May 3 - 9, 2020: Issue 448

 

Pittwater Roads II: Where The Streets Have Your Name - Palm Beach

The area now known as Palm Beach and Whale Beach was originally given in a land grant to James Napper (1787 circa to 1827) who travelled to Sydney as ships surgeon on board the Kangaroo, arriving in January 1814. During the voyage out he married a passenger Emma Luttrell in Rio. Emma was the daughter of Dr Edward Luttrell who had travelled to NSW [Free Settler "Experiment" 1804]  with his family. Kangaroo was an armed naval brig, which in March 1814 completed the evacuation to Sydney of the first settlement at Norfolk Island. Mr. Nappers name appears in a June 1814 list to receive land. He became ill in 1815 and on recovery was transferred to the Emu.

James Napper was formally granted 400 acres on March 16, 1816 between Whale Beach and Palm Beach which he call 'Larkfield'. Larkfield may be a name associated with his family. He left Sydney on January 28th, 1816 as surgeon on board the Emu, along with his wife Emma and infant son Richard. The couple also had a daughter, Marie Ann, born circa 1814-1815, while in Australia.

Notices in the Government Gazette for him to collect cattle assigned to him continued to appear until later that year, commencing in June 1816. These were to be collected from Seven Hills.

A CARD.- Dr. PARMETER respectfully acquaints the Ladies and Gentlemen of Sydney, that he will remove to No. 10, O'Connell-street, on the 22d Inst, the late residence of Mr. Napper. -The Public may depend upon Dr. P's medical assiduity, whether as a Physician or a Surgeon. Classified Advertising (1816, March 16). The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2176584

By July 1822 D’Arcy Wentworth was in possession of Napper’s 400 acre farm, and advertised it to let:

TO be LET, TWO FARMS, situate at Pitt-water, the one containing 700 Acres, and the other 400 Acres of Land, nearly contiguous to each other, and particularly well calculated for the purposes of Grazing and Agriculture.-Apply to D'ARCY WENTWORTH, Esq. the Proprietor, at Sydney.Classified Advertising (1822, August 2). The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2181203

In the 1841 census Michael Sullivan (convict transported in 1819 for 7 years - Ticket of Leave granted) was shown as living at Barrenjoey; he was married, with three children. He was then living on and working the farm which some sources state was to have been on the site of the present Palm Beach Golf course. Other sources state the 'hut' was at the end of what is now Waratah street, Palm Beach where an old spring and creek may still be found.

The hut, or a version of it, then called the 'Fisherman's Cottage' until only a few years ago when it was demolished, was occupied by local artist Mick Glasheen and formed part of his exhibition at Newport: - this hut was in what we today call Waratah street, later the place where the Verrills and Gonsalves families, with generations of men associated with fishing, had their home, only closer to the golf course's south end.






The South Head of Broken Bay is called by its native name, Barranjoey. It is a bold, rocky headland, situated at the extremity of a long narrow strip of land separating the main ocean from Pitt Water, and has evidently been an island at some former period, with a spit of sand running out from it towards the south. This sand-spit would be gradually extended by every gale till the island was at length married indissolubly to the main, the ceremony of joining hands having been performed by Father Neptune himself. 

There is a small patch of alluvial land of the first-rate quality near Barranjoey Head, on which a very industrious small settler of the name of Sullivan has set down, within the last few months, on a lease from Mr. Wentworth, the proprietor. The extent of land he has managed to clear and put into crop in so short a time, is as creditable to the settler as the splendid crop of maize and tobacco it bears is to the land. The neighbour-hood of Pitt Water and Brisbane Water is considered particularly favourable for the growth of onions, and the raising of that useful article of horticultural produce for the Sydney market, is the main dependence of the small settlers in these districts. The past season has been considered rather unfavourable, however, for this crop, the late rains, which have come in such good time for the maize, having been too late for the onions ; but we found a very tolerable crop notwithstanding on various farms in both districts. The scenery near Barranjoey is romantic and interesting in a very high degree, the land and water being finely disposed for a picture, and the forest trees on the low ground along Pitt Water being remarkably umbrageous and beautiful, while the view from the Head itself — including the vast Pacific ; Pitt Water separated from it by the narrow strip of land above-mentioned, and running up for the remaining part of its extent between two ranges of considerable elevation, and losing itself at length in the distance ; Broken Bay, with the lofty, precipitous rocky island, called Mount Ellis, guarding the entrance of the Hawkesbury, and standing off, like a sentinel on duty, from its opposite shore, while the lower reaches of that noble river are seen stretching far inland between the lofty and barren ranges that line the whole extent of its course from the Blue Mountains to the ocean — all this is uncommonly fine. Second or third-rate writers of literary articles of this kind regularly wish for the pencil of a Claude, or a Salvator Rosa, when they find themselves in such situations as we found our-selves in, to our no small gratification and delight, when we stood perched for a time on Barranjoey Head ; but as such idle wishes would not save any of our readers who might be desirous of experiencing the same pleasurable emotions, the trouble and fatigue of a long pedestrian tour through the bush, we shall not put ourselves to the trouble of uttering them.

If any of our readers should be desirous of visiting the district of Brisbane Water, which we can assure them is well worth visiting, we would by all means advise them to postpone their visit till some of our enterprising colonial speculators shall have put a steam-boat on the course between Sydney and Brisbane Water. For our own part we crossed Broken Bay in Sullivan, the small settler's small boat ; and as there is a large extent of shallow water on the north side of the Bay, on which the sea breaks violently (whence its appropriate name, Broken Bay) whenever there is the least wind from certain quarters, we confess that sailing in such a vessel is somewhat dangerous. Rollers rise instantaneously, even in the mildest weather, in the Bay, and when one of these breaks on a small boat she is almost sure to be swamped, and all on board drowned. Colonial Statistics. (1838, February 28).The Colonist (Sydney, NSW : 1835 - 1840), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31720524

In 1900 the Palm Beach and Whale Beach land that formed part of the Bassett-Darley Estate was put up for sale:

PITTWATER. 
MARINE SITES. 
THAT MAGNIFICENT BLOCK of 400 acres delineated as James Napper's Grant on the Government plan of Parish of Narrabeen, ex the portions reserved by Government for Lighthouse and Public School purposes
, IN SUBDIVISION, now in preparation by Mr. Licensed Surveyor, A. W. Stephen, into SUITABLE AREAS, to fit the requirements of YACHTSMEN, RETIRED GENTLEMEN, PUBLIC CATERERS, BUILDING SPECULATORS and others seeking DESIRABLE FREEHOLDS in a district growing in popularity every day, and soon likely to became a favorite suburb.
THE ESTATE is traversed by the MAIN ROAD, and EMBRACES many favorite and historic vantage pctets, notebly on the ocean side— CABBAGE TREE BOAT HARBOR and Little Heads, and in Pittwater that lovely camping ground, CAREEL BAY.
By order of the surviving Trustee of THE BASSETT-DARLEY ESTATE, And the Administratrix of the late BENJAMIN WENTWORTH DARLEY. 
BATT, RODD, and PURVES, Limited, are instructed to sell the above by PUBLIC AUCTION, at their Rooms, 88 Pitt-street, on — TUESDAY, 30th JANUARY, AT 11.30 A.M.
Messrs. STEPHEN, JAQUES, and STEPHEN, Solicters, O'Connell-street, will furnish evidences of Titles.
 Advertising (1900, January 21). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article126278402


Pittwater Marine Sites, Bassett-Darley Estate 1900, Pittwater subdivision plans Item c053460015, courtesy State Library of NSW.

The lots were re-advertised in June 1900 with mention of the tram towards Pittwater being used as a selling point and 18 lots up for sale at 'upset prices'!:

Messrs. Batt, Rodd, and Purves will sell by auction next Tuesday at their rooms 88 Pitt-street, 18 allotments at Pittwater, belonging to the Bassett-Darley estate. The lots vary in size from 74 acres down to 4 acres, and the upset prices at which bidding may start are quoted in the firm's announcement in our business columns. The sale is to be without reserve. No title (1900, June 3). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article126286201

ABSOLUTE SALE.
BY ORDER of THE SURVIVING TRUSTEE of the BASSETT-DAIRLEY ESTATE and the ADMINISTRATRIX of the late BENJAMIN WENTWORTH DARLEY.
CHARMING MARINE SITES, PITTWATER.
A SUBDIVSION by Mr. Licensed Surveyor A. W. Stephen in areas to fit -the requirements of INVESTORS and SPECULATORS, of THAT GRAND BLOCK delineated on the Government Map of the parish of Narrabeen as Jas. Napper's Grant, adjoining the reserve for Lighthouse and Public School purposes. 
AN IDEAL SPOT for YACHTING, BATHING, FISHING.
Breezy Heights and Sheltered Slopes.
LAKE and OCEAN FRONTAGES.
TRUSTEES, DETERMINED TO CLOSE ACCOUNTS, have ventured to risk public competition without captious restrictions, and boldly announce UPSET PRICES as per schedule hereunder as minimum reserve figures, at which bidding may start for the CHOICE BLOCKS shown on plan, SALE whereof will be recorded TO THE HIGHEST BIDDER without any reserve.
BATT, RODD, AND PURVES, Ltd., are instructed to sell at their Rooms, 88 Pitt street, by PUBLIC AUCTION, NEXT TUESDAY, JUNE 5, AT 11.30 A.M., the above mentioned LOVELY WATER FRONTAGE BLOCKS, as per LITHO PLAN, NOW AVAILABLE.
ac. r. p.
Lot 1, area 4 1 17 3/4 £50
2, ' 8 2 ,36 1/2 65
3, 18 1 2 1/2 100
4, 32 1 1 100
5, . 37 2 17 1/2 185
6, 46 0 30 , 230
7, 63 2 35 3/4 252
8, 65 1 0 200
9, 74 1 18 220 
10, .8 3 . 58 61
11, 8 0 32 51 .
12, 7 2 8 51 '
13, 7 19 50
14, 7 2 0 65
15, 6 3 83 61
16, . 5 3 36 51 '
17, 5 2 0 51
18, . 5 2 16 51
are the SACRIFICLAL PRICES at which the biddings will open, and the lots will be POSITIVELY SOLD WITHOUT RESERVE.
SPECULATORS, consider the opportunity for BIG PROFITS in view of the promised tram.
TITLE PERFECT. TERMS : 25 per cent. Deposit, Balance in 4 equal annual instalments with interest at rate of 5 per cent.
Messrs. STEPHEN, JAQUES, and STEPHEN, O'Connell -street, are Solicitors for Vendor. 
Advertising (1900, June 3). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article126286238

None of the larger sections sold apart from 30 acres on the estuary side which was purchased by Charles John Edward Forssberg in August 1900. Access via the 'road', a rough single carriageway that in places was covered in boulders, remained a problem, with some articles pointing out that the passage to Barrenjoy was a mere track:


a1373020h: Description beneath photograph - 'On the Pittwater side, linking the list hill before descent to Barranjoey'.

a1373024h: Description beneath photograph -'Coming up the hill from Barranjoey' - both from  Sunday November 21st, 1909 -  from Allen Family Albums: Album 52: Photographs of the Allen family, November - December, 1909. Courtesy State Library of NSW 


Palm Beach Circa 1910 Item a106133h, courtesy State Library of NSW


Palm Beach circa 1910 - 1916 (southern end of beach). Item: a106132h, courtesy State Library of NSW

In June 1911, just after the tramline to Brookvale opened, a group of businessmen registered the 'Barranjoey Company', and led by John Ralston, succeeded in purchasing the Bassett-Darley Barrenjoey acreage. Some sources state they paid a whopping £500 - the proprietors apparently wanted at least £1900.00 but settled for what they could get.:

NOTES AND COMMENTS. 

Barrenjoey Company, Ltd, has been registered with a capital of £6000, In 120 shares of £50 each, the object being to purchase 410 acres of the Bassett Darley subdivision. The first directors are Messrs H. Wolstenholme, E T Jones, J T Ralston, J Young, and H R Nolan. NOTES AND COMMENTS. (1911, June 3). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 15. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15239859 

They applied to install a jetty and a swimming area was later netted against sharks around this, which Warringah Shire council required them to maintain and make available for students to use. 

APPLICATIONS FOR SPECIAL LEASES

Attention is directed to the notification in the "Government Gazette" of this date of applications made for Special Leases, as hereunder mentioned. Any objections lodged in writing at this office on or before 13th December, 1911, or before the Local Land Board shall have concluded its inquiry at the hearing of the respective applications for such Special Leases, will be duly considered; and any objections lodged after that period will not be entertained.

ARTHUR SHARP. Chairman.

Applicant: THE BARRANJOEY COMPANY, Limited (S.L.), 11.7, Metropolitan). Locality: Pittwater, Parish of Narrabeen, County of Cumberland. Area: 32 perches; for wharf. Advertising (1911, November 18). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15290140 

The 'wharf' was situated at what we today call the Gonsalves Jetty, earlier a James Booth enterprise and Carl Gow's Jetty after that.


 Observation Point, Palm Beach, Newport Digital Order Number: a106120 circa 1912, Broadhurst Image, courtesy State Library of NSW.

EXTENSION OF TERMS OF SPECIAL LEASES. County Cumberland, parish Narrabeen, below high-water mark, Pitt water, portion Sp. L. 1912 4 ; Ms. 3,922 Sy. Area, 1 rood 20 perches. 

1917 -1176 Barranjoey Co., Ltd., 14 Castlereagh-st., Sydney. No. of Application – 1912 – 4, Metropolitan Bathing Place – from 1 Jan. 1917 to 31 Dec. 1921

Special Lease 1912 4, Metropolitan. Barrenjoey Company, Limited.—The lease shall be subject to subsections 1, 3, 4, G to 0, 11, and 13 of Regulation No. 10G (notified 20th April, 1917), and to the following special conditions:—


(a) The lessees shall permit children attending any school in Warringah Shire, and in charge of teachers, to have the free use of the baths without payment on one day in each week between the hours of 2 p.m. and 4 p.m., such children to provide their own towels and bathing costumes. (b) The lessees shall have not less than three life-buoys readily available at all times. (c) The lessees shall be responsible for the proper conduct and cleanliness of the baths, and shall compel bathers to wear suitable bathing costumes, (d) The lessees shall, after determination of the lease by forfeiture, effluxion of time, or otherwise, and within such time as may be given, remove the structure or all or any material from the lanel at their own cost, and without compensation, if required by the Minister in writing to do so. ) The lessees shall, within six months from the date of notification in the Government Gazette of the granting of the extension of the term of the lease, enclose the land with a shark-proof fence, and maintain such fence in efficient repair throughout the currency of the lease. (e) A breach of any of the conditions, or the occurrence of any indecent or disorderly conduct, will render the lease liable to forfeiture. EXTENSION OF TERMS OF SPECIAL LEASES. (1917, November 2). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 5968. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article227328341 

They then had to convey people to the site of their first subdivision:

TO LIVERY STABLE PROPRIETORS, MOTOR CARS and TAXI CAR PROP.-TENDERS are invited for the Conveyance of about 100 to 150 people on January 26 next, from Manly Pier to Bayview, Pittwater, and return, leaving at 10 a.m., arriving at Bayview Wharf at 12; return at 5 p.m. Subsidy, 2s per head each way. Tenders will be received up to December 4.The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted THE BARRENJOEY CO., Ltd., 1 Moore-street. Advertising. (1911, December 1). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15293434

Messrs. Raine and Horne have three new sales announced, one ls the Bellagio Estate at Woy Woy on December 30, another is at Barrenjoey on January 26, and at the Hawkesbury River on January 27. The same month a very large estate is to be offered at Bellevue' Hill. REAL ESTATE. NOTES OF THE WEEK. (1911, December 2). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28133069 

Warringah Shire.
There are only some five or six shires that adjoin the municipalities in the neighbourhood of the metropolis, and of these Warringah Shire seems to be one which is rapidly progressing in importance. The opening up of the various seaside resorts has been the means of bringing it into great prominence. It has a long line of sea beaches extending from Curl Curl Lagoon (Manly) to Broken Bay, and includes the now important places known as Brookvale, Freshwater, Narrabeen, Bay View, Newport, and Mona Vale, besides a number of others which at present are not quite so attractive, but their future is to come. At holiday time the various places are crowded with visitors, and each place has its attractions for week-enders. The council is a very progressive one, and at every meeting business is transacted which indicates that the councillors are live men, and study the growing wants of the district. 

At last meeting important business was transacted which included a decision to hold a conference for the purpose of devising a suitable scheme to place before the Minister in support of the proposed railway line from the Milson's Point line to the coast, at which all the adjoining areas are to be asked to co-operate. The engineer is to report on cost of erecting four jetties on the Narrabeen Lake. On completion of the tram to Narrabeen it is proposed to further advertise the shire. A letter was received from the Chief Secretary's Department, stating that the Narrabeen Lake would be further closed against net fishing for a further term of six months. A proposal is before the council to erect additional lights at Freshwater. Council is taking steps to procure a postal delivery in Freshwater district.

The Barrenjoey Company has presented plans of a new subdivision at Barrenjoey-this being only one of a series that are to be presented. The council is presided over by Cr. A. Ralston, president, and the administration is in the able hands or Mr, P. Carew, J.P., shire cleric. Warringah Shire. (1911, December 8). The Land (Sydney, NSW : 1911 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article102902245 

This first subdivision at 'Barrenjoey' was named for the same as this was the recognisable place with Station Beach and the lighthouse by then well known. As stated on the 1900 sale map the southern bay of the beach was and still is named 'Cabbage Tree Boat Harbour' after the Livisitonia Australis, or Cabbage Tree Palm which still grow in Horderns Reserve and along the gullies at this end of the beach. During these years our local newspapers and magazines were filled with stories of Palm Beach in Florida - Palm Beach fashions, Palm Beach society doings and Palm Beach exclusivity as well as being a place to relax filled many a column. A land boom in Florida in 1910 that enriched some developers seemingly overnight would have been known about by the men of the Barrenjoey Company. 

A Brochure issued advertising the estate states the Cabbage Tree Palms were the source and inspiration that gave 'their name to the beach and are one of its greatest features' and would be 'strictly preserved by the Vendors as reserves for All time', but Floridas' inspiration also shows up in the naming of the third street made for the estate in 'Florida Road' and this, coupled with the newly named 'Palm Beach' would have inferred the vendors were aiming to create an exclusive location.

The subsequent naming of streets to access these blocks of land didn't stray too far from this original premise with 'Palm Beach Road', 'Ocean Road' and 'Pacific Road' and eventually 'Beach Road' chosen to emphasise the concept of this place as, primarily, a holiday resort or place. Even 'Sunrise Road' and then 'Northview Road' were not about stamping their own names on the maps but selling the great 'restful sea breezes' of a place far removed from the dust, dirt and smoke of town.

Advertisement for above stating 'harbour side wharf': Advertising. (1912, January 6). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 21. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15300293


Barrenjoey - Palm Beach Estate - Pittwater - Barranjoey Rd 1912 - part of brochure. Item: c052700024, courtesy State Library of NSW


Barrenjoey - Palm Beach Estate - Pittwater - Barranjoey Rd 1912 - part of brochure. Item: c052700025, courtesy State Library of NSW


Barrenjoey - Palm Beach Estate - Pittwater - Barranjoey Rd 1912. Item c052700030, courtesy State Library of NSW - H. Wolstenholme, solicitor to the estate.


Section from a RAHS photo showing Palm Beach Estate Barranjoey advert circa  1912. Item: c16402_0008_c , courtesy State Library of NSW

This first land sale saw the blocks available being snapped up by people such as Lucy Gullett (Sunrise road) or the members of the Brown family of doctors, on Ocean, Sunrise road and Pacific Roads, along with successful businessmen of that time such as Mr. Chorley, who did well selling cloth and uniforms during WWI and Thomas Peters, an engineer who was then engaged in building the Burrinjuck Dam. 
A few words from one who stated they attended the sale:

BEAUTIFUL PALM BEACH, BARRENJOEY.
How many of the Sydney folk have heard of Palm Beach, situated on the neck of land ad-joining the Barrenjoey Lighthouse reserve and Pittwater Harbor ? One of those most glorious spots, given by Nature to the Sydneyites, where rest from the weary toils of the week may be enjoyed. 

As a comparative stranger in your midst, I would never, perhaps, have feasted on its exceptional beauty and the environs surrounding it had I not chanced upon a small red booklet, circulated on account of a land sale held there on Friday afternoon. I took the trip, at a cost of 2/6 return — cheap enough in all conscience ! — and on arrival at the pretty little jetty on the estate was so charmed with the natural beauties and picturesqueness of the scene that I feel it a duty to enlighten others of this most charming spot. A glorious day, one of happy Sydney's best, and the beauty of the scene at Palm Beach will long live in my memory. The harbor, with its beach of sand, hard and white, its clear and placid waters for the children, the wild, natural scenery of the hills, the living fragrance of the bush and the beautiful Palm Beach for the surfers, with its ever sounding ocean roar, contrasting strangely with the harbor's peace, and calm, the stately palms in the numerous gullies, and the whole scene clothed with a sea and sky, of exquisite blue. From the hills cape after cape comes into view, both north and south, and to the west we wee the Pittwater Harbor, with its numerous bays, "The Basin," Kuringai Chase, the majestic and awe-inspiring Lion island, Ettalong, and several other points of interest. 

If you have never been to Palm Beach, go. It would be difficult for me to express the treat in store. There is nothing I have seen on your coast to approach it, and it is a matter of much wonder to me that with a splendid service of cars from Manly, and subsidised by a regular launch service (1 1/2 hour from Manly), it has not been availed of ere this. 

The opening up of the estate will probably attract the populace, and I am informed Palm Beach is an ideal surfing one, and with all its other natural attractions should bring many an advocate to the shrine of its temple. The land facing the beach has been dedicated to the Council as a reserve for a public park. 

I understand that every lot was sold at satisfactory prices, including the pretty little bungalow residence recently erected, and the vendors must be highly complimented on opening up such a beauty spot for the permanent use of the people.
BEAUTIFUL PALM BEACH, BARRENJOEY. (1912, January 28). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article126060685

The 'pretty little bungalow' at current day 30 Sunrise Road was apparently purchased by James Robson Scott, paying £300 according to some records. The patriarch of the Verrills family, Albert Verrills purchased the surveyors bungalow and, with Laurie Gallagher of Florida House, would be responsible for the forming of many of the roads wending up and over the hills as further parcels of land became part of the subdivisions. 


EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Whale Beach, New South Wales Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162483691 - view from further back along Sunrise road back towards beach road with Pacific road going up the hill – says ‘Palm Beach No.: 5’ at left hand base of pano. Part of those commissioned by Barrenjoey Land Company - possibly taken around same time those for Whale Beach panoramas and subdivision pamphlets were taken. Palm Beach Land Company cottage sold to Robson Scott on corner of Palm Beach Road and Pacific road opposite what would become stone Maitland home. Peters home still not present on beach, only Chorleys, so certainly circa 1917, possibly 1915-16.


Enlargement of Section from Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 6, New South Wales nla.pic-vn6149402, Enemark collection of panoramic photographs [picture] courtesy National Library of Australia, circa 1917 - 1946 (circa 1922-24 - Cnr.s of Pacific, Palm Beach and Florida roads with 'bungalow' on corner). Visit Albert George Verrills and Fred Verrills – Builder Of Bridges And Roads Within Australia During WWII – Builder Of Palm Beach Thereafter 

And after all that was done:

NOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT.
APPLICATIONS having been made to bring the lands hereunder described under the provisions of the Real Property Act, Certificates of Indefeasible Title will issue, unless Caveats be lodged in accordance with the Third Schedule to the said Act on or BEFORE THE 21ST AUGUST, 1912.

No. 17,737. APPLICANT:—The Barrenjoey Company, Limited. LAND:—County Cumberland, parish Narrabeen, Shire Warringah, 437 acres 2 roods, on Careel Bay, Pittwater, and on South Pacific Ocean, and on road from Manly to Barrenjoey,lots 1 to 18. subdivision of Bassett-Darley Estate, and part 400 acres (portion 18 of parish), granted to James Napper;—exclusive of road 1 chain wide from Manly to Barrenjoey, the area of which is deducted from the total area; adjoining properties of C. Forssberg and M. M. Jones and Crown Land.
Diagrams delineating these lands may be inspected at the Land Titles Office, Elizabeth-street, Sydney.
W. G. H-WILLIAMS,
Registrar-General.
17th July, 1912. [362] NOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT. (1912, July 17). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 4485. Retrieved from  http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article221604355 

Later that year a second subdivision sale was held using the same terminology that had proved so successful in January:

BARRENJOEY. PALM BEACH ESTATE PITTWATER. SECOND SUBDIVISION. 
THE ESTATE occupies an Elevated and Picked Position, Commanding Panoramic Views over THE PACIFIC OCEAN AND PITTWATER HARBOR. -.. The Lots to be offered have Frontages to: — , FLORIDA-ROAD, SUNRISE-ROAD, AND THE RESERVE: The latter are practically OCEAN BEACH FRONTAGE LOTS PALM BEACH ESTATE offers Many Comforts and Luxuries, such as — CLEAR. BRACING AIR. GLORIOUS HARBOR AND OCEAN VIEWS. SPLENDID HARBOR AND OCEAN FISHING. - 
HARBOR BATHS, AND SANDY HARBOR BEACHES FOR THE CHILDREN. Also, A BEAUTIFUL AND EXTENSIVE OCEAN BEACH FOR SURF BATHERS. PAY A VISIT OF INSPECTION. IT IS WISE TO INVESTIGATE, and then make it your WEEK-END HOME ' by securing a Block in this Second Subdivision. 
REMEMBER THAT THE WHOLE OF THE FIRST SUBDIVISION OF 90 LOTS WAS SOLD IN AS MANY MINUTES. THERE IS NOTHING TO EQUAL PALM BEACH THE GREAT FAMILY RESORT. With its many Pretty, Ideal Spots for the Holiday-maker, away from the Heat in the . . STATELY PALM TREE GULLIES. For which this Estate is Famed, with their Wealth of Palms and Ferns. 

THE ROADS ARE ALL FORMED, AND HAVE BEEN TAKEN OVER BY THE LOCAL SHIRE. TORRENS TITLE. EASY TERMS. ON THE DAY OF SALE. MOTOR CARS AND MOTOR BUSES WILL RUN FROM MANLY PIER AT 9 A.M. AND 11 A.M. FOR BAYVIEW. THENCE BY FREE STEAMER TO THE ESTATE. RETURN FARE 2/6. ALSO A FREE LAUNCH "S.S. CORA" WILL LEAVE HAWKESBURY RAILWAY STATION AT 10.45 A.M. FOR PALM BEACH. TICKETS ON APPLICATION TO THE AUCTIONEERS. 
FOR SALE BY PUBLIC AUCTION ON THE GROUND ON Boxing Day, December 26, 1912 . AT 3 P.M. 
RAINE AND HORNE. AUCTIONEERS, 86 PITT STREET. 
Secretary to the Estate, E. E. G. de GYULAY, Esq., Somerset House, 6 Moore Street, City.
Advertising (1912, December 23). Construction : Weekly Supplement to Building (Sydney, NSW : 1909 - 1914), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article234757315


Barrenjoey Palm Beach Estate, Pittwater - 2nd subdivision - December 1912. Item: c053460057, courtesy State Library of NSW

By December 1913 Palm Beach House, built by the Barrenjoey Company on the corner of Palm Beach and Florida Roads, was advertising rooms for the summer crowds:

ACCOMMODATION HOUSE, Palm Beach, Pittwater.
FULLY FURNISHED and replete with every requisite for the carrying on of a 1st-class Accommodation House, cow, horse and trap, sea bath, surfing, boating, fishing, ate. A DELIGHTFUL SEASIDE RESORT, to let at a very low rental to suitable tenant, regular launch service daily from Newport. Apply, in writing, to the sec, THE BARRENJOEY CO., LTD., Somerset House, 5 Moore street, Sydney. Advertising (1913, July 12). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 24. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15435001

COUNTRY RESORTS.
AT PALM BEACH HOUSE, via NEWPORT.-High class BOARDING ESTAB., private swimming bath, surfing, motor garage, launch, superb climate. Telegram: BURNS. BARRENJOEY. Mrs. BURNS. Advertising (1913, December 27). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 20. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15469782

Frederick Greenwood Burns, who lives at Palm Beach, Barrenjoey, was found in the bush outside his camp last night in a condition of collapse. The Mona Vale Ambulance was summoned, and Burns was taken by It to the Manly Cottage Hospital, where he was admitted for treatment.' SURF RESCUES AT NORTH STEYNE. (1914, March 16). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 1 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229247870


A sample of who was staying there in 1916:
AT THE HOTELS
PALM BEACH HOUSE.
Messrs. W. F. and H. H. Bradshaw (Reuter's Telegraph, England) Mr. and Mrs. Sherbourne Le Souef, Mr. and Mrs. Burrell, Mrs. Hill, Mrs. J. S. Abbott, Miss Macdonald, Miss A. Browne, Miss Lees, Mr. J. Roche, Mr. J. W. Alford, Mr. and Mrs. James D. Oswald and Miss C. O. Oswald, Mr. William King, R.S., Mr. and Mrs. Louis Burnett, Mr. and Mrs. Barten, Mr. and Mrs. W. G. Acocks, Mrs. Arthur Muggridge. Miss Enid Muggridge, Mr. R. S. Walker, Mr. James Paton, Mr. Gordon Parsons, Miss Marjorie Miller, Miss Berthe Kerry, and Miss M. E. Willis. PALM BEACH HOUSE. (1916, December 10). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article121351711 



Department of Lands,
Sydney, 10th June, 1914.
NOTIFICATION OF PROPOSED OPENING OF ROADS.

NOTICE is hereby given that the Minister for Lands deems it expedient that certain roads should be opened, and that it is proposed to resume for the purpose, under the provisions of the Public Roads Act, 1902, the lands hereunder described.

The proposed roads are shown upon plans which can be inspected at this Office, and a copy of the same may be inspected at the respective Offices of the Crown Land Agents for the Land Districts in which the lands are situated.

All persons interested are hereby called upon to set forth in writing and to forward to the Minister, within one month from date of this notice, any objections which may appear to them to exist to the proposal to open the roads referred to.

J. L. TREFLE.

Description of Road to be opened - Road from Pittwater to Palm Beach at Barrenjoey, parish of Narrabeen, county of Cumberland, Warringah Shire.

[Registration No. of Papers—Roads 1912-1,091-11; Catalogue No. of Plan—R. 11,872-1,603.]

Owner. James Napper (grantee); The Barrenjoey Co., Ltd. (owner). Occupier. The Barrenjoey Co., Ltd. Character of Holding. Freehold. Width of Land to be Resumed. 100 links ... Area to be Resumed 1a 2r. 0p. 

Remarks. Part of this proposed resumption (5 perches) is covered by part of private subdivision road in use. NOTIFICATION OF PROPOSED OPENING OF ROADS. (1914, June 10). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 3485. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article226768719 

Description of Road opened :—Road from Pittwater to Palm Beach at Barrenjoey, parish of Narrabeen, county of Cumberland, Warringah Shire.

[Registration No. of Papers—Roads 1912-1,091-19; Catalogue No. of Plan—B. II,872-1,603.J ]

Description of land now returned for the road specified above, and dedicated as a public road.

A proposal to resume the land referred to for the road in question, was published in the Government Gazette of 10th June, 1914, folio 3185. NOTIFICATION, UNDER THE PUBLIC ROADS ACT, 1902, OF RESUMPTION OR WITHDRAWAL AND DEDICATION OF LANDS FOR ROADS. (1915, January 20). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 334. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article227053700 

Warringah Shire Council Minutes of Meetings records: Barrenjoey Company, 2/12/18, forwarding plan of Palm Beach 5th Subdivision for final approval. Resolved that the plan be approved



Barrenjoey - Palm Beach Estate - 5th Subdivision - Ocean Rd Item: c052700018, courtesy State Library of NSW

Land sales through the Barrenjoey Company investors took place at Whale Beach for the next few years, visit: Pittwater Roads II: Where The Streets Have Your Name - Whale Beach

Post World War I: The Boys Come Home

The building of Ocean Road brings in the returning home of the young Australian men who served in World War I as many of these came to the Pittwater area for its peace, open spaces and apparent freedoms. Carl Gow, whose brother and father were light-keepers at Barrenjoey Lighthouse is among these, and his friend Reginald Howlett, WWI Diggers looking for a more peaceful way of being. Reginald Augustus Howlett was educated at Bay View school when that still existed, listed with his brother William as among those who won prizes in 1905, and his father, Henry Neil Howlett (born 1863), was an early member of the newly fledged Pittwater Progress Committee, a forerunner of the Bayview-Church Point Residents Association, alongside Kathrine Roche's husband. 

MUNICIPAL COUNCILS. BAYVIEW, Friday.
A ballot was taken of the electors at Bayview Post-office last Tuesday for the purpose of filling three vacancies in the Pittwater Progress Association. There were six candidates, viz., J. J. Roche, James Booth, Henry Howlett, James Symonds. Leon Houreux and J. W. Austin. The three first named were elected. _ MUNICIPAL COUNCILS. (1902, June 28). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14437679

Henry Howlett had a store at Mona Vale and was clearly keen on cricket - on a then much larger Mona Vale Village Park:  

CRICKET.
Pittwater club.
At the annual general meeting of the Pittwater Cricket Club held at Howlett's store, Mona Vale, the report showed that the club was in a promising condition. There was a credit balance, and new members were coming forward satisfactorily. The following office-bearers were elected for the ensuing year: — Patron, Colonel Ryrle, M.P.;- president, Councillor A. Ralston; captain, Councillor J. F. Duffy; vice-captain, Mr. J. W. Austin; treasurer, Mr. F. Douglas; secretary, Mr. R. Howlettselection and subcommittee, Messrs. C. Price, H. Howlett, and F. Douglas. CRICKET. (1912, September 5). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 5 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article228823584 

Reginald Howlett's uncle, Alfred Howlett, appears in records for Brookvale from at least 1893 and in the earliest 1906 handwritten Warringah Shire Council minutes of meetings as one of the gentlemen working on building roads and the tramway from Manly to Brookvale and then further. He was responsible for finding a metal quarry in the vicinity of Brookvale with which to turn dust to navigable ways. 

The Howlett family also supported and helped build Methodist churches and congregations wherever they were - whether at Camden, where father of Henry and Alfred, William Howlett lived (born 1832 in Parramatta to William 1877-1833 and Lydia - William Howlett being one of 250 convicts transported on the ship Larkins, 24 July 1817) or at Brookvale. 

Reginald was living with this uncle and probably working with him as a clerk prior to enlisting to serve in the A.I.F. in World War One, as his enlistment papers dated July 28th, 1915 state. By February 1916 he was in Tel-El-Kabir and was moved from the 3rd Battalion to the 55th Btn. and then sent into France.

Carl Beeston Gow, whose family were at this time serving as Light-Keepers at Barrenjoey, was also part of the 55th Btn. Carl was 20 years old, Reginald 21 when they signed up. Reginald's records indicate he was frequently ill - sent to hospital in France a few times during 1916 and 1917 - possibly trying to survive the influenza that killed hundreds of thousands during and straight after WWI.

Both young men were lucky, despite illness, and being wounded in Carl's case, they survived and were able to come home. Unfortunately Henry, Reg's father, died a few days after he disembarked on May 25th, 1919 - he was discharged July 18th, 1919, Carl May 22nd. Reginald also lost an uncle and an aunt within months and another aunt, to the same pandemic, 12 months later:

HOWLETT.—June 11, at Manly, Henry Neil, dearly loved husband of Sarah Howlett, of Mona Vale, and dearly loved father of Harold, Reginald, William, and Ivy, aged 56 years. Interred in Church of England Cemetery, Manly, Thursday, June 12. Family Notices (1919, June 13). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15851234 

Edwin Howlett, brother of Mr George Howlett, of Hornseywood, and the late Mrs John Adams (whose death was reported in last issue) died at Camden on the 4th instant from pneumonic influenza. Deceased, who was 63 years of age, had lived in the Camden district all his life. He leaves a wife and a large family. The funeral took place on Saturday, the interment being in the Methodist Cemetery, Camden. About a month ago a brother of deceased,Henry Howlett, died at Manly, at the age of 56 years. He leaves a wife, three sons and one daughter. The cause of death was pneumonia. Obituary (1919, July 12). Nepean Times (Penrith, NSW : 1882 - 1962), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article86191413 

DEATH OF MRS. HOWLETT.
Mrs Mary Ann Howlett, wife of Mr. Robert Howlett, of Epping, and well known in this district, died at her residence, Epping, on Friday of last week, at the age of 59 years. She was the daughter of the late Mr. James Campbell, of Luddenham, at which place she was born. She leaves one brother, Mr. Kenneth Campbell, ex-Mayor of St. Marys and the undermentioned five sons and one daughter. Another son was killed at Gallipoli. Mrs. Howlett was twice married. Her husband is the son of the late Mr. Howlett, of Luddenham, and is a brother of Mr. George Howlett, Alf Howlett (Brookvale), Mr. Jones Howlett and Mr. William Howlett (the latter two in other parts of the State). Two of his brothers died about this time last year from pneumonic influenza, and about the same time he lost a sister-the wife of Ald. J. Adams, of Penrith..
The late Mrs. Howlett had been living at Ryde for about five years...St. Marys (1920, June 26). Nepean Times (Penrith, NSW : 1882 - 1962), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article104927253 

The NSW Public Health Department report that in 1919, almost 40 per cent of Sydney's total population had influenza. In some areas of Sydney, the deaths from influenza accounted for 50 per cent of all deaths and 6000 were lost from influenza across NSW. So much loss on coming home, on top of being witness to so much devastation, can make someone reach out for life with both hands. 

The engagement is announced of Miss Katie Chrystal, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. G Chrystal, Ormiston, Berowra, and Mr. Reginald A. Howlett, late 55th batt., A.I.F., second son of Mrs. Howlett, Mona Vale. The wedding will take place early in March. WOMEN'S NEWS (1920, February 29).Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 3. Retrieved  from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article120515641 

HOWLETT -CHRYSTAL.— A military wedding was celebrated at St. Mark's Church' of England, Berowra, between Miss Katie Chrystal and Pte. Reg. Howlett (late 55th Batt, A.I.F.). The Rev. Wade, of Hornsby, officiated. The bride's gown of ivory pailette was hand embroidered and trimmed with silk Maltese lace and seed pearls. Her veil of tulle was encircled with a wreath of orange blossoms, and she carried a shower bouquet tied with ribbons of the bridegroom's colors. The bridesmaid, Miss Maggie Chrystal, wore a frock of cream crepe de-chine, hand-embroidered, and a cream hat, and carried a bouquet of pink roses tied with the battalion colors. Capt. C. B. Gow, M.C. (late 55th Batt.), was best man. The reception was held at the Berowra Hall, where the bride's mother received about 90 guests. Her gown was of silver-grey taffeta, and was worn with a hat to match. Mrs. Howlett, mother of the bridegroom, wore a black pailette costume and a hat en suite.

PRIVATE REG. HOWLETT AND HIS BRIDE. 
WEDDINGS (1920, April 25). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article120521346 

Another who came with them, or was here prior to that conflict, was Lawrence Gallagher, the proprietor of Florida House. Although Florida House is stated by some sources to have been built early in 1916 when Lawrence Gallagher was actually serving overseas, Mr. Gallagher may have already been working for one of the main builders of premises in this hilly area after the initial 1912 land sales, Albert Verrills. Laurie, sometimes spelt ‘Lawrie’ was employed building roads and structures around Palm Beach. Family records of the Verrills state it was Albert Verrills who helped in the construction of Florida House, one of the first of many homes he built in the area, and Laurie Gallagher, who completed the stone works. Mr. Gallagher is thought to have acquired the land in 1915, just prior to enlistment.

There was also a Florida House at Vaucluse which was utilised by many ‘coming of age’ young gentlemen and ladies and end of school celebrations or for wedding receptions a few decades later.

Lawrence Gallagher was born in Linlithgow Scotland, 1891. He enlisted in the AIF in August 1915, aged 24 years and two months and left Australia on board HMAT A32 Themistocles on 5 October 1915. His occupation is listed as 'stonemason':



He was enlisted in the 5th Pioneer Battalion but served in the 1st Battalion, 11th Reinforcement AIF WWI and was then moved to the 53rd Battalion, an extension of the 1st. Raised in 1916 for service during World War I the battalion served on the Western Front until the end of the war, before being briefly amalgamated with the 55th Battalion and then eventually disbanded in 1919. It is likely that he met Captain Carl Gow while serving in the 55th as both came to live in Palm Beach after WWI. This Battalion fought in some of the worst battles of WWI on the Western Front and suffered heavy casualties. Lawrence 'Laurie' returned to Australia on June 2nd 1919. In 1924 he married Babette Bruggen, the marriage was registered in Warringah. The Bruggen girls had been running boarding houses in Palm Beach for a few years:

Louisa May, whose husband Harold also served in WWI, was at Kookaburra, and along with Babette, who married Lawrence Gallagher in 1924, a Palm Beach SLSC member, ran Florida House, while sister Amy, ran Barrenjoey House at one stage, another building that was erected by the Verrills family.


Enlarged section from EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 12 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162488494 - with Barranjoey House 

Some Notices - from Family listings and Advertising:

PALM BEACH.-Accommodation, 2 minutes surf beach, Golfing, fishing. Mrs. Garner and Miss Bruggen, Kookaburra, Florida-rd (late Sunrise). T., P.B. 31. PALM BEACH,-furnished Cottages to Let and For Sale Gow and Howlett. Store. Phone. 21. Advertising. (1922, March 4). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28086268 

Mrs Louisa May Garner, wife of Mr Harold Garner, of Birchgrove Oval, Balmain, died in a private hospital on Monday, at the age of 55 years. Deceased was one of the Bruggen family, whose home was on the Western Road, St. Marys, east of the town. Mr Harold Garner is a son of the late William and Mary Garner, of St. Marys.  Deceased leaves a daughter (Sheila),a son (William), and two sisters—Mrs. Gallagher (Palm Beach - Florida House) and Miss Amy Bruggen. The funeral took place on Tuesday, when the remains were cremated at the Eastern Suburbs Crematorium. St. Marys. (1942, July 30).Nepean Times (Penrith, NSW : 1882 - 1962), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117890690

GARNER-TER BRUGGEN.-December 21, 1914, at St. Mary Magelalene's, St. Marys, Louisa May, daughter of Mrs. H. Ter Bruggen, and the late Henry Ter, Bruggen, to Harold, third son of William Garner, Esq., The Cedars, St. Marys. Family Notices. (1915, February 13).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15537881

TER BRUGGEN.-In sad and loving remembrance of  my dear husband, Henry Jules Ter Bruggen, and our dear father, who passed peacefully away, aged -49, from this life March 8 1905 Inserted by his affectionate wife and daughters, Amy, Louie, Babette.

Had he asked us, well we know, We should cry, O spare this blow, Yes, with streaming eyes should pray,  Lord, we love him, let him stay.Belgian papers please copy. Family Notices. (1906, March 8). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14757852

Photographs of PBSLSC founding members from 1921-1922, which include Lawrie show a wiry man with a cigarette perpetually in his mouth.

Lawrie is second from right in row of gents kneeling.

Mr Gallagher also built a house at 79 Florida road, "Kookaburra". This was he and his wife’s premises while Florida House in Florida Road was built for accommodating expected summer guests. Next door to them Robert Russell, one of the last Barrenjoey Lighthouse keepers, built a home, shown in some photos dated 1920. Lawrie Gallagher was a permanent resident, one of the men who attended the first meeting of the Palm Beach SLSC founders and among the first Bronze Medallion passes in January 1922.

In 1915 The Barrenjoey Company made a formal application to build a golf links on the Barrenjoey Lighthouse Reserve. The Maritime Services Board, who controlled the land at the time, refused the application because they believed the Barrenjoey Company were trying to use public land for their own benefit.

In 1922 the Maritime Services Board indicated its intention to release that part of the Lighthouse Reserve now occupied by the golf course for public use. In anticipation of this, the Barrenjoey Company advertised its “Golf Links Subdivision” of land south of Beach Road and east of Ocean Road in the same year.

AT PALM BEACH
PROPOSED PARK MINISTER NON-COMMITTAL 

There is a narrow neck of land at Palm Beach, between the road and the ocean, which would make an ideal reserve. The Warringah Shire Council heard that the land is to be offered for sale, and sent a deputation to the Minister for Lands. (Mr. Wearne), who was asked to take steps for the resumption of the land as a public reserve. With the deputation were Messrs. Wenver, Scott Fell, Murphy and Dr. Arthur. M.L.A. Mr. Wearne, In reply, said that, where possible, it was the policy of the Government to extend to the people privileges to enable them to enjoy the pleasures of life, not only In the metropolis and suburbs, but throughout the State. He could not promise the resumption of the area. But he would Inspect it, and see whether it was suitable for the purpose desired. A
T PALM BEACH (1922, April 29). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article118868181



Palm Beach Golf Links Estate Subdivision, 1922. Item: c052700044, courtesy State Library of NSW - Northview road

In 1923 the land was vested in the Lands Department and gazetted for public use in June. Under the authority of the Lands Department and the Local Government Act, 1919, control of the newly-created reserve was undertaken by Warringah Shire Council. That same year the Warringah Shire Council erected a sign banning camping in Barrenjoey Lighthouse Reserve, a decision which the Lands Department reversed.


In 1925 Warringah Council minutes show that it agreed to an application by the Palm Beach Progress Association that “the land now used as a golf links on the Lighthouse Reserve” should in future be known as Governor Phillip Park.

Although records indicate Palm Beach visitors having a bit of a putt in the earliest 1920's, the official permission was granted in 1926:

AT PALM BEACH
LINKS APPROVED OF
The Warringah Shire Council gave approval on Monday night to a formal agreement -drawn up by the Palm Beach Recreation Club for the formation of a golf links on Governor Phillip Park. The agreement provides for the closing of the present road through the park and the construction of a new road in its place. Parking, camping and areas for tennis, bowls, and croquet are included in the specifications, and in order that the club's financial, obligations will be liquidated within a definite period, 10 per cent, of the capital outlay is to be paid into a sinking fund each year. AT PALM BEACH (1926, May 26). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 5 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224212779

This was a few years after the first paddocks were groomed in 1920 by Henry Wilshire for use as a golf range for summer visitors. According to the Certificate of Title, Henry Austin Wilshire, purchased the land opposite "Sunrise Cottage" from the Barrenjoey Land Company in 1913, and built his home, which in 1922 he sold to Lady Maitland, wife of Sir Herbert Lethington Maitland, eminent Sydney surgeon. This property was at 19 Palm Beach Road. 

MR. HENRY AUSTIN WILSHIRE. The death occurred recently of Mr. Henry Austin Wilshire, a well-known city architect, who, amongst other things, was closely associated with Furlough House, Narrabeen, the well-known seaside holiday resort for the wives and children of soldiers, of which he was honorary architect and adviser. He was one of the pioneers of Palm Beach, and was one of the founders of the Australasian Pioneers' Club. The deceased was the youngest son of the late James R. Wilshire, M.L.C., Sydney's second Mayor, whose grandfather (James Wilshire) arrived in Sydney in 1792 as Deputy Commissioner-General [sic: he was deputy commissary from about 1808], and married Esther Pitt, a relative of Admiral Lord Nelson. In the Registrar-General's Department are some quaint references to the grants of land given to James Wilshire, including 570 acres extending from Strathfield to Cook's River, and several acres at Brickfield-hill, Sydney. The deceased leaves a widow and one daughter. MR. HENRY AUSTIN WILSHIRE. (1923, August 23). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16089284

By 1924 things were beginning to be a bit more organised and early in 1925 a meeting was held:

GOLF.
PALM BEACH CLUB. 

A well-attended meeting of the club was held at Palm Beach, when Mr. C. R. Crossman was unanimously elected the first president, Mr. Crossman (who is an old member of, and ex-president of the Cammeray Golf Club) and the late Mr. Henry Wilshire, laid the foundations of the Palm Beach Club, setting out the original course and putting In much labour In clearing and setting up the greens. The links are charmingly situated on Pittwater at sea level, and there is offered to golfers the opportunity of play in pleasant and attractive conditions.

A new course has now been set out, and a general scheme of improvement of the links is projected, which, with the necessary financial support from residents and visitors, it is hoped will be possible of realisation during 1925. The club membership now numbers about fifty, and a substantial increase is expected. GOLF. (1925, January 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16184028

The people behind the Palm Beach Recreation Club 

Palm Beach Recreation Club, Limited, capital £3000, divided Into 600 shares of £5 each. First directors, C. R. Crossman, E. R. Moser,H. L. Tress, A. A. Oxlade, S H. Hammond, S.B. Hooper, and A. C. F. Webb. COMPANY NEWS. (1926, August 23). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 13. Retrieved August 8, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16329572

Originally there was no fence between the park and the course. In 1932 the course was fenced with a low painted rail fence and white painted stones marked the tees.  


These chic ladies, circa 1930 on the PB Course, all have the same nose; sisters(?). From  Sam Hood 'Home and Away' series Image No:  02970r, circa 1930's Courtesy State Library of NSW.

Palm Beach Again 

PALM BEACH is setting new fashions in all directions, and the vogue is not confined to bathing togs alone. Sydney shrugged its shoulders when it learnt that society danced in. shorts during the season, and now comes word that the "gay young things" are sporting diminutive trousers on the golf links, in place of the usual very smart sports suit. Last week some very "fetching" ones made their appearance on this exclusive sports ground, and the fair wearers could not have been unconscious of the effect, when, in between dips they strolled to the links and played a round or two.  Fancy! (1930, March 10). Daily Pictorial (Sydney, NSW : 1930 - 1931), p. 19. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article246125223



Same home in background. Hood Image 02978r courtesy State Library of NSW.  


Part of the same series; Left to right. John (Jack) Ralston PBSLSC  with Alrema Samuels (nee Becke) on right circa 1934-36 with 9 foot surfboard. Image No.: hood_02985

As with all things Pittwater during her agricultural eras, cows used to roam over those fair grasses. Residents clearly recall the dairy cows that used to provide milk for their families from the 1920’s and through the 1930’s. Not without complaint from visitors however;

CLUB NOTES. DANGER OF WANDERING STOCK. Straying cattle have become a nuisance and a danger at several resorts which are popular with motorists says the RACA notably at Palm Beach, where wandering beasts upset the hampers of picnic parties, and crane their heads into cars in search of food. In addition, the presence of such animals on the adjacent roads is also troublesome and dangerous at night. The R.A.C.A. urges that steps should be taken to compel owners of such stock to keep them off the roads and away from picnic and camping areas. CLUB NOTES. (1933, January 26). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16948342

Gonsalves family home in Waratah Street, Palm Beach. From Verrills family album, courtesy Peter Verrills.


Visit: Palm Beach Golf Course: Some History. This Article from 1923 'Lazy Sunlit Days at Palm Beach' encapsulates building homes amid the bush and shows some of the homes there by then:

LAZY SUNLIT DAYS AT PALM BEACH 
Residents of and visitors to Palm Beach throw a challenge in the face of the world—it has no equal, go where you will. 
On this page to-day the Sunday times photographer shows the magnificent surf inviting all and sundry to test its pleasures, and adds, for full measure, some of the charming homes that fortunate Sydneysiders have built for the Summer months.

These Palm Beach cottages have been carefully planned to blend with the wooded landscape, and visitors come on them unexpectedly nestling against the hillside. Through the years Palm Beach will probably become settled and sophisticated: to-day it is a paradise for the leisured. What other beach can boast such a glistening white curve of sand, such safe waters for surfing ? 

The hill which slopes so abruptly down to the shore shelters the little township from the hot winds of Summer. 
The mundane wants of the dwellers in this lotus land are catered for by a launch service from Newport; several trips are made daily to the little wharf which juts out into the blue waters of Pittwater. 
Does any other seaside resort desire to take up the challenge?







LAZY SUNLIT DAYS AT PALM BEACH (1923, January 7). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article120544978 


Section from Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 7, nla.obj-162484891, PIC P865 Enemark collection of panoramic photographs [picture] courtesy of the National Library of Australia - shows one of the original dressing sheds, erected in 1921 by the then named Palm Beach Progress Association

Warringah Shire Council's Minutes from Meetings records, from the Meeting of 19th September, 1921:

Palm Beach 26. The Palm Beach Progress Association's letter, 2/9/21, urging erection of dressing sheds at Palm Beach, and offering to arrange for cost of erection, if Council provide the material, was read in conjunction with the report. Resolved. - (Crc. Hitchcock, quirk) That the proposal be approved, 45 to be voted for the supply of the necessary material, - the (Vote) sheds to be in accordance with the plan submitted by Mr. Kerr, and to be completed to the Council' s satisfaction.
Church Point 2. Resolved, - (Crs. quirk, Hewitt) That in regard to Baths. the petition for the construction of swimming baths at Church Point' the Acting Engineer interview some of the petitioners, and ascertain the size and locality desired. 

Readers may recall snippets from Pittwater Summer Houses: A Tent At Palm Beach's Governor Phillip Park 'Neath Barrenjoey articles from the papers of the time where inappropriate behaviour is referred to through the lack of toilets or dressing sheds - scandalous then, and now.

Even with these installed their cleaning and upkeep, or lack of it until the Gonsalves family took this over on contract from council, as they would later do in the Lighthouse Reserve as well, drew attention:

PALM BEACH.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD.
Sir,-Your article in to-day's paper on the state of the roads, impels me to draw attention to the frightful state of the roads along the coast to Barrenjoey. It is nothing less than a nightmare to drive over them, knowing that each of the Innumerable bumps is injuring one’s car or other vehicle. 

A much more serious matter, however, is the sanitary condition of the beaches. At Palm Beach, on the ocean side, are two so-called dressing sheds. The one for women has no sanitary convenience at all; the one for men has one pan, but the place Is in such an appalling condition of filth that no one would venture to use It. Several people were camped there during the holidays, and hundreds visited the place. I leave you to Imagine the state of the surrounding bush, and the great risk of typhoid involved. The Local Government Department, or the Board of Health, if they want to do something useful, should Insist on proper sanitary conveniences being erected, and the shire council should be compelled to provide a ranger at any rate at holiday times, to see that ordinary rules of sanitation are I observed.
I am, etc., '
Jan, 2. VISITOR. PALM BEACH. (1924, January 3). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16124903 

Later on that same year Warringah Shire Council's Minutes of Meetings records not only a urinal but the continuation of Ocean road to the south end is in the offing. One of the great aspects of this council during these 1920's booms of selling lands and constructing roads was a focus on ensuring green reserves were set aside for then and into the future. The Barrenjoey Land Company, alike all other subdividers, were required to dedicate parcels of lands and reserves fronting the ocean to council as part of getting any plans passed, plans that had to show those roads. 

Minutes of Meetings records: 

July 31st, 1922

32. Barrenjoey Co 7/7/22, complaining of the unsanitary and filthy condition of the-public dressing sheds at Palm Beach Decided that Cr, Hitchcock should endeavor to secure a man to carry out sanitary attendance at the shed weekly. 

Reserves. 8, Barrenioey Co.; 9/11/23, requesting Council to accept dedication of continuation of Ocean Road, Palm Beach, to the south Resolved, - (Crs, Hewift, Campbell) That the Council to adhere to its original decision, and agree to accept dedication of the land as a public reserve only.

10, J. T. Ralston & Son. 19/11/23, submitting, for acceptance Palm Beach to the Council, Memorandum of Transfer of Lot 92, 2nd. Subdivision Reserves. Palm  Beach  Estate : Resolved, - (Crs. Hewitt, Hitchcock) That the Council accept the transfer and affix its seal to the document. 

Palm Beach Surf Life Saving Club 20/10/24, requesting that the road along the beach frontage continued to the southern corner of the beach  Resolved, — (Crs. Hitchcock, Hewitt) That repairs to the rock-bath be effected without delay and a urinal be constructed in the men's dressing shed, as requested. . K 11, Palm Beach Lands Ltd. 24/10/24, requesting that Ocean Road be continued from Mr. Wolstenholme's frontage to the surf sheds, and 12.R. T. McKay, 20/10/24,making similar request : Resolved, (Crs. ??? and Corkery) That the Engineer furnish a report on what is required.

22 C.P. Curlewis. 9/9/24, intimating that if allowed to obtain soil from the sides of roads at Palm Beach, as previously requested; it will not be used as evidence in reggard and to the dispute regarding course of the creek ; -Resolved, -:-(Crs- Ellsworth, Hewitt) He be informed the Council prefers to defer consideration of the request- until the matter of the creek course is finalised. 

CORRESPONDENCE was read and dealt with as follows — Local Government Department, 21/10/24, intimating that Council’s application for Barrenjoey Road to be proclaimed and Main Road, has been listed for submission to the Main Roads Board, when constituted : Received.

Thos. Peters. 27/10/24.: suggesting methods of improving Ocean Road, Palm Beach, offering to and discuss with the Shire Engineer, and also requesting that swamp land lying near his place be filled in, 10 Newport Surf Life Saving Club. 27/10/24; stating intention to form a ladies surf club at Newport Beach. Received 

12th January 1925. Resolved, - (Cre. }htcne ') That at be left Riding with the works Committee suitable site for a sanitary depot for A. Bar 'The necessary service machinery for the establishment of a sanitary service for Newport be put an motion as possible. Resolved, - (Ors. :hat the Council evrport Re acquisition make steps to acquire, two or three lots extending from Newport, to Pittwater Bay, between Barrett's Store Gladstone Street. (a) The other matters which the President desired noted /,1)0 do for attention by the Council were :— The further acquisition of land fronting the ocean beach; the acquisition. of' Rock Bath sufficient beach frontage to give access to the site of the proposed new rock bath; and the. proposal to sell Trafalgar Park, and apply the proceeds to the purchase of land nore Park. suitable for recreation purposes. (e) Resolved, - (Crs.. Hewitt, Hitchcock) That the request. 'of the Palm Beach Golf club, 10/1/25, to clear an area of land 275 yards by 100 feet of Palm Beach Park adjoining the Golf Links be granted. - The Shire Clerks Report was read and dealt with as follows. Resolved, - (Crs,-Mcicillop, Corkery) That the application (Resumptions) for the Governor's aprovd. to a loan of 9,000 for the.; oan turpoce of acquiring lands at Collaroy Beach, in accordance with the proposal advertised in the Government Gazette of 28/11/24, be approved, and the Council's seal be affixed thereto. Main Road S2. . Resolved, - .(çre. parr Hewitt) That the Council enter an emphatic protest against the Government's omission to make more adequate provision for Main Road  and for the coming endowment. year, and also against the unwarranted cutting down of the Government endowment to this Shire. Resolved, - (Ore. HoKillop, Hewitt) That it.be left with the President to arrange a deputation to the Main Roads Board, when constituted, to see that the main roads of this Shire receive proper consideration.

As can be seen from the above subdivision plan for the Golf Links Subdivision the 'Ocean Road' right to the Lighthouse Reserve is 'built'. 

The Ocean Road Of Palm Beach

The use of the EB Enemark panoramas, where it can be shown buildings on the landscape appear, combined with a research of Warringah Shire Council Minutes of Meetings, illustrate at least two lots of photographs being taken by John Henry Smedmore Enemark during the period of 1915 to 1922.  In the earlier ones the first Dressing Sheds, organised through the work of the Palm Beach Progress Association and erected in 1921, are not visible - at Thomas Peters land holdings, he had four blocks and built, commencing in 1920, the holiday home 'Powhokohat', Australia's first reinforced concrete home - in the earlier versions tents are seen where that clubhouse of Palm Beach SLSC still stands.

From Warringah Shire Councils' Minute of Meetings of June 14th, 1920

27. Barrenjoey Co , 31/5/20, intimating that the Company does not desire a local rate levied at Palm Beach ; Received, 28. Barrenjoey Co. , 31/5/20 asking that steps be taken to prevent the removal of sand from Beach Road,  Palm Beach. Resolved - (Crs. Quirk and Lodge) That Mr. Peters be informed of the Company's report, and that he be notified to desist. 29. Barrenjoey Co., 31/5/20, drawing attention to washaway on Florida Road ; Referred to Engineer.


Enlarged section from EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 2 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162481294 - includes sections showing Peters home with tents still in it and Chorleys holiday home already built.


Enlarged section from EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales7 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162484891 - from Rock Bath Road, Pool end – shows Horderns, Ralston, Chorleys, Wolstenholme and Peters place are all present and finished, dressing sheds (uninstalled 1921) are visible  – as well as first Palm Beach SLSC Shed next to Horderns - the pool looks unfinished, thus Mr. Hordern's campaign mid 1920's to get it 'complete by Christmas time' per Warringah Shire Council Minutes of Meetings records - so is at least 1921, probably 1924-25 and must be part of those taken in and during second visit to photograph these sections. Signature/logo in lower right hand 'E B Studios 278 George Street, Sydney' was final address prior to J. Enemark closing the business down

Mr. Peters was building the Burrinjuck Dam  at that time and local lore has it that much of the concrete was diverted from the build to Palm Beach.

Burrinuck is a heritage-listed major gated concrete-walled gravity dam hydro-electric dam at Burrinjuck, Yass Valley Shire, New South Wales. It has three spillways across the Murrumbidgee River located in the South West Slopes region of New South Wales, Australia. The dam's purpose includes flood mitigation, hydro-power, irrigation, water supply and conservation. The impounded reservoir is called Lake Burrinjuck. It was designed by L.A.B. Wade (of the New South Wales Public Works Department) and built from 1907 to 1927 by Lane & Peters, Sydney. It is also known as Barren Jack Dam and Barrenjack. 

Mr. Peters bought 4 blocks of land in the initial 1912 sale and his family became an integral part of the local community and surf club.

COVETED SURF AWARD
Saved Girl From Shark Palm Beach Presentation

At a gathering of residents and members of the Palm Beach Surf Life Saving Club on Sunday, including Mr. A. G. Parr, president of the Warringah Shire Council, and the leading officials of the Surf Life Saving Association of Australia, Mr. C. D. Pater-son, president of the S.L.S. Association, presented Mr. Austen Dellit, a member of the Palm Beach Club with the first Bronze Meritorious Award of Merit awarded for conspicuous acts of bravery In the surf. Mr. Dellit, it was stated, had shown extraordinary bravery by jumping between an onrushing shark and a girl aged 13 In the surf at Palm Beach on January 16. Mr. Paterson pointed out in presenting the medallion that the award was the only all-Australian award Issued for acts of bravery, and he congratulated Mr. Dellit on being placed by his act in the same category as the two famous Chalmers brothers. Mr. Dellit was also presented with a cheque for £76 10s from the residents and members of the Palm Beach Club. At the same function Mr. Thomas Peters was presented with a silver model of the club's surf boat, and a framed photo of the club's march-past team, in recognition of the valuable assistance rendered the club in his position as president. COVETED SURF AWARD (1924, June 3). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 14 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223401139 

AT PALM BEACH.

Surf carnivals have been going strong. All the life-saving clubs and surf clubs at the beaches have been represented at these gatherings which are wet in the beat sense of that term. Palm Beach is now at the top of Its form, alt the pretty cottages and villas perched so picturesquely on cliffs and amid palm groves, being occupied by their owners. who include many of our leading lawyers and medical men, who may be met in the entertaining large house parties. Blaxland. Mr. A. J. Hordern, Mr. Peters (the dam-builder), and Mr. Percy Hunter are among the residents at Palm Beach. AT PALM BEACH. (1927, January 10). Leader (Orange, NSW : 1899 - 1945), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article255479211 

Prior to his death a conversation had taken place about Palm Beach SLSC acquiring the property on his demise. When he passed away the home was put up for sale for thousands more than the surf club could afford. Fortunately no one else could afford it either. The Peters home and current heritage-listed clubhouse, Powhokohat, was purchased in 1954 for £16,000 to become the Palm Beach SLSC’s clubhouse, where members who do not reside in Palm Beach (during the early years younger members were students at schools like Shore, or lived at Mosman) stay during their patrols over Summer. One of the sale adverts from 1951: 

Under Instructions From the Administrator.
ESTATE LATE THOMAS PETERS.
Of interest to investors, scholastic institutions, commercial houses for recreational purposes, residential flat developers, sporting and residential clubs
PALM BEACH-PALM BEACH
VACANT POSSESSION ;
That Prominent and Well-known Palatial Concrete Residence "POWHOKOHAT," OCEAN ROAD (adjoining The Pacific Club and fronting the beach)
ACCOMMODATION GROUND FLOOR Front verandah approx 50ft x 10ft 6in Smoke room Billiard -room-SOUTH SIDE Living room bedroom kitchen two shower rooms separate lavatory verandah (the above accommodation suitable conversion one s c flat unit) NORTH SIDE Verandah approx 48ft x 10ft 11in Six shower rooms storage room drying room sufficient area two flats units)
FIRST FLOOR Main residential section approached by exterior concrete stairway-Open verandah about 50ft x lill lounge (stone fireplace) 20 x l8 dining-room 20 x 13 smoke room kitchen servery (cup-boards) enclosed verandah 36 x 12 seven bedrooms (all of which have built In cupboards) TWO bathrooms three separate lavatories and wash rooms (3 basins) maid s bedroom and bathroom
DETACHED (a) Concrete building-fibro root concrete door containing two car garage bedroom lavatory-storage room and concrete water tank (b) Storeroom fibro walls and roof concrete floor attached concrete storage room fibro roof
SEPTIC TANK COKE HOT WATER SERVICE GROUNDS laid out In perfect lawns-concrete paths and drive
THE RESIDENCE Is erected about 80ft back from the street alignment and this area is available for further development
LAND 122ft x 201ft 7fn and 20Oft with rear 147ft 5ln
TORRENS TITLE
If desired an amount up to 50 p c of the purchase money can remain on first mortgage for five years
INSPECTION BY APPOINTMENT THROUGH AUCTIONEER
Solicitors to the Estate MESSRS NORMAN C OAKES &. SAGAR. Advertising (1951, November 3). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 29. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18237552 


The third difference is the building of what today is called 'Ocean Road' along the beachfront at Palm Beach was just 'proposed' in the above December 1912 lithographs and subsequent subdivisions. As can be seen in these photos, and via the Enemark panoramas, what we today and then was called 'Black Rock' is there, and later, the accommodation house established along the beachfront by James Brown Craig, the middle brother of the Brown-Craig family, had title to three blocks on Ocean road by 1921. Here a house named Tigh-Na-Mara (Scottish Gaelic 'the house of the sea') was built next door to The Palladium but no longer exists - a victim of fire (a property given the same name was rebuilt on the same site and recently sold in 2016) - but there is no Ocean Road. 

The boom in post war little bus services to Newport and beyond, and then out to Palm Beach, meant better roads right to the end of their destination were called for, as much as bus problems needing to be sorted out. With surf life savers installed thousands were heading to Palm Beach of a weekend, to camp, for a day excursion, to bathe in the weaters - from a January 27th, 1926 newspaper article:



Palm Beach circa 1916-1918 - Sunrise road can be seen going up and over the hill


Palm Beach circa 1917-1920 - Tigh-Na-Mara present.


Section from EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). circa 1917, Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 14, PIC P865/6/1 LOC Nitrate store,  (zoomable at http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162567120 ) – courtesy National Library of Australia 


Enlarged section from EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 3 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162481896 - has 'No 1a Palm Beach - Looking North' in left hand lower corner.


Enlarged section from EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales2 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162481294 Has 'No 2 Palm Beach' written in lower left hand corner- includes sections showing Peters home with tents still in it and Chorley home with car outside, cows, etc - so photo taken pre-1920.. Black Rock section. Photos taken from south end, what would become Rock Bath Road and Pool


Enlarged section from EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 10 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162487058 - second visit/round of images taken (circa 1921-1924)- last address for business in lower right hand side.


Palm Beach circa 1918-1924 - NB: Northview Road

Lawrie Gallagher was also a great builder of roads and it is he who succeeds in winning the tender from Warringah Shire Council of then for extending Ocean Road from its end at the oceanside end of Palm Beach Road. The then named Palm Beach Progress association were the instigators of these works. From Warringah Shire Council Minutes of Meetings:

9th of February, 1925

Resolved, - 9(Crs. Hewitt, Hitchcock) That the construction of Ocean Road, Palm Beach, from its junction with Palm Beach Road, southward, in accordance with the (Vote) Engineer's report, at an estimated cost of £678 be carried out. Resolved, - (Crc. Hitchcock, Atkins) That prices for the work be obtained by tender and compared with the Engineer's Estimate. 

Going north: 

61. Palm Beach Progress Asst. 2/1/1926. setting out the matters which the Association desires the Council to give attention to Resolved, - (Crs. Hitchcock. Simpson) That a "Caution - Drive Slowly" SIGN that the requested notice be erected on Ocean Road; for the extension of Ocean Road northward to Phillip Park be referred to A. Riding representatives for their consideration, and that the Association be informed of the of Council's intentions regarding the other matters.

5th of July, 1926: Ocean Road Tenders

10. Resolved, - (Crs. Hitchcock, Hope) That tenders be called, for the construction of Ocean Road from the intersection of  Palm Beach Road northward, in accordance with the Engineer's Report.

46. E. Kenny 28.6.26. submitting, on behalf of Palm Beach  Lands, Ltd. plan of subdivision of about 2 acres of land, between Nos 2 and 3 Subdivisions of Forssberg Estate' (Dealt with in Engineer's report)

July 19th, 1926:

E. Kenny 14.7.26. submitting D.P. of 10th Subdivision of Palm Beach Estate : Referred to the Engineer.

Two tenders were received for the construction of Ocean Road, Palm Beach, and it was resolved, - (Crs. Simpson,. Hitchcock) That the lowest tender, that of L. Gallagher for £399/10/.., be accepted, and the Contractor be notified not to touch the big boulders on the beach, and that this be made a part of the Contract.

The works had been completed by later that year as the Minutes of Meetings record:

17, Palm Beach Recreation Club. Ltd. 22.11.26. advising that the Club has appointed Mr. Harriman as Caretaker of the Park; Governor requesting(1) that two signposts indicating the camping areas Phillip be erected, another at the end of the road indicating - "To Park. Ocean Road and Surf", a double one at the junction of New Road, indicating ‘’To Barrenjoey" and to "Ocean Beach and Surf", and (2) that the fees collected from campers be applied towards paying the wages of the caretaker. Resolved, - (Oms. Hope, Hitchcock) That the signs be erected, as requested. Resolved,. (Crs. Hitchcock, Hope) That Caretaker Harriman be given authority to collect camping fees, the fees to be applied towards the payment of his wages. He also be appointed as Honorary Ranger of the Park, - the appointment to be under seal of the Council. 

6th of December, 1926:
6-. Resolved, - (Crs. Simpson, Hitchcock) That £20 extra be voted for making trafficable that portion of Ocean Road  (Vote) outside of Gallagher's Contract.


It is likely that this work helped to pay for the building of Florida House, although one person perhaps employed in the Ocean Road works has clearly taken off with more than their wages:  

Manly.—A warrant has been issued by the Manly Bench for the arrest of DAVID PIGGOTT, charged with stealing the sum of £40, the property of Lawrence Gallagher, at Palm Beach, on the 27th ultimo. -Offender is 40 years of age, 5 feet 9 inches high, stout build, fair complexion and hair, blue eyes, clean shaved; dressed in a dark suit, and a grey felt hat; walks with a slight limp; a labourer. Complainant, Lawrence Gallagher, Palm Beach.  Offences not otherwise Described. (1927, September 21). New South Wales Police Gazette and Weekly Record of Crime (Sydney : 1860 - 1930), p. 540. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article252093936 

This landmark was important for at least one other reason by 1926 - it was the site off which another WWI Veteran lost his life while trying to save another. Lieutenant Colonel Douglas Marks DSO, MC, one of the youngest commanders in the Australian forces during World War I, lost his life in 1920 in the waters out from Black Rock and for whom the Palm Beach Pavillion has recently been renamed. His and the lady who also lost her life that day, were among a handful of people, other WWI veterans among them, who had lost their lives in the 'safe waters' of Palm Beach, but his loss is was the final straw for the local community and those who frequented the beach and lead to the formation and commencement of the Palm Beach SLSC the following year - 1921. 

Black Rock has also featured in some quite famous photographs of the Russian Ballet dancers who would tour Australia in the 1930's. Anyone who knows Palm Beach will recognise these on the verge of the sand boulders:


Photo: Dancers from the Monte Carlo Russian Ballet with two Australian friends at Bungan (Palm Beach) Beach, NSW, nla.obj-149943380-1 courtesy National Library of Australia - This is actually Palm Beach - Ailsa is the lady sitting on the bench with her back to camera


Top: Dancers from the Monte Carlo Russian Ballet with two Australian friends at Bungan Beach (actually Palm Beach), NSW, left to right, Jean (Jan) Hoyer, Anna Skarpa (crouching), Nathalie Branitzka, unidentified dancer, the two friends (with hat; Ailsa Allan - nee Craig), and Igor Youskevitch, 1936 or 1937] - Part of Dr Ewan Murray-Will's album of photographs of performers from the Ballets Russes, on tour in Australia, 1936-1937 nla.obj-149943187-1 Courtesy National Library of Australia.

This picnic hosted by Ailsa Allan was not the first time the dancers had been hosted at Palm Beach:

PICNIC AT PALM BEACH.
Melbourne Visitors as Hosts.
Several members of the Russian Ballet company picnicked at Palm Beach yesterday. The party was arranged by Dr. and Mrs. Ringland Anderson, of Melbourne, ballet enthusiasts, who came to Sydney to attend the opening of the ballet season here, and Dr. and Mrs. James Flynn, of Darling Point.

The guests were distributed in a number of cars and driven to Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Peters's house at the beachside, where they lunched alfresco on the lawn, and afterwards surfed. Later a group of them-Misses Tamara Grigorleva, Anna Volkova, Kyra Abrokossova, and Tamara Tchinarova-went for a horse-back ride about the Narrabeen Lakes country. Other ballet guests were Misses Sono Osato, Maria Sanina, Helen Wolskn, Galina Razoumova, Raya Kouznetsova, and Messrs. Laurent Andahazy, Alberto Alonzo, Roman Jasinsky, Edouard Dzlkovsky, Boris Belsky, Serge Ismailoff, and Edouard Sobichevsky. Also present were Mr. and Mrs. Tom Peters, Mr. and Mrs. William See Peters, Mr. and Mrs. Vincent John Flynn, M. and Mme. Pierre Remond, Mrs. W. Adams, Mrs. F. Playoust, and Misses Dorothy Porter and Kathleen Cobcroft. PICNIC AT PALM BEACH. (1938, November 28). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27976747 

On The Sandy Point Snapperman Beach side

Meanwhile, on the Pittwater estuary side of Palm Beach The Fossberg Estate, inheritors of lands bought by their father, were not as inclined as the Barrenjoey Company land holders to invest sections of lands in council to allow permanent access to the foreshores with the result of an appeal being heard. Charles John Edward Forssberg purchased over 30 acres of the original Napier Grant fronting Pittwater from the then Wentworth Estate on the 23rd of August 1900. His wife, Catherine, had spent much time on the Hawkesbury and would have known of the beauty of this place. 


Pittwater side of Palm Beach showing what would become Snapperman, Sand Point and recently named Pittwater Park - Album 52: Photographs of the Allen family, November 1909 - Digital Order Numbers: a1373025h and a1373021h courtesy Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales.



When he passed away in 1921 his daughters, sons and wife wished to subdivide and sell off this area around Sand Point and including Snapperman and prepared plans in 1922.

DEATH OF MR. C. J. E. FORSSBERG
Mr Charles John Edward Forssberg died at his residence, Stancombe, Addison road Manly on Wednesday after a brief illness.
Mr Forssberg was, born in Sydney and was 65 years of age. For 32 years he carried on a successful business in William Street as a house furnisher. He was well known as a bowler having won the City Bowling Clubs Championship on one occasion He was also a good billiard player, having won Tattersall's Club billiard tournament and was for many years an active member of the Windsor Rifle Club of which he was captain. He was at one time Mayor of Watsons Bay. He is survived by a widow, six daughters and three sons.The funeral took place yesterday at Waverley Cemetery. DEATH OF MR. C. J. E. FORSSBERG (1921, July 29). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15933256

LATE MR. FORSSBERG'S WILL. 
LEAVES £44,303. 

Probate has been granted of the will of Mr. Charles John Edward Forssberg, of 'Stancombe,' Addison-road, Manly, furniture warehouseman, who died on July 25 last. The estate was valued at £44,303, of which £26,640 was comprised in realty. The date of the will was October 29. 1918.
Mr. Forssberg appointed his wife, Catherine Forssborg, and his daughters, Christina Elizabeth Forssberg, and Valetta Forssberg,the executrices and trustees of the will. Among the legacies were the following:. To his sister, Edith Florence Alberta Tait, of Melbourne, £250; to his brother, Ernest ' Albert Edward Forssberg, of North Sydnev £250. To his step-sister, Alline Christina Campbell Kennedy, of Allora, Queensland, £100; the property known as 'Stancombe,' Addison-road, Manly, and also the property near' Mulgrave railway station, used by testator as a country residence, to his widow. He directed that out of the income from the estate £600 a year should be paid to his widow, the residue of the estate to be divided among his children. LATE MR. FORSSBERG'S WILL. | (1921, October 7). Windsor and Richmond Gazette (NSW : 1888 - 1961), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article85877232


Forssberg's Palm Beach Estate (no 1) - Palm Beach Rd, Barrenjoey Rd, 1922, Item c052700004, courtesy State Library of NSW

Forssberg's Estate at Palm Beach is another Important offering. It will be sold in separate allotments, and the land has absolute frontages to Palm Beach. The Idea of selling In the rooms Is to save buyers the Journey to the land. INDOOR AUCTIONS (1922, November 24). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224161692


Enlarged section from EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales12 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162488494 - end of Sunrise view with Barranjoey House tucked into – and shows Fossberg lands – view towards Sand Point, Taylors Point (Careel Bay) in background and Snapperman beach end

Meanwhile, in court:

A PITTWATER SUBDIVISION
This was an appeal under section 341 of the Local Government Act, on behalf of Catherine Forssberg, Christina Elizabeth Forssberg, and Valetta Forssberg, executrices and trustees of the estate of Charles John Edward Forssberg, of Stancombe, Addison-road, Manly, against the decision and disapproval of the Warringah Shire Council, of a plan and design submitted by the appellants of a subdivision of three allotments of the Bassett Darley Estate, the lands having a frontage of about three-quarters of a mile to the foreshores of Pittwater Bay.

The respondent council disapproved of the plan on the grounds that it was not In accordance with ordinance 32 of the Local Government Act, of 1919, and that in Its opinion the amount of public, garden, and recreation space proposed to be provided by the subdivision was insufficient. The council also asked that there should be a 30ft reservation above high water mark along the fore-shores, and that the means of access from the. rear allotments in the subdivision to the foreshores should be 66ft wide in every instance, instead of 20ft, as provided in the plan for certain of the passages. Mr. Monahan (instructed by Mr. G. S. MacKellar) appeared for the appellants; and Mr. Halse Rogers (Instructed by Messrs. J. W. Maund and Christie) for the respondent council.
The matter is part heard  DISTRICT COURT. (1922, October 17). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28080178 

A PITTWATER SUBDIVISION.
Hearing was concluded of the appeal under section 3.1 of the Local Government Act, on behalf of Catherine Forssberg, Christina Elizabeth Forssberg, and Valetta Forssberg, executrices and trustees of the estate of Charles John Edward Forssberg, of Stancombe, Addison-road, Manly, against the decision and disapproval of the Warringah Shira Council, of apian and design submitted by the appellant» of n subdivision of three allotments of the Bassett Darley Estate, the lands having a frontage of about threequarters of a mile to the foreshores of Pittwater Bay. The respondent council disapproved of the plan on the grounds that It was not in accordance with ordinance 32 of the Local Government Act, 1919, and that in its opinion the amount of public, garden, and re-creation space proposed to be provided by the subdivision was Insufficient. The council also asked that there should be a 30ft reservation above high water mark along the fore-shores, and that the menus of access from the rear allotments in the subdivision to the foreshores should be G.ft wide in every instance, instead of 20ft, as provided In the plan for certain of the passages. Mr. Monnnun (Instructed by Mr. G. S. MacKellar) appeared for the appellants; and Mr. Halse Rogers (Instructed by Messrs. J. W. Mund and Christie) for the respondent council.

When the matter was last before the Court, his Honor suggested that, taking into consideration the area and situation generally of the land it was proposed to subdivide, a water frontage of 800ft above high water mark, with a depth of 30ft divided into two' portions, should be allowed by the appellants, or if divided into three portions, a frontage of 900ft, as provision for purchasers of the back portion of. the subdivision for access to the waterside, and as some provision for portions of the frontage to Pittwater Bay for public recreation. The matter was then allowed to stand over to allow the appellants to consider his suggestion.
His Honor was now informed that the appellant trustees had come to the conclusion that the suggestion, if carried out, would not be advantageous to the estate, and that-they preferred to adhere to the original plan of subdivision. He said he thought a plan embodying the suggestion made by him with regard to water frontage reservations, and a provision that the means of access to such water frontages should be 60ft wide, should be submitted to the Court, and If such a plan were submitted he would approve of it. No order was made as to costs. DISTRICT COURT. (1922, November 2). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16035268 


Forssbergs Estate - Palm Beach - Barrenjoey Rd, Iluka Rd, 1925. Item: c052700016, courtesy State Library of NSW


DISTRICT COURT.
(Before Judge Curlewis.)
A PALM BEACH SUBDIVISION.
Forssberg and another v the Council of the Shire of Warringah.
This was an appeal under Section 341 of the Local Government Act, 1919, by Christina Elizabeth Forssberg, of Stancombe, Addison road, Manly, spinster, and Valetta Eccles, wife of Herbert Eccles, of Lauderville-avenue, Manly, sharebroker (the surviving executrices and trustees of the will of Charles John Edward Forssberg, deceased) against the decision and disapproval of the Council of the Shire of Warringah on the application of the plaintiffs for the approval of the council to the plan and design of a subdivision of a parcel of land comprising lots 20 to 25 Inclusive, of the Bassett Darley Estate. Pitt-water. Appellants submitted for the council's approval a plan of subdivision of a large block of land at Palm Beach, showing a road-Iulka-road-running through it. The subdivision was bisected by another block known as the Barrenjoey Estate. 

The council in November last notified appellants by letter that the plan of subdivision had been approved, and certain work was carried out, but it subsequently refused to note the approval and place its seal on the plans unless the appellants agreed to so construct Iluka-road to the boundaries of the Barrenjoey Estate that 'a Continuous thoroughfare could be made when that estate came to be subdivided. 

His Honor held that he had no jurisdiction in respect of the appeal. The position seemed to him that the council had given a decision in favour of the appellants, and yet they were appealing against it. He thought they had mistaken their remedy, and should have applied for a mandamus. Mr. Miles and Mr. Leaver (instructed by Mr. C. S. McKellar) appeared for the appellants; and Mr. Henry (Instructed by Messrs. J. W. Maund and Kelynack) for the respondent council. DISTRICT COURT. (1926, December 1). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16336851

In 1926 Mrs. Forssberg passed away. In 1927, when the Forssberg No.3 Subdivision went to council a further 30ft was negotiated, for which the council also paid. These items indicate the owners did not do too badly out of their sales:

two lots in Forsberg's estate, No. 3, at Palm Beach, £380; REAL ESTATE. (1927, December 24). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16429239 

Messrs. Raine and Horne At auction on the ground last Saturday this firm, In conjunction with Robey, Hanson, and Strong, Ltd., of Manly, submitted Forssberg's Estate No. 3. Palm Bench. A number of allotments were disposed of at prices ranging from £4 to £10 per foot. The sales totalled £8924. A representative of the firm will be on the estate from 2 pm. to-day for the convenience of Intending purchasers. During the week Messrs. Raine and Horne sold buy private treaty the following:
Palm Beach. Foresberg's Estate, two lots, £438.  REAL ESTATE. (1927, December 10). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16425455 

LAW REPORT.
FULL COURT.
(Before Mr. Justice Ferguson, Mr. Justice Campbell, and Mr. Justice Davidson.)
FORSSBERG TRUSTEES v WARRINGAH SHIRE COUNCIL.
Argument was concluded, on a motion by tbe trustees of the estate of the late Charles John Edward Forssberg to have made absolute a rule nisi for mandamus calling upon the Council of the Shire of Warlngah to formally approve of certain deposited land subdivlsional plans.
The Court reserved Judgment. LAW REPORT. FULL COURT. (1927, March 15). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16361234



Palm Beach - Forssberg Estate - No. 3 Subdivision, December 1927 - Barranjoey Road (spelt original way) Iluka Rd, Nabilla Road. Item: c052700042, courtesy State Library of NSW




The years 1926 and 1927 are significant, road building wise, as the period when the council applied for a grant to fix roads and do other works in the area and finally did these. Warringah Shire council records:

12th of April 1926
Resolved, - (Crs...Hitchcock .Simson)-That the recommendations of the A Riding Councillors, as set out in the Engineer's report be adopted,. namely :- Estimates to be prepared for the following jobs :- (a) Oak Street, Narrabeen, full length; b) Powderworks Road, re-decking culvert, near Taiyul Road; c) Taiyul Road from Warraba Road to Kobado Rd(d) Bayvew Road, widening from Miles' boat shed to Old La Corniche(e) Darley Street improvement; (f) Bassett Street C Bassett improvement; (g) Pipe Drain 60-ft, in length from end of road at Irrubel Rd through Miss Scott's-land at Newport; (h)'Irrubel Road, from Walworth Street to beach; (i) Walworth Avenue, drainage improvement; (.j)  Road to connect zigzag road from Clareville wharf with Hudson Parade; . (k) Pacific Road, Palm Beach, improvement- Pacific Rd junction with Beach Road,- 4 chains southward; (k) Pacific road, (l) Palm Beach Road, from Sunrise Road to Florida Road, giving cost of improvements to corner the separately;. (m) Ocean Road,. from Ocean Rd. Palm Beach Road  intersection northward. 

27th of April 1926
73. H. H, Hinds, 20/4/26, reporting further damage to his property at Palm Beach, as a result of last week's storm, and stating his intention of sending an Account to the Council when the damage has been assessed : Resolved, - (Crs. Simpson, Hope) That the Engineer take immediate steps to relieve him of the water which comes from Gallagher's

10th of May, 1926
32. J. W. Maund and Co. 28/4/26. advising generally re Palm  Beach Golf Links, and Palm Beach Recreations, Ltd., and advising that the Council may grant to the Company the exclusive license to the Golf Links, subject to any Agreement making it quite clear that the Council may revoke such license at any time : Resolved, 


24th of May, 1926
Whale Beach Rock Bath: Resolved; - (Crs. Simpson, Hitchcock) That as the greater part of the contribution towards the Whale Beach rock bath has been received, tenders be called for carrying out the work. 
Palm Beach Pathway: That if L. Gallagher is prepared to construct the pathway, to the Engineer’s satisfaction for £10, the amount already voted, that he be given the work,

66. J. W. Maund and Co. Council's Solicitor. 19/7/26 submitting Governor final Agreement in the matter of the occupancy of Governor Phillip Park by Palm Beach  Recreations, Ltd., and advising of amendments desired by that Company. Resolved, - (Crs. Atkins, fl Hitchcock) That the first modification mentioned in the Solicitor's letter be approved. Resolved; - (Crs. Corkery, Malcolm) That Clause 13 be amended, as asked for by the Club. 67. A. J. Small. 15/7/26 re the survey plan of Barrenjoey Road deviations prepared by Surveyor Donnz-n. on the Councilts Road instructions, and setting out what is necessary in connection Deviations. with such plan to bring the matter to finality. 

30th of August 1926
Palm Beach Recreation Club, Ltd. 24.8.26. furnishing a particulars or contracts let for improvements on Governor Phillip Park, Palm Beach: Resolved, - (Crs-. Hitchcock, Mope) That the Council approve of the tenders setout in the letter. 54A.- Palm Beach Recreation Club, Ltd. 24.8.26. submitting, for execution by the Council, Certificate of Approval in regard to the improvements to be carried out on Governor- Philip Park : Resolved, - That, it be pointed out to the Club- that as the Club has now been registered as a Company there will be no delay in the signing of the Agreement, and consequently there is no need for the Certificate of Approval. 

13th of September, 1926
Resolved, - (Crs. Simpson, Hope) That Mr. Goddard’s frontage, Iluka Road, Palm Beach, be kerbed and guttered at an estimated cost of £14 16/-, on payment of half the cost. 

30th of May 1927
metalling and tarring of Palm Beach Road from Gow’s store to Lady Maitland’s residence.
23. R. T. McKay. 3/5/27. Requesting permission to construct small concrete pipe head dam in the creek at the northern side of Florida Road building line, Palm Beach, and to lay a pipe line therefrom into a proposed concrete tank on his property. Referred to the Overseer for report. 


13th of June, 1927
. 5. E. Kenny and Son. 17/5/27. Submitting plan of further Palm Beach Est. subdivision of Palm Beach Estate. Referred to Engineer. 6 R. W Mackeller 31/5/27 Submitting proposal for Sub. A. subdivision of his land in Grandview Parade, Mona Vale-. Referred to the Engineer. 7. R. Donaldson. 27/5/27, Submitting proposal for subdivision of his land[ in Ocean Avenue, Newport. Decided that if Mr. Donaldson is able to secure the extra area mentioned in his letter, the Council will then approve of his subdivision. 8. Gtnland, Seaborn and Abbott. 26/5/27. Replying that the claim for compensation for the removal of gravel from Matchett's Portion 78, will depend on the state in which the land is left, and also requesting to be furnished with the number of cubic yards of gravel already received.. Referred to the Engineer. .. E. Parnell and 9 other residents. 11/5/27. Requesting. that Redman Road be constructed. Referred to B. Riding 77 -I Councillors.

This had been preceded by - From Warringah Shire Council Minutes of Meetings:

36.  Palm Beach  Lands, Ltd. 26/3/25, re Council's voted' £30 for repairs to Pacific Road, and offering to supplement same by £20, if work be put in--hand immediately : Resolved - (Crs Hewitt, Hitchcock) That they be informed the work will be proceeded with immediately their contribution comes to hand 

29th of June 1925

In pursuance of Notice, Cr. Hewitt moved, Cr. Hitchcock seconded, that the sum of £250 be voted for improving the worst parts of Barrenjoey road between Gow’s Store and the foot of the hill near Simpson’s. Carried. 

5. Palm Beach Progress Association. 16/6/25, suggesting the widening of Ocean Road construction at eastern end to allow motor-cars to turn Referred to the Works Committee,

19th of October, 1925

That in view of the Local Government Departments objection to the Council's A. Riding proposal for a loan of £32,000 for A. Riding, as notified, Loan. I notify two separate loan proposals, — one for £28,000, and one for £4,000; the rating and other conditions be the same as in the proposal already notified.

SHIRE OF WARRINGAH.
Proposed Special Loan or £29.000.
NOTICE is hereby given that it is the intention of the Warringah Shire Council to apply for authority, under section 180, Local Government Act, 1919, to borrow the sum of £29,000, for the purpose of constructing the undermentioned roads within A. Riding of the Shire, and for purposes incidental thereto: —
£
1. Barrenjoey-road, from Neptune-street, Newport, to Palm Beach road, Palm Beach 21,100 
2. Warriewood-road, from Pittwater-road to Vineyard-street 1,700 
3. Powderworks-road; (a) from Pittwater road to the E. end of Kobado-road; (b) Kobado-road for its entire length. and (c) Powderworks-road from the W, end of Kobado-road to the junction with the Gordon-Mona Vale road 4,000 
4. Resumptions, surveys and contingencies 2,200
£29,000
Included in the estimate of £21,100 for Barrenjoey-road, is a sum of £4.000 for the formation, only, of proposed deviations of that road, which item is taken into consideration in fixing the differential rate referred to hereunder.
The interest payable on such loan shall not exceed six and a half (6£) per cent, per annum, and it is proposed to arrange the loan on terms which shall provide for the repayment of principal and the payment of interest combined in equal hall-yearly instalments extending over a period of ten years. The approximate amount of each such instalment will be £1,994 11s. 9d.
To provide the sum necessary for such instalments, it is proposed to levy a local loan rate of one and three-tenths penny (i /3-l0tl\s d.) in the £ on the unimproved capital value of all ratable land within that portion of A. Riding described in the subjoined Schedule, and eight-tenths of a penny (8-10ths d.) in the £ on the unimproved capital value of all ratable lands in the remainder of the Hiding, the extra impost on the lands described in the Schedule being to cover the instalments of so much of the principal (£4,000) of the loan as it is proposed to expend on the formation of the deviations of the Barren joey-road. The total unimproved capital value of all ratable lands in the area described in the Schedule is £267,842, in the remainder of the Riding, £737,320, the total for the whole Riding being £1,005,162.
Plans, specifications and reports giving details of the proposal, may be inspected at the Shire Hall, Brookvale, at any time during office hours.
Within one month of the publication of this notice any number not less than 25 percent, of the ratepayers of A. Riding may petition the Council to take a poll of ratepayers either as to whether the ratepayers approve of the loan or as to whether the loan rate shall fee on the unimproved capital value or the improved capital value, or on both questions. The number of ratepayers enrolled for A. Riding is 3,627.
Schedule.
All that land bounded on the north by the entrance to Broken Bay, on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the west by Pittwater Bay, and on the south by the southern boundaries of Village Reserve 18,805, parish portion 21, block VI of the southern division of Pittwater Estate, and parish portion 33.
R. G. JAMIESON',
Shire. Hall, Brookvale, Shire Clerk.
18th August, 1925. SHIRE OF WARRINGAH. (1925, August 21). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 3710. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223015768 

SHIRE OF WARRINGAH.
Proposed Special Loan of £32,000.

NOTICE is hereby given that it is the intention of the Warringah Shire Council to apply for authority, under section 180, Local Government Act, 1919, to borrow the amount of £32,000 for the purpose of constructing the undermentioned roads, and carry out the undermentioned work, within A Riding of the Shire, and for purposes incidental thereto: —

1. Barrenjoey-road, from Neptune-street, Newport to Beach-road, Palm Beach 21,100 

2. Warriewood-road, from Pittwater-road to Vineyard-street — . 1,700 

3. Powderworks-road (a) from Pittwater road to the E end of Kobado-road; (b) Kobado-road for its entire length, and (c) Powderworks-road from the W end of Kobado-road to the junction with, the Gordon-Mona Vale road '. 4.000 

4. Gladstone-street, Newport 1,000 

5. Drainage of Black Swamp, Mona Vale 1,900 

6. Resumptions, surreys and contingencies 2,300

£32,000

(Included in the estimate of £21,100 for Barrenjoey-road is a sum of £4.000 for the formation, only, of proposed deviations of that road, which itsm is taken into consideration in fixing the differential rate referred to hereunder.)

The interest payable on such loan shall not exceed six sand a half (6\) per cent, per annum, and it is proposed to arrange the loan on terms which shall provide for the repayment of principal and the payment of interest, combined, in equal half-yearly instalments extending over a period of ten years. The approximate amount of each such instalment will be £2,200 18s. 6d.

To provide the sum necessary for such instalments it is proposed to levy a local'loan rate of one and four-tenths penny (1 4/10ths d.) in the £ on the unimproved capital value of all ratable land within that portion of A Riding described in the subjoined Schedule, and nine-tenths of a penny (9/lOths. d.) in the £ on the unimproved capital value of all ratable lands in the remainder of the Riding, the extra impost on the lands described in the Schedule being to cover the instalments of so much of the principal (£4,000) of the loan as it is proposed to expend on the formation of the deviations of the Barrenjoey-road. Should these rates not provide sufficient for the purpose, the balance will be paid from the General Fund of the Council. The total unimproved capital value of all ratable lands in the area described in the Schedule is .£207,842, in the remainder of the Riding, £737,320, the total for the whole Riding being £1,005,162.

Plans, specifications and reports giving details of the proposal, may be inspected at the Shire Hall, Brookvale, at any time during office hours.

Within one month of the publication of this notice, any number not less than 25 per cent, of the ratepayers of A Riding may petition the Council to take a poll of ratepayers, either as to whether the ratepayers approve of the loan, or as to whether the loan rate shall be on the unimproved capital value or the improved capital value, or on both questions. The number of ratepayers enrolled for A Riding is 3,892.

Schedule.

All that land bounded on the north by the entrance to Broken Bay, on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the west by Pittwater Bay, and on the south by the southern boundaries of Village Reserve 18,805, parish portion 21, block VI of the southern division of Pittwater Estate, and parish portion 31.

E. G~ JAMIESON.

Shire Hall, Brookvale, Shire Clerk.

25th September, 1925.

1263 £4 4s. SHIRE OF WARRINGAH. (1925, October 2). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 4246. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220255392 

Oceanside - Barrenjoey Land Company Portfolio sold to palm beach lands

Back over on the beach side of Palm Beach, the Barrenjoey Land Company sold its remaining land holdings in 1924 and The Palm Beach Land Company took over:

IN THE MATTER OF THE BARRENJOEY COMPANY, LIMITED.

AT an Extraordinary General Meeting of the above named Company, duly convened and held at 92b Pitt street, Sydney, on the nineteenth day of June, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-four, the following Resolution was duly passed, and at a 'subsequent Extraordinary General Meeting of the Members of the said Company, also duly convened and held at the same place', on Monday, the seventh day of July, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-four, the same Resolution was duly confirmed, as a Special Resolution, viz.: —

That as a result of the recent disposal of substantially the whole of the Company's land, it is advisable to wind-up the Company and accordingly that the Company be wound up voluntarily; and at such last-mentioned Meeting the following Extraordinary Resolutions were passed: —

1. That George Mason Allard, John Malbon Ralston, Ernest Ebenezer Way, and Harry Wolstenholme, be appointed Liquidators for the purpose of such winding-up.

2. That their salary be fixed at one hundred and eighty pounds among them for the first year.

3. That, as regards Mr. J. M. Ralston, he shall be entitled, in addition to his remuneration as a Liquidator, to be paid all usual Solicitor's Profit Costs and Disbursements in connection with any legal work which he may be instructed to do by the Liquidators in his capacity as solicitor.

Dated at Sydney, this 17th day of July, 1924.

H. WOLSTENHOLME, Chairman.

Witness,—E. E. G. de Gyulay. £1 12s.

IN THE MATTER OF THE BARRENJOEY COMPANY, LIMITED. (1924, July 18). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 3572. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222025488

The Council Meeting of May 26th, 1924 presents some confusion as most of the land held by the Barrenjoey Company had since been transferred to the Palm Beach Lands co. - Mr. Ralston's son ended up clearing all this up, but this shows that the Golf Course subdivisions left a few problems in regard to the accessway shown on the lithograph above:

Councillor Rayner raised the question as to whether, certain reserves at  Palm Beach, promised by the Barrenioey Company had actually been dedicated to the Council, and it its resolved, - (Crs. Campbell and Rayner) That the Shire Solicitors be asked to make sure whether Lot 92 has actually been transferred as arrangedalso the adjacent right- of-way between lots 83 and 84 running from  Ocean Road to Florida Road, also the reserve between Ocean Road and Florida Road adjoining Lots 88 and 89 between them and Lot 177 and that if these have not been dedicated, they lodge a caveat against any dealings with the land. t. Resolved, - (Cra. Rayner, Hewitt) That the Barrenioey Co. do be written to pointing out that it has always been understood to have been, the Company's intention to dedicate Lot. 84 as a public reserve, that they kindly have the matter completed. Resolved, - (Crs. Hitchcock, 0esbe1l) That the Works Committee when next down at Palm Beach look into the matter of the  Golf footway leading from the dead-end Of North View Road, 'Golf Links Estate, having been constructed on private lands instead, of the surveyed pathway, and also look into any other matters that may crop up in the meantime, and the Representatives of the Riding be invited to be present.

THE BARRENJOEY COMPANY LIMITED, (In Voluntary Liquidation).

Notice of General Meeting.

NOTICE is hereby given in pursuance of section 141 of the Companies Act, 1899, that a General Meeting of the Members of the abovenamed Company will be held at the registered office, 92b Pitt-street, Sydney, on Tuesday, the 14th day of May, 1929, at 4 o'clock in the afternoon, for the purpose of having an account laid before them showing the manner in which the winding-up has been conducted and the property of the Company disposed of, and of hearing any explanation that may be given by the Liquidators; and also determining by Extraordinary Resolution the manner in which the books, accounts and documents of the Company and the Liquidators thereof shall be disposed of. 

Dated the tenth day of April, 1929.

H. WOLSTENHOLME, E. E. WAY,  J. M. RALSTON, ) Liquidators. 3281 £1 2s. THE BARRENJOEY COMPANY LIMITED (IN VOLUNTARY LIQUIDATION). (1929, April 12). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1670. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223026442 

First directors:

Palm Beach Lands, Ltd., has effected registration with an authorised capital of £15,000, In £1 shares. To traffic in land, house, and other property is the aim of the new company. First directors: R. R. M'Kay, E. B. Harkness, and A. M. K. ScottCOMPANY NEWS. (1924, July 31). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16177971

In fact R T McKay was Chairman of this new company, not R R McKay. This new group enlisted the expertise of Willmore and Randell, who were looking after Avalon Beach subdivisions by then. Their take on selling block of land at Palm Beach was to focus on the company new owners would be among, not the permanent residents. 

It is during this new phase of land sales at Palm Beach the names of those who had commenced the land sales, or owned the new company, or their family members, start appearing as the names of the streets, as well as such imaginative titles as 'Rock Bath Road' above the Palm Beach Rock Bath, and later 'Ocean Place' and even 'Livistonia Lane':

From Warringah Shire Council Minutes of Meetings:

36. E. Kenny, 7/5/25, (received 18/6/25 )submitting plan of Palm Beach Est. showing (a.) roads intended to be made as the subdivision goes on and (b) proposed restrictions for park purposes Resolved, (Crs Campbell, mcKillop) He be informed the lay-out generally is acceptable to the Council, but that-he has not furnished particulars of grades of the roads and that it is necessary he should do so before definite approval can be given. 

October 6th, 1925:

E. Kenny. 22/9/25. submitting, for approval, plan of Subdivision of Palm Beach Estate Received. 

19th of October, 1925

(Crs; Hewitt, Hitchcock) That with regard to the proposed notices to be erected on Palm Grove Reserve, Palm Beach, the Notice suggested by the Clerk be approved, and a letter be sent to Mr. Hordern thanking him for his offers, as contained in the Works' Committee's report. Resolved, — (Cre, Hitchcock, Hewitt) That a notice be erected at the end of Ocean Road, near the rockbath prohibiting the parking of cars on the road. 


Palm Beach circa 1926-30, from collection of and courtesy John Cowper


THE GOVERNOR AND FAMILY AT PALM BEACH. The Governor (Sir Dudley de Chair) has been spending a few days at the Palm Beach (N.S.W.) home of Mr. Alfred Hordern, which was placed at his disposal. The Governor is standing on the left facing Lady de Chair and Miss Elaine de Chair and her brother, Lieutenant Graham de Chair, A.D.C. THE GOVERNOR AND FAMILY AT PALM BEACH. (1930, March 5). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article160633195 

PALM BEACH

ATTRACTIVE SEASIDE RESORT Incomparable Views

With the rocky headland of Barrenjoey standing guard at the northern extremity, the broad bosom of the Pacific swelling lazily on the right, and the beautiful waters of Broken Bay, on the left, lies Palm Beach, one of the wonder seaside resorts on the New South Wales coast. From the heights of Palm Beach incomparable landscape and seascape views are to be obtained. In Broken Bay the many inlets and small islands make a moat charming picture, while the 'Basin' is most popular with yachtsmen. Then there is Careel Bay and Pittwater, affording excellent swimming, boating and fishing facilities, while at Palm Beach itself there is a splendid surfing beach fringed with golden sand. Also, from the heights on Pacific-road, the township of Hawkesbury and Ocean Beach, Woy Woy, are discernible, while Lion Island adds a picturesque touch to the already lavish picture that Nature has painted. 

Willmore and Randell, real estate specialists, are offering a limited number of home sites for sale at Palm Beach, and they should appeal to the city business man who is seeking a block of laud in a marine suburb not too close to the city. It must be remembered that Palm Beach is the last of the ocean beaches within reasonable distance of Sydney, and the completion of the North Shore Bridge will result in quicker transit to that popular resort. These home sites front Florida-road, Pacific-road and Palm Beach-road, and are commodious in size and practically all commanding wonderful views. The selling agents arrange motor inspections by Appointment only, and cars leave their office,. 10 Castlereagh-street, daily. To anyone desiring further particulars Willmore and Randell will forward an illustrated booklet upon application. 

As an indication of the exclusiveness of the locality, the following list of residents can be cited: Lady Maitland, A. T. Hordern. Esq., Dr. Gordon Craig, Dr. Goodsell. D. B. Wiltshire, Esq.. Dr. Thring, W. H. Rayner. Esq., G: Mason Allard, Esq.. W. Lipscombe, Esq., Dr. Blaxland, W. Chorley, Esq., W. Lewis, Esq., C. P. Curlewis. Esq.. T. Peters. Esq., Dr. Bullmore, Dr. Brown, C. R. Crossman, Esq., E. Gray. Esq., E. R. Moser, Esq., Dr. Brown Craig. PALM BEACH (1925, October 4). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article128163200 

On these subdivision plans and lithograph they even filled in who live where and also shows the hundreds of pounds now being paid per block:


Palm Beach land sales (Willmore and Randell) 1926-27 Palm Beach Estate: Rock Bath Rd, Ocean Rd, Northview Rd, Sunrise Rd, Palm Beach Rd, Barrenjoey Rd, Waratah Rd, Ralston Rd, Mckay Rd. Item: c052700007, courtesy State Library of NSW - sections from:


The above is also worth looking at from the point of view of all the unnamed roads. Warringah Shire Council Minutes of Meetings records:

16th of May, 1927
Palm Beach Estate: Resolved Cr.s Hitchcock and Pope ; that Council’s seal be affixed to the plan of that portion of Palm Beach Estate having lots fronting Bynya Road, Ralston Road, Cynthia Road and Boanbong Road, subject to the Engineer checking the…
Resolved (Crs. Simpson, Hitchck) - That Contractor Erickson, be given a fortnight in which to sign up for his contract for Barrenjoey Road Deviation. Resolved (Ore; Simpson, Hitchcock) - That tenders be called for next meeting for the formation and ballasting of Beach Road,  Palm Beach, from Golf Links Road to Ocean Road. 
Palm Beach Golf Club. 26/4/27. Requesting that the fallen trees on Governor Phillip Park be cleared away. Resolved (Crc. Ryan, Corkery). - That the Club be informed the Council expects it to attend to these matters itself. 

Ralston was added in tribute to the gentleman who commenced the subdivisions back in 1912 and passed away in December 1923, John Thompson Ralston, and possibly why the Barrenjoey Land Company sold to the Palm Beach Lands Company in 1924 - Boanbong was the name of Palm Beach Lands shareholder Robert T McKay's place at Palm Beach, 'Cynthia' now named 'Cynthea', was the daughter of Edward and Vera Harkness, E B Harkness of Palm Beach Lands Co. - Cynthia was born in 1913. 



Palm Beach Estate - Ocean Rd, Northview Rd, Sunrise Rd, Florida  Item: c052700043 - note that Rock Bath point is owned by the Estate of Mr. Ralston still:







Palm Beach Estate - Florida Rd, Rock Bath Rd, Scott Rd, Pacific Rd, Bynya Rd, January 25th, 1930, Palm Beach subdivision plans, Item c052700026, courtesy State Library of NSW

PALM BEACH

An attractive sale at Palm Beach is listed for tomorrow afternoon at 2.30 p.m., on the ground, by Richardson and Wrench. The ground is situated immediately above the rock bath, and faces the reserve between Scott-road and the ocean. A number of frontages on the opposite side of Scott-road will also be offered. Lots average about 60 feet frontage, with medium depths. Title is Torrens, and terms are available. PALM BEACH (1930, January 24). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119018331 


The 1930s were a time of scarcity for many Australians and the road into the Lighthouse Reserve was being used more for parking tents on than for motoring around on roads - people could house themselves if made homeless by being unable to pay rent through the Depression and could catch fish to feed hungry mouths. 

SEASIDE LOTS

PALM BEACH ESTATE FINE VIEWS

The lone, narrow strip of seashore which separates Palm Beach from Whale Beach will be offered for sale by auction to-morrow by Messrs. Richardson and Wrench. This is part of Palm Beach Estate, and Is separated from the ocean only by a public recreation reserve. The subdivision has been planned to make 58 allotments. Almost every allotment has an easterly aspect, for the section extends from near the rock bath at Palm Beach to near the beginning of Whale Beach, along the road which links the two. The rear lots are higher on the hillside and therefore do not sacrifice any of the view. Terms of sale will be 10 per cent. deposit and the' balance in five years. SEASIDE LOTS (1930, January 24). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 2 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article226029525 

 

Palm Beach Estate - Ocean Rd, Northview Rd, Sunrise Rd, Florida Road, Boanbong, Cynthea, Ralston. Item: c052700015, courtesy State Library of NSW

Council had access to funds to works such as building rock pools from the state government and undertook improvements themselves via loans:

SHIRE OF WARRINGAH.
Special Loan, £21,000—"A'' Riding.

WARRING AH Shire Council hereby gives notice, in accordance with the provisions of Local Government Act, 1919, that:—
1. The Council proposes to raise a Special Loan of twenty-one thousand founds (£21,000) for the purpose of carrying but in Biding "A" of the Shire certain public works, the acquisition of certain lands for public recreation purposes, and the acquisition of certain lands for road purposes; and for the purpose of paying expenses incidental to the carrying out of such works and acquisitions.
2. The Council proposes to expend the loan money as follows, but reserves the right to utilise the surplus or saving on any one item in paying the excess cost of any other:—
(a) In Palm Beach-Whale Beach District: £
Public Reserve oil shore of Pittwater, Palm Beach — Filling, levelling, and construction of retaining wall 1,000 
Ocean Beach Reserve, Palm Beach—Making parking area and constructing pipe-line in southern portion 250 
Governor Phillip Park — Erection of public lavatories 500
New Wharf—Construction of, at Palm Beach, Pittwater side 500 
Improvements to roads, viz.—Florida-road, £1,000; Pacific-road, £405; Palm Beach road, £500; road from Barrenjoey-road to Whale Beach, £500; road from Whale Beach to Palm Beach, £500 2,905 

(b) In Avalon-Bilgola-Clareville District:
Public rock-bath at Avalon Beach—Enlargement of 250
Avalon Flat Drainage—Construction of concrete culverts 700 Avalon Beach Reserve, Extension, etc.—
Acquisition of lot 26, Pittwater Estate, with exception of small portion at south western corner 2,750 
Bilgola Beach Reserve—Construction of retaining wall 100 
Improvements to roads, viz.—Central-road, £600; George-street, £300 900 

(c) In Newport District:
Newport Ocean Beach Reserve — Levelling sand, and top-dressing, on northern portion 700 
Newport Recreation and Sports Ground— Fencing and other improvements BOO 
Queen's-parade drainage % 300 Improvements to roads, viz.—Ocean-avenue,
£400; Foam Crest avenue, £220; Myola-road, £270; Bungan Head road, £400; Beaconsfield-street, £200; Karloo-parade, £200; Robertson-road, £150; Bardo-road, £300; King-street* £150; Queen's-parade and Stuart-street, £250 2,540 

(d) In Mona Vale-Warriewood District:
Mona Vale Park—Culvert across park from Park-street to Newport-road 200 
Drainage works, Bassett-street, at eastern end 600 
Footpath formation—Gravelling footpath on Pittwater-rond, Mona Vale 100 
Improvements to roads, viz. — Darley-street, £400; Bassett-street, £220; Noble-street, £100; Bungan-street, £320, Allen-street, £160; Rickard-avenue, £100; Mona-street and Waterview-street, £250; Vineyatd-street, £150; Seaview-street, £126, Hillcrest-avenue, £200 : 1,826 

(e) At Bay View—Church Point:
Bay View Park Construction of pavilion and boat-shed 750
Church Point-—Reclamation and parking area near public wharf 200

(f) In North Narrabeen District:
Lake Park Extension, and new road—Acquisition of land for enlargement of Lake Park and for new road connecting Narrabeen Park parade and Collins-street ... 1,075 
Improvements to roads, viz. — Kobado and Elanora Estate roads, £750; Powderworks-road, £200; Deep Creek road, £200;- Warraba-road, £120; Garden-street, £200; Taiyul-road, £200; Collins avenue and Walsh-street, £250 1,920 (g) Incidental and contingent expenses  634
Total £21,000
3. The Council proposes to carry out most of the abovementioned works under the Government's Emergency Relief Scheme. The proposed allocations to those works as set out above, are consequently allocations of loan money only and do not include the wages of the relief workers payable from grants receivable from the Government.
4. Plans and full details of the works to be carried out and of the lands to be acquired by means of the loan money may be inspected at tlie Council's office during the ordinary office hours.
5. The rate of interest on the loan will not exceed four per centum (4%) per annum, and the loan will be issued at par.
6. It is proposed to repay the loan over a period of twelve (12) years by 24 equal half-yearly instalments of principal and interest combined. The amount of each such instalment will be £1,110 os. 10d., or thereabouts.
7. For the purpose of repaying the loan and paying the interest on the loan the Council proposes to levy a rate of two-fifths of a penny (2/5d.) in the £ on the unimproved capital value of all ratable lands in the "A'' Biding of the Shire. (Total u.c.v., £1,326,723.) Should the proposed rate not provide sufficient for the purpose the deficiency will be paid from the General Fund of the Shire and charged to "A" Hiding's portion of that fund. (Nom—The loans of £28,200 and £3,500 raised ten years ago or thereabouts for the carrying out of public works in "A" Biding will be entirely repaid this year, and the present loan rate of 4/5d. in the £ levied in respect of them will not be levied after this year, but will be replaced by the proposed rate of 2/5d.).
8. Within one month of the date of the publication of this notice any number not less than twenty-five per centum (25%) of the ratepayers enrolled for "A" Riding may petition the Council to take a poll of the ratepayers, either as to whether the ratepayers approve of the loan or as to whether the loan rate shall be on the unimproved capital value or improved capital value, or on both questions. The number of ratepayers on the Roll of Electors for "A"' Riding is 5,421.
A. H. HUGHES, President. R. G. Jamieson, Shire Clerk.
Shire Hall, Brookvale, 20th July, 1936.  
358 £7 10s. SHIRE OF WARRINGAH. (1936, July 24). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 3236. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223038435 

Council also had to, at times, be prepared to step in and finish proposed roads:

8/8/1939: By Cr. Latham - Will the Council consider taking over from Palm Beach Lands Ltd. Norma Road and Pacific Road extension, in view of the fact that the work carried out to the specification Estate required of the Company? The President replied that the Works Committee, in company with Crs. Latham and Savage, would make another inspection, and that Mr. Mackay, of Palm Beach Lands Ltd., would be invited to be present. 

7. Palm Beach Lands Ltd., 1/7/40, declining to accede to the Council's request that Lots 294 and 385 Norma Road be reserved for public recreation purposes in the Company's subdivision, but stating preparedness to dedicate a small portion of each Subdivision of these lots. On the Engineer stating that the Company's representatives, Messers. McKay and Harkness, had made an appointment to discuss the matter with him, it was decided to defer further consideration until next meeting.

This was followed by World War II when scarcity of supplies for just about everything led to rationing, stone metal for tarring or improving roads and this would include building supplies, everything was put into the war effort and those who seemed to be doing the wrong thing, as in this case brought forward by serial Palm Beach 'class' haters Smiths Weekly regarding Mr. Orlando (Romanos) daughters home in their December 22nd 1944 issue:


Post War scarcity was a problem too - people stayed camping at Palm Beach and those newlyweds, setting out to buy their own block of paradise would still have problems with materials for years, so tents were raised on these suburban lots and garages took the place of cottages and houses for a while. Still, pennies and pounds were invested in land and roads to get to these plots were needed and the council also stepped up to improve the area:

SHIRE OF WARRINGAH.—The Council of the Shire of Warringah hereby notifies, in pursuance of section 180 of the Local Government Act, 1919, that:—

(1) The Council proposes to raise a special loan of twenty-fire thousand pounds (£25,000) for the following purposes in connection with parks and reserves of the Shire, viz.:—

Palm Beach—Improvements along ocean front and provision of parking area, £3,500; Whale Beach—Resumption of land along ocean foreshore, £2,000; Newport Sports Ground—Finalising of resumptions and draining and levelling. £4.000; Lake Park—Resumption of land and road work, £5,000; Narrabeen Lake—Resumption of land at lake front, Narrabeen terminus, £1,000; Narrabeen Peninsula— Resumption of land south of Malcolm-street, £1,000; Collaroy Beach—Estimated contribution towards cost of resumption of land by Lands Department, £700; Collaroy—Resumption of land and improvements to reserve above rock baths, £1,300; Griffith Park South—Provision of parking and picnic area, £1,000; Deewhy Oval—Completion of raising, levelling and draining, £1,000; Deewhy Rock Baths—Improvements, £1.800; North Curl Curl—Replacement of rock baths, £1,200; Pickering Point, Seaforth—Resumption of land, £400; Warringah-Manly Memorial Park—Improvements, £1,100; total £25,000. 

(2) The rate of interest on the proposed loan will not exceed 3 ½ per cent, per annum, and the securities will be issued at par. 

(3) It is proposed to repay the loan over a period of twenty years by forty (40) equal half-yearly instalments of principal and interest combined, each amounting to £874 6s. 

(4) The Council does not propose to levy a loan rate for the purpose of providing for the payment of the abovementioned instalments. It is intended that the instalments shall be paid from income received from parks and reserves. 

(5) Further particulars of the loan proposal may be obtained at the Council's office during ordinary office hours. 

(6) A period of one month from the date of the publication of this notice is allowed in which any number, not less than 25 per cent., of the ratepayers may petition the Council to take a poll of ratepayers on the question as to whether the ratepayers approve of the loan. The number of ratepayers on the roll is 21,344. 

W. U. GORS, Shire Clerk, Shire Hall, Brookvale, 11th December, 1947. 2—£1 19s. SHIRE OF WARRINGAH.—The Council of the Shire of Warringah hereby notifies, in pursuance of section 180 of the (1948, January 2). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 17. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article225373818 

WARRINGAH SHIRE COUNCIL—Special Loan of £16,500.
—The Council of the Shire of Warringah hereby notifies in pursuance of section 380 of the Local Government Act, 1919, that:—
(1) The Council proposes to raise a special loan of sixteen thousand live hundred pounds (£16,500) for the following purposes in connection with parks and reserves in the Shire:—
£
Palm Beach—Retaining wall and additional parking space 3,500 
Lake Park—Levelling 1,500 
Narrabeen Lake—Dredging and reclamation 2,500
Narrabeen Rock Baths—Widening and extending road to baths 850
Collaroy Beach—Resumptions 700
Griffith Park South—Picnic Area 1,000
Dee Why Oval—Improvements 1.000 
Dee Why Rock Baths—Improvements 3.800 
North Curl Curl Rock Baths—Replacement 1,500 
Warringah Memorial Park—Improvements 1,100 
Ocean-street, Narrabeen—Purchase of part of foreshores 520
Gurney-crescent—Purchase of lot 88 for park purposes 350 
Legal costs and expenses 180
Total £16,500 
(2) The rate of interest on the proposed loan will not exceed 3 ½ per centum per annum, and the securities will be issued at par. 
(3) It is proposed to repay the loan over a period of twenty years by forty equal half-yearly instalments of principal and interest combined, each not to exceed £577 0s. 9d. 
(4) The Council does not propose to levy a loan rate for the purpose of providing for the abovementioned instalments. It is intended thai the instalments will be paid from income received from parks and reserves. 
(5) Further particulars of the loan may be received at the Council's office during ordinary office hours. 
(6) A period of one month from the date of the publication of this notice is allowed in which any number of ratepayers, not less than 25r/c, may petition the Council to take a poll of ratepayers on the question as to whether the ratepayers approve of the loan. The number of ratepayers on the roll is 21,130. 
W. U. GORS, Shire Clerk, Shire Hall, Brookvale, 29th April, 1949.
WARRINGAH SHIRE COUNCIL.—SPECIAL LOAN OF £16,500. (1949, May 6). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1338. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224789421 


Advertising (1952, February 16). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 28. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27531064

Palm Beach Street Names

Barrenjoey Road: named for the headland and being the 'road to Barrenjoey'.

Beach Road: leads to the beach.

Boanbong Road: The Poinsettia Gardens of Boanbong, Palm Beach - THE gardens of Boanbong, the Palm Beach home of Mr. R. T. McKay, were open to the public on Saturday in sweet charity's cause. "The Old Gardener," whose articles are a regular feature of The Australian Women's Weekly, speaks enthusiastically on the picturesque setting of this beautiful home, situated within a stone's throw of the beach. In the glorious sunshine of Saturday, the concerted blaze of something like ten thousand poinsettias was a never-to-be-forgotten sight, he says, and Mr. McKay is to be commended on his choice and foresight, and general planning of the spacious grounds. Not even Brazil, their native home, or Queensland, which has adopted the poinsettia as its national flower, could produce a finer display. The Poinsettia Gardens of Boanbong, Palm Beach. (1934, June 30). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 4 Section: THE AUSTRALIAN WOMEN'S WEEKLY HOME MAKER. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article46465722

Cynthea Road: originally spelled 'Cynthia'. Cynthia was the only daughter and youngest child of Edward and Vera Harkness, born in 1913. E B Harkness was one of the shareholders of the Palm Beach Lands. Co.

Ebor Road: Ebor is a village on Waterfall Way on the Northern Tablelands in New South Wales, Australia. It is situated about 80 km east of Armidale and about a third of the way between Armidale and the coast.

SHIRE OF WARRINGAH,

Names of Roads.
NOTICE is hereby given that the Council has, in accordance with the provisions of section 249 (a), Local Government Act, 1919, and of Ordinance No. 30 thereunder, and with the approval of the Minister for Works and Local Government, given the undermentioned names to the roads described* hereunder:—
Situation, Old Name and New Name.
At Careel Bay, Pittwater, parish of Narrabeen—Bayview-road—Cabarita-road.
In Ocean Beach Estate, Avalon (deposited plan No. 9,151), parish of Narrabeen — Seaview-avenue— Elouera-road.
Connecting Ralston-road and Pacific-road, Palm Beach, as shown on deposited plan No. 13,780—Unnamed— Ebor-road.
In Brocks' Estate, Mona Vale, deposited plan 6,195— Rickard-road—Orana-road.
In *Warriewood Estate, Warriewood (deposited plan 5,464), parish of Narrabeen—Sea view-street—Elimatta-road.
At Mona Vale, running easterly from Barrenjoey-road (Newport-road) to the Pacific Ocean—Allen-street— —Golf-avenue.
At Deewhy West, running north-easterly and northerly from the junction of Fisher-road and Lynwood-avenue along the western boundaries of portions 647, 646, 1,290, 643, 642 and 641, parish Manly Cove —Unnamed—Campbell-avenue.
At Manly Vale, parish Manly Cove, running easterly from Condamine-street to Stuart-road—Dalley-street —Koorala-street.
At South Curl Curl, parish Manly Cove, in Foamcrest Estate (deposited plan 6,260)—The Sands—Stewart avenue.
At South Curl Curl, parish Manly Cove, in Foamcrest Estate (deposited plan 6,260)—-The Waves—Travers-road. 
At Manly Vale, parish Manly Cove—Osborne-road— Campbell-parade. 
At Belrose, running westerly from Secondary Road No. (2,023, westerly along the southern boundaries of : portions 1,667, 1,670, parish Manly Cove—Unnamed —Everton-road.
R. G. JAMIESON, Shire Clerk.
Shire Hall, Brookvale, 26th June, 1939.
  SHIRE OF WARRINGAH. (1939, June 30). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 3373. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article225078398 


Etival Street: 

Florida Road: one of the first roads in Palm Beach, named to associate the place with the famed Florida in the USA. Accessways were dedicated to council as reserves, in excange for, according to Minutes of Meetings, some modifications to the beachfront:

15. Barrenjoey Co. Ltd.17/9/21, requesting Council to accept dedication of way of access from Florida Road to Ocean Road. Beach Reserves. Palm Beach : Resolved - (arc. Quirk, Hitchcock) That the Council accept dedication, with a recommendation that the width be 66 ft. 

The Barrenjoey Company, Limited, 29/ 11/1921, further re proposed way-of access from Florida Road to Ocean Road,  Palm Beach, and agreeing to widen same to 66 ft..if Council put some filling in on Ocean Road, near Wolstenholme's: Engineer to furnish an estimate of the cost of such work. - H.E C.Robinson,26/11./1921, offering up-to-date survey map of the world for 25/ - that it be procured.

Iluka Road: 'near the sea'. Iluka is a small village at the mouth of the Clarence River in New South Wales, Australia. It is situated directly across the river from the resort town of Yamba. The town's name is derived from an aboriginal word meaning "near the sea".

Livistona Lane SHIRE OF WARRINGAH.—Naming of Roads.—Ordinance
30, Clause 53, Local Government Act.—Notice is hereby given that the undermentioned roads have been renamed in accordance with section 249 (a) of the Local Government Act:—
Past Name or Location and New Name. 1. Roskull-avenue, Forestville—Elizabeth-avenue.
2. Avalon-parade, west of its intersection with Central-road and Beach-parade, Clareville—Hudson-parade.
3. Main Road No. 529, sometimes known as Pymble-road— Forest Way.
4. Lane running south off Palm Beach road, Palm Beach, at the rear of properties fronting Pacific-road and Florida road, d.p. 18,074—Livistona-lane.
5. Unnamed road leading north from Mona Vale road past portions 208, 207, 206, 205 and 201, parish of Narrabeen— Chiltern-road.
6. Road leading south from the junction of Haig-street and Pringle-avenue, Belrose, to south of Blackbutts-road, known from this junction to Glen-street as Haigh-avenue—Pringle-avenue.
7. Road leading from Warringah-road to Tristram-road, Beacon Hill, just east of Oxford Falls road— Daines-parade.
8. Road curving between Myoora-road and Booralie-road,! Terrey Hills—Bindook-crescent.
9. Road recently opened by Lands Department, running west" from Thuddungra-road, Terrey Hills,' between lots or portions J.H. 318, F. and K.L.M. 319, N.O.—-Namba-road.
10. Road recently opened by Lands Department, running west from Thuddungra-road, Terrey Hills, between lots or portions P./U. and P.P.; U.W., A.A. and H.H.—Wyong-road.
13. Road recently opened by Lands Department, running south-west from proposed Wyong-road along western boundaries of lots P.P., Q.Q., R.R., S.S. and T.T.—Anembo-road.
12. Road recently opened by Lands Department, running south-west from proposed Wyong-road, between lots H.H., J.J., and A.A., B.B. and C.C.—Bibbenluke-avenue.
13. Unnamed road running west and north-west from Powderworks-road along part of northern boundary of portion 80, and through portion 83, parish of Narrabeen—Wilson-avenue.
J. MORGAN, Shire Clerk, Shire Hall, Brookvale. 16th June, 1955.
SHIRE OF WARRINGAH.—NAMING OF ROADS.—Ordinance (1955, June 24). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1777. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220302395 

Mckay Road: named for Palm Beach Lands Company shareholder Robert Thomas McKay - details about him under Extras.

Mitchell Road: may be named for a person or the Mitchell river - most likely named for Gerald Mitchell, Palm Beach Lands shareholder.

OBITUARY.

MR. J. T. RALSTON.
The funeral of the late Mr. John Thompson Ralston left the residence, Gulstan, Rangers Road, Neutral Bay, on Saturday and proceeded to the Presbyterian section of the Northern Suburbs Cemetery. There was a large and representative gathering at the service, which was conducted at the house by the Rev. P. H. Waugh, assisted by the Rev. S. B. Evans. 

The principal mourners included the widow and two daughters of the deceased, Mr. John M. Ralston (son), Mr. Acting Justice H. G. Ralston (brother), Messrs. A. W., J. W. and Gavin Ralston and Mr. E. R. Raine (nephews), Mr. Tom R. Raine (brother-in-law),Mr. David Vaughan, and Mr. E. C. M'Mondie and Miss M'Mondie. The service at the grave-side was conducted by the Rev. S. B. Evans. 

The following Masonic brethren, in regalia, accompanied the coffin to the graveside: Messrs. W. F. Hinton (W.M.), Edmund Read (I.P.M.). E. M. Mitchell, E. A. Scott and H. B. Allard (P.Ms.), H. Beardsmore (S.W.),R. H. Goddard, W. Boyce, C. L. Boyce, Walter F. Gale (Temperance), and Toose (Athenaeum).

Others present Included Messrs. Fred. L. King,A. L. Charlton, E. P. Carr, G. Mason Allard, E. W. de Gyulay, A. E. G. de GyulayG. R. AllardH. Wolstonholme, T. W. Seaver, Edward L. Ramsay, J. Allen Ramsay, Herman Fawl, Robert Guthrie, J. B. Hunter, W. N. Keast, V. W. Williams, N. L. Gilfillan, A. R.Stafford (Ballata), Frank Saunders, Prof. J. P. Peden, A. D. Peden, H. M'Kinnoy (representing H. G. M'Kinnoy, M.I.C.E.), W. J. Cunningham, W. A. Cunningham, J. T. Kerr, A. Kerr, E. H.E. Lodge, .James Paton, E. R. Scott, J. Nowack,J. H. Beatson, E. Bignold, J. F. South, N. Harding, C. Barker, and T. W. B. Oxenbould. OBITUARY. (1923, December 31). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16119140 - NB: May also where original named for road section from Rockbath Road to what is now Whale Beach road, then called 'Scott' road derived.

SOIL EROSION.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD.
Sir,-In discussing the question of soil erosion, brought under notice by Slr Herbert
Gepp at the annual conference of the Victorian Wheatgrowers' Association, Mr. Frank A. Croft, In a letter to the "Herald," refers to the Snowy, Murray, Latrobe, and Mitchell Rivers.
The Murray will unquestionably play the most important part in closer settlement of
any of our Australian rivers, but the waters of the Snowy, Latrobe, and Mitchell Rivers will not be made use of, except to a very limited extent, in any closer settlement scheme.
No doubt Sir Herbert Gepp had in mind in his address, such rivers as the Murrumbidgee, Lachlan, Macquarie, and Namoi in this State, and the Goulburn, Laddon, and Campaspe In Victoria. When the fullest use has been made of the above rivers, the Irrigable areas will carry big populations, and it is important
that soil erosion on the catchment areas of these rivers should be reduced to the lowest possible limit.
Mr. Croft refers to the importance of high-land swamps in providing the low water flow in rainless periods. With an intimate knowledge of the whole of the watersheds of the Murray basin and the coastal rivers I am of opinion that the contribution to the stream flow from these highland swamp areas which are few in number, may be regarded as practically negligible.
I am, etc.,
R. T. MCKAY.
Palm Beach, April 16.
SOIL EROSION. (1936, April 18). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27991938

IN the matter of the Companies Act, 1936 (Section 182), and in the matter of PALM BEACH LANDS PTY. LTD.—It is the intention of the Directors of the abovenamed Company to issue, after twenty-one (21) days from publication hereof, duplicate share Certificate Nos. 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 and 99 for six hundred (600) fully paid ordinary shares, Nos. 1101 to 1600 and 8801 to 8900 inclusive, in the name of Gerald Wilkinson Mitchell, which have been declared lost. H. W. LEES, Director.  IN the matter of the Companies Act, 1936 (Section 182), and in the matter of PALM BEACH LANDS PTY. LTD.—It is (1949, April 22). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1181. Retrieved  from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224788931

Nabilla Road: from and Aboriginal word meaning Nabilla; 'Water'.The name Nabila is also a girl's name of Arabic origin meaning "honorable, noble". Pretty and feminine Muslim name popular in Egypt. The name Nabilla is also of Indonesian origin and means "Gift of god". 

Northview Road: it's a towards north view you will have from this road - towards Barrenjoey Headland in particular.

Ocean Place: SHIRE OF WARRINGAH.—Naming of Roads.—Ordinance 30, Clause 53, Local Government Act.—Notice is hereby given that the undermentioned roads have been renamed in accordance with section 2.49 (a) of the Local Government Act:—

"Past Name or Location and New Name.

1. Unnamed lane between Florida-road and Ocean-road, Palm Beach, along the southern boundaries of lots 98 and 75, d.p. 6,746—Ocean-place.

2. That part of Consul-road, Brookvale, running from Warringah-road to approximately the southern boundary of d.p. 12,200—Consul-road North.

3. Unnamed road from the northern end of Lyly-street to Orara-road, North Manly—Malinya-road.

J. MORGAN, Shire Clerk, Shire Hall, Brookvale, 5th January, 1956 SHIRE OF WARRINGAH.—NAMING OF ROADS.—Ordinance (1956, January 13). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 87. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220320277 

Ocean Road: this runs beside the ocean

Pacific Road: this faces the pacific - it should be noted that this was extended through the years from that seen in earlier photos:

SHIRE OF WARRINGAH.— NAMING of Roads,—Ordinance

Under Clause 53, Local Government Act.—Notice is hereby given that the undermentioned roads have been renamed in accordance with section 249 (a) of the Local Government Act:—

Past Name or Location—New Name,

That part of Ralston-road, Palm Beach between Palm Beach road and Pacific-road—Pacific-road.

2. That section of Woodbine-street, North Balgowah, north of where it turns northward at a right-angle approximately opposite Nimbin-street—Bardoo-avenue.

J, MORGAN, Shire Clerk, Shire Hall, Brookvale, 11th October, 1957. SHIRE OF WARRINGAH.—NAMING OF ROADS.—ordinance (1957, October 18). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 3326. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220358374 

Palm Beach Road: this runs over the hill from Barrenjoey to... Palm Beach. 

Ralston Road: named for Mr. Ralston - originator of the Barranjoey Land Company. Worth noting is Alexander Ralston, President Warringah Shire Council, 1912 and one of the original councillors when the council was formed from 1906/ first voted for term 1907. 

OLD RESIDENTS DEATH.

The death took place recently of a well-known resident of Bexley in the nineties, Mr. Alexander Ralston, aged 85 years. Then an ambitious, energetic, and affable young Scot, Alick Ralston conducted a dairy in the paddocks near the junction of Wollongong and Forest Roads, then surrounded by huge gum trees, but now the site of hundreds of bungalow homes. Besides milking cows and delivering milk he found time to be an energetic member of the Bexley Presbyterian Church. After leaving Bexley the late Mr. Ralston went to reside on the northern side of Sydney Harbour, and later became President of Warringah Shire and a member of the Ryde Bowling Club. He is survived by his wife and family. OLD RESIDENT'S DEATH. (1946, November 21). The Propeller (Hurstville, NSW : 1911 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article235351448

RALSTON -November 13 at hospital Ashfield Alexander loved husband ot Jessie and father of Alex, Annie, Graham, Alan R, Gilbert, Jessie and Jean in his 85th year. Native of Kilsyth, Scotland late or Bexley and Manly Ex councillor and president of Warrlngah Shire At rest

RALSTON -November 13 1946 Alexander much loved brother or Ann (Mrs A McDonald Meadowbank) and Agnes (Mrs G Wannan Dulwich Hill). Family Notices (1946, November 14). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18002663

Rock Bath Road: leads to the rock bath at south end of Palm Beach. The section that was briefly named Scott road was most likely named for A. M. K. Scott, one of the original shareholders of the Palm Beach Land co. The Whale Beach end of Whale Beach road was proceeded with in 1919. From Warringah Shire Council Minutes of Meetings:

Barrenjoey Co., 22/8/19, submitting proposal for the construction of Whale beach Road, Palm Beach. Resolved, - That the Company be allowed to carry out the work, subject to the Engineer's supervision. (See Works Committee's Minutes) 

Snapperman Lane: leads to Snapperman beach - may be associated with fishing for snapper and stem back to Chinese fishermen who used to dry fish on this beach.

Sunrise Road: from here you see the sun rise.

Thyra Road: Thyra, New South Wales is a parish and suburb in Cadell County, Southern New South Wales Australia. It is located 15 km north of Echuca, Victoria

Waratah Road: In A Bunch Of Wildflowers: Historical Spring September Songs (2018) may be read how many wonderful local wildflowers once covered the hills of Palm Beach, similar to those still found in Kuringgai Chase National Park, opposite.

ON THE LAND.
WILD FLOWERS.

(BY W. M. SHERRIE.) 
The wonderful wild flower country which is within easy reach of the city of Sydney, and especially north and south in the region of the coast, is being slowly but surely devastated. At the present rate of destruction thousands of acres of land, which, in point of richness and variety of flora, constitutes one of the greatest of the landscape glories of Australia, will be entirely denuded of its Interest and beauty. The multitudes of picnickers and week-enders go further and further afield with the extension of the tramways and other means of travel, and they mutilate and destroy on a wholesale scale. There is no reason why people should not have wild flowers; but there is every reason why they should be prevented from gathering them in a manner which means widespread extirpation.

Beyond Manly-indeed, all over that lovely region embracing Barranjoey, Palm Beach, Píttwater, Kur-ring-gai Chase-wild flowers grow in abundance and in great variety. Waratahs, flannel flowers, Christmas bells, and scores of other blooms flourish through many months of the year, but everywhere they are being gradually reduced, if not wholly destroyed. About Dee Why, Narrabeen, Brookvale, French’s Forest, and thereabouts, as well as on the South Coast, the same process of devastation goes on year after year with cumulative effect, and no attempt appears to have been made to restrain though desolating hands of the raiders. If only people picked flowers for the love of them, or confined themselves to taking reasonable quantities, there would be no objection to them taking-toll of the riot of floral beauty so generously provided by nature. The majority of people waste and destroy far more flowers than they use. A common practice is to tear whole plants up by the root. If they would only cut or break off the stalks and leave the root in the ground the plants would continue to grow and to bear blooms. As it is they are killed outright.



Australia's national flower, the gorgeous Waratah is not torn up by the root, simply because nature has given it a means of protection against that sort of ruthlessness. But the bushes are seriously mutilated. About Palm Beach one sees many waratahs which bear no flowers, and probably will never do so again. Apparently this sterility is due to the violent treatment they have received by thoughtless or wanton visitors. 

People cross over to Kur-ring-gai Chase and come back with as many waratahs as they can carry. Hundreds of these blooms are wasted. People greedily possess themselves of far more than they have any use for, and, becoming tired of their loads, leave them lying on the ground. Following in the wake of a holiday crowd one sees torn and mangled plants and blooms of every description. People who behave in this way cannot really claim to be considered lovers of either nature or of beauty in any form. Numbers of them pick lovely flowers only to throw them away, in much the same spirit which animates a young child having no knowledge of right or wrong. For the most part private lands and public reserves are raided without discrimination or respect for the rights of the individual or the community. The wild flowers of the coastal districts about Sydney are an everlasting source of charm and delight to tens of thousands of people. They are also a source of health and physical pleasure, since they serve the useful purpose of attracting denizens of the metropolis into the bush to spend their holidays and their week-ends. Thus wild flowers minister to the material as well as the romantic needs of the people, and as the collective property of the community they should be afforded some measure of protection. 
ON THE LAND. (1917, September 29). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15750443 

The wonderfully and aptly named 'Waratah' street of Palm Beach, and the still green Sunrise Hill above it, as well as the long ridge line above Pacific indicate where these red crowns were once rising in abundance, alongside the still flourishing flannel flowers. For other flowers that fed, and feed still, the birds and furred native animals that live there, a look at Barrenjoey Headland in Bushflower Bloom (October 2012) may add more colour to your world, while seeing the Fire on Barrenjoey (September 2013) being put our by NSWRFS before it reached some green pockets, would have provided saviour grounds for local fauna, as well as caused other local flora to gain the spark it needed to sprout. 

Whale Beach Road: named for the beach and because the road ran to Whale Beach - note above the section near Rock Bath Road was originally called 'Scott Road'.

Woorak Road: Woorak is a rural locality in north-west Victoria, 13 km from hill on the road which runs north-east to Jeparit. The area has also been known as Ni Ni and Lambing Hut. ‘Woorak’, it is thought, is derived from an Aboriginal word meaning 'plain country or mouth'.

EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach and Pittwater, New South Wales Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162483141 - NLA: no number  but Written in left hand side lower is 'Palm Beach No 4 Pittwater'- shows Palm Beach Beach Road (over hill to beach) view over Gows/Gonsalves and down towards Barrenjoey House pre larger building and when was just a Tea Rooms run by the Verrills opposite Snapperman beach. Shows SS Charlotte times on shed and 'Palm Beach Ferry' (flag) on launch at Gows Jetty/Palm Beach Lands wharf


Advertising (1915, February 26). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 8 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229318883

EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 12 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162488494 - end of Sunrise view with Barranjoey House tucked into – and shows Fossberg lands – Snapperman beach end

EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 14 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162567120 

EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 3 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162481896 - has 'No 1a Palm Beach - Looking North' in left hand lower corner.

EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 2 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162481294 Has 'No 2 Palm Beach' written in lower left hand corner- includes sections showing Peters home with tents still in it and Chorley home with car outside, cows, etc.. and Black Rock section from south end, what would become Rock Bath Road and Pool
EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales7 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162484891 - from Rock Bath Road, Pool end – shows Horderns, Ralston, Chorleys, Wolstenholmes'(built 1920-21) and Peters place are all present and finished, dressing sheds (installed 1921) are visible  – as well as first Palm Beach SLSC Shed next to Horderns - the pool looks unfinished, thus Mr. Hordern's campaign mid 1920's to get it 'complete by Christmas time' per Warringah Shire Council Minutes of Meetings records - so is at least 1921, probably 1924-25 and must be part of those taken in and during second visit to photograph these sections. Signature/logo in lower right hand 'E B Studios 278 George Street, Sydney' was final address prior to J. Enemark closing the business down

Misnamed one – is named 'Whale Beach' and actually Palm Beach

EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Whale Beach, New South Wales Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162483691 - view from further back along Sunrise road back towards beach road with Pacific road going up the hill – says ‘Palm Beach No.: 5’ at left hand base of pano. Part of those commissioned by Barrenjoey Land Company - possibly taken around same time those for Whale Beach panoramas and subdivision pamphlets were taken. Palm Beach Land Company cottage sold to Robson Scott on corner of Palm Beach Road and Pacific road opposite what would become stone Maitland home. Peters home still not present on beach, only Chorleys, so certainly circa 1917, possibly 1915-16.

EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 6 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162484292 - taken from Sunrise Road - views south over towards estuary with Pacific (going up the hill) visible as well as Palm Beach Road where joins Florida and where Livistonia Lane now is. Part of second images taken, possibly for either 1922 subdivision of lots above Golf Course or when Willmore and Randell acted on behalf of Palm Beach Land Company from 1924-1925 on. Peters home and surf club 'shed is present so post 1920-1921. Address with Logo in lower right hand side gives 278 George Street - so final phase of the business prior to J Enemark liquidating it prior to his retirement.
EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 9 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162486332 - Sunrise road just up from turn – view towards Barrenjoey – Northview Road sign installed, so possibly part of 1922 Golf Course subdivision. Has last address for business - George Street, in lower left hand of images, and appeared in 1921 newspaper article.


Above- the photo from this 1921 news item.  

A MAGNIFICENT VIEW OF THE HAWKESBURY ENTRANCE, SHOWING PALM BEACH (ON THE RIGHT), BARRENJOEY LIGHT -HOUSE, AND LION ISLAND IN BROKEN BAY. Palm Beach is a favourite rendezvous for motorists, but the road from Newport needs attention. SYDNEY'S WOMEN ROWERS—BEAUTIFUL BROKEN BAY—HISTORIC PORT MACQUARIE. (1921, April 13). Sydney Mail(NSW : 1912 - 1938), p. 18. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article159037391 

EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 13 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162489097 - Sunrise road showing Lucy Gullet- Moser home and Windyridge (the Gillham home) and overlooking golf course view towards Barrenjoey where the Gonsalves place in Waratah Road can be seen. Warringah Shire Council Minutes of Meetings records: C. H. Gillham, Surveyor, 19/9/41, submitting plan of proposed subdivision of Mrs. Gonsalves land, part Lot 13, Do. D.P. 7656, Waratah Road and Barrenjoey Road, Palm Beach. Approved, as recommended by Engineer. 30/9/1941: Palm Beach Aircraft Observation Point: An amendment proposed by Cr. Nidiolas, seconded by Cr. Langdale, that the request be sent on to the Minister for Defence for consideration was defeated. 

Possibly from Willmore and Randell who were using the firm for images for Avalon Beach subdivisions, although clearly A J Small did as well for Avalon Golf Course subdivisions from 'Will Be' campaign (1922-1924) - Lucy sold her land/holiday home to the Mosers, soon after acquiring in first 1912 land sale, however she did still keep a place in the area - from Warringah Shire Council's Minutes of Meetings: 

39/ Dr. Lucy Gullett. 19/3/25, complaining of dust nuisance arising from untarred portion of main road in front of her place at Collaroy : Received.

EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 4 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162482496 - view from above Rock Bath road – hill Sections taken in earlier visit. Brown-Craig Boarding home near Black Rock not present as yet - was built 1918-1919 (?) - was being rented by summer of 1919

EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 10 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162487058 - second visit/round of images taken (circa 1921-1924)- last address for business in lower right hand side, dressing sheds visible on beach (built 1921).

EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 8 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162485614 - Pacific and Ralston – up the top turns into Whale beach at right. Is from second round of photos taken. SDo post 1918-1919 - more likely to be 1922-1924.

EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 11 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162487775  - near McKay Reserve view out over the estuary. This may be either Mr. Enemark or his son in this photo. Passenger vessel  seen near Longnose Point is The Phoenix.  Barrenjoey road out to Palm Beach can be seen at far left of pano with sandy surface, so pre 1926 road upgrades through Warringah Shire Council, circa 1924 and possibly tied in with Willmore and Randell 1925-1928 subdivisions and road builds up around Ralston, Cynthea roads, after extensions of Pacific and council asked to complete them by Palm Beach Lands Company:. 

References and Extras

  1. Trove - National Library of Australia
  2. Roads In Pittwater: The Barrenjoey Road
  3. Summer Houses In Pittwater: A Cottage Of 1916 and Palm Beach House - 1916 To 1929
  4. Pittwater Summer Houses: The Cabin, Palm Beach - The Pink House Of The Craig Family
  5. Florida House
  6. Palm Beach Early Stores: Gow and Howlett's
  7. Captain Carl Gow WWI
  8. Palm Beach Jetty and Gow's Wharf
  9. Carl Gow and Frank Gonsalves Boatshed, Palm Beach 
  10. Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways Hordern Or Wiltshire Parks To McKay Reserve – From Beach To Estuary
  11. The Fearless Men Of Palm Beach SLSC's Surf Boats First Crews: A Tale of Viking Ships, Butcher Boats and Robert Gow’s Tom Thumb 'Canoe' 
  12. Lieutenant Colonel Douglas Marks DSO, MC 
  13. Pittwater Restaurants You Could Stay At Barrenjoey House – Palm Beach
  14. Bryan Webster - Profile - 'My grandfather was the first permanent resident of Whale Beach – some say 1921, others say 1923, I don’t have the records to ascertain which it is.'
  15. Careel House - History
  16. Pittwater Restaurants You Could Stay At Jonah's Road House – Whale Beach
  17. THE FIRST APPENDICECTOMY IN AUSTRALIA WAS PERFORMED AT TOOWOOMBA IN THE COLONY OF QUEENSLAND by DR. DRURY CLARKE, K.StJ., ED. Delivered before a meeting of the Royal Historical Society of Queensland on 27 April 1978. Retrieved from: Espace UQ 
  18. Wikipedia contributors. (2017, November 25). Percy Nolan. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Percy_Nolan&oldid=812061998

Also Available:


Palm Beach subdivision plans
1900 Z/SP/P4/45 Pittwater - Marine Sites - Bassett-Darley Estate Barrenjoey Rd Tues. 5th June 1900
1900 Z/SP/P4/40 Pittwater - Marine Sites - Bassett-Darley Estate Barrenjoey Rd,  Tues. 30th Jan. 1900
Z/SP/P4/41 Palm Beach Estate Bungalow Rd, Morella Rd, Surf Rd, Careel Rd, Barrenjoey Rd, Waratah Rd, Palm Beach Rd, Pacific Rd, Ralston Rd, Cynthea Rd, Bynya Rd, Florida Rd, Ocean Rd
1912 Z/SP/P4/32 Barrenjoey - Palm Beach Estate - Pittwater Barranjoey Rd, Ocean Rd, Palm Beach Rd Fri. 26th Jan. 1912
1912 Z/SP/P4/24 Barrenjoey - Palm Beach Estate - Pittwater Barranjoey Rd, Ocean Rd, Palm Beach Rd Fri. 26th Jan. 1912
1912 Z/SP/P4/12 Barrenjoey - Palm Beach Estate - 2nd Subdivision Barrenjoey Rd, Palm Beach Rd, Sunrise Rd, Ocean Rd, Florida Rd 26th Dec. 1912

1921 Z/SP/P4/20 Palm Beach Estate - No. 1 Southern Beach Subdivision on Whale Beach - Portion of the famous Palm Beach Estate No boundaries shown 3rd Oct. 1921
1921 Z/SP/P4/21 Palm Beach Estate - No. 1 Southern Beach Subdivision Barrenjoey Rd, Surf Rd, Bungalow Rd, Whale Beach Rd, 3rd Oct. 1921
1922 Z/SP/P4/9 Palm Beach Estate - Golf Links Subdivision Barrenjoey Rd, Ocean Rd, Sunrise Rd, Northview Rd Mon. 2nd Oct. 1922
Z/SP/P4/10 Barrenjoey - Palm Beach Estate - 5th Subdivision Ocean Rd, Florida Rd, Pacific Rd, Barrenjoey Rd
Z/SP/P4/11 Palm Beach Estate Rock Bath Rd, Ocean Rd, Northview Rd, Sunrise Rd, Palm Beach Rd, Barrenjoey Rd, Waratah Rd, Ralston Rd, Mckay Rd

Sunrise road reserve - Warringah Shire minutes of meetings records:

4/10/1949, 19. Resolved, - That the Education Department be requested to dedicate the former School Site on Sunrise Road Palm Beach -as a public Reserves recreation area and vantage point. (Crs. McKay, Thomas)



Palm Beach Estate - Whale Beach Subdivision - Bynya Rd, Barrenjoey Road,  Morella Rd, Bungalow Rd, February 18th, 1928, Palm Beach Lands Limited, Norma Road still 'proposed' - from Palm Beach subdivision plans. Item No.: c052700001, courtesy State Library of NSW

REAL ESTATE

BEACHSIDE LOTS palm beach estate NEW SECTION FOR AUCTION

Set in the contours which curve around to the northern corner of Whale Beach, a new subdivision of Palm Beach Estate will be offered for sale, by auction, next Saturday. '

Messrs. Raine and Home will be the auctioneers, in conjunction with Mr. A. Vernon Allen. Whale Beach is separated from Palm Bench by a broad headland, but Palm Beach Estate links the two beaches, and the road which it is proposed to build around the headland will form a new link and provide a fine marine drive. Bounded on one side by a park and on the other by a reserve, which extends to high water mark on the beach, the new subdivision contains 94 allotments. It extends from the northern end of the beach almost to the store. Allotments have frontages of from 50 to 60 feet, and depths of around 180 feet. The high backbone of hill which' runs along the Barrenjoey peninsula protects the estate from westerly winds, while it faces eastward to the ocean. 'Bus services connect with. Manly, and a constantly improving motor road gives quick access to the city. Terms of sale will be: Ten per cent, deposit and the balance in five years. REAL ESTATE (1928, February 15). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 16 (LAST RACE EDITION). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224217995 

DEATHS

GALLAGHER,-. January 17 at a private hospital, Manly, Nancy, aged 2 1/2 years, only child of Mr. and Mrs. Gallagher, of Palm Beach. Family Notices (1929, January 19). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16524694

Tenders Accepted or Received

WARRINGAH. "A" RIDING: Waterview St., Mona Vale, F. cott.— F. Martinu, £1500; Pittwater Rd., Nth. Narrabeen, F. cott. & gar.—L. Hardwick, £2400; Wimbledon Ave., Narrabeen, Addns. — R. G. Clarke, £950; Whale Beach Rd., Whale Beach, Adds. —K. Vaughan, £1500; Oueen's Pde. E., Newport Beach, Addns.—Dr. M. J. Aitken, £300; Alleyne Ave., Nth. Narrabeen. W.B. eott.—F. W. Simpson, £2750; Cynthea Rd., Palm Beach, Bk. cott—W. J. Waterman, £2500; Booralie Rd., Terrey Hills, Bk. Clubhouse — N.S.W. Gun Club, £6000; Weeroona Avenue, Narrabeen, W.B. cott. 6? gar. — T. D. Lyall, £3000; Barrenjoey Road, Mona Vale, W.B. cott.—G. E. Johnson, £3500; Coonanga Rd.. Avalon, F. addns.—J. Smith, £250; Elaine Ave., Avalon, F. cott.— H. C. Schachts, £1600; Bellevardc Pde., Mona Vale, F. cott.—W. Ferguson, £1290; Barrenjoey Rd., Palm Beach, W.B. gar.—G. E. McCarthy, £250; Mona Vale Rd., Mona Vale, St. and W.B. cott. — H. Seymour, £5000; Irrubel Rd., Newport, W.B. cott.—D. W. Brown £1200; Florida Rd., Palm Beach, W.B. cott.—C. M. C. McCormick, £6000; Karloo Parade, Newport, F. cott. — B. W. Healey. £1500; Trevor Road, Newport, B.V. cott.—S. Fischer, £3000. ....Tenders Accepted or Received (1952, September 10). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), p. 19. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223549435


Some Of The People Behind The Subdivisions: The Barranjoey Company

When the Barranjoey Land Company was formally registered in June 1911 the first directors were named as Harry Wolstenholme, E T Jones, John Thompson Ralston, James Young, and Herbert Russell Nolan. Many of these partners were either students together at Newington College, the well-known Wesleyan School at Stanmore, or related through marriages.

The Barrenjoey Co. were among the first to give land at Palm Beach to be placed as reserves for everyone. In some ways these items read slightly like trade-offs but the end result may have suited the means and cynicism aside, those on either tide of these discussions must have had similar good intentions and some sensibility of something great being achieved for then and for the future.

From Warringah's archived, and online, Minutes from Council Meetings:

51. Barrenjoey Co Ltd , 22/4/1919, agreeing to the dedication of Palm Beach Reserve to the Council Resolved, - That the Reserve. Solicitor be Instructed to make out the necessary dedication deeds
27. Barrenjoey Co , 31/5/1920, intimating that the Company does not desire a local rate levied at Palm Beach; Received, 28, 

Barrenjoey Co. , 31/5/20 asking that steps be taken to prevent the removal of sand from Beach  Road,  Palm Beach. Resolved - (Cra. Quirk and Lodge) That Mr. Peters be informed of the Company's report, and that he be notified to desist. 29. Barrenjoey Co., 31/5/20, drawing attention to washaway on Florida Road ; Referred to Engineer.

18th of April, 1920 A letter from the Council's Solicitors, Maund & Christie regarding transfer of Palm Beach Reserve to the Council, was read, Resolved, - (Crs. Quirk & Cavill) That the Clerk get into communication with Hardy & Busby: Surveyors, and ascertain what they will prepare a plan of the Reserve for, 

The Barrenjoey Company, Limited, 29/ 11/1921, further to proposed Way of access from Florida Road to Ocean Road, Palm Beach, and agreeing to widen same to 66 ft., if Council will resume filling in Ocean Road, near Wollstonholme's: Engineer to Furnish Estimate for the cost of such work. - H.LC.Robinson,26/11./1921, offering up-to-date survey map of world for 25/s: Resolved(Crs. Campbell & quirk),- that it be procured.

E. Kenny,. 19/6/22, on behalf of Barrenjoey Co., submitting Palm Beach plan of further subdivision at Palm Beach between Sunrise Road and the Lighthouse Reserve: Referred to the Engineer, 
Barrenjoey Co,8/2/23, further re rock- bath at Palm Beach, Palm Beach Rock Bath, and stating that the Company's intention was to contribute one third of the original estimate of £125 - Barrenjoey Co, 6/2/23, re proposed rock-bath at Palm Beach, opposing a built-up bath as being insanitary : Resolved - (Cr; Rayner, Hitchcock) That tenders be called for. -- the construction of a bath in accordance with the Engineer's design, but without a concrete rim.

23. J. T. Ralston, 19/7/23, protesting against the "so-called Boat Shed." being erected on the Reserve close to his fence at Palm Beach. Resolved,(Crs. Campbell, McKillop) That the matter be left in the hands of the Representatives of the Riding. 

10, J. T. Ralston & Son. 19/11/23, submitting, for acceptance the Council Memorandum of Transfer of Lot 92, 2nd. Subdivision Reserves. Palm Beach Estate : Resolved, - (Crs. Hewitt, Hitchcock) That the Council accept the transfer and affix its'seal to the document. Wright & Cottam, 28/11/23, submitting plans and specifications of 2nd subdivision of Elanora Estate, Narrabeen : Referred Estate. to' the Engineer. T. . 12. Arthur Small, 24/11/23, giving, reason for not providing reserves in No. 2 subdivision of Avalon Beach Estate: Resolved, Crs. Hewitt; Hitchcock) That he be informed of the Council's rule requiring provision for reserves when an estate is being subdivided in Sections, and again asking what provision he is making in regard to this Estate. 

8. H. Wolstenholme, 13/9/24 and 23/9/24. one of the Liquidators of the Barrenjoey Co. Ltd., advising that Lot 84 Beach and the residue of Lot 93, Palm Beach  Estate would probably be dedicated to the Council on condition that the palm trees be preserved, and no bathing sheds be erected on the former lot- Resolved (Crs. Hewitt, Hitchcock) That the Council accept the two lots under the conditions mentioned, and Mr Wolstenholme be informed that the other matters referred to in his letters will receive the Council's attention, in due course. That a copy of the Engineer's report on the cost of widening the steep angle in Pacific Road,  Palm Beach at the first angle from Palm Beach Road be forwarded to Palm Beach Lands, and they be informed that the Council will proceed with the work, upon receipt of their cheque for £27/10/-, which is half the estimated cost, 14, . Resolved, - (Crs. Hewitt, Hitchcock)MacGregor and Palmer on behalf of J. Young 24/11/23, submitting plan of proposed Subdivision of land in Careel Head Road, Whale Beach EstateReferred to e Engineer for rept. 

11. H. Wolstenholme, 3/10/24, further re Reserves at Palm Beach stating whole matter will be dealt with by the Liquidators of the Barrenjoey Co. when informed of the Council's intentions .. the other matters referred to in his letter of 13th ult : Resolved, - (Crs..Hewitt, Hitchcock) That the Engineer report on the matters referred to in Mr. Wolstenholmes letter of 13th September,

10. Palm Beach Surf Life Saving Club 20/10/24, requesting that the road along the beach be continued to the southern corner of the beach...repairs to....request for urinal...   Resolved, — (ers. Hitchcock, Hewitt) That repairs to the rock-bath be effected without delay and a urinal be constructed in the men's dressing shed, as requested. Palm Beach Lands Ltd. 24/10/24, requesting that Ocean Road continued from Mr. Wolstenholme's frontage to the surf sheds, and T. McKay, 20/l0/24,making similar request : Resolved, -That the Engineer furnish a report on what

His (J.T. Ralston's) son, Jack:
J. T. Ralston. 14/1/25. submitting; for affixing of Council's seal, transfer of Lot 84, Lot 92A and the residue of Lot 93, Palm Beach, requesting that the whole reserve be known as Palm Gully ReserveResolved. - (Crs. Hewitt: Hitchcock) That the Council approve of the name "Palm Gully Reserve", and that the seal be affixed to the memorandum of Transfer.

A.J. Hordern. 24/9/25, suggesting the erection of a bridge over the Creek in Palm Grove Reserve, and enclosing cheque for £6 to cover cost and ; - (Crs. Hitchcock, Hewitt) That the offer be accepted, and the work be done under the Engineer's supervision.


16th November 1925: Resolved, - (Crs. Atkins, Hewitt) That the report of E. Kennys  plan of subdivision of W. H. Rayner's lot 66a, Palm Beach Estate, be referred to the Works Committee. 

12. W. H. Rayner. 18/12/25. intimating that unless immediate steps are taken to prevent the stormwater flowing on to his land at Palm Beach, he will be compelled to take legal proceedings Resolved, - (Crs. Hitchcock, sims.on) That the Council approve of Mr. Rayner's plan of subdivision, provided he dedicate to the Council, a portion of his land at the bend in Palm Beach Road, by rounding off the corner to a radius of 20 feet.

50. A. J. Hordern . 10.8.26. drawing attention to the erosion of the bank of the creek on the Palm Gully at Palm Beach, encroaching on his property, and offering to forward cheque for erection of concrete or stone wall to Park. Resolved, -. (Crs. Hitchcock, Simpson) That the offer be accepted; the Engineer give an estimate of the cost and sent it onto Mr. Hordern. 51. Same. 10.9.26. suggesting that the second fence on Wiltshire Park,  Palm Beach, be removed to the Florida Road frontage, and offering to do the work himself: Resolved, - (Cr.s. Simpson; Hitchcock) That the offer be accepted, and that the sign-board in the vicinity be also removed to the Florida Road frontage

A letter from A. J. Hordern, offering £10 towards stopping the leak in Palm Beach Rock Bath, and clearing, out the stones, provided the work be completed by November 1st. Resolved, - Contrib- 

Mr. A. J. Hordern 's letter of 3,12.26, offering to advance the Council £100 at 4% for the completion of Palm Beach Rock Bath; provided the work be done by Xmas, was read. , Resolved, (ci. Hope, Simpson) That Mr. Hordern's offer be accepted, he be told of the Engineer's difficulties in the matter, and that an earnest endeavour will be made to Rock Bath have it done by the time mentioned

A. J. Hordern . 3.12.26. drawing attention to the fact that on account of the construction work going on in the vicinity of Gow's Store on the Barrenjoey Road, vehicular access to Palm Beach is likely to be 'cut off during the Xmas holidays Left with the Engineer to do what he considers best.,

A. J. Hordern be informed that the cost of making Palm Beach Rock Bath water-tight is just under £50, and the Council will not require his loan to be of any greater amount.

A.J. Hordern. 19/6/28. Submitting two proposals for improvements to public reserves at Palm Beach and offering to lend the necessary money-for three years at ... Referred Reserves to the Works Committee to discuss the matter with Mr.Hordern. 

A.J.. Hordern's offer to lend the Council money for the improvement of reserves at Palm Beach  Loans and the establishment of a parking area was held over until later in the meeting, in order that the Engineer might submit additional information.

 The Shire Engineer verbally reported that the cost of making Palm Beach parking area on the ocean beach reserve at Palm Beach, as it serves suggested by Mr. A.J.Hordern, would be about £150. Resolved a . (Crs. Hitchcock, Cpbell) -'That Mr. Hordern's offer of a loan for this work, and also for improvements to the-reserve adjoining his place, be accepted, and the work be put in hand, as soon as the money is available, tenders to be called for filling. 

24. Linda Buttrun. 22/l/27. Complaining that her letter of June last regarding damage to her fence has not been attended to, and asking that the same treatment be given her as is being given to Mr. Rayner at Palm Beach, in connection with the damage to his property. Resolved (Crs.' Campbell, Ryan), - that the matter be referred to the Engineer. 25. W. H. Rayner. 1/2/27. Withdrawing request for compensation for damage to his property at Palm Beach, provided Council immediately re-erects wall. Received. Is being claim dealt with, and Engineer be instructed to make a strong and satisfactory job of it.

A. S. Hordern. 1/7/29. Submitting proposal for financing the construction of a Club House for the Palm Beach Life Saving Club on a fresh site. Resolved (Crs. Hitchcock, Austin) - That Mr. Hordern's offer be accepted and the Works Committee meet representatives of the Surf Club and Mr. Hordern  with a view  to action being taken.

PALM BEACH. DISPUTE ABOUT CLUBHOUSE.

Warringah Shire Council has decided that the Palm Beach Surf Club's club-house must be pulled down and that any new structure must be erected on a more suitable site. The existing club-house, a plain erection on a public reserve, has been the subject of an offer by Mr. J. A. Hordern, who has expressed his willingness to lend the council £100 for improvements to the reserve, and to assist the club financially towards the erection of a new building.

It has been stated that the members of the surf club did not want to move, and Councillor Corkery said that if they would not go, the club should be disbanded and a paid life-saver put on the beach. It would never do to allow the council to be dictated to by the club, which was on the beach for the purpose of life-saving only. The council will have a meeting with Mr. Hordern and the members of the surf club, to discuss the question of finance. PALM BEACH. (1929, July 10)The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 19. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16546792

PALM BEACH CLUB-HOUSE.  In a letter to the Editor, the captain of the Palm Beach Surf Saving Club (Mr. Kenneth Hunter) states that there has been no dispute with the Warringah Shire Council. Discussions that have taken place with regard to new premises for the club have been of a most harmonious character. PALM BEACH CLUB-HOUSE. (1929, July 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16568126

PALM BEACH SURF CLUB HUT.  The Palm Beach Surf Club's hut is to be removed from its present situation in a valuable public reserve to a more suitable site, near the centre of the beach. The Warringah Shire council will erect the new hut, which will cost £300. PALM BEACH SURF CLUB HUT. (1929, August 31). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 22. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16579961

Despite these reports a schism did develop between the members and the council that led, ultimately, to members raising funds throughout the years from 1929 (when The Depression began) until they could purchase what is today called the 'Cabbage Tree Club' - formerly 'Chorley's' in 1936 - until then they were placed where suited the council and council's fiscal supporter.

A. J. Hordern, ../10/29. Forwarding cheque for £235 as a loan for construction of Palm Beach Surf Clubhouse, payable in ..years, interest at 4%. Resolved, That the loan be accepted on the condition that it be repaid by three equal annual installments, plus interest at 4 on the unpaid balances.  

63. R.T. McKay 16/4/34, requesting that the long oak trees which are decayed at the bottom, on Hordern Park, Palm Beach, be cut down, as they are about to fall and will destroy young trees planted by Mr. Hordern, or will injure his fence. Resolved, - That Mr. R. Howlett be given permission to remove the trees. (Crs.Hitchcock., Hughes) 64. Same, 16/4/34, requesting that the water tables in Florida Road between Scott Road and the dirk, and between his place and Mrs. Hordern’s place, be improved, suggesting that the material front the gutter on the southern side of Florida Road be placed on the raised area onnorth side. Resolved, - That a short section of Florida Road, about 2 chains, be ballasted to prevent the water crossing the road, the cost to be deducted from the Florida ..:41 vote.

8/8/1939: By Cr. Latham - Will the Council consider taking over from Palm Beach Lands Ltd. Norma Road and Pacific Road extension, in view of the fact that the work carried out to the specification Estate required of the Company? The President replied that the Works Committee, in company with Crs. Latham and Savage, would make another inspection, and that Mr. Mackay, of Palm Beach Lands Ltd., would be invited to be present. 

7. Palm Beach Lands Ltd., 1/7/40, declining to accede to the Council's request that Lots 294 and 385 Norma Road be reserved for public recreation purposes in the Company's subdivision, but stating preparedness to dedicate a small portion of each Subdivision of these lots. On the Engineer stating that the Company's representatives, Massrs. McKay and Harkness, had made an appointment to discuss the matter with him, it was decided to defer further consideration until next meeting.

Meeting of 30th of August, 1938: Re permanent camps at Whale Beach: submitting statement of Council's decisions in this matter since 24th May last. Mr. Moore, a member of the Palm Beach Progress Association, and a resident of Whale Beach, addressed the Council on this matter by consent of the meeting, and protested against the permanent nature' of the camps. Resolved, - That the Shire Clerk's report be 'Received". (Cr. Nicholas, Cr.Campbell)

Palm Beach Lands, Ltd. request for approval to a lot at the junction of Bynya Road. and Norma Road. Resolved, - That the approval of the subdivision be confirmed.

Public Trustee, 3/8/49, inquiring whether Council is prepared to accept an offer of £300 for Lots 110/112, Rayner Road. Sale of Land for Rates. Resolved - That the Public Trustee be asked to auction the land.

14th of November, 1950: (19) Main Roads Department, 27/10/50, regarding re-naming of main roads, and (a) advising of agreement to the name "Pittwater Road" for the whole of the section from Manly to Mona Vale, Manly Council agreeing subject to it being extended to Raglan Street; (b) that the section from Mona Vale to Palm Beach be re-named "Barrenjoey Road"; (c) stating that the Department and the Kuring-gai Council have agreed to the re-naming of the road from Pymble to Mona Vale as "Mona Vale Road"; (d) stating that the Kuring-gai and Willoughby Councils opposed the naming of Main Road 328 as Roseville Road, and in view of this, the Department prepared to name the section in Warringah Shire, Street including Rodborough Road, Warringah Road, Maillop Road May Names Road and Roseville Road, as "Warringah Road"; (e) agreeing that Main Road No. 174 be named "Pittwater Road" from Mona Vale junction to Church Point) and from Church Point onwards as "McCarr's Creek Road"; also advising that the Department will take the necessary steps regarding naming and re-naming of these roads. Resolved, - That the Council concur in the names, which mostly follow its requests. 

Ordinary Meeting. 11/4/51
The following questions were submitted by the Councillors named, and the President's replies, where given, are indicated alongside; in cases where no reply is given, the President stated that he would have the matter investigated and a reply furnished in due course. By Cr. McKay: Will you direct that a letter be sent to the Department of Main Roads asking, with reference to the Narrabeen Bridge building contractor (Mr. Rolfe), whether the Council can be furnished with information as to - (a) what conditions are in the relevant contract enabling termination of the contract on the ground of unreasonable Narrabeen delay; (b) the amount of the original contract figure; Bridge (c) whether the contract includes a "vise and fall" clause; (d) the approximate cost to the Department of the work already done; (e) the anticipated cost of completion; and (f) the approximate date of completion.

By Cr. Hewitt: Could Mackellar County Council be asked to erect street lights at (a) Careel Head Road at the junction of Burrawong Road; (b) in Careel Head Road at the junction of Albert. Street; and (c) on the recently erected pole at the junction of Whale Beach Road and Rayner Road? The President replied that this would be referred to the Works Committee. By Cr, Hewitt: Could attention be given to the track from Malo Road to the beach; the road on the beach front,to the baths at Palm:Beach; and put the grader on Rayner Road? 



Subdivisions land holders and original Barrenjoey Land Company shareholders


Walter Hubert Rayner was one of the early owners of a holiday home at Palm Beach, and is listed among those there from the early 1920's on. As can be read above, he too had land to subdivide and sell. A few notes form the pages of the past about him and his family:

NOTICE OF DISSOLUTION.
NOTICE is hereby given that the partnership heretofore subsisting between as the undersigned, carrying on business as cafe proprietors, fruiterers, caterers, and confectioners, at Nos. 6 and 7 Jetties, Circular Quay, Sydney, under the style of "Rayner and Gartrell," has been dissolved by mutual consent, as from the fourteenth day of June instant, the said Walter Hubert Rayner having purchased all the share and interest of the said Francis Gartrell in the said business. All debts due to and owing by the late firm will be received and paid by the undersigned Walter Hubert Rayner, who will continue to carry on the said business as "W. H. Rayner."

Dated this fifteenth day of June, 1918.
V. GARTRELL.
Witness,— W. H. RAYNER.

Eric H. Daniel, Solicitor, Sydney.  NOTICE OF DISSOLUTION. (1918, June 21). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 2862. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229427317

Councillor W. H. Rayner, one of the new members of the Warringah Shire Council, has brought forward a proposal that a special meeting be held on Wednesday for bringing Into operation a scheme for reconstructing roads throughout the shire. Warringah, one of the largest shires in the State, has about 350 miles of roads, and has unequalled, tourist and scenic advantages. BETTER ROADS (1923, January 24). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article245837372

BROKEN PROMISE
The Government Way INDIGNANT COUNCIL
A promise made some time ago by the Government that it would give Warringah Shire Council a substantial sum towards the con-struction of the Manly-to-Pittwater-road is said by aldermen to have gone to the limbo of broken Government pledges. In a letter to the council the Minister for Local Government, in replying to a request that he should honor his promise, pointed out that the cost of this road, according to the council's estimate, would be £90,000. The Minister regretted that he could not comply with the request. 
Councillor McKillop did not think the council should accept the Minister's letter lying down. The letter was flagrantly misleading and disengenuous. The estimated cost of the road was not £90,000, but £70,000. 
Councillor Rayner "After hearing the Minister's reply, and being conversant with the facts, I don't think there is any use wasting more time on Government promises. I don't believe the Minister has given the matter the slightest consideration." The matter was left in the hands of the president. BROKEN PROMISE (1924, February 19). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119194876

£20 TO FIRE HOUSE'
Kitchenman's Allegation of Offer
Denied by Employer
INQUIRY INTO PALM BEACH FIRE
SENSATIQNAL allegations of a conspiracy to burn down Palm Beach House, the well-known seaside boarding-house, were contained in a statement read at the City Coroner's Court last week when Mr; E. A. May enquired into the cause of two fires which occurred at Palm Beach-one on April 1, and the other on May 24. ....
Walter Hubert Rayner, of Independent means, said he had known Keys for six or seven years. He had been a hall porter at Ushers Hotel before he went to Palm Beach. The furnishings of his house there were above the average, and he (Rayner) estimated them to be worth between £1200 and £1400.
'I have always looked upon Keys as a straight-going, decent fellow,' he added. 'I once recommended him for an hotel and would do so again now.' 
...Mr. Rogers (Crown Law Department) appeared to assist the police; Mr. Moors (Instructed by Messrs. Turner, Nolan and Bender) for Sydney Keys; Mr. J. Yeldham for Brio Woodger, Mr. Aspinall for the Palm Beach Land Syndicate, unpaid vendors, and Mr. Rainbow for various insurance companies. "£20 TO FIRE HOUSE" (1929, June 23). Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), p. 20. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article169319074 

The first home built on the Palm Beach ocean front was Chorley's in 1913:

Chorley's - section from Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 7, nla.obj-162484891, PIC P865 Enemark collection of panoramic photographs [picture] courtesy of the National Library of Australia.

At 7.30 on Monday morning a very enthusiastic crowd of 80 to 100 friends assembled on the wharf at Palm Beach, Barranjoey, to bid farewell to Mr. W. Chorley and Mrs. Chorley and their daughters, of 'Mount Pleasant,' Cheltenham. The family have been staying over the holidays at 'The Rest,' which is their pretty seaside residence facing the ocean, and situated at Palm Beach. 

At 'The Rest' friends were right royally entertained, and received the Chorley family's usually abundant hospitality. Croquet tournaments were played, surf parties and plenty of music were indulged In, and altogether the holidays were very delightfully spent. There was great rejoicing when Mr. Chorley's private launch came alongside the wharf, which was overcrowded with sincere friends. The Hon. W. Tyler, of South Australia, made a most humorous speech; and Mr. Chorley responded in his usual happy way, and hoped that they and their friends would all be spared to meet again next Christmas. All joined hands and sang 'Auld lang syne' whilst the launch drew out from the wharf and steamed down the river. PERSONAL PARS. (1915, January 13).The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW : 1888 - 1950), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article86103157 

Recent Engagements: Miss Ethel Chorley, youngest daughter of Mr. W. Chorley and the late Mrs. Chorley, of "Mount Pleasant," Cheltenham, to Mr. C. W. Rayner, of the Malay States, son of Mr. G. Rayner and the late Mrs. Rayner, of Forepunkah, VictoriaTHREE JAPANESE MAIDS WITH (1929, October 20). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 7 (Supplement to the Sun). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223494579

RAYNER.-September 18, at the Poplars private hospital, Epping, to Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Rayner, of Cheltenham-a son (Donald Chorley). Family Notices (1936, September 22). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17278503

OBITUARY.
MR. W. CHORLEY.

Mr William Chorley whose death took place on Monday at Cheltenham was a pioneer of that district where he took up land about 46 years ago and named it Cheltenham after his native town In England. He was also one of the first to build a home at Palm Beach. He was associated with all local enterprises at Cheltenham and was a prominent member of the Congregational Church of which he was a generous supporter for many years. The founder and principal of the well known business of W. Chorley and Co., Ltd., he had been associated with the business life of the city for more than half a century. He was 75 years of age. He is survived by two sons and seven daughters.

The funeral took place yesterday at the Northern Suburbs Cemetery. A short service was conducted at the home by the Rev. R. E. Chapman. The Cheltenham Congregational Church was crowded for the memorial service. The Rev. Dr. Robert Dey gave the address, others taking part being the Revs. W. T. Hooker (chairman of the Congregational Union), W. L. Patison (secretary), Clair Palmer and W. H. Bain. At the cemetery, the burial service was read by Mr. Hooker.

The chief mourners were Messrs. H. Chorley and W. Chorley (sons), Mrs. Millar, Mrs. Graham, Mrs. Allison, Mrs. Tulloch, Mrs. Rayner, and Miss Chorley (daughters), Mrs. T. Hooper (sister), Messrs. G. Graham, J. Allison, A. Tulloch, and C. W. Rayner (sons-in-law), Mr. T. Hooper, and Mrs. H. Chorley. OBITUARY. (1935, April 24). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17152960

COME-AS-YOU-PLEASE . . EVENING
AT NEW NIGHT CLUB
Palm Beach Crowd Makes Merry
The Palm Beach crowd had the time of their lives (says the "Orange Leader's" Sydney correspondent) when Pasadena, the new night club at Church Point was thrown open, in aid of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital. ...
Many of the people who had been to the theatre or parties in town arrived in tail coats and fashionable evening frocks. Mr. Vernon Dibbs and Commander Dixon, R.N. (England) took a party. After the dance they adjourned to Mr. and Mrs. Rayner's yacht, about 3 a.m. A motor drive to Central railway station followed, to get coffee and rolls, and then a trip to Watson's Bay to see the sun rise. Girls were returned to their long suffering mothers about 7.30 a.m. on Sunday. COME-AS-YOU-PLEASE EVENING AT NEW NIGHT CLUB (1936, February 28). The Kyogle Examiner (NSW : 1912; 1914 - 1915; 1917 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article235253974

LICENCES TRANSFERRED.
The following transfers of publicans' licences were granted by Mr. Laidlaw (chairman) at the Licencing Court yesterday: - William George Bulfin to Walter Hubert Rayner, Tattersall's Hotel, Pitt and George streets...LICENCES TRANSFERRED. (1934, October 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17110869

Tattersall's Hotel, Pitt and George Streets, Sydney, from Walter Hubert Rayner to Sydney Charles Short: LICENCES TRANSFERRED (1936, May 21). The Labor Daily (Sydney, NSW : 1924 - 1938), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article237771415

Weddings.
RAYNER— WINTER.
The marriage of Miss Jean Winter, only daughter of Mr. A. Winter, of Mungindi, to Mr. Walter Rayner, son of Mr. and Mrs. W. R. Rayner, of Palm Beach, was celebrated in St. Stephen's Church, Sydney, on Tuesday night last, by the Rev. Hugh Paton.
The bride was frocked in ivory satin, with a peacock skirt which formed the train. Her veil was of Honiton lace, and she carried an armlet of hyacinths, carnations and forget-me-nots. Mrs. J. Jakins was matron of honor, and Miss Ivy Baker was bridesmaid. Both were dressed alike in green chiffon, inlet at the hem with taffeta embroidered in gold thread. They wore bally buntles to match. Mr. John Ralston was best man and Mr. L. Winter was the groomsman. The reception was held in the ball-room at the Ambassadors. When leaving for the honeymoon the bride was wearing a navy and fawn suit and a navy paribuntle. Weddings. (1929, September 23). Moree Gwydir Examiner and General Advertiser (NSW : 1901 - 1940), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article111726001

... Other well-known folk who have opened their cottages for the summer season, some of them altogether, and others during week-ends, include Mr. and Mrs. C. P. Curlewis, whose lovely bungalow, built on stone piles in the front and backed by a beautiful palm grove, fronts the beach; Mr. Justice Halse Rogers and Mrs. Halse Rogers, Dr. and Mrs. Bullmore, Mr. and Mrs. Graham Pratten, Mr. T. Peters, Mr and Mrs. W. H Rayner, whose cottage holds a commanding position on the hill between Whale Beach and Palm BeachMr. B. B. Wilshire, Mrs. H Wolstoneholme, and Mrs. W. W. Ingram. Just by way of contrast, Mr. and Mrs. John Dansey are under canvas in their own palm grove, where they frequently camp. and in Sydney (1934, January 4). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 7 (Women's Supplement). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17037866

The Engagement is announced of Lois, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Kenyon, of Bayview, to Walter, only son of Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Rayner, of Palm Beach. Family Notices (1937, April 19). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17361028

RELIGIOUS BROADCASTS.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD.
Sir,-Bishop Batty's complaint that the best use is not being made of the time available for religious services by the Australian Broadcasting Commission has brought an immediate response from Mr. Moses, the Commission's general manager. Mr. Moses blames the Churches concerned, while listeners-in have been blaming Mr. Moses. Mr. Moses quite agrees wllh Bishop Batty, and the listening public agrees wholeheartedly with both of them.

I, like many thousands of people, live too far from a church to regularly attend Church services. Every Sunday, however, I go round the dial hoping to gain some spiritual uplift, but invariably have to switch off in disgust. Some time ago a monthly series of "sermons for those who do not like sermons," by the Padre, were put over the air, and I know dozens of men and women who eagerly awaited them, and I even heard these sermons being spoken of with enthusiasm in city cafes during the week. Women found that this same "Padre" was conducting dally devotional services over the air at 11 a.m., and they downed tools to listen in. These, unfortunately, have all ceased, and I am afraid many women have also ceased to listen in.

We all know many world-renowned preachers periodically visit this country, and I have often wondered why they are not invited to preach over the air. One can at least compliment the business man for his enterprise in securing a visiting artist to give an interview over the air, and presenting her at the conclusion with a pair of his firm's stockings, but the Church as a body, I am afraid, lacks enterprise.

I am, etc.,
W. H. RAYNER.
Palm Beach, May 19.
RELIGIOUS BROADCASTS. (1938, May 21). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17467671

LETTERS
ARMY CANTEENS. .
TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD. 

Sir,-It is to be hoped Mr Menzies, whom we have every reason to believe to be broadminded, will not allow a narrow-minded, In-experienced minority to Influence him but be guided by what has proved to be In the best Interests of soldiers and sailors all over the world.

For many years the writer supervised the running of naval and military canteens not only in Great Britain, but throughout the Mediterranean, Egypt, India, and the East, during both peace and war, and can, therefore, speak with some measure of authority The same old arguments are being put forward, which in the vviiter's long experience have been reiteiated ad nauseam All of them have been exhaustively considered by both male and female critics, who from practical expérience have a light to judge, and who jvlthout hestitatlon have decided that 'wet" canteens, properly controlled by the naval and military authorities themselves and not by private interests, have always proved to be both morally and physically in the best Interests of our soldiers and sailors.

No one had a greater prejudice against liquor than the late Lord Kitchener. He certainly never let his emotions get the better of him When he was appointed Commander-in-Chief in India one of the first things he did after Inspecting the canteens was to give an order to have them all refurnished and made as comfortable as possible He considerably extended the hours for drinking in the "wet" canteen, (this from the man who hated drink almost as much as Archdeacon Hammond) The result was less consumption of beer, but greater enjoyment and benefit from what was consumed

The writer knows because he supplied the beer

Yours, etc,
W. H. RAYNER. 
Palm Beach, Oct. 18.
LETTERS (1939, October 21). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17633802 

Walter Hubert Rayner passed away in 1956, the death was recorded at Armidale. 

Alike the reserves and walkways set aside to allow access to quiet green areas, as much as access to the Barrenjoey road, and transport via that road or the estuary, these still in place thoroughfares were a part of land developments by the Barrenjoey Company and carried forward by the Palm Beach Land Company, as well as a mark of the then still quite young Warringah Shire Council and its policies to see original landscapes set aside for all residents and visitors. For more, please visit:  Pittwater Reserves: The Green Ways Hordern Or Wiltshire Parks To McKay Reserve – From Beach To Estuary

Harry Wolstenholme was the son of Maybanke (nee Selfe, later Anderson) and Edmund Kay Wolstenholme. He was a barrister and ornithologist, taking members of Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales to visit the shearwater colony on Lion Island in the 1920's.

Harry Wolstenholme (21 June 1868 – 14 October 1930) was born in Maitland, New South Wales, the son of Edmund Kay Wolstenholme, a timber merchant from West Maitland, and Maybanke Susannah Anderson (1845-1927), feminist and educationist. When his parents moved to Marrickville, New South Wales, he became a pupil at Newington College (1881–1885). In 1883, 1884 and 1885 he was awarded the Wigram Allen Scholarship, awarded by Sir George Wigram Allen, sharing it in 1885 with Herbert Curlewis. At the end of 1885 he was named Dux of the College and received the Schofield Scholarship. At the University of Sydney he graduated B.A. in 1890. 

HARRY WOLSTENHOLME, who has achieved such conspicuous success at the recent senior examination, is the eldest son of Mrs. Wolstenholme, of Maybanke School, Petersham, and was educated at Newington College. He is 18 years of age, having entered the college in July, 1882. He passed the junior examination in 1888, with five A's. and two B's., and won the silver medal for geometry. He gained the Wigram Allen scholarship at Newington College in 1883 and 1884, and the Schofield scholarship in 1885, in addition to numerous medals and books at the various college examinations. His record in the Senior is probably unprecedented, as ho has passed in 11 subjects, being marked A in all but one, in which he has B. He also takes the medals in Greek, Algebra, trigonometry, chemistry, and French, as well as the John West gold modal, and the University prize of £20 for general proficiency. It is hoped that this brilliant success is the prelude to an equally distinguished University career, and a life of usefulness to the colony of which he is a native. NEWS OF THE DAY. (1886, December 4). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from  http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13622134 

Harry Wolstenholme married Edith Lucy Doust (1875-1947) on 8 January 1902 in the Methodist Church, Stanmore. Lucy was the sister of Stanley Doust and was an early female graduate at the University of Sydney and tennis player. Prior to their marriage 'Lawn Tennis' results published in newspapers show they played against each other. The 'Tribute by E.D.' run after Maybanke's death was written by Edith, who had been one of Maybanke's former students.

Doust, Edith Lucy, Mrs. Wolstenholme. English history, A; geography, A: English, A; French; A, Arithmetic, B; geology, A; botany; A. SYDNEY UNIVERSITY. (1890, November 3). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13799217

Their marriage notice:

WOLSTENHOLME - DOUST.—January 8, 1902, at the Wesleyan Church, Stanmore, by the Rev. E. J. Rodd, assisted by the Rev. J. E. Carruthers, Harry Wolstenlolme, of Sydney, to Edith Lucy, daughter of Isaac Doust, of Wyroolah, Dulwich Hill. Family Notices (1902, February 5). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14445797 

They had two sons and a daughter, Arthur, named for Harry's lost brother, Marjorie and Harry:

MARRIAGES.

WOLSTENHOLME—MACKENZIE.—April 9, at St. Andrew's, Wahroonga, by the Rev. Stephen Taylor, B.A., Arthur Stanley, elder son of Mr. and Mrs. Harry Wolstenholme, of Wahroonga, to Jeannette Murchison, younger daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Mackenzie, of Wahroonga. Family Notices (1927, May 7). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16384296 

The Engagement Is announced of Mary, second daughter of the late Bishop Long and Mrs. Long, of Killara, to Harry Doust, younger son of the late Mr Harry Wolstenholme and Mrs Wolstenholme, of Palm Beach. Family Notices (1933, November 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17023397 

Harry Senior entered the legal profession and between 1907 and 1910 was in partnership with Henry Davis, the founder of Henry Davis York. Failing health caused his retirement from professional activity. Regular readers of History pages in Pittwater Online News would associated him with Mr. McKay and the Palm Beach Land Company and for being one of the early owners of a beachfront home and weekender at Palm Beach.

Social Surf Season Opens at Palm Beach
OCTOBER the first Is the official opening day of the surfing season; and from now on the red-gold ocean beaches, so far almost abandoned in the still cool breezes of late spring, begin like magical molluscs, with gigantic invisible shells, to open and tip on the seashore in multi-colored hundreds-and-thousands the' first enthusiasts of surfboards, sun and sea. A foretaste of the striking beach ensembles for this year, has been already enjoyed by many women at recent mannequin parades, and soon the, 'season will be thoroughly and merrily launched. Palm Beach is one of the - most beautiful of Sydney's surfing places. The wide sweep of bay and free view of ocean, the soft curves of the gum-tree covered hills; the delightful bungalows, the, groves of satin-leaved palms, and stately Norfolk Island nines on the front, make It distinctive and unique, while the many well-known people who are' residents, or-have summer houses or bungalows here lend a greater interest to this attractive spot. Tucked among the trees is "Bob-stay," the blue and white snuggery of the Lord Mayor Hagon family, whose pretty daughter Margaret recently spent the first days of her honeymoon in these appropriate surroundings.

The Horderns' fine house and blossom and shrub-filled grounds on the front are well knownBeside them is the bungalow of Mr. and Mrs. C.P. Curlewis. Their daughter Joyce and some of her girl friends add riding to other seaside joys, and are often seen cantering along Palm Beach roads. Mrs. Harry Wolstenholme, Marjorie and their Sealyham doggie, Jock, live next door in a delightful bungalow, whose garden plots glow with geraniums at the edge of a beautiful lawn. A cosy corner embowers Mr. and Mrs. R. T. Mackay, of "Boanbong," who yearly open their garden to the public to help Kindergarten Union funds. The well-groomed grounds abound in tropical plants and trees. 






EB Studios (Sydney, N.S.W.). (1917). Panorama of Palm Beach, New South Wales, 7 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-162484891 - enlarged sections from to show the Hordern place beside first Palm Beach SLSC Shed, Curlewis home, Wolstenholme residence(with cows in front yard!) and Peters' place, now Palm Beach SLSC members clubhouse (with horses in front!)

When his father passed away in 1915 we see among the mourners:

THE LATE E. K. WOLSTENHOLME.

The death occurred somewhat suddenly on the 3rd inst. at the local Hospital of Edmund Kay Wolstenholme, a resident of some 25 years standing. For many years he followed various avocations, but being in receipt of a private income he retired some little time back and lived a very quiet life. He was 72 years of age, and a native of Maitland. The remains were interred in the Presbyterian portion of the local cemetery on Thursday morning, the chief mourners being Messrs. E. W. Wolstenholme (orchardist, Bathurst), H. Wolstenholme (barrister, Sydney), sonsand Mr. Young (Sydney) nephewTHE LATE E. K. WOLSTENHOLME. (1915, February 6). Cowra Free Press (NSW : 1911 - 1921), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article99691766 

Herbert Russell Nolan was born in 1866 at 'Patricks Plain', an old name for the Singleton area, one of seven sons of the Rev. James Adams Nolan. His father, born at Greencastle in Ireland in 1837, had migrated to Australia and in 1860 entered the Wesleyan Methodist Ministry. The Rev. James' first pastorate was at Newtown in Sydney and in the 44 years that he served the Church he was Minister to no fewer than 14 Parishes or Circuits as they were called, both in New South Wales and Queensland.

'Russell' Nolan's mother, Sara Susan (née Holme), from whose family the Christian name by which he elected to be known was derived, was a leader in Women's Movements and was widely known for her activity in the Women's Christian Temperance Union, of which she was for a number of years President.

After Newtown the Rev. James ministered successively to the circuits of Shoalhaven, Windsor and Singleton, and his son Russell was born in 1867 in the last year of his ministry at Singleton. It was here that he met and married Sara:

NOLAN—HOLME.—On the 15th March, at the Wesleyan Church, Terara, Shoalhaven, by the Rev. J. Watkin, assisted by the Rev. J.G. Turner, Rev. James Adam Nolan, to Sara Susan, youngest daughter of Thomas Holme, Esq., Tarara. Family Notices (1864, March 29). Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60581453

It was then the practice of the Church to give its Itinerant Preachers a change of circuit at intervals of three years, so that by the time Russell was 12 years of age the Nolans had lived also at Newcastle, Maitiand, Sydney and Orange.

In 1880 the Rev. James returned with his family to Sydney, living at Waverley for three years and then for a second time at Newtown. It was during this period that Russell was enrolled as a student at Newington College, the well-known Wesleyan School at Stanmore. Here at an early age he gained a scholarship.

From Newington in 1885 he proceeded to Sydney University where he entered the Faculty of Medicine. His portrait appears in a group of 14 students; the second-year medical students of 1886.

This photograph is of exceptional interest since in the group appears Miss Dagmar Berne, Sydney University's first woman medical student. 


Second-year medical students. University of Sydney, 1886. Dr. Nolan is wearing grey suit and black tie, in back row. Dagmar Berne (d. 1900), first woman medical student, in front row.

Their father was a Methodist minister and in 1885 president of the NSW and Queensland Methodist Conference. In 1886, his father was transferred to Queensland to the Brisbane Valley Circuit where he was to remain for three years before moving to Ipswich. Toowoomba was only 70 miles distance from Ipswich and both road and rail transport joined the two cities.

In 1890 while his family was resident in Ipswich, Russell Nolan graduated M.B., Ch.B.  He did not remain in Sydney but came to Queensland where his first years after graduation were spent as a Resident Medical Officer on the staff of Toowoomba Hospital.

In 1892, in Sydney, he married Emma Kelynack:

Nolan — Kelynack. — On the 21st inst., at the Wesleyan Church, Stanmore, by the Rev. James A. Nolan, father of the bridegroom, H. Russell Nolan, M.B., of Toowoomba, Queensland, to Emma Florence, eldest daughter of the late Rev. William Kelynack, D.D., of Newington College, Stanmore.  Family Notices (1892, December 31). The Methodist (Sydney, NSW : 1892 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article155399498

At the end of 1892 Nolan resigned from the full-time staff of the Hospital and entered private practice in Toowoomba. His address is given as Russell Street At this period most General Practitioners were Physicians and Surgeons. Nolan continued to practice in both fields and held the appointment of Honorary Surgeon to the Hospital.

He must have had a talent for surgery, for in the Australasian Medical Gazette of 15 July 1894 he reported on the three-year survival of a patient "T.W. age 54, from Drayton", whose tongue he had removed in 1891 for cancer, confirmed by Dr. Eugen Hirschfeld, Honorary Pathologist to the Brisbane Hospital.

In the Australasian Medical Gazette of 13 July 1893, he gave an account of the first deliberate appendicectomy to be performed in  Australia. The date of this operation was 11 March 1893. The report reads:

"On the afternoon of the 10th of March I was called to see Mrs. W., and found her complaining of great abdominal pain; she was vomiting persistently.

For some few days previously she had suffered from pain in the back, but had continued to perform her household duties. During the previous evening, the 9th, the pain in the stomach was first complained of and the vomiting began. The bowels acted twice, and then a dose of castor oil was taken, but after that there was no result nor had any flatus passed, but the vomiting had increased in frequency and the pain become more intense up to the time of my visit.

She was 30 years of age, and the mother of four children. The previous health good, with no attack like this before, and menstruation had occurred only three weeks ago. Hot applications were ordered, and morphia prescribed.

Late that evening I found her in all the throes of acute peritonitis, with quick pulse, rising temperature, dry skin, and thoracic respiration. Her face wore a very anxious expression, with sunken eyes and piched nose. The vomiting was continuous; no flatus had passed; the abdomen was somewhat distended and rigid, especially over its lower half, and acutely tender. After consultation with Dr. E. Roberts it was decided to operate early next morning.

At 8.30 on the following morning she was seen by Drs. Roberts, Falkiner, Garde, and myself, and it was then suggested to pass a stomach tube up the rectum.

This was attempted, but such pain was produced that it was abandoned; a tender bulging mass was felt high up, to the right of the uterus. Her condition after this became very critical, and for a time she was in a state of collapse. 

Operation was delayed for a few hours, and then chloroform was administered by Dr. Falkiner, and with the assistance of Drs. Roberts and Garde, I opened the abdomen in the middle line. Some dark fluid, offensive, but not faecal in odour, exuded. The presenting intestine was drawn out and examined carefully. It proved to be the jejunum and duodenum, and was examined up to the pylorus. Beyond being intensely injected and adherent in parts, it was normal. This was returned and the ileum extracted. This was of much darker hue, being purplish in places and the adjacent folds closely adherent to each other, and marked here and there with large plaques of yellow lymph.

The cause of the trouble soon appeared in the shape of an appendix — the seat of inflammation and perforation. Dark, stinking, thick fluid exuding from two perforations about one inch from its distal end. The appendix was detached, ligatured and removed. The uterus and ovaries were normal. The cavity was irrigated with hot water, carefully dried, and a perforated glass drainage tube left in the lower end of the incision, which was united with silk ligatures.

The subsequent history of the case presented nothing worthy of remark, except that there was much flatulence during the first week, and the track of the tube discharged for some weeks.

On slitting up the portion removed, a small faecal concretion was found at the distal end, about the size of a No. 3 shot grain.

This patient is alive today as the result of a prompt operation, my only regret being that seeing the urgency of the symptoms, even a few hours were lost from trying a useless, and, as it happened, a dangerous expedient."

In December 1894 he reported three further operations which he had performed for "peritonitis due to trouble in the vermiform appendix".

Nolan continued to practice in Toowoomba from his Russell Street address. In 1895 he was nominated by Dr. Freshney for membership of the Queensland Branch of the British Medical Association and duly elected.

In 1898 he volunteered for service in the Boer War and left Australia with the Second Contingent of the Queensland Mounted Infantry.

This constituted the 3rd Company, Queensland Mounted Infantry, and it was raised under proclamation, dated 29th December, 1900, authorising a further "Military Force of Volunteers." The Contingent left Brisbane 13 January 1900 and returned to Brisbane, 3 May 1901.


Captain Herbert Russell NOLAN - from The Queenslander, 20 January 1900, pp. 117 - 123.

His service in South Africa terminated when he was stricken with enteric (typhoid fever). He survived this illness, but it seems to have left his health permanently impaired and at the end of his convalescence he travelled to Europe. During the next two years his time appears to have been spent visiting various clinics and studying rhinology and laryngology.

Russell Nolan returned to Australia in 1902 but not to Queensland. His parents were once again living in Sydney, where his father was preacher at Newtown for the third and last time in his 44 years of ministry. This may have influenced Nolan's choice, although he was now a fully trained specialist and required a capital city in which to practice his specialty. 

He set up in Macquarie Street the Harley Street of Sydney, as a Specialist in Diseases of the Nose and Throat and rapidly gained a large following.

In the year after his return he was appointed to the staff of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital as Honorary Clinical Assistant Surgeon in the Department for Diseases of the Nose and Throat. Incidentally, Nolan was the first Clinical Assistant to be appointed to any department in that hospital. Advancement soon came, and on the retirement of Dr. Hankin in 1906 he was promoted to Honorary Surgeon.

Meanwhile he had been appointed Lecturer in diseases of the ear, nose and throat at Sydney University.

In 1914 Nolan's health, which had been indifferent since his South African illness, deteriorated further. He continued to practice, but towards the latter part of the year reduced the work load by taking into partnership Dr. Alexander Dunn. At the very end of the year he retired permanently from practice and on 3 February 1915 he died.

Nolan had married and had three sons, all of whom were living at the time of his death. This then is a thumb-nail sketch of the life of the Surgeon to whom goes the credit of having performed the first deliberate appendicectomy in Australia.

His obituary in the Medical Journal of Australia concludes with the words: 

"In his practice he was a man of resource, geniality and kindliness. His knowledge of and technical skill in his specialty, coupled with his experience as a General Practitioner, rendered him more than usually capable in dealing with his patients ... . He was essentially an optimist and his generosity in word and deed, and constant cheerfulness gained him the confidence and affection of his patients and friends". [6.]

Some may have memories of his brother, Percy Leonard Nolan (1886 – 1954) solicitor and a mayor of Manly Council. Percy was the 13th child of Sara and the Rev James Adams Nolan. Percy studied law and served articles with Reginald Cowlishaw, of Robson and Cowlishaw in Sydney. In 1908 he was admitted as a solicitor. He lived in Manly from 1918 and in 1922 he became a partner in the firm of Turner, Nolan & Company.

He first served on Manly Council as an alderman in 1923. For three terms from 1936 he was Mayor of Manly (the 28th Mayor) and served in that role during the Diamond Jubilee celebrations of the council in 1937 and the Sesquicentennial celebrations of the white settlement of Sydney the following year. The Dobroyd Head scenic roadway, funded by the council, was opened during his mayoralty. The new Manly Town Hall and the Eric Andrew designed Surf Pavilion at South Steyne were also undertaken whilst he was mayor. The pavilion won the Sir John Sulman Medal but has since been demolished. During his term as mayor, he was active in convincing the state government to allow the rebuilding of harbour ferry wharf which stands to this day. For many years, Nolan pushed for the removal of the North Head Quarantine Station from Manly and called for its use as public open space. In 1924, Percy Nolan was on the first board of the Manly Art Gallery and Museum and was a supporter of that unique municipal endeavour until his death. Just prior to his death on 3 June 1954 he received a certificate of merit from the Local Government Association of NSW for 25 years’ service to Manly Council. On his death at his residence in Margaret Street, Manly, he was survived by his wife, Irene, and daughters, Dorothy and Joyce. In 1955 Clontarf Road was renamed Nolan Place in his honour. [7.]

He was present at the funeral of his brother:

FUNERAL OF DR. H. R. NOLAN.

The funeral of Dr. Herbert Russell Nolan, second son of the late Rev. J. A. Nolan, took place yesterday in the Methodist section of the Rookwood Cemetery. The service held at Meville, Rockwall-crescent, Potts Point, deceased's late residence, and the service at the graveside were conducted by the Rev. Howard Nolan, brother of the deceased, assisted by the Revs. James Colwell, L. H. Kelynack, and F. Colwell.

The chief mourners were Messrs. Morven and Geoffrey Nolan (sons), the Rev. Howard Nolan, and Messrs. Henry, Oliver, Wesley, and Percy Nolan (brothers), the Rev. Harold Kelynack, and Messrs. W. Frank, Aubrey, Erich, and Athol Kelynack (brothers-in-Iaw).

Among others present at the grave were the Rev. C. J. Prescott, tho Rev. F. Boyer, the Rev. F. Colwell (President Methodist Conference), the Rev. Dr. Carruthers (Secretary of the General Methodist Conference, and representative of the Board of Missions), the Rev. James Colwell, the Rev. W. H. Williams, Sir Thomas Anderson Stuart, the Rev. C. E. James, Dr. Sinclair Gillies, Dr. S. Sheldon, Dr. Binney, Dr. Herbert Marks, Dr. W. A. Dunn, Dr. Woolnough, Dr. Mansfield, Dr. S. Lever, Messrs. C. Brunsdon Fletcher, Harold Rabone, W E V. Robson, M.L.A., E. E. de Gyulay, P ' N Slado, Arthur Hardy, F. M'Cure, L. G. Priestley, S. Waterson, A. J. Phillips, A. Whitney, Harold Cowlishaw, W. Cuthbertson, R. Cowlishaw, J. Barnard Clarence Prescott, G. Walker, and others.

A contingent of cadets from Newington College represented the college at the graveside. FUNERAL OF DR. H. R. NOLAN. (1915, February 5). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15564750

His brother Wesley also has a Manly connection:

BEQUEST FOR CARILLON AT NORTH HEAD

The erection of a carillon at North Head to be played to welcome oversea ships is provided for by the will of Wesley Holme Nolan, dentist, of Macquarie-street, who left £26,673. He died on September 2, aged 57, and was a bachelor. His relatives share his estate.

The bequest for the carillon takes effect on the death or marriage of his last surviving unmarried niece. The trustees of the Art Gallery are asked to see to the erection of the carillon on the lines of the one at Catalina Island, California. Mr. Nolan left £50 for an annual trophy for Concord Golf Club members. BEQUEST FOR CARILLON AT NORTH HEAD (1938, December 14). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 1 (LAST RACE ALL DETAILS). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article231125530

The bulk of Herbert 'Russell's estate was invested in land, and with his illness, the wish to move lands under the Real Property Act months before he passed away becomes apparent. A Probate notice supports this move:

LATE DR. H. R. NOLAN.

Probate has bean granted of the will of the late Dr. Herbert Russell Nolan, medical practitioner, of Potts Point, who died on February 3. Testator appointed his widow, Emma Florence Nolan, sole executrix, and bequeathed to her the whole of his real and personal estate.

The net value of the estate was estimated at £16,856 17s 1d, of which £14,764 2s 4d represented real estate. LATE DR. H. R. NOLAN. (1915, March 24). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15582712

His son Morven would serve too, during WWI, and lost his life in the Western Front in France. Lieutenant Morven Kelynack Nolan. Unit: 13th Battalion (New South Wales), Australian Infantry, Australian Imperial Force. Death: 26 March 1918 Western Front


Morven Kelynack Nolan Image source: Imperial War Museums

CWGC rank is given as 2nd Lieutenant and age as 24 Son of Herbert Russell Nolan and Emma Florence Nolan; husband of Doris Nolan, of Golf Links Rd., Leura, New South Wales. Native of Toowoomba, Queensland.

John Thompson Ralston, a native-born solicitor, and his wife Henrietta Marrianne, (née Orr, who came from Ireland), had three children, Edith Marion Ralston M.B.E. (1894-1967), headmistress of the  Wenona school, and John Malbon Ralston (born 1899), of which a little has already been run as one of Palm Beach's first surfers, and Jean (born 1904).

OBITUARY.
MR. J. T. RALSTON.
The funeral of the late Mr. John Thompson Ralston left the residence, Gulstan, Rangers Road, Neutral Bay, on Saturday and proceeded to the Presbyterian section of the Northern Suburbs Cemetery. There was a large and representative gathering at the service, which was conducted at the house by the Rev. P. H. Waugh, assisted by the Rev. S. B. Evans. 

The principal mourners included the widow and two daughters of the deceased, Mr. John M. Ralston (son), Mr. Acting Justice H. G. Ralston (brother), Messrs. A. W., J. W. and Gavin Ralston and Mr. E. R. Raine (nephews), Mr. Tom R. Raine (brother-in-law),Mr. David Vaughan, and Mr. E. C. M'Mondie and Miss M'Mondie. The service at the grave-side was conducted by the Rev. S. B. Evans. 

The following Masonic brethren, in regalia, accompanied the coffin to the graveside: Messrs. W. F. Hinton (W.M.), Edmund Read (I.P.M.). E. M. Mitchell, E. A. Scott and H. B. Allard (P.Ms.), H. Beardsmore (S.W.),R. H. Goddard, W. Boyce, C. L. Boyce, Walter F. Gale (Temperance), and Toose (Athenaeum).

Others present Included Messrs. Fred. L. King,A. L. Charlton, E. P. Carr, G. Mason Allard, E. W. de Gyulay, A. E. G. de GyulayG. R. AllardH. Wolstonholme, T. W. Seaver, Edward L. Ramsay, J. Allen Ramsay, Herman Fawl, Robert Guthrie, J. B. Hunter, W. N. Keast, V. W. Williams, N. L. Gilfillan, A. R.Stafford (Ballata), Frank Saunders, Prof. J. P. Peden, A. D. Peden, H. M'Kinnoy (representing H. G. M'Kinnoy, M.I.C.E.), W. J. Cunningham, W. A. Cunningham, J. T. Kerr, A. Kerr, E. H.E. Lodge, .James Paton, E. R. Scott, J. Nowack,J. H. Beatson, E. Bignold, J. F. South, N. Harding, C. Barker, and T. W. B. Oxenbould. OBITUARY. (1923, December 31). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16119140

DEATH OF MR. J. T. RALSTON
The late Mr. John Thomson Ralston, of Neutral Bay, whose death Is announced to have occurred at his home on December 27, was an old and well known solicitor of Sydney. He was one of the victims of the Redfern railway disaster about 35 years ago, when his injuries set him aside from the work of his profession for a year. 

He was a nephew of the Hon. J. Malbon Thomson, formerly a Minister of the Crown in Queensland and a son of the late Mr. Alex. Ralston, first general manager of the Australian Mutual Provident Society. 

The late Mr. J. T. Ralston was a prominent Freemason, but he never sought Grand Lodge honours, he was also a successful gardener, and in a suburban plot he used to grow masses of rare and lovely flowers. Of late years he spent much of his time in retirement at his seaside home at Palm Beach. DEATH OF MR. J. T. RALSTON. (1923, December 29). The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld. : 1872 - 1947), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article178444395 

His father Alexander James Ralston, was born April 19th, 1833 at Launceston, Tasmania, to Gavin and Emily Ann (nee Vardon, born February 12th, 1812 at Saint Leonards, Shoreditch, London), the second of 11 children. Gavin Ralston was born in 1805 in Ayreshire, Scotland and died in Prahan, Victoria, in 1874, his mother in 1903.

The Greenock left Leith the 22d November, and the Cape of Good Hope the 4th March. —
Passengers, (for Hobart Town), Mr. Gracie, Mr. W. Crawford Davidson, Mr. Burn, Mrs. Robertson and family, Mr. John Davidson, Mr. John Dalzell, Mr. and Mrs. John Scott, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Mailer, Messrs. William and John Elliot, Mr. John Fitzpatrick and family, Mr. James Dow, Mr. John M'Rae and family. — For Sydney, Mr. Andrew Newton and family, Mr. William Reid, Mr. Shairp, Mr. Gavin Ralston, the Rev. Mr. M'Garvie, (Presbyterian Clergyman), Mr. Rankin, Mr. James Sloan, Mr. William Jobson, Mr. Edward Middleton, Mr. Thomas Elliot, and Mr. Robert Smith. Ship News. (1826, April 28). Colonial Times and Tasmanian Advertiser (Hobart, Tas. : 1825 - 1827), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2447665

MARRIED - By special licence, at New Norfolk, Mr. Gavin Ralston, of Launceston, to Mrs. Emily Ann Crocket, widow of the late Dr. Crocket, of Hobart Town. (From the Launceston Advertiser.) printed in the Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser NSW Thursday February 23rd, 1832

DIED.
At his fathers residence, Prahran, on Monday the 22nd instant, in the 21st year of his age, Gavin Vardon, eldest Son of Gavin Ralston of this City 4787. Family Notices (1851, December 24). The Melbourne Daily News (Vic. : 1848 - 1851), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article226913070

VICTORIA. SANDHURST, March 1. Gavin Ralston, late legal manager, died in the hospital late on Friday night. An inquest was held upon the body on Saturday, when it appeared that the deceased was received into the hospital in an insensible condition. The evidence showed his death was caused by apoplexy. VICTORIA. (1874, March 5). Launceston Examiner (Tas. : 1842 - 1899), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article52891737

RALSTON.—On the 27th February, at Sandhurst, of apoplexy, in the sixty-ninth year of his age, Gavin, eldest son of the late Gavin Ralston, Captain Third Light Dragoons, of Lagg, Ayrshire, Scotland. Family Notices (1874, March 25). Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (Melbourne, Vic. : 1867 - 1875), p. 46. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60448398

RALSTON. —On the 11th January, at her residence, "Thornhill," Charles street, Kew, Mrs. E. A. Ralston, widow of the late Gavin Ralston, Esq., of Melbourne, and daughter of the late George Vardon, Esq., of the Honourable East India Company's service, London, England, aged 90 years. (English and Scotch papers please copy.). Argus . January 15th 1903.

A J Ralston married in 1860:
96/1860 RALSTON ALEXANDER JAMES THOMPSON EDITH WINDEYER SYDNEY

RALSTON—THOMPSON—February 2nd, at St. John's Church, Darlinghurst, Sydney, by the Rev. Thomas Haydon, Alexander James Ralston, Esq., of South Yarra, Melbourne, Victoria, to Edith Windeyer, eldest daughter of John Thompson, Esq., late Deputy Surveyor-General of New South WalesFamily Notices (1860, February 13). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28629008

Children of the union:
RALSTON  ALEXANDER G 2286/1860 ALEXANDER J EDITH W SYDNEY
RALSTON  JOHN T 3649/1863 ALEXANDER J EDITH W PADDINGTON
RALSTON  JEAN V 3845/1865 ALEXANDER JEDITH W PADDINGTON
RALSTON  NORMAN B 4050/1867 ALEXANDER J EDITH W PADDINGTON
RALSTON  GEORGE S 5189/1870 ALEXANDER JAMES EDITH ST LEONARDS
RALSTON  EDITH VARDON 3786/1876 ALEXANDER JAMES EDITH WINDEYER CONCORD

IN pursuance of the 19th section of an Act of Parliament of the Colony of New South Wales, passed in the twentieth year of the reign of Her present Majesty, entitled " An Act to Incorporate the Australian Mutual Provident Society" : Notice is hereby given, that Robert Thomson, Esquire, lately Secretary of the said Society, resigned such appointment on the 20th day of October last, and that Alexander James Ralston, of Sydney, Esquire, has been duly appointed Secretary of the said Society.—Dated this 1st day of November, a.d. 1865.
A. J. RALSTON,
Secretary.  3782 6s. 6d.  IN pursuance of the 19th section of an Act of Parliament of the Colony of Now South Wales, passed (1865, November 3). New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900), p. 2483. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article225253444 

Died: RALSTON  ALEXANDER J 2987/1889  Parents: GAVIN EMILY A ASHFIELD - NSW BDM's
RALSTON.—On the 2nd inst., at Falconshaw, Ashfield, near Sydney, Alexander James, second son of the late Gavin Ralston and Mrs. Ralston, Walpole-street, Kew Family Notices (1889, May 4). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article6243852

RALSTON.—May 2, at his residence, Falconshaw, Bland-street, Ashfield, Alexander James Ralston, aged 56 yearsFamily Notices (1889, May 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13733607

'The death of Mr. A. J. Ralston, late secretary of the A. M. P. Society, is announced, at the age of 66. The deceased gentleman had been in receipt of a pension for the past four or five years. IRELAND—A RETROSPECT. (1889, May 17). The Burrowa News (NSW : 1874 - 1951), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article101611063

John Malbon Thompson (1830-1908), lawyer and politician, was born in Sydney on 24 December 1830, son of John Thompson, deputy surveyor general, and his wife Anne Mary, daughter of Charles Windeyer. Educated at Sydney College and W. T. Cape's school, he was trained as a solicitor, was admitted to practice in 1853 and entered a partnership with Richard H. Way.

In 1857 Thompson set up a practice at Ipswich in the Moreton Bay District where he took part in the volunteer movement and was elected to the first municipal council in April 1860. On 29 November 1863 he married Clara Georgiana Bedwell at Paterson, New South Wales. When she died soon afterwards, he married Louisa Gadsden at Ipswich in 1867. In June 1866 he joined Lewis Thomas in a coal-mining venture but after disputes sold out to Thomas in June 1870. Thompson continued to let coal lands to tribute miners.

In September 1868 he was elected to the Legislative Assembly for Ipswich and soon became chairman of committees. Described as 'a liberal whose moderation has been interpreted as weakness', he became secretary for lands in (Sir) Arthur Palmer's first ministry in May 1870. While in office he succeeded in carrying the Homestead Areas Act. He became minister for public works in July 1873 and in January 1874 went out of office with the government. He became minister for justice in the first McIlwraith ministry in January 1877 but because of his junior status the legal profession organised powerful opposition at the ministerial elections.

Because of his devotion to his electorate Thompson soon found himself disagreeing with his colleagues. Disillusioned by retrenchment of public servants at Ipswich in May, he resigned as minister and joined the opposition; he was called to the Bar on 1 June 1880. When his wife's health declined he resigned his seat on 27 August 1881, sold his Queensland interests and returned to Sydney where he became a partner of J. E. V. Nott, solicitor, and indulged in dilettante writing. He married Mary Harriett Montague Russell on December 9th 1896. Survived by his only child, a daughter from his first marriage, he died in Sydney of heart disease on 30 May 1908 and was buried in the Church of England section of Waverley cemetery. He left an estate valued for probate at £4786.

Sister of J T Ralston:

In the Supreme Court of New South Wales.
PROBATE JURISDICTION.
In the will of Jean Vardon Raine, late of Rose Bay, near Sydney, in the State of New South Wales, widow, deceased.
PURSUANT to the Wills, Probate and Administration Act, 1898, the Testator's Family Maintenance and Guardianship of Infants Act, 1916, and the Trustee Act, 1925: Notice is hereby given that all creditors and other persons having any debts, claims or demands of what kitid soever upon or affecting the estate of the abovenamed deceased, who died on or about the 2nd day of August, 1929, and probate of whose will was granted by the Supreme Court of New South Wales," in its Probate Jurisdiction, on the 24th day of September, 1929, to Edmund Ralston Raine and Joseph Beresford Grant, the executors named in the said will, are hereby required to bend in particulars of suck debts, claims and demands to the said executors, at the office of the undersigned, on or before the 7th day of June next, at the expiration of which time the said executors will proceed to distribute the assets of the said deceased among the persons entitled thereto, having regard to the debts, claims and demands only of which they shall then have had notice; and the said executors will not be liable, for the assets so distributed, to any person of whose debt, claim or demand they shall not have had notice at the time of such distribution.—Dated this 28th day of March, 1930.
J. T. RALSTON AND SON,
Proctors for the Executors,
115 Pitt-street, Sydney.
3351 £1 12s. PROBATE JURISDICTION. (1930, April 4). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1489. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223077988

Married: 1889 RAINE TOM R RALSTON JEAN V ASHFIELD
RAINE—RALSTON.—February 4, at St. John's, Ashfield, by the Rev. J. C. Corlette, D.D., Tom Raine, only surviving son of the late Edmund William Worsley Raine, of Frederick's Valley, Bathurst, to Jean Vardon, only daughter of A. J. Ralston, of Falconshaw, Ashfield. Family Notices (1889, February 16). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13714338

President of Warringah Shire Council Alexander Ralston (Mayor February 1908 – 1 March 1910 and 1 March 1911 – 1 March 1912) was born to Alexander and Mary Ralston. 

RALSTON -November 13 at hospital Ashfield Alexander loved husband of Jessie and father of Alex, Annie, Graham, Alan R, Gilbert, Jessie and Jean in his 85th year. Native of Kilsyth, Scotland late of Bexley and Manly Ex councillor and president of Warringah Shire At rest
RALSTON -November 13 1946 Alexander much loved brother or Ann (Mrs A McDonald Meadowbank) and Agnes (Mrs G Wannan Dulwich Hill). Family Notices (1946, November 14). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18002663

OLD RESIDENTS DEATH.
The death took place recently of a well-known resident of Bexley in the nineties, Mr. Alexander Ralston, aged 85 years. Then an ambitious, energetic, and affable young Scot, Alick Ralston conducted a dairy in the paddocks near the junction of Wollongong and Forest Roads, then surrounded by huge gum trees, but now the site of hundreds of bungalow homes. Besides milking cows and delivering milk he found time to be an energetic member of the Bexley Presbyterian Church. After leaving Bexley the late Mr. Ralston went to reside on the northern side of Sydney Harbour, and later became President of Warringah Shire and a member of the Ryde Bowling Club. He is survived by his wife and family. OLD RESIDENT'S DEATH. (1946, November 21). The Propeller (Hurstville, NSW : 1911 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article235351448

RALSTON Jessie -April 15 1949, at her home 10 Coulter Street Gladesville. Jessie loved wife of the late Alexander Ralston and dear mother of Alex, Graham Annie Alan R Gilbert Jessie and Jean and beloved granny of Alex, Betty Nancy Margaret Marlon Grahame Isobel John Bob Graham Alan Janet Alastair Helen Laurel Gilbert and John, late of Manly and Bexley, native of Kirkintilloch Scotland in her 87th year Truly a mother in Israel. Family Notices (1949, April 16). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 24. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18111423 - Parents: George and Helen.

Elek West Gabor de Gyulay (1863 - 1937)

Parents Albert Gustave De Gyulay (1818 - 1875) and Mary Christine Von Dadelszen (1836 - 1928)


DE GYULAY.— September 10, at his residence, South Kingston, Albert Gustave De Gyulay.  Family Notices (1875, September 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28400220 

Marriages.
GYULAY-HIBBERT.-April 23, at All Saints', Petersham, by the Rev. Charles Baber, Rural Dean, Elek West Gabor, eldest son of the late Albert Gustave de Gyulay, to Grace, youngest daughter of the late William Hibbert. Family Notices (1891, May 6). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13823443

Sister:  Erbia Rosamond Gabriella de Gyulay (1869 - 1947) - Born in Glebe, New South Wales, Australia on 14 Nov 1869 to Albert Gustave De Gyulay and Mary Christine Von Dadelszen. Erbia Rosamond Gabriella de Gyulay married Joseph Edward Elliott and had 1 child. She passed away on 10 Dec 1947 in North Sydney, New South Wales.

ABORIGINAL CARVINGS. 
Mr. E. de Gyulay, secretary,' Barranjoey Co., Ltd., forwards a copy of some aboriginal carvings found at Palm Beach. The outline drawings represent two kinds of fish and a man, cut on a flat rock on the hill between Sand point. Pittwater, and Cabbage Tree, Boat Harbor, Palm Beach, Barrenjoey. The fish measures 22ft., the man 5ft. 6in., and the smaller fish 6ft. long. They have exceptionally good outlines, and are better shaped than any others yet recovered. It is not known what age these carvings can be, but it is believed that many hundreds of years must have elapsed since they were made. The drawings have only just been discovered by the architect Mr. H. A. Wilshire, and the stonemason, Mr. J. Booth, who were looking for building stone on the company's property at Palm Beach. The company has decided to preserve the carvings for all time. ABORIGINAL CARVINGS. (1917, October 18). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article239239677 

ABORIGINAL CARVINGS AT PALM BEACH.
'TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD. 
Sir, - I enclose a copy of some aboriginal carvings at Palm Beach, which should be of interest to the public. The outline drawings represent two kinds of fish and a man, cut on a flat rock on the hill between Sand Point, Pittwater, and Cabbage Tree, Boat Harbour, Palm Beach, Barranjoey. The fish measures 22ft, the man 5ft 6in, and the smaller fish 6ft long. They have exceptionally good outlines, and are better shaped than any others yet recovered. The Hawkesbury sandstones, by reason of their comparative softness, offered exceptional facilities to the coastal tribes of our aborigines to display their art in pictorial drawings, as there are many in the Port Jackson and Hawkesbury districts. It it not known what age these carvings can be, but many hundreds of years must have elapsed since they were made. The drawings have only just been discovered by Architect H. A. Wilshire and Stonemason J. Booth, who were looking for building stone on the company's property at Palm Beach. The company has decided to preserve the carvings for all time.
I am, etc.,
E. E. G. de GYULAY, Secretary,
The Barrenjoey Company.  ABORIGINAL CARVINGS AT PALM BEACH. (1918, January 1). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15781235

MR. E. W. G. de GYULAY.
Mr. Elek W. G. de Gyulay, who died at his home at Neutral Bay recently, at the age of 74 years, was prominent in Sydney insurance circles for many years. He started his business career with Robert Towns and Co. He had been manager of the Derwent and Tamar Assurance Co, Ltd, and Law, Union and Rock Insurance Co, Ltd, and general manager for more than 20 years, of the Union Insurance Society of Canton.

Mr de Gyulay was born at Woollahra in 1863 a son of Dr A G de Gyulay. He was one of the foundation members of the famous Arfoma Football Club. Mrs de Gyulay survives him.

At the funeral service in St Augustine's Church Neutral Bay the Rev L A Pearce officiated. The funeral took place at the Northern Suburbs Crematorium.
The chief mourners, were Messrs. Etele de Gyulay and Edric de Gyulay (brothers) Osric de Gyulay (nephew) Mr and Mrs Royston Pigott Mr and Mrs C I, Kyle, Mrs Kyle senior and Mr C Elliott.

Others present were Sir George Mason Allard, Captain T E Alexander, Dr A L Ducker, Captain S G Green, Messrs M Bloxham Neill Barclay, J M McLeod Bolton, D T Brownhill, A H Brownhill, Clive Brownhill, C R Crossman (Neutral Bay Bowling Club), T D Douglas (Indemnity Marine Assurance Co) T E Ducker, A M Coward (Commercial Union Assurance Co.) S A Grace, A D Llewellyn and E J O Greenwood (Bankers and Traders Insurance Co) C S GillhamHenry F Halloran, R S Harris (Gresham Fire and Accident Insurance Society) W H Jackson (Sydney Marine Underwriters Association) M H Macfarlane, W McNeil, A Moore, Alex MrVernon (Queensland Insurance Co) I - Miller, T Michell, R T McKay, F Newman, T Pattenden, W J C Pennell (British Traders Insurance Co) N M F Preston, H C Read and C B Read (Gibbs Briant and Co) RM Steele (Victoria Insurance Co.) H L Slade, C Slade, V W Williams, V W Williams junr., C Williams, Harold Willis (Insurance Institute of New South Wales) F H Wright (Royal Exchange Insurance) and H L Weston. MR. 


E. W. G. de GYULAY. (1937, May 1). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 23. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17364447

"THE CHURCH ON THE ISLAND." 


This photograph—believed to be the only one extant—of the old church on Bar Island, Hawkesbury River, was taken by Mr. E. de Gyulay in 1883. Nothing remains of this structure except a few traces of the foundations, adjoining which is a small cemetery. The history of the Church was related in a recent article on this page. "THE CHURCH ON THE ISLAND." (1940, May 25). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27951758

Having achieved its objectives, and disposing of what land had not been sold, the Barrenjoey (Land) Company was wound up as the Palm Beach Lands Limited commenced:

IN THE MATTER OF THE BARRENJOEY COMPANY, LIMITED.

AT an Extraordinary General Meeting of the above named Company, duly convened and held at 92b Pitt street, Sydney, on the nineteenth day of June, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-four, the following Resolution was duly passed, and at a 'subsequent Extraordinary General Meeting of the Members of the said Company, also duly convened and held at the same place', on Monday, the seventh day of July, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-four, the same Resolution was duly confirmed, as a Special Resolution, viz.: —

That as a result of the recent disposal of substantially the whole of the Company's land, it is advisable to wind-up the Company and accordingly that the Company be wound up voluntarily; and at such last-mentioned Meeting the following Extraordinary Resolutions were passed: —

1. That George Mason Allard, John Malbon Ralston, Ernest Ebenezer Way, and Harry Wolstenholme, be appointed Liquidators for the purpose of such winding-up.

2. That their salary be fixed at one hundred and eighty pounds among them for the first year.

3. That, as regards Mr. J. M. Ralston, he shall be entitled, in addition to his remuneration as a Liquidator, to be paid all usual Solicitor's Profit Costs and Disbursements in connection with any legal work which he may be instructed to do by the Liquidators in his capacity as solicitor.

Dated at Sydney, this 17th day of July, 1924.

H. WOLSTENHOLME, Chairman.

Witness,—E. E. G. de Gyulay. £1 12s.

IN THE MATTER OF THE BARRENJOEY COMPANY, LIMITED. (1924, July 18). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 3572. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222025488

THE BARRENJOEY COMPANY LIMITED, (In Voluntary Liquidation).

Notice of General Meeting.

NOTICE is hereby given in pursuance of section 141 of the Companies Act, 1899, that a General Meeting of the Members of the abovenamed Company will be held at the registered office, 92b Pitt-street, Sydney, on Tuesday, the 14th day of May, 1929, at 4 o'clock in the afternoon, for the purpose of having an account laid before them showing the manner in which the winding-up has been conducted and the property of the Company disposed of, and of hearing any explanation that may be given by the Liquidators; and also determining by Extraordinary Resolution the manner in which the books, accounts and documents of the Company and the Liquidators thereof shall be disposed of. 

Dated the tenth day of April, 1929.

H. WOLSTENHOLME, E. E. WAY,  J. M. RALSTON, ) Liquidators. 3281 £1 2s. THE BARRENJOEY COMPANY LIMITED (IN VOLUNTARY LIQUIDATION). (1929, April 12). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1670. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223026442 

Palm Beach Lands Limited - From July 1924

First directors: R. T. M'Kay, E. B. Harkness, and A. M. K. Scott:

Palm Beach Lands, Ltd., has effected registration with an authorised capital of £15,000, In £1 shares. To traffic in land, house, and other property is the aim of the new company. First directors: R. R. M'Kay, E. B. Harkness, and A. M. K. Scott. COMPANY NEWS. (1924, July 31). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16177971

The above has a mistake in that R T McKay was Chairman of this new company, not R R McKay. 

PALM BEACH
The Wonderland of the North
UNIQUE PENINSULAR POSITION

SYDNEY has, been well-endowed by 'Nature with glorious ocean beaches. All are beautiful, but some are more beautiful than others, and under this latter category may be included Palm Beach. Here, may be seen a Vista of loveliness that probably is unequalled anywhere else in the world. The position of Palm Beach is unique. Upon reaching the higher portion of the locality, and looking north, a wonderful panorama of sea, harbor and landscape, lies at the spectator's feet. Straight in front Is the narrow Isthmus which loins the headland of Barrenjoey to the 'mainland. To the right are the broad blue waters of the Pacific Ocean, rolling on to the ocean beach, providing a wonderful surf. To the left lies the placid Pittwater, a paradise for the yachtsman, while in the distance may be seen Ettalong Beach, and the entrance to the well-known Hawkesbury River. In the foreground, to the left, may be seen Lion Island, rearing Its shaggy head, lying like a guardian of the Pittwater Basin. Then, again. In the distance the rugged mountainous country of Kuring-gai Chase Is to be seen, providing a fitting background to the scene of grandeur that places Palm Beach in the front rank of beautiful sea-side resorts. On every hand may be seen the tall plantation palms from which the locality derives its name, and they lend a touch of tropical color to the landscape that only adds to its charm. Close to Palm Beach Is the great garden of the public, Kuring-gai Chase, which, it will be remembered, was set aside as a reserve for the people, by the Government some time ago, following upon an agitation by "The Sun." 

Thus a vast stretch of country rivalling the Blue Mountains in beautiful rugged scenery may be added to the attractions of Palm Beach. , It will be seen therefore, that the residents of Sydney are Indeed, fortunate, as Palm Beach is within 20 miles of the city, and may be reached by car, within an hour. The traffic bridges at the Spit and Roseville have lowered the travelling time, and it Is only natural to expect that the North Shore Bridge will also be most beneficial In this respect. 

The approach to Palm Beach lies through wonderful scenic country, such as the heights of Balmoral, the Narrabeen Lake district, past the Lagoon at Dec Why, past Newport, down through the Vale of Avalon. and thence along the banks of the Pittwater, until the destination is reached. Other attractions include boating, fishing, swimming, surfing; tennis, and golfing. There is a nine-hole golf course, on the peninsula, while tennis courts face the ocean beach.

It is noteworthy that most of the homes at Palm Beach are built of stone that abounds there. In some cases the homes have been partially built of stone from the allotment on which they stand. In addition timber (Australian mahogany) can be procured cheaper at Palm Beach than at Sydney. Thus building costs would not be formidable. 

Palm Beach Lands 

The average citizen of Sydney has in the past been under the impression that land was practically unprocurable at Palm Beach. For many years this was the case, and until Palm Beach Lands Limitedacquired all the available country that was for sale the public were unable to obtain an allotment there, unless they could produce special recommendations. Even now It Is the desire of the present vendors to keep Palm Beach exclusive. This company is, however, offering a number of allotments for private sale at reasonable prices on easy terms, through the medium of their selling agents, Moffitt and Watts, of Manchester Unity Building, Castlerengh street, Sydney. 

Means of Access 

For those who do not enjoy motor car ownership, regular motor 'bus services run right Into the estate from Manly, Narrabeen and Newport. The tram runs to Narrabeen. In addition, a regular steamer service also connects Hawkesbury River railway station with the wharf of the estate, providing a delightful trip on a most picturesque waterway. 

During the Easter holidays free cars will run from the office of the Manchester Unity Building (Castlereagh-streot entrance), for the benefit of prospective purchasers. Arrangements may be made for a seat in these cars through Moffit and Watts, whose office will bo open on Good Friday for  that purpose. The cars will leave from 5 10 to 10.30 a.m. Good Friday, Easter Saturday, Easter Monday, and special trips will be made on Easter Sunday by appointment only. 

Palm Beach, showing the fine stretches of ocean beach, with Barren joey and Lion Island in the background. PALM BEACH (1925, April 9). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 19 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224048275

Robert Thomas McKay 

- also spelled MacKay in some articles.

Born in 1866 the second son, to Richard and Eliza (nee Miller) McKay R T McKay was a public servant who accomplished great works.

MR. R. T. McKAY.

The "T. & C. Journal" of the 9th May gives a capital photo of Mr. R. T. McKay, son of Mrs. R. McKay of our town, and the following historical record concerning one who is a native of our district we are sure will prove interesting to his numerous friends here; and the young man's career has been of such an exemplary character that we deem it but fair to give publicity to it, as follows:— 

"Mr. R. T. McKay (assistant engineer, water conservation and water supply branch of the N. S. W. Public Works Department), who was recently selected by the Minister for Public Works to deliver a series of lectures in the country on the subject of irrigation, entered the department in 1890, after having passed his examination as a licensed surveyor. For a number of years he was engaged in the survey and design of many of the large sewerage schemes in Sydney and suburbs, also schemes of water supply, and was attached for a short time to the harbour improvement works on the Richmond River, and at Newcastle. In 1896 he was appointed resident engineer, and supervised the construction—by day labor and contract—of many important engineering works, such as the low-level sewerage scheme, Marrickville, Chatswood sewerage, Liverpool septic tanks, Coogee and Bondi sewerage, Arncliffe sewerage farm, etc., and works of water conservation and water supply. The cost of the works carried out by Mr. McKay amounted to £250,000. 

In 1902 he was appointed secretary and professional assistant to the Interstate Royal Commission on the Murray waters and gained much valuable information during his connection with the Commission, which lasted about twelve months. In 1903 he was appointed a member of the Water Conservation Board of New South Wales, and is the only member of that board who is not the head of an important Government department. In 1904 he acted as secretary to the Royal Commission on the construction of locomotive engines in New South Wales, and his technical knowledge was of great service to the Commission. Before the matter was 

settled, during the last session of Parliament, Mr. McKay was instructed by the Premier of N. S. W. to visit the Newport workshops in Victoria, and assist the chairman (Mr. McAlister) in a report to the Government. 

Owing to his intimate knowledge of the Murray, he was sent to Hobart last year, to explain the position of the Murray question to the Premiers thus assembled in conference. The Premier of N, S. Wales issued about 300 invitations to the lecture, which was presided over by His Excellency the Governor of Tasmania (Sir Gerald Strickland). Probably no other public servant in the Commonwealth has had the honor of lecturing to such a brilliant audience, which included the Premiers, of the various States, several members of the Federal Ministry, Federal Parliament, and State Ministries, Sir Elliot Lewis, Sir Ayde Douglas, and many other representative men of Tasmania. Mr. McKay has lectured on the questions of water conservation and irrigation at the Sydney University, the Royal Society, and has lately been delivering a series of lectures on the subject in various country towns. Mr. McKay has arranged to deliver lectures on irrigation at Jerilderie, Berrigan, Deniliquin, Corowa, Albury, Moama in the near future, and, later, will lecture at Dubbo and other  western centres. 

"He is an associate member of the Institution of Civil Engineers, London, a licensed surveyor, mining surveyor, a member of the council of the engineering section of the Royal Society, a member of the council of the Institution of Surveyors, and one of the representatives of the Public Works Department on the Council of the Public Service Association." Mr. McKay is announced to lecture in Adelong on 29th May, and in Tumut on 1st of June. MR. R. T. MCKAY. (1906, May 25). The Tumut and Adelong Times (NSW : 1864 - 1867; 1899 - 1950), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article139084803


Mr. R. T. M'Kay. (Photo, by Crown Studios, Sydney,)

MR. R. T. M'KAY. (1906, May 9). Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1870 - 1907), p. 26. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71530207

ORIGINATOR OF SNOWY RIVER SCHEME.
Tribute to R. T. McKay.

At the Annual Dinner of the Institute of Surveyors. N.S.W. (Inc.), which was held at the Wentworth Hotel on April 13th, the Minister for Lands, The Hon. W. F. Shean, paid tribute to Mr. R. T. McKay, who, though of great age, and the oldest member of the Institution, was present, as the originator of the Snowy River Project which he conceived many years ago.ORIGINATOR OF SNOWY RIVER SCHEME. (1949, April 20). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222882111

DEATH OF MR. R. T. McKAY

Mr. R. T. McKay, former engineering member and Deputy President of the Commission of the Sydney Harbour Trust, who died last week, was one of the most persistent advocates of a scheme to use the waters of the Snowy River to provide water for Sydney. He had been associated with engineering since 1888, when as a surveyor's pupil he helped with a detailed survey of Sydney and suburbs in connection with sewerage schemes. DEATH OF MR. R. T. McKAY (1949, August 17). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18125276

NSW BDM's: 

Marriage: 6703/1893 MCKAY ROBERT T MOORE ETHEL M ST LEONARDS

McKAY- MOORE - November 29 1893 at St Leonards by the Rev Roger Mackinnon, Robert Thomas McKay licensed surveyor, Sydney to Ethel Mary elder daughter of William Moore, Esq., solicitor Sydney.  Family Notices (1893, December 16). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13919026

Children:

MCKAY  RONALD R R 25512/1896 ROBERT T ETHEL M ST LEONARDS
MCKAY  EVIZIL O M 26139/1900 ROBERT T ETHEL M ST LEONARDS

BIRTHS. McKAY. — June 19th, 1896, at Gowan, Falcon-st„ North Sydney, the wife of Robert T. McKay of a son. Family Notices (1896, June 24). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article238600236

McKAY.— May 13, at Gowan, Falcon-street, North Sydney, the wife of Robert T. McKay— a daughter. Family Notices (1900, May 26). The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912), p. 1257. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article165301292

Death: 

MCKAY  ROBERT THOMAS 15800/1949 Parents: WILLIAM ELIZA PADDINGTON - father's name was actually Richard, William was his older brother
MCKAY  ETHEL MARY 20890/1959 Parents: WILLIAM OSCELLA CHATSWOOD

His father: Mr. Richard McKay, hotel keeper, and a very old resident in the district, died suddenly this afternoon. OUR TELEGRAMS. (1894, October 3). Cootamundra Herald (NSW : 1877 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article143444565 - His NSW BDM's record states his parents were 'unknown'.

His mother:

OBITUARY
MRS. RICHARD McKAY.

Death removed from out midst one of the oldest residents of the district on Thursday night at 10 o'clock, in the person of Mrs Eliza Jane McKay, relict of the late Richard McKay, at her residence, Blowering road. Up to the previous Sunday night, Mrs McKay, who would have reached her 80th year had she lived till to-day, enjoyed good health, considering her weight of years, and nothing had occurred to cause her relatives any anxiety. However, on the Sunday evening, as previously reported in these columns, she had a paralytic seizure, and from that out the local doctors held out little hope of her recovery.

Her two sons, Robert (of Geelong) and Stanley (en tour with his company) were communicated with, but on their arrival their mother was past recognising them. The latter had written a week previous to his niece (Miss Amy Miller) and apprised her of his movements ahead which enabled his being located Her closing hours were devoid of pain and her death was peaceful. 

The deceased highly respected lady, whose maiden name was Miller, was born at Coleraine, Co Londonderry, Ireland, and with her brother (Robert, now of Sydney) arrived in Australia in 1852, coming to Gundagai three months after the big flood. After spending a few years there she went to Upper Adelong. In the year 1862 she married the late Richard McKay at the old Mona Isle Inn (on the site of Mrs. Downing's Star Hotel, Tumut), Mr John Weedon being one of the wedding guests. Seven years later they took over on lease the Old Bee-Hive Hotel which stood on the site of Mr W Eurell's motor garage. At the expiration of the lease, for a time they conducted the Queen's Arms Inn (where Madigan's Oriental Hotel is built), and subsequently purchased the Beehive outright. For 28 years they remained in uninterrupted occupation there, until (1896) Mr McKay's death, upon which Mrs McKay retired and lived private in the home in which she died. 

Throughout her life she was regarded as one of high womanly virtues and ideas, and she retained ever the goodwill of a host of friends, old and young, Her chief aim and object was the care, and education of her children, of whose success in life she was justly proud Miss Miller, who lived with her from quite a young girl, with true filial spirit, performed the part of a daughter towards her, and with her son Richard, who also resided with deceased, was a comforting companion in her declining years. Three sons (Robert, of Geelong, Stanley, of Sydney, and Richard, of Tumut), mourn the loss of a most devoted mother. On behalf of the legion of friends and ac-quaintances we tender them, Miss Miller, her brother and other relatives our deepest sympathy. About 18 months ago her son Charles died at Kalgoorlie, W.A., as a result of an accident The funeral took place on Saturday afternoon. The cortege was very lengthy, and those forming it were representative of all parts of the district and all sections of the community—an unspoken tribute to the memory of a good old soul. The remains were interred in the Church of England portion of the old cemetery, next those of her late husband. Her three sons, a nephew (Mr R Miller jr, of Sydney) and Ald J E Madigan and Mr Fred Eberlin were the bearers Rev Ross Edwards officiated at the grave and Mr Jas Elphick was entrusted with the funeral arrangements. Tumut Advocate and Farmers and Settlers' Adviser (NSW : 1903 - 1925), Tuesday 10 June 1913, page 2

At Tumut, on Thursday last, an old and esteemed resident, Mrs.' Eliza' J. McKay, relict of the late Richard McKay, died. Mrs. McKay, who had resided in the Tumut district for over fifty years, leaves a family of three sons— Mr. Robert McKay, formerly secretary of the Murray River Water Commission; and now manager.of the Geelong Water- Trust, Mr. Richard McKay, of Tumut, and Mr. Stanley McKay, the theatrical manager. CENTRAL RAILWAY PALACE BUILDINGS, LIMITED. (1913, June 8). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article126459000

Richard and Eliza's children (married 1862):

MCKAY  ELIZABETH 8219/1863 RICHARD ELIZA J GUNDAGAI
MCKAY  WILLIAM V 15396/1864 RICHARD ELIZA J TUMUT
MCKAY  ROBERT T 15430/1866 RICHARD ELIZA J TUMUT
MCKAY  RICHARD P 17059/1868 RICHARD ELIZA J TUMUT
MCKAY  EMMELINE 17785/1870 RICHARD ELIZA JANE M TUMUT
MCKAY  CHARLES FREDERICK 18351/1871 RICHARD ELIZA JANE TUMUT
MCKAY  ELLEN AMY 20163/1874 RICHARD ELIZA JANE TUMUT
MCKAY  HENRY STANLEY 21584/1877 RICHARD ELIZA JANE TUMUT
MCKAY  GEORGE 21112/1876 RICHARD ELIZA JANE TUMUT

OBITUARY
MR. R. T. McKAY. M. Inst. C.L.

The late Mr. R. T. McKay consulting engineer of Sydney, whose death occurred recently, was a native of Batlow. He was edueated at Sydney High School. After qualifying as a Licensed Surveyor he joined the Engineering staff of the Public Works Department, and was trained in the design and construction of water supply and sewerage schemes, also habor works. He was appointed engineer and secretary to the Interstate Royal Commission on the River Murray to inquire into the water resources of the Murray Basin and to make a just allotment of the waters of the Murray and its tributaries among the States of New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia for the purposes of water conservation, irrigation and navigation. He was also secretary of the Royal Commission appointed to inquire into and report upon the practicability of the construction of loco-motives in the State by the Government or by private enterprise He lectured at the Sydney University on Water Conservation and Irrigation and was invited to lecture at a Premier's Conference to explain the Murray waters question. He was appointed engineer and executive member of the Water Conservation Irrigation and Drainage Board and was associated with many irrigation projects throughout the State, including the Murray, Lachlan and Murrumbidgee Irrigation Schemes, also with the sinking of artesian bores and the distribution of artesian water. He was appointed Chief Assistant Hydraulic Engineer for the State of Queensland. 

His next appointment was Engineer-in-Chief of the Geelong Water Works and Sewerage Trust. He was then appointed Con sulting Engineer to the Common-wealth Government in connection with the bulk handling of wheat. A scheme involving the expenditure of £3,000,000, among the wheat growing States of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia. He then accepted the position of engineering member and deputy president of the Commission of the Sydney Harbor Trust. 

Since his retirement a few years ago, he has been in private practice as a consulting engineer. He was a persistant advocate for using the waters of the Snowy River to supplement the flow of the Murrumbidgee and to provide a supply to Sydney. 

Mr. McKay was a member of the Institution of Civil Engineers and a Member of the Institution of Engineers in Australia. He was on the Council of the Advisory Committee of the Institution of Civil Engineers for many years and occupied the position of Chairman of the Council for six years. The late Mr. McKay leaves one brother, Mr. Stanely McKay, well-known theatrical producer. OBITUARY (1949, September 20). The Tumut and Adelong Times (NSW : 1864 - 1867; 1899 - 1950), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article139306687

WENTWORTH PARK KINDERGARTEN.

Miss Margaret Harris laid the foundation-stone of the Free Kindergarten In the Children's Playground, Wentworth Park, Glebe, yesterday afternoon. 

Professor Mackay (president of the Playground Association), in Introducing Miss Harris, said that they were much indebted to Mrs. Anderson, their energetic secretary, for this kindergarten and playground. The first public children's playground was established at Miller's Point under the auspices of the Harbor Trust, the second In Victoria Park under the auspices of the City Council, and this, the third playground, was under the auspices of the Wentworth Kindergarten committee and Play grounds Association. 

Ald. Artlett (Mayor of Glebe) remarked that they had Miss Harris to thank for making the laying of the foundation-stone at all possible. It was the first time under the Municipal Act that the money of the council was being devoted to kindergarten work. Sydney was behind the times as regards playgrounds and kindergartens. Melbourne was far ahead in this respect. 

"Why did we build kindergartens at all?" asked Mrs. Maybanke Anderson. Because, she continued, while under the present social order we were able to live in comfort and have high ideals, there were others who deserved them just as much, but were unable to get them. Their children, therefore, had to be cooped up in tiny rooms, or play in the streets. It was our responsibility to look after these children. But, after all, duty was a poor, cold word. We did not care for these children because we felt our responsibility, for deep down in our hearts was a well-spring of mother love, and a desire for the preservation of the race. When the good days came, and the Golden Rule really ruled, every woman would be as much ashamed to see a child that did not belong to her neglected as she would her own. 

Miss Margaret Harris was presented by the mothers of the district with a handsome flower bouquet of flowers. Others present included Mrs. W. A. Holman, the Rev. James Green, Mrs. Artlett (Mayoress of Glebe), Miss Kathleen Artlett (who made a considerable sum by selling violets during the afternoon In aid of the kindergarten). Miss Gertrude Artlott, Mr. John Mackay (president of the Kindergarten Union), Mr. Lucas, Mr. and Mrs. Tait, Miss Georgian King, Mrs. and Miss Hogue, Mrs. Davies, Miss E. Conk, Mrs. Litchfield, Mrs. and Miss Curnow. Mrs Holden, Mrs. and Miss Baird, Miss Braham, Mesdames Goldschmidt, Cains, Dallo, Weston, Miss Desailly, and Miss Langridge. WENTWORTH PARK KINDERGARTEN. (1914, August 5). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 18. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article239079418 

The foundation-stone of the Wentworth Park Kindergarten at Glebe was laid by Miss Margaret Harris on Tuesday afternoon in the presence of a large gathering of interested persons. Professor Mackay, president of the Playground Association, introduced Miss Harris to the gathering, and in the course of his remarks paid high tribute to Mrs. Maybanks Anderson, who is chiefly responsible for the existence of the Kindergarten playgrounds in Sydney. . Miss Harris was presented with a lovely bouquet of flowers by the mothers of the district. Amongst those present were Mrs. V. A. Holman, Mrs. Ardlett mayoress of Glebe, Rev. James Green, Mrs. Litchfield, Mr: and Mrs. Tait, Mrs. and Miss Mogue, and Miss Georgina King. GOSSIP FROM SYDNEY. (1914, August 15). Goulburn Evening Penny Post (NSW : 1881 - 1940), p. 1 (EVENING). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article98824542 

AMATEUR GARDENER
PAW PAWS AT PALM BEACH PASSION FRUIT GROWING
(By Redgum) 

Nine out of every ten men who take to week-ending fry the seaside are quite content to leave all the garden worries behind them. , They have quite enough lawn-mowing, path-raking hedge-cutting, rose-pruning and land digging to do on the ordinary home lot, to keep them in good trim the whole year through, without the extra bit of hard work which would have to be done to keep the buffalo grass, the geranium, the plumbago and the hydrangeas alive within sound of the sea.

But there are more men who have made their home within easy reach cf the breakers or the calmer waters of a lake or bay, who have taken to gardening because of the pleasure they get out of the- game, and also because of the good fruit and food that can be grown so easily within the home gates. Why grow fuchsias at Palm Beach, when there are so many other tropical and sub-tropical items that, with little trouble, can be made do wonderfully well. Any man or woman can handle hydrangeas or Star of Bethlehem, or saavia; but not one man out, of 100 has any idea of how to go about planting mangoes, paw paws, sugar-cane, bananas, custard upples, Avacado peers, taro, Honolulu passions, fruit salad plant, or any of the rarer things which make the work of the amateur happier and easier as well,' 

Only in favorable places can these things be grown to perfection. The average over-exposed seaside situation Is the last place In the world to do any tree-growing or good gardening. But all seaside homesites are not alike. On some lots Moreton Bay figs, coprosma, Norfolk Island pines, Monterey pines, coral, and the Port Jackson fig are the best subjects for filling In the landscape; tropical lines like paw paws and custard apples should have some protection from strong sea winds and also from the west. ' 

Any location where the plants can see all they want of the north, and feel all they can feel of the sun's heat, will do nicely. We are a long way south of the tropics, even at Broken Bay and Barrenjoey. That is the reason why we place all the hotspot plant items against a' north wall, or In a position where the whole of the day's sunlight can play on their stems and foliage. Plant hibiscus or bougainvillea in a semi-shady place, and the growth and flowering never will be satisfactory: place a young paw paw plant where It will shiver from April to October, and It will never be ,worth your watching. Good gardening means good placing. Haphazard work rarely gets one anywhere. ,Not Not half so much disappointment would be experienced if a little more thought was given to the selection of the tree and plant goods that are selected - to do the Important work of brightening up the home landscape. Not everybody who goes to Pittwater or Palm Beach makes a success of his or her gardening.

SNUG CORNERS A NECESSITY

Many of the homemakers have chosen situations that are quite unsuited for anything but stone-quarrying or for viewing the beautiful landscapes and seascapes. But here and there an expert worker has found a snug corner where the big gales do not tear holes in -the scrub or blow down the trees. Where those men have worked wisely they have done wonderfully well. Wits and ways count for something, even In gardening. 

Mr. R. T. McKay, whose home lot stands on the south-east corner of the beach, is one of the men who has worked wonders on his three-acre hillside allotment. He was quick to see that Palm Beach was a place where something quite unusual could be done; and, having hit on the right idea, was not slow in planning his garden on lines which fitted In with his thinking. It was to see the paw-paws that I went to Palm Beach. Bananas, custard apples, and monstera (known as the fruit-salad plant) are common enough along the coastline. But paw-paws and Avacado pears, two of the world's finest fruits, are not seen every day so far south as Sydney. Both are groat strangers. There is a big pear-tree In the Botanic Gardens which carries the name so well known on the Californian coast; but that tree, big and all that It Is, does not carry any fruit. Sydney Is just a little too far south to give the tree the conditions It requires. 

Mr. McKay's Avacoda pear-trees, being so beautifully placed, might behave quite differently. Time only will tell. Someone along our coastline should try hard to make a success of this pear-shaped Item, which can either be eaten with salt or with sugar. We have been too slow in getting In touch with the alligator or Avacado pear. In America It Is one of the choicest things put upon the home tables. Things are quite different with the paw-paws, of which Mr. McKay has several well-grown trees that only recently were carrying full heads of green and golden fruit. The paw- paws I saw hanging under the umbrella of green leaves with which this tropical' fruit tree crowns its head, were good enough for any home table. I heard that the flavor of the fruit ripened naturally Is splendid. There will be quite a dozen trees of one age and another on that hillside at Palm Beach. Many small things which are still In their infancy are not yet counted as trees. Their good time is coming. Paw-paws will one day be as conspicuous as bananas round Pittwater, where there are thousands of locations which would suit the fruit trees down to the ground. It Is only a matter of procuring a few seeds from someone in Brisbane. The young plants grow and thrive like weeds If the situation Is to their liking.

SUGARCANE AT DEE WHY

Lines like sugarcane and sugar bananas, though not common, can now and again be seen along the coastline. These flourish at Palm Beach, and in ninny other corners around Pittwater Sugarcane Is the most decorative of all the giant grasses for a hot spot along the coastline. Any of the purply-blue strains are more than decorative. Once planted, the cane will hang on for years. Custard apples and monstera, the first a full-sized tree and the latter a sort of a shrubby climbing plant, grow enormously, and fruit freely. The former is now in full flower, although the fruits are only just over; and the latter is holding a batch of sizy, green fruits that will be ready for the salad bowl before the autumn. This monstera holds several flavors In its six-sided sections. It is good and safe to take in small quantities, but must not be eaten too freely. Custard apples are full of food values, and should be freely grown anywhere there is a chance of holding a tree together. The mango, also, Is one of Mr. McKay's interesting trees. Already he has several specimens in fruit. Later on he hopes to have more trees on his holding. Mangoes are not quick growers. They take years to mature. But once a tree has age and size to its credit, there Is little or no trouble ahead of the owner. Good named varieties should be brought from Brisbane, as chance seedlings are never too sure. Then there Is one big plant of a new passion fruit from Honolulu, known to and sold by the traders as Honolulu Marvel. That passionfruit is to have a big place on the Australian coastline. It Is an Immense grower, a heavy cropper, and has more skin color than anything else In the fruit world. The fruit portion Is not quite as tasty as Is that of the old purple sort, but It is quite good enough to make a splendid addition to any fruit bowl. Mr. McKay's vine has given him great pleasure, and has provided numbers of ripe fruits for distribution to friends along the coastline. I was only prepared,' to soe something with about the same habit of growth as an ordinary purple passion fruit, and was surprised when the vine to which I was taken had run over three spans of trellis about 10 feet long by 10 feet high, and was carrying big fleshy leaves with wiry stems thicker than heaviest Angers. A very ripe passion-fruit has been saved and sent off to friends who have a chance of growing the vine successfully. On the first try-out, the fruit seems likely to make a good hit. The color of the outer skin Is a rich cadmium yellow, with a touch of sage green here and there by way of contrast. In flavor, this novelty Is only a little less acceptable than the old sort. If the habit of growth of the plant at Palm Beach can be taken as an evidence of its true work, then Honolulu Marvel will not be a stranger for long on the warm coastline of Australia. AMATEUR GARDENER (1929, January 5). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 7 (LAST RACE RESULTS). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230377677

CAN'T I see all eyes on the barometer at Government House next week? Sir Philip and Lady Game have taken "Boanbong," R. T. McKay's cottage at Palm Beach, for Miss Rosemary's school holidays. May the weather gods present them with a fortnight of surfing weather! Meantime, Everzil McKay goes off to stay with her brother and his wife, Mr. and Mrs. R. R. McKay, of "Dunally," Coolah. SUSAN SAYS (1931, August 30). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 24. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224714707

Social Surf Season Opens at Palm Beach
OCTOBER the first Is the official opening day of the surfing season; and from now on the red-gold ocean beaches, so far almost abandoned in the still cool breezes of late spring, begin like magical molluscs, with gigantic invisible shells, to open and tip on the seashore in multi-colored hundreds-and-thousands the' first enthusiasts of surfboards, sun and sea. A foretaste of the striking beach ensembles for this year, has been already enjoyed by many women at recent mannequin parades, and soon the, 'season will be thoroughly and merrily launched. Palm Beach is one of the - most beautiful of Sydney's surfing places. The wide sweep of bay and free view of ocean, the soft curves of the gum-tree covered hills; the delightful bungalows, the, groves of satin-leaved palms, and stately Norfolk Island nines on the front, make It distinctive and unique, while the many well-known people who are' residents, or-have summer houses or bungalows here lend a greater interest to this attractive spot. Tucked among the trees is "Bob-stay," the blue and white snuggery of the Lord Mayor Hagon family, whose pretty daughter Margaret recently spent the first days of her honeymoon in these appropriate surroundings.

The Horderns' fine house and blossom and shrub-filled grounds on the front are well knownBeside them is the bungalow of Mr. and Mrs. C.P. Curlewis. Their daughter Joyce and some of her girl friends add riding to other seaside joys, and are often seen cantering along Palm Beach roads. Mrs. Harry Wolstenholme, Marjorie and their Sealyham doggie, Jock, live next door in a delightful bungalow, whose garden plots glow with geraniums at the edge of a beautiful lawn. A cosy corner embowers Mr. and Mrs. R. T. Mackay, of "Boanbong," who yearly open their garden to the public to help Kindergarten Union funds. The well-groomed grounds abound in tropical plants and trees. 
Social Surf Season Opens at Palm Beach (1933, October 1). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 27. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229151667 

POINSETTIAS AT BOANBONG.
Boanbong Palm Beach the home of Mr. R. T. McKay is ablaze to-day with the scarlet bracts of thousands of poinsettia plants This garden is to be open for inspection tomorrow and Sunday afternoon and also on June 17 and 24 when members of the Lance and Maybanke free kindergarten will dispense refreshments and conduct visitors around the garden. POINSETTIAS AT BOANBONG. (1934, June 8). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17081940

Help For Kindergarten
The tropical garden of "Boanbong," the Palm Beach home of Mr. R. McKay, will be open for public inspection from 2 p.m. to 5 p.m. today, to-morrow and Monday. Admission will be by silver coin, the proceeds assisting the Maybanke Free KindergartenHelp For Kindergarten (1939, June 10). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 6 (LAST RACE FOOT BALL). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230884767

The place they all met and where their activities converged were the surf club:

SURFING
Palm Beach Happy With A Cash Surplus
All is well with the Palm Beach Surf Club, for at its annual meeting last night the financial position showed a surplus of £51/11/11. The feature for the year's activities was the erection of what is known as the "Bunkhouse." This provides sleeping accommodation for twelve. The facilities thus provided proved of inestimable convenience to members on patrol. Electric light had been installed throughout the club house, while the casualty room, mainly through the generosity of Mr. G. M. Merivale, was relined and thoroughly re-conditioned. 
During the season It was deemed advisable, to facilitate the training, of the boat crew in town; to purchase a boat from Dee Why Surf Club at a cost of £25. A further £19 was spent on reconditioning, so the club now owns two boats, both excellent condition. Gear .bad been inspected, and found to be in efficient condition. The Officers Elected Regret was expressed that Gordon Morrow was not available this season as permanent life-saver, but the club had been fortunate in securing the services of Mr, J. H. Christie, of Dee Why, .who will commence duty at the beginning of December. 

Officers elected for the present season were: — 
Patron. Mr. Percy Hunter; president. Mr. E. R. Moser; vice-presidents; His Honor Judge Coyle, Messrs. R. T. McKay, W. J. Barnes, C. R. Crossman, D. B. Hunter, E. B. Harkness, W. W. Woodley, L. Gallagher, A. H. Curlewis, J. M. Ralston, E. A. Box. J. P. Mant, B. B. Wiltshire, K. Hunter, A. M. Lamport, Commander Vitalli, Councillor Hitchcock; captain, B. V. Kenny; vice-captain, J. Hall-Johnstone, boat captain. G. E. R. Brown; hon. secretary, G. Wray; hon. treasurer, L. M. Moyle: non. chief instructor, K. Hunter; gear steward, N. F. Brown; delegates to S.L.S.A., Messrs. K. Hunter. B. V. Kenny; hon. solicitor, Mr. J. M. Ralston; hon. auditor, N. H. Routley; hon. medical officer, Dr. D. G. Maitland; committee, Messrs. C. N. Walker. I. G. Kell, D. Carr, G. B. Morrow. J G. Rohr, J. H. Pilcher; trustees of club property. Percy Hunter, E. R. Moser. SURFING (1933, October 11). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1931 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article247166389

PALM BEACH.
Surf Pavilion Controversy.

One of the largest meetings in the history of Palm Beach was held on Saturday night to discuss the proposal of the Wairlngah Shhe Council to build a new surf pavilion on a site some distance further north of the present building. The local Progress Association had suggested the new site, which was opposed by the Surf Life Saving Club, mainly on the ground that this part of the beach was dangerous.

At Saturday night's meeting which was presided over by Mr R T McKay, it was sought to reverse the previous decision of the association in favour of the new site. A rule of the association allowed proxy voting, and after the rescission motion had been discussed it was defeated by a substantial majority of those present and the proxies.

The matter will come before the Shire Council on Tuesday night. The council had previously decided to spend £2000 on the new pavilion on the site suggested by the Progress Association. PALM BEACH. (1935, August 5). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17180293


SOIL EROSION.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD.
Sir,-In discussing the question of soil erosion, brought under notice by Slr Herbert
Gepp at the annual conference of the Victorian Wheatgrowers' Association, Mr. Frank A. Croft, In a letter to the "Herald," refers to the Snowy, Murray, Latrobe, and Mitchell Rivers.
The Murray will unquestionably play the most important part in closer settlement of
any of our Australian rivers, but the waters of the Snowy, Latrobe, and Mitchell Rivers will not be made use of, except to a very limited extent, in any closer settlement scheme.
No doubt Slr Herbert Gepp had in mind in his address, such rivers as the Murrumbidgee, Lachlan, Macquarie, and Namoi in this State, and the Goulburn, Laddon, and Campaspe In Victoria. When the fullest use has been made of the above rivers, the Irrigable areas will carry big populations, and lt is important
that soil erosion on the catchment areas of these rivers should be reduced to the lowest possible limit.
Mr. Croft refers to the importance of high-land swamps in providing the low water flow in rainless periods. With an intimate knowledge of the whole of the watersheds of the Murray basin and the coastal rivers I am of opinion that the contribution to the stream flow from these highland swamp areas which are few in number, may be regarded as practically negligible.
I am, etc.,
R. T. MCKAY.
Palm Beach, April 16.
SOIL EROSION. (1936, April 18). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27991938

LETTERS
SOIL EROSION.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD.

Your correspondent, Mr. Craft, suggests that one should ride over the catchment areas of the Snowy, Murrumbidgee, and Murray Rivers.

This I have done.

But there is a very great difference in the character of the eastern and western slopes of the Great Dividing Range in the vicinity of Kosciusko. The fall from the top of the range in the case of the Indi and Tooma Rivers is about 2000 feet in two miles, and th3 Swampy Plain has a drop of over 5000 feet in five miles. On the other hand, the slopes of the Snowy near Kosciusko are not ver/ sovere, whilst in the Doubtful River, north of Bull's Peak, they may be termed gentle, and entirely different to the western slopes of the Dividing Range. There is, however, a very sharp fall from the range at the head of the Tumut.

Rules Point has again been referred to by Mr Craft as a swamp, also that at times it becomes quite boggy. I know the country thoroughly, from Peppercorn Hill, where the Murrumbidgee takes its rise. There is a marshy area at the foot of Peppercorn, but I cannot agree with your correspondent that there is any swampy area on the Long Plain or Rules Point. The fact that it is boggy after a wet season does not suggest that it is n swamp. Boggy conditions are met with all over the State in a wet season, and I have been bogged badly between Walgett and Brewarrina, but not because the country passed through was a swamp.

The low portions of the Happy Jack and Doubtful Rivers are marshy, and are intersected with rivulets of varying dimensions, from nine inches to two feet In width and up to two feet in depth. These rivulets are covered with mountain moss, and are constantly running streams, draining the marshy land. In this way the marshy area Is entirely different to a swamp such as we know it on the North Coast. I would advise anyone taking this journey to do so on a horse bred in the district. The mountain-bred horses seem to sense where the rivulets occur, .and are able to negotiate them with ease.

Bushfires during a dry summer on the mountains destroy quite a lot of small timber. The big snowdrifts, after melting, leave behind large areas of dry snow grass. For no reason whatever, most people seem to take a delight in dropping matches on these areas of dry grass, with the result that bushfires cause considerable damage to the timber on the mountain sides and in the valleys.

As Chief Executive Officer of the Interstate Royal Commission on the Murray River, and an engineer in the Water Conservation and Irrigation branch of the Public Works Department for many years, it became my duty to examine the watersheds of the rivers within the Murray Basin, also several of our coastal rivers for sites for storage dams and for hydro-electric schemes. The knowledge thus obtained has not been passed on to me by others, but is the result of personal examination of the river systems.

I am, etc.,
R. T. Mckay. 
Palm Beach, May 14.
LETTERS (1936, May 27). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17321404

SOIL EROSION.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD.
Sir,-Mr. Craft, in his letter of June 4, 1936, is under a wrong impression about Peppercorn Hill. In my letter, May 27, 1936, I stated that there was a marshy area at the foot of Peppercorn, but I did not state that it was a swamp. Your correspondent gives a very liberal interpretation of a swamp, and it would appear that he regards any damp piece of land as a swamp. There is a great difference between a swamp and a marsh, and there is also a big difference between a lagoon and a swamp. A mountain marsh is not confined to the lowest portions of the valley, but is to be found on slopes With a fair incline. You will not find a swamp under such conditions. Under-lying the marsh is a small stream discharging water, which Is continually dripping from the mountain moss and other plants, and again this is different to a swamp.

The drop from the main dividing range, of the tributaries of the Upper Murray, as given by me, is approximately correct, the distance being in a direct line from Kosciusko and other points along the range. I am in agreement with Mr. Craft regarding the necessity for protecting the head reaches of our rivers from soil erosion, especially where dams have been built or are likely to be built in the
future. The great destructive agency, of course, is fire. The rainfall, including allowance for snow, on the main dividing range, where the altitude exceeds 6000 feet, is probably 80 inches per annum. Notwithstanding this high rainfall, there are frequently dry and hot summers, when fires cause much destruction to plant life on the side slopes of the mountains and in the valleys. This also applies to areas on the mountains of a much lower altitude. 

How to control the fires in the mountain country is a problem that is difficult to solve, especially as there are so few people able to render assistance who are living in the country where the fires cause most damage. In a ride from Kiandra to Kosciusko the only persons that we saw were two shepherds in the Happy Jack Valley.
I am, etc.,
R. T. MCKAY.
Palm Beach, June 9.
SOIL EROSION. (1936, June 12). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17242350

BARRENJOEY PROJECT
Opposing Views At Palm Beach

Palm Beach opinion is sharply-divided as to the results of the reported lease of Barrcnjoey Headland; to an American syndicate. It is said that the Federal Government has already granted the lease, and that the syndicate will spend £200,000 on cabins for holiday-makers. 
"That expenditure should be very welcome to Palm Beach, provided, of course, that it Is spent In a way approved by the authorities," declared the chairman of Palm Beach Lands, Ltd. (Mr. R. J. McKay), today. "Transport and sporting facilities would probably be Improved. I don't think it would depreciate land values. This, however, Is the opinion only of myself and the firm I represent." 
"We don't like It at any price," said Mrs. S. B. Hooper, secretary of Palm Beach Progress Association. Land values, she added, would slump Immediately, and Palm Beach would become a commercialised business place, losing all the natural beauty and isolation that has made It an attractive holiday resort. 
BARRENJOEY PROJECT (1938, August 1). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 3 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229128008

Visit:  Barrenjoey Headland – The Lessees

Edward Burns Harkness

Born in 1875 on the Richmond River to Edward and Ellen Harkness, Mr. Harkness was another public servant who excelled in his work:

PALM BEACH HOTEL
STATE OFFICIAL'S VIEW
EVIDENCE IN FAVOR
The hearing of the application for a license at Palm Bench was continued at the Licensing Court to-day. The application was made by G. Taylor and G. B. Gough of Palm Beach. Edward B. Harkness, Under-secretary to the Chief Secretary's Department, said that there was a distinct need for up-to-date accommodation at Palm Beach. He contended that there was not a decent place there to stay at. Mr. Harkness was of the opinion that there was not a seaside resort to compare with Palm Beach in Australia amd New Zealand. There was pheno-menal traffic to the resort, due to the two new bridges at the Spit and at Roseville. He did not think that a hotel would take the artisan class to Palm Beach, that was if a hotel where constructed with high-class accommo-dation and under good management. Ernest Walter Bell said that he would not recommend anyone to go to Palm Beach for accommodation. He gave evidence as to the increase in motor traffic along the Manly road to Palm Beach. The Court adjourned' unjll to-mor-row In order to inspect the sit of the proposed hotel. 
PALM BEACH HOTEL (1926, November 25). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224125278

PRESENTATION TO MR. E B. HARKNESS.

SYDNEY, Friday.-Yesterday, at the Invitation of the Premier,  the officers of the Treasury assembled  in the Minister's rooms, when a presentation was made to the Premier's Private Secretary, Mr.  E. B. Harkness, who is about to be married. 

On behalf of the cleric staff of the Department, Mr. Carruthers presented Mr. Harkness . with a tea and coffee, service, and on behalf of the messenger staff a pair of cut glass and silver vases, also from Mrs. Carruthers hud-himself a sliver fish service. Mr. Carruthers conveyed to Mr. Harkness the good wishes of his fellow 'officers, and referred In eulogistic terms to his ability and attainments as a public officer. He expressed the hope that Mr. Harkness would enjoy long life and happiness. Afternoon tea was then served at the direction of the Premier. PRESENTATION TO MR. E. B. HARKNESS. (1907, March 30). Clarence and Richmond Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1889 - 1915), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article61434163

MR. E. B. HARKNESS


Chief Returning Officer for New South Wales who is responsible for the count of the figures which have decided the political fate of New South Wales for the next three years. MR. E. B. HARKNESS (1922, April 6). The Newcastle Sun (NSW : 1918 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article163679145

WEDDINGS.

HARKNESS - JACK. -Mr. Edward Burns Harkness, private secretary to the Premier, and a son of Mr. and Mrs. Harkness, of Grafton, was married on Wednesday to Miss Vera Ladell, youngest daughter of Captain William Jack, formerly of the pilot service. The bride, who was given away by her father, wore a gown of ivory silk, with overdress of chiffon; wreath of orange blossoms, embroidered tulle veil, and bouquet tied with chiffon. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. J. E. C. Stiles, the church being decorated in honor of the event. Misses Harkness, Hamilton and Jack were the bridesmaids. Captain and Mrs. Jack gave a reception at the Town Hall, Mosman, where the wedding tea was served. The honeymoon trip will extend to Victoria, Adelaide, and Tasmania. Family Notices (1907, April 6). Clarence and Richmond Examiner (Grafton, NSW : 1889 - 1915), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article61434448

HARKNESS — JACK, — April 3, 1907, at St. Clement's Church, Mosman, by the Rev. G. E. C. Stiles, B.A., Edward Burns, eldest son of Mr. Edward Harkness, of Mosman, formerly of Grafton, to Vera Ladell, youngest daughter of Captain A. W. Jack, late of the Pilot Service. At home, "Okoroire," Holts-avenue, Mosman, June 5, 6, and 7. Family Notices (1907, April 13). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article238041365

Children of the union:

HARKNESS  JACK B 5785/1908 EDWARD VERA L MOSMAN
HARKNESS  BOB A 5867/1909 EDWARD B VERA LMOSMAN
HARKNESS  CYNTHIA 7268/ 1913 EDWARD B VERA L MOSMAN

Distinguished Civil Servant - Mr. E. B. HARKNESS.

The name of Mr. Edward Burns Harkness, C.M.G., is probably as familiar to more people in New South Wales as is that of any of its established politicians, with many of whom he has been officially associated since his youth. His record is indeed a unique one. 

Entering the Public Service of New South Wales in 1891, he was early chosen for work of a special character; first performing private secretarial duty in 1894-1899 for the Premier (Mr., afterwards Sir George H. Reid, P-C.); then following the duties of private secretary and confidential official to the following Premiers of the State in succession:—Sir John See, 1902-1904; Mr. Thomas Waddell, 1904; Mr. J. H. Carruthers (now Sir Joseph), 1904-1907; Mr. C. G. Wade (late Sir Charles), 1907-1910; Mr. J. S. T. McGowen, 1910-1913; and Mr. W. A. Hoi man, K.C-, 1913-1916. 

In 1905, Mr. Harkness was appointed : first general secretary to the conferences of Premiers of the States of Australia, a position which he retained until March, 1916,. when he resigned to take up his present duties. He was succeeded by Mr. C. H. Hay, C.M.G.

In 1914, Mr. Harkness was appointed secretary and permanent head of the Premier's Department, and from that post .was appointed in March, 1916, to the Under-Secretary ship, Departments of the Chief Secretary and Public Health. He acted as Commissioner for . the re-distribution of State electoral boundaries in 1919, prior to the-election of Parliament in 1920 upon the basis of proportional representation.

As chief electoral officer, he conducted the first election (in 1920) in New South Wales in accordance with the principles of proportional representation.

The application of these principles to the vast electorates of New South Wales was an experiment applied to such large areas for the first time in the history of electoral representation- Critics unanimously affirmed the complete success of the administrative machinery. 

In addition to the duties already detailed, he has also those of President of the Board of Fire Commissioners to attend to. That post he has held since May of this year. He is also a member of Lord Howe Island Board of Control, and occupies other honorary and semiofficial positions. Mr. Harkness acted in 1915 (with Mr. John J. Cohen, now Judge Cohen) as honorary organiser of "Australia Day," when upwards of £800,000 was raised for the purposes, of the Red Cross Society and the Amelioration Committee. Also, in 1918, acted as honorary organiser of "Red Cross Day," with Mr. (now Judge) Cohen and Mr. A. L. Blythe. This effort produced £550,000 for the same purposes as Australia Day. The Amelioration Committee, which was financed from Australia Day, 1915, and Red Cross Day, 1918, distributed upwards of £250,000 in cash to returned members of the New South Wales division of the A.I.F. immediately upon their return from active service.

This is a career of usefulness that one would have to go far to find excelled, and the record is all the more to the credit of the subject of this sketch in that, as it were, he "started from scratch." His only advantages —they are the things that count, of course—were good parentage and good home surroundings in boyhood and youth. He was born at Grafton, and secured an elementary education in the public school of that city. On going to the metropolis, young Harkness decided to try for some of the prize positions that were there to be sought. Just with what phenomenal success his well-directed energies were attended, the high offices already mentioned will indicate. His career is a fine-one for a youth of the Civil Service to set an example by. It is the triumph of a wholesome, thoroughgoing and intellectual Australian. —W.B.M. Distinguished Civil Servant (1922, December 11). The Voice of the North (NSW : 1918 - 1933), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article112425195


Fairfax Corporation. (1944). Mr Edward Burns Harkness the undersecretary at his desk, New South Wales, 1944 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-163242844

A. M. K. Scott

PALM BEACH

An attractive sale at Palm Beach is listed for tomorrow afternoon at 2.30 p.m., on the ground, by Richardson and Wrench. The ground is situated immediately above the rock bath, and faces the reserve between Scott-road and the ocean. A number of frontages on the opposite side of Scott-road will also be offered. Lots average about 60 feet frontage, with medium depths. Title is Torrens, and terms are available. PALM BEACH (1930, January 24). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119018331

More shareholders:

The Whale Beach Estate, Limited, has received consent to change its name to Whale Beach And Station Estates, Limited. COMPANY NEWS. (1927, October 15). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 19. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16411482

land, lot 40, d.p. 12,590, Brisbane-street, St. Marys. Emile Leon Capelle, of Sydney, Henry Lee of Paddington, Whale Beach Estate Co. Ltd., of Sydney, Stella May Warren, of Sydney; overdue rates, £3 13s. 2d.; land, lot 64, d.p. 9,969, Australia-street,

St. Marys. Emile Leon Capelle, of Sydney, Henry Lee of Paddington, Whale Beach Estate Co. Ltd., of Sydney, Stella May Warren, of Sydney; overdue rates, £4 6s. 6d.; land, lot 97, d.p. 9,969, Australia-street, St. Marys.

Emile Leon Capelle, of Sydney, Henry Lee of Paddington, Whale Beach Estate Co. Ltd., of Sydney, Stella May Warren, of Sydney; overdue rates;, £4 I7s. 5d.; land, lot 98, <Lp. 9,969, Australia-street, St. Marys.

Emile Leon Capelle, of Sydney, Henry Lee of Paddington, Whale Beach Estate Co. Ltd., of Sydney, Stella May Warren, of Sydney; overdue rates, £4 17s. 5d.; land, lot 99, d.p. 9,969, Australia-street, St. Marys.

Emile Leon Capelle, of Sydney, Henry Lee of Paddington, Whale Beach Estate Co. Ltd., of Sydney, Stella May Warren, of Sydney; overdue rates, £4 lis. 6d.; land, lot 103, d.p. 9,969, Australia-street, St. Marys.

William Robert Chaplin, Thomas O'Brien, Stella Mary Warren, all of Sydney; overdue rates, £5 13s. 1d.; land, lot 15, d.p. 9,969, Olossop-street, St. Marys. William Robert Chaplin, Mrs. F. M. O'Brien, Stella Mary Warren, all of Sydney; overdue rates, £10 0s. lOd.; land, lots 17/18, d.pj. 9,969, Glossop street, St. Marys.

William Robert Chaplin, Stella Mary Warren, Whale Beach Estate Co. Ltd., all of Sydney; overdue rates, £5 12s. 6d.; land, lot 34, d.p. 9,969, Glossop-street, St. Marys.

William Robert Chaplin, Stella Mary Warren, both of Sydney, estate of late James Young; overdue rates, £6 12s. 4d.; land, lot 39, d.p. 9,969, Glossop-street, St. Marys.

William Robert Chaplin, Stella Mary Warren, both of Sydney, estate of late James Young; overdue rates, £6 12s. 5d.; land, lot 40, d.p. 9,969, Glossop-street, St. Marys

William Robert Chaplin, Stella May Warren, Whale Beach Estate Co. Ltd., all of Sydney; overdue rates, £4 18s. 3d.; land, lot 37, d.p. 9,969,.Glossopstreet, St. Marys.

land, lot 10, section H, d.p. 935, Morley-avenue, St. Marys. Clifford Malua Collins, Whale Beach Estate Co. Ltd., both of Sydney; overdue rates, £92 lis. 3d.; land, lots 222/225, d.p. 9.969, Great Western road known as Victoria-street, St. Marys. OVERDUE RATES. (1940, February 23). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1055. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article225080297

IN the matter of the Companies Act, 1936 (Section 182), and in the matter of PALM BEACH LANDS PTY. LTD.—It is the intention of the Directors of the abovenamed Company to issue, after twenty-one (21) days from publication hereof, duplicate share Certificate Nos. 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 and 99 for six hundred (600) fully paid ordinary shares, Nos. 1101 to 1600 and 8801 to 8900 inclusive, in the name of Gerald Wilkinson Mitchell, which have been declared lost. H. W. LEES, Director.  IN the matter of the Companies Act, 1936 (Section 182), and in the matter of PALM BEACH LANDS PTY. LTD.—It is (1949, April 22). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1181. Retrieved  from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224788931

____________________________________________________________________________________________

THE OLD ROAD

Narrabeen's Unspoilt Days

by AMY ELEANOR MACK

Once, long ago, the drive along this road was a feast of beauty, when one bowled along between sea and bush, with wide-spreading views on either side. We used to leave Circular Quay by the 8 o'clock boat to Manly, where at the wharf was waiting the old coach with its four horses. With luck-one seemed to be always lucky in those far-away days we got box seats and set out on our journey with gay spirits in the morning! sunshine. Down the Corso we rattled, and along the Steyne, with the pine trees making a delicate screen between us and the blue ocean. Leaving the Steyne, we crossed the bridge over the lagoon, not yet drained and ordered, into a golf course and suburban lots, but stretching lazily over the lowlands, where a vegetable gardener or two grew produce for "The Village." Then on past swamps, where red callistemon flowered in thousandson round the foot of the hills, where a million flowers bloomed amongst the grey rocks and birds sang gaily and darted to and fro before us.

Here and there, at long intervals was a dwelling-some hermit in search of solitude, or an intrepid pioneer sensing the future value of the land. But so few they were that they scarcely made an impression on the landscape, and the drive seemed to be all bush. All bush and sea, for ever and again as the road leaned seawards we had the uninterrupted view of golden sand and blue ocean. Deewhy Lagoon, with its background of sand- hills and bushy cliffs, was a-swarm with black swans. Narrabeen stretched In a long, unbroken vista from Long Reef to the Lakes. What houses there were were mostly on the land side of the road, and a few on the shore were so scattered that they did not interrupt the view. (Our young architect used to plan an ideal Narrabeen, with all the dwellings on the hillside and the whole sea front a reserve.) And so all the way to Church Point. At Rock Lily and Bayview, where painters and professors had holiday homes, the houses were built on the higher side of the road, above the encroachment of the tide and the mosquito-laden swamps, and the view was free for all travellers to enjoy.

JOLTS AND JERKS.
Perhaps time has shed a glamour on that drive. Certainly the road surface was not what it is to-day, and the old coach rolled and rattled at times, but what are jolts and jerks to sixteen on a fresh spring morning, with sea and sky and bush alive with beauty?

Of the road which branched off to Newport and beyond we knew less, but we used to hear of the many charms along its length from two young men who every winter Sunday morning set out with a packet of sandwiches to walk to Barrenjoey. (They didn't "hike" in those days; they simply walked.) Later we came to know that road well, too. The green slopes and beach of Mona Vale, where a man ahead of his generation had built a mansion, almost at the end of the world it seemed then, the spreading sandhills of Newport, and the little beach beyond, with its rich palm grove-we knew them in their unspoiled days. Leaving the sea, the road climbed across to the inland harbour and ran along the water's edge, with nothing but the tall gumtrees to break our view of the blue bay; past Careel Bay, with its mangrove swamp; past the green flats, with their narrow border of pearly sand, to Palm Beach itself, where the gaunt grotesque tea-trees and banksias grew to the edge of the rosy sands.

But year by year the road grew, and In Its growing lost much of its charm. Tramlines stretched out mile upon mile; houses sprang up in long rows; the swamps were drained; the wild flowers disappeared. At Deewhy the black swans still floated on the lagoon, but in lessening numbers; Narrabeen Beach-now Collaroy-was hidden by a continuous line of cottages, and the sea was glimpsed only at the end of side streets; our young architect's dream of an ideal Narrabeen was gone for ever. The pleasant green sward which flanked Broken Bay at Palm Beach was covered with dwellings, and the white beach which encircled it "like a lovely woman's arm." as a poet said, was barely visible from the road. On the ocean front most of the tea-trees and banksias had gone to make way for neat lawns stretching to within a few yards of the water. Everywhere beauty had been driven out by profit, and the road which might have been one of the loveliest of seaside drives had been reduced to an almost suburban dullness.

THE NEW ROAD THREATENED.
With a luck which comes but seldom to those who have wasted their opportunities, this coastal strip has been given another chance. A new road has been built along the top of the cliffs, with wide views over hills and ocean. It is a road along which we always take our visitors, and we are never disappointed at their exclamations of surprise and delight. One world traveler said: "I have never seen a more beautiful seascape. It alone is worth the long journey to Australia!" But alas! this new road is threatened with the fate of the old one. Already here and there a building stands between the road and the ocean. At present they are too few to spoil the landscape, but unless some action is taken in a few years, the whole of the view will be blocked out by rows of houses, and our last chance of a magnificent scenic drive will be gone. 
THE OLD ROAD. (1933, May 6). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16965117  - Above: Photo of Amy Eleanor Mack, by May Moore, National Library of Australia, nla.pic-an3084668

From Warringah's archived, and online, Minutes from Council Meetings - mix from Palm Beach-Whale Beach overlap:

51. Barrenjoey Co Ltd , 22/4/1919, agreeing to the dedication of Palm Beach Reserve to the Council Resolved, - That the Reserve. Solicitor be Instructed to make out the necessary dedication deeds
27. Barrenjoey Co , 31/5/1920, intimating that the Company does not desire a local rate levied at Palm Beach; Received, 28, Barrenjoey Co. , 31/5/20 asking that steps be taken to prevent the removal of sand from Beach  Road,  Palm Beach. Resolved - (Cra. Quirk and Lodge) That Mr. Peters be informed of the Company's report, and that he be notified to desist. 29. Barrenjoey Co., 31/5/20, drawing attention to washaway on Florida Road ; Referred to Engineer.

18th of April, 1920 A letter from the Council's Solicitors, Maund & Christie regarding transfer of Palm Beach Reserve to the Council, was read, Resolved, - (Crs. Quirk & Cavill) That the Clerk get into communication with Hardy & Busby: Surveyors, and ascertain what they will prepare a plan of the Reserve for, 

The Barrenjoey Company, Limited, 29/ 11/1921, further to proposed Way of access from Florida Road to Ocean Road, Palm Beach, and agreeing to widen same to 66 ft., if Council will resume filling in Ocean Road, near Wollstonholme's: Engineer to Furnish Estimate for the cost of such work. - H.LC.Robinson,26/11./1921, offering up-to-date survey map of world for 25/s: Resolved(Crs. Campbell & quirk),- that it be procured.

E. Kenny,. 19/6/22, on behalf of Barrenjoey Co., submitting Palm Beach plan of further subdivision at Palm Beach between Sunrise Road and the Lighthouse Reserve: Referred to the Engineer, 

8A. H. Wolstenholme, 13/9/24 and 23/9/24. one of the Liquidators of the Barrenjoey Co. Ltd., advising that Lot 84 Beach and the residue of Lot 93, Palm Beach  Estate would probably be dedicated to the Council on condition that the palm  trees be preserved, and no bathing sheds be erected on the former lot- Resolved, • (Crs. Hewitt, Hitchcock) That the Council accept the two lots under the conditions mentioned, and Mr Wolstenholme be informed that the other matters referred to in his letters will receive the Council's attention, in due course. That a copy of the Engineer's report on the cost of widening the sltp angle in Pacific Road,  Palm Beach at the first angle from Palm Beach  Road be forwarded to Palm Beach Lands, and they be informed that the Council will proceed with the work, upon receipt of their cheque for £27/10/-, which is half the estimated cost, 14, . Resolved, - (Crs. Hewitt, Hitchcock)

11. H. Wolstenholme, 3/10/24, further re Reserves at Palm Beach stating whole matter will be dealt with by the Liquidators of the Barrenjoey Co. when informed of the Council's intentions .. the other matters referred to in his letter of 13th ult : Resolved, - (Crs..Hewitt, Hitchcock) That the Engineer t' ') report on the matters referred to in Mr. Wolstenholmes letter of 13th September,

23. J. T. Ralston, 19/7/23, protesting against the "so-called Boat Shed." being erected on the Reserve close to his fence at Palm Beach. Resolved, - (Crs. Campbell, McKillop) That the matter be left in the bands of the Representatives of the Riding. 

LATE MR. J. T. RALSTON.
WELL-KNOWN SOLICITOR.
Mr. John Thompson Ralston, whose death was announced in yesterday's "Herald," at his home at Neutral Bay, was a well-known Sydney solicitor, and a brother of Mr. Acting Justice Ralston. The late Mr. Ralston was a prominent citizen of the Neutral Bay district, for whose welfare and progress he had shown a zealous regard for many years.

The funeral will leave Gulstan, his late residence, Rangers-road and Yeo-street, Neutral Bay, this morning, at 10 o'clock, for the Presbyterian Cemetery, Northern Suburbs.
LATE MR. J. T. RALSTON. (1923, December 29). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16128245 

10. Palm Beach Surf Life Saving Club 20/10/24, requesting that the road along the beach be continued to the southern corner of the beach...repairs to....request for urinal...   Resolved, — (ers. Hitchcock, Hewitt) That repairs to the rock-bath be effected without delay and a urinal be constructed in the men's dressing shed, as requested. 
Palm Beach Lands Ltd. 24/10/24, requesting that Ocean Road continued from Mr. Wolstenholme's frontage to the surf sheds, and T. McKay, 20/l0/24,making similar request : Resolved, -That the Engineer furnish a report on what

His (J.T. Ralston's) son, Jack:
J. T. Ralston. 14/1/25. submitting; for affixing of Council's seal, transfer of Lot 84, Lot 92A and the residue of Lot 93, Palm Beach, requesting that the whole reserve be known as Palm Gully ReserveResolved. - (Crs. Hewitt: Hitchcock) That the Council approve of the name "Palm Gully Reserve", and that the seal be affixed to the memorandum of Transfer.

A.J. Hordern. 24/9/25, suggesting the erection of a bridge over the Creek in Palm Grove Reserve, and enclosing cheque for £6 to cover cost and ; - (Crs. Hitchcock, Hewitt) That the offer be accepted, and the work be done under the Engineer's supervision.

All of these gentlemen were invited to support and join in the endeavours of the Palm Beach Surf Life Saving Club during its formation and first few years.

The "so-called Boat Shed." protest letter refers t the original PBSLSC 'shed' was built beside the Peter's residence (now the club house) on land still owned, at that time, by the Barrenjoey Land Company. This structure was made by members and afforded them a place to change and a place to stow club equipment. It was built to store the club's first surf boat. Unfortunately the first surf boats were too heavy to be carried too far (they required 12 men to lift and move them) while the southern end of the Palm Beach, with its natural run out, was the best place to launch this craft from. It seemed sensible to leave the boat in the southern corner.

The First Shed: Left; Merle Loxton, Laurie Gallagher, Tim Gonsalves and Sydney Gonsalves. H.R. Ayres and Midge Gonsalves. Right; Adrian Curlewis, Len Palmer, M Ormsby.

It is also worth noting, which became a point of contention later on when Warringah Council claimed the clubhouse and its materials as solely theirs, that much of the materials for this original structure was paid for by members or provided by their supporters:

PALM BEACH AWAKE. Palm Beach awoke from its Winter slumber last Sunday, and held its second annual meeting. The following officers were elected : Patron, W. J. Barnes ;president, A. J. Hordern vice presidents, J. Goldsmith, T. Peters, D. B. Wilshire and E. R. Moser; committee, J. Ralston, M. Loxton, A. Goddard, S. Gonsalves, L. Gallagher; captain, Adrian Curlewis ; boat captain, A. Goddard ;vice-captain, N. Holt ; hon. secretary, L. A. Palmer ; hon. treasurer, N. H. Erwin. R. D. Doyle, hon. Examiner in chief S.L.S.A.A., was the guest of theclub over the week-end. He made a fine speech at the annual meeting, and later instructed the members on the new R. and R. methods. The club is in a flourishing state. The annual carnival will be held on New Year's Day. Palm Beach will entertain all competitors at luncheon. A fine band has been engaged, and entry to all events is to be free. Mr. T. Peters has presented the club with a 600gal. tank, two showers, a pump, and sufficient guttering and downpipe for the completion of the clubroomWHAT'S DOING ON THE SURF BEACHES. (1923, December 7). Arrow (Sydney, NSW : 1916 - 1933), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article103537126 

Warringah Council were approached with a request to build a second 'shed' for the boat on council land at the southern end. In the 1922-23 season, permission granted, the original shed was moved to what we now call Hordern Reserve and was then named 'Glenburnie Park' - 'glen' is 'a narrow valley', especially in Scotland or Ireland, while 'burnie' is defined as 'a little stream' and this too is a Scottish word.


50. A. J. Hordern . 10.8.26. drawing attention to the erosion of the bank of the creek on the Palm Gully at Palm Beach, encroaching on his property, and offering to forward cheque for erection of concrete or stone wall to Park. Resolved, -. (Crs. Hitchcock, Simpson) That the offer be accepted; the Engineer give an estimate of the cost and sent it onto Mr. Hordern. 51. Same. 10.9.26. suggesting that the second fence on Wiltshire Park,  Palm Beach, be removed to the Florida Road frontage, and offering to do the work himself: Resolved, - (Cr.s. Simpson; Hitchcock) That the offer be accepted, and that the sign-board in the vicinity be also removed to the Florida Road frontage

Right: The second shed in Hordern reserve. 

A letter from A. J. Hordern, offering £10 towards stopping the leak in Palm Beach Rock Bath, and clearing, out the stones, provided the work be completed by November 1st. Resolved, - Contrib- 

Mr. A. J. Hordern 's letter of 3,12.26, offering to advance the Council £100 at 4% for the completion of Palm Beach Rock Bath; provided the work be done by Xmas, was read. , Resolved, (ci. Hope, Simpson) That Mr. Hordern's offer be accepted, he be told of the Engineer's difficulties in the matter, and that an earnest endeavour will be made to Rock Bath have it done by the time mentioned

A. J. Hordern . 3.l2.26. drawing attention to the fact that on account of the construction work going on in the vicinity of Gow's Store on the Barrenjoey Rod, vehicular access to Palm Beach is likely to be 'cut off during the Xmas holidays Left with the Engineer to do what he considers best.,

A. J. Hordern be informed that the cost of making Palm Beach Rock Bath water-tight is just under £50, and the Council will not require his loan to be of any greater amount.

A.J. Hordern. 19/6/28. Submitting two proposals for improvements to public reserves at Palm Beach and offering to lend the necessary money-for three years at ... Referred Reserves to the Works Committee to discuss the matter with Mr.Hordern. 

A.J.. Hordern's offer to lend the Council money for the improvement of reserves at Palm Beach  Loans and the establishment of a parking area was held over until later in the meeting, in order that the Engineer might submit additional information.

 The Shire Engineer verbally reported that the cost of making Palm Beach parking area on the ocean beach reserve at Palm Beach, as it serves suggested by Mr. A.J.Hordern, would be about £150. Resolved a . (s. Hitchcock, Cpbell) -'That Mr. Hordern's offer of a loan for this work, and also for improvements to the-reserve adjoining his place, be accepted, and the work be put in hand, as soon as the money is available, tenders to be called for filling. 

Meanwhile, disharmony was growing between the life savers on voluntary duty at Palm Beach and their near neighbour:

A. S. Hordern. 1/7/29. Submitting proposal for financing the construction of a Club House for the Palm Beach Life Saving Club on a fresh site. Resolved (Crs. Hitchcock, Austin) - That Mr. Hordern's offer be accepted and the Works Committee meet representatives of the Surf Club and Mr. Hordern  with a view  to action being taken.

PALM BEACH. DISPUTE ABOUT CLUBHOUSE.

Warringah Shire Council has decided that the Palm Beach Surf Club's club-house must be pulled down and that any new structure must be erected on a more suitable site. The existing club-house, a plain erection on a public reserve, has been the subject of an offer by Mr. J. A. Hordern, who has expressed his willingness to lend the council £100 for improvements to the reserve, and to assist the club financially towards the erection of a new building.

It has been stated that the members of the surf club did not want to move, and Councillor Corkery said that if they would not go, the club should be disbanded and a paid life-saver put on the beach. It would never do to allow the council to be dictated to by the club, which was on the beach for the purpose of life-saving only. The council will have a meeting with Mr. Hordern and the members of the surf club, to discuss the question of finance. PALM BEACH. (1929, July 10)The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 19. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16546792

PALM BEACH CLUB-HOUSE.  In a letter to the Editor, the captain of the Palm Beach Surf Saving Club (Mr. Kenneth Hunter) states that there has been no dispute with the Warringah Shire Council. Discussions that have taken place with regard to new premises for the club have been of a most harmonious character. PALM BEACH CLUB-HOUSE. (1929, July 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16568126

PALM BEACH SURF CLUB HUT.  The Palm Beach Surf Club's hut is to be removed from its present situation in a valuable public reserve to a more suitable site, near the centre of the beach. The Warringah Shire council will erect the new hut, which will cost £300. PALM BEACH SURF CLUB HUT. (1929, August 31). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 22. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16579961

Despite these reports a schism did develop between the members and the council that led, ultimately, to members raising funds throughout the years from 1929 (when The Depression began) until they could purchase what is today called the 'Cabbage Tree Club' - formerly 'Chorley's' in 1936 - until then they were placed where suited the council and council's fiscal supporter.

A. J. Hordern, ../10/29. Forwarding cheque for £235 as a loan for construction of Palm Beach Surf Clubhouse, payable in ..years, interest at 4%. Resolved, That the loan be accepted on the condition that it be repaid by three equal annual installments, plus interest at 4 on the unpaid balances.  

PALM BEACH SURF CLUB.
An inaugural meeting to arrange the Palm Beach Surf Club annual dance look place on Wednesday afternoon at Farmer’s, under the presidency of Mrs John Ralston, and it was decided to hold the dance on Wednesday, May 29, at Farmer’s.  Included In the newly elected committee are Mesdames Graham Platten, G C Lamport, Lawrie SeamanJohn Ralston, John Mant, and the Misses Stella Hemphlll, Nancy Marcus-Clark, Kath Rutherford, Claire CurlewisSheila Pring, Sue Russell, Nancy Withycombe, Ena Edwards, Audrey Peters, Wilga Joyce, Edie Wiltshire, Lawrie Barnes, Hazel Derrin, Marjorie Murdoch, and Eve Wain. PALM BEACH SURF CLUB. (1935, April 26). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17153896 

Mrs. Dan Carroll, Mrs. John Ralston and Miss Grace Gibson are putting their heads together with plans for a dance at Howlett's  Store next Saturday, to celebrate the opening of the new surf club. Ring them quickly if you want to be asked, as there is a limit, even to sardine packing. PALM BEACH LETTER. (1937, January 24). Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), p. 31. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article169605559 
Above and below - courtesy National Museum of Australia (NMA)

August 1932 By Cr, Hitchcock, seconded by Cr.-Austin - That the name "Glenburnie Park" be altered to "A. J. Hordern Park" in recognition of the keen interest taken in the reserve by the late Mr. Hordern, and of the money expended by-him in maintaining it

MR. A. J. HORDERN.
Mr. A. J. Hordern, of The Highlands, Waitara, died at his home on Monday, aged 73 years. Mr. Hordern was at one time associated with the firm now known as Hordern Brothers, Ltd. He retired many years ago and built a home in the centre of a miniature forest of gum-trees, where he devoted himself to the culture of rare and beautiful flowers which he had collected on extensive tours abroad. He is survived by Mrs. Hordern and two sons. The funeral took place yesterday morning.
"Redgum" writes:—In the passing of Mr. Hordern, Sydney has lost one of her most competent and kindly tree and flower lovers. For more than 40 years he lived a quiet, happy life in his garden home at Waitara. From the ends of the earth plants were brought to Waitara. The best procurable was never quite good enough for The Highlands, where many blossoms were grown to perfection, and which became a veritable fairyland. "A.J.," as he was known to his friends, was the kindliest and the most humorous of men. All he asked in his later days was to be left alone to enjoy life at Waitara in a great circle he had cut from the original bushlands, where there were privacy, prettiness, and peace. MR. A. J. HORDERN. (1932, August 17). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 15. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16917011 

Despite these wonderful 'flowery' references to Mr. Hordern's green thumb, family lore states it was his wife who had the passion for growing all things exotic. The property referred to above, 'The Highlands', is listed on the NSW Government's Heritage register, which states:

'Highlands is a fine example of John Horbury Hunt's interpretation of the Shingle Style. The house displays many of the elements common to Hunt's Shingle Style houses, including recessed verandahs and sweeping skirts to deposit water well away from the walls. In contrast to these common elements, Highlands also displays several unusual features, a half-glass door and distinctive chimney stack being the most prominent. 

Highlands is significant as evidence of women shaping architecture. Mrs Caroline Hordern was a keen cook and the two-storey kitchen wing was heavily influenced by her. The landscaping was also of her creation and Mrs. Horden introduced many exotics from the Pacific Islands to adorn the garden.'

Prior to this time a new developer appeared on the landscape and 'exotics' and philanthropy were also a part of his nature:

NEW COMPANIES.
The following new company has been registered: — Palm Beach Lands, Ltd. — Capital, £15,000 in £1 shares. Objects are to deal in land and buildings, etc. First directors are R. R. McKay (managing), E. B. Harkness, and A. M. ScottRegistered office, Sydney.  Date of registration, July 28. NEW COMPANIES. (1924, July 31). Daily Commercial News and Shipping List (Sydney, NSW : 1891 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article160063845 

At the other end of the beach, nestling in the most sheltered corner, is R. T. McKay's charming bungalow, the garden of which is filled with rare tropical plants, growing in their natural state. Next door, and divided by a tiny park, through which winds a bush track over a rustic bridge, and provides a right of-way to Florida-road, is the residence of Mrs. A. J. Hordern, one of the striking features of the beach-a long brown, wooden bungalow, with glass doors right across the front and a wide piazza, from which broad steps lead to the delightful garden. And what a garden! The broad lawns are terraced, and each terrace is banked...
(Above.) Lady Massy-Greene and her small daughter, Jill, on their way to the beach for a swim. Sir Charles and Lady Massy Greene have taken Lady Maitland's house for the holidays. and in Sydney. (1934, January 4). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 7 Supplement: Women's Supplement. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17037866

The Poinsettia Gardens of Boanbong, Palm Beach
THE gardens of Boanbong, the Palm Beach home of Mr. R. T. McKay, were open to the public on Saturday in sweet charity's cause.
"The Old Gardener," whose articles are a regular feature of The Australian Women's Weekly, speaks enthusiastically on the picturesque setting of this beautiful home, situated within a stone's throw of the beach.
In the glorious sunshine of Saturday, the concerted blaze of something like ten thousand poinsettias was a never-to-be-forgotten sight, he says, and Mr. McKay is to be commended on his choiceand foresight, and general planning of the spacious grounds.
Not even Brazil, their native home, or Queensland, which has adopted the poinsettia as its national flower, could produce a finer display.The Poinsettia Gardens of Boanbong, Palm Beach. (1934, June 30). The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982), p. 4 Section: THE AUSTRALIAN WOMEN'S WEEKLY HOME MAKER. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article46465722 

The McKay family, as can be read in the earlier Warringah Council Notices, had been coming to Palm Beach for a while by then:
Mrs. R. T. McKay and Miss E. McKay returned this week to Dunolly after spending the summer months at Palm Beach.RETURNED TO DUNOLLY. (1925, May 7). Mudgee Guardian and North-Western Representative (NSW : 1890 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article156051315 

In the vicinity, and after A J Hordern has passed away:

63. R.T. McKay 16/4/34, requesting that the long oak trees which are decayed at the bottom, on Hordern Park, Palm Beach, be cut down, as they are about to fall and will destroy young trees planted by Mr. Hordern, or will injure his fence. Resolved, - That Mr. R. Howlett be given permission to remove the trees. (Crs.Hitchcock., Hughes) 64. Same, 16/4/34, requesting that the water tables in Florida Road between Scott Road and the dirk, and between his place and Mrs. Hordern’s place, be improved, suggesting that the material front the gutter on the southern side of Florida Road be placed on the raised area onnorth side. Resolved, - That a short section of Florida Road, about 2 chains, be ballasted to prevent the water crossing the road, the cost to be deducted from the Florida ..:41 vote.

8/8/1939: By Cr. Latham - Will the Council consider taking over from Palm Beach Lands Ltd. Norma Road and Pacific Road extension, in view of the fact that the work carried out to the specification Estate required of the Company? The President replied that the Works Committee, in company with Crs. Latham and Savage, would make another inspection, and that Mr. Mackay, of Palm Beach Lands Ltd., would be invited to be present. 

7. Palm Beach Lands Ltd., 1/7/40, declining to accede to the Council's request that Lots 294 and 385 Norma Road be reserved for public recreation purposes in the Company's subdivision, but stating preparedness to dedicate a small portion of each Subdivision of these lots. On the Engineer stating that the Company's representatives, Messers. McKay and Harkness, had made an appointment to discuss the matter with him, it was decided to defer further consideration until next meeting.

Pittwater Roads II: Where The Streets Have Your Name - Palm Beach threads collected and collated by A J Guesdon, 2020.