August 20 - 26, 2017: Issue 326

Cyclops Scooter: Vintage toys with wheels

A Mona Vale collector recently showed us this wonderful Cyclops scooter, vintage circa 1952, a similar version of which, not in as good condition, sold at Shannons' 2014 Spring auction for $1400.00.

Collecting vintage toys, especially those made by Australian manufacturers, or those that are close to some revisited childhood memory, is ensuring some of these great examples of our past are surviving to be seen by those who were once part of an unimaginable future. Cyclops Toys remain popular because they were of very good quality, and so some great examples can still be found in close to mint condition, which always commands a higher price among collectors, and because they were a part of so many people's past.

Those who are new collectors should take the time to research the type of toys they plan to collect. Learn which symbols to look for on certain toys and how to identify them by brand. Study the manufacturers by learning the production process and the identifying marks they used. Know which year each company produced the toys collected and have a solid knowledge of the toy history, as well as the company history. We've included an overview here of cyclops, but of course it's much more involved than that.

There are some great websites which have much more material an people with knowledge and experience overseeing them - for Cyclops and associated steel or tin toys we'd suggest Old Bike - an online museum, keep and eye on the Shannons seasonal auctions - or finding a copy of a book written about Cyclops by Marjory Faignes, 'Cyclops Through the Years - Australia's Childhood Icon''.

The best method for new collectors to determine which type of toys to collect is to collect what they like, bearing in mind how they are going to store them, if they are larger items such as scooters and push-pedal cars, and how to restore them if they are ensuring their budget meets what is available in their price range.

As shown above, some items will retain good prices if they are rare and in good condition. 

What may also be of interest to local people is that Arthur Murch, one time Mona Vale and Avalon Beach resident and a consummate creator in scultpure, painting - so many mediums, began an apprenticeship in 1917 with John Heine & Son in Leichhardt. Arthur studied mechanical drawing at Sydney Technical College at night and became an engineer’s draughtsman, remaining with John Heine until 1924 and probably learning muvch there that helped him in his work later on.

Whether a tricycle, a dinkie, a scooter, pedal car or pram, many of us or our siblings had one or a succession of these 'made for fun' items - and thousands of Australians had some connection with the company, if not through its products, then through working for or knowing someone who did work for them.

Originally founded as J. Heine &Co. in 1888 in Redfern by John Heine senior, who came to Australia in 1879 from Devonshire per the Northumberland, and then becoming 'Dial' Engineering Works in 1899, this engineering firm became John Heine and Sons, and began manufacturing Cyclops Toys from around 1913. 

Born Buckfastleigh, Devon, England, 14 February 1857, John Heine Snr. was apprenticed to Wilcocks and Son, millwrights and founders, in Buckfastleigh 1873-77. Some sources state he emigrated to Australia/New Zealand circa 1881, working as a labourer building dry stone walls in New Zealand ca 1882-83. He was a tradesman and later foreman, at Howe & Rowe, sheet metal machines circa 1884-85; an unsuccessful gold prospector and later blacksmith to prospectors circa 1885; and established as a sole trader, J. Heine - making butcher's shop equipment (carcass rails and hooks, meat mincing machines, sausage fillers and brine pumps). In 1886 he manufactured first inclinable press (own design and manufacture) 1895; made eldest son (John jnr) partner, John Heine & Son ca 1907. First prize at Royal Agricultural Society Show for sheet metal working machinery (own design and manufacture) 1891; first prize at Royal Agricultural Society Show for can making machinery (own design and manufacture) 1892.

WANTED IMPROVER to fitting and turning. Apply John Heine, engineer, 17, Gibbons-street, Redfern. Advertising (1888, September 24). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13697610

JOHN HEINE,
17, Gibbons-street,
REDFERN,
Manufacturer of Tinsmiths' or Plumbers Machinery, Dies, round, oval, or square, Compound or Triple Action, made to order. Advertising (1888, December 29). The Australian Star (Sydney, NSW : 1887 - 1909), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article228424542

Winning government contracts for needed equipment increased his ability to invest in property and expand his business. The Australian national Archives lists over 30 patents for improvements, many of these patents held by his sons. 

Government Railways of New South Wales, Secretary's Office, Sydney, 12th March, 1890.
THE undermentioned Tenders hare been accepted by the Railway Commissioners, viz. :—
J. Heine & Co.—Supply of Metal By-passes for Gas-fittings for Railway CarriagesGovernment Gazette Tenders and Contracts (1890, March 14). New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900), p. 2324. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222113629 

Department of Public Works, Sydney, 12th July, 1892. THE following Tenders have been accepted:
John Heine—Supply, &c., of New Engines for Launch for Dredge Service.  Government Gazette Tenders and Contracts (1892, July 12). New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900), p. 5618. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222108742 

Dial engineering works.
ANNUAL PICNIC.
The Dial Engineering Works of Redfern held their second annual picnic at Correy's Gardens, Cabarita, on Saturday, 80 being present at the luncheon, Alderman Lane, of Granville, being in the chair. The toast of the firm was proposed by Mr. J. Jargdine,  foreman, who alluded to the recent extension of the firm's operations, and to the amicable relations that existed between the employers and employees.
Mr. J. Heine responding. "The Visitors" was proposed by Mr. Trimington, and was acknowledged by Mr. G. Renwick, of Messrs. M'Lean, Bros, and Rigg, and Mr. W. Atkins (Atkins and Sons), and the representatives of M'Pherson and Son. Other toasts given were "The Ladies" and "The Day we Celebrate," DIAL ENGINEERING WORKS. (1901, December 9). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1923), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article237378860 

DIAL ENGINEERING EMPLOYEES' PICNIC.
The employees of Messrs, J. Heine and Son, George-street, Redfern; held their annual picnic at Correy’s Gardens. A number of visitors were present, also many members of the fair sex, and an enjoyable outing resulted. At the luncheon, the chair was taken by Mr. J. Heine, sen.
In proposing the toast of the firm, Mr. J. Heine, jun., spoke of the success of their business, and advantage of having a number of engineering firms, instead of one. huge State monopoly. To-day Australia was passing through a state of 'transition, and if not encumbered with an over supply of legislation, in a few brief years the country would be greatly enriched. In the part, private enterprise had built up this country, and if left alone. individual enterprise will provide plenty of work, and pay good wages to all who are willing to work. A big programme of sports, was provided. The results of the principal 'events were: — Men's Handicap: L. Heinisch, 1; J. Jardyne, 2. Apprentices Handicap: C. Arnold, 1; N. M'Leod, 2. Young Ladies' Race-: Miss F. Wilder, 1; Miss Higgs, 2. Walking Match: H. Lane, 1; J. M'Gregor, 2. Novelty Race: Mrs. R. J. T. Tregonlng, 1; Mrs. C. Shea, 2. Old Buffers' Race: T. Sorrell, 1; S. Smith, 2.  DIAL ENGINEERING EMPLOYEES' PICNIC. (1905, October 24). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article113287563 


John Heine and Sons at Redfern, circa 1905

About 1900 Mr. Heine perfected an automatic body-forming and side soldering machine for making food cans and supplied the Sydney Jam Company. He continued to make improvements and in 1907 developed the Model 4G, which dominated can-making in Australia for about 20 years.

JOHN HEINE- ENGINEER.
Another exhibit to provoke thought is that of John Heine, of the 'Dial' Engineering Works, 88 and 90 George-street, Redfern. Mr. Heine is a manufacturer of meat and fruit preserving and canning appliances, tinsmiths' and plumbers' machinery, presses, dies. etc. The general idea is that while we can turn out good manufactured articles, we have to import the machinery to do so, but here is an example to the contrary. The machinery is made in Sydney for the manufacturers, and so successfully that Mr. Heine writes us that to show how our machinery is in favour with local manufacturers, every tin exhibited through the pavilions has been made with our machinery.' And he adds this significant sentence, 'As several people can hardly believe that machinery of such a high standard is made in Sydney, we extend an invitation to the incredulous to visit our factory, and see the whole process from the foundry to the finishing shop.' 

That is an invitation that ought to be availed of. In fact, in connection with this exhibition So many people have expressed wonderment at the excellence of the manufactures exhibited on the various stands, and incredulity that they could be made here, that it might be worth the while of certain manufacturers to consider whether it would not profit them to arrange an occasional visiting day, which could be well advertised, and might lead to a new appreciation of their manufactures. We appear now to be reaching the stage which proved so important in America, when we not only make the goods, but invent and make new processes and machines to make them. Mr. Heine's exhibit is an example in point. It consists chiefly of a collection of sheet metal-working machines, hard at work turning out artistic fancy boxes as souvenirs of the exhibition. This type of machinery is used by plumbers, tinsmiths, and canmakers for turning out canisters, tubs, buckets, metal ceilings, biscuit tins, match and tobacco boxes, etc. The machines are at work each afternoon and evening, and they are so well made as to be easily worked, even with unskilled labour. One of Mr. Heine's latest productions makes 'down pipes' from one and a half inch to six inches diameter, in 6ft or 8ft lengths. Other machines used in the sheet metal trade, such as presses and dies, rollers and folders, side seamers, angle benders and burring machines, are also shown.

AMID THE WHIRR.
M.N.K. EXHIBITION. JOHN HEINE ENGINEER. (1906, January 17). The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912), p. 172. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article164043046 

LOCAL INDUSTRIES.
AS SEEN AT THE A.N.A. EXHIBITION. xxiii— John Heine’s engineering works
The working exhibit of John Heine, of the "Dial" Engineering Works, 88 and 90 George-street, Redfern, at the A.N.A. Exhibition, is without doubt the best of all the working exhibits. As several sceptics have found it difficult to believe that machinery of such a high standard as that exhibited is manufactured in Sydney, Mr. Heine extends an Invitation to those gentlemen, and anyone else, to visit the "Dial" Engineering Works, where they can see for themselves the machinery In course of construction. The business was founded by Mr. John Heine eighteen years ago, and the hands now employed number 60. The works have been extended into three departments— main engineering shop, blacksmiths and boilermaking shop, and foundry, occupying a frontage in all of 250ft. Although Mr. Heine is quite prepared to carry on the ordinary engineering work, yet the special business of the "Dial" Engineering Works is the manufacture of sheet-metal working machinery. Trade in this line demands a very high standard of excellence, and, recognising this, the "Dial" Engineering Works are fully and adequately equipped with the latest and most accurate 'machinery and methods of production. 

The founder of the business (Mr. John Heine) commenced with the manufacture of ordinary tinsmiths and plumbers’ machinery, such as axle-benders, rollers, folders, burring machines, and other such implements used by sheet-metal workers. Then, With the Introduction of the fruit and meat preserving Industries, came the demand for can-making machinery, which has been one of the main lines ever since. Mr. Heine's works have supplied plants to almost all the large meat and fruit preserving firms In the 'Commonwealth and New Zealand. With his up-to-date can-making machinery the making of cans and tin-canisters has become comparatively an easy matter, and to the ordinary observer it is somewhat amazing to see these articles produced with such cheapness, rapidity, and uniformity. But this Is not only the case with .the cans, boxes, &c. Numerous other articles such as - buckets, tubs, wash bowls, trunks, metal ceilings, die., are just as easily, manufactured In this and the other States with machinery, which the "Dial" Engineering Works have made a speciality to supply. These are classified under power presses and dies, drop hammers, shearing machines, seamers, and other magnificent machine tools, which will cut, bend, form, spin', curl, stretch and compress bar and sheet metal Into any desired form. In the action of these tools' the "Dial" Engineering Works have a mechanical-reproductive process, wherein, the brain of the designer has been expended on specialised tools, which will produce pre-determined articles and parts In a wonderfully uniform, cheap, and rapid manner. Bar sheet metal working machinery bears the same relation to the blacksmith's or ' tin-smith's work that printing does to the scrivener's art, chrome-making to oil-painting, or a knitting-machine to one's grandmother.

The experience of Mr. John Heine has been that, when taken in hand and properly trained, the Australian workman Is capable of working to as high a standard as the work-plan of any other country in the world. The Australian is in nine cases out of ten more quick-witted and Intelligent than the foreigner, and, If treated fairly, will always do his work thoroughly and well.

Mr. Heine has found the operation of the Federal tariff with regard to machinery rather peculiar. Automatic can-making machinery (one of the "Dial" Engineering Works' chief line of manufacture) is duty free. Power-presses, which are essentially a part of the can-making machinery, being used to stamp the taps and bottoms of cans, it described as tin-stamping presses, are dutiable up to 12 ½ per cent.'; but if described as metal capsule-making machines, which they also are, as by a change of dies they will produce capsules for preserving jars etc., they are admitted duty free.  
When one reflects on the multitudinous variety of metal articles and parts which are annually imported Into the Commonwealth, such as enamelled hollow-ware, lamps, and other domestic utensils, cartridge-cases, bicycle parts, and agricultural Implements, silver and electroplated ware, It will readily be seen that .the possibilities for the use of  this sheet metal working machinery are enormous. If the more ordinary articles, such as trunks, sheet metal, piping, tubs, metal ceilings; . &c., can. be manufactured In Australia, why not the whole list of Imported articles enumerated above. To do so would be of great material advantage to the workmen of Australia, Inasmuch as where Mr. John Heine now employs 60, he would employ five times the number.. Arid other manufacturers in the same line would do the same. The cry that these articles cannot be manufactured in Australia is nothing more nor less than 'the cry of prejudice. It rests with such manufacturers as Mr. Heine to dispel that- prejudice by a practical proof of what Australian brains and labour are capable of doing, as exemplified by the splendid working exhibit at the A.N.A. Exhibition. LOCAL INDUSTRIES. (1906, January 19).The Australian Star (Sydney, NSW : 1887 - 1909), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229645098 

Department of the Attorney-General and of Justice,
Sydney, 5th July, 1911.
HIS Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor, with the advice of the Executive Council, has, in accordance with the recommendation submitted by the Industrial-Court constituted under the ''Industrial Disputes Act, 1908," and with the provisions of that Act, as amended by the "Industrial Disputes (Amendment) Act, 15)08," been pleased to appoint the undermentioned persons to be Members of a Board constituted for the industries of engineers, angle-iron smiths, fitters, turners, pattern-makers, blacksmiths, springsmiths, spring fitters, coppersmiths, brass-finishers, planers, borers, slotters, millers, shapers, drillers, machinists, and all other persons engaged in the engineering and iron trades excepting boilermakers in all branches of boilermaking, iron-ship builders, iron moulders, tinsmiths, sheet-iron workers, and ironworkers' assistants, for the State of New South Wales, excepting the Electoral Districts of Broken Hill, Sturt, and Cobar, excepting from the said Board the employees of the Chief Railway Commissioner, and the employees of the Council of the City of Sydney, and the employees of the Metropolitan Board of Water Supply and Sewerage, and the employees of the Sulphide Corporation at their works at Cockle Creek, and the employees of the Commonwealth Portland Cement Company, and all persons under any existing Boards or awards, and to be known as the Iron Trades (State) Board: -
On behalf of the Employers.
Mr. Henry John Vale, of Messieurs Vale and Sons, Auburn; and
Mr. John Heine, Junior, of Messieurs, John Heine and Sons, George-street, Redfern.
On behalf of the Employees.
Mr. William George Knight, of 14 Rowntree-street, Balmain; and
Mr. A damson Berkley Dawson, of 49 Morris-street, Summer Hill.
W. A. HOLMAN. 
Government Gazette Appointments and Employment (1911, July 5). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 3621. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230683637 

ACTION FOR EJECTMENT.
In No. 3 Jury Court this afternoon, before Mr. Justice. Ferguson, John Heine, of Redfern, engineer, brought an action against Richard Curry to recover possession of the shop and premises known as 558 Old South Head-road, Woollahra, occupied by the defendants as a weekly tenant. Mr. I. B. Norris (instructed by- Mr. M. J. Brown), appeared for the plaintiff. There was no appearance on, behalf of the defendant, and by direction of his Honor a  verdict was entered for the plaintiff. ACTION FOR EJECTMENT. (1912, March 28). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 7 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222008128 

The factory was moved to Hay Street Leichhardt by 1913 and then the Heines building their own factory at Allen and Francis Streets in the same suburb in 1917. The firsat toys, with three wheels, alike their famous logo, were tricycles, go-carts and trolleys, sometimes and later called 'waggons'. 

PRESS HANDS- Wanted, smart young MAN 18-19, must be experienced and Willing to Learn Apply, before 1 o clock today, THE CYCLOPS MANUFACTURING COMPANY, Hay street, Leichhardt. Advertising (1913, September 13). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 29. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15449807 

WANTED, strong LAD for press and bench work,constant employment and good prospects for smart lad.
THE CYCLOPS MANUFACTURING CO
Metal Manufacturers, Hay street, Leichardt. Advertising (1913, October 13). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 15. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15457218

Department of Labour and Industry,
Sydney, 24th February, 1915.
IN pursuance of the provisions of the 44 Industrial Arbitration Act, 1912," and upon the recommendation of the Court of Industrial Arbitration, New South Wales, I, John Estell, Minister for Labour and Industry, being the Minister of the Crown administering the said Act, do hereby appoint Mr. John Heine, junior, of John Heine & Sons. Limited, George street, Redfern, as one of the members representing the Employers on the Iron and Shipbuilding Trades Group, No. 1 Board, In place of Mr. R. It. King, resigned, and for the residue of the period for which the said Mr. R. R. King was appointed.
JOHN ESTELL,
Minister for Labour and Industry. Government Gazette Appointments and Employment (1915, February 24).Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1292. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article227054596 

BOY wanted," 16-17 for light machine work, good opening for smart boy.
CYCLOPS MFG. CO., Metal Toy Manufacturers,
Hay-street, Leichhardt. Advertising (1915, June 21). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15588723

Out at Leichhardt the Cyclops Manufacturing Company is turning out thousands of tricycles, go-carts, and trolleys every year for the youth of Australia. The factory was only started two years ago, but has gone ahead with leaps and bounds ever since. At first the manager experienced the same difficulty that evidently awaited any manufacturer who had the temerity to commence an enterprise in his own country. When he went for orders he invariably received the reply, "Locally made? Sorry, but we import all our stuff, mostly from America," 

This preference is not as strong as it was, and in consequence this particular factory is turning out goods at such a rate that they have not even accommodation to store them, awaiting removal. Thousands of wheels litter the floor and hang upon nails in every direction, like so many giant spider webs, poles, axles, and gaudily painted seats are strewn around in such quantity that one wonders how the pieces ever manage to find themselves and come together so as to provide a first-class tricycle or cart for a small boy. That they do accomplish this seemingly impossible feat is evidenced by the rows and rows of these children's vehicles that stand stacked upstairs, patiently waiting for the van that will come and remove them to the shops, and later the particular toy department of their destination. 

Everything about these articles is made in Australia, and made well. Even the machinery, with the exception of the Electric Welder, is made here. The steel, of course, is imported, and as one instance of the gigantic leap of prices since the war this material alone has gone up 75 per cent. There was a time when "Made in Germany" was not such a grim joke as it is today, and people were accustomed to seeing that label on most of tho articles they bought as they were to taking sugar In their tea. That label has become now a stigma, and has vanished as surely as our respect for and belief in tho much-vaunted Culture of Germany. In place of the "Made in Germany" articles all goods have now a label pasted on them which reads "Made in England," or France, or Japan, or America, or, in fact, any country that is not assisting tho Kaiser with his degenerate warfare. That being tho ease, one wonders why tho label "Made in Australia" is not flaunted in the face of the purchaser, the same as those others are. Although she is producing such an increased percentage of the goods displayed in the shops this Christmas, nowhere is a little sign proudly boasted "Made in Australia."SANTA CLAUS IN SYDNEY SHOPS (1915, December 21). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved  from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article221933290


1920's Cyclops advertisement

In 1915 the Cyclops brand name was registered. Cyclops became hugely popular however with the launch in 1917 of their first pedal car. Many models were produced, often based on real car designs by Chevrolet, Chrysler and Packard. These sold in their thousands between the 1920s and 1950s. 


Cyclops 'Pontiacci', circa 1940 - photo courtesy Shannons

The new factory, built in Leichhardt, and recently coveted to residential flats, was cited as a great example of what a factory could be:

THE MAKING OF TINS IN AUSTRALIA . 
Automatic Machines That Turn Out 160 Per Minute HEINE'S MODEL FACTORY
Visitors to the Manufactures Exhibition at the Show Ground will have noted the widespread interest taken in machinery when in action. There is a fascination in, watching machines do things, just-, as there is in following the movements of a master craftsman doing a novel piece of work.
One of the machines which holds the attention of sightseers at the exhibition is the automatic stamping press of John Heine and Son Ltd., the well-known engineering firm, whose factory at Leichhardt is one of the show places of Sydney's industrial life. We all know the wonderful variety of things that are made from tin and sheet metal in these modern days. They range from tea and coffee tins and billies, to buckets, and wash bowl's, from fruit, jam, milk and tobacco tins to metal ceilings; stoves and trunks, gutter pipes and corrugated iron tanks. So many of these things are used in every day life that their manufacture on a large scale is a necessity. Also the/ must be cheap. Hence the growing use of labor-saving machinery in the production of these indispensible articles. 
Supplying the Brains. 
This is where the firm of John Heine and Son, Ltd., plays a most useful role. Heine's do not make any of the articles we have enumerated, but they make the machines that make those articles. That is to say, they supply the brains of the can-making industry. They design and construct the machines to do the work speedily and automatically. That is their speciality. They leave to others the production of the tinware which plays so large a part in the economy of our existence. It is' one of the firm's boasts that its machines have- laid the foundation of every sheet metal working factory and every meat and fruit canning factory in Australia. For 30 years they have been filling this pioneer role, and in that time must have contributed enormously to the national well-being. The invention of labor-saving- machinery and devices not' only tends to increase production, but also to reduce the cost of commodities to the consumer. Heine and Son have placed many kinds of labor-saving devices on the market and the canned fruit trade has been especially fortunate in being able to obtain its machinery locally, while other industries have been hampered by the necessity of having to get their machinery abroad. 
Human-like Attributes. 
Though the exhibit at the Show Ground gives but a small idea of the range of work covered in the factory, one section of it none the less impresses one with the almost human-like attributes which it is possible to impart to cold metal. The automatic stamping press, seen in operation, is an interesting and absorbing study. It reduces, the making of fruit and jam tins, for example, to a ridiculously few movements, the parts being turned out and neatly stacked for assembling at a rate of 160 a minute. The firm of John Heine and Son has been in existence 30 years. Four years ago it moved from Redfern to a new and more commodious site at Leichhardt. Its up-to-date factory is one of the show places of the neighborhood. It covers 4 ½ acres, and there is plenty of space available for extensions. 
Where Men Work Gladly. 
In its internal economy the factory seems a perfect model of what a modern, hygienic engineering shop ought to be. Plenty of light, and air, room to move about, clean floors, no holes or corners in which dirt can accumulate, large and convenient offices, adequate facilities for the workmen to wash themselves and to prepare and cat their food. In fact, a man is specially set apart to look after the men's comfort in the dining-room, which is a large hall completely open down one side to the light and air, with a seat and table combined for each workman. Mien work gladly in a factory like Heine's! Their surroundings are bright and healthy. Order and system are everywhere. Consequently everything runs smoothly. No need to run about asking questions. The routine board shows at a glance in what department a particular order may be found, and the state of its progress from the date it was put in hand. Apart from the automatic machines which are capable of turning out many thousands of tin containers per hour entirely without hand labor, Heine and Co. manufacture all kinds of machinery and tools for meat and fruit canneries, and sheet metal workers generally. THE MAKING OF TINS IN AUSTRALIA (1922, October 15). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article128217123 

OBITUARY. MR JOHN HEINE, SEN.
The death occurred yesterday of Mr. John Heine, of Dalhousie-street, Haberfield, at the age of 71 years. Mr. Heine was a native of Devonshire, and came to Australia in 1879. He was an engineer by profession, and, in 1888, founded the business now known as John Heine and Son, Limited. The business has grown to be one of the most important machinery-making works In Australasia. It was founded in Redfern and, in 1917, a new factory was built at Allen and Francis streets, Leichhardt.

Mr. Heine was actively engaged in the business up to his illness. He is survived by a widow and four sons, viz., Mr. John Heine, junior, president of the Metal Trades Employers' Association, Mr. Alfred Heine, who is at present making a business tour in America, Mr. Victor Heine, and Mr. William Heine (all of whom are associated with the firm of John Heine and Son, Limited), and a daughter, Mrs. J. T. Adcock. OBITUARY. (1928, August 15). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 17. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16486648 

WEALTHY ENGINEER
LATE JOHN HEINE ESTATE VALUED AT £65,410
John Heine, senr., of Haberfield, engineer, died, aged 72 years, on August 14, and his estate has now been sworn at £65,410. He appointed his sons, John, Alfred, and Victor Heine, executors and trustees, and to his widow, Elizabeth Ann Heine, he left his household furniture and effects. He also left to her his property in Dalhousie-street, Haberfield, and after her death, for his son Alfred. Mr. Heine left his land and property in Hordern-street, Newtown, upon which were erected eight houses and factory premises, to his son Victor. His land and property in Juliett-street, Enmore, including 14 cottages, were left to his son William. The residue of his estate was left for the benefit of his children in equal shares. In a codicil with his will, Mr. Heine left to his son, John, Alfred, Victor and William Heine, all his shares In John Heine and Sons, Ltd., and to his sons, John, Alfred and Victor Heine, all his shares in Cyclops, Ltd. WEALTHY ENGINEER (1928, November 8). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 12 (LAST RACE EDITION). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223251533 

The sons took on the work, John Heine's eldest son of the same name 

MR. FORDE.
VISITS FACTORIES.
The Acting Minister for Customs (Mr. Forde) visited four factories yesterday morning-John Heine and Sons, Ltd., Marrickville, Cyclops, Ltd., Marrickville, Shellonite. Ltd.. Marrickville, and A J. Thomas, Rosebery.
At Heine's machinery works the Minister saw all classes of sheet metal work. He was particularly interested in a toggle double action press for hollow ware. This machine stamps out aluminium dishes, kettles, and other utensils. Another machine, with two operations, stamps a length of guttering. The working of a machine for making metal lids was explained to the Minister, who remarked on the smooth running of the motor. Mr Heine told the Minister that It was of Australian manufacture.
Fifty-five different models of toy motor cars, tricycles, and other toys of that description are made by Cyclops, Ltd.
 "I am surprised. I did not think you made anything like this," said Mr. Forde, as he handled what was described as a deluxe toy motor car. MR. FORDE. (1930, May 13). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16683601 

'Cyclops' Dinkie.
All boys know the value of the word 'Cyclops' on their dinkies or bikes, and Aunt Merrythought can buy these goods at prices to suit father's pocket. For the small boy she would suggest a 'Cyclops' dinkie that is fitted with disc wheels, rubber tyres and rubber pedals, It is lacquered In red and blue, and Is designed for boys from two to five years old, The dinkie Illustrated has a nine-inch back wheel, and five-Inch front wheels, and the price Is only 19/0. This is a strongly made toy and will stand plenty of wear and tear.


Cyclops ''Dinkie'' trike - courtesy state Library of NSW
'Cyclops' Tricycle. 
A tricycle of the 'Cyclops' make is another favorite and is to be had in two sizes. It is fitted with rubber tyres and 10 frames and forks are finished with baked black enamel. The handle grips are of rubber. The size is suitable for children from two to four years old has a sixteen-inch front wheel, and is priced at 25/0 : the next size will suit a child from three to nine years old, and has a twenty-two Inch front wheel, the price being 34/0. 'Cyclops' Scooter. 
Where Is the boy that does not wish to possess a scooter? Of course, It must be a 'Cyclops.' These scooters amuse boys for hours and the girls are not unfavorable to a lido on one. A scooter that Is fitted with seven-Inch disc wheels and half-Inch rubber tyres is priced at 12/0, and It Is fitted with a pressed steel footplate, wood handle and steel frame baked black enamel. The height from ground to handle is thirty-two Inches.
'Cyclops' Motor Car. 
The small boy has a great desire to be Independent like Dad, with his motor car, so why not buy him a 'Cyclops' car that would delight the heart of any small boy or his sister. The child could pedal around for hours, which would be a great blessing to mother while on her household duties. There are several styles similar to the illustration, one of which only costs 38/0, It Is fitted with nine Inch wheels with rubber tyres, the length of the car being thirty Inches. This is the 'Star' motor and there Is also a 'Cyclops' Chevrolet of the same dimensions, but fitted with balloon disc wheels and half inch rubber tyres, The wheels are lacquered to match the body, making It a very attractive car. AROUND THE SHOPS (1930, November 29). The Farmer and Settler (Sydney, NSW : 1906 - 1955), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117503992 

Around the walls of the Gift Centre at Ludbrooks is Toyland. Here toys range from Rd to pounds. How I would have loved Santa Claus to bring me one of those beautiful Cyclop doll's prams, when I was six. Cyclops toys are guaranteed, and spare parts are available. As well as prams there are Cyclops tricycles, cars, and dinkies, (tricycle with flat wooden seat). 'Melissa' Goes Christmas Shopping (1934, December 22). Examiner (Launceston, Tas. : 1900 - 1954), p. 15 (DAILY). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article51897293 

A PARTY OF 23 COUNCILLORS and other members of the Metal Trades Employers' Association, who came from Sydney last flight to attend the meeting of the local branch of the organisation, inspected the Steel Works and other local industries today. The President (Mr. Heine) is standing thirteenth from the left, and on his left is the President of the local branch (Mr. H. B. Horley). The party also included the Vice-president of the Association (Mr. G. E. Griffin) and the following: —




MEMBERS OF COUNCIL: Messrs. W. Courtney (Courtney and Bohlsen Ltd.); E. H. Dunnett (J. Gndsden Pty. Ltd.), P. T, Kavanagh (Kavanagli and English Ltd.), T. M. Ritchie (S. and M. Engineers Ltd.), R. J. Saunders (B. and S. Electrical Co. Ltd.), C. W. Squires (Malleable Castings Ltd.), T. W. Thornley (W. Thornley and Sons Ltd.). EX-COUNCILLORS: Messrs. W. Marr (Gordon Marr and Sons Ltd.), A. E. Fhippard (William Adams and Co. Ltd.), W. Tulloch (Tulloch's Phoenix Ironworks Ltd.).OTHER MEMBERS: Messrs. T. C. Byrne, A. J. Parsons (Australasian Scale Co. Ltd.), A. Heine (John Helno and Son Ltd.), A. Stewart (Hibberd Motors Ltd.), J. Bryden Brown (Electricity Meter Mfg. Co. Ltd.), — . Newman, — . Golder (The Ever Ready Co. Aust. Ltd.), G. Marr (Gordon Marr and Sons Ltd.). STAPP: Messrs. W. C. Myhlll (secretary), N. P. Miller (Tariff officer), L. L. Woolacott (of "The Australasian Manufacturer"). No title (1934, October 18). The Newcastle Sun (NSW : 1918 - 1954), p. 22. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article166291563 

One week's consignment of Cyclops Tricycles,

Motor Cars and Toys delivered in Perth from the Australian Factory.  Our Members Say: (1937, September 26).Sunday Times (Perth, WA : 1902 - 1954), p. 31 (First Section). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article58790587 

CYCLOPS TOYS
For Health and Happiness
Every toy made by the Cyclops factory is guaranteed. Cyclops factory is one of the biggest institutions of its kind in Australia, and Australian boys and girls appreciate goods made in their own country.
To avoid disappointment, parents are advised to select their Cyclops toys immediately, as supplies are limited owing to their popularity and proved reliability.
The range consists of motor cars, trucks, tricycles, waggons, barrows, scooters, aeroplanes, prams, dinkies, etc and, of course, the baby brother or sister is catered for by the Cyclops stroller. 
Cyclops toys bring Christmas joys, and one should always remember to look for the brand "Cyclops for Long Wear" on every toy. All city, sub-urban and country stores are now stocking Cyclops, so be sure and make your selection as soon as possible.
The beauty of a tricycle, motorcar, etc. made by Cyclops is that one can, obtain a toy to suit any purse or to fit a child of any age. The best materials are used, and although the quality is top grade, should any part be required, spares are always obtainable. CYCLOPS TOYS (1937, November 21). Sunday Times (Perth, WA : 1902 - 1954), p. 37 (First Section). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article58795449 

World War II meant the company had a new priority of course and shortages for metal for toys was to be expected. A few incidences mark their contributions:
2020-1 ) Requisition No. 9786.—Power presses, for Small Arms Factory, £205.—W. G. Goetz & Sons Ltd., Spotswood:  £955 10s.—John Heine & Son Pty. Ltd.. Leichhardt, New South Wales.  DEPARTMENT OF SUPPLY AND DEVELOPMENT. (1940, April 11).Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (National : 1901 - 1973), p. 801. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article232674790 

No Pay, No Work
SYDNEY. Saturday.
Engineers employed by the Clyde Engineering Co. and at the works of John Heine and Sons Pty. Ltd. have decided not to resume work on Tuesday. As the two days' holiday pay which they claimed for the Christmas vacation was not in their pay envelopes yesterday they stated that they would not return to work on Tuesday but would hold a mass meeting in the morning. The stoppage will interfere with war efforts. The production of paravane supplies at the Clyde Engineering Company's works will be arrested, as will the manufacture of machine tools for munition production at the works of John Heine and Son. Unless an early settlement is reached it is possible that other employees at the works mentioned will be drawn into the dispute. No Pay, No Work (1941, January 25). The Daily News (Perth, WA : 1882 - 1950), p. 18 (FIRST EDITION). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article84005150 

TWO STRIKES SETTLED
SYDNEY, Friday.— The strikes at the works of the Clyde Engineering Co. and John Heine and Sons Pty. Ltd. were settled at a conference between the employers and the Amalgamated Engineering Union to-day. The Clyde Engineering Co. employees accepted the terms at a meeting and will resume work on Monday. The men at John Heine and Sons' will meet tomorrow, and it is expected that they also will resume on Monday. The dispute arose over payment for the Christmas holidays. TWO STRIKES SETTLED (1941, February 1). The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article44911052 

11.178 Req. 1648.—Hand-operated curving rollers, for Department of the Army, £590.—John Heine& Son Pty. Ltd.,  N.S.W.  DEPARTMENT OF SUPPLY AND DEVELOPMENT. (1942, August 6).Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (National : 1901 - 1973), p. 1973. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article232677195 

5726 Req. 2507.—Spare parts, for Department of Munitions, £212 7s. 3d.—John Heine & Son Pty. Ltd., Leichhardt.  DEPARTMENT OF SUPPLY AND SHIPPING. (1943, April 1). Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (National : 1901 - 1973), p. 767. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article232690830 

METAL TRADES' GIFT SPITFIRE


This Spitfire, named "Metal Trade, Australia," was given to the R.A.F. by the Metal Trades Industry. It is now ready for battle. To pay for it, the president of the Metal Trades Employers' Association, Mr. John Heine, presented a cheque for £7,500 from the industry to the then Prime Minister, Mr. Menzies, in October, 1940. METAL TRADES' GIFT SPITFIRE (1942, January 13). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17783461

As these toys were built to last, those who were young enough to warrant that year's batch must have shared the previous years with their playmates. Advertisements taken out in magazines in December 1945 stated there would be a 'limited supply'for that Christmas - soon everything was returning to a measure of supply trying to meet demand:

FOR YOUNG CYCLISTS.

 — This Christmas there will be more toys for children. Among- the most popular will be these tricycles, which are in great demand. Mr. L. V. MacKenzie was busy yesterday checking finished tricycles at the factory of Cyclops Pty. Ltd. before despatching them to retailers. No title (1946, October 17). The Age(Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article204948304 


1945 photo John Heine & Son Pty Ltd Engineering Works, Leichhardt - courtesy the State Library of New South Wales. Image Government Printing Office 1 - 39779

INDUSTRIALIST DIES
Mr. John Heine
Mr. John Heine, president of the Metal Trades Employers' Association, who collapsed on Thursday while presiding over a meeting of the council of the association, died at his home at Ashfield early yesterday. He was aged 67, and had been president of the association for 20 years.
Mr. Heine was chairman, and managing director of John Heine and Son Pty. Ltd., the Leichhardt machine-tool manufacturing firm founded by his father.
Born in Devonshire, John Heine came to Australia at the age of 10, and he joined his father's firm as an apprentice five years later. In 1912 he founded Cyclops Toys Pty. Ltd., which to-day employs more than 700 workers.
A leading authority in industrial arbitration, Mr. Heine was employers' advocate in the negotiations that led to the making, in 1920, of the first Federal award in the metal trades industry. He is survived by Mrs. Heine, a daughter, Miss Winifred Heine, and a son, Mr. Ernest Heine. A funeral service will be held at St. John's Church, Ashfield, at 10.30 a.m. to-day. INDUSTRIALIST DIES (1947, December 13). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27892843 

Death Of Founder Of Cyclops Toys 
SYDNEY, Friday. Mr. John Heine, founder of Cyclops brand of children's toys, died at his home at Ashfield today. He was 66. He collapsed while presiding at a meeting of the Metal Trade Employers' Association yesterday afternoon. He was President of the association for 20 years. Mr. Heine was Managing Director of John Heine and Sons, machine tool manufacturers, of Leichhardt. He was-born in Devonshire, England, and came to Australia at the age of 10. He is survived by his wife, a son and a daughter. Death Of Founder Of Cyclops Toys (1947, December 13). Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article134232974 

THE HUNDREDS OF TOYS IN OUR TOY DEPT.
Cyclops Dinkie No. 9 .. .. 31/3
Cyclops Scooter No. 10 . . 39/3
Cyclops Scooter No. 3 . . 64/3
Cyclops Dinkie Express . . 40/
Peter Pan Waggon No. 0 . 12/11
Peter Pan Waggon No. 4 . 30/
Peter Pan Pram .. .. 58/1
Sunbeam Scooters .... 16/11
English Mechanical Train Sets on Rails . ..............12/9
English Mechanical Toys, assortment of 6 kinds. Special .. 3/11
Lawn Mowers .... .... 7/9 ea
Wood Pullalong Toys, assorted 3/1½ each.
Metal Pullalong Waggon 4/3 ea.
Table Tennis .. .... 6/11 set
Picture Blocks ...... 6/2 set
Mechanical Metal Timber Truck 7/4 ea.
Elephant Chimes ..... 5/10 ea.
Plastic Telephones . . . 14/11 ea
Mamma Dolls. 221n Sleeper .... 52/10 each.
Sleeping Doll with hair . 36/7 ea
Sleeping Doll; hard to break 29/9 each
English Rubber Squeaker Dolls 12/4 each.
English Rubber Squeaker Rocking Toys .............. 10/10 ea.
English Rubber Dog .... 7/4 ea. 
Advertising (1948, December 16).Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article140355495 

Below run the pictures taken of this circa 1952 Cyclops Scooter - with rubber wheels, nice white trim and one of the first models to have a brake:
Children playing, Kepos Street, Redfern 1950, photographer unknown. City of Sydney Archives.

References and Extras

1. TROVE


Advertising (1913, December 17). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), p. 45. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article165965281

AFTER WAR PROBLEMS Soldiers and Work - Remark by Judge Heydon

"I have been greatly exercised over the prospect of returning soldiers," said Mr. Justice Heydon in giving his decision in an application in the Industrial Court to-day for a variation of the award of the iron and snip Building Trades Group No. 1 Board, so as to allow John Heine and Son to employ two apprentices to one journeyman, instead' of one to one as stipulated in tho award. "What the effects of the war will be," proceeded the judge, "It is difficult to forecast. People of the greatest experience and knowledge seem to be at a loss, and it is apparently a matter of guess-work. I do not know whether statistics have been kept, but I suppose, that the men who have volunteered for the front have been drawn in fairly equal proportions from all classes of tho community. And if that is so, then there is a miniature Australia ' at the front— a certain proportion of engineers, of bricklayers, of men of all the different trades as well as men of clerical pursuits. I have seen it stated that - one-third of the officers of the Bank of New South Wales have gone to the front. "There are also a . certain number of young men who are looking forward. to professional careers," he continued. "Many of these men will return to the community. And every, man. who comes back will not only do work, but he will make work for others. He has to be kept; he will consume food; he .will require clothing, housing. All these matters will have to be attended to, so' that returned soldiers will make work as well as do it. It may be that the returned soldiers will create a demand for more men than can be supplied. To some extent that might take place, but whether we will be overcrowded by, returned soldiers or not, I do not think these extra apprentices, of themselves, will be an important factor."The application was granted. AFTER WAR PROBLEMS (1917, May 30). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 6 (FINAL RACING). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article221958556 

BACK TO WORK 

MEN TURN TO THIS MORNING 44-HOURS AT REDUCED PAY DISPUTES COMMITTEE TO MEET TO-DAY

Machinery clanged, managers buckled down to detail, workshops grew busy again this morning. ' The 44-hours strike was over. . ' ' Sydney men will now work a shorter week, even if they receive smaller wages.

REPORTS from representative firms show that the men had turned up to work, with willing hands, and that some of the Industrial stagnation had ended. Employers' associations bad received no reports, but it was felt that no news was good news, and that the resumption had occurred smoothly. There are naturally some laggards. Men put of work by Industrial disputes have always taken advantage of enforced idleness by making a holiday out of it. Managers have received word that some men will not be back tor a few days — they were in the country. Some trouble over re-employment in the coachmaking industry occurred.

The secretary of the Union (Mr. .T. Flanagan), who went round the shops this morning at starting time, said later: — "In many cases the fair-minded employers stood up faithfully to the decision arrived at, and took the employees on again on the same conditions as prevailed prior to the dispute. "Others through a misunderstanding or a desire to impose their own conditions, have refused to employ a number of their employees. "The matter will be referred to the Disputes Committee." The Disputes Committee to-day will hear further reports from delegation from the B.H.P. Steelworks, where the employees have been dismissed for refusing to work the 48 hours. The 44-hour week, as it affects the whole of the Commonwealth, will be considered to-day by the whole of the Commonwealth Labor Councils. Mow South Wales will be represented by Messrs. Falkingham and Garden. During Mr. Garden's absence in Melbourne, Mr. E. C. Crow (Food Preserving Employees) will act as secretary of the Disputes Committee. 

"The settlement of the dispute means that the men wish to take half a day's holiday a week at their own expense," said the president of the Metal Trades Employers' Association (Mr. John Heine) to-day. "As far as that goes, it was always open for a man to stay away a day at his own expense. In that way it can hardly be said that the principle of a 44-hour week bus been conceded! One small section of employers could not determine that. It is still a matter for the court when the new Federal Arbitration Court decides the claims. 

"We are very glad to see that Mr. Baddeley recognised it was a Federal matter. Our association has registered with the Federal court, and we Intend to secure awards for all workers In the metal trades. The decision of the High Court about the Federal awards being supreme over the State has caused us to adopt that policy. It was evident that one authority only should rule. Even if the proposed referendum were not carried in the Prime Minister's favor the Federal court awards would remain supreme. Our association, and presumably others, would see that the awards were made by that court, putting in our own claims and not waiting for the men to present their logs."

ON THE JOB AGAIN


Metal and other workers resumed to-day after the 44 -hours trouble. This shows the metal Workers at John Heine and Sons. BACK TO WORK (1926, May 31). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 9 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224210967 

HEINE.—August 14, 1928, at his late residence, 34 Dalhousie-street, Haberfield, John, beloved husband of Elizabeth A. Heine, aged 71 years. Family Notices (1928, August 14). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article118798034 


Cyclops Waggon. 

The name of 'Cyclops' on any toy Is a guarantee for quality and service. There are many toys of this brand on the list, one of which Is Illustrated. This Is a Cyclops waggon, strongly made and very attractively finished. The bright disc wheel, are fitted with rubber tyres which, of course, are favorites with the boys. The price of this waggon Is only 10/60. Cyclop's 'dinkies,' suitable for children from two to five years of age, may be had for 11/0. They are lacquered in blue and red and are fitted with disc wheels and rubber tyres, the front wheel being of seven inches and the back wheels five inches in diameter. The pedals are also covered with rubber, Other 'dinkies' may be had at higher prices. Cyclops scooters for the small toys may be had for 12/11. Cyclops tricycles for children from two to four years are priced at 20/0, from three to six years age and from three to nine years 33/0. AROUND THE SHOPS (1931, December 12). The Farmer and Settler (Sydney, NSW : 1906 - 1955), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117348547

A CYCLOPS SCOOTER (No. 10), is colored green and has orange wheels. A light pressure with the heel on the lever attached to the back wheel acts as a safety brake. This foot lever also provides a parking stand, and price is 15s 11d at the hub. ANOTHER cyclops toy is the "Binkie" tricycle for children aged two to four years. It is enamelled red with a large handle-bar through the front of the seat and is absolutely safe. The wheels are rubber-tyred and it is the kind of toy which will keep little ones happy all through the year. The hub sells this toy for 11s 9d. Write to Santa (1937, December 8). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 18 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article232007921

News from Bowral Gift Store

A few very strong kiddies' prams arrived during the week. Rubber tyred wheels and specially designed for boisterous young ladies. Priced at 36/6, they are a 'gimmee.'

Cyclops scooters, dinkies and three-wheel scooters, Peter Pan prams, steel tables and stools, air rifles, dolls, bears — thousands of toy from as low as 6d. are on show at the Bowral Gift Store. Lay-by now for Christmas and save last-minute worries. Special quotes for churches, schools, Christmas trees, etc.

Quality gifts that are useful and sensibly priced are displayed all the year round at the Bowral Gift Store, but for Christmas shoppers there is an extra special variety to choose from. All the latest in art jewellery, or in real gems, silverware, cut crystal, tea sets, etc., at city prices or less.

It's time to start selecting those Christmas cards now, if you want the largest and best variety of cards from which to make your choice. Call in at the Bowral Gift Store.

The world-renowned Hornby train sets (both clockwork and electric; Meccano (the original and best), and Dinky toys are exclusive In Bowral is the Bowral Gift Store. Train seta are from 28/3, Meccano sets from 8/9 — so why take substitutes?

Our book sections contain the largest and latest variety of books that are available. Marguerite Stcct., author of 'The Sun is My Undoing,' has written another winner in 'Twilight on the Floods.' E, V. Timras, so well known 'to most of you, \ms written' a sequel to 'Forever to Remain'; it is called 'The Pathway of the Sun' and is even better than his last book. Our old friend Ion Idriess has given us another gem in 'One Wet Season.' All these and thousands of others make delightful Christmas' gifts. The kiddies are well catered for by reason of direct indents, so jf if« a book, see the Bowral Gift Store first. We will wrap and post for you. :. :-~, ' '

Christmas stockings to gladden young hearts (and for elder ones too) on Christmas morning — priced from 1/3. Decorations galore— cellophane, Christmas ... obtainable at city prices at the Bpwra1 Gift Store.

This week's gem from our Jewellery Department: 'Any compromise with truth, no matter the pretext, is the mark of a human soul's ultimate corruption.' ...

The other gem sneaked into our jewellery section, and rightly so too — it is the famous writing miracle; the fountain pen deluxe: in the words, the Parker 51. If you want to give a pen, even to yourself, give the best — give a Parker. The Bowral Gift Store are agents for, all good pens but strongly recommend the Parker;

Finally, don't forget to write your name on the cash register docket— you may win a canteen of cutlery, or an electric train set. .8-M: these free gifts at the Bowral Gift Store and ask for particulars. There is no catch and no fee for entry; everything is absolutely free. News from Bowral Gift Store (1949, November 25). The Southern Mail (Bowral, NSW : 1889 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119221339 

Heine Memorial For Metal Industry 

To commemorate the life and work of John Heine, who died on December 12, 1947, a memorial foundation will be established by the Metal Trades Employers'. Association. Mr. Heine played a big part in the development of the metal trades industry in Australia. He was President of the Metal Trades Association for 20 years and a councillor for 37 years. The memorial foundation will be a company registered under the Companies Act, with all members of the Metal Trades Association as shareholders. The objects will be to promote and encourage technical and other forms of education and training to develop efficient executives and workmen in all branches of the industry. It will also assist to establish or maintain schools, fellowships or scholarships. It it will also make contributions to prize funds of technical or training establishments. It will conduct and support research in industry. Heine Memorial For Metal Industry (1948, December 4). Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article140344344 

WON SCHOLARSHIP. 


Mr. Richard Willis, 22, first winner of the John Heine Memorial Foundation Scholarship. The scholarship will enable Mr. Willis to undertake a conversion course and qualify for degree in mechanical engineering at the NSW University of Technology. He is on the staff of the Colonial Sugar Refining Company. No title (1950, March 6). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 9 (LAST FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230169331 

WON SCHOLARSHIP. 


Mr. Ronald F. Smith, young engineer, who has won the first scholarship awarded by the John Heine Memorial Foundation to students of the Management Diploma Course at the Sydney Technical College. The scholarship will enable Mr. Smith to complete the last three years of the Management Diploma Course conducted by the NSW Technical Education Department. No title (1951, March 22). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 7 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230069698 

SCHOLARSHIP.


Mr. Frank Bonnitcha, 28, electrical draughtsman at Cockatoo Dock, has won, from 25 entrants, the £250 1952 John Heine Memorial Foundation award. No title (1952, March 6). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 13 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229636099 

Boy in pedal car - Deniliquin, NSW circa 1929 - courtesy the State Library of New South Wales, Image No.: bcp_06164h 

Cyclops Scooter: Vintage Toys with Wheels by A J Guesdon, 2017. 

 Previous Collectors Corner pages:

Blacksmiths and Tinsmiths  Nylon Stockings Poster Art Furphy's Water Cart   Mousehole Anvil  Sapphire One Armed Bandit  Gould's 1840 Single and Compound Microscope  Tibetan Thangka Wheel Of Life Painting  Cast Iron Seats  Mabel Lucie Atwell Prints  The Customs of Traditional Dining by Hans and Jenny Carlborg  Albert Collins Landscape   Boomerang Harmonicas  Drinking: 18th Century Style Part I by H&J Carlborg  Drinking 18th Century Style Part II by H&J Carlborg Fleece Shears  Wood Case Crank Telephone  1803 Timepeice  Vintage Guitars  Milestones  No.38 Rolls Royce Motor Oiler  Christmas Postcards  Seashells  McCormick-Deering Horse Drawn Mower  Rope Making Machine  Marilyn Monroe 1955 Calendar  Stubbie Holders  Hill's Hoist  Akubra Hat  Fowler's Bottling Kit The Bold Autographed Script  Fishing Tackle  Arnotts Biscuit Tins  Comic Books  Silver Opium Pipe  Mrs Beetons Book  Souvenir Teaspoons  Bendigo Pottery  Gianelli Figurines  Key Fobs  Model Aircraft-static  Porcelain Slippers Wagon Wheels Rhys Williams Painting  Chinese Guardian Lions Australian Halfpenny  Bud Vases  Rolling Stones Still Life LP Autographed  WL1895 Thinking Monkey  Estee Lauder Ginger Jar  Reel Mowers  Surf Reels Millers Car Collection Hilton Lingerie - Slips Miniature Books of Verse - A Romantic Tradition  REGA Pouring Can  R O Dunlop - Sailing At Itchenor Painting Morning Shadows by C Dudley Wood  The Father of Santa Claus - Xmas 2012  HMS Penguin Anchor at RPAYC - Newport  SS Birubi Mast at RMYC - Broken Bay  Helen B Stirling Ship's Wheel at Club Palm Beach   Woomeras  HMSEndeavour Replica Cannon at RPAYC  The Doug Crane Classic Handmade Double Blade Paddle  HMS Bounty Wooden Ship Model Collecting Ladies - Ferdinand Von Mueller and Women Botanical Artists  Australian Bark Art  Chinese Ginger Jars  Hand Plough and Jump Stump Plough - Australian Inventions Frank Clune Books  Frederick Metters - Stoves, Windmills, Iron Monger  Trinket Boxes  1933 Wormald Simplex Fire Extinguisher is Pure Brass  Chapman 'Pup' Maine Engines - Chapman and Sherack  The Beach Ball  Figureheads Salty Wooden Personifications of Vessels Binnacle at RMYC The Australian Florin - Worth More Than 20 Cents to Collectors  Weathervanes; For Those Passionate About Seeing Which Way the Wind Blows Her Majesty's Theatre 1962 Programme - Luisillo and his Spanish Dance Theatre  Cooper's Sheep Shower Enamel Sign and Simpson's and Sons of Adelaide Jolly Drover Sugar Bowl and English Pottery A Means to Gaze into the Past Chief Joseph and Edward S Curtis; His Images of Native Americans an Inestimable Record of Images and Portrait Photographs His Masters Voice, Old 78'™s and Australia's Love of Music Jack Spurlings 'Tamar' Picture 1923  Resch's Beer Art - A Reflection of Australiana Now Worth Thousands  The Compleat Angler - Izaak Walton's Discourse Inspires Generations of Fishers Portable Ice-Boxes and Coolers “ How Many Claim This Invention as Theirs?  Malley's and Sons Ltd. - A Munificent Australian Family Company  Vintage Paddles and Gigs  Nautical Memorabilia  The Crinoline - a 550 Year Old Fashion  B.B. King - King of the Blues Goes Home: a Timely look into Photographs and Autographs and Being Buyer Aware  Deep Down Among the Coral - By Christopher Corr - A Limited Edition Print in Celebration of the seventy fifth anniversary of QANTAS Airways  Old Chinese Rice Bowls for Marriage: Worth More Than You Think...   Commanderie St. John: An Ancient Wine - From 1927 with Lineage to Cyprus in 1210/92 and Methods of Production to Greece in 800 B.C.  Pittwater Regatta Air Race Trophies: from 1934 and 1935 and The Pilot Who Saved William Hughes  Vintage Brass Mortar and Pestle  1958 Bedford 'D' Truck and GM Holden Australian Made Car Bodies  Heart Padlock Charm Bracelets for Newborns: A Golden Tradition  Marvellous Marbles: An All Ages Preoccupation for Collectors  Antique Silver Fish Servers: Artisans Past  Tuckfield's Bird Cards: to Swap or Collect   Joseph Lyddy – O.B.B. Dubbin Boot Polish  Vintage Wooden Tennis Racquets: A Collectors Item As Popular As Summer  Australian Trade Tokens Record Enriching Colonial Histories: the Cascade Shilling First Art Form To Record 'Tasmania' And Kangaroos  Australian Vinyl Singles of the 1950's and 1960's  Dicken's The Old Curiosity Shop bought at The Old Curiosity Shop  Pear's Soap: Artworks For The Masses  Collecting Vintage Photographs: Early Tasmanian Photographer - J W Beattie  Cyclops Vintage Toys  

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