August 21 - 27, 2016: Issue 277

           Sir Edward John Lees Hallstrom


Sir Edward John Lees Hallstrom
25 September  1886-  27 February 1970

Known for having a sense of humour which grew as he matured, for having a love of food and inventions, Edward Hallstrom was most well known for his love of his birds, all other animals and spending huge sums on promoting health, particularly on TB, heart and Cancer research. He spoke during a few interviews of suffering from Bronchitis form an early age, while family members while he grew up and his wife's family members 'suffered from long illnesses' prior to passing away.

From an early age and throughout his career and long afterwards he would personally attend to the sick and injured native animals, had his own personal aviary at his main home at Willoughby and did his utmost to save koalas in Pittwater, setting up a privately funded koala sanctuary at Bayview, a Flora and Fauna sanctuary that lasted until shortly before he passed away and the land was sold to become what we now know as Bayview Gardens, a retirement village

His presence in our area can be first seen as being one of those brave souls taking a turn at being airborne at Narrabeen when he, along with George Augustine Taylor and Florence Mary Taylor, took turns to fly in a biplane glider.

See: First To Fly In Australia, Sunday December 5th, 1909 and The House at The End of the Road (Billabong and Ocean House: Charles and Emma Schulz and D H Lawrence).

He then reappears associated with Pittwater through these items in the early 1940's:

Factory Staff Nursing Injured Koala
SYDNEY. — A koala, which has both legs and its left paw fractured, is being nursed 24 hours a day at Hallstrom's refrigerator factory, Willoughby. The governing director of the firm (Mr. Edward J. L. Hallstrom), the factory nurse (Sister E. Harris), and members of the staff take turns at caring for it. The bear is kept in an annexe to Mr. Hallstrom's office, strapped to a specially built stand. Both legs, are encased in plaster. Mr. Hallstrom and Sister Harris bring it a saucerful of milk and brandy six times a day. The curator of Taronga Park Zoo (Mr. Patten) brings special koala gum leaves from the Zoo. Mr. Hallstrom is a member of the Taronga Park Trust. In another corner of his office is an incubator in which he is hatching three ostrich and two cassowary eggs laid by birds at the Zoo. The koala, nicknamed Taronga, was injured by youths near the home of Mrs. E. M. McKay, Ocean Beach Road, Palm Beach, a month ago. They knocked it from a tree by throwing an empty beer bottle at it. It fell in the grounds of Mrs. McKay's home. Mrs. McKay and Barry Laird (11) and Colleen Laird (12), children of Constable Laird of Narrabeen police, cared for it until it was handed to Mr. Hallstrom. The bear has gained four pounds in the past three weeks. It is expected to be fully recovered in a fortnight. Factory Staff Nursing Injured Koala (1943, December 6). The Evening Advocate (Innisfail, Qld. : 1941 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article212576034 
 
INJURED KOALA AS PATIENT


Koala being fed on milk by Mr J. Hallstrom, of Willoughby (NSW), who is nursing it back to health despite two broken hind legs and a broken forefoot. The bear is tied to a rubber cushion, has its injured limbs in plaster, and supports itself by the upright post. INJURED KOALA AS PATIENT. (1943, December 1). The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article25981748

Sir Hallstrom was also a family man and was, in fact, the first gentleman to be named 'Father of the Year' in Australia.

Half a year prior to his death, in a Women's Weekly interview he said, when asked alike other what his perception of Heaven and Heel weer, he answreed: 
"HELL is a way of thinking. I don't have any Hell, because I have no terrors about anyone or anything. My outlook toward my neighbor is friendly. Heaven to me now is a happy home life. It's people who make Heaven or Hell."

Edward was born on the 25th of September 1886 at High Park station, near Coonamble, New South Wales, eighth of nine children of William Hallstrom, a saddler from England who was of Swedish descent, and his native-born wife Mary Ann, née Colless, a descendant of John Lees of the New South Wales Corps on her maternal side and also the gentleman who was responsible for building the first Methodist Church in Australia at Castlereagh. His parents marriage was registered in Mudgee on the 24th of October, 1873. Their children were William Charles (born 1874), Elizabeth E (born 1876), Mary A (born 1878), Christina Ida (born 1879) Ruby J (born 1882) Clement G (born 1883) Jessie M (born 1885), Edward J L (born 1886), Percival W (born 1888).

His father seemed to have a rough trot as a farmer, had problems with a neighbour farmer whose farming practices were ascribed as the reason for flooding on the Hallstrom farm and his losing fruit trees and valuable crops. A Court Case where William Hallstrom asked for £2000 in compensation resulted in £500 being awarded, although whether he ever received this is unsure. He was accused as being responsible for a barn burning down, for which he was arrested and later found to be innocent as the accuser was lying. Soon afterwards, in 1890, the family moved to Sydney.

Some records state Mr. Hallstrom left the family soon after their arrival in Sydney and that his wife struggled to raise their children on her own. A poem written by him and published in 1910 may indicate religious differences of some sort of a certain pride in his son Edward's penchant for aeronautics during this time.

Inventor And Businessman - From Aeronautics To Bedsteads To Refrigerators

At the age of 10 Edward Hallstrom began working at the weekend to help his family make ends meet. At age 13 he had left school to become an apprentice:

There’s room at the top of the tree -By Robin Adair
…. Then, of course, there was a boy named Edward, who was born at Coonamble, N.S.W., in 1887, the son of an English migrant, and who moved to Sydney as a baby. Edward started work at 10, doing odd jobs after school and at week-ends. He also left school at 13, for a job in a furniture factory. When he was 16 he was in charge of the factory and only a few years later set up his own furniture-manufacturing business.
His eventual big career - making refrigerators - doesn't mean Edward has a "cold" heart.

Fun (through "his" Sydney Zoo) and financial aid (through his many philanthropic gifts) have been given to thousands of Australians by Sir Edward Hallstrom. There's room at......the top of the tree (1961, May 24). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), , p. 4 (Teenagers' Weekly). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article46939964 

A quick mind and a love of every new advancement for humankind mark many chapters in Edward Hallstrom's life. He was quick to support by funding advances in medicine and embraced, as someone who saw all these possibilities, what could become, initially this showed in a penchant for air, for birds, and flight and wishing to be his own man - this was the first 'business' Edward Hallstrom went into, possibly one of many who sought to win this offer from the Federal Government - 1909 being the same year the Orville brothers secured eleven thousand pounds from the American government for a similar challenge - there is a little on these early flight developments in Pittwater Regatta Air Race Trophies: from 1934 and 1935 and The Pilot Who Saved William Hughes

For Mr. Hallstrom, this was obviously a great idea and a chance to win a fortune. This was also where and when, during one exhibition, he met the girl who would become his wife and the association which began his being among the First to Fly in Australia at Narrabeen:

COMMONWEALTH AEROPLANE. FEDERAL GOVERNMENT'S OFFER. MELBOURNE, Thursday. The federal Government has de rifled to otter a prize of £5000 for tie inventor of an aeroplane capable of being made nee of In war time, on condition that a similar amount be raised by public subscription. COMMONWEALTH AEROPLANE (1909, July 23). Daily Post (Hobart, Tas. : 1908 - 1918), , p. 6. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article187879423

Wright Aeroplane Sold. AMERICAN GOVERNMENT PAYS £11,000.

As a result of Mr. Orville Wright's success in completing a straight flight with the Wright aeroplane over a distance of five miles, then turning and coming straight back, the U.S. Government has awarded him a prize of £5000, and has agreed to purchase the machine for £6000.

Mr. Wright, in accordance with the conditions of the trial, carried a passenger, Lieutenant Faulois, and the flight was made at the rate of 42 miles per hour. A despatch from- St. Paul states that a proposal is being forwarded to Mr. Wright and to M. Bleriot, for an aeroplane contest between the two aviators, to take place at the Minnesota State Fair. A prize of £5000 is offered for the competition. Wright Aeroplane Sold. (1909, September 11). The World's News (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 1955), , p. 12. Retrieved  from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article133973958 

AEROPLANE FACTORY. 
The first aeroplane factory established in the southern hentisphere has been started in Sydney. The works are situated in Surry Hills. and consist, of a two-storied building, sufficiently large to allow many full-sized aeroplanes and war kites to be constructed. Eight war kites are now being built, and a large aeroplane is ready to be assembled. Following on the foot-steps of the British authorities, the Sydney factory is paying a lot of attention to war kites.' These models, which are now nearly built, are an improvement of the British productions. The defect in the latter, as in most large kites, was that they required a very strong wind to lift them. With the local variety, however, this, it is claimed, has been got over, owing to simpler construction and modified ideas- all of which wili tend to perfect this type of flying machine.

Mr. George A. Taylor. Secretary of the Aerial League, said that the possibilities of the man-lifting kite have not yet been fully realised. He considered that the war kite-simple to build, cheap, and compact, can be more easily transported in the field of operations. For a place like Australia, he contended, with her wide unpopulated areas and lack of communication, and with lonely scattered defences- war kites, especially if fitted with wireless telegraphy, will be preferable to torpedoes, Dreadnoughts, or aeroplanes. This type of flying machine possesses advantages over military balloons, Mr. Taylor thinks, as any variety of the latter is difficult to transport, if not impossible, owing to the cost of gas. cylinders, and expense of up-keep. The model, which looked enormous, was shaped somewhat like the wings of a bird. The arms on each side measured 15ft., or 30ft. across from tip to tip. Below these wing-like planes is another smaller pair, the height from the lower to the lipper set being 10ft. This new war kite showed that wonderful thought has been expended, with a view of obviating wind resistance anil vacuums, which in all air vessels is one of the greatest diilliculties to overcome. Unlike other models produced in England and the Continent, the Sydney varieties have the planes curved upward, so as to give a lifting power of their own.

A frame of a full-sized aeroplane is only awaiting its engine from Melbourne before being tested with other war kites at the aviation display to be held late this month. An interesting feature of the latter demonstration will be the installation of wireless telegraphy. Some of the kites to be flown will be supplied with this method of communication, and will prove no doubt of interest, seeing that the coming military manoeuvres are near at hand. Mr. Taylor, in exposing some of the material ready to be adopted in his kites and aeroplanes, said that the possibilities of wireless telegraphy.should especially appeal to Australia, as it will be the means of bridging silent spaces in a way hitherto impossible.

''We will have 50 aeroplanos in use by the Government within the next few years. War kites-they will be in common use, and wireless telegraphy will be fitted to them.j Had the Waratah been fitted with wireless telegraphy her messages could have been received by war kites over many times the distance that would have been possible with an ordinary receiving station. That shows you the great possibilities of these handy reliable, and cheaply-made methods of flight." AEROPLANE FACTORY. (1909, October 7). Clarence and Richmond Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1889 - 1915), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article61502009 

See: 

BUILDING AUSTRALIA EXHIBITION.
The attractions at the Building Australia Exhibition have been so varied of late that huge crowds now visit the grounds morning and evening. Yesterday the balloon ascent, the flights of the war kite and the numerous other displays proved exceeding interesting. A  further trial of model aeroplanes took place when the Postle Bros of Ashfield and Mr Hallstrom of Summer Hill tested new models. Those who attended were aroused to a great pitch of enthusiasm over the exhibitions. Mr. Hallstrom flew his model from one end of the Exhibition Hall to the other and Messrs Portle also succeeded in accomplishing equally sensational flights …
 BUILDING AUSTRALIA EXHIBITION. (1909, November 6). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15084052

LECTURES.
AERONAUTICS, with Exhibition of Original Working Models, by E. J. L. Hallstrom, Esq. (Inventor), of The Ricketts Hallstrom Aeroplane Coy., Eastwood, N.S.W., at School of Arts, 275 Pitt-street, Sydney, on MONDAY', Dec. 27, at 8 p.m. Musical Programme at conclusion of lecture. Aerial League Members cord. inv
. Advertising (1909, December 25). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 13. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15075749

AERONAUTICS.
Mr. E.J.L. Hallstrom of the firm of Ricketts, Hallstrom Aeroplane Company, delivered a lecture last night at the School of Arts under the auspices of the Australian Natives' Association. Mr Ricketts occupied the chair, and read a paper by Mr Hallstrom, which outlines the history of flying machines.Mr Hallstrom then produced and described several model flying machines of his own invention. One of these was the small monoplane which he had first exhibited in public in Queensland. It was driven by a propeller worked by elastic and on being released it flew smoothly down the hall and dropped on to a vacant seat. Another monoplane of his own invention was shown. This he stated had attained a flight of 200 yards, which, he said, was a world’s record for a model.
During the evening, Mr. George Taylor, secretary of the Aerial League, addressed the meeting and expressed regret at the lack of interest exhibited in aerial matters in Australia
. AERONAUTICS. (1909, December 28).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 4. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15074063

This Queensland visit is significant as it establishes Mr. Hallstrom in Queensland during this time and when and where he may have initially met his first wife. One of his brothers, Percival, spent a fair amount of time in Queensland too prior to this and appears among Rowing competitions back in Sydney afterwards. Another brother, Clement, also married a Queensland girl. Their mother had a relative in the area and the boys may well have been sent north for work opportunities.

GLIDING AND AEROPLANING. 
TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD

Sir -At the Sydney School of Arts last Monday evening in a paper read by Mr. Hallstrom of the Ricketts Hallstrom Aeroplane Company, re aerial navigation, a suggestion was thrown out by the speaker that gliding was a preliminary to aeroplaning was essential and seeing that gliding in other parts of the world has developed into a comparatively safe and certainly a most exhilarating pastime is it not wise that Australians should be moving.
Geographically we have a country in the suburbs of Sydney particularly suited for the sport having the necessary inclines for the pastime and suitable to making successful ascents.
Moreover the temperament of the people of this country would lend itself to this pastime as the sport is one that would appeal to them once introduced, and is one requiring judgment, a little nerve at the earlier stages, and for purposes of health it would be hard to strike on anything so beneficial. Moreover excellence in the sport would serve as a necessary introduction to aeroplaning. Seeing that Australia from its geographical position has more to gain than possible any other country by successful aerial navigation for defence and other purposes it would be wise for the Federal Government in addition to the £5000 prize for the most successful Australian aeroplane to subsidise by a small grant clubs formed for the purpose of fostering the gliding sport as successful aeroplanes are of comparatively little utility unless we have people with the necessary experience in driving them which can best be attained in gliding. I am, etc.. NATIONAL SPORT.
 GLIDING AND AEROPLANING. (1909, December 30). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15094851

AERIAL LEAGUE
“An Aeronautical Evening” was the title of the Aerial Leagues entertainment at the Royal Society’s House last evening. The proceedings were opened by a paper by Mr. G. Garland on “The Aerial Defence of Australia”, in which it was graphically pointed out how Australia today is defenceless against aerial attack. He was followed by Major Rosthenthal, who lecture on “Modern Artillery in relation to Aerial Invasion”, illustrated with lantern slides of what the world is doing to put up some kind of defence against the new terror.
Mr. G. A. Taylor spoke on “Failures and Successes in Australian Aeronautics” which contained much valuable advice. His flights at Narrabeen Heads were graphically told and illustrated by striking photographs, his new machine, now complete, was shown in the air. A number of interesting models were shown, those by Messrs. Hallstrom and Heath Bros. being exceptionally clever.
 AERIAL LEAGUE. (1910, January 27). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15150110

The Aerial League of Australia had a successful meeting at the Royal Society's House one night last week, when a large audience .was treated to what was styled 'an aeronautical evening.' Mr. Charles L. Garland opened the proceedings with a lecturette on 'The Aerial Defence of Australia,' pointing out .how the conquest of the air was fraught with very great danger to the Commonwealth, as it proved an opening for. an attack in a sphere for which we were utterly unprepared. He was followed by Major Rosenthal, who gave an interesting description of the various methods the Old-world aviators were using in endeavoring to combat aerial attack, and he incidentally mentioned that the equipment for such purposes was very necessary in Australia in view of the activity in that quarter in other countries. Mr. George A. Taylor dealt with 'Failures and Successes in Australian Aeronautics.' He pointed out the varied work that he had been doing in aeronautical matters, laying particular stress upon the war kite construction which he had prepared for the recent exhibition, and how when success was almost assured, the City Council stepped in and put a stop to the experiments. He contrasted the action of the local body with that of the Paris Municipal Council, which was offering £4000 to encourage aerial experiments. The sensational gliding flights carried out by Mr. Taylor and his brother members of the Lillienthal camp, Narrabeen, were illustrated and described, and created great enthusiasm. Mr. Taylor also showed a new aeroplane he had just completed, which overcomes many of the difficulties of modern aeroplanes. He then exhibited a view of the engine that is now being installed in his monoplane. A number of interesting models were shown by Messrs. Hallstrom and the Heath Bros., and they won particular praise. These models contain many features new to the science, and the members of the League hope that the attention of our moneyed gentlemen will be drawn to these clever experimenters, so that their work can be fittingly encouraged. Motoring! (1910, February 2). Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), , p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article120141340

At age 24, meanwhile in Croydon, the Inner West of Sydney:

THE NEW SOUTH WALES STORM. MUCH DAMAGE DONE. LOSS OF LIFE FEARED.
Sydney, July 10.
There was a break in the storm during the night, but this morning there was a shift in the wind to the northward, and the gale raged with renewed vigor, accompanied by blinding rain squalls. The highest velocity of the wind was 57 miles an hour. All along the coastline the storm is in full blast, rough seas sweeping the whole seaboard- Shipping so far has escaped serious disaster, but a number of minor casualties have been reported as a result of the battle with the elements. …
At Croydon yesterday Mr. E. Hallstrom, an enterprising mechanic, possessed an aeroplane, which he had constructed at the cost of much time and trouble. It reposed in an apparently safe hangar. Today he possesses neither aeroplane nor hangar, only a mass of torn canvas, broken wood-work, and other debris. In the height of the storm yesterday the wind gained an entrance to the hangar, and in a moment there was rending of canvas, and the hangar had departed. The aeroplane then went on its first and only trial flight, and made its descent in the back yard of a dwelling, just missing an elderly occupant, Mr. E. A. Thomas, who subsequently explained that he saw it coming, and thought if was a large bird.
 THE NEW SOUTH WALES STORM (1910, July 20). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), , p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5257190

LECTURE.— On Saturday Captain G. A. Taylor, of the Commonwealth Intelligence Forces, delivered his very instructive and entertaining lecture on 'Wire-less telegraphy and aeronautics' to a fair audience on behalf of the School of Arts. The Hon. Joseph Cook, M.H.R., ex-Minister for Defence, occupied the chair, and in introducing Captain Taylor, said he was an enthusiast on the topics of wireless and aviation, especially in relation to Australian Defence, and that his knowledge of these matters would be quite up to date, and second to that of none in Australia. The lecturer fully justified Mr. Cook's remarks. His lucid and often racy explanations of otherwise abstruse facts kept his audience .wide awake for considerably over an hour. A model aeroplane, made by Mr. Halstrom, who assisted Captain Taylor, was launched amongst the audience by an electric spark. Ken. Hunt (a younger son of Mr. ,T. C. Hunt, M.L.A., the worthy member for Sherbrooke) dodged the flying machine — which made a bee-line for him from the platform — with all the agility of a politician skilfully evading an awkward question. A cannon was also fired by electricity. Miniature wireless posts and other electrical apparatus on the platform wore used by the lecturer to illustrate his remarks, and the magiclantern having caught, tho strike epidemic, Captain Taylor well made up for its absence by his lightning skill as a black-board artist. On the motion of Mr. ,T. J. Price, president of the School of Arts, a hearty vote of thanks was given to Captain Taylor, who, it may be said, is the editor of 'Building' and the 'Marine Engineer,' Sydney.  Kerosene was first used for lighting purposes in 1826. Baulkham Hills. (1910, November 12). The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW : 1888 - 1950), , p. 8. Retrieved  from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article85999546

The Hallstrom- Nineham and Hallstrom - Jaffrey weddings.

MARRIAGE. HALLSTROM-NINEHAM.-At St. Paul's Cathedral, Rockhampton, by the Rev. Mowbray O'Rorke, Clement George Hallstrom, of Sydney, to Mabel Frances, only daughter of A. C. and T. Nineham, of Mount Morgan. Family Notices (1910, November 26).Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1878 - 1954), , p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article53199243 

HALLSTROM-JAFFREY - On April 6th, at the residence of the bride's parents, by the Rev. Scott Macdonald, of Scots Church, Clayfield, Edward Hallstrom, of Summer Hill, Sydney, to Margaret, youngest daughter of Douglas Jaffrey, Raie Villa, Merthyr-road, New Farm. Family Notices (1912, April 10). The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), , p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article19724361 

Margaret was a Maryborough girl originally and a talented artist. Her father was the Engineer for the Water Supply after coming ashore from being an Engineer aboard steamers. He is credited with many useful inventions himself while in charge of these works and he and Edward may have met, through their mutual interest in 'advancements'. There is more on this gentleman under Extras and References.

Hallstrom-Jaffery.
The marriage of Mr. Edward Hallstrom, of Summer Hill, Sydney, to Miss Margaret Jaffery (youngest daughter of Mr and Mrs W. Jaffery, late of Teddington, Maryborough), took place on April 6 at Raie Villa, New Farm (the residence of the bride's parents). The ceremony was performed by the Rev Scott Macdonald. The bride, who was given away by her father, wore a simple frock of Brussels lace and a wreath veil. She was attended by her sister (Miss Jean Jaffery) as bridesmaid, and Mr. J. G. Gawthorp (Brisbane) acted as best man. After the reception Mr. and Mrs. Hallstrom left by the RMS Osterley for Sydney, their future home. Hallstrom—Jaffery. (1912, April 17). The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), , p. 19 (Courier Home Circle). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article19752197 

Jean, sometimes 'Jane' Jaffery was a Nurse, one thread in a lifetime focus on health worth noting.

Edward and Margaret Hallstrom had three girls and a boy, Grace Margaret, John Edward, Thelma Jean, and Esme Elliott. Their first child was born in December 1913 and Esme in 1918.

As stated in the 'Room at the top of the tree' article, Edward went into a furniture making business as an apprentice and then began his own business. 

Soon after the trying to win the government aeroplane prize, another invention, which will not be the last time Mr. Hallstrom seeks to add to the defence of Australia, appears in the National Archives of Australia's Letters for Patents lists:

E J L Hallstrom claims he has invented a shell for striking vessels below the water line - 1914, record created by the Navy Office, Department of Defence.

Unfortunately the tragic death of one worker, never really explained but seemingly caused by an injury which sounds like concussion, resulted in bankruptcy. The law suit brought by the poor man's wife was protracted and went through a few courts, indicating in many a such case, the lawyers may have recouped more than those they represented. The widow was awarded £500.

This tragedy seemed to mark Mr. Hallstrom in other ways - once successful and giving away hundreds of thousands of pounds that amounted to millions of dollars in today's terms, the number of times he gave £500 could indicate this was a marker of some sort for him. It was £500 damages his father was awarded in 1888 too due to losing his own livelihood, an enormous sum for then. 

The case attracted nationwide press as the award was made under the newly introduced Workmen's Compensation Act of 1926. Prior to this the young father showed some of the enterprise that extended throughout his life, experienced what many go through when running a business and also lost his father

This era of making beds is also notable as another Edward Hallstrom first as these are reputed to be innerspring mattresses – the first in Australia:

The Timber Industry
Mr. Hallstrom, an enterprising furniture manufacturer, of Pyrmont, Sydney, started a saw-mill at Micalong about eight months ago, on the most -up-to-date and modern lines, and must be finding the mountain ash a good proposition, as we have just learned from a reliable source that that gentleman is now having plans and specifications prepared to install a branch of the furniture-making business in the district. The idea is to use hydraulic or hydroelectric power to dress and prepare the timber, after seasoning it, thus avoiding the carriage on waste material. The use of cheaper power will also be of advantage. The Timber Industry. (1921, November 4).The Tumut and Adelong Times (NSW : 1864 - 1867; 1899 - 1950), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article139023442

Fittings for bedsteads — Hallstrom. Advertising (1922, January 18). Daily Commercial News and Shipping List (Sydney, NSW : 1891 - 1954), , p. 5 (Weekly Summary.). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article159680282

PUBLIC NOTICES. OWING to a death in the Family' the establishment of E. J. L. Hallstrom, Abattoirs-road, Pyrmont, will be closed on Thursday. Advertising (1923, March 14). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 8 (LAST RACE EDITION). Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223463119

HALLSTROM.—March 14, at Sydney, William Hallstrom, sen., aged 80 years. Privately interred. Family Notices (1923, March 16). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16055890

Cracksmen - Attempt at Pyrmont Fails
Sydney – Monday

Hallstrom’s bedding factory, at Pyrmont, was broken into during the night by cracksmen, who removed the safe at the back of the factory. After packing it they tried to blow it open. The lock was damaged but the door held fast.
 CRACKSMEN. (1923, July 16). The Maitland Daily Mercury (NSW : 1894 - 1939), , p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article124488530

Hallstrom, E. J. L.. Ltd. — Regd.
19.11.23. Capital: £10,000 in £1 shares. Objects: To acquire by agreement the business of a wire mattress and general manufacturer now carried on by Edward J. L. Hallstrom under the style of E. J. L. Hallstrom. First Directors: Edward John Lees Hallstrom (chairman) and Paul Jenner Ure (deputy). Regd. office: Sydney. 
COMPANIES REGISTERED (1923, November 28). Daily Commercial News and Shipping List(Sydney, NSW : 1891 - 1954), , p. 5 (Weekly Summary.). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article159922017 

PYRMONT FIRE.  POLICE INVESTIGATING. THIEVES SUSPECTED.
THE police are investigating a suspicious outbreak of Fire which occurred in the premises of E. J. L. Hallstrom, Limited, bedstead and wire-mattress manufacturers, Abattoir road, Pyrmont, at about 3 a.m. yesterday.
When discovered the fire was beginning to secure a hold on the contents of the factory, and had destroyed some bedsteads and timber. A safe near the front of the promises was found to have been tampered with, and traces of kerosene were found near this safe and in other parts' of the building.
Mrs. Addison, of Edwin-street, Drummoyne, was going towards her home, in a car in the early morning when she saw the fire gaining headway in the factory. She motored to the fire brigade, whose prompt action averted a serious fire, especially as a timber-yard adjoins the factory at the rear.
Last night Mr. Hallstrom stated that two previous attempts had been made to break the safe in the past six months. Once an explosive charge had been placed in the lock, but had only blown part of the door away. On the latest occasion the bottom of the safe was cut, and safebreaking tools were found nearby.
 PYRMONT FIRE. (1924, February 18). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16107932

WALL V HALLSTROM. Ruby Lilian Wall, of Leichhardt, a widow, appealed from the Judgment of the Full Court of the Supreme Court on the question, whether a wire mattress maker, who met bis death while In the employ of respondent, died through an accident arising out of and in the course of bis employment. Wall was engaged as a wire-drawer by E. J. Hallstrom, bedstead manufacturer, Abattoir-road, Pyrmont, and shortly after he had had his lunch he was found lying dead In a comfortable position on his left side, near the bench at which he worked, with his head on his left arm. There were slight abrasions, but nothing of any Importance, and there were no external signs of Injury; but a post mortem examination revealed the fact that there was a very extensive fracture of the skull. There was no evidence of any kind whatever to show how that was brought about. There was evidence that deceased had been ailing for two or three days beforehand, and that he had complained about his head. Judge Scholes In the Metropolitan District Court, on the hearing of an arbitration under the Workmen's Compensation Act, made an award in favour of the widow for 500, but the Supreme Court set It aside. The widow now appealed from the latter judgment. Mr. SI'Donell (Instructed by Messrs. Jennings and Jennings) appeared for the appellant, and Mr. Monahan (Instructed by Messrs. Dawson, Waldron, Edwards, and Nlcholls) for the respondent. The matter stands part heard. November 28, 1924, The Sydney Morning Herald · Page 6

LAW REPORT. HIGH COURT OF AUSTRALIA.
(Before Sir Adrian Knox, C.J., Mr. Justice Isaacs, and-Mr. Justice Gavan Duffy.)
WALL V HALLSTROM.

Argument was concluded In the appeal by Ruby Lilian Wall, of Leichhardt, a widow, from the Judgment of the Full Court of the Supreme Court on the question whether a wire mattress maker, who met his death while in the employ of E. J. Hallstrom, bedstead manufacturer, Abattoir-road, Pyrmont, died through an accident arising out of and in the course of his employment.
By consent, the order of the Supreme Court and the award made by Judge Scholes were both discharged, and the claim was remitted to arbitration by an arbitrator under the Act, other than the previous arbitrator, no costs to be decided at present, either of former hearing before arbitrator or of appeal before Supreme Court.
Mr. McDonell (Instructed by Messrs. Jennings and Jennings) appeared for the appellant; and Mr. Monahan (instructed by Messrs. Dawson, Waldron, Edwards, and Nicholls) for the respondent.
 LAW REPORT. (1924, November 29). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16180012

WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION CASE.
An application was made, under the Work-men's Compensation Act, for arbitration between Ruby Lillian Wall, of Elswick-street, Leichhardt, widow, and E. J. Hallstrom, of Abattoir-road, Pyrmont, bedstead manufacturer, from whom she claimed £500 in connection with the death of her husband, who was employed as a wire drawer at the defendant's factory. Wall was found dead near his work, but nothing definite could be arrived at regarding the actual cause of his death
The case came before Judge Scholes, who awarded the widow £500 compensation. His Honor held that Wall had died as the result of a fall at his place of occupation on July 5, 1923. The respondent contended that Wall's death was not due to an accident arising out of his employment. An appeal to the Full Court against the Judge's decision was upheld, and the award was set aside. From this decision, the applicant appealed to the High Court, which referred the matter back to the District Court for arbitration de novo.
According to medical evidence, Wall had a fractured skull, but no definite opinion could he given as to whether this had caused his death.  The case is part heard. Mr. Windeyer, K.C., and Mr. McDonnell (instructed by Messrs. Jennings and Jennings) appeared for the applicant; and Mr. Monahan (instructed by Messrs. Dawson, Waldron, Edwards, and Nicholls) for the respondent.
 DISTRICT COURT. (1925, March 6). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16198659

WALL-The Friends of Mr. ANTHONY THOMAS WALL and FAMILY are Invited to attend the Funeral of their late loved HUSBAND and FATHER, Anthony Thomas; to leave 60 Tebbutt-street, Leichhardt, THIS AFTERNOON, at 1.1S, for Church of England Cemetery, Rookwood, via Lewisham Station. F. DANGAR, Funeral Director, 'Phone, MW1468._02_George-street West.
ALL.-The Relatives and Friends of Mr. and Mrs. GEORGE HENRY WALL and FAMILY are invited to attend the Funeral of their late loved SON and BROTHER, Anthony Thomas; to leave 60 Tebbut. street, Leichhardt, THIS AFTERNOON, at 1.16, for Rookwood Cemetery.
 Family Notices (1923, July 7). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16079022

MYSTERIOUS DEATH
Award of £500 to Widow

A widow, Mrs. Ruby Lillian Wall, of Elswick-street, Leichhardt, was recently awarded £500 by Judge Scholes in respect to the death of her husband, an employee at E. J. Hallstrom's, a bedstead manufacturer, of Pyrmont. Her husband was found lying dead beneath his bench at the factory. Death was caused by injuries, probably the result of a fall, but nothing definite could be ascertained as to how he came to fall. On appeal the Full Court upset the Judgment— but the High Court ordered a fresh arbitration by another judge. To-day Judge Mocatta reaffirmed the decision of Judge Scholes. He found that Wall met his death as the result of an accident arising out of his employment, and awarded the widow
 £500. MYSTERIOUS DEATH (1925, March 13).The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 9 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222944296

AWARD OF £500
WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION ACT.;

SYDNEY, Friday.— Judge Mocatta, in the District Court to-day, awarded £500 under the Workmen's Compensation Act to Ruby Lillian Wall, of Leichhardt, in respect of the death of her husband, who was an employee. of E. J. Hallstrom, bedstead manufacturer, of Pyrmont. Wall was found dead at his work on July-5, 1923, from a fractured skull. 
A stay of proceedings was applied for on behalf of respondent. In view of the appeal, the judge said he would delay the signing of the award for 14 days.
AWARD OF £500 (1925, March 14). The Daily Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1903 - 1926), , p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article219083523

Due perhaps to the ongoing court case any improvements Mr. Hallstrom made in his beds factory were listed in his wife's name: Application for Letters Patent for an invention by Margaret Elliott Hallstrom, titled Improvements in joint connections for bedsteads or the like Contents date range 1926 – 1926

E. J. L. HALLSTROM LTD.
Extraordinary Resolution, Passed 29th January, 1926.

AT an Extraordinary General Meeting of the Members of the above named Company, duly convened and held at 47 Elizabeth-street, Sydney, on Friday, the twenty-ninth day of January, 1926, the following Extraordinary Resolution was duty passed as an Extraordinary Resolution :—
That it has been proved to the satisfaction of this meeting that the Company cannot, by reason of its liabilities continue its business, and that it is advisable to wind up the same, and accordingly that the Company be wound up voluntarily; and that William Harrington Palmer be and is hereby appointed Voluntary Liquidator for the purposes of such winding-up.
Dated this 30th day of January, 1926.
E. J. L. HALLSTROM, Chairman
.  
E. J. L. HALLSTROM LTD. (1926, February 5). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 726. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223019734

The new factory was listed for sale
 
UNDER INSTRUCTIONS FROM THE RECEIVER  FOR THE DEBENTURE HOLDERS. 
PERCY A. WELLS and COMPANY  will sell on the Premises. 
E. J. L. HALLSTROM, LTD., MOORE-STREET, LEICHHARDT. THIS DAY, AT 11 A.M. 

HAIGH COMBINATION MORTISING MACHINE AND DRILL. 25-H.P. ELECTRIC MOTOR AND SAHTER . (WESTINGHOUSE). 21-H.P. ELECTRIC MOTOR G.E. TENONING MACHINE BY T. AND R. C.I. AND SYOODEN SAW BENCHES. HOT PRESS MOULDER FOR IMITATION CARVING. 
TRIPLE SPINDLE DRILLING MACHINE. MATTRESS STITCHING MACHINE. VERTICAL MOULDING SPINDLE. HAND DRILLING MACHINE. 
STURTBIT AND BUFFALO BLOWERS, No. 2.  LARGE QUANTITY SHAFTING. HANGERS, PULLEYS,  BALL BEARINGS, ETC. ' 
QUANTITY OF SCRAP LEAD. ETC.  CUPOLA BLOWER AND PIPING.  QUANTITY OF GIRDERS, ANGLE IRON AND RODS.  17,ASSORTED BEDSTEAD WEBS. OFFICE FURNITURE. IRON SAFES, ETC.  JOINERS AND CARPENTERS' BENCHES, CLAMPS, ETC. 
PERCY A. WELLS AND COMPANY, MACHINERY AUCTIONEERS.  COMMERCIAL BANK BUILDINGS, 663 GEORGE-STREET,  HAYMARKET. Phone. City 10928.
 Advertising (1926, January 28). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16275911

BY ORDER OF THE RECEIVER FOR DEBENTURE HOLDERS.
A LARGE FACTORY PREMISES and LAND, lately occupied by E. J. L. Hallstrom. Ltd.. known as No. 87 MOOHE-STUFET, a short distance from BALMAIN-ROAD. EMINENTLY SUITABLE FOR MANUFACTURERS. IRON MERCHANTS, BOTTLE and TIMBER
MERCHANTS.
… TORRENS TITLE. RICHARDSON and WRENCH, LTD., will submit the
above at PUBLIC AUCTION, in the ROOMS, 98 PITT -STREET, on FRIDAY, 9th APRIL, at 11 a.m.
 Advertising (1926, April 7). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 18. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16284937

By Older of the Mortgagee
LEICHHARDT LARGE FACTORY PREMISES and LAND lately occupied by E J L Hallstrom, Ltd, known as No 87 MOORE STREET, between the premises of J Bardsley and Sons, Ltd , and the Hunter River Meat Preserving Co , Ltd. A short distance from Balmain road  EMINENTLY SUITABLE FOR MANUFACTURERS, IRON MERCHANTS, BOTTLE AND TlMBER MERCHANTS, OR MOTOR TRADEs THE LAND has a frontage of about 152 feet to Moore street by depths of from about 196 feet 3 ½ inches to 150 feet 11 ½  Inches, rear line about 150 feet 2 Inches
THE BUII DINGS COMPRISE Two story brick building, containing 2 offices, with cellar below, and large Iron building, with brick floor, extending back for the full depth of the land, and partly along the rear boundary. Also a one story brick building (about 70 x 65), with iron roof, brick floor, and furnaces installed.  Attached are 2 iron sheds, also small weatherboard and Iron Shed. A large portion of the land Is vacant, and available for further building extension. Key for inspection may be obtained at No 130 Moore street, opposite property.
TORRENS TITLE A P Sparke, Esq., 12 Castlereagh street, Soucitor for Mortgagee
HARDIE  and GORMAN PROPRIETARY, LTD, in conjunction with J F Green and Co, have  received instructions to submit the above at Public Auction in their Sale Rooms, Ocean House, 30 Martin place, at 11 am on  WEDNESDAY JULY 28 1926. 
Advertising (1926, July 17). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 20. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16306473

[Notice under Section 11 of the Bankruptcy Act, 1898.] In the Supreme Court of New South Wales. (25,348)
IN BANKRUPTCY.
Re Edward John Lees Hallstrom, formerly of Abattoirs road, Pyrmont, now of Moore-street, Leichhardt.
NOTICE is hereby given that a Sequestration Order has this day been made against the above named bankrupt, on the petition of Ruby Lillian Wall, and Mr. C. F. W. Lloyd appointed to be the Official Assignee.— Dated at Sydney, this 3rd day of February, 1926. N. C. LOCKHART, Registrar in Bankruptcy. 
IN BANKRUPTCY. (1926, February 12).Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 821. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223019949 

E. J. L. HALLSTROM LTD.
THE creditors of the above named Company are required, on or before Monday, the 17th day of May, 1926, to send their names and addresses, and particulars of their debts or claims and the names and addresses of their solicitors, if any, to William Harrington Palmer, of 47 Elizabeth-street, Sydney, the Voluntary Liquidator of the said Company, and if so required by notice in writing from the said Voluntary Liquidator are to come in and prove their said debts or claims at such time and place as shall be specified in such notice, or in default thereof they will be excluded from the benefit of any distribution made before such debts are proved. WILLIAM HARRINGTON PALMER, Voluntary Liquidator. 47 Elizabeth-street, Sydney. 29th April, 1926.
E. J. L. HALLSTROM LTD. (1926, April 30). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 1950. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article219950677 

The family moved to Dee Why in late 1927 or 1928. Then what was to become the turning point in Edward Hallstrom the Inventor's life was also listed in his wife’s name due to ongoing bankruptcy proceedings which continued while this eventuated and marked in just four words:

Patents 13, 475. M. E. Hallstrom.- Refrigerating apparatus. COMMONWEALTH APPLICATIONS. (1928, June 20). Daily Commercial News and Shipping List (Sydney, NSW : 1891 - 1954), , p. 8 (Weekly Summary.). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article160009916 

From National Archives (of Australia): Application for Letters Patent for an invention by Margaret Elliot Hallstrom, titled - Improvements in refrigerating apparatus 1928

The ‘Debentures’ were still trying to sell factory late in 1928, possibly to begin a new enterprise, definitely to feed and house children:


Advertising (1928, August 25). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 25. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16489068

To the Nth. Sydney Boys' Intermediate High School. E. J. Hallstrom. Artarmon;  HIGH SCHOOL NEXT (1928, February 2).The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 22 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224227664

QUALIFIED TO ENTER THE HIGH SCHOOLS OCTOBER EXAMS.
As a result of the High School entrance examination' held last October the boys and girls named qualified for admission to the Intermediate High Schools mentioned. They will be enrolled upon application to the principals of the following schools on February 5
MANLY I.H.S … Hallstrom, E. J., Dee Why;  
QUALIFIED (1929, January 24). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 17 (CRICKET STUMPS). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230369725

This Notice of prizes won lists so many rural prizes at the 1930 Brookvale Show that it could easily have been a smaller rival for the Royal Easter Show.

Crayon Drawing (fruit or flowers), boy or girl 16 years or under: Jean Hallstrom 1 Best Pen-and-ink Copy of Cartoon, boy or girl 13 years and under: Jean Hallstrom 1. Original Design, in water or dry color, for  book cover, 7in. by 5ln. (not less than three colors), schoolboy or girl— Esme Hallstrom 1Map of Australia, 16ins. by 12ins. (school boy or girl) Jack Hallstrom 1. Mapping Book, at least 5 maps (schoolboy or girl): Jean Hallstrom 1. Water Color Painting, from copy (school boy or girl): Jean Hallstrom 1. BROOKVALE SHOW (1930, April 12). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 7 (LAST RACE RESULTS). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223705078 

Jean and Esme continued drawing and their drawings were published. The third and fourth ones show a lovely nature, a love of ‘fairy nooks’ perhaps, and a talent for art. The Hallstrom home at Willoughby amounted to 21 acres at the time it was sold after Sir Hallstrom passed away. Bush pockets and a park were donated to Willoughby Council prior to then. Perhaps these provided inspiration, along with popular stories every child has access to. 

Their mother painted all her life and kept supporting local endeavours:

Lady Hallstrom gives her paintings away


A TINY, grey-haired woman sat on a doorstep in Montmartre last year with a Polish artist, and painted a picture of the steep cobbled street in front of her. More than 100 Sydney women looked at the picture yesterday, and heard the artist — in a slim black suit, with elegant leopard skin hat and scarf — tell stories of her overseas painting tour. She is Lady Hallstrom, wife of Sydney philanthropist Sir Edward Hallstrom, who lent 30 water colors for an exhibition for the Metropolitan Group of the Country Women's Association. Proceeds of the showing, which was at Abbotsleigh, Cammeray, will buy furnishings for a room in Keera House, the CWA holiday home at Dee Why. New pictures None of the pictures had been shown previously. They are mostly landscapes and street scenes from the British Isles, Europe, Scandinavia and parts of America. Lady Hallstrom, soft-voiced and unassuming, said, "I painted them all in one or two hours each. The largest is about this big (indicating a canvas about 18in by 10). "I have no idea how many other paintings I've done — I couldn't even guess." Her companion on the seven months' trip (her second abroad) was Mrs. Grace Holswich, of Sydney. They returned last November. 

Paints antiques 

"Grace doesn't do much painting, only a few copies," Lady Hallstrom said. "She likes to look at antiques — and I like to paint them." On all her travels Lady Hallstrom took a bottle of water and a folding seat with her painting essentials. She took the water to mix her paints, in case none was available where she felt like painting, and used to set up the seat with equal aplomb in the streets of townships or on mountain tops. Although she has been painting since she was 16, Lady Hallstrom has never had a public exhibition, and has never sold a painting. Her exhibitions have been for charities, and she prefers to give away her paintings rather than to sell them. Photo: Lady Hallstrom speaking to C.W.A. members against a background of some of her paintings.  Lady Hallstrom (1954, May 13). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 49 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230778845  

Jean went on to have a career as a sculptor TAFE teacher in Arts and exhibited her paintings as well. Many of the busts donated by her father to commemorate notable people and historic steps were created by her.

These sketches, winning prizes, also shows the same 'earning it for yourself' ethos their father learnt as a 10 year old had translated across the generations. As pocket money, 7 shillings and 6d (2 ½  pence) in 1934 would be around £13.87 today or $23.35 cents, not bad pocket money for teenagers and ranking the Hallstrom girls as among some of Sydney's youngest professional artists of that era.

Jean’s: 


BIB AND BUB were one day lost in the bush. This scene shows their return to the "Sunbeams" family, much to the joy of all. For this sketch, Jean Hallstrom (17), 26 Ryans-rd., Willoughby, wins 7s 6d. No title (1934, July 22). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 54 (STUMPS). Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229571987


BY THE SEASIDE.— Purple Certificate to Jean Hallstrom, 26 Ryan's-rd., Willoughby. CASH PRIZE STORIES (1934, November 4). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 3 (SUPPLEMENT TO THE SUNDAY SUN AND GUARDIAN). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230156160


Purple certificate to Jean Hallstrom (17), 26 Ryan’s road, Willoughby. No title (1934, December 23). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 4 (SUPPLEMENT TO THE SUNBEAMS). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230165925

Memorial to Sir Joseph Banks

A £2000 memorial to Sir Joseph Banks was unveiled at Kurnell, Botany Bay (where he landed with Captain Cook), last week by Governor-General McKell. THE monument was given by Mr. Edward J. Hallstrom. Mr. McKell and Mrs. McKell and Mr. Hallstrom. and his daughter, Mrs. Jean Hill, planted banksia trees behind the memorial. Mrs. Hill modelled the head of Banks for a bronze plate on the memorial. Memorial to Sir Joseph Banks (1947, September 15). Worker (Brisbane, Qld. : 1890 - 1955), , p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71311271 

MEMORIAL TO FIRST GOVERNOR.

The Maritime Services Board, in consultation with the Royal Australian Historical Society, plans to erect a memorial to the first Governor of N.S.W., Captain Arthur Phillip, in front of the Board's new building on Circular Quay. The memorial will overlook Sydney Cove, which is still the official name of Circular Quay, where Phillip established the first settlement on the banks of the Tank Stream in 1788. A metal plaque for the memorial is to be provided by Sir Edward Hallstrom. MEMORIAL TO FIRST GOVERNOR. (1953, August 5). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222897997 

THE GOVERNOR PHILLIP MEMORIAL

This Memorial has just been erected in front of the Maritime Services Building, Circular Quay West, Sydney. It was just about this spot that Captain Arthur Phillip, R.N., landed in Sydney Cove on January 26, 1788. On the rear of the sandstone pedestal is this inscription: "This Memorial was erected by the Maritime Services Board of N.S.W. in conjunction with the Royal Australian Historical Society. The bust of Captain Phillip was sculptured by Mrs. Jean Hill, daughter of Sir Edward Hallstrom, through whose generosity the bust was donated." THE GOVERNOR PHILLIP MEMORIAL (1954, August 18). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224517088 

This last entry for the Arthur Phillip work was recently moved and can now be seen at the Museum of Sydney on the site of Australia’s first Government House. This Museum of Sydney page even shows a photograph of the sculptress at work.shared by her daughter

Esme’s:
Blue Certificate to Esme Hallstrom (14), 26 Ryans rd„ Willoughby.


Queen of the Wattle Fairies ,  7s 6d to Esme Hallstrom (14), 26 Ryan's rd., Willoughby. Queen of the Wattle Fairies (1933, July 23). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 2 (SUPPLEMENT TO THE SUNDAY SUN AND GUARDIAN). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article231441741


SUMMER GIRL.- — Purple. Certificate, to Esme Hallstrom. 26 Ryan's-rd,. Willoughby. No title (1934, November 25). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 2 (SUPPLEMENT TO "THE SUNDAY SUN AND GUARDIAN"). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230152425

Results of the 1937 final examinations of the Technical Education Branch are published below…East Sydney: COMMERCIAL ART COURSE Stage III- …  Esme Hallstrom  ART DEPARTMENT. (1938, January 5).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17422817

The Hallstrom girls earlier art works show the family has moved to Willoughby, while a Discharge of Bankruptcy Notice show Mr. Hallstrom is getting ready to begin again with the refrigerators he became famous for - soon after the 1928 Patent Letters applied for Notice appears, so does this little invention from a gentleman in America - no fridges were being made in Australia, they were all imported:

WHAT IS THE ICY BALL?

This is an age of progress, and the latest example in the West ls the Icy Ball Refrigerator. The Icy Ball requires no Ice, freezes ice cream, Jellies, and keeps food in even, temperature. It Is easily operated, requiring five minutes every 24 hours, yet is claimed to do the working of any  refrigerator. without cost. No electric light is required, or running water, and the price ls from £32 10s cash, or easy terms can be arranged. Demonstrations daily at N. Phillips and Co, 867 Hay-street, Perth.WHAT IS THE ICY BALL? (1928, September 2). Sunday Times (Perth, WA : 1902 - 1954), p. 11 (First Section). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article58363277

Right: Icy Ball Advert with diagram FRESH, FROZEN FOOD (1928, December 19). Crookwell Gazette (NSW : 1885 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article221337859

BANKRUPTCY.
TAKE NOTICE That Edward John Lees Hallstrom, of 26 Ryan-street, Willoughby.
To the Official Assignee and Creditors.
TAKE NOTICE that Edward John Lees Hallstrom intends to apply to the Court, Supreme Court Building, Elizabeth-street, Sydney, on Monday, the 8th day of February, 1932, at 10 a.m., or as soon afterwards as the course of business will admit, that a Certificate of Discharge be granted to him under and according to the provisions of the Bankruptcy Act, 1898.—Dated this 20th day of January, 1932.
C. E. CHAPMAN, Solicitor for the Applicant, 29 Bligh-street, Sydney.
  IN BANKRUPTCY. (1932, January 22).Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 404. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220231666


Above from: Advertising (1932, March 26). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 4 (LAST RACE RESULTS). Retrieved  fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229884320

By 1933 Mr. Hallstrom had not only launched his 'White Frost',. he had also become an exporter:

To: PAPEETE. E. Hallstrom, 3 cs refrigerator units. NEW SOUTH WALES EXPORT MANIFESTS. (1933, December 19). Daily Commercial News and Shipping List (Sydney, NSW : 1891 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article161578998

The Food Saver That 'Pays For Itself'

It should be no surprise that a man who began life in rural areas and had a mother of country upbringing, and who began working himself at age 10 should focus on producing something that could be used to benefit people in the rural areas of Australia, without electricity in many cases, and make it affordable as well as safeguarding your health.

As a Cabinet Maker constructing something which could be cooled down, after decades of already being fascinated with machinery, began many improvements on great ideas. A list of his patents charts these:

Application for Letters Patent for an invention by Edward John Lees Hallstrom , titled - Improvements in refrigerating apparatus employing the absorption principle - 1934: Patent Office - Retrieved from the National Archives of Australia

Application for registration of a design by Edward John Lees Hallstrom for Refrigerator - Class 1 - 1934: Patents Office - Retrieved from the National Archives of Australia

Application for Letters Patent for an invention by Edward John Lees Hallstrom titled - Improvements relating to condensing means in refrigerating apparatus 1935: Patents Office -  Retrieved from the National Archives of Australia

Application for Letters Patent for an invention by Edward John Lees Hallstrom , titled - Improvements in household refrigerator cabinets 1936: Patents Office -  Retrieved from the National Archives of Australia

DAWN OF NEW ERA

HALLSTROM Improved Refrigerators - Kerosene Operated

NO other home utility gives greater convenience than a Refrigerator. It eliminates food waste and begins to pay for itself from the moment of installation. A HALLSTROM refrigerator in a country home is a necessity not a luxury, and requires two minutes daily attention in lighting a small kerosene lamp which automatically burns out.

In Australia a local industry of paramount interest to country dwellers has been pioneered and built up after years of experimental work, and the problem of food preservation for country people has been solved by the HALLSTROM kerosene operated Refrigerator. The inventor, E. 'Hallstrom, who holds Australian and world-wide patents, is also the manufacturer. In his spacious factory at 462-464 Willoughby Road, Willoughby, Sydney, the refrigerators are constructed entirely of Australian materials.

Why HALLSTROM Refrigerators are only available in Chest Models: On opening an upright refrigerator cold air descends and is lost. On the, opening of a Chest Model the cold air remains imprisoned.

European and American refrigeration engineers and inventors have found great difficulties in producing a non-electric semi-automatic refrigerator, and this field of refrigeration research and manufacture is strewn with numerous models placed on the market, subsequently recalled, and production stopped.

The HALLSTROM Refrigerator; which has proof of efficiency in country homes throughout Australia, will give a lifetime of service, is fully guaranteed, and costs less than 2/~ per week in kerosene. PAYS FOR ITSELF! See Local Agents for E. F. Wilks & Co., Ltd.; Simplex Baltic Machinery Coy., Ltd.; and Dangar Gedye & Co., Ltd. Trade names in N.S.W.: "Gulbraneen," "Hallstrom," and "Magicold." DAWN OF NEW ERA (1935, August 2).The Land(Sydney, NSW : 1911 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article104197748 

The New Era for Country Home Life PROGRESS AND COMFORT.

What a boon— non-electric Refrigerator for the country. Kerosene costs 2/- a week.

New Era in Home Comfort. 

An ancient refrigerator marks the starting point of a new era in home comfort and good preservation. A starting point which like the car Industry was destined to expand with enormous strides until to-day almost everyone who can afford either a car or a refrigerator will add thorn to their list of modern possessions. The automobile has justified itself by the comfort and convenience it gives its owner. A refrigerator in a home has developed far beyond though degree of a luxury and has become a modern household necessity. For many years since the advent of commercialised electric power city dwellers were tho only section of the community who could obtain a suitable typo of convenient, refrigerator. Consequently country dwellers have up to fairly recent years still had to grapple with one of the most difficult problems the housekeeper has to face in summer months. Primarily it is a question of family health, but, in addition, there is the Important question of expenses Involved in food wasted. The food which quickly becomes unsuitable for consumption in hot weather represents so much money wasted. 

Pays for Itself. 

The modern refrigerator therefore provides not only a definite protection to health, but, remarkable though it may seem on first thought, it is one of the  really modern household appliances I which pays for itself as time goes on.  Large quantities of meat immediately 1 after a 'killing' on a country property can be stowed away and kept fresh and I wholesome for long periods. In addition I it enables the housewife to enlarge her I table menu with all the delicacies which I can be provided in mid-summer by use of a refrigerator. It is impossible to live in the city without being 'refrigerator minded.' Every modern home is incomplete without a refrigerator. In the country districts people are rapidly taking advantage of the boon to their home life which the advent of a nonelectric refrigerator has brought them. 


A visit to the large and modern factory of Edward John Hallstrom, of Willoughby, Sydney, gives a striking impression of the growth of this branch of the non-electric refrigeration industry which he has pioneered in Australia. Mr. Hallstrom is the inventor and manufacturer of the Semi-automatic kerosene operated refrigerators which have built up for him a fine reputation for so successfully fulfilling the pressing needs of such a large proportion of the population. 

Simplicity and Trouble Proof. 

A remarkable feature of the Hallstrom manufactured refrigerator is its extreme simplicity and trouble-proof system of operation in providing perfect refrigeration. All that is required by the User is to light a small kerosene lamp once a day, which automatically burns out after a short while, involving a total running cost of 2/- per week In kerosene. These kerosene operated refrigerators have no moving parts or mechanism, are strongly built to last a lifetime, and each unit passes through a most thorough process of testing as to construction and the Hallstrom factory. The cabinets have been designed and constructed to give the maximum of refrigeration any storage capacity, and by reason of the 'chest type' design of the cabinet, cold air remains imprisoned when the lidiIs lifted for the purpose of handling foodstuffs, which is a decided advantage in maintaining uniform refrigeration efficiency.These remarkable refrigerators are covered by patent rights throughout the world, and their perfect efficiency in every climate in Australia as well as the Pacific Islands has justified the confidence in them of the N.S.W. Distributors, Messrs. Dangar Gedye & Co. Ltd. The view expressed by one used after the arrival of a Hallstrom manufactured refrigerator to his country home, which Is typical of many others, was expressed an follows: 'The dawn of a now era has arrived for people compelled to live in the hot drought-stricken area.' Seeing is believing, and those who have not yet had the opportunity of actually wooing the Hallstrom manufactured non-electric refrigerator in operation should write for particulars, and arrangements will be made for a demonstration by the N.S.W. Distributors, Messrs. Dangar Gedye & Co. Ltd. either at their head office or their local country town agents.When Catholics (1935, September 19).Catholic Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1932 - 1942), , p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article146504295 


Above from: Advertising (1935, October 12). The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946), p. 55. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article141763675

Progress: The Hallstrom Era

For many years since the advent of commercialised electric power, city dwellers were the only section of the community who could obtain a suitable type of convenient refrigerator. Consequently country dwellers have up to fairly recent years still had to grapple with one of the most difficult problems the housekeeper has to face in summer months. Primarily it is a question of family health but in addition I there is the important question of I expenses involved in food wasted. Food which becomes unsuitable for I consumption represents so much money wasted. The modern I refrigerator provides definite protection to health and is one of the really modern household appliances which pays for itself as time goes on. Large quantities of meat immediately after a "killing" on a country property can be stowed away and kept fresh and whole-some for long periods. The house-wife can also enlarge her table menu with all the delicacies in mid-summer by use of a refrigerator. It is impossible to live in the city without becoming "refrigeration minded." Every modern home is incomplete without a refrigerator. Country people are rapidly taking advantage of the boon to their home life which the Hallstrom nonelectric refrigerator has brought to them. The large and modern factory of Edward John Hallstrom of Willoughby, Sydney, gives a striking impression of the growth of this branch of the nonelectric refrigeration industry which he has pioneered in Australia. 

Mr Hallstrom is the Inventor and Manufacturer of the Semi-automatic kerosene operated refrigerators which have built op for him a world wide reputation for so successfully fulfilling the pressing needs of such a large proportion of the population. A remarkable feature of the Hallstrom manufactured refrigerators is their extreme simplicity and trouble proof system of operation in providing perfect refrigeration. They are also extremely economical. The user simply lights a small kerosene lamp once a day, which automatically burns out after a short while, involving a total running cost of 2/- per week m kerosene. They have no moving parts or mechanism — are strongly built to last a lifetime, and each unit passes through a thorough process of testing as to construction and refrigeration efficiency before leaving the Hallstrom factory. The Hallstrom refrigerators are trouble proof, give a lifetime of refrigeration efficiency, are most simple to operate and cost only 2/- per week in kerosene which is their sole running cost. They have I been Installed in thousands of homes J throughout Australia and the I Islands and their perfect efficiency in every climate has given womanly satisfaction to their enthusiastic tests Enquiries as to these Ideal country refrigerators should be seat immediately to the Victorian Distributors, Mitchell & John. Ltd., …Progress (1935, November 28). Cobram Courier (Vic. : 1888 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article188621076 

HALLSTROM LEADS WAY

The month decided upon for the public release of the 1937 Hallstrom Kerosene-operated Refrigerator is August. Then will be brought to the country public of Australia the most important development in the history of non-electric refrigeration. Country refrigeration has developed so much over the past 10 years that everywhere the advent of this entirely new product is awaited with most widespread interest.

The new model is a result of a decade of exclusive and specialised experience without parallel in the; successful manufacturing of nonelectric refrigerators in Australia; a success which each year has brought about the rapid expansion of manufacturing facilities and retail selling outlets.

This leadership of the entire refrigeration industry has been still further stabilised in the sensational announcement of the 1937 Model. In the new model is incorporated beyond doubt, the finest freezing unit ever produced in any type of kerosene operated refrigerator. It is aircooled, dispensing entirely with the usual water cooling system, and is encased in the most modern of streamlined white steel . upright cabinets. "Every feature has been designed to give greater efficiency, greater convenience, greater utility and moulded into a complete refrigerator unsurpassed in appearance- and ih value and at prices •unequalled in the entire refrigeration industry. 

Further important announcements will be made on this Hallstrom masterpiece, and August will witness its arrival, in most country towns throughout the Commonwealth. HALLSTROM LEADS THE WAY (1937, May 21). The Land (Sydney, NSW : 1911 - 1954), , p. 24. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article104149235 

HALLSTROM

PERHAPS the most interesting exhibit to country visitors to the Royal show Is that of the Hallstrom kerosene operated refrigerators being displayed by the manufacturers on their large stand in the new Australian Manufacturers' Hall. This exhibit has attracted particular interest on account of the new model, which has been termed the 1938-39 Hallstrom Centenary Refrigerator. The Important features about this refrigerator, from a country man's point of view is the extra large storage space, as well as the very safe and simple system of operation. Just by the mere process of an oil burning lamp, burning for two hours out of each 24-hours, continuous refrigeration is provided. They combine all the best features for country refrigeration, and at the price of £50/10/ F.O.R. Sydney, they certainly represent very excellent value, particularly as they are not only covered by a 3 years' guarantee, but are designed and constructed to give many more years of trouble-free serviceHALLSTROM (1938, April 14). The Farmer and Settler(Sydney, NSW : 1906 - 1955), , p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117161172 

COMPANIES ACT, 1936 (Section 323 (5)). NOTICE is hereby given that the names of the Companies set out below have been struck off the register. The Concentrating and Amalgamating Company Limited(In Liquidation).  E. J. L. Hallstrom Limited (In Liquidation)COMPANIES ACT, 1936 (Section 323 (5)). (1939, June 23). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 3077. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article225078141

Boys, strong, for refrigerator factory. Sheet metal experience advantage. Apply personally. HALLSTROM. 452 Willoughby road, Willoughby. 

SHORTHAND-TYPISTS. 20 years or over. Must be thoroughly competent. Apply personally, with references. HALLSTROM. 452 Willoughby road, Willoughby. Advertising (1939, October 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17638139 

The Silent Knight

During the early part of World War Two Edward Hallstrom made further improvements to his fridge invention and came out with what would be his one of his most successful  versions. He was also involved in the war effort, as were his children, son John serving, enlisting in 1939, while Jean;


SYDNEY, NSW. C. 1939. JEAN HALLSTROM. ONE IN A SERIES OF PORTRAITS OF EARLY MEMBERS OF WOMEN'S EMERGENCY SIGNALLING CORPS (WESC), MANY OF WHOM BECAME WRANS. THE ALBUM OF PORTRAITS WAS COMPILED BY MRS FLORENCE VIOLET MCKENZIE OBE, FOUNDER OF WESC, WHICH TRAINED SIGNALLERS AND TELEGRAPHISTS. (DONOR M. TAYLOR) Image No: P01262.207, courtesy Australian War Memorial


His factory produced munitions, as well as refrigerators for the American Army for medical purposes. By 1945 Hallstrom Pty Ltd was turning out 1200 refrigerators per week and employing over seven hundred people and invented a machine for refrigerating anaesthetics which he presented to Sydney Hospital during these years as well as 'body armour - which brings us to that 'silent knight and wooden cabinets evolving into steel ones'.

These were not only affordable they were accessible in post-war scarcity and when some complained of the high cost of running them with electricity, Mr. Hallstrom met their energy bills - for a while.

In 1940:

'Silent Knight'

YOU need a refrigerator, Perhaps you think that is just nonsense, but when you consider these facts we believe you will reach a difernt conclusion. A refrigerator Is essential to health because It keeps food fresh and wholesome throughout the summer months when every country woman ...Thnt weans thut It offori nioro stornne upset) than tho motordriven types, tin Important consideration. The 'Silent Knight' Is soundless and reliable. It Is the Ideal refrigerator you need. It Is operated by Kerosene lamp, gas Jet or electric element.  "Silent Knight" (1940, November 28). Advertisment Illustration from page 9 of same Issue: The Farmer and Settler (Sydney, NSW : 1906 - 1955), p. 7. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117484486

[Inventor/Submitter -] E L Hallstrom - Body armour - 1942: Record made by Army Inventions Directorate - Retrieved from the National Archives of Australia

EJL Hallstrom - Improvements in absorption refrigeration - 1944: Patents Office - Retrieved from the National Archives of Australia

Spectacular fire at Willoughby

Awakened by explosions which could be heard a mile away, hundreds of Willoughby residents early today watched a spectacular blaze which did £4000 damage at E. J. Hallstrom's refrigerator factory. The factory in Willoughby-road is worth £40,000, and firemen made a brilliant saveisolating the outbreak in the cabinet-packing Section. Here 400 refrigerators' — 200 ready for the usual daily delivery—were destroyed. Forty firefighters, directed by Deputy-Chief Officer Currer and Sixth Officer Bishop, quelled the fire in half an hour. Boiling over of a pot of bitumen, used for sealing the insulation in the refrigerators, is believed to have started the fire. Prompt action by resident works manager Ernest Bell, clad only in pyjamas, saved five motor lorries, which he drove to safety through flames. Spectacular fire at Willoughby (1948, March 2). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 5 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article228998411 

Mr Hallstrom rebuilt, spending thousands of pounds, and including:

Alterations and AdditionsE. J. Hallstrom, 462 Willoughby Rd., £1085Miscellaneous. Amenities building, cnr. Willoughby and Artarmon Rds.—E. J. Hallstrom, 462 Willoughby Rd., £1100; SMALL CONTRACTS (1948, April 14).Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 7. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222879281 

Clinic In Factory 


MR. E. J. HALLSTROM, Elizabeth Andrews (on bed), and Sister Hoy, in the clinic at Mr. Hallstrom's Willoughby (NSW) .factory. The clinic is for the treatment and examination of factory employees. Clinic In Factory (1948, May 30). Sunday Times (Perth, WA : 1902 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59481418 

Miscellaneous. Canteen, Willoughby Rd.—E. J. Hallstrom,462 Willoughby Rd., Naremburn, £5100SMALL CONTRACTS (1948, November 24).Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222880995 

Refrigeration tycoon E. J. Hallstrom is pining away for the sake of health. He's been dietinghas lost three stone in the last few months. Now his extensive wardrobe is flapping about him. To get them back into his new shape he's employed a new Australian tailor and fitted up a tailoring shop in his Willoughby factory. To make it a full-time job for the tailor E.J. will make his services available to the top brackets of the Hallstrom enterprise.

There's a touch of sardonic humor on the wharves these days, now that discipline has been tightened up. One company, quick to sack men for offences on its wharf, is known as the Rocket Range — all hire and fire. Another has its wharf named Taronga Park, because the wharfies say that the foremen are like wild animals. ARTHUR POLKINGHORNE'S (1951, September 17). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 11 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229722191 

Hallstrom's offer

A new-model refrigerator will be given by Mr. E. J. Hallstrom to anyone who has lost an uninsured Silent Knight refrigerator through bush-fires. Hallstrom's offer (1952, January 31). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 13 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230099147 

In a Sydney Morning Herald report of March 1970 on the funeral of Sir Hallstrom at St. Andrew's Cathedral, outside of which there were hundreds of wreaths from surf life saving clubs, from Ministers in Government, Macquarie street surgeons as well as friends, Mr. Hallstrom is noted as being called 'The Chief' by employees, a man who was generous and kind to those who worked for him but whose word was law. Reputed to be a strict man by his wife and children, who still adored him nonetheless, the discipline Edward had learnt as a boy translated into a driven man who was probably harder on himself than others.

Even though he left school at age 13 he never stopped learning or updating his inventions. Some records state Edward studied using the Harmsworth Self-Educator, encyclopaedias and scientific magazines.

In Never say never, a book narrative, illustrations and portraits by Esme E. Bell, his youngest daughter, the author records:
"There's always a way," he'd say. "Never think it can't be done."

Philanthropy - Health And Animals And Environment

Edward Hallstrom suffered from chronic bronchitis, which began when a small child at Coonamble. A focus on health for people concentrated on Cancer, TB and Heart conditions in massive donations which amounted to one million pounds over several years. Some records estimate he gave the same again to Taronga Zoo in donations of animals and facilities for years. 

His wife and his own family, with records of illnesses not cured for decades and family members who served as health professionals or served the community in other capacities, are firm threads in his private and public life: 

A New Auxiliary

A very successful meeting of women was held on Wednesday afternoon at Roseville for the purpose of forming an auxiliary to work for the Renwick Hospital for Infants, Summer Hill. Great interest was evinced in the movement, and it was decided to commence activities at once. The following office-bearers were elected:-Mrs. E. Hallstrom (president), Mrs. J. P. Osborne (vice-president), Mrs. E. Pye (honorary secretary), and Mrs. A. Diamond (honorary treasurer). BRIEFLY— (1934, March 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17057721 

One of his first large donations was towards a replacement for HMAS Sydney. Edward had an ongoing honouring of the Navy - one item indicates his grandfather was a Swedish sea captain, his father in law had served aquatically too.

On 19 November 1941, HMAS Sydney, a light cruiser of the Royal Australian Navy with an impressive record of war service, was lost following a battle with the German raider HSK Kormoran in the Indian Ocean off the Western Australian coast. The loss of the Sydney with its full war complement of 645 remains Australia’s worst naval disaster. The Kormoran was also sunk, but 317 of its crew of 397 were rescued. The fate of the Sydney remains one of Australia’s greatest wartime mysteries; even the location of the wrecks was not established until 2008.

The circumstances of the Sydney-Kormoran action also contain dramatic elements. The ships' careers had been the antithesis of each other. TheSydney was an outstandingly successful warship, the most famous of the RAN's ships in November 1941. Aesthetically elegant, she had created headlines with her exploits in the Mediterranean, especially the brilliant action off Cape Spada.

The Kormoran's mission was to shun the limelight. Converted from a freighter she was well armed with guns, torpedoes and mines, but this armament was carefully disguised so that only the closest scrutiny would reveal that she was not a merchant ship. It was not her role to fight fleet actions but to operate alone against unescorted shipping for months at a time, avoiding publicity and supported by clandestine meetings with supply ships in remote locations.

The two ships met off the Western Australian coast in the afternoon of 19 November 1941. In the ensuing action the Kormoran's disguise was sufficient to entice the Sydney into close range where she was able to overwhelm her with gunfire and torpedoes. However, although mortally hit, the Sydney was able to fight back and ensure the raider's destruction before limping slowly away to her own fate and that of her crew.


A starboard view of HMAS Sydney taken in August 1941 Courtesy AWM. Image No.: 301407

For 12 days the government maintained the strictest secrecy about the loss of the Sydney. When Prime Minister John Curtin made the first of two public announcements on 1 December 1941, he did little more than confirm rumours that the Sydney had been sunk. For the public the shock of the loss was accompanied by bewilderment that such a disaster could occur. A suspicion that information was being concealed was strengthened by the delay in making the official announcement, by the lack of any real explanation when the announcement did come, and by the secrecy which surrounded the official investigation of the disaster.

Commemorate Sydney's Exploits - NATIONAL FUND TO REPLACE GALLANT LOST CRUISER. Curtin Announces Plan— City Business Man Offers £1000

A national fund, to be known as “Sydney Fund," will be launched soon to commemorate H.M.A.S. Sydney's heroic achievements by replacing her with another cruiser.

The Prime Minister (Mr. Curtin) said in Canberra to-day that he favored this course and would instruct the Navy and Treasury to confer immediately to iron out "technical difficulties." "Let those patriotic citizens who wish to give money for the purpose of the war, give, and we shall name the ship the Sydney," he said.

The Minister for the Navy (Mr. Makin) also said that public-spirited people who wished to assist the Government In any such project would find that their assistance would be welcomed. "Already initial suggestions have been made by civic heads of both Sydney and Melbourne concerning a public appeal to forward such a project," Mr. Makin said. "I have no doubt that within the next week we shall be able to say more clearly what proposals would be best." 

A Sydney businessman to-day offered to start a fund' for the purchase of a new cruiser Sydney with a personal gift of £1000. He is Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, a refrigerator manufacturer, of Willoughby. "I feel sure that every person in Australia would spare something towards a nation-wide fund, If it were launched," he said.

Solemn Requiem Mass

Amid the peal of muffled bells, a huge congregation, representing every class and creed, united in paying their tribute to the memory of the men of H.M.A.S. Sydney, at the solemn Requiem High Mass at St. Mary's Basilica to-day. "We are united, to-day in a common bond of suffering," said Archbishop Gilroy, us he gazed out over a great expanse of faces where the deep mourning of mothers, wives, and sisters contrasted sharply with the white of naval summer uniforms. Women relatives of the men of the Sydney's gallant company were profoundly moved by the-solemn ritual of the Prayers for the Dead, and many affecting scenes were witnessed. The prayers were recited in Latin by the Celebrant (Rev. T. A. McNiven) and the deacons in black vestments around a catafalque draped in the white naval ensign and flanked by eight candles in  ebony sconces. 

Before a High Altar, hung with black and purple, a mourning color of the Church, the most solemn of Masses in the Church ritual proceeded with a choir of theological students intoning the responses. Myriads of candles sparkled as stars against a sable background. The congregation, which packed the Basilica to its southern doors, included Vice-Regal representatives and those of the Navy, Army and Air Force and of the political, civic, judicial and commercial life of the community. A contingent of Catholic naval men cut a swathe of  white between pews filled with women relatives of the Sydney men in sombre black. 

Phalanxes of olive-green and white were formed near the High Altar by girls of the C.UB.A. and V.A.D.'s. The Governor (Lord Wakehurst) and Lady Wakehurst, and Brigadier-General Anderson. representing the Governor-General (Lord Gowrie), occupied a special pew. One of the most moving moments of the ritual came when two naval buglers sounded "The Last Post" from a point high up in the newly-completed organ gallery. "Every one of us feels a sense of personal loss at the passing of a gallant company and this magnificent ship, that bore the name of our city," said Archbishop Gilroy. 

"To the mothers, fathers, brothers, sisters, wives, children and friends of the deceased risen I tender an expression of the most profound sympathy, a sympathy which, as you see, Is shared by this huge congregation. "Here are men and women, from all walks of life, all inspired by a common purpose before the altar of God, to express, their sympathy and unite their prayers for these men, whom. God has called before the judgment seat of the Almighty "We grieve because they have left us, but our grief is not without hope. They have passed from this vale of tears, and we join in offering for them the Mass. the most sublime prayer or the Church." 

The celebrant of the Mass, Rev. T. V. McNiven, was formerly a lieutenant on the first cruiser Sydney, which sank, the Emden. He was assisted by the Catholic chaplains of the Army and the Air Force.

Aid For Dependents

Normal dependents' allowances will be paid to relatives of the personnel of H.M.A.S. Sydney until the fate of the cruiser is finally decided. Official circles hope that survivors of the cruiser will be picked up to give an account of what happened to her. If, however, no survivors are found and the Navy presumes that tlie men are dead, the normal pensions operating. alike for wives and dependents of Navy, Army, and Air Force men lost in action will be paid. Widows with dependent children under the age of 16 get a weekly pension of 42s where the rate of pay of the member, did not exceed '26s 9d a day. Where the rate of pay exceeded 26s 9d a day, ; pensions vary accordingly to a maximum of 60s a week. In addition, 10s a week will be payable ' for the first child and 7s 6d each for the second and subsequent children.. Where a widow has no dependent children, the minimum schedule rates vary according to the rate of pay of the member of the forces—' from 23s 6d where the daily pay of the member was 6s a day to 60s a week where the daily pay was 50s or more. However, where the Repatriation Commission is satisfied that the circumstances of- the- widow justify an increase to the schedule rate, it may increase any such lesser rate to an amount not exceeding 42s a week. The Commission was liberal in its interpretation of its discretionary power, said the Chairman (Mr. John Webster) in Melbourne to-day. For instance, he said, personal earnings of a widow, assistance from sons or daughters, sick pay from any society, or organisation, and the first 20s weekly of income from investments, bank interest. &c., were disregarded. As a consequence, more  than 95 per cent, or the widows without dependent children now receiving pensions were being paid at the maximum rate of 42s a week. There will under no circumstances be any gap between cessation of naval payments and the commencement of payment of pensions. The Navy Board will Intimate to the Repatriation Department the date upon which it proposes to cease making the usual Navy payment to dependents, and upon that date the Repatriation Department will provide the first of regular pensions. 

Safeguarding Interests

The Minister for the Navy (Mr. Makin) said in Canberra to-day that dependents of the Sydney's men need have no fear that their interests will not be safeguarded by the Government. Assistance to dependents of those missing on the lost cruiser will be provided by the Royal Australian Naval Relief Fund Commodore Muirbead-Gould in charge of naval establishments in Sydney, will receive donations to the Naval Relief Fund for sailors' dependents Commodore Muirhead-Gould explained -to-day that the pensions which dependents of the Sydney's men would receive would be much less than the allotments that the men would send home but of each pay. The Royal Australian Naval Relief Fund was intended to help the needy who would be living in reduced circumstances through the loss of their men-folk. Mrs. C. J. Pope, president or the Naval War Auxiliary, said to-day that she knew of one dependent who needed money at once to pay the rent. “That is just one case, and there will be more," she added -Money may be needed for illnesses, and there are expectant mothers who may need help to tide them over."' Under the auspices of the N.S.W. Council of Churches, a special memorial service for the men of H.M.A.S. Sydney will be held in St. Stephen's Presbyterian Church, Macquarie-street, city, on Thursday, at 11 a m


Mr. E. J. L. Hallstrom, who has offered £1000 in .start a new Sydney land. Officers and ratings listen attentively to an address by Archbishop Gil my at the Solemn Requiem Mass at St. Mary's Basilica to-day for men of H. M.A.S. Sydney. Commemorate Sydney's Exploits (1941, December 2). The Sun(Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 3 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230958654 

NEW SYDNEY FUND TO OPEN AT ONCE. SYDNEY: 'The new Sydney fund' to replace HM.A.S. Sydney In Australia's naval strength Is to be opened Immediately the Lord Mayor (Alderman Crick) announced to-day. 

Duty of New South Wales 

In this nation-wide appeal will be to raise £1 000,000 by Christmas. The Lord Mayor of Melbourne (Cr. Beaurepaire) has already pledged his state to provide £500 000. Alderman Crick to-day sent telegrams to the Lord Mayors of all capital cities in the Commonwealth, inviting support.

Before 

Before the announcement of the fund, more than £6000 was sent to the Lord Mayor at the Town Hall. This Included £5000 from Mr. Frank Albert, whose son, the late Cadet Midshipman Otto Albert, was a Geelong College colleague of the late Captain Joseph Burnett, of H.MA.S. Sydney, and £1000 from Mr. E. J. L. Hallstrom, North Sydney businessman. NEW SYDNEY FUND TO OPEN AT ONCE (1941, December 3). The Newcastle Sun (NSW : 1918 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article167485535

Edward Hallstrom's daughter Jean's works weren't the only items of historical commemorations given by Sir Hallstrom:
"SIR JOSEPH BANKS PAPERS"
Australia's Most Valuable Documents
By GEORGE MACKANESS
THE sum of £2,000 recently allocated by Mr. McKell, together with the gift of £500 from Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, now brings the amount available for the editing and publishing of the Banks Papers to £3,800.
Few people are aware' however, of the extent and content of these Papers, which, both in historical value and in human and literary interest. comprise by far the most comprehensive and outstanding documentary material relating to the discovery and colonisation of Australia that we possess.
When David Scott Mitchell bought the Alfred tee collection of '"Australiana," the high spot was the MS. journal of Sir Joseph Banks, kept by him on Cook's First Voyage, and dating from August 25, 1768, to July 12, 1771. At Banks's cteath in 1820, this journal, which is in two volumes, with certain other papers, yvas handed to Robert Brown, the botanist, who intended to write Banks's life. When illness prevented his dome! so. Dawson Turner took over the task.
Documents for Sale
Again nothing eventuated except the making of a number of copies of the MS. In October, 1873. the whole of the material was deposited with the British Museum. Several scholars, including Lard Stanhope. Mr. Daydon Jackson, and Mr. John Ball, were then approached, with a view to writing the biography. None was willing.
In 1880, Lord Brabourne, whose grandfather and Sir Joseph Banks had married sisters, claimed the originals as his own property, and in spit« of the protests of the Museum authorities, carried them off. 
The documents were afterwards offered to the museum for sale, but as the price offered did not prove satisfactory to the vendor, the whole collection was broken up into 207 lots and sold by auction at Sotheby's on April 14. 1886. The Journal of Cook's Voyage (lot 1761 was described in the catalogue as "Bank.s's (Sir Joseph) Journal of a Voyage to the Sandwich Islands and. New Zealand, from March, 1769, to July, 1771, in the autograph of Banks." The earlier portion was missing from the lot sold. It was bought for £7'2/6 by Jotni Waller, an autograph dealer. The 207 lots realised in all £182/19/.
How the journal, in its entirety, came into the possession of Sir John Henniker Heaton, its next owner, we cannot say. In 1894, however, he sold it to Alfred Bee, from whom it passed to David Scott Mitchell.
Short Form Published
In 1816 Sir Joseph Hooker director of the Royal Gardens at Kew using not the original Journal but one of the Dawson Turner transcripts edited printed and published a shortened form of the Journal through Macmillan's. As he himself explains the original contained nearly double the amount of matter printed.. . "SIR JOSEPH BANKS PAPERS" (1944, November 4). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 7. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27940116 

Expert picture restorer Ronald Kingersley is busy working on about 100 authenticated European old masters at his Roslyn Gardens studio flat. The pictures are the Gregory
Board collection, had been left for ages in a garage.
They include Rembrandt's Head of a Capuchin Monk; a Gainsborough' portrait and works by Lancrets, Watteau, van Eyken, a portrait, by David Wilkie and Australian works, by Conrad Martens, Streeton, Gruner and Hilder. The European group was originally in the famous Bellisario collection.Kingersley, incidentally, recently restored the Audibon bird and animal pictures presented by philanthropist Hallstrom to the Audibon Institute, New York. ARTHUR POLKINGHORNE'S (1951, June 28). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 19 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230762590 

THE NAME OF SYDNEY. Portrait of Viscount Sydney Unveiled. A portrait of Viscount Sydney, after whom Governor Phillip named Sydney Cove, was unveiled at History House, Young Street, Sydney, Headquarters of The Royal Australian Historical Society, on May 19th last. The portrait, which was copied from the original in the National Portrait Gallery, London, by Mr. W. A. Moir, was presented and unveiled by Mr. E. J. Hallstrom. Advt.—Will party who picked up black cocker spaniel return him to or come and get the 8-year-old boy who owns him. THE NAME OF SYDNEY. (1952, May 28).Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223548365 

£200 prizes in play contest First prize of £100 cash is offered in the Playwrights' Advisory Board stage play competition, Sir Edward Hallstrom, Sydney philanthropist has provided total prize money of £200. Entries must be submitted by May 31, 1955. Details are available from Miss A. Sykes, Box 4220. G.P.O., Sydney. £200 prizes in play contest (1954, September 14). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 9. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article23458235 

By far the most Mr. Hallstrom gave in his early decades of success was to health - to saving lives and to set up new facilities for treatment and research

Mr. E. L. Hallstrom, photographed with the 'blue baby,' four-year-old Roy James, of, St.. Leonard's, Sydney. Mr. Hallstrom is paying all expenses necessary to take Roy and his mother and father to America, where the child will undergo an operation for cyanosis. Sydney doctors say that, without the operation, Roy would not have more than 12 more years of life— Photo by air from Sydney last night. Spectacular Fire At Fun Carnival: Sydney Luna Park Sensation (1947, April 13). Truth (Brisbane, Qld. : 1900 - 1954), p. 44. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article203126176

£10,000 FOR HOSPITAL. E. J. Hallstrom's New Gift
Mr. E. J. Hallstrom has given £10,000 to the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital. The board of directors of the hospital announced the gift yesterday.
The money will be used to establish the Hallstrom Research Fellowship. The Fellow, when appointed, will work in the Clinical Research Unit to be established at the hospital for general medicine and surgical work.  [Mr. Hallstrom's previous gifts include £50,000 to Sydney Hospital for cancer research.]
The general superintendent of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Dr. H. Selle, said last night:
"Because of Mr. Hallstrom's magnificent donation and other financial assistance, it is now possible for the board of directors to initiate and establish a research unit which will be com-parable with research units in England and America."
He added that as a result of Mr. Hallstrom's donation the Research Fellow would be appointed for a period of seven years.
A special committee set up by the board of directors, to be known as the Hallstrom Research Fellowship Committee, will supervise the work of the Fellow. £10,000 FOR HOSPITAL (1948, May 26).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18072571 

Mrs. Hallstrom survived this emergency 

Mrs. Hallstrom ill
Mrs. E. J. Hallstrom, wife of Sydney philanthropist and manufacturer E. J. Hallstrom, is dangerously ill in Kur-ing-gai Community Hospital where an emergency operation was carried out last night. Mrs. Hallstrom ill (1951, October 3). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 2 (LAST RACE ALL DETAILS). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229726451

Hospital Visit By Hallstrom
SYDNEY; Mr. E. J. Hallstrom visited a hospital at Ryde today to inspect possible accommodation for the treatment of some of the cancer sufferers who have been appealing to him.
Mr. Hallstrom is financing experiments in the treatment of cancer with the drugs aureomycin and ACTH and since publication of medical reports on the progress of 15 advanced cancer patients treated with the drugs, he has received innumerable appeals from cancer sufferers who want to volunteer as 'guinea pigs.' 'One doesn't realise just how many people there are suffering from cancer until a thing like this happens,' said Mr. Halistrom. 'Not one cancer sufferer will be refused help, but the problem is to work out the most practical way of helping.' Today's visit was to the Home for Incurables at Ryde, where Mr. Hallstrom inspected bed accommodation, in company with a group of doctors. Hospital Visit By Hallstrom (1951, December 11). The Newcastle Sun (NSW : 1918 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article159012194 

E. J. Hallstrom To Endow Cancer Research Clinic
Mr. E. J. Hallstrom announced yesterday that he intends to endow a general cancer research clinic in Sydney.
He said he hoped to arrange for a prominent Australian scientist to take charge of experiments there on the treatment of cancer.
Mr. Hallstrom recently has financed tests by two Sydney doctors, Major-General F. A. Maguire and Dr. Mabel McElhoneof a new treatment.
A paper published by them in the Medical Journal of Australia this week describes tests they have carried out for nine weeks on 15 patients.
They said they did not claim to have discovered a cure for cancer, but the results they had were identical with those achieved in controlling diabetes and pernicious anaemia “in which the disease is controlled, but not cured; but the patient is able to carry on normal life and live in com-fort for many years."
The two doctors have worked on a theory that cancer is the result of a virus.
Mr. Hallstrom said that the new clinic would continue work on this theory.
He had already arranged to obtain about 400 white mice from the United States for research work.
It had been shown in the United States that a mouse tumour or cancer could be cured. He was confident that a cure for cancer in human beings could be found.
However, he said, he wished to emphasise that Major-General Maguire and Dr. McElhone had not claimed a cure for cancer. E. J. Hallstrom To Endow Cancer Research Clinic (1951, December 7). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18243208 

This 1951 association with these two doctors marks the beginning of a long friendship with Dr. Mabel McElhone, who later became Sir Hallstrom's wife, and then lost her second husband in an even shorter time span than she lost her first. 

Mary Mabel McElhone was born in Sydney on the 4th of April, 1898, a fifth generation Australian. Her grandfather, father and uncle all had terms serving as Lord Mayor of Sydney. Mary had been a dedicated member of the VAD prior to WWII and when war broke out she was one of the first to enlist and sailed to the Middle East with the rank of Major and Assistant Comptroller. After a period of time the government decided to disband the VAD HQs in Cairo so McElhone returned to Australia. She discharged as Lt in the VAD on 11 June, 1942. She entered Sydney University and later graduated as a Doctor of Medicine as a gynaecologist  focused on cancer research.

Frederick Arthur Maguire was born at Cobar on 28 March 1888. He trained as a teacher and taught at Sydney Grammar School. In 1911, he graduated with Honours in Medicine at the University of Sydney. He served as Resident Medical Officer at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital and was a gynaecological consultant at other hospitals. He was Deputy Director of the NSW Medical Service before becoming Professor of Anatomy at the University of Sydney in 1920-22 and 1924-25. Maguire gave distinguished service in both World Wars. As Lieutenant-Colonel, he commanded the Ninth Australian Field Ambulance in World War I and was Director-General of the Australian Army Medical Services in 1941 and 1942. He was a member of the National Health and Medical Research Council, was on the NSW Council of the BMA, and was for many years Chairman of the Sydney Branch of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. He was Fellow of both the English and Australian Royal College of Surgeons. 

Well-known doctors wed
DOCTORS WED. Well-known Sydney Doctors, Dr. F. A. Maguire and Dr. Mabel McElhone leaving St. Mark's Church, Darling Point, after their wedding late yesterday afternoon. Dr. Maguire was Director-General of Army Medical Services during the war. He and his wife have been working together on cancer research, supported financially by Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, who was a guest at their wedding. Well-known doctors wed (1951, December 18). The Sun(Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 5 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230835420 

NEWLYWEDS Dr. F. A. Maguire and his bride, Dr. Mabel McElhone, whose marriage was quietly celebrated at St. Mark's, Darling Point, are spending their honeymoon in Tasmania.
Dr. McElhone, who is the eldest daughter of a former Lord Mayor, the late Mr. Arthur McElhone, and of Mrs. McElhone, of Potts Point, was given away by her nephew, Mr. Peter Throsby. Her sister, Mrs. Jim Throsby, was matron of honor and Dr. Lawrence Hughes was best man.
The bride went overseas as assistant controller of the first draft of V.A.s to serve in the Middle East. She began her medical studies before leaving Australia and completed her course when she returned.
Dr. McElhone was so engrossed in her work before her marriage that she didn't have time to try on her wedding dress, a dusty pink faille with black guipure trimming. She wore a matching pink hat with a black eye-veil, and black accessories.
These two doctors, who recently attracted world-wide attention with their report on their research on the treatment of cancer with antibiotics and ACTH, will return to Sydney in January to continue their work together. They will make their home at Darling Point.
The ceremony was followed by a small family reception for about 35 guests at the Macquarie Club. Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, who is financing clinical experiments on cancer sufferers, was a guest at the wedding. He brought the couple news that an American company planned to manufacture the drug ACTH in Sydney soon. Social gottings (1951, December 26). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), , p. 22. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article44554436 

Commandants Entertain
In honour of Miss Mabel McElhone, who has been appointed Assistant Controller of Australian V.A.D.'s Overseas, and Miss Lilian Boyd Irwin, who has been appointed commandant, 5i commandants of V A D s entertained at the Australia Hotel yesterday afternoon The guests of honour were received by one of the assistant State controllers of V A D 's, Dr. Frances MrKav Among those present were the Director-General of Medical Services, Major-General F. A. Maguire, and Mrs. Maguire, the State Director of Medical Services, Colonel Wilfred Vickers, and Mrs Vickers: assistant State controller of V A D 's, Miss Rosa Piper; and Miss McElhones mother, Mrs Arthur McElhone. SOCIAL AND PERSONAL (1941, October 30). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17771496 

Dr F A Maguire Buried Today 
SYDNEY.— High tribute was paid by hundreds of citizens who today attended the funeral of Major-General Frederick Arthur Maguire, former Director-General of Australian Army Services, who died on Wednesday night.
St. Mark's Church, Darling Point, where the funeral service was conducted by the Rev. C. A. Goodwin, was filled with service chiefs, doctors, lawyers, business men and representatives of leading organisations throughout the Commonwealth. Major-General Maguire, who was one of Australia's most distinguished surgeons and gynaeologists, was also a past Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of Freemasons in N.S.W.  Dr F A Maguire Buried Today (1953, June 12). The Newcastle Sun (NSW : 1918 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article161044435 

Many prominent doctors will attend the funeral tomorrow of Major-General Frederick Arthur Maguire, who died at his home in Ocean Street, Woollahra, last night, aged 65.
The late Maj.-Gen. Maguire
The funeral will leave for Northern Suburbs Crematorium from St. Mark's . Church, Darling Point, after a service at 10 am. Maj .-General Maguire was one of Australia's most, distinguished surgeons and gynaecologists. He was a prominent Freemason, being Past Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of Freemasons of NSW. In December, 1951, he married Dr. Mabel McElhone, with whom he had been collaborating in cancer research. Their joint report on the treatment with antibiotics and ACTH, which appeared in the Medical Journal of Australia, was the first published account of this treatment. 
Big war Task 
Major-General Maguire, who is survived by his widow and two children of a former marriage, was senior gynaecology surgeon at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, and gynaecological consultant at other hospitals, and honorary lecturer in Anatomy at Sydney University. He was acting - Professor of Anatomy between 1920 and 1922, and 1924 and 1925. He served in both World Wars and was Director-General of Australian Army Medical Services in 1941 and 1942. Major - General Maguire won the DSO and was four times' mentioned in despatches in World War I. He was honorary surgeon to the Governor-General, Lord Gowrie, from 1935 to 1940. FAMED CANCER EXPERT DIES (1953, June 11). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 23 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230727196 

The death occurred suddenly at his home at Woollahra on Wednesday last of Dr. Frederick Arthur Maguire, D.S.O., V.D. The late Dr. Maguire, who was a past Grand Master of the United Grand Masonic Lodge of N.S.W., was well-known in Bathurst, having visited here on numerous occasions, during his Masonic term of office. He was a brilliant orator and made many friends in Bathurst. Incidentally, the late Mr. W. G. Lee, former district Inspector of Schools at Bathurst, whose death was reported on Monday last, was a very close and life-long friend of deceased. Dr. Maguire is survived by his wife, one daughter and one son. The funeral will take place today (Friday) after services at St. Marks Church, Darling Point for the Northern Suburbs Crematorium. PERSONAL (1953, June 12). National Advocate (Bathurst, NSW : 1889 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article161667539 

£50,000 gift to cancer fight
Mr. E. J. HALLSTROM
Sydney, Friday
Sydney philanthropist Mr, E. J. Hallstrom today offered £50,000 to the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital for the campaign against cancer. He said the sum was for a “general attack on the disease," to include research and clinical treatment.
Dr Schlink, hospital chairman, said he was sure this "most generous offer” would be accepted by the board.
Three years ago a Hallstrom heart clinic was established at the hospital
"A separate unit will be established, similar to the heart clinic, and the whole problem of cancer will be attacked," Dr. Schlink said
£20,000 already
The £50,000 is additional to £20,000 Mr. Hallstrom has already given for cancer treatment, including: the use of A.C.T.H. and antibiotics
He said today that mice to be used for research were on their way from New York, and would be available early next month.
A committee on cancer research had been chosen Mr O'Sullivan, Minister for Health, said today. £50,000 gift to cancer fight (1952, January 5). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), , p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article23155641
 
In their report, Drs. Maguire and McElhone say that the standards of effective therapy in certain diseases are fourfold:
. A sense of well-being.
. Good appetite and digestion.
. Ability to carry on gainful occupation.
. Normal weight and blood pressure.
In the case of cancer therapy, the writers suggest two additional standards:
. Relief of pain.
. Relief of distressing symptoms.
The two physicians add that the investigation has been made possible by the generosity of Mr. E. J. Hallstrom who met the heavy expenditure involved in the supply of ACTH, cortisone and other drugs.
Mr. Hallstrom also bore the entire hospital fees of nearly all the patients in the group, including the serological, biochemical, pathological and radiological investigations.
Mr. Hallstrom has declared that he intends to endow a general cancer research clinic in Sydney and is arranging to secure the services of a noted scientist to supervise it. New Hope far Cancer Victims (1952, January 12). The World's News (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 1955), , p. 5. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article139912236 

Hallstrom To Order New Drug From US
SYDNEY: Sydney philanthropist Mr. E. J. Hallstrom will order from the United States a new drug which doctors there claim is having amazing success in the treatment of tuberculosis.
Mr. Hallstrom said he would ask the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Board if it could carry on clinical work with the drug in the Hallstrom Cancer Foundation. The drug, known as rimifon or hydrazid has been used experimentally on 92 'hopeless' T.B. patients in New York's Seaforth Hospital for eight months. The doctors there claim that the results have been astonishing and that the drug is very cheap. The entire treatment for cure of a T.B. case might not be more than £45, they claim. Hallstrom To Order New Drug From US (1952, February 25). The Newcastle Sun (NSW : 1918 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article160201256 

Millionaire Edward Hallstrom has pledged his wealth to fight disease in Australia - N° 1 BENEFACTOR
WHEN Edward Hallstrom heard that a new drug for treating tuberculosis had been discovered in America, recently, he opened his cheque-book and asked: "How much and when can we get it?"
This gesture by Australia's most publicised philanthropist was just one more blow in his fight against the three greatest killers, cancer, T.B., and heart disease.
Edward John Lees Hallstrom, of Sydney, is a product of the State educational system. He made his money out of refrigerators, and will leave, as his most enduring memorial, gifts of about £1 1/2 million to the cause of cancer research. This generous man of 65, who looks like a not quite-so-robust Dr. Evatt, has had publicity thrust upon him. Inherently reserved, he has cast diffidence aside when sponsoring unorthodox methods in the war against pain. His willingness to use any weapon, medically approved or not, that would ease the world's ills even by a fraction, has placed him often and squarely in the limelight, focused controversy upon him, and brought him publicity he neither wanted nor sought.

He knows a great deal about pain. For nearly 16 years he was never free from it. For five years, he was immured in a room with an unvarying temperature of 95 degrees. Pain became for him a constant companion. He had what the doctors call "a chest condition." Then the patient research of science brought the discovery of the anti-biotic drugs - penicillin, streptomycin, aureomycin, and so on - and ended his ailment.

SO it was, in the large sense, that he pledged himself to sponsor further research into the cure of disease, and decided finally to channel most of his gifts of money toward the anti-cancer cause.
"Why did I choose to war against cancer?" he said, repeating an interviewer's question. "I chose it because there is more desperate distress in that disease than in any other I know...

HE struck his first blow-a broad and massive one - when he gave £56,000 to Sydney Hospital to establish a clinic for the treatment of superficial cancer. Immediately, almost, there was a great human dividend. Doctors arrested cancer of the skin, lips, and mouth in hundreds of patients - and already E. J. Hallstrom had helped to diminish the sum of human suffering.

Only recently, he gave £50,000 to the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Board for cancer research, and for clinical treatment, making his total gifts to that hospital £80,000. He had already given £ 30,000 to promote and stimulate new cancer therapies involving ACTH and the anti-biotic drugs, he had, too, given £30,000 to endow the Hallstrom Heart Clinic at R.P.A.

GIVING away money, for no matter what purpose or motive, is not always easy, or even pleasant. There can be repercussions. Mr. Hallstrom found himself in some "disfavor" when he decided to bypass orthodox procedures and help the unorthodox, in the belief that every weapon should be tested in a bitter campaign. He had to face some official criticism - and his offer of £50,000 for research was actually refused by at least one organisation before it was accepted by the board of the Royal Prince Alfred. Mr. Hallstrom has never tried to treat, or advised any line of treatment for, a sufferer. His self-chosen role was to help provide the means, and the place, of treatment.

HIS belief, on which his benefactions firmly rest, is that the cure for cancer is at hand:
"Somewhere among these miracle drugs, which are the gift of science, I believe that there is at least one that may be a stepping stone to the complete cancer cure," he says.
That is one man's faith, the faith of a layman; the researchists share it, and daily grow more diligent in their search. Recently Mr. Hallstrom received a consignment of ACTH, valued at £1,400.
He showed the packages to an interviewer. Each was capable of easing the sufferings of a dozen patients.
"What will you do with the drug?" I asked him.
"Any doctor can apply for it - and he may have it without charge, if it will do good to some sufferer," he said simply.
IT is not only in the field of cancer that Mr. Hallstrom's gifts are bearing fruit.
Last March, another of his benefactions reached a dramatic climax: A young Sydney surgeon, whom Mr. Hallstrom sent to Britain and America for a two-year specialised course in the treatment of heart ailments, performed for the first time in Australia a delicate heart operation which may point the way to longer, useful life for thousands who have been stricken by rheumatic fever and its after-effects.
Since this first demonstration, the operation has been performed many times, always successfully.
His benefactions have not ended. In the cause of humanity, Mr. Hallstrom is, in the true sense, an adventurer, a man with an endless quest. Yet he is modest enough to see his work not as something noble or self-sacrificing -John BolandABOVE: Mr. Hallstrom. His generosity covers many fields - from giving sheep herds to New Guinea natives to animal welfare at Sydney's Zoo. Millionaire Edward Hallstrom has pledged his wealth to fight disease in Australia No1 BENEFACTOR (1952, March 20). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article23169526  

News in Brief - Hallstrom's Plans
Well-known philanthropist, Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, hopes eventually to establish cancer clinics in every major city in Australia. The first two clinics will be opened in Hobart and Launceston. Mr. Hallstrom has guaranteed funds for the operation of the clinics for at least three years. He has already made gifts totalling £200,000 for health research and treatment, including £50,000 for cancer research at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney. Mr. Hallstrom said that treatment of cancer sufferers with the drug ACTH had shown the need for early diagnosis of the dread disease. News in Brief (1952, May 6). The Lockhart Review and Oaklands Advertiser (NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article138776423 

Mr. Hallstrom was in no way a fool by giving so much to so many for so long, he personally went through all pleas for help and could spot genuine need.

Hallstrom Wary Of Imposters 
Quacks and impostors had no chance of imposing on him because he "did not part with his dough" unless he knew where it was going, Sir Edward Hallstrom told Wallsend Rotary Club last night.
In the last five years Sir Edward has given about £1,000,000 to further cancer and other researches. Taking as his subject, 'A Layman Meddles In Medicine,' he said this phase of his life had just 'grown on him.' He had seen his employees die and he wanted to do something to prevent it. Some years ago he wanted to give £20,000 to the then Minister for Health to test an anti-TB theory. He was also willing to maintain the laboratory, but was told to give the money to Sydney University. Sydney Hospital today had one of the best superficial cancer clinics in the world. Although not the largest, about 120 patients were treated daily and some received two and three courses of treatment a day. As a layman he believed cancer was a virus, but only time would tell whether his assumption was correct. On the subject of blue babies (leukaemia), Sir Edward said that in a few weeks time the 100th operation would be performed. The death rate since the operations started had been reduced to two per cent. Hallstrom Wary Of Impostors (1953, March 17). The Newcastle Sun (NSW : 1918 - 1954), , p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article160492543 

As well as giving to hospitals Mr. Hallstrom also built hospitals:

St. Ives C. of E. Hospital has received a donation from Mr. Hallstrom of £2,000 toward the construction of a large new hospital on land recently acquired. Opportunities for Business (1946, July 31).Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 6. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222874174 

WADDELL HOUSE EPILEPTIC CLINIC
SIR EDWARD HALLSTROM SETS FOUNDATION STONE

Saturday, 24th July, 1954, marks the day when a major extension of the Social work of the C.M.M. was begun. At 3.30 p.m. on that day Sir Edward Hallstrom, K.B., set the foundation stone for the new building and remodelling of the Waddell House Private Hospital. The importance of this venture is indicated by the public interest which it has evoked. Both the daily press and the A.B.C. have deemed it to be of sufficient import to warrant special mention. For several years the Sydney C.M.M. has been providing facilities at Waddell House whereby female Epileptics and nerve patients can be given accommodation and treatment. The last patient 4;o be admitted was in response to an appeal to Waddell House by a Federal Government Department, and came from the Gulf of Carpentaria. In addition to medical treatment, occupational therapy is provided, arid services conducted which1 greatly assist the patients toward recovery. Although a splendid work is already being done at Waddell House, the Superintendent and members of the Mission Executive have felt it laid upon their hearts to establish a clinic for research into the incidence, causes and cure of epilepsy. A panel of distinguished neurosurgeons has been formed who will supervise treatment as well as conduct the necessary laboratory work. The Clinic thus formed will be the only one of its kind in Australia, and one of only five in the world. Plans for the erection of the clinic and enlarged Hospital were prepared by Mr. N. W. McPherson, B. Arch, F.R.A.I.A., and the building contractors are William Hughes and Co. Pty. Ltd. £35,000 REQUIRED 
The cost of the new undertaking, together with essential furnishings, is £35,000. The question may be asked: 'Is the money in hand?', and the answer is 'No'; but the Executives of the Mission are deeply convinced that the need for such an Institution must be met, and are confident that the ministry to be exercised is so much in harmony with the Spirit of the Divine Physician, Who Himself healed the minds of men, that the people of Methodism will respond to the challenge.
Photo: Sir Edward Hallstrom, K.B., setting the foundation stone of the new Hospital. WADDELL HOUSE EPILEPTIC CLINIC (1954, August 7). The Methodist (Sydney, NSW : 1892 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article155623430 

CANCER EXPERTS AT RECEPTION

Sir Edward Hallstrom (centre) chats with visiting authorities on cancer, Professor R. McWhirter (left), Professor of Medical Radiology at Edinburgh University, and Dr. Brewster S. Miller, director of the professional section of the American Cancer Society, at the civic reception for the scientists at the Town Hall yesterday. CANCER EXPERTS AT RECEPTION (1954, October 2). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18450215 

A few of the many instances of giving to people:

Makes money, but HE LIKES GIVING
Mr. Edward John Hallstrom, Sydney zoologist, refrigerator manufacturer and philanthropist, who will arrive in Brisbane tomorrow, started work at the age of 10 and came up the hard way. He is visiting Brisbane to advise the City Council on the best method of disposing of the birds and animals in the Botanic Gardens. The son of an English migrant, Mr. Hallstrom was born at Coonamble (N.S.W.) 61 years ago. Heavily-built, grey-haired, cheery, and active, he leads a simple life. He does not drink, smoke, or gamble. 
Makes big gifts 
Mr. Hallstrom has been described as 'a man who has a good time giving money away,' and his philanthropy begins in the factory. He makes his employees many loans or gifts. Last month Mr. Halistrum. who is president of the Taronga Park Zoo Trust, gave £10,000 to a Sydney hospital, and said that by the end of June he will have given away £150,000. In January this year he offered 'cancer man' John Braund £20,000 to establish a cancer clinic. A week later he decided against it, and gave Sydney Hospital £50,000 for the same purpose. He will not say how much money he has given to Taronga Park Zoo, but last year he gave the zoo 1645 animals, including two elephants. Makes money, but HE LIKES GIVING (1948, June 6). Sunday Mail (Brisbane) (Qld. : 1926 - 1954), , p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article98321551

E. J. Hallstrom's philanthropy
SYDNEY. — A well-known Sydney philanthropist, E. J. Hallstrom, yesterday wrote an open cheque to cover the cost of sending a five-years-old half-caste boy to his father in Ohio (USA)
The boy, Geoffrey Joiner, was put in a Dalwood home early m 1947 by his white mother, who surrendered all claim to the child and she has since married. Geoffrey's father, Trennon Joiner, a negro who served in the U.S. navy during the war wrote to officials at home asking them to send his son to him. He informed officials he would have to use his life savings to pay the childs fare. Mr. Hallstrom presented the open cheque to pay Geoffrey’s transport from the door of the Dalwood home, to the door of his fathers home in Ohio." E. J. Hallstrom's philanthropy (1949, February 21). The Evening Advocate (Innisfail, Qld. : 1941 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article212138716 

E. J. Hallstrom Will Pay Plane Fare
GIFT TO JOYCE STERNBECK FUND
Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, well-known Sydney philanthropist, has donated £200 to cover the cost of Miss Joyce Sternbeck's return fare by plane from America. Miss Sternbeck will leave Sydney in B.C.P.A.'s new DC6 aircraft on Wednesday morning for America to enter the Kabi Kaiser Institute for treatment of multiple sclerosis. Additional contributions to the fund dye as follows: Acknowledged .... £2036 10 3 Emily Sternbeck (St. Alban's) ...... 500 £2141 10 3E. J. Hallstrom Will Pay 'Plane Fare (1949, March 28). Singleton Argus (NSW : 1880 - 1954) , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article82576559 

Mr. E. J. Hallstrom has donated £5,000 to Sydney Hospital for a building to house X-ray plant for cancer treatment.  Opportunities for Business (1949, November 30). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222883836 

Opinion. Hallstrom's enduring generosity
SON JOHN (right) of Sydney philanthropist E. J. Hallstrom (currently in New Guinea) talks with Sydney's Lord Mayor after presenting his father's £500 cheque for Tarakan relatives.

NOT long ago, I noticed, one of your correspondents nominated Sydney philanthropist E. J. Hallstrom the Man of the Year, in Australia for his enduring generosity in the war against cancer. . I silently applauded this at the time and my applause is repeated now that this man has shown all Australians (including the regulation-bound Navy) a lead by giving £500 to Sydney Lord Mayor Alderman O'Dea's fund for relatives of the Tarakan victims. In these days disaster cannot be offset by honeyed, words alone; people who are bereaved need money, and with typical promptitude Mr. Hallstrom has recognised this. If he is not knighted next year, something is wrong.— Tarakan Wife, Perth. Opinion (1950, February 10). The Daily News (Perth, WA : 1882 - 1950), , p. 5 (HOME). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article80830315 

The name 'Tarakan' refers to an accident that occurred on Garden Island on January 25th, 1950 aboard the H.M.A.S. Tarakan that resulted in eight men losing their lives. The tank landing ship [LST] HMAS TARAKAN, a 2,256 ton ship was undergoing a re-fit at Garden Island. Mercifully, most of her 90 crew were ashore, but 25 were still taking breakfast in a mess at the stern of the ship. 

At the Cruiser Wharf on Garden Island, for days people had been noticing petrol fumes around the ship - later found to be emanating from an emptied 2000 gallon fuel tank near the men's mess. 'Danger - No Smoking Signs' had been prominently erected. Fans had been set up to disperse the fumes.
On the morning of January 25th a workman aboard decided one of the fans was only blowing the fumes farther back into the ship. He flicked it off - igniting an electrical short spark. A sheet of flame enveloped the entire stern section of HMAS TARAKAN, and a jumble of steel completely trapped the 25 men in the mess. The ship was on fire.Three were killed immediately and another five died as a result of their injuries. 

The Navy Department of the then Menzies government were criticised for not providing adequate funds for men to be transported to their home towns around Australia for burial. This may have been influenced by Mr. and Mrs. Hallstrom honouring Margaret's father's legacy and Queensland being her other home, but it is also an incident that recurs frequently throughout Mr. Hallstrom's life - he simply loved people:

The body of Cook David Graydon, of Buranda (Q.), was taken to Brisbane today. Sydney philanthropist E. J. Hallstrom paid the expenses, amounting to £60/3/, following the refusal of the Navy Department to contribute more than £15 towards burial expenses. AID FOR TARAKAN FAMILIES (1950, February 3). The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), , p. 23. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article26694898 

Halstrom Acted As Nursemaid 
SYDNEY: Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, Sydney philanthropist became a self-appointed "nurse” for two Greek children in a Qantas Constellation which brought him from London today. He was returning from a six weeks' world trip when the two children, being brought to Australia by the International Social Service, boarded the plane. As he was a member of the service, he felt that it was his duty to look after the unescorted boy and girl. "It 'wasn't too easy. however, as we didn't speak the same language." Mr. Hallstrom said. "They must have been given strict instructions. When I offered the boy a glass of lemonade, he wouldn't take it. He must have been warned against intoxicating drinks." The children, Christopher Demau, 13, and Naso...rou, 17, flew to Australia to join their parents soon after arriving in SydneyDirector of the International Social Service, Miss E. Fitzpatrick, said that the service had traced more than 300 children who had been cut off from their parents by the Greek civil war. Hallstrom Acted As Nursemaid (1950, July 1). Brisbane Telegraph (Qld. : 1948 - 1954), p. 3 (LAST RACE). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article211956897 

Giving away fortunes is just a habit

By KEN BLANCH, A "BRISBANE TELEGRAPH" STAFF WRITER

CRUSADER DEDICATED TO THE BATTLE AGAINST CANCER—

One day early this month Sydney refrigerator manufacturer Edward John Hallstrom got into his car, drove to Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, and offered the Board of  Directors £50,000 to set up a cancer clinic. He did it as easily and naturally as if he had been taking a relaxing afternoon drive in the country. Giving away small fortunes is no novelty for this man of 60. In the past 20 years he has become Australia's best known philanthropist. He has given away so much money that he does not know what it would all add up to. A MILLIONAIRE in his own right, Hallstrom scoffs at the suggestion that he is generous. He once told me: "I do not give away my money. I invest it in the most important" of all causes — humanity." 

E. J. Hallstrom is a short, stout, pleasant man who looks as though he could be Dr. Evatt's twin brother. In fact, during a visit to Brisbane in recent years he was mistaken by aerodrome employees for the Labour Party's leader.  His philanthropic ventures have become so numerous that he recently handed over the control of his £l million refrigerator factory at Willoughby, in Sydney's northern suburbs, to his son, John, so that he could devote more time to them.

THESE activities' include cancer research, a clinic for "blue babies,"- zoos, and an experimental sheep station for natives in the highlands of New Guinea. The story of Hallstrom's life could, almost have come straight from a story book. He was born of English parents, and spent the early days of his childhood in Redfern, in the heart of Sydney's slums.

As a child he took an interest in animals — still his consuming passion today — and, while other children spent their pocket money on sweets, he used his to buy medicines and equipment to treat sick neighbourhood pets. Hallstrom went to school with the "dead end" kids of Redfern, and at 13 left to take a job in a furniture factory. He learned so quickly that at 18 he was managing the place, and at 21 had his own factory turning out cabinets for ice chests. By the time he was 21 he had foreseen, the up-and-coming modern refrigerator, and was making his own cheap kerosene-powered units. Now his Willoughby plant is the biggest in Australia. It turns out about 1,200 refrigerators a week.

HALLSTROM first became interested in cancer research when- he offered John Braund, who made the sensational claim in 1947 that he could cure cancer, £10,000 to set up a clinic. A week after his offer, Hallstrom denounced the medically unqualified Braund as a fraud. Feeling that he owed something to cancer sufferers, he then gave the money to the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital to set up a clinic. Excellent results from research at this clinic have prompted his latest offer. Hallstrom has . also setup a "blue baby" clinic at the Hospital which has been responsible for more than a dozen successful "blue baby" operations. HIS experimental sheep station at Nondugl, in the New Guinea highlands, resulted from a visit during which he decided that the natives did not have enough clothing or opportunity for development. He spent thousands of  pounds to build station equipment and accommodation, and air freighted sheep into the wild mountain country at £20 a head. Hallstrom's love of zoos and animals has brought him to the chairmanship of Sydney's Taronga Park Zoo, recognised as one of the world's est. In recent years he has spent countless thousands of pounds , to secure for. the Sydney, London and New -York zoos some of the finest arid rarest animals in the world. Although Hallstrom is so free with his money, when it can help his fellow men, he is quick to spot any insincerity designed to defraud him. A SPECIAL small utility truck is sent to collect his "appeal" mail every morning, but he discards thousands of letters begging money. Yet I know of one case in which he built another house for a newly-married couple whose, new home was burnt out by a faulty refrigerator which did not even come from his factory. 

Paradoxically, Hallstrom, who has given hundreds of thousands of pounds to help sick and suffering people, has never had good health. He suffers from chronic bronchitis, and has a comfortable bedroom adjoining his factory office so that he can retire when he has one of his frequent attacks. A trained nurse attends him constantly, and a formidable battery of telephones arid dictaphones flanks his bed so that he can continue working even when sick. Giving away fortunes is just a habit (1952, January 18). Brisbane Telegraph (Qld. : 1948 - 1954), p. 5 (CITY FINAL). Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article216528357 

HALLSTROM GIFTS TO FAR WEST

The gift of four refrigerators for each of the Baby Health Clinic cars run by the Far West Scheme in the country has been offered by well-known philanthropist Sir Edward Hallstrom. "This is a very generous gesture and one that we most sincerely appreciate," said the General Secretary, Matron E. E. Hill, M.B.E. recently. "Our Sisters who run these Clinics have been working under great difficulties in the heat of the outback areas where they all attend to 800 babies each, every month. The refrigerators they have were installed when the cars first started running, more than 20 years ago. This magnanimous present will make conditions much better for them." HALLSTROM GIFTS TO FAR WEST (1958, January 17). Western Herald (Bourke, NSW : 1887 - 1970), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article103987545 

Whether the flooding of his father's farm in 1888, when he was but 2 years old, was the commencement of a lifetime bronchitis battle for Edward, or his sister in law being a nurse, or family battles with disease, such as the report of his wife's 'emergency operation' were the inspiration for this constant focus on health, on supporting people in need - they all point to a lifelong passion for ensuring any life could be lived to its utmost through the restoration of health and misery averted through someone coming to the aid of those in trouble.

Taronga - A Zoo Ark

One of many articles focused on Sir Hallstrom love of all creatures great and small relates his having been a lover of animals since a small boy in the country, one of those children who would bring home stray animals or nurse ill ones back to health. He loved birds, had a private aviary at his home in Willoughby which housed exotic feathered delights. He loved every other animal too, finned, scaled, furred, whether from here or elsewhere.

Some ascribe this to wanting to ensure the Taronga Zoo was a success in attracting visitors but Mr. Hallstrom, as head curator, got rid of the miniature railway, elephant and camel rides and performing seals saying, “It’s a zoo, not a circus”.. 

The zoo was also a place where many a sick animal was nursed back to health. Mr. Hallstrom is the gentleman who is attributed for establishing a successful breeding program at Taronga, perhaps one of the earliest incidences of this now world renowned 'Zoo Ark'. This was discussed at a Royal Zoological  Society  of  New South Wales Meeting, published in their 1945-1946 Annual Report (See under Extras below). Edward Hallstrom was a member and one of four Vice Presidents of this Society, which worked with the Taronga Zoo Trust Board, of which he was also a member. He was also the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales first endowment member.

From that annual publication: 'An important and difficult problem related to rare and vanishing- birds and animals, and it seemed very necessary that breeding sanctuaries should be developed in this country. Mr. Brown, the Secretary of the Trust, was now in Central Africa securing giraffes and zebras, lions and elephants mayhao also, for the Zoo. At the present time there are only two giraffes in Australian Zoos, one in Taronga and one at 

Perth, W.A. These are also becoming scarce in their native land, and it has become imperative to breed them in this land. There are great difficulties in the breeding of wild animals in zoos, as the parent is apt to kill the young soon after birth unless special individual care is taken. He suggested scholarships should be created in each State for 

the study of breeding not only the rare members of the Australian, but  also the rare and vanishing wild animals of other countries, so that the species can be kept alive in zoos. This should be a national responsibility subsidised by the Commonwealth, special enclosures to be created and special research students to be employed to watch the  breeding. This would not really be an innovation, as certain phases of health are already under control and all animals have to be quarantined under the Health Departments of the various States. That such is possible has been shown elsewhere, the Whipsnade Experiment proving a wonderful success, and it must be done soon here, as through  settlement our wild life was rapidly decreasing and numbers are vanishing, some already extinct. He hoped that this Society will co-operate in this aim, as it always has in the past, and he hoped to see the Society's own aim, of a Zoological House, soon fulfilled. 

The motion was seconded by Mr. E. J. A. Hallstrom, who also paid tribute to the great work done by the late Secretary, Mr. A. F. Basset Hull, and hoped that his wishes with regard to the building would soon be carried out. There was urgent need as, until the Society owned its own meeting-centre its progress would be much handicapped. 

If a Government grant, either of a building site or subsidy, could be secured and approval of a gift by himself, he would be glad to contribute largely to the fund. Mr. Hallstrom also pointed out that Mr. Clyne has assisted materially in the progress of Taronga Park, and was desirous of assisting the Society in its aim of a Zoological House, so that the Society could be assured of the support of the Trustees. He would like to see us assist the Trustees in their aim of a special establishment for the purpose of breeding and propagating rare birds and animals, as that is very necessary now that settlement is decreasing wild life at a disastrous rate. 

The motion was carried by acclamation. '

Although later ridiculed by those who think you need degrees in everything to be accredited to think, and criticized for his methods, Mr. Hallstrom's methods worked, he did save thousands of animals throughout his life by being 'nurse' himself. He also was known for being a voracious reader of everything so that, even if he did have to leave school at age 13, he was still a lifelong learner who didn't think he knew everything, ever.

Although curious items appear, such as this July 1941 snippet stating "A Macaw Feather in Sydney's Hat - A macaw at Willoughby is the first bred in Australia and gives his tail for ladies' hats. THE Red and Yellow Macaw pictured on this page was bred by Mr. E.Hallstrom ...." RED AND YELLOW" macaw, bred by Mr. E. Hallstrom, of Willoughby, is worth £50. " The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954) Sunday 27 July 1941 p 3 Article Illustrated - and all birds do molt, the accepted or usual rate for birds such as this discarding feathers is two per year so even if Mr. Hallstrom's birds did live between 40 and up to 70 years, as some have been recorded, that's still not too many tail feathers.

Edward Hallstrom loved zoos - he had one in the form of beloved birds at his home in Willoughby, installed another at Bayview, and set aside bush areas as 'zoos without cages' in the form of flora and fauna nature reserves.

This snippet from a long article ' Doesn't know how much money he's given away' by Blake Brownrigg states: He first owned a dog. Gradually he acquired white mice, guinea pigs, cats, rabbits, parrots, and other birds - his first zoo. He doesn't drink, smoke, or gamble. With all his wealth and power, he is one of the least ostentatious men I have ever met.  Doesn't know how much. (1951, October 22). Barrier Miner(Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article48658529

Sydney, 10th January, 1941.

IT is hereby noticed that, in accordance with the provisions of section 28 of the Crown Lands Consolidation Act, 1913, Edward John Lees Hallstrom, Esquire, is hereby appointed (in the place of Mr. A. F. Basset Hull, resigned) as a trustee of the portions of land at Bradley’s Head Port Jackson, hereinafter particularised, namely—

The areas of 43 acres 1 rood 5 perches, 5 acres 1 rood 24 perches, 2 acres 1 rood 9 perches and 9 acres, dedicated 24th April, 1912, 22nd April, 1914, 29th November, 1918, and 14th October, 1932, respectively, for Zoological Gardens and Additions thereto, and known as Taronga Park. The area of 98 acres 2 roods 17 ½ perches, dedicated 29th November, 1918 for Public Recreation, and known as Ashton Park. A. W, YEO, Minister for Lands. Government Gazette Notices (1941, January 10). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 65. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220094297 


Work will commence in the New Year. New offices are being erected at Taronga Park Zoo to replace those destroyed by fire last year. Plans were prepared by the Government architect. The building will be officially opened early in 1945. The entire cost, £8,500, has been defrayed by Mr. E. J. L. Hallstrom.  OPPORTUNITIES. (1944, December 20).Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 13. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222869712 

NEW OFFICES, TARONGA ZOOLOGICAL PARK, SYDNEY. DESIGNED BY GOVERNMENT ARCHITECTS' DEPARTMENT.

After the destruction of the offices at Taronga Zoological Park by fire, and faced with an expense for rebuilding and reoccupation, the Board, or the Zoo Trust, must feel exceedingly grateful to Mr. J. E. Hallstrom for coming forward with his offer to pay for the rebuilding of these offices. In gratitude and as recognition for this act of grace, the building now bears his name. It is designed in the modern Georgian manner on exceedingly simple lines. When the open flagstone court is lined with trees and tub foliage, as it. will be, the approach, which leads to a stoneflagged porch, will be rendered more inviting. The foliage will act as a contrasting foil to the building, which is in pastel shades and light tones. of colour. The walls are of mottled light cream bricks, with a tiled roof in light red to match the adjoining building. The woodwork has been painted in cream colour. The gable ends and soffit of the eaves are in light blue. On the ground floor are the Administrative Offices and upstairs accommodation is for temporary and permanent staffs, with lockers, lavatories, rest rooms, etc. The walls are rendered internally in cement. "The Zoo" has developed into what is regarded far and wide as the most beautiful thing of its kind in the world.


THE SHELTERED PORCH.


FOUR VIEWS OF THE NEW OFFICES, TARONGA ZOOLOGICAL PARK, SYDNEY. 

NEW OFFICES, TARONGA ZOOLOGICAL PARK, SYDNEY (1945, September 5).Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223545799 

Mr. Hallstrom seemed to want to have lots of white or albino animals. Older Pittwater residents can still recall albino kangaroos being brought to his 'sanctuary' at Bayview(these eventually ended up on 'Hallstrom Island - part of the Snowy Scheme - see below) but he also brought these rare speciemn in from overseas as well, on the other side, export black swans to Italy - 'From Como to Como' features in a British Pathe film - perhaps they were really from Dee Why or Narrabeen...at any rate, he knew the way to keep people visiting the zoo was to allow them to see something they may never have seen before - only in this way would they be able to keep up with the costs of housin or upgrading facilities, feeding all those animals, and meeting the wages of those hired to look after them. Recent announcements by the current NSW Government of investing millions to improve what is the 2016 Zoo Ark loved as Taronga Zoo are some indication that it has never been cheap to meet the needs of running a proper zoo:

White Koala, Monkey for Zoo: Taronga Park now has a white koala (a perfect albino male, two years old), and a white monkey will reach there soon. Deputy president of the Zoo Trust-(Mr. E. J. Hallstrom) said the koala was captured- "somewhere" in NSW.

"It is still fairly wild, and gives anyone a clout who goes too close," said Mr. Hallstrom. " We will do all we can now to breed more like him." The white monkey reached Sydney from South Africa in the steamer Tai Ping Yang. Like the koala, it, too, is an albino male, two years old. "You might see only ‘one' among several million monkeys," said Mr. Hallstrom. Two rare black-maned lions, a tapir, leopard, cheetah, and flock of South African birds, were also aboard the Tai Ping Yang. BITS AND PIECES (1947, November 7).Warwick Daily News (Qld. : 1919 -1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article191856455 

ZOO.-Mr. E. J. Hallstrom was elected president of the Taronga Park Zoo Trust yesterday, in succession to Mr. D. Clyne, M.L.A. Mr. Hallstrom is the governing director of Hallstroms Pty. Ltd., refrigerator manufacturers. News In Brief (1948, March 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18063515 

A description of some of the birds in his home aviary and a picture at right of some of these cages:

FINE FEATHERS MAKE FINE BIRDS
African lovebirds are among big collection of birds owned by Mr. E. J. Hallstrom, Sydney. Female Eclectus parrot, more beautiful than the male.
Major Mitchells, or Leadbeater’s, among Australia's handsomest cockatoos Hybrid South American macaws, result of a red-and yellow father, blue and gold mother, on cage (right).
More hybrid macaws. These large and colorful birds come from Cuba and adjacent tropical countries. Australia has its full quota of beautiful lorikeets, which are also found in Malaya and some of the islands in the Pacific.
Hyacinthine macaws may fight a bit, but they'll always kiss and make up.
This Milit