THOMPSON EDITH WINDEYER SYDNEY

RALSTON—THOMPSON—February 2nd, at St. John's Church, Darlinghurst, Sydney, by the Rev. Thomas Haydon, Alexander James Ralston, Esq., of South Yarra, Melbourne, Victoria, to Edith Windeyer, eldest daughter of John Thompson, Esq., late Deputy Surveyor-General of New South Wales. Family Notices (1860, February 13). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28629008

Children of the union:
RALSTON  ALEXANDER G 2286/1860 ALEXANDER J EDITH W SYDNEY
RALSTON  JOHN T 3649/1863 ALEXANDER J EDITH W PADDINGTON
RALSTON  JEAN V 3845/1865 ALEXANDER JEDITH W PADDINGTON
RALSTON  NORMAN B 4050/1867 ALEXANDER J EDITH W PADDINGTON
RALSTON  GEORGE S 5189/1870 ALEXANDER JAMES EDITH ST LEONARDS
RALSTON  EDITH VARDON 3786/1876 ALEXANDER JAMES EDITH WINDEYER CONCORD

IN pursuance of the 19th section of an Act of Parliament of the Colony of New South Wales, passed in the twentieth year of the reign of Her present Majesty, entitled " An Act to Incorporate the Australian Mutual Provident Society" : Notice is hereby given, that Robert Thomson, Esquire, lately Secretary of the said Society, resigned such appointment on the 20th day of October last, and that Alexander James Ralston, of Sydney, Esquire, has been duly appointed Secretary of the said Society.—Dated this 1st day of November, a.d. 1865.
A. J. RALSTON,
Secretary.  3782 6s. 6d.  IN pursuance of the 19th section of an Act of Parliament of the Colony of Now South Wales, passed (1865, November 3). New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900), p. 2483. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article225253444 

Died: RALSTON  ALEXANDER J 2987/1889  Parents: GAVIN EMILY A ASHFIELD - NSW BDM's
RALSTON.—On the 2nd inst., at Falconshaw, Ashfield, near Sydney, Alexander James, second son of the late Gavin Ralston and Mrs. Ralston, Walpole-street, Kew Family Notices (1889, May 4). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article6243852

RALSTON.—May 2, at his residence, Falconshaw, Bland-street, Ashfield, Alexander James Ralston, aged 56 years. Family Notices (1889, May 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13733607

'The death of Mr. A. J. Ralston, late secretary of the A. M. P. Society, is announced, at the age of 66. The deceased gentleman had been in receipt of a pension for the past four or five years. IRELAND—A RETROSPECT. (1889, May 17). The Burrowa News (NSW : 1874 - 1951), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article101611063

John Malbon Thompson (1830-1908), lawyer and politician, was born in Sydney on 24 December 1830, son of John Thompson, deputy surveyor general, and his wife Anne Mary, daughter of Charles Windeyer. Educated at Sydney College and W. T. Cape's school, he was trained as a solicitor, was admitted to practice in 1853 and entered a partnership with Richard H. Way.

In 1857 Thompson set up a practice at Ipswich in the Moreton Bay District where he took part in the volunteer movement and was elected to the first municipal council in April 1860. On 29 November 1863 he married Clara Georgiana Bedwell at Paterson, New South Wales. When she died soon afterwards, he married Louisa Gadsden at Ipswich in 1867. In June 1866 he joined Lewis Thomas in a coal-mining venture but after disputes sold out to Thomas in June 1870. Thompson continued to let coal lands to tribute miners.

In September 1868 he was elected to the Legislative Assembly for Ipswich and soon became chairman of committees. Described as 'a liberal whose moderation has been interpreted as weakness', he became secretary for lands in (Sir) Arthur Palmer's first ministry in May 1870. While in office he succeeded in carrying the Homestead Areas Act. He became minister for public works in July 1873 and in January 1874 went out of office with the government. He became minister for justice in the first McIlwraith ministry in January 1877 but because of his junior status the legal profession organised powerful opposition at the ministerial elections.

Because of his devotion to his electorate Thompson soon found himself disagreeing with his colleagues. Disillusioned by retrenchment of public servants at Ipswich in May, he resigned as minister and joined the opposition; he was called to the Bar on 1 June 1880. When his wife's health declined he resigned his seat on 27 August 1881, sold his Queensland interests and returned to Sydney where he became a partner of J. E. V. Nott, solicitor, and indulged in dilettante writing. He married Mary Harriett Montague Russell on December 9th 1896. Survived by his only child, a daughter from his first marriage, he died in Sydney of heart disease on 30 May 1908 and was buried in the Church of England section of Waverley cemetery. He left an estate valued for probate at £4786.

Sister of J T Ralston:

In the Supreme Court of New South Wales.
PROBATE JURISDICTION.
In the will of Jean Vardon Raine, late of Rose Bay, near Sydney, in the State of New South Wales, widow, deceased.
PURSUANT to the Wills, Probate and Administration Act, 1898, the Testator's Family Maintenance and Guardianship of Infants Act, 1916, and the Trustee Act, 1925: Notice is hereby given that all creditors and other persons having any debts, claims or demands of what kitid soever upon or affecting the estate of the abovenamed deceased, who died on or about the 2nd day of August, 1929, and probate of whose will was granted by the Supreme Court of New South Wales," in its Probate Jurisdiction, on the 24th day of September, 1929, to Edmund Ralston Raine and Joseph Beresford Grant, the executors named in the said will, are hereby required to bend in particulars of suck debts, claims and demands to the said executors, at the office of the undersigned, on or before the 7th day of June next, at the expiration of which time the said executors will proceed to distribute the assets of the said deceased among the persons entitled thereto, having regard to the debts, claims and demands only of which they shall then have had notice; and the said executors will not be liable, for the assets so distributed, to any person of whose debt, claim or demand they shall not have had notice at the time of such distribution.—Dated this 28th day of March, 1930.
J. T. RALSTON AND SON,
Proctors for the Executors,
115 Pitt-street, Sydney.
3351 £1 12s. PROBATE JURISDICTION. (1930, April 4). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1489. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223077988

Married: 1889 RAINE TOM R RALSTON JEAN V ASHFIELD
RAINE—RALSTON.—February 4, at St. John's, Ashfield, by the Rev. J. C. Corlette, D.D., Tom Raine, only surviving son of the late Edmund William Worsley Raine, of Frederick's Valley, Bathurst, to Jean Vardon, only daughter of A. J. Ralston, of Falconshaw, Ashfield. Family Notices (1889, February 16). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13714338

President of Warringah Shire Council Alexander Ralston (Mayor February 1908 – 1 March 1910 and 1 March 1911 – 1 March 1912) was born to Alexander and Mary Ralston. 

RALSTON -November 13 at hospital Ashfield Alexander loved husband of Jessie and father of Alex, Annie, Graham, Alan R, Gilbert, Jessie and Jean in his 85th year. Native of Kilsyth, Scotland late of Bexley and Manly Ex councillor and president of Warringah Shire At rest
RALSTON -November 13 1946 Alexander much loved brother or Ann (Mrs A McDonald Meadowbank) and Agnes (Mrs G Wannan Dulwich Hill). Family Notices (1946, November 14). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18002663

OLD RESIDENTS DEATH.
The death took place recently of a well-known resident of Bexley in the nineties, Mr. Alexander Ralston, aged 85 years. Then an ambitious, energetic, and affable young Scot, Alick Ralston conducted a dairy in the paddocks near the junction of Wollongong and Forest Roads, then surrounded by huge gum trees, but now the site of hundreds of bungalow homes. Besides milking cows and delivering milk he found time to be an energetic member of the Bexley Presbyterian Church. After leaving Bexley the late Mr. Ralston went to reside on the northern side of Sydney Harbour, and later became President of Warringah Shire and a member of the Ryde Bowling Club. He is survived by his wife and family. OLD RESIDENT'S DEATH. (1946, November 21). The Propeller (Hurstville, NSW : 1911 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article235351448

RALSTON Jessie -April 15 1949, at her home 10 Coulter Street Gladesville. Jessie loved wife of the late Alexander Ralston and dear mother of Alex, Graham Annie Alan R Gilbert Jessie and Jean and beloved granny of Alex, Betty Nancy Margaret Marlon Grahame Isobel John Bob Graham Alan Janet Alastair Helen Laurel Gilbert and John, late of Manly and Bexley, native of Kirkintilloch Scotland in her 87th year Truly a mother in Israel. Family Notices (1949, April 16). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 24. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18111423 - Parents: George and Helen.

Elek West Gabor de Gyulay (1863 - 1937)

Parents Albert Gustave De Gyulay (1818 - 1875) and Mary Christine Von Dadelszen (1836 - 1928)


DE GYULAY.— September 10, at his residence, South Kingston, Albert Gustave De Gyulay.  Family Notices (1875, September 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28400220 

Marriages.
GYULAY-HIBBERT.-April 23, at All Saints', Petersham, by the Rev. Charles Baber, Rural Dean, Elek West Gabor, eldest son of the late Albert Gustave de Gyulay, to Grace, youngest daughter of the late William Hibbert. Family Notices (1891, May 6). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13823443

Sister:  Erbia Rosamond Gabriella de Gyulay (1869 - 1947) - Born in Glebe, New South Wales, Australia on 14 Nov 1869 to Albert Gustave De Gyulay and Mary Christine Von Dadelszen. Erbia Rosamond Gabriella de Gyulay married Joseph Edward Elliott and had 1 child. She passed away on 10 Dec 1947 in North Sydney, New South Wales.

ABORIGINAL CARVINGS. 
Mr. E. de Gyulay, secretary,' Barranjoey Co., Ltd., forwards a copy of some aboriginal carvings found at Palm Beach. The outline drawings represent two kinds of fish and a man, cut on a flat rock on the hill between Sand point. Pittwater, and Cabbage Tree, Boat Harbor, Palm Beach, Barrenjoey. The fish measures 22ft., the man 5ft. 6in., and the smaller fish 6ft. long. They have exceptionally good outlines, and are better shaped than any others yet recovered. It is not known what age these carvings can be, but it is believed that many hundreds of years must have elapsed since they were made. The drawings have only just been discovered by the architect Mr. H. A. Wilshire, and the stonemason, Mr. J. Booth, who were looking for building stone on the company's property at Palm Beach. The company has decided to preserve the carvings for all time. ABORIGINAL CARVINGS. (1917, October 18). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article239239677 

ABORIGINAL CARVINGS AT PALM BEACH.
'TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD. 
Sir, - I enclose a copy of some aboriginal carvings at Palm Beach, which should be of interest to the public. The outline drawings represent two kinds of fish and a man, cut on a flat rock on the hill between Sand Point, Pittwater, and Cabbage Tree, Boat Harbour, Palm Beach, Barranjoey. The fish measures 22ft, the man 5ft 6in, and the smaller fish 6ft long. They have exceptionally good outlines, and are better shaped than any others yet recovered. The Hawkesbury sandstones, by reason of their comparative softness, offered exceptional facilities to the coastal tribes of our aborigines to display their art in pictorial drawings, as there are many in the Port Jackson and Hawkesbury districts. It it not known what age these carvings can be, but many hundreds of years must have elapsed since they were made. The drawings have only just been discovered by Architect H. A. Wilshire and Stonemason J. Booth, who were looking for building stone on the company's property at Palm Beach. The company has decided to preserve the carvings for all time.
I am, etc.,
E. E. G. de GYULAY, Secretary,
The Barrenjoey Company.  ABORIGINAL CARVINGS AT PALM BEACH. (1918, January 1). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15781235

MR. E. W. G. de GYULAY.
Mr. Elek W. G. de Gyulay, who died at his home at Neutral Bay recently, at the age of 74 years, was prominent in Sydney insurance circles for many years. He started his business career with Robert Towns and Co. He had been manager of the Derwent and Tamar Assurance Co, Ltd, and Law, Union and Rock Insurance Co, Ltd, and general manager for more than 20 years, of the Union Insurance Society of Canton.

Mr de Gyulay was born at Woollahra in 1863 a son of Dr A G de Gyulay. He was one of the foundation members of the famous Arfoma Football Club. Mrs de Gyulay survives him.

At the funeral service in St Augustine's Church Neutral Bay the Rev L A Pearce officiated. The funeral took place at the Northern Suburbs Crematorium.
The chief mourners, were Messrs. Etele de Gyulay and Edric de Gyulay (brothers) Osric de Gyulay (nephew) Mr and Mrs Royston Pigott Mr and Mrs C I, Kyle, Mrs Kyle senior and Mr C Elliott.

Others present were Sir George Mason Allard, Captain T E Alexander, Dr A L Ducker, Captain S G Green, Messrs M Bloxham Neill Barclay, J M McLeod Bolton, D T Brownhill, A H Brownhill, Clive Brownhill, C R Crossman (Neutral Bay Bowling Club), T D Douglas (Indemnity Marine Assurance Co) T E Ducker, A M Coward (Commercial Union Assurance Co.) S A Grace, A D Llewellyn and E J O Greenwood (Bankers and Traders Insurance Co) C S Gillham, Henry F Halloran, R S Harris (Gresham Fire and Accident Insurance Society) W H Jackson (Sydney Marine Underwriters Association) M H Macfarlane, W McNeil, A Moore, Alex MrVernon (Queensland Insurance Co) I - Miller, T Michell, R T McKay, F Newman, T Pattenden, W J C Pennell (British Traders Insurance Co) N M F Preston, H C Read and C B Read (Gibbs Briant and Co) RM Steele (Victoria Insurance Co.) H L Slade, C Slade, V W Williams, V W Williams junr., C Williams, Harold Willis (Insurance Institute of New South Wales) F H Wright (Royal Exchange Insurance) and H L Weston. MR. 


E. W. G. de GYULAY. (1937, May 1). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 23. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17364447

"THE CHURCH ON THE ISLAND." 


This photograph—believed to be the only one extant—of the old church on Bar Island, Hawkesbury River, was taken by Mr. E. de Gyulay in 1883. Nothing remains of this structure except a few traces of the foundations, adjoining which is a small cemetery. The history of the Church was related in a recent article on this page. "THE CHURCH ON THE ISLAND." (1940, May 25). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27951758

Having achieved its objectives, and disposing of what land had not been sold, the Barrenjoey (Land) Company was wound up as the Palm Beach Lands Limited commenced:

IN THE MATTER OF THE BARRENJOEY COMPANY, LIMITED.

AT an Extraordinary General Meeting of the above named Company, duly convened and held at 92b Pitt street, Sydney, on the nineteenth day of June, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-four, the following Resolution was duly passed, and at a 'subsequent Extraordinary General Meeting of the Members of the said Company, also duly convened and held at the same place', on Monday, the seventh day of July, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-four, the same Resolution was duly confirmed, as a Special Resolution, viz.: —

That as a result of the recent disposal of substantially the whole of the Company's land, it is advisable to wind-up the Company and accordingly that the Company be wound up voluntarily; and at such last-mentioned Meeting the following Extraordinary Resolutions were passed: —

1. That George Mason Allard, John Malbon Ralston, Ernest Ebenezer Way, and Harry Wolstenholme, be appointed Liquidators for the purpose of such winding-up.

2. That their salary be fixed at one hundred and eighty pounds among them for the first year.

3. That, as regards Mr. J. M. Ralston, he shall be entitled, in addition to his remuneration as a Liquidator, to be paid all usual Solicitor's Profit Costs and Disbursements in connection with any legal work which he may be instructed to do by the Liquidators in his capacity as solicitor.

Dated at Sydney, this 17th day of July, 1924.

H. WOLSTENHOLME, Chairman.

Witness,—E. E. G. de Gyulay. £1 12s.

IN THE MATTER OF THE BARRENJOEY COMPANY, LIMITED. (1924, July 18). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 3572. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222025488

THE BARRENJOEY COMPANY LIMITED, (In Voluntary Liquidation).

Notice of General Meeting.

NOTICE is hereby given in pursuance of section 141 of the Companies Act, 1899, that a General Meeting of the Members of the abovenamed Company will be held at the registered office, 92b Pitt-street, Sydney, on Tuesday, the 14th day of May, 1929, at 4 o'clock in the afternoon, for the purpose of having an account laid before them showing the manner in which the winding-up has been conducted and the property of the Company disposed of, and of hearing any explanation that may be given by the Liquidators; and also determining by Extraordinary Resolution the manner in which the books, accounts and documents of the Company and the Liquidators thereof shall be disposed of. 

Dated the tenth day of April, 1929.

H. WOLSTENHOLME, E. E. WAY,  J. M. RALSTON, ) Liquidators. 3281 £1 2s. THE BARRENJOEY COMPANY LIMITED (IN VOLUNTARY LIQUIDATION). (1929, April 12). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1670. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223026442 

Palm Beach Lands Limited - from July 1924

First directors: R. T. M'Kay, E. B. Harkness, and A. M. K. Scott:

Palm Beach Lands, Ltd., has effected registration with an authorised capital of £15,000, In £1 shares. To traffic in land, house, and other property is the aim of the new company. First directors: R. R. M'Kay, E. B. Harkness, and A. M. K. Scott. COMPANY NEWS. (1924, July 31). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16177971

The above has a mistake in that R T McKay was Chairman of this new company, not R R McKay. 

PALM BEACH
The Wonderland of the North
UNIQUE PENINSULAR POSITION

SYDNEY has, been well-endowed by 'Nature with glorious ocean beaches. All are beautiful, but some are more beautiful than others, and under this latter category may be included Palm Beach. Here, may be seen a Vista of loveliness that probably is unequalled anywhere else in the world. The position of Palm Beach is unique. Upon reaching the higher portion of the locality, and looking north, a wonderful panorama of sea, harbor and landscape, lies at the spectator's feet. Straight in front Is the narrow Isthmus which loins the headland of Barrenjoey to the 'mainland. To the right are the broad blue waters of the Pacific Ocean, rolling on to the ocean beach, providing a wonderful surf. To the left lies the placid Pittwater, a paradise for the yachtsman, while in the distance may be seen Ettalong Beach, and the entrance to the well-known Hawkesbury River. In the foreground, to the left, may be seen Lion Island, rearing Its shaggy head, lying like a guardian of the Pittwater Basin. Then, again. In the distance the rugged mountainous country of Kuring-gai Chase Is to be seen, providing a fitting background to the scene of grandeur that places Palm Beach in the front rank of beautiful sea-side resorts. On every hand may be seen the tall plantation palms from which the locality derives its name, and they lend a touch of tropical color to the landscape that only adds to its charm. Close to Palm Beach Is the great garden of the public, Kuring-gai Chase, which, it will be remembered, was set aside as a reserve for the people, by the Government some time ago, following upon an agitation by "The Sun." 

Thus a vast stretch of country rivalling the Blue Mountains in beautiful rugged scenery may be added to the attractions of Palm Beach. , It will be seen therefore, that the residents of Sydney are Indeed, fortunate, as Palm Beach is within 20 miles of the city, and may be reached by car, within an hour. The traffic bridges at the Spit and Roseville have lowered the travelling time, and it Is only natural to expect that the North Shore Bridge will also be most beneficial In this respect. 

The approach to Palm Beach lies through wonderful scenic country, such as the heights of Balmoral, the Narrabeen Lake district, past the Lagoon at Dec Why, past Newport, down through the Vale of Avalon. and thence along the banks of the Pittwater, until the destination is reached. Other attractions include boating, fishing, swimming, surfing; tennis, and golfing. There is a nine-hole golf course, on the peninsula, while tennis courts face the ocean beach.

It is noteworthy that most of the homes at Palm Beach are built of stone that abounds there. In some cases the homes have been partially built of stone from the allotment on which they stand. In addition timber (Australian mahogany) can be procured cheaper at Palm Beach than at Sydney. Thus building costs would not be formidable. 

Palm Beach Lands 

The average citizen of Sydney has in the past been under the impression that land was practically unprocurable at Palm Beach. For many years this was the case, and until Palm Beach Lands Limited, acquired all the available country that was for sale the public were unable to obtain an allotment there, unless they could produce special recommendations. Even now It Is the desire of the present vendors to keep Palm Beach exclusive. This company is, however, offering a number of allotments for private sale at reasonable prices on easy terms, through the medium of their selling agents, Moffitt and Watts, of Manchester Unity Building, Castlerengh street, Sydney. 

Means of Access 

For those who do not enjoy motor car ownership, regular motor 'bus services run right Into the estate from Manly, Narrabeen and Newport. The tram runs to Narrabeen. In addition, a regular steamer service also connects Hawkesbury River railway station with the wharf of the estate, providing a delightful trip on a most picturesque waterway. 

During the Easter holidays free cars will run from the office of the Manchester Unity Building (Castlereagh-streot entrance), for the benefit of prospective purchasers. Arrangements may be made for a seat in these cars through Moffit and Watts, whose office will bo open on Good Friday for  that purpose. The cars will leave from 5 10 to 10.30 a.m. Good Friday, Easter Saturday, Easter Monday, and special trips will be made on Easter Sunday by appointment only. 

Palm Beach, showing the fine stretches of ocean beach, with Barren joey and Lion Island in the background. PALM BEACH (1925, April 9). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 19 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224048275

Robert Thomas McKay 

- also spelled MacKay in some articles.

Born in 1866 the second son, to Richard and Eliza (nee Miller) McKay R T McKay was a public servant who accomplished great works.

MR. R. T. McKAY.

The "T. & C. Journal" of the 9th May gives a capital photo of Mr. R. T. McKay, son of Mrs. R. McKay of our town, and the following historical record concerning one who is a native of our district we are sure will prove interesting to his numerous friends here; and the young man's career has been of such an exemplary character that we deem it but fair to give publicity to it, as follows:— 

"Mr. R. T. McKay (assistant engineer, water conservation and water supply branch of the N. S. W. Public Works Department), who was recently selected by the Minister for Public Works to deliver a series of lectures in the country on the subject of irrigation, entered the department in 1890, after having passed his examination as a licensed surveyor. For a number of years he was engaged in the survey and design of many of the large sewerage schemes in Sydney and suburbs, also schemes of water supply, and was attached for a short time to the harbour improvement works on the Richmond River, and at Newcastle. In 1896 he was appointed resident engineer, and supervised the construction—by day labor and contract—of many important engineering works, such as the low-level sewerage scheme, Marrickville, Chatswood sewerage, Liverpool septic tanks, Coogee and Bondi sewerage, Arncliffe sewerage farm, etc., and works of water conservation and water supply. The cost of the works carried out by Mr. McKay amounted to £250,000. 

In 1902 he was appointed secretary and professional assistant to the Interstate Royal Commission on the Murray waters and gained much valuable information during his connection with the Commission, which lasted about twelve months. In 1903 he was appointed a member of the Water Conservation Board of New South Wales, and is the only member of that board who is not the head of an important Government department. In 1904 he acted as secretary to the Royal Commission on the construction of locomotive engines in New South Wales, and his technical knowledge was of great service to the Commission. Before the matter was 

settled, during the last session of Parliament, Mr. McKay was instructed by the Premier of N. S. W. to visit the Newport workshops in Victoria, and assist the chairman (Mr. McAlister) in a report to the Government. 

Owing to his intimate knowledge of the Murray, he was sent to Hobart last year, to explain the position of the Murray question to the Premiers thus assembled in conference. The Premier of N, S. Wales issued about 300 invitations to the lecture, which was presided over by His Excellency the Governor of Tasmania (Sir Gerald Strickland). Probably no other public servant in the Commonwealth has had the honor of lecturing to such a brilliant audience, which included the Premiers, of the various States, several members of the Federal Ministry, Federal Parliament, and State Ministries, Sir Elliot Lewis, Sir Ayde Douglas, and many other representative men of Tasmania. Mr. McKay has lectured on the questions of water conservation and irrigation at the Sydney University, the Royal Society, and has lately been delivering a series of lectures on the subject in various country towns. Mr. McKay has arranged to deliver lectures on irrigation at Jerilderie, Berrigan, Deniliquin, Corowa, Albury, Moama in the near future, and, later, will lecture at Dubbo and other  western centres. 

"He is an associate member of the Institution of Civil Engineers, London, a licensed surveyor, mining surveyor, a member of the council of the engineering section of the Royal Society, a member of the council of the Institution of Surveyors, and one of the representatives of the Public Works Department on the Council of the Public Service Association." Mr. McKay is announced to lecture in Adelong on 29th May, and in Tumut on 1st of June. MR. R. T. MCKAY. (1906, May 25). The Tumut and Adelong Times (NSW : 1864 - 1867; 1899 - 1950), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article139084803


Mr. R. T. M'Kay. (Photo, by Crown Studios, Sydney,)

MR. R. T. M'KAY. (1906, May 9). Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1870 - 1907), p. 26. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71530207

ORIGINATOR OF SNOWY RIVER SCHEME.
Tribute to R. T. McKay.

At the Annual Dinner of the Institute of Surveyors. N.S.W. (Inc.), which was held at the Wentworth Hotel on April 13th, the Minister for Lands, The Hon. W. F. Shean, paid tribute to Mr. R. T. McKay, who, though of great age, and the oldest member of the Institution, was present, as the originator of the Snowy River Project which he conceived many years ago.ORIGINATOR OF SNOWY RIVER SCHEME. (1949, April 20). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222882111

DEATH OF MR. R. T. McKAY

Mr. R. T. McKay, former engineering member and Deputy President of the Commission of the Sydney Harbour Trust, who died last week, was one of the most persistent advocates of a scheme to use the waters of the Snowy River to provide water for Sydney. He had been associated with engineering since 1888, when as a surveyor's pupil he helped with a detailed survey of Sydney and suburbs in connection with sewerage schemes. DEATH OF MR. R. T. McKAY (1949, August 17). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18125276

NSW BDM's: 

Marriage: 6703/1893 MCKAY ROBERT T MOORE ETHEL M ST LEONARDS

McKAY- MOORE - November 29 1893 at St Leonards by the Rev Roger Mackinnon, Robert Thomas McKay licensed surveyor, Sydney to Ethel Mary elder daughter of William Moore, Esq., solicitor Sydney.  Family Notices (1893, December 16). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13919026

Children:

MCKAY  RONALD R R 25512/1896 ROBERT T ETHEL M ST LEONARDS
MCKAY  EVIZIL O M 26139/1900 ROBERT T ETHEL M ST LEONARDS

BIRTHS. McKAY. — June 19th, 1896, at Gowan, Falcon-st„ North Sydney, the wife of Robert T. McKay of a son. Family Notices (1896, June 24). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article238600236

McKAY.— May 13, at Gowan, Falcon-street, North Sydney, the wife of Robert T. McKay— a daughter. Family Notices (1900, May 26). The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912), p. 1257. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article165301292

Death: 

MCKAY  ROBERT THOMAS 15800/1949 Parents: WILLIAM ELIZA PADDINGTON - father's name was actually Richard, William was his older brother
MCKAY  ETHEL MARY 20890/1959 Parents: WILLIAM OSCELLA CHATSWOOD

His father: Mr. Richard McKay, hotel keeper, and a very old resident in the district, died suddenly this afternoon. OUR TELEGRAMS. (1894, October 3). Cootamundra Herald (NSW : 1877 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article143444565 - His NSW BDM's record states his parents were 'unknown'.

His mother:

OBITUARY
MRS. RICHARD McKAY.

Death removed from out midst one of the oldest residents of the district on Thursday night at 10 o'clock, in the person of Mrs Eliza Jane McKay, relict of the late Richard McKay, at her residence, Blowering road. Up to the previous Sunday night, Mrs McKay, who would have reached her 80th year had she lived till to-day, enjoyed good health, considering her weight of years, and nothing had occurred to cause her relatives any anxiety. However, on the Sunday evening, as previously reported in these columns, she had a paralytic seizure, and from that out the local doctors held out little hope of her recovery.

Her two sons, Robert (of Geelong) and Stanley (en tour with his company) were communicated with, but on their arrival their mother was past recognising them. The latter had written a week previous to his niece (Miss Amy Miller) and apprised her of his movements ahead which enabled his being located Her closing hours were devoid of pain and her death was peaceful. 

The deceased highly respected lady, whose maiden name was Miller, was born at Coleraine, Co Londonderry, Ireland, and with her brother (Robert, now of Sydney) arrived in Australia in 1852, coming to Gundagai three months after the big flood. After spending a few years there she went to Upper Adelong. In the year 1862 she married the late Richard McKay at the old Mona Isle Inn (on the site of Mrs. Downing's Star Hotel, Tumut), Mr John Weedon being one of the wedding guests. Seven years later they took over on lease the Old Bee-Hive Hotel which stood on the site of Mr W Eurell's motor garage. At the expiration of the lease, for a time they conducted the Queen's Arms Inn (where Madigan's Oriental Hotel is built), and subsequently purchased the Beehive outright. For 28 years they remained in uninterrupted occupation there, until (1896) Mr McKay's death, upon which Mrs McKay retired and lived private in the home in which she died. 

Throughout her life she was regarded as one of high womanly virtues and ideas, and she retained ever the goodwill of a host of friends, old and young, Her chief aim and object was the care, and education of her children, of whose success in life she was justly proud Miss Miller, who lived with her from quite a young girl, with true filial spirit, performed the part of a daughter towards her, and with her son Richard, who also resided with deceased, was a comforting companion in her declining years. Three sons (Robert, of Geelong, Stanley, of Sydney, and Richard, of Tumut), mourn the loss of a most devoted mother. On behalf of the legion of friends and ac-quaintances we tender them, Miss Miller, her brother and other relatives our deepest sympathy. About 18 months ago her son Charles died at Kalgoorlie, W.A., as a result of an accident The funeral took place on Saturday afternoon. The cortege was very lengthy, and those forming it were representative of all parts of the district and all sections of the community—an unspoken tribute to the memory of a good old soul. The remains were interred in the Church of England portion of the old cemetery, next those of her late husband. Her three sons, a nephew (Mr R Miller jr, of Sydney) and Ald J E Madigan and Mr Fred Eberlin were the bearers Rev Ross Edwards officiated at the grave and Mr Jas Elphick was entrusted with the funeral arrangements. - Tumut Advocate and Farmers and Settlers' Adviser (NSW : 1903 - 1925), Tuesday 10 June 1913, page 2

At Tumut, on Thursday last, an old and esteemed resident, Mrs.' Eliza' J. McKay, relict of the late Richard McKay, died. Mrs. McKay, who had resided in the Tumut district for over fifty years, leaves a family of three sons— Mr. Robert McKay, formerly secretary of the Murray River Water Commission; and now manager.of the Geelong Water- Trust, Mr. Richard McKay, of Tumut, and Mr. Stanley McKay, the theatrical manager. CENTRAL RAILWAY PALACE BUILDINGS, LIMITED. (1913, June 8). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article126459000

Richard and Eliza's children (married 1862):

MCKAY  ELIZABETH 8219/1863 RICHARD ELIZA J GUNDAGAI
MCKAY  WILLIAM V 15396/1864 RICHARD ELIZA J TUMUT
MCKAY  ROBERT T 15430/1866 RICHARD ELIZA J TUMUT
MCKAY  RICHARD P 17059/1868 RICHARD ELIZA J TUMUT
MCKAY  EMMELINE 17785/1870 RICHARD ELIZA JANE M TUMUT
MCKAY  CHARLES FREDERICK 18351/1871 RICHARD ELIZA JANE TUMUT
MCKAY  ELLEN AMY 20163/1874 RICHARD ELIZA JANE TUMUT
MCKAY  HENRY STANLEY 21584/1877 RICHARD ELIZA JANE TUMUT
MCKAY  GEORGE 21112/1876 RICHARD ELIZA JANE TUMUT

OBITUARY
MR. R. T. McKAY. M. Inst. C.L.

The late Mr. R. T. McKay consulting engineer of Sydney, whose death occurred recently, was a native of Batlow. He was edueated at Sydney High School. After qualifying as a Licensed Surveyor he joined the Engineering staff of the Public Works Department, and was trained in the design and construction of water supply and sewerage schemes, also habor works. He was appointed engineer and secretary to the Interstate Royal Commission on the River Murray to inquire into the water resources of the Murray Basin and to make a just allotment of the waters of the Murray and its tributaries among the States of New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia for the purposes of water conservation, irrigation and navigation. He was also secretary of the Royal Commission appointed to inquire into and report upon the practicability of the construction of loco-motives in the State by the Government or by private enterprise He lectured at the Sydney University on Water Conservation and Irrigation and was invited to lecture at a Premier's Conference to explain the Murray waters question. He was appointed engineer and executive member of the Water Conservation Irrigation and Drainage Board and was associated with many irrigation projects throughout the State, including the Murray, Lachlan and Murrumbidgee Irrigation Schemes, also with the sinking of artesian bores and the distribution of artesian water. He was appointed Chief Assistant Hydraulic Engineer for the State of Queensland. 

His next appointment was Engineer-in-Chief of the Geelong Water Works and Sewerage Trust. He was then appointed Con sulting Engineer to the Common-wealth Government in connection with the bulk handling of wheat. A scheme involving the expenditure of £3,000,000, among the wheat growing States of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia. He then accepted the position of engineering member and deputy president of the Commission of the Sydney Harbor Trust. 

Since his retirement a few years ago, he has been in private practice as a consulting engineer. He was a persistant advocate for using the waters of the Snowy River to supplement the flow of the Murrumbidgee and to provide a supply to Sydney. 

Mr. McKay was a member of the Institution of Civil Engineers and a Member of the Institution of Engineers in Australia. He was on the Council of the Advisory Committee of the Institution of Civil Engineers for many years and occupied the position of Chairman of the Council for six years. The late Mr. McKay leaves one brother, Mr. Stanely McKay, well-known theatrical producer. OBITUARY (1949, September 20). The Tumut and Adelong Times (NSW : 1864 - 1867; 1899 - 1950), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article139306687

WENTWORTH PARK KINDERGARTEN.

Miss Margaret Harris laid the foundation-stone of the Free Kindergarten In the Children's Playground, Wentworth Park, Glebe, yesterday afternoon. 

Professor Mackay (president of the Playground Association), in Introducing Miss Harris, said that they were much indebted to Mrs. Anderson, their energetic secretary, for this kindergarten and playground. The first public children's playground was established at Miller's Point under the auspices of the Harbor Trust, the second In Victoria Park under the auspices of the City Council, and this, the third playground, was under the auspices of the Wentworth Kindergarten committee and Play grounds Association. 

Ald. Artlett (Mayor of Glebe) remarked that they had Miss Harris to thank for making the laying of the foundation-stone at all possible. It was the first time under the Municipal Act that the money of the council was being devoted to kindergarten work. Sydney was behind the times as regards playgrounds and kindergartens. Melbourne was far ahead in this respect. 

"Why did we build kindergartens at all?" asked Mrs. Maybanke Anderson. Because, she continued, while under the present social order we were able to live in comfort and have high ideals, there were others who deserved them just as much, but were unable to get them. Their children, therefore, had to be cooped up in tiny rooms, or play in the streets. It was our responsibility to look after these children. But, after all, duty was a poor, cold word. We did not care for these children because we felt our responsibility, for deep down in our hearts was a well-spring of mother love, and a desire for the preservation of the race. When the good days came, and the Golden Rule really ruled, every woman would be as much ashamed to see a child that did not belong to her neglected as she would her own. 

Miss Margaret Harris was presented by the mothers of the district with a handsome flower bouquet of flowers. Others present included Mrs. W. A. Holman, the Rev. James Green, Mrs. Artlett (Mayoress of Glebe), Miss Kathleen Artlett (who made a considerable sum by selling violets during the afternoon In aid of the kindergarten). Miss Gertrude Artlott, Mr. John Mackay (president of the Kindergarten Union), Mr. Lucas, Mr. and Mrs. Tait, Miss Georgian King, Mrs. and Miss Hogue, Mrs. Davies, Miss E. Conk, Mrs. Litchfield, Mrs. and Miss Curnow. Mrs Holden, Mrs. and Miss Baird, Miss Braham, Mesdames Goldschmidt, Cains, Dallo, Weston, Miss Desailly, and Miss Langridge. WENTWORTH PARK KINDERGARTEN. (1914, August 5). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 18. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article239079418 

The foundation-stone of the Wentworth Park Kindergarten at Glebe was laid by Miss Margaret Harris on Tuesday afternoon in the presence of a large gathering of interested persons. Professor Mackay, president of the Playground Association, introduced Miss Harris to the gathering, and in the course of his remarks paid high tribute to Mrs. Maybanks Anderson, who is chiefly responsible for the existence of the Kindergarten playgrounds in Sydney. . Miss Harris was presented with a lovely bouquet of flowers by the mothers of the district. Amongst those present were Mrs. V. A. Holman, Mrs. Ardlett mayoress of Glebe, Rev. James Green, Mrs. Litchfield, Mr: and Mrs. Tait, Mrs. and Miss Mogue, and Miss Georgina King. GOSSIP FROM SYDNEY. (1914, August 15). Goulburn Evening Penny Post (NSW : 1881 - 1940), p. 1 (EVENING). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article98824542 

AMATEUR GARDENER
PAW PAWS AT PALM BEACH PASSION FRUIT GROWING
(By Redgum) 

Nine out of every ten men who take to week-ending fry the seaside are quite content to leave all the garden worries behind them. , They have quite enough lawn-mowing, path-raking hedge-cutting, rose-pruning and land digging to do on the ordinary home lot, to keep them in good trim the whole year through, without the extra bit of hard work which would have to be done to keep the buffalo grass, the geranium, the plumbago and the hydrangeas alive within sound of the sea.

But there are more men who have made their home within easy reach cf the breakers or the calmer waters of a lake or bay, who have taken to gardening because of the pleasure they get out of the- game, and also because of the good fruit and food that can be grown so easily within the home gates. Why grow fuchsias at Palm Beach, when there are so many other tropical and sub-tropical items that, with little trouble, can be made do wonderfully well. Any man or woman can handle hydrangeas or Star of Bethlehem, or saavia; but not one man out, of 100 has any idea of how to go about planting mangoes, paw paws, sugar-cane, bananas, custard upples, Avacado peers, taro, Honolulu passions, fruit salad plant, or any of the rarer things which make the work of the amateur happier and easier as well,' 

Only in favorable places can these things be grown to perfection. The average over-exposed seaside situation Is the last place In the world to do any tree-growing or good gardening. But all seaside homesites are not alike. On some lots Moreton Bay figs, coprosma, Norfolk Island pines, Monterey pines, coral, and the Port Jackson fig are the best subjects for filling In the landscape; tropical lines like paw paws and custard apples should have some protection from strong sea winds and also from the west. ' 

Any location where the plants can see all they want of the north, and feel all they can feel of the sun's heat, will do nicely. We are a long way south of the tropics, even at Broken Bay and Barrenjoey. That is the reason why we place all the hotspot plant items against a' north wall, or In a position where the whole of the day's sunlight can play on their stems and foliage. Plant hibiscus or bougainvillea in a semi-shady place, and the growth and flowering never will be satisfactory: place a young paw paw plant where It will shiver from April to October, and It will never be ,worth your watching. Good gardening means good placing. Haphazard work rarely gets one anywhere. ,Not Not half so much disappointment would be experienced if a little more thought was given to the selection of the tree and plant goods that are selected - to do the Important work of brightening up the home landscape. Not everybody who goes to Pittwater or Palm Beach makes a success of his or her gardening.

SNUG CORNERS A NECESSITY

Many of the homemakers have chosen situations that are quite unsuited for anything but stone-quarrying or for viewing the beautiful landscapes and seascapes. But here and there an expert worker has found a snug corner where the big gales do not tear holes in -the scrub or blow down the trees. Where those men have worked wisely they have done wonderfully well. Wits and ways count for something, even In gardening. 

Mr. R. T. McKay, whose home lot stands on the south-east corner of the beach, is one of the men who has worked wonders on his three-acre hillside allotment. He was quick to see that Palm Beach was a place where something quite unusual could be done; and, having hit on the right idea, was not slow in planning his garden on lines which fitted In with his thinking. It was to see the paw-paws that I went to Palm Beach. Bananas, custard apples, and monstera (known as the fruit-salad plant) are common enough along the coastline. But paw-paws and Avacado pears, two of the world's finest fruits, are not seen every day so far south as Sydney. Both are groat strangers. There is a big pear-tree In the Botanic Gardens which carries the name so well known on the Californian coast; but that tree, big and all that It Is, does not carry any fruit. Sydney Is just a little too far south to give the tree the conditions It requires. 

Mr. McKay's Avacoda pear-trees, being so beautifully placed, might behave quite differently. Time only will tell. Someone along our coastline should try hard to make a success of this pear-shaped Item, which can either be eaten with salt or with sugar. We have been too slow in getting In touch with the alligator or Avacado pear. In America It Is one of the choicest things put upon the home tables. Things are quite different with the paw-paws, of which Mr. McKay has several well-grown trees that only recently were carrying full heads of green and golden fruit. The paw- paws I saw hanging under the umbrella of green leaves with which this tropical' fruit tree crowns its head, were good enough for any home table. I heard that the flavor of the fruit ripened naturally Is splendid. There will be quite a dozen trees of one age and another on that hillside at Palm Beach. Many small things which are still In their infancy are not yet counted as trees. Their good time is coming. Paw-paws will one day be as conspicuous as bananas round Pittwater, where there are thousands of locations which would suit the fruit trees down to the ground. It Is only a matter of procuring a few seeds from someone in Brisbane. The young plants grow and thrive like weeds If the situation Is to their liking.

SUGARCANE AT DEE WHY

Lines like sugarcane and sugar bananas, though not common, can now and again be seen along the coastline. These flourish at Palm Beach, and in ninny other corners around Pittwater Sugarcane Is the most decorative of all the giant grasses for a hot spot along the coastline. Any of the purply-blue strains are more than decorative. Once planted, the cane will hang on for years. Custard apples and monstera, the first a full-sized tree and the latter a sort of a shrubby climbing plant, grow enormously, and fruit freely. The former is now in full flower, although the fruits are only just over; and the latter is holding a batch of sizy, green fruits that will be ready for the salad bowl before the autumn. This monstera holds several flavors In its six-sided sections. It is good and safe to take in small quantities, but must not be eaten too freely. Custard apples are full of food values, and should be freely grown anywhere there is a chance of holding a tree together. The mango, also, Is one of Mr. McKay's interesting trees. Already he has several specimens in fruit. Later on he hopes to have more trees on his holding. Mangoes are not quick growers. They take years to mature. But once a tree has age and size to its credit, there Is little or no trouble ahead of the owner. Good named varieties should be brought from Brisbane, as chance seedlings are never too sure. Then there Is one big plant of a new passion fruit from Honolulu, known to and sold by the traders as Honolulu Marvel. That passionfruit is to have a big place on the Australian coastline. It Is an Immense grower, a heavy cropper, and has more skin color than anything else In the fruit world. The fruit portion Is not quite as tasty as Is that of the old purple sort, but It is quite good enough to make a splendid addition to any fruit bowl. Mr. McKay's vine has given him great pleasure, and has provided numbers of ripe fruits for distribution to friends along the coastline. I was only prepared,' to soe something with about the same habit of growth as an ordinary purple passion fruit, and was surprised when the vine to which I was taken had run over three spans of trellis about 10 feet long by 10 feet high, and was carrying big fleshy leaves with wiry stems thicker than heaviest Angers. A very ripe passion-fruit has been saved and sent off to friends who have a chance of growing the vine successfully. On the first try-out, the fruit seems likely to make a good hit. The color of the outer skin Is a rich cadmium yellow, with a touch of sage green here and there by way of contrast. In flavor, this novelty Is only a little less acceptable than the old sort. If the habit of growth of the plant at Palm Beach can be taken as an evidence of its true work, then Honolulu Marvel will not be a stranger for long on the warm coastline of Australia. AMATEUR GARDENER (1929, January 5). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 7 (LAST RACE RESULTS). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230377677

CAN'T I see all eyes on the barometer at Government House next week? Sir Philip and Lady Game have taken "Boanbong," R. T. McKay's cottage at Palm Beach, for Miss Rosemary's school holidays. May the weather gods present them with a fortnight of surfing weather! Meantime, Everzil McKay goes off to stay with her brother and his wife, Mr. and Mrs. R. R. McKay, of "Dunally," Coolah. SUSAN SAYS (1931, August 30). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 24. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224714707

Social Surf Season Opens at Palm Beach
OCTOBER the first Is the official opening day of the surfing season; and from now on the red-gold ocean beaches, so far almost abandoned in the still cool breezes of late spring, begin like magical molluscs, with gigantic invisible shells, to open and tip on the seashore in multi-colored hundreds-and-thousands the' first enthusiasts of surfboards, sun and sea. A foretaste of the striking beach ensembles for this year, has been already enjoyed by many women at recent mannequin parades, and soon the, 'season will be thoroughly and merrily launched. Palm Beach is one of the - most beautiful of Sydney's surfing places. The wide sweep of bay and free view of ocean, the soft curves of the gum-tree covered hills; the delightful bungalows, the, groves of satin-leaved palms, and stately Norfolk Island nines on the front, make It distinctive and unique, while the many well-known people who are' residents, or-have summer houses or bungalows here lend a greater interest to this attractive spot. Tucked among the trees is "Bob-stay," the blue and white snuggery of the Lord Mayor Hagon family, whose pretty daughter Margaret recently spent the first days of her honeymoon in these appropriate surroundings.

The Horderns' fine house and blossom and shrub-filled grounds on the front are well knownBeside them is the bungalow of Mr. and Mrs. C.P. Curlewis. Their daughter Joyce and some of her girl friends add riding to other seaside joys, and are often seen cantering along Palm Beach roads. Mrs. Harry Wolstenholme, Marjorie and their Sealyham doggie, Jock, live next door in a delightful bungalow, whose garden plots glow with geraniums at the edge of a beautiful lawn. A cosy corner embowers Mr. and Mrs. R. T. Mackay, of "Boanbong," who yearly open their garden to the public to help Kindergarten Union funds. The well-groomed grounds abound in tropical plants and trees. 
Social Surf Season Opens at Palm Beach (1933, October 1). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 27. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229151667 

POINSETTIAS AT BOANBONG.
Boanbong Palm Beach the home of Mr. R. T. McKay is ablaze to-day with the scarlet bracts of thousands of poinsettia plants This garden is to be open for inspection tomorrow and Sunday afternoon and also on June 17 and 24 when members of the Lance and Maybanke free kindergarten will dispense refreshments and conduct visitors around the garden. POINSETTIAS AT BOANBONG. (1934, June 8). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17081940

Help For Kindergarten
The tropical garden of "Boanbong," the Palm Beach home of Mr. R. McKay, will be open for public inspection from 2 p.m. to 5 p.m. today, to-morrow and Monday. Admission will be by silver coin, the proceeds assisting the Maybanke Free Kindergarten. Help For Kindergarten (1939, June 10). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 6 (LAST RACE FOOT BALL). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230884767

The place they all met and where their activities converged were the surf club:

SURFING
Palm Beach Happy With A Cash Surplus
All is well with the Palm Beach Surf Club, for at its annual meeting last night the financial position showed a surplus of £51/11/11. The feature for the year's activities was the erection of what is known as the "Bunkhouse." This provides sleeping accommodation for twelve. The facilities thus provided proved of inestimable convenience to members on patrol. Electric light had been installed throughout the club house, while the casualty room, mainly through the generosity of Mr. G. M. Merivale, was relined and thoroughly re-conditioned. 
During the season It was deemed advisable, to facilitate the training, of the boat crew in town; to purchase a boat from Dee Why Surf Club at a cost of £25. A further £19 was spent on reconditioning, so the club now owns two boats, both excellent condition. Gear .bad been inspected, and found to be in efficient condition. The Officers Elected Regret was expressed that Gordon Morrow was not available this season as permanent life-saver, but the club had been fortunate in securing the services of Mr, J. H. Christie, of Dee Why, .who will commence duty at the beginning of December. 

Officers elected for the present season were: — 
Patron. Mr. Percy Hunter; president. Mr. E. R. Moser; vice-presidents; His Honor Judge Coyle, Messrs. R. T. McKay, W. J. Barnes, C. R. Crossman, D. B. Hunter, E. B. Harkness, W. W. Woodley, L. Gallagher, A. H. Curlewis, J. M. Ralston, E. A. Box. J. P. Mant, B. B. Wiltshire, K. Hunter, A. M. Lamport, Commander Vitalli, Councillor Hitchcock; captain, B. V. Kenny; vice-captain, J. Hall-Johnstone, boat captain. G. E. R. Brown; hon. secretary, G. Wray; hon. treasurer, L. M. Moyle: non. chief instructor, K. Hunter; gear steward, N. F. Brown; delegates to S.L.S.A., Messrs. K. Hunter. B. V. Kenny; hon. solicitor, Mr. J. M. Ralston; hon. auditor, N. H. Routley; hon. medical officer, Dr. D. G. Maitland; committee, Messrs. C. N. Walker. I. G. Kell, D. Carr, G. B. Morrow. J G. Rohr, J. H. Pilcher; trustees of club property. Percy Hunter, E. R. Moser. SURFING (1933, October 11). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1931 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article247166389

PALM BEACH.
Surf Pavilion Controversy.

One of the largest meetings in the history of Palm Beach was held on Saturday night to discuss the proposal of the Wairlngah Shhe Council to build a new surf pavilion on a site some distance further north of the present building. The local Progress Association had suggested the new site, which was opposed by the Surf Life Saving Club, mainly on the ground that this part of the beach was dangerous.

At Saturday night's meeting which was presided over by Mr R T McKay, it was sought to reverse the previous decision of the association in favour of the new site. A rule of the association allowed proxy voting, and after the rescission motion had been discussed it was defeated by a substantial majority of those present and the proxies.

The matter will come before the Shire Council on Tuesday night. The council had previously decided to spend £2000 on the new pavilion on the site suggested by the Progress Association. PALM BEACH. (1935, August 5). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17180293


SOIL EROSION.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD.
Sir,-In discussing the question of soil erosion, brought under notice by Slr Herbert
Gepp at the annual conference of the Victorian Wheatgrowers' Association, Mr. Frank A. Croft, In a letter to the "Herald," refers to the Snowy, Murray, Latrobe, and Mitchell Rivers.
The Murray will unquestionably play the most important part in closer settlement of
any of our Australian rivers, but the waters of the Snowy, Latrobe, and Mitchell Rivers will not be made use of, except to a very limited extent, in any closer settlement scheme.
No doubt Slr Herbert Gepp had in mind in his address, such rivers as the Murrumbidgee, Lachlan, Macquarie, and Namoi in this State, and the Goulburn, Laddon, and Campaspe In Victoria. When the fullest use has been made of the above rivers, the Irrigable areas will carry big populations, and lt is important
that soil erosion on the catchment areas of these rivers should be reduced to the lowest possible limit.
Mr. Croft refers to the importance of high-land swamps in providing the low water flow in rainless periods. With an intimate knowledge of the whole of the watersheds of the Murray basin and the coastal rivers I am of opinion that the contribution to the stream flow from these highland swamp areas which are few in number, may be regarded as practically negligible.
I am, etc.,
R. T. MCKAY.
Palm Beach, April 16.
SOIL EROSION. (1936, April 18). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27991938

LETTERS
SOIL EROSION.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD.

Your correspondent, Mr. Craft, suggests that one should ride over the catchment areas of the Snowy, Murrumbidgee, and Murray Rivers.

This I have done.

But there is a very great difference in the character of the eastern and western slopes of the Great Dividing Range in the vicinity of Kosciusko. The fall from the top of the range in the case of the Indi and Tooma Rivers is about 2000 feet in two miles, and th3 Swampy Plain has a drop of over 5000 feet in five miles. On the other hand, the slopes of the Snowy near Kosciusko are not ver/ sovere, whilst in the Doubtful River, north of Bull's Peak, they may be termed gentle, and entirely different to the western slopes of the Dividing Range. There is, however, a very sharp fall from the range at the head of the Tumut.

Rules Point has again been referred to by Mr Craft as a swamp, also that at times it becomes quite boggy. I know the country thoroughly, from Peppercorn Hill, where the Murrumbidgee takes its rise. There is a marshy area at the foot of Peppercorn, but I cannot agree with your correspondent that there is any swampy area on the Long Plain or Rules Point. The fact that it is boggy after a wet season does not suggest that it is n swamp. Boggy conditions are met with all over the State in a wet season, and I have been bogged badly between Walgett and Brewarrina, but not because the country passed through was a swamp.

The low portions of the Happy Jack and Doubtful Rivers are marshy, and are intersected with rivulets of varying dimensions, from nine inches to two feet In width and up to two feet in depth. These rivulets are covered with mountain moss, and are constantly running streams, draining the marshy land. In this way the marshy area Is entirely different to a swamp such as we know it on the North Coast. I would advise anyone taking this journey to do so on a horse bred in the district. The mountain-bred horses seem to sense where the rivulets occur, .and are able to negotiate them with ease.

Bushfires during a dry summer on the mountains destroy quite a lot of small timber. The big snowdrifts, after melting, leave behind large areas of dry snow grass. For no reason whatever, most people seem to take a delight in dropping matches on these areas of dry grass, with the result that bushfires cause considerable damage to the timber on the mountain sides and in the valleys.

As Chief Executive Officer of the Interstate Royal Commission on the Murray River, and an engineer in the Water Conservation and Irrigation branch of the Public Works Department for many years, it became my duty to examine the watersheds of the rivers within the Murray Basin, also several of our coastal rivers for sites for storage dams and for hydro-electric schemes. The knowledge thus obtained has not been passed on to me by others, but is the result of personal examination of the river systems.

I am, etc.,
R. T. Mckay. 
Palm Beach, May 14.
LETTERS (1936, May 27). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17321404

SOIL EROSION.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD.
Sir,-Mr. Craft, in his letter of June 4, 1936, is under a wrong impression about Peppercorn Hill. In my letter, May 27, 1936, I stated that there was a marshy area at the foot of Peppercorn, but I did not state that it was a swamp. Your correspondent gives a very liberal interpretation of a swamp, and it would appear that he regards any damp piece of land as a swamp. There is a great difference between a swamp and a marsh, and there is also a big difference between a lagoon and a swamp. A mountain marsh is not confined to the lowest portions of the valley, but is to be found on slopes With a fair incline. You will not find a swamp under such conditions. Under-lying the marsh is a small stream discharging water, which Is continually dripping from the mountain moss and other plants, and again this is different to a swamp.

The drop from the main dividing range, of the tributaries of the Upper Murray, as given by me, is approximately correct, the distance being in a direct line from Kosciusko and other points along the range. I am in agreement with Mr. Craft regarding the necessity for protecting the head reaches of our rivers from soil erosion, especially where dams have been built or are likely to be built in the
future. The great destructive agency, of course, is fire. The rainfall, including allowance for snow, on the main dividing range, where the altitude exceeds 6000 feet, is probably 80 inches per annum. Notwithstanding this high rainfall, there are frequently dry and hot summers, when fires cause much destruction to plant life on the side slopes of the mountains and in the valleys. This also applies to areas on the mountains of a much lower altitude. 

How to control the fires in the mountain country is a problem that is difficult to solve, especially as there are so few people able to render assistance who are living in the country where the fires cause most damage. In a ride from Kiandra to Kosciusko the only persons that we saw were two shepherds in the Happy Jack Valley.
I am, etc.,
R. T. MCKAY.
Palm Beach, June 9.
SOIL EROSION. (1936, June 12). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17242350

BARRENJOEY PROJECT
Opposing Views At Palm Beach

Palm Beach opinion is sharply-divided as to the results of the reported lease of Barrcnjoey Headland; to an American syndicate. It is said that the Federal Government has already granted the lease, and that the syndicate will spend £200,000 on cabins for holiday-makers. 
"That expenditure should be very welcome to Palm Beach, provided, of course, that it Is spent In a way approved by the authorities," declared the chairman of Palm Beach Lands, Ltd. (Mr. R. J. McKay), today. "Transport and sporting facilities would probably be Improved. I don't think it would depreciate land values. This, however, Is the opinion only of myself and the firm I represent." 
"We don't like It at any price," said Mrs. S. B. Hooper, secretary of Palm Beach Progress Association. Land values, she added, would slump Immediately, and Palm Beach would become a commercialised business place, losing all the natural beauty and isolation that has made It an attractive holiday resort.
BARRENJOEY PROJECT (1938, August 1). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 3 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229128008

Visit:  Barrenjoey Headland – The Lessees

Edward Burns Harkness

Born in 1875 on the Richmond River to Edward and Ellen Harkness, Mr. Harkness was another public servant who excelled in his work:

PALM BEACH HOTEL
STATE OFFICIAL'S VIEW
EVIDENCE IN FAVOR
The hearing of the application for a license at Palm Bench was continued at the Licensing Court to-day. The application was made by G. Taylor and G. B. Gough of Palm Beach. Edward B. Harkness, Under-secretary to the Chief Secretary's Department, said that there was a distinct need for up-to-date accommodation at Palm Beach. He contended that there was not a decent place there to stay at. Mr. Harkness was of the opinion that there was not a seaside resort to compare with Palm Beach in Australia amd New Zealand. There was pheno-menal traffic to the resort, due to the two new bridges at the Spit and at Roseville. He did not think that a hotel would take the artisan class to Palm Beach, that was if a hotel where constructed with high-class accommo-dation and under good management. Ernest Walter Bell said that he would not recommend anyone to go to Palm Beach for accommodation. He gave evidence as to the increase in motor traffic along the Manly road to Palm Beach. The Court adjourned' unjll to-mor-row In order to inspect the sit of the proposed hotel.
PALM BEACH HOTEL (1926, November 25). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224125278

PRESENTATION TO MR. E B. HARKNESS.

SYDNEY, Friday.-Yesterday, at the Invitation of the Premier,  the officers of the Treasury assembled  in the Minister's rooms, when a presentation was made to the Premier's Private Secretary, Mr.  E. B. Harkness, who is about to be married. 

On behalf of the cleric staff of the Department, Mr. Carruthers presented Mr. Harkness . with a tea and coffee, service, and on behalf of the messenger staff a pair of cut glass and silver vases, also from Mrs. Carruthers hud-himself a sliver fish service. Mr. Carruthers conveyed to Mr. Harkness the good wishes of his fellow 'officers, and referred In eulogistic terms to his ability and attainments as a public officer. He expressed the hope that Mr. Harkness would enjoy long life and happiness. Afternoon tea was then served at the direction of the Premier. PRESENTATION TO MR. E. B. HARKNESS. (1907, March 30). Clarence and Richmond Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1889 - 1915), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article61434163

MR. E. B. HARKNESS


Chief Returning Officer for New South Wales who is responsible for the count of the figures which have decided the political fate of New South Wales for the next three years. MR. E. B. HARKNESS (1922, April 6). The Newcastle Sun (NSW : 1918 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article163679145

WEDDINGS.

HARKNESS - JACK. -Mr. Edward Burns Harkness, private secretary to the Premier, and a son of Mr. and Mrs. Harkness, of Grafton, was married on Wednesday to Miss Vera Ladell, youngest daughter of Captain William Jack, formerly of the pilot service. The bride, who was given away by her father, wore a gown of ivory silk, with overdress of chiffon; wreath of orange blossoms, embroidered tulle veil, and bouquet tied with chiffon. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. J. E. C. Stiles, the church being decorated in honor of the event. Misses Harkness, Hamilton and Jack were the bridesmaids. Captain and Mrs. Jack gave a reception at the Town Hall, Mosman, where the wedding tea was served. The honeymoon trip will extend to Victoria, Adelaide, and Tasmania. Family Notices (1907, April 6). Clarence and Richmond Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1889 - 1915), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article61434448

HARKNESS — JACK, — April 3, 1907, at St. Clement's Church, Mosman, by the Rev. G. E. C. Stiles, B.A., Edward Burns, eldest son of Mr. Edward Harkness, of Mosman, formerly of Grafton, to Vera Ladell, youngest daughter of Captain A. W. Jack, late of the Pilot Service. At home, "Okoroire," Holts-avenue, Mosman, June 5, 6, and 7. Family Notices (1907, April 13). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article238041365

Distinguished Civil Servant - Mr. E. B. HARKNESS.

The name of Mr. Edward Burns Harkness, C.M.G., is probably as familiar to more people in New South Wales as is that of any of its established politicians, with many of whom he has been officially associated since his youth. His record is indeed a unique one. 

Entering the Public Service of New South Wales in 1891, he was early chosen for work of a special character; first performing private secretarial duty in 1894-1899 for the Premier (Mr., afterwards Sir George H. Reid, P-C.); then following the duties of private secretary and confidential official to the following Premiers of the State in succession:—Sir John See, 1902-1904; Mr. Thomas Waddell, 1904; Mr. J. H. Carruthers (now Sir Joseph), 1904-1907; Mr. C. G. Wade (late Sir Charles), 1907-1910; Mr. J. S. T. McGowen, 1910-1913; and Mr. W. A. Hoi man, K.C-, 1913-1916. 

In 1905, Mr. Harkness was appointed : first general secretary to the conferences of Premiers of the States of Australia, a position which he retained until March, 1916,. when he resigned to take up his present duties. He was succeeded by Mr. C. H. Hay, C.M.G.

In 1914, Mr. Harkness was appointed secretary and permanent head of the Premier's Department, and from that post .was appointed in March, 1916, to the Under-Secretary ship, Departments of the Chief Secretary and Public Health. He acted as Commissioner for . the re-distribution of State electoral boundaries in 1919, prior to the-election of Parliament in 1920 upon the basis of proportional representation.

As chief electoral officer, he conducted the first election (in 1920) in New South Wales in accordance with the principles of proportional representation.

The application of these principles to the vast electorates of New South Wales was an experiment applied to such large areas for the first time in the history of electoral representation- Critics unanimously affirmed the complete success of the administrative machinery. 

In addition to the duties already detailed, he has also those of President of the Board of Fire Commissioners to attend to. That post he has held since May of this year. He is also a member of Lord Howe Island Board of Control, and occupies other honorary and semiofficial positions. Mr. Harkness acted in 1915 (with Mr. John J. Cohen, now Judge Cohen) as honorary organiser of "Australia Day," when upwards of £800,000 was raised for the purposes, of the Red Cross Society and the Amelioration Committee. Also, in 1918, acted as honorary organiser of "Red Cross Day," with Mr. (now Judge) Cohen and Mr. A. L. Blythe. This effort produced £550,000 for the same purposes as Australia Day. The Amelioration Committee, which was financed from Australia Day, 1915, and Red Cross Day, 1918, distributed upwards of £250,000 in cash to returned members of the New South Wales division of the A.I.F. immediately upon their return from active service.

This is a career of usefulness that one would have to go far to find excelled, and the record is all the more to the credit of the subject of this sketch in that, as it were, he "started from scratch." His only advantages —they are the things that count, of course—were good parentage and good home surroundings in boyhood and youth. He was born at Grafton, and secured an elementary education in the public school of that city. On going to the metropolis, young Harkness decided to try for some of the prize positions that were there to be sought. Just with what phenomenal success his well-directed energies were attended, the high offices already mentioned will indicate. His career is a fine-one for a youth of the Civil Service to set an example by. It is the triumph of a wholesome, thoroughgoing and intellectual Australian. —W.B.M. Distinguished Civil Servant (1922, December 11). The Voice of the North (NSW : 1918 - 1933), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article112425195


Fairfax Corporation. (1944). Mr Edward Burns Harkness the undersecretary at his desk, New South Wales, 1944 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-163242844

A. M. K. Scott

PALM BEACH

An attractive sale at Palm Beach is listed for tomorrow afternoon at 2.30 p.m., on the ground, by Richardson and Wrench. The ground is situated immediately above the rock bath, and faces the reserve between Scott-road and the ocean. A number of frontages on the opposite side of Scott-road will also be offered. Lots average about 60 feet frontage, with medium depths. Title is Torrens, and terms are available. PALM BEACH (1930, January 24). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119018331

More shareholders:

The Whale Beach Estate, Limited, has received consent to change its name to Whale Beach And Station Estates, Limited. COMPANY NEWS. (1927, October 15). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 19. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16411482

land, lot 40, d.p. 12,590, Brisbane-street, St. Marys. Emile Leon Capelle, of Sydney, Henry Lee of Paddington, Whale Beach Estate Co. Ltd., of Sydney, Stella May Warren, of Sydney; overdue rates, £3 13s. 2d.; land, lot 64, d.p. 9,969, Australia-street,

St. Marys. Emile Leon Capelle, of Sydney, Henry Lee of Paddington, Whale Beach Estate Co. Ltd., of Sydney, Stella May Warren, of Sydney; overdue rates, £4 6s. 6d.; land, lot 97, d.p. 9,969, Australia-street, St. Marys.

Emile Leon Capelle, of Sydney, Henry Lee of Paddington, Whale Beach Estate Co. Ltd., of Sydney, Stella May Warren, of Sydney; overdue rates;, £4 I7s. 5d.; land, lot 98, <Lp. 9,969, Australia-street, St. Marys.

Emile Leon Capelle, of Sydney, Henry Lee of Paddington, Whale Beach Estate Co. Ltd., of Sydney, Stella May Warren, of Sydney; overdue rates, £4 17s. 5d.; land, lot 99, d.p. 9,969, Australia-street, St. Marys.

Emile Leon Capelle, of Sydney, Henry Lee of Paddington, Whale Beach Estate Co. Ltd., of Sydney, Stella May Warren, of Sydney; overdue rates, £4 lis. 6d.; land, lot 103, d.p. 9,969, Australia-street, St. Marys.

William Robert Chaplin, Thomas O'Brien, Stella Mary Warren, all of Sydney; overdue rates, £5 13s. 1d.; land, lot 15, d.p. 9,969, Olossop-street, St. Marys. William Robert Chaplin, Mrs. F. M. O'Brien, Stella Mary Warren, all of Sydney; overdue rates, £10 0s. lOd.; land, lots 17/18, d.pj. 9,969, Glossop street, St. Marys.

William Robert Chaplin, Stella Mary Warren, Whale Beach Estate Co. Ltd., all of Sydney; overdue rates, £5 12s. 6d.; land, lot 34, d.p. 9,969, Glossop-street, St. Marys.

William Robert Chaplin, Stella Mary Warren, both of Sydney, estate of late James Young; overdue rates, £6 12s. 4d.; land, lot 39, d.p. 9,969, Glossop-street, St. Marys.

William Robert Chaplin, Stella Mary Warren, both of Sydney, estate of late James Young; overdue rates, £6 12s. 5d.; land, lot 40, d.p. 9,969, Glossop-street, St. Marys

William Robert Chaplin, Stella May Warren, Whale Beach Estate Co. Ltd., all of Sydney; overdue rates, £4 18s. 3d.; land, lot 37, d.p. 9,969,.Glossopstreet, St. Marys.

land, lot 10, section H, d.p. 935, Morley-avenue, St. Marys. Clifford Malua Collins, Whale Beach Estate Co. Ltd., both of Sydney; overdue rates, £92 lis. 3d.; land, lots 222/225, d.p. 9.969, Great Western road known as Victoria-street, St. Marys. OVERDUE RATES. (1940, February 23). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1055. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article225080297

IN the matter of the Companies Act, 1936 (Section 182), and in the matter of PALM BEACH LANDS PTY. LTD.—It is the intention of the Directors of the abovenamed Company to issue, after twenty-one (21) days from publication hereof, duplicate share Certificate Nos. 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 and 99 for six hundred (600) fully paid ordinary shares, Nos. 1101 to 1600 and 8801 to 8900 inclusive, in the name of Gerald Wilkinson Mitchell, which have been declared lost. H. W. LEES, DirectorIN the matter of the Companies Act, 1936 (Section 182), and in the matter of PALM BEACH LANDS PTY. LTD.—It is (1949, April 22). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1181. Retrieved  from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224788931

Above: [Livonia Australis ] Whale Beach, Pitt Water, N.S.W. by A. J. Vogan (Arthur James), 1859-1948, photographer. [ca. 1910 - ca. 1915] - courtesy State Library of Victoria - Image No.: 0_306842 -

References and Extras

  1. Trove - National Library of Australia
  2. Roads In Pittwater: The Barrenjoey Road
  3. Bryan Webster - Profile - 'My grandfather was the first permanent resident of Whale Beach – some say 1921, others say 1923, I don’t have the records to ascertain which it is.'
  4. Careel House - History
  5. Pittwater Restaurants You Could Stay At Jonah's Road House – Whale Beach
  6. THE FIRST APPENDICECTOMY IN AUSTRALIA WAS PERFORMED AT TOOWOOMBA IN THE COLONY OF QUEENSLAND by DR. DRURY CLARKE, K.StJ., ED. Delivered before a meeting of the Royal Historical Society of Queensland on 27 April 1978. Retrieved from: Espace UQ 
  7. Wikipedia contributors. (2017, November 25). Percy Nolan. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Percy_Nolan&oldid=812061998

Also Available:

In 1915 The Barrenjoey Company made a formal application to build a golf links on the Barrenjoey Lighthouse Reserve. The Maritime Services Board, who controlled the land at the time, refused the application because they believed the Barrenjoey Company were trying to use public land for their own benefit.

In 1922 the Maritime Services Board indicated its intention to release that part of the Lighthouse Reserve now occupied by the golf course for public use. In anticipation of this, the Barrenjoey Company advertised its “Golf Links Subdivision” of land south of Beach Road and east of Ocean Road in the same year.

AT PALM BEACH
PROPOSED PARK MINISTER NON-COMMITTAL 
There is a narrow neck of land at Palm Beach, between the road and the ocean, which would make an ideal reserve. The Warringah Shire Council heard that the land is to be offered for sale, and sent a deputation to the Minister for Lands. (Mr. Wearne), who was asked to take steps for the resumption of the land as a public reserve. With the deputation were Messrs. Wenver, Scott Fell, Murphy and Dr. Arthur. M.L.A. Mr. Wearne, In reply, said that, where possible, it was the policy of the Government to extend to the people privileges to enable them to enjoy the pleasures of life, not only In the metropolis and suburbs, but throughout the State. He could not promise the resumption of the area. But he would Inspect it, and see whether it was suitable for the purpose desired. A
T PALM BEACH (1922, April 29). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article118868181

In 1923 the land was vested in the Lands Department and gazetted for public use in June. Under the authority of the Lands Department and the Local Government Act, 1919, control of the newly-created reserve was undertaken by Warringah Shire Council. That same year the Warringah Shire Council erected a sign banning camping in Barrenjoey Lighthouse Reserve, a decision which the Lands Department reversed.


In 1925 Warringah Council minutes show that it agreed to an application by the Palm Beach Progress Association that “the land now used as a golf links on the Lighthouse Reserve” should in future be known as Governor Phillip Park.

A RIDE TO BARRANJOEY. 

It seems strange that a portion of the country so near Sydney, of the most picturesque character, and containing much good agricultural land, terminating in a harbour almost as fine as that of Port Jackson, should be a veritable terra incognita to all but a very few of the citizens of Sydney — yet so it is. 

To Pitt Water there are two roads - one branching off about ten miles on the Lane Cove Road, and the other from Manly Beach. The latter runs along the coast, and after the first four or five miles, is perhaps unrivalled in the colony for beauty. After crossing the Manly Beach lagoon there is a rather tugged bit of road over what is termed the Stony Range ; and beyond some severe undulations, there is little to interest the traveller till he arrives at the Dewi Lagoon, on the bosom of which may frequently be seen a cluster of black swans. The road winds round the lagoon for a mile or so, and you then pass over the spur of a hill, from which a splendid view is obtained of the ocean and the coast as far as Long Reef. That, however, which is most striking, is the change in the surface character of the country. From Manly to this point vegetation is brown and stunted, with huge rocks on the hills, and sand in the hollows, and an atmosphere charged with a suffocating smell of burnt wood, and that peculiar odour always met within barren situations in Australia, so oppressive and enervating; but once over the hill that divides the lagoon from the property of Miss Jenkins, and you feel that you are taking in draughts of pure air, while the eye is delighted with a change so complete. The couch grass covers all the cleared spats, and these are numerous, running up to the top of the cliffs that overhang the sea coast ; and even where the land is not cleared, the grass is in many places very luxuriant. The road from the Jenkins' estate runs over a flat within a few yards of the coast, till it reaches the Narrabeen Lagoon, and parallel with it is a long narrow field of rich green; after heavy rains it is difficult to cross the lagoon, and horsemen or pedestrians usually head it, but at the present time the water at the ford is not at any part more than twelve inches deep, and a line of posts defines it. 

At Narrabeen the road takes a more inland direction, over flats and gentle hills, until it reaches the sheep- folds of the late Mr. Jenkins ; and here again it comes out on a cliff - covered with grass, from which the South and North Heads of Broken Bay may be seen, while stretching away in the distance are beautiful valleys, some cleared, and some full of the cabbage trees, ferns, and other beautiful specimens of the vegetable kingdom. It is the same until you reach the farm once occupied by the Farrells, who were two years ago convicted of destroying cattle owned by a farmer named Terry. 

A long and magnificent beach fronts this property, flanked by two imposing headlands; and on crossing a rustic bridge over a small salt-water creek, the pinch of the road is met with winding up a cliff not less than 300 feet above the sea

About two miles further on, from another eminence, a view suddenly breaks on the way-farer, certainly, unsurpassed, we think, in this or any other country. It is a magnificent valley, nearly surrounded by hills, — in the centre of which is the daily farm of Mr. John Collins, nearly opposite whose door rises, to the height of 360 feet, the South Head of Broken Bay. 

On the west side are the ranges that divide Pitt 'Water Harbour from the Hawkesbury River, and through a narrow flat, may be seen the placid water of one of the numerous bays of this fine haven. This farm is a part of the property of the late Rev. Mr. Therry, R. C., and is also well covered with rich grass. Mr. Collins is seldom without a visitor, either by sea or land, and very few ever pass his hospitable cottage on the way to Barranjoey without calling. Here, too, is the cave to which has been given the name of St. Michael, the descent to which over the cliff has been rendered somewhat easier than it was — and about a mile from the cave is the 'Gothic arch,' almost perfect in its proportions, though a purely natural formation. It is about seventy feet high, and from a distance is exactly like the altar window of some huge ruined cathedral erected by the sea-side. 


W.H. Raworth (Brit./Aust./NZ, c1821-1904). St Michael’s Arch, NSW [Avalon] c1860s. Watercolour, signed lower left, obscured title in colour pencil verso, 34.2 x 56.5cm. Tear to left portion of image, slight scuffs and foxing to upper portion.  Price (AUD): $2,900.00  at:https://www.joseflebovicgallery.com/pages/books/CL181-53/w-h-raworth-c-brit-aust-nz/st-michaels-arch-nsw-avalon 


To that point vehicles may proceed without difficulty; from thence to Barranjoey it is only a bridle track, over a mountain, rugged with broken rocks and gnarled trees, but as you progress, magnificent views of Pitt Water harbour and the opposite shore of Broken Bay are obtained, while not the least striking feature is Lion Island, the outline of which is an almost exact resemblance of that noble animal lying . with its head erect, as if guarding the entrance to the Hawkesbury. The 'inclines' on this mountain track are somewhat startling to the novice in bush travelling, the descent into what is termed the 'Dark Gully' being not unlike some of those represented by folklore in Dante's journey to Hades — though the immortal Italian never tried it on horseback. 

At the south end of this mountain is Barranjoey, a dark oblong mass, presenting on all sides a rugged front, and joined to the mainland by a narrow isthmus of sand, over which the sea once broke, but now it is covered with a carpet of green, with a ridge of low brushwood along the centre. Just under Barranjoey is the pretty cottage of the Customs officer, Mr. Ross, and the residences of those connected with the Customs station. There is evidence of taste in the gardens and the other cultivated ground around the station, and an air of peaceful comfort quite refreshing to those engaged in the turmoil of city life. From the station to the flagstaff on the top of the mount, the ascent is by a pretty walk, which must have taken considerable time to make, and on either side are various shrubs so planted as to throw an acceptable shade over the road. The view from here is a fitting climax to those on the journey down — to the south-west is a harbour that would hold the fleets of Great Britain, to the west the mouth of the Hawkesbury, to the north Pyramid Island and the entrance to Brisbane Water, and the innumerable inlets that dent the land stretching far into the sea and forming the South Head of Broken Bay, and on the east the unbroken curve of the Pacific. 

On the eastern side of Pitt Water, between Barrenjoey and the farm of Mr. Collins, there is a fishing station, of Chinese and Europeans, and even here the neatness of the huts and the care bestowed on the cultivation, of flowers are really pleasing to contemplate. The hut of the European is literally covered with foliage, and surrounded with bee-hives, on which he bestows . much attention. The Chinese cure the fish caught for exportation, and their establishment is a perfect pattern of order and cleanliness; and like the hut of their neighbour, is in the midst of flowers, many of rare description. Beautiful and interesting as the country is from Manly Beach to Broken Bay, one feature presents itself of an unpleasant character, and that is the apparent decay of the farms — it is evident that a large quantity of land was under cultivation.

 At one time in this district, 'ruthless ruin' seems, however, to have seized on what a few years ago must have been an animated scene. The land now lies fallow, and, save for the feeding of a few cattle, and sustaining about fifty people, is of no use whatever in contributing its quota to the general welfare. No doubt, the comparative difficulty of communication with the city by land has something to do with this state of things, but it is impossible not to believe that the chief cause of this inertia is to be found in the bad reputation of the district for agrarian outrages. The history of the Mona Vale case reveals a condition of society, within a few miles of Sydney, that might well deter persons from settling there ; and though the arm of the law fell on some of the evil-doers in that locality, there is now too much reason to fear that similar outrages will again disturb the district, as, only a few weeks ago, Mr. Wilson found a valuable bull of his, and a heifer belonging to another person, grazing on his land, both dead, having been shot evidently by design. This is a serious matter to the owner, but it is still mere serious to the community in the demoralisation likely to ensue from these villainous practices. It is the duty of the authorities at once to take such steps as may ensure protection for honest and hard working men, who with the responsibilities of large families to support and educate, are striving hard to do so, and are willing cheerfully to contend with climatic variations, and other disadvantages, but cannot Stand against the treachery of scoundrels who Stealthily destroy the means by which they live. A reward for the discovery of the offenders and the presence of a well mounted policeman in tho district would probably lead to good results ; and, above all, in case of conviction, a punishment that shall remove them from the district for some years. A RIDE TO BARRANJOEY. (1867, March 23). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1860 - 1871), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article166798985

In 1911, opening up the area via easier access through transport, would have made this at the end of the peninsula land attractive. Please note that there was a ceremony when the first tram rattled into Brookvale, which commenced at Manly - visit Narrabeen Tram Memorabilia Collectors page:

TOWARDS PITTWATER.
IMPROVED MEANS OF TRANSIT.
It's all electric now and exceedingly satisfactory as far as it goes. That was the consensus of opinion expressed on Monday morning last, when passengers found that electric cars had superseded the steam motor trams running between Manly and Brookvale. The recently expressed resolve of the Minister for Works to extend the line to Narrabeen without any further delay was viewed as a good step towards bringing Narrabeen and Pittwater within measurable reach of the city for residential purposes. There was no opening ceremony when the first car rattled in from Brookvale. The event conjured reminiscences of earlier times, and was in splendid contrast to the primitive horse cars that jogged from Manly pier to the tram sheds one mile out on the Pittwater-road. A pair of very quiet horses used to pull the car along at a comfortable speed to themselves. They were never in a hurry and it seemed as if horseflesh would keep going for all time.

At last a move was made ; one fine day a steam motor put the horses' noses out of joint, and passengers found themselves bust-ling through Manly at a fair pace as far as the one mile post. But the people who trudged in daily from Brookvale, sometimes through clayey mud four to fine inches deep, and sometimes through water over the road nine to 12 inches deep, persisted in crying out for the extension of the tram. Mr. C. A. Lee's ear happened to be turned that way ; and another two miles of tram line was laid down.
It was the late E. W. O'Sullivan's idea ten years ago to carry the tram right on to Pittwater without further ado. But the 1902-3 drought afflicted the land; there was an empty treasury; the wheel of political fortune revolved ; and the great tramway Minister for Works saw other hands tentatively fingering tramway systems that he hoped to grapple with and expand. This meant that communication with Pittwater was continued for some years by coaches. The coaches occasionally changed hands, but there no material alteration in the system.

Motor 'buses to compete with the coaches seemed an alluring proposition four or five years ago ; but motor 'buses were at that time in the experimental stage ; the roads were occasionally quite unfit for motor tyres ; and the number of passengers generally travelling none too satisfactory. The venture was not profitable to the promoters, and coaches again had to be relied on for travel- ling to and from Pittwater.

More recently, another and more efficient motor 'bus service has been in operation. The line of motor 'buses run to and from Manly to Bay View and the coaches ply between both Bay View and Newport. Thus a fairly effective service is provided on the Bay View side, where the more rapid motor 'bus service is at the disposal of the travelling public as well as the coaches. That is, considering the difficulties that any service short of a railway or tramway has to contend against, in catering for the uncertain traffic of such a district. Pittwater, through its isolation, is necessarily merely a tourist and "week enders" resort, and must continue so till the district is brought within measurable distance of the metropolis by railway or tramway, without the slow Sydney to Manly water journey. 

It is well known that tourists and "week enders" are fine weather travellers. They are rather particular, too ; and look for as much comfort and convenience as if they were travelling where the traffic is regular and the returns large. The holiday "trippers" swell the throng, all swarming out like butterflies in fine, warm weather, and hibernating, like polar bears, in the winter time, and during stormy weather.

On fine, warm week ends, both motor 'buses and coaches may be rushed far beyond their seating capacity every trip ; while during the greater part of the week (and all the week in wintry weather) not a solitary passenger may put in an appearance to keep the driver company on some of the trips. The coaches have their mail subsidy, but the motor 'buses have to rely entirely upon their passenger traffic. The most fastidious passenger may often travel the 12 to 13 miles for his florin or half-crown completely at his ease during rough weather, and the trip be made practically to time, even when gales rage up to sixty and seventy miles per hour.

Those who have travelled the district in all seasons, and at all hours, and are at all reasonable, know the drawbacks, and are not too critical. The road is often hard going for the horses and rough on the motor tyres. In storms, when the mouth of the Narrabeen Lake may be blocked, water may be running over the road skirting the lake, from 18 inches to two feet in depth. Even when the Manly boats have hoisted the storm signal, and stopped running, the Pittwater traffic has been kept going—though fares have not more than paid for axle grease and petrol. This says much for the service and when the time comes, as come it must, for railways and tramways to serve the district, the difficulties of the pioneering people will probably be forgotten. Meanwhile a little recognition of what has been done and what is still being done should not come amiss.

It may be incidentally remarked that, besides the main Manly to Pittwater road, the district is connected with Gordon, Pymble, and Hornsby, via St. Ives. The road is rugged, and very rough in places, especially by "Tumble Down Dick" and the "Powder Works." It is a passable way through some picturesque scenery for the people on the far end of the North Shore line, but not to equal in any respect the direct route via the Spit through Brookvale (avoiding Manly) on to Dee Why, Narrabeen, over by the opening of the lakes, on to Sheepstation Hill, and, thence round to Bay View, or on to Newport, and Barrenjoey.

All that is necessary for the settling of a large residential population is modern means of transit. A frequent train service at low fares would result in the dotting of homes on miles of charming country within easy reach of beaches, lakes, and lagoons, unsurpassed in any part of the world. TOWARDS PITTWATER. (1911, May 4). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15242606 

Where the Kookaburras Call Them For Morning Gallops -  Derby Colt That Tip-Toes Down a Goat Track

BUSH, BLUE SKIES AND THEN BLUE RIBAND - ON the verdant alpine heights of Whale Bay, nestling its unpretentious self in a forest of giant gums — is what? 

HUNDREDS of feet below, the foam-flecked combers of the turquoise Pacific bubble their champagne on to silver sands.\WAY in the dim distance, silhouetted against an azure sky, and majestically guarding this picturesque setting, stands Barrenjoey Light. Aloof! Foreboding! Pictures: NO WHALE IN THE BAY at Whale Beach. |—It would take an outsize in Jonahs to knock a beautiful spot like this. FOOTPRINTS IN THE SANDS of .... Whale Beach.

One hadn't to be even a decent sleuth to know that racehorses had been working here.

Picture: WHERE horses' appetites are not easily satisfied.  Mr.Wrayburn' turns on a lucerne horsdoeuvre.

STRETCHED out on the alpine heights for 'Truth's' photographer. ONE would naturally think of pigments and palettes with But nothing of the kind It is the temporary home of a potential Derby winner. Just a ramshackle-Joint, but who knows that a Phar Lap is not stabled therein?

Whale Bay! …..?In which to put a Derby proposition through its preliminary paces! 'Truth' got the whisper that a pack of mystery horses were secretly training at this sylvan spot.

ARRIVAL at Whale Bay quickly proved that there was something doing. The placid sands of this picturesque watering resort were criss-crossed and freely marked by horses hoofs, Indicating that quadrupeds and not bipeds had been responsible for gay gambollings on this particular beach. For half a mile deep furrows had disturbed the even surface of the sands. With so much information, 'Truth’ commenced to take a look-see at the surrounding scenery, but rugged mountainous country rising in dizzy heights from one end of the beach to the other, met the eye. Surely no blue-blood thoroughbred would find a home In such uninviting country. It gave the Impression more of a Ned Kelly cache.'Come Right In'

BUT high up on the southern headland a galvanised iron roof glistened. Here were possibilities. After zigzagging up the mountain side, negotiating many pedal hazards, 'Truth' eventually came Into a haven of hospitality and horse-flesh. An Inquisitorial eye was thrown atour approach, but when 'Truth'* was mentioned It was a case of 'Open, Sesame.'' Mr. Wrayburn' proved a perfect host, after we had told him our mission, the silver-haired gentleman. For many years, it appears, he has dabbled in the breeding and racing of thoroughbreds. 'Mr. Wrayburn's' name figures in the Stud Book as a breeder, and his colors have been carried by several horses, including Great Expectations, a colt by Cambysee, who beat Sea Pearl, now running prominently at the 'ponies.' in a two-year-old event at Menangle last year. Camhyses was also raced by 'Mr. Wrayburn,' but It can hardly be said that 'Mr. Wrayburn's' successes have been in keeping with the enthusiasm he lavishes on his hobby. Getting hold of Figconette, an Haut Brion mare, he mated her with Cambysee in 1929, and the resultant progeny, a bay colt who has been named Derby Day, is the horse that piqued 'Truth's' curiosity, and well warranted the trip to Whale Bay. Pep For Colt Derby Day, so far, has not been produced in a race, but his owner Is hopeful that the colt, a hard  bay, with a faint star, will take his place in the A.J.C. Derby at Randwick on October 1.'Mr. Wrayburn' is In the habit of spending his week-ends down at his Whale Bay cottage, and decided to put in three weeks' holiday at this health giving rendezvous, and he put it to his trainer, J. Carley, to send Derby Day-down, us it was felt that the climate there, combined with a certain amount of exercise on the beach, would put pep into the colt that would stand him in good stead when he commenced his Intensive training In Carley's care. At the same time, Miss B. V. Jenkins, who is also a patron of Carley, and who visits Randwick with her stopwatch on fast mornings, was prevailed upon to send Prince Pegasus down to accompany Derby Day. The pair were despatched by horse float as far as Collaroy, and the remaining miles to Whale Bay were covered per hoof by the brace of thoroughbreds. It is proposed, when the horses are returned to Sydney next Friday, to prevail upon horse-float proprietor, Bob Battersby, to pick the horses up on the main Palm Beach-road, a short distance before 'Mr. Wrayburn's property. .One of Carley's stable-hands was taken down to do the strapping and riding.

EACH morning Prince Pegasus and Derby Day tip-toe their dangerous way down a goat track which leads from the stables to a lower road and thence to the beach, where the pair are lit through their paces. It is 'Mr. Wrayburn's' opinion that the treatment extended these two horses is proving most beneficial. 

'Eat?'?Cannot give them enough to eat,' -said 'Mr. Wrayburn' as he handed Prince Pegasus a fistful of lucerne-hay as the chestnut poked his head over the stall door to take in the picturesque panoramic view of this wonder-sight. So much of an enthusiast is 'Mr.Wrayburn' that he built the wooden shell which serves as a stable for the two horses himself.

The foundation 'stones' (not stone)were hewn out of the mountain-side and carried one by one by 'Mr. Wrayburn.' It must have been a laborious and tedious Job, but it was all done for the love of the horse. So long as such men are associated with the sport, trainers, will experience little difficulty In finding patrons to fill their stables. Unfortunately, however, not many men nowadays are Imbued with the ideals and aspirations of this unorthodox owner and breeder.

IT will be interesting to follow the doings of Derby Day. He looks the right kind of customer. He displays hardiness, with any amount of bone and substance. 'Of course,' said Mr. Wrayburn, 'I won't lose any sleep If the little fellow does not win the classic; in the fete tryouts he had some months ago he acquitted himself in a fashion that was most satisfying to me.' If Derby Day happens to turn out well, open-air treatment for thoroughbreds should become distinctly fashionable.

When Derby Day returns to Kensington on Friday he may form the opinion that It's a drab spot. Yodelling milkmen will wake him and not the Kookaburras. He will miss the roar of the surf and the golden sands.

Where the Kookaburras Call Them For Morning Gallops. (1932, July 24). Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article169139370

A few other early Whale Beach homes, with pictures that are a bit better than those that go with the above 1932 article - both courtesy of The Australian Women's Weekly's ongoing celebration of Australian homes:

BEACH HOUSE

The attractive beach house of Mrs. G. Beatty and her daughter, Dr. Joan Beatty, at Bynya Road, Palm Beach, N.S.W., allows full enjoyment of sun, sea, and sky.

This L-shaped weatherboard house is surrounded by natural woodland. There are wide, unobscured views of ocean and beach. A spacious sun terrace, designed to create the impression of a ship's deck, is the main feature of the home. Wide glass doors and floor-length glass windows open to the terrace.

Simple, clear-cut lines have been followed in the furnishing. The interior color schemes blend with the cool appearance of the exterior. Palest envelope-grey has been used for walls and ceilings of main rooms.





"SHAEN," the Beattys" white-painted weather-board home at Palm Beach, N.S.W., is set within the shadow of trees (above). The front door is deep violet-blue. THE RAILED DECK commands a view of Palm Beach and Barrenjoey headland. WIDE, blue tilted eaves and extensive ocean views give a nautical air to the bedroom wing. SHELVES (above) link with unusual curved fireplace which divides spacious lounge and dining-area at right. GUEST-ROOM is simply but charmingly furnished (left). Dining-area has lovely Chippendale cabinet (above). BEACH HOUSE (1950, November 18). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 77. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article55190298 

HOUSE OF THE YEAR" AWARD TO HOLIDAY HOME
Photographs In this feature by Staff Photographer KEITH BARLOW


On this and following pages we present the house which "Architecture and Arts" selected from 10 finalists as the best of the year. The panel of judges say it is a remarkable example of modern Australian architecture, with complete harmony between landscape and building.

THE winner of the award is Sydney architect Peter Muller, who designed it as a holiday retreat for Mr. and Mrs. Anthony Walcott, of Bombala, N.S.W., and their two young children.

Built on a level plateau below scenic Bynya Road (only a few minutes' drive from Palm Beach, N.S.W.), the house covers an area of 101 squares (1050 sq. ft.), with an additional six squares (600 sq. ft.) of covered area for carport, barbecue terrace, and general outdoor living.

Size was not an important factor in the selection of the winning design. The panel of judges chose this one from nine others which reached the finals. Six were built in Victoria, one in Perth, and two in New South Wales.

A spokesman for the award panel said that while Mr. Muller's design used principles frequently employed by the great American architect Frank Lloyd Wright, the house itself had many striking original features, both in plan and elevation, and was most suited to Australian conditions.

"The space in and around the house has been sculpted in a masterful manner, providing a truly delightful place for holiday living," he said.

"In this house Mr Muller has used his building materials as an artist uses his paint, where all elements are related."

A glance at the plan and the picture above will show that the house is divided into separate units-living and sleeping -connected only by a covered walk.

This was done not only to create an atmosphere of holiday living but, more important still with young children in the picture, to separate completely the sleeping area from the noise of general living and of entertaining.

The block devoted to general living is simply one large room with a cleverly designed kitchen alcove. The alcove, although fully exposed to the main room, is not obviously a kitchen.

The deep-freeze and refrigeration units are built into timber cupboards, and the oven and top burner are built into separate, semi-concealed units.

Wall bookshelves from the main area extend across into the alcove, making the work-shop of the home still less obvious. The dining-table, which cantilevers into the main area, serves as a division between the two areas.

A "cosy corner" has been made by setting one corner of the room down 18in. below the main floor level, by install-ing adjustable lighting, and by building in seats round the open fireplace.'

Apart from the solid wall enclosure behind the fireplace, the walls of the main area are mainly of glass, which slide back into cavity walls to link up the garden terrace and barbecue area.

From the terraces and living-room the surrounding bushland, as well as magnificent views of Pittwater and the distant hills, are a constant source of enjoyment.

PLAN of the "House of the Year" shines the diamond-shaped form of the separated living and sleeping blocks and outdoor living area. Dotted lines show formation of crossed roof structure. Compare the picture of the house (above) and those shown in color overleaf with the plan below.


In the bedroom block, reached by the covered way, there are three bedrooms, two of which contain staggered bunks, a spacious lobby which also serves as a children's play area, and two separate, well equipped toilet rooms.

OUTWARD -SLOPING

Sloping walls of timber – a revolutionary departure in home planning-are a feature of the children's bunk-type bedrooms. The sloping walls not only permitted the installation of the second bunk in each bunk-room but increased the general space of the rooms without adding to the floor dimensions.

Another ingenious idea was the way in which clerestory lighting was used. It runs ribbon-like round the main roof in both blocks.

Architect Muller says he used it throughout because:

(1) It reduces the scale of a house to a more human level -impossible with the conventional nine-foot uniform ceilings.

(2) It reduces the sense of being enclosed, and still gives privacy.

(3) Narrow enough to ensure that sun-penetration is controlled.

(4) Gives perfect cross-ventilation at ceiling level, where it is really required, more especially in hot weather.

All lighting for after-dark use comes from built-in pelmets or troughs, or box-like cross-beams at 7ft. 4in. height. Direct concealed and adjust-able spot-lights are strategic-ally placed for comfort.

Floodlights in the trees illuminate outside terraces and gardens. In summertime, these flood-lights draw the insects away from the house and fill the rooms with soft reflected light just like moonlight.

Perhaps the most striking feature of the house is the crossed roof structure. This was factory-built of a series of 7ft. x 14ft. units. Two 7ft. x 14ft. plywood sheets were sandwiched together and separated only by 5in x lin. on joists (spanning 14ft.). Standing on edge and 21in. apart. The sheets and the joists were glued together. The roof and the factory polished ceilings of coachwood ply were erected in two days.

The lower roof, which spans carport and barbecue fireplace, was so placed in relation to the house as to give the equivalent shadow protection of a 16ft. eave overhang. To facilitate holiday living, the floors of reinforced concrete were poured directly on to the ground and covered with waterproof plastic floor tile, which requires little attention.

Clear plastic varnish was used inside and outside to protect all timber panelling and boarding.

A progressive council approved the plan under section 50A of the building ordinance, "A very little-used section of the Building Act," says Mr. Muller, "but which allows a council to permit the erection of dwellings of unusual construction."

The architect also pays tribute to his builder. Mr. F. A. Verrills, of Palm Beach.

Color pictures overleaf.


ABOVE: This view of the barbecue and living block was taken from the entrance to the sleeping area. In the foreground is the reflection pond with its wide stepping-stones. This shallow pool actually extends a short distance into the living-room, where it is surrounded by potted indoor plants. 

RIGHT: Children's bunk-type bedroom showing louver ventilation and outward sloping wall of timber. The clerestory windows allow additional light and ceiling ventilation.


MAIN BEDROOM it simply furnished for holiday living. Zebra-striped cotton spreads and curtains are easily laundered. The built-in dressing-table has a covered top and is finished in front with satin-finished black plastic. This same material decorates the mirror Two walls not shown in this picture are lined with floor-to-ceiling cupboards. These pictures illustrate the architect's masterful plan for carefree living. Note the complete division of sleeping and living areas, the ingenious use of timber, brick, and glass, skilful treatment of lighting, and the streamlined kitchen.

LOWER SIDE of the house shows the way in which the architect has combined the use of brick, glass, and timber. This picture also illustrates the position of rooms. From left are the main bedroom, the children's bunkroom, brick wall of the bathroom, covered walk to the separate living area, also the half section, of the lower cross-roof.


ABOVE: This view of the house was taken at the halfway point of the drive. As the main approach is from a higher level, the dramatic effect of the crossed-roof structure is all-important. Directly beneath the long main roof can be seen the continuous ribbon of clerestory lighting, which gives perfect cross ventilation to rooms at ceiling level. Note how the pierced ends of the crossed roofline cast interesting shadow patterns, and, as the architect says, add a feeling of delicacy to the main solid forms of the structure.

BELOW: The living-room, fire recess, and kitchen are combined in this one large area. The sunken fire-recess (not shown) has built-in seating, adjustable spotlighting for sewing or reading purposes. All lighting is concealed within the cross, box-like ceiling troughs or "pelmets." The cantilevered dining-table is the only separation between the kitchen alcove and living area. Deep-freeze and refrigerator units are built into the kitchen cupboards. The sliding glass walls frame panoramic views of Pittwater.


"HOUSE OF THE YEAR" AWARD TO HOLIDAY HOME (1957, July 17). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 27. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47210503 

The architect

TWENTY-NINE-YEAR OLD Peter Muller, who designed the "House of the Year" featured in this section, has had a brilliant scholastic career. Born in Adelaide and educated at St. Peter's College, he graduated with honors from Adelaide University at the age of 21, after completing the full architectural course and obtaining his Bachelor of Engineering degree in the record time of four years.

He was awarded the South Australian Travelling Scholarship. This was followed by the Albert Kahn Scholarship (U.S.A.), and a special graduate Fellowship from the University of Pennsylvania, together with a Fulbright Scholarship-the first Australian architect to receive this award. At 23 he obtained his Master of Architecture degree. 

After travelling and working in America, Canada, and Europe, he re-turned to Australia in 1953 and settled in Sydney. At present he is working on several houses for clients in Holland and the U.S.A. The architect (1957, July 17). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 27. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47210504 

First Progress Prize in our £1500 Color Contest

Winner of the first weekly £10 progress prize in our £1500 Color Scheme Contest is Mrs. A. Walcott, of 36 Bynya Road, Palm Beach, N.S.W. Her scheme was chosen from among hundreds that arrived in an avalanche of early entries.

MRS. Walcott's prize ill winning entry illustrates color schemes that are both gay and subdued. The rooms she describes would be a joy to live in, winter and summer, and would fit any part of Australia. Her entry satisfied the judges' demands on all accounts. First Progress Prize in our £1500 Color Contest (1958, March 12). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article51598678 

Whale Beach circa 1937-1941

Pittwater Roads II: Where The Streets Have Your Name - Whale Beach - threads collected and collated by A J Guesdon, 2019.

Previous History Pages:  

Marie Byles Lucy Gullett Kookoomgiligai Frank Hurley Archpriest JJ Therry Sir Patrick Gordon Taylor Bowen Bungaree W. Bradley 1788 Journal Midholme Loggan Rock Cabin La Corniche La Corniche II Lion Island Bungan Beach Botham Beach  Scarred Trees  Castles in the Sand Dame Nellie Melba lunches at Bilgola Spring, 1914  First to Fly in Australia at North Narrabeen  Mona Vale Golf Club's Annual Balls  Governor Phillip camps on Resolute Beach  Ruth Bedford  Jean Curlewis  Mollie Horseman  Charlotte Boutin  May Moore  Neville W Cayley  Leon Houreux   Frederick Wymark  Sir Adrian Curlewis  Bilgola Heron Cove  Mullet Creek  Shark Point  Woodley's Cottage  A Tent at The Basin Collin's Retreat-Bay View House-Scott's Hotel  Bilgola Cottage and House  The First Pittwater Regatta  Women Cricketers Picnic  Filmed In Pittwater   Governor Phillip's Barrenjoey Cairn Waradiel Season The Church at Church Point  Governor Phillip's Exploration of Broken Bay, 2 - 9 March 1788   Petroglyths: Aboriginal Rock Art on the Northern Beaches  Avalon Headland Landmarks  Steamers Part I  Pittwater Aquatic Club Part I  Woody Point Yacht Club  Royal Motor Yacht Club Part I Dorothea Mackellar  Elaine Haxton  Neva Carr Glynn  Margaret Mulvey Jean Mary Daly  Walter Oswald Watt Wilfrid Kingsford Smith John William Cherry George Scotty Allan  McCarrs Creek  Narrabeen Creek  Careel Creek Currawong Beach Creek  Bushrangers at Pittwater  Smuggling at Broken Bay  An Illicit Still at McCarr's Creek  The Murder of David Foley  Mona Vale Outrages  Avalon Camping Ground   Bayview Koala Sanctuary  Ingleside Powder Works  Palm Beach Golf Course  Avalon Sailing Club  Mona Vale Surf Life Saving Club  Palm Beach SLSC Part I - The Sheds  Warriewood SLSC  Whale Beach SLSC Flagstaff Hill Mount Loftus Pill Hill Sheep Station Hill  S.S. 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Archibald And Henry Lawson - Did They Go Fishing At Narrabeen In The Spring Of 1895?: Probably!  Bayview Baths Centenary Celebration in November 2016 hosted by Bayview-Church Point Residents Association  Dr. Jenny Rosen's Historical Timeline  Palm Beach RSL - Club Palm Beach Celebrating 60 Years  Early Years At Narrabeen: The Plane Sailing Day Of 1944 The  Five Ways- Six ways Junction; Kamikaze Corner - Avalon Bilgola  RPAYC Season on Pittwater and coming of Jubilees in Summer of 1938 Local Explorers’ Modern Day Discovery - Governor Phillip’s First Landing site, Campsite and contact with Local Aborigines in Pittwater: The Case for West Head Beach  Rendezvous Tea Rooms Palm Beach: links with 1817 and 1917: Palm Beach Stores  and Fishermen St Cloud's Jersey Stud: Elanora Heights: Pittwater Fields of Dreams  Roderic Quinn's Poems And Prose For Manly, Beacon Hill, Dee Why And Narrabeen  A Historic Catalogue And Record Of Pittwater Art I – Of Places, Peoples And The Development Of Australian Art And Artists: The Estuary  Celebrating World Radio Day: The Bilgola Connection With The Beginnings Of Radio In Australia  Emile Theodore Argles - champion of all Australians without a Voice - a very funny Satirist, Manly Poet and Pittwater Prose Writer and Litterateur  Sydney Harbour Bridge Celebrates 85th Birthday: A Few Pittwater Connections  Victor James Daley: A Manly Bard And Poet who also came to Pittwater and the Hawkesbury  Let's Go Fly A Kite !: Palm Beach Whistling Kites Inspire sharing How to Make Standard, Box and Whistling Boy Kites - school holidays fun with a bit of Australian and Narrabeen history  Clifton Gardens Mosman: An Eternal Green and Saltwater Space, and Of Many Captains  Historic Catalogue And Record Of Pittwater Art I: Coastal Landscapes and Seascapes  The Bayview Tea Gardens 1920 to 1923 When Run By Thomas Edward And Annie Newey (Nee Costello) An Australian and RPAYC Commodore Aboard an America's Cup Challenger of 1908 and 1914   Henry Lawson - A Manly Bard and Poet: on his 150th Birthday  Historic Catalogue and Record of Pittwater Art I: Artists and Artists Colonies  Opportunity To Visit Submarine War Grave Renews Memories Of 75 Years Ago  Early Bayview - insights courtesy Don Taylor and Margaret Tink Retracing Governor Phillip's Footsteps Around Pittwater: The Mystery Of The Cove On The East Side   Early Pittwater Surfers – Palm Beach I: John (Jack) Ralston and Nora McAuliffe  Patrick Edward Quinn: A Manly Prose writer who gave us A Run To Pittwater (1889) and Songs for the Federation of Australia  Avalon Beach North Headland Indian Face 'Falls': An Everchanging Coastline  Nautical Treasure In Suburbia  Pittwater: Where the Wild Flowers Are 1917 to 2017  Narani, Captain Cook Celebrations At MVPS And Elvina Bay Memories - 1970s  Early Pittwater Surfers – Palm Beach I: Alrema Becke Queen of Palm Beach  The Beachcombers Surfboard Riding Club: Palm Beach, NSW - 1959 to 1961 Year Dated Beer Bottles Found at Taylors Point  Early Pittwater Surfers: Avalon Beach I  - 1956: The Carnival That Introduced The Malibu Surfboard and Being Able To SurfAcross A Wave Face - Reg Wood Anecdotes    Mona Vale SLSC To Be Completely Renewed + A Few Insights from the Pages of the Past  The Firecracker That Closed Narrabeen Hotel By Ken Lloyd (Savalloyd) + Narrabeen Hotel Licence Transfer Trail  Traces Of WWII Coast Watchers Found On Bangalley Headland - 1942  Early Warriewood  SLSC insights per Norman Godden + Extras  The Macphersons of Wharriewood and Narrabeen: the photo albums of William Joseph Macpherson  Angophora Reserve Avalon 1938 Dedication  Avalon Preservation Association History by Geoff Searl Pittwater Summer Houses: 1916 Palm Beach Cottage and Palm Beach House  Pittwater YHA: Some History  WWI Historian Presents New Film On The Beersheba Charge At Avalon Beach Historical Society Meeting  Newport's Bushlink 'From The Crown To The Sea' Paths: Celebrating Over 20 Years Of Community Volunteer Bushcare Results  Pittwater Fishermen: The Sly Family Narrabeen Exploits and Manly Community Contributors: The First Surfboat at Manly Beach  Women In The Surf Life Saving Movement As Life Savers: From At Least 1910 Locally - Awarded Medals For Saving Lives From 1880 In NSW  Windsor Bridge: Planned Destruction Of Historic Link With A Pittwater Connection The Rise Of The Cruising Season: A Look At Some Early Australian sailers and Local Visitor Beauties     Pittwater Fishermen: Barranjoey Days Polo By The Sea 2018: Over A Hundred Years Of Loving This Game In Pittwater  Australia Day Regatta Began As Anniversary Day Regatta  Black Bakelite Telephone: Early Pittwater Phone Numbers  Hy-Brasil, Avalon Beach - Pittwater Summer Houses  Ferry Names for Emerald Class: The Gibbs-Turner Original Magic Button  Pittwater Summer Houses: A Tent At Palm Beach's Governor Phillip Park 'Neath Barrenjoey  Pittwater Summer Houses: The Cabin, Palm Beach - The Pink House Of The Craig Family  Manly's Early Sand Sculptors: How Pennies Can Become Pounds and Found A New Art   Retracing Governor Phillip's Footsteps Around Pittwater: The Mystery Of The Cove On The East Side by Geoff Searl and Roger Sayers 230th Anniversary Edit March 2018  Black-Necked Stork, Mycteria Australis, Once Visited Pittwater: Pair Shot in 1855  Butter Churns: Pittwater Dairies The Drainage System In Thompson Square, Windsor  Sydney Royal Easter Show 2018 Show Stopper Beer Brewed By Modus Operandi Mona Vale Extends Locals Input Into RAS Annual Celebration Of Local Products Sydney's Royal Easter Show Showbag Began As An Australian Sample Bag   Pittwater Fishermen: Great Mackerel, Little Mackerel (Wilson's Beach - Currawong) and The Basin  Motor Car Tours To And In Pittwater Show Us The Way This Place Once Was  Some Bayview Memories: The Lloyd Family Tarramatta Park, Mona Vale 1904  The Collaroy Paddle Steamer: New Ephemera Added To Public Accessible Records - Her Connections To Pittwater  The Roads And Tracks Of Yesterday: How The Avalon Beach Subdivisions Changed The Green Valley Tracks  Australian Sailing's Barranjoey Pin Program; some insights into this Pittwater Yacht and owner, Sir W Northam who won Australia’s first Olympic sailing gold medal at the 1964 Tokyo Olympic Games  Avalon Beach Historical Society’s 9th Great Historic Photographic Exhibition: Thousands Of Stories Made Accessible  The Hawkesbury River Railway Bridge: Timely Winter Anniversaries and Commemorations For A Septuagenarian and her Predecessor  Photographers Of Pittwater Capture Historic Insights: A. J. (Arthur James) Vogan, 1859-1948  Roads To Pittwater: The Wakehurst Parkway Along Old Oxford Falls Track  Roads To Pittwater: The Pittwater Road  My Holiday by Charles de Boos – 1861  Shark-proof pools at Manly on the Harbourside  Dad's Fishing Shack At Long Reef  Historic Photographers Of Pittwater: Harold 'Caz' Cazneaux 1878 - 1953 Roads To Pittwater: The Mona Vale Road  My Singing Story Barrenjoey High School's 50th Year: History Notes + The Original Barrenjoey School  A Bunch Of Wildflowers: Historical Spring September Songs  Camden-Campbelltown Hospitals & Carrington Convalescent Hospital: A Mona Vale-Frenchs' Forest Hospitals Comparison With Pittwater History Links The Newport School: 1888 to 2018  A Visit to Bungan Castle by ABHS   Roads In Pittwater: The Barrenjoey Road Remembrance Day 2018 - Pittwater Veterans WWI 100 Years From Armistice Day 1918   Filmed in Pittwater: A Sentimental Reprise + Narrabeen  Roads In Pittwater: The Bay View Road  The NSW Women's Legal Status Bill 1918: How The 'Petticoat Interference In Government' Came Of Age - A 100 Years Celebration Of Women Alike Our Own Maybanke Selfe-Wolstenholme-Anderson Scott Brewster Dillon: A Tribute - He Did It His Way  Pittwater Summer Houses: Rocky Point and Elvina Bay -  A Place Of  Holiday Songs and Operas In Ventnor, Fairhaven, Trincomalee and Maritana    Remains Of Captain Matthew Flinders Discovered: Links with Bungaree of Broken Bay   Isabella Jessie Wye MBE OAM (Isa)  Off To School In 2019 Quicker Than 104 Years Ago  Photographers Of Early Pittwater: Charles Bayliss  Harold Nossiter's Classic Yachts  Pittwater Roads II: Where the Streets Have Your name - Scotland Island  Art Deco Inspirations In Palm Beach: The Palladium Dance-Hall, Cafe And Shop - The Surf Pavilion - The Beacon Store  Pittwater Roads II: Where the Streets Have Your Name - Newport Beach  Professor Christopher John Brennan: A Poet Of Newport Beach  M.V. Reliance Turns 100  Avalon Beach Historical Society March 2019 Meeting: Focus On Trappers Way   Pittwater Roads II: Where the Streets Have Your name - Clareville  Photographers of Early Pittwater: Henry King  Photographers Of Early Pittwater: David 'Rex' Hazlewood  Richard Hayes Harnett - First Commodore Of The Royal Prince Alfred Yacht Club and Designer Of The Yacht 'Australian' - Based On The Lines Of A Mackerel  Pittwater Summer Houses: Waiwera and Hopton Lodge, Bayview The Sirius Circumnavigation (1935-1937): Nossiter Trio Make Australian Sailing History  Pittwater Roads II: Where the Streets Have Your name - Avalon Beach  Were Manly's Statues, Smashed For Road Ballast, Sculpted By Achille Simonetti?   Pittwater Roads II: Where the Streets Have Your name - Warriewood  Avalon Beach Historical Society June 2019 Meeting  Flint and Steel Guesthouse    Pittwater Roads II: Where The Streets Have Your Name - 'Green Hills', Elanora Heights, and Ingleside  Ethel Turner's Seven Little Australians Added To UNESCO Memory Of The World Register - The Missing Pages Restored  RPAYC To Host 100th Year Of The Scandinavian Gold Cup and 5.5m Worlds In January 2020 - some Etchells Worlds and Gold Cup on Pittwater History    Pittwater Roads II - Where the Streets Have Your Name: Mona Vale  Pittwater Roads II - Where the Streets Have Your Name - Bungan  Shark Meshing 2018/19 Performance Report + Historical Pittwater Shark Notes  Anthony Thomas Ruskin Rowe, Spitfire Pilot (1919 To 1943) - Who Defended Darwin And His Mate: An Avalon Beach And Pittwater Hero  Newport Surf Club Celebrates 110 Years On October 19, 2019 - A Few Club Firsts  Pittwater Roads II - Where the Streets Have Your Name - Bilgola  Tram Memorabilia - Historic Daylight Run For Sydney Light Rail Begins 80 Years After Last Tram To Narrabeen Closed  Historic Insights From The Australian National Maritime Museums 1890 Pitt Water 'Era' Yacht Collection: The Basin Regattas   Pittwater Roads II - Where the Streets Have Your Name - Coaster's Retreat and The Basin Samuel Wood Postcards of Pittwater and Manly  Bilgola SLSC Celebrates 70 Years: Anecdotes from Early Members  Pittwater Roads II - Where the Streets Have Your Name - Great Mackerel Beach  G . E. Archer Russell (1881-1960) and His Passion For Avifauna From Narrabeen To Newport  A History Of The Campaign For Preservation Of The Warriewood Escarpment by Angus Gordon and David Palmer