inbox and environment news: Issue 489
March 28 - April 17, 2021: Issue 489
One Tree: A Big Community Living Within A Single Pittwater Spotted Gum
Many hundreds of species of wildlife worldwide are dependent on tree hollows (cavities) for their survival. I reviewed the published literature for hollow-using Australian birds and microbats to document their tree-hollow requirements and to guide future research and management. Such information is vital to the conservation of these species.The hollow requirements of only 35 of 114 hollow-using bird species and 15 of 42 hollow-using microbat species were documented in some detail. This overall paucity of information limits the ability to manage for the future requirements of species. However, some generalisations can guide management until further studies are conducted. Most species used a variety of available tree species, and the extensive use of dead trees probably reflects the high likelihood of these trees containing hollows.Birds (other than large parrots) and bats chose hollow entrances of a size close to body width. Large parrots require large hollows, with a preference for large vertical spouts and trunk hollows.Few birds or bats demonstrated an absolute requirement for high (>10 m) tree hollows, with most (70%) using some hollows with entrances ≤5 m above ground. Temperature has been postulated to influence roost selection among microbats because it enables passive rewarming from torpor and there is some evidence from Australian bats to support this. Many studies suggest a future shortage of hollow-bearing trees. Currently, artificial hollows appear to be the most likely interim solution to address this.Knowledge of the natural hollow requirements of species can be used to refine artificial-hollow designs.An increase in research effort is needed to address the many gaps in knowledge that currently exist. Priorities for research include(1) many additional studies to document the characteristics of the hollow-bearing trees used by species of microbat,(2) the need to conduct long-term bioregional studies of hollow-bearing tree attrition to help identify where management responses are most needed and(3) investigating whether fire plays a significant role in the creation of tree hollows of a range of size classes and therefore may have a management use.Such information has broad relevance because it will provide ecological insight that can be applied to the management of hollow-using birds and bats elsewhere in the world. – From ‘’Characteristics of tree hollows used by Australian birds and bats.’’ January 2009. Wildlife Research 36(5). DOI: 10.1071/WR08172. Author: Ross L Goldingay
Avalon Golf Course Bushcare Needs You
Captive Trees Follow Up
Red Triangle Slug
Avalon Community Garden
Avalon Community Garden’s primary purpose is to foster, encourage and facilitate community gardening in Pittwater on a not-for-profit basis.
The garden was started in 2010 by a group of locals who worked in conjunction with the support of Barrenjoey High School to develop a space that could be used by the local community, to grow
vegetables, herbs, plants and flowers, and practice sustainable gardening techniques to benefit its members and the community overall.
The garden has been very successful and has grown and developed since its inception, in terms of its footprint, infrastructure, variety of produce and diversity of members. The garden welcomes new members all year round. Levels of contribution range from multiple times a week, to once a month. Your contribution is always welcome, and it is acknowledged people will have varying levels of commitment.
We encourage you to join and start enjoying the following benefits associated with community gardening:
They provide benefits for individuals and for the community as a whole. Community gardens provide education on gardening, recycling and sustainable use of natural resources.
They develop community connections and provide a means of engaging youth, children, the elderly and the disabled and otherwise marginalised individuals in mutually enjoyable and rewarding activities, thus helping to develop more functional and resilient communities.
People involved in community gardens say they improve wellbeing by increasing physical activity and reducing stress, providing opportunities to interact meaningfully with new friends, give time for relaxation and reflection as well as an opportunity to improve their interconnectedness with nature.
To get involved take a look around the site, join the Facebook group and come along and visit on a Sunday morning between 10 and 12 at the garden within Barrenjoey High School on Tasman Road, North Avalon.
How The Power Of Social Is Helping Coastal Areas Deal With The Power Of Extreme Storms
Water Off Sydney Much Hotter Than It Should Be: Narooma’s Hot Spot Of Ocean Warming Is More Than Three Times The Global Average
Zali Steggall MP Moves Amendment To The NAIF Bill To Prohibit Investments In Fossil Fuels
BirdLife Australia Autumn Survey Time
- Breeding behaviours - If you see a bird carrying nesting materials, sitting on a nest or feeding chicks, let us know. Select the option under 'Breeding Activity' that best matches your observation (remember to keep your distance though from birds who are breeding. We don't want to disturb any nests. Be sure to limit your observations and don't get close enough to scare a bird off it's nest.)
- Aggressive interactions – Let us know if you have observed any species initiate interactions with other birds and whether this interaction could be classed as aggressive – you can do this in the sighting details tab using the specific species interactions option.
- Have you seen any birds feeding on the native plants in your garden? If so – who was dining on what? – you can tell us in the notes section when you record the species you have observed under “sighting details”
- Have any birds been dabbling in some Oscar-worthy acting? – tell us about the weird and wonderful things your backyard birds have been up to you using the notes section in the sighting details tabs.
Narrabeen Lagoon Clean Up: March 28
Digital Entry Coming To NSW National Parks
Draft NSW Clean Air Strategy: Public Consultation
- first name
- last name
- organisation you represent (if applicable)
- email address
Inquiry Into Declining Numbers Of Macropods
Design And Place State Environmental Planning Policy (SEPP): Open For Feedback Until March 31
'The Design and Place SEPP puts place and design quality at the forefront of development. Our shared responsibility to care for Country and sustain healthy, thriving communities underpins the policy. The SEPP spans places of all scales, from precincts, significant developments, and buildings to infrastructure and public space. ''The public exhibition will allow us to work closely with state government, local councils, industry peak bodies and communities. This process will inform the development of the Design and Place SEPP and safeguard our shared values for future development in NSW. We will draft the policy in 2021, following the review of the formal submissions and feedback. Submissions are open from now until 31 March 2021. 'The final Design and Place SEPP will go on public exhibition later in 2021 to provide more opportunities for feedback. We will also develop supporting guidance and tools alongside the policy. These include a revision to the Apartment Design Guide, improvements to the Building Sustainability Index (BASIX) tool and the development of a new Public Space and Urban Design Guide. '
Worth Noting: Australian Car Sales Statistics 2020
- There were 1,062,867 new vehicles sold in Australia 2019
- New car sales in Australia dropped 8% down from 2018, making it the lowest since 2011
- Toyota was the top-selling car brand in 2019, with 205,766 total sales
- SUVs accounted for 45.5% of new car sales in 2019
Bushcare In Pittwater
Where we work Which day What time
Angophora Reserve 3rd Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Avalon Dunes 1st Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Avalon Golf Course 2nd Wednesday 3 - 5:30pm
Careel Creek 4th Saturday 8:30 - 11:30am
Toongari Reserve 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon (8 - 11am in summer)
Bangalley Headland 2nd Sunday 9 to 12noon
Winnererremy Bay 4th Sunday 9 to 12noon
North Bilgola Beach 3rd Monday 9 - 12noon
Algona Reserve 1st Saturday 9 - 12noon
Plateau Park 1st Friday 8:30 - 11:30am
Browns Bay Reserve 1st Tuesday 9 - 12noon
McCarrs Creek Reserve Contact Bushcare Officer To be confirmed
Old Wharf Reserve 3rd Saturday 8 - 11am
Kundibah Reserve 4th Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Mona Vale Beach Basin 1st Saturday 8 - 11am
Mona Vale Dunes 2nd Saturday +3rd Thursday 8:30 - 11:30am
Bungan Beach 4th Sunday 9 - 12noon
Crescent Reserve 3rd Sunday 9 - 12noon
North Newport Beach 4th Saturday 8:30 - 11:30am
Porter Reserve 2nd Saturday 8 - 11am
Irrawong Reserve 2nd Saturday 2 - 5pm
North Palm Beach Dunes 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon
Catherine Park 2nd Sunday 10 - 12:30pm
Elizabeth Park 1st Saturday 9 - 12noon
Pathilda Reserve 3rd Saturday 9 - 12noon
Warriewood Wetlands 1st Sunday 8:30 - 11:30am
Norma Park 1st Friday 9 - 12noon
Coopers Point, Elvina Bay 2nd Sunday 10 - 1pm
Rocky Point, Elvina Bay 1st Monday 9 - 12noon
Gardens And Environment Groups And Organisations In Pittwater
The Global Launch Of The Australian Institute Of Botanical Science
The Australian Institute Of Botanical Science
What Is The Australian Institute Of Botanical Science?
We must amplify our activities to ensure the survival of all plants. - DR BRETT SUMMERELL, CHIEF BOTANIST
Traditional Owners And Scientists Working To Tackle Common Climate Challenge
CSIRO Plays Part In US Next-Gen Solar Thermal Technology
Pumice The Key To Solving Seabird Mass Death Mystery
New Shorebirds WingThing For Youngsters Available To Download
A Shorebirds WingThing educational brochure for kids (A5) helps children learn about shorebirds, their life and journey. The 2021 revised brochure version was published in February 2021 and is available now. You can download a file copy here.
If you would like a free print copy of this brochure, please send a self-addressed envelope with A$1.10 postage (or larger if you would like it unfolded) affixed to: BirdLife Australia, Shorebird WingThing Request, 2-05Shorebird WingThing/60 Leicester St, Carlton VIC 3053.
Shorebird Identification Booklet
The Migratory Shorebird Program has just released the third edition of its hugely popular Shorebird Identification Booklet. The team has thoroughly revised and updated this pocket-sized companion for all shorebird counters and interested birders, with lots of useful information on our most common shorebirds, key identification features, sighting distribution maps and short articles on some of BirdLife’s shorebird activities.
The booklet can be downloaded here in PDF file format: http://www.birdlife.org.au/documents/Shorebird_ID_Booklet_V3.pdf
Paper copies can be ordered as well, see http://www.birdlife.org.au/projects/shorebirds-2020/counter-resources for details.
Download BirdLife Australia's children’s education kit to help them learn more about our wading birdlife
Shorebirds are a group of wading birds that can be found feeding on swamps, tidal mudflats, estuaries, beaches and open country. For many people, shorebirds are just those brown birds feeding a long way out on the mud but they are actually a remarkably diverse collection of birds including stilts, sandpipers, snipe, curlews, godwits, plovers and oystercatchers. Each species is superbly adapted to suit its preferred habitat. The Red-necked Stint is as small as a sparrow, with relatively short legs and bill that it pecks food from the surface of the mud with, whereas the Eastern Curlew is over two feet long with a exceptionally long legs and a massively curved beak that it thrusts deep down into the mud to pull out crabs, worms and other creatures hidden below the surface.
Some shorebirds are fairly drab in plumage, especially when they are visiting Australia in their non-breeding season, but when they migrate to their Arctic nesting grounds, they develop a vibrant flush of bright colours to attract a mate. We have 37 types of shorebirds that annually migrate to Australia on some of the most lengthy and arduous journeys in the animal kingdom, but there are also 18 shorebirds that call Australia home all year round.
What all our shorebirds have in common—be they large or small, seasoned traveller or homebody, brightly coloured or in muted tones—is that each species needs adequate safe areas where they can successfully feed and breed.
The National Shorebird Monitoring Program is managed and supported by BirdLife Australia.
This project is supported by Glenelg Hopkins Catchment Management Authority and Hunter Local Land Services through funding from the Australian Government’s National Landcare Program. Funding from Helen Macpherson Smith Trust and Port Phillip Bay Fund is acknowledged.
The National Shorebird Monitoring Program is made possible with the help of over 1,600 volunteers working in coastal and inland habitats all over Australia.
The National Shorebird Monitoring program (started as the Shorebirds 2020 project initiated to re-invigorate monitoring around Australia) is raising awareness of how incredible shorebirds are, and actively engaging the community to participate in gathering information needed to conserve shorebirds.
In the short term, the destruction of tidal ecosystems will need to be stopped, and our program is designed to strengthen the case for protecting these important habitats.
In the long term, there will be a need to mitigate against the likely effects of climate change on a species that travels across the entire range of latitudes where impacts are likely.
The identification and protection of critical areas for shorebirds will need to continue in order to guard against the potential threats associated with habitats in close proximity to nearly half the human population.
Here in Australia, the place where these birds grow up and spend most of their lives, continued monitoring is necessary to inform the best management practice to maintain shorebird populations.
BirdLife Australia believe that we can help secure a brighter future for these remarkable birds by educating stakeholders, gathering information on how and why shorebird populations are changing, and working to grow the community of people who care about shorebirds.
To find out more visit: http://www.birdlife.org.au/projects/shorebirds-2020/shorebirds-2020-program
Aussie Bread Tags Collection Points
CSIRO's Dish To Support One Of The First Commercial Moon Landings
March 25, 2021
The iconic Parkes radio telescope, owned and operated by Australia’s national science agency, CSIRO, will help businesses to literally reach for the Moon by providing ground station support for one of the first commercial lunar landings later this year.
CSIRO has signed a new five-year agreement with Houston-based aerospace company Intuitive Machines to support multiple lunar missions, including their first flight under NASA’s Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) initiative.
Intuitive Machines’ Nova-C lander will deliver cargo and experiments to the lunar surface. © Intuitive Machines
The Parkes telescope, also known as Murriyang, is valuable for spacecraft tracking due to its large dish surface and advanced data acquisition systems, which are used primarily for astronomy research.
CSIRO's Parkes telescope. Photo credit: CSIRO
The 64-metre telescope will be the largest and most sensitive receiving ground station for Intuitive Machines’ upcoming missions, maximising the return of the scientific and engineering data for the lunar exploration program.
CSIRO Chief Executive Dr Larry Marshall said the partnership was an exciting new chapter for the iconic Dish, with the partnership tapping into CSIRO’s expertise and proven track record supporting spacecraft programs.
“It was 50 years ago that Australia played a critical role in the original Moon mission, but innovation never sleeps, so we’re proud to support the latest innovations heading to the Moon’s surface,” Dr Marshall said.
“Australia is growing a vibrant space industry, underpinned by our unique strengths in agriculture, mining, and materials, and because we know innovation thrives on collaboration, we’re supporting the entire international space community.”
CSIRO’s Acting Chief Scientist Dr Sarah Pearce said CSIRO was proud to have its world class scientific facilities be part of the global team that will help Intuitive Machines and NASA deliver science instruments to the Moon.
“Along with NASA’s Honeysuckle Creek station near Canberra, the Parkes radio telescope helped share the Apollo 11 Moon landing with more than 600 million people around the world. And now we are proud to support the first companies extending their reach to the Moon’s surface, advancing knowledge that can benefit life both on Earth and, one day, on the Moon,” Dr Pearce said.
“Australia is growing a vibrant and respected space industry, underpinned by world-class national infrastructure and a long history in enabling space exploration. This is another example of Australian capability supporting the international space community.”
Intuitive Machines will launch its Nova-C Moon lander on a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket towards the end of 2021, delivering commercial cargo and five NASA experiments to investigate the local geography and test technology required for future human exploration.
CLPS initiative companies are responsible for all aspects of delivering their cargo to the Moon, including spacecraft tracking and communication.
NASA urged CLPS providers to utilise ground station capabilities outside of NASA’s Deep Space Network, the ground station network supporting the Agency’s many interplanetary space missions.
Intuitive Machines Vice President for Control Centers Dr Troy LeBlanc said being the first commercial company to land on the Moon is a huge communications challenge.
“We require the technical support and expertise of the team at CSIRO’s Parkes radio telescope to provide mission tracking and data downlink services," Dr LeBlanc said.
“CSIRO’s Parkes telescope adds significant data downlink capability to Intuitive Machines’ robust Lunar Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network.
“The successful use of the Network for these initial missions will underpin the return of humans to the Moon and ultimately sustainable presence under the Artemis program.”
Director of CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science Dr Douglas Bock said the agreement with Intuitive Machines recognises CSIRO’s experience operating large, complex spacecraft tracking and radio astronomy infrastructure.
“Our Parkes radio telescope began supporting space missions in 1962, when it tracked the first interplanetary space mission, Mariner 2, as it flew by the planet Venus,” Dr Bock said.
“Most recently, the telescope received data from Voyager 2 as it entered interstellar space, supporting the Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex – which we also manage for NASA.
“Operating as a ground station for space missions complements the astronomy research conducted with the telescope and helps to maintain its capabilities as a world-class research instrument.”
The Parkes radio telescope will track Intuitive Machines’ spacecraft on its way to the Moon. © Intuitive Machines
CSIRO is Australia’s national science agency and innovation catalyst. We solve the greatest challenges through innovative science and technology. Our collaborative research turns science into solutions for food security and quality; clean energy and resources; health and wellbeing; resilient and valuable environments; innovative industries; and a secure Australia and region.
About Intuitive Machines
Intuitive Machines is a premier provider and supplier of space products and services that enable sustained robotic and human exploration to the Moon, Mars and beyond. We drive markets with competitive world-class offerings synonymous with innovation, high quality, and precision. Whether leveraging state-of-the-art engineering tools and practices or integrating research and advanced technologies, our solutions are insightful and have a positive impact on the world.
Unveiling Of The Bashir Coat Of Arms
Mens Essentials Series: Event 1
- Tour the brewery and sample amazing craft beer. Presented by MODUS OPERANDI BREWING COMPANY at Mona Vale
- Learn the critical areas to be maintained and checked on a vehicle. Presented by JAX TYRES and AUTO MONA VALE.
- Learn how to grow food sustainably and using the best methods. Presented by VEGEPOD.
- WIN! Over $1,000 in prizes to be won, including a Vegepod, 5 Week Meditation for Men Meditation Course and more.
Royal Easter Show 2021 Showcases A Whole World Of Animals
Have you seen all the great animals you can visit at this year's Royal Easter Show? This (apart from show bags and fairy floss) was always my favourite part of each year's show. I managed to get some tickets for my nieces and their cousins a bit over a week ago now - they like all the rides (and the show bags) - but they also love animals and even collect toy animals.
One of my favourite animal displays are the horses. Did you know that the Sydney Royal Horse Show is the largest of its kind attracting over 5,500 entries exhibiting the most prestigious horses in Australia and New Zealand?
There's a competitive event every day of the Show with classes including: Breeds, Hacks, Light and Heavy Harness, Showjumping, Campdraft, Polo, Rodeo, Pony Club, Tentpegging and Heavy Horse Obstacle Vaulting. You can see that every day of the Royal Easter Show in the big stadium and in the arena. Youngsters are getting involved in the Youth Polocrosse this year too. Originating in NSW in 1939, Polocrosse is an action-packed team sport enjoyed by all age groups. This year Junior Polocrosse teams will compete in four exhibition matches, combining the skills of polo with the speed of lacrosse. Using long-handled racquets, the aim is to scoop up the ball and get it into the goal. With only three players on the field for each team, the pace is fast.
Visiting the Pet Pavilion is pretty amazing too as it 'shows' you all the animals people keep as pets - everything from mice to birds and even frogs can be seen, however, it's the puppies and kittens we love.
For those who don't spend time on a farm there's the 10 Shake Farmyard Nursery. Here you will find 10 Shake Farmyard Nursery - an open-plan indoor paddock with over 500 free-range animals you can pat. Here you'll see playful ducklings on their waterslide, piglets, geese, donkeys and much more or maybe have a go at feeding the friendly chickens, sheep and goats that come to visit you.
If you want to find out more about being on a farm you can visit the Junior Farm Hands. Here you can grind grain, dig for vegetables and move animals around your farm. RAS Junior Farm Hands activities give little ones the opportunity to try their hand as a farmer and even take a turn in the tractor - don't leave the Food Farm without collecting your very own tractor licence!
Follow the link to download your Junior Farm Hands Activity booklet.
While finding out all about farming you may want to pop into the District Exhibits - this is like a mini-tour through our very own countryside. These spectacular constructions of vegetables, fruit and other produce are one of the highlights of The Sydney Royal Easter Show. These giant displays are a cooperative work by growers that reflect the diversity and excellence of their regional produce. Each consists of more than 10,000 pieces of fresh produce from five agricultural districts throughout NSW and South East Queensland.
Kids Street is designed for tiny tots to pre-teens, with a recharge spot for mum and dad too, featuring a selection of carnival games, hot food, coffee, and a specially marked pram parking zone. Located at GIANTS Stadium Concourse, all rides are available for only 4 coupons each (yes, I got them some rides coupons too - saves waiting around, we hope!).
But, let's get to the showbags - did you know these began over 100 years ago as 'sample' bags?
Originating at the Sydney Royal Easter Show sometime between 1909 and 1914, possibly by kiddie-favourites Gravox, the bags were originally given away by brands hoping to launch their wares by providing free samples of products. Food samples were handed out, and these were to evolve into 'sample bags'. By the late 1920s (1927), as the cost of producing bags became too much for companies, they began being sold.
So - what's good value or just great fun this year?
There's some great samples in the lollies department of course - we like getting Bertie Beetles at the RAS as you often can't get them elsewhere. They have a good deal this year with 3 bags for $8.00, while stocks last. What’s included:
1x Bertie Beetle Red Showbag $2.90
1x Bertie Beetle Blue Showbag $4.00
1x Bertie Beetle Platinum Showbag $9.60
But the best deal is always the Ag Bag - Inside the Home and Lifestyle Pavilion, while available. This one is $25 but you get around $80 worth of stuff in it and after visiting the Farm, this one may appeal as it's filled with Australian made products. What's more, the RASF Ag Bag is a fundraising bag - All proceeds go back to rural & regional community projects. Australian-made contents donated by Australian-owned companies. For more information on the work of the RASF visit www.rasf.org.au
What's included in 2021:
1x SunRice Microwave Brown Rice 250g $2.50
1x SunRice Brown Rice Chips (assorted Flavours) 150g $5.00
1x Selector Magazine 300g $8.50
1x Manildra - The Healthy Baker Flour 1kg $3.00
1x Manildra - Recipe Booklet $6.00
1x Manildra - "Stay Safe" Hand Sanitizer 50ml $6.00
1x Freedom Foods - Australia's Own Barista Almond Milk 1lr $4.50
1x Rinoldi - Vetta Pasta 500g $2.25
1x Kurrajong Kitchen - Lavosh Original Poppy & Sesame Seed Bites 100g $3.00
1x Carman's Kitchen - Brownie Cholc Aussie Oat Bar $0.84
1x Maxiblock - Kinder Sunscreen Lotion SPF50 100 g + Flyer $10.95
1x Karma Rub - Liquid Magnesium Rub 2.5ml x 4 & Liquid Night Cream 10ml x 1 Sachets $5.00
1x Slim Secrets - Protein Choc Fudge Brownie 100g $3.80
1x Royston Petrie Seeds - Spinach N.Z. Warrigal Greens $3.50
1x NSW Landcare - Everlasting Daisy Seeds Sticks $2.50
1x Seasol - Seaweed Concertrate Sachet 45g $1.00
1x Oz-Pet - Litter Scooper $5.00
1x Albury Enviro Calico Bag $5.00
1x "I Love Aussie Farmers" Sticker $0.60
1x "I Love Australia Made" Sticker $1.00
1x CanAssist Brochure & tea bags $0.06
1x RAMPH Mental Health Brochure
1x Birdsnest Voucher - get $20 off when you spend $75 or more online
1x Rich Glen Olive Estate Voucher - get a free Poppy's Favourite Dressing ($10) when you spend $60 or more online
Ok, so that one may not interest you as much as the ones for youngsters, BUT, isn't it great to see and know how many different foods and products are made right here?
We were looking at the 2021 Sydney Royal Easter Show Prizes for cheeses, just announced, and that too is a great insight into what wonderful tastes come from right here, where you live. I can tell you, having spent some time visiting other places far from Australia, nothing compares to the quality and great clean tastes we have here.
Apart from the lollies bags there's some good value for boys and girls in other bags, if you really really are sure you want or need one of these and don't already have all of this at home already. The Voltron show bag, until they all go, looks good for those who are fans of Voltron.
Voltron - $20
Stand Numbers: BAG004, BAG009, BAG011, BAG014, BAG015, #18, #20, #21
1x Voltron Backpack $24.95
1x Voltron Cap $12.95
1x Voltron Drink Bottle $8.95
1x Voltron Sticker Patches $2.95
1x Voltron Playing Cards $4.95
1x Voltron Badges $4.95
1x Voltron Tote Bag $3.95
1x Voltron Lanyard $7.95
1x Voltron Flag $9.95
Total Retail Value: $81.55
Another good value one, which may appeal to little girls, is the Unicorn show bag.
Stand Numbers: BAG004, BAG009, BAG011, BAG014, BAG015, #18, #20, #21
1x Unicorn Duffle Bag $19.95
1x Unicorn Coin Purse $4.95
1x Unicorn Hair Extension $4.95
1x Unicorn Jewellery Set $9.95
1x Unicorn Stationery Set $7.95
1x Unicorn Keychain $2.95
1x Unicorn Body Glitter $7.95
1x Unicorn Tote Bag $4.95
1x Unicorn Lipstick $3.95
1x Unicorn Trinket Boxes $6.95
1x Unicorn Stuffed Toy $9.95
Total Retail Value: $84.45
If you do get to go to the Show this year I do hope you will spend some time looking at the farm exhibits - this is one of the few opportunities city kids get to see what life is like on the land and the show itself is all about the country coming to the city, that's where it all began - as the Agricultural Society of New South Wales in July 1822 which means that next year, this great 'show' will be 200 years old.
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Disclaimer: These articles are not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of Pittwater Online News or its staff.