July 19 - 25, 2020: Issue 458


DIY - A Job For Life: Landscape Gardener Apprenticeship

Above: Rose 'Just Joey', is an apricot blend hybrid tea rose cultivar, bred by Roger Pawsey and named in honour of his wife, Joanna. The plant was introduced into the United Kingdom by Cants of Colchester rose growers in 1972. 'Just Joey' was inducted into the Rose Hall of Fame as "World's Favourite Rose" in 1994. Just one of the areas of plants you may explore or venture into after qualifying.

National Course Code: AHC30916


The nationally recognised Certificate III in Landscape Construction will pave the way for your career in landscaping to take shape. You will gain a range of trade skills, build a strong foundation of landscaping theory and hands-on knowledge and learn to transform a plain space into a natural oasis.


Through theoretical and practical course work, you will learn to:

  • Construct landscape features
  • Use concrete, stone, bricks and blocks
  • Understand soil and plant profiles
  • Install drainage systems
  • Cost, plan and set out a site for a project
  • Establish turf
  • Apply chemicals


Develop the personal attributes that will help you get ahead:

  • A desire to work outdoors
  • The ability to get your hands dirty
  • Effective communication
  • Attention to detail


Completing this course will provide you with:

  • A nationally recognised qualification at Certificate III level
  • Skills and knowledge to start your own sole trader business

Career opportunities:

  • Landscaper


Design a career that suits your landscaping aspirations:

  • Diploma of Landscape Design
  • Certificate IV in Horticulture
  • Diploma of Horticulture


The gardening and landscaping industry in Australia is forecast to grow due to population rises and the increasing trend of outsourcing services. The Certificate III in Landscape construction ensures you have the skills and knowledge to keep up with the demand for managed landscapes and green living spaces.

Apprenticeship Study available at Ryde TAFE - duration: Part-time day - 3 years

Landscapers and groundskeepers do pretty much anything that involves a yard: raking, mowing, trimming, planting, digging, mulching and all sorts of other fun things. It's a landscaper's job to make every yard they touch. Landscape Gardeners are responsible for the cultivation and care of the landscaping and grounds surrounding a business or building. They are involved in planting flowers, mowing, pulling weeds, repairing structures, and maintaining the exterior of a building. Gardening includes such activities as pest control, where landscaping is more focused on aesthetics. 

Landscaping is a more professional way of gardening in its design and the construction of ponds, sculptures or topiaries. Landscape design is the art of organising and enriching outdoor space with plants and structures for aesthetic and/or practical purposes. 

Larger scale projects could include public gardens or recreational areas. 

Landscapers design gardens usually in larger outdoor areas. Landscaping is generally undertaken by paid designers or architects who concentrate not just on the plants but also on the addition of sculptures and water features taking in to account texture, colour and flow of the space to suit a specific purpose.

Gardens can vary from a simple arrangement of plants to rock gardens. Gardening can be very specialised with one type of plant or fruit or tree to a mix of plants. There are a variety of gardens to become involved in once initial qualification have been met; wet gardens, which is growing water plants or plants around ponds; rock gardens that use the elevation created by rocks to place plants in and around the rocks. 

In fact, once you commence fulfilling your love of the great outdoors and how to work in it, you may find you wish to learn more and more and more. Example:


Holly Builds A Blooming Great Career: Apprenticeships 2020

TAFE NSW graduate Holly Ross is calling on other women to buck the trend and pursue a blooming great landscaping career.

According to Job Outlook, the number of people working as landscape gardeners grew very strongly over the years 2011-2016, however only 5% of landscape gardeners are female.

An exception to the rule, Holly said she already had a burgeoning career in the equine industry but felt she wanted a new challenge and needed new skills to help her along the way. 

“I had achieved my dream job at a young age and was no longer challenged. I liked the construction side of farm work and had always enjoyed working in the gardens as well. Most high equine businesses have elaborate gardens that need upkeep for showcasing their horses,” Holly said.

“I wanted a broader range of practical skills for future projects that weren’t solely tailored to the equine industry. Once I discovered I could study Landscape Construction at TAFE NSW, I knew it would be the perfect fit.”

Holly relaunched her career by securing an apprenticeship with a landscape design company and commenced the Certificate III Landscape Construction at TAFE NSW Ryde to help her grow her skills.

Holly said, “The best thing about studying at TAFE NSW Ryde is that there are many green spaces where students are able to complete hands-on projects and build their skills. I felt a sense of achievement completing these projects as I knew other students on campus would benefit from and enjoy the spaces I had helped to design.”      

Now working at Bayview Golf Club in Mona Vale, Holly says she enjoys putting the horticultural and landscaping skills she gained at TAFE NSW into practice developing the course and maintaining the gardens and is encouraging more women to become trade qualified.

“I really want to encourage others to pursue an apprenticeship and specifically to boost confidence in women to follow their passion and pursue a trade. 

“I am proud to say I am a tradesperson now, but it doesn't stop there. I intend to return to TAFE NSW soon to progress my studies further in other areas, developing more skills and broadening my knowledge. The options are endless.”

With the NSW Government investing over $285 million to fund the qualification fees for 100,000 new apprentices from 1 July 2018, there’s never been a better time to apply for a fee-free apprenticeship in NSW.

To find out more about studying landscape and horticulture at TAFE NSW in Semester 2 visit www.tafensw.edu.au or call 131 601.

Landscaping Tools List

Landscaping tools are essential instruments for Landscapers and other Horticultural professionals. Landscaping and gardening tools will help you to create vibrant gardens and landscapes that add value to those places you work in and improve the quality of life and well-being of all who visit or live there - so invest in quality yourself save up and get high-quality tools that are built to last and built to work - that way you should get a lifetime of work out of them and although they may cost more to begin with they will, in lasting longer, prove a lot less expensive over time.

Invest in tools with wood or coated-metal handles, as they'll be reliable but not too heavy - and if choosing a wood handle, choose those made from wood with a close grain, as the tighter the grain, the stronger the wood. Those in the industry advise that long-handled tools with "D" shaped handles are easier on your hands and wrists, or try them out ion the store to see what feels comfortable and workable for you.

The other point is to look after your tools - keep them out of the rain if they'll rust, sharpen them when they need it and oil them to protect against rust. If you need to invest in power tools, keep a record of what the serial numbers are and keep your warranties in that file too. It may seem a bit of paperwork you could forgo but if you want to start your own business, start from the beginning to keep your paperwork up to date as preparation for that great launch day.

Landscape Gardener Tools - Some suggestions;

For Digging:

  • Pointed and square-edged shovels: for turning loose earth
  • Spade: for digging up just about anything
  • Spading fork: square-tined implement that won't bend out of shape
  • Hoe: long-handled for cultivating; scuffle hoe for cutting weeds
  • Pick: for piercing
  • Mattock: for cutting and chopping roots
  • Hoses: 50-footers are standard, with a 1-inch diameter and cast reliable brass connectors
  • Dandelion tool: a chisel-like tool that can fit in your back pocket

For Cutting:

  • Pruners: with a sheath
  • Loppers: for chopping off heavy branches
  • Pruning saw: for getting in between branches
  • Hedge shears: the low-tech manual type for shap­ing topiaries, electric or gas shears for hedges
  • Commercial tool and blade sharpener: to keep cut­ting edges sharp

For Grading:

  • Lawn roller: a heavy device (usually filled with water) that are used to level lawns
  • Hand tamper: for compressing soil, gravel or crushed stone
  • Power tamper (aka Jumping Jack): the same as a hand tamper, but gas-powered
  • Vibratory plate compactor: for compacting soil on big jobs

For Measuring:

  • Sighting level: surveying instrument used to measure the angle of inclination between the user and a target
  • Tape measure: most useful in longer lengths like 100 feet
  • Measuring wheel: for taking onsite measurements

For Marking:

  • Marking paint applicator: a device used to put down lines on grass, concrete and various other surfaces
  • Chalk wheel: for drawing temporary lines
  • Flagging tape: for surveying, mapping, tagging and other marking applications

For General Usefulness:

  • Sledgehammer: long-handled, two-faced hammer used to drive stakes into the ground or for another heavy pounding
  • Single jack: a short-handled sledgehammer
  • Stake driver: hammer for driving tree stakes
  • Basic carpenter's tools: including hammers, hand saws, power saw, drill, level, square, plumb bob

Tools To Help You Do This Job 

Items from Online Lists of Johnson Brothers Mitre 10 - you can order many items over the phone, details below - and from current Catalogue - valid Wed 15 Jul - Sun 26 Jul 2020.

                                                                                                              Workpro 2 In 1 Laser Tape Measure: $59.00                                                                                                                 


                   Glove Work Mens Premium Leather: $5.99                                                                                     Rhino Riggers Contracting Gloves: $9.00 a pair - Elasticised cuff. Premium leather


Spear & Jackson Square Mouth Shovel: $19.95      Cyclone Shovel Long Handle Square Mouth Medium: $60.50                           


                              Bata Handyman Knee Length Gumboot: As low as $22.99                                      Bata Safety Gumboot: As low as $32.99

Bata Titan Steel Cap Nubuck Leather Boot: $99.00

Masport Petrol Lawn Mower 400ST S18 140cc 4 Stroke: 479.00 -

Features; Cut & Catch. 2 Blade Disc System. 18" Steel Deck. RapidStart™ 4 stroke engine. 460mm (18") steel chassis. Mulch Ready - Mulch Plug available as optional extra. Front 175mm (7") and Rear 200mm (8") adjustable mono bearing wheels. Comfortable upturned upper handle with PVC grip.  Two piece lower handle for easy catcher access. HDPE Plastic Catcher. Power Rating (Torque) - 5ft/lb or 6.8Nm. Catcher Volume - 46.5L. Cutting Height Range – 8mm - 68mm. Cutting Height Steps - 10. Cutting Height Adjustment - Single Point. Weight - 25.3kg.

Built Wheelbarrow Galvanised Tray 80lt: $69.00
80 litre capacity. Tray material: Galvanised steel. Frame material: Powder coated steel. Tyre size: 4.8 x 4.00-8.

Johnson Brothers Mitre 10 Update: Shop Online Options

Intending to keep our customers and staff safe, we present some additional ways for both our retail and trade customers to do business with us.

Trade and Retail Pick Up

Express Pick up Mona Vale

- Call Johnson Bros Mitre 10 Mona Vale, and we will pick & pack your order and have it ready for you to pick up in 2 hours. (Stocked Lines Only)

- Drive into our undercover Trade Drive-Thru area at 73 Bassett St Mona Vale, and your order will be ready for pick-up.

- Our team members will help you with your load and finalise payment/paperwork

Express Pick up Avalon

- Call Johnson Bros Mitre 10 Avalon, and we will pick & pack your order and have it ready for you to pick up in 2 hours. (Stocked Lines Only)

- Drive into our back lane off Bellevue Avenue, and your order will be ready for pick-up.

- Our team members will help you with your load and finalise payment/paperwork

Online Retail Stores Go Live

We’ve launched two eCommerce sites offering 2hr pick up in-store and flat rate delivery options on the northern beaches*.

Jbhmv.com.au (Mona Vale)

Jbhav.com.au (Avalon)

With the ability to leave the product on your doorstep, this provides an option of an entirely contactless transaction.

*Flat rate delivery is not available to trade sales, building supplies and trade quantities

** The stock availability is updated nightly, which may mean the stock is unavailable when the order is placed

Trade Delivery to Site

Maybe not new, but certainly worth a mention again!

We can get almost anything delivered quickly onto site!

As always ring the trade desk direct on 9999 0333 and let them know what you need!

Final Thought

Like everyone, we have found ourselves in a new and uncertain environment, but we’re setting up (and digging in) for the long haul!

We want to acknowledge that the decision to retain over 120 staff and meet any future challenges head-on, could not have happened without the continued support you provide us as customers.

Thank you and stay safe,

The Johnson Family

Green Life Garden Centre at Johnson Brothers Mona Vale has a great stock of seedlings, native and other plants and all you need to get gardening in brilliant Autumn weather

Johnson Brothers Mitre 10 Trade Centre at Mona Vale - everything you need under one roof.

Johnson Brothers Mitre 10 New Store
73 Bassett Street
Mona Vale - Online Store: Jbhmv.Com.Au

Products advice is available from the trained friendly staff at Narrabeen, Mona Vale and Avalon Johnson Brothers Mitre 10. 

Click on logo to visit Johnson Brothers Mitre 10 website

Johnson Bros Mitre 10 - Avalon            (02) 9918 3315

Johnson Bros Mitre 10 - Mona Vale     (02) 9999 3340

JBH Timber & Building Supplies          (02) 9999 0333

JBH Fencing & Landscape Supplies    (02) 9970 6333

www.johnsonbros.com.au Online store: jbhmv.com.au

Previous DIY Pages:

Decking Timbers  Caring For Your Deck Decking Finishes  Privacy Screens I Privacy Screens II  Privacy Screening Hardwoods  Autumn Paths and Lawns  Insulation Batts Plasterboard  Ventilation - Edmond's Ecofan Blackboards for Children and Home Spring Lawn Care  Shade Sails & Watering  Basic DIY Tools DIY Tools - Power Drills Recycle Your Trampoline into An Air Bed  How to Build Your Own Backyard Cricket Pitch Christmas Lights Displays around House and Garden Summer Mildew - Refresh, Renew How to Fix Things That Drip and Bump in the Night Time To Plant Winter Vegetables in  a Raised Garden Beds Layout Organsing Your Tool Shed  Make Your Own Weathervane Installing A Garden Watering System  Decking Oils  How To Make Garden Compost  How To Winter proof Your Lawn  How to create Shabby Chic effect on Timber Furniture How to Build Your Own Raised Garden Bed  Growing Your Own Winter Vegies  Winter Heating Guide  Prepare Your Yard For Winter Eradicating Noxious Weeds From Your Yard How to Fix Furniture Finishes Part I  How to Repair Scratches, Dings, and Dents of Furniture Surfaces - Part II Winter Draughts Fix  Classic Wooden Tool Carrier Spring Garden Checklist Part I  Install Your Own Skylight  Retaining Walls for Saving Soil and New Spring Garden Beds  Summer Salad Garden  Native Plant Garden for A Fairy Arbour Renewing Short Flight of Exterior Stairs Deck Maintenance DIY Summer Tasks You Can Do In Time to Get to the Beach  Garden Ponds for Attracting Birdlife, Dragonflies and for the Soothing Sounds of Water  Salt Air: Maintenance and Protection Creating an Outdoor Dining Arbour, Gazebo or Patio - Part I Creating an Outdor Dining Arbour, Gazebo or Patio Part II  Autumn Garden Tasks  Autumn DIY Jobs: Waterproof Your Home Checklist  Dealing With Dampness Inside the Home  Fixing Your Fence  Repairing and Replacing Damaged Decking boards  DIY Toy Box and Snow Globes: School Holidays Fun - Winter 2015  DIY Wooden Toy Cars and Perfect Painted Flowerpots: School Holiday Fun - Winter 2015  Shoring Up an Under House Earth Bank – Installing a Basic Retaining Wall  DIY One Shelf Sideboard  Early Spring 2015 Garden Care Salad Garden For Children  Keeping Your Garden and Home Cool in Hot Weather  Classic Beach Garden and Camping Chairs 3 Portable Versions Anyone Can Make DIY Outdoor Furniture Mark I: Park Benches for Your Garden Make Your Own Scooter or Skateboard: Summer 2016 Fun  How to Install a Solid Core Door and Door Furniture  Summer Garden Jobs: Pruning A Hedge  How to Make A Swing Chair - With A Frame for Garden Setting  Garden Jobs for March to Make A Beautiful and Healthy Spring  Keeping Outdoor Nooks Warm During Cooler Months  Children’s Step Stool with Storage  Stop Winter Rain Lawn Loss and Soil Erosion on Slopes  DIY Garden Shed: Part 1 of 4 - Base  DIY Garden Shed: Part 2 - Framing Walls  DIY Garden Shed: Part 2b - Gable Roof Framing  Garden Shed Part 3: Roof Installation  DIY Garden Shed: Weather- boards - Door And Window Installation And Paint Finish DIY Coffee Table With Chessboard Inlay  Spring Gardening: Feeding Your Soil And Plants - What Works For Each Plant  DIY Sandstone Flagging Parking Area - Platform  DIY Pre-Summer Checklist For A Safe Home   Summer Spruce Up: Interior Paint Tips and Three easy steps to rejuvenate your timber deck The Perfect BBQ Garden Setting DIY Water Wise Garden   DIY Side Gates  DIY Storm Preparation And Home Protection  One To Two Day DIY Weekend Spruce Ups  Vegepods For Autumn Planting + Easy To Make Lego Table Or Student Desk That Can Be Dismantled + Johnson Brothers Mitre 10 Online Store   Johnson Brothers Mitre 10 Great New Mona Vale Store: Still In Bassett Street - number 73  Johnson Brothers Mitre 10 New Mona Vale Store: The Greenlife Garden Centre  Go Outside And Play: Creating Garden Spaces To Connect Children With Nature DIY Plasterboard Repair DIY Dolls House Or Garage Or Boatshed  DIY Child's Waggon - or use as a large planter mover DIY Bathroom Refresh: Zing For Spring  Tips for Growing a Native Garden FireCrunch, Australian Developed Fire-proof, Sustainable, Durable and Reliable Building Board Now Available at Johnson Bros. at Mona Vale and Narrabeen School Holidays DIY Ideas for Children: Little Vegetables Garden, Swing, Windchimes Bushfire Season Preparation 2017: Home and Outdoor Areas  Johnson Brothers Mitre 10 Trade Centre at Mona Vale + Issue No 1 of Mitre 10’s inSITE Magazine for Tradies and Handymen  Preparing Al Fresco Areas for Christmas Get-Togethers and Summer Visitors  Summer De-bug; Mosquitoes, flies, cockroaches and ants - how to keep the outdoors insects where they belong DIY Summer Projects: Install A Fountain Or Water Feature  Late Summer and Early Autumn Projects: A Shed For All Storage Solutions + Garden Tasks + Keeping Our Waterways Clean   Autumn Plantings for Winter Harvests   2018   Paintback Collection Event: Johnson Bros Mitre 10 Mona Vale Saturday, April 7  Reducing Ticks in Your Garden: Garden care, Plants that Repel, What to Wear Outdoors Attracting Insectivore Birds to Your Garden: DIY Natural Tick Control  Mother's Day 2018: DIY Rose Garden Winter Mould & Mildew Inside Your home: How to Keep Air and Surfaces Healthier DIY Traditional Rocking Horse  Johnson Brothers Trade Day 2018 DIY Mushrooms and Vege Kits: School Holidays Fun Winter 2018 for Curious Kids  Woodworking Projects for Beginners: School Holidays Fun Winter 2018 - Simple Storage Box + Wood Tool Box Spring Garden Prep: Soil Care  Spring into Spring + JBH August 2018 Trifecta  DIY Backyard Doggie Paradise  Garden Care for Heavy Rain Days + Non-Toxic Snail and Slug Debug Ideas  Garden Design and Plant Management to Minimise Tick Attacks and Infestations - insights from an essay by Bill Conroy BSc. (Agr) (Syd) + a Tribute to Wilfred Lawrence Conroy CBE by Keith Jackson, PNG and others  Make Your Own BBQ Kitchen Garden: Gifts That Grow Past That Giving Day  Christmas Lights 2018: Light Up the Night  How to Keep Your House Cool During a Heatwave Without Using an Air-Conditioner Mid-Summer Garden Care  2018 Winners Of National Hardware Store Of The Year - Johnson Bros Mitre 10 Mona Vale! + End Of Summer Garden To Do List  DIY Fruits of Your Garden: Growing Figs  Fruits Of Your Garden: Growing Passionfruit - Autumn Is Also The Time To Plant Strawberries For Spring  How To Water Your Plants When Away On Holidays + Some April 2019 School Holidays Fun For Outdoors; A Skateboard Swing Or Indoors; Grow Or Make Pot Plant People Dealing With Autumn Dampness Inside The Home + Mums Day Gifts For 2019 Winter Heating Guide + Get Ready For Winter Specials  Keeping Your Garden Dewful During Times Of Water Restrictions and Drought  Installing Leaf Stopper Gutter Guard + Trade Day 2019  JBH Mitre 10 Trade Day Guests 2019  An Artfull Garden - for Winter School Holidays 2019 DIY Deck Refurbishment: Turning Wood Into Open Tiled Spaces - Groundworks  Father's Day Wish List 2019 + How to Re-stain your Deck timbers and posts for Summer  Installing Posts For Decks and Verandahs With Heavier Loads + Installing Membranes For Tiled Decks National Garden Week's 2019 Focus Is On Children(Oct 13-19): Spring School Holiday 2019 Garden Ideas (to get started on)  Replacing Balustrades Handrails  DIY Tiling Your Verandah: and Choosing Your Simple Or Complex Tile Pattern  Reduce Bushfire Risk To Older Homes + Preparing Your Yard For Bushfires  Time to Put Up those Christmas Lights and Deck your Gum Trees with rows of Jolly!  NSW RFS Bushfire Survival Plan 2020 + Reduce Bushfire Risk To Homes + Johnson Brothers Mitre 10 Great Water Saving Ideas during Level 2 water restrictions + some  'Don't Sweat Summer'  Specials The Inaugural Sydney Edible Garden Trail - Learn how to help your garden survive the heat, drought, and water restrictions  DIY Flyscreens  DIY Privacy Screen In 2 Hours  Family Hardware Store Wins Best In Australia  Autumn DIY Jobs: Exterior Jobs to Keep Everything Dry and Cosy Inside the Home  Autumn Vegepod Garden: Plant Now to Stay Healthy: JBH Response to COVID-19 Restrictions - We're Adapting!  Autumn Holidays Projects: Let's Go Fly A Kite + Some handy Painting Tips for Interiors and Sprucing up that Outside Deck - Easter Hours 2020  Pittwater's Noxious Weeds: A Great Time To Get Outdoors and Pull Them Out and Replace With Native Plants  Blooming Lovely: Late Autumn Planting For Gardens Full Of Colour, Cheer + Great Food For The Table  Dealing With Dampness Inside The Home - June 2020  A Job For Life: Apprentice Carpenter + Commencement Tool List  Winter School Holidays 2020: Easy To Do Garden Mosaic Pavers Little Hands Can Create + Home DIYer: Simple Concrete Slab  


John and Bob Johnson - The Johnson Brothers Profile  John William Alfred Johnson - The Eulogies for those who could not attend Mass

Australia's Prime Minister Visits Mackellar - Informal Afternoon Tea with Hon. Malcolm Turnbull October 2016

JBH Win Awards August 2018 Trifecta - 2018 Free Trade Day supporters, Mitre 10 Heritage Advert features JBH Mona Vale Store, Hardware Australia’s 2018 NSW Hardware Store of the Year over 2500sqm.

Front Page Issue 294: 2018 Winners Of National Hardware Store Of The Year - Johnson Bros Mitre 10 Mona Vale !!!

National Garden Week's 2019 Focus Is On Children(Oct 13-19): School Holiday Garden Ideas (to get started on) & Congratulations Award Winning Johnson Brothers Mitre10 At Mona Vale - 2019 NSW Store Of the Year2019 NSW Trade Centre Of the Year and 2019 Village Garden Centre of the Year

Johnson Bros Mitre 10 were awarded as the best Trade Store in the country: February 2020

Family Hardware Store Wins Best In Australia: Johnson Bros Mitre 10 Mona Vale Crowned ‘National Trade Store Of The Year’ - Celebrating 65th Year in 2020

Anzac Day In Pittwater 2020: Candles, Crosses and Online Commemorative Services: Johnson Brothers Family Donates 20 Thousand Candles to Community Light Up The Dawn Initiativ

Front Page Issue 447ANZAC DAY 2020

All information and tips in this publication are of a general nature only and neither Johnson Brothers Mitre 10 or Pittwater Online News does not warrant the accuracy or completeness of the information and tips in this publication. This publication is not intended to be a substitute for expert advice. Johnson Brothers Mitre 10 advises you to always consult an experienced and qualified person when undertaking jobs of this kind (including consulting a qualified tradesperson such as an electrician or plumber where relevant expert services are required). 

You should also consider any safety precautions that may be necessary when undertaking the work described in this publication (including wearing any necessary safety equipment such as safety glasses, goggles or ear protectors or hard hats). The information and tips in this publication are provided on the basis that Johnson Brothers Mitre 10 and Pittwater Online News excludes all liability for any loss or damage which is suffered or incurred (including, but not limited to, indirect and consequential loss or damage and whether or not such loss or damage could have been foreseen) for any personal injury or damage to property whatsoever resulting from the use of the information and tips in this publication. 

Pittwater Online News and Johnson Brothers Mitre 10 also advises there may be laws, regulations or by-laws with which you must comply when undertaking the work described in this publication. You should obtain all necessary permissions and permits from council and/or any other relevant statutory body or authority before carrying out any work. Major projects published in this publication always list these and/orlinks to where you may research what your own project requires to meet regulations.