December 2 - 8, 2012: Issue 87
81 Florida Road, Palm Beach
Once a three storey building now with four-storeys (including basement and turret) beachside mansion the block for this building was purchased by Laurence Gallagher in 1915 when Palm Beach was being sold as the ‘Palm Beach’ of Australia to attract buyers by likening this beautiful Pittwater beach to the Palm Beach in Florida, USA. Naming the house, stated by some sources to have been built early in 1916 by this gentleman, a stonemason of Scottish birth, ‘Florida House’ must have seemed in keeping with the intentions of those selling land. Working for one of the main builders of premises in this hilly area after this initial land sales, Albert Verrills, made have added extra impetus considering the success of marketing this beach and its land in this way. Laurie, sometimes spelt ‘Lawrie’ was employed building roads and structures around Palm Beach. It was Albert Verrills who constructed Florida House, one of the first of many homes he built in the area, and Laurie Gallagher, who completed the stone works.
There was also a Florida House at Vaucluse which was utilised by many ‘coming of age’ young gentlemen and ladies and end of school celebrations or for wedding receptions a few decades later.
Laurie Gallagher was born in Linlithgow Scotland, 1891. He enlisted in the AIF in August 1915, aged 24 years and two months and left Australia on board HMAT A32 Themistocles on 5 October 1915. He returned to Australia 2 June 1919. He served in the 1st Battalion, 11th Reinforcement SIF WWI and was then moved to the 53rd Battalion, an extension of the 1st. Raised in 1916 for service during World War I the battalion served on the Western Front until the end of the war, before being briefly amalgamated with the 55th Battalion and then eventually disbanded in 1919. This Battalion fought in some of the battles of WWI on the Western Front and suffered heavy casualties. Photographs of PBSLSC founding members which include him show a wiry man with a cigarette perpetually in his mouth.
Laurie is second from right in row of gents kneeling.
Mr Gallagher also built a house at 79 Florida road, "Kookaburra". This was he and his wife’s premises while Florida House was built for accommodating expected summer guests. Laurie Gallagher was a permanent resident, one of the men who attended the first meeting of the Palm Beach SLSC founders and among the first Bronze Medallion passes in January 1922.
The first advertisement, under the Gallaghers, appears in 1929;
PALM BEACH -FLORIDA HOUSE, close to beach and surf 1st class table all modern conveniences Mrs L GALLAGHER P B 48 Advertising. (1929, December 31). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16614042
Current owner Gretel Pinniger, who generously allowed us to photograph this grand old building, stated that when she reonvated the premises several years ago the top floor was a series of ten small rooms all with dormer windows with a passageway down the center. The National Trust listed stone walls, quarried from the site itself, are 40cm thick. A water catchment trap, on the northern border of the block, may have been installed after this incident;
QUEENS-SQUARE JURY COURT.
(Before Mr. Justice Stephen and Jury.)ALLEGED DAMAGE BY FLOODING.
Hinds v Warringah Shire Council.
The plaintiff in this action, who is the owner and occupier of a dwelling and grounds adjoining Florida-road, Palm Beach, sued the Council of the Shire of Warringah, the local authority controlling the area, to recover£400 damages for Injury to her property, alleged to have been caused by overflows of flood waters from the street. Plaintiff alleged that by unskillful alterations of the levels and formation of Florida-road, rainwater accumulated in certain parts of the road, and, encroaching upon her property, caused wash aways of soil, damage to a tennis court, and pollution, which rendered occupation of thedwellings and buildings on the land unsafe. The defendant council, in addition to statutory defence, pleaded not guilty of the negligence alleged. Mr. Monahan, K.C., and Mr.Alan Lloyd (Instructed by Messrs. Bradley,Son, and Maughan) appeared for the plaintiff; and Mr. Maxwell, K.C., and Mr. Henry(instructed by Messrs. J. W. Maund andKelynack) for the defendant council. Jun 17th 1930, smh.
The case Is part heard.
The jury returned a verdict for the plaintiff for £40. An application for an injunction was adjourned, to be restored to the list if desired on notice. June 20th 1930
This wasn't the Gallaghers only contact with Warringah Shire Council. FRom their minutes; 'That, as recommended a notice be served on L. Gallagher to render his premises,, "Florida House" boarding-house, Palm Beach, fit and sanitary. 18/03/1929
The problems with water running through the land were inherited by the current owner and perhaps contributed to those she purchased it from disposing of the property. Another Warringah Minutes item of 1938 refers to Dr and Mrs Dansay, having a premises opposite Florida House, offering to contribute to kerbing and guttering costs.
In 1931 new light was shed on the world inside Florida House;
FOR SALE 32 Volt Delco Lighting Plant In
good running order complete with Battery 50 Globes, 50ft of Lead £35 No further
use, through power being Installed GALLAGHER Florida House Palm Beach PB
48 Advertising. (1931, October 24). The Sydney
Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 18. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16804324
During the early 1930's, despite Depression era fiscalities and the lack they brought with them, Palm Beach was in full swing during the 'season' with Florida House one of a handful of 'guesthouses available:
PALM BEACH Barrenjoey House high class Guest House Mrs Hallam Phone PB 1. PALM BEACH - Florida House for ideal holiday Tennis golf, fishing Gallagher. Tele 48 PB. PALM BEACH Beau Savage A Guest House for particular people overlooking beach The seaside resort of Sydneys elite Phone Palm Beach 14 W H RAYNER proprietor. Advertising. (1932, February 13). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16840416
The Gallaghers problems with 'fit' premises continued also;
INSPECTOR'S SUPPLEMENTRY REPORT was
dealt with as follows:. 1. Reporting on a nuisance existing at the boarding
house "Florida House"; Palm Beach
: Resolved, - That the Proprietress, Mrs. Gallagher, be severely reprimanded, that she be warned a repetition of the offence will be followed by prosecution, and she be required to make provision immediately for the removal and disposal of the garbage from her premises. (Crs. Butcher; Batho) 07/03/1939
Mrs Gallagher, sometimes listed in advertisments throughout the 1930's as Mrs B Gallagher, must have been running the boarding house business while Laurie worked; CONTRACTS LET. Architects have let contracts, as follows: and to L. Gallagher, Palm Beach, for excavations and Improvements at the Barker College. Hornsby. CONTRACTS LET. (1937, June 1). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27983742
Florida House was filled to capacity by those who could afford the tarriffs. During the 1930's Palm Beach as a preferred holiday destination became the place to be or be seen. People of means travelled from all over Australia to spend 'the season'. Despite a down to earth attitude to life and genuinely genteel society, sensational reports in media, notably about the now infamous Field Vs. Field divorce, in which many Palm Beach regulars were called to give evidence justified notable prying envy. Florida House, already colourful due to the disposition of its proprietors, becoame part of this gossip too;
FIELD V FIELD. The hearing was-continued of the consolidated suit In which Ivy Gladys Field and her husband. Sydney John Field, are both petitioning for divorce on the ground of adultery, the wife adding the issue of cruelty.... During the first week in January, continued witness, he went to see the Powells at FloridaHouse, Barrenjoey. Mrs. Field was there, and declined to return his salutation. She said he had told her husband something, but re-fused to say what it was. Then she remarked, "Well, anyway, please get this into your mind, I am not for sale." Witness said, "You seem just as crazy as your husband." IN DIVORCE. (1931, December 10). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16804010
Florida House stayed open during WWII, experiencing wartime necessities and the Australian climate:
GENERAL HELP Wtd for guest house woman over 45 no objection to child. Write Florida House Palm Beach Advertising. (1944, February 16). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17882249
HOUSES ÏN DANGER Several homes were in danger when bush and grass fires reached their height in Florida Road, Palm Beach Brigades from Headquarters, Avalon and Narrabeen were, called out. Assisted by police and civilians, they burned the fire back into the wind to save the houses. Brigades Fight More Than 30 Scrub Fires. (1944, December 23). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17932772
Besides accomodating those who could afford the tariffs, which had risen by 1954: PALM BEACH (Metropolitan) FLORIDA Guest House. *A home from Home. Tariff £6/6/ wkly. Children half. P.B. 4448. Advertising. (1954, March 27). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 33. Retrieved, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18416916 the property has been owned by both colourful and private people who, outside of renting the premises to others during Summer, also lived there. The current owner has resided at Florida House for 21 years.
*'Home away from home' was a term used by PBSLSC and Pacific Club members who were guests during the late 1940's and 1950s.
Florida House, 2012; Kookaburra to left. Photo by A J Guesdon.
Closed in Front Verandah of Florida House, November 2012. Photos by A J Guesdon.
The Front of Florida House. Photo by A J Guesdon.
East facing wall of Florida House, external, November 2012. Photo by A J Guesdon.
Back external of Florida House showing Turret. Photo by A J Guesdon.
West Facing wall, external, of Florida House, 2012. Photo by A J Guesdon.
View from Attic Room of Florida House, November, 2012. Photo by A J Guesdon.