Inbox and environment news: Issue 555
September 18 - 24, 2022: Issue 555
Channel-Billed Cuckoos Return
Weed Alert: Corky Passionflower At Mona Vale + Narrabeen Creek
La Nina Event Declared - Above Average Rainfall Likely For Eastern Australia
Flood Warning - Peel And Namoi Rivers
Wakehurst Parkway Closed Due To Flooding
''OXFORD FALLS: Both directions closed on the Wakehurst Pkwy between the Academy Of Sport & Dreadnought Rd due to flooding. Use Pittwater and Warringah Rds instead.
6:56am: UPDATE: Wakehurst Pkwy has reopened in both directions following earlier flooding.
Manly Lagoon Friends September Clean Up Nets A Heap Of Rubbish
Northern Beaches Clean Up Crew: Clontarf September 25
Katandra Bushland Sanctuary Open
Ku-Ring-Gai Sculpture Trail For 2022 Eco Festival
Sydney Cockatoos And Humans Are In An Arms Race Over Garbage Access
September 12, 2022
Residents of southern Sydney, Australia have been in a long-term battle over garbage -- humans want to throw it out, and cockatoos want to eat it. The sulphur-crested cockatoos that call the area home have a knack for getting into garbage bins, and people have been using inventive devices to keep them out. Researchers detail the techniques used by both people and parrots in a study publishing on September 12 in the journal Current Biology.
"When I first saw a video of the cockatoos opening the bins I thought it was such an interesting and unique behaviour and I knew we needed to look into it," says lead author Barbara Klump, a behavioural ecologist at the Max Planck Institute of Animal Behaviour.
The cockatoos' motivation is food waste. "They really like bread," she says. "Once one gets a bin open all the cockatoos in the vicinity will come and try to get something nice to eat."
The birds typically pry the bins open with their beaks and then manoeuvre themselves onto a small rim and flip the lid open. It's a community affair. "We could actually show that this is a cultural trait," says Klump. "The cockatoos learn the behaviour from observing other cockatoos and within each group they sort of have their own special technique, so across a wide geographic range the techniques are more dissimilar."
Human residents trying to keep the cockatoos out can't simply secure the bin lids completely closed because the lids need to open when tipped by an automated arm on the garbage truck. A survey given by the researchers found that people put bricks and stones on their bin lids, strap water bottles to the top, rig ropes to prevent the lid from flipping, use sticks to block the hinges, and switch tactics once the cockatoos figure them out. "There are even commercially available cockatoo locks for bins," says Klump.
"It's not just a social learning on the cockatoo side, but it's also social learning on the human side," she says. "People come up with new protection methods on their own, but a lot of people actually learn it from their neighbours or people on their street, so they get their inspiration from someone else."
Klump won't say who she expects to win the race for control of the bins, but she and her colleagues plan to look at how the cockatoos' behaviour varies from season to season.
Klump expects we will see more of these kinds of human-wildlife interactions in the future. "As cities expand, we will have more interactions with wildlife," she says. "I'm hoping that there will be a better understanding and more tolerance for the animals that we share our lives with."
(A) Examples of protection devices (left to right, top to bottom): a snake to scare away cockatoos (level 2 – no functional alteration to the bin), a cockatoo removing a brick from a general household waste bin (level 3 – unfixed object to prevent lifting; low efficacy), shoes between hinges to avoid full flipping of the lid (level 4 – object to prevent flipping; medium efficacy), full water bottles tied to the lid (level 5 – fixed alteration to prevent opening; high efficacy). (B) A household waste bin being emptied by a garbage truck. Photo: Andrew Owens/Wikicommons (CC-BY-SA.3.0). (C) Spatial distribution of bin-protection devices in Helensburgh (protection level: 33%, n = 1312) based on: (i) overall protection: binary yes (red)/ no (grey), (ii) clusters (for colour scheme see Figure S1). Given are p-values for assortment and for comparison of street vs. direct line-of-sight distance (route vs. line). For results from all four suburbs see Figure S1. (D) Change in efficacy of bin-protection devices over time. Of 1134 survey participants, 172 protected their bins at some point and are displayed here. (E) Changes in transition probabilities across the five levels of bin protection over 1, 3 and 5 years for each area (represented by the first, second and third number in each cell, respectively). Top shows transition probabilities for ‘early’ suburbs where cockatoos already opened bins for at least 3 years, bottom shows ‘recent’ suburb where bin-opening has emerged in the last 3 months).
Barbara C. Klump, Richard E. Major, Damien R. Farine, John M. Martin, Lucy M. Aplin. Is bin-opening in cockatoos leading to an innovation arms race with humans? Current Biology, 2022; 32 (17): R910 DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2022.08.008
Dust Off Your Picnic Blankets For The First Ever Statewide Picnic For Nature
Echidna 'Love Train' Season Commences
EPA Releases Climate Change Policy And Action Plan
September 8, 2022
The NSW Environment Protection Authority (EPA) is taking action to protect the environment and community from the impacts of climate change, today releasing its new draft Climate Change Policy and Action Plan which works with industry, experts and the community to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and support resilience.
NSW EPA Chief Executive Officer Tony Chappel said the EPA has proposed a set of robust actions to achieve a 50 per cent reduction in carbon emissions by 2030 (from 2005 levels), ensure net zero emissions by 2050, and improve resilience to climate change impacts.
“NSW has ambitious targets that align with the world’s best scientific advice and the Paris commitments, to limit global warming to an average of 1.5 degrees in order to avoid severe impacts on ecosystems,” Mr Chappel said.
“Over the past few years we have seen first-hand just how destructive the impacts of climate change are becoming, not only for our environment, but for NSW communities too.
“We know the EPA has a critical role to play in achieving the NSW Government’s net-zero targets and responding to the increasing threat of climate change induced weather events.
“Equally, acting on climate presents major economic opportunities for NSW in new industries such as clean energy, hydrogen, green metals, circular manufacturing, natural capital and regenerative agriculture.
“This draft Policy sends a clear signal to regulated industries that we will be working with them to support and drive cost-effective decarbonisation while implementing adaptation initiatives that build resilience to climate change risks.
“Our draft plan proposes a staged approach that ensures the actions the EPA takes are deliberate, well informed and complement government and industry actions on climate change. These actions will support industry and allow reasonable time for businesses to plan for and meet any new targets or requirements.
“Climate change is an issue that we all face so it’s important that we take this journey together and all play our part in protecting our environment and communities for generations to come.”
- working with industry, government and experts to improve the evidence base on climate change
- supporting licensees prepare, implement and report on climate change mitigation and adaptation plans
- partnering with NSW Government agencies to address climate change during the planning and assessment process for activities the EPA regulates
- establishing cost-effective emission reduction targets for key industry sectors
- providing industry best-practice guidelines to support them to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions
- phasing in the introduction of greenhouse gas emission limits on environment protection licences for key industry sectors
- developing and implementing resilience programs, best-practice adaptation guidance and harnessing citizen science and education programs
- working with EPA Aboriginal and Youth Advisory Committees to improve the EPA’s evolving climate change response
EPA Acting Chair Carolyn Walsh said the EPA is a partner in supporting and building on the NSW Government’s work to address climate change for the people of NSW.
“The draft Policy and Action Plan adopts, supports and builds on the strong foundations that have been set by the NSW Government through the NSW Climate Change Policy Framework, Net Zero Plan and Climate Change Adaptation Strategy,” Ms Walsh said.
The EPA will work with stakeholders, including licensees, councils, other government agencies, and the community to help implement the actions.
The draft EPA Climate Change Policy and Action Plan is available at https://yoursay.epa.nsw.gov.au/ and comments are open until 3 November 2022.
Wanted: Photos Of Flies Feeding On Frogs (For Frog Conservation)
Possums In Your Roof?: Do The Right Thing
Local Wildlife Rescuers And Carers State That Ongoing Heavy Rains Are Tough For Us But Can Be Tougher For Our Wildlife:
- Birds and possums can be washed out of trees, or the tree comes down, nests can disintegrate or hollows fill with water
- Ground dwelling animals can be flooded out of their burrows or hiding places and they need to seek higher ground
- They are at risk crossing roads as people can't see them and sudden braking causes accidents
- The food may disappear - insects, seeds and pollens are washed away, nectar is diluted and animals can be starving
- They are vulnerable in open areas to predators, including our pets
- They can't dry out and may get hypothermia or pneumonia
- Animals may seek shelter in your home or garage.
You can help by:
- Keeping your pets indoors
- Assessing for wounds or parasites
- Putting out towels or shelters like boxes to provide a place to hide
- Drive to conditions and call a rescue group if you see an animal hit (or do a pouch check or get to a vet if you can stop)
- If you are concerned take a photo and talk to a rescue group or wildlife carer
There are 2 rescue groups in the Northern Beaches:
Sydney Wildlife: 9413 4300
WIRES: 1300 094 737
Please be patient as there could be a few enquiries regarding the wildlife.
Generally Sydney Wildlife do not recommend offering food but it may help in some cases. Please ensure you know what they generally eat and any offerings will not make them sick. You can read more on feeding wildlife here
Information courtesy Ed Laginestra, Sydney Wildlife volunteer. Photo: Warriewood Wetlands Wallaby by Kevin Murray, March 2022.
Aviaries + Possum Release Sites Needed
Sydney Wildlife Rescue: Helpers Needed
Bushcare In Pittwater
Where we work Which day What time
Angophora Reserve 3rd Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Avalon Dunes 1st Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Avalon Golf Course 2nd Wednesday 3 - 5:30pm
Careel Creek 4th Saturday 8:30 - 11:30am
Toongari Reserve 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon (8 - 11am in summer)
Bangalley Headland 2nd Sunday 9 to 12noon
Winnererremy Bay 4th Sunday 9 to 12noon
North Bilgola Beach 3rd Monday 9 - 12noon
Algona Reserve 1st Saturday 9 - 12noon
Plateau Park 1st Friday 8:30 - 11:30am
Browns Bay Reserve 1st Tuesday 9 - 12noon
McCarrs Creek Reserve Contact Bushcare Officer To be confirmed
Old Wharf Reserve 3rd Saturday 8 - 11am
Kundibah Reserve 4th Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Mona Vale Beach Basin 1st Saturday 8 - 11am
Mona Vale Dunes 2nd Saturday +3rd Thursday 8:30 - 11:30am
Bungan Beach 4th Sunday 9 - 12noon
Crescent Reserve 3rd Sunday 9 - 12noon
North Newport Beach 4th Saturday 8:30 - 11:30am
Porter Reserve 2nd Saturday 8 - 11am
Irrawong Reserve 2nd Saturday 2 - 5pm
North Palm Beach Dunes 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon
Catherine Park 2nd Sunday 10 - 12:30pm
Elizabeth Park 1st Saturday 9 - 12noon
Pathilda Reserve 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon
Warriewood Wetlands 1st Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Norma Park 1st Friday 9 - 12noon
Coopers Point, Elvina Bay 2nd Sunday 10 - 1pm
Rocky Point, Elvina Bay 1st Monday 9 - 12noon
Gardens And Environment Groups And Organisations In Pittwater
Great Artesian Basin At Risk As Perrottet Government Approves New Coal Exploration
- Part of the recharge area of the Great Artesian Basin
- Several creek systems that flow into the Namoi River and areas of alluvial aquifers on the Namoi River floodplain used for irrigation
- 182 waterbores used for general water supply, irrigation, or stock and domestic.
- A formally listed Aboriginal Heritage site
- 12 threatened species including three endangered species - the Black-striped Wallaby, Koala, and Five-clawed Worm-skink
- 13,502.5 ha of native vegetation in the north eastern section of the Pilliga Forest including four four threatened ecological communities
Transition To Plantation Timber Would Be A Win For The Nature And Industry
Pittwater Reserves: Histories + Notes + Pictorial Walks
A History Of The Campaign For Preservation Of The Warriewood Escarpment by David Palmer OAM and Angus Gordon OAM
America Bay Track Walk - photos by Joe Mills
An Aquatic June: North Narrabeen - Turimetta - Collaroy photos by Joe Mills
Angophora Reserve Angophora Reserve Flowers Grand Old Tree Of Angophora Reserve Falls Back To The Earth - History page
Annie Wyatt Reserve - A Pictorial
Avalon's Village Green: Avalon Park Becomes Dunbar Park - Some History + Toongari Reserve and Catalpa Reserve
Bairne Walking Track Ku-Ring-Gai Chase NP by Kevin Murray
Bangalley Headland Bangalley Mid Winter
Banksias of Pittwater
Barrenjoey Boathouse In Governor Phillip Park Part Of Our Community For 75 Years: Photos From The Collection Of Russell Walton, Son Of Victor Walton
Barrenjoey Headland: Spring flowers
Barrenjoey Headland after fire
Botham Beach by Barbara Davies
Bungan Beach Bush Care
Careel Bay Saltmarsh plants
Careel Bay Birds
Careel Bay Clean Up day
Careel Bay Playing Fields History and Current
Careel Creek - If you rebuild it they will come
Centre trail in Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park
Chiltern Track- Ingleside by Marita Macrae
Clareville/Long Beach Reserve + some History
Coastal Stability Series: Cabbage Tree Bay To Barrenjoey To Observation Point by John Illingsworth, Pittwater Pathways, and Dr. Peter Mitchell OAM
Cowan Track by Kevin Murray
Curl Curl To Freshwater Walk: October 2021 by Kevin Murray and Joe Mills
Currawong and Palm Beach Views - Winter 2018
Currawong-Mackerel-The Basin A Stroll In Early November 2021 - photos by Selena Griffith
Currawong State Park Currawong Beach + Currawong Creek
Deep Creek To Warriewood Walk photos by Joe Mills
Drone Gives A New View On Coastal Stability; Bungan: Bungan Headland To Newport Beach + Bilgola: North Newport Beach To Avalon + Bangalley: Avalon Headland To Palm Beach
Duck Holes: McCarrs Creek by Joe Mills
Dunbar Park - Some History + Toongari Reserve and Catalpa Reserve
Dundundra Falls Reserve: August 2020 photos by Selena Griffith - Listed in 1935
Elsie Track, Scotland Island
Elvina Track in Late Winter 2019 by Penny Gleen
Elvina Bay Walking Track: Spring 2020 photos by Joe Mills
Elvina Bay-Lovett Bay Loop Spring 2020 by Kevin Murray and Joe Mills
Fern Creek - Ingleside Escarpment To Warriewood Walk + Some History photos by Joe Mills
Iluka Park, Woorak Park, Pittwater Park, Sand Point Reserve, Snapperman Beach Reserve - Palm Beach: Some History
Ingleside Wildflowers August 2013
Irrawong - Ingleside Escarpment Trail Walk Spring 2020 photos by Joe Mills
Irrawong - Mullet Creek Restoration
Katandra Bushland Sanctuary - Ingleside
Lucinda Park, Palm Beach: Some History + 2022 Pictures
McCarr's Creek to Church Point to Bayview Waterfront Path
Mona Vale Beach - A Stroll Along, Spring 2021 by Kevin Murray
Mona Vale Headland, Basin and Beach Restoration
Mount Murray Anderson Walking Track by Kevin Murray and Joe Mills
Narrabeen Lagoon Catchment: Past Notes Present Photos by Margaret Woods
Narrabeen Lagoon State Park
Narrabeen Lagoon State Park Expansion
Narrabeen Rockshelf Aquatic Reserve
Nerang Track, Terrey Hills by Bea Pierce
Newport Bushlink - the Crown of the Hill Linked Reserves
Newport Community Garden - Woolcott Reserve
Newport to Bilgola Bushlink 'From The Crown To The Sea' Paths: Founded In 1956 - A Tip and Quarry Becomes Green Space For People and Wildlife
Pittwater spring: waterbirds return to Wetlands
Pittwater's Lone Rangers - 120 Years of Ku-Ring-Gai Chase and the Men of Flowers Inspired by Eccleston Du Faur
Pittwater's Parallel Estuary - The Cowan 'Creek
Resolute Track at West Head by Kevin Murray
Resolute Track Stroll by Joe Mills
Riddle Reserve, Bayview
Salvation Loop Trail, Ku-Ring-Gai Chase National Park- Spring 2020 - by Selena Griffith
Seagull Pair At Turimetta Beach: Spring Is In The Air!
Stapleton Park Reserve In Spring 2020: An Urban Ark Of Plants Found Nowhere Else
Stony Range Regional Botanical Garden: Some History On How A Reserve Became An Australian Plant Park
The Chiltern Track
The Resolute Beach Loop Track At West Head In Ku-Ring-Gai Chase National Park by Kevin Murray
Topham Track Ku-Ring-Gai Chase NP, August 2022 by Joe Mills and Kevin Murray
Towlers Bay Walking Track by Joe Mills
Trafalgar Square, Newport: A 'Commons' Park Dedicated By Private Landholders - The Green Heart Of This Community
Tranquil Turimetta Beach, April 2022 by Joe Mills
Turimetta Beach Reserve by Joe Mills, Bea Pierce and Lesley
Turimetta Beach Reserve: Old & New Images (by Kevin Murray) + Some History
Warriewood Wetlands and Irrawong Reserve
Whale Beach Ocean Reserve: 'The Strand' - Some History On Another Great Protected Pittwater Reserve
Wilshire Park Palm Beach: Some History + Photos From May 2022
Winji Jimmi - Water Maze
New Shorebirds WingThing For Youngsters Available To Download
A Shorebirds WingThing educational brochure for kids (A5) helps children learn about shorebirds, their life and journey. The 2021 revised brochure version was published in February 2021 and is available now. You can download a file copy here.
If you would like a free print copy of this brochure, please send a self-addressed envelope with A$1.10 postage (or larger if you would like it unfolded) affixed to: BirdLife Australia, Shorebird WingThing Request, 2-05Shorebird WingThing/60 Leicester St, Carlton VIC 3053.
Shorebird Identification Booklet
The Migratory Shorebird Program has just released the third edition of its hugely popular Shorebird Identification Booklet. The team has thoroughly revised and updated this pocket-sized companion for all shorebird counters and interested birders, with lots of useful information on our most common shorebirds, key identification features, sighting distribution maps and short articles on some of BirdLife’s shorebird activities.
The booklet can be downloaded here in PDF file format: http://www.birdlife.org.au/documents/Shorebird_ID_Booklet_V3.pdf
Paper copies can be ordered as well, see http://www.birdlife.org.au/projects/shorebirds-2020/counter-resources for details.
Download BirdLife Australia's children’s education kit to help them learn more about our wading birdlife
Shorebirds are a group of wading birds that can be found feeding on swamps, tidal mudflats, estuaries, beaches and open country. For many people, shorebirds are just those brown birds feeding a long way out on the mud but they are actually a remarkably diverse collection of birds including stilts, sandpipers, snipe, curlews, godwits, plovers and oystercatchers. Each species is superbly adapted to suit its preferred habitat. The Red-necked Stint is as small as a sparrow, with relatively short legs and bill that it pecks food from the surface of the mud with, whereas the Eastern Curlew is over two feet long with a exceptionally long legs and a massively curved beak that it thrusts deep down into the mud to pull out crabs, worms and other creatures hidden below the surface.
Some shorebirds are fairly drab in plumage, especially when they are visiting Australia in their non-breeding season, but when they migrate to their Arctic nesting grounds, they develop a vibrant flush of bright colours to attract a mate. We have 37 types of shorebirds that annually migrate to Australia on some of the most lengthy and arduous journeys in the animal kingdom, but there are also 18 shorebirds that call Australia home all year round.
What all our shorebirds have in common—be they large or small, seasoned traveller or homebody, brightly coloured or in muted tones—is that each species needs adequate safe areas where they can successfully feed and breed.
The National Shorebird Monitoring Program is managed and supported by BirdLife Australia.
This project is supported by Glenelg Hopkins Catchment Management Authority and Hunter Local Land Services through funding from the Australian Government’s National Landcare Program. Funding from Helen Macpherson Smith Trust and Port Phillip Bay Fund is acknowledged.
The National Shorebird Monitoring Program is made possible with the help of over 1,600 volunteers working in coastal and inland habitats all over Australia.
The National Shorebird Monitoring program (started as the Shorebirds 2020 project initiated to re-invigorate monitoring around Australia) is raising awareness of how incredible shorebirds are, and actively engaging the community to participate in gathering information needed to conserve shorebirds.
In the short term, the destruction of tidal ecosystems will need to be stopped, and our program is designed to strengthen the case for protecting these important habitats.
In the long term, there will be a need to mitigate against the likely effects of climate change on a species that travels across the entire range of latitudes where impacts are likely.
The identification and protection of critical areas for shorebirds will need to continue in order to guard against the potential threats associated with habitats in close proximity to nearly half the human population.
Here in Australia, the place where these birds grow up and spend most of their lives, continued monitoring is necessary to inform the best management practice to maintain shorebird populations.
BirdLife Australia believe that we can help secure a brighter future for these remarkable birds by educating stakeholders, gathering information on how and why shorebird populations are changing, and working to grow the community of people who care about shorebirds.
To find out more visit: http://www.birdlife.org.au/projects/shorebirds-2020/shorebirds-2020-program
Aussie Bread Tags Collection Points
Be The Boss: I Want To Be A Marine Electrician
- Troubleshoot wiring and other electrical systems on marine equipment and make repairs
- Test low and high-voltage circuit systems for safety
- Work on power generators or other alternative sources of energy, like solar or wind power
- Wire and test the alarm and communication systems
- Monitor for potential electrical voltage threats
- Design and update bonding systems to protect the ship against weather elements
- Protect the boat's equipment using drip loops and heat shrinks
- Interpret and write technical reports and estimate repair costs
- Install wiring and electrical equipment when building new ships
- Install and configure generators
- Test marine electrical equipment like voltmeters and oscilloscopes for efficiency
- Electrical power generation and distribution
- The ship's boats engine and steering systems
- Propulsion systems (gas turbines, diesel and electrical engines, gear boxes, propellers, thrusters, and positioning systems)
- Electrical systems (alternators, batteries, charging systems, electrical switchboards, and corrosion protection systems)
- Auxiliary engineering systems (air-conditioning, refrigeration, generators, air compressor systems, stabilisers, winches, and cranes)
- Hull structures and fittings
- Free medical and dental
- Competitive salary package
- Incremental salary increases as you progress through training and ranks
- 16.4% superannuation
- Job security
- Career progression and development
- Good work/life balance
- Travel opportunities
- Excellent social and fitness facilities
- Subsidised housing
- Balance of shore and sea postings
- Great chef made meals at sea
- Variety of allowances
- Technical: Working as a marine electrician involves a lot of technical work. You will need to troubleshoot the electrical system, rewire systems and install equipment in the ship.
- Mechanical: Good mechanical skills are also useful as you will use certain tools and machinery to install and repair systems. A basic understanding of mechanics can be helpful.
- Problem-solving: A big part of the job of a marine electrician is identifying electrical problems and repairing them. This involves good troubleshooting skills and the ability to quickly come up with a solution.
- Project management: Marine electricians will often manage multiple projects at one time. They may complete projects for different ships and will need to manage time and delegate tasks.
- Knowledge of electrical systems: A good working knowledge of electrical systems in ships is important. In addition to reading and navigating electrical blueprints, marine electricians will need to know where to find certain access points and wires.
- Coast guard: Some marine electricians may choose to work with the U.S. government on military ships. If this is your preferred route, you may need special coast guard training.
- Knowledge of circuit breakers, transformers and high-voltage control panels: Working as a marine electrician, you are likely to work with each of these things. An apprenticeship can be a good way to learn these areas in-depth.
- Knowledge of certain safety protocols: Up-to-date safety protocols are needed as marine electricians often work on electrical systems near water. Knowledge of emergency protocols is needed.
- Be The Boss: I want To Be A Cabinet Maker
- Be The Boss: I Want To Be An Automotive Mechanic
- Be The Boss: I Want To Be A Biotechnologist
- Be The Boss: I Want To Be A Pilot
- Be The Boss: I Want To Be A Music Producer
- Be The Boss: I Want To Be A Gardener
- Be The Boss: I Want To Be A Builder
- Be The Boss: I Want To Be A Confectioner
- Be The Boss: I Want To Be A Ship's Captain
Word Of The Week: Galoot
slang, mainly US; a clumsy or uncouth person, someone who is awkward.
Galoot can be a mildly offensive term that originally referred to a marine or soldier on board ship, much like a modern sailor might use jarhead. Etymologist Anatoly Liberman points to the thirteenth century Italian galeot(t)o, “sailor, steersman,” as a possible source for galoot. others state: From Quranic Arabic jālūt, pronounced galūt in Egyptian Arabic, proper name equivalent to English Goliath, giant warrior of the ancient Philistine ethnicity; cf. connotations of derogatory uses of English.
It's basically an all-purpose term of mild contempt with humorous undertones while others state galoot can also be a term of affection. It was quite widely used from about 1900 to the 1940s but is now outdated and unfashionable even in its American heartland.
lacking dexterity or skill (as in the use of hands); lacking ease or grace (as of movement or expression). From Middle English awkeward in the wrong direction, from awke turned the wrong way, from Old Norse ǫfugr; akin to Old High German abuh turned the wrong way
2023 Year 12 School Scholarship Program Now Open: DYRSL
Securing A Brighter Future For Disadvantaged Youth
HSC Online Help Guides
Stay Healthy - Stay Active: HSC 2022
World Barber Day Highlights Demand For Age Old Craft
UNSW Launches Artificial Intelligence (AI) Institute
Youth For Soibada – Be A Part Of It!
The youth of the world are the future, and we must nurture, educate, and provide them with what they need to prosper. In our sister village of Soibada in Timor Leste the young people are full of energy, love, and laughter. They are small in stature due to malnourishment but their desire to learn is huge!
Since Maria Regina School in Avalon first connected with Our Lady of Aitara School in Soibada in 2009, followed by Sacred Heart School and Tasi Fatin School soon after, and then Mater Maria and Nicolau Lobato Senior High School, many other schools, both State and Private, here in Sydney have taken up the link of friendship with schools in Soibada. Most recently Narrabeen North Primary School connected with Somoro School in central Soibada. Teacher Olivia Scully visited Soibada in July to formalise the friendship – there will be lots of news on that soon!
It is a wonderful opportunity to learn about each other’s cultures but it also provides a chance for our young people to see what a difference they can make in the lives of others - even in small ways. Although it is all about friendship, there is still so much need in Timor Leste after the years of occupation and the fight for freedom. Maria Regina students recently did a “Seeds for Soibada” campaign that did not cost much – just a packet of vegetable seeds – but will have a big impact on nutrition.
The Youth for Soibada committee has been reinvigorated after the Covid Years and there was a great team in the village in July. One of them was even an ex-Maria Regina (and current Mater) student. The kids connected in a way impossible to adults and language proved no barrier. They have initiated a new Instagram page to generate interest and support from other teenagers. They have some great events planned, including performances from some of the young artists and bands we had at Soup for Soibada recently. If you are interested in getting involved or know someone who is, or just want to keep up to date with what is going on, please send a direct message on Instagram to friendsofsoibada
Or contact Tamara on firstname.lastname@example.org
Tamara Sloper Harding OAM
Barrenjoey High School Maths Teacher Farewell
Sunday Comics And Cartoons
One of the reasons we first started reading the Sunday paper was to get the children's section and read the cartoons. In keeping with that a cartoon or animation will run each Sunday on your page. Some of these you will need to read and others you can watch. This week it's A message from Ginger Meggs in 1947.
Surfer Groms Comp In Coffs Harbour Sees Local Surfers Among Winners
The Woolworths Surfer Groms Comps in Coffs Harbour finished on Sunday September 11, 2022, with some great placings for local surfers. Well done to all those who had a go and all those who won a place in the results.
Regarded as one of the major stepping stones in the development of young Australian surfers, the 10-event Woolworths Surfer Groms Comps series caters for surfers from Under 8 to Under 14 and will be held in New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, Western Australia, Tasmania and South Australia over Spring and into Summer.
As an added bonus, the respective winners of the Under 14 boys’ and girls’ divisions from each event will receive an invite to attend an all-expenses-paid, three-day Woolworths Surfer Groms Comps National Final Surf Camp, (1-day coaching clinic, two days of competition and heat analysis coaching) at the Surfing Australia High-Performance Centre (HPC). For the South Australian, Victorian and Tasmanian events, the Woolworths Surf Camp prize will be awarded to the highest place Under-14 Boy and Girl who reside in that respective state.
Run through Surfing NSW this is a great competition for those who like their surfing and a great opportunity to meet youngsters from other places.
Woolworths Surfer Groms Comps 2022 Schedule:
- EVENT 1 – Kiama, NSW – Sept 3 – 4, 2022
- EVENT 2 – Coffs Harbour, NSW – Sept 10 – 11, 2022
- EVENT 3 – Gold Coast, QLD – Sept 24 – 25, 2022
- EVENT 4 – Fleurieu Peninsula, SA – Oct 1, 2022
- EVENT 5 – Northern Beaches, NSW – Oct 15 – 16, 2022
- EVENT 6 – Clifton Beach, TAS – Oct 29, 2022
- EVENT 7 – Torquay, VIC – Nov 12 – 13, 2022
- EVENT 8 – Trigg, WA – Nov 19 – 20, 2022
- EVENT 9 – Cronulla, NSW – Dec 3 – 4, 2022
- EVENT 10 – Sunshine Coast, QLD – Dec 10 – 11, 2022
Coffs Harbour Results
1st Atlas Zoric (Broken Head)
2nd Flynn Swierczewski (Coolangatta
3rd Lakey Schomberg (Bonville)
4th Noah De Campos (Emerald Beach)
1st Zoee Bradshaw (Haleiwa)
2nd Isabel O’Boyle (Lennox Head)
3rd Coco Woolley (Boomerang)
4th Alanni Morriss (Shelly Beach)
1st Phoenix Talbot (Yamba)
2nd Sage Lewis (Sandy Beach)
3rd Billy Daniel (Fingal Head)
4th Conor O’Boyle (Lennox Head)
1st Lehiani Zoric (Broken Head)
2nd Talia Tebb (Avoca)
3rd Zoee Bradshaw (Haleiwa)
4th Olive Morriss (Shelly Beach)
1st Kade Kelly (Newcastle)
2nd Locana Cullen (Avalon)
3rd Luca Martin (Coffs Harbour)
4th Liam Gason (Collaroy)
1st Charli Hatley (Currumbin)
2nd Lehiani Zoric (Broken Head)
3rd Madora Barton (Yamba)
4th Avalon Vowels (Scotts Head)
1st Ben Zanatta (Manly)
2nd Balin Cullen (Avalon
3rd Lucas Leal (Dee Why)
4th Will Tebb (Avalon)
Locana Cullen (Avalon)
Liam Gason (Collaroy)
Ben Zanatta (Manly)
Balin Cullen (Avalon
Lucas Leal (Dee Why)
Will Tebb (Avalon)
Photos by Lighthouse Photography
What Is The Beaufort Scale?
- Marine warnings: The Bureau of Meteorology issues a range of warnings for marine areas when dangerous winds and waves are expected.
- Changing weather: Take note of forecasts indicating reduced visibility from fog or rain, or risks to safety and comfort from thunderstorms, lightning or squall conditions. Some forecasts will also include information on UV levels and the times of day to use sun protection.
- Wind conditions: Winds of any speed can be hazardous for boating. Know the limits of your vessel and your abilities. A typical rule of thumb is for small craft to avoid winds greater than 15 knots. Marine wind warnings are issued whenever strong winds, gales, storm force or hurricane force winds are expected. The six things you need to know about wind warnings will help you understand how to get these warnings, and what to do when they are issued.
- Wave conditions: It is important to know what wave conditions are forecast, as waves can make your boating trip dangerous and uncomfortable - especially close to the coast where the waves enter shallower water.
- Tide times: Knowing when high and low tide will occur is important for boats entering and exiting river entrances and crossing bars. The combination of an outgoing tidal flow or low tide can cause waves to become steeper than usual, making your boat difficult to navigate. The changing tide over the day can cover rock platforms or reefs at high tide, whilst exposing them and creating a hazard at low tide.
2022 Schools Spectacular
- Avalon Public School
- Belrose Arts Alive
- Collaroy Plateau Public School
- Curl Curl North Public School
- Davidson High School
- Elanora Heights Public School
- Forestville Public School
- Harbord Public School
- Killarney Heights High School
- Mona Vale Public School
- Narrabeen Lakes Public School
- Narrabeen Sports High School
- Neutral Bay Public School
- Northern Beaches Secondary College Cromer Campus
- Northern Beaches Secondary College Freshwater Senior Campus
- Northern Beaches Secondary College Mackellar Girls Campus
- Northern Beaches Secondary College Manly Campus
- Pittwater High School
- has taken place annually at Qantas Credit Union Arena (formerly known as the Sydney Entertainment Centre) since 1984, and in 2016 was held at the Qudos Bank Arena.
- in 2016, set a new GUINNESS WORLD RECORDS TM for the Largest Amateur Variety Act with over 5,300 students performing in the show!
- is an established and well-recognised event on the Sydney live entertainment calendar
- showcases a cast of 2,300 dancers, a combined choir of 2,500, an 80-piece full symphony orchestra, and a 25-piece stage band
- delivers outstanding, cutting-edge artistry in dance and musical performance
- features state-of-the-art sound, lighting and staging
- is televised nationally in prime-time on Channel 7.
- Dates: show week rehearsals – Monday 21 November to Thursday 24 November 2022, including final combined dance rehearsal, orchestra and stage band sound checks, mass choir rehearsal and dress rehearsal.
- Performances: Friday, 25 November, and Saturday, 26 November 2022, including the schools’ preview matinee, Friday evening, Saturday matinee and Saturday evening performances.
Ho Ho Ho ... Pencil In This Date
The popular Christmas card competition has been expanded to more primary school students.
‘All I want for Christmas’ is the theme of this year’s competition for students to design a Christmas card for the Minister for Education and Early Learning, Sarah Mitchell, and senior department executives.
The annual competition is now open to students from Kindergarten to Year 6.
The winning artist will have their artwork featured on the Minister’s 2022 Christmas card and receive a book pack and 20 copies of the card. The runners up will feature on cards for the Department of Education Secretary, Georgina Harrisson, and Deputy Secretaries – School Performance, Murat Dizdar and Leanne Nixon.
The competition has previously been open only to Kindergarten students. Last year’s winning image from Hayley Shepard from Surveyors Creek Public School in Glenmore Park featured a dream of waking up to a puppy in Santa’s stocking.
Doggone it: Hayley Shepherd and Education Minister Sarah Mitchell hold Hayley's winning design.
How to enter
Schools can submit artwork entries on behalf of students by email to email@example.com by 5pm on 17 October 2022. Please name saved artwork files in the format of schoolname-firstname-lastname.png, such as Christmas-PS-Santa-Claus.png.
Artworks can be created in any medium but should be no larger than 21cm x 30cm (A4). The artworks may be in portrait or landscape format.
The winning artists will be notified by 29 October 2022.
Kindergarten In Sydney In 1968
From the Film Australia Collection. Made by the Commonwealth Film Unit 1968. A look at how a group of Sydney children spend their day at kindergarten.
Spring Things: Pittwater Butterflies
Over the next few weeks and months we will see a lot more butterflies flitting around our gardens. This week we share some of those you may see. Perhasp you remmeber a few years ago when a cloud of these butterflies flew over our area, heading out to sea:
Caper White Butterfly, Elenois java, - photo by A J Guesdon, November 20, 2020
The Blue Triangle Butterfly - Graphium sarpedon choredon, is just one of around 400 butterflies seen in Australia with a dozen endemic species and even some of the world's largest found only here.
Cairns birdwing (Ornithoptera euphorion): Australia's largest endemic butterfly, photo by Lepidlizard, and side view taken at Melbourne zoo by fir0002 - both from Wikipedia
The Cairns birdwing butterfly wingspan can be up to 15 cm (5.9 in) in females, and 12.5 cm (4.9 in) in males. A closely allied species, the New Guinea or Priam's birdwing (Ornithoptera priamus) reaches 19 cm (7.5 in) and is the largest butterfly species found in Australia, but it is not endemic.
Australia butterflies come from seven families: Papilionidae: swallowtails, Nymphalidae: brush– or four-footed, Pieridae: whites and yellows, Coliadinae: yellows, Riodinidae: metalmarks, Lycaenidae: gossamer-winged blues and coppers, and Hesperiidae: skippers.
September through April is when see the most butterflies through Sydney, although some are spotted during the cooler months of May and June as well. There is a great webpage hosted here which lists many of the butterflies you will see in Sydney.
The Blue Triangle Butterfly, like the Cairns birdwing, are Swallowtail butterflies - the large, colourful butterflies in the family Papilionidae, and include over 550 species. Though the majority are tropical, members of the family inhabit every continent except Antarctica.
The Blue Triangle is also known for being excellent of vision - from a 2016 study:
When researchers studied the eyes of Common Bluebottles, a species of swallowtail butterfly from Australasia, they were in for a surprise. These butterflies have large eyes and use their blue-green iridescent wings for visual communication -- evidence that their vision must be excellent. Even so, no-one expected to find that Common Bluebottles (Graphium sarpedon) have at least 15 different classes of "photoreceptors" -- light-detecting cells comparable to the rods and cones in the human eye. Previously, no insect was known to have more than nine.
"We have studied color vision in many insects for many years, and we knew that the number of photoreceptors varies greatly from species to species. But this discovery of 15 classes in one eye was really stunning," says Kentaro Arikawa, Professor of Biology at Sokendai (the Graduate University for Advanced Studies), Hayama, Japan and lead author of the study.
Have multiple classes of photoreceptors is indispensable for seeing color. Each class is stimulated by light of some wavelengths, and less or not at all by other wavelengths. By comparing information received from the different photoreceptor classes, the brain is able to distinguish colors.
Photographed at Surf Road, Whale Beach
Another swallowtail that visits Sydney from October to May is the Papilio aegeus, the orchard swallowtail butterfly or large citrus butterfly. Both male and female have black forewings with a white stripe, though there is more white overall on the female forewing. The hindwing is again black, and there is a white swath through the middle. Here the markings differ in that the female has chains of red to orange and blue crescents toward the edge. The markings on the underside are similar to those on top. The body is black. The wingspan is about 140 millimetres (5.5 in) in females and 120 millimetres (4.7 in) in males, making it rather large overall and the largest butterfly commonly seen in at least part of its range.
Orchard Swallowtail butterfly female (Papilio aegeus) taken in Cairns, Queensland by Summerdrought, CC BY-SA 4.0
Papilio aegeus Donovan, 1805 (Orchard Swallowtail), male, Black Mountain, Canberra, ACT, 14 February 2011 - photo by Donald Hobern, CC BY 2.0
Despite being a swallowtail, which group derives its name from the distinctive tails on the hindwing, this characteristic is entirely absent.
The swallowtail butterflies also lead to pointing out another fact - new butterflies are still being discovered - for example, this news ran in our Environment page a few years ago:
New species of Swallowtail butterfly discovered in Fiji
October 30, 2018: University of Oxford
A spectacular new butterfly species has been discovered on the Pacific Island of Vanua Levu in Fiji. The species, named last week as Papilio natewa after the Natewa Peninsula where it was found, is a remarkable discovery in a location where butterfly wildlife was thought to be well known.
The large Swallowtail was first photographed in 2017 by Australian ornithologist Greg Kerr, working with Operation Wallacea, an international organisation which supports school students in science projects.
Specialists around the world were puzzled when Kerr's photograph was sent for identification. It was not until earlier this year, during a second fieldtrip to Fiji, that it was confirmed as a species new to science by John Tennent, Honorary Associate at Oxford University Museum of Natural History, and Scientific Associate of the Natural History Museum, London.
"For such an unusual and large new butterfly to be discovered somewhere we thought was so well known is remarkable," said John Tennant, who is a Pacific butterfly specialist. The species was named by Tennant and colleagues in Fiji and Australia in a paper published this month in Entomologischer Verein Apollo.
Tennant has spent long periods in the Pacific, including the Solomon Islands and eastern Papua New Guinea and has found and named over a hundred new species and subspecies of butterflies in the last 25 years. But he describes the new Natewa Swallowtail as "easily the most spectacular." The find is especially remarkable because there are only two Swallowtail butterfly species previously known from this part of the Pacific, and only one from Fiji.
"Because they are large, conspicuous and often beautiful in appearance, Swallowtail butterflies have been intensively studied for over 150 years," says James Hogan, manager of butterfly (Lepidoptera) collections at Oxford University Museum of Natural History.
"To find a new species like this, not only in a small and reasonably well-studied area like Fiji, but also one which looks unlike any other Swallowtail is truly exceptional. For John Tennent, Greg Kerr and the rest of the team this really is a once-in-a-lifetime discovery."
The Natewa Swallowtail has remained undiscovered for so long perhaps due to its habits and the geological history of the islands. Unusually for a Swallowtail, it seems to be a true forest species, spending most of its life inside the forest at elevations above 250 metres, on land with restrict access rights.
"It does make you wonder what else awaits discovery in the world's wild places. The key to finding new and interesting things is simply to go and look," adds Tennant.
An online version of this story is available on the Oxford University Museum of Natural History blog, More than a Dodo, at: https://morethanadodo.com/2018/10/30/fijis_swallowtail_surprise/
The large Swallowtail, now named Papilio natewa, was first photographed in 2017 by Australian ornithologist Greg Kerr, working with Operation Wallacea.
Papilio natewa was one of four new species of butterflies discovered or named in 2018; the Cyllopsis tomemmeli in Mexico, named for Thomas Emmel, now 76 and an internationally recognised Lepidoptera expert at the University of Florida, who went on his first expedition at age 17, Wahydra graslieae, named to honour Emily Graslie the Field Museum in Chicago's chief curiosity correspondent, and Catasticta sibyllae, named for Maria Sibylla Merian an artist who sailed across the Atlantic on a largely self-funded scientific expedition to document the animals and plants of Dutch Suriname in 1699.
In 2017 there were more 'new' butterflies discovered, some among collections not yet examined and some found 'in the field' as Mr. Kerr did, including this one -
This is Acentria's fritillary (Melitaea acentria), a new butterfly species discovered in Israel on the slopes of the popular Mount Hermon ski resort. Credit: Dr Vladimir Lukhtanov; CC-BY 4.0
The Acentria's fritillary seems to be endemic in northern Israel and the neighbouring territories of Syria and Lebanon. Its evolutionary history is likely to prove interesting.
"The species is probably one of a handful of butterflies known to have arisen through hybridisation between two other species in the past," says Lukhtanov. "This process is known to be common in plants, but scientists have only recently realised it might also be present in butterflies."
This is the first new butterfly species discovered and described from the territory of Israel in 109 years.
Vladimir A. Lukhtanov. A new species of Melitaea from Israel, with notes on taxonomy, cytogenetics, phylogeography and interspecific hybridization in the Melitaea persea complex (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Comparative Cytogenetics, 2017; 11 (2): 325 DOI: 10.3897/CompCytogen.v11i2.12370
A perusal of science articles shows that new species of Butterflies are always being discovered - and well worth keeping an eye out for.
Another butterfly specific to here is the Australian painted lady (Vanessa kershawi) butterfly is mostly confined to Australia, although westerly winds have dispersed it to islands east of Australia, including New Zealand. Some debate surrounds the taxonomy of this species. Some believe that the Australian painted lady should be a subspecies of the painted lady (Vanessa cardui) due to the similarity in lifestyle and behaviour. Furthermore, the painted lady is found around the globe, but Australia is the only location in which it varies enough to be considered a separate species.
This can be seen around Sydney at any time except Winter. The Australian painted lady belongs to the family Nymphalidae and genus Vanessa, which compromises 22 species, which are strongly migratory.
Australian painted lady on yellow flower - photo by Gaetan Lee - Flickr
During spring, adult butterflies migrate south in large numbers from northern states of Queensland and New South Wales. To find mates, male Australian painted ladies exhibit territorial behaviour, which involves a male perching on vegetation in a sunny spot on a hilltop, waiting for females to fly by.
Despite urbanisation and invasive plants altering its habitat, populations of Australian painted ladies have not been significantly impacted by these changes.
The life cycle of the Australian painted lady lasts around 53 days in the summer. The females lay eggs in the centre of the leaf of food plants. The eggs are green and hatch in about three days. As a caterpillar, the Australian painted lady is only active at night, during which its main activity is feeding. During the day, it hides in a curled leaf or at the foot of a food plant. The pupa hangs vertically from the underside of the leaf of a food plant, and the duration of the pupal stage is about two weeks.
The Australian painted lady typically uses the native Australian everlastings and other daisies as a host and food plant. However, it also feeds on several introduced species, including capeweed (Arctotheca calendula), Scotch thistle (Onopordum acanthium), and lavender (Lavandula angustifolia). The adults feed on the nectar of flowers.
Another in the Nymphalidae family, which can be seen in Sydney at just about anytime and anywhere, is the Monarch butterfly or simply Wanderer (Danaus plexippus). These live for around four months and spend pretty much all of that time doing what their name describes - wandering!
Monarch Butterfly, female - photographed in May by Kenneth Dwain Harrelson, CC BY-SA 3.0
One photographed at Narrabeen in 2015 by A J Guesdon
In September, 2013 - photo by A J Guesdon
The name "monarch" is believed to be given in honour of King William III of England, whose secondary title Prince of Orange makes a reference to the butterfly's main colour. The monarch was originally described by Carl Linnaeus in his Systema Naturae of 1758 and placed in the genus Papilio. In 1780, Jan Krzysztof Kluk used the monarch as the type species for a new genus Danaus.
Danaus, a great-grandson of Zeus, was a mythical king in Egypt or Libya, who founded Argos; Plexippus was one of the 50 sons of Aegyptus, the twin brother of Danaus. In Homeric Greek, his name means "one who urges on horses", i.e. "rider" or "charioteer". In the 10th edition of Systema Naturae, at the bottom of page 467, Linnaeus wrote that the names of the Danai festivi, the division of the genus to which Papilio plexippus belonged, were derived from the sons of Aegyptus. Linnaeus divided his large genus Papilio, containing all known butterfly species, into what we would now call subgenera. The Danai festivi formed one of the "subgenera", containing colourful species, as opposed to the Danai candidi, containing species with bright white wings. Linnaeus wrote: "Danaorum Candidorum nomina a filiabus Danai Aegypti, Festivorum a filiis mutuatus sunt." (English: "The names of the Danai candidi have been derived from the daughters of Danaus, those of the Danai festivi from the sons of Aegyptus.")
Robert Michael Pyle suggested Danaus is a masculine version of Danaë, Danaus's great-great-granddaughter, to whom Zeus came as a shower of gold, which seemed to him a more appropriate source for the name of this butterfly.
Eurema brigitta on bright yellow dandelion flower - photo by A J Guesdon, April 2016
Another in the same family Pieridae you may see almost year round is the introduced Pieris rapae, the small white, is a small to medium-sized butterfly species of the whites-and-yellows family Pieridae. It is also known as the small cabbage white and in New Zealand, simply as white butterfly. The names "cabbage butterfly" and "cabbage white" can also refer to the large white. The butterfly can be distinguished by the white colour with small black dots on its wings. They are further distinguished by the smaller size and lack of the black band at the tip of their forewings.
Photo by A J Guesdon, November 2015
It is widespread and is believed to have originated in Europe or Asia. It is also found in North Africa and was accidentally introduced to North America, Bermuda, Australia and New Zealand. The caterpillar of this species is seen as a pest for commercial agriculture. Often referred to as the "imported cabbageworm" they are a serious pest to cabbage and other mustard family crops.
So for those who ascribe to Shakespeare's line from Hamlet - There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, than are dreamt of in your philosophy - have a closer look next time you see something colourful flitting by - you may be the first to do so.
Butterflies of Australia: http://lepidoptera.butterflyhouse.com.au/butter.html
List of butterflies of Australia. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_butterflies_of_Australia&oldid=875690239
Bumblebees And Honeybees
By SciShow Kids
You see them when it’s warm outside, hanging out in flowers and working away. Bees! Check out what these buzzing insects are up to, and how you can tell the difference between a bumblebee and a honey bee.
All About Frogs For Youngsters
By Free School
With thousands of known species, frogs and toads make up more than 88% of all known amphibians on earth. Frogs have peculiar skin that allows them to breathe both above and under the water. Learn really cool facts and trivia about frogs in this brief, child-friendly documentary, including a section on poison dart frogs and the metamorphosis from tadpole to frog.
How To Draw A Penguin In Just 3 Minutes!
Earth Sketch Pad | BBC Earth Kids
Dementia Action Week
19 – 25 September 2022
- Give a little support to a person living with dementia.
- Give a little support to a carer, friend or family member of a person living with dementia.
- Help healthcare professionals make their practice more dementia-friendly.
Celebrities Combine Forces And Voices To Support People Impacted By Dementia + National Dementia Helpline Now 24/7
Seven Healthy Lifestyle Habits May Reduce Dementia Risk For People With Diabetes
Risk Factor For Developing Alzheimer's Disease Increases By 50-80% In Older Adults Who Caught COVID-19
Men's Sheds Grants And Movember Improving Men's Health
A Rugby Trip Inspired William To Take Some Brave Steps
Cheaper Scripts For Millions
Pace As Important As 10,000 Steps For Health
- Every 2,000 steps lowered risk of premature death incrementally by 8 to 11 percent, up to approximately 10,000 steps a day.
- Similar associations were seen for cardiovascular disease and cancer incidence.
- A higher number of steps per day was associated with a lower risk of all-cause dementia
- 9,800 steps was the optimal dose linked to lower risk of dementia by 50 percent, however risk was reduced by 25 percent at as low as 3,800 steps a day
- Stepping intensity or a faster pace showed beneficial associations for all outcomes (dementia, heart disease, cancer and death) over and above total daily steps.
- Borja del Pozo Cruz, Matthew N. Ahmadi, I-Min Lee, Emmanuel Stamatakis. Prospective Associations of Daily Step Counts and Intensity With Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease Incidence and Mortality and All-Cause Mortality. JAMA Internal Medicine, 2022; DOI: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2022.4000
- Borja del Pozo Cruz, Matthew Ahmadi, Sharon L. Naismith, Emmanuel Stamatakis. Association of Daily Step Count and Intensity With Incident Dementia in 78 430 Adults Living in the UK. JAMA Neurology, 2022; DOI: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2022.2672
Daily Multivitamin May Improve Cognition And Possibly Protect Against Decline
Benefits Of The Environment To Health. A Literature Review Of Health Benefits Derived From 3 Ecosystem Services: Air Filtration, Local Climate Regulation, And Recreation
- air filtration – the filtering of air-borne pollutants by ecosystems, in particular by plants,
- to mitigate harmful effects of pollution
- local climate regulation – the regulation of ambient temperatures by plants and water bodies to improve local living conditions
- recreation-related services – the qualities of ecosystems that allow people to use and enjoy the environment, such as through providing opportunities for physical activity or other passive recreational pursuits.
- air filtration is associated with improved respiratory outcomes (such as for asthma) and decreases in mortality. Positive maternal and perinatal outcomes are areas being increasingly researched
- local climate regulation is associated with decreases in both all-cause mortality, and in hospitalisations due to heat
- recreation-related services are associated with increases in both physical activity, and in subjective mental wellbeing associated with recreation in nature.
Replacing Band-Aid Wound Solutions Could Save Lives And Millions In Health System Costs: AMA
- A Commonwealth-funded wound consumables scheme to subsidise the cost of dressings and other consumables provided in general practice for patients with chronic wounds.
- The implementation of a stepped model of care for the management of chronic wounds, with improved access to other healthcare professionals involved in wound care to form GP-led healthcare teams.
- Three new Medicare items to facilitate the stepped model of care, including a Medicare item to allow trained practices nurses, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Practitioners or Aboriginal Health Workers to provide short-term treatment.
- Implementation of a national education and training program on the prevention and management of chronic wounds, with access to the consumables scheme and extra Medicare support linked to completion of this education and training.
- Improved coordination of wound care initiatives in the sector under a national program to reduce duplication of effort.
Social Housing Temperatures In NSW Exceed Health And Safety Limits: Study
M4-M5 Link To Be Renamed
Emergency Department Walk Outs Show Need For Ratios Nurses Association States
Government States Hospitals Continue To Perform Well Despite COVID-19 And Flu Outbreaks
Researchers Identify How Science Can Help Cities And Companies To Operate Within Earth System Limits
Chemical Fingerprints Could Land The Biggest Catch: Seafood Fraudsters
Australian Vets And Pets To Reap Benefits From New Drug To Treat Common Infection
Mucosal Antibodies In The Airways Protect Against Omicron Infection
Tropical Insects Are Extremely Sensitive To Changing Climates
The Blood Stem Cell Research That Could Change Medicine Of The Future
Disclaimer: These articles are not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of Pittwater Online News or its staff.