Inbox and Environment News: Issue 492
May 2 - 8, 2021: Issue 492
Holding Back The Tide
Radio Northern Beaches
Friday 7 May at 11am
Work has begun on a sea wall to protect private properties at Collaroy-Narrabeen beach from erosion and storm damage but questions remain about whether sea walls are the best solution to this “wicked” problem.
The Collaroy-Narrabeen stretch of coast has long been subject to dangerous storm and tide erosion, with properties severely damaged in the 1920s, 1940s, 1970s and again in 2016.
Collaroy beachfront after June 2016 storms - A J Guesdon photo
Public works to protect Collaroy carpark and Pittwater Road, completed in 2019. photo courtesy Northern Beaches Council
Sea walls have been planned in the past, but the current work is the biggest so far, with construction stretching 1.3 kilometres from Collaroy to South Narrabeen, and encompassing 49 private properties interspersed with 11 public land areas.
It is hoped the project will eventually also protect nearby Pittwater Road and its gas and communications lines.
The construction is being done in parts, with different groups of private property owners collectively paying for various sections of the wall.
Speaking to host of Radio Northern Beaches show The Coast, Wendy Frew, coastal engineer and former General Manager of Pittwater Council, Angus Gordon, says the work should be handled as a “singular, coordinated design and construct” project to get the best result both for property owners and for the beach itself.
However, that’s not possible under current legislation.
“The unfortunate thing is that the State Government has failed to change the Local Government Act to facilitate this occurring in a sensible manner,” Angus explains in an episode of The Coast that will be broadcast on Friday 7 May, at 11am.
Angus says it would be best if Council could build one long, continuous wall and, over time, recover the costs from those private property owners who would benefit from the wall.
“What’s happening now is that people are putting in development applications for individual walls to protect individual properties ... A group of individuals have got together and they are building a vertical wall for a specific length of the beach.”
“That is really not a good idea in the long-term for the overall benefit of the community. It will help to save the houses but at the cost of the beach from the community’s viewpoint. It is a sad comment on the fact that the [State] government has not really reacted, in my view, appropriately and provided Council with the authority to carry out a sensible solution.”
Asked about design issues related to a vertical wall, he says it “is perhaps the one that has the most severe potential for serious damage on the beach and it is also the one more prone to catastrophic failure … which is not a good idea if you accept there will be climate change over the life of the wall and you will have higher water levels and larger waves than the wall was designed for.”
Others are calling for beach nourishment rather than the construction of sea walls, where sand lost through longshore drift or erosion is replaced with sand from other sources.
Surfers and others are concerned about what a seawall could mean for the way waves break on the shore, for the public’s access to the beach, and for the appearance of the beach.
Surfrider Foundation Northern Beaches Branch has campaigned hard against the construction of a seawall along Collaroy-Narrabeen Beach as far back as 2002 when thousands of local surfers and residents lined the beach in protest.
Branch President, Brendan Donohoe, explains why Surfrider continues to campaign for sand nourishment and why any work should be primarily paid for by private property owners.
“Beaches don’t need seawalls; we need seawalls to protect property that lies behind them,” Brendan says.
“Seawalls don’t help a beach perform the way a beach should perform. The sand dunes behind a beach should be your buffer.”
This episode of The Coast also hears from cultural historian Caroline Ford, whose book Sydney’s Beaches, A History, tells the story of how Sydney’s world-famous beach culture only exists because the first beachgoers demanded important rights.
Her research uncovered a complicated history that saw Sydney’s beaches move from public to private ownership and back again over the decades. In the case of Collaroy, failure by government to buy back all of the land close to the beach meant private landowners continued to build very close to the shore, even after some properties were severely damaged by storms.
To hear more about the seawall at Collaroy-Narrabeen and how we got to this point, tune in to The Coast on Radio Northern Beaches (88.7/90.3FM) on Friday 7 May at 11am. Or you can listen anytime at: https://www.mixcloud.com/TheCoastRNB/
Update: Collaroy Seawall Protection
Friday, 26 February 2021 - By Northern Beaches Council
If you’ve been down near Collaroy or Narrabeen beach lately you may have seen the seawall construction works happening along the beachfront. This work is being undertaken by residents to protect their homes in the event of a storm as devastating as the 2016 east coast low that wrought such havoc on this part of the coastline.
They are part of the 1.3km seawall proposed from South Narrabeen to Collaroy to protect both private and public assets. There are 11 parcels of public land (including the Collaroy carpark, South Narrabeen Surf Club, reserves and road ends) interspersed between 49 private parcels of land that require protection.
The works to protect private homes is being 80% funded by private owners, with Council and the NSW Government contributing 10% each. As private properties are the substantial beneficiaries of the protection, it is reasonable that they bear the majority of the expense for protecting their land.
It has not been an easy process for residents to get to this point and Council has worked to support them navigate the complex legal, planning and financial issues that have arisen. It’s great to see that the first of these private works to protect 10 vulnerable properties is finally underway.
We are continuing to work with other residents along the strip so they too can begin the works to protect their properties and 29 of the 49 private properties have already had DAs approved and there are currently no DAs with Council awaiting determination.
Other protection works on public land at Collaroy carpark have been completed by Council, jointed funded with the NSW government, and works at the remaining public sites will be undertaken in a coordinated way with adjoining private works.
Collaroy beachfront after June 2016 storms - A J Guesdon photo
World’s Sandy Beaches Under Threat From Climate Change, March 2020, Issue 441
Narrabeen Lagoon And Collaroy Beachfront: Storms And Flood Tides Of The Past, June 2016, Issue 267
June 2016 Storm 1000's of Hands, 1000's of Community Kindnesses: One Objective, June 2016, Issue 267
International Permaculture Day 2021 At Elanora Heights
Council Calls For Removal Of Shark Nets On The Northern Beaches
Migrating Shearwaters Coming Ashore On Our Beaches
- the flesh-footed shearwater returns from the seas off Japan and Siberia to the same nesting burrows on Lord Howe Island - this species is listed as vulnerable in NSW
- the sooty shearwater returns from the North Pacific Ocean and Southern Ocean to breed in small numbers on islands south of Port Stephens
- wedge-tailed shearwaters return from the North Pacific to their burrows on islands off the coast of NSW
- short-tailed shearwaters breed on islands along the eastern and southern coastlines of Australia, from the central coast of NSW to Western Australia. [1.]
EPA Seeking Feedback On Methods For Sampling Air, Water And Noise
- Approved Methods for Sampling and Analysis of Water Pollutants in NSW
- Approved Methods for Sampling and Analysis of Air Pollutants in NSW
- Approved Methods for Measurement and Analysis of Environmental Noise in NSW
Kimbriki’s New FREE Monthly Community Drop-In Day To Meet Our Ecologists!
Kimbriki has launched a new “Meet the Ecologist” event which encourages community members to drop into the Eco House and Garden between 9.30am and 2.00pm on the last Friday of each month.
Visitors can wander through the permaculture garden and take the opportunity to learn more about ecology, permaculture, and sustainable living practices.
While the Eco Garden is open seven days a week for Kimbriki visitors, it is not always staffed, and when staff are in the garden, they are often running Kimbriki’s school’s education program and community workshops. This new initiative allows any community member to drop by and meet the Ecology team and experience, learn, and be inspired by the Eco House & Garden’s wide range of edible plants, wicking garden beds, native beehives, worms’ farms, and composting toilets!
Peter Rutherford, Kimbriki’s Senior Ecologist said “This new drop-in time offers our Ecology staff a great opportunity to meet the community and help solve problems with composting, worm farming, or organic gardening and to highlight the features of the garden”.
“Best of all, it’s free and you don’t need to book. Simply drop by the Eco House and Garden between 9.30am and 2.00pm on the last Friday of the month, and either myself or a member of my team will be there to help you with all things ecological! “
The Eco Garden was opened by Mary Moody, Compere of ABC Gardening Australia in March 1999, and Dick Smith opened the Eco House in 2011. The Eco Garden is a permaculture or “grazing garden”, where you can nibble edible flowers, fruits, and herbs as you wander.
You can also walk through our Eco Shop which offers a selection of plants for sale that have been grown in the Eco Garden, along with wicking beds and gardening supplies.
For those community members who would like to join us for our next Meet the Ecologist session on Friday 30 April between 9.30am to 2.00pm, don’t forget to bring your own mug to enjoy a pot of our freshly brewed Kimbriki herbal tea!
This is a free event that is open to all members of the community and bookings are not necessary. Just drop by and say hi – everyone is welcome!
Meet the Ecologist 2021 Event Dates:
- Friday 30 April
- Friday 29 May
- Friday 25 June
- Friday 30 July
- Friday 27 August
- Friday 24 September
- Friday 29 October
- Friday 26 November
- December – No event
Kimbriki’s Eco House and Garden is a unique education centre dedicated to exploring how to live in a more sustainable way – a place for you to experience, learn and be inspired.
Set within the Kimbriki Resource Recovery Centre, this education centre was built in 1999 and comprises an organic garden and Eco House constructed primarily from materials recovered from the Kimbriki site, otherwise destined for Kimbriki’s landfill.
Approximately 4,000 visitors come through the Eco House & Garden every year to attend an educational workshop, to participate in a community group visit or school excursion, or to wander through the garden at their own pace.
The Eco House & Garden is very popular for group visits and school excursions and we encourage you to book well in advance for these visits.
To support local schools in the Shareholder areas of Northern Beaches Council and Mosman Council, school excursions are provided for free. Students participate in an ecology workshop designed to support primary, secondary school and tertiary curriculum outcomes and tour Kimbriki’s waste and recycling facilities. For schools and groups outside the Shareholder area, a small charge is applicable.
We offer a range of educational workshops at the Eco House & Garden where you can learn successful organic gardening techniques and how to implement sustainable living ideas into your everyday life. Workshops are hands-on and focus on topics including self-watering garden beds, native bees, composting & worm farms, starting an organic vegetable garden, and pruning and propagation.
To view the Workshop Calendar, click here
Our workshop trainer, Senior Ecologist, Peter Rutherford has over 20 years experience in teaching – enabling adults and children to make their lives more sustainable.
Our online booking system is simple, select the workshop you wish to attend and follow the link to book.
The Eco Shop at the Eco House & Garden stocks a range of products to get you started with composting and worm farming as well as Wicking Beds. Products can be purchased at the Eco House by appointment or following workshops. Our Eco Shop page on this website outlines all the products we stock for sale.
The Eco House Nursery offers a selection of plants for sale – plants that have been grown in the Eco Garden.
Water Use at Kimbriki’s Eco House & Garden
We use rain water tanks to supply water to the Eco Garden and nursery.
Our drip irrigation and micro spray watering system is fitted with an automated weather adjustment rain sensor which shuts down the system when it has rained or is raining. Current Sydney water restrictions allow for the use of automatic watering systems, as long as a rain sensor is fitted to the water controller, for a maximum of 15 mins a day before 10 am and after 4 pm.
Hand watering is done before 10am or after 4pm.
The use of town water for dust suppression is exempt from level 2 water restrictions. At Kimbriki our water trucks use recycled water for the majority of our dust suppression on site.
The Eco Garden
The garden is open Monday – Sunday, 7.00am – 4.30pm (closed Christmas Day and Good Friday). It contains a wide range of native food plants, signage and interpretive information as well as waterless composting toilets you are welcome to wander through any time.
Find out more at: kimbriki.com.au
North Head National Park Uprgrade: Give Your Feedback
- - reconfiguring the car parks to provide more accessible parking spaces and overflow parking.
- · extended landscaped space for visitors to enjoy views across the harbour.
- · installation of pedestrian crossings and a pedestrian path to improve safety, access and circulation.
- · installation of a new bus stop to the east of the Bella Vista Café.
- · improvements to the entry of the Fairfax Walking Track (currently closed).
Friends Of Narrabeen Lagoon Catchment: Next Forum + May Activities
Avalon Community Garden
Avalon Community Garden’s primary purpose is to foster, encourage and facilitate community gardening in Pittwater on a not-for-profit basis.
The garden was started in 2010 by a group of locals who worked in conjunction with the support of Barrenjoey High School to develop a space that could be used by the local community, to grow
vegetables, herbs, plants and flowers, and practice sustainable gardening techniques to benefit its members and the community overall.
The garden has been very successful and has grown and developed since its inception, in terms of its footprint, infrastructure, variety of produce and diversity of members. The garden welcomes new members all year round. Levels of contribution range from multiple times a week, to once a month. Your contribution is always welcome, and it is acknowledged people will have varying levels of commitment.
We encourage you to join and start enjoying the following benefits associated with community gardening:
They provide benefits for individuals and for the community as a whole. Community gardens provide education on gardening, recycling and sustainable use of natural resources.
They develop community connections and provide a means of engaging youth, children, the elderly and the disabled and otherwise marginalised individuals in mutually enjoyable and rewarding activities, thus helping to develop more functional and resilient communities.
People involved in community gardens say they improve wellbeing by increasing physical activity and reducing stress, providing opportunities to interact meaningfully with new friends, give time for relaxation and reflection as well as an opportunity to improve their interconnectedness with nature.
To get involved take a look around the site, join the Facebook group and come along and visit on a Sunday morning between 10 and 12 at the garden within Barrenjoey High School on Tasman Road, North Avalon.
Bushfire Conference June 2021
BirdLife Australia Autumn Survey Time
- Breeding behaviours - If you see a bird carrying nesting materials, sitting on a nest or feeding chicks, let us know. Select the option under 'Breeding Activity' that best matches your observation (remember to keep your distance though from birds who are breeding. We don't want to disturb any nests. Be sure to limit your observations and don't get close enough to scare a bird off it's nest.)
- Aggressive interactions – Let us know if you have observed any species initiate interactions with other birds and whether this interaction could be classed as aggressive – you can do this in the sighting details tab using the specific species interactions option.
- Have you seen any birds feeding on the native plants in your garden? If so – who was dining on what? – you can tell us in the notes section when you record the species you have observed under “sighting details”
- Have any birds been dabbling in some Oscar-worthy acting? – tell us about the weird and wonderful things your backyard birds have been up to you using the notes section in the sighting details tabs.
Biodiversity Offsetting In NSW Drives Habitat Loss And Super Profits For A Lucky Few NSW Conservation Council States
Far West Gas Fields - Where Is The Water Coming From NSW Nature Conservation Council Asks?
Defending The Unburnt: EDO Launches Landmark Legal Initiative
- 14 million hectares burned. Nearly 3 billion native animals impacted. Entire communities all but destroyed.
- We have a plan to defend what remains.
Tahmoor Coal Mine Extension Approved By NSW IPC
Defending World Heritage Springbrook National Park From Water Mining
Night Noise Limit Breach Results In $15,000 Fine For Hunter Valley Coal Mine
$300,000 Upgrade For Piles Creek Loop
Stronger Protection For Sydney's Drinking Water Pipelines
Hanson Tweed Sand Plant Expansion: Feedback
- a maximum of 950, 000 tonnes of sand extracted annually
- operate 24hours/7 days a week
- quarry life - 30 years
Bushcare In Pittwater
Where we work Which day What time
Angophora Reserve 3rd Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Avalon Dunes 1st Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Avalon Golf Course 2nd Wednesday 3 - 5:30pm
Careel Creek 4th Saturday 8:30 - 11:30am
Toongari Reserve 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon (8 - 11am in summer)
Bangalley Headland 2nd Sunday 9 to 12noon
Winnererremy Bay 4th Sunday 9 to 12noon
North Bilgola Beach 3rd Monday 9 - 12noon
Algona Reserve 1st Saturday 9 - 12noon
Plateau Park 1st Friday 8:30 - 11:30am
Browns Bay Reserve 1st Tuesday 9 - 12noon
McCarrs Creek Reserve Contact Bushcare Officer To be confirmed
Old Wharf Reserve 3rd Saturday 8 - 11am
Kundibah Reserve 4th Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Mona Vale Beach Basin 1st Saturday 8 - 11am
Mona Vale Dunes 2nd Saturday +3rd Thursday 8:30 - 11:30am
Bungan Beach 4th Sunday 9 - 12noon
Crescent Reserve 3rd Sunday 9 - 12noon
North Newport Beach 4th Saturday 8:30 - 11:30am
Porter Reserve 2nd Saturday 8 - 11am
Irrawong Reserve 2nd Saturday 2 - 5pm
North Palm Beach Dunes 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon
Catherine Park 2nd Sunday 10 - 12:30pm
Elizabeth Park 1st Saturday 9 - 12noon
Pathilda Reserve 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon
Warriewood Wetlands 1st Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Norma Park 1st Friday 9 - 12noon
Coopers Point, Elvina Bay 2nd Sunday 10 - 1pm
Rocky Point, Elvina Bay 1st Monday 9 - 12noon
Gardens And Environment Groups And Organisations In Pittwater
Avalon Golf Course Bushcare Needs You
New Shorebirds WingThing For Youngsters Available To Download
A Shorebirds WingThing educational brochure for kids (A5) helps children learn about shorebirds, their life and journey. The 2021 revised brochure version was published in February 2021 and is available now. You can download a file copy here.
If you would like a free print copy of this brochure, please send a self-addressed envelope with A$1.10 postage (or larger if you would like it unfolded) affixed to: BirdLife Australia, Shorebird WingThing Request, 2-05Shorebird WingThing/60 Leicester St, Carlton VIC 3053.
Shorebird Identification Booklet
The Migratory Shorebird Program has just released the third edition of its hugely popular Shorebird Identification Booklet. The team has thoroughly revised and updated this pocket-sized companion for all shorebird counters and interested birders, with lots of useful information on our most common shorebirds, key identification features, sighting distribution maps and short articles on some of BirdLife’s shorebird activities.
The booklet can be downloaded here in PDF file format: http://www.birdlife.org.au/documents/Shorebird_ID_Booklet_V3.pdf
Paper copies can be ordered as well, see http://www.birdlife.org.au/projects/shorebirds-2020/counter-resources for details.
Download BirdLife Australia's children’s education kit to help them learn more about our wading birdlife
Shorebirds are a group of wading birds that can be found feeding on swamps, tidal mudflats, estuaries, beaches and open country. For many people, shorebirds are just those brown birds feeding a long way out on the mud but they are actually a remarkably diverse collection of birds including stilts, sandpipers, snipe, curlews, godwits, plovers and oystercatchers. Each species is superbly adapted to suit its preferred habitat. The Red-necked Stint is as small as a sparrow, with relatively short legs and bill that it pecks food from the surface of the mud with, whereas the Eastern Curlew is over two feet long with a exceptionally long legs and a massively curved beak that it thrusts deep down into the mud to pull out crabs, worms and other creatures hidden below the surface.
Some shorebirds are fairly drab in plumage, especially when they are visiting Australia in their non-breeding season, but when they migrate to their Arctic nesting grounds, they develop a vibrant flush of bright colours to attract a mate. We have 37 types of shorebirds that annually migrate to Australia on some of the most lengthy and arduous journeys in the animal kingdom, but there are also 18 shorebirds that call Australia home all year round.
What all our shorebirds have in common—be they large or small, seasoned traveller or homebody, brightly coloured or in muted tones—is that each species needs adequate safe areas where they can successfully feed and breed.
The National Shorebird Monitoring Program is managed and supported by BirdLife Australia.
This project is supported by Glenelg Hopkins Catchment Management Authority and Hunter Local Land Services through funding from the Australian Government’s National Landcare Program. Funding from Helen Macpherson Smith Trust and Port Phillip Bay Fund is acknowledged.
The National Shorebird Monitoring Program is made possible with the help of over 1,600 volunteers working in coastal and inland habitats all over Australia.
The National Shorebird Monitoring program (started as the Shorebirds 2020 project initiated to re-invigorate monitoring around Australia) is raising awareness of how incredible shorebirds are, and actively engaging the community to participate in gathering information needed to conserve shorebirds.
In the short term, the destruction of tidal ecosystems will need to be stopped, and our program is designed to strengthen the case for protecting these important habitats.
In the long term, there will be a need to mitigate against the likely effects of climate change on a species that travels across the entire range of latitudes where impacts are likely.
The identification and protection of critical areas for shorebirds will need to continue in order to guard against the potential threats associated with habitats in close proximity to nearly half the human population.
Here in Australia, the place where these birds grow up and spend most of their lives, continued monitoring is necessary to inform the best management practice to maintain shorebird populations.
BirdLife Australia believe that we can help secure a brighter future for these remarkable birds by educating stakeholders, gathering information on how and why shorebird populations are changing, and working to grow the community of people who care about shorebirds.
To find out more visit: http://www.birdlife.org.au/projects/shorebirds-2020/shorebirds-2020-program
Aussie Bread Tags Collection Points
2021 HSC Timetable Released
- provide sufficient breaks between exams for popular courses
- provide sufficient breaks between exams for frequently combined courses
- enable all exams to be marked and students to receive their results from 6:00am on Friday 10 December
- minimise the number of students with two exams scheduled at the same time.
Netball World Cup 2027 Returns To Sydney
April 26, 2021
Australian netball fans will once again have the chance to see the world’s best netballers in action on home soil, with the NSW Government today announcing the International Netball Federation Netball World Cup will return to Sydney in 2027.
ecured by the NSW Government, in partnership with Netball Australia, the 2027 Netball World Cup is expected to deliver an estimated $31 million boost to the NSW visitor economy.
Premier Gladys Berejiklian said winning the hosting rights for this major sporting tournament brings NSW one step closer to fulfilling the NSW Government’s 2018 pledge to secure 10 World Cups in 10 years.
“The Netball World Cup 2027 is the ninth addition to the NSW Government’s 10 World Cups in 10 years initiative, which means we are well on track to not just deliver but to exceed this target,” Ms Berejiklian said
“The NSW Government’s COVID-19 response has enabled our State to put a strong bid forward for major events like this and I have no doubt there will be more to follow, delivering enormous economic and social benefits to our State for years to come.
“This is the fourth Women’s World Cup event secured for Sydney alongside the ICC Women’s T20 World Cup 2020, FIBA Women’s Basketball World Cup 2022 and the FIFA Women’s World Cup 2023.”
Minister for Investment, Jobs, Tourism and Western Sydney Stuart Ayres said the chance to host the prestigious event was testament to an exemplary record of hosting international sporting events throughout NSW.
“Sydney set the benchmark with a record-breaking Netball World Cup in 2015 and I have no doubt we will put on an even bigger and better show when the event returns to our shores,” Mr Ayres said.
“This will be the third time the Netball World Cup has been held in Sydney and with Australia winning the previous two tournaments in 1991 and 2015, all of NSW will be hoping Australia can bring the trophy home for a third time in 2027.”
“Hosting major events like this is crucial in helping our tourism and events industry recover from the COVID-19 pandemic, creating jobs and leveraging the extensive expertise our State has in delivering major sporting events throughout NSW.”
Minister for Sport Geoff Lee said hosting the Netball World Cup will grow participation and inspire future generations of netballers. “In 2015 the Australian Diamonds shined in front of packed home crowds in Sydney, breaking records on and off the court,” Mr Lee said.
“NSW boasts over 115,000 netballers across the State, which equates to 25% of the national pool. “I am very confident the Netball World Cup 2027 will see current and future generations of NSW netballers aspiring to wear the green and gold.”
International Netball Federation President Liz Nicholl, CBE, said she was confident in Sydney delivering an excellent event, whilst also focusing on the development of the sport across Australia.
“As our sport continues to grow and evolve at an unprecedented rate around the globe, we look forward to working with the Organising Committee and Netball Australia on netball’s growth and development whilst delivering a thrilling world-class event that will no doubt inspire all and work towards creating a better world through netball,” Ms Nicholl said.
Netball Australia Chair Paolina Hunt said securing the 2027 World Cup was another critical step in the rapid development of the sport.
‘’We know that netball plays a key role in connecting and empowering young women and girls and an event such as this is a North star for young athletes who can now dream of working to represent the Diamonds in front of huge home crowds,” Ms Hunt said.
A key element of Australia’s bid was a post-tournament legacy that will deliver lasting benefits for women and girls both within netball and the broader community.
Following today’s announcement, a Local Organising Committee will be established with further details about the tournament to be advised once finalised.
Visit the Netball Australia website for more information on the 2027 Netball World Cup.
Australian Children More Distracted By Digital Devices In The Home Parents Say
- More than four in five children own at least one screen-based device that belongs to them, and children own, on average, three digital devices at home. Personal ownership of gadgets starts as young as four years old.
- Only 46% of parents felt that their child spends a day without digital technology.
- 73% of parents and grandparents think it is harder to control their child’s digital habits since getting their own screen-based device.
- 65% of parents agreed that ‘negotiating digital technologies use causes conflicts in our home’.
- 83% of parents, carers and grandparents felt that their child was negatively distracted by digital technologies.
- Half of parents said that they would welcome more support from their child’s school to help them and their child to manage digital media and technologies use at home.
Australian Report Says Not Too Late To Avoid A 3°C Warmer World
- scale up the development and implementation of next-generation zero greenhouse gas technologies.
- systematically explore how our food production and supply systems should prepare for the challenges of climate change under growing extremes including the implications for carbon sequestration.
- improve our understanding of climate impacts, including tipping points, as well as the compounding effects of multiple stressors at global warming of 2°C or more so that we can develop effective adaptation responses.
Australian Study First To Explore Combined Impacts Of Fishing And Ocean Warming On Fish Populations
Espresso, Latte Or Decaf? Genetic Code Drives Your Desire For Coffee
Future Drones Likely To Resemble 300-Million-Year-Old Flying Machine
Australian Airports Could Generate Enough Solar Energy To Power A City
Genetic Effects Of Chernobyl Radiation
Disclaimer: These articles are not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of Pittwater Online News or its staff.