Inbox and environment news: Issue 510
September 12 - 18, 2021: Issue 510
2021 Centre For Volunteering Senior Volunteer Of The Year: Bilgola Plateau's Lyn Millett, Wildlife Carer
Bilgola Bends Clean-Up
Migratory Bird Season
Baby Wildlife Season
Harry the ringtail possum. Sydney Wildlife photo
September Is Koala Month & Biodiversity Month
World Shorebirds Day 2021: New Documentary 'On The Right Track' Highlights Impact Of 4WD On Nesting Shorebirds
Coastal Collection – Starring 12 Charismatic Bird Species
Platypus To Make A Comeback In Australia's Oldest National Park
UNSW Team Of Ecologists To Develop 'Ecological Balance Sheet' For Royal National Park
Keeping Cats And Wildlife Safe: Poll
Seven Personality And Behaviour Traits Identified In Cats
September 7, 2021
Researchers at the University of Helsinki have developed a new comprehensive questionnaire for surveying feline personality and behaviour. A dataset of more than 4,300 cats representing 26 breed groups revealed seven personality and behaviour traits, with significant differences observed between breeds.
Cats are our most common pets, and feline behaviour is increasingly being investigated due to a range of behavioural problems. Another topic of interest in addition to behaviour traits is personality since it can be connected to behavioural problems.
"Compared to dogs, less is known about the behaviour and personality of cats, and there is demand for identifying related problems and risk factors. We need more understanding and tools to weed out problematic behaviour and improve cat welfare. The most common behavioural challenges associated with cats relate to aggression and inappropriate elimination," says doctoral researcher Salla Mikkola from the University of Helsinki and the Folkhälsan Research Center.
Seven feline personality and behaviour traits
In a questionnaire designed by Professor Hannes Lohi's research group, personality and behaviour were surveyed through a total of 138 statements. The questionnaire included comprehensive sections on background and health-related information. By employing, among other means, factor analysis to process the data, seven personality and behaviour traits in all were identified.
- Aggression towards humans
- Sociability towards humans
- Sociability towards cats
- Litterbox issues (relieving themselves in inappropriate places, precision in terms of litterbox cleanliness and substrate material)
- Excessive grooming
"While the number of traits identified in prior research varies, activity/playfulness, fearfulness and aggression are the ones from among the traits identified in our study which occur the most often in prior studies. Litterbox issues and excessive grooming are not personality traits as such, but they can indicate something about the cat's sensitivity to stress," Mikkola adds.
Differences in the prevalence of traits seen between breeds
In addition to individuals, clear personality differences can be found between breeds. In other words, certain personality and behaviour traits are more common among certain cat breeds.
"The most fearful breed was the Russian Blue, while the Abyssinian was the least fearful. The Bengal was the most active breed, while the Persian and Exotic were the most passive. The breeds exhibiting the most excessive grooming were the Siamese and Balinese, while the Turkish Van breed scored considerably higher in aggression towards humans and lower in sociability towards cats. We had already observed the same phenomenon in a prior study," says Professor Hannes Lohi from the University of Helsinki and the Folkhälsan Research Center.
The researchers wish to emphasise that no pairwise comparisons between breeds were carried out at this juncture.
"We wanted to obtain a rough idea of whether there are differences in personality traits between breeds. In further studies, we will utilise more complex models to examine factors that affect traits and problematic behaviour. In these models, we will take into consideration, in addition to its breed, the cat's age, gender, health and a wide range of environmental factors," Mikkola says.
Assessing reliability and validity
Feline behaviour and personality can be studied, for example, through questionnaires aimed at cat owners. Such questionnaires can measure feline behaviour in the long term and in everyday circumstances, which is impossible in behavioural tests. Furthermore, cats do not necessarily behave in test settings in a way typical of themselves. Due to their subjective nature, the reliability of the questionnaires must be assessed before the data can be exploited further.
"Internationally speaking, our study is the most extensive and significant survey so far, and it provides excellent opportunities for further research. The reliability of prior feline behavioural questionnaires has not been measured in such a versatile manner, nor are they as comprehensive as this one. Establishing reliability is key to making further analyses worthwhile and enabling the reliable identification of various risk factors," says Lohi.
The researchers reached out to cat owners who responded to the questionnaire one to three months ago, requesting them to fill out the questionnaire again or ask another adult living in the same household to respond to the questionnaire regarding the same cat. The goal was to assess the questionnaire's reliability both temporally and between respondents. Based on two additional datasets accumulated through this method, it was possible to evaluate the reliability of the questionnaire temporally and between respondents.
"By comparing the responses, we noted that the responses provided for the same cat were very similar, while the personality and behaviour traits were found to be reproducible and reliable. We also examined the validity of the questionnaire or whether it measures what it intended to measure. In these terms, too, the questionnaire functioned well," says Mikkola.
The research conducted by Lohi's group will make it possible to identify genetic, environmental and personality factors relating to problematic feline behaviour.
Salla Mikkola, Milla Salonen, Emma Hakanen, Sini Sulkama, Hannes Lohi. Reliability and Validity of Seven Feline Behavior and Personality Traits. Animals, 2021; 11 (7): 1991 DOI: 10.3390/ani11071991
Image: Compilded by Milla Salonen from photos of Heikki Siltala (catza.net/fi)
Bird Malaria Spreading Via Global ‘Hotspots’
Ancient Marsupial 'Junk DNA' Might Be Useful After All Scientists Say
Certainty For NSW Community And Industry On Energy From Waste
Central Coast Factory Fined For Discharging Wastewater
Fisheries Officers Crackdown On Non-Compliance
Brisbane To Pilot New Recycle Mate App
Bushcare In Pittwater
Where we work Which day What time
Angophora Reserve 3rd Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Avalon Dunes 1st Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Avalon Golf Course 2nd Wednesday 3 - 5:30pm
Careel Creek 4th Saturday 8:30 - 11:30am
Toongari Reserve 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon (8 - 11am in summer)
Bangalley Headland 2nd Sunday 9 to 12noon
Winnererremy Bay 4th Sunday 9 to 12noon
North Bilgola Beach 3rd Monday 9 - 12noon
Algona Reserve 1st Saturday 9 - 12noon
Plateau Park 1st Friday 8:30 - 11:30am
Browns Bay Reserve 1st Tuesday 9 - 12noon
McCarrs Creek Reserve Contact Bushcare Officer To be confirmed
Old Wharf Reserve 3rd Saturday 8 - 11am
Kundibah Reserve 4th Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Mona Vale Beach Basin 1st Saturday 8 - 11am
Mona Vale Dunes 2nd Saturday +3rd Thursday 8:30 - 11:30am
Bungan Beach 4th Sunday 9 - 12noon
Crescent Reserve 3rd Sunday 9 - 12noon
North Newport Beach 4th Saturday 8:30 - 11:30am
Porter Reserve 2nd Saturday 8 - 11am
Irrawong Reserve 2nd Saturday 2 - 5pm
North Palm Beach Dunes 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon
Catherine Park 2nd Sunday 10 - 12:30pm
Elizabeth Park 1st Saturday 9 - 12noon
Pathilda Reserve 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon
Warriewood Wetlands 1st Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Norma Park 1st Friday 9 - 12noon
Coopers Point, Elvina Bay 2nd Sunday 10 - 1pm
Rocky Point, Elvina Bay 1st Monday 9 - 12noon
Gardens And Environment Groups And Organisations In Pittwater
Avalon Golf Course Bushcare Needs You
New Shorebirds WingThing For Youngsters Available To Download
A Shorebirds WingThing educational brochure for kids (A5) helps children learn about shorebirds, their life and journey. The 2021 revised brochure version was published in February 2021 and is available now. You can download a file copy here.
If you would like a free print copy of this brochure, please send a self-addressed envelope with A$1.10 postage (or larger if you would like it unfolded) affixed to: BirdLife Australia, Shorebird WingThing Request, 2-05Shorebird WingThing/60 Leicester St, Carlton VIC 3053.
Shorebird Identification Booklet
The Migratory Shorebird Program has just released the third edition of its hugely popular Shorebird Identification Booklet. The team has thoroughly revised and updated this pocket-sized companion for all shorebird counters and interested birders, with lots of useful information on our most common shorebirds, key identification features, sighting distribution maps and short articles on some of BirdLife’s shorebird activities.
The booklet can be downloaded here in PDF file format: http://www.birdlife.org.au/documents/Shorebird_ID_Booklet_V3.pdf
Paper copies can be ordered as well, see http://www.birdlife.org.au/projects/shorebirds-2020/counter-resources for details.
Download BirdLife Australia's children’s education kit to help them learn more about our wading birdlife
Shorebirds are a group of wading birds that can be found feeding on swamps, tidal mudflats, estuaries, beaches and open country. For many people, shorebirds are just those brown birds feeding a long way out on the mud but they are actually a remarkably diverse collection of birds including stilts, sandpipers, snipe, curlews, godwits, plovers and oystercatchers. Each species is superbly adapted to suit its preferred habitat. The Red-necked Stint is as small as a sparrow, with relatively short legs and bill that it pecks food from the surface of the mud with, whereas the Eastern Curlew is over two feet long with a exceptionally long legs and a massively curved beak that it thrusts deep down into the mud to pull out crabs, worms and other creatures hidden below the surface.
Some shorebirds are fairly drab in plumage, especially when they are visiting Australia in their non-breeding season, but when they migrate to their Arctic nesting grounds, they develop a vibrant flush of bright colours to attract a mate. We have 37 types of shorebirds that annually migrate to Australia on some of the most lengthy and arduous journeys in the animal kingdom, but there are also 18 shorebirds that call Australia home all year round.
What all our shorebirds have in common—be they large or small, seasoned traveller or homebody, brightly coloured or in muted tones—is that each species needs adequate safe areas where they can successfully feed and breed.
The National Shorebird Monitoring Program is managed and supported by BirdLife Australia.
This project is supported by Glenelg Hopkins Catchment Management Authority and Hunter Local Land Services through funding from the Australian Government’s National Landcare Program. Funding from Helen Macpherson Smith Trust and Port Phillip Bay Fund is acknowledged.
The National Shorebird Monitoring Program is made possible with the help of over 1,600 volunteers working in coastal and inland habitats all over Australia.
The National Shorebird Monitoring program (started as the Shorebirds 2020 project initiated to re-invigorate monitoring around Australia) is raising awareness of how incredible shorebirds are, and actively engaging the community to participate in gathering information needed to conserve shorebirds.
In the short term, the destruction of tidal ecosystems will need to be stopped, and our program is designed to strengthen the case for protecting these important habitats.
In the long term, there will be a need to mitigate against the likely effects of climate change on a species that travels across the entire range of latitudes where impacts are likely.
The identification and protection of critical areas for shorebirds will need to continue in order to guard against the potential threats associated with habitats in close proximity to nearly half the human population.
Here in Australia, the place where these birds grow up and spend most of their lives, continued monitoring is necessary to inform the best management practice to maintain shorebird populations.
BirdLife Australia believe that we can help secure a brighter future for these remarkable birds by educating stakeholders, gathering information on how and why shorebird populations are changing, and working to grow the community of people who care about shorebirds.
To find out more visit: http://www.birdlife.org.au/projects/shorebirds-2020/shorebirds-2020-program
Aussie Bread Tags Collection Points
Full HSC To Go Ahead
September 10, 2021
Minister for Education Sarah Mitchell today announced that students will be able to sit their HSC exams and receive their results in time for university offers to be made.
The NSW Education Standards Authority (NESA) has issued a revised timetable, with 110 exams taking place over 19 days, ending on December 3rd.
Students will receive their ATARs on 20 January 2022, with their HSC results released on 24 January.
Ms Mitchell said that after a disruptive and stressful year, students now have the certainty of the timetable and eight weeks to focus on preparing for their exams.
“Being able to sit all their exams safely is the best and fairest outcome for our HSC students,” Ms Mitchell said.
“Whether our students go on to university, vocational training or take on employment, it is important all of them are able to sit their exams and demonstrate what they know.
“I know that teachers, families and friends are supporting our HSC students every step of the way, and that the whole NSW community is wishing them well after a tough 18 months.”
Chair of the NESA Board Professor Peter Shergold said that providing a fair, equitable and safe opportunity for students to receive the HSC in 2021 continues to be at the forefront of every decision made by NESA.
“Revising the timetable to start on 9 November and deliver results on 24 January required the reconfiguration of a massive logistical operation involving over 100,000 people,” Professor Shergold said.
“I am grateful to the NSW Vice Chancellors Committee and the Universities Admission Centre (UAC) for their support, and for working with us to deliver an outcome which will see students receive their results and their university offers in a timely way.”
Strict COVID safe protocols supported by NSW Health will be in place to protect students, exam supervisors and school staff when HSC exams start on November 9 2021.
The protocols for a COVID-safe HSC require exam supervisors to be fully vaccinated and strongly encourage eligible HSC students to receive two vaccine doses before exams start.
Other safety measures include:
- Mandatory face masks for students and staff, indoors and outdoors
- Check-in and health screening protocols for students and staff
- Physical distancing between students and staff at all times
- Minimising mingling of student groups
- Keeping exam group sizes as small as possible
- Desks spaced a minimum of 1.5 metres apart and exam rooms well ventilated
- Hygiene marshals and regular cleaning of exam rooms.
An illness and misadventure process is available for students who are unable to attend an exam due to having a positive COVID-19 test result, or being a close contact.
68,710 students are on track to receive the HSC in 2021, according to the HSC Enrolment Snapshot which will be released on Monday by NESA.
View the 2021 HSC exam timetable: https://educationstandards.nsw.edu.au/wps/portal/nesa/11-12/hsc/key-dates-exam-timetables/hsc-written-exam-timetable
Celebrating 20 Years Of Young Writers
September 7, 2021
The creativity of Extension English 2 students from last year’s HSC is showcased in a newly released anthology.
Complex story: Included in the anthology is Sienna Baker, from Randwick Girls High School.
As the Young Writers Showcase enters its 20th year, 18 impressive young writers from the 2020 HSC are being celebrated for their outstanding talents in writing.
Minister for Education Sarah Mitchell said over the past two decades, the Showcase had given audiences the opportunity to celebrate the gifts and creativity of HSC English Extension 2 students.
“For many of the students whose work is published, this is just the beginning of their wonderful journey into creativity, storytelling and production,” Ms Mitchell said.
“The depth and breadth of work we see in the annual anthology is truly remarkable – the pieces not only showcase students’ impressive writing ability, but also their view of the world, their values, and what’s important to them.”
Over the years, Young Writers has showcased more than 340 students’ work, with many going on to use the skills they developed in the classroom in their future endeavours, including script writing, storytelling, podcasting and more.
Former Sydney Girls High student Nieshanka Nanthakrishnakumar had her major work published as part of NESA’s Young Writers Showcase anthology in 2018, and said it gave her the confidence to pursue her passion in slam poetry.
Ms Nanthakrishnakumar has since gone on to perform at the Sydney Writers Festival, Vivid's 'I'm Not Racist, But....' comedy festival, the 2019 Melbourne Spoken Word Festival and the National Poetry Slam Australia.
“Being published straight out of school gave me the confidence I was initially lacking as a writer. As cliché as it sounds, it was one of the first times I felt 'seen' and it was extremely validating to know that people appreciated my work and wanted to hear what I had to say, especially as a person of colour artist,” Ms Nanthakrishnakumar said.
“It demonstrated what I was capable of and encouraged me to seek new prospects. To this day, high school students who have read my piece in Young Writers, tell me that my work really resonated with them. It's exciting to know that my work is out there in the world to be accessed and appreciated by others. It's also pretty cool to be able to say you are a 'published' poet.”
The young writers to feature in this years’ showcase have been selected from more than 1,385 students who studied HSC English Extension 2 in 2020.
The Young Writers Showcase is usually launched at WordeXpress, a partnership between the State Library of NSW and NESA. Due to COVID restrictions, it will go ahead online this year.
Dr John Vallance, State Librarian at the State Library, said despite not being able to celebrate with the students in person, the public would still have the opportunity to witness the talented writers’ work.
“If the young writers in this year’s 20th anniversary showcase keep writing after they leave school, Australia’s literary culture will be very bright. The State Library is here to encourage them all to do just that,” Dr Vallance said.
The State Library will also offer workshops for current students and publish the students’ reflections statements so that future English Extension 2 students can see how high the standard is.
You can read about the young writers who are included in this year’s and the works they have created on the NSW Education Standards Authority website.
After Dark Photo Competition: Northern Beaches
- Land – manmade and/or natural formations, wildlife, flora or fauna
- Sea – waterways, beaches, or marine areas, sea life
- Sky – aspects of the night sky, moon, starscapes, clouds or wildlife
- Junior – under 16 years featuring any one of these categories.
- Entry fees are $10 for the first category entered and $10 for each subsequent category entered.
- Up to six entries per category are permitted.
- Fees should be paid by the PayPal gateway on the entry website. Credit and debit cards can be used on this gateway.
- If entry payments are not received by the deadline, then the submitted entries will not be accepted for judging.
- Entries will be accepted only from Australian residents of the Commonwealth of Australia and its Territories.
- There will be two sections of entry – General and Junior (18 or younger)
- There will be three categories of entry for the General Section; Portraying the night time environment featuring Land, Sea or Sky.
- The Junior Section is for photographers 18 years old or younger and will have one open category.
- All entries must be taken within the Northern Beaches LGA and must be taken between sunset and sunrise.
- Images can be taken at any time of the year on or after 1 September 2019.
- The top 5 images of each category will be judged by the organising committee and will be hung at the Studio, Careel Bay Marina for general public display.
- Photographers represented in the top 5 images of each category will be notified that they are in the top 20 images (15 September 17:00 AEST).
- There is a limit of six (6) entries per category per photographer.
- In the case of images with multiple authors, the instigator of the image will be considered to be the principal author and the one who “owns” the image. The principal author MUST have performed the majority of the work to produce the image. All authors MUST be identified and named in the entry form along with their contributions to the production of the image.
- Entries must be in digital form and will be accepted ONLY through submission via the dedicated website at: afterdark.myphotoclub.com.au
- To preserve anonymity, the submitted image files should not contain identifying metadata.
- For judging purposes, still images must be submitted as JPG files with the longest side having a dimension no greater than 4,950 pixels in Adobe 1998 colour space.
- All photographs must have been taken no more than 2 years before the closing date of entry.
- Entry fees are $20 for the first entry and $10 each subsequent entry. Fees should be paid by the PayPal gateway on the entry website. Credit and debit cards can be used on this gateway.
- If entry payments are not received by the deadline, then the submitted entries will not be accepted for judging.
- Photographers of the top 20 images (5 in each category) will be notified 15 September and images printed, framed and hung by the organising. Artists may choose to pay $55 for this service to be undertaken on their part or undertake printing and framing at their own cost. Images must be ready for hanging 17:00 (AEST) 29 September 2021.
- Images will be listed on sale during the exhibition at the artist’s discretion. $100 of the sale will be donated to the charity the Australasian Dark Sky Alliance.
- Winners for the Land Scape, Sea Scape, Sky Scape and Youth entry will be announced Thursday 30th September 2021.
- People’s choice will confirmed by popular vote throughout the exhibition and will be announced on Saturday 30 October, 2021.
- Submissions close at 24:00 (AEST) on Wednesday, 1 September 2021. No entries will be accepted past this date.
- All winners should make an effort to attend the presentation of the awards on 30 September 2021
- The winning entries will be exhibited for the entire Exhibition After Dark, at the Studio, Careel Bay Marina between 30 September and 2 November, 2021.
- Permission to reproduce entries for publication to promote the competition and exhibitions and dark sky-related events and activities on the northern beaches will be assumed as a condition of entry. The copyright of the image remains with the author, and we will try to ensure that the author is credited where the image is used.
- All entries must be true images, faithfully reflecting and maintaining the integrity of the subject. Entries made up of composite images taken at different times and/or at different locations and/or with different cameras will not be accepted. Image manipulations that produce works that are more “digital art” than true astronomical images, will be deemed ineligible. If there is any doubt about the acceptability of an entry, then the competition organisers should be contacted, before the entry is submitted, for adjudication on the matter at the following email address: email@example.com
- If after the judging process, an image is subsequently determined to have violated the letter and/or the spirit of the rules, then that image will be disqualified. Any prizes consequently awarded for that image must be returned to the competition organisers.
- The competition judges reserve the right to reject any entry that, in the opinion of the judges, does not meet the conditions of entry or is unsuitable for public display. The judges’ decisions will be final.
- Submission of an entry implies acceptance of all the conditions of entry and the decisions of the competition judges.
- Entries Open: 24:00 (AEST) Sunday, 11 July 2021
- Entries Close: 24:00 (AEST) Wednesday, 1 September 2021
- Top 20 announced: 17:00 Wednesday, 15 September 2021
- Photography bump in: Midday Wednesday 29 September 2021
- Exhibition Launch and Presentation of Awards: Thursday 30 September 2021
- Bump out – 2 November 2021
- Category Winner: An image deemed to be the best in that category as judged by the judging panel.
- “The People’s Choice”: This will be judged by gathering votes obtained in the exhibition venue, and online.
- Category Winner: $200 – to each of the image deemed to be the best in each of the four (4) category.
- “The People’s Choice”: $200 – will be judged by gathering votes obtained in the exhibition venue, and online.
Award Winning CGI 3D Animated Short Film: "The Legend Of The Crabe Phare" - By Crabe Phare
A Graduation film by The talented Crabe Phare Team produced at SUPINFOCOM Valenciennes.
Co-Directed by :
Gaëtan BORDE, cargocollective.com/gaetanborde
Benjamin LEBOURGEOIS, lebourgeois-b.com
Alexandre VEAUX, alexv-portfolio.com
Mengjing YANG, firstname.lastname@example.org
Claire VANDERMEERSCH. cargocollective.com/cleo2015
Original Soundtrack :
Valentin LAFORT http://www.valentinlafort.com/
Voice actor :
Prix du Public - Panam Anim 2015
Prix du Public - Courts Devant 2015
Best Student Project - Siggraph 2016
Best Student Film - Anim’est 2016
Best 3D Animation Movie - Effets Stars 2016
Best European Student Film - Anim!Arte 2016
2nd Best International Student Film - Anim!Arte 2016
Prix du Public - Festival du Film Environnemental 2016
Prix Jeune Public - RISC 2016
Mention Spéciale - Plein la Bobine 2016
Special Mention - Multivision 2016
Prix du Jury Jeune - Savigny 2017
Audience Award - Cryptshow 2017
You can contact/follow us, on the facebook page : facebook.com/crabephare
John Lennon’s Imagine At 50: A Deceptively Simple Ballad, A Lasting Emblem Of Hope
September 9, 2021
by Leigh Carriage, Senior Lecturer in Music, Southern Cross University
1971 was a tumultuous year. The counter-cultural movement of the 60s was still being felt. Demonstrations were held opposing the Vietnam War and in August, Australia and New Zealand withdrew their troops.
Apollo 15 landed on the moon. Feminist Gloria Steinem made her first address to women in America. Switzerland held a referendum on women’s suffrage. In New York, John Lennon sat down at a brown model Z upright piano and began to write what would become an inter-generational, transnational phenomenon — and perhaps the gentlest of protest songs — Imagine.
Imagine was recorded on May 27, at Lennon’s new home studio. The song was released to the world as part of the album of the same name (co-produced by Lennon, his wife Yoko Ono and Phil Spector), on September 9.
For three minutes and three seconds, the lyrics of this gentle ballad present a vision of unity and of hope. It is a space in which to dream of real change in the world.
As with all songs, the interpretations are as broad as the listeners. For many, it is a call for peace; for others it is a prayer.
The verse lyrics, partly based on poetry by Ono, remove all the central components that seem to separate us: violence, hate, borders, poverty, greed, governments, religion, consumerism and capitalism.
The final verse offers a vision of a unified world at peace.
You may say I’m a dreamer
But I’m not the only one
I hope someday you’ll join us
And the world will live as one
Imagine would become Lennon’s best-selling single of his solo career. In 2004, Rolling Stone labelled it third on its list of the greatest songs of all time, saying “we need it more than he ever dreamed”.
Unpacking it musically
Imagine is often used to teach beginner music students, but it would be a mistake to think it is just a simple, soft rock, piano ballad.
This perception is due to Lennon’s highly effective crafting. As a peace anthem, the song appears simple, but dig a little deeper, and you find layers of complexity and nuance.
Imagine was written in the key of C major, which has no sharps or flats, so it is melodically and harmonically playable and broadly accessible.
The melody is comprised of small intervals (the difference in pitch between two notes), and repeating small motives (a fragment of melody repeated, manipulated or re-positioned throughout the melody), all within a singable range of one octave.
The introduction to the song sets up a gentle sway between harmonic resolution and tension, like waves on a beach.
The third, longer phrase (“Imagine all the people”) steps into a passage of unresolved tension. This culminates in a harmonic state of balance, like a broom standing on end. It can fall either way — forward into resolution (the next verse) or back into tension (the chorus). This balance is intensified as the rhythm section pauses and Lennon sings in falsetto.
Imagine there’s no heaven
It’s easy if you try
No hell below us
Above us, only sky
Imagine all the people
Livin’ for today
The opening piano chords also create a sense of pushing into tension before falling back to resolution, linking to the dreamlike feeling of the lyrics. The third phrase, “imagine all the people” starts on the four chord and holds that tension until “living for today” lands on G, creating more stability.
Perhaps the most distinctive part of Imagine is the short piano riff between the vocal lines. This riff uses just three notes — A, A# and B — called “chromatic passing notes”. Your ear thinks these notes will go up again, to the C chord. Instead, Lennon brings the listener’s ear down to the G melody note, creating a gentle sense of unpredictability.
Imagine transports the listener. The lyrics lift the spirit. The easy rises and falls of the melody comfort. Lennon’s familiar voice reassures.
A balm in times of crisis
Imagine has inspired an outstanding array of cover versions, sung by everyone from Elton John to Madonna. American singer Eva Cassidy’s interpretation remains a particular favourite. Her expression and subtle reinterpretation of the melody, her note choices and phrasing, are breathtaking.
At times of crisis, people have often turned to this song. Queen covered Imagine the day after Lennon’s death in 1980; Neil Young played it in the wake of 9/11.
After the 2015 terrorist attacks in Paris, people gathered on the streets as a man quietly played the song on a piano decorated with a peace symbol.
In March last year, at the beginning of the pandemic, Gal Gadot and other celebrities released a now ironically celebrated and much criticised version.
And last September, Melbourne students wrote their own version:
Imagine there’s no Corona
And we can see our friends
Our interconnectedness and reliance on one another are our biggest strengths. 50 years after Lennon wrote the song, Imagine will accompany us along the way: a lasting emblem of hope.
2021 Surfing NSW Event Update
September 10, 2021
Due to the rapidly shifting COVID-19 pandemic and the current public health order in NSW, Surfing NSW has made the hard decision to cancel or postpone all of October's events until a later in 2021.
After consultation with all event stakeholders, local councils, Office or Sport and NSW Sport, the following events will be impacted:
Woolworths Surfer Grom Comp // Northern Beaches 9-10 October (postponed)
The event will be moved to 11th -12th December 2021.
Havaianas NSW Grommet State Titles // 22-25 October (cancelled)
The Under-14’s division from the Havaianas NSW Grommet State Titles, will move to the Woolworths NSW Junior State Titles at Illawarra and form a part of the event schedule. Unfortunately, the Havaianas NSW Grommets State Titles event has had to be cancelled as there are no further available dates at Maroubra to run the competition in line with our entire NSW calendar of events. We look forward to bringing back this event in 2022. The Under-12’s divisions are encouraged to enter the Woolworths Surfer Grom Comp Series at either Coffs Harbour, Kiama, Cronulla and Northern Beaches.
Woolworths NSW Junior State Titles presented by Ocean and Earth (postponed)
This event will be postponed to a later date in 2021 in Illawarra. This date is to be confirmed upon our next events update on October 6th. The following divisions U14’s, U16’s, U18’s will all compete in this event in a revised straight knock-out format. If the Australian Junior Surfing Titles is cancelled, Surfing NSW will still aim to hold the NSW junior state titles for U18, U16 and U14 divisions in 2021 regardless (pending COVID-19 restrictions and timeframes at the time).
NSW High School State Titles at Illawarra (cancelled)
Due to the limited time available and return to school sport uncertainty, unfortunately, the NSW High School State Surfing Titles won’t run for 2021. If the Australian High School Surfing Titles runs for 2021 Surfing NSW will determine a selection process in the near future. This selection process will be confirmed (if required) on October 6th aligned to the next events update.
Volkswagen Tradies Surfmasters (cancelled)
The Volkswagen Tradies Surfmasters event has been unfortunately cancelled as there are no further dates available in 2021 in line with our entire NSW calendar of events. We look forward to bringing back this event in 2022.
Aloha Manly Junior Teams Event pres. by Hurley // Manly, 28 - 29 September (postponed)
The event will be moved to 4-5 December 2021.
The highest priority is the health and safety of all competitors and their families, staff, and event partners, as well as the local community with all event decisions being made.
We will be offering full refunds for those who are affected by the current COVID-19 situation or cannot attend the rescheduled date, however, it is important to note that competitors will lose their spot once a refund has been processed. If they decide to enter the event again at a later date, they will be at the end of the waitlist if it is full.
Surfing NSW is monitoring the evolving COVID-19 situation and will provide all competitors with changes as they come to hand.
The next events update and confirmation of new dates for the Woolworths NSW Junior State Titles will be on Wednesday the 6th of October 2021. We will email, post on socials and our website.
If you would like to process a refund or have a query please email email@example.com
Photo: Ethan Smith / Surfing NSW
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A Universal Equation For The Shape Of An Egg
Researchers from the University of Kent, the Research Institute for Environment Treatment and Vita-Market Ltd have discovered a universal mathematical formula that can describe any bird's egg existing in nature, a feat which has been unsuccessful until now.
Egg-shape has long attracted the attention of mathematicians, engineers, and biologists from an analytical point of view. The shape has been highly regarded for its evolution as large enough to incubate an embryo, small enough to exit the body in the most efficient way, not roll away once laid, is structurally sound enough to bear weight and be the beginning of life for so many species. The egg has been called the "perfect shape."
Analysis of all egg shapes used four geometric figures: sphere, ellipsoid, ovoid, and pyriform (conical or pear-shaped), with a mathematical formula for the pyriform yet to be derived.
To rectify this, researchers introduced an additional function into the ovoid formula, developing a mathematical model to fit a completely novel geometric shape characterized as the last stage in the evolution of the sphere-ellipsoid, which it is applicable to any egg geometry.
This new universal mathematical formula for egg shape is based on four parameters: egg length, maximum breadth, shift of the vertical axis, and the diameter at one quarter of the egg length.
This long sought-for universal formula is a significant step in understanding not only the egg shape itself, but also how and why it evolved, thus making widespread biological and technological applications possible.
Mathematical descriptions of all basic egg shapes have already found applications in food research, mechanical engineering, agriculture, biosciences, architecture and aeronautics. As an example, this formula can be applied to engineering construction of thin walled vessels of an egg shape, which should be stronger than typical spherical ones.
This new formula is an important breakthrough with multiple applications including:
- Competent scientific description of a biological object. Now that an egg can be described via mathematical formula, work in fields of biological systematics, optimization of technological parameters, egg incubation and selection of poultry will be greatly simplified.
- Accurate and simple determination of the physical characteristics of a biological object. The external properties of an egg are vital for researchers and engineers who develop technologies for incubating, processing, storing and sorting eggs. There is a need for a simple identification process using egg volume, surface area, radius of curvature and other indicators for describing the contours of the egg, which this formula provides.
- Future biology-inspired engineering. The egg is a natural biological system studied to design engineering systems and state-of-the-art technologies. The egg-shaped geometric figure is adopted in architecture, such as London City Hall's roof and the Gherkin, and construction as it can withstand maximum loads with a minimum consumption of materials, to which this formula can now be easily applied.
Darren Griffin, Professor of Genetics in the University of Kent and PI on the research, said: "Biological evolutionary processes such as egg formation must be investigated for mathematical description as a basis for research in evolutionary biology, as demonstrated with this formula. This universal formula can be applied across fundamental disciplines, especially the food and poultry industry, and will serve as an impetus for further investigations inspired by the egg as a research object."
Dr Michael Romanov, Visiting Researcher at the University of Kent, said: "This mathematical equation underlines our understanding and appreciation of a certain philosophical harmony between mathematics and biology, and from those two a way towards further comprehension of our universe, understood neatly in the shape of an egg."
Dr Valeriy Narushin, former visiting researcher at the University of Kent, said: "We look forward to seeing the application of this formula across industries, from art to technology, architecture to agriculture. This breakthrough reveals why such collaborative research from separate disciplines is essential."
Valeriy G. Narushin, Michael N. Romanov, Darren K. Griffin. Egg and math: introducing a universal formula for egg shape. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 2021; DOI: 10.1111/nyas.14680
Chicken egg (stock image). Credit: © yuthana Choradet / stock.adobe.com
Australia Post Celebrates 100 Years Of Ginger Meggs
September 7, 2021
Australia Post is celebrating 100 years of Australia’s much-loved waistcoat-wearing rascal, Ginger Meggs, with the release of three stamps featuring the work of creator Jimmy Bancks, and subsequent illustrators James Kemsley and Jason Chatfield.
The character of Ginger Meggs first appeared in “Gladsome Gladys”, with the comic strip soon renamed “Us Fellers” and then, in 1939, “Ginger Meggs” and is Australia’s most widely syndicated comic strip, having appeared in 129 newspapers in 34 countries.
Australia Post Group Manager Philatelic Michael Zsolt said the stamp issue is a wonderful look at the evolution and longevity of one of Australia’s most recognisable characters.
“Ginger Meggs has been part of the Australian identity for generations, and comic strip readers around the world have looked forward to catching up on his everyday capers,” Mr Zsolt said.
Perth-born, New York–based cartoonist and comedian Jason Chatfield has illustrated “Ginger Meggs” since 2007 and said he was honoured to see the stamps dedicated to the beloved character.
“The team at Australia Post have done an incredible job of encapsulating Ginger’s spirit and the different artists’ interpretations over the past century,” he said.
“As the current custodian of Ginge, I am humbled that his 100th birthday falls under my tenure, and I’m grateful to Australia Post for taking such great care in celebrating him.”
$1.10 Ginger Meggs playing cricket
This design features a Jimmy Bancks’ illustration from 1926 depicting a happy Ginger at a makeshift wicket, poised with bat in hand. Characters Tony and Mike play backstop and an eager fielder.
$1.10 Ginger Meggs with friends
This stamp design features the work of James Kemsley as featured on the cover art of the 1989 kids’ book Wake Up Ginger Meggs, which details the adventures of Ginger and his buddies Bennie and Chubb.
$1.10 Ginger Meggs at the fence
This design features the work of current “Ginger Meggs” artist Jason Chatfield and reproduces the key element of the cover artwork for the commemorative book, Bancks’ Ginger Meggs, which is an illustrated collection of short stories written by Jimmy’s great-great nephew Tristan Bancks.
The stamps and associated products, including a minisheet, stamp pack, first day cover, maxicard set and two stamp and coin covers, are on sale from today at participating Post Offices, via mail order on 1800 331 794, and online while stocks last.
For more information visit auspost.com.au/stamps or australiapostcollectables.com.au
First Wildlife Photographer Of The Year 2021 Images Revealed
Two Australians’ images are among the Natural History Museum's Wildlife Photographer of the Year exhibition now in it's fifty-seventh year.
With a record-breaking number of entries from around the world, the judges of the fifty-seventh Wildlife Photographer of the Year have had the toughest job yet. The photographs are a compelling reminder of the importance of the variety and variability of life on Earth in securing the future of our planet, revealed just ahead of the first phase of the global UN conference of COP15 on biodiversity.
This year's Wildlife Photographer of the Year competition was the most competitive yet, attracting over 50,000 entries from photographers in 95 countries. Every entry was judged anonymously on its creativity, originality, and technical excellence by an international panel of industry experts.
The winning images, along with the two grand title winners, will be announced during a virtual awards ceremony, broadcast live from the Museum's famous Hintze Hall on the evening of Tuesday 12 October.
The Australian works are:
A Caring Hand (Douglas Gimesy)
An orphaned grey-headed flying fox rests at a wildlife shelter, after feeding on special formula milk.
Grey-headed flying foxes are endemic to eastern Australia where they play a key role in seed dispersal and pollination. The species is threatened by increasing heat-stress events as well as the destruction of their forest habitat and the encroachment of urban life.
Orphaned at just three weeks old, this pup will be weaned onto fruit at eight weeks and eventually flowering eucalyptus. After a few months, she will join a crèche and build up flight fitness, before being moved next to Melbourne's Yarra Bend bat colony for eventual release.
© Douglas Gimesy, Wildlife Photographer of the Year
Doug says ‘’I’m extremely honoured and humbled to share that my image ‘A caring hand’, has been awarded a Highly Commended in the Photojournalism category of this year's prestigious Wildlife Photographer of the Year (WPY) competition. ‘’
‘’My hope is the images and information I share, will inspire people to discover, value and protect the natural world. https://instagram.com/doug_gimesy’’
Mushroom Magic (Juergen Freund)
A glowing ghost fungus blooms in hand-sized fruiting bodies from a dead tree in Queensland, Australia.
Mushroom Magic was Highly Commended in the 2021 Plants and Fungi category
Jurgen used a torch to explore the rainforest near his home, turning it off every few metres to search for the eerie glow of the ghost fungus.
Once he found it, Jurgen spent 90 minutes crouching on the damp, dark floor in order to photograph the fungus at different focal points. He eventually took eight five-minute exposures which he later merged to create one, sharp-focus image.
Scientists know that the ghost fungus makes light through a chemical reaction (luciferin oxidising in contact with the enzyme luciferase), however the reason why the fungus glows is a mystery. No spore‑dispersing insects seem to be attracted by the light, which is produced constantly and may just be a by-product of the fungi's metabolism.
Juergen says ''I am finally able to announce that my glowing fungi "Mushroom Magic" image is honoured Highly Commended in the PLANTS AND FUNGI category at this year's 57th Wildlife Photographer of the Year competition.
I vividly remember this full moon night when Stella and I photographed bright bioluminescent fungi in the middle of a tropical highland.’’
© Juergen Freund, Wildlife Photographer of the Year
From lynx making a comeback to a striking ecological disaster to Narwhal shrimp communicating at great depths; these are just some of the unique and fascinating images in a special selection of Highly Commended photographs that have been released ahead of the opening of the highly anticipated exhibition on Friday 15 October 2021, at the Natural History Museum in London.
Broadcast live from the Natural History Museum, the free event will once again be hosted by BBC presenters and wildlife experts Chris Packham and Megan McCubbin and feature photographers, Museum scientists and special guests.
Among the newly revealed Highly Commended images is Sergio Marijuán’s young Iberian lynx framed in the doorway of an abandoned hayloft; a species that was once on the brink of extinction is now rising in numbers thanks to ongoing conservation efforts. Other images tell the story of nature under pressure, like the vibrant designs captured by Gheorghe Popa, which are the result of heavy metals from mining seeping into the river.
Chair of the judging panel, Roz Kidman Cox says, 'It was the overall quality of entries that took us by surprise. With most travel plans cancelled over the past year, photographers seem to have spent extra time considering what gems to submit. There are stand-out pictures of unforgettable scenes and encounters – those unique wild moments, skillfully framed, that result from knowledge, experience and planning – but also fresh, beautiful observations of nature close to home or in close-up. The result is a collection of both thought-provoking images and ones that, in these dark times, remind us of the joy and wonder to be had from nature.’
Dr Doug Gurr, Director of the Natural History Museum says, 'These extraordinary images showcase the rich diversity of life on Earth and spark curiosity and wonder. Telling the story of a planet under pressure, the Wildlife Photographer of the Year exhibition illuminates the urgent challenges we face and the collective action we need to take. This year’s inspiring exhibition will move and empower audiences to advocate for the natural world.’
After the flagship exhibition is unveiled at the Natural History Museum, the 100 images will embark on a UK and international tour, bringing the emotive power of wildlife photography to millions of people, including those who live in Sydney.
Below run a selection from those early released highly commended images. Which is your favourite?
The Great Swim by Buddhilini de Soyza was Highly Commended in the 2021 Behaviour: Mammals category (leopards)
© Buddhilini de Soyza, Wildlife Photographer of the Year
Toxic Design (Gheorghe Popa)
Gheorghe was flying his drone over the Geamana Valley within Romania's Apuseni Mountains when he was struck by the unique colours and patterns of this small river.
Toxic Design was Highly Commended in the 2021 Natural Artistry category. While it may look beautiful, the unnatural colours are the result of toxic chemicals which flow downstream from the nearby Rosia Poieni mine which exploits one of the largest deposits of copper ore and gold in Europe.
The once picturesque valley has become a 'tailings pond' filled with an acidic cocktail, containing pyrite (fool's gold), iron and other heavy metals, laced with cyanide. These toxic materials have infiltrated the groundwater and threatened waterways more widely.
In the late 1970s, more than 400 families living in Geamana were forced to leave to make way for waste flowing in. Gheorghe hopes that his image will 'draw attention to the ecological disaster'.
© Gheorghe Popa, Wildlife Photographer of the Year
Apollo Landing (Emelin Dupieux)
As dusk starts to fall, an Apollo butterfly settles on an oxeye daisy in the Haut-Jura Regional Nature Park on the French‑Swiss border.
Apollo Landing was Highly Commended in the 2021 11-14 Years category
The Apollo, a large mountain butterfly with a wingspan of up to 90 millimetres, has been affected by the warming climate and is now one of Europe's most threatened butterflies.
Emelin was on holiday when he found himself in an alpine meadow surrounded by butterflies. He had long dreamed of photographing an Apollo, so he set to work in the falling light to get his perfect shot.
Though slow flyers, the Apollos were constantly on the move and the gentle breeze meant the daisies were moving too.
After numerous adjustments of settings and focus, Emelin finally achieved his emblematic image: the whites standing out in stark contrast, and just daubs of colour from the yellow hearts of the daisies and the red eyespots of the Apollo.
© Emelin Dupieux, Wildlife Photographer of the Year
Lockdown Chicks (Gagana Mendis Wickramasinghe)
10-year-old Gagana watched as three rose-ringed parakeet chicks emerged from their nest to greet their returning father.
Lockdown Chicks was Highly Commended in the 2021 10 Years and Under category
The family of parakeets had nested in a dead areca-nut palm in the backyard of Gagana's parents' home in Colombo, Sri Lanka. His parents had intentionally left the tree standing in the hopes of attracting wildlife. The tree proved to be an important source of entertainment as the island went into lockdown during the spring of 2020.
Gagana and his older brother spent hours experimenting with their cameras, sharing lenses and a tripod, in the hopes of getting a photo with the chicks showing themselves.
Also known as ring‑necked parakeets, these medium-sized parrots are native to Sri Lanka, India and Pakistan as well as parts of sub‑Saharan Africa, but feral populations are now found in many countries including the UK. Parakeets are a common sight in some urban settings, where they are known to breed in holes in brick walls.
© Gagana Mendis Wickramasinghe, Wildlife Photographer of the Year
Deep Feelers (Laurent Ballesta)
In deep water off the French Mediterranean coast, a vibrant community of thousands of narwhal shrimps stay connected by their long outer antennae.
Deep Feelers was Highly Commended in the 2021 Underwater category
Laurent's photo shows each shrimp in touch with its neighbours via their antennae and suggests that, potentially, signals were being sent across a far‑reaching network. Research has shown that such contact is central to the shrimps' social behaviour, in pairing and competition.
Against the deep blue of the open water, floating among the feathery black coral - which is white when living - the translucent narwhal shrimps looked exceptionally beautiful with their red and white stripes, long orange legs and sweeping antennae.
These shrimps are fished commercially by bottom-trawling vessels which destroy the slow‑growing coral forests as well as the communities of shrimps that live among them.
© Laurent Ballesta, Wildlife Photographer of the Year
Storm Fox (Jonny Armstrong)
A fox searches for salmon carcasses at the water's edge on a tiny island in Karluk Lake, Alaska.
Storm Fox was Highly Commended in the 2021 Animal Portraits category
As one of only two foxes on the tiny island, she was surprisingly bold. Jonny had followed this vixen over several days, watching her forage for berries, pounce after birds and playfully nip at the heels of a young brown bear.
Taking advantage of the dramatic light created by a storm rolling in, Jonny laid low on his chest, aiming for a low, wide angle.
Working with a manual flash, he preset the power for a soft spotlight - just enough to bring out the texture of her coat.
As the confident fox came closer, Jonny's companion and fellow researcher raised the diffused flash for him, piquing the curiosity of the fox.
When it looked up at the mysterious object Jonny got his atmospheric portrait which looks almost studio-shot, just in time before the storm rolled in and drenched the scene in rain.
© Jonny Armstrong, Wildlife Photographer of the Year
Net Loss (Audun Rikardsen)
The devastating result of overfishing on our oceans. A mass of dead and dying herring cover the surface of the sea as far as the eye can see, just off the coast of Norway.
Net Loss was Highly Commended in the 2021 Oceans: The Bigger Picture category
© Audun Rikardsen, Wildlife Photographer of the Year
From his position on board a Norwegian coastguard vessel, in the area to track killer whales, Audun was able to photograph the entire scene.
The boat had caught too many fish. When the net was winched up, it broke, releasing tonnes of crushed and suffocated animals back into the water. Audun's photos documented this crime against nature and were later used as evidence in a court case that resulted in a conviction and fine for the owner of the boat.
Overfishing poses a massive threat to our ocean ecosystems and according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, more than 60% of fisheries today are either fully fished or collapsed, and almost 30% are considered overfished.
Norwegian spring-spawning herring - part of the Atlantic herring population complex - was almost fished to extinction in the 1960s, in a classic example of how a combination of bad management, a lack of knowledge and greed can have a devastating and sometimes permanent effect on a whole ecosystem.
It took 20 years and a near‑ban on fishing for herring populations to recover. However, as Audun's picture shows, it is a recovery that needs continued monitoring.
Lynx on the Threshold (Sergio Marijuán)
Photographed through the doorway of an abandoned hayloft on a farm in eastern Sierra Morena, Spain, a young Iberian lynx pauses to survey its surroundings.
Lynx on the Threshold was Highly Commended in the 2021 Urban Wildlife category
The species was once widespread across the Iberian Peninsula of Spain and Portugal, but it declined following prolonged habitat loss, loss of prey and hunting and killing by farmers.
By 2002 there were fewer than 100 lynxes in Spain and none at all in Portugal.
Now, however, thanks to conservation practices, the Iberian lynx has escaped extinction and is fully protected across the region. Ongoing practices of rewilding, prey boosting and the creation of natural corridors and tunnels have helped numbers increase.
This individual is the latest in a family line to make use of the abandoned hayloft, where Sergio's carefully positioned camera-traps document family life.
© Sergio Marijuán, Wildlife Photographer of the Year
Willoughby's Senior Volunteer Of The Year Award Goes To 92-Year-Old Resident
Can’t See The Forest For The Trees
Predicting Possible Alzheimer’s With Nearly 100 Percent Accuracy
Study Identifies Ways To Reduce Hospitalisations For Older Australians
Five Exercises To Stay Fit During Lockdown
Dementia Action Week
20 – 26 September 2021
- Give a little support to a person living with dementia.
- Give a little support to a carer, friend or family member of a person living with dementia.
- Help healthcare professionals make their practice more dementia-friendly.
Faster Horses Consulting’s Inside Aged Care 2021 Report
- The Australian public’s views of the aged care industry, including (but not limited to) levels of trust, perceptions of openness and transparency, adequacy of funding and care levels
- How well the industry performs across the Age Care Quality Standards
- Demand for different types of care provided by the industry
- Triggers to actively pursuing the care required
- Emotional reaction to the potential need for aged care services
- The perspectives of both family members and those receiving care of the industry and the service they receive
- Brand performance nationally across spontaneous and prompted awareness, and provider consideration and imagery
- Choice drivers motivating provider selection
- Views on workforce challenges and key drivers of workforce shortages in the sector
- Community views on the extent to which uptake of technology can drive improve the quality of age care provision
2021 Australian Museum Eureka Prizes Finalists
NSW Environment, Energy And Science (DPIE) Eureka Prize For Applied Environmental Research
Eureka Prize For Excellence In Interdisciplinary Scientific Research
Australian Infectious Diseases Research Centre Eureka Prize For Infectious Diseases Research
Macquarie University Eureka Prize For Outstanding Early Career Researcher
Defence Science And Technology Eureka Prize For Outstanding Science In Safeguarding Australia
UNSW Eureka Prize For Scientific Research
AstraZeneca Eureka Prize For Emerging Leader In Science
Eureka Prize For Leadership In Innovation And Science
University Of Technology Sydney Eureka Prize For Outstanding Mentor Of Young Researchers
Department Of Industry, Science, Energy And Resources Eureka Prize For Innovation In Citizen Science
Finkel Foundation Eureka Prize For Long-Form Science Journalism
- Kate Cole-Adams
- Dr Dyani Lewis
- Dr Jackson Ryan
Celestino Eureka Prize For Promoting Understanding Of Science
- Dr Niraj Lal
- Professor Veena Sahajwalla
- Associate Professor Adriana Vergés
Australian Museum Eureka Prize For Science Journalism
- Nicole Hasham, Wes Mountain, Anthea Batsakis, Sunanda Creagh, Ben Clark and Michael Lund
- Patient Zero
- Dr Jackson Ryan
Department Of Industry, Science, Energy And Resources Eureka Prize For STEM Inclusion
- Little Scientists Australia
- STEM Enrichment Academy
- Corey Tutt and Team DeadlyScience
University Of Sydney Sleek Geeks Science Eureka Prize - Primary
- Leon H. St Andrew's Cathedral School, NSW- A self-proclaimed car enthusiast, Leon was fascinated by how his tiny toy cars defied gravity and travelled upside down around a loop track without falling to the floor. In Tour de Force, he uses a delightful combination of demonstrations, illustration and performance to examine the role of centripetal force in this natural phenomenon.
- Zara M. PLC Sydney, NSW - Big Problem: Coral Bleaching is an entertaining investigation into one of the most widespread issues affecting coral reefs. Inspired by her passion for the ocean, Zara sets out to educate viewers on some of the main causes of coral bleaching, the scientific process behind it and ways that everyone can work together to help minimise the issue.
- Scarlett O. and Scarlett P. Oak Flats Public School, NSW - If a super volcano erupted, the impacts would be widespread and catastrophic. In their film Super Volcanoes, Scarlett and Scarlett demonstrate the science behind these high magnitude eruptions and explain how they could be used as a source of power, providing green energy for future generations.
University Of Sydney Sleek Geeks Science Eureka Prize - Secondary
- Jonathan D. Townsville Grammar School, Qld - In Rewilding Earth, Jonathan discusses the implications of climate change and investigates how enhancing biodiversity could help address this pressing issue. Through a series of interviews, he shares community concerns about the future of climate change then draws on research to explain the process of rewilding.
- Isaac N., Ethan P., Reuben R. and Alex S. Willetton Senior High School, WA - The square-cube law states that as an object increases in size, its mass grows at a faster rate than its surface area. After considering whether it would be possible for Godzilla to exist, Isaac, Ethan, Reuben and Alex apply this principle to explore how large an animal could realistically get. Their film Square-Cube Law is a comprehensive presentation of the group’s findings.
- Sonya R. Eltham High School, Vic - Have you ever contemplated what life would be like on Mars? In How to Get to Mars - A Big Question, Sonya uses clay modelling to explore a series of obstacles that humans would need to overcome before they could live on the Red Planet and proposes some practical solutions for each.
University Of Sydney Sleek Geeks Science - Highly Commended
Sleek Geeks Science Highly Commended - Primary School
Sleek Geeks Science Highly Commended - Secondary School
2021 Eureka Prizes Award Ceremony
Over 200 Health Journals Call On World Leaders To Address 'Catastrophic Harm To Health' From Climate Change
Social Housing Going Backwards In NSW
The Warming Climate Is Causing Animals To 'Shapeshift'
Blue-Tongue Vs Red-Bellied Black: An Australian Evolutionary Arms Race
Funding Awarded To Collaborative UNSW Research Projects
Grim Warning For Aussie Species In Conservation Checklist
Disclaimer: These articles are not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of Pittwater Online News or its staff.