January 14 - 20, 2018: Issue 343
Pittwater Fishermen: Barranjoey Days
MY HOLIDAY. I
(From the Sydney Mail, September 7.)
Long before our arrival at the tents, if we had had any doubt with respect to the correctness of our surmise, our noses would have at once dispelled it; for the strong smell of the fish, cured à la Chinoise, that saluted our olfactories was so overpowering as to cause us to hesitate whether we should run the gauntlet of the tents, or whether we should give them a wide berth by making a detour. As it happened, however, that we required to replenish our stock of tea and sugar, it became absolutely necessary that we should visit the tent, these enterprising foreigners keeping the only depot on the Peninsula for the sale of these articles; and, consequently, "the ancient fish-like smell" had to be encountered.
Chinaman's or Snapperman Beach and Observation Point, Palm Beach, Newport Digital Order Number: a106120 circa 1912, Broadhurst Image, courtesy State Library of NSW.
As we approached we met with all the materiel of a fishery. First, a long and apparently valuable seine was spread out on the grass a little above the beach to dry, and a boat hauled up on the sand showed that it had been recently used. Another, and a somewhat smaller, boat was moored out in deep water ready for use. A little further on, about ten or a dozen bushels of guardfish were spread out on the grass to cure, with small hopes, as I should imagine, of their drying under the influence of the weak and wintry sun. Next a small tent full of barrels of all kinds, but principally the light American oak flour barrels, showed the preparations for packing the fish obtained and dried during the summer season. Ten or a dozen yards further on was another tent,-the fish store-in which were piled up heaps of snapper and large-sized bream, all cured and ready for the Celestial consumption for which they had been prepared; and here we found the two Chinese, master and man, who owned the location. The master appeared a tolerably decent looking and intelligent man, who spoke English sufficiently well to be understood, and who very readily gave us all the information in regard to his fishery that we demanded from him.
Their mode of procedure is this:-they fit out boats for persons willing to fish for them, of course keeping an account against them, for materials, rations, &c, supplied, and taking from them all the fish they catch suitable for curing, at a certain fixed price. The smaller fish they allow them to take into the Sydney market. In the season they have from fifteen to twenty boats at work fur them, principally manned by Europeans, besides which they buy from all who choose to come to them, offering to the fishermen the further convenience of the store they carry on, and from which they supply tea, sugar, and biscuit at a very small advance upon Sydney prices. We bought, at 3s. per lb., some really fine black tea, very much superior to any that is to be procured ordinarily at the grocers' shops of the metropolis. Sugar was 6d. per lb., similar to that for which 5d. is paid in Sydney ; whilst Wilkie's best cabin biscuits are retailed at 4d. per lb. As soon as the fish are procured they are cut open and gutted, lightly rubbed with salt, and then spread out in the sun to dry. In the summer this is very speedily and effectually done, although not without the fish obtaining that peculiarly rank and offensive smell that all who have passed by a Chinese store must have noticed. The supply of fish is allowed to accumulate during the summer, heaped in a tent devoted to the purpose, the heaps being occasionally turned, and every care taken against damp and wet; and so soon as the drying season is over-when the sun ís too far from the zenith as to have lost his power-the packing is commenced. No further trouble is taken in the packing, than to lay them in the barrels as closely as they can be got, and to press them down as hard as can be done with the hands. They are then headed up and forwarded to Sydney, to be distributed all over the interior wherever Chinese most do congregate. This season they had obtained about two hundred barrels of fish.
Besides this fishing station on Pitt Water, there are also others at Brisbane Water, on Tuggerah Beach Lake, and on Lake Macquarie, all carried on by Chinese. There are several others also to the south-ward of Port Jackson, though my Chinese informant could not give me the names of the places where they ore established. All these fisheries have been formed by Chinese merchants resident in Sydney; that at Pitt Water belongs to a Chinese merchant in George street, whose name I could not make out, although I tried very hard to do so. The Chinese from whom I had these details was a kind of superintendent or manager of the fishery, keeping accounts against the fishermen with perfect correctness, and keeping the books of the station in the same way as an English storekeeper would do. He showed his board of colored beads by which he did all his reckoning, his multiplication, division, addition, and subtraction ; but after about half-a-dozen explanations, which he went through with most exemplary patience, neither of us could make head or tail of it, albeit Nat, who considers himself exceedingly clever at accounts, said he thought he saw what the plan was.
Having purchased our stores, and obtained all the information we could from the boss, we filled our billy with water, and, obtaining the permission of the locataires, put it over their fire. When they found that we were going to take our midday repast, they brought out biscuit and butter and spread them before us, and when our pot boiled, produced their own tea and sugar for our use, thus performing the right of hospitality in true bush fashion. We were rather pleased at this, as we had previously imagined that the very last place to go to for a feed would be a Chinese tent. We made an excellent meal of biscuit, butter, and watercresses, and I think rather astonished master John at the quantity of comestibles that we managed to stow away. They had pressed us very hard to try some of their fish, and they certainly had a string of very fine fat mullet hanging up in their private tent, no doubt as a special delicacy, but neither of us could stand the odour, which nothing but long habit or absolute starvation could have overcome.
All the stronger for our meal-snack, Tom called it-we lighted our pipes, resumed our loads, and bade adieu to our entertainers, thanking them for the kind hospitality which they had furnished, the more particularly as it had been unsought on our part.
Crossing a bright clear brooklet that ran close to the rear of the tents, a couple of hundred yards brought us to a rocky headland forming the northern boundary of the cove on which the Chinamen were located. This we crossed by a miserable track knee deep in mud, and, arrived on the other side, we had Barranjuee full in front of us, about three quarters of a mile distant, with a long cleared flat, that had the appearance of having been at one time cultivated, lying between us and the mountain. This flat, which now intervened between us and Barranjuee, was scarcely two hundred yards across at the widest part dividing the Pacific from Pitt Water, and joining Barranjuee to the main. It is very low, and is fully exposed to whole sweep of the south-eastern gales that at some seasons prevail upon the coast, throwing up the waves in watery mountains upon the long beach that faces seaward, and scattering the spray in drenching showers right across into the bay. A dense scrub of ti tree and honeysuckle grows on the seaward side of the flat, forming a thick protecting belt almost up to the mountain, and this Nat and I determined to push through, whilst Tom went on ahead to the Customs station, whose white cottage we could see glistening brightly against the dark back ground of the vast cliffs of the mountain.
We had been led to expect that on the edge of this scrub we should put up any quantity of wonga wongas, and as Nat and I were desirous of making a triumphal entry into the station with a brace or two of these fine birds hanging at our girdles, we determined upon trying our luck. Carefully, and in a most sportsmanlike manner did we stalk along through the fern, which here grew as high as our waists, and formed an excellent cover for birds if they would but have come there. I fully expected every minute to put up, if not a wonga wonga, at all events a brace of quail; but we went on and on, and still nothing appeared. Nat audibly gave vent to his dissatisfaction, and stated as his private and particular opinion, that we had been humbugged. He uncocked his piece and threw it over his shoulder, whilst I was in the act of doing the same thing, when whirr !-up with a loud flapping of wings, that from its suddenness quite unnerved me and threw me off my guard, rose a magnificent wonga wonga, which in my agitation appeared to me as big as a turkey. It heeled round leisurely in front of me and lodged in the branches of a honey- suckle, full in sight, though out of gun-shot from where we stood, whilst I stood with mouth and eyes open, incapable of doing anything but watching its flight.
"What the mischief was that?" said Nat, in evident astonishment at the sound.
“Didn’t you see it? " I asked.
" Not a bit," he replied.
"It was a wonga, and as large a one as ever I saw. See, there he is on the honeysuckle vender, the fourth bough from the top."
"I see him," shouted Nat, as he darted off into the bush. ....MY HOLIDAY. (1861, September 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13063749
The oriental fish-curers were still present years later:
On the eastern side of Pitt Water, between Barrenjoey and the farm of Mr. Collins, there is a fishing station, of Chinese and Europeans, and even here the neatness of the huts and the care bestowed on the cultivation of flowers are really pleasing to contemplate. The hut of the European is literally covered with foliage, and surrounded with bee hives, on which he bestows much attention. The Chinese cure the fish caught for exportation, and their establishment is a perfect pattern of order and cleanliness, and like the hut of their neighbour, is in the midst of flowers, many of rare description. A RIDE TO BARRANJOEY. (1867, March 22). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13150778
[FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT]
June 24 – We have had tremendous weather, but, as far as Pitt Water is concerned, no damage has been done with the exception to one of our picturesque curiosities, St. Michael’s Arch. It has at length to the too mighty elements and the destroying influence of time, that which was the admiration of all who have beheld it is now almost baseless fabric-there is only about one half of the outer support left, looking at it at a distance it has the resemblance of a coloured pillar. In its fall it carried a large portion of the overhanging rock with it, a thousand tons of gigantic boulders, and in such masses that I think it will stop the ingress from that part to the cave, but at yet we have had no close inspection for the rollers are dashing to the height of the stupendous rocks. The only idea I can give of the gale is that the froth of (not spray) the sea came over Mount St. Joseph, opposite the house, half a foot in size, and spread itself down to the dam, at times shading the heights of the mountain,-its resemblance was that of an overwhelming snow storm.
The sea at Barranjoey washed away the flower garden in front of the Chinamen's huts, taking soil and all, so that the beach comes close up to their door. There must have been awful havoc in the Hawkesbury, for all the beaches from Barranjoey to the Long Beach are strewn with fragments of houses, boxes, chairs, door frames, dead pigs, hay, wheat, broken bedsteads, weather-board sides of houses, oranges with large branches, pumpkins, melons, corn cobs, and other debris, that scarcely any portion of the beaches can be seen. Mr. Conolly picked up a workbox, in which was contained a number of receipts and letters directed to Mr. Moss, Windsor. The beaches on which are the debris is Barrenjoey, Whale Beach, Collins's Beach, Mick's Hollow Beach, Farrell's Beach, Mona Beach, and Long Beach, so it may be imagined the great extent of destruction. BROKEN BAY. (1867, June 27). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13144304
W.H. Raworth (Brit./Aust./NZ, c1821-1904). St Michael’s Arch, NSW [Avalon] c1860s. Watercolour, signed lower left, obscured title in colour pencil verso, 34.2 x 56.5cm. Tear to left portion of image, slight scuffs and foxing to upper portion. Price (AUD): $2,900.00 at:https://www.joseflebovicgallery.com/pages/books/CL181-53/w-h-raworth-c-brit-aust-nz/st-michaels-arch-nsw-avalon
BROKEN BAY AS A HARBOUR OF REFUGE.
To the Editor of the Herald.
Sir, - The late heavy gales suggest that the Government ought to take measures for making a harbour of refuge of portions of Broken Bay. That opinions as to its suitability for the purpose are conflicting I admit ; but surely when it is borne in mind that there is no port where a vessel may take shelter from a storm between Port Jackson and Port Stephens, it is worth while ascertaining the truth of the matter. During a short visit, I took the opportunity to make inquiries as to the difficulties in the way of vessels entering; and also the best places for them to make, and, from what I then ascertained, there can be little doubt the bay is not sufficiently well charted. There would be some difficulty in working up to the basin in a S.E. gale, but no difficulty whatever in making the smooth waters of Cowan if there were a guide in the shape of a lighthouse on Barrenjoey. I believe a suggestion was made some time ago to have a light placed on Elliott Island. This would, it appears to me, be a very undesirable situation, as the light could not be seen until vessels were well round either the North or South Heads of Broken Bay, whereas it ought to be visible well out to sea.
Except to the captains of the vessels that regularly trade there, its advantages are almost unknown, even to the traders on the coast.
I remain, Sir, yours obediently,
F. C. B.
BROKEN BAY AS A HARBOUR OF REFUGE. (1867, June 22). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13142244
The Barrenjoey lights came on soon after: - visit Barrenjoey Lighthouse - The Construction
LIGHT ON BARRENJOEY.-On Monday last, the Superintendent of Pilots (Mr. Hixson), the Engineer for Harbours and Rivers (Mr. Moriarty), and several other gentlemen, proceeded to Broken Bay in the Government steamer Thetis, where they fixed and determined upon a site for the light proposed to be erected at Barrenjoey.
His Excellency the Governor, and about twenty other gentlemen, availed themselves of the opportunity of visiting Broken Bay, Pitt Water, and the mouth of the Hawkesbury. Abridged from the SM Herald, June 9. ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. (1868, June 11 - Thursday). The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW : 1843 - 1893), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18733795
On the 8th instant, the Governor and a party of officials visited Barrenjoey, on Monday last, to determine the spot on which the intended light is to be placed. NOTES OF THE WEEK. (1868, June 13).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28423959
Not altogether unconnected with the subject of colonisation and settlement, and certainly not devoid of interest to shipmasters and owners trading from England to this port, is the official announcement just made, that on and after the 20th of this month two temporary fixed lights will be exhibited on Barrenjoey, the inner south headland of Broken Bay, a few miles to the northward of Port Jackson.
We believe that the frameworks for the lights have already been sent down by the Government steamer Thetis; and there can be no question that a light has long been required in that spot. But, to an unprofessional person, it would appear somewhat imprudent to light up these beacons on so short a notice. So far as the coasting trade is concerned, the notice may be quite sufficient; but there is nothing uncommon in vessels from England, coming in to the land from seaward, making the coast near Broken Bay ; and what must a captain think if, getting close under the land in the evening, he sights one or both of those lights, which the official notice says " will be visible at a distance to seaward of about twelve miles " If aware of the lights having been placed upon Barrenjuey he would of course be on his guard, but in ignorance of that fact, would it not be possible for him to mistake them for the Sydney lights? Of course the Government and the nautical authorities have no object but the safety and security of our maritime commerce; but we might be permitted to put the case suggestively-whether it would not be prudent to give a far more extended notice before causing those beacons to be lighted. The Empire. (1868, July 15). Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60855199
Monday, July 20.— Recd, at 12.56 a.m. –
Barrenjoey lights will Appear to-night for the first time. LATEST NEWS, (1868, July 21). The Newcastle Chronicle (NSW : 1866 - 1876), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article111330247
As a singular coincidence it may be mentioned that for a number of years large numbers of goats could be seen browsing about the ravines and precipitous cliffs in the neighbourhood of Barrenjoey. They had become very wild, and frequented the most inaccessible cliffs; and, although often seen perched in some rocky point, they were very difficult to approach within rifle range, and were therefore safe from molestation by man. Yet, singular to say, although these animals had been there for many years, a few months ago it was found that they had all suddenly disappeared. It is clear that they were not killed, for in no instances have any remains of them been found, and in no way can the residents of that part of the country account for their mysterious disappearance.-Ed ] A VISIT TO MONTAGUE ISLAND. (1869, September 15). Empire(Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60896387
Telegragh to connect Barrenjoey with Broken Bay, £1350. THE ESTIMATES. (1869, October 21). The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW : 1843 - 1893), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18740581
Mr. WINDEYER called the attention of the Government, and especially of the Treasurer, to the lights at Barrenjoey. There were two lights, which were a quarter of a mile apart, and the keeper's house was built at a considerable distance from them. There was a necessity for another person to aid him. It was a rule in the United Kingdom that there should be three men for every island or rook lighthouse. In this case these two lights at a considerable distance, and there is enormous labour involved in keeping up these two lights.
The keeper often has to remain exposed to wind and rain all night. (Mr. HILL; Hear, hear.) He has to light the lights from the outside, which is almost in itself impossible when the weather is rough. And instead of receiving the same remuneration as other lighthouse- keepers, namely, £180 a year, he only receives £150 a year. There was even more danger .than before the lights were put up; for captains would, of course expect to see the lights there. He moved the adjournment of the House.
Mr. SAMUEL said he would inquire further into the subject. The Superintendant of Lighthouses had recommended that this man's salary should be raised to L180 ; but he considered that he ought to perform all the duties. The Government contemplated the erection of a permanent lighthouse there. But some delay had arisen from a dispute about the title of the land.
Mr. WINDEYER said it was impossible that one man could attend to two lights. While he was at one the other might be put out.
The motion for adjournment was negatived. PARLIAMENT. (1870, March 9). Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875), p. 3. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60891977
The first light keeper was George Mulhall, known for his prowess as a rower. The lights didn't stop visiting and local fishermen from perishing in the sea though:
Sad Boat Accident. — A young man named Tucker was drowned at Broken Bay on Monday last, from the capsizing of the ketch Ada. The deceased with three others, had arrived near the Heads of Broken Bay, on a fishing exclusion from Sydney on the previous evening but as there were no lights at Barrenjoie, they stood in for the land. On Sunday they found themselves a mile away from the lighthouse. They entered the Heads on Monday, and on rounding the inner Head a small dingy broke, away. -in jibing in endeavouring to recover .the' dingy the ketch went down. The Customs boat picked up three and the West Hartley No. 2, ' one. Tucker was however, drowned. A magisterial inquiry was held on Tuesday, when an open verdict was returned. ST. MARY'S LITERARY ASSOCIATION.— (1871, December 30). Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article120727681
TEMPORARY LIGHTS, BARRENJOEY(BROKEN BAY).
The Screens have been removed from these lights. They will now be seen from the southward when Barrenjoey is open, off the South Head of Broken Bay.
FRANCIS HIXSON, Superintendent.
NOTICE TO MARINERS. (1872, January 20).Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60880257
Barrenjoey, Friday evening.
The schooner Caledonian capsized to-day in Pitt Water. Melville, master, drowned. Crew saved. The vessel went down in about four fathoms water. Mellville's body has been recovered. The crew have been supplied with what they required by Mr. A. Black. TELEGRAMS THIS DAY. (1872, October 5). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article114735772
OCEAN BOAT RACE.
One of the most interesting aquatic events of the season was run on Saturday, over a course which took in some 40 miles of outside sailing. The contesting boats were the Carlotta, recently constructed by Donnelly for Mr. S. H. Hyam, and the Lottie, by the same builder, and owned by Mr. It. Moodie. The stakes consisted of £110, of which sum the Carlotta's backers contributed £60, The match arose in consequence of the Carlotta's defeat at the Anniversary Regatta by the Lottie. The partizans of the former boat believing that the Carlotta was not defeated on her merits, made the present match ; and, when the running of tho two events is compared, it certainly does look as if there was a screw loose in the Anniversary match, the weather on each occasion being ns nearly as possible the same, and yet the results so different. Newton, who sailed the Lottie in the Mayor's Cup match, was again retained, and his knowledge of outside work was considered an important event in the boat's favour, and she had a splendid crew of a dozen men, comprising several Broken Bay fishermen. A new man, Colebrook, took the Carlotta's helm, and he had with him the following crew, viz., Drennan, Kensey, Linnie, Leo, Wilton, Boyd, Goodridge, Nash, Davis, Donnelly, M'Guire, Sullivan, and Adams.
The conditions were that the race should start at 9 a.m. at Fort Macquarie, sail round a boat off Barrenjuee, and back to the starting place. The great interest in the contest was manifest by the number of steamers, yachts, and other smaller fry that either went the course or met the boats on their return trip. Captain Broomfield officiated as starter, and sent the pair away on their course punctually at 9 a.m., the steamers Princess of Wales and Mystery following with spectators. It was a calm at the time, but as the tide was sweeping out at a good rate, the boats drifted rather than sailed away towards Port Denison beam and beam. Both boats carried topsails and squaresails, and passing Port Denison Lottie was leading by a length. The booms then gybed from starboard to port, and in the run with a faint north-west wind Carlotta gained four lengths in the passage to Bradley's, rounded in 33 minutes from the start. Both boats again gybed wide of the point, but as the wind was creeping more northerly, squaresails were lowered.
The wind came in from north-east at last, and Lottie tacked at the Bottle and Glass. Carlotta held on to the tack a little longer, and was quietly drawing away. The next board brought them to the Old Man’s Head, and Carlotta still held the weather gauge of her rival. Newton unwisely stood too close in, and lost the wind. Beaching out to sea, Carlotta held the lead by a quarter of a mile. The boats made short boards along the coast, and those who were distrustful of Colebrook's seagoing navigation were mistaken, for he was proving quite equal to the emergency.
Long Reef was passed by Carlotta, at 12.30 p.m., leading by two minutes, but her windward position made it equivalent to about six minutes. Here the wind was light from N.E. Carlotta's topsail would not set on the starboard tack, and had to be taken down, and once the Lottie decreased her rival's advantage, but the unruly topsail was got into commission again, and the Carlotta thrashed into the wind again in excellent style. The boat off Broken Bay was rounded by Carlotta, at 2.23 p.m., and by Lottie, at 2.30 p.m. Colebrook had so much confidence in the speed of his boat down the wind, that he set no squaresail, but run with mainsail, jib, and topsail. The moment the Lottie got off the wind her crew had her smothered in canvas, yet the running showed no improvement in her favour, and passing Long Reef on the way home about a mile and a half separated the boats. All the way up the harbour hundreds of sailing craft ran with the racing boats, and the clear bright sunshine upon the scene made up a pleasing picture that few ports in the world could equal. The Carlotta's crew were loudly cheered at various points of the harbour, and the race was won at 6.45 p.m. The Lottie finished five and three-quarters minutes later.
The stakes were handed over in the evening at Punch's Hotel, Mr. James Punch being the stakeholder. OCEAN BOAT RACE. (1878, March 9).Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1870 - 1907), p. 34. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article70613115
Although the above attests to fishermen knowing the seas they sail in, simple accidents, like this one during the construction of the Barrenjoey Lighthouse, also take lives:
A fatal boat accident occurred this evening in the bay. Mrs. Phillips, her son John Phillips, Joseph Modini, a fisherman, and George Cobb, a foreman in the employ of Mr. Banks, lighthouse contractor here, were returning home in a small boat, when from some unexplained cause the boat filled. Modini and John Phillips succeeded in gaining the shore about a quarter of a mile off, but Mrs. Phillips and George Cobb were drowned. Mr. Black, of H. M. Customs, immediately upon receiving information, started with a party to attempt to recover the bodies. BARRENJOEY. (1881, April 16 - Saturday).The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912), p. 630. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article161883628
Yesterday, being Easter Monday, a pleasant steam excursion took place in connection with the St Benedict's Young Men's Society. The commodious steamer the Collaroy, under the command of Captain Mulhall, had been chartered for the occasion, and left the Australasian Steam Navigation Company's Wharf, Sussex-street North, with about 260 persons on board, at ten o' clock a.m. Part of the band of H. M. S. 12th Regiment were in attendance, their cheerful and untiring efforts contributing not a little towards making the day pass harmoniously and agreeably away. Working along through the everchanging scenery displayed on the shores of our harbour, the Collaroy at length rounded the Heads, and, taking a northerly course, rushed past that enormous barrier presented by the weather-worn cliffs which face the ocean between the Great North Head and the seaward aspect of Manly Beach. Following on the interesting coast line of Curl Curl, Deewy, Long Reef, and Narrabeen, &c, - varied succession of wooded eminences, long sandy reaches, towering precipices, and grassy park-like slopes, the pleasure-seekers were at length abreast of the singular headland of Barrenjoey, forming the extreme south-eastern limit of the estuary which serves as a common outlet for the River Hawkesbury and the Pitt Water. Shortly after passing the Custom House station the course of the Collaroy then took a southerly direction, and so brought the holiday folks into the lake-like solitudes of Pitt Water, until wooded hills seemed to be rising on every side of the vessel. The passengers were landed at a small, but commodious wharf, erected on the property of the Venerable J. J Therry, under whose especial patronage the excursion had been got up.
Most of the visitors set off in quest of St. Michael's Cave, determined not to lose the opportunity of seeing so great a natural curiosity. The walk, it was found, lay through woods, a long flat, and a hilly scrub, until, facing to the east at the head of the inlet, the merry party, in a straggling Indian file, at length arrived in the vicinity of the cave, cautiously descending the rocks, and creeping carefully along a narrow path specially made for their convenience on the face of the cliffs, they were thus finally rewarded for their perseverance. Almost every body managed to scramble up into the cave, and not a few of the more adventurous explored its inmost recesses by candle-light. The effect of the gloomy inner arch looked down upon from the top of the second angle of the cave, was much admired; and so also was the wider arch at the entrance, as contemplated from the spot where the bright daylight again began to stream down upon the faces of the returning explorers. There was, for some time, a pleasant buzz of conversation and a discussion of food at the mouth of St Michael's Cave, and then the party set out on their way back to the steamer, where dinner had been prepared. Some with sharpened appetites posted thither at once, but many remained with the band near the house on the flat, and amused themselves with dancing, playing cricket, and so on. There was some dancing also at the steamer after dinner was over. The Kembla steamer visited the wharf at an early hour, landed some passengers, and afterwards returned for them. The Collaroy left the wharf for Sydney at about five o'clock, and arrived safe at Sydney soon after eight. The Right Worshipful the Mayor of Sydney, the Mayoress, and other members of the family were on board. We also observed the Rev. Fathers Corish, Curtis, Hanson, and Powell, besides the Venerable J. J. Therry. The trip appeared to give general satisfaction, although a slight shower, soon after the arrival of the Collaroy at Pitt Water, interfered with some of the arrangements. PITT WATER. (1862, April 22). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13227471
FISHERMEN RESCUED IN HEAVY GALE. ABOVE: Two elderly fishermen, who refused to give their names, photographed in their launch last night, after it had been towed into the shelter of Pittwater from four miles off Palm Beach, where the craft had been caught in a 50-miles-an hour gale. AT RIGHT: Two of the three rescuers, Messrs. Arthur Goddard (left) and Charles Pritchard. FISHERMEN RESCUED IN HEAVY GALE. (1946, July 31). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17985621 Photo courtesy Peter Verrills.
Fish in boat is mullet – taken at South Palm Beach; left to right: Bob Robinson Snr., Clarrie Witchard (brother in law) Jack Robinson, Henry Robinson (brothers) and Bob Robinson (Henry and Jack’s dad – Peter’s grandfather). Clarrie married Eunice ‘Tippy’ Robinson, Henry’s sister.
¼ lb. prawns in big catch
For the first time, prawns were netted by the ton in deep water off Newcastle at the weekend, secretary of the United Fishermen's League (Mr. J. "Facey) said today. The prawns weighed up to ¼ lb each, and averaged 30 to a pound. Mr. Facey said that five boats caught two tons on Saturday and seven boats one and a half tons yesterday. Mr. Joe Arblaster (Palm Beach fisherrman) discovered the new ground. ¼lb. prawns in big catch (1948, February 16). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 6 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229034067
Fisherman Wins Appeal Against Crown. The Court of Criminal Appeal decided yesterday that it, is not an offence for a professional fisherman to have in his possession fish irrespective of whether he proposed to sell it in the established market or not. The decision arose out of an appeal by Carl Beeston Gow. Gow was convicted by a magistrate under the Fisheries and Oyster Farms Act of having fish for sale which had not been brought to and sold in the district market. The fish was seized and forfeited to the Crown. Gow appealed unsuccessfully to Quarter Sessions. Government inspectors saw Gow's truck in front of a fish shop at Narrabeen. There was a large quantity of fish in the truck, a set of scales, and newspapers.
MEANING OF DECISION.
A legal authority said yesterday that the practical effect for fishermen of the Court's decision is that a Fisheries inspector will have to detect a fisherman in the act of disposing of his catch outside the legal market before he can be convicted of an offence. The Chief Justice, in a reserved judgment, said it clearly would be nonsense to suggest that in all cases the mere possession of fish intended to be sold before they had been sold in a market would constitute an offence. Every licensed fisherman obviously intended to earn a livelihood by disposing of his catch by selling it. But as soon as he took the fish into his boat or otherwise reduced it into possession then he had it in his possession for sale, not immediately, perhaps, but at some subsequent time. He must then send the fish to the market in order that it might be sold in compliance with the requirements of the Act, and to suggest that the section of the Act was to receive a construction which would make that an offence was clearly absurd. It was clear that no offence was proved against Gow, his Honor said, because, although he announced his intention of selling some of the fish no sale in fact took place. The Chief Justice added: "It may possibly be that there is a gap in the Act, but that must be attributed to the language which the Legislature has used, and the Court cannot remould it." UPHELD The appeal was upheld with costs. Mr. Justice Owen and Mr.Justice Herron, in separate judgments, concurred. [Mr. J. W. Smyth, Q.C.. Mr.G. Carmichael and Mr. A. V. Maxwell (by Bartier, Perry and Purcell) for appellant; Mr. H.A. Henry (by the Crown Solicitor) for the Crown.] Fisherman Wins Appeal Against Crown. (1952, May 3). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18263362
As can be seen in Narrabeen Prawning Times - A Seasonal Tide of Returnings, Oystering in the Pittwater Estuary - Oyster Kings and Pearl Kings and When Not to Harvest Oysters, Yabbying In Warriewood Creeks and Eeling in Warriewood's Creeks and below, a Fisheries Act was required as within a century of European settlement here stocks of all kinds of seafood were being diminished at a rate that would see an end to fishing. In 1945 the idea of co-operatives became a reality - with Palm Beach among this development:
How Fishermen's Co-operatives Have Developed In N.S.W.
By A STAFF CORRESPONDENT
Today 17 Government sponsored fishermen's co-operatives scattered along the 700 miles of N.S.W. coastline are handling nearly 20 million pounds of fish annually. Co-operatives as a means of rationalising the existing marketing system, improving distribution and ensuring that the public received a fresh, wholesome fish, were recommended by a fact-finding committee to the Chief Secretary, Mr. J. M. Baddeley, early in 1945.
A MEMBER of the committee said recently that before co-operatives were established, fisher-men packed many varieties of fish in one box and they did not properly ice the fish before it was sent to Sydney.
"The worst feature of individual packing was that fish often arrived at Sydney in a fly-blown condition," he said. "Agents, avoiding normal health inspectors, would hose maggots off the infested fish and then sell the fish. By doing this, they thought they could hold the fisherman's business.
"To improve this system we con-sidered depots at the various fishing ports, which would receive fish from the fishermen, and then grade, ice' and consign them to Sydney under hygienic condition«.
"Fishermen favoured co-operatively controlled depots" rather than Government establishments, hence our recommendation to the Minister," the committeeman said.
Acting on the recommendation, Mr. Baddeley sent officers to tour the coast to "sell" the idea of co-operatives to fishermen. Their task was not easy, because fishermen are individualists. Father and son, they had caught, packed, and sold their fish just how they pleased.
"Then there was "the question of finance. The Government said: "If you can get together, form a co-operative, we will guarantee a bank overdraft to the .extent of the nominal share capital of the co-operative."
Fishermen did not have to pay for the shares fully. They took out shares, but paid only 10 per cent, of the face value, leaving the balance on call. It was a slow business, and for a time it seemed as though fishermen's co-operatives would not get anywhere.
Late in 1945, however, Mr. Baddeley gave Mr. R. A. Frith, a quietly-spoken but persistent Public servant, carte blanche to, "get co-operatives functioning."
On the North Coast, where the seeds of co-operation evidently fell on fruitful ground, they were carefully cultivated by Mr. Frith. But it was not until September 23, 1946, that the first consignment of fish was sent to Sydney from Grafton by the Clarence River Co-operative Ltd. The turnover of this undertaking is now about £ 150,000 a year.
Then followed Laurieton and the Hastings River Co-operative at Port Macquarie.
Now there are co-operatives at Byron Bay, Richmond River, Evans Head, Grafton, Nambucca-Coffs Harbour, Macleay District, Hastings . River, Laurieton, Wallis Lakes (Tuncurry), Newcastle District, Tuggerah District, Palm Beach, Newport, Nowra District, Central South Coast (Batcman's Bay), Bermagui, and Eden.
There are 3,000 registered fishermen in N.S.W., of which more than two-thirds are members of various co-operatives. Between them they caught 33,000,000 pounds of fish for the 12 months ended June, 1948.
The fishermen who are not members of co-operatives are mostly located on the South Coast and about Sydney. The Sydney fisher-men can deliver their catches to the market without difficulty.
There are also about 300 to 400 European fishermen, mostly Italians, who will not entertain the idea of co-operation.
What do fishermen think of co-operatives?
Mr. T. Poole, a deep-sea fisher-man and director of the Laurieton Co-operative, says: "Co-operatives are the fishermen's dream. We are at least 33 per cent, better off acting as a group rather than as individuals.
"Nowadays, instead of coming in from fishing at 11a.m. and having to pack our fish, which generally took until 5 p.m., we just pull in at the co-op, wharf and unload. Then we have more time for our gear or rest. Or we can stop out on the ground longer if we wish.
"Joint effort is a good thing. We have nearly completed a new packing shed and have finished a new wharf. The wharf didn't cost us much because we got together and, with donated timber, built it ourselves."
Mr. J. B. Elliott, a lake fisherman at Tuncurry, says: "Co-operatives will do me. We get a guaranteed price of 5d a pound for mullet, and we get paid for every pound of fish sent away."
At Tuncurry only 55 of the 100 fishermen working the Wallis Lakes arc members of the co-operative. One of the non-members, Mr. Leo Amato, said recently: "For all my life t have been fishing for my-self. To join the co-operative it would seem that I'm fishing for someone else. But I have been thinking about it a lot lately, and I will join the co-op. in the next week or two. I do not get any benefit by stopping out of the co-operative."
Mr, Amato is a successful fisher-man. He is typical of the many hundreds of fishermen in the State who want to see co-operatives functioning as successful concerns before they throw in their lot.
Have the co-operatives simplified the marketing of fish?
Mr. H. Harris, manager of the Sydney Fish Market, says: "Fish do not have to be graded and repacked at Sydney market."
On the other hand, the condemnation rate of fish at first increased steeply. For instance, for the 12 months ending June 30, 1948, 309,1411b, or .94 per cent, of the total catch, was condemned by health inspectors. To the previous 12 months nearly 305,0001b were condemned. Figures over the past six months show there has been a substantial improvement on the previous high condemnation.
Mr. T. O. Roughley, Superintendent of Fisheries, blames inadequate rail transport facilities from the North Coast for a big part of the condemnations. He is urging the Commissioner for Railways to build refrigerated rail cars to carry fish in.
Besides packing and consigning fish for fishcrmcn, co-operatives also sell fish direct to the public and to retail stores. Some doubt exists as to the legality of this aspect of co-operative activity. According to the Fisheries and Oyster Farms Act of 1942, all fish must be sold through a Government market.
On that ground Mr. .R. Foster Powell, secretary of the Master Fish Merchants' Association, successfully prosecuted the Newcastle District Fishermen's Co-operative Ltd.
To overcome the legal difficulty in Newcastle, the Chief Secretary, Mr. J. M. Baddeley, established a Government market there. Now the co-operative sells all its fish through the Government market, buys back a portion, and then sells the repurchased fish direct lo the public at rates slightly above whole-sale prices.
Fishermen are confident the Government will bring down amending legislation to make legal the sale of fish by co-operatives, and thus safeguard an important profit making phase of co-operative activity.
What of the future of co-opcratives? At present they are sailing in untroubled waters. Fish prices are fixed, there is no competition between co-operatives, and there appears to be a guaranteed market for all fish caught by the 3,000 fishermen of this State.
Port Of Scheme
Mr. R. A. Frith, the Government Marketing Officer, takes an overall view of the subject.
"The co-operatives," he says, "are an integral part, of the marketing scheme of this State. Eventually, we hope, there will be a legally constituted authority that will co-ordinate the activities of co-operatives so that gluts and periods of short sup-ply of fish will become a thing of the past.
"This can only be done if there is a new Sydney fish market with adequate built-in cold storage chambers, in which fish brought to the market in a glut can be stored for the time of shortage."
Mr. Frith admits that co-operatives, as such, will not directly in-crease production or reduce prices.
"But we must look to the future when, with the aid of Government finance, the co-operatives could sponsor pelagic fishing (sardines, herrings, pilchards, tuna, etc.), a development that could mean mil-lions of pounds to N.S.W.," said Mr. Frith. How Fishermen's Co-operatives Have Developed In N.S.W. (1949, April 4). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18109706
All the shifts and changes could not keep pace with population growth, our love of recreational fishing and successive governments at state and federal level failing to refuse permission to international fishers who use that old form of trawl netting that destroys fisheries (and their futures), or the reforms really needed in putting in Marine Sanctuaries of a permanent kind.
This is just another in a long line of measures that is not saving our fish, our professional fishermen and women or the aquatic environments required to return the abundance known just over 200 years ago. Expanding Marine Reserves, restocking places, such as the prawns released into Narrabeen Lagoon a few years ago, coupled with a range of NSW Government Professional Fishermen reforms, are the most current::
References And Extras
Previous History Pages:
Marie Byles Lucy Gullett Kookoomgiligai Frank Hurley Archpriest JJ Therry Sir Patrick Gordon Taylor Bowen Bungaree W. Bradley 1788 Journal Midholme Loggan Rock Cabin La Corniche La Corniche II Lion Island Bungan Beach Botham Beach Scarred Trees Castles in the Sand Dame Nellie Melba lunches at Bilgola Spring, 1914 First to Fly in Australia at North Narrabeen Mona Vale Golf Club's Annual Balls Governor Phillip camps on Resolute Beach Ruth Bedford Jean Curlewis Mollie Horseman Charlotte Boutin May Moore Neville W Cayley Leon Houreux Frederick Wymark Sir Adrian Curlewis Bilgola Heron Cove Mullet Creek Shark Point Woodley's Cottage A Tent at The Basin Collin's Retreat-Bay View House-Scott's Hotel Bilgola Cottage and House The First Pittwater Regatta Women Cricketers Picnic Filmed In Pittwater Governor Phillip's Barrenjoey Cairn Waradiel Season The Church at Church Point Gov. Phillip's Exploration of Broken Bay, 2 - 9 March 1788 Petroglyths: Aboriginal Rock Art on the Northern Beaches Avalon Headland Landmarks Steamers Part I Pittwater Aquatic Club Part I Woody Point Yacht Club Royal Motor Yacht Club Part I Dorothea Mackellar Elaine Haxton Neva Carr Glynn Margaret Mulvey Jean Mary Daly Walter Oswald Watt Wilfrid Kingsford Smith John William Cherry George Scotty Allan McCarrs Creek Narrabeen Creek Careel Creek Currawong Beach Creek Bushrangers at Pittwater Smuggling at Broken Bay An Illicit Still at McCarr's Creek The Murder of David Foley Mona Vale Outrages Avalon Camping Ground Bayview Koala Sanctuary Ingleside Powder Works Palm Beach Golf Course Avalon Sailing Club Mona Vale Surf Life Saving Club Palm Beach SLSC Part I - The Sheds Warriewood SLSC Whale Beach SLSC Flagstaff Hill Mount Loftus Pill Hill Sheep Station Hill S.S. Florrie S.S. Phoenix and General Gordon Paddlewheeler MV Reliance The Elvina Florida House Careel House Ocean House and Billabong Melrose-The Green Frog The Small Yacht Cruising Club of Pittwater Canoe and I Go With The Mosquito Fleet - 1896 Pittwater Regattas Part I - Dates and Flagships to 1950 Shark Incidents In Pittwater The Kalori Church Point Wharf Bayview Wharf Newport Wharf Palm Beach Jetty - Gow's Wharf Max Watt Sir Francis Anderson Mark Foy John Roche Albert Verrills Broken Bay Customs Station At Barrenjoey Broken Bay Water Police Broken Bay Marine Rescue - Volunteer Coastal Patrol Pittwater Fire-Boats Prospector Powder Hulk at Towler's Bay Naval Visits to Pittwater 1788-1952 Pittwater's Torpedo Wharf and Range Naval Sea Cadets in Pittwater S.S. Charlotte Fenwick S.S. Erringhi P.S. Namoi S.Y. Ena I, II and III Barrenjoey Headland - The Lessees Barrenjoey Lighthouse - The Construction Barrenjoey Broken Bay Shipwrecks Up To 1900 Barrenjoey Light Keepers Douglas Adrian Ross Newport SLSC 1909 - 1938 Part I Overview North Narrabeen SLSC - The Formative Years Bilgola SLSC - the First 10 years North Palm Beach SLSC A History of Pittwater Parts 1 and 4 Pittwater Regattas - 1907 and 1908 Pittwater Regattas - 1921 - The Year that Opened and Closed with a Regatta on Pittwater Pittwater Regatta Banishes Depression - 1933 The 1937 Pittwater Regatta - A Fashionable Affair Careel Bay Jetty-Wharf-Boatshed Gow-Gonsalves Boatshed -Snapperman Beach Camping at Narrabeen - A Trickle then a Flood Pittwater's Parallel Estuary - The Cowan 'Creek' RMYC Broken Bay Boathouse and Boatshed Barrenjoey Boat House The Bona - Classic Wooden Racing Yacht Mona Vale Hospital Golden Jubilee - A Few Insights on 50 Years as a Community Hospital Far West Children's Health Scheme - the Formation Years The First Scotland Island Cup, Trophy and Race and the Gentleman who loved Elvina Bay Royal Motor Yacht Club Broken Bay NSW - Cruiser Division History - A History of the oldest division in the Royal Motor Yacht Club Royal Motor Yacht Club Broken Bay Early Motor Boats and Yachts, their Builders and Ocean Races to Broken Bay, the Hawkesbury and Pittwater The Royal Easter Show Began As the Royal Agricultural Society of New South Wales The Mail Route to Pittwater and Beyond The Wild Coachmen of Pittwater - A Long and Sometimes Bumpy Ride on Tracks Instead of Roads The Fearless Men of Palm Beach SLSC's Surf Boats First Crews - A Tale of Viking Ships, Butcher Boats and Robert Gow's Tom Thumb 'Canoe' Furlough House Narrabeen - Restful Sea Breezes For Children and Their Mothers From Telegraphs to Telephones - For All Ships at Sea and Those On Land Mona Vale Training Grounds - From Lancers on Horses to Lasses on Transport Courses Fred Verrills; Builder of Bridges and Roads within Australia during WWII, Builder of Palm Beach Afterwards Communications with Pittwater Ferries To Pittwater A History of Pittwater - Part 4: West Head Fortress Pittwater's Lone Rangers - 120 Years of Ku-Ring-Gai Chase and the Men of Flowers Inspired by Eccleston Du Faur Early Pittwater Launches and Ferries Runs Avalon Beach SLSC - The First Clubhouse Avalon Beach SLSC The Second and Third Clubhouses From Beneath the Floorboards at Hyde Park Barracks Bungaree Was Flamboyant Andrew Thompson - 'Long Harry' Albert Thomas Black John Collins of Avalon Narrabeen Prawning Times - A Seasonal Tide of Returnings Oystering in the Pittwater Estuary - Oyster Kings and Pearl Kings and When Not to Harvest Oysters Yabbying In Warriewood Creeks Eeling in Warriewood's Creeks (Includes A Short History of community involvement in environmental issues/campaigns in and around Narrabeen Lagoon - 1974 to present by David James OAM) Eunice Minnie Stelzer - Pittwater Matriarchs Maria Louisa Therry - Pittwater Matriarch Katherine Mary Roche - Pittwater Matriarchs Sarah A. Biddy Lewis and Martha Catherine Bens Pittwater Matriarchs Pittwater's New Cycle Track of 1901 Manly to Newport The Rock Lily Hotel Barrenjoey House The Pasadena Jonah's St Michael's Arch The First Royal Visitor to Australia: the Incident at Clontarf March 12th, 1868 Pittwater: Lovely Arm of the Hawkesbury By NOEL GRIFFITHS - includes RMYC Wharf and Clareville Wharf of 1938 + An Insight into Public Relations in Australia George Mulhall First Champion of Australia in Rowing - First Light-Keeper at Barranjuey Headland Captain Francis Hixson - Superintendent of Pilots, Lights, and Harbours and Father of the Naval Brigade The Marquise of Scotland Island The First Boat Builders of Pittwater: the Short Life and Long Voyages of Scotland Island Schooner the Geordy Boat Builders of Pittwater II: from cargo schooners and coasters to sailing skiffs and motorised launches The Currawong: Classic Yacht The Riddles of The Spit and Bayview/ Church Point: sailors, boat makers, road pavers winning rowers VP Day Commemorative Service 2015 – at Avalon Beach RSL Cenotaph: 70th Anniversary Captain T. Watson and his Captain Cook Statues: A Tribute to Kindness Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways; Hordern or Wiltshire Parks to McKay Reserve – From Beach to Estuary Pittwater Reserves, The Green Ways: Clareville Wharf and Taylor's Point Jetty Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways Bilgola Beach - The Cabbage Tree Gardens and Camping Grounds - Includes Bilgola - The Story Of A Politician, A Pilot and An Epicure by Tony Dawson and Anne Spencer Pittwater Reserves - The Green Ways: Mona Vale's Village Greens a Map of the Historic Crown Lands Ethos Realised in The Village, Kitchener and Beeby Parks Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways; Bungan Beach and Bungan Head Reserves: A Headland Garden Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Green Family Elanora - Some Early Notes and Pictures The Stewart Towers On Barrenjoey Headland Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Williams Family Early Cricket in Pittwater: A small Insight Into the Noble Game from 1880's On The Pacific Club's 2016 Carnival in Rio Fundraiser for Palm Beach SLSC Marks the 79th Year of Support Bert Payne Park, Newport: Named for A Man with Community Spirit Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Fox Family Surf Carnivals in February 1909, 1919, 1925, a Fancy Dress Rise of Venus and Saving Lives with Surfboards Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Paddon Family of Clareville Mermaid Basin, Mona Vale Beach: Inspired 1906 Poem by Viva Brock Early Pittwater Schools: The Barrenjoey School 1872 to 1894 The Royal Easter Show and 125th Celebration of the Hawkesbury Agricultural College: Farmers Feed Us! The Newport School 1888 to 2016 Pittwater's Ocean Beach Rock Pools: Southern Corners of Bliss - A History The Royal Botanical Garden Sydney Celebrate 200 Years in 2016 The Porter Family of Newport: Five Brother Soldiers Serve in WWI Church Point and Bayview: A Pittwater Public School Set on the Estuary The Basin, Pittwater: A Reprise: Historical Records and Pictures Lighthouse Keepers Cottages You Can Rent in NSW - Designed or Inspired by Colonial Architect James Barnet: Includes Historic 'Lit' Days records Bayview Days Ships Biscuits - the At Sea Necessity that Floated William Arnott’s Success Mona Vale Public School 1906 to 2012 St Johns Camden: 176th And 167th Anniversaries In June 2016 - Places To Visit Narrabeen Lagoon And Collaroy Beachfront: Storms And Flood Tides Of The Past Avalon Beach Public School - A History Muriel Knox Doherty Sir Herbert Henry Schlink Shopping And Shops In Manly: Sales Times From 1856 To 1950 For A Fishing Village Royal Prince Alfred Yacht Club's 150th Sailing Season Opening: A Few Notes Of Old A Few Glimpses Into Narrabeen's Past Beauties Dr. Isobel Ida Bennett AO Taronga Zoo 100th Birthday Parade: 1000 Reasons To Celebrate War Memorials: Manly, October 14, 1916 Avalon Beach Golf Links: Pittwater Fields of Dreams II War Memorials - Mona Vale, November 14, 1926 Annie Wyatt Reserve Palm Beach: Pittwater Fields of Dreams II Tumbledown Dick Hill Waratah Farm and Narrabeen Plums: Pittwater Fields of Dreams II Mark Twain, J.F. Archibald And Henry Lawson - Did They Go Fishing At Narrabeen In The Spring Of 1895?: Probably! Bayview Baths Centenary Celebration in November 2016 hosted by Bayview-Church Point Residents Association Dr. Jenny Rosen's Historical Timeline Palm Beach RSL - Club Palm Beach Celebrating 60 Years Early Years At Narrabeen: The Plane Sailing Day Of 1944 The Five Ways- Six ways Junction; Kamikaze Corner - Avalon Bilgola RPAYC Season on Pittwater and coming of Jubilees in Summer of 1938 Local Explorers’ Modern Day Discovery - Governor Phillip’s First Landing site, Campsite and contact with Local Aborigines in Pittwater: The Case for West Head Beach Rendezvous Tea Rooms Palm Beach: links with 1817 and 1917: Palm Beach Stores and Fishermen St Cloud's Jersey Stud: Elanora Heights: Pittwater Fields of Dreams II Roderic Quinn's Poems And Prose For Manly, Beacon Hill, Dee Why And Narrabeen A Historic Catalogue And Record Of Pittwater Art I – Of Places, Peoples And The Development Of Australian Art And Artists: The Estuary Celebrating World Radio Day: The Bilgola Connection With The Beginnings Of Radio In Australia Emile Theodore Argles - champion of all Australians without a Voice - a very funny Satirist, Manly Poet and Pittwater Prose Writer and Litterateur Sydney Harbour Bridge Celebrates 85th Birthday: A Few Pittwater Connections Victor James Daley: A Manly Bard And Poet who also came to Pittwater and the Hawkesbury Let's Go Fly A Kite !: Palm Beach Whistling Kites Inspire sharing How to Make Standard, Box and Whistling Boy Kites - school holidays fun with a bit of Australian and Narrabeen history Clifton Gardens Mosman: An Eternal Green and Saltwater Space, and Of Many Captains Historic Catalogue And Record Of Pittwater Art I: Coastal Landscapes and Seascapes The Bayview Tea Gardens 1920 to 1923 When Run By Thomas Edward And Annie Newey (Nee Costello) An Australian and RPAYC Commodore Aboard an America's Cup Challenger of 1908 and 1914 Henry Lawson - A Manly Bard and Poet: on his 150th Birthday Historic Catalogue and Record of Pittwater Art I: Artists and Artists Colonies Opportunity To Visit Submarine War Grave Renews Memories Of 75 Years Ago Early Bayview - insights courtesy Don Taylor and Margaret Tink Retracing Governor Phillip's Footsteps Around Pittwater: The Mystery Of The Cove On The East Side Early Pittwater Surfers – Palm Beach I: John (Jack) Ralston and Nora McAuliffe Patrick Edward Quinn: A Manly Prose writer who gave us A Run To Pittwater (1889) and Songs for the Federation of Australia Avalon Beach North Headland Indian Face 'Falls': An Everchanging Coastline Nautical Treasure In Suburbia Narani, Captain Cook Celebrations At MVPS And Elvina Bay Memories - 1970s Early Pittwater Surfers – Palm Beach I: Alrema Becke Queen of Palm Beach The Beachcombers Surfboard Riding Club: Palm Beach, NSW - 1959 to 1961 Year Dated Beer Bottles Found at Taylors Point Early Pittwater Surfers: Avalon Beach I - 1956: The Carnival That Introduced The Malibu Surfboard and Being Able To Surf Across A Wave Face - Reg Wood Anecdotes Mona Vale SLSC To Be Completely Renewed + A Few Insights from the Pages of the Past The Firecracker That Closed Narrabeen Hotel By Ken Lloyd (Savalloyd) + Narrabeen Hotel Licence Transfer Trail Traces Of WWII Coast Watchers Found On Bangalley Headland - 1942 Early Warriewood SLSC insights per Norman Godden + Extras The Macphersons of Wharriewood and Narrabeen: the photo albums of William Joseph Macpherson Angophora Reserve Avalon Dedication Avalon Preservation Association History by Geoff Searl Pittwater Summer Houses: a 1916 Palm Beach Cottage and Palm Beach House Pittwater YHA: Some History WWI Historian Presents New Film On The Beersheba Charge At Avalon Beach Historical Society Meeting Newport's Bushlink 'From The Crown To The Sea' Paths: Celebrating Over 20 Years Of Community Volunteer Bushcare Results Pittwater Fishermen: The Sly Family Narrabeen Exploits and Manly Community Contributors: The First Surfboat at Manly Beach Women In The Surf Life Saving Movement As Life Savers: From At Least 1910 Locally - Awarded Medals For Saving Lives From 1880 In NSW Windsor Bridge: Planned Destruction Of Historic Link With A Pittwater Connection The Rise Of The Cruising Season: A Look At Some Early Australian sailers and Local Visitor Beauties