Inbox and Environment News: Issue 560
October 30 - November 5, 2022: Issue 560
Impacting Pittwater - Have Your Say + Discussions + New Works:
Conservation Zones Review Residents Forum: Resolutions Call For Shift In Criteria Applied, For Keeping Pittwater's Green-Blue Wings Intact, For State Election Candidates To Declare Their Position On Pittwater Community's Stated Expectations - feedback closes December 2nd
Narrabeen Education Campus DA Available On Council's Website For Feedback - For Narrabeen Sports High School + Narrabeen North Public School - submissions open until November 21
Aquatics: Manly's Little Penguins: Warden Program Update by Taylor Springett, 2022 Eco Achievement Award - Youth Winner - Manly's Little Penguin population of breeding pairs is now just 27, falling below the number needed to sustain the population. The volunteers are trying to ascertain of they have moved elsewhere - have you seen Little Penguins trying to nest on the harbour or in our area? Please contact Taylor if you have - details run this week.
Proposal For Barrenjoey Lighthouse Cottages To Be Used For Tourist Accommodation Open For Feedback - Again - feedback open until November 22nd
Avalon Beach Village Shared Space Timeline For Works Made Available - works commenced
Motion To Have Fauna Management Plans In Local Council Comply With The NSW Code Of Practice For Injured, Sick And Orphaned Protected Fauna To Be Presented At LGNSW 2022 Conference - Some FMP's Passed Allow For Wildlife To Be Killed Where Their Homes Are Felled - this passed unopposed at 2022 LGNSW Conference
Kangaroo Day Protest At Manly
Every year, over the winter months, ratepayers fund the ACT Government to send hired guns to stalk Canberra nature reserves at night.Over 12 years, across 11,400 hectares of the Canberra Nature Park, 27,950 kangaroos have been killed.Thousands more pouch joeys have been bludgeoned to death or decapitated.Thousands more dependent at-foot joeys have been orphaned to slower death from hunger, thirst, cold and myopathy (a particularly painful and deadly form of stress).Many Canberra residents feel their own lives have been placed at risk, because shooting often occurs near people, next to roads, reserve fences, off-reserve walking trails, or back fences of homes.The reserves themselves are also affected by the reduction in kangaroo populations, their keystone native grazers, and from the impact of shooters’ vehicles which churn up the ground, killing native species and seeding exotic weeds.Many reserves are now covered in thistles and rank grassy weeds. These weeds will be suburban fire traps in summers to come.Culling began in 2009 without any scientific baseline research on the ACT’s kangaroo populations. Since then, no plausible evidence has been produced to demonstrate any benefits from killing kangaroos. Every government attempt to justify this slaughter has been debunked. Independent research, and even research funded by the government itself, provides no evidence that kangaroo grazing has ever harmed any other native species or ecosystem.During 2021-22, a citizen science project conducted a “direct observational count” of kangaroos in all 37 of Canberra’s accessible nature reserves. This research has confirmed that the Environment Directorate’s claims of an overabundance of kangaroos is demonstrably unfounded.This project’s findings are corroborated by a Farrer resident, who has walked on Farrer Ridge Reserve for decades. She reports that, until last year, the kangaroo population there had remained stable for 40 years, reducing during drought. Last year was the first year Farrer Ridge was included in the government’s slaughter, and almost the entire population was wiped out.The ACT Environment Directorate itself confirmed, on April 13, 2022, that the kangaroo population of the ACT is unknown – but that it intends to kill another 1500 kangaroos this year, anyway.This is not conservation. This is extermination.The Kangaroo Management Plan, which mandates killing kangaroos, and the Code of Practice, which mandates the bludgeoning of joeys, are legislative instruments.Each and every member of the Legislative Assembly is therefore personally responsible for this tragedy. Please stop it before any more damage is done.
Northern Beaches Clean Up Crew: Dee Why Lagoon Clean Up: October 30, 2022
- - You'll most likely get muddy
- - You'll most likely get wet
- - You'll walk a bush trail inside the lagoon
- - You'll see plenty of plastic bottles
- - getting in the reeds and getting muddy
- - carrying bags back to the tarp “bag runners”
- - sorting the rubbish on the tarps (we will have tarps for plastic bottles, glass bottles, etc)
Community Invited To Have A Say On Draft Management Plan For Flying-Foxes
Thursday, 27 October 2022
Northern Beaches Council has released a draft plan for the management of flying-foxes in colonies in Balgowlah, Avalon and Warriewood and is encouraging the community to have their say.
The 5-year draft management plan sets out a three-tiered management approach with a focus on:
- routine reserve maintenance (e.g. mowing, path maintenance, revegetation, weed control, hazardous tree management)
- support for affected residents
- community education
- maintenance of existing buffers between properties and flying-foxes
- habitat restoration in less populated areas.
CEO Ray Brownlee said the draft strategy sought to balance the need to protect flying-foxes as a threatened species while reducing their impact on residents who live near the camps.
“As a species in decline across Australia and listed as threatened by the State and Federal governments, we have an obligation to ensure they are protected.
“This species plays an important role in pollinating our forests, so it's crucial we do our bit.
“However, we recognise that there can be impacts on people living near flying-fox camps.
“The draft plan seeks to minimise those impacts by maintaining buffer zones, offering support to residents and providing alternative habitat in less populated areas.
“We welcome feedback on the draft plan and encourage residents to have their say.”
The draft plan will be on exhibition until Sunday 20 November 2022. Residents can learn more, book a meeting with a Council officer, or attend the online information session on 10 November, and make a submission here: https://yoursay.northernbeaches.nsw.gov.au/flying-fox-camp-management-plan
Mickey Mouse Plant Flowering In Warriewood Wetlands
Residents have reported this week that the Mickey mouse plant, Ochna serrulata (commonly known as the small-leaved plane, bird's eye bush, Mickey mouse plant or Mickey Mouse bush due to the plant's ripe blackfruit, which upside down resembles the ears of Mickey Mouse, and bright-red sepals, which resembles his trousers) has been seen flowering in Warriewood wetlands.
This plant is a weed when seen locally.
The plant is native to the forest areas of South Africa. It occurs throughout the country, from Cape Town in the south, along the east coast as far as Kwazulu-Natal, and inland through Eswatini and Gauteng. This tough, adaptable shrub grows in sunny, open positions as well as in the shade of deep forest.
It has been widely cultivated outside of South Africa as an ornamental garden plant, and has become a weed in New South Wales and southern Queensland in eastern Australia, where it is found near human habitation in and around large towns and cities.
Ochna comes into flower in Spring. Once established, Ochna plants are extremely difficult to kill, and produce copious numbers of shiny black berries which are spread prolifically by birds, foxes and other pests and wildlife.
Once Ochnas finish flowering, the yellow petals fall off, revealing the calyx and berries. The calyx turns bright red, and the berries ripen from light green to glossy black.
It is best to hand-pull seedlings, though this is notoriously hard to do from a surprisingly small size. Ochna plants grow with a tough, kinked root that snaps off, leaving the taproot in the ground to re-grow.
When Ochnas are too difficult to pull out, the most effective way to control them is to "scrape and paint" the stem with herbicide.
First, collect any berries from the plant and dispose of them in the bin.
Then, using a sharp knife, scrape the top layer of the bark away, exposing the green stem below. This should be done along the stem, as far down the root and up the main stem as possible.
photo: Ochna serrulata with fruits and the bright-red sepals that resemble the ears and trousers of Mickey Mouse. Photo: C T Johansson.
Weed Small-Leafed Privet Flowering Now; Cut Flower Heads To Prevent Seeding
Single-Use Plastics Ban In NSW Commences November 1st, 2022
- serving utensils such as salad servers or tongs
- items that are an integrated part of the packaging used to seal or contain food or beverages, or are included within or attached to that packaging, through an automated process (such as a straw attached to a juice box).
- meat or produce trays
- packaging, including consumer and business-to-business packaging and transport containers
- food service items that are an integrated part of the packaging used to seal or contain food or beverages, or are including within or attached to that packaging, through an automated process (such as an EPS noodle cup).
- polyethylene (PE)
- polypropylene (PP)
- polyethylene terephthalate (PET)
- polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)
- nylon (PA).
- carrying on an activity for commercial purposes. For example:
- retail businesses like a restaurant, café, bar, takeaway food shop, party supply store, discount store, supermarket, market stall, online store, and packaging supplier and distributor, and any other retailer that provides these items to consumers.
- a manufacturer, supplier, distributor or wholesaler of a prohibited item
- carrying on an activity for charitable, sporting, education or community purposes. For example, a community group, not-for-profit organisation or charity, including those that use a banned item as part of a service, for daily activities or during fundraising events.
From 1 June 2022 The Following Was Banned:
- barrier bags such as bin liners, human or animal waste bags
- produce bags and deli bags
- bags used to contain medical items (excluding bags provided by a retailer to a consumer used to transport medical items from the retailer).
Help Needed To Save Sea Turtle Nests As Third La Nina Summer Looms
Save Sydney's Koalas Petition
Watch Out - Shorebirds About
TALK & BOOK LAUNCH
Book Your Free Ticket To: Developing Sustainable Communities
Weed Alert: Corky Passionflower At Mona Vale + Narrabeen Creek
EPA Releases Climate Change Policy And Action Plan
The NSW Environment Protection Authority (EPA) is taking action to protect the environment and community from the impacts of climate change, today releasing its new draft Climate Change Policy and Action Plan which works with industry, experts and the community to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and support resilience.
NSW EPA Chief Executive Officer Tony Chappel said the EPA has proposed a set of robust actions to achieve a 50 per cent reduction in carbon emissions by 2030 (from 2005 levels), ensure net zero emissions by 2050, and improve resilience to climate change impacts.
“NSW has ambitious targets that align with the world’s best scientific advice and the Paris commitments, to limit global warming to an average of 1.5 degrees in order to avoid severe impacts on ecosystems,” Mr Chappel said.
“Over the past few years we have seen first-hand just how destructive the impacts of climate change are becoming, not only for our environment, but for NSW communities too.
“We know the EPA has a critical role to play in achieving the NSW Government’s net-zero targets and responding to the increasing threat of climate change induced weather events.
“Equally, acting on climate presents major economic opportunities for NSW in new industries such as clean energy, hydrogen, green metals, circular manufacturing, natural capital and regenerative agriculture.
“This draft Policy sends a clear signal to regulated industries that we will be working with them to support and drive cost-effective decarbonisation while implementing adaptation initiatives that build resilience to climate change risks.
“Our draft plan proposes a staged approach that ensures the actions the EPA takes are deliberate, well informed and complement government and industry actions on climate change. These actions will support industry and allow reasonable time for businesses to plan for and meet any new targets or requirements.
“Climate change is an issue that we all face so it’s important that we take this journey together and all play our part in protecting our environment and communities for generations to come.”
- working with industry, government and experts to improve the evidence base on climate change
- supporting licensees prepare, implement and report on climate change mitigation and adaptation plans
- partnering with NSW Government agencies to address climate change during the planning and assessment process for activities the EPA regulates
- establishing cost-effective emission reduction targets for key industry sectors
- providing industry best-practice guidelines to support them to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions
- phasing in the introduction of greenhouse gas emission limits on environment protection licences for key industry sectors
- developing and implementing resilience programs, best-practice adaptation guidance and harnessing citizen science and education programs
- working with EPA Aboriginal and Youth Advisory Committees to improve the EPA’s evolving climate change response
EPA Acting Chair Carolyn Walsh said the EPA is a partner in supporting and building on the NSW Government’s work to address climate change for the people of NSW.
“The draft Policy and Action Plan adopts, supports and builds on the strong foundations that have been set by the NSW Government through the NSW Climate Change Policy Framework, Net Zero Plan and Climate Change Adaptation Strategy,” Ms Walsh said.
The EPA will work with stakeholders, including licensees, councils, other government agencies, and the community to help implement the actions.
The draft EPA Climate Change Policy and Action Plan is available at https://yoursay.epa.nsw.gov.au/ and comments are open until 3 November 2022.
Wanted: Photos Of Flies Feeding On Frogs (For Frog Conservation)
Possums In Your Roof?: Do The Right Thing
Local Wildlife Rescuers And Carers State That Ongoing Heavy Rains Are Tough For Us But Can Be Tougher For Our Wildlife:
- Birds and possums can be washed out of trees, or the tree comes down, nests can disintegrate or hollows fill with water
- Ground dwelling animals can be flooded out of their burrows or hiding places and they need to seek higher ground
- They are at risk crossing roads as people can't see them and sudden braking causes accidents
- The food may disappear - insects, seeds and pollens are washed away, nectar is diluted and animals can be starving
- They are vulnerable in open areas to predators, including our pets
- They can't dry out and may get hypothermia or pneumonia
- Animals may seek shelter in your home or garage.
You can help by:
- Keeping your pets indoors
- Assessing for wounds or parasites
- Putting out towels or shelters like boxes to provide a place to hide
- Drive to conditions and call a rescue group if you see an animal hit (or do a pouch check or get to a vet if you can stop)
- If you are concerned take a photo and talk to a rescue group or wildlife carer
There are 2 rescue groups in the Northern Beaches:
Sydney Wildlife: 9413 4300
WIRES: 1300 094 737
Please be patient as there could be a few enquiries regarding the wildlife.
Generally Sydney Wildlife do not recommend offering food but it may help in some cases. Please ensure you know what they generally eat and any offerings will not make them sick. You can read more on feeding wildlife here
Information courtesy Ed Laginestra, Sydney Wildlife volunteer. Photo: Warriewood Wetlands Wallaby by Kevin Murray, March 2022.
Aviaries + Possum Release Sites Needed
Sydney Wildlife Rescue: Helpers Needed
Bushcare In Pittwater
Where we work Which day What time
Angophora Reserve 3rd Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Avalon Dunes 1st Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Avalon Golf Course 2nd Wednesday 3 - 5:30pm
Careel Creek 4th Saturday 8:30 - 11:30am
Toongari Reserve 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon (8 - 11am in summer)
Bangalley Headland 2nd Sunday 9 to 12noon
Winnererremy Bay 4th Sunday 9 to 12noon
North Bilgola Beach 3rd Monday 9 - 12noon
Algona Reserve 1st Saturday 9 - 12noon
Plateau Park 1st Friday 8:30 - 11:30am
Browns Bay Reserve 1st Tuesday 9 - 12noon
McCarrs Creek Reserve Contact Bushcare Officer To be confirmed
Old Wharf Reserve 3rd Saturday 8 - 11am
Kundibah Reserve 4th Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Mona Vale Beach Basin 1st Saturday 8 - 11am
Mona Vale Dunes 2nd Saturday +3rd Thursday 8:30 - 11:30am
Bungan Beach 4th Sunday 9 - 12noon
Crescent Reserve 3rd Sunday 9 - 12noon
North Newport Beach 4th Saturday 8:30 - 11:30am
Porter Reserve 2nd Saturday 8 - 11am
Irrawong Reserve 2nd Saturday 2 - 5pm
North Palm Beach Dunes 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon
Catherine Park 2nd Sunday 10 - 12:30pm
Elizabeth Park 1st Saturday 9 - 12noon
Pathilda Reserve 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon
Warriewood Wetlands 1st Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Norma Park 1st Friday 9 - 12noon
Coopers Point, Elvina Bay 2nd Sunday 10 - 1pm
Rocky Point, Elvina Bay 1st Monday 9 - 12noon
Friends Of Narrabeen Lagoon Catchment Activities
Gardens And Environment Groups And Organisations In Pittwater
Toxic Algae Blooms Detected On NSW Coastline: Broken Bay Affected
- numbness and a tingling (prickly feeling) around the mouth, face, and extremities (hands and feet)
- difficulty swallowing or breathing
- dizziness and headache
- nausea and vomiting
- paralysis and respiratory failure and in severe cases, death.
- The waters of the Hawkesbury River downstream of the Brooklyn railway bridge;
- Brisbane Water downstream of the Rip Bridge; and
- The waters of Twofold Bay.
World Headed For Climate Catastrophe Without Urgent Action: UN Secretary-General
Murray Cray Rescue Operation
Nestling Birds Recognise Their Local Song 'Dialect'
Pittwater Reserves: Histories + Notes + Pictorial Walks
A History Of The Campaign For Preservation Of The Warriewood Escarpment by David Palmer OAM and Angus Gordon OAM
America Bay Track Walk - photos by Joe Mills
An Aquatic June: North Narrabeen - Turimetta - Collaroy photos by Joe Mills
Angophora Reserve Angophora Reserve Flowers Grand Old Tree Of Angophora Reserve Falls Back To The Earth - History page
Annie Wyatt Reserve - A Pictorial
Avalon's Village Green: Avalon Park Becomes Dunbar Park - Some History + Toongari Reserve and Catalpa Reserve
Bairne Walking Track Ku-Ring-Gai Chase NP by Kevin Murray
Bangalley Headland Bangalley Mid Winter
Banksias of Pittwater
Barrenjoey Boathouse In Governor Phillip Park Part Of Our Community For 75 Years: Photos From The Collection Of Russell Walton, Son Of Victor Walton
Barrenjoey Headland: Spring flowers
Barrenjoey Headland after fire
Botham Beach by Barbara Davies
Bungan Beach Bush Care
Careel Bay Saltmarsh plants
Careel Bay Birds
Careel Bay Clean Up day
Careel Bay Playing Fields History and Current
Careel Creek - If you rebuild it they will come
Centre trail in Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park
Chiltern Track- Ingleside by Marita Macrae
Clareville/Long Beach Reserve + some History
Coastal Stability Series: Cabbage Tree Bay To Barrenjoey To Observation Point by John Illingsworth, Pittwater Pathways, and Dr. Peter Mitchell OAM
Cowan Track by Kevin Murray
Curl Curl To Freshwater Walk: October 2021 by Kevin Murray and Joe Mills
Currawong and Palm Beach Views - Winter 2018
Currawong-Mackerel-The Basin A Stroll In Early November 2021 - photos by Selena Griffith
Currawong State Park Currawong Beach + Currawong Creek
Deep Creek To Warriewood Walk photos by Joe Mills
Drone Gives A New View On Coastal Stability; Bungan: Bungan Headland To Newport Beach + Bilgola: North Newport Beach To Avalon + Bangalley: Avalon Headland To Palm Beach
Duck Holes: McCarrs Creek by Joe Mills
Dunbar Park - Some History + Toongari Reserve and Catalpa Reserve
Dundundra Falls Reserve: August 2020 photos by Selena Griffith - Listed in 1935
Elsie Track, Scotland Island
Elvina Track in Late Winter 2019 by Penny Gleen
Elvina Bay Walking Track: Spring 2020 photos by Joe Mills
Elvina Bay-Lovett Bay Loop Spring 2020 by Kevin Murray and Joe Mills
Fern Creek - Ingleside Escarpment To Warriewood Walk + Some History photos by Joe Mills
Iluka Park, Woorak Park, Pittwater Park, Sand Point Reserve, Snapperman Beach Reserve - Palm Beach: Some History
Ingleside Wildflowers August 2013
Irrawong - Ingleside Escarpment Trail Walk Spring 2020 photos by Joe Mills
Irrawong - Mullet Creek Restoration
Katandra Bushland Sanctuary - Ingleside
Lucinda Park, Palm Beach: Some History + 2022 Pictures
McCarr's Creek to Church Point to Bayview Waterfront Path
Mona Vale Beach - A Stroll Along, Spring 2021 by Kevin Murray
Mona Vale Headland, Basin and Beach Restoration
Mount Murray Anderson Walking Track by Kevin Murray and Joe Mills
Narrabeen Lagoon Catchment: Past Notes Present Photos by Margaret Woods
Narrabeen Lagoon State Park
Narrabeen Lagoon State Park Expansion
Narrabeen Rockshelf Aquatic Reserve
Nerang Track, Terrey Hills by Bea Pierce
Newport Bushlink - the Crown of the Hill Linked Reserves
Newport Community Garden - Woolcott Reserve
Newport to Bilgola Bushlink 'From The Crown To The Sea' Paths: Founded In 1956 - A Tip and Quarry Becomes Green Space For People and Wildlife
Pittwater spring: waterbirds return to Wetlands
Pittwater's Lone Rangers - 120 Years of Ku-Ring-Gai Chase and the Men of Flowers Inspired by Eccleston Du Faur
Pittwater's Parallel Estuary - The Cowan 'Creek
Resolute Track at West Head by Kevin Murray
Resolute Track Stroll by Joe Mills
Riddle Reserve, Bayview
Salvation Loop Trail, Ku-Ring-Gai Chase National Park- Spring 2020 - by Selena Griffith
Seagull Pair At Turimetta Beach: Spring Is In The Air!
Stapleton Park Reserve In Spring 2020: An Urban Ark Of Plants Found Nowhere Else
Stony Range Regional Botanical Garden: Some History On How A Reserve Became An Australian Plant Park
The Chiltern Track
The Resolute Beach Loop Track At West Head In Ku-Ring-Gai Chase National Park by Kevin Murray
Topham Track Ku-Ring-Gai Chase NP, August 2022 by Joe Mills and Kevin Murray
Towlers Bay Walking Track by Joe Mills
Trafalgar Square, Newport: A 'Commons' Park Dedicated By Private Landholders - The Green Heart Of This Community
Tranquil Turimetta Beach, April 2022 by Joe Mills
Turimetta Beach Reserve by Joe Mills, Bea Pierce and Lesley
Turimetta Beach Reserve: Old & New Images (by Kevin Murray) + Some History
Warriewood Wetlands and Irrawong Reserve
Whale Beach Ocean Reserve: 'The Strand' - Some History On Another Great Protected Pittwater Reserve
Wilshire Park Palm Beach: Some History + Photos From May 2022
Winji Jimmi - Water Maze
New Shorebirds WingThing For Youngsters Available To Download
A Shorebirds WingThing educational brochure for kids (A5) helps children learn about shorebirds, their life and journey. The 2021 revised brochure version was published in February 2021 and is available now. You can download a file copy here.
If you would like a free print copy of this brochure, please send a self-addressed envelope with A$1.10 postage (or larger if you would like it unfolded) affixed to: BirdLife Australia, Shorebird WingThing Request, 2-05Shorebird WingThing/60 Leicester St, Carlton VIC 3053.
Shorebird Identification Booklet
The Migratory Shorebird Program has just released the third edition of its hugely popular Shorebird Identification Booklet. The team has thoroughly revised and updated this pocket-sized companion for all shorebird counters and interested birders, with lots of useful information on our most common shorebirds, key identification features, sighting distribution maps and short articles on some of BirdLife’s shorebird activities.
The booklet can be downloaded here in PDF file format: http://www.birdlife.org.au/documents/Shorebird_ID_Booklet_V3.pdf
Paper copies can be ordered as well, see http://www.birdlife.org.au/projects/shorebirds-2020/counter-resources for details.
Download BirdLife Australia's children’s education kit to help them learn more about our wading birdlife
Shorebirds are a group of wading birds that can be found feeding on swamps, tidal mudflats, estuaries, beaches and open country. For many people, shorebirds are just those brown birds feeding a long way out on the mud but they are actually a remarkably diverse collection of birds including stilts, sandpipers, snipe, curlews, godwits, plovers and oystercatchers. Each species is superbly adapted to suit its preferred habitat. The Red-necked Stint is as small as a sparrow, with relatively short legs and bill that it pecks food from the surface of the mud with, whereas the Eastern Curlew is over two feet long with a exceptionally long legs and a massively curved beak that it thrusts deep down into the mud to pull out crabs, worms and other creatures hidden below the surface.
Some shorebirds are fairly drab in plumage, especially when they are visiting Australia in their non-breeding season, but when they migrate to their Arctic nesting grounds, they develop a vibrant flush of bright colours to attract a mate. We have 37 types of shorebirds that annually migrate to Australia on some of the most lengthy and arduous journeys in the animal kingdom, but there are also 18 shorebirds that call Australia home all year round.
What all our shorebirds have in common—be they large or small, seasoned traveller or homebody, brightly coloured or in muted tones—is that each species needs adequate safe areas where they can successfully feed and breed.
The National Shorebird Monitoring Program is managed and supported by BirdLife Australia.
This project is supported by Glenelg Hopkins Catchment Management Authority and Hunter Local Land Services through funding from the Australian Government’s National Landcare Program. Funding from Helen Macpherson Smith Trust and Port Phillip Bay Fund is acknowledged.
The National Shorebird Monitoring Program is made possible with the help of over 1,600 volunteers working in coastal and inland habitats all over Australia.
The National Shorebird Monitoring program (started as the Shorebirds 2020 project initiated to re-invigorate monitoring around Australia) is raising awareness of how incredible shorebirds are, and actively engaging the community to participate in gathering information needed to conserve shorebirds.
In the short term, the destruction of tidal ecosystems will need to be stopped, and our program is designed to strengthen the case for protecting these important habitats.
In the long term, there will be a need to mitigate against the likely effects of climate change on a species that travels across the entire range of latitudes where impacts are likely.
The identification and protection of critical areas for shorebirds will need to continue in order to guard against the potential threats associated with habitats in close proximity to nearly half the human population.
Here in Australia, the place where these birds grow up and spend most of their lives, continued monitoring is necessary to inform the best management practice to maintain shorebird populations.
BirdLife Australia believe that we can help secure a brighter future for these remarkable birds by educating stakeholders, gathering information on how and why shorebird populations are changing, and working to grow the community of people who care about shorebirds.
To find out more visit: http://www.birdlife.org.au/projects/shorebirds-2020/shorebirds-2020-program
Aussie Bread Tags Collection Points
You Are Invited: Youth Congress This November
Comedy Wildlife Photography Awards 2022 - Have Your Vote!
It's that time of year again - thank goodness! We have just released the amazing 2022 Finalists to the media and hopefully you have managed to catch them and they made you smile A LOT. It's been a brilliant competition so far with some cracking entries, and it's going to be really, really hard to pick the winners. Yep, this is where we need your help!
Once again, the incredible team at Affinity Photo are sponsoring the People's Choice Award. You can enter via the website www.comedywildlifephoto.com, have fun voting for your favourite finalist, (which in itself is a great way to spend a few minutes with a brew and a biscuit) and you might win the prize draw and a tip top £500 in cash!! Just think what you could do with that?!
What are you waiting for? Terms and conditions apply. Voting closes on November 27th
School Leavers Support
- Download or explore the SLIK here to help guide Your Career.
- School Leavers Information Kit (PDF 5.2MB).
- School Leavers Information Kit (DOCX 0.9MB).
- The SLIK has also been translated into additional languages.
- Download our information booklets if you are rural, regional and remote, Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander, or living with disability.
- Support for Regional, Rural and Remote School Leavers (PDF 2MB).
- Support for Regional, Rural and Remote School Leavers (DOCX 0.9MB).
- Support for Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander School Leavers (PDF 2MB).
- Support for Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander School Leavers (DOCX 1.1MB).
- Support for School Leavers with Disability (PDF 2MB).
- Support for School Leavers with Disability (DOCX 0.9MB).
- Download the Parents and Guardian’s Guide for School Leavers, which summarises the resources and information available to help you explore all the education, training, and work options available to your young person.
School Leavers Information Service
- navigate the School Leavers Information Kit (SLIK),
- access and use the Your Career website and tools; and
- find relevant support services if needed.
HSC Online Help Guides
Stay Healthy - Stay Active: HSC 2022
2023 Year 12 School Scholarship Program Now Open: DYRSL
Securing A Brighter Future For Disadvantaged Youth
Be The Boss: I Want To Be An Information Technology Administrator
- Business/IT alignment
- IT governance
- IT financial management
- IT service management
- IT configuration management
- IT infrastructure
- Aptitude for technical activities
- Good communication skills
- Able to quickly understand complex problems and devise effective solutions
- Willing to maintain and update own knowledge of IT content
- Able to work independently
- Able to direct and oversee the work of others
- Nationally Recognised Training
- Traineeship Allowed
- On campus, Combination, Online, Virtual classroom on campus, Virtual classroom off campus
- Full Time, Part Time
- Study Online
- Fully government-subsidised
- Talk with managerial, administrative and technical staff to determine information needs, data flows and systems definitions
- Establish and control systems' access and security
- Coordinate protocols for operation within multi-user IT networks that provide voice, data and text transmission
- Check systems in order to optimise performance and initiate recovery action after system failures
- Implement regular housekeeping procedures, including data backup
- Manage the distribution and retention of data on various storage devices
- Coordinate system updates and replacement of outdated versions
- Maintain data dictionaries
- Provide day-to-day advice to users on data structures and terminology
- Provide assistance with testing new equipment and systems
- Prepare technical reports on the operation of systems
- Prepare systems' cost estimates and cost-benefit analyses
- Coordinate the work of support staff
- Provide training in systems use and access.
- Testing database systems and upgrades, such as debugging, tracking, reproduction, logging and resolving all identified problems, according to approved quality testing scripts, procedures and processes.
- Continually surveying the current computer site to determine future network needs and making recommendations for enhancements in the implementation of future servers and networks.
- Troubleshooting and providing service support in diagnosing, resolving and repairing server-related hardware and software malfunctions, encompassing workstations and communication infrastructure.
- Implementing and administering database documentation, guidelines, policies and procedures.
- Performing the operational establishment and preventive maintenance of backups, recovery procedures, and enforcing security and integrity controls.
- Ensuring that the design of computer sites allows all components to fit together and work properly, and monitoring and adjusting the performance of networks.
- Liaising with security vendors, suppliers, service providers and external resources; analysing, recommending, installing and maintaining software security applications; and monitoring contractual obligations, performance delivery and service level agreements.
- Accepting responsibility for the processes, procedures and operational management associated with system security and disaster recovery planning.
- Designing and maintaining database architecture, data structures, tables, dictionaries and naming conventions to ensure the accuracy and completeness of all data master files.
- Preparing and maintaining documentation, policies and instructions, and recording and detailing operational procedures and system logs.
- Be The Boss: I Want To Be An Architect
- Be The Boss: I Want to Be a Marine Electrician
- Be The Boss: I want To Be A Cabinet Maker
- Be The Boss: I Want To Be An Automotive Mechanic
- Be The Boss: I Want To Be A Biotechnologist
- Be The Boss: I Want To Be A Pilot
- Be The Boss: I Want To Be A Music Producer
- Be The Boss: I Want To Be A Gardener
- Be The Boss: I Want To Be A Builder
- Be The Boss: I Want To Be A Confectioner
- Be The Boss: I Want To Be A Ship's Captain
Word Of The Week: Holus-Bolus
1. all at once. 2. in one lump. 3. altogether
First Known Use of holus-bolus; 1840-1850
[1840–50; mock-Latin rhyming compound based on phrase whole bolus. See whole, bolus]
This word is first recorded in the period 1840–50. Other words that entered English at around the same time include: dope, flan, layout, organizer, warmup
Holus-bolus originated in English dialect in the mid-19th century and is believed to be a waggish reduplication of the word bolus. Bolus is from the Greek word bōlos, meaning "lump," and has retained that Greek meaning. In English, bolus has additionally come to mean "a large pill," "a mass of chewed food," or "a dose of a drug given intravenously." Considering this "lumpish" history, it's not hard to see how holus-bolus, a word meaning "all at once" or "all in a lump," came about.
from: Unknown. Possibly of Ancient Greek origin, from ὅλος (hólos, “whole”) and βόλος (bólos, “a throw with a casting net”), or βῶλος (bôlos, “lump”). May have been Latinized (i.e., -us ending as in masculine singular in Latin, as opposed to -os ending for masculine singular in Greek).
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Book Of The Month: November 2022 - The Harp In The South By Ruth Park
The Harp in the South is the debut novel by Australian author Ruth Park. Published in 1948, it portrays the life of a Catholic Irish Australian family living in the Sydney suburb of Surry Hills, which was at that time an inner city slum.
The Harp in the South was published, initially, in the Sydney Morning Herald in twelve daily instalments, beginning on 4 January 1947, after winning a competition run by that newspaper. The prize was £2,000, and there were 175 entires.
It was controversial, with readers writing to the newspaper, on the basis of the synopsis, even before the serialisation started. Delia Falconer writes that The Herald published "forty-three responses, a symposium, and a daily tally of pro and con letters (sixty-eight for; fifty-four against)". It was published in book form in 1948 by Angus & Robertson, who baulked at the novel but "had to honour a ‘gentleman’s agreement’ to publish the winner".
It has been translated into 37 languages and never been out of print. Newly married Park and Niland did live for a time in a Sydney slum located in the rough inner-city suburb of Surry Hills and vouched for the novel's accuracy. Sydney slum life recurs in her novel for children, Playing Beatie Bow (1980).
Rosina Ruth Lucia Park AM (24 August 1917 – 14 December 2010) was a New Zealand–born Australian author. Her best known works are the novels The Harp in the South (1948) and Playing Beatie Bow (1980), and the children's radio serial The Muddle-Headed Wombat (1951–1970), which also spawned a book series (1962–1982).
Park built on her initial success with the 1949 publication of a follow-up novel titled the Poor Man's Orange. During the 1950s, despite the demands of raising a family, she wrote tirelessly. According to a 2010 tribute article printed in The Sydney Morning Herald and written by her literary agent Tim Curnow, she produced more than 5,000 radio scripts alone during this decade, as well as contributing numerous articles to newspapers and magazines and penning weightier works of fiction.
She subsequently wrote Missus (1985), a prequel to The Harp in the South, among other novels, and created scripts for film and television. Her autobiographies, A Fence Around the Cuckoo (1992) and Fishing in the Styx (1993), deal with her life in New Zealand and Australia respectively. She also penned a novel set in New Zealand, One-a-pecker, Two-a-pecker (1957), about gold mining in Otago. (It was later renamed The Frost and The Fire.)
Park and Niland had five children, of whom the youngest, twin daughters Kilmeny and Deborah, went on to become book illustrators. (Park was devastated when Niland died in Sydney at the age of 49 from a heart ailment.
Park never remarried. Between 1946 and 2004, she received numerous awards for her contributions to literature in both Australia and internationally. She was made a Member of the Order of Australia in 1987.
From 1974 to 1981 Park dwelt on Norfolk Island, where she was the co-owner of a shop selling books and gifts. Her later years, however, were spent living in the Sydney harbourside suburb of Mosman. She died in her sleep on 14 December 2010, at the age of 93.
Ruth Park Account Of A Storm At Collaroy When Living At ‘Wits End’
Past Profile of the Week and former Warriewood SLSC member Norman Godden writes from New Zealand last week to remind us of the account of Ruth Park of a storm she witnessed at Collaroy Beach in 1945.
‘’I read the amazingly researched article on Narrabeen, Collaroy and Narrabeen Lakes. What was really interesting was the information on the storms over the years which washed away homes along Collaroy Beach. I was aged 8 in 1945 when my Dad took me to Collaroy to have a look at the major destruction along the beach, resulting from an huge storm. The damage was far worse than resulted from later storms, including those which wrecked homes at Fisherman’s Beach at Collaroy. Whole houses had simply disappeared and those left were completely wrecked, some a pile of debris and others skeletons of their former selves. The beach was covered with stoves, toilets, kitchenware, tiles and so on. In those days, the beach was still covered with tank traps, many weighing tons having been moved by the power of the storm.
What might interest you is that two of Australia’s greatest authors, Ruth Park and D’Arcy Niland had to flee the storm from the boarding house “Wits End” where they were living with their young baby. Like most budding authors, they were as poor as Church Mice, living from hand to mouth. The description of that night, as in her autobiography “Fishing in the Styx” (pages 108-112), is terrifying. They ended up standing on Pittwater Road with other refugees from the houses, with some blankets around them which they managed to salvage.
Ruth Park went on to publish 50 books including “Harp in the South” and “Dear Hearts and Gentle People”, and D’arcy Niland many, including the famous “The Shiralee” and “Call me when the Cross Turns Over”. In later years Ruth lived at Balgowlah, quite near us.’’
Thank you for your input sir!
For those interested, in June 2016 John Illingsworth placed these words of Ruth’s in a short film he made about Narrabeen – Collaroy Coastal Erosion, available at and embedded below: https://youtu.be/FJlHH8OJMOI
Photos: Ruth Park holding her cat outside her home in Balgowlah, 10 December 1962By John Aloysius Mulligan courtesy National Library of Australia [nla.pic-an24574247] and cover of “Fishing in the Styx”
Budget October 2022–23: Restoring Dignity To Aged Care The Government States
- The Government will mandate the number of care minutes residents receive – starting with 200 care minutes including 40 nursing minutes from 1 October 2023, and 215 care minutes including 44 nursing minutes from 1 October 2024. Aged care homes will receive more funding to deliver on our promise to provide more care minutes to residents. In addition, from 1 July 2023 all aged care homes must have a registered nurse on site 24/7. These commitments will be met with a combined investment of $2.5 billon.
- Aged care residents will also have access to better food, with the Maggie Beer Foundation funded to educate and train staff to meet new nutritional standards ($5m).
- Older people in care will experience a strengthened and professional aged care workforce. A new national registration scheme for personal care workers will include a code of conduct, ongoing training and English proficiency ($3.6m). Continuity of care will also be improved by requiring providers to preference direct employment.
- Home care administration and management fees will be capped and exit fees will be abolished – ensuring the amount of funds going towards direct care is maximised. This, in additional to newly published data on what aged care providers spend their funding on, will better protect older Australians from neglect, rorts and rip-offs.
- Initiatives to progress in-home aged care reforms will also be funded ($23.1m), including additional consultation, a large scale trial of a new assessment tool, and establishment of a Service List Advisory Body. The Commonwealth Home Support Programme will be extended to the support at home program commencement (30 June 2024), to provide continuity for over 800,000 older people who access the program.
- Individual homes will receive funding to provide better support to older First Nations people, those from diverse communities and those living in regional areas ($26.1m).
- A dedicated Aged Care Complaints Commissioner will ensure complaints are properly and thoroughly dealt with ($9.9m). A new independent Inspector-General of Aged Care will target systemic issues to improve outcomes for older Australians ($38.7m).
- The Strengthening Regional Stewardship measure ($68.5m) will expand the department’s local presence to help improve regional aged care services, including in eight new regional locations.
- Funding will be provided to modernise aged care ICT to enable reform and to reduce the administrative burden for the more than 2,000 providers that interact with the Government’s aged care systems ($312.6m). Funds will also be provided to sustain the existing My Aged Care system operations.
- Our biggest priority in aged care is increasing the workforce because nine years of neglect has left the sector in crisis. In August the Government made a submission to the Fair Work Commission for a needed pay rise for aged care workers. A decision is expected this summer. The Government will provide funding to support any increases to award wages resulting from the FWC decision and it will impact up to 300,000 workers.
Budget October 2022–23: Medicare
Federal Budget Initiatives Welcomed By Older Australians Says COTA
- Higher pay for all aged care staff to follow from the work value case currently before the Fair Work Commission, for which the Government has already made a provision.
- At least 15,000 of the free TAFE training places being reserved for aged care to help address workforce pressures.
- The creation of a dedicated Age Care Complaints Commissioner in the Aged Care Quality and Safety Commission.
- A substantial commitment of over $310 million in the essential upgrading of IT infrastructure and systems to support the new Support at Home program, greater provider transparency and other reform measures.
- Full funding for 24 hour, 7 day nursing in all residential care services from 1 July 2023.
- Increasing the minutes of care for each aged care resident from the new average of 200 minutes (including 40 of nursing) required from 1 July 2023 to 215 minutes from 1 October 2024.
- Implementing a national personal care worker registration scheme and a Code of Conduct.
- Creating an independent Inspector General of Aged Care as recommended by the Royal Commission and getting the Office of the Inspector General started in 2022/23,
- Providing better food services using a four year funded program to support and train the sector.
- Implementation of the new Support at Home program by 1 July 2024, which will require testing and finalisation of the new single assessment service, design of the new service list and the IT systems needed to support greater choice, self-management, and transparency. In the meantime, the government will be moving to cap home care administration fees until unit pricing is introduced.
- Continuation of the Disability Support for Older Australians program from the end of 2022 to the end of 2023 – an essential but still transitional step to fully implementing the Royal Commission recommendation for older Australians with severe disabilities to be treated in an equivalent way to the NDIS.
- Implementing new measures to establish enhanced financial and care service transparency of providers to both the government and older people seeking and using care
- Supporting the new Independent Hospitals and Aged Care Pricing Authority to be ready to recommend independently determined fair and reasonable service pricing by 1 July 2024
Job Vacancies Strengthen Case To Let Pensioners Work
- Freezing deeming rates for pensioners and other payments for two years, regardless of changes to the RBA cash rate
- Increasing the income test threshold used to determine eligibility for the Commonwealth Seniors Health Card so 44,000 more self-funded retirees get access to concessions
- Legislating for a registered nurse on site in aged care homes at all times of the day
- Supporting an increase to aged care workers' wages through the Fair Work Commission
- Lowering the cost of medicines by $12.50 to a maximum cost of $30.
Have Your Say On Strengthening Quality In Aged Care
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Scams Awareness Week 2022
- Scamwatch Report Form: If you’ve come across a scam you can report it here.
- Scamwatch reporting statistics: Provides up-to-date statistics on scams reported by Australians.
- Targeting Scams Reports: Our yearly report on scam trends and statistics.
- Helping a friend or family member who is a victim to a scam: Useful information if someone close to you has been scammed.
- Be Safe, Be Alert Online: Information on organisations who may be able to help when someone has been scammed.
- Where else to get help: Other organisations who might be able to help when someone has fallen victim to a scam.
- Little Black Book of Scams: Information on identifying a scam (available digitally in a range of languages).
- Protect yourself against scams
- Online shopping and banking
- Helpful apps for your smart device
- How to use home smart technology
- Selling safely online
Bilgola Probus Club Commences
How we found microbes rarer than a ticket to the MoonGenoveva Esteban, Bournemouth University and James Weiss, Bournemouth University
You are more likely to take a trip to the Moon than to see a microbe called Legendrea loyezae under a microscope. Nasa’s Apollo programme has sent a total of 24 people to the Moon between 1968 and 1972. Only four people (including us) have ever found Legendrea loyezae from its discovery in 1908 to our recently published study.
Considering the expense, it makes sense that the number of people who journeyed to the Moon would be low. But peeking into the microscopic realm doesn’t require a billion-dollar budget, only a microscope and someone willing to sit in front of it.
Our recent study uncovered 20 new species of microbes as well as 100 rare ones. Each DNA specimen we find gives another piece of the evolution puzzle. Scientists can use this jigsaw to analyse how an organism works. For example, some genes hint about how a being respires. Or it can give information about the organism’s place on the tree of life.
The reason so few scientists have seen these microbes is because undersampling is a major issue. This means most research teams take samples from only a few or even just one location.
Our most recent investigation, which took two years, involved the collection and investigation of well over 1,000 samples. From the lakes and ponds in Warsaw, Poland, to marine sediments in the North Sea, and the Mediterranean off the coasts of Italy and Portugal, to chalk streams in Dorset, UK we searched for microbes. And it paid off: we found more than 500 species, including the rare and new ones.
Microbiology Is Human History
The first life on Earth appeared in water as creatures too small for the human eye to see and stayed that way for billions of years. Microbes live all around us. They can be found in any habitat, from puddles to oceans. But there is still so much we don’t know about them. Some of these microscopic organisms evolved from simple to more complex beings, eventually giving rise to all the visible life around us. Others have hardly changed and kept their minute size.
Microorganisms were the first predators on Earth and their greedy appetites drove the evolution of more complex life in the early ages of Earth’s history. After the evolution of complex life, microbes became the main food source for other creatures such as krill and plankton, which in turn are food for larger species. If the organisms at the very bottom of the food chain disappeared, all other parts above them would collapse too.
The timescale of this is so long it’s hard to grasp. If we squeezed Earth’s 4.5 billion years old history into a single year, life would exist on a microscopic scale until the end of October. Humans would appear on the last 30 minutes of the year, and we would be aware of the existence of the microbes just less than three seconds before the new year.
The Tree of Life shows how organisms are related to each other. Looking at it, you can see most life on Earth is still micro scale, with animals, plants and fungi restricted to a small cluster of branches within the eukarya group. In contrast to the other two groups, archaea and bacteria, eukarya members store their DNA in the cell nucleus.
A Microscopic Rarity
Legendrea loyezae is in the ciliates branch of eukarya. Oxygen is lethal for Legendrea loyezae and it has tentacles that stretch and contract to catch prey. Scientists have discovered thousands of ciliate species.
Ciliates live in aquatic environments, thin water films in soils and even places where there is no oxygen. Although their lives depend on water, they can form protective structures to stay dormant until they get wet again. They are composed of only a single cell and yet they are wondrously diverse. Ciliates have interesting hunting strategies – some types specialise in eating filaments of cyanobacteria, which they suck up like spaghetti. They can swim. Others have a sedentary lifestyle, including Vorticella, which has a stalk to attach itself to submerged surfaces.
Some ciliate species form permanent, physical relationships with other groups of organisms, something known as symbiosis. For example, they can harbour green algae inside themselves to eat the sugar the algae produce through photosynthesis. In exchange, they protect the algae from larger algae-grazers and viruses (yes, even algae can get viral infections).
Some ciliate species live in densely populated communities, especially in well-oxygenated environments. But others live in such small numbers that finding them is like searching for a thousand needles in a haystack the size of Mount Everest.
Our goal is to find as many of these rare and unusual species as we can. We use our knowledge of species’ ecology as clues. If we know that a microbe prefers to live in dark, oxygen-free habitats we don’t look for it on the surface of the water where there is plenty of oxygen and light. It took thousands of hours looking through a microscope to find four Legendrea loyezae, not to mention a small fortune on physiotherapy for our cricked necks and aching backs.
Why Microbes Matter
It’s easy to feel detached from the invisible microbes. Most of us will never get to see one magnified enough for our eyesight to pick up. But learning about microbes has helped inform some of the most important scientific discoveries in history. Microbes take life as they inflict animal and plant diseases and develop massive blooms in the sea that wipe out aquaculture farms.
But we couldn’t live without them. Microbes are responsible for the survival of our ecosystems and for their recovery after damage such as pollution or climate change. We can’t grow food without microorganisms. They clean our sewage. Some can produce antibiotics and other drugs, others are involved in the production of food.
So exploring the microbial world is well worth the backache.
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Expanded Hornsby Ku-Ring-Gai Hospital Opens
- A combined Intensive Care and High Dependency Unit
- Combined Respiratory/Cardiac and Coronary Care beds co-located with a Cardiac Investigations Unit
- Ambulatory Care Centre (Outpatients Department)
- Medical Imaging
- Medical Assessment Unit
- Inpatients Units (including general medicine, rehabilitation, stroke and dementia/delirium beds)
- Helipad, and
- Co-located education space with The University of Sydney.
75 New Eco-Friendly Social Homes Created In Glebe
Disclaimer: These articles are not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of Pittwater Online News or its staff.