January 22 - 28, 2017: Issue 297

St Cloud Jersey Stud: Elanora Heights

A shady lagoon and group of cattle, circa 1906, Kerry Photograph, courtesy Tyrrell Photographic Collection, Powerhouse Museum 
In 1906 and then again in 1910 Warriewood was divided to sell in small farm acre lots – the ’10 Acre Dream’ some may call it, a reflection in some ways of the success Isaac Larkin had achieved on Waratah farm, spruiked an aspiration to be self sufficient and providing a healthy affordable lifestyle for your family in a coastal environment. The advertisement, providing us with a circa 1910 picture of Warriewood Beach,  runs below. 

Part of providing a healthy lifestyle was nutrition; great food and drink, with milk being a priority for children prior to what today is known as lactose intolerance. Those who recall milk at recess at school during the 1970's benefited from a scheme that was introduced by some NSW Educators during the 1930's Depression years when children not getting enough sustenance, and the resulting health problems developed. Examples such as Milk Arrowroot biscuits and Arrowroot babies were one reflection of what was going on - high fat milk provided for free, along with other healthful food and activities, was the answer. 

NSW introduced milk for schoolchildren prior to other states in 1941. The Menzies Government  passed the Commonwealth's State Grants (Milk for School Children) Act  in December 1950.  

Pittwater as an area where a dairy could be successful if a struggle at times forms part of earliest records - David Foley, murdered by persons still unknown, but possibly linked to the Farrells, was on his way home to Mona Vale from delivering butter to Sydney town - the Farrells, too, were known for having a dairy, at Newport. The Therry family, who took over the lease of Foley's farm, also attempted to establish a decent herd and livelihood through a dairy but fared no better.

Throughout Pittwater's history, and well into the 1950's and 1960's, dairies, and cows, form part of our records whether they were eating golfers balls at Palm Beach or of concern due to the way they looked at Avalon during the 1930's; there was a dairy in every suburb of Pittwater from Palm Beach to Currawong Beach and Narrabeen and milk deliverers. 

One local connection that built up producing better cows and better milk comes through a gentleman also associated with investing in children's health (and milk as a health builder) through he and his wife helping establish Stewart House at Curl Curl. 

Sir Frederick Stewart was born in Newcastle on August 14th, 1884 and educated in public schools in Newcastle. A self-made man he captilised on the NSW State Government's failure to provide transport during 1918 when he wanted to link a development of Chullora up to the main railway line with a tram service - the Metropolitan Omnibus Company resulted, of which Mr. Stewart was sole proprietor, and began bringing thousands of pounds annually.

ONE 'BUS START
BIG TRANSPORT SERVICE
MR. F. H. STEWART
Mr. F. H. Stewart, who will be a candidate for the Martin preselection.
Mr. F. H. Stewart, who is seeking selection as Nationalist candidate (or the Martin seat, was born In Newcastle, began work in the Railway Department, in which he served for 19 years. Fourteen years ago, when he was 29 years of age, he came to Sydney with much more energy than capital. Five years later he bought an old Ford, and started one of the first regular 'bus services In Sydney at Chullora. Nine years have developed the one dilapidated bus into an organisation which has absorbed seven other passenger transport companies and welded them into one huge concern which carries 18,000,000 passengers a year, employs 410 people, has Its own workshops and repairs plants at Burwood, and even retreads Its own tyres. Mr. Stewart is president of the 'bus proprietors' section of the Motor Traders' Association, and a member of the Conciliation Committee of the Metropolitan Transport Group. ONE 'BUS START (1928, May 18). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 11 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223224228 

Mr. Stewart was a Methodist lay preacher, he and his wife (Lottie May Glover - married 1908), who had six children, adhered to supporting and helping others all their lives - more so when they became to spend what was gained through hard work and finding solutions provided abundant means. These were sometimes small kindnesses and at other times, large ones:

OLD HAMIILTONIAN KNIGHTED. 
Hamilton Council last night decided to write a letter of congratulations to Sir Frederick Stewart, a former resident of Hamilton, on his acquisition of a knighthood. The Mayor (Ald. O. G. Melville) recalled that Sir Frederick Stewart’s grandfather had been an alderman and Mayor of Hamilton. He said that Sir Frederick attained his present position by outstanding ability. Ald. G. Jenner said that Sir Frederick and Lady Stewart on the occasion of a bitterly cold night had bought out the stocks of hot saveloys in several shops and distributed them among the men in the Domain. OLD HAMILTONIAN KNIGHTED. (1935, June 27). Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article139255075 

Frederick Stewart was also an innovator who sought to build Australian ventures - a car that may break the land speed record, supporting Charles Kingsford-Smith and Charles Ulm to establish Australian National Airways and beginning radio station 2CH were just a few of these ventures. 
Anyone this brave in such ventures will also think of serving in a public office. 

Beginning in 1929 Frederick Stewart unsuccessfully sought Nationalist pre-selection for the Federal of the now abolished seat of Martin in 1929 and contested Concord in the 1930 State elections. In the December 1931 landslide victory of Joseph Lyons and the United Australia Party, Mr. Stewart won the Federal seat of Parramatta and was to hold onto this seat until 1946 when he retired. He even at one stage threatened to stand for Warringah:

SUPPORT FOR SIR FREDERICK STEWART 
SYDNEY, Saturday.-Following an address at Mosman last night by Sir Frederick Stewart, M.H.R., on national insurance the speaker was assured of support if he carries out his intention to oppose the Minister of Defence (Mr. Parkhill) in Warringah at the Federal elections.
Dr. Frank Louat said Australia had reached stagnation in regard to progress. The last 10 years had seen little achieved of which Australians could be proud. He declared that the UA.P. was inactive, and there was a cynical detachment among those in authority. SUPPORT FOR SIR FREDERICK STEWART (1937, May 15). Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47940302 

His focus while representing his electorate was industrial reform measures such as a shorter working week to reduce unemployment during the Great Depression and programs to improve social conditions such as national insurance and workers' housing schemes. He was appointed Minister of Commerce. Eventually, after serving as Minister for Health he was appointed as the first Minister for Social Services in this country during Robert Menzies' ministry in April 1939. Stewart was also given the additional portfolio of Minister for the Navy in November 1939 with the outbreak of World War II, and served as Minister for Supply and Development in January 1940. In March 1940, he lost the portfolios of health and the navy, but retained social services and supply and development in the second Menzies Ministry. He was criticised over his performance in supplying the military, despite such ingenuity as finding and refurbishing 15,000 World War I uniforms and he lost the supply portfolio from October 1940 in the third Menzies Ministry, but was appointed Minister for External Affairs, retained social services and regained health. He held the three portfolios until the fall of the Fadden government in October 1941. In opposition he served as chairman of the Joint Committee on Social Security in 1943 and 1944 he became the first Social Services Minister in Australia in 1939 under the newly created Department inaugurated during Menzies Prime Ministership. [1.]

FEDERAL CABINET
MR. MENZIES' MINISTRY
The new U.A.P. Ministry, which was sworn in at Canberra on Wednesday, was announced by the Prime Minister-Designate (Mr. Menzies) on Tuesday as follows: —
Prime Minister and Treasurer: Mr. R. G. Menzies. 
Attorney-General and Minister for Industry: Mr. W. M. Hughes. 
Minister for Supply and Development: Mr. R. G. Casey. 
Minister for Defence: Brigadier G. A. Street. 
Minister for External Affairs: Sir Henry Gullett. 
Minister for Commerce: Senator McLeay. 
Minister for the Interior, including Works: Senator Foil. 
Postmaster-General and Minister for Repatriation: Mrs. E. S. Harrison. Minister for Trade and Customs: Mr. J. M. Lawson.
Minister for Health and Social Services: Sir Frederick Stewart. 
Vice-president of the Executive Council, Minister for Civil Aviation and Minister assisting the Minister for Defence: Mr. J. B. Farbairn. 
Ministers without portfolios: Messrs. J. A. Perkins, P. C. Spender, H. Holt, and Senators McBride and Colletl. 
NEW DEPARTMENTS 
Mr. Menzies said that he proposed to create a new Department of Supply and Development to operate for the next few years. He believed that the enormous task of organising the defence of Australia was far too much for one man. There would also be a Department of Social Services to deal with pensions and attendant matters, and national insurance. Mr. Menzies said that he was taking the Treasuryship for the time being, but he intended that ultimately another Minister would take over the work. As early as possible he would investigate the possibilities of stabilising the wheat industry on a basis equitable to both producers and consumers, and he hoped to be ready to announce his decision before the end of the winter. The increase in the personnel of the Cabinet to 16 will require legislation. FEDERAL CABINET (1939, April 28).Narandera Argus and Riverina Advertiser(NSW : 1893 - 1953), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article130472886 

Raising the level of the quality of anything produced was also an innate and lifelong pursuit, more so after investing in preventing ill health in children through helping establish Stewart House. 

At Dundas he established a 35 acres farm to be a showcase and learning place and here he established Red Poll cattle,  a cross of the Norfolk Red beef cattle and Suffolk Dun dairy cattle not usually associated with dairy herds today. The cows Sir Stewart bought did produce vast amounts of milk and milk fat or 'butter' was part of records kept:

TO TRAIN 200 BOYS
F. H. STEWART LENDS HIS MODEL FARM
During his seven months' absence abroad, the Parliamentary Under-Secretary for Unemployment (Mr. F. H. Stewart) has made available to the N.S.W. Rural Employment Scheme for Boys his £20,000 model farm at Dundas to enable an extra 200 boys to be given initial training in farm work. In making this announcement to "The Sunday Sun," Sir Samuel Walder, who is one of the sponsors of the scheme, said: "This is a wonderful gesture by a man who is very sympathetic for the youth out of a Job. Already we have placed 2650 boys on farms,' and we make sure that they are placed in steady employment. "Mr. Ross, M.L.A., has given the organisation a number of milking cows, but we still need stock and funds," Sir Samuel added.  TO TRAIN 200 BOYS (1935, March 10).The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 7 (COUNTRY EDITION). Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230279500 

MR. F. H. STEWART
Reason for Refusing Portfolio
Mr. F. H. Stewart, M.P., Parliamentary Under-Secretary for Re-employment, speaking at a -farewell luncheon tendered to him by leading citizens at the Hotel Australia before his departure for Geneva, said his refusal to accept a portfolio in the Lyons Composite Government had been vindicated when the announcement was made that day that the issue of permits for the export of mutton and lamb to Britain had been suspended. Had he accepted the portfolio, he said (reports the "Sydney Morning Herald") he would have been on the boat with Mr. Lyons as an official representative of the Commonwealth, instead of going abroad in a more or less private capacity, but, as Minister, for Commerce for more than two years, he knew that a position would inevitably arise in which they would require the support of those who claimed to represent the rural producers of the Commonwealth if they were successfully to weather the storm that was brewing. "I, therefore, think developments completely vindicate the action I took in the best interests of the Commonwealth," said Mr. Stewart. MR. F. H. STEWART (1935, March 13).The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld. : 1872 - 1947), p. 19 (CITY FINAL LAST MINUTE NEWS). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article182019389 


Departure of F.H. Stewart – Creator  Sam Hood, 13 March 1935 image no.: hood_11965, courtesy State Library of NSW

Mr. F. H. Stewart. M. P., accompanied by Mrs. Stewart and their three daughters, will leave Sydney by the Orontes on March 13 on a visit to the United Kingdom. Europe, the United States and Canada. They will arrive in England in time for the King's Silver Jubilee  celebrations. While abroad Mr. Stewart, on behalf of the Federal Government, will make inquiries in various countries into the methods of relieving unemployment.  MAINLY ABOUT PEOPLE. (1935, March 2).The Manning River Times and Advocate for the Northern Coast Districts of New South Wales (Taree, NSW : 1898 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article171828425 

Sir. F. Stewart's Enterprise
St. Cloud Pig and Cattle Stud at Dundas Founded on Sound Lines Farm to Become a Show Place of the State
IF fifty wealthy men of Sydney would but make a hobby of importing pedigreed live stock to this country and breeding sires and dams for distribution throughout New South Wales, it would be of incalculable benefit to Australia.' Thus spake Sir Frederick Stewart when showing a representative of the 'Farmer and Settler' over his forty-acre estate, St. Cloud, at Dundas. Sir Frederick's lead might well be followed by many men who have made their fortunes in this city, and who, perhaps through thoughtlessness, do little with their wealth for the benefit of the country that has given them so generously of its riches. 
IT is but a very few years since Sir Frederick Stewart acquired the holding that he is rapidly transforming into a model farm. Already its undulating contours are burgeoning with crops and lush pastures already have modern farm buildings sprung into being. Yet the plan of Improvement and equipment is at its very beginning. The big-visioned Australian who owns St. Cloud has bestowed the genius of his organising ability on the task of turning this property into the show place of the countryside. The highest point on the farm, commanding a delightful panoramic view over hundreds of miles or sweeping landscape, is surmounted by a homestead that Is the acme of comfort and convenience. About it are gardens and rookeries, filled with every conceivable variety or flowering plant so that in the spring of the year It will be a vision of delight. Along the extensive frontage are two rows of Christmas-bush trees that, in time, will provide a hedge of glorious crimson. The portion of the estate devoted to the husbandry enterprises that Sir Frederick has launched is already partially subdivided and considerably Improved. Adequate and modem accommodation has been provided for the Red Poll bull and heifers recently Imported from England, a dairy, feeding stalls, shelter sheds, machinery sheds having been created, and a huge concrete silo constructed to contain the chaffed maize and saccaline grown on the place. This silo la three-parts full at present. 
Water Is available at every point of convenience from the city supply. Below the dairy Is the piggery, In which are housed the latest Importations from England, three Large White sows that have littered within the past few weeks, the Tamworths purchased from Wollongbar and the Berkshires acquired from Hawkesbury College. It is unnecessary to mention that the piggery, like the dairy establishment, is the last word in convenience, efficient construction and commodiousness. Sir Frederick intends to specialise in pigs. Having seen, during his recent visit to Great Britain, the Important part pig raising plays in the economics of national husbandry in the Old World, he is determined to show what can be done in this country in the way of building the Industry Into an Important and prosperous one. Expense will not deter him from proceeding with any experiments advised by the Department, and he Intends to Import further stud pigs from England from time to time. 
The lay-out of the buildings and the subdivision of the farm has been made in accordance with advice of officers of the Department of Agriculture, just as the pasture Improvement work In progress and the green feed experiments that are being carried out. Lucerne has been planted in one paddock, and more will be laid down until five acres have been established. Oat crops are being raised for green feed, among the varieties under test being Algerian and Fulcham. 
It was rather interesting to see a paddock of wheat— Florence and Gresley being grown— well headed and revealing not the slightest trace of an disease The stand was a little thin possibly because of a light seeding, but the hay yield should well repay the experiment. The absence of rust was rather remarkable, as one would expect to find at least some traces of it. The oats were doing well, the growth being even and heavy, showing that germination had been particularly good. The paddocks left for grazing are either under improved pastures — clovers, phalaris and ryes — or in course of treatment. Where the grasses have been established the sward is dense and lush, showing how the country responds marvellously to treatment with super.
Jerusalem artichokes are grown in a plot for the pigs and a crop of potatoes has been raised in an adjacent paddock. A small area carries a heavy growth of melons, and in another are vetches, all reserve food far the stock. The property has been placed at the disposal of the local rural school where, by some oddity of officialdom, a plough is available for the lads but no horse to haul it. 
At Sir Frederick's establishment the boys will have the use of the finest collection of farm equipment it is possible to obtain, from tractors to rotary hoes, from draught horses to motor trucks, with every Implement in between. Sir Frederick appointed as studmaster Mr. J. M. Mallon, who spent fifteen years at Wollongbar Experiment Farm, Lismore. While admitting that the foundations had been soundly laid, he points out that as yet the property is only a show place in the making. It is intended to construct another tub silo of 80-tons capacity, twelve loose boxes for cattle and pigs, .... x ..-ft., with concrete floors and feed boxes. The aim is to run 500 pigs.

SILO AND DAIRY BUILDINGS AT THE DUNDAS FARM


THE FARROWING PENS AT ST. CLOUD STUD
EACH SOW A QUEEN IN HER HOME.
Nucleus of a high-class Red Poll stud comprises the bull, Lydney General (Imp,), and three heifers— Knepp Minerva 26th (imp.), West Woodbury Virginia (Imp.) and Knepp Paradise 20th (Imp.). Lydney General was calved 5/l/34, and is by Whiteway Whizbang, a show winner and a grandson of Neoton Gloucester, sire of Whiteway Wiseman, bought by an Australian for £450. The dam was Lydney Lobelia, which on her first three lactations gave 11567 lb. of milk in 332 days; 13,537-Ib. in 296 days, and 13^08-1). tn 901 days respectively, rydney Lobtdta comes of a highly successful family, a sister baring given Just on 15,000-lb. of milk In 337 days. Knepp Minerva 26th was bred by Sir Morrik R. BurrcU, whose stock is to be found in some of the best Red Poll studs In Australia. The heifer, which Is In calf to Knopp Captor, was born on 2B/1/1H. and Is by MOredcn Musket, which coit 200-gna. at five weeks old. Musket's dam la Maredcn Mimulus, a prolific prize-winner before being sold in 1931 for 230-ena. and exported to Australia, where she continued to win championships, In England, she gave 11,448-lb, of milk on her second calve In 209 days, testing up to 0.1 per cent, butter-fat. The dam of Minerva 20th was Knepp Minerva 10th, a four-gallon cow which has in her pedigree many ohamplon atres and some matrons that have exceeded 10,000-B-. at milk In a lactation. Knepp Paradlso ..., from the same stud and mated with the same bull, was calved In September, 1933. She Is by Knepp Krng Sol from Knepp Paradise 33nd. ICing Sol Is by tho same sire as Knopp OowaUp l?th, a prize-winner at Uio 1KH London Dairy Show, and goes book to come of the most distinguished famlllai. The dam, Knepp Paradise 22nd, also has excellent breeding on both sides, her sire being a winner of many prizes, while the dam (Paradise Oth) has a production record of.... tracing back to winners at English shows. For the nucleus of Tamworth and Berkshire studs, Sir Frederick has relied on Australian-bred pigs of Imported strain. A Berkshire sow and two Tamworths were obtained from Wollongbar Experiment Farm a Berkshire boar from the Grafton Experiment Farm, two Berkshire sows from Mr. H Edwards of Toongabbie, and two from Mr. L. Cooke of Bulga. The latter were full sisters to the 1936 champion sow at Sydney. An impressive feature of all the pigs is their long, deep quality, well-developed hams and fineness of shoulder, 
Founded so well, the St. Cloud studs of Red Polls and pigs should quickly become a powerful medium for herd Improvement, particularly as the policy will be to make available the progeny to farmers at reasonable rates.

One of the staff of the St. Cloud stud, watching Byron Belle and her litter outside their concrete home  
Sir. F. Stewart's Enterprise (1936, July 2).The Farmer and Settler (Sydney, NSW : 1906 - 1955), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117213779 

While abroad Stewart pursued what could be interpreted as private policies used in business into the public realm and was also recognised for his work. 

MAY BE KNIGHTED 
Mr. F.H. Stewart Mentioned CANBERRA, Thursday. The Parliamentary Under-secretary for Re-employment (Mr. F. H. Stewart), who is investigating employment matters abroad, will, it is rumoured to-night, be awarded a knighthood in the King's Birthday honours list. His name, it is said is to be included in the Commonwealth honours as a special tribute to his work as a Federal Minister. 
CONTINENTAL TOUR. 
LONDON. May 22. Mr. F. H. Stewart will leave for Brussels on Friday to visit the International Exhibition and confer with the Belgian Government on unemployment. Afterwards he will go to Berlin, and to Geneva, where the International Labour Office Conference is to open on June 4. MAY BE KNIGHTED (1935, May 24).Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article139248467 

FREE BREAKFASTS For School Children
Increase Food Consumption
Sir Frederick Stewart's Plan
London, Tuesday.
Sir Frederick Stewart (Australia) moved a resolution at a meeting of the International Labor Office, urging an investigation of the possibility of an increase in the consumption of foodstuffs, with a view to stimulating international efforts to raise the standards of living. 

He declared, "Surely a man can overcome penury amidst abounding plenty." A restoration of the demand for nutritive foodstuffs would play no small part in restoring world equilibrium. World population has increased six per cent, since 1929, but the production of foodstuffs is unchanged. An in crease in the consumption of health giving foodstuffs would mean a difference between efficient population and would benefit employers and workers, and lead to greater political stability. 
Sir Frederick Stewart suggested increased social services, such as free breakfasts for school children. The resolution was adopted. FREE BREAKFASTS (1935, June 19).The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (NSW : 1856 - 1861; 1863 - 1889; 1891 - 1954), p. 1 (FINAL EDITION). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article193179727 

40-HOUR WEEK.
Sir Frederick Stewart's Advocacy.
Interviewed at Auckland (N.Z.) on Monday, on his way back from Europe to Australia, the Federal Under-Secretary for Re-employment (Sir Frederick Stewart) said that he was definitely of the opinion that the 40-hour working week was practicable for Australian employers. 'It would be better,' continued Sir Frederick, 'if it were an international arrangement, but we have not waited on the rest of the world in the past to introduce industrial improvements, and we have the means of protecting industries, through which, in pursuance of national policies, to introduce improvements ahead of other countries. I say here, as I did at Geneva, that employers — and I speak as one — are inclined to think that wages constitute a much greater factor in production costs than they really do.' Sir Frederick Stewart said he had fully Inquired into national insurance schemes, and would strongly advocate the adoption of a scheme by the Commonwealth Government. 40-HOUR WEEK. (1935, October 30).The Australian Worker (Sydney, NSW : 1913 - 1950), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article146012940 

SIR FREDERICK STEWART.
Sir Frederick Stewart, MP., Under-Secretary for Employment, returned on Saturday by the Monowai, after a tour of the United Kingdom, Europe, and America. He took part in the Silver Jubilee celebrations on behalf of the Commonwealth. SIR FREDERICK STEWART. (1935, November 5). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17216461 

Soon after his return Sir Stewart began a second herd at the Saint Cloud, Dundas, model farm. Jersey cattle, which are a small breed of dairy cattle originally bred in the Channel Island of Jersey, is popular for the high butterfat content of its milk and the lower maintenance costs attending its lower bodyweight, as well as its genial disposition. Smaller cows mean you can have more of them on smaller holdings - perfect for a 'model farm'. They are well known as gentle cows well suited to 'marginal pasture'.


Jersey cattle being judged at a show in Jersey, home of the breed: this shows the size of these cows - photo courtesy Manvyi - Wikipedia

St. Cloud to Have a Jersey Stud
LATEST Jersey breeder Is Sir Frederick Stewart, MP., owner of the model farm, St. Cloud, Dundas. Sir Frederick bought his first Jerseys at the dispersal of the Woodside stud last Saturday. When he established St. Cloud a few years ago sir Frederick Imported some outstanding stock from England to found a Red Poll stud. In addition, he established a pig stud, several breeds being represented. Sir Frederick has exhibited Red Polls at the last two Sydney Royal shows and this year bought Rankenborough Bleriot (Imp.), which had been used in Mr. A. G. Hunter's Northwood Park Stud. 
Good Price At the Woodside sale 
Sir Frederick paid 110-gns. for Jester's Pride (Imp.), which Is by Royal Jester, ex-e Old Well's Pride 3rd. Jester's Pride holds the record for the highest production of any Jersey cow Imported to Australia, her yield as a mature cow being 13,986lb of milk, test 6 per cent., and 843.35-lb. of butter-fat. She was first and champion In the Peters' type and production prizes this year. Others bought by Sir Frederick were: Woodside Farm Pagari (by Old Farm Gamboge), Imp., ex You'll Do's Pagari( Imp.); Woodside Oxford Welcome (by Woodside Park Oxford, ex Woodside Jester's Welcome) ; Woodside Yvonne (by Old Farm Gamboge, ex Oxford Links). 
… St. Cloud to Have a Jersey Stud (1937, October 14). The Farmer and Settler (Sydney, NSW : 1906 - 1955), p. 4. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117224304 

NB: 'gns' is guineas - a coin replaced by the pound in 1813.  The name guinea was long used to indicate the amount of 21 shillings (£1.05 in decimalised currency). The guinea had an 'aristocratic overtone'; professional fees and payment for land, horses, art, bespoke tailoring, furniture or other luxury items were often quoted in guineas. Guniea was similarly used in Australia until we went to decimal currency in 1966.

While all this was developing Frederick Stewart's wife was ill. First having what was reported as a 'major operation' in 1929, the lady whom many may credit with ensuring children formed part of all she and her husband looked after, battled illness for years. These articles and photo from a few years before she passed away continue a focus on supporting health organisations:


Lady Stewart with two Junior Red Cross helpers, Bettyne Thompson and Betty Smith, at the West Ryde branch fete held at Dundas yesterday. Fete At Dundas For Red Cross Funds (1937, September 5). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 8 (Women's Section). Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229447976 

FOR RED CROSS FETE AT ST. CLOUD 
The West Ryde branch of the Red Cross Society will benefit from a fete held at St. Cloud, Dundas, the home of Sir Frederick and Lady Stewart, on Saturday afternoon. Afternoon tea was served on tables in the garage, and visitors strolled through the grounds, in which were erected the general and sweets stalls. A competition, guessing the weight of one of the pigs on the farm, provided plenty of amusement. Among the helpers were the president of the branch (Mrs. H. Davies), Mesdames E. Whitehouse, C. Naughton; M. Faull, T. Galloway, H. C. Watts, C. J. Hancock, J. Geoghegan, M.. McMillan, Misses F. Lackers, Marjorie Naughton, Mavis Taylor, Winnie McWilliam, Joan and Merle Whitehouse, Joy Latta, and Sue and Kath Dawe. FOR RED CROSS (1937, September 9).The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW : 1888 - 1950), p. 10. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article106164605 

Death of Lady Stewart
LADY STEWART, wife of Sir Frederick Stewart, MHR, for Parramatta, died yesterday afternoon in Gloucester House, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital. She had been in ill-health for about six months. Lady Stewart was an executive member of the NSW Society for Crippled Children; a founder of the Methodist Mission Hospital in New Guinea, the Methodist Babies' Home at Carlingford, and Stewart House, Curl Curl, which cares for children suffering from malnutrition. She also helped to found the Parramatta branch of the YWCA, nearly two years ago. She was also a member of the Australian Red Cross Society, president of the Eastwood branch of the Ryde Hospital, and a member of the board of Dalmar Methodist Children's Home. Two of Lady Stewart's sons-Major Harold Stewart and Major Neville Stewart, AAMC— are with the Army. Major Harold Stewart left with the first contingent of the AIF to go overseas. Other children are Mr. Raymond Stewart, Mrs. Phillip Payne, Mrs. Bill Hewson, and Mrs. R. Haigh. The funeral will leave Wesley Chapel, Castlereagh-street, city, for Northern Suburbs Crematorium on Monday afternoon. Death of Lady Stewart (1943, September 26). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article231614004 

Soon afterwards Sir Frederick Stewart gave 15 acres of the Dundas property to the Central Methodist Mission to build a hospital to honour the memory of his wife. The hospital was for 'chronic and incurable patients' - details from then under Extras.

Sir Stewart had already been in contact with local rural industries - the high milk producing Jersey's were moved to Elanora Heights, to a acreage on Powderworks road :

AGRICULTURAL SHOWS.
NORTHERN SUBURBS.
The 10th annual show of the Northern Suburbs Agricultural and Horticultural Association held at St Ives was opened yesterday by Sir Frederick Stewart M P. There was a good display in all sections and record entries in some The display of fruit and vegetables was creditable having regard to unfavourable weather. Exhibits In fine art and domestic work were the best seen at the ground.
In the ring there was an unusually fine display of horses and keen competition marked the various contests among riders.

Sir Frederick Stewart congratulated the officers of the association on the work they were doing to encourage those on the land. It was comparatively easy to maintain activity on behalf of the big shows where the glamour and the crowds encouraged enthusiasm. For that reason alone the smaller shows deserved greater public support for they were calculated to do much good. He hoped the St Ives show held In the midst of such delightful country surroundings would continue to expand.
The president of the association Mr. H E McIntosh welcomed the visitors to the ground
Principal awards include -
Standard Poulli...
Fruit -Jonathan apples W Chase... Clarke Blood plums Clarke Bros Wickson plums Clarke Bros Narrabeen plums C S Pierce ...
Horses Pony ...
The show will continue to day. AGRICULTURAL SHOWS. (1938, January 22). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17434254

With his children married, and obviously being a gentleman who was about love and getting close to choosing to resign from public office, 'F.H.' remarried and set out to acquire Jersey's from Jersey, among other things:

Sir Frederick Stewart To Marry Nurse
Sir Frederick Stewart has announced his engagement to Miss Marjorie Dixon, of Lindfield, youngest daughter of the late Rev. and Mrs. Frederick Dixon. The wedding is expected to take place in October and the honeymoon will be a tour abroad. While away Sir Frederick will investigate post-war social service projects in America and Europe.  Sir Frederick is a widower; Lady Stewart died in 1943. He is the member for Parramatta in the House of Representatives, and was Minister for Health and Social Services in the Menzies-Fadden Government. Miss Dixon has known Sir Frederick for about 10 years. She nursed him eight years ago when he was a patient in the War Memorial Hospital, Waverley, where she completed her training in 1930. Sir Frederick Stewart To Marry Nurse (1945, July 6). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17945997 

To Marry Sir Frederick Stewart
Miss Marjorie Dixon, of Lindfield, who will marry Sir Frederick Stewart, M.H.R., at Lindfield in October. She is the youngest daughter of the late Rev. and Mrs. Frederick Dixon. The honeymoon is planned for New Zealand and Tasmania. The couple will then go to England and the U.S., where they will study social service projects. To Marry Sir Frederick Stewart (1945, July 7). Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , p. 3. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article134369106 

7000 FAREWELL ORCADES IN GAY SCENES
Colorful scenes were witnessed on the Orient liner Orcades today when 7000 people crowded the ship to farewell 1050 passengers before it sailed for London. It was the most brilliant sailing since before the war, with champagne parties in cabins, stacks of flowers, and telegrams arriving at the rate of 1000 an hour.
Although the Orcades did not sail from Pyrmont until noon, hundreds of people had arrived by 9 am. From then until sailing time all roads leading to the wharf were jammed with- taxis, car." and people on foot. Some owners were forced to park their cars a quarter of a mile from the ship. Thousands of multi-colored streamers fluttering from the Orcades" towering decks made a striking scene as the ship slowly pulled out. Hundreds of pounds' worth of flowers and farewell packages for passengers arrived steadily from early morning up to sailing time. Congestion on board was so dense that stewards did not attempt to distribute flowers after 10 am, and they were stacked in the foyer on F deck. Stewards estimated that it would be dinner-time tonight before the farewell gifts had been delivered to passengers. Post Office messengers struggled through the seething crowd with large bags of telegrams, which arrived at the rate of 1000 an hour. Parties in lounges Farewell parties were held in nearly every cabin, and champagne corks were continually popping. Some passengers had so many people to farewell them that the cabins were too small and the parties moved to the ship's spacious lounges.
Hundreds of visitors inspected Douglas Annand's mural, but women seemed to be more interested in the ' ship's chintz curtains. . . Many were disappointed that the Orcades' £250 a week flat was locked. It will not be occupied until Lt.-Col. J. . Knights-Trench and his wife, who travelled from London on the ship, rejoin it in Melbourne. The .1050 passengers included 300 coastal trippers for Melbourne, Adelaide and Fremantle. When the ship finally leaves Australia she will have aboard 1070 London-bound passengers. Sir Frederick Stewart, who sailed with Lady Stewart, said that the main purpose of his trip was to buy 21 Jersey cattle for his stud near Narrabeen. Another passenger, the chairman of directors of Woolworths, Ltd. (Mr. C. Scott Waine), who expects to be absent front Australia for about seven months, said he intended to examine newest merchandising techniques in Britain, and most Continental countries. Mr. Waine intends to spend several weeks in Sweden, which, he said, was of particular interest to Australia at present. After the liner left, traffic police had to restrain many people from overcrowding buses bound for the city. Hundreds, unable to get transport, walked to the city. 7000 FAREWELL ORCADES. IN GAY SCENES. (1949, January 29). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 1 (FINAL SPORT LAST RACE). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230238713 

Farewells as Orcades sails
FROM early morning until sailing time at noon, Orcades, which left for England yesterday, was packed with friends farewelling travellers. Mrs. Charles Lloyd Jones carried a superb Christian Dior travelling coat of aqua corduroy when she boarded the ship. Mrs. Frances Hellman, of Potts Point, said she hoped to sandwich in a visit to Jamaica, BWI, as part of her holiday trip. She will be the guest of the Governor, Sir John Huggins, and Lady Huggins. Sir Frederick Stewart, who, with Lady Stewart, sailed for a pleasure-cum-business trip to Britain and the Continent, had trouble loading his wife's movie camera. There didn't seem to be any experts aboard, and he was advised to try the problem on the purser, who copes with everything, anyway. Other passengers included authoress Mrs. Dorothy M. Catts; Mrs. Neil Mackinnon, wife of Commander Mackinnon, RAN, with her two sons, Peter and John; and Lieut.-Colonel , and Mrs. J. Knights-Trench, who travelled out from England, and are returning in Orcades, joining the ship in Melbourne. In and out of Town (1949, January 30).The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 36. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230237036 

Sydney Women To Be Presented At Courts
Lady Stewart, who is visiting England with her husband. Sir Frederick. Stewart, has just returned from the Continent She will wear a pale blue pin-pleated two piece ensemble and large picture hat Lady Stewart will be accompanied by her sister Miss Annie Dixon, who has chosen an apple green ensemble and a beige mushroom hat. Mrs Dons Dent, Lady Stewart's cousin, who will also be presented, will wear an ice-blue crepe frock with a fine navy-blue straw hat. Sydney Women To Be Presented At Courts (1949, May 13). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18114861 

In time for the English Spring the newlyweds returned in time for the Spring in Sydney, the investment in Jersey cows following soon afterwards:

ENGLISH WOMEN'S INTEREST IN STOCK BREEDING
English women took a more active interest in stud stock breeding than Australian women, said Lady Stewart, wife of Sir Frederick Stewart, when they returned to Sydney in the Orion yesterday.
"Many British women whose husbands are stud stock breeders conduct small studs of their own," she said. "They usually have farms not far from their husbands' properties. Having their own studs gives them an interest, and in many cases is important to them financially, now that high taxation is breaking up the 'stately homes of England.' " ENGLISH WOMEN'S INTEREST IN STOCK BREEDING (1949, September 10). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18133378 

RIGHT: PASSENGERS by the Orion today from London were Sir Frederick and Lady Stewart. Sir Frederick was critical of the Socialistic schemes of the British Labor Government. Out to beat polio (1949, September 9).The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 5 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230933902 

Australian On British Economy
Sydney, September 9.— An attempt to achieve a 'welfare, state' on the basis of full employment at inflated wage rates without insistence on full production was doomed to failure, Sir Frederick Stewart said today. Sir Frederick, who is proprietor of Dundas Woollen Mills, Sydney, returned today from England on the Orion. He said the upsurge of living costs in Britain was due in no small measure to the Attlee Government's Socialisation excursions and playful attitude towards full production by dockers, miners and railwaymen, who were all employed In nationalised industries. Even the British Treasury could not withstand the drain of £500,000,000 every year by way of subsidies in a feeble attempt to curb the rise in living costs. Australian On British Economy (1949, September 10).Barrier Daily Truth (Broken Hill, NSW : 1908; 1941 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article141533990 

Noted Sire From Jersey Island
A NOTED Jersey sire, Samara Supreme (Imp.), reached Sydney this week from Jersey Island for the St. Cloud stud, Narrabeen, owned by Sir Frederick Stewart,
A rising two-year-old (c. 22/4/48), his breeding is unique as he is sired by Alexander of Rosel, a three star tire. Alexander of Rosel is of sound Sybil's Gamboge breeding, as his pedigree shows his grand dam is a daughter of one of the Island's best known cows— Lady Oxfordia.- She won 14 championships on the Island as well as several certificates of merit for production. Highest yield was 10.674.M-lb, milk, testing, 4.40 per cent, and yielding 744,0-lb. butterfat Dam of Samares Supreme is Financial Interest 12th, which won the senior female champions cup at St. Clements Show, 1048. She has a Silver Medal Certificate (A.A.A.) completed in 1940 of 8870.6-lb. mil): of 6.00 per cent, test and 638.03-lb. butterfat In 305 days. With . tho wealth of production of dams In his pedigree coupled with their Individual merit arid beautiful well attached vessels and teat placement, Samares supreme brings a background to N.S.W. that should prove of Inestimable value. Noted Sire From Jersey Island (1950, February 10). The Farmer and Settler (Sydney, NSW : 1906 - 1955), p. 24. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117403322 

Imported Jerseys To St. Cloud Stud
WORTHWHILE features of Jersey cattle have impressed Sir Frederick Stewart, St. Cloud stud, Narrabeen. His further confidence in the breed was shown in a practical way when he recently landed six head of selected Imported animals. They comprised five heifers and a young bull, and their Individuality and breeding should prove a potential force to the breed In N.S.W. The young bull, Victory's Dreaming Wanderer, is a stylish broken colored sire and will make an Interesting exhibit at Sydney Royal show at Easter. He Is by Day Dream ex Greek Rose Victory. Heifers Include Winsome Lynn Design (Lynn's Crowning Designer — Lynn's Noble Robina) which has a stylish bull calf sired by Lynn's Crowned Designers Cambraie's Noble Designess (Lynn's Noble Designer— Cambraie's Rozelle), Carnation's Vedas Gipsey (Golden Veda's Prince-— Ewtor Golden Vedas) which hits a bull calf sired by Star of Grasfort, Daleleaf (Dreaming Cowboy Imp.)— (Gayleaf) which has a heifer calf by Victory's Dreaming Wanderer, and Western Oaklands Miranda (Ceres Royal Designer— Western Oaklands Poppy). Imported Jerseys To St. Cloud Stud (1950, February 24). The Farmer and Settler (Sydney, NSW : 1906 - 1955), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117401382 

St Cloud's, Elanora Heights, was dreamed to be a 'model farm' too and also produced cattle which sold for good prices and won good prizes - these were the pin-up princesses!:.

"Tail" In Dairy Cattle Classes

Arawa Gamboge's Vanilla, owned by Sir Frederick Stewart, was judged the champion Jersey cow at the Show yesterday.
CHAMPIONS WIN PRAISE
There was too big a "tail" in most dairy cattle classes, judges said yesterday. They praised the prizewinning animals.
The Jersey judge said the cows in this section were outstanding, although the ' bulls had been disappointing. On the other hand, the Guernsey judge thought the dis-play not up to last year's high standard.
Jerseys
Sir Frederick Stewart, a noted pre-war breeder of Jersey cattlewho sold his stud about 10 years ago, re-entered the competitive field yesterday and won the Jersey champion ship. Last year, Sir Frederick decided to found another stud and visited the Jersey islands, where he bought two bulls and five cows.
He has also bought heavily from local studs and now has a herd of between 70 and 80 Jerseys at North Narrabeen.
Yesterday's champion was Arawa Gamboge's Vanilla, a cow which the judge, Mr. F. Burton, of Queensland, said carried herself exceptionally well and was of excellent type. "Tail" In Dairy Cattle Classes CHAMPIONS WIN PRAISE (1951, March 20). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18204740 

A/c Sir Frederick Stewart, Narrabeen, St. Cloud Jester's Majestic, 44 gns. STUD DAIRY CATTLE SALES AT THE SHOW (1950, April 14). The Land(Sydney, NSW : 1911 - 1954), p. 19. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article105721410 

Buyers from three States operate at St. Cloud sale
(By a Staff Reporter)
TOP price of 140-gns. was paid by Mr. E. Morton .... Beechwood, for the 2-yr. old heifer St. Cloud Dreaming Lady (Imp. ? i.1 dam at the annual... Sir Frederick Stewart Jersey bred in his St. Cloud stud, North Narrabeen, last Saturday.
Dreaming Lady Is by FarIneuae Victorious Dreamer f« Daleleaf (Imp.), Il.c. Victorian, N.S.W. and Queensland buyers operated at the sale, which was conducted by the New Zealand Loan and M.A, Co, Ltd at St. Cloud. A otx mnollia old bull, st, Cloud Royal Supreme, by Samnres Supremo (Imp.) ox Sliepfitonc Royal Peggy, V.H.C., went to Mr. R. McKlnnon, Wodonga (Vic), for 135-gns. Mr. O. Sallaway, Ballamona, Alstonville (N.S.W.), pale 120-gns, for the young bull, St. Cloud carnation Supreme (e, I '3/61) by Samares Supremo imp.) ex Carnation Vedas Gipsy (imp.), v.H.C. As this was the first sale of stud Jerseys In New South Wales since the ban on Imports because of the outbreak of foot and mouth disease In Britain, it was anticipated that the market would be strong. However, the fact of the ban appeared to have little Influence on the market as bidding was really brisk only on a few of the offerings. Most of the cattle were rich In imported blood.
400-gns. was reached for the Imported bull, Victory's Dreaming Wanderer (Imp.), H.C., but competition then cased. Although an offer of 4B0-gns, was received, It was below the owner's reserve and the bull, which had been calved on April 18, 1940, was passed In. It was explained by the auctioneers that Sir Frederick Stewart himself had been hoping to Import a bull before the ban was Imposed, Another factor that had an Influence on the market was the dry conditions ruling in many dairying districts. An Imported cow, Winsome Lynn Design (c. 34/11/47), was passed in at 220-gns. St. Cloud Jerseys were particularly successful at last Sydney Royal Show and the production results under official lest Indicate that the stud contains strains that are profitable, Herd sires— Victory's Dreaming Wayfarer and Samares Supreme— are both Imported bulls, Families resident... in the herd are Aim, Design, and Daydream, Including direct Importations and their progeny. Most of the older stock offered were bred In other studs, but the ... included a large percentage that bore the St. Cloud prefix, One of the most consistent  buyers was Mr. Les. Lucas, Armidale( N.S.W.), who has only recently established a registered stud. Of the 42 ... offered, 10 were passed In at auction. 
Herdmaster at St. Cloud Is Mr, Frank Le Fevre, who was formerly associated with the In le Sir Archibald Howie's ... stud, Richmond, and then with Mr. E. s. Rowntree's successful Shepstone stud, Quirindi. He had the cattle looking well and paraded them efficicently. Sales were: FEMALES. Navua Kathryn'a .....


Sir Frederick Stewart, owner of the St. Cloud Jersey stud, North Narrabeen. 
Buyers from three States operate at St. Cloud sale (1951, December 7). The Farmer and Settler (Sydney, NSW : 1906 - 1955), p. 5. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117542386 

The lists of all these prize assets, their bloodlines being integral to any interested, with 'strains making them profitable' listed in articles regarding the St Cloud stud while it was at Elanora, sound alike those bloodlines recorded for horses because they were - maintaining the purity of any breed of cattle is vital - something you may find out more about in the still current Jersey Australia website

What also comes through is a determination to create something better for Australia and all here - Sir Stewart employed the best in the business and bought the best stock to achieve high butterfat. Although Frederick Stewart had virtually retired from the public eye on leaving politics, his cows now made headlines - these beauties were coming out of Pittwater and people were amazed at what he'd done in a valley that was more famous for tomatoes during this era than award winning and high producing cows:

Production Rate "National Disgrace"
BREEDER CRITICAL
Prizes for production competitions were the most important awarded by show societies, Sir Frederick Stewart said at the annual breeders and exhibitors' dinner at the North Coast National showground.
"It is a national disgrace that the production per head is as low as it is," he added. Sir Frederick, who is a prominent Jersey breeder, of Narrabeen, said that it was most important for Australia to increase its primary production.
"If we are to keep Australia on the map as a food producing country ,we must improve our food producing capacity." Sir Frederick said that it was the duty of show societies in Australia to encourage production competition. He regarded the most important prize awarded in the North Coast Show as that for the butterfat production won by Mr. E. G. Johnson.
"It is very important that we keep to type, but it is more important to encourage production," Sir Frederick added. 
Secretary of the Royal Agricultural Society, Col. Somerville, said he regarded the North Coast National as the second best show in N.S.W.
More Records
He said: "I feel you will go on, to make one record after another. "It is the co-operation between the whole of the agricultural societies which makes the thing worthwhile," he added.
"Any show consists of the products of Australia. It is my ambition that some day we, will have a Commonwealth exhibit to take overseas, to show them just what we can do."
President of the Queensland Royal National Society, Mr. J. A. Heading, M.L.A., said the purpose of a show was to advertise the district to the rest of the country. 
"Unless you have a good show, you should not have one at all," he said. 
President of the North Coast National, Mr. W. A. Walmsley, M.L.C., said that he appreciated the presence of so many distinguished visitors.
"We are very hopeful of creating a record this year," he added. Production Rate "National Disgrace" (1952, October 17). Northern Star (Lismore, NSW : 1876 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article96527720 

TOP Dairy Stud Built Up on Poor Country
MANY people were surprised when, some years ago, Sir Frederick Stewart decided to develop a Jersey Stud on the North Shore, in the Narrabeen area. The soil consisted mainly or sea-sand and rock. As in other parts of the coast from Manly to Palm Beach, Improved pastures did not seem to be a likely proposition. Feeding would probably have to be on concentrates. However, Sir Frederick spared no expense in equipping the farm with everything needed for the use of a first-class pure-bred Jersey stud. As a result of a trip overseas and a visit to Jersey Island, he was able to obtain some of the cream of the Island's stock. The St. Cloud stud— a Jersey name, was then founded on two Imported bulls and five females. One good sire for use at St. Cloud was Samares Supreme (imp), a. prizewinner on Jersey Island Itself. Supreme came with the highest qualifications. His sire was Alexander of Rosel, runner-up In the well-known Boiltho Cup at the Jersey Island R.A.S. In 1948. Supreme’s dam, Samares Royal Interest 13th, a highly commended cow, was a great producer. A Silver Medal and a Gold Medal cow, she was three times champion at St. Clement show on the Island. Figures shown by Royal Interest 12th were 8880-lb. milk, a COG per cent, test and 539-lb. butterfat over 305 days as a Junior two-year-old. As a Junior four she yielded 618-lb. fat In the same period. Supreme Is still the herd sire at St. Cloud, looks remarkably well and has sired some excellent stock.

The St. Cloud studmaster, Mr. A. Le Seuvre, himself a Jerseymansaid this week he was proud that the St. Cloud herd, apart from being founded on the best Imported Jersey blood, was one of the highest-producing herds In this State. He pointed out that at the last three Sydney Royal Shows St. Cloud has been the most successful exhibitor. The progeny of Samares Supreme (Imp.) and Victory's Dreaming Wanderer (imp.) have been successful at the Sydney Royal, as well as on the Far South Coast, notably at Bega, and at shows within the County of Cumberland. Larconln Suspense 3rd, a St. Cloud Jersey female of promise, was a good two-year-old producer in Victoria, with 7653-lb. milk, a 4.55 per cent, test and 348.3-lb. fat at that age. At three years old, in this State, she gave U,000-Ib. milk, a 5.1 per cent, test and 561-lb. of butterfat. As a Junior three she led the list here for milk and butterfat production. Another high producer was Surrey Lady Doreen 17th, testing in Victoria at over five per cent, as a six-year-old. She maintained that figure when she came to N.S.W. In this State she produced 11,889-lb. milk, a six per cent, test and 087.65-lb. of - butterfat In the 273 days. Banyule Mermaid was a Melbourne Royal champion and won the I.R.M. special prize at this year's Sydney Royal Show for a cow which had qualified for the Intermediate Register of Merit. She Is a highly-commended cow. Sir Frederick's Condons Miss Myra won the first ribbon at this year's Sydney Royal for a cow of over five, In calf and dry. Her latest record Is 2837-Ib. milk, a four per cent, test and 584,-lb. Arawa Gamboge Vanilla, V.H.C., Is another fine matron and was Sydney Royal champion cow of 1051. She was twice champion at Castle Hill and once at Parramatta. Last year she yielded 7473-lb. milk, with 420-lb. butterfat in a 5.6 per cent, test. Three Imported cows have done well. Carnation's Veda's Gypsy yielded 8451-lb. milk, a 5.1 per cent, test and 427.95-lb. butterfat. Daleleaf (Imp.) gave 8521 J-'lb. milk, a 5.7 per cent, test and 483.79-lb. fat over 273 days. Shepstone Royal Peggy, V.H.C., won first prizes at the Sydney Show In 1948 and 19517 She gave over 400-lb. of butterfat as a 13-year-old. Her figures were 97009-lb. of milk, a 4.8 per cent, test and 463.6-lb. of fat. Larconla Posy 6th was twice a first prizewinner at the Sydney Royal. Her figures were 9173-Ib. milk, a 5.1 per cent, test and 464.98-lb. butterfat. These are examples of what can be done on poor country for production and breeding. Between 40 and 50 cows are now being milked and a sale recently disposed of 32 females as well as eight good bulls, owing to labor shortages and disposal of a part of the big holding. Mr. Le Seuvre said that concentrates were used as well as hay. However. It had been found that the wide use of brewer's grain had been most successful. It was not too expensive and brought excellent production results. A Departmental officer said this week that on a visit to St. Cloud stud he had been impressed with the effort made to get grass and even clover-growth on such soil. Top Dairy Stud Built Up On Poor Country (1953, June 12). The Farmer and Settler (Sydney, NSW : 1906 - 1955), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117390435 

JERSEY SALES
Demand For Quality
Jersey bulls sold well at the dairy cattle sales at the Royal Easter Show yesterday, but females were more difficult to sell. Entries for the sale were particularly heavy this year, and this concentrated bidding on the better quality animals.
In both the male and female sales, bidding was keen and prices were good for top quality animals, but beasts showing less quality met a relatively disappointing market at times, and many did not reach owners' reserves.
Quality overall was good, and up to the standard of last year, but competition for buyers was very keen, and entries had to be of good breeding and quality to attract the better prices.
Top price of the sale was 700 guineas for a young Jersey bull, Saint Cloud Mermaid's Supreme. Offered on behalf of Sir Frederick Stewart, of the Saint Cloud Jersey Stud at Narrabeen, it was bought by the Department of Agriculture for the Hawkesbury Agricultural College.JERSEY SALES (1954, April 16). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18420862 

RECORD YIELD.
'Banyule Mermaid.'
'Banyule Mermaid,' 19952, a pure bred Jersey cow, owned by Sir Frederick Stewart, 'St. Cloud Jersey Stud,' Kalang Road, Narrabeen, has completed a 305 day record, producing 20,352 lb milk, 42 per cent, average test, End 845.80 lb butterfat, commencing recording at the age of 7 years and 2 months. The amount of commercial butter is equivalent to 1031.46 lb. In making this announcement, the Minister for Agriculture and Food Production, Hon. E. H. Grahame, MLA, said 'Banyule Mermaid' established her figures under the rules of the Official Section of the Herd Production Scheme administered by his Department. 'Banyule Mermaid' is the 45th Jersey cow to produce over 1000 lb commercial butter during a 365 day lactation, this being the 61st occasion on which a Jersey cow has performed this feat. It is also the second time on which 'Banyule Mermaid' has produced over 1000 lb commercial butter. 'Banyule Mermaid' is due to re-calve on 10th August, 1954, a period of 13 months after her last calf, which makes her performances all the more creditable. 'The outstanding achievement follows the previous record of 'Mermaid's,1 which was 18,862 lb milk, 4.6 per cent, average test and 865.25 lb butter fat, equal to 1055.18 lb commercial butter in 365 days,' added Mr. Graham.
This cow has qualified for the Lifetime Register of Merit with a total production of 1 71,532 lb milk, 4.5 per cent. ; average test, and 3217.22 lb ? butterfat in 5 lactations, 'Banyule Mermaid' was I milked three times daily for 9 records of the 10 months lactation, and was check record? cd on four occasions. On her I, third month of recording, I 'Mermaid' produced 81 lb of 1 milk for the day, and on four 1 other occasions she exceeded ! 70 lb for the day. . ; I At the recently held Royal ; Show, 'Banyule Mermaid' won the Department's Intermediate Register of Merit Prize and the i Milk Board Prize, over 4 years. I During the course of her .lactation 'Banyule Mermaid' has created several records. She now holds the Australian record for 273 days and 305 days for milk production for a Jersey cow. From information available, It would appear that she can claim the distinction of having produced the second highest amount of milk recorded in the world for a Jersey cow for a 305 day lactationRECORD YIELD. (1954, June 15). The Wingham Chronicle and Manning River Observer (NSW : 1898 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article168536797 

A remarkable record has been made by Banyule Mermaid, a well-known pure-bred Jersey cow, owned by Sir Frederick Stewart, of St. Cloud Jersey Stud, Narrabeen.

The record was announced this week by the Minister for Agriculture, Mr. Graham. He said the cow had completed a 305-day test, producing 20,352-lb. milk, a 4.2 average test, and 485.80-lb. butterfat, beginning recording at the age of seven years and two months. This is equal to 1031.46lb. commercial butter. The Minister said Banyule Mermaid established her figures under the rules of the official section of the herd production improvement scheme, controlled by his Department. Banyule Mermaid is the 45th Jersey cow to produce over 1000-lb. commercial butter during a 305-day lactation or less. Second Time Mr. Graham pointed out that it was the 61st occasion on which a Jersey cow had performed this feat. It is the second time Banyule Mermaid has produced over 1000-lb. commercial butter. She She is due to calve again on August 10 this year, 12 months after her first calf, which makes her performance all the more creditable, the Minister said. Banyule Mermaid's outstanding achievement follows her previous record, which was 18,8C2-lb. milk, a 4.6 average test, and 865.25-lb. butterfat, equal to 1,055.18-lb. commercial butter in 3G5 days. Banyule Mermaid has qualified for the lifetime register of merit with a total production figure of 71.532-lb. milk, a 4.5 average test, and 3,217^2-lb. butterfat in five lactations. In her. third month of recording, Banyule Mermaid produced 81-lb. of milk for the day and on four other occasions exceeded 70-lb. for the day. Banyule Mermaid won the N.S.W. Department of Agriculture's intermediate register of merit prize and the N.S.W. Milk Board prize at the recent Sydney Royal Show. The Minister said that during the course of her lactation, Banyule Mermaid had created several records. She now holds the Australian record for 273 days and the 305 -clay Tecord for milk production for a Jersey cow. From information available, it appears that she can claim the second highest amount of milk recorded in the world for a Jersey cow for a 305-day lactation. Remarkable Record By Pure-bred Jersey (1954, June 18). The Farmer and Settler(Sydney, NSW : 1906 - 1955), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117079139 

Unfortunately Sir Stewart's health was deteriorating - what was by then a successful venture was also a short-lived one. The Jersey's and Dairy equipment were put up for sale and quickly dispersed among those who knew 'quality':

Complete Dispersal Sale On A/c SIR FREDERICK STEWART To be held at Narrabeen, Sydney, on FRIDAY, 11th NOVEMBER, 1955 73 HEAD HIGH CLASS REG. JERSEYS 73 T.B Tested, Females Vac. Strain 19 
LOT NO 62. ST CLOUD MERMAID’S SUPREME 2ND. Sire: Samares Supreme (imp.). Dam: Bimyule Mermaid -.1I.C, L.U.M., one of the world's greatest producing Jerseys. 
The catalogue will also include KEEPER'S DESIGNING BARON (imp.), son of the sensational sire, Kerper's Rush Designer P.S.H.C, supreme champion Jersey Island, whose progeny nave won 22 major awards on Jersey Island. Many of the high producing St. Cloud Royal Show winners to be offered will be in calf to this outstanding young bull. In addition to the galaxy of imported females, such noted Australian bred cows as Banyule Mermaid 2nd.. Larconia Posy 6th, Arawa Gamboge Vanilla, Condong Miss Myra, Larconia Suspense 3rd., Ellerdale Victory Buttercup 2nd., Shepstone Royal Peggy, Malena Dawn and Broad Oaks Lady Destiny are in the catalogue. Don't miss this rare opportunity to secure the most prepotent blood the Jersey breed has to offer. It is proven both ways — for breed type and high productiorv-the combination the progressive breeder strives for. Catalogues available from the Licensed Auctioneers — NEW ZEALAND LOAN & MERCANTILE AGENCY CO., LTD. (Inc. in Eng.), 38 BRIDGE STREET, SYDNEY. 'PHONE: BU1211— BU5141. Advertising (1955, October 28). The Farmer and Settler (Sydney, NSW : 1906 - 1955), p. 52. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article123141311 


St Cloud Stud Sale

FATHER AND SON from St. Ives, who followed the sales with interest, were Mr. L. M. Smith (right), and Mr. A. C. Smith. Japanese buyers were active in the bidding.

VICTORIAN SPECTATORS at the St. Cloud sale were (from left): Messrs. S. Christensen, Gippsland and Northern Co.; C. C. Hurrey, Kooreena, and V. O. Wallace, Wallacedale Stud, Trafalgar.

Top priced cow at Sir Frederick Stewart's St. Cloud Jersey Stud dispersal sale at Narrabeen last week, Larconia Suspense 3rd, H.C., L.R.M., who was sold to Mr. C. Maloney for 675 guineas. 

RIGHT: Keeper's Designing Baron (imp.), top priced (900 gns.) bull who is believed to have reached an Australian record

DISCUSSING some of the record prices at the sale were Mr. C. O. O'Dwyer, Austral Park Dairy Stud (left) and well known Jersey breeder, Mr. R. Broad, Francliff Stud, Sutton Grange, Vic.

JERSEY STUD OWNERS who attended the St. Cloud Dispersal Sale at Narrabeen last week were (from left): Messrs. W. Braithwaire, Miandetta, Wyong, E.P. Braithwaite, The Hills Jersey Stud, Wyong; T. C. Kealy, Auchentorlie Jersey Stud, Dungog, and L. Lucas, Demarra Stud, Armidale. Sir Frederick Stewart, owner of St. Cloud, was compelled to disperse the stud because of ill health. ST. CLOUD STUD SALE (1955, November 18). The Farmer and Settler (Sydney, NSW : 1906 - 1955), p. 15. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article123143183 

St Cloud Jersey Brings Record Sale
By W. R. L. PALMER, Our Dairy Editor
At the dispersal sale of Sir Frederick Stewart's St. Cloud Jersey Stud, Narrabeen, on November 11, the bull Keeper's Designing Baron (imp.) was sold for 900 gns. to Gippsland and Northern Co. Ltd., of Victoria.
The auctioneers, New Zealand Loan and M.A. Co. Ltd., found the market brisk, with interstate and Japanese buyers operating. The enthusiasm and initiative of the owner and his manager, Mr. Prank Le Feuvre, a native of Jersey Island, had built up the stud to one of the most successful in Australia today. 

The performances of the St. Cloud herd under Government test have done much to advance the popularity of the breed, while the quality of the St. Cloud cattle has made the Jersey display at the last five Sydney Royal Shows the premier Jersey event in Australia. St. Cloud cattle have taken championships in Sydney and won the most successful breeder award for their owner in each of the last five years. During that period St.. Cloud has been the top herd under Government test, as well as producing individual cows that have been the top producers in this State in their age class. 

Great Strains 
At the time of dispersal the cattle were line bred to the three great strains that now dominate all Island pedigrees — the Aim, Design and Day Dream families. 
Sir Frederick said on Friday he was giving up his Jerseys with great reluctance through ill health. Cattle at the sale were even, beautifully bred, docile and in wonderful condition. Mr. Le Feuvre as well as Sir Frederick Stewart has done much to put St. Cloud in the position it held in the Jersey world. He has often judged at leading country shows. 

A Japanese buyer, Mr. Katsuichi Aida was present. He was accompanied by Messrs. K. Shimada and R. Ishida. Mr. Alda is Chief of the Hidaka Livestock Breeding Station, of the Japanese Ministry for Agriculture and Forestry. Mr. Aida and his team have been in many parts of the State buying dairy cattle, mainly Jerseys. He said on Friday he expected to pay more visits to Australia for that purpose in the future. The average price at the St. Cloud sale was 150 gns. The great sire, Samares Supreme (imp.) was not offered. He is still leased for October and November to a Victorian breeder. When the lease expires, this bull will be sold by private treaty. Keeper's Designing Baron, the bull sold for 900 gns., was reserve champion at two Jersey Island shows and junior champion at the Sydney Royal. His sire is Keeper's Rush Designer, P.S., H.C., and his dam, Keeper's Dreaming Design 7th, P.S.. H.C. Rush Designer Had one son, a daughter, and over 15 granddaughters and grandsons at the sale. Rush Designer was Supreme Champion of Jersey Island and winner of the King George V Cup, beside numerous first and championship awards and the Supreme Championship of Ireland. Gold Medals Keeper's Dreaming Design, Designing Baron's dam, is an H. C. Gold Medallist, was Jersey Island's champion production cow and won many prizes on open classes at Jersey shows. The price, 900 gns, is believed to be an Australian record. Another Another Gold Medal cow, Larconia Suspense 2nd, H.C, L.R.M., was sold, after keen bidding, to Mr. C. Maloney, for 675 gns. Suspense 2nd has been conspicuously successful at Sydney Royal Shows, having been first in the type and utility class, and winner of the Peters' prize, with many other awards.
She was served this year by Keeper's Designing Baron. The sire is Lindell Galinthia's Showman (imp. Canada) and the dam, Larconla Suspense. Larconia Larconia Suspense 3rd, among her many fine production records, gave 13,423 lb. milk, 628 lb. fat, testing at 4.70 per cent, over 305 days. Mr. Reg. Broad bought the well known Jersey cow, Banyule Mermaid 2nd, for 350 gns. Mermaid 2nd, by Wattles Noble Aim, H.C., out of the great Banyule Mermaid, V.H.&., L.R.M., Gold Medal, won first prize at the Perth R.A.S. Show in 1954 for type and production. She was also second in the class as a four-year-old in milk at the Sydney Royal in the same year. This year, Mermaid 2nd won the Peters' prize at Sydney and the First N.S.W. Milk Board prize. She has been served by Keeper's Designing Baron (imp.). Her dam, Banyule Mermaid has been reserve champion in three countries. These are Australia, New Zealand and Jersey Island. She was also reserve at Melbourne in 1949, champion there in 1950, and the best-uddered cow as well as first in the type and utility class. Junior Champion She was first in type and production at Sydney Royals of 1953 and 1954. N.Z.Loan and M.A. Co.'s Melbourne branch gave 370 gns. for Rush Designer's Blonde (imp.), a junior champion and first prize winner at St. Clements, Jersey, and at the Sydney Royal. She is by Keeper's Rush Designer, H.C., out of Hamptonne Blonde Fern, H.C. Blonde Fern was third in Jersey at the R.A.S. there, and twice champion at St. Clements — a Gold Medal cow. Ellerdale Victory Buttercup 2nd, V.H.C., brought 350 gns. from K. Wood. She is by Belgonia Victory Aim out of Ellerdale Winnie's Buttercup, and gave 4590 lb. milk and 206 lb. fat in 120 days. She has major victories at the Sydney Royal to her credit. Arawa Gamboge Vanilla, V.H.C., was Sydney R.A.S. champion in 1951, and reserve Jersey cow in the following year, and champion at Parramatta and Castle Hill. Sired by Ellerdale Prince's Gamboge, out of Burdekin Mariposa's Nancy, H.C, she gave 7473 lb. milk, a 5.60 test and 420 lb. fat as a junior four and has been served by Keeper's Designing Baron. Gamboge Vanilla was bought by K. Wood, of Coorawatha, for 310 gns. D. Johnstone, Taree, purchased Carnation's Vedas Gypsy (imp.) VJJ.C, another good prize winner and producer, for 220 gns. St. Cloud Carnation's Gypsy, 2nd, went to N.Z. Loan, acting for a private source, for 200 gns. Midlands Designing Dream (Imp.), a prolific majorwinner on Jersey Island, was bought by G. and N. Co. Ltd., Victoria, for 220 gns. Near the end of the list a very showy sire, St. Cloud Mermaid's Supreme 2nd, C.R., went to J. A. Tickle, of Dungog, for 270 gns. This bull is by Samares Supreme (imp.) out of Banyule Mermaid. Keeper's Designing Baron (imp.) sired St. Cloud Keeper's Designer CJR., and this bull went to C. Lynch, of Lismore, for 250 gns., perhaps the price for the sire influenced this sale although this youngster is an excellent animal with great future prospects. L. K. Wood bought St. Cloud Designing (by Designing Baron (imp.)), for 200 gns. Other Sales The cow, Marlene Dawn, by Vavua Draconis Designer out of Willamaba Jack's Pet, a Sydney first prize winner, was bought by E. H. Bullock for 270 gns. St. Cloud Miss Myra 2nd, C.R., another Samares Supreme cow and served by Designing Baron was bought by L. S. Brown of Scone, for 260 gns. Other cows to sell over the 200 gn. mark were St. Cloud Victory Buttercup 2nd, C.R., which went, to K. Wood for 230 gns. and W. Benson's purchase of Larconia Posy 6th, V.H.C., twice first prize winner at the Sydney Royal, for 200 gns. She is by Belgonia Sunray out of Larconia Posy 3rd. Other sales were: St. Cloud Mermaid 2nd, C.R., W. BlundeU, Tasmania. 225 gns; Daleleaf (Imp.), H.C, I.R.M., Sydney Sanltorium, 270 gns; St. Cloud Mermaid, L. S. Brown, Scone, 210 gns; Laconia Posy 6th, V.H.C., W. Benson, Burrawang, 200 gns; Glen Ryan Mermaid, O. and N. Co Ltd., 120 gns; Condong
Miss Myra, H.C, K. Wood, 180 gns; Oceanview Dreamer's Gem, H.C, W. Benson, 100 gns. Broad Oaks Lady Destiny. W. Crowe, Tamworth, 140 gns; Larconia Peggy 24th, H.C, C. Salway, Cobargo, 110 gns; Dangarloy Designing Peggy, CR., O. Erlngham, 130 gns; St. Cloud Junette, E. H. Bullock, 170 gns; St. Cloud Designing Junette, CR.,' N.Z. Loan, Brisbane, a/c Hayes, 100 gns. St. cloud Junette 2nd, 8. Ward, 110 gns; St. cloud Keeper's Benedictine, CR. (twin), L. Lucas, 120 gns; Western 'Oaklands Miranda (imp.), V.H.C., I.R.M., C. Keiley, 100 fns; St. Cloud Dreaming Miranda 2nd, Hopkins Bros., Gloucester, 180 gns. St. Cloud Designing Miranda, C.R., N.Z. Loan, Brisbane, a/c Hayes, 100 gns; Hartley's Design's BlucbeUe, H.C, I.R.M., A. M. Borthwick, 100 gns; Hill Park Queen's Keepsake, CR., L. S. Brown, 100 gns. St. Cloud Design's Master, CR., G. and N. Co. Ltd., 140 gns; Bona Vista Tidy's Winsome, H. C, A.M. Borthwick, 100 gns; St. Cloud Bluebelle 2nd,'CR., J. 8. Thompson and Mrs. Thompson, 110 gns; St. Cloud Rush Designer, C.R., Sydney Sanitorium, 180 gns. DAIRYING (1955, November 18). The Farmer and Settler (Sydney, NSW : 1906 - 1955), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article123143168 

SALE OF DAIRY EQUIPMENT, SHEDS and SUNDRIES &c. SIR FREDERICK STEWART "ST. CLOUD JERSEY STUD" POWDER WORKS ROAD, NARRABEEN 3rd DECEMBER, 1955 AT 11 A.M.
Auction Sale
Dairy Equipment, Sheds and Sundries
Account Sir Frederick Stewart
"St. Cloud Jersey Stud", Powder Works Road
NARRABEEN
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 3, AT 11 A.M.
One 80ft. x 40ft. Prefabricated steel-framed Shed, fibro and iron roof, includes 6 loose boxes and 30 feed stalls. One 60ft. x 35ft. wooden-framed Shed, with 8 feeding stalls, iron roof and sides. One 26ft. x 10ft. feed Shed, with 10 feed stalls and bales, wooden construction, iron roof. One 15ft. x 9ft. wooden Shed, iron roof. One 15ft. x Oft. Shelter Shed, wooden construction iron roof. One 20ft. x 10ft. Bull Shelter Shed, two stalls and feed troughs. One 15ft. x 9ft. three-pen wooden Stall (box). One small Shelter Shed, approximately 10ft. x 8ft. One 1942 Inter national Truck, series K5.
DAIRY EQUIPMENT: 3-stand bucket system Alfa-Laval Milker1; 3-stand Cyclone Bails; one Jh.p. No. 6 Alfa-Laval 8-gallon Electric Separator with motor; one Milk Cooler with 12-gallon Vat; 17
Milk Cans and Buckets.
SUNDRIES: Vacuum , pump, "v" belt driven; h.p. Crompton Parkinson Elec. Motor, as new; Coldstream Freezing Plant, electric; Water Pump, "v" belt and motor; 9-volt Electric Genera;: tor; 6-volt Fence Outfit, electric;- Butter Fat Testing Machine, with necessary test tubes and equipment; 11-gallon Electric Hot Water System; eight Oil Drums; two Wheelbarrows; Set Stocks and Dies; Endless Chain Winch; "Moorehouse" Chip Heater; "Younger" Fuel Stove; set Wire Strainers; Sunshine Grain Grinder. belt driven; quantity of 8 and 10 gauge Fencing' Wire; quantity of Barbed wire'; two rolls of 3in. Chicken Netting; 20 x 25 in. Water Pipe; quantity of Ringlock Netting: 500 x 6ft. steel Posts; 200 good Wooden Posts; 3000 gallon Tank; three 2000 gal. Tanks; four concrete Water Troughs; three 6ft. x 2ft. steel Water Troughs; 3ft. x lift, steel Water Troughs; number of double-feed troughs (concrete); number of single-feed Troughs (concrete); 4-pen Calf Rearing Pen, Cyclone; 12 Cyclone Pig Pens, with chain netting; 35in. x 36in. steel Gate; five 57in. x 36in. steel Gates; six 10ft. x 4ft. Cyclone Gates; six double wooden Gates, large; two single Wooden Gates, small; quantity of Park Fencing, quantity of good Timber; Sleeping Bag; Wireless; Wooden Sideboard; NUMEROUS other Sundries. Licensed Auctioneers— New Zealand Loan & Mercantile Agency Co. Ltd.
(Inc. in England) 38 BRIDGE STREET, SYDNEY. Advertising (1955, December 1).Nepean Times (Penrith, NSW : 1882 - 1962), p. 7. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article100991947 

Reverent of all, if straight forward in his speaking and renowned for being straight up when a politician( who paid his own way throughout all his overseas trips) - Mr. Stewart must have enjoyed his time at Narrabeen and in the valley of Warriewood, among the bush of Ingleside, where so many refugees and migrants were also fulfilling their own fields of dreams in flowers, fruit, cabbages and eggs - but those are other fields of dreams ...
and other Dreamers make their visions manifest.
'The still lagoon, under the Southern Cross', 1906 - from the Tyrelll Collection, POwerhouse Museum

Stewart House

STEWART HOUSE
THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS' PREVENTORIUM.
Nine years ago a remarkable movement was begun in the public schools of this State by a leading teacher who is well-known as a Methodist layman. By permission of the Minister of Education, an annual schools' hospital day is held, on which the children in the whole of the schools are taught the golden rule, and assisted by their teachers to carry it into practice by assisting the work in the children's ward of their local hospital. It is estimated that during the past nine years a sum of no less than £60,000 has been so distributed. 

The schools are now turning their attention to the great value of preventive work. Thousands of the pupils in the public schools are malnourished and in poor condition, and if not built up in some way, will surely find their way to the hospitals. A very fine offer was first made by Sir. John and Lady Sulman to establish a Preventorium on the Blue Mountains, but the venue was changed when a magnificent site was made available(through the great interest of Dr. Richard Arthur) at South Curl Curl. This site is just perfect for the purpose, and a perfect building to match the site has been made possible by the wonderful generosity of Mr. and Mrs. F. H. Stewart. These large hearted Methodist philanthropists gave a great sum of five thousand pounds for the building, and when it was found that a much larger sum would be needed to do the work thoroughly, they gave a second great cheque, so that the Schools' Hospital Society at once dubbed the building 'Stewart House.' 

The building is now completed, and the first batch of children will enter into residence on January 31. The party will consist of an equal number of boys from the city, and girls from a country district, Young Murrumburrah. The children will stay at Stewart House for a period of five weeks, and at the close of that term it is hoped that the various quotas will return to their homes strengthened very materially by the fresh air, swimming, good food, and wonderful surroundings generally of Stewart House. STEWART HOUSE (1931, January 17).The Methodist (Sydney, NSW : 1892 - 1954), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article155367497 

STEWART HOUSE OPENED.

Scene at the opening of Stewart House, Curl Curl, by the Governor, Sir Philip Game, on Saturday. STEWART HOUSE OPENED. (1931, March 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16760286 

STEWART HOUSE. CHILDREN'S HOLIDAY HOME.
"Stewart House," the children's holiday home at Curl Curl, near Manly, of which Mr. F. H. Stewart is the founder, has received its first batch of occupants. They arrived on Saturday. Forty-five children are in residence. 

Most of the girls come from the Young-Harden districts, and the boys are from Redfern, Waterloo, and Alexandria. The home will accommodate 108. The length of holiday is limited to five weeks, and it is anticipated that each year 1000 children will share the benefits of this seaside residence. They are being selected by the medical officers of the Department of Education.
The hospital committee of the Teachers' Federation has made itself responsible for the upkeep of the home, in which Mr. Stewart will continue to take a practical interest. STEWART HOUSE. (1931, February 5).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16751489 

Ideal Life For Cripples — Attractions of Stewart House


IN THE SUNSHINE -Stewart House, Curl Curl, where crippled children from Sydney suburbs are rested and treated by qualified attendants.— The pictures show various scenes about the house where the children live the ideal life of plenty of fresh air, sunshine, enforced rest and nourishing food: When the days are warm, they invade the nearby beach, but they always have spacious lawns up their sleeves. And you'll notice how young thirsts are satisfied with milk. Ideal Life For Cripples— Attractions of Stewart House (1931, June 3). The Newcastle Sun (NSW : 1918 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article164307615 

NEW AUXILIARY Stewart House Preventorium 
HELP CHILDREN TO HEALTH 
A number of citizens responded to the public invitation issued by the Mayor of Newcastle (AId. R. H. Christie), to a meeting in the committee room of the Town Hall yesterday afternoon in connection with the Stewart House Preventorium. The meeting was called at the request of Miss M. Swane. President of the Stewart House Committee, who is a member of the Teachers' Federation. The Mayor, who was accompanied by the Mayoress (Mrs. Christie) presided. In opening the meeting, the Mayor explained that Stewart House represented an effort to provide children with rest, nourishment, and care before they became ill. There were many organisations in Newcastle for the assistance of those in need, but there was much to be done. He had never dreamed there was such need, he said, until his experiences as Mayor had brought him in contact with it. There was no greater work than that for the welfare of little children. The Teachers' Federation, which was responsible for the Preventorium, sent children away for a holiday, so that illness might be prevented, and thus helped in their physical, andi ultimately their moral, welfare. An auxiliary which would help i, this work was worth while, the Mayor concluded. The President of the Stewart House Committee thanked the people of Newcastle for their friendliness, and the Mayor for the welcome and assistance he had given. In a brief outline of the organisation, Miss Swann told how it had begun in 1921 as a Hospital Relief Society. It had been suggested by Professor Harvey Sutton. and other medical men, that "prevention is better than cure," and that they should undertake work to prevent illness. Teachers had approached the late Dr. Arthur, who helped to secure a site for their proposed "Preventorium," at South Curl Curl. a few miles above Manly, in a charming place. Mr. F. H. Stewart promised £500, but when he saw the site he wrote a cheque for £5000, and later gave more money to complete the building according to plan. The Preventorium was ,named Stewart House. in honour of this generous donor. -The Minister for Education had made available the services of the Government Architect, Mr. Groves, and the building was opened on January 31, 1931.

NEWCASTLE CHILDREN BENEFIT. 
A number of Newcastle children had benefited from a holiday at the Preventorium, Miss Swann said. The building accommodated 30 boys and 36 girls, with a domestic staff. Medical officers from the Department of Education visited and inspected. Each time children were admitted the officers ascertained that no infections would be brought in. They indicated any special diet necessary, and in the event of illness they attended. The usual length of stay was five weeks, ...it might be extended at the discretion of the committee. The Preventorium was designed to assist children who were run-down, from any cause. Those who were recovering from illness, those who were run-down with over-work or worry, those who were suffering from malnourishment were given new life. The holiday was given to those whose parents could not send then away for the necessary rest. The chilsren were found among the ordinary school pupils. Teachers made the recommendations, usually on the reports of the school doctors or if they saw the need. From the lists sent in those whose need appeared the greatest or most urgent were chosen. "Our concern is only the need of the children," said Miss Swann. "The parents are sent an application form, which asks for necessary information about the child and its surroundings. I want to emphasise that the Preventorium is non-sectarian and non-political. We do not ask about the religious or political beliefs of parents or child. "The children follow a simple routine at the house. They have a regular and nourishing diet, including milk, fruit. vegetables, meat, scones, cereals, and cake. They run about as they wish, surf and sunbake in summer and have bush walks in winter. Many have gained 41b or 51b in weight in the five weeks, and invariably the children look better and handper." "I would like to stress," said Miss Swann, "that there are no salaried officers connected with the house. We pay the domestic staff, but the medical and organising services are given freely and willingly." The speaker added that the cost of maintaining the 72 children and the domestic staff was £50 per week. Members of the Teachers' Federation had furnished the house, and the only expenses were for food and essential services. The money was found at present by appeals to schools, and by functions organised by friends. Many small donations were received, and people helped in little ways. Miss Swann thanked Newcastle Tourist Bureau for its recent assistance. .... NEW AUXILIARY (1935, January 26). Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article136841570

Stewart House Preventorium.
APPEAL FOR FINANCIAL HELP.
There has come to hand a well set out booklet concerning Stewart House, the Public Schools Preventorium, situated at Curl Curl, and on behalf of which an appeal is now being made for funds. The Home is named after Mr. F. H. Stewart (now Minister for Unemployment) and his wife, who made a gift of £8,000, and so brought to reality the idea of erecting an institution on an area of 2¾ acres granted by the late Dr. Arthur, then Minister for Health in N.S.W. 

The movement arose out of Schools' Hospital Day and was the result of a letter which Dr. Harvey Sutton, now Professor of Tropical Medicine and Director of the School of Public Health at Sydney University, sent to the President of The Teachers' Federation. which had inaugurated the Day and created the hospital and relief society. Dr. Sutton, in his letter, said; "I have no hesitation In saying that no work which might be done for children exceeds in value the work of a preventorium." 

The Home is controlled by members of the Teachers' Federation. The honorary superintendent and secretary is Mr. John Travers. The home was initiated on January 31st. 1931, and it is stated that in the last four years the institution has prevented 2000 weak and malnourished public school children from becoming patients in hospital. The sum of 4,a.»? per week is required to keep the 36 boys and 36 girls in residence, and to supply the neces sary services. It is to the schools that the Home looks expectantly for financial help. The schools have contributed 95 per cent of the revenue during the lean years. The Home is managed without mortgage, bank overdraft or interest charges. Last year the amount of expenditure and depreciation exceeded that of income by £740/14/11. The general fund, as distinct from "Stewart House" Preventorium fund, was £124/16/2 in debt. 

"One shilling a week from one thousand public schools" is the slogan. The booklet states that sufficient funds will be procured to provide all services if every child In the schools gave 2d per year. Upon anyone sending 2/6 to Mr. John Travers, Box 12, Mosman P.O., he or she will be enrolled as a member of the Stewart House Birthday Club, 2CH, and greetings will be sent over the air from Station 2CH. Donations to Stewart House Preventorium may be paid Into any branch or agency of the Common wealth Bank with the special deposit slip and without a pass book. Where required the name of the school should be shown.  Stewart House Preventorium. (1935, June 1). The Manning River Times and Advocate for the Northern Coast Districts of New South Wales (Taree, NSW : 1898 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article171831154

STEWART HOUSE PREVENTORIUM
"Please accept a mother's grateful thauks for what you have done for my little son," writes a mother to the Superintendent of Stewart House. "You have sent him back to us as a picture of Health and as brown as a berry. The most noticeable thing about it all is he seems more alert and has lost his nervousness. 

It is certainly wonderful .to think that there are such wonderful places and such wonderful people in the world. I wonder if you know just how it feels to have your little ones pining for a holiday and it is an impossibility to give it them. And there you come along and give them such a wonderful holiday that they are asking to go back again. So please accept my grateful thanks." 

The purpose of Stewart House Preventorium, at South Curl Curl, near Manly, is expressed in its name. It is the means of preventing the weakly and malnourished children of public schools front becoming patients in hospital Accommodation is provided -for seventy-two. The children are chosen from recommendations made by teachers. The selected children reside at the home for five weeks, enjoying an abundance of milk, fruit, good wholesome food, fresh air, sunshine, swimming, etc.Funds Funds for the upkeep, are provided by the children of the public schools, under direction of the teachers. The home opened on 31/1/31. It has been the direct means of improving health' and consequently bringing happiness to thousands of public school children. STEWART HOUSE PREVENTORIUM (1937, June 25). The Katoomba Daily (NSW : 1920 - 1939), p. 1. Retrieved January 22, 2017, fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article189727328

DR. HARVEY SUTTON
Principal Medical Officer of the Education Department since 1920, Dr. Harvey Sutton is a distinguished graduate of the Melbourne and . Oxford Universities. He was Victorian Rhodes Scholar in 1905. In 1903 he won the mile and half-mile championships of Australasia, putting up Australasian records for both events. He represented Oxford against Cambridge in athletics and lacrosse. He had several 'years' experience in the Melbourne Children's Hospital after his graduation, and later became schools' medical officer in the southern' City. At the war he was twice mentioned in despatches and decorated with the O.B.E. Mrs Harvey Sutton is a daughter of Arthur M. Davis, the well-known Melbourne barrister. DR. HARVEY SUTTON (1925, June 14). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article128163306
Country children at Stewart House Preventorium learn to swim, South Curl Curl Beach - photo by Sam Hood, January 10, 1935. Image No.: hood_01598, courtesy State Library of NSW.
Sydney Exposures book and exhibition caption: Learning to swim, South Curl Curl, 10 January 1935 : Under the watchful eye of the Chief Inspector of Schools, Mr Harkness, a group of 70 children from western areas of the State learn to swim at Stewart House Preventorium.
Learn-to-swim campaign.  Chief Inspector of Schools, Mr Harkness; Chief Instructor in Swimming, Mr. Hardwick and J.Breakspear, swimming instructor (in swimsuit) - photo by Sam Hood, January 10, 1935. Image No.: hood_01600, courtesy State Library of NSW
NB: Curl Curl SLS Clubhouse is in the background - the structure with words painted on wall. 


Stewart House today

Still going and encompassing a school today. Visit: www.stewarthouse.org.au/index.htm

Extras

References
Frederick Stewart (Australian politician). (2016, September 4). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Frederick_Stewart_(Australian_politician)&oldid=737723422

C. J. Lloyd, 'Stewart, Sir Frederick Harold (1884–1961)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/stewart-sir-frederick-harold-8664/text15151, published first in hardcopy 1990


A few local dairies a bit further on from the Foley and Farrell days:

Mr. A. Skene's Brookvale dairy

A SUBURBAN DAIRY. 
Farmers who expect their cows to give good milk -returns from moderate pasture alone might take a leaf from the book of a careful suburban dairyman who feeds his cattle and manages his dairy on improved principles. The other day I dropped in at Mr. A. Skene's Brook Vale dairy, which is on the Narrabeen-road three miles from Manly. This dairy supplies the greater number of milk consumers in Manly, and has a good reputation both among householders and in the records of the Government Health Department. The long milking shed holds 40 cows, and is so constructed that it can be hosed out a few minutes after milking and the interior is as sweet as an open field. The smooth, hard concrete floor is perfect, and the drainage is excellent. The floor of the stalls is raised above that of the aisle, which runs down the centre, so that the cows do not stand head to head, as in some sheds, iney are not bailed up, but in each stall there is a chaw, which is placed loosely round the cow s neck, thus giving her plenty of freedom to feed from the trough in front. Water is pumped from a well into four Urge tanks, elevated so as to give good pressure for hoseing, and the engine which raises it also drives the corn-crusher and chaff cutter. Steam pipes are available, and the cans are cleansed by this best of all factors m ensuing a pure milk. The mere mention of the hour at which milking begins makes me yawn and suggests getting up in the middle of the night to catch an outback train. The milkers begin at 3.30 a.m. for the morning delivery in Manly. For the afternoon delivery the cows are taken in hand at 12.30, aud they are put through very rapidly, there being plenty of hands. Afterwards, in a very neat clean can loom, the milk is divided off into the large cans we see in the delivery carts, and the drivers after changing their clothes, drive off to the town. Everything goes like clockwork, and it is a lesson in management to watch a day's operations at the Brook Vale dairy. 
THE FEEDING SYSTEM. 
The great point m feeding is to get the maximum supply of milk of good quality out of the cows without overdoing rations, and putting the susceptible organisation of the animals out of order. It is, of course, possible to feed very highly and make the business pay, because the price for milk is very much better than farmers receive from factories. Still, the suburban dairyman does not hold such an immense advantage over the factory suppliers as at first appears. There are the cost of delivery, the collecting, the bookkeeping, and the varying percentage of bad debts to be reckoned with. Mr. Skene feeds on maize and lucerne hay, or crushed wheat and oats and lucerne hay, with green fodder crops. The lucerne hay is chaffed, and all the feed is pulped by mixing it and putting it into a boiler Into which steam pipes are brought. The process is thus rapid and labour saving, and the cows got the food in excellent milk- producing form. The green crops are raised on the place, and it is astonishing that a few acres can be made to produce the large quantities of fodder that are required. Maize, followed by sorghum or oats, is the usual rotation, and all the crops are sown in steps— that is to say, half -acre strips are put in at various dates, so that there is always anew lot coming on for food. The 'farm' is 12 acres in extent, and part of it is not yet broken up. The  land has been reclaimed by drainage and is fairly rich, but not strong enough to meet the demands upon it without liberal applications of manure. Liquid cow droppings and washings from the sheds are used where the land is feeble, and bone dust comes in to help out the stable and yard manure. Mr. Skene recognises the important fact that a deep milker costs no more to keep than a light-yielding cow, and he is making up his herd by purchasing the best he can get, giving up to £14 per head in some cases. The crack cow of the dairy cost something twice this figure. She is almost pure Hereford, and her yield has been 14 quarts per day for five months, giving something like £26 worth of milk. A number of breeds are represented in this herd, as in all other milking herds, and they all yield well, the value of sound feeding being very apparent. DAIRY. (1899, October 21). The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912), p. 966. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article163702692 

Skene's shed: A PRACTICAL MILKING AND FEEDING SHED. A Practical Milking and Feeding Shed. (1901, March 23). The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912), p. 720. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article165294328 

CURL CURL DAIRY.
This is the property of Mr. Alexander Ralston, a worthy Scotsman, and is situated on a creek of the same name, about 2½ miles from Manly on a sweeping bend of the road to Narrabeen. The farm com- prises 17 acres, 10 of which are under maize, sorghum and oats. It is a well sheltered spot, and is comparatively immune from the fierce, westerly gales. As a dairy it is unique in the experience of your correspondent, as its cows, of which there are 60, are hand-fed, are milked re-gularly all the year round, and are regaled, head to head, from two rows of bails. The cows are simply in splendid condition, and compare favourably with those which are nourished only on the native grasses. They are milked twice a day, and twice a day the sweet, fresh milk from them is carted into Manly and duly delivered to customers. A shed 80ft. by 24ft. and 12ft. high, is used for storing the fodder. There is an engine for chaff-cutting and other matters, and the water required, for general purposes, is pumped up by a windmill from Curl Curl Creek through a quarter of a mile of piping. The home at the dairy is spacious and lofty, and, as befits a dairy, is kept scrupulously clean. A genuine scotch hospitality is dispensed here. Adjoining the Curl Curl dairy is what is known as Fernholme egg farm, a model of enterprise conducted by Mr. T. A. Hutchinson, of which more anon. CURL CURL DAIRY. (1906, May 18). Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (NSW : 1896 - 1938), p. 15. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article100677849

MILK PROSECUTIONS. ALLEGED ADULTERATION. SALVATION ARMY DAIRY MANAGER FINED.
Several dairymen In the Pittwater district were prosecuted by Inspector Kench, of the Board of Health, at the Manly Police Court, for alleged adulteration of milk. Considerable Interest was taken In the proceedings owing to the fact that the Manly Council, had decided not to prosecute after hearing the explanation of a number of the dairy-men affected. The Board of Health, however, decided to bring the charges Into court.
John Brimblecombe, of Brookvale, was charged with selling milk with a deficiency of fat on December 21. The evidence tendered by the council's Inspector (Mr. I. S. Crakanthorp) was to the effect that the herd kept by Brimblecombe was a good one, but there was a deficiency of butter-fat In the milk taken from them. This was a case in which the council would not prosecute.
Mr. Keach said that the council had no power to veto. Mr. Crakanthorp was their officer.
Mr. Love: I prefer not to know what took place at the council. It doesn't affect me.
In defence, Brimblecombe stated that he had bought his herd at top price, and he used the best fodder. He had been fined on two previous occasions. Mr. Love, S.M., inflicted a fine of £1 14s, with 6s costs.
Charles Hayman, manager of the Salvation Army Dairy Farm at Deewhy, had three charges against him for deficiency in milk-fat. Defendant said that the farm was run for the purpose of maintaining indigent people, and had supplied milk for seven or eight years. It had always been excellent, and he had got 1d per quart extra for It. He strongly objected to the charge being laid down as food adulteration.
Mr. Love: It is the legal term.
Mr. Hayman: It is not good English.
Mr. Love fined defendant. £5, with 6s costs, in each of the first two charges, and £3, with 6s costs, in the third.
Leslie Oxenbold was also fined £2, with 6s costs, or seven days, and John Clifford, of Mona Vale, on two charges, was fined £3 and 6s costs in each case. MILK PROSECUTIONS. (1913, March 4).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15402203 

Greenhill Dairy, Narrabeen

WANTED, a YOUTH.- able to milk and deliver, about 16 years. Greenhill's Dairy, Narrabeen. Advertising. (1921, February 5). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 24. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16887155

What were your impressions of post-war Narrabeen; what was it like?
They were all quite sparse; the housing wasn’t anywhere like what it is now. Warriewood, the headland there didn’t really exist, there were no houses there, the Salvation Army owned it all. There was two dairies in Narrabeen, in Warriewood where the square is there now, and Paul’s dairy was close to Sheep Station hill there, which was this end of the valley. I can’t remember the name of the other one but we used to get money as kids to go in and get the cows out of the scrub because they’d wander off. Instead of wasting money getting labourers to get them they’d get us to; you’ve got to remember that this after the Depression years, things were still tight. And if course there were the market gardens all the way through Warriewood Valley. As kids we used to go out there with our Billy carts, particularly during the Christmas Holidays, to get the fruit. A couple of us would go to the front door and the rest would climb over the back fence, get the fruit and vegetables, put it in our Billy carts and take it back to the camping area in Narrabeen to sell it.  That was good money.

Homer Dairy - Bassett Street, Mona Vale

Koalas Found In Bush At Mona Vale
Residents of the Mona Vale district declare that if a thorough search were made of their area many koalas would be found.
On one property, Homer's dairy, Mr. J. Homer says that they are to be found in the gum trees. When a "Sun" representative visited the property to-day, one koala was quickly located on a tea-tree, but he left it, ran across the ground and then mounted a large grey gum. The koala showed smart climbing prowess and was soon as high as lie possibly could get in the tree. There, he quietly munched away at the surrounding leaves. Another resident of Mona Vale, Mr. F. Mason, who has a tropical garden, also says that koalas are in the district. He said that it was difficult to find them readily, but he and his wife had often seen them in gum trees around their home. Mr. W. Brewer who has lived in the district for more than 40 years, said that, although koalas were not as plentiful as they had been, probably because of the cutting down of trees, he believed that if a thorough search were made, many would be found. Koalas Found In Bush At Mona Vale (1936, September 30). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 18 (COUNTRY EDITION). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230019965 


Diary farm at Mona Vale. Circa 1940. Courtesy Olwyn Johnstone, Pittwater Historical Image Library; Mona Vale Library.

MILK SAMPLE WAS DEFICIENT IN FAT
Through her husband, Gladys Homer, a dairy proprietor, of Mona Vale, pleaded guilty today in Manly Court and was fined 2s 6d with 8s costs for having sold milk which was stated to have been deficient in milk fat to the extent of 15.6 per cent. Inspector Patton said that only one of five samples taken showed any deficiency, and he had been informed that the deficient milk was bought from another company. There was no added water and the deficiency could nave come about through the milk being improperly handled or some cans having got more fat than others. If companies delivered to the dairies Instead of "dropping the milk about the streets," and the milk was stirred before being used, such difficulties might not occur. MILK SAMPLE WAS DEFICIENT IN FAT (1939, March 2). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 36 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article231104710 

FORMER MUR-BAH MAN'S DEATH FROM HEART FAILURE
Three minutes after he had been heard whistling merrily at Homer's dairy, Mona Vale, on February 8, Robert Jesse Johnson (20) collapsed at a wash basin and fell forward, dead, with his face in a few inches of water. Dr. Belli, of Mona Vale, was called by Joseph Homer, proprietor of the dairy, and Sergeant Cook, of Narrabeen, took Johnson's body to the morgue. Examination revealed that death was due to heart failure. Johnson, was a son of Mr. and Mrs. J. T. Johnson, of Ewing Street, Murwillumbah. He also is survived by three sisters and two brothers, one serving overseas with the A.I.F. Johnson was a member of the AIF and was discharged. He was at one time employed by the Tweed Butchering Coy., Murwillumbah. FORMER MUR-BAH MAN'S DEATH FROM HEART FAILURE (1942, February 17).Tweed Daily (Murwillumbah, NSW : 1914 - 1949), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article194546233 

Willy Willy Strikes Mona Vale 
SYDNEY, Thursday. - Several buildings were badly damaged when a willy-willy struck Mona Vale to-day. One resident said: "A strong breeze sprang up shortly after noon. Suddenly we heard a whishing noise and saw a cloud of dust sweeping across the paddocks." A dairy owned by Mr. J. Homer, of Bassett-street. Mona Vale, received the full force of the wind. Eight other buildings were damaged. Willy-Willy Strikes Mona Vale (1949, October 14). Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article134172237 

DAIRY FARMERS' CO-OP. MILK CO. LTD.
50th ANNUAL REPORT.
The annual meeting of the Company was held on Friday last. The report discloses: — The total quantity of milk handled was forty-one and one-half million gallons, exceeding the quantity handled in the previous year by approximately two million gallons. Following the removal of the ban on the sale of sweet cream greatly increased quantities of milk will be required. The turnover for the whole of the Society's operations was £6,090,000. The profits, after providing for depreciation and Taxation totals £22,992, a dividend of 5 per cent, will be made. The disastrous floods during June in the Hunter River district and in the North Coast River districts necessitated the imposition of a rationing of supplies to consumers more severe than ever before. The Directors offer their sympathy to those suppliers who suffered loss due to the floods. Machinery, plant and equipment continue in good order and condition. The construction of the new Western Suburbs unit is progressing despite the shortage of labour and materials, and the completed 'work-shop buildings are now being used by the Society. 

The construction of the new Willoughby depot is progressing and it is intended to build a new depot at Manly. It is also intended to build a new depot at Canberra and to introduce a pasteurised bottled milk service in the capital city. The freehold of the Mosman depot premises has now been acquired. Following the purchase of a dairyman vendor's business at Mona Vale a new branch has been established in that district. During the year your Society acquired the business and property of the Taralga Co-operative Dairy Company Limited, Goulburn, and the Bathurst Dairy Company Limited, Bathurst. The factory suppliers are now shareholders in your Company and are voluntarily contributing for additional shares. Both of these acquisitions in these important and rapidly-growing centres will further consolidate the distribution of milk by co-operative enterprise. Increased costs generally in milk handling and distribution were again evident and were recognised in the Milk Board Prices Declarations operating from the 7th October, 1949, and the 24th March, 1950, and also by the State Prices Commissioner in respect of prices in areas outside the Milk Zone. This is the fiftieth year of your Society's operations and your Directors are issuing a commemorative booklet dealing with the history, achievements and plans for the future of your Society. .. Appreciation is again expressed to milk producers and country factory managements for their support during the year. The service of the many loyal employees of the Society is also appreciated. There are now 5,953 members in your Society. Following the alteration of Rule 94 by which the minimum number of Directors was increased, the vacancy created was filled by the appointment of Director A. R. Keith. . Directors, Messrs. A. G. Martin, E. H. K. Downes, J. S. Haddin, R. J. Alison, and A. R. Keith, retire but are eligible for re-election. DAIRY FARMERS' CO-OP. MILK CO. LTD. (1950, October 5). Camden News (NSW : 1895 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article143972258 

Mona Vale milk ban is withdrawn
The Milk and Ice Carters' Union late today withdrew its ban on milk supplies to Mona Vale vendor J. Homer.
Justice de Baun announced this following a compulsory conference of the parties in the Industrial Commission. He said Mr. Homer's customers would be supplied with milk from tomorrow morning. A conference of all interested parties, including Dairy Farmers Ltd., and Fresh Food and Ice Co., would be held at 2.15 pm next Thursday. Justice de Baun added it appeared the dispute was a little wider than the issue in regard to Mr. Homer. The management committee of the union yesterday imposed the ban because it claimed Mr. Homer had been "filching" customers from other vendors.

3 am -.visit 
600 families were left without milk today, when, acting under union instructions, carters stopped supplies to Joseph Homer. Milk and Ice Carters' Union secretary A. W. Thompson and organiser W. Jackson went to Fresh Food and Ice Co's., Manly depot at 3 am today and ordered union members not to handle milk for Homer. The union officials told the company if milk was made available for Homer, the union's action would he extended to the whole of the North Shore. 

Vendor's stand 
Mr. Thompson said later, "We do not want the dispute to extend, but Homer will get no milk until he employs union labor, or the matter is settled by Health Minister O'Sullivan." Fresh Fresh Food and Ice Co.'s-general manager J. Agnew said company employees generally had been directed by the union not to handle milk for Homer. 
Homer, of Newport Rd., said, "My wife, sister and I run the business and employ nobody. I can't see where the non-union labor nonsense comes in. They say I have broken union zoning regulations, but the Milk Board does not recognise zoning and says it is illegal.” Mona Vale milk ban is withdrawn (1951, May 4). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 1 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230758723 

Milkman's Ordeal
Leslie Kuhlmorgan50, milk carter, of Park Street, Mona Vale, lay for an hour in Forest Road, Warriewood, yesterday, with his left leg broken in two places. His horse kicked him when the cart overturned after striking a rut. Another milk carter found Kuhlmorgan at 5 a.m. Manly District Ambulance took him to Manly Hospital. Milkman's Ordeal (1951, July 13). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18211226 

MILK FOR SCHOOLCHILDREN. Members of the Wagga Rotary Club are organising a movement to supply children under two years of age with fresh milk daily. It is proposed to extend the movement to embrace all children in the schools. MILK FOR SCHOOLCHILDREN. (1931, May 12).Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article139634023

FREE MILK FOR CHILDREN

Big Federal Scheme

About one million school children throughout Australia will receive free milk under a scheme announced yesterday by the Minister for Health, Sir Earle Page. The distribution will be the first step in the Minister's national health scheme.  An additional seven million gallons of milk yearly will be absorbed in the scheme.

Sir Earle said the Commonwealth would meet the entire cost of the scheme, estimated at about £1,500,000 annually. The States would handle distribution, and the scheme would start in each state as soon as distributing machinery was arranged and supplies were available.

A conference of State Ministers for Health and Education, and the Federal Ministers for Commerce and Agriculture and Health will be held soon to develop plans. The distribution will be made to children at creches and nur-sery schools, kindergartens, and private and public schools. The maximum to each child will be half a pint a day. Children over 12 may be included where it is deemed expedient for administration.

1 p.c. OF PRODUCTION 
Sir Earle pointed out that milk production in Australia varied between 1,000 and 1,300 million gallons a year, and the amount required for the scheme would be less than one per cent. Schemes of milk distribution for school children to-day vary in the different States.

In New South Wales a scheme has been operating through the Education Department since 1941. Under it, 155,000 pupils of about 400,000 children under 12 receive milk. In Victoria more than 66,000 pupils receive free milk. In other States there are no organised Government schemes, although various voluntary bodies make a considerable distribution. Their funds raised by voluntary effort, are supplemented by the State Governments.

Sir Earle Page said the Commonwealth Health Scheme as a whole, will cost £54,000,000 a year. Of this amount £50,000,000 will be required for medical insurance subsidies, £2,500,000 for drugs and medicines, and £1,500,000 for free milk. 

Sir Earle said there was no justification for statements that to secure life-saving drugs, made free by the Government, it was necessary to belong to a friendly society.

The Minister who was commenting on a statement by Mr. A. E. Connolly, State secretary of the Pharmaceutical Guild of Aus-tralia in yesterday's "Herald," also said there was no justification for the statement that the administration of payment for the drugs would be in the hands of friendly societies. Sir Earle said that, since last January, the Federal executive of the Pharmaceutical Guild had been told, verbally and in writing, that these drugs would be available on the same free terms to every citizen of the Common-wealth who was ill and presented a doctor's prescription, whether he belonged to a voluntary organisation or not. The Federal executive had also been told very plainly that payment would be direct from the Government to the chemist with-out any intermediary.

The secretary of the Milk Zone Dairymen's Council, Mr. L. C. Turton, said it was difficult to understand the timing of the free milk scheme in a season of lowest production. New South Wales was already ahead of all the other States in this respect.

This increased demand for milk would provide problems for the Milk Board and its suppliers. Production would have to be increased by some means, said Mr. Turton, especially in the winter months. Normal liquid milk requirements in Sydney were now more than 25,000 gallons a week greater than at this time last year. In addition, if the demand for sweet cream was to be met, another 150,000 gallons a week would be necessary.

The population was steadily increasing, and the majority of New Australians were heavy milk consumers. Yet the dairying industry was still declining, mainly because the life was very hard and it was much easier to make a living in industrial work, with its 40-hour week and general amenities.

A "BLESSING"
Secretary of the Primary Producers' Union, Mr. L. J. Johnstone, said official recognition of the value of milk as a builder of health and stamina in school-children would be a blessing to the dairying industry. It had come at a time when the industry was facing changing conditions, and would have the effect, for the time being, of withdrawing considerable quantities of milk from the butter, cheese, and other processing factories.

If all Australian needs were to be supplied, there would have to be increased production of milk, Mr. Johnstone said. Otherwise the time was not far off when Australia would have few dairy products for export to Britain or any other country. FREE MILK FOR CHILDREN (1950, July 1). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27573315

The KNIGHT of DUNDAS
SEVENTEEN WHIRLWIND YEARS IN THE CAREER of SIR FREDERICK STEWART
The remarkable story of the rise of F. H. Stewart from railway boy at Newcastle to Federal Minister and knighthood.
SEVENTEEN whirlwind years! . . . But they do not take us back to the beginning of the story. 
A sturdy little fellow walked briskly into the railway offices at Newcastle thirty-five years ago. His bright blue eyes radiated self-confidence. 
"I've come about this job," he said, showing some papers. 
"H'm," said the official, glancing at them: . . . "Ah — um — F. H. Stewart?"
"Yes, sir." 
"You're not very big; but size isn't everything." 
"No, sir; Nelson, Napoleon — they weren't very. . ." 
"Nelson and Napoleon never travelled by an up express, sonny. Besides, we're not looking for heroes. How are you on twice-one-are-two?'' 
"Pretty good, sir, I think." 
"Anyway, you've got the job. How old are you?" 
"Sixteen, sir." 
"Born — where?" 
"Here at Newcastle, August 14, 1884." 
"Well, there's plenty of time for you to become Chief Commissioner. Here" (to an elderly clerk), "take this little Napoleon along to his job. . . Hop along. Freddy." 

Freddy hopped, and soon afterwards hopped to Wellington in the west, and is hopping just now with world figures at Geneva — but that's a long way ahead. It was inevitable that he should be with the rail-ways. Transport was in his blood. He was a short, muscular, cheery, robust boy — a stocky fellow with laughing eyes — when he settled down to his first job. This was in the year 1900. But our "little Napoleon" wasn't long in the north. As already indicated, Wellington got him. Of course! 

ACCORDING to one who recalls him in his boyhood, there was no nonsense about "F.H." — as he is still called, even by his grown-up sons, he had boundless energy and enthusiasm, and good judgment. There are some brains that, reach their objective by a brilliance that is accompanied by equally obvious nervous strain. He was able to get to the same end by common sense that took no toll of his strength. He was so transparently honest that a churlish or nasty remark did not wound him. They say that when he should have been hurt he looked a little surprised — that was all. His mistakes were minor ones, and his motives survived any challenge when he side-slipped. He made friends in the service because of his free and easy manliness. He worked with a laugh, but didn't stop work while he was laughing. Don't imagine he was the boss's little saint, hurrying along the passages with a sheaf of meaningless papers in his hand while the boss was about. Nor did he have a moral uplift book, "How to Get On," or something of that kind, cunningly fixed in his coat-pocket so that the boss could see the title. He did not think on those lines. He worked like a beaver because he was built that way. Most of us say at 50, "I wish I had my time over again." That is because we have learnt by pain and loss that life consists largely of mirage after mirage, each one melting away just as we are thinking we are about to step on to the yellow sands, "between the sun and moon upon the shore," of Lotus Land. Not so with Stewart. He has "missed the bus" at times, but has no regrets, even for a fortune that later on went astray (he could afford it, as it happened). IN Newcastle he had met Miss Lottie Glover, and he married her in that city. When he was transferred from Wellington to Sydney he came into contact with Mr. Thow, chief mechanical engineer — Mr. Thow, tall, dignified, "one of the old school," who afterwards grew roses at Warrawee, on the North Shore Line. Then the keen mind of Stewart led his chief to appoint him as a kind of arbitration officer, and this brought him to the elbow of the railways solicitor. His grounding in wages disputes was of value to him in after years. 

A "pocket Hercules" cannot take orders from other people indefinitely. Stewart was anxious to test his strength. The fact that the railways were planning a big workshop scheme in the Enfield-Bankstown area — a matter of public knowledge — led him to the district. He bought 50 acres in a handy spot; but let no one think that he made his fortune out of that block. It was only a modest speculation by a man without much money, who thought, "This land is bound to in-crease in value, and I'll make a nice profit." But Fate took charge of things and the time came when his block of land became a comparatively trifling consideration, and yet romantically interesting because out of it Fortune blossomed, although not in the way he had imagined. His notion was to make a little town-ship, and the family went to live on the area. Among the buildings he put up was a blacksmith's shop. (It came in useful later on in another way.) At this time he was still in the service, but was thinking of private enterprise transport in order to link up his Dream Suburb with the western suburban railway line. This was forced on him because his efforts to have the tram-service extended had failed. 

HE hunted for a suitable motor-bus and bought one — a Brazier — that had given good service between Katoomba, on the Blue Mountains, and Jenolan Caves. About this time — in 1918 — at 34 years of age, he resigned from the service. With his blacksmith's shop as his first garage, his Brazier made the trip between Bankstown and Strathfield. We may skip some local history involving a rival line (merely mentioning that the next purchase was two Ford buses), and we plunge ahead to the time when the Stewart buses travelled right through to Central Railway Station (Eddy Avenue). He "mopped up" — if we may be flippant — various motor-bus lines, and it is a noteworthy and perhaps remarkable fact that in each instance the line he absorbed was finding it hard to carry on. He was becoming a "big man" on the roads. Meanwhile the name Chullora was on the map. This took place when"'F.H." presented two acres to the Department of Education as a school reserve. Mr. Lawford, an ex-Eton boy, of the Education Department, is said to have suggested the name. What is more to the point is that Chullora — a name to be associated for ever with an immense railway centre — is a suburb or township founded by F. H. Stewart. But even to-day it has no school! 

THE people of the western suburbs did not care who owned the buses running to Sydney, but they wanted them. What, then, was the position of Stewart? His progress was in the nature of a challenge flung at the State. That is to say, he had seen what the State personified by the Government — should have seen. Probably the Government did see, but certainly Stewart sprang first. He saw fortune in the passion of the age for Speed. Paved roads and fast stages reflected the "pep" of the American people, and were essentials of post-war progress in any country. In this State he was David showing Goliath how to score a victory. It will be found that the spirit of this article is that Stewart has the pioneering mind, that he thinks Big, has extraordinary energy, and is splendidly courageous. Other qualities of mind and heart will here after come to light. To make a pyramid of them might be suggestive of hero-worship, and truth might seem untrue. Besides, in these days there are no heroes; the Great Man Theory has exploded, and no biographer worth his salt fails to discover streaks of weakness in his subject. The taint of even a wee bit of scandal would give colour and piquancy to this sketch. Alas! no mud gathers on our ink — not one lurid incident relieves the dull grey recital of this man's career. Someone was bound to suggest that he used knowledge gained in his railway job when he bought the Chullora land, but — as already mentioned — he shared that knowledge with the man in the street. But while others were still thinking he was making hard for his goal. 


SIR FREDERICK STEWART. (Photo : Raymond Sawyer.)

THE pace now grows hot. The public rushed the Stewart bus, and the fleet grew steadily. Within ten years — that is, by 1928 — "F.H." as sole proprietor had 90 motor buses on the roads, all centering on Eddy Avenue. Depots were established at Burwood, Enfield, and Camperdown, and there was equipment for tyre treading, general repairs, electro-plating, and a certain amount of body-building. The employees numbered 350 men. The revenue in fares (with incidentals such as advertising) was over £300,000 per year.

A LITTLE story here. The buses ran every day except Christmas Day. Year after year, so splendid was the spirit among the employees, drivers, and conductors, that they joined with Stewart in making Christmas Day memorable for the poor. The buses — 40 to 50 — sped anywhere and everywhere through the industrial suburbs picking up scores, hundreds, even thousands of the dwellers of the back streets. Then all made their way to a selected spot, where they had a huge picnic and a great "feed," with Mr. and Mrs. Stewart as their hosts. The happiness of the children! 

THEN Goliath awoke! The slumbrous State mumbled about tramway and railway revenue, and turned its gaze on Stewart. He had become too big to be disregarded. The National Government and Labour Government — each figured in turn in the counter-challenge by the State — decided that the Stewart competition must be wiped out. This was done by repressive regulations requiring payment of taxation amounting in some cases to the whole of the fare collected. On October 31, 1931, the Stewart bus services were closed down. They were then carrying 16,000,000 passengers per year, a record of which the beginning had been one old bus toiling along with a few Bankstown people. Those who like big figures will be interested to know that the red buses covered 3,500,000 miles in a year and consumed 500,000 gallons of petrol. Mr. Lang was Premier when the buses were forced off the roads. The fleet was simply put into the sheds. Mr. Lang fell, and the Stevens Government came into power about the middle of 1932. What would the Government do? Was there not a mandate to restore the old service? Let others argue about that. The ex-employees felt they had been martyred. An inquiry was held, and an advisory committee decided in favour of private control. The Government, however, about March, 1933, took control; the buses were released from the sheds, and the Government has been operating them ever since. It is a dramatic feature of the affair that the former Stewart depot at Burwood is now the headquarters of the State service — the same equipment, the same plant to a large extent, some of the "old hands" — only "F.H." missing from the busy scene. And on Thursday last it was announced: "The State Government proposes to spend £1,000,000 on trolly-buses and motor-buses." Goliath was bound to win in the end. 

NOW let us glance back to the days when the public were handing over to Stewart that £300,000 a year in return for rides in the red buses. The Sydney Rotary Club (he was a Rotarian) "discovered" the crippled children of the poor in Greater Sydney — little ones with twisted limbs often hidden away in back rooms. How a number of the prominent business men of Sydney went at night to all kinds of queer homes to get names and details and arrange for the cripples to be medically examined is in itself a wonderful story. Some of the stricken had brightness and beauty and intelligence, the gifts of God, but no hope of developing their minds or having their limbs made straight. Much of that was rectified; and now let us come to the time when it was possible to take the cripples to their school at the Children's Hospital, Camperdown. 

The Government (through its Departments) said: "There is the place to take them to, but we can't arrange transport." This whimpering by Goliath was too much for Stewart. He put his buses at the service of the cripples — free trips for the twisted ones and their guardians. Once again out of the goodness of his heart he was doing what the State might have done for a public out of whom it was wringing heavy taxation. And this on top of the fact that when the appeal for funds was made his was the first cheque for £1000. 

THERE was a time when his drivers said: "If this goes on everyone will be riding free." For the Depression had reached Australia, and Goliath was bewildered. Businesses were crashing, and men were losing their jobs. Very real at the time, and an ugly memory now. Before there were any ration depots, and when all was confusion, Stewart sprang again. He thought first of the children, and a big milk company got orders from him to supply milk to various public schools in the industrial suburbs. The children who could pay a penny per day were already supplied, but thousands had no daily penny. Stewart saw to them.
The milk company knows the amount of his monthly cheque — a professional man earning as much would be well off. ... But that was a detail. 

When the Government established the ration depots the hungry thousands had to get there! Goliath's system was not yet working smoothly. What happened? Just "F.H." again, and anyone with a ration card was given free transport on his buses. It was not merely a gesture. It is a matter of cold book-keeping that over 250,000 passengers travelled free to and from the ration depots. An amazing thing is that Goliath actually issued the tickets or cards that entitled the public to Stewart's free transport. In effect, Goliath said: "You are doing my job; it is beyond me." For a little while Stewart seemed to thousands of poor people a power greater than the State. Small wonder if the ration-riders happened to be families that had formerly looked to him for food. In his own centre — Burwood, Ashfield. Strathfield, Concord — his orders were: "Food and clothing to anyone in distress." This was in harmony with another order: "Carry all blind people without charge." He is a great organiser, a great democrat, a believer in the people, and a religious man of the rare type that lives its faith joyfully and has little to say about it. 

STEWART has restless, well-directed energy. Transport on the earth was not enough for him. He saw the wonderful prospects of air transport, and backed Australian National Airways, considerably influenced by his faith in Kingsford Smith and Charles Ulm. The ambitious effort failed. There were three main reasons: (1) Need of a subsidy; (2) Shock caused by the tragic disappearance of the air-liner the Southern Cloud; (3) the crippling effects of world-depression. Stewart lost heavily, but was satisfied then, and is now, because he backed brave men, and in so doing linked his name with theirs as a pioneer supporter of Australian flying. 

LADY STEWART. (Photo: Raymond Sawyer.)
NOW comes Radio. 
The Council of the Churches acquired a licence for a radio station. Some meetings were held, and all agreed that the Churches had a duty to the community over the air. Not that the existing stations were exactly the Devil, but there should be one station to declare ideals and set a high standard. But when money was mentioned faces lengthened. Once again Stewart sprang. Again he was possessed by the fervour of the Pioneer. "I'll do the lot," he cried. Cheers, of course, congratulations, and admiration, coloured perhaps with a little envy of this broad-shouldered, bustling business man. A matter of merely £20,000 or thereabouts, and to-day he is still the owner of the important 2CH radio station, and has a working arrangement with Amalgamated Wireless under conditions that safeguard the ideals that appeal to him. Although no longer intimately concerned with 2CH, his influence lives over the air. For the purposes of 2CH he bought a big estate at Dundas, and built a new home on it close by his great aerials. 

DOWN on the sea-coast between Manly and Deewhy, on the sands of Curl Curl, there is a Preventorium — as it is called — for ill-nourished children. Our late little friend Dr. Arthur, M.L.A., had urged the need of such an institution. The hearts of Mr. and Mrs. Stewart were touched, and a splendidly-equipped Home was built by them at a cost of about £8000. From various parts of the State, with the co-operation of the Teachers' Federation, little children are sent to Curl Curl for several weeks to eat well and sleep well, swim and sun-bake, and generally to have a glorious time. They go there in batches, and at times there are 60 to 70 playing together on the sands. . . Away in New Britain in tropic seas there is a splendid Stewart Hospital, a gift from "F.H." to the Methodist Mission. (We with-hold the large amount represented.) ... At the Dalmar Home at Carlingford a section was needed for babies; another Methodist institution. (We shall be reticent again.) .... One day the writer was asked by "F.H." to go with him up to Flinders- street. Detective Lawrence and others had brought under his notice the financial needs of an institution for First Offenders. Incidentally, on one such visit "F.H.'s" overcoat was "pinched." The institution got £500 and his overcoat was returned, so all ended happily. . . . We simply cannot mention all the amounts involved — it is so unfair to "F.H.;" but we should quote from our records that he sent a cheque for £1000 to Sir Philip Game when His Excellency, the Governor made an appeal for unemployed women. He is always generous, but we feel that he has a special love for children — he cannot resist them, nor can they resist him. 

PARLIAMENT! . . . 
He stood for Concord in October, 1930. His organisation was perfect, but he was a victim of the swing-over to Langism and was beaten. In December, 1931, he won the Federal seat at Parramatta. Then what a record! Within eight months he was a member of the Commonwealth Government — Minister for Commerce. We shall not pursue his Parliamentary history, except to say that he is not only popular, but is a real power. When he was re-elected and something approaching a deadlock took place owing to the claims of Dr. Earl Page and the Country Party he stepped out of the Ministry to make a vacancy, and Dr. Page now holds his portfolio of Commerce. It was an unselfish arid patriotic action in the interests of stable government, and it greatly enhanced his reputation in Parliament. A FEW days ago the ex-railway boy was knighted. He is Sir Frederick Harold Stewart, . . . His wife and their three daughters went to England with him about two months ago. Three sons, all married, are in Sydney. Lady Stewart shares her husband's popularity, and is heart-and-soul with him in his work and ideals. Just now Sir Frederick, whose Parliamentary office is Under-Secretary for Re-employment, is at Geneva, representing the Commonwealth at the International Labour Conference. His services are in the nature of a gift to his country, his tour being a private one. 

THE narrative is not complete without a further reference to the Dundas estate of 40 acres. On it is built the new Stewart residence — a fine bungalow. But everything is in train for big developments. The interests of "F.H." are bewildering. His Parliamentary duties take up much of his time — and we have just remembered that he owns a woollen mill at Alexandria— a going concern with a capital of £40,000. While in Europe he will order new plant for the mill. When the writer made a call at the Dundas place not long ago, "F.H.," the picture of health, sunburnt and in great fettle, was tramping about in thick muddy boots and old clothes planning out a bowling green. He is fond of his roll-up. He rushed his visitors along to the tennis courts; he pointed out a fine selection of native flowering shrubs; he has a vast number of roses and can name them; his dahlias (in flower at the time) were show-pieces; all his machinery is electrical; there is an avenue of great palms (they were transferred in all their lordly maturity from another property); and — try to vision what this will be — there is an avenue (a double row) of Christmas bush, even now of fair growth, that in the early future will send many motorists on a pilgrimage to Dundas. There they will see half-a-mile of Christmas bush close to the road. But this only leads up to the real purpose of the estate, which once was an orchard, part of which is still there. Buildings — barns, pens, and so on— are all ready for the well-bred cattle and pigs that Sir Frederick will purchase before he leaves Europe. For Dundas is to be an experimental or model farm. In his garden and out in his paddocks he will be a real worker. . . . 

Now we part from the "Stewart" and the "F.H." of the earlier part of this article, the boy of the railways, the man of the buses, and vision Geneva and Sir Frederick Stewart, where he has been addressing an audience of critical and distinguished international administrators and experts on behalf of Australia. . . . . W.R.C. The KNIGHT of DUNDAS (1935, June 12). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article166110468 

Return of Mrs. F. H. Stewart from the Islands
Mrs. F. H. Stewart, accompanied by her son Harold, her daughter Doris, Nurse McCutcheon, and Mrs. Carr, of Orange, returned from an Island trip, including Tonga, Samoa, and Fiji, by the 'Aorangi ' on Saturday, 23rd instant, having spent a very happy time in Fiji, where for the greater part of the time they were the guests of Rev. and Mrs. N. T. Dellar, at Bau. During their brief stay at Samoa and Tonga they were met and hospitably entertained by our Missionaries. Whilst in Tonga the members of the College Choir who, recently visited Australia, and while in Sydney were the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Stewart, entertained the party at a great welcome feast. The Queen of Tonga, the Prince Consort, and Mr. and Mrs. R. Page,, gave them a very warm welcome to the little Island Kingdom which owes so much to , Missionary enterprise. We are glad to report that Mrs. Stewart's health has apparently been fully restored, and her enthusiasm for Missions has been increased by this second visit to the scenes of so many Gospel triumphs. Return of Mrs. F. H. Stewart from the Islands (1928, June 30). The Methodist (Sydney, NSW : 1892 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article155302501 

FOR CHURCHES
NEW WIRELESS STATION
F. H. STEWART'S OFFER
It was reported at a meeting of the Council of Churches this afternoon that Mr. F. H. Stewart had offered to build for the Protestant Churches a wireless broadcasting station. The churches already hold a B class license, and this afternoon a resolution was carried gratefully accepting Mr. Stewart's offer. A committee was appointed to meet Mr. Stewart to arrange details. The new station will be known as "2CH." FOR CHURCHES (1931, May 5). The Sun(Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 9 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224693149 

NEW WIRELESS MAST AT DUNDAS.

Mast for the broadcasting station erected by Mr. F. H. Stewart, and to be available for use by the Council of Churches. NEW WIRELESS MAST AT DUNDAS. (1931, December 22). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16827198 

Mrs. F. H. Stewart
Mrs. F. H. Stewart, who is an earnest advocate of, and generous contributor to our Foreign Mission Cause, has recently undergone a serious operation, from which she is making good progress towards recovery. She is at present an inmate of St. Kilda Private Hospital, and does not expect to return to her home for some weeks; her medical adviser has requested her to refrain from taking part in public meetings for the next few months. We are sure that the friends of missions will pray for her speedy and perfect recovery. Mrs. F. H. Stewart (1929, November 16).The Methodist (Sydney, NSW : 1892 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article155297372 

MR. F. H. STEWART
The resignation of Mr. F. H. Stewart. M.H.R., from the directorate of Associated Newspapers Ltd. has been tendered to his colleagues, who have accepted it with the greatest regret. Mr. Stewart's  action is in consonance' with his determination, expressed recently, to relinquish all positions of private Interest which might be thought, by any possibility, to conflict with his duties in the Ministerial office which he has accepted.  MR. F. H. STEWART (1932, October 26).The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 11 (LAST RACE EDITION). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229250647 


"Stewart, Frederick Sir Harold, Parramatta, 1940" -- in ink on reverse. "1923" -- in pencil on reserve.
Courtesy National Library of Australia. Also available online http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-137043294
same as: MR. F. H. STEWART, M.H.R. Photo by Howard Harris, Parramatta. MR. F. H. STEWART, M.H.R. (1931, December 21). The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW : 1888 - 1950), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article106830439 


Sir Frederick Harold Stewart (14 August 1884 – 30 June 1961) was an Australian businessman, politician and government minister. His continuing political commitment was to the establishment of a national insurance scheme and the shortening of working hours to improve social conditions during the Great Depression, despite the opposition of his own party.

Stewart was born in Newcastle and educated in public schools in Newcastle and worked for 20 years as an administrative officer in the New South Wales Government Railways. In 1908 he married Lottie May Glover and they had six children. He was a prominent Methodist Lay Preacher. In 1919 Stewart developed the Sydney suburb of Chullora and owned the Metropolitan Omnibus Company that serviced the area. He also had an early interest in aviation and broadcasting. He established radio station 2CH and with Charles Kingsford-Smith and Charles Ulm established Australian National Airways. 

Political career
Stewart failed to get pre-selection as a Nationalist candidate for the Australian House of Representatives seat of Martin at the 1929 election and ran unsuccessfully for the state seat of Concord at the 1930 election. He won the federal seat of Parramatta for the United Australia Party at the 1931 election and held it until his retirement before the 1946 election. He supported a shorter work week to reduce unemployment during the Great Depression and programs to improve social conditions such as national insurance and workers' housing schemes. 

Stewart was appointed Minister for Commerce from October 1932 had responsibility for trade policy. In November 1934, he stood down to allow the Country Party to be brought into the ministry, with Earle Page becoming Minister for Commerce. He refused Joseph Lyons's offer of a junior ministry and instead became parliamentary under-secretary for employment, but resigned this position in February 1936 so that he could concentrate on his private scheme to improve social conditions. He was knighted in 1935. After the 1937 election, under pressure from Stewart, Lyons announced a limited national insurance scheme, but Stewart refused a position in Cabinet. 


Stewart puts a rivet in the keel of HMAS Bathurst at the keel laying ceremony at Cockatoo Dockyard, Sydney, 10 February 1940
Stewart was appointed as Minister for Health and Minister for Social Services in Robert Menzies' ministry in April 1939 and continued to press for the implementation of a national insurance scheme. In November 1939, with the outbreak of World War II, he was given the additional portfolio of Minister for the Navy and in January 1940, he became in addition Minister for Supply and Development on Richard Casey's appointment as Ambassador to the United States. This portfoilio was responsible for procuring supplies for the military. In March 1940, he lost the portfolios of health and the navy, but retained social services and supply and development in the second Menzies Ministry. He was criticised over his performance in supplying the military, despite such ingenuity as finding and refurbishing 15,000 World War I uniforms and he lost the supply portfolio from October 1940 in the third Menzies Ministry, but was appointed Minister for External Affairs, retained social services and regained health. He held the three portfolios until the fall of the Fadden government in October 1941. In opposition he served as chairman of the Joint Committee on Social Security in 1943 and 1944. 
Stewart's first wife died in 1943 and in 1945 he married Hilda Marjorie Evelyn Dixon. He was a noted philanthropist following his retirement from parliament. He died at the Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, survived by his wife and three daughters and two sons from his first marriage.
From Wikipedia.

OUR MOTOR 'BUSES CARRY 40,000,000 PERSONS
Amazing Facts About Ever-growing New Transport Service WILL IT CROWD TRAMS OFF THE ROADS?

It was the strike which revealed the true position, and prospects of motor transport against rail traffic. Prior to that there was just one or two services of 'buses and they ran no more than a mile — to Darlinghurst and Surry Hillls for example. Immediately afterwards the growth of the business was very pronounced. It has continued ever since and day by day its popularity in creases proportionately. The omnibus services of Sydney are veritable goldmines and yearly they are taking thousands from the hands of the Government. It looks as though neither all the King's horses nor all the King's men will ever be able to prevent them from doing so, The following amazing figures speak for themselves: In November, 1922, the 'bus registrations totalled 254. In the same month of last year the total was 350. At the present rate with which the Industry is growing, this year's figures will be more remarkable still. 
YEARLY SALARY LIST, 
A conservative estimate of the number of persons carried by all the 'buses last year alone was forty millions. Some of the proprietors do not issue tickets on the vehicles and consequently many thousands are not accounted for. What would the Government do to have the job of adding a total like that to its annual traffic figures? Over 1800 men arc directly employed in the actual running of the buses. They are the licensed employees. Apart from those there are just as many unlicensed and distinctive from those again is an enormous army of general tradesmen, such as mechanics, greasers, washers, inspectors, body-builders, and so on, Taking £4 as the average weekly wage, the total annual salary list Is over £100,000. That also is a modest estimate. It must not be forgotten either that the majority of persons carried by the services are of the throughfare class— that is, they are carried from the limits of the yards and not eotionally, a fact which seems to indicate that people prefer the 'bus mode of transport for this alone, that they are not. obliged to change from tram to tram or from train to train as is obligation of a big number of the public living in remote suburbs. 
ENERGETIC PRESIDENT. 
The motor 'bus services are controlled under the protection of the Motor 'Bus Section of the Motor Traders' Association of which. Mr. F. H. Stewart, of Liverpool-road, Enfield, is the president. Mr. Stewart is one of Sydney's shrewdest and, most popular business men and the sole proprietor of a line of 'buses. .He is a firm believer in the standardisation of vehicles on the road. He is the possessor of a fleet of fifteen Leylands and has six additional 'buses in course of manufacture. He thinks that if the proprietors would run motors of a standard make they would improve their services and profits as well. Referring to the question of increased motor taxation, Mr. Stewart remarked to the Sunday Times, on behalf of his Association, that if additional taxation be a condition precedent to the provision of good roads, then the Association would welcome the taxation, but with one very important qualification — that all other beneficiaries from the providing of good roads be required to contribute their due quota. 

'Many people, and principally aldermen,' Mr. Stewart said, 'seem to believe that motor 'buses are the arch fiends of the roads. Official figures reveal that the 'buses represent less than one per cent, of the motor traffic using the roads. Motor 'buses are a remarkable optical Illusion, They look big and sometimes clumsy, but If they carried, Instead of human freight, immense loads of bricks, sand, and other heavyweight stuff, there might be some cause for saying they were rough on roads. They are not, however,'

During the tramway strike of 1917, thousands of persons living in the suburbs snapped their fingers at the industrial turmoil because they were able to travel to and from business in the Impromptu vehicles placed upon the roads by a few enterprising men. When the strike ended they re-boarded the trams. Little did they realise, however, that that strike had been the origin of a motor omnibus service that Is now one of the most important and amazing institutions In the Southern hemisphere. The 'buses tell the story of Sydney's growth more eloquently than does any other phase of civic activity, and today we find every suburb, and not a few districts that have not yet reached a state Justifying their designation as suburbs, connected with the city by direct, cheap routes, As well, we have an Intro-suburban service, and the 'buses are carrying no fewer than forty millions of passengers every year, Will they eventually crowd the trams off the streets, Just as the meter car has relegated Old Debbin to the beurn whence no good horse ever returns

1 THIS PICTURE SHOWS PORTION OF THE FLEET OF MOTOR 'BUSES OWNED AND CONTROLLED BY MR. F. H. STEWART, PRESIDENT OF THE MOTOR 'BUS SECTION OF THE MOTOR TRADERS' ; ASSOCIATION. MANY OF MR STEWART'S 'BUSES RUN TO CHULLORA, WHICH IS REGARDED AS THE EVELEIGH OF THE FUTURE. ALREADY THE SUBURB IS A HIVE OF RAILWAY INDUSTRY# MR STEWART IS THE FATHER OF CHULLORA AND GAVE THE PLACE ITS NAME. 

OUR MOTOR 'BUSES CARRY 40,000,000 PERSONS (1924, February 17). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article128153351

THE BUSES.
Mr. F. H. Stewart's Offer.
The secretary of the Omnibus Proprietors' Association (Mr. A. G. Lutton) pointed out yesterday that, if the Government had accepted Mr. P. H. Stewart's offer, the value of his 90 buses would have more than balanced the amount of compensation the Government would have been obliged to pay on the other services, which, under the terms of Mr. Stewart's offer, It would have had to acquire.
MOTOR OWNERS' OBLIGATIONS.
The Transport Board pointed out yesterday that a number of motor vehicle owners had not yet taken out licences or permits, or secured exemptions under the State Trans-port (Co-ordination) Act.
Motor omnibuses, service cars, taxi cabs, and private hire cars must be licensed. All motor lorries carrying goods or passengers for hire or for any consideration or in the course of any trade or business whatsoever, are required to be licensed unless granted special exemption. Any person who sends or causes to be sent or conveyed any passengers or goods by a public motor vehicle which Is not licensed is guilty of an offence. THE BUSES. (1931, November 28). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 17. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16819388 

The suburb of Chullora was originally part of the area known as Liberty Plains, which was land given to the first free settlers who arrived in Sydney Cove on 6 January 1793. In the 1950s, many immigrants from Europe were housed in the area. Once established, they moved to other parts of Sydney. Chullora was the name used for one of the estates in this area. Chullora is an Aboriginal word meaning 'flour'. - from Wikipedia

BIRTHDAY- HONORS TWELVE AUSTRALIANS KNIGHTED '.. .
The Australian list of honors, awarded on the occasion of the Jubilee and His Majesty's birthday contains many well-known names. Twelve have been knighted, including two ladies. The Sydney recipients of knighthoods include Ald. Parker. (Lord Mayor of Sydney), Messrs. F. H. Stewart, M.P., F. H. Tout, M.L.C., T....and Dr. Jean Connor, of Melbourne, have each been given the rank of Dame (K.C.B.). BIRTHDAY HONORS (1935, June 4).Lithgow Mercury (NSW : 1898 - 1954), p. 2 (TOWN EDITION). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220681702 

SIR FREDERICK HAROLD STEWART.
We heartily congratulate Sir Frederick Stewart on the honour conferred upon him by the King. His parents were good Methodists of Merewether, Newcastle, and from childhood he has been linked up with our Church and Sunday School. He was converted in his early youth, and has continued to be a loyal member and earnest worker of our Church. In many circuits he has rendered effective service as choir conductor, local preacher, and temperance advocate. As a member of our Conference Foreign Missionary Committee, he has been an earnest and intelligent advocate and a most generous giver to the missionary cause. SIR FREDERICK HAROLD STEWART. (1935, June 8). The Methodist (Sydney, NSW : 1892 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article155307402 

GARDEN FETE AT ST. CLOUD'
A beautiful day on Saturday, 25th September, brought to many Auxiliary women's minds a note of praise to God for His many blessings, as that was the day of our Garden Fete at 'St. Cloud,' Dundas. Sir Frederick and Lady Stewart had very graciously lent their grounds for the day, and they and their family threw themselves most heartily into the preparations and into every event of the day. Our Auxiliary President, Mrs. W. H. Cheetham, had charge of the opening service at 3 p.m., and was supported by her own officers, and Miss Whiteman and Mrs. H. W. Chancellor, Fete officers, also Rev. P. L. Black and Rev. G. H. Hewitt. Lady Marr, in a brief speech, graciously declared the Fete open, and was presented with a souvenir and posy, of pink .carnations by little Beverley Stewart. Although there was not the novelty of the first Fete, about 1,000 of our Methodist folk and their friends responded to our call, and spent a very enjoyable afternoon. Tennis, dart-throwing, pony rides, the splendid music of the Eastwood-Epping band, a delightful afternoon tea, most capably managed by a big staff, controlled by Miss B. Heighway, many well stocked stalls, and a visit to Sir Frederick's farm, filled up a most interesting afternoon. The Auxiliary women are greatly indebted to Mr. H. Hazelwood, Mr. H. D. Barkla, and his stewards, Mr. D. Pettigrew and Mr. C. Rayward, for their splendid help, without which such organisation and success would be difficult. As ticket money is not yet in, it is not possible to give financial results. The stalls were in charge of Miss B. Heighway, Mrs. F. Matthews, Mrs. H. W. Robin, Mrs. W. O. Brown, Mrs. H. Wheeler, Mrs. E. Peacock, Mrs. J. Edgar, Miss Doris Stewart, Miss Enid Stewart, Miss Olive Bembrick, and Mrs. S. Woolnough. — J.C.G. GARDEN FETE AT "ST. CLOUD" (1937, October 2). The Methodist (Sydney, NSW : 1892 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article155285281 

QUEEN SALUTE'S GIFT.
21'st Birthday.
PARTY AT DUNDAS
To celebrate the coming of age of their daughter. Miss Doris Stewart, Sir Frederick and Lady Stewart held a dance at their home, St. Cloud, Dundas, last night, and among their guests was Queen Salote of Tonga
Queen Salote s birthday gift to Miss Stewart was a reading lamp The shade of the lamp was of pink hand embroidered silk and the bowl was of pink glass
Miss Stewart wore the frock in which she was presented at the Jubilee Court It was of White cobweb lace embroidered with peal Is and silver beads. She pinned a spray of white hyacinths at the neckline.
As Miss Stewarts birthday is today - her father’s was yesterday-the guests waited until midnight to drink her toast and offer their congratulations.

BEAUTIFUL FLOWERS
The drawing-room of St Cloud was decorated with autumn loned flowers, chiefly poppies, jonquils and daffodils in the dining room which was used foi dancing there were pink stork and sweet peas and violets The supper room decorations were in pale blues, greens and pinks the chief flowers being stock sweetpeas and poppies
Lady Stewart who with Sir Frederick received the guests wore a black sheer silk gown with black sequin sleeves Miss Enid Stewart chose a Dubarry pink taffeta frock made in the Dubarry style and Miss Nell Stewart wore a blush pink chiffon frock finished on the bodice and hem with shirring.
Queen Salote of Tonga was accompanied by the Crown Prince Taufa, and her lady-in-waiting Miss Teitutukl Oneone and the guests also included Sir Archdale and Lady Parkhill, Sir Charles and Lady Man, Mr. and Mrs. J A Perkins Mr. and Mrs. S C Gollan Mr. and Mrs. A Line Mr. and Mrs. R Dein, Mr. and Mrs. R Aikins, Rev and Mrs G H Stewart, Misses Nona and Joy Porter Jean and Nancy Charlton Dorothy Lackey "Babs" Mayhew, Jan and Dorothy Gardener Athalie Sullivan and Mary Tufrey. QUEEN SALUTE'S GIFT. (1936, August 15). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17261078 

Todays Weddings
Federal Minister's Daughter to Wed in Sydney To-night P a y n e— Stewart Ceremony
SYDNEY, May 3. — At the reception to be held at the Pickwick Club to-night, following the marriage at the Wesley Chapel, Castlereagh Street, of Miss Doris Margaret Stewart to Mr. Arthur Phillip Payne, the bride's father, Sir Frederick Stewart, Minister for External Affairs, will announce the engagement of his daughter, Miss Enid Stewart, to Mr. Bill Hewson, of the Reserve Coastal Defence. 
Earlier in the evening Miss Stewart will be a bridesmaid at her sister's wedding. The bride is the eldest daughter of Sir Frederick and Lady Stewart, of St. Cloud. Dundas. With her trained frock of Brussels lace over satin she will wear a Brussels net veil and carry a bouquet of white flowers. Frocks of heaven pink marquisette and pale pink floral coronets will be worn by the bridesmaids and flower girls, Misses Enid and Nell Stewart and little Beverley and Diana Stewart. The bridegroom, who is the eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Payne, of Eastwood, will be attended by Messrs. Russell Payne and Sid Scorer. Rev. G. H. Hewitt will officiate. To-day's Weddings (1941, May 3). The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld. : 1872 - 1947), p. 8 (SECOND EDITION). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article186645981 

HEWSON-STEWART 
White beaded marquisette was worn by Miss Enid Stewart,' daughter of Sir Frederick and Lady Stewart, of St. Cloud, Dundas, who was married on November 15 to Mr. Bill Hewson, son of Mrs. Hewson, of Grenfell and Eastwood, and of the late Mr. William Hewson. Rev. G.' H. Hewitt, assisted by Rev. W. Fullerton, performed the ceremony at the Eastwood Methodist Church. The bride's six attendants wore blue marquisette. They, were Mrs. Phil Payne, Mrs. Jack Ritchie, Misses Nell Stewart and Joan Harrison, and her two nieces, Beverley and Diana Stewart. Mr. John Asher was best man. The reception was held in a marquee in the grounds of St. Cloud. Mist blue with a mist blue straw hat trimmed .with flowers, and navy accessories, were worn by the bride when leaving for the honeymoon. HEWSON—STEWART (1941, December 3). The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate(Parramatta, NSW : 1888 - 1950), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article10730469


Death of Lady Stewart
LADY STEWART, wife of Sir Frederick Stewart, MHR, for Parramatta, died yesterday afternoon in Gloucester House, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital. She had been in ill-health for about six months. Lady Stewart was an executive member of the NSW Society for Crippled Children; a founder of the Methodist Mission Hospital in New Guinea, the Methodist Babies' Home at Carlingford, and Stewart House, Curl Curl, which cares for children suffering from malnutrition. She also helped to found the Parramatta branch of the YWCA, nearly two years ago. She was also a member of the Australian Red Cross Society, president of the Eastwood branch of the Ryde Hospital, and a member of the board of Dalmar Methodist Children's Home. Two of Lady Stewart's sons-Major Harold Stewart and Major Neville Stewart, AAMC— are with the Army. Major Harold Stewart left with the first contingent of the AIF to go overseas. Other children are Mr. Raymond Stewart, Mrs. Phillip Payne, Mrs. Bill Hewson, and Mrs. R. Haigh. The funeral will leave Wesley Chapel, Castlereagh-street, city, for Northern Suburbs Crematorium on Monday afternoon. Death of Lady Stewart (1943, September 26). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article231614004 

Lady Stewart
AN APPRECIATION
By G.H.H.
In the passing of Lady Stewart we have suffered a great loss. Her husband has lost a loving and devoted wife; her children a wonderful mother; her wide circle of friends and relatives a gracious, helpful personality; and our Methodist Church a faithful and self sacrificing member. She was born at Newcastle on the 24th March, 1888. Her parents, Mr. and Mrs. William F. Glover, were highly respected and faithful Christians, so her childhood was spent in Hallowed environment. When I first met her, 38 years ago, she was living with her widowed mother at Newcastle, and had already definitely linked up with the Church and Sunday School. I have a vivid recollection of her as a bright and beautiful girl, singing in the choir of our then new Central Mission Hall; young Frederick Stewart was also a member of that choir, they sang together, and continued to do so until the Master called her to the choir above.

In 1908 she was happily married to the man she loved, and went with him to their new home at Wellington. Today a mutual friend has been giving me a glowing account of the fine work she did in our church there, where her husband was choir master and a local preacher. Playing the organ, singing in the choir and at church concerts, taking an active part in the other activities of the church, she exerted a fine influence, and was an inspiration to many. Twenty-five years ago I met her again at a missionary service I was conducting in Strathfield Church; my wife' became her dearest friend, and through the intervening years our family friendship has been a tender and sacred thing. Lady Stewart's love for her dear old mother made a deep impression on me; particularly during the long years of illness when she gradually lost her sight. She was always thinking of others, especially of the sick and needy, and more especially of sick and needy children. 

When financial prosperity came to them she, with her husband, found a great joy in making generous gifts. Here is a typical case. On the morning of the day when the inaugural meeting to form the Crippled Children's Society was held in Sydney, she was taken to hospital for a serious operation, but before the ambulance men carried her from the room, she called her husband back and asked that, as a thank offering for the medical attention and help so freely available to her, he should give a thousand pounds to enable the crippled children also to have medical service available to them. This was the first contribution to the new society that has alleviated the sufferings of thousands of crippled children. 

Then followed the gift of Stewart House at Curl Curl, which cares for children suffering from malnutrition. Next came the Stewart Hospital in New Britain for our native people. Another fine gift was the Methodist Babies' Home at Dalmar. She was also a member of the executive of our Women's Auxiliary to Overseas Missions, and a generous contributor to its funds. In Red Cross and Hospital work she earned a good degree. Not only did she join with Sir Frederick in the generous giving of many thousands of pounds to these and other worthy objects, but she gave the work of her hands and the love of her heart to the holy task of blessing and cheering little children and sick and needy people. It was her delight to knit garments for the Dalmar babies, and to present choice flowers to lonely sufferers. She was a woman of prayer and beautiful trust in her Lord. For her husband and her children and grandchildren, her love was wonderful. Two of her sons— Major Harold Stewart and Major Neville Stewart, AA.M.C— are with the Army. Her other children are Mr. Raymond Stewart, Mrs. Phillip Payne, Mrs. Bill Hewson, and Mrs. R. Haigh.

At Gloucester House on Saturday, 25th September, surrounded by her loving husband and children, she passed quietly away to her Heavenly Home. After a beautiful and largely attended service, conducted by the President of the Conference, held in Wesley Chapel on the 27th September, we laid her dear body to rest in the Northern Suburbs' Cemetery. To me there comes the vision of the happy girl singing in the choir at Newcastle, and the sure hope that in the choir above she is singing the Redeemer's praise. Lady Stewart (1943, October 9). The Methodist (Sydney, NSW : 1892 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article155472537 

STEWART - GLOVER.- On April 8th, at the Methodist Mission Hall Newcastle, by Rev. F. Colwell, Frederick Harold, of the Railway Department, Wellington, and third son of James H. Stewart, to Lottie May, youngest daughter of Mrs. W. Glover, of Newcastle Family Notices (1908, April 18). Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article138404188 

DEATH,
GLOVER.-December 6, 1926, at the residence of her daughter Mrs. F. H. Stewart, Burwood-road, Burwood, Margaret, relict of the late William F. Glover, late of Newcastle. Interment will take place at Singleton, 11 a.m., today.  Family Notices (1926, December 6).Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article135178483 

Lottie's Parents: Marriage
3571/1874  GLOVER WILLIAM ROBINSON MARGARET PATRICKS PLAIN
(Singleton in its early years was also called Patrick's Plains.)

FUNERALS.
THE remains of the late WILLIAM GLOVER will be removed from his late residence, 30 Sydney-street, THIS DAY, at 11.40 a.m., for Newcastle Terminus, thence to Singleton.
1317 WALTER NEVE, Undertaker.
THE Friends of A. D. ROBINSON are respectfully invited to attend the Funeral of his deceased Brother-in-law, Mr. WILLIAM GLOVER : To leave his late residence, Sydney-street, THIS DAY, at 11.40, for Newcastle Station, thence to Singleton. Family Notices (1891, October 21).Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article135850059 

Death, GLOVER.—On the 20th instant, at his residence, Sydney- street, William Glover; aged 43 years. Family Notices (1891, October 29).Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article135846466 

In the Supreme Court of New South Wales.
PROBATE JURISDICTION.
In the will of William Glover, late of Newcastle, in the Colony of New South Wales, store assistant, deceased.
APPLICATION will be made, after fourteen days from the publication hereof, that probate of the last will of the abovenamed deceased may be granted to William Wells Robinson, of Singleton, solicitor, and Margaret Glover, of Newcastle, widow, the executor and executrix named in the said will,— Dated, at Singleton, this 24th day of October, a.d. 1891.
WILLIAM WELLS ROBINSON,
Proctor for the Executor and Executrix,
By Gould & Shaw, his Agents, Singleton.
114, Pitt-street, Sydney. PROBATE JURISDICTION. (1891, October 30). New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900), p. 8659. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222133092 

F. H. Stewart's Infants' Home
The beautiful Infants' Home at the Central Methodist Mission, 'Dalmar' Children 's Homes, given by Mr. F. H. and Mrs. Stewart, is now ready for occupation, and will be opened by Mrs. Stewart on Saturday, February 20, at 3 p.m. The Home is the very last word in equipment, and will accommodate 20. The President of the Conference (Rev. J. W. Burton) and the Secretary (Rev. B. Coplin Thomas) will take part. Readers are cordially invited to be present. 'Bus will meet all trains at Epping Station between 2 and 5 p.m. F. H. Stewart's Infants' Home (1932, February 6). The Methodist (Sydney, NSW : 1892 - 1954), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article155292131 

F. H. STEWART SPECIAL.

The F, H. Stewart Special, Mr. Norman Smith's car to attack the world's land speed record, which Mr. D. J, Harkness is constructing at Ashfield, has made such progress that the body will probably be Installed before the end of this week. The bodywork is now at the works, and is receiving its final touches before being fitted to the chassis. To give those interested in the remarkable car an opportunity of inspecting it before it is sent to New Zealand to attack the world's record, it will be exhibited at the Royal Easter Show in a stand Just inside the main gates on the south side of the Hordern Pavilion.NOTES. (1931, March 24). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16764626 


Photographic print, black & white, group portrait of men inspecting the car "F.H. Stewart Enterprise", c1931
Typed caption on reverse 'World's Land Speed Record. From left to right:- Mr. Don Harkness, designer and builder, Mr. Norman "Wizard" Smith, driver, and Mr. A.R. Code of the Vacuum Oil Co.m discussing the engine of the "F.H. Stewart Special", with Mr. Don Bradman the famous cricketer. Photo by courtesy of the Vacuum Oil Co. Pty. Ltd.'- Photographic print, black & white, launch of car "F.H. Stewart Enterprise", c1931 and from Powerhouse Museum. Read more

NOT 300 m.p.h.
ENTERPRISE'S SPEED.
Designer Explains.
SYDNEY, January 14.
Mr. Don. Harkness, designer and constructor of the F. H. Stewart Enterprise car, in which Mr. Norman Smith will attempt to break the world's land speed record on 90-Mile Beach, New Zealand, although unwilling to comment on the differences of opinion between himself and others concerned in the venture, to-day made some observations about the potential speed of the car.

Mr. Harkness said he definitely dissociated himself from any claim that the car had been designed or was intended to achieve speeds in the vicinity of 300 m.p.h. They were dealing with unknown factors, and it would be unwise to make any prediction. "My mission has been to design and build the car with a view to bettering the existing record, but I have not yet aimed at such a high rate of speed as has been mentioned In certain .reports," Mr. Harkness said. "I consider it undesirable that such ambitious statements should be circulated, although, if the Enterprise is as successful as I hope it will be, it may be possible to modify its gearing so as to attain still more phenomenal speeds." NOT 300 m.p.h. (1932, January 15). The Brisbane Courier(Qld. : 1864 - 1933), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article21771893 


Photographic print, black & white, christening of the car "F.H. Stewart Enterprise", c1931 - courtesy Powerhouse Museum.

What may interest readers further is the small insight provided in a 2006 piece by the Sydney Morning Herald which shares information about the 'Number 1' NSW number plate. Initially NSW 1 was registered to vehicle of the state’s first police commissioner. In the 1930s they were acquired by Sir Frederick Stewart, who at one point had the plate on his Oldsmobile.

In 1988 his widow, Lady (Majorie) Stewart, knocked back an offer of $200,000 for the plates when they were on her Ford Fairmont. When Lady Stewart passed away in 2000 there was hope that the plates would come onto the market, however we have no information on whether or not this has happened. Around 2009 the plates appeared on a Daimler Double Six at Pebble Beach in the US.

The owners of the Daimler (Robert & Barbara Lorkowski) were US-based (Wisconsin) and there is no mention of whether or not they own the rights to display the plates in NSW.  Most likely not. Apparently this Daimler was originally delivered in Sydney, and from the picture below we can see that the same car did wear the NSW 1 plate in the early 1900s.



This item sharing a snapshot of 1970's Elanora, and another wonderful car,is courtesy of Jeff Pickering - Old Sydney Album: Facebook Group:


1930 Talbot being towed by a Rolls Royce Phantom 1 at The Elanora BP Service Station -1969. 
I bought the Talbot in 1963 from a Scottish gentleman at Springwood in the Blue Mountains. It had survived a fierce bushfire which had completely destroyed several other nearby vintage cars. Here it is being moved by a kind car club member to my first permanent garage and work space at Parramatta. I sold the car a few years later and never saw or heard of it again. - Jeff PIckering

SIR FREDERICK STEWART
Seized Opportunities OUTLOOK UNCHANGED BY SUCCESS '
Shortly after he was knighted by King George V. at Buckingham Palace in 1935, Sir Frederick Stewart, who had started his career of public service as a junior clerk in the railways at Newcastle, remarked that 'F.H.' was what his friends always called him and he liked the sound of it much better than his formal title. He has the distinction of being the only locally born resident of Newcastle to have been honoured with a knighthood. With a disposition that is essentially natural and practical and an approachableness which his many and varied activities have not destroyed. Sir Frederick Stewart quickly dispels any impression that success might have changed his outlook. When he left the railway service in 1918, he was one of the most promising officers engaged on industrial work and his views on industrial awards and their interpretation were always listened to with respect. But 'F.H.,' always on the lookout for opportunities, saw and seized one when road transport began to show its possibilities. So he left the rail for the road and in a very few years had the largest and most flourishing 'bus transport organisation in the Southern Hemisphere. The Metropolitan Omnibus Transport Company, known for its punctuality and courtesy, and of which 'F.H.' was the governing director and the main driving force, kept adding to its fleet and , erecting new depots equipped with the latest facilities for service and repair work. Then came the famous Transport Co-ordination Act of 1931 which legislated the 'buses off the road. 'F.H.' was philosophic for himself, but very concerned on account of his ' 400 employees and so offered to present the whole of the fleet to the Government if it would keep the vehicles on the road and the men in work. The offer was declined. Developing a 'bus transport organisation to such a high state of efficiency was not enough to absorb the whole of the energy of F. H. Stew-i art, for he was prominent also in a number of other contemporary activities. The late Sir Charles Kingsford Smith and Charles Ulm found him ready to co-operate with them in the establishment of an air service between Sydney and Brisbane and Sydney and Melbourne, and so he became chairman of the original Australian National Airways which operated successfully without Government subsidy until the tragic loss of the 'Southern Cloud' when travel by air fell away so severely that the company had to discontinue the service. He gave some attention to roads too, and as a road construction contractor with a highly efficient plant, was responsible for constructing a number of important sections of the New South Wales highways. He also found time to control a woollen mill near Sydney and at the same time establish and control personally 2CH broadcasting station. He it was who put the station on its financial feet as a commercial advertising station.

ENTRY INTO POLITICS 
Then came his entry into the Federal Parliament followed quickly by appointment as Minister for Commerce in the first Lyons Ministry. That was in 1932. It meant sacrifice of the numerous business activities. 'F.H.' did not shirk this, but with characteristic promptness shed them all to devote himself to the business of his country. His grasp of the intricate economic problems of the wheat, dairying and fruit industries and measures to bring about stabilisation while at the same time piloting through Parliament measures dealing with wireless equipment on ships and far-reaching amendments to the coastal clauses of the navigation act, cause his departmental officers— looking back— to wonder how it all was done.
When his Government took office, the Prime Minister (Mr. Lyons) called on F. H. Stewart to deal with the acute unemployment situation and in the second Lyons Ministry, he was appointed Minister for Commerce and Minister for Employment. Then came one of the self-sacrificing acts which jut out every now and then in the career of this remarkable man. Discarding the long established tradition that a Parliamentarian's first and most important care is to have and to hold power, 'P.H.' offered ' to relinquish his portfolio so as to facilitate the changes entailed in a coalition with the 'Country Party. '? I As Parliamentary Under Secretary ] for ' Employment he became responsible to the Government for the policy to be adopted for alleviating unemployment. ' In consultation with the State plans were soon evolved for Commonwealth assistance in prospecting for go}d and for re-afforestation. These are probably the soundest of all the unemployment' relief 'measures 'for they are producing a return for the expenditure'.' I Commonwealth and State' public works programmes were formulated as further aids and receiving the endorsement and financial blessing of the Government, they were soon under way. 

VISIT OVERSEAS 
When 'F.H.' decided in 1935 to make his first Trip to England, the employment statistics were improving steadily, but be 'was convinced that unemployment was a recurring 'malady that needed a long range remedy and so he resolved in find out what other countries had discovered.- ton ?his investigations ia the United Kiiig?dom, the continent of Europe, Canada and USA,he paid his own expenses. 'He even took his own motor' car 'at nils own cost and used it overseas-in the course of his investigations.--As leader of 'the Australian Delegation  to the International Labour Conference he impressed : the representatives of '40 countries as an'experienced leader in industry-,- who --was prepared' to entertain advances ideas on reduction of hours of work, and kindred topics. Continuing his good work in other directions, Sir Frederick and Lady Stewart provided and equipped Stewart House at Curl Curl, a preventorium for ill-nourished children, and also provided a wing of the Methodist Dalmar Home at Carlingford and a Mission Hospital in New Britain. These are but a few of his numerous gifts to charity. His sterling character, and understanding of, and sympathy with, the insecurity — social and economic— of great numbers of Australians, impelled him, at the height of his career, to devote his energies to a policy of social security and betterment. Since its inception he has been chairman of the New South Wales Housing Council which included representatives of municipal and public bodies. He is also chairman of the Free Library Movement. Now, as Minister for Health and Social Services, he has not lost faith in national instance. He has said that Australia is a long way behind some the other countries in the provider for the social security of her people. He takes the broadest view of the present situation and considers that social Justice as well as strength in the armed forces is essential to national security. A very true picture of this remarkable man is given in the reference of leading Sydney newspaper some years ago when it described h ni as 'a pocket Hercules, short of stature but muscular and cheery, a man with a pioneering mind, amazing energy, and splendidly courageous.' Another evidence of the charitable impulse of Sir Frederick and Lady Stewart is to be found each week-end at their delightful home. 'St. Cloud.' at Dundas, when groups of young people assemble for sport, the proceeds of whish are provided for hospital benefits. From their home Sir Frederick and Lady Stewart can see a large part, of the city and environs of Sydney and it is here that they, together with their family, delight to spend such leisure as the pressing nature of their public duties permit. Not the least satisfaction they derive j is in the knowledge of the happiness i they have been privileged to bring into the lives of so many other people in the community less fortunately placed than themselves. Sir Frederick Stewart, as Federal Minister for Health, officiated at the opening last week of Glen Innes' Centenary Celebrations. SIR FREDERICK STEWART (1939, October 21). Glen Innes Examiner (NSW : 1908 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article178520962 

THE STEWART MEMORIAL HOSPITAL AT DUNDAS
It is rather a sad stage in our history that the only kind of buildings permitted to be built are hospital buildings. For the rest, even with housing, the hands of the clock have stopped. Nothing is proceeding but the war. Fortunately it is going well, as far as the winning side is concerned, but the aftermath shows -that there are two losers in every war—the conquering and the conquered, for death and destruction are griefs to be borne by the bereaved and, for the living, there are blasted hopes, broken spirits, broken bones, physical and mental distress that will take years and years to eliminate or replace. 

The only soul satisfying thing is that once again we hope to be able to live our lives in our own way, and not as enemies would have us live. This freedom has ever been worth fighting for. Some educational buildings soon to be built will show the other aspect of life, that "Hope Springs Eternal" and that the stage is being set for the new awakening and realisation in young people's thoughts. Let us hope they will spring to it diligently and not be retarded in their efforts by slow movement decrees of unionists and Labour Governments. Our country has a lot of leeway to pick up. We show on these pages a new hospital for which working drawings and specifications are at present in course of preparation and it is hoped to call tenders within a few weeks.


M.W. M'PHERSON - ARCHITECT. THE STEWART MEMORIAL HOSPITAL IN CONJUNCTION WITH OBDEN PARKES – STATE GOVT ARCHITECT' AT DUNDAS BIRD'S EYE VIEW OF THE HOSPITAL IN NATURAL SETTING SHOWING THE FINE TREATMENT OF THE APPROACH.
TYPICAL FLOOR PLAN.
S I T E  P L AN THE SITE PLAN SHOWS THE FIRST PORTION TO BE PROCEEDED WITH AND THE NURSES' HOME —THE FORMER RESIDENCE OF SIR FREDERICK STEWART.

The hospital will be erected for the Central Methodist Mission on a fine 15'acre site in Spurway Street, Dundas, generously given by Sir Frederick Stewart.  The residence with new additions will become the Nurses' Home. The hospital building will be entirely new. It will be erected in two stages, the first will comprise two ward blocks of 20 beds each and the central administration block. The future additions will comprise two more ward units making 80 beds in all. 

The design is specialised to suit chronic and incurable patients. Thus while giving full hospitalisation it provides the additional floor space required for mobile and ambulatory cases. A plan of the main floor shows how the wards are all placed on the northern wall and the service rooms on the south. A balconette runs the full length on one block, blocking no light but practically converting all the wards into verandahs. Triplchung box frame windows will enable the heads of beds to be wheeled on to it. The service floor containing main kitchen and its departments will be situated under the western ward unit. An electric food elevator will deliver into the ward servery situated centrally. There will be a small laundry and boiler room in the first stage of construction but these will give place later to a new centrally situated building with high pressure boilers and fully equipped laundry. The mechanical engineering services comprise patients' call system, master radio system, central heating, steam sterilizers, steam service to kitchen and laundry. Hot water will be supplied through calorifiers from, the main boiler. The electric installation will provide individual reading lights for patients and will incorporate all the latest practices. All pipe runs be hidden from view in ducts and double ceilings. • The hospital has been registered by the Hospital Commission of N.S.W. The design and drawings have been prepared by N. W. McPherson, B.Arch., A.R.A.I.A., Architect to the Central Methodist Mission, in conjunction with Mr. Cobden Parkes, F.R.A.I.A., State Government Architect, who*-will call tenders and have the work executed under Government contract. 
THE STEWART MEMORIAL HOSPITAL (1945, August 1). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223545557 

THE LOTTIE STEWART HOSPITAL, DUNDAS, SYDNEY
NEW METHODIST HOSPITAL. MUNIFICENT GIFT BY SIR FREDERICK STEWART.

Architect: N. W. McPherson, A.R.A.I.A. Builders: A. R. Hinwood &. Sons. Erected under the supervision of the Government Architect (Mr. Cobden Parkes, F.R.A.I.A.).
A GENERAL VIEW OF THE HOSPITAL. A sloping site has been utilised to good advantage, as will be apparent from this illustration, an additional storey being incorporated at the lower level. The spaciousness of the site is also apparent.

AN ATTRACTIVE PICTURE. A view of one corner of the Lottie Stewart Hospital at Dundas, Sydney, which makes an attractive picture seen from beneath the surrounding trees. THE LOTTIE STEWART HOSPITAL, DUNDAS, SYDNEY (1948, April 7).Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222879221 

Poultry-farming and Fruitgrowing at Pittwater.
Br G. E.
Anyone with s day or two's leisure and a taste for picturesque scenery cannot do better than go over to Manly by the 10 a.m. boat and secure a seat in one of M. Horeaux's comfortable coaches which await the steamer's arrival at the pier to convey intending passengers to Rock Lily and Bayview, the former being about 10 ½  and the latter 13 miles from Manly. The drive is one of the pleasantest and at the same time the least expensive to be had anywhere about Sydney, the fare to Rock Lily being only 1s and to the terminus at Pittwater a 6d extra. The views obtained from many points along the road are varied and -charming. Now the coach sweeps by still waters embosomed in forest greenery ; anon, as we approach nearer the coast, hold headlands are to be seen jutting out into the Pacific, with intervening stretches of sandy beach; on which the blue waves curl and break with a crisp and pleasant sound ; while the horizon seaward is fleeced with many a sail or darkened by the smoke of passing steamers, and the foliage of the Banksias on the uplands swayed by the sea-breeze and glistening in the son like burnished silver. All these objects, as they successfully come into view; combine to make our Journey anything but monotonous. Moreover, the lush Hinging the roadside is rich in floral wealth, especially in the spring of the year, bright-hued flowers peeping form from every nook, and graceful eras displaying their green frontage on many a mossy bank. The air, too, is so delightfully pure and fragrant that it is a pleasure to inhale it after the fetid atmosphere of the city, and it has a way of its own in sharpening one's appetite to such a degree that we feel quite prepared, on reaching Rock Lily, to do justice to the good things provided for us by the host of the Rock Lily Hotel The menu is extensive and varied, quite equal to the best of our metropolitan cafes, find after luncheon there are quoits, skittles, swings, and other aids to digestion, in the retention grounds over the way, to which most of the visitors make their way. But we are bound for Bayview, and Harry the driver's 'all aboard' shortly summons as to mount the smaller vehicle, which has been pat on to convey us to our destination. There is nothing particularly attractive m the immediate surroundings of Rock Lily. The hotel stands on flat, low-lying ground, with a back ground to the westward of dark, forest covered hills. The landlord and his wife hail from La Belle France. He Is somewhat of an expert in the use of the brush, and visitors to the hotel cannot fail to notice evidences of his skill in this direction in the numerous sketches which ornament the walls of the rooms. 

About half a mile beyond Rock Lily the road leads between two stately columns of the Livistonia palm, and it is to be hoped that these beautiful specimens of a fast- disappearing and interesting class of plants may be long spared from destruction. After passing the little church the scenery becomes more picturesque as the coach winds round the foot of Roche's Hill. On our right a dense belt of casuarina trees shuts us out from any extended view in that direction; but after reaching the point where this belt terminates, the beautiful expanse of water known as Pittwater comes suddenly into sight, with the village of Newport visible under the high land near the head of the inlet, Scotland Island over near its western shore, and Lion Island dimly outlined in the hazy distance. Pittwater is one of the southern branches of Broken Bay, and is bounded easterly by the long and narrow peninsula terminating in a point at Barrenjoey. Along its western shores extends the recently-proclaimed national park -known as Kurring-gai Chase. Presently we reach the homestead of Mr. J. J. Roche, who, besides working an orchard and poultry-farm, keeps the local store and post-office. Here we alight to inspect the prize poultry of which Mr. Roche is so successful a breeder. The approach to his house, which stands on a gentle eminence, is by a road bordered with orange and lemon trees, in fall bearing and pictures of robust health. The proprietor, whom we surprise in the middle of work among his feathered flocks, greets us with a cordial welcome, and conducts us through his establishment, pointing out such birds as he considers worthy of special notice, whether on account of their value as layers or for table use. Each class has a separate shed and run to itself, and it is impossible with these precautions for any mixed strains to appear. The runs are severally enclosed by 6ft. wire netting affixed to hardwood standards, and each one is so arranged as to contain within its boundaries some shady fruit tree under which the fowls gather in the heat of the day. Langahans, white and brown Leghorns, and Minorcas are the principal breeds raised by Mr. Roche, and the stock at present cm hand comprises about 600 'head of - all classes. Some of these birds are marvels of beauty and size, and the proprietor tells as that the demand for sets of eggs from his stock exceeds the supply. ? After surveying the occupants of the various pens and the excellent appliances for closing the inlets to the sheds at night so as to secure the birds from the depredations of native cats and other nocturnal prowlers, we stroll / ' through the orchards and orangeries. Mr. Roche commenced about 12 years ago to clear his ground, which was then occupied by an primeval forest, and he has. now got 21/ acres under fruit trees. The ground has a northerly aspect, and is sheltered from southerly and south easterly gales by a high ridge of forest-clad hills. Both soil and position are admirably adapted for the successful growth of the citrus family with trees yielding immense crops of fruit of the fines quality. Five acres are devoted to oranges and 5 to lemons ; peaches occupy 3 acres, apricots 3, and other fruits, including plums, guavas, loquats, &c., 5 acres. The principal varieties of oranges grown are St. Michael's, navel, and proved seedlings. 

About half a mile beyond Mr. Roche's, and nearer Church Point, is the orchard of Mr. J. R. Baker, comprising 6 acres of peaches, nectarines, and other summer fruits, and 2 acres of oranges, many of the latter when ripe measuring 15in. in circumference. Mr. Baker keeps about 100 head of poultry, chiefly crosses from Langshan, Leghorn, and Minorca stock. 
Half an hour's pleasant walk over the hill brings as to the snug little homestead of Mr. C. F. Munro, on a slope facing the south-east. He has been six years working up his selection to its present admirable condition, and has 8 acres of healthy-looking fruit trees. He finds that the stone fruits do better on his ground than oranges, consequently the area devoted to the latter is limited in extent. About 100 head of poultry are kept, principally Minorcas, and a fine lot of birds they are. Mr. Monro is a bachelor, and does all his own work, both outside and in. He makes tea for us, and sets before us bottled fruits, jellies, and other delicacies prepared by his own hands from the products of his own land, and after tea lights his pipe and shows us a collection of native weapon brought by him from Northern Queensland. From the front of his house there is a pretty view across the valley to the sloping hills beyond, where a blue smoke wreath is seen curling upward from the bush, and which indicates the spot where an old friend of my own has purchased land and set himself the task of clearing the forest and planting a home in the wilderness. Poultry-farming and Fruitgrowing at Pittwater. (1895, March 2). The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912), p. 424. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article162736592 
WARRIEWOOD BEACH.
(WITHIN A FEW MINUTES' WALK OF WARRIEWOOD ESTATE.)
HEALTH AND WEALTH AT WARRIEWOOD.
A LITTLE KNOWN BUT LOVELY SURF RESORT.
Farming, even apart from the material advantages of the life, has a great attraction for many of us. The Joys of growing one’s own fruit and vegetables, and of keeping one's own cows and poultry, are among the healthiest and wholesemest that existence can offer and no man has more just cause for pride than the man who can point to a well-tended, productive estate and a fine healthy family, whose physical fitness is due to the natural conditions and fresh air of farm life. But those of us who have once felt the spell of the city, no matter how devoted to nature and to the outdoor life we may be, find it well nigh Impossible to face the prospect of Isolation and monotony presented by a pioneer farmer in the backblocks. And yet the city cannot completely satisfy us nor provide the needful conditions for the rearing of a young growing family In perfect health. Where, then, Is the half-way house. And echo answers, without hesitation, "At Warriewood, the ideal farm estate, placed on the market by Henry F. Halloran and Company, 82 Pitt-street." 

A LOVELY LOCALITY. 
Warriewood and the surrounding district seems to have been specially designed by nature for those who wish to take up profitable farming under Ideal conditions and yet keep within easy reach of the city. The run from Manly to Warriewood along the lovely coastal road, whose beauties are so well known, is only a matter of forty minutes or so by motor bus, while for those unmodern persons who prefer less speed and more lesuire to breathe the sweet sea air and revel in the living landscape a comfortable coach and four is provided. Both these conveyances run past a good mile of the estate, and the tram is also a coming fact. Warriewood is situated in the very centre of the beautiful Narrabeen district, girt about by a broad green and blue girdle of wood and water, tasseiled with the frothy sliver of ocean foam. Dee Why, the haunt of the black swans, the glorious stretch of Narrabeen beach, and that fisherman's paradise, Narrabeen Lake, stand out as beauty spots even in this region of beauty. Lovely Pittwater is only twenty minutes' walk from Warriewood, and Warriewood Beach, beloved by picnickers and surfers, is within four hundred yards of the estate. A few steps farther on Is the larger Bongin Bongin Beach, and a five minutes' walk from Warriewood brings one to the public school, post-office, and church. Whether you fish, shoot, bathe, or handle a boat, you will find ample scope for the exorcise of your talents in and about Warrlowood. The district Is a genuine Eden for lovers of out-of-doors. 

AN UNPARALLELED CHARM. 
Take It how you will, Warriewood offers an unparalleled chance to the small investor. The value of this splendidly central site is as bound to rise as in a captive balloon. In the very nature of things a tremendous advance Is inevitable. The appeal of this magnificent estute to the land buyer is be varied an to be almost bewildering. First, there are the Warricwood Township lots, situated on a gentle eastern slope and fronting the fine Pittwnter-road. The terms for these lots have been framed with the utmost generosity by Halloran and Company, being one pound deposit and ten shillings per month. Immediate possession is guaranteed, and also suspension of payments In case of Illness or loss of employment. This should be sufficient to demonstrate the liberal vein that dominates all transactions with regard to this estate. From the township lots we pass to the Warriewood Hill sites. 


NARRABEEN LAGOON AND LONG REEF FROM WARRIEWOOD HILL
The panoramic view obtainable from these fine blocks is superb; to the eastward the long, foam-whitened curves of the coast-line are revealed, northward lies the lucid blue of Pittwater Harbor like some great limpid Jewel, and so the marvellous panorama widens out before us dressed In all the ever-changing charm of hill and forest and gleaming water. A more perfect situation for a home could not well lie Imagined, and in all there are eighty-three of these beautiful sites. The deposit on those Is only two pounds per lot, and the balance by monthly Installments of one pound. Now we come to the farm blocks, the most tempting of the three tempting propositions that Warriewood offers to the public. Situated In a warm, sheltered valley that is intersected by the Narrabeen and Fern Creeks, these blocks are shielded from the east and north winds by the rise occupied by the Warriewood Hill lots, and from the rough western and southern gusts by a range of hills at some little distance from the borders of the estate. Frost is almost unknown In this favored locality, and wooed by the even mildness of the climate fruit and flowers bloom and bear earlier here than In any other suburban district. Over the whole extent of these blocks the black, Ioamy soil is exceeding rich— Just that kind of soil that the nurseryman considers more precious than rubles. Add to this that drought is unknown In this region, and you will have begun to form an faint Idea of the ideal suitability of this estate for the settlement of the small farmer and agriculturist. In addition, the experience of those who have bought and cultivated holdings adjoining the Warriewood Estate, all goes to prove more clearly than any words that an excellent independent living is waiting there for whoever will unlock the bountiful fortuity of the rich virgin land. There are only a few left of these fertile farm blocks, and the terms .... are generous to a fault. A small deposit, Just sufficient to prove the good faith of the would-be purchaser, in all that is required. Then he is at once permitted to take possession, and need not, If the land is improved, make any further payments for two years, by the end of which time the land should most certainly be able to provide its own payments besides supporting Its owner and his family. Furthermore, there are no restrictions of any kind with regard to any of the Warriewood lots. 

COUNTRY AT THE THRESHOLD OF TOWN
The more one pictures it the more fascinating does the picture become. Warriewood offers the invent unspoiled country to the would, be farmer, waiting to be wooed and won like a fair modern Cores, with ears of corn upon her arm and the sea wind In her hair: but It is not the isolated country of the backblocks walled In with solitude. Only nine miles away, at the end of a glorious scenic road, in Manly, humming with life and business, and Just across the harbor the great city itself, with all Its promises of manifold enjoyment. Here is the Ideal union of town and country, and an existence so situated could hold no dullness or barrenness of interest. But the Warriewood Estate must be seen to be fully appreciated; the excursion is a Joy in itself to all lovers of the beautiful, and the local agent, Mr. C. P. Harrrington, whose own residence is situated on the boundary of Warriewood, is on the estate daily to show purchasers round. HEALTH AND WEALTH AT WARRIEWOOD. (1910, September 23).The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 15 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229976136 



The great Warriewood Estate, Narrabeen, within 400 yards of beach : for auction sale on the ground at 2 p.m. 8 hour day 1st Oct. 06 / Henry F. Halloran & Co., auctioneers & c 82 Pitt St. Sydney, Created/Published Sydney : W.E. Smith, 1906, - MAP Folder 114, LFSP 1696, courtesy National Library of Australia.

NEW FORD MODEL: 

First six cylinder car produced by Ford in Australia— the Zephyr— made its Australian debut recently. Big brother to the Consul, the Zephyr Six is of a design and power performance that makes it ideally suited to Austrian conditions. Its over-square, overhead valve engine has an RAC rating or 23i hp, and develops 68 hp at 400 revolutions per minute. The styling of the Zephyr Six preserves the smooth flowing lines of the bigger V8 Custom and smaller Consul-line, which have won fashion honors in London and New York. ' Here the Zephyr is seen on the head land overlooking picturesque' Warriewood Beach, north of Sydney. Pretty picnicker is 17 years- old Jeanette Elphick, chosen to star in the Australian film 'Zuwarra' now being produced in Central Australia No title (1952, August 14). National Advocate (Bathurst, NSW : 1889 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article161525373
St Cloud Jersey Stud: Elanora Heights: Pittwater Fields of Dreams II - threads collected and collated by A J Guesdon, 2017

Previous History Pages:  

Marie Byles Lucy Gullett Kookoomgiligai Frank Hurley Archpriest JJ Therry Sir Patrick Gordon Taylor Bowen Bungaree W. Bradley 1788 Journal  Midholme Loggan Rock Cabin La Corniche La Corniche II Lion Island Bungan Beach Botham Beach Scarred Trees  Castles in the Sand Dame Nellie Melba lunches at Bilgola Spring, 1914  First to Fly in Australia at North Narrabeen  Mona Vale Golf Club's Annual Balls  Governor Phillip camps on Resolute Beach  Ruth Bedford  Jean Curlewis  Mollie Horseman  Charlotte Boutin  May Moore  Neville W Cayley Leon Houreux  Frederick Wymark  Sir Adrian Curlewis  Bilgola Heron Cove  Mullet Creek  Shark Point  Woodley's Cottage  A Tent at The Basin  Collin's Retreat-Bay View House-Scott's Hotel  Bilgola Cottage and House  The First Pittwater Regatta  Women Cricketers Picnic Filmed In Pittwater  Governor Phillip's Barrenjoey Cairn  Waradiel Season The Church at Church Point  Gov.  Phillip'€™s  Exploration of Broken Bay, 2 €- 9 March 1788   Petroglyths: Aboriginal Rock Art on the Northern Beaches  Avalon Headland Landmarks  Steamers Part I Pittwater Aquatic Club Part I  Woody Point Yacht Club  Royal Motor Yacht Club Part I  Dorothea Mackellar Elaine Haxton  Neva Carr Glynn Margaret Mulvey Jean Mary Daly  Walter Oswald Watt Wilfrid Kingsford Smith John William Cherry  George Scotty Allan  McCarrs Creek Narrabeen Creek  Careel Creek  Currawong Beach Creek  Bushrangers at Pittwater  Smuggling at Broken Bay  An Illicit Still at McCarr's Creek  The Murder of David Foley  Mona Vale Outrages  Avalon Camping Ground  Bayview Koala Sanctuary  Ingleside Powder Works Palm Beach Golf Course  Avalon Sailing Club  Mona Vale Surf Life Saving Club  Palm Beach SLSC Part I - The Sheds  Warriewood SLSC Whale Beach SLSC Flagstaff Hill Mount Loftus Pill Hill Sheep Station Hill  S.S. Florrie  S.S. Phoenix and General Gordon Paddlewheeler  MV Reliance The Elvina  Florida House  Careel House   Ocean House and Billabong  Melrose-The Green Frog The Small Yacht Cruising Club of Pittwater  Canoe and I Go With The Mosquito Fleet - 1896  Pittwater Regattas Part I - Dates and Flagships to 1950 Shark Incidents In Pittwater  The Kalori  Church Point Wharf  Bayview Wharf  Newport Wharf Palm Beach Jetty - Gow's Wharf  Max Watt  Sir Francis Anderson Mark Foy  John Roche  Albert Verrills  Broken Bay Customs Station At Barrenjoey  Broken Bay Water Police  Broken Bay Marine Rescue - Volunteer Coastal Patrol  Pittwater Fire-Boats  Prospector Powder Hulk at Towler's Bay  Naval Visits to Pittwater 1788-1952  Pittwater's Torpedo Wharf and Range Naval Sea Cadets in Pittwater S.S. Charlotte Fenwick S.S. Erringhi  P.S. Namoi  S.Y. Ena I, II and III  Barrenjoey Headland - The Lessees  Barrenjoey Lighthouse - The Construction  Barrenjoey Broken Bay Shipwrecks Up To 1900  Barrenjoey Light Keepers  Douglas  Adrian Ross Newport SLSC 1909 - 1938 Part I Overview  North Narrabeen SLSC - The Formative Years  Bilgola SLSC - the First 10 years   North Palm Beach SLSC    A History of Pittwater Parts 1 and 4 Pittwater Regattas - 1907 and 1908  Pittwater Regattas - 1921 - The Year that Opened and Closed with a Regatta on Pittwater  Pittwater Regatta Banishes Depression - 1933 The 1937 Pittwater Regatta - A Fashionable Affair  Careel Bay Jetty-Wharf-Boatshed  Gow-Gonsalves Boatshed -Snapperman Beach  Camping at Narrabeen - A Trickle then a Flood Pittwater's Parallel Estuary - The Cowan 'Creek'  RMYC Broken Bay Boathouse and Boatshed Barrenjoey Boat House The Bona - Classic Wooden Racing Yacht Mona Vale Hospital Golden Jubilee - A Few Insights on 50 Years as a Community Hospital Far West Children's Health Scheme - the Formation Years  The First Scotland Island Cup, Trophy and Race and the Gentleman who loved Elvina Bay Royal Motor Yacht Club Broken Bay NSW - Cruiser Division History - A History of the oldest division in the Royal Motor Yacht Club   Royal Motor Yacht Club€“ Broken Bay€“ Early Motor Boats and Yachts, their Builders and Ocean Races to Broken Bay, the Hawkesbury and Pittwater  The Royal Easter Show Began As the Royal Agricultural Society of New South Wales   The Mail Route to Pittwater and Beyond  The Wild Coachmen of Pittwater - A Long and Sometimes Bumpy Ride on Tracks Instead of Roads  The Fearless Men of Palm Beach SLSC's Surf Boats First Crews - A Tale of Viking Ships, Butcher Boats and Robert Gow'€™s Tom Thumb 'Canoe'  Furlough House Narrabeen - Restful Sea Breezes For Children and Their Mothers  From Telegraphs to Telephones - For All Ships at Sea and Those On Land Mona Vale Training Grounds - From Lancers on Horses to Lasses on Transport Courses  Fred Verrills; Builder of Bridges and Roads within Australia during WWII, Builder of Palm Beach Afterwards   Communications with Pittwater  Ferries To Pittwater A History of Pittwater - Part 4: West Head Fortress  Pittwater's Lone Rangers - 120 Years of Ku-Ring-Gai Chase and the Men of Flowers Inspired by Eccleston Du Faur  Early Pittwater Launches and Ferries Runs Avalon Beach SLSC - The First Clubhouse  Avalon Beach SLSC The Second and Third Clubhouses From Beneath the Floorboards at Hyde Park Barracks  Bungaree Was Flamboyant  Andrew Thompson - 'Long Harry'  Albert Thomas Black John Collins of Avalon Narrabeen Prawning Times - A Seasonal Tide of Returnings   Oystering in the Pittwater Estuary - Oyster Kings and Pearl Kings and When Not to Harvest Oysters Yabbying In Warriewood Creeks  Eeling in Warriewood's Creeks (Includes A Short History of community involvement in environmental issues/campaigns in and around Narrabeen Lagoon - 1974 to present by David James OAM) Eunice Minnie Stelzer - Pittwater Matriarchs  Maria Louisa Therry - Pittwater Matriarch  Katherine Mary Roche - Pittwater Matriarchs Sarah A. Biddy Lewis and Martha Catherine Bens Pittwater Matriarchs  Pittwater's New Cycle Track of 1901 Manly to Newport  The Rock Lily Hotel  Barrenjoey House The Pasadena Jonah's St Michael's Arch  The First Royal Visitor to Australia: the Incident at Clontarf March 12th, 1868  Pittwater: Lovely Arm of the Hawkesbury By NOEL GRIFFITHS - includes RMYC Wharf and Clareville Wharf of 1938 + An Insight into Public Relations in Australia George Mulhall First Champion of Australia in Rowing - First Light-Keeper  at Barranjuey Headland  Captain Francis Hixson - Superintendent of Pilots, Lights, and Harbours and Father of the Naval Brigade  The Marquise of Scotland Island   The First Boat Builders of Pittwater: the Short Life and Long Voyages of Scotland Island Schooner the Geordy  Boat Builders of Pittwater II: from cargo schooners and coasters to sailing skiffs and motorised launches  The Currawong: Classic Yacht  The Riddles of The Spit and Bayview/ Church Point: sailors, boat makers, road pavers winning rowers   VP Day Commemorative Service 2015 –  at Avalon Beach RSL Cenotaph: 70th Anniversary  Captain T. Watson and his Captain Cook Statues: A Tribute to Kindness   Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways; Hordern or Wiltshire Parks to McKay Reserve – From Beach to Estuary Pittwater Reserves, The Green Ways: Clareville Wharf and Taylor's Point Jetty  Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways Bilgola Beach - The Cabbage Tree Gardens and Camping Grounds - Includes Bilgola - The Story Of A Politician, A Pilot and An Epicure by Tony Dawson and Anne Spencer  Pittwater Reserves - The Green Ways: Mona Vale's Village Greens a Map of the Historic Crown Lands Ethos Realised in The Village, Kitchener and Beeby Parks  Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways; Bungan Beach and Bungan Head Reserves:  A Headland Garden  Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Green Family  Elanora - Some Early Notes and Pictures  The Stewart Towers On Barrenjoey Headland  Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Williams Family  Early Cricket in Pittwater: A small Insight Into the Noble Game from 1880's On  The Pacific Club's 2016 Carnival in Rio Fundraiser for Palm Beach SLSC Marks the 79th Year of Support  Bert Payne Park, Newport: Named for A Man with Community Spirit   Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Fox Family  Surf Carnivals in February 1909, 1919, 1925, a Fancy Dress Rise of Venus and Saving Lives with Surfboards  Early Pittwater Paddlers, Oarsmen, Rowers and Scullers: The Paddon Family of Clareville  Mermaid Basin, Mona Vale Beach: Inspired 1906 Poem by Viva Brock  Early Pittwater Schools: The Barrenjoey School 1872 to 1894  The Royal Easter Show and 125th Celebration of the Hawkesbury Agricultural College: Farmers Feed Us!  The Newport School 1888 to 2016 Pittwater's Ocean Beach Rock Pools: Southern Corners of Bliss - A History The Royal Botanical Garden Sydney Celebrate 200 Years in 2016  The Porter Family of Newport: Five Brother Soldiers Serve in WWI Church Point and Bayview: A Pittwater Public School Set on the Estuary  The Basin, Pittwater: A Reprise: Historical Records and Pictures  Lighthouse Keepers Cottages You Can Rent in NSW - Designed or Inspired by Colonial Architect James Barnet: Includes Historic 'Lit' Days records   Bayview Days Ships Biscuits - the At Sea Necessity that Floated William Arnott’s Success  Mona Vale Public School 1906 to 2012   St Johns Camden: 176th And 167th Anniversaries In June 2016 - Places To Visit  Narrabeen Lagoon And Collaroy Beachfront: Storms And Flood Tides Of The Past  Avalon Beach Public School - A History   Muriel Knox Doherty Sir Herbert Henry Schlink  Shopping And Shops In Manly: Sales Times From 1856 To 1950 For A Fishing Village   Royal Prince Alfred Yacht Club's 150th Sailing Season Opening: A Few Notes Of Old  A Few Glimpses Into Narrabeen's Past Beauties  Dr. Isobel Ida Bennett AO   Taronga Zoo 100th Birthday Parade: 1000 Reasons To Celebrate  War Memorials: Manly, October 14, 1916  Avalon Beach Golf Links: Pittwater Fields of Dreams II  War Memorials - Mona Vale, November 14, 1926  Annie Wyatt Reserve Palm Beach: Pittwater Fields of Dreams II  Tumbledown Dick Hill  Waratah Farm and Narrabeen Plums: Pittwater Fields of Dreams II  Mark Twain, J.F. Archibald And Henry Lawson - Did They Go Fishing At Narrabeen In The Spring Of 1895?: Probably!  Bayview Baths Centenary Celebration in November 2016 hosted by Bayview-Church Point Residents Association  Dr. Jenny Rosen's Historical Timeline  Palm Beach RSL - Club Palm Beach Celebrating 60 Years  Early Years At Narrabeen: The Plane Sailing Day Of 1944 The  Five Ways- Six ways Junction; Kamikaze Corner - Avalon Bilgola  RPAYC Season on Pittwater and coming of Jubilees in Summer of 1938 Local Explorers’ Modern Day Discovery - Governor Phillip’s First Landing site, Campsite and contact with Local Aborigines in Pittwater: The Case for West Head Beach