inbox and environment news: Issue 574
March 5 - 11 2023: Issue 574
Avalon Dunes Bushcare Returns Sunday March 5th
Next will be on March 5, meeting at 8.30 in the parking area off Tasman Rd south.
We work until 11.30 but any time you can spare is wonderful.
We always find interesting insects and other wildlife. We can see the progress happening as we work in this corner of the 4.5ha dunes.
Call in to say hello or phone 0420 817 574 if you can't see us there.
New helpers very welcome, and there's always something yummy for morning tea.
Our bushcare area is within the red lines. We can work in the shade in summer, or in sun in winter. Barrenjoey High school is to the north.
Morning tea with good company and cake.
The egg case or ootheca of a Praying Mantis. Each ootheca contains a number of eggs, up to 200 with some species. Mantis eggs can take anywhere from 40 days to around five months to hatch. On hatching, the baby mantises are about as big as a large ant. The tiny holes on this one suggest the eggs have hatched.
This Leaf Beetle in the genus Paropsisterna. It has been feeding on Eucalypt or Acacia foliage. It is one of Australia's many beetles. The total species number is estimated to be in the range of 80,000 to 100,000.
A long-legged Dancing Fly pauses on a leaf of Snake Vine.
Priorities? The Wildlife Exclusion Fences On The Wakehurst Parkway Are In A Terrible State Of Repair
Since 2007, the Department of Transport and the then Warringah Council have funded wildlife exclusion fences along the Wakehurst Parkway.
Initially these fences were in perfect condition. A new tender has been awarded recently for the maintenance of the wildlife exclusion fences.
Subsequent floods down Middle Creek have flattened the fences multiple times.
Trees have fallen on them. Cars have driven through them. The wildlife exclusion fences are in a terrible state of disrepair.
Every time the fences are damaged, wildlife can get onto the road where the wildlife may be injured or killed.
These fences are important. This map marks the swamp wallaby roadkill on the Wakehurst Parkway for 2021 to 2023.
Many other animals such as owls, echidnas, and possums have also been killed.
Wallabies are unpredictable animals and dash out onto the road unexpectedly. Are we prepared to risk a human life from a head-on collision swerving to avoid an animal?
The Wakehurst Parkway wildlife exclusion fences need to be maintained regularly by the road contractors. There needs to be a plan for the temporary repair of fences when they are breached.
The exclusion fence has been flattened near Middle Creek Bridge where a car ran off the road in early February. The earliest the road contractors can repair the fence is 19 May 2023.
The Roadkill Prevention Group have temporarily repaired the fence at personal expense.
When will we see a resolution with the road maintenance contractors for a quick response to repair and maintain the roadkill exclusion fences?
Northern Beaches Roadkill Prevention Committee
The Northern Beaches Roadkill Prevention Committee aims to reduce roadkill of native animals on the Northern Beaches of Sydney, Australia. In 2005, the association was formed to address wildlife roadkill and raise awareness of broader conservation issues on Sydney's Northern Beaches.
Jacqui has been working on preserving bushland, increasing connectivity and preventing roadkill on the major arterial roads of the Northern Beaches of Sydney since 2001. In 2005 she set up an effective community group that records roadkill on a purpose designed phone app. The resulting long-term records of roadkill on the Northern Beaches of Sydney have been used by the RMS in planning roadkill mitigation for the future upgrade of Mona Vale Road. She holds a Batchelor of Science from Sydney University and is a member of numerous scientific organisations such as the Mammal Society of Australia and is also the author of peer-reviewed articles on roadkill.
This beautiful little baby ringtail is now without mother due to road kill on the Northern Beaches. This has to stop!
Photo: Roadkill Prevention Committee
Swamp Wallaby At Palm Beach
Cat Owners Encouraged To Keep Their Pets Safe At Home
Wednesday, 1 March 2023
Northern Beaches residents are being encouraged to keep their pets safe at home as part of a new animal protection campaign.
According to RSPCA NSW, two out of three cat owners have lost a cat to a roaming-related accident, and one in three to a car accident. Northern Beaches Council is proud to be one of 11 councils partnering with RSPCA NSW as part of the Keeping Cats Safe at Home project.
Promoting responsible ownership, the new campaign goes beyond desexing and micro chipping of beloved cats and asks owners to consider keeping their cats at home.
Northern Beaches CEO Ray Brownlee said there’s a dual benefit to cats and local wildlife that flows directly from promoting responsible ownership of domesticated cats.
“Northern Beaches residents love their pets, but they’re also passionate about protecting the local environment,” Mr Brownlee said.
“Because pet cats occupy a special place in our hearts we need to educate the community on how have them microchip and desexed to keep them safe. This initiative has an educational focus. It aims to protect tiny native species like lizards, mammals, baby birds and frogs, while also preventing domesticated cats from falling prey to road accidents.”
In 2021, the NSW Government awarded a $2.5 million grant from the NSW Environmental Trust to RSPCA NSW to deliver the project.
To help promote the campaign, Council is asking cat-lovers living on the Northern Beaches to submit a photo of their cat or kitten living their best life at home and go in the draw to win one of 10 $1000 vouchers for a deluxe outdoor cat enclosure from Catnets. The competition opens on March 1st and closes on Sunday April 9th 2023. Finalists will be published in an online gallery.
For competition details visit www.northernbeaches.nsw.gov.au/environment/non-native-animals/cats/competition-keeping-cats-safe-home
Learn more about keeping cats safe at www.rspcansw.org.au/keeping-cats-safe
Photo: Greg Hume
Baby Water Dragon At Warriewood Wetlands
Photo: Joe Mills
Joe tells us 'I love this picture of the baby Australian Water Dragon peering over the edge of the wooden walk. He scrambled off the walk as I got close, but was also inquisitive, and just poked his head above the edge of the wooden walk barrier to keep his eye on me. He did not run away & was still there as I walked past.'
More in this Issue's Pictorial by Joe Mills - A Stroll Through Warriewood Wetlands
Council Set To Trial Soft Plastics Recycling Program
Wednesday, March 1st, 2023
Council will soon start a trial to make it easier for Northern Beaches residents to recycle plastic wrapping, bread bags and other soft plastics.
'Soft plastics' or 'scrunchable plastics' are commonly used in for consumer product packing. Since the suspension of the national REDcycle program that ran out of popular supermarkets, our residents have had nowhere to drop off these plastics for recycling.
At its meeting on February 28th, Council resolved to pursue a soft plastics collection and processing trial for the Northern Beaches at dropoff locations.
Council is currently negotiating with recycling suppliers and will release trial details shortly.
Council will also continue to monitor the market and look at opportunities for larger-scale collections and recycling, should funding and markets for recycled soft plastics be available.
Mayor Regan said that although soft plastics recycling is a national challenge that needs a whole of supply chain solution, we can act locally to help.
"The best thing anyone can do to help solve our soft plastics problem is to avoid them, but avoiding them altogether is almost impossible," he said.
'We have spent years investigating the collection and recycling of soft plastics and exploring possible options for schemes and programs that will help facilitate recycling within our community. There are real challenges facing soft plastics recycling, but we want to help find long-term solutions and alternatives.
"This trial is an excellent step in the right direction, and we're hoping it leads to keeping soft plastics out of landfill as much as possible".
Council will continue to work with the community to promote and educate residents around living sustainably, avoiding waste and recycling.
Following on from last week's Red Triangle Slug we've been keeping an eye on what's in the garden and this week want to tell you about this slug we found there. This is the largest of the introduced slugs found in Sydney. The word 'introduced' means someone brought it here as, unlike the Red Triangle Slug, it is not a native slug of Australia. Scientists tell us it was introduced during the 1800s.
The name Leopard Slug is derived from the slug's dark spots on its light brown body and it's usually found in urban areas, and you will find it elsewhere in the south and east of Australia.
Its Scientific Name Limax maximus, literally means "biggest slug", and it is known by the common names great grey slug and leopard slug, is a species of slug in the family Limacidae, the keeled slugs. It is among the largest keeled slugs, Limax cinereoniger being the largest.
It can grow to up to 20 centimetres!
The Leopard Slug feeds on dead animal tissue, cat food and pet faeces.
Mating Leopard Slugs become entwined and lower themselves from their branch on a thread of mucus. Then they return to the branch via the mucous thread, eating it as they go. Like all slugs and snails, they are hermaphrodites – they have both male and female reproductive organs.
The eggs of this slug are deposited in a cluster, slightly attached to each other. Eggs are transparent, elastic and slightly yellowish in colour. The size of the egg is 6×4.5 mm, and like the Moth Eggs, so tiny you have to look closely to spot them. They hatch in about a month. The tiny slugs which emerge from the eggs need at least two years to reach maturity.
Leopold Slug with egg cluster. Photo: Lokilech
The greater part of the body is rounded, but there is a short keel on its tail, with about 48 longitudinal rows of elongate, detached tubercles. The shell of Limax maximus is reduced and internal, under the shield. The occurrence of this internal shell was known to Pliny the Elder as the shell was used by the ancient physicians for the sake of its carbonate of lime. The calcitic shell is situated beneath the hinder part of the shield, and is perceptible through the skin. The colour of the shell is whitish. The shape of the shell is oblong-oval and thin, slightly convex above, and correspondingly concave beneath, with a membranous margin.
Gaius Plinius Secundus (AD 23/24 – 79), called Pliny the Elder, was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, and naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and a friend of the emperor Vespasian. He wrote the encyclopaedic Naturalis Historia (Natural History), which became a model for all encyclopaedias.
He spent most of his spare time studying, writing, and investigating natural and geographic phenomena in the field - a bit like all of us when we get outdoors and look around; what's at our feet, what's up in that tree, what's slithering up the glass door over there?
Leopard Slugs dry out in the heat so are only active in damp weather, when you may suddenly find hordes of them all over your backyard and even in your house. It's a Leopold Slug party - hide the cat food!
Limax maximus is nocturnal, feeding at night - which is how we got this week's photo for you. It is not very active or prolific, and like a snail, when alarmed, or at rest, this slug merely draws its head within the shield, but does not otherwise contract its body. When irritated, it is said to expand its shield.
Here's last week's picture so you can compare the two:
The Red Triangle Slug (Triboniophorus graeffei) feeds on microscopic algae on smooth bark eucalypts, and algae on other smooth surfaces, leaving a narrow wiggly track.
The Red Triangle Slug is Australia's largest native land slug and can grow to be up to 15 centimetres. The distinctive red triangle on its back contains the breathing pore. This one was photographed in the Pittwater Online backyard last week after the downpours we had. They are found on Eastern Australia.
Australia’s Hotly Contested Eucalypt Of The Year Voting Now Open
Australia’s much loved - and hotly contested - Eucalypt of the Year voting is now open. Passionate gumtree lovers across the country are invited to vote for their favourite gum, now in its sixth consecutive year. There are ~850 species of eucalypt across the continent and they are an unmistakable feature of living where we do.
“After running for five years, there are still hundreds of eucalypts that haven’t had their time in the sun as Eucalypt of the Year. We’ve whittled down the species to a shortlist of 25 that represent a diverse range of ecological features and geographical spread to make it easier for you to vote. Last year’s winner - the mighty Mountain Ash (Eucalyptus regnans) is not eligible. Now is the time to cast your vote for your personal favourite,” says Linda Baird, CEO of Eucalypt Australia.
People can vote for their favourite eucalypt until 19th March at www.eucalyptaustralia.org.au
The winning eucalypt will be announced on National Eucalypt Day, Thursday March 23. National Eucalypt Day is Australia’s biggest annual celebration of eucalypts held every year to celebrate and promote Australia’s eucalypts and what they mean to our lives and hearts.
Tell the organisers how you voted on social media by tagging @EucalyptAus using the hashtag #EucalyptoftheYear. The 25 shortlisted species are:
- Angophora costata (Sydney Red Gum)
- Angophora hispida (Dwarf Apple)
- Corymbia aparrerinja (Ghost Gum)
- Corymbia citriodora (Lemon-scented Gum)
- Corymbia ficifolia (Red-flowering Gum)
- Corymbia opaca (Desert Bloodwood)
- Corymbia ptychocarpa (Swamp Bloodwood)
- Eucalyptus caesia (Silver Princess)
- Eucalyptus cinerea (Argyle Apple)
- Eucalyptus cneorifolia (Kangaroo Island Narrow-leaved Mallee)
- Eucalyptus lansdowneana (Crimson mallee)
- Eucalyptus platyphylla - (Poplar Gum)
- Eucalyptus leucoxylon - (Yellow Gum or South Australian Blue Gum)
- Eucalyptus macrandra (River Yate)
- Eucalyptus marginata (Jarrah)
- Eucalyptus miniata (Darwin Woollybutt)
- Eucalyptus perriniana (Tasmanian Spinning Gum)
- Eucalyptus radiata (Narrow-leaved Peppermint)
- Eucalyptus rhodantha (Rose Mallee)
- Eucalyptus rubida (Candlebark)
- Eucalyptus salmonophloia (Salmon Gum)
- Eucalyptus oleosa (Giant Mallee)
- Eucalyptus synandra (Jingymia Mallee)
- Eucalyptus tetraptera (Square-fruited Mallee or Four-winged Mallee)
- Eucalyptus vernicosa (Varnished Gum)
Angophora costata (Sydney Red Gum), McKay Reserve Palm Beach. Photo: A J Guesdon
Tasmanian Spinning Gum Eucalyptus perriniana. Photo: Remember The Wild, Catherine Cavallo, Instagram handle rememberthewild
Varnished Mallee Eucalyptus vernicosa. Photo: Dean Nicolle
Red Flowering Gum Corymbia ficifolia. Photo: Melanie Cooper, Instagram handle maxxle5
Report Fox Sightings
Protest For Koalas: Manly - Sunday March 12
We are taking a stand for koalas in NSW Environment Minister James Griffin’s Manly Electorate.
Koalas need forests.
The continual loss of habitat is contributing to the decline of koalas — and if we don’t end native forest logging they are on track to becoming extinct by 2050.
Join in showing your support in Manly to stand against the senseless devastation of koala habitat in NSW forests.
Environment Minister James Griffin is sitting on his hands on koalas.
It’s time we protect koalas by saving their habitat.
Speakers to be announced.
Event by Bob Brown Foundation
Manly Beach Promenade at the Corso: Sunday 12 March at 10am
NSW National Park Additions Welcome – But Where Are The Koalas Meant To Live? Just 3.1% Of Land Pledged By Coalition Government Is Significant Koala Habitat
February 28, 2023
New South Wales still has a long way to go when it comes to preserving critical koala habitat, despite the announcement of new national parks in the east and west of the state.
While the acquisitions will be a great step toward Australia's commitment to protect 30% of NSW land by 2030, the Perrottet Government is still selling endangered species short.
Analysis by Nature Conservation Council NSW has found that of the lands added to the national parks estate by the Coalition over the past 11 years, only 3.1% are in areas of significant koala habitat.
That includes the 3,157 hectares announced on Sunday.
NCC chief executive Jacqui Mumford says nowhere near enough is being done to create the comprehensive and representative reserve system that is needed to safeguard biodiversity.
"Of more than 458 000 hectares of Areas of Regional Koala Significance (ARKS) mapped in NSW, only 21% are inside a National Park.
"One of our most iconic species is being subjected to native forest logging and out of control land clearing, and the National Parks estate can't save it unless something big changes.
"Koalas now face extinction in our lifetimes without urgent action. Yet their habitat has virtually no protection from the logging and clearing that is driving this decline.
"We need a new deal for nature, a new deal for koalas in NSW. The Government can’t keep logging and clearing the vast majority of the best koala habitat and expect to double the number of koalas.” said Ms Mumford.
This NSW election, the Nature Conservation Council of NSW is calling on candidates to:
- Stop logging public native forests and shift to plantations.
- Convert state forests to reserves by 2024 and conserve all core koala habitat on publicly owned land, including the creation of the Great Koala National Park
- Ban the clearing of koala habitat, and overhaul land clearing laws and the biodiversity offset scheme.
Concert: Rock For Lizard Rock
FREE. Register at: https://www.eventbrite.com/e/rock-for-lizard-rock-tickets-554768135427
Create A Spit To Seaforth Oval Walk: The Missing Link - Petition
There is approx. 20,000 square metres of land situated between Rignold Street and Castle Circuit, Seaforth. The largest block is now FOR SALE. There is currently contracts out to overseas investors and developers.
The land is separated by conservation land that joins Garigal National Park. This land should be purchased and returned to the community for all to enjoy and wildlife to be given a fighting chance at survival.
This is a thriving riparian zone that should be made a wildlife corridor. It is currently the wildlife corridor that connects existing corridors to Garigal National Park .Running through the middle of the land is a permanent water source that attracts and aids the survival of many animals. Currently there are wallabies, echidnas, powerful owls, lyrebirds, monitor lizards, water dragons, numerous species of small birds and insects such as a large variety of dragonflies.
The Powerful Owl is listed as vulnerable in NSW and there is talk of changing the lyrebird's status to threatened in light of the recent loss of habitats due the devastating fire season of last summer. The Seaforth Mint Bush is listed as critically endangered. The Angophora's are a protected species.
The loss of hollow bearing trees is a key threatening process in determining whether or not these vulnerable and threatened species will survive.
Given the conservation status of this flora and fauna I am asking for this land be bought back to create a wildlife corridor to join the land that was saved behind Dalwood homes. At present the land is made up of two privately owned properties, one is owned by a Chinese consortium and the other is owned by an American family. Both parcels have derelict houses that are falling down, leaving shattered glass, asbestos and building rubble spread through the bush. One property has no street access and is only accessible by water.
Thank you to all who have read this far and thank you in anticipation of your signatures helping to protect this very unique area.
THIS IS THE MISSING LINK TO CREATING A FORESHORE WALK THROUGH SEAFORTH.
Prune Viburnum Hedge Agapanthus Flowers To Prevent Spread Into Bush Reserves
PNHA: January 11, 2023
Now is the time to prune the berries off the Viburnum hedge and dehead those old Agapanthus flowers. Put these prunings into your green waste bin. Both are now weeds of bushland as their seeds travel.
Photos: Pittwater Natural Heritage Association (PNHA)
New Marine Wildlife Rescue Group On The Central Coast
A new wildlife group was launched on the Central Coast on Saturday, December 10.
Marine Wildlife Rescue Central Coast (MWRCC) had its official launch at The Entrance Boat Shed at 10am.
The group comprises current and former members of ASTR, ORRCA, Sea Shepherd, Greenpeace, WIRES and Wildlife ARC, as well as vets, academics, and people from all walks of life.
Well known marine wildlife advocate and activist Cathy Gilmore is spearheading the organisation.
“We believe that it is time the Central Coast looked after its own marine wildlife, and not be under the control or directed by groups that aren’t based locally,” Gilmore said.
“We have the local knowledge and are set up to respond and help injured animals more quickly.
“This also means that donations and money fundraised will go directly into helping our local marine creatures, and not get tied up elsewhere in the state.”
The organisation plans to have rehabilitation facilities and rescue kits placed in strategic locations around the region.
MWRCC will also be in touch with Indigenous groups to learn the traditional importance of the local marine environment and its inhabitants.
“We want to work with these groups and share knowledge between us,” Gilmore said.
“This is an opportunity to help save and protect our local marine wildlife, so if you have passion and commitment, then you are more than welcome to join us.”
Marine Wildlife Rescue Central Coast has a Facebook page where you may contact members. Visit: https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100076317431064
Watch Out - Shorebirds About
Possums In Your Roof?: Do The Right Thing
Aviaries + Possum Release Sites Needed
Bushcare In Pittwater
Where we work Which day What time
Angophora Reserve 3rd Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Avalon Dunes 1st Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Avalon Golf Course 2nd Wednesday 3 - 5:30pm
Careel Creek 4th Saturday 8:30 - 11:30am
Toongari Reserve 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon (8 - 11am in summer)
Bangalley Headland 2nd Sunday 9 to 12noon
Winnererremy Bay 4th Sunday 9 to 12noon
North Bilgola Beach 3rd Monday 9 - 12noon
Algona Reserve 1st Saturday 9 - 12noon
Plateau Park 1st Friday 8:30 - 11:30am
Browns Bay Reserve 1st Tuesday 9 - 12noon
McCarrs Creek Reserve Contact Bushcare Officer To be confirmed
Old Wharf Reserve 3rd Saturday 8 - 11am
Kundibah Reserve 4th Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Mona Vale Beach Basin 1st Saturday 8 - 11am
Mona Vale Dunes 2nd Saturday +3rd Thursday 8:30 - 11:30am
Bungan Beach 4th Sunday 9 - 12noon
Crescent Reserve 3rd Sunday 9 - 12noon
North Newport Beach 4th Saturday 8:30 - 11:30am
Porter Reserve 2nd Saturday 8 - 11am
Irrawong Reserve 2nd Saturday 2 - 5pm
North Palm Beach Dunes 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon
Catherine Park 2nd Sunday 10 - 12:30pm
Elizabeth Park 1st Saturday 9 - 12noon
Pathilda Reserve 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon
Warriewood Wetlands 1st Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Norma Park 1st Friday 9 - 12noon
Coopers Point, Elvina Bay 2nd Sunday 10 - 1pm
Rocky Point, Elvina Bay 1st Monday 9 - 12noon
Friends Of Narrabeen Lagoon Catchment Activities
Gardens And Environment Groups And Organisations In Pittwater
State Government Caught Out In More Secret Deals
Statement On The Department's Rezoning Pathways Program
Date: 24.02.2023 Type: Departmental Media Release Author: NSW Department of Planning and Environment
As part of the selection process to determine which proposals will be considered by the State under the Rezoning Pathways program, the department is inviting subject matter experts at councils to provide early technical information on eligible projects.
As a probity measure, given the sensitive, commercial and confidential nature of some of the information, and because these are only preliminary nominations rather than formal planning proposals, these experts will need to sign conflict of interest and confidentiality deeds, should they wish to view any project information and provide input.
If selected, any resulting planning proposals will still be subject to the same strict assessment requirements as usual, which includes consultation with councils and community.
This early engagement is not mandatory, and councils will be able to provide input as part of the usual planning proposal process.
The industry nomination pilot process has been designed in lockstep with independent probity advisors, is being conducted in accordance with strict probity provisions, and is consistent with legal advice.
The department proactively sought advice from the NSW Independent Commission Against Corruption to ensure the process safeguards against corruption risks.
The department’s Secretary will determine which proposals will be state assessed, based on recommendations from an assessment panel of department staff, an independent panel member and a probity advisor.
2023: The Year The NSW Government Will Consider The Largest Coal Expansion Since Paris Agreement
February 28, 2023
The largest coal mine expansion in NSW since the Paris Agreement looks set to be considered this year, with eight new projects on the government's books.
A Lock the Gate analysis shows that if all these projects are built, they will collectively be responsible for more than 1.5 billion tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions after the coal from the mines is burnt - more than 10 times NSW’s emissions total in 2019.
The largest is Glencore and Yancoal’s Hunter Valley Operations project, which alone would be responsible for a whopping 1.2 billion tonnes of CO2-e. Public submissions concerning the project closed Monday February 27.
The total emissions figure from all the projects is also likely to be much higher, with some coal companies yet to submit their GHG estimates, and serious questions around the accuracy of how fugitive emissions are measured in Australia.
Lock the Gate Alliance NSW Coordinator Nic Clyde said the NSW Perrottet Government’s policy of letting the coal mining sector charge full steam ahead without constraint fatally undermined its stated climate goals.
“Dangerous climate change caused by the burning of fossil fuels like coal has led to devastating extreme weather events all over NSW,” he said.
“Anthony Roberts should have amended planning laws to put a safe climate before coal and gas mining, but he has failed to do so.
“Due to his failure to act, NSW is now staring down the barrel of the biggest climate bomb from coal mine expansions since the Paris Agreement - putting our future at risk.
“When every other sector in the NSW economy is doing their bit to start reducing emissions to address climate change, the coal and gas sector is running in the opposite direction.
“The Hunter Valley Operations coal expansion being assessed by the NSW Government right now is actually proposing to double its direct greenhouse emissions.
“As climate heats up as an election issue, the failure of the NSW Government to act on this most crucial element of reining in coal and gas for a safe future is on stark display.”
Since the Paris Agreement entered into force in November 2016, the NSW Government has approved 26 new coal and gas projects (see table here), responsible for a combined greenhouse gas emissions total of about 4.4 billion tonnes of CO2e.
Lock the Gate Alliance has analysed the scale of new coal capacity approved in NSW each year since the Paris Agreement. The results are presented in the graph below and are derived from publicly available government and company documents (further details available on request).
Figure 1: New coal production approved in NSW since the Paris Agreement entered into force in November 2016 (blue) vs new coal capacity under assessment (red).
Leave It In The Ground: Liverpool Plains Community Unites Against Santos - Mackellar MP Visits
February 23, 2023
The Liverpool Plains community will unite this weekend to demand Santos abandon its plans for coal seam gas drilling and a high pressure gas pipeline in the world renowned food and fibre growing region.
Coal seam gas opponents and community members are expected to flock to the Spring Ridge Country Club for the "Save the Plains; Leave It in The Ground" festival, with Golden Guitar winners Luke O’Shea and Allan Caswell headlining the event, supported by Luke Vassella.
While forcing Santos off the Liverpool Plains is the festival’s primary focus, event organiser and Liverpool Plains farmer Nicky Chirlian said there was a larger goal.
“If we stop Santos building new gasfields on the Liverpool Plains, and we stop Santos building its Hunter Gas Pipeline, then the business case for the company’s Narrabri Gas Project in the Pilliga Forest becomes much harder for it to justify to its investors,” she said.
“Despite originally denying it, Santos’ intention has always been to build gasfields in the Liverpool Plains to increase the viability of its gasfield in the Pilliga, and the Berijiklian-Perrottet Governments knew it*. But communities won’t let Santos drill this region’s rich black soils.
“The sustainable, ongoing production of food and fibre on the Liverpool Plains is worth so much more than Santos’ temporary, polluting gas projects. The Perrottet Government made a grave error in allowing Santos to explore for gas here, and farmers won’t forget it.”
Walhallow Land Council Chief Executive Officer Jason Allan said Santos’ gasfield plans threatened peoples’ way of life on the Liverpool Plains.
“It’s important that we maintain the farming land on the Liverpool Plains for future generations. It’s our main source of employment and wealth, and we don’t want it destroyed for something that offers us no value at all,” he said.
“Santos is offering nothing for our community. There will be no financial benefit if Santos is allowed to build its gasfields.”
Assistant Secretary of Unions NSW Vanessa Seagrove spoke at the event.
“The NSW union movement stands in support of the Gomeroi and Gamilaraay First Nations people in their self-determination over their lands in the Pilliga. We are campaigning with all local communities to stop Santos from destroying the Pilliga. We are ready to support communities in the Liverpool Plains to stop Santos,” she said.
“Union members from across our state are joining our campaign with the Gomeroi and Gamilaraay people to stop any attempt by Santos to go ahead with this reckless destruction.
“There are huge volumes of Australian gas exported overseas, with the balance being sold to us at inflated prices. This is a policy crisis.
“We call on all levels of government to take whatever action necessary to honour the wishes of First Nations people and local communities to stop Santos destroying this land and threatening the water in the great artesian basin that sits below it.”
*Background: In a letter to a Liverpool Plains farmer concerned about the expansion of coal seam gas fields in the region, Parliamentary Secretary to the Deputy Premier Gurmesh Singh MP writes, “The remaining PELS (petroleum exploration licences) in NSW have been retained to support the long-term future of the Narrabri Gas Project”.
On February 22nd 2023: Dr. Sophie Scamps, MP for Mackellar, visited the Piliga and the Liverpool Plains with Kylea Tink, MP for North Sydney to hear directly from farmers and those impacted by Santos’s push to drill for more and more gas.
Our Mackellar MP stated;
We heard from experts and locals about how the drilling could destroy one of the most precious food bowls in our country…
Subsidence of farm land as underground aquifers are drained, water insecurity, toxic by-products, venting and flaring of methane - a greenhouse gas 30 times more potent than CO2.
It’s short term thinking at its worst.
We also learnt of the halving of the share price of Santos over the last decade, the projected decline in OS gas markets, and the 40% decline in gas being used here for power generation in recent years.
''This plan of Santos to drill the incredibly fertile Liverpool plains - otherwise know as God’s gift to Australia - is short term insanity
- - food insecurity
- -water insecurity
- - methane induced climate change
Dr ScampsMP for Mackellar and Kylea Tink, MP for North Sydney, speaking with residents of the Liverpool Plains
Plibersek’s Approval Of Santos’ Arcadia Valley Gasfield Doesn’t Pass The Climate Sniff Test
February 23, 2023
Lock the Gate Alliance has accused Federal Environment Minister Tanya Plibersek of failing to walk the talk on climate action after her department approved a Santos-owned project that will lead to the drilling of 116 gaswells in the beautiful Arcadia Valley in Central QLD late last week.
Lock the Gate Alliance National Coordinator Ellen Roberts said,
"The Arcadia Valley is a truly beautiful agricultural district, which attracts thousands of tourists each year as they make their way to nearby national parks. But Santos' gas project will industrialise this valley, and drain the water that sustains farms throughout the district.
"This is the reality of coal seam gas expansion - once beautiful farming districts are irreparably degraded and industrialised due to the drilling of many hundreds of gas wells, access roads, and wastewater treatment plants. Groundwater beneath the land is drained and placed at risk of contamination.
"These should have been reason enough for Tanya Plibersek to reject this project. But gas is also a fossil fuel that is driving the climate crisis. To think the world will still be burning fossil gas by 2077 - the approval end date for this project - is totally inconsistent with the International Energy Agency's 2021 recommendation that there must be no new fossil fuel projects if the world is to keep global warming to as far below two degrees as possible.
"It’s also particularly galling that Minister Plibersek’s department appears to have made this approval late on a Friday afternoon, and suggests the government was attempting to avoid public scrutiny over a very poor decision.”
Report: Santos’ wins fracking approval for Towrie gas development from Environment Minister Tanya Plibersek by Callum Foote | Feb 21, 2023 at:
https://michaelwest.com.au/santos-wins-fracking-approval-for-towrie-gas-development-from-environment-minister-tanya-plibersek/; ''At 4:55 pm yesterday afternoon, Tanya Plibersek approved another Santos fracking project to go ahead in Queensland’s Surat Basin. No announcement or fanfare, and only a single researcher keeping a close eye picked it up, reports Callum Foote.''
Buru’s Bulldozers Let Loose On Kimberley Savanna - Again
March 1, 2023
Western Australia’s environmental watchdog has refused to assess a proposal by Buru Energy to bulldoze more than 1000kms of savanna woodland in the Kimberley so the company can conduct more geological surveys for gas.
The Environmental Protection Authority announced this week that Buru’s “Rafael” land clearing proposal would not need to be assessed under the state’s Environment Protection Act.
Buru has already cleared more than 15,000kms of grid lines through native vegetation in the Kimberley for “seismic testing”.
In a mid-February corporate update, Buru identifies options for commercialisation of gas from its planned Rafael project, such as:
- Used in a yet-to-be built petrochemical plant in the Kimberley
- Exported using a yet-to-be-built floating gas terminal off the Kimberley coast
- Exported via the North West Shelf
- Used for other mining operations in the Pilbara
All these options would require the construction of a high pressure gas pipeline that would industrialise the Kimberley’s landscape, along with access roads, gas wells, and compressor stations.
Lock the Gate Alliance WA Coordinator Claire McKinnon said the EPA’s decision not to assess the seismic testing highlighted serious failings with environmental law in the state, especially concerning native vegetation destruction.
“It seems Buru Energy can clear enough Kimberley tropical savanna, the largest, most intact on the planet, to nearly cover a round the world bulldozer trip, without a proper environmental assessment. This is a really disappointing decision and will scar the landscape for decades,” she said.
“The EPA needs to take a cumulative approach to assessing these applications, rather than a piece by piece approach, which doesn’t consider the full impacts of destructive native vegetation clearing.
“The McGowan Government was very happy to send out media statements celebrating the end of logging in the South West, but in the meantime appears content to let fracking companies lay waste to the Kimberley’s world renowned tropical savanna without even the most basic of environmental assessments.
“The Kimberley’s woodlands are part of the largest intact tropical savanna in the world, and are critical habitat for threatened species including the Greater Bilby and Gouldian Finch. The proposed clearing is also close to the National Heritage listed Martuwarra Fitzroy River.
“We are now reviewing the option of appealing this decision by the EPA.”
Thurloo Downs Acquired: The Largest Acquisition In NSW National Parks History
February 28, 2023
Thurloo Downs in the state's far north-west is being acquired by the NSW Government for addition to the national parks estate. At 437,394 hectares – almost twice the size of Australian Capital Territory – it is the largest acquisition of private land for national parks in NSW history.
The property contains exceptional biodiversity values, filling important gaps in the national park estate and protecting landscapes and ecosystems not found in any other national park. These habitats support an array of threatened species, including black falcon, flock bronzewing, bustard, stripe-faced dunnart and woma python.
Located between Bourke and Tibooburra and boasting spectacular scenery, the property will become a must-see destination in a network of national parks in far western New South Wales. It includes a complex network of rivers, salt lakes and floodplains, fringed with coolibah and decorated with billabongs and waterholes. Long parallel sand dunes overlook a mosaic of woodlands, transitioning into sandplains and gibber country.
The property has extensive Aboriginal cultural heritage with evidence of artefacts, including hearth remains, flakes, grinding plates and other items of significance across the property. The National Parks and Wildlife Service will work with the Aboriginal community to protect these important cultural sites.
Thurloo will transition to a national park over the next 2 years as the pastoral operation winds down. During this period, NPWS will deliver targeted feral animal and weed control, undertake ecological and cultural heritage surveys, and plan visitor infrastructure.
NPWS will employ 5 staff to manage the property and invest $4 million in capital works to support park management and visitor infrastructure such as campgrounds, day-use areas, observation points and outback driving routes.
The park will open to visitors from 2025–26.
Key facts about Thurloo
- About 50 threatened species occur, including painted snipe, black falcon, flock bronzewing, Australian bustard, stripe-faced dunnart, plains-wanderer, pink cockatoo, grey grasswren, crowned gecko, eastern grass owl, white-fronted chat, little pied bat, sandy inland mouse and several threatened plants.
- This land hosts 39 ecosystems.
- The property contains a large area of arid zone wetlands that meet the requirements for listing as a Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention.
- Thurloo contains 4 landscapes that are not protected anywhere else in New South Wales, including Bulloo Salt Lakes and Playas, Ursino Alluvial Plains, Ursino Linear Dunes and Ursino Tablelands and Downs.
- Thurloo Downs is 437,394 hectares or 1.08 million acres in size – the single largest acquisition in NSW national parks history.
- It is located 250 kilometres north-west of Bourke, via Wanaaring.
- Once Thurloo Downs and other secured lands are gazetted, the national parks estate will be more than 8.2 million hectares (10.2% of the state) – a growth of 15% over 4 years.
- The land lies in the traditional country of the Karenggapa and Parundji people.
- It straddles 2 bioregions (Channel Country and Mulga Lands) and 3 subregions.
- A large area of arid zone wetlands meets the requirements for listing as a Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention.
- It contains:
- 2 of the highest priority subregions for addition to the NSW estate:
- Bulloo Dunefields is one of 5 subregions (out of 131) with 0% reservation
- Urisino Sandplains is one of 10 subregions with less than 0.5% reservation
- 4 landscapes that are not protected anywhere else in New South Wales, including Bulloo Salt Lakes and Playas, Ursino Alluvial Plains, Ursino Linear Dunes and Ursino Tablelands and Downs
- 6 landscapes that are not protected at the subregional level
- at least 39 ecosystems (plant community types)
- over 3,000 hectares is listed as an endangered ecological community.
- around 50 threatened species expected to occur, including flock bronzewing, grey grasswren, black falcon, plains wanderer, and white-fronted chat, as well as stripe-faced dunnart, little pied bat, sandy inland mouse, crowned gecko, and several threatened plants
- expansive Aboriginal cultural heritage.
It will become the third largest national park in New South Wales after Kosciuszko, at 674,000 hectares, and Wollemi, at 498,000 hectares.
Thurloo, together with neighbouring Narriearra-Caryapundy National Park, hosts a significant portion of the Bulloo Overflow floodplain, which is a huge wetland at the end of one of Australia's last free-flowing rivers, the Bulloo. After rains, these wetlands support hundreds of thousands of birds, fish and other animals, including mass communal nesting events for pelicans, egrets and terns.
Thurloo is located in the traditional country of the Karenggapa and Parundji people, and the property has extensive Aboriginal cultural heritage with evidence of artefacts including hearth remains, flakes, grinding plates and other items of significance. NPWS will work closely with the Aboriginal community to protect these important cultural sites.
Photos: Alex Pike/DPE.
Australia's Rarest Bird Of Prey Disappearing At Alarming Rate
February 28, 2023
Australia's rarest bird of prey -- the red goshawk -- is facing extinction, with Cape York Peninsula now the only place in Queensland known to support breeding populations.
PhD candidate Chris MacColl from The University of Queensland's School of Earth and Environmental Sciences led the research project that made the discovery and was shocked by the hawk's dwindling numbers.
"Over four decades the red goshawk has lost a third of its historical range, which is the area that's it's previously been known to occupy," Mr MacColl said.
"It's barely hanging on in another 30 per cent of regions it has previously been known to inhabit."
Mr MacColl said the species is now considered extinct in New South Wales and the southern half of Queensland.
"There has been a noticeable decline in North Queensland too, leaving Cape York Peninsula as the last place in the state still known to support breeding populations," Mr MacColl said.
"The Top End, Tiwi Islands and Kimberley are the red goshawk's last remaining stronghold, making northern Australia critical to its ongoing survival."
The unique bird of prey has long captivated bird watchers, with its striking reddish-brown plumage, deeply fingered wing tips, heavy yellow legs and over-sized talons.
The research team analysed four decades of sightings by citizen scientists to uncover the concerning population trends.
"The threats driving the red goshawk's decline require further investigation, but we believe habitat loss and degradation have played a key role," Mr MacColl said.
Study co-author Professor James Watson said the dramatic loss of the species means governments and communities need to be proactive in conserving remaining habitats.
"An increase in agricultural, mining and gas projects across northern Australia pose a real risk to a species like this, given what we've observed throughout its eastern range," Professor Watson said.
"Northern Australia supports the largest intact tropical savanna ecosystem in the world and hosts an abundance of biodiversity.
"Conservation efforts aimed at securing an emblematic species like the red goshawk in these areas will benefit many other species given the species is a top-predator."
The study authors back calls for the Commonwealth Government to amend the red goshawk's national conservation status from Vulnerable to Endangered, so the bird can be afforded greater conservation priority.
The research was funded by Rio Tinto and supported by the Queensland Department of Environment and Sciences (DES) and the Australian Wildlife Conservancy (AWC).
Christopher MacColl, Nicholas P. Leseberg, Richard Seaton, Stephen A. Murphy, James E.M. Watson. Rapid and recent range collapse of Australia’s Red Goshawk Erythrotriorchis radiatus. Emu - Austral Ornithology, 2023; 1 DOI: 10.1080/01584197.2023.2172735
Red Goshawk female in the Cape York Peninsula photo by J J Harrison
Human-Wildlife Conflicts Rising Worldwide With Climate Change
February 27, 2023
Research on the impacts of climate change often considers its effects on people separately from impacts on ecosystems. But a new study is showing just how intertwined we are with our environment by linking our warming world to a global rise in conflicts between humans and wildlife.
The research, led by scientists at the University of Washington's Center for Ecosystem Sentinels and published Feb. 27 in Nature Climate Change, reveals that a warming world is increasing human-wildlife conflicts.
"We found evidence of conflicts between people and wildlife exacerbated by climate change on six continents, in five different oceans, in terrestrial systems, in marine systems, in freshwater systems -- involving mammals, reptiles, birds, fish and even invertebrates," said lead author Briana Abrahms, a UW assistant professor of biology. "Although each individual case has its own array of different causes and effects, these climate-driven conflicts are really ubiquitous."
To identify trends, the team pored over published, peer-reviewed incidents of human-wildlife conflicts and identified cases that were linked specifically to the effects of climate change. These include both short-term climate events -- such as a drought -- as well as longer-term changes. Warming in the Arctic, for example, is leading to loss of sea ice which has left polar bears short of food. They increasingly travel on land, sometimes entering human settlements and attacking people, as a recent incident in Alaska illustrates.
The new study shows that climate shifts can drive conflicts by altering animal habitats -- like sea ice for polar bears -- as well as the timing of events, wildlife behaviours and resource availability. It also showed that people are changing their behaviours and locations in response to climate change in ways that increase conflicts. Other examples of the effects of short- and long-term climate events include:
- Torrential floods in Tanzania led to more lion attacks after their usual prey migrated away from floodplains.
- Higher air temperatures in Australia triggered more aggressive behavior in eastern brown snakes, leading to more incidents of snake bites.
- Wildfires in Sumatra, Indonesia -- triggered by El Nino -- drove Asian elephants and tigers out of reserves and into human-inhabited areas, leading to at least one death.
- Disruption of terrestrial food webs during La Nina events in the Americas drove black bears in New Mexico and foxes in Chile into human settlements in search of food.
- Warmer air and ocean temperatures in a severe El Nino led to an increase in shark attacks in South Africa.
Most cases of human-wildlife conflict linked to climate involve a shift in resources -- not just for wildlife, but also for people.
A majority of cases on land also involved a change in precipitation, which will continue to be affected by climate change. Many resulted in human deaths or injuries, as well as property damage.
In 2009, for example, a severe drought struck the western part of Tanzania's Kilimanjaro Region. This reduced food supplies for African elephants, which in turn entered local fields to graze on crops -- at times destroying 2 to 3 acres daily. Local farmers, whose livelihoods were directly threatened by the drought, at times resorted to retaliatory killings of elephants to try to mitigate these raids.
"Identifying and understanding this link between human-wildlife conflicts is not only a conservation issue," said Abrahms. "It is also a social justice and human safety issue."
These types of conflicts are likely to rise as climate change intensifies, particularly as mass migrations of people and wildlife increase and resources shift.
But, it doesn't have to be all bad news.
"One major motivation in studying the link between climate change and human-wildlife conflict is finding solutions," said Abrahms. "As we learn about specific incidents, we can identify patterns and trends -- and come up with interventions to try to address or lessen these conflicts."
Some interventions may be as simple as public-awareness campaigns, such as advising residents of the American Southwest during La Nina years to carry bear spray on a hike. Governments can also plan for times when extreme climate events will bring people and wildlife into closer contact. Botswana, for example, has funds in place to compensate herders and ranchers for drought-induced attacks by wildlife on livestock, often in exchange for pledges not to engage in retaliatory killings of wildlife.
"We have effective drought forecasts now. So, governments can engage in fiscal planning for mitigating conflicts ahead of time," said Abrahms. "Instead of a 'rainy day' fund, have a 'dry day' fund."
To Abrahms, one success story of note lies in the waters of the eastern Pacific. In 2014 and 2015, a record number of humpback and blue whales became ensnared in fishing lines off the California coast. Research later showed that an extreme marine heat wave had pushed whales closer to shore, following their primary food sources. California regulators now adjust the start and end of each fishing season based on climate and ocean conditions in the Pacific -- delaying the season if whales and fishing gear are likely to come into close contact.
"These examples show us that once you know the root causes of a conflict, you can design interventions to help both people and wildlife," said Abrahms. "We can change."
Co-authors on the paper are UW postdoctoral researchers T.J. Clark-Wolf, Anna Nisi and Kasim Rafiq; UW doctoral students Erik Johansson and Leigh West; Neil Carter, an associate professor at the University of Michigan; Kaitlyn Gaynor, an assistant professor at the University of British Columbia; and Alex McInturff, UW assistant professor of environmental and forest sciences.
Briana Abrahms, Neil H. Carter, T. J. Clark-Wolf, Kaitlyn M. Gaynor, Erik Johansson, Alex McInturff, Anna C. Nisi, Kasim Rafiq, Leigh West. Climate change as a global amplifier of human–wildlife conflict. Nature Climate Change, 2023; DOI: 10.1038/s41558-023-01608-5
Blue Whale Foraging And Reproduction Are Related To Environmental Conditions
February 28, 2023
A new study of New Zealand blue whales' vocalizations indicates the whales are present year-round in the South Taranaki Bight and their behaviour is influenced by environmental conditions in the region.
The findings are a significant advancement in researchers' understanding of the habitat use and behaviour of this population of blue whales, which Oregon State University researchers first identified as genetically distinct from other blue whale populations less than a decade ago.
"We went from not knowing 10 years ago whether this was a distinct population to now understanding these whales' ecology and their response to changing environmental conditions," said the study's lead author, Dawn Barlow, a postdoctoral scholar in OSU's Marine Mammal Institute. "These findings can inform conservation management of this blue whale population and their habitat."
The patterns and intensity of the whales' calls and songs over two years showed strong seasonality in their foraging and breeding behaviour, and the vocalizations changed based on environmental conditions such as a documented marine heatwave, Barlow said.
"During the marine heatwave, feeding-related calls were reduced, reflecting poor foraging conditions during that period," Barlow said. "But we also saw changes in vocalizations in the next breeding period, an indication that they put less effort into reproduction following a period of poor feeding conditions."
The study was just published in the journal Ecology and Evolution. Barlow conducted the research as a doctoral student in the Geospatial Ecology of Marine Megafauna Laboratory at Hatfield Marine Science Center in Newport, led by associate professor Leigh Torres, a co-author of the new paper.
Blue whales are the largest of all whales and are found in all oceans except the Arctic. Their populations were depleted due to commercial whaling in the early 1900s, and today they are listed as endangered under the International Union for Conservation of Nature's Red List of Threatened Species.
The New Zealand whales' habitat overlaps with a wide range of commercial activities, including oil and gas exploration and extraction, vessel traffic, fisheries, wind energy development and possible seabed mining.
Torres first hypothesized in 2013 that the South Taranaki Bight, between New Zealand's North and South Islands, was an undocumented blue whale feeding ground. Following comprehensive data collection efforts, and using multiple lines of evidence, Torres, Barlow and colleagues were able to document in 2018 that the population in this region was genetically distinct from other blue whale populations.
Previous research was primarily based on observations researchers made during visits to the region in the summer months. But the researchers wanted to know more about the whales' behaviour during other parts of the year. They placed five hydrophones -- a type of underwater microphone -- that recorded continuously between January 2016 and February 2018, with only brief gaps to retrieve data every six months.
"Unlike many other baleen whales, this population stays in this region year-round," Barlow said. "That means we can monitor what they are doing from one location. Listening is an effective way to do that."
The hydrophone recordings showed that the whales' "D" calls were strongly correlated with oceanographic conditions related to upwelling in the spring and summer. Upwelling is a process where deeper, cooler water is pushed toward the surface; the nutrient-rich water supports aggregations of krill that the blue whales feed on. The whales' D calls were more intense during periods of strong upwelling.
The recordings also showed that the whales' song vocalizations, which are produced by males and associated with breeding behaviour, followed a highly seasonal pattern, with peak intensity in the fall. That timing aligns with past whaling records' estimates of conception, Barlow said.
The hydrophone evidence of the breeding behaviour and the whales' presence in the region year-round can influence the animals' national threat classification status, which impacts management practices, the researchers said.
Blue whales in New Zealand had been classified as migrant, but as a result of the research by Torres, Barlow and colleagues, the classification of has changed from migrant to data deficient. If the whales are reclassified as a resident population, that could impact management practices, but evidence of breeding in New Zealand is needed for that change to occur, the researchers said.
"Although no one has actually documented blue whales mating -- it is hard to observe that directly -- the increase in song during the expected time of mating is a strong indication of breeding in New Zealand waters," Torres said. "Our study adds more evidence that these are resident New Zealand blue whales."
Once the researchers were able to make the link between the whales' behaviour and their calls, they could then look at the calls and behaviour relative to environmental patterns. Specifically, they noted how the whales' foraging and breeding behaviour changed during and after a 2016 marine heatwave.
During the marine heatwave, there were fewer aggregations of krill for the whales to feed on, which the researchers documented in a previous study. The reduction in foraging behaviour correlated to less intense D calls during that period, and in the next breeding season, the breeding songs were also less intense.
The findings raise additional questions about how changing ocean conditions and human activity in the region are impacting the New Zealand blue whale population and reinforce the need for continued monitoring, the researchers said.
"We have come so far in 10 years in our knowledge of these blue whales -- from not knowing this population existed to now understanding their year-round use of this region for feeding, mating and nursing," Torres said. "New Zealanders should be excited and proud that their country is home to its own unique population of blue whales. We hope our work helps Kiwis manage and protect these whales."
Additional coauthors are Holger Klinck, director of the Cornell University K. Lisa Yang Center for Conservation Bioacoustics, who also is affiliated with OSU's Marine Mammal Institute; Dimitri Ponirakis of Cornell; and Trevor Branch of the University of Washington. The Marine Mammal Institute is part of Oregon State's College of Agricultural Sciences.
Dawn R. Barlow, Holger Klinck, Dimitri Ponirakis, Trevor A. Branch, Leigh G. Torres. Environmental conditions and marine heatwaves influence blue whale foraging and reproductive effort. Ecology and Evolution, 2023; 13 (2) DOI: 10.1002/ece3.9770
A blue whale mother-calf pair surfaces in New Zealand's South Taranaki Bight. Photo credit: Kristin Hodge.
Pittwater Reserves: Histories + Notes + Pictorial Walks
A History Of The Campaign For Preservation Of The Warriewood Escarpment by David Palmer OAM and Angus Gordon OAM
A Walk Around The Cromer Side Of Narrabeen Lake by Joe Mills
America Bay Track Walk - photos by Joe Mills
An Aquatic June: North Narrabeen - Turimetta - Collaroy photos by Joe Mills
Angophora Reserve Angophora Reserve Flowers Grand Old Tree Of Angophora Reserve Falls Back To The Earth - History page
Annie Wyatt Reserve - A Pictorial
Avalon's Village Green: Avalon Park Becomes Dunbar Park - Some History + Toongari Reserve and Catalpa Reserve
Bairne Walking Track Ku-Ring-Gai Chase NP by Kevin Murray
Bangalley Headland Bangalley Mid Winter
Banksias of Pittwater
Barrenjoey Boathouse In Governor Phillip Park Part Of Our Community For 75 Years: Photos From The Collection Of Russell Walton, Son Of Victor Walton
Barrenjoey Headland: Spring flowers
Barrenjoey Headland after fire
Botham Beach by Barbara Davies
Bungan Beach Bush Care
Careel Bay Saltmarsh plants
Careel Bay Birds
Careel Bay Clean Up day
Careel Bay Playing Fields History and Current
Careel Creek - If you rebuild it they will come
Centre trail in Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park
Chiltern Track- Ingleside by Marita Macrae
Clareville/Long Beach Reserve + some History
Coastal Stability Series: Cabbage Tree Bay To Barrenjoey To Observation Point by John Illingsworth, Pittwater Pathways, and Dr. Peter Mitchell OAM
Cowan Track by Kevin Murray
Curl Curl To Freshwater Walk: October 2021 by Kevin Murray and Joe Mills
Currawong and Palm Beach Views - Winter 2018
Currawong-Mackerel-The Basin A Stroll In Early November 2021 - photos by Selena Griffith
Currawong State Park Currawong Beach + Currawong Creek
Deep Creek To Warriewood Walk photos by Joe Mills
Drone Gives A New View On Coastal Stability; Bungan: Bungan Headland To Newport Beach + Bilgola: North Newport Beach To Avalon + Bangalley: Avalon Headland To Palm Beach
Duck Holes: McCarrs Creek by Joe Mills
Dunbar Park - Some History + Toongari Reserve and Catalpa Reserve
Dundundra Falls Reserve: August 2020 photos by Selena Griffith - Listed in 1935
Elsie Track, Scotland Island
Elvina Track in Late Winter 2019 by Penny Gleen
Elvina Bay Walking Track: Spring 2020 photos by Joe Mills
Elvina Bay-Lovett Bay Loop Spring 2020 by Kevin Murray and Joe Mills
Fern Creek - Ingleside Escarpment To Warriewood Walk + Some History photos by Joe Mills
Iluka Park, Woorak Park, Pittwater Park, Sand Point Reserve, Snapperman Beach Reserve - Palm Beach: Some History
Ingleside Wildflowers August 2013
Irrawong - Ingleside Escarpment Trail Walk Spring 2020 photos by Joe Mills
Irrawong - Mullet Creek Restoration
Katandra Bushland Sanctuary - Ingleside
Lucinda Park, Palm Beach: Some History + 2022 Pictures
McCarr's Creek to Church Point to Bayview Waterfront Path
Mona Vale Beach - A Stroll Along, Spring 2021 by Kevin Murray
Mona Vale Headland, Basin and Beach Restoration
Mount Murray Anderson Walking Track by Kevin Murray and Joe Mills
Narrabeen Lagoon Catchment: Past Notes Present Photos by Margaret Woods
Narrabeen Lagoon State Park
Narrabeen Lagoon State Park Expansion
Narrabeen Rockshelf Aquatic Reserve
Nerang Track, Terrey Hills by Bea Pierce
Newport Bushlink - the Crown of the Hill Linked Reserves
Newport Community Garden - Woolcott Reserve
Newport to Bilgola Bushlink 'From The Crown To The Sea' Paths: Founded In 1956 - A Tip and Quarry Becomes Green Space For People and Wildlife
Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways; Bungan Beach and Bungan Head Reserves: A Headland Garden
Pittwater Reserves, The Green Ways: Clareville Wharf and Taylor's Point Jetty
Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways; Hordern, Wilshire Parks, McKay Reserve: From Beach to Estuary
Pittwater Reserves - The Green Ways: Mona Vale's Village Greens a Map of the Historic Crown Lands Ethos Realised in The Village, Kitchener and Beeby Parks
Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways Bilgola Beach - The Cabbage Tree Gardens and Camping Grounds - Includes Bilgola - The Story Of A Politician, A Pilot and An Epicure by Tony Dawson and Anne Spencer
Pittwater spring: waterbirds return to Wetlands
Pittwater's Lone Rangers - 120 Years of Ku-Ring-Gai Chase and the Men of Flowers Inspired by Eccleston Du Faur
Pittwater's Parallel Estuary - The Cowan 'Creek
Resolute Track at West Head by Kevin Murray
Resolute Track Stroll by Joe Mills
Riddle Reserve, Bayview
Salvation Loop Trail, Ku-Ring-Gai Chase National Park- Spring 2020 - by Selena Griffith
Seagull Pair At Turimetta Beach: Spring Is In The Air!
Stapleton Park Reserve In Spring 2020: An Urban Ark Of Plants Found Nowhere Else
Stony Range Regional Botanical Garden: Some History On How A Reserve Became An Australian Plant Park
The Chiltern Track
The Resolute Beach Loop Track At West Head In Ku-Ring-Gai Chase National Park by Kevin Murray
Topham Track Ku-Ring-Gai Chase NP, August 2022 by Joe Mills and Kevin Murray
Towlers Bay Walking Track by Joe Mills
Trafalgar Square, Newport: A 'Commons' Park Dedicated By Private Landholders - The Green Heart Of This Community
Tranquil Turimetta Beach, April 2022 by Joe Mills
Turimetta Beach Reserve by Joe Mills, Bea Pierce and Lesley
Turimetta Beach Reserve: Old & New Images (by Kevin Murray) + Some History
Warriewood Wetlands and Irrawong Reserve
Whale Beach Ocean Reserve: 'The Strand' - Some History On Another Great Protected Pittwater Reserve
Wilshire Park Palm Beach: Some History + Photos From May 2022
Winji Jimmi - Water Maze
New Shorebirds WingThing For Youngsters Available To Download
A Shorebirds WingThing educational brochure for kids (A5) helps children learn about shorebirds, their life and journey. The 2021 revised brochure version was published in February 2021 and is available now. You can download a file copy here.
If you would like a free print copy of this brochure, please send a self-addressed envelope with A$1.10 postage (or larger if you would like it unfolded) affixed to: BirdLife Australia, Shorebird WingThing Request, 2-05Shorebird WingThing/60 Leicester St, Carlton VIC 3053.
Shorebird Identification Booklet
The Migratory Shorebird Program has just released the third edition of its hugely popular Shorebird Identification Booklet. The team has thoroughly revised and updated this pocket-sized companion for all shorebird counters and interested birders, with lots of useful information on our most common shorebirds, key identification features, sighting distribution maps and short articles on some of BirdLife’s shorebird activities.
The booklet can be downloaded here in PDF file format: http://www.birdlife.org.au/documents/Shorebird_ID_Booklet_V3.pdf
Paper copies can be ordered as well, see http://www.birdlife.org.au/projects/shorebirds-2020/counter-resources for details.
Download BirdLife Australia's children’s education kit to help them learn more about our wading birdlife
Shorebirds are a group of wading birds that can be found feeding on swamps, tidal mudflats, estuaries, beaches and open country. For many people, shorebirds are just those brown birds feeding a long way out on the mud but they are actually a remarkably diverse collection of birds including stilts, sandpipers, snipe, curlews, godwits, plovers and oystercatchers. Each species is superbly adapted to suit its preferred habitat. The Red-necked Stint is as small as a sparrow, with relatively short legs and bill that it pecks food from the surface of the mud with, whereas the Eastern Curlew is over two feet long with a exceptionally long legs and a massively curved beak that it thrusts deep down into the mud to pull out crabs, worms and other creatures hidden below the surface.
Some shorebirds are fairly drab in plumage, especially when they are visiting Australia in their non-breeding season, but when they migrate to their Arctic nesting grounds, they develop a vibrant flush of bright colours to attract a mate. We have 37 types of shorebirds that annually migrate to Australia on some of the most lengthy and arduous journeys in the animal kingdom, but there are also 18 shorebirds that call Australia home all year round.
What all our shorebirds have in common—be they large or small, seasoned traveller or homebody, brightly coloured or in muted tones—is that each species needs adequate safe areas where they can successfully feed and breed.
The National Shorebird Monitoring Program is managed and supported by BirdLife Australia.
This project is supported by Glenelg Hopkins Catchment Management Authority and Hunter Local Land Services through funding from the Australian Government’s National Landcare Program. Funding from Helen Macpherson Smith Trust and Port Phillip Bay Fund is acknowledged.
The National Shorebird Monitoring Program is made possible with the help of over 1,600 volunteers working in coastal and inland habitats all over Australia.
The National Shorebird Monitoring program (started as the Shorebirds 2020 project initiated to re-invigorate monitoring around Australia) is raising awareness of how incredible shorebirds are, and actively engaging the community to participate in gathering information needed to conserve shorebirds.
In the short term, the destruction of tidal ecosystems will need to be stopped, and our program is designed to strengthen the case for protecting these important habitats.
In the long term, there will be a need to mitigate against the likely effects of climate change on a species that travels across the entire range of latitudes where impacts are likely.
The identification and protection of critical areas for shorebirds will need to continue in order to guard against the potential threats associated with habitats in close proximity to nearly half the human population.
Here in Australia, the place where these birds grow up and spend most of their lives, continued monitoring is necessary to inform the best management practice to maintain shorebird populations.
BirdLife Australia believe that we can help secure a brighter future for these remarkable birds by educating stakeholders, gathering information on how and why shorebird populations are changing, and working to grow the community of people who care about shorebirds.
To find out more visit: http://www.birdlife.org.au/projects/shorebirds-2020/shorebirds-2020-program
Aussie Bread Tags Collection Points
Express Yourself 2023
Surf Patrol: Manly In 1950
Surf Patrol shows the work of the volunteer life-savers who patrol Australia's dangerous surf beaches, saving hundreds of lives each year.
Australia's beaches, ringed as they are by dangerous surf, call for vigilance by even the best swimmers. The film stresses that these men and women, who devote their energies to this, give up much of their leisure to equip themselves for the task. As well as being expert swimmers and qualifying for swimming awards, they spend as many as two or three evenings a week studying life-saving methods and human physiology. How they man life-boats which fight huge seas, how with belt and line they brave heavy seas to rescue the unfortunate and unwary, and how they apply the most efficient methods of resuscitation to the apparently drowned, makes a highly exciting and interesting film. 1950; Directed by Jack S. Allan. Produced by National Film Board. Locations: Manly Beach and Surf Club
Pittwater High School: 60 Years Young In 2023
Did you know that Pittwater High School was officially opened on November 22nd 1963?
In 1963 Pittwater operated with 200 students and 20 staff out of one building built on flood land resumed in 1961 with Stage I costing; Pittwater High, new school, £279,644; Nearly £12 Million on Schools (1963, September 6). Western Herald (Bourke, NSW : 1887 - 1970), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article142315720
Named after Pittwater, the estuary, the school has always had a good focus on aquatic sports and the arts, including launching some great musicians and the Diamond class yacht launched and built at the school through the work of Wal Wardle and Harold Vaughan, the Kalori, which also went on to become the name for the school magazine. Roughly translated it means 'message stick'.
The Kalori being built in the school grounds
The school has also seen some of Australia's premier sailors as students go on to GREAT things - for example, this little insight from 1998:
Pittwater team to represent Australia Sailing
PITTWATER High School sailing team captain Ben Bianco praised the competitiveness shown by the other teams at last week's Secondary Schools Team Racing Championships on Boston Bay. The Pittwater team, representing New South Wales, staved off gallant efforts from Western Australia and South Australia to take out the prestigious title. Ben said the competition was good, with all teams putting up an excellent fight. South Australia was represented by the Port Lincoln High School team. The High School side has been very successful in the past, winning a number of titles. Team captain Tiffany Evans said this year's side showed lot of promise for the future. "They are a young team, and they are also the lightest team we have ever had," Miss Evans said. "When the conditions are rough like they were over the weekend then the heavier teams have an ! advantage. "I think we will be a force in the future." The Pittwater team will now represent; Australia at the interdominion against New Zealand team Keri Keri in September.
The victorious Pittwater High School team was made up of (back) Angus Gordon (coach), Ben Bianco (captain), Peter Mullholland (manager) Nick Garland (skipper), (middle) Nadine MacCaurin, Lauren Bianco, Katie Spithill, Murray Gordon and Emily MacCaurin. Pittwater team to represent Australia (1998, July 16). Port Lincoln Times (SA : 1927 - 1965; 1992 - 2002), p. 39. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article267204325
Land resumed Notice:
NOTIFICATION OF RESUMPTION OF LAND UNDER THE PUBLIC WORKS ACT, 1912, AS AMENDED
IT is hereby notified and declared by His Excellency the Governor, acting with the advice of the Executive Council, that so much of the land described in the Schedule hereto as is Crown land is hereby appropriated, and so much of the said land as is private property is hereby resumed, under the Public Works Act, 1912, as amended, for the following public purpose, namely a High School at MONA VALE, and that the said land is vested in the Minister for Education as Constructing Authority on behalf of Her Majesty the Queen.
Dated this twenty-fifth day of October, one thousand nine hundred and sixty-one.
E. W. WOODWARD, Governor. By His Excellency's Command,
ERN. WETHERELL, Minister for Education.
All that piece or parcel of land situate in the Shire of Warringah, parish of Narrabeen and county of Cumberland, being part of the land comprised in Real Property Application 20,799, part of the land firstly described in Deed Registered Book 733, No. 445, and part of the land described in Deed Registered Book 2,038, No. 592: Commencing at the intersection of the north-western side of Mona-street with the north-eastern side of Pitt water-road; and bounded thence on the south-west by the said north-eastern side of Pittwater-road bearing 324 degrees 5 minutes 264 feet 101 inches to the westernmost corner of the land comprised in Certificate of Title, volume 4,215, folio 27; on the north-west by part of the north-western boundary of that land bearing 30 degrees 38 minutes 30 seconds 164 feet; again, on the south-west by a line bearing 326 degrees 9 minutes 10 seconds 404 feet li inches to the north-western boundary of the land comprised in Certificate of Title, volume 4,360, folio 148; on the south-east by part of that boundary bearing 210 degrees 20 minutes 176 feet 4 inches to the said north-eastern side of Pittwater-road; again on the south-west by that side of that road bearing successively 330 degrees 36 minutes 40 seconds 96 feet, 334 degrees 57 minutes 40 seconds 96 feet 31 inches, 339 degrees 19 minutes 5 seconds 96 feet 31 inches, 343 degrees 40 minutes 30 seconds 96 feet 3£ inches and 348 degrees 1 minute 55 seconds 64 feet 101 inches to the northwestern boundary of the said land firstly described in Deed Registered Book 733, No. 445; again on the north-west by part of that boundary bearing 30 degrees 33 minutes 678 feet i inch to the northernmost corner of that land; on the northeast by the north-eastern boundary of that land bearing 143 degrees 57 minutes 380 feet 1 inch; again on the south-east by part of a south-eastern boundary of that land bearing 210 degrees 20 minutes 5 feet 8 inches to the northernmost corner of the said land comprised in Real Property Application 20,799; and again on the north-east and south-east by the north-eastern and south-eastern boundaries of that land bearing successively 143 degrees 58 minutes 15 seconds 659 feet 6£ inches, 220 degrees 29 minutes 2 feet 3 inches and 210 degrees 13 minutes 30 seconds 801 feet 7i inches to the point of commencement,—having an area of 15 acres 3 roods 5 1/2 perches or thereabouts, and said to be in the possession of Phyllis E. John and others. NOTIFICATION OF RESUMPTION OF LAND UNDER THE PUBLIC WORKS ACT, 1912, AS AMENDED (1961, November 10). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 3588. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220286558
More later this year!
Northern Composure Band Competition 2023
Due to the pandemic, Council have had the 20th anniversary on hold but pleased to say that the competition is open and running again.
Northern Composure is the largest and longest-running youth band competition in the area and offers musicians local exposure as well as invaluable stage experience. Bands compete in heats, semi finals and the grand final for a total prize pool of over $15,000.
Over the past 20 years we have had many success stories and now is your chance to join bands such as:
- Ocean Alley
- Lime Cordiale
- Dear Seattle
- What So Not
- The Rions
- Winston Surfshirt
And even a Triple J announcer plus a wide range of industry professionals
About the Competition
In 2023, the comp looks a little different.
All bands are invited to enter our heats which will be exclusively run online and voted on by your peers and community by registering below and uploading a video of one song of your choice. (if you are doing a cover, please make sure to credit the original band) We are counting on you to spread the word and get your friends, family, teachers voting for you!
The top 8-12 bands will move on through to our live semi finals with a winner from each moving on to the grand final held during National Youth Week. Not only that but we have raised the age range from 19 to 21 for all those musicians who may have missed out over the past two years.
- Voting open for heats: Mon 13 Feb – Sun 26 Feb
- Band Briefing: Mon 6 March, Dee Why PCYC
- Semi 1: Sat 18 March Mona Vale Memorial Hall
- Semi 2: Sat 25 March, YOYOs, Frenchs Forest
- Grand Final: Fri 28 April, Dee Why PCYC
For more information contact Youth Development at email@example.com or call 8495 5104
Stay in the loop and follow Northern Composure Unplugged on KALOF Facebook.
School Leavers Support
- Download or explore the SLIK here to help guide Your Career.
- School Leavers Information Kit (PDF 5.2MB).
- School Leavers Information Kit (DOCX 0.9MB).
- The SLIK has also been translated into additional languages.
- Download our information booklets if you are rural, regional and remote, Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander, or living with disability.
- Support for Regional, Rural and Remote School Leavers (PDF 2MB).
- Support for Regional, Rural and Remote School Leavers (DOCX 0.9MB).
- Support for Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander School Leavers (PDF 2MB).
- Support for Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander School Leavers (DOCX 1.1MB).
- Support for School Leavers with Disability (PDF 2MB).
- Support for School Leavers with Disability (DOCX 0.9MB).
- Download the Parents and Guardian’s Guide for School Leavers, which summarises the resources and information available to help you explore all the education, training, and work options available to your young person.
School Leavers Information Service
- navigate the School Leavers Information Kit (SLIK),
- access and use the Your Career website and tools; and
- find relevant support services if needed.
Word Of The Week: Ponder
1. To wonder, think of deeply. 2. To consider (something) carefully and thoroughly. 3. (obsolete) To weigh.
From Middle English ponderen, from Old French ponderer (“to weigh, balance, ponder”) from Latin ponderare (“to weigh, ponder”), from pondus (“weight”), from pendere (“to weigh”)
Exercise is even more effective than counselling or medication for depression. But how much do you need?Ben Singh, University of South Australia; Carol Maher, University of South Australia, and Jacinta Brinsley, University of South Australia
The world is currently grappling with a mental health crisis, with millions of people reporting depression, anxiety, and other mental health conditions. According to recent estimates, nearly half of all Australians will experience a mental health disorder at some point in their lifetime.
Mental health disorders come at great cost to both the individual and society, with depression and anxiety being among the leading causes of health-related disease burden. The COVID pandemic is exacerbating the situation, with a significant rise in rates of psychological distress affecting one third of people.
While traditional treatments such as therapy and medication can be effective, our new research highlights the importance of exercise in managing these conditions.
Our recent study published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine reviewed more than 1,000 research trials examining the effects of physical activity on depression, anxiety, and psychological distress. It showed exercise is an effective way to treat mental health issues – and can be even more effective than medication or counselling.
Harder, Faster, Stronger
We reviewed 97 review papers, which involved 1,039 trials and 128,119 participants. We found doing 150 minutes each week of various types of physical activity (such as brisk walking, lifting weights and yoga) significantly reduces depression, anxiety, and psychological distress, compared to usual care (such as medications).
The largest improvements (as self-reported by the participants) were seen in people with depression, HIV, kidney disease, in pregnant and postpartum women, and in healthy individuals, though clear benefits were seen for all populations.
We found the higher the intensity of exercise, the more beneficial it is. For example, walking at a brisk pace, instead of walking at usual pace. And exercising for six to 12 weeks has the greatest benefits, rather than shorter periods. Longer-term exercise is important for maintaining mental health improvements.
How Much More Effective?
When comparing the size of the benefits of exercise to other common treatments for mental health conditions from previous systematic reviews, our findings suggest exercise is around 1.5 times more effective than either medication or cognitive behaviour therapy.
Furthermore, exercise has additional benefits compared to medications, such as reduced cost, fewer side effects and offering bonus gains for physical health, such as healthier body weight, improved cardiovascular and bone health, and cognitive benefits.
Why It Works
Exercise is believed to impact mental health through multiple pathways, and with short and long-term effects. Immediately after exercise, endorphins and dopamine are released in the brain.
In the short term, this helps boost mood and buffer stress. Long term, the release of neurotransmitters in response to exercise promotes changes in the brain that help with mood and cognition, decrease inflammation, and boost immune function, which all influence our brain function and mental health.
Regular exercise can lead to improved sleep, which plays a critical role in depression and anxiety. It also has psychological benefits, such as increased self-esteem and a sense of accomplishment, all of which are beneficial for people struggling with depression.
Not Such An ‘Alternative’ Treatment
The findings underscore the crucial role of exercise for managing depression, anxiety and psychological distress.
Some clinical guidelines already acknowledge the role of exercise – for example, the Australian and New Zealand Clinical Guidelines, suggest medication, psychotherapy and lifestyle changes such as exercise.
However, other leading bodies, such as the American Psychological Association Clinical Practice Guidelines, emphasise medication and psychotherapy alone, and list exercise as an “alternative” treatment – in the same category as treatments such as acupuncture. While the label “alternative” can mean many things when it comes to treatment, it tends to suggest it sits outside conventional medicine, or does not have a clear evidence base. Neither of these things are true in the case of exercise for mental health.
Even in Australia, medication and psychotherapy tend to be more commonly prescribed than exercise. This may be because exercise is hard to prescribe and monitor in clinical settings. And patients may be resistant because they feel low in energy or motivation.
But Don’t ‘Go It Alone’
It is important to note that while exercise can be an effective tool for managing mental health conditions, people with a mental health condition should work with a health professional to develop a comprehensive treatment plan – rather than going it alone with a new exercise regime.
A treatment plan may include a combination of lifestyle approaches, such as exercising regularly, eating a balanced diet, and socialising, alongside treatments such as psychotherapy and medication.
But exercise shouldn’t be viewed as a “nice to have” option. It is a powerful and accessible tool for managing mental health conditions – and the best part is, it’s free and comes with plenty of additional health benefits.
Ben Singh, Research fellow, University of South Australia; Carol Maher, Professor, Medical Research Future Fund Emerging Leader, University of South Australia, and Jacinta Brinsley, Postdoctoral research fellow, University of South Australia
Applications Now Open For Inaugural $10,000 Military History Prize
COTA Australia Welcomes Super Clarity; Calls For Retirement Income Certainty
Minister For Aged Care - Op-Ed
- Creating the Star Ratings system to increase choice, accountability and transparency. Implementing the inaugural code of conduct for providers and workers to protect older people.
- Capping homecare charges and exit fees to stop the rorting.
- Appointing an interim inspector general to be an independent champion for the sector. Enhancing safeguards for restrictive practices.
- Passing two aged care Acts through Parliament to keep reform moving
Get Boostered! No Room For COVID Complacency As Winter Wave Threatens
Banks Looking To Dump The Cheque Book
- From June 2023, we’re making changes to the way our customers order cheques.
- Some new accounts will no longer have access to a chequebook facility.
- Existing accounts will no longer have replacement cheque books issued automatically.
- Cheque Account Bearing Interest
- Society Cheque Account
- Department of Finance Account
- All Statutory Trust Accounts
- AUD Nostro Account
Paralympics Australia Releases Landmark Sporting And Social Masterplan: Strategy For Australian Paralympic Sport To Brisbane And Beyond
Alcohol Delivery Services Used To Extend Australian Drinking Sessions: Study
Loneliness Is Central To Perinatal Depression
Wastewater Sector Emits Nearly Twice As Much Methane As Previously Thought
- Daniel P. Moore, Nathan P. Li, Lars P. Wendt, Sierra R. Castañeda, Mark M. Falinski, Jun-Jie Zhu, Cuihong Song, Zhiyong Jason Ren, Mark A. Zondlo. Underestimation of Sector-Wide Methane Emissions from United States Wastewater Treatment. Environmental Science & Technology, 2023; DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.2c05373
- Cuihong Song, Jun-Jie Zhu, John L. Willis, Daniel P. Moore, Mark A. Zondlo, Zhiyong Jason Ren. Methane Emissions from Municipal Wastewater Collection and Treatment Systems. Environmental Science & Technology, 2023; 57 (6): 2248 DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.2c04388
Tiny Environmental Plastic Particles In Mum's Food Reach Unborn Children
Disclaimer: These articles are not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of Pittwater Online News or its staff.