inbox and environment news: Issue 576
March 19 - 25 2023: Issue 576
Mona Vale Woolworths Front Entrance Gets Garden Upgrade: A Few Notes On The Site's History
Parish of Narrabeen, County of Cumberland [cartographic material] : Metropolitan Land District, Eastern Division N.S.W. 1886. MAPG8971.G46 svar (Copy 1). Courtesy National Library of Australia
Prior to then an 1886 Land map indicates previous names for this 'Recreation Area' and that 86 acres and 83 acres were set aside on February 8th 1870 and it was envisioned people would go camping in a 'black swamp'. The water was black as there is peat under much of present day Mona Vale Golf Course. Creeks from the west, south west and south fed into the reserve to fill undulations in the landscape.
Plan of the Village of Turimetta and Suburban Lands - Parish of Narrabeen - Vesper St, Mona Street, Allen St, Pittwater St, Wangara St, 1897 “Village of Turimetta” with cemetery. Note the site of the farm known as “Mona Vale”, a name given to this place by early resident David Foley according to family records. Item c046820016, from Pittwater Subdivision records, courtesy State Library of NSW
Interesting to note that the now Woolworths land area were selling for £11 per Lot in 1897, cheaper than those down around current day Mona Vale Village Park where it would flood. One pound in 1897 equates to around $3 417.77 Australian dollars in 2023, or around $37,595.47 per Lot - a substantial increase but nowhere near what units built on single Lots of land are selling for in Mona Vale presently. All up Mr. Macintosh's 6 Lots would command $225,572.82 at that scale.
Further, an The Australian Jewish News report from 1999 tells us:
Compare this sale with that of the Woolworths supermarket in Mona Vale sold to a Sydney investor for $16 million on a yield of 6.25 per cent. Launceston sale at $5.85 m (1999, September 10). The Australian Jewish News (Melbourne, Vic. : 1935 - 1999), p. 9 (Property and Investment). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article260923135
Woolworths record sale
AMP Henderson Global Investments has just completed a record sale of the freestanding Woolworths supermarket in Queanbeyan NSW. The property was part of the GIO portfolio and was sold off-market by Burgess Rawson & Associates Pty Ltd to a private investor from Melbourne.
The supermarket sold for $13.35 million on a yield of 8.4%. This is the biggest sale in value terms in Australia, outside Melbourne and Sydney and ranks as the third largest sale ever (Safeway Fitzroy sold last year for $13.55 million and Mona Vale in Sydney for $16 million two years ago).
According to Chris Burgess who acted for AMP Henderson in negotiating the sale... "the reasons for the record price are twofold; the successful turnover growth of the store, particularly in the last 3 years has resulted in high annual rental by way of a flat 2%; the low interest rate environment together with the general economic uncertainty has increased the demand for supermarkets where a large proportion of turnover is non-discretionary - rather than discretionary or non-essential spending and therefore immune from an economic downturn "
The deal was negotiated off market to a private investor, however, there was considerable competition from the institutional market resulting in a price considerably above AMP's book value.
Located at 27 Antill Street, Queanbeyan, NSW the store has competition from a new Aldi and an existing Coles. The site area is 1.346 Ha and the store has a GLA of 4,133 m2 with 208 on-grade car spaces.
The 20-year lease expires on 22 March 2002 and Woolworths have taken up the second last of its two 5-year options. Woolworths pay all outgoings making the yield a true net return. Woolworths record sale (2002, February 8). The Australian Jewish News (Sydney, NSW : 1990 - 2008), p. 2 (Property Review Weekly). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article262899467
Narrabeen Creek Bird Gathering: Curious Juvenile Swamp Hen On Warriewood Boardwalk + Dusky Moorhens + Buff Banded Rails - Notes About Our Local Waterhens
Buff-banded Rail pair (Gallirallus philippensis) - Careel Creek, December 2012. Photos: AJG
In December 2012 a pair of Buff-banded Rails and a single tiny black fluffy black chick were spotted on Careel Creek. While at first unconcerned about the presence of the bird-watcher, alarmed peeps came from who is obviously the mum of the pair when the baby began stumbling and so a quiet retreat was in order while making soothing noises. These pictures were snapped quickly so as not to alarm the pair or baby.
The sight of these birds, kindly identified for us by Marita Macrae of PNHA, has not occurred outside of the Warriewood wetlands or the Royal Botanic Gardens for some time. Thus our chant; please keep your dogs on their leashes when walking through or beside the habitat of these ground dwelling beautiful birds - and remember that Warriewood is a WPA (Wildlife Preservation Area) where no dogs are allowed.
These birds live ere, people just visit these places.
Their nests are usually situated in dense grassy or reedy vegetation close to water, with a clutch size of 3-4. Seeing only one chick with this pair, and their alarm at being seen, indicates something may have killed the others.
A pair has since been seen closer to the bay at Careel Bay itself.
The Buff-banded Rail is a distinctively coloured, highly dispersive, medium-sized rail of the family Rallidae. This species comprises several subspecies found throughout much of Australasia and the south-west Pacific region, including the Philippines(where it is known as Tikling), New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand (where it is known as the Banded Rail or Moho-pereru in Māori)
They feed on snails, crabs, spiders, beetles and worms, feeding at dawn, dusk and after high tide. They can run at great speed but seldom take to flight.
Swamp Wallaby At Palm Beach
Urgent Action Needed To Avert Ecosystem Collapse Following Darling-Baaka Fish Kill: Greens
March 19, 2023
Cate Faehrmann, Greens MP and water spokesperson, is calling on the NSW and Federal Governments to take emergency action to remove the millions of dead fish from the river before they decompose and cause an ecological disaster.
Millions of fish have died and are currently choking the lower Darling-Baake river near Menindee, this situation is more severe than any of the large scale fish kill events that have occurred in recent times and represents an existential threat to the river’s health and community water security.
“This is categorically a catastrophe, regardless of whether this is a consequence of receding floods or water mismanagement, the NSW and Federal Governments should be acting now to clean up the millions of rotting fish which are spanning kilometres of the river,” said Cate Faehrmann
“We are experiencing a natural disaster in the Darling-Baaka river right now and government departments and agencies are ducking responsibility and writing this off as a natural event - that is utter nonsense and is doing nothing to help.
“Right now, every natural aspect of the river and the communities that rely on it for water are threatened with cascading collapse and these millions of fish that are rotting away are a harmful tragedy and will further degrade the system and quality of the water.
“The NSW and Federal Governments should be mobilising their considerable resources to avert the ecosystem harm that this fish kill will lead to. The State Emergency Service, the Army Reserve - whatever it takes to clean the Darling-Baaka needs to be happening right now. To suggest the scale is too difficult to deal with is unacceptable. We must get to work, like we would in any state emergency.
“While Dominic Perrottet is making Tik Toks in Sydney, the Murray Darling Basin is in a crisis of unprecedented proportions. Both levels of Government need to pull their fingers out and get these millions of dead fish out of the river before we are facing a compounding disaster that will reverberate along the entire river," said Cate Faehrmann
NSW DPI Fisheries released the following statement on Saturday March 18, 2023:
DPI is aware of a developing large-scale fish death event on the Lower Darling-Baaka below Menindee Main Weir through to Weir 32, adjacent to the Menindee township. It is estimated that millions of fish, predominantly Bony Herring (Bony Bream) have been affected, as well as smaller numbers of other large-bodied species such as Murray Cod, Golden Perch, Silver Perch and Carp.
This event is ongoing as a heatwave across western NSW continues to put further stress on a system that has experienced extreme conditions from wide-scale flooding.
NSW DPI understands that fish death events are distressing to the local community, particularly on the Lower Darling-Baaka.
The Bony Herring species typically booms and busts over time. It ‘booms’ in population numbers during flood times and can then experience significant mortalities or ‘busts’ when flows return to more normal levels. They can also be more susceptible to environmental stresses like low oxygen levels especially during extreme conditions such as increased temperatures currently being experienced in the area.
These fish deaths are related to low oxygen levels in the water (hypoxia) as flood waters recede. Significant volumes of fish including Carp and Bony Herring, nutrients and organic matter from the floodplain are being concentrated back into the river channel. The current hot weather in the region is also exacerbating hypoxia, as warmer water holds less oxygen than cold water, and fish have higher oxygen needs at warmer temperatures.
Multiple agencies across NSW and Commonwealth are continuing to work together on the response.
Community members are encouraged to report any fish deaths or observations through the Fishers Watch phoneline on 1800 043 536.
For more information on fish kills please visit: www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/fishing/habitat/threats/fish-kills
Not The First Time Millions Of Fish Have Died In This System
In January 2019, just before the state headed into one of the largest broad scale bushfire seasons in a generation, with fires commencing in July and culminating in the November to February 2020 disasters, NSW DPI were investigating another large fish kill at Menindee. The statement released then reads:
The NSW Department of Primary Industries (DPI) and WaterNSW are investigating a large fish kill at Menindee in Western NSW.
In recent weeks fish kills have occurred in the Namoi River below Keepit Dam, the Lachlan River at Wyangala Dam and also in the the Darling River at Menindee in a separate event in December.
DPI Senior Fisheries Manager, Anthony Townsend, said fisheries officers have visited the affected area downstream of Menindee today and are investigating the incident.
“The ongoing drought conditions across western NSW have resulted in fish kills in a number of waterways recently and today our fisheries officers have confirmed a major fish kill event in the Darling River at Menindee affecting hundreds of thousands of fish, including Golden Perch, Murray Cod and Bony Herring,” Mr Townsend said.
“After a very hot period, a sharp cool change hit the Menindee region over the weekend, with large temperature drops experienced.
“This sudden drop in temperature may have disrupted an existing algal bloom at Menindee, killing the algae and resulting in the depletion of dissolved oxygen.”
The incident follows an earlier fish kill in December, after intense rainfall events following hot weather, which disrupted algal blooms resulting in low dissolved oxygen levels conditions that exacerbated water quality for already stressed fish.
During the December event investigations by District Fisheries Officers from DPI revealed over 10,000 fish mortalities along a 40km stretch of the Darling River, including numerous Murray Cod, Golden Perch and Silver Perch, and native Bony Herring.
Mr Townsend said preliminary investigations by DPI into the current fish kill event suggest that hundreds of thousands of native fish have been impacted in the same stretch of waterway and further downstream.
“As a result of this incident, DPI will take this opportunity to learn more about our native fish to help improve their future management,” Mr Townsend said.
“Our fisheries experts are extracting otoliths (or the ear bone) from some of the Murray Cod killed during the event to improve our knowledge of the species.
“Otoliths allow us to work out how old a fish is and can be used to help establish age and length/weight relationships, as well as potentially unearth other secrets including where the fish was born and spent its life through microchemistry work.
“All of this new knowledge will help improve how we manage waterways and the fishery across the entire Murray-Darling Basin to help protect and improve native fish populations when conditions improve.
“Fisheries staff would like to thank local anglers and residents who have provided information.
“The current low flows and warming temperatures are likely to pose an ongoing threat to native fish throughout the summer.”
WaterNSW is continuing to monitor water quality throughout the dams and river systems.
Adrian Langdon, WaterNSW executive manager of systems operations said regional NSW is experiencing intense drought conditions, with the state’s Central West, Far West and North West regions the worst affected.
“Algal alerts have been in place for several weeks in the Menindee region and linked to this, low dissolved oxygen levels are likely to occur within slow flowing or no flow sections of the river,” Mr Langdon said.
“It is almost certain these impacts will persist and possibly increase further as summer proceeds if we don’t receive significant rainfall to generate replenishment flows.”
However, the locals, in a report run by The Land in January 2019 report, stated it was a disaster made by the MDBA and NSW Coalition government through over allocation of water from the river to a few. They were furious fish that were estimated to be around 100 years old were dead, furious this was being perpetuated and stated the policies of the then incumbent Federal and NSW State government were killing the river system, stating you could tell just by looking at the colour of the water that the rivers were ill.
An independent panel determined there were three main causes for the fish deaths in the Lower Darling in 2018 and 2019.
- not enough water flowing in the river
- poor water quality
- a sudden change in temperature.
The The Murray–Darling Basin Authority (MDBA) conducted an investigation which stated that between December 2018 and January 2019, three mass fish death events happened in the Lower Darling. Although this is often described as the Menindee Lakes fish kill, the events covered a 40km stretch of the Darling River, downstream of Menindee Lakes.
The exact number of fish deaths is unknown, but an independent panel chaired by Professor Rob Vertessy concluded that over a million fish may have died in the fish death events.
The main native fish that were affected were:
- bony herring
- Murray cod
- silver perch
- golden perch
The mass death events in the Lower Darling were caused by a combination of several factors, including:
- an extended period of very hot weather leading to layering of the water, with a layer of cooler water with very low oxygen levels near the bed of the river
- sudden temperature drop aided by other weather conditions caused this low oxygen water to mix depleting oxygen throughout the water below the threshold fish needed to breathe
- the lack of water flowing into the northern rivers due to low rainfall and high evaporation rates
- over-allocation of water resources in the Basin for many years.
When the Menindee lakes are full they are used by some native species as major 'nursery habitats' (areas which support young fish).
Heavy rainfall and flooding in 2012 and 2016 led to an increase in the numbers of fish living in the Barwon-Darling. By 2018, there were extremely high numbers of young and mature fish in the Menindee Lakes system and in the river.
However, from 2016 there were extended hot and dry weather conditions. The lack of water coming into the lakes (‘low inflows’) and reduced amounts of water being released from the lakes into the lower Darling River, resulted in poor water quality. By 2019 the remaining water in the Menindee Lakes and lower Darling River had dropped significantly and was of poor quality and so could not sustain high numbers of fish.
The Panel’s reports on the fish deaths are available here: www.mdba.gov.au/publications/mdba-reports/response-fish-deaths-lower-darling
In March 2019 Pittwater Online ran a new study out of the ANU which found billions of dollars are being wasted in water recovery subsidies to increase irrigation efficiency across the Murray-Darling Basin.
- An unprecedented breeding program, utilising government and private hatcheries, to ensure the long-term sustainability of the iconic Murray Cod and other native species, such as Trout Cod and Golden Perch;
- Artificial aeration, oxygenation and chemical treatments to support water quality and fish survival across river systems;
- Extra dedicated fish teams to conduct rescue operations during fish kill events ;
- A $4 million expansion of the Department of Primary Industries’ flagship Fisheries Hatchery and Research Centre in Narrandera, as well as other facilities, which will house many of the rescued fish; and
- The State’s largest restocking program in history of rescued and bred native fish once normal water conditions return.
- Environmental water. Inadequate protection of held environmental water especially in sub-catchments of the Upper Darling River. Current Water Sharing Plans on exhibition for public comment, as part of the Water Resource Plan consultation, have no rules to protect publicly owned environmental water from extraction.
- Drought of record. Water allocation decisions that are currently based on worst inflow records prior to 2004. This has resulted in over allocation of water resources in inland NSW causing water shortages in this current severe drought.
- Flood plain harvesting. The continued failure of government agencies to fully quantify and assess the environmental impact of floodplain water harvesting as part of the Healthy Floodplains Project.
- NSW SDL adjustment projects. The lack of substantial business cases for NSW Sustainable Diversion Limit adjustment mechanism projects (supply measure projects).
On the afternoon of February 3rd 2023 the NSW Government gazetted regulations to license floodplain harvesting after previous regulations were voted down for the 4th time by the NSW Legislative Council in September 2022. The timing meant the NSW Parliament would not have an opportunity to consider the regulations until after the NSW state election on 25 March.
The NSW Water Minister’s introduction of the floodplain harvesting regulations for a fifth time shortly before an election showed complete and utter contempt for the voters of NSW, Cate Faehrmann, Greens MP and water spokesperson, stated.
“This just shows complete contempt for the voters of NSW and for the traditional owners, downstream communities and farmers who have raised the alarm about these regulations for the entire last term of parliament,” says Ms Faehrmann.
“The National Party has effectively hamstrung the will of the parliament by introducing these regulations now knowing that we will have no opportunity to vote on them until well after the election.
“After each disallowance, I've called on the Water Minister to sit down and negotiate with the community instead of trying to shove the same laws down their throats again, but each time he’s done exactly that.
“These regulations are just about ensuring the National Party’s big irrigator mates in the north get handed $1 billion in water rights for free.
“We all want to see floodplain harvesting licensed, metered and measured, but it needs to be ecologically sustainable and within existing legal limits,” Cate Faehrmann said
Video posted on FB by Graeme McCrabb, who stated; ''Unbelievable!! Menindee NSW! 17/03/2023. Nearly all native dead fish. - Bonnie Bream, Golden perch, Silver Perch, Carp but not many.
Cat Owners Encouraged To Keep Their Pets Safe At Home
Wednesday, 1 March 2023
Northern Beaches residents are being encouraged to keep their pets safe at home as part of a new animal protection campaign.
According to RSPCA NSW, two out of three cat owners have lost a cat to a roaming-related accident, and one in three to a car accident. Northern Beaches Council is proud to be one of 11 councils partnering with RSPCA NSW as part of the Keeping Cats Safe at Home project.
Promoting responsible ownership, the new campaign goes beyond desexing and micro chipping of beloved cats and asks owners to consider keeping their cats at home.
Northern Beaches CEO Ray Brownlee said there’s a dual benefit to cats and local wildlife that flows directly from promoting responsible ownership of domesticated cats.
“Northern Beaches residents love their pets, but they’re also passionate about protecting the local environment,” Mr Brownlee said.
“Because pet cats occupy a special place in our hearts we need to educate the community on how have them microchip and desexed to keep them safe. This initiative has an educational focus. It aims to protect tiny native species like lizards, mammals, baby birds and frogs, while also preventing domesticated cats from falling prey to road accidents.”
In 2021, the NSW Government awarded a $2.5 million grant from the NSW Environmental Trust to RSPCA NSW to deliver the project.
To help promote the campaign, Council is asking cat-lovers living on the Northern Beaches to submit a photo of their cat or kitten living their best life at home and go in the draw to win one of 10 $1000 vouchers for a deluxe outdoor cat enclosure from Catnets. The competition opens on March 1st and closes on Sunday April 9th 2023. Finalists will be published in an online gallery.
For competition details visit www.northernbeaches.nsw.gov.au/environment/non-native-animals/cats/competition-keeping-cats-safe-home
Learn more about keeping cats safe at www.rspcansw.org.au/keeping-cats-safe
Photo: Greg Hume
Black Summer Vigil For Wildlife: April 2nd
The New South Wales Wildlife Council invites all wildlife carers, wildlife vets, vet nurses, first responders and supporters to the upcoming Black Summer Vigil for Wildlife on Sunday April 2nd 2023 starting at 2pm.
Please join us for the Black Summer Vigil, a three-year anniversary memorial service for the three billion animals who lost their lives in the fires – “one of the worst wildlife disasters in modern history”.
Attend online or in-person at Camperdown Memorial Rest Park (Sydney).
RSVP at: blacksummervigil.com
You’ll hear personal stories from the NSW Wildlife Council, Southern Cross Wildlife Care and other first responders across wildlife rescue, rural fire service, photojournalism, Aboriginal custodianship, veterinary medicine, ecology and more.
+ Performance and Ceremony by Jannawi Dance Clan, sharing a Dharug cultural perspective to honour the Ancestors and bring the spirit of the animals into our midst.
Join us to honour the animals who perished – and in doing so, celebrate the unique and extraordinary wildlife of these lands.
Greg Mullins, Former Commissioner, Fire and Rescue NSW; Climate Councillor and founder, Emergency Leaders for Climate Action. Greg warned Australia's then–Prime Minister in April 2019 that a bushfire catastrophe was coming. He pleaded for support and was ignored, then risked his life dealing with the ramifications on the ground. “You couldn’t see very far because of the orange smoke. Everything was dark. It was probably 2 o’clock in the afternoon but it was like night. Then I saw something moving on the side of the road and I walked closer. It was a mob of kangaroos. The speed of that fire with its pyroconvective storm driving it in every direction, they had nowhere to go. They came out of the forest, on fire, and dropped dead on the road. I’ve never seen that. Kangaroos know what to do in a fire. They’re fast animals. Climate change, driven by the burning of coal, oil, and gas is driving worsening bushfires across Australia, and putting our precious, irreplaceable wildlife in danger.”
Internationally recognised ecologist and WWF board member, Professor Christopher Dickman oversaw the work calculating the animal deaths from Black Summer. A Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science, Professor Dickman already wore the heavy task of being an ecologist during the sixth mass extinction, in the country that has the worst rate of mammalian extinction in the world. On 8 January 2020 media around the world shared his finding that Black Summer fires had killed one billion animals. Sadly, the fires continued for two more months, and his team's final count was three billion. This does not include invertebrates: it is estimated 240 trillion beetles, moths, spiders, yabbies and other invertebrates died in the fires.
Coming up from the South Coast, owner of Wild2Free Kangaroo Sanctuary Rae Harvey, as seen in The Bond and The Fire. She is in the sad position of having personally known and cared for a number of Black Summer's victims: many of the orphaned joeys she cared for were killed in the fires. (She nearly died herself too.) For three years, she has been unable to even speak their names. Now, for the first time, she will tell the story of the joeys she lost.
Cultural burning practitioner and Southern NSW Regional Coordinator with Firesticks Alliance, Djiringanj-Yuin Custodian Dan Morgan. Dan practises using Aboriginal knowledge to heal Country. He has worked for 18 years with the NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service and is on the board of management for the Biamanga National Park, a sacred area home to the last surviving koalas on the NSW south coast – which was partly destroyed by the fires of Black Summer. “The animals that live on our sacred sites are our Ancestors, it's our Cultural obligation to protect them. We have evolved with our Country over thousands of years, nourishing and protecting all living species. Our Country represents our people. So when the fires came, it was devastating to see the aftermath, and the feeling of helplessness was truly traumatising for our people, due to the denial of our Cultural right to manage Country as our Ancestors did for thousands of years prior to colonisation. Australia needs to make legislative changes that allow us to heal Country and our community through the fire knowledge and to stop incinerating ecosystems with destructive 'hazard-reduction' burns."
Head of Programs & Disaster Response at Humane Society International (HSI), Evan Quartermain was one of the first responders on Kangaroo Island where nearly 40% of the island burnt at high severity: “Those were some of the toughest scenes I’d ever witnessed as an animal rescuer: the bodies of charred animals as far as the eye can see. Every time we found an animal alive it felt like a miracle.” As a result of this firsthand experience, HSI commissioned a report into the state of Australia's disaster response for wildlife, which we'll also hear about.
+ More to come.
The Black Summer Vigil is brought to you by the Department of Animals, Animals Australia, the NSW Wildlife Council, World Animal Protection, Humane Society International and Defend the Wild, with support from WIRES, Firesticks Alliance, Nature Conservation Council of NSW, Wild2Free Kangaroo Rescue, Four Paws, Friends of the Koala and Kangaroos Alive.
Permaculture Northern Beaches - Upcoming Events
- Learn about Permaculture design
- Caring for and raising chickens
- Native bees and bee hotels
- Living Skills - soap making
- AND Live Music!
Report Fox Sightings
Weed Of The Week: Cassia - Please Pull Out And Save Our Bush
New Marine Wildlife Rescue Group On The Central Coast
A new wildlife group was launched on the Central Coast on Saturday, December 10, 2022.
Marine Wildlife Rescue Central Coast (MWRCC) had its official launch at The Entrance Boat Shed at 10am.
The group comprises current and former members of ASTR, ORRCA, Sea Shepherd, Greenpeace, WIRES and Wildlife ARC, as well as vets, academics, and people from all walks of life.
Well known marine wildlife advocate and activist Cathy Gilmore is spearheading the organisation.
“We believe that it is time the Central Coast looked after its own marine wildlife, and not be under the control or directed by groups that aren’t based locally,” Gilmore said.
“We have the local knowledge and are set up to respond and help injured animals more quickly.
“This also means that donations and money fundraised will go directly into helping our local marine creatures, and not get tied up elsewhere in the state.”
The organisation plans to have rehabilitation facilities and rescue kits placed in strategic locations around the region.
MWRCC will also be in touch with Indigenous groups to learn the traditional importance of the local marine environment and its inhabitants.
“We want to work with these groups and share knowledge between us,” Gilmore said.
“This is an opportunity to help save and protect our local marine wildlife, so if you have passion and commitment, then you are more than welcome to join us.”
Marine Wildlife Rescue Central Coast has a Facebook page where you may contact members. Visit: https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100076317431064
Watch Out - Shorebirds About
Possums In Your Roof?: Do The Right Thing
Aviaries + Possum Release Sites Needed
Bushcare In Pittwater
Where we work Which day What time
Angophora Reserve 3rd Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Avalon Dunes 1st Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Avalon Golf Course 2nd Wednesday 3 - 5:30pm
Careel Creek 4th Saturday 8:30 - 11:30am
Toongari Reserve 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon (8 - 11am in summer)
Bangalley Headland 2nd Sunday 9 to 12noon
Winnererremy Bay 4th Sunday 9 to 12noon
North Bilgola Beach 3rd Monday 9 - 12noon
Algona Reserve 1st Saturday 9 - 12noon
Plateau Park 1st Friday 8:30 - 11:30am
Browns Bay Reserve 1st Tuesday 9 - 12noon
McCarrs Creek Reserve Contact Bushcare Officer To be confirmed
Old Wharf Reserve 3rd Saturday 8 - 11am
Kundibah Reserve 4th Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Mona Vale Beach Basin 1st Saturday 8 - 11am
Mona Vale Dunes 2nd Saturday +3rd Thursday 8:30 - 11:30am
Bungan Beach 4th Sunday 9 - 12noon
Crescent Reserve 3rd Sunday 9 - 12noon
North Newport Beach 4th Saturday 8:30 - 11:30am
Porter Reserve 2nd Saturday 8 - 11am
Irrawong Reserve 2nd Saturday 2 - 5pm
North Palm Beach Dunes 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon
Catherine Park 2nd Sunday 10 - 12:30pm
Elizabeth Park 1st Saturday 9 - 12noon
Pathilda Reserve 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon
Warriewood Wetlands 1st Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Norma Park 1st Friday 9 - 12noon
Coopers Point, Elvina Bay 2nd Sunday 10 - 1pm
Rocky Point, Elvina Bay 1st Monday 9 - 12noon
Friends Of Narrabeen Lagoon Catchment Activities
Gardens And Environment Groups And Organisations In Pittwater
Federal Government States It Is Using Every Tool In The Box To Conserve More Of Our Iconic Landscapes; Invites Feedback On Framework
- A geographically defined area other than a Protected Area, which is governed and managed
- in ways that achieve positive and sustained long-term outcomes for the in-situ conservation
- of biodiversity, with associated ecosystem functions and services and where applicable,
- cultural, spiritual, socio-economic, and other locally relevant values.
Pittwater Reserves: Histories + Notes + Pictorial Walks
A History Of The Campaign For Preservation Of The Warriewood Escarpment by David Palmer OAM and Angus Gordon OAM
A Stroll Through Warriewood Wetlands by Joe Mills February 2023
A Walk Around The Cromer Side Of Narrabeen Lake by Joe Mills
America Bay Track Walk - photos by Joe Mills
An Aquatic June: North Narrabeen - Turimetta - Collaroy photos by Joe Mills
Angophora Reserve Angophora Reserve Flowers Grand Old Tree Of Angophora Reserve Falls Back To The Earth - History page
Annie Wyatt Reserve - A Pictorial
Avalon's Village Green: Avalon Park Becomes Dunbar Park - Some History + Toongari Reserve and Catalpa Reserve
Bairne Walking Track Ku-Ring-Gai Chase NP by Kevin Murray
Bangalley Headland Bangalley Mid Winter
Banksias of Pittwater
Barrenjoey Boathouse In Governor Phillip Park Part Of Our Community For 75 Years: Photos From The Collection Of Russell Walton, Son Of Victor Walton
Barrenjoey Headland: Spring flowers
Barrenjoey Headland after fire
Botham Beach by Barbara Davies
Bungan Beach Bush Care
Careel Bay Saltmarsh plants
Careel Bay Birds
Careel Bay Clean Up day
Careel Bay Playing Fields History and Current
Careel Creek - If you rebuild it they will come
Centre trail in Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park
Chiltern Track- Ingleside by Marita Macrae
Clareville/Long Beach Reserve + some History
Coastal Stability Series: Cabbage Tree Bay To Barrenjoey To Observation Point by John Illingsworth, Pittwater Pathways, and Dr. Peter Mitchell OAM
Cowan Track by Kevin Murray
Curl Curl To Freshwater Walk: October 2021 by Kevin Murray and Joe Mills
Currawong and Palm Beach Views - Winter 2018
Currawong-Mackerel-The Basin A Stroll In Early November 2021 - photos by Selena Griffith
Currawong State Park Currawong Beach + Currawong Creek
Deep Creek To Warriewood Walk photos by Joe Mills
Drone Gives A New View On Coastal Stability; Bungan: Bungan Headland To Newport Beach + Bilgola: North Newport Beach To Avalon + Bangalley: Avalon Headland To Palm Beach
Duck Holes: McCarrs Creek by Joe Mills
Dunbar Park - Some History + Toongari Reserve and Catalpa Reserve
Dundundra Falls Reserve: August 2020 photos by Selena Griffith - Listed in 1935
Elsie Track, Scotland Island
Elvina Track in Late Winter 2019 by Penny Gleen
Elvina Bay Walking Track: Spring 2020 photos by Joe Mills
Elvina Bay-Lovett Bay Loop Spring 2020 by Kevin Murray and Joe Mills
Fern Creek - Ingleside Escarpment To Warriewood Walk + Some History photos by Joe Mills
Iluka Park, Woorak Park, Pittwater Park, Sand Point Reserve, Snapperman Beach Reserve - Palm Beach: Some History
Ingleside Wildflowers August 2013
Irrawong - Ingleside Escarpment Trail Walk Spring 2020 photos by Joe Mills
Irrawong - Mullet Creek Restoration
Katandra Bushland Sanctuary - Ingleside
Lucinda Park, Palm Beach: Some History + 2022 Pictures
McCarr's Creek to Church Point to Bayview Waterfront Path
Mona Vale Beach - A Stroll Along, Spring 2021 by Kevin Murray
Mona Vale Headland, Basin and Beach Restoration
Mount Murray Anderson Walking Track by Kevin Murray and Joe Mills
Narrabeen Lagoon Catchment: Past Notes Present Photos by Margaret Woods
Narrabeen Lagoon State Park
Narrabeen Lagoon State Park Expansion
Narrabeen Rockshelf Aquatic Reserve
Nerang Track, Terrey Hills by Bea Pierce
Newport Bushlink - the Crown of the Hill Linked Reserves
Newport Community Garden - Woolcott Reserve
Newport to Bilgola Bushlink 'From The Crown To The Sea' Paths: Founded In 1956 - A Tip and Quarry Becomes Green Space For People and Wildlife
Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways; Bungan Beach and Bungan Head Reserves: A Headland Garden
Pittwater Reserves, The Green Ways: Clareville Wharf and Taylor's Point Jetty
Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways; Hordern, Wilshire Parks, McKay Reserve: From Beach to Estuary
Pittwater Reserves - The Green Ways: Mona Vale's Village Greens a Map of the Historic Crown Lands Ethos Realised in The Village, Kitchener and Beeby Parks
Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways Bilgola Beach - The Cabbage Tree Gardens and Camping Grounds - Includes Bilgola - The Story Of A Politician, A Pilot and An Epicure by Tony Dawson and Anne Spencer
Pittwater spring: waterbirds return to Wetlands
Pittwater's Lone Rangers - 120 Years of Ku-Ring-Gai Chase and the Men of Flowers Inspired by Eccleston Du Faur
Pittwater's Parallel Estuary - The Cowan 'Creek
Resolute Track at West Head by Kevin Murray
Resolute Track Stroll by Joe Mills
Riddle Reserve, Bayview
Salvation Loop Trail, Ku-Ring-Gai Chase National Park- Spring 2020 - by Selena Griffith
Seagull Pair At Turimetta Beach: Spring Is In The Air!
Stapleton Park Reserve In Spring 2020: An Urban Ark Of Plants Found Nowhere Else
Stony Range Regional Botanical Garden: Some History On How A Reserve Became An Australian Plant Park
The Chiltern Track
The Resolute Beach Loop Track At West Head In Ku-Ring-Gai Chase National Park by Kevin Murray
Topham Track Ku-Ring-Gai Chase NP, August 2022 by Joe Mills and Kevin Murray
Towlers Bay Walking Track by Joe Mills
Trafalgar Square, Newport: A 'Commons' Park Dedicated By Private Landholders - The Green Heart Of This Community
Tranquil Turimetta Beach, April 2022 by Joe Mills
Turimetta Beach Reserve by Joe Mills, Bea Pierce and Lesley
Turimetta Beach Reserve: Old & New Images (by Kevin Murray) + Some History
Warriewood Wetlands and Irrawong Reserve
Whale Beach Ocean Reserve: 'The Strand' - Some History On Another Great Protected Pittwater Reserve
Wilshire Park Palm Beach: Some History + Photos From May 2022
Winji Jimmi - Water Maze
New Shorebirds WingThing For Youngsters Available To Download
A Shorebirds WingThing educational brochure for kids (A5) helps children learn about shorebirds, their life and journey. The 2021 revised brochure version was published in February 2021 and is available now. You can download a file copy here.
If you would like a free print copy of this brochure, please send a self-addressed envelope with A$1.10 postage (or larger if you would like it unfolded) affixed to: BirdLife Australia, Shorebird WingThing Request, 2-05Shorebird WingThing/60 Leicester St, Carlton VIC 3053.
Shorebird Identification Booklet
The Migratory Shorebird Program has just released the third edition of its hugely popular Shorebird Identification Booklet. The team has thoroughly revised and updated this pocket-sized companion for all shorebird counters and interested birders, with lots of useful information on our most common shorebirds, key identification features, sighting distribution maps and short articles on some of BirdLife’s shorebird activities.
The booklet can be downloaded here in PDF file format: http://www.birdlife.org.au/documents/Shorebird_ID_Booklet_V3.pdf
Paper copies can be ordered as well, see http://www.birdlife.org.au/projects/shorebirds-2020/counter-resources for details.
Download BirdLife Australia's children’s education kit to help them learn more about our wading birdlife
Shorebirds are a group of wading birds that can be found feeding on swamps, tidal mudflats, estuaries, beaches and open country. For many people, shorebirds are just those brown birds feeding a long way out on the mud but they are actually a remarkably diverse collection of birds including stilts, sandpipers, snipe, curlews, godwits, plovers and oystercatchers. Each species is superbly adapted to suit its preferred habitat. The Red-necked Stint is as small as a sparrow, with relatively short legs and bill that it pecks food from the surface of the mud with, whereas the Eastern Curlew is over two feet long with a exceptionally long legs and a massively curved beak that it thrusts deep down into the mud to pull out crabs, worms and other creatures hidden below the surface.
Some shorebirds are fairly drab in plumage, especially when they are visiting Australia in their non-breeding season, but when they migrate to their Arctic nesting grounds, they develop a vibrant flush of bright colours to attract a mate. We have 37 types of shorebirds that annually migrate to Australia on some of the most lengthy and arduous journeys in the animal kingdom, but there are also 18 shorebirds that call Australia home all year round.
What all our shorebirds have in common—be they large or small, seasoned traveller or homebody, brightly coloured or in muted tones—is that each species needs adequate safe areas where they can successfully feed and breed.
The National Shorebird Monitoring Program is managed and supported by BirdLife Australia.
This project is supported by Glenelg Hopkins Catchment Management Authority and Hunter Local Land Services through funding from the Australian Government’s National Landcare Program. Funding from Helen Macpherson Smith Trust and Port Phillip Bay Fund is acknowledged.
The National Shorebird Monitoring Program is made possible with the help of over 1,600 volunteers working in coastal and inland habitats all over Australia.
The National Shorebird Monitoring program (started as the Shorebirds 2020 project initiated to re-invigorate monitoring around Australia) is raising awareness of how incredible shorebirds are, and actively engaging the community to participate in gathering information needed to conserve shorebirds.
In the short term, the destruction of tidal ecosystems will need to be stopped, and our program is designed to strengthen the case for protecting these important habitats.
In the long term, there will be a need to mitigate against the likely effects of climate change on a species that travels across the entire range of latitudes where impacts are likely.
The identification and protection of critical areas for shorebirds will need to continue in order to guard against the potential threats associated with habitats in close proximity to nearly half the human population.
Here in Australia, the place where these birds grow up and spend most of their lives, continued monitoring is necessary to inform the best management practice to maintain shorebird populations.
BirdLife Australia believe that we can help secure a brighter future for these remarkable birds by educating stakeholders, gathering information on how and why shorebird populations are changing, and working to grow the community of people who care about shorebirds.
To find out more visit: http://www.birdlife.org.au/projects/shorebirds-2020/shorebirds-2020-program
Aussie Bread Tags Collection Points
Mantises are an order (Mantodea) of insects that contains over 2,400 species in about 460 genera in 33 families. The largest family is the Mantidae ("mantids"). Mantises are distributed worldwide in temperate and tropical habitats. They have triangular heads with bulging eyes supported on flexible necks. Their elongated bodies may or may not have wings, but all Mantodea have forelegs that are greatly enlarged and adapted for catching and gripping prey; their upright posture, while remaining stationary with forearms folded, has led to the common name praying mantis.
The closest relatives of mantises are termites and cockroaches (Blattodea), which are all within the superorder Dictyoptera.
Mantises are sometimes confused with stick insects (Phasmatodea), other elongated insects such as grasshoppers (Orthoptera), or other more distantly related insects with raptorial forelegs such as mantisflies (Mantispidae). Mantises are mostly ambush predators, but a few ground-dwelling species are found actively pursuing their prey.
They normally live for about a year. In cooler climates, the adults lay eggs in Autumn. The eggs are protected by their hard capsules and hatch in the Spring.
The earliest mantis fossils are about 140 million years old, from Siberia.
Mantises have stereo vision. In 2018 the team at Newcastle University, UK has discovered that mantis 3D vision works differently from all previously known forms of biological 3D vision. 3D or stereo vision helps us work out the distances to the things we see. Each of our eyes sees a slightly different view of the world. Our brains merge these two views to create a single image, while using the differences between the two views to work out how far away things are. But humans are not the only animals that have stereo vision. Other animals include monkeys, cats, horses, owls and toads, but the only insect known to have stereo vision is the praying mantis.
This so-called 3D vision - also known as stereopsis - is how creatures with binocular vision produce depth perception when they're taking in the world.
They locate their prey by sight; their compound eyes contain up to 10,000 ommatidia. An insect's compound eye is made up of many individual units packed together to form the surface of the eye. These units are hexagonal in shape and called 'ommatidea' (singular ommatidium). Each eye can have more than a thousand ommatidea.
A small area at the front called the fovea has greater visual acuity than the rest of the eye, and can produce the high resolution necessary to examine potential prey. The peripheral ommatidia are concerned with perceiving motion; when a moving object is noticed, the head is rapidly rotated to bring the object into the visual field of the fovea.
Head of Archimantis latistyla, showing the compound eyes and labrum. Taken in Swifts Creek, Victoria, Australia. Photo: Fir0002
A praying mantis filmed this week in Avalon Beach:
Australia Post Delivers Building Blocks For A Brighter Future
Continuing its partnership with not-for-profit Indigenous charity DeadlyScience, Australia Post is packing and delivering LEGO® products to more than 750 First Nations schools and communities across Australia this week.
The LEGO sets will make their way across metropolitan, regional and remote Australia via Australia Post’s chartered planes and barges and its fleet of trucks, eDVs, vans and motorbikes. The LEGO sets will be used as an educational Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) resource, benefiting over 34,500 First Nations students.
Australia Post Executive General Manager Community, Sustainability and Stakeholder Engagement, Tanny Mangos, highlighted how the breadth of Australia Post’s network played a key role in reaching many of the regional and remote communities supported by this DeadlyScience initiative.
“It’s fantastic to be able to leverage our vast delivery network to get these important packages out to so many First Nations schools and communities.
“At Australia Post we remain firmly committed to supporting literacy in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities and this partnership with DeadlyScience provides us with the opportunity to play a key role in delivering critical materials to these schools and communities.
“We love the excitement and joy on the students faces when they receive their packages, knowing that we have played a role in making that possible,” Ms Mangos concluded.
Corey and Tanny packing up the sets to send out.
“The support from Australia Post to deliver LEGO products to over 34,500 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students across Australia will help DeadlyScience to build future generations of engineers,” said DeadlyScience CEO, Corey Tutt OAM.
“The LEGO System in Play offers a great foundation for engineering through learning through play; providing so many opportunities for students to explore this field.”
DeadlyScience, founded in 2018 by proud Kamilaroi man Corey Tutt OAM, celebrates Australia’s first scientists, First Nations people –and aims to build future generations of First Nations deadly scientists, technicians, engineers, mathematicians and STEM leaders.
Corey Tutt OAM at the Australia Post packing centre
Royal National Park Line (And The Sydney Tramway Museum): Lost Sydney
Published March 2023 by Building Beautifully
The Royal National Park is one of the most gorgeous national parks in the greater Sydney region, and is a very popular daytrip destination. Did you know that, once upon a time, you could catch the train to the Royal National Park? The line operated from 1886 to 1991, and once upon a time it was a very popular line. Unfortunately, the line eventually closed...but the Sydney Tram Museum swooped right in and rescued the line from total abandonment. Follow me as we uncover the magical story of the Royal National Park; a line, a closure, a saviour.
Express Yourself 2023 Winners Announced
HAYLEY BENNETT, for My latio dissonante vulgari (My Cacophony) - The Forest High
CHARLOTTE YAN, for Devolution - NBSC - Freshwater Senior Campus
Friends of MAG&M Youth Art Award – shared winner
JOSH BOEHM, for Power of now - St Paul’s Catholic College
MIA HAMILL, for The Joy of Dance - NBSC - Freshwater Senior Campus
JADA JONES, For the Love of Pa - Barrenjoey High School
Friends of MAG&M Youth Art Award – highly commended
MIA McDONALD, for Search for Self - NBSC - Manly Campus
HANNAH PEREIRA, for Women’s human form - Davidson High School
XANTHE HUNGERFORD, for Les feuilles fragiles de l’esprit (The fragile leaves of the mind) - The Pittwater House School
The KALOF People’s Choice Award will be announced at the end of the exhibition period. Visitors are encouraged to vote for their favourite work.
Barrier Story: Broken Hill In 1959
Published by NFSA
Northern Composure Band Competition 2023
Due to the pandemic, Council have had the 20th anniversary on hold but pleased to say that the competition is open and running again.
Northern Composure is the largest and longest-running youth band competition in the area and offers musicians local exposure as well as invaluable stage experience. Bands compete in heats, semi finals and the grand final for a total prize pool of over $15,000.
Over the past 20 years we have had many success stories and now is your chance to join bands such as:
- Ocean Alley
- Lime Cordiale
- Dear Seattle
- What So Not
- The Rions
- Winston Surfshirt
And even a Triple J announcer plus a wide range of industry professionals
About the Competition
In 2023, the comp looks a little different.
All bands are invited to enter our heats which will be exclusively run online and voted on by your peers and community by registering below and uploading a video of one song of your choice. (if you are doing a cover, please make sure to credit the original band) We are counting on you to spread the word and get your friends, family, teachers voting for you!
The top 8-12 bands will move on through to our live semi finals with a winner from each moving on to the grand final held during National Youth Week. Not only that but we have raised the age range from 19 to 21 for all those musicians who may have missed out over the past two years.
- Voting open for heats: Mon 13 Feb – Sun 26 Feb
- Band Briefing: Mon 6 March, Dee Why PCYC
- Semi 1: Sat 18 March Mona Vale Memorial Hall
- Semi 2: Sat 25 March, YOYOs, Frenchs Forest
- Grand Final: Fri 28 April, Dee Why PCYC
For more information contact Youth Development at firstname.lastname@example.org or call 8495 5104
Stay in the loop and follow Northern Composure Unplugged on KALOF Facebook.
School Leavers Support
- Download or explore the SLIK here to help guide Your Career.
- School Leavers Information Kit (PDF 5.2MB).
- School Leavers Information Kit (DOCX 0.9MB).
- The SLIK has also been translated into additional languages.
- Download our information booklets if you are rural, regional and remote, Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander, or living with disability.
- Support for Regional, Rural and Remote School Leavers (PDF 2MB).
- Support for Regional, Rural and Remote School Leavers (DOCX 0.9MB).
- Support for Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander School Leavers (PDF 2MB).
- Support for Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander School Leavers (DOCX 1.1MB).
- Support for School Leavers with Disability (PDF 2MB).
- Support for School Leavers with Disability (DOCX 0.9MB).
- Download the Parents and Guardian’s Guide for School Leavers, which summarises the resources and information available to help you explore all the education, training, and work options available to your young person.
School Leavers Information Service
- navigate the School Leavers Information Kit (SLIK),
- access and use the Your Career website and tools; and
- find relevant support services if needed.
Word Of The Week: Memory
1. the faculty by which the mind stores and remembers information. 2. something remembered from the past. 3. a particular act of recall or recollection. 4. a device (such as a chip) or a component of an electronic device (such as a computer or smartphone) in which information can be inserted and stored and from which it may be extracted when wanted. 5. a capacity for showing effects as the result of past treatment or for returning to a former condition —used especially of a material (such as metal or plastic).
From the Latin memor, meaning “mindful” or “remembering.” The verb remember shares this origin and means “to recall something from memory” or “to try and commit something to memory.” late 13c., "recollection (of someone or something); remembrance, awareness or consciousness (of someone or something)," also "fame, renown, reputation;" from Anglo-French memorie (Old French memoire, 11c., "mind, memory, remembrance; memorial, record") and directly from Latin memoria "memory, remembrance, faculty of remembering," abstract noun from memor "mindful, remembering," from PIE root *(s)mer- (1) "to remember."
Compare Sanskrit smarati "remembers;" Avestan mimara "mindful;" Greek merimna "care, thought," Serbo-Croatian mariti "to care for;" Welsh marth "sadness, anxiety;" Old Norse Mimir, name of the giant who guards the Well of Wisdom; Old English gemimor "known," Dutch mijmeren "to ponder."
memorize (verb). 1590s, "commit to writing, cause to be remembered by writing or inscription;" see memory + -ize. The meaning "commit to memory, learn by heart, keep in memory, have always in mind" is by 1838. Related: Memorized; memorist; memorizing.
Memory is the process of encoding, storing, and retrieving experiences and knowledge, and its many guises. It is hard to overstate the importance of memory. It is what makes us who we are. Some memories are the ones we are aware of – the coffee you enjoyed with a friend, that time as a child when the neighbour’s dog scared you, knowing that spiders have eight legs. These are known as explicit memories – ones we can consciously recall. There are also implicit memories, which may be even more important. For example, when you talk, you’re using motor memories to move your lips and tongue in a way that reproduces sounds you’ve learnt. When you walk, you’re using motor memories to coordinate your gait.
If we didn’t have memories we’d just be a body, unable to communicate or identify danger and – much like a new-born baby – oblivious to how to survive in the world around us. In short, memory is crucial in transforming us from helpless new-borns into capable adults. - UofQ.
Back To Beechworth: The Ideal Town
Applications Now Open For Inaugural $10,000 Military History Prize
About The Warfarin Shortage 2023
The Village Chef By Meals On Wheels
How Gardening Can Uproot Dementia Stigma
CSIRO Study Uncovers Cystic Fibrosis Screening Limitations
Attracting Stem Cells And Facilitating Bone Regeneration By Adhesive Protein
Changing Landscapes Alter Disease-Scapes
Scientists Identify Substance That May Have Sparked Life On Earth
Dim Lights Before Bedtime To Reduce Risk Of Gestational Diabetes New Study Advises
Genes In Beans: Bean Genome Sequenced For Improved Nutrition
Mediterranean Diet The Best Prevention Against Prostate Cancer
Disclaimer: These articles are not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of Pittwater Online News or its staff.