June 12 - 18, 2016: Issue 267
Narrabeen Lagoon and Collaroy Beachfront: Storms and Flood Tides of the Past
On the Narrabeen Lagoon, AT MANLY.
The picture, shown on this page, is taken at one of the most picturesque spots on the lagoon. It is on the opposite side from Manly, close to the gasworks ; though it is sacrilege to name, the lagoon and gasworks in the same breath. The party in the boat wended their way pleasurably up one of the many pretty tributaries. The picturesquely-wooded foreshores, with their fretted rocky caves and mirror-like waters, form a surpassingly beautiful scene. Ferns, flowers, and grasses are plentiful. Shady nooks and bathing places easily found. The picture is quite an artistic creation, and does not belie the original. Regular bodily, exercise is worth a host of physicians. On the Narrabeen Lagoon-Manly. (See letterpress on this page.) On the Narrabeen Lagoon, (1892, March 19). Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1870 - 1907), , p. 30. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71235518
Since records were made of Narrabeen Lagoon and the Collaroy beachfront mention of flood tides and storms that brought huge tides and their waves have been part of what was known and if not noted in the meaning of 'lagoon' (an area of shallow water separated from the sea by low sandy dune), there were eyes enough to have witnessed what occurs as part of these places natural and seasonal cycles:
On the banks of the Narrabeen Lagoon, a pretty extensive and romantic sheet of water situated about nine miles from Manly Cove, and communicating with the ocean in high floods there is a small extent of superior land for cultivation with a considerable tract of very fair pasture land belonging to the family of the late Mr. Jenkins, of Sydney ; and about three miles farther on, towards the head of Pitt Water, there is a very fair cultivation farm leased to a small settler of the name of Foley. Colonial Statistics. (1838, February 28).The Colonist (Sydney, NSW : 1835 - 1840), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31720524
Clearing showers, Narrabeen, New South Wales by Harold Cazneaux(Harold, 1878-1953)circa. 1935. Image No.: 1987425, courtesy National Library of Australia
The journey is an interesting one. On the road there is some pretty scenery; and in several places there are splendid views of the ocean. Two lakes (or lagoons, as they are here called) are passed on the road; the largest of which, Narrabeen, is several square miles in extent, and has many small islands on its surface. It is for the most part shallow, and abounds with fish, which might be taken with the greatest ease, as a net could be hauled through any part of it. At present it is separated from the ocean by a barren sandy neck; but after floods this is covered, and the traveller is obliged to wade through the water for a considerable distance. METEOROLOGY. (1850, January 30). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12915324
Promotion of these places as somewhere great for the health continued for decades, the area considered a 'country place', for fishermen and farms, until the establishment of the tram line to Narrabeen, making the lagoon and all places to it more accessible, 'opened the country up'. Collaroy, even until 1912 and despite the well known story of the beaching of the Collaroy steamer, was referred to as part of Narrabeen in land sales notices, and still merges, where the verge of South Narrabeen SLSC becomes part of Collaroy beach, with one long stretch of open exposed beach. This small sample of snippets found a pioneer family of Collaroy illustrates the changes from 1912 on and a kind of mini building boom that occurred from 1920-1925:
S. C. Twight, of Collaroy Beach, Narrabeen, writes: — 'Some very good catches of schnapper are being made just now off Long Reef. Two of the best catches lately were made by Mr. E. Baker and Messrs. Davis and party, principally schnapper, a number of the fish going over 6lb. An early morning start is necessary, coming back before the north-easter gets too strong.' FISHING NOTES. (1906, November 3).Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115679706
Narrabeen. Tramway Terminus Estates (TWIGHT'S WELL-KNOWN ORCHARD.) CLOSE TO COLLAROY BEACH. ELEVATED BUILDING SITES. RIGHT AGAINST TRAM AND BEACH. EASY ACCESS. GLORIOUS OCEAN VIEWS. AUCTION SALE ON THE GROUND. Next Saturday, November 16, at 3 p.m. TITLE WILL BE TORRENS. TERMS: £10 DEPOSIT, Balance, £2 Monthly, Interest 5 p.c. ' PLANS ON APPLICATION. RAINE AND HORNE (in conjunction with D. Hewitt, Narrabeen), AUCTIONEERS, NARRABEEN. Advertising (1912, November 10). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), , p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article120680133
SUNDRY PROPERTIES for AUCTION SALES, at the Rooms, OCEAN HOUSE, 26 MOORE-STREET. at 11.30 o'clock. TO-MORROW, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 12, 1919. NARRABEEN-COLLAROY.-Twight's Collaroy Beach Tea Rooms and Picnic Grounds, with absolute Beach Frontage, AS A GOING CONCERN. Advertising (1919, March 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15829151
Mr Twight dispensed with agents soon after this:
Collaroy's Up to Date Estate Agency [Twight & Frazer Property Agents] from Scenes of Collaroy, N.S.W. Album ca. 1900-1927 Sydney & Ashfield : Broadhurst Post Card Publishers, courtesy The Mithcell Library, State Library of NSW. Images No.: a105164h and below: a105163
"THEATRES AND PUBLIC HALLS ACT, 1908." THE following list of theatres and public halls, to which the provisions of Part II of the "Theatres and Public Halls Act, 1908," have been applied, is published for general information. All previous lists are hereby cancelled. Narrabeen Beach Cafe Hall, Collaroy Beach:. Twight's Hall. "THEATRES AND PUBLIC HALLS ACT, 1908." (1920, April 1). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), , p. 2055. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224641121
WANT, Young Girl to assist in shop; others kept. Good home found. Write particulars Mrs. Twight, Collaroy Tea Rooms, Narrabeen, Manly. Advertising (1921, February 28).Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , , p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article140025978
Prior to a quick influx of people establishing permanent or weekenders, mostly people who were also from the country, the beachfront dunes were held together with plants:
Looking north to Narrabeen, From Scenes of Narrabeen album, circa. 1900-1927 Sydney & Ashfield : Broadhurst Post Card, Images No.: a106058h and below; a105160h courtesy The Mitchell Library, State Library of NSW
Collaroy and Long Reef Basin 1912
BESIDE THE WIND-SWEPT SEA
— Special by "The Sun" photographer. Salt spray and lashing wind have transformed the youth and slender straightness of these trees into age which is gnarled and twisted. The four of them together in their home on the edge of the sand have kept companionship through years of tempestuous wind and sea. They are guardians of the beach between Collaroy and Narrabeen — picturesquely silhouetted where few trees raise their heads to the sky. BESIDE THE WIND-SWEPT SEA (1923, May 13). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224105838
GEOLOGICAL CHANGES AT COLLAROY. SCENE AT THE SOUTHERN END OF THE BEACH.
The Rev. R T Wade, of Killara, who forwarded to us the photography of which the above is a reproduction, writes - "The headland at the south end of Collaroy Beach consists of alternating beds of sandstone and shale. The lower beds, because of oxidation and other chemical changes, have expanded, and forced the upper beds into the small but well-marked anticline in the centre of the view." GEOLOGICAL CHANGES AT COLLAROY. (1925, April 13). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16212688
COLLAROY PARK ESTATE.
At Narrabeen yesterday afternoon Messrs. Hardie and Gorman Proprietary, Ltd. in conjunction with Messrs. Richardson and Wrench, Ltd., held an auction sale of the Collaroy Park estate. There was a fair attendance, but in consequence of the high reserve placed upon the lots a great amount of business did not result. Prices realised up to £5 per foot. YESTERDAY'S LAND SALES. (1913, April 27). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), , p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article126453866
Collaroy's Great Progress
An event which promises to be a red letter day for Narrabeen-Collaroy is to take place next Saturday evening, when the Arlington Amusement Hall will be opened to the public. The hall is situated right on the beach and attached to it are four shops and dwellings appearance, design and structure making the buildings equal to city or suburban requirements. The Hall is commodious, and is approached by a fine vestibule, a spacious stage and dressing rooms, also a gallery add to the comfort of both entertainers and patrons. Saturday's function will include a short programme of latest pictures. Dancing will be freely indulged, an orchestra being specially engaged. A con cert programme will be rendered at short intervals. The proceeds of the evening will be donated to the funds of the Collaroy Surf Club, also the Rock Bath at Collaroy. This offer has been made by Mrs. C. Williamson, owner of the hall and shops. Collaroy's Great Progress (1921, December 15). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), , p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article118879510
COLLAROY BEACH SALE.
Collaroy Beach Estate, Narrabeen, was sold by auction yesterday by Messrs. Raine and Horne. Thirty-seven lots were disposed of for a-total amount of £11,100. The sale, in consequence of the rain, was held in the picture palace, which was lent to the auctioneers, and there was a gathering of between 200 and 300 people in the building. Business sites realised from £13/10/ to £21/15/ a foot - a record for Narrabeen. Residential allotments brought from £4/10/ to £7 a foot. COLLAROY BEACH SALE. (1922, January 3). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15985359
Picture Theatre From Scenes of Collaroy album, circa. 1900-1927 Sydney & Ashfield : Broadhurst Post Card, Image No.: a105159 - courtesy The Mitchell Library, State Library of NSW The Arlington for sale - Mrs. Williamson retiring: Advertising (1924, November 15). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28072590
Narrabeen Lagoon - Foresight and Experience Promotes a Be Prepared Approach
Around 100 years of witnessing or hearing from the original inhabitants what happens at Narrabeen kept those who settled at Narrabeen more wary of what happens when it rains too much and all those waters from Ingleside and the lagoons own creeks cannot get out to sea.
Waterfall Narrabeen - Mona Vale Image No.: .a106060h from Scenes of Narrabeen Album - courtesy The Mitchell Library, State Library of Australia
In Camping at Narrabeen – A Trickle then a Flood, which shares how popular camping at Narrabeen quickly became, and in Yabbying In Warriewood Creeks Eeling in Warriewood's Creeks (Includes A Short History of community involvement in favour of environmental issues and campaigns in and around Narrabeen Lagoon - 1974 to present by David James OAM) and in Narrabeen Prawning Times - A Seasonal Tide of Returningsthe records show what Narrabeen Lagoon looked like, where it meets the sea, prior to the waters edge being rimmed with dwellings and bridges being built:
From Scenes of Narrabeen album, ca. 1900-1927- Sydney & Ashfield : Broadhurst Post Card, courtesy State Library of NSW. Images No: a106056h (above) and a105060h Courtesy The Mitchell Library, State Library of Australia
View to North Narrabeen stetch Image No.: .a106052h from Scenes of Narrabeen Album, Courtesy The Mitchell Library, State Library of Australia
WHEN NARRABEEN LAKE RUSHED OUT TO SEA.
Last week we published a brief account of some sea tragedies connected with the 'letting out' of Narrabeen Lake (see BREAKING OF A LAKE. (1919, May 21). Sydney Mail. Here We illustrate the event that created so much interest among residents on the other side of Manly.
SOME day Narrabeen Lake will be transformed into permanent navigable waters from the sea to the head of the three beautiful creeks five miles above the bridge, at the present tram terminus. During periods of drought (writes L.A.S.), when very little water is running out to sea, the action of the waves builds up a wall of sand at the entrance. This backs up the water, and when heavy rain falls it is thrown over the low-lying land for miles surrounding the lagoon, to the joy of the small boy and the black swan, and to the dismay and discomfort of the week-ender. To the permanent resident who delights to see his beloved lake 'full' the mere suggestion of 'letting it out' is sacrilege; but when the butcher refuses to call, the baker who delivers his bread is clad in a bathing-suit, and the stove wood floats into the best bedroom, it is realised it is time to call upon the shire council to 'let her out.'
Within ten minutes of this decision everybody in Narrabeen knows of it.
WHEN the momentous decision was come to recently I was told by an old hand not to worry about the fish being thrown up on the beach this time, because their numbers had been sadly depleted, net fishermen during the last two months having 'dragged the bottom out of the lake.' And so it proved. The only fish secured wore half a dozen small silver bellies. The porpoises, sharks, etc., who were instinctively waiting outside for the feast, had this time 'grossly exaggerated their instinct.' and it is not to be wondered at that they quarrelled among themselves. They were probably eating one another. Now, if the lake had been let out say, during February, there would have been something doing in the fish line. There were plenty of fish in the lake then. Despite, the poor half-dozen 'silver-bellies' this time, one could tell tales of wonderful hauls of fish on previous occasions. The most memorable was about fourteen years ago.
IT is the professional fisherman's business to know where the fish are in the estuaries along our coast. They knew that there were plenty of fish in Narrabeen Lake, and when they heard it war, to be let out they came from Botany and La Perouse and Watson's Bay, per medium of a varied assortment, of vehicles. After waiting all night, the lake broke out and the fish went through the channel, representatives of all the species, and in enormous numbers. The buffeting about and the sudden transmersion from practically fresh to strong sea water was too much for many pampered lake fish, and they were thrown back on the sandy shore by the waves in a stunned rendition in tons. All sorts of implements were used in their capture, from table forks to garden forks; they were thrown into chaff-bags, carts, kit-bags, tin dishes, baskets, and colanders. It is stated that over 50 tons of fish were secured. A few years later, when the lake was again opened, not a professional fisherman appeared on the scene; some amateur fishermen waited for two days, but did not get even six 'silver-bellies.' The lake had been netted beforehand. Every man to his job. The accompanying pictures show the appearance of the channel a few hours after a gang of corporation labourers bad dug a 'let-out' in the sand to give the water a start. The rapidity with which the increasing volume of water displaced the thousands of tons of sand gave some idea of the enormous shifting power of a rushing stream. At 2 o'clock the channel was four feet deep and about six feet wide; at 5 o'clock it was 10 feet deep and 50 yards wide. On a rough calculation over 2000 acre feet of water rushed through the channel in two hours.
CUTTING THE CHANNEL THROUGH THE SANDBANK. A gang of men cut a narrow 'let out' about six feet wide— the water did the rest.
SOON AFTER THE OPENING OF THE CHANNEL. So great was the rush of water that within three hours the torrent was 150 feet wide. It is estimated that over 2000 acre-feet of water rushed out to sea in two hours.
WHERE NARRABEEN AND THE SEA WERE JOINED JUST BEFORE THE LAKE RUSHED OUT. WHEN NARRABEEN LAKE RUSHED OUT TO SEA. (1919, May 28). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), , p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article159655216
These photographs are very similar to those taken by Sam Hood during 1927, when this wonderful photographer captured a few other iconic images of how flood tides will cover roads and bridges surrounding the lagoon as creeks fill over their brims. Some of these experiences, such as catching fish from the flooded streets, have been repeated in the June 4-6 flooding of Narrabeen. What hasn't been repeated is people being stranded in homes by rising flood tides - evacuation and safety comes first now:
FISH INVADE STREET— In this street at Narrabeen. Residents caught whiting and bream last night
CAUGHT BY FLOOD
Many residents of Narrabeen were in the same plight as these ladies on Sunday and had to wait till boats arrived to take them off. STARVED SCHOOLS— NARRABEEN FLOODS (1927, November 28). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), , p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article118936894
A MOTOR CAR ON THE PITTWATER-ROAD, NARRABEEN
The foreshores of the lake were flooded by the recent heavy rains. The Warringah Council workmen opened a way to the sea on Sunday morning. Forestry, Floods, and Kindergarten Work (1927, November 30). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), , p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article158295859
A 1926 Overland, a 1928 (?) Chrysler, and a 1928 (?) Dodge ploughing through Narrabeen floods - Image. No: hood_06391- from the collections of the State Library of NSW.
A car and a horse plough through a flooded road, Narrabeen - Image. No: hood-006394 from the collections of the State Library of NSW
Flood mitigation work by council workers Image. No: hood_06390
Workmen deepen a channel to drain Narrabeen Lake in the floods Image. No: hood_06401h and
Two canoeists brave the rapids where Narrabeen Lake flood pours into the sea – Top one appeared in newspaper _06397h and _06404h
Flood waters pours from Narrabeen Lake into the sea Image. No: hood_06395
Flood control ditch dug from the Lake to the Beach, Narrabeen Image. No: hood_06406h
Crowds around a new flood control channel from Narrabeen Lake to sea Image. No: hood_06408
Man surveys his vegetable garden in the Narrabeen flood - Image. No: hood_06399
A man, a woman, and a small girl and their flooded house, Narrabeen Image. No: hood_06392h
Narrabeen flooding; duck-boards for access Image. No:hood_06402 - all courtesy The Mitchell Library, State Library of NSW
Collaroy's Long Succession of Storms at the End of May and Early June
These early photos showing damage to homes at Collaroy were recorded in a storm of 1925 where 20 homes are stated to have been ruined - those that follow all stem from the last week of May until mid June - coincidence? - possibly not...
FIERCE STORM SWEEPS COLLAROY
Collaroy was practically the centre of the fierce squall which swept Sydney last night. Cottages were unroofed and moved bodily from their foundations. Today all was chaos. The heavy rain had soaked through the roofless dwellings causing a night of misery. The house on the left is off its foundations that on the right completely unroofed.
FIERCE STORM SWEEPS COLLAROY (1925, May 26). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), , p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117457149
GALE AT COLLAROY. COLLAROY RECEIVES FULL FORCE OF BIG GALE
DAMAGE AT COLLAROY. -A close Up view of one of the wrecked cottages at Collaroy. All the foundations of this building have been shattered.
THE GARAGE SUFFERS —In Fielding street, Collaroy.
THE HOUSES IN THE AVENUE at Collaroy were also extensively damaged.
CYCLONE FOLLOWS DELUGE COTTAGES WRECKED.
The full force of the storm was felt at Collaroy about 4.30 a m yesterday. Heavy rain fell during the previous afternoon and evening and although the deluge, which wrought so much havoc further along the coast did minor damage the residents of Collaroy retired with the sense that there was no further danger.
Early yesterday morning however the wind began to increase and heavy rain again began to fall. By 4 30 a m the wind had increased to almost hurricane force coming from the east-north-east. Blinding rain accompanied the wind, and many of the residents, awakened by the howling of the wind took the precaution of making their homes as snug as possible while the storm continued. Blinds and other light movable articles began to feel the effects of the gale and in several cases, outbuildings succumbed under the early gusts.
The Collaroy and Narrabeen districts generally suffered damage, but the locality between the Collaroy tram section and Narrabeen Public School suffered to the greatest extent. The centre of the damage was in the vicinity of Fielding street and the Avenue Collaroy, where eight cottages were wrecked. The devastated area was only about a chain in width. Roofs were lifted off the weatherboard cottages as though they were sheets of beaver-board and the occupants of the cottages went through a trying ordeal. The rain was still falling in torrents and the wind seemed to be increasing every minute.
Many buildings were creaking ominously and the crashing of galvanised iron, as the sheets of rooting material lifted into the air fell to the ground, caused great alarm among the occupants of the houses, which were being roughly handled by the storm. Rain poured Into the unroofed buildings and much damage was also done.
The wind was so terrific that one cottage In the Avenue was lifted bodily off Its foundations and carried several yards away. The building fortunately was unoccupied. for the structure was badly wrecked. The occupants of the damaged houses were cared for by neighbours.
When dawn came there was a scene of desolation. Sheets of galvanised Iron were scattered about and the devastated area was littered with debris. In one instance a sheet of galvanised iron was found suspended in a tree about 600 feet awav from the cottage from which It had been lifted.
It is fortunate that Narrabeen Lake Is running out to sea as otherwise the sudden rainstorm would have resulted in serious damage In that locality.
Many also suffered to a lesser degree, many residences receiving minor damage. The Corso and other thoroughfares were flooded the water in some portions of the former being about a foot deep. The low-lying parts of the Village were inundated and the Manly Oval was covered with water. At North Manly and in the district towards Brookvale the rain was also heavy and the lower portions were flooded. Manly Reservoir was filled by Monday night rain, and yesterday was overflowing. GALE AT COLLAROY. (1925, May 27).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 15. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16215171
SCENES AFTER THE STORM IN SYDNEY.
THERE WERE MANY MINIATURE LAKES AT COLLAROY YESTERDAY MORNING. EVERY PLACE IN THE LOW LYING PORTIONS WAS FLOODED.
ONE OF THE HOUSES AT COLLAROY WRECKED BY THE STORM. SCENES AFTER THE STORM IN SYDNEY. (1925, May 27). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 18. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16215225
Twenty Houses Unroofed at Collaroy
ANOTHER TERRIBLE STORM DURING NIGHT Widespread Floods and Extraordinary Wind Pranks
Another furious storm swept Sydney and the suburbs early this morning, adding lo the damage caused by the deluge of the previous evening. At 4. 30 a.m. a cyclone, the path of which was not more than half a mile wide struck Collaroy. About 20 houses were unroofed. Some of the roofs were blown 500 yards away. This was the greatest damage, but floods were reported from many suburbs, particularly Marrickville, Sydenham and Upper Cook's River became a roaring torrent. There was a wild time at sea, and the Moeraki kept off the Heads till daylight. The wind changed rapidly from S.W. to E. then to E. by N.
Manly 675 points, Mosman 550 points. Strathfield 382 points, Roseville 335 points, Hurstville 311 points. Riverview 303 points. These were some of the heaviest registrations this morning in the rain gauges dotted over the metropolitan area. And In some suburbs about half the rain fell In the drenching downpour that came, with vivid lightning and crackling thunder just as the city crowds were going home yesterday evening. But more rain fell later at night, and in the early hours of this morning. Mosman, for instance, got an additional 190 points. When the storm raged in its first fury the wind in the city attained a velocity of 30 miles per hour, but the wind speed was greater out to-City Forecast.— Unsettled, with further rain, and probably another thunderstorm; heavy showers; strong south-east winds to gale force towards evening and at night; rough sea. New South Wales.— Improving in the north-west, but otherwise still unsettled, with further rain, heavy and with flood falls in the coastal districts from Sydney southwards; strong south-east winds to gales on the central and South Coast ; south-west to west winds chiefly else-where. Ocean Forecasts.— -Cyclonic storm centred off the east coast south of Newcastle, causing strong south-east winds to gales and rough seas from Bass Straits to Sydney and eastward over the Tasman Sea; freshening west to south west winds around the south-west corner of the continent.
Towards the open seaboard — at some points very much more. In some parts the storm about 4 o'clock this morning was even more furious than last night. Very often, according to Mr. Mares, when a severe thunderstorm such as Sydney had yesterday, is associated with cyclonic conditions, there may follow it tornadic squalls of sharp severity. Doubtless one of those squalls struck Collaroy, and did the damage there. The path of the squall was probably narrow. The wind veered extraordinarily during this morning's storm. CYCLONE FOLLOWS DELUGE (1925, May 26). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 10 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224051766
SYDNEY'S GREAT STORM CYCLONE AT COLLAROY SYDNEY, Tuesday. Last night's rainstorm was followed by a cyclonic disturbance this morning. Collaroy was the principal sufferer. Fortunately the path of the storm was narrow, but almost every residence suffered. In some cases roofs were carried away, but in a few cases houses were hurled from their foundations. The roofs of some residences were carried some hundreds of yards along the roadway. Early this morning the wind at South Head attained a velocity of 50 miles an hour, and the steamer Moeraki hove to until 8 o'clock. A statement issued by the Tramway Department today showed that on nineteen lines derailments occurred during the storm last night. At Neutral Bay traffic was suspended for almost four hours. SYDNEY'S GREAT STORM (1925, May 27). Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , , p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article137830294
The Under-Secretary for Lands has informed Warringah Council, in reference to the proposed Collaroy Beach resumptions, that contracts for purchase were entered into with certain of the owners of the beach frontage lands, and that these were now with the Crown Solicitor to complete the purchase. It was expected that this would be done shortly. COLLAROY BEACH (1925, June 19).Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), , p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article113925677
See Extras – this had already been mooted under another scheme and was not connected with the storm damage of May 1925.
GALE IN SYDNEY. ROUGH SEAS OFF COAST. Sydney. Sunday..
Extremely unpleasant weather prevailed today, when a westerly gale caused the thermometer to fall to 43 degrees, which is extremely cold for Sydney. Rough seas prevailed on the coast, with prospects of the storm increasing in intensity. The gale did: considerable minor damage to houses and shops in the suburbs, many windows being blown in. A wall was blown down at Marrickville, and fell on Walter Holmes Wickham, aged 7 years, who was playing beneath it. He was taken to hospital in a critical condition, suffering from scalp, leg and back injuries. A launch party of four were blown to sea off Collaroy, but after a strenuous struggle with the waves, managed to beach their craft. They were in an exhausted condition. The cyclone was stated to have extended all along the south coast as far as Tasmania and Victoria, and was expected to continue. GALE IN SYDNEY ROUGH SEAS ON COAST (1929, June 11). Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article46064332
More Collaroy and Manly men proficient at sea and an insight into how quickly June seas may change
YACHT IN TOW. Launch's Hazardous Trip. PITTWATER TO BALMORAL
Mr. H. P. Woolcott, of the Corso, Manly, told a graphic narrative yesterday of a launch's battle with the storm. With a yacht containing two youths in tow, the launch fought a hazardous wav from Pittwater to Balmoral. The voyage occupied from 6.30 p.m. on Monday to 2 a.m. on Tuesday.
Mr. Woolcott said that on Monday after-noon he was fishing with a companion, Mr. Frank Manieri, of Collaroy, in a 23ft launch on Barrenjoey. The seas became so high that they decided to put into Pittwater. There two youths in a small yacht persuaded the men in the launch to tow the yacht back to Balmoral, a distance of about 29 miles. As there appeared to be a lull in the weather, Messrs. Woolcott and Manieri thought they would have nothing more to fear than a heavy swell, and set off at about 6.30 p.m.
When they were off Barrenjoey, a strong wind got up" from the south-west, and when they were of! Newport beach terrific seas were running. Both tow-ropes parted, and the yacht swung oil like a cork. By skilful manoeuvring the men on the launch succeeded in getting another rope aboard the yacht, and set off again. Near Long Reef the rope parted again, and with great difficulty was again secured. Both craft had shipped water, and the yacht was pitching alarmingly, but the sea was running too high to permit them to put into shore.
"Our position seemed desperate," said Mr. Woolcott. "Our petrol v-as giving out, and to add to our troubles the tow-rope parted for the third time. We secured it again, cased the engine down, and crept along the coast to North Head. Swinging wide, we ran into the harbour with the sea. I have never seen such a sea. One moment we were hurled high in the air; the next we were wallowing in the trough. The yacht was a dead weight, and the strain on the launch was so terrific that the tow-rope parted twice before we were able to pass Middle Head. Finally, we tied up at Balmoral wharf about 2 o'clock on ¡Tuesday morning. It was a nightmare experience!" YACHT IN TOW. (1935, June 20). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article29536644
World War II meant most of these wives husbands were not at home:
SYDNEY, Thursday.— Terrific seas pounded Sydney beaches last night and at Collaroy women and children had hours of terror as the surf swept across the beach up to their back doors. The storm, which residents describe as the worst in 30 years, left a scene of damage and desolation. Many houses had the fences torn down. TERRIFIC STORM (1944, May 26). Daily Mercury (Mackay, Qld. : 1906 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article170863208
Although these images are less than perfect, they're included as the items give you the names of people who lost part, or all of their homes -
ROUGH SEAS DAMAGE COLLAROY HOMES
Heavy seas which pounded Sydney beaches yesterday did considerable damage to properties at Collaroy, where some sea-side homes had part of their frontages completely washed away. The above picture shows the laundry, undermined and collapsed, at the home of Mrs. B. M. Cookston. The foundations at the back of the house were washed away. ROUGH SEAS DAMAGE COLLAROY HOMES (1944, May 26). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17908510
Torrential rain fell in Sydney last night and early this morning. Gutters ran bankers and floodings occurred in low-lying areas. Between 3 p.m. yesterday and 2 a.m. to-day more than an inch of rain was registered at the Weather Bureau. At Collaroy heavy seas again made inroads; on the beach and the sand-bags placed there after heavy storms last year were breached. SYDNEY DELUGE (1945, June 12). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27937012
SEAS WRECK HOME
Mr. R. Macgregor's house at Collaroy was destroyed by heavy seas last night.. The house faced the beach, and throughout the day the sea undermined the foundations. The owner's belonging were moved before the house broke up. (See this paper and page 4.) SEAS WRECK HOME (1945, June 13). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17935062
COLLAROY HOME ENGULFED BY SEA
One of the three waterfront homes washed away at Collaroy last night. This picture was taken yesterday afternoon, when the encroaching sea had swept away the brick piles supporting the house. Originally the expanse at the right was a flower garden. It is feared that six more Collaroy homes will be destroyed. See Story, Page 1. COLLAROY HOME ENGULFED BY SEA (1945, June 13). Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , , p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article134999958
Houses Washed Out To Sea STORM DAMAGE AT COLLAROY
SYDNEY. Tues : Three modern homes were washed out to sea and six others badly damaged when flood waters turned portions of Collaroy into a mad whirlpool throughout the afternoon and night. The homes were situated on the sea edge between Jenkin and Collaroy streets. Police ordered the occupants to evacuate early this afternoon, but many refused to leave and were forced to stand by and see their homes washed away. Remains of a wreck washed on to the rocks two years ago have gone back into the sea. Houses Washed Out To Sea (1945, June 13). Daily Advertiser (Wagga Wagga, NSW : 1911 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article144975256
SAND ON TRAMLINES AT MAROUBRA
Storm damage to houses and tramlines was done yesterday by the exceptional rains. Top: The gale swept sand from the dunes on to the tramlines at Maroubra, and it had to be shovelled away.
Bottom: Houses on the waterfront at Collaroy were severely damaged when the sea broke through.
SAND ON TRAMLINES AT MAROUBRA (1945, June 13). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17935124
An earlier example of what happens at Collaroy also happens at Narrabeen and Manly:
Storm Damage in Sydney :: Serious Floods at Lismore
ALL THAT WAS LEFT OF A £2,000 HOUSE at a beach north of Manly, Sydney, after the huge waves had encroached on the foreshore during the height of the cyclonic storm this week. Many homes at Collaroy and Narrabeen were wrecked.
RESIDENTS AT NARRABEEN removing furniture from their homes, which were rendered uninhabitable by the storm. Roofs were torn off some houses.
WHIPPED OFF THE BEACH and driven by the cyclone this sand was piled up to the roof of a garage, at Narrabeen peninsula. Most outhouses adjoining the beach were buried by sand. Storm Damage in Sydney:: Serious Floods at Lismore (1945, June 15). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), , p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article980260
Recycling war iron!:
TANK TRAPS TO PROTECT HOMES
Triangular anti-tank traps have been placed along the beach at Collaroy to prevent washaways of gardens and homes on the waterfront. During heavy storms last year several homes were severely damaged in this area. TANK TRAPS TO PROTECT HOMES (1946, February 14). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17970399
TANK TRAPS TO PROTECT HOMES
Triangular anti-tank traps have been placed along the beach at Collaroy to prevent washaways of gardens and homes on the waterfront. During heavy storms last year several homes were severely damaged in this area. TANK TRAPS TO PROTECT HOMES (1946, February 15). Daily Advertiser (Wagga Wagga, NSW : 1911 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article145007744
SYDNEY, Sunday.-A brick wall 45ft high collapsed and fell in a Redfern street to-day during the 70-mile-an hour gale that lashed Sydney and a wide stretch of the southern coast. Heavy rain, which was still falling late to-night, inundated many low-lying areas in Sydney, particularly at Randwick, where some areas were flooded to a depth of 4ft. Big seas endangered small boats and launches. Six men were rescued by members of Collaroy Surf Life-saving Club after their small launch had been tossed about for almost five hours.
Engine Broke Down The men rescued off Collaroy this afternoon were Harry Nicholas Linn, 50, of Randwick:. James Gillimore 48. and Leslie Reynolds, 34, of Redfern; Benjamin Reynolds, 32, of Merrylands: John Reginald Miller and Herbert Joseph Priffett, 34, both of Bankstown The men were sufferinig from exposure, but quickly recovered. They left Rose Bay early this morning on a fishing trip, but the engine broke down when they were off Curl Curl. The kellick was dropped, but the rope snapped, and the boat drifted three miles towards Collaroy. Waves were breaking over the boat and the engine, after hasty repairs, broke down a second time. The pilot ship Hydra was sent to their aid but in the meantime Collaroy Surf Club was got in touch with by the police. Six members took out the surfboat. It reached the launch well ahead of the-Hydra, which was recalled. As the surfboat came within hailing distance of the launch, one of its members dived into the sea and attached a rope to the launch, which was then taken in tow. Later, the launch was beached at Long Reef after its occupants had been landed. Sydney (1946, May 20). Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) , , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article140615416
Dune erosion at Bilgola beach in May 1966 resulted in costly remediation works but no shift towards 'foolish and wise builders' and not building on sand.
On May 27th and 28th 1974 and again into the first week of June another great storm eroded under the Marquesa building at Narrabeen and destroyed houses at Bilgola - these photos in a Women's Weekly of June 12th show the destruction closer to home. Newport and Mona Vale, like the Collaroy- Narrabeen stretch, are also places these eastern lows, with a king tide kicker, will show where redesigning the landscape to suit ourselves can bring home our lack of knowledge and its harvest.
The 1974 storms led to the Coastal Protection Act 1979, which once again placed ephasis on maintaining what humans wanted on the coast, ignoring the natural processes at future peril. A step in a more positive direction, in the Coastal Management Bill 2016 passing as this most recent storm came in, and Assented to on June 7th, while what is now thankfully and respectfully called 'The Sand Bag Army' gathered everyone in community and services to save those perched on that same stretch of sand:
PENINSULA POWER TAKES ON MOTHER NATURE FOR A SMALL BUT SIGNIFICANT WIN.
Northern Beaches LAC - NSW Police Force: June 8, 2016
State Emergency Services and supporting emergency agencies faced a tough challenge yesterday. Engineers inspecting the ocean break wall north of Stuart Street Collaroy recommended dropping four thousand sand bags on and around the wall to maintain its integrity with the added benefit of protecting six houses from the relentless swell. It was a tough challenge that had to be completed before the two metre king tide arrived in the late evening.
It was inspiring to see up to 500 members from all the agencies working side by side filling sand bags and forming lines to hand deliver them to where they were needed.
In the early afternoon it became apparent that we needed more volunteers to get the job done and we turned to Surf Life Saving Australia. More than two hundred SLSC members turned up and enthusiastically got stuck into the task at hand and more than doubled our output of production and delivery of bags.
In the final stages of our push to get the job done, volunteers walked off the street to help.
Just as the king tide arrived we finished the job with many soaked from drenching sea spray. As the last bag was placed and the Engineer gave his thumbs up of approval, all services had worked together to produce and hand deliver 12,000 bags, a total of 320 tonnes of sand.
Our morning inspection today revealed our efforts had been worth it. Our sand bagging was intact and had prevented further damage to the sea wall.
A heartfelt thanks to all involved.
Collaroy Summer and Autumn Storms
In September 2015 Ken (Sava) Lloyd, a member at Collaroy SLSC wrote in response to a report run, published by Sydney University and the University of New South Wales; Coastal vulnerability across the Pacific dominated by El Niño/Southern Oscillation.
This September erosion had been preceded by the March 2015 Sydney Storm
The projected upsurge of severe El Niño and La Niña events will lead to extreme coastal flooding and erosion in populated regions across the Pacific including Australia, according to the then new multi-agency study. The impact of these storms is not presently included in most studies on future coastal vulnerability, which look primarily at sea level rise. New research data, from 48 beaches across three continents and five countries bordering the Pacific Ocean, suggested the predicted increase will exacerbate coastal erosion irrespective of sea level rise affecting the region.
A co-author of the paper, Professor Andrew Short from the University of Sydney, says forecast increases in the strength of El Niño and La Niña weather events driven by global climate change means coastal erosion on many Australian beaches could be worse than currently predicted based on sea level rise alone.
The study, Coastal vulnerability across the Pacific dominated by El Niño/Southern Oscillation, involving 13 institutions, including the US Geological Survey, UNSW Australia, University of Sydney, and the University of Waikato (New Zealand) was published in the journal Nature Geoscience.
More, as well as link to study, ran in that Issue's Aquatics page
Ken was right, the sifting of sand from coins had happened before - three decades before!:
Mosman. DEAR CINDERELLA,—
Perhaps you remember me from the year before last, for I am not a new reader; My going up for the Intermediate last year left me no time to contribute to 'the page' — indeed, I feel like Dr. Marette, buried and alive again. Though I have put my home address on this letter, I am at present staying at Collaroy. We came down after the great New Year storm. The waves still dashed up to our fence, totally covering the beach at high tide. There is always a very narrow strip of sand here. Further along towards the reef, where the surf is usually some way out, the broad plain of sand was half covered by the surging foam. When the tide was out we found all sorts of seaweeds. There were dainty fern-like, red, pink, and white kinds scattered everywhere, while one could hardly move without stepping upon the broad, horny leaves of the commoner species. As usual, after any disturbance at sea, there was a great deal of sponge amongst the debris. We collected no less than eight .distinct types. Some were formed of masses of long narrow upturned arms, much like the cladodes of a very tiny cactus. Others were merely very soft and porous balls, and some were much firmer, while one was just like a monster cardboard geranium leaf, minus the stalk! There were also many kinds of shells, ranging from dainty little pink and white 'gems' to rough and usually blemished cones about six inches long. Other treasures came to light one morning (after a night when the breakers roared and bunged even more than usual). These were coins, which we found in the miniature precipice, made by the denudation of the beach. There were pennies, into which the salt sand had eaten its way ; like a rude mosaics, and shillings, which were so tarnished that we could not distinguish them from the coppers! While thus exploring Neptune's secret 'strongroom' we realised the large fortune of one shilling and ninepence : Wishing 'the page' all good luck through the coming year, your' interested reader, MILDRED M. RAYMOND (10). (Dear Mildred.— Glad to welcome you back. I note that your work has strengthened considerably, but the reason why your design was not reproduced last week was the colour, which calls for careful 'treatment. I am thinking of fitting out a Stevensoian expedition to Collaroy .—Cinderella.) CINDERELLA'S POST-BAG (1922, March 8). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), , p. 29. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article169771632
AN AERIAL VIEW OF COLLAROY AND NARRABEEN. POPULAR RESORTS OF WEEK-END MOTORISTS.
AN AERIAL VIEW OF COLLAROY AND NARRABEEN. (1929, March 12). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16537300
Lots of homes on the beachfront in the above photograph, while this one from the following year shows structures sitting in the sand:
Above : Collaroy, one of the 'newer' surfing beaches in the Manly district.
Dee Why swimming pool, showing recent improvements. Dee Why is also in the Manly district. Collaroy and Dee Why (1930, January 1).Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), , p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article160630380
COLLAROY SEAWEED. CLEARED OUT BY STORM.
The large accumulation of seaweed at Collaroy, which had been blamed for the drowning of a young man on Boxing Day, and which had been menacing the safety of the beach for almost 12 months, was washed out to sea by one of the storms last week.
Preparations had been made during the week to make an attempt to haul the bank of seaweed up on to the beach, where it was proposed to dry it and burn it. A tractor and tackle, including grappling irons, had been sent down in preparation for an attempt this afternoon. The Shell Company and Howard Auto Cultivators Ltd., who were going to carry out the experiment, were, however, relieved of the responsibility by the storm. COLLAROY SEAWEED. (1936, January 20). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17208427
STORM TRAGEDY Young Man Electrocuted Sydney, Tuesday.
William Wright (35), married, was electrocuted at Collaroy when he became entangled in live wires, brought down by a storm. Death was instantaneous. A friend, who went to his assistance, suffered severe shock. STORM TRAGEDY (1937, March 16). The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate (NSW : 1894 - 1954), , p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article131589767
SYDNEY, Mon: Drenching rain and a 50 m.p.h. south-easterly wind caused widespread damage and dislocated tram, train, air and ferry traffic in Sydney and suburbs today. By 9 a.m. the city's rainfall had reached 575 points in 24 hours, but indications were that a break in the weather was likely. At Cronulla and Collaroy heavy wind-whipped seas are battering the foreshore and damaging houses and other buildings. There is anxiety that much damage will be caused at high tide late today. Holidays-makers at Narrabeen had their tents flattened last night and were washed out as swirling waters from the lakes swept through the area. Police ordered them to strike camp and move. Sydney Services Dislocated In Heavy Storm (1949, January 10). The Daily News (Perth, WA : 1882 - 1950), , p. 1 (HOME). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article83772895
The cloudburst caused thousands of pounds of damage to roads, shops and other buildings. Areas worst hit are Newcastle, Manly, Collaroy and Narrabeen. Boys Trapped Georges River rose quickly at Campbelltown, and trapped eight boys at Woolwash camping ground. The boys crossed the river this morning. Police said that some of the lads were becoming panicky, and they were trying to signal them: to wait there, If necessary all night. The police are arranging to rescue the boys. The tragedy at Stanwell Park is the second within a few years at the same spot. A few years ago seven campers were washed out to sea and drowned. Clarke was crossing the causeway In the creek to deliver papers to occupants of the camping ground when floodwaters rushed his utility off the causeway. He managed to get on to the roof of the truck, but before people on the bank could throw him a rope, he was washed out to sea. Man Meets Death in Storm (1950, September 12). Daily Advertiser (Wagga Wagga, NSW : 1911 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article145598199
Discussions to Save the Beaches Begin With One Note of a Long Observed Sea Song
Twenty years before the storms of 1974, one of those who have long been on the beach at Collaroy pointed out a way forward:
Sydney's Dwindling Beaches Set A Problem For Experts
By A STAFF CORRESPONDENT
AFTER this winter, as after most of the other winters in the last half-century, the devotees of sun and space and sea air who crowd Sydney's 35 sea beaches may note that some further part of their play-grounds has disappeared into the sea's maw. Increasing crowds on contracting beaches may express concern, or indignation, or outright condemnation of the authorities, until the dependable sun lulls their minds to that lethargic acceptance of today typical .of the beach-basker.
Because of the New South Wales climate, the temperament of her people and the geographical features which make sun-bathing a part of our daily lives, the problem of beach erosion is here more pressing than perhaps any-where else in the world.
Australia's concern, and Sydney's is to see that the Constant supply of beach sand maintains its time-honoured position between the green land and the blue water, in just those quantities we need for our recreation.
Especially in the last few years erosion has been very serious on some of the beaches and has caused hundreds of thousands of pounds' worth of damage to municipal and private property.
A spokesman for the Cumberland County Council, Mr. J. O'Brien, said last week: "Some of the worst erosion has taken place at Manly Beach.
"North Steyne lost a lot of its seawall and almost lost its surfshed as well during the big storms a few years ago. At South Steyne also erosion threatened to undermine the big pavilion and the sea wall.
"During the heavy rain a couple of weeks ago hundreds of tons of sand was washed away at Queenscliff.
"Collaroy has suffered badly from erosion. Many houses had to be removed from the beach front because of it. "Of the southern beaches, Cronulla is by far the most affected. North Cronulla has lost more than £100,000 worth of municipal property through erosion, while South Cronulla lost both its surf club and most of its beach during a bad period in 1946-47.
"Some of the sand at Cronulla has come back, but it is not nearly as good a surfing beach as it was before. The beach has eroded so far back that the old promenade steps are now in the middle of the beach."
Photo: Heavy damage by rough seas at Queenscliff beach, north of Manly, in a winter storm in 1950 which smashed the sea wall. That storm permanently carried away part of the beach.
IN the past, man's interference with beach evolution has taken the form of erecting sea-walls, groynes and break-waters, and levelling sand dunes behind the beach. On some beaches these processes either actively assist in beach erosion or prevent normal seasonal recovery.
Mr. L. M. Graham, the Manly Council engineer, who is faced with the necessity of restoring some of the worst erosion recorded on Sydney beaches, said sadly last week: "No matter what you do it seems to make erosion worse.
"Nature seems to resent anything of human agency, and even a pebble placed on the beach seems to aggravate erosion. "For instance, the rock pool we constructed near the Queenscliff end of our beach seems harmless enough, but even it appears to have caused erosion.
"And almost everyone has some theory. After the big storm in 1950 which did so much damage we had advice' from all sorts of people, and some of them had gone to the trouble of making models. "Some said, 'Take all the walls away,' and others suggested more walls, and different kinds of walls."
Mr. Graham at present is communicating with county councils and other bodies in England to find the best tested procedures in that country. Many experts overseas, particularly in Holland and England, have deeply studied the problem of sea-coast erosion, but it has been- their more pressing concern to save land rather than beaches. They are usually well pleased if their sea walls hold - but sometimes where the land is saved the beach is lost.
The natural processes by which the sand is laid down are imperfectly understood. Few Australians have studied the movements of the sand and the agents which carry it, the waves, the tides, and the winds, in their variety of combinations.
ONE of the exceptions is a young geologist in the employ of the Department of Mines, Mr. P. J. McKenzie, of Deewhy, who has combined his twin interests of geology and surf lifesaving in a concentrated study of the mechanics of beach construction and destruction.
Man, he says, must learn to work with, instead of against, nature's processes so as to increase the deposit of sand whenever the conditions are right for it.
He holds that there are four factors which influence the deposit of sand upon the beaches. These are the strength, size and type of the waves, the slope of the beach, the average size of the grains composing the beach, and the tide-rips which form just off-shore. The action of normal waves is to thrust sand forward, as they break on a beach, and at the same time to work lighter elements, such as mud and slush, further back into deep water.
Some forms of breaking waves deposit sand more readily than others, and the form of the wave may be influenced by the slope up which the water runs. It may also be modified by such a factor as an off-shore wind.
Sand is built up on a beach in the form of a terrace, which is raised rapidly in the beginning by the waves, and more slowly thereafter, as a new slope is established. The nature of this slope depends, to a great extent, on the grain-size of the sand.
Hence, Mr. McKenzie believes, an expert who knows the grain-size of the beach he is working on, the optimum slope for .the rapid deposit of sand, and ,the other conditions provided by the weather, the wind and the wave-size, could, by using a bulldozer, increase the deposit rate at will. In other words, the factor he can influence is the slope of the sand.
"I DON'T know enough to do it. Neither does any other expert, as yet," Mr. McKenzie says. "But it seems a good field for study. I think quite a lot may come of it. I began this study just because I was interested, but I can see more and more possibilities as I go along.
"As I see it, it is a different problem from the older one, which has exercised countries in the northern hemisphere, of stopping the encroachment of the land by the sea.
Mr. McKenzie says there is no shortage of the material which goes to make up the beach. A constant source of new sand is the land, where destructive processes are always at work on the rocks. The sand from this source is separated from the humus and mud by the wave processes already described and is constantly available for the natural building up of beaches.
Off the New South Wales coast there is a strong current flowing south, and a backwater of this current constantly moves northward along the beaches. Hence there is a constant movement of sand to the north, but the requirements of the beaches have always been met.
Civilisation does not interfere with the processes of sand formation. As a matter of fact, it may accelerate the natural destruction of rocks. Nearly all civilised interference with beaches, however, has hastened the process of erosion and slowed the compensating deposit.
A sloping wall, he says, may not hasten erosion to the degree that a vertical wall will, but it is still effective in some degree.
"The only place for a wall is behind the first row of dunes," Mr. McKenzie says.
AN official of the Cumberland County Council recently wrote, in a publication of the council's: "If we intend to preserve our beaches, some general study is urgently needed.
"Apart from their great beauty and their recreational value, which is our first concern, the metropolitan beaches represent a tremendous commercial asset to Sydney municipalities and to the nation.
"If the picture is expanded to the hundreds of beaches up and down the coast, we have something of immense value which is being steadily whittled away. . . .
"A temporary halt in our present policy of artificial improvements might save us a few thousand pounds, or even a few beaches, later on. It might also point the way to redeeming some of our damaged assets." Sydney's Dwindling Beaches Set A Problem For Experts (1953, May 24). The Sunday Herald (Sydney, NSW : 1949 - 1953), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18509664
The building up continued apace though
Collaroy. Five brick lock-up shops are to be erected in Pittwater Rd., at a cost of £12,000, for Mr. M. J. Corkery. Builder is B .M. Chequer, 17 Worcester Avenue, Collaroy. North Manly. Alterations and additions costing £11,000 are to be made to the Golf Club premises in Condamine Street by Warringah Golf Club Ltd. OPPORTUNITIES FOR BUSINESS (1954, September 1). Construction (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article224517252
FLOODS DAMAGE SHOPS AT DEE WHY
Sydney: Rain water more than six inches deep streamed into shops and caused hundreds of pounds worth of damage in the Sydney suburb of Dee Why yesterday. Shops closed front doors and sealed off areas where the rain had entered. Within minutes of the start of torrential rains in the suburb, storm channels and gutters were flooded. Many cars stalled, were abandoned as drivers sought shelter. At the height of the storm, a huge waterspout, more than 100 feet high shot up out of the ocean at near by Collaroy beach. It fell in an arch-like column into a lagoon more than 100 yards away. FLOODS DAMAGE SHOPS AT DEE WHY (1954, November 5). Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), , p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article49971675
A willy-willy twisted the inch-thick steel arms of a rotary clothes line like wire at the home of Mr. George Evenden, Primrose Avenue, Rosebery. Two motor launches were caught in a thunderstorm about two miles from Collaroy beach, and fearing the launches would be blown to sea, Collaroy lifesavers manned a surf boat. The launches, however, were got under control and gained the shelter of the Basin. VICTORIA SWEPT BY FLOODS AND GALES; BOY DROWNED (1954, December 13). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18462241
All of the above tells us we must do better, perhaps even outlines that restoration, returning what once was, must be placed higher than the coin of greed, even having this emphasised in what happens in the sorting of coins from grains of golden sand on this beautiful beach. Community is what counts, sandbagging until the proper addressing, which is not sticking the head in the sand, so to speak, has caused a shift back to 'flowing with it' not against it - these are ever tides.
To Close - a few 'extras' of times and places gone - hopefully some bring a few much needed smiles. This Issue's Pictorial shares some of the images sent in by Readers, for the Record, again, of the Storm that came in June 2016.
By W. F. MACLEAN.
THE watersheds of the coastal lagoons at Manly, Curl Curl, Deewhy, and Narrabeen are, in the main, rolling uplands, interspersed with deep sheltered gullies densely clothed in underscrub, in some places literally impassable for the tangle of vine and undergrowth. Each gully is traversed by a creek, a veritable babbling brook of the poets, smaller or larger according to the area it drains. The descent is usually steep. Nearly every creek has waterfalls, which vary in height, from a few feet to twenty or thirty, flowing through soil composed of silt from the higher lands and the decaying debris of the bush, gum leaves, and rotten wood, which with sand from the erosion of the rocks makes up a compost of the highest degree of fertility. Common bracken grows in these places to the height of a man, and boronia (binnata) to the same size. The coachwood, a cousin to Christmas bush, may also be seen at its best; the flowers are somewhat similar to those of the latter, but larger, and the petals are wider separated. The foliage is also much larger, making a beautiful shade tree. It does not thrive away from its damp gullies; otherwise it would be seen more in suburban gardens.
NARRABEEN, the largest lagoon in the Warringah shire, drains the most extensive area. Substantial creeks flow into it, the drainage of many square miles — South Creek, Middle Creek. Deep Creek, and others. There are waterfalls on tributaries of several of these creeks. The falls illustrated are easily accessible to pedestrians
THE UPPER NARRABEEN FALLS.
THE UPPER AND LOWER NARRABEEN FALLS
and vehicles, including motors. To secure the photographs we left the tram at Narrabeen terminus, crossed the lake by bridge, and walked along the causeway to the big headland which ends at the road just on the other side of the lake. 'Rounding the spur the road stretches straight into the west. On one side is an arm of the lake, into which Powderworks Creek runs; the other side is hilly and well covered with week-end cottages. The road is of red Boil, with deep cart-ruts, which were filled with water from recent rains. There is a slight but nippy wind from the south-west, which makes walking a pleasure. On past two gum trees of large diameter, one on either side of the road, their branches intermingling overhead, and up a slight rise to where a road branches off to the left. We ignore this turn-off and descend a slight hill with a small cottage 'at the bottom, on to the right, and over a little culvert. Three minutes through a rough piece of road, a swamp to the right very densely overgrown with all kinds of small scrubs — amongst which large swamp mahogany trees rear themselves above the smaller stuff — and we arrive at the road's end. Immediately in front of us is a large pool about 100ft x 50ft, backed by a waterfall. This fill is rather disappointing, in itself; but the surroundings are beautiful. A few years ago a large mahogany tree sloped across the pool at such an angle that it. was easily . walked upon to its utmost branches. There were also a number of giant cabbage-tree palms, perhaps 100 feet high. To-day only one remains; the others have, fallen to some wanton axe. The stockwhip bird is found here in great, numbers, its note being heard continually. The conditions are very favourable for these birds' breeding-place.
APPARENTLY this is about as far as you can go, the cliffs being rather precipitous; but to the left of the falls is a medium-sized palm, and underneath this is a faint track up the hillside. Climbing this and descending slightly, we reach the rocky bed of the creek. The soil has long since been washed away, leaving the naked rock, over which, the water runs noisily. There are many pools filled with beautiful drinking-water, and in the ? larger yabbies (small crayfish) of a greenish hue can be seen if one sits still enough. The sides are covered with umbrella fern, and tall plants of boronia with flowers just past their prime lift their heads above the ferns. The bed of the creek soon becomes too rough, and compels us to go further up the hillside, which is very steep and clothed with great red gums, turpentines, bloodwoods, and oaks. The ground is covered ankle-deep with oak needles, and in some places is almost impassable with the top hamper of large oaks that have been felled for shingles. The pale pink of boronia past its prime, the paler pink of a sister variety just coming into bloom, the purple hardenbergia and yellow dillwynia all combine with the many shades of green and the russet brown of dead leaves and bracken to make a lovely combination of colour. Above the noise of running water gurgling and babbling, and the noise of a waterfall somewhere in the near distance, sounds the song of birds— the sharp, penetrating crack of the stockwhip, followed by the 'weet-weet' of its mate, and the equally penetrating and beautifully full note of the grey thrush. A yellow robin — silent now, although later on, when dusk creeps over the gully, its note will predominate —perches motionless on the bark of a dead tree, watching ?with large eye our every move. You can be sure its nest is close by, but so well hidden with Nature's camouflage that you need to look closely to find it. We could sit for hours enjoying the scene before us. There is constantly something to interest. Three or four crows Avith their harsh 'car-car' wheel overhead, and finally land in some trees on the top of the ridge. BUT move we must, as the sun is creeping slowly up the eastern side of the gully, leaving us in the shade. We travel along the side of the hill— heavy going with the debris of fallen trees and many prickly bushes, some without flowers, others a variety of wattle with creamy blossoms and a nutty fragrance, but very prickly, sticking through your clothes and piercing the flesh. A few yards further on and the falls come into view. There are few waterfalls anywhere round Sydney to equal these for beauty and size. If they were on the Mountains special tracks would be cut to reach them. The lower falls are about twelve feet wide and fifteen to twenty feet high. Above them is a shelf of an ironstone kind of rock about 50 to 70 feet wide. On to this falls the upper half— fifty feet or more. A large figtree grows underneath the falling water, its leaves being continuously wet with the spray. When running well this fall makes a great roar, which can be heard for a long distance off. Above it again there are several small cascades, and higher again is marshy land from which the creek draws much of its water. This marsh land is the real home of the Christmas bell, and in the season large bunches can be picked with very little trouble. Another wild flower always found in damp situations is the sprengelia, a long spikehead of beautiful pink stars with a white eye; it forms a pretty bunch, and keeps well in water. A few yards to the west of the upper fall, on the hilltop, native roses can be picked Sprengelia can also be obtained here in quantity, and a bunch of native roses: sprengelia, and the long spikes of heath, both pink and white, make a wonderful combination of beauty and perfume. Most wild -flower pickers pull a specimen or two of every flower in sight, including those that do not keep well, and by the time they reach home many have wilted and the whole becomes an untidy hotchpotch. Presently these hillsides will be white with flannel flowers. These should be picked with one other -flower only— a tall bright purple spike called steeple, which name describes it very well. THERE are other creeks in the neighbourhood which carry a good volume of water, and make a precipitous descent, on which waterfalls may be found. But these cannot be explored on this trip for want, of time. The hills about them are literally carpeted with wild flowers at the present time. This locality is off the beaten track, 'but is easily accessible from Narrabeen, and those who love the bush and its flowers and birds will find it a new country with surprises on every hand. OUTDOOR AUSTRALIA (1920, October 20). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), , p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article159040970
Mr. W. F. Kellett, one of the most popular of the citizens of Mudgee, a member of the firm of. Messrs. W. Kellett and Son, Ltd., and its managing director, and who has for all his adult life been associated with the well-known Flagstaff Stores; has decided to leave Mudgee and to live in pleasant retirement close to Sydney. Mr. Kellett some time since built a summer residence at Collaroy Beach, one' of the most pleasant seaside resorts within a few miles of the city, and it is at this pleasant home that he will now make his residence. Mr. Kellett will, of course, pay occasional business and other visits to Mudgee where he will always be assured of a warm welcome. Mr. Kellett has always been a most useful, as well as a most popular townsman, and he will be very greatly missed. He was for many years an enthusiastic member of the committee of management of the Mudgee Mechanics' Institute, and has also been usefully and influentially connected , with several other town institutions. Local Brevities (1920, March 25). Mudgee Guardian and North-Western Representative (NSW : 1890 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article157046147
Warringah's "Is's'" and "Was's" teams!:
CRICKET AT COLLAROY Pitch Laid Down
At Collaroy, on the big 175-acre recreation ground locally known as Griffith Park, the sportsmen of the district have secured a large area from the Warringah Council and have put down u concrete wicket for the use of the players of the district. The ground is flat, and very suitable for cricket and football. It is close to the north-western corner of the park on Anzac-parade, and within a stones-throw of the tram rails, and easy distance of the ocean. Much of the work of laying down the pitch has been done by voluntary labor on Saturday afternoons. On Eight Hour Day the new ground will be opened, teams representing the veterans and the present-day players, one known us the Is's, and the other us the Was's, are to begin welting round tho leather. The deputy president, Mr. Arthur Parr, will captain the old-timers, and Mr. Douglas Murray is to have charge of the youngsters. CRICKET AT COLLAROY (1920, September 27). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 7 (CABLE EDITION). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article221499821
GOLF AT COLLAROY - Griffith Park Proposal
Residents of Collaroy and Narrabeen are seeking to establish a golf course in the district. Griffith Park is the suggested location. This 175-acre section is under the control of the Warringah Council, which has been asked to set aside an area wide enough for playing. A nine-hole course can be laid down without difficulty. One of Sydney's most expert professionals has been over the land, and reports favorably upon the scheme. Matters are now hung up awaiting the approval of the Minister for Lands, to whom the Warringah Council has submitted the proposal GOLF AT COLLAROY (1920, October 26).The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 7 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222665015
Narrabeen - one of many insights into geology of the Narrabeen group of sedimentary rocks which occurs in the Sydney Basin:
OUR NARRABEEN BEDS
Their Origin and History.
(BY W. LATIMER HARRISON.)
At the dawn of the Mesozoic Age in New South Wales, the eastern part of that State consisted of rocks of the Permo-Carboniferous period of the Palaeozoic Age, much denuded by the various agents of denudation to form a large, shallow, saucer-shaped depression. The rim of this depression extended from near Broken Bay, on the north, in a sweeping curve westwards to Lithgow, and thence to near Kiama, on the South Coast. How far east it extended we have no means of determining, as nature has hidden that part from our sight, fathoms deep beneath the blue waters of the Pacific. The deepest part, the nadir of the saucer, so to speak, was immediately beneath where Sydney now stands, where, as evidenced by a bore put down in Moore Park at the latter end of last century, it attained a depth of approximately 1000ft.
The highlands around this depression consisted of huge quantities of volcanic lavas and fragmentary and ash deposits, the results of the terrific volcanic outbursts at the close of the Palaeozoic Age. When this part of the world had recovered from the tremendous revolutions and convulsions which had ushered in the new age, and normal conditions once more prevailed, the hillsides became clothed with a luxuriant tropical vegetation, while the bottom of the depression became a small marshy lake.
Finding In the old Permo-Carboniferous volcanic soil an ideal plant food, the tall and stately Phyliotheca, the giant bladelike Macrotaeniopteris, the spreading Thinnfeldia, together with the delicate tracery of the Sphenopteris and a spikelike Tasniopteris, grow, multiplied, and flourished, forming a matted, tangled, jungle-like growth around the margin of the lake, while higher up on the hillsides the large conifer Aruarites, growing in large numbers, helped considerably in making an effective wind break, and rendering the placid waters of this hidden lake entirely undisturbed.
Small streams wandering down the hillside carried into the lake sediments of various sorts. For a while the various streams would be working on a lava deposit rich in magnetite, a mineral containing up to 72 per cent, of iron, and the easily won sediments from such deposits, coloured a deep chocolate by the oxidising of the iron constituent, would be deposited over the floor of the lake. Then, perhaps, the streams would encounter one of the huge volcanic ash de-posits of the Permo-Carboniferous era, and the detritis derived from those sources, a light grey in colour, would be superimposed upon the chocolate sediments. Different streams, however, were likely to encounter different materials in their courses, and, therefore, different parts of the lake would have different deposits laid down contemporaneously. The chocolate, the grey, and even green sediments, owing their colour to the presence of minute quantities of the copper carbonate, malachite, were consequently intricately mixed, merging into and overlapping one another, with, however, the chocolate deposits preponderating, giving to the whole series that deep chocolate colour which is so characteristic of them to-day.
Occasionally wild storms ravaged the placid surroundings of this silent little corner of Nature's workshop, and while their fury lasted large and small waterworn pebbles were washed out of the streams and strewn over the floor of the lake, forming bands of conglomerate, which, owing to the generally short-lived nature of these periodical visitations, were invariably very thin; while, from volcanoes so remote that only the very finest wind-blown material over reached the lake, were built up thin stratified bands of volcanic tuff. Then, as the water quietened down, or even during disturbances of a calmer nature, thin bands of sandstone were laid down in a similar manner.
As these large quantities of sediments were washed into the lake, the water level was continually rising, and consequently the mar-gin of the lake continually expanding. As it did so, the plants which grew round the water's edge were washed out of their positions of growth in large numbers, and, together with other plants and the cones of the Arucarites washed down by the streams from the high-lands, floated gently around, until they became waterlogged and sank, to become part and parcel of the formation being laid down. These plants occur in great numbers as fossils in the rocks of this age, and the remark-able way in which they are preserved as en-tire specimens gives conclusive proof that they could not have drifted far, and must have necessarily been at the mercy of only the stillest water. The water lapping gently on the shore gave it a rippled surface, and dry material from the shore, blown into these ripples, and also the numerous worm tracks, formed a mould which has preserved these characteristics to the present day. The margin of the lake having increased to the limits described earlier in the text, a slow subsidence began, which finally let in the sea. Then were laid down the sandstone deposits of the Hawkesbury stage, and as the slow subsidence continued the shale deposits of the Wiannamatta stage. About this time, con-temporaneously with the lava flows of Mount Hay, Mount Tomah, and Mount King George, a huge dyke intruded the Narrabeen beds, but did not penetrate them to reach the Hawkesbury sandstones.
Towards the end of Cretaceous times a great speirogenic movement took place, which lifted the Trias Jura and Cretaceous seas into the continent of Australia. These strata then became a prey to the agents of denudation, and soon deep gorges and valleys traversed the whole area. At the end of Cretaceous times a slow subsidence took place, which resulted finally in the drowning of these valleys to form our Sydney Harbour and large indentations of Deewhy, Collaroy, Narrabeen, Broken Bay, etc. At the time Bass and Torres Straits were formed, separating Tasmania and New Guinea from the mainland. Then were the superimposed deposits denuded away to reveal the sea-ward end of the dyke referred to above. Owing to the action of the waves, a large beach of shells was built up near Long Reef, and when, later, the neighbourhood underwent a slight uplift of some 10 foot, this beach was raised to form a thick shell deposit, known geologically as a Kitchen Midden. Some claim, however, and in many cases with a fair amount of reason, that these deposits are the work of countless generations of aborigines, making periodical visits to the shore in search of shellfish, and throwing the empty shells in a heap on the beach. Colour is lent to this view by the fact that rarely are complete shells found in these deposits, the majority being more or loss destroyed.
The waves, in continuing the cycle of erosion, began to wear away the headlands left by the spurs of the various drowned valleys, and, finding the exposed dyke, contrary to the usual nature of dykes, offering a greater resistance to their attacks, soon left this body as a low, flat reef, some seven acres in extent, stretching about a quarter of a mile into the ocean. The detritis derived from this source was carried by the waves into the indentations left by the subsidence, at Dee Why, Collaroy and Narrabeen. Accumulating first to form bars across these inlets, the process of agradation has gone on, to form lagoons, which are now almost entirely choked.
Since the Narrabeen beds have been raised above sea level at Narrabeen and thereabouts, percolating rain water has dissolved out the iron constituent in the shales, and filled all the joint planes, leaving them as distinct ridges of free ironstone. It has in places even filled largo fissures, resulting in large blocks of limonite and haematite, which, offering greater resistance to wave action, are invariably located standing out in relief above the surrounding parent rock. In places percolating rainwater has also dissolved barium sulphate out of the felspathic constituent of the rock, and deposited it in joint planes, cracks, etc, as barytes.
Since the formation of the reef caused very rough water and strong currents in its vicin-ity, a fairly large littoral deposit of large and small waterworn pebbles has been ac-cumulated on the reef itself, and on the beaches immediately adjoining. Owing to extensive weathering of the cliff face at Long Reef, a large accumulation of Talus Breccia has been built up at its base, and it is in this accumulation, particularly in the grey shale, which is much better preserved than the chocolate, that the majority of fossils are discovered. OUR NARRABEEN BEDS (1927, April 20).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 15. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16381760
PICTURE THEATRE. COLLAROY.
Work is proceeding on a new picture theatre at the corner of Pittwater Road and Alexander Street, Collaroy, which has been designed to seat 1000. There is a spacious entrance vestibule giving easy access to the stalls and dress circle. There is comfortable lounge space in the foyer, which is 50 feet by 35 feet. Large windows overlooking the ocean open off the foyer.
New Theatre at Collaroy.
Subdued but colourful lighting will be given indirectly. The decorative treatment in the auditorium is a study in simplicity contrasted with richness concentrated on the most important positions. Mechanical ventilation and heating plants will be installed. The sound equipment will be of the most modern and effective kind.
Roomy and comfortable chairs will be provided for patrons in all sections of the theatre. The floors will be carpeted throughout. The decision of the proprietors was to provide a theatre up to city standards, with all necessary comforts and facilities for patrons. The building is being erected by Charles A. Bullivant to plans, and under the supervision, of J. C. Rennie Bartle, architect. PICTURE THEATRE. COLLAROY. (1937, September 21). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17408008
Two Little Penguins
AS Mr. Neville Cayley mentions in the 'Mail' that there is very little known regarding the length of time these penguins care for their young before turning them out, I thought the following account would be of especial interest to readers of 'Outdoor Australia.'
At a crowded Museum lecture Mr. Kinghorn told us this unusual incident. One morning towards the end of August, 1921, the peace and serenity of some dwellers at Collaroy Beach were disturbed by extraordinary noises and weird cries at the back door. When the astonished owner of the house opened the door in rushed two little penguins, which with loud voices announced their intentions of staying. Then they danced about and waved their little wings in a most ingratiating way. After a short time these noisy visitors were shown the door, and they disappeared for a while. But, having chosen their home, Mr. and Mrs. Penguin returned later, and as they could not get inside the house they went underneath as far as they could get, and there made their nest of seaweed. The noise every night was almost unbearable; they would scream and cackle, and later, after about six weeks their songs of joy were terrific, for two youngsters were hatched. About four months after their arrival 1he penguin family suddenly departed. Where they wintered is their own secret: but late in the following August a terrible cackling' outside advised these householders that they were back. When the door was opened Mr. and Mrs. Penguin marched triumphantly in, followed by two grown chicks, which were inquisitive and rather shy. Then followed extravagant dances of greeting and vociferous songs of 'Here we are again,' etc., in which the young ones also joined. They could not be quietened, and the neighbours hastened across to see if someone had gone mad. The owners of the house put the whole family down on the beach and drove them away. It was then that the parents sent off the chicks to fend for themselves, and they themselves returned later and went under the house to their old nest. The celebrations were so overpowering that the householders took down some boards next day, got the noisy pair out, and drove them at night by car to Palm Beach, about twelve miles distant, and there left them. But next morning saw them back. They were taken a second time, but returned, and were allowed lo stay; but a home was made for them in the far corner of the garden. The house side was netted off and a hole cut in the fence to allow them free access to the beach. They made a nest of seaweed, and later two eggs were laid. The birds look it in turn to sit on them, and there was always much shouting and scolding when one returned from the sea at night. After about six weeks two sooty-brown chicks appeared, and the noise that night and the next few days while the celebrations lasted was tremendous. The parents took it in turn to fish and swim during the day that followed, but at night they often went out together to find a suitable supper, and about 9 p.m. would return, arguing together as they came up the beach. The following summer my father saw a young penguin land on the rocks at Coogee. I think it quite likely that it was one of the young ones turned out at Collaroy. It was evidently not very used to fending for itself, for a patch of feathers was torn from its shoulder, possibly through not being an adept at landing. At the time of the lecture these queer visitors were still in residence at Collaroy, and what became of them I do not know. It is likely enough that the nesting-place on North Head mentioned by Mr. Cayley is occupied by these little penguins or their descendants. Outdoor Australia (1925, March 18).Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), , p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article159721727
It is recorded that two Fairy penguins for a number of years made seasonal visitations to Collaroy, near Sydney, and often laid their eggs under the floor of one of the houses there. — F.J.B. Quaint and Beautiful Sea Birds (1934, October 31). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), , p. 56. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article166107257
Long Reef – Reef Care: reefcarelongreef.org.au/little-penguins/ States: "There are over 140 birds seen on Long Reef and 40 of these are listed as NSW threatened or protected species. Long Reef forms an important link with Dee Why Lagoon Wildlife Refuge and the NSW coastline. Birds listed include Lewin’s Rail, Little Grassbird, Little Penguin, Osprey, Sooty Oystercatcher and many migratory wader birds. Little Penguins are seen regularly feeding and swimming off Long Reef. Up until the 1940’s Little Penguins nested on Long Reef Beach."
Collaroy SLSC Surf Boat Crews and Members Just Kept and Keep Saving Everyone
Above from: COLLAROY SURF BOAT CREW. RETURNING AFTER POSTPONEMENT OF NORTH BONDI SURF CARNIVAL. COLLAROY SURF BOAT CREW. (1927, January 24). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16349463
What appears time and time again during all these reports of people needing help in the storms seas off Collaroy beach is surf boats from Collaroy surf club taking to the waves to make safe others.
This is a tradition carried forward as recently as last summer, when neighbours Long Reef had members taking part of the George Bass Marathon and going back to the earliest days of Collaroy SLSC:
During the afternoon information was received at South Head Signal Station from Collaroy Beach to the effect that two small fishing boats, which had left early in the morning, were in difficulties as a result of the gale, and the pilot steamer, Captain Cook, was despatched to render assistance. In the meantime, however, the surf boat had gone out and brought both boats in, and the Captain Cook returned to port. SQUALLS IN SYDNEY. (1918, January 1).Northern Times (Newcastle, NSW : 1857 - 1918), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article123665391
Below from: NEW SURF CLUB AT COLLAROY
Collaroy on the Sydney side of Narrabeen, is one of the most popular of our beaches. The lifesaving club has now been provided with a fine, well-equipped club-house, which was officially opened by Mr. Parkhill, M.P., on Saturday. The Camera As a News Recorder (1927, November 23). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), , p. 19. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article158297122
Palm Beach Club had five rescues last Sunday. Adrian Curlewis went out with the line on, three occasions, once having to run a distance of 500 yards along the beach before taking to the water to swim to a girl in difficulties. Others prominent were A. M. Lamport, ex-Rugby Union player, ad Alexander. The two latter entered the water with their clothes on.
North Steyne's surf carnival which is due to take place on December 15 will be unique In that no rescue event is included. This is sure to meet with the disapproval of the Surf Life Saving Association, for the rescue event is regarded by the controlling body as the basis of carnival programmes, not only from the instructive standpoint, but owing to the training which the members undergo. Some clubs claim that tho event takes too long to conduct, and bores the public who pay to see the carnivals. This may be so, but if all clubs decide to omit rescue and resuscitation events at their carnivals it will certainly have a deteriorating effect on efficiency unless, of course, special competitions are arranged apart from carnivals. Les Ellison, North Steyne’s hon. secretary states that the "Bluebottle" is fully repaired and refitted after its strenuous season, and H. C. Evans and his crew will be out for fresh laurels. As an Indication of the drain of a racing surf boat on club funds. It might be stated that North Steyne’s boat' costs about £40 per annum in maintenance. Gordon Soutar, son of the well-known golfer, D. G. Soutar, has joined North Steyne this year, and Is expected to do very well in Junior, ranks. There were thirteen candidates for the position of beach inspector at North Steyne among them, being club members G. Riddington (N. Steyne), Noel Walpole (Freshwater), V. Gorman and T. Farrell (Manly). The name of Chequer is pre-eminent in the Collaroy Club, and it is doubtful whether there Is any parallel to the fact that Mr. W B. Chequer is president, and his sons Ralph Chequer (surf belt champion) captain, B. Chequer hon. club instructor, and S. A. Chequer hon. treasurer and assistant secretary. Among Collaroy's new members this season is W. Spargo. a 16-year-old lad who Is regarded in some quarters as a successor to Andrew Charlton, and who has been linked up with the Manly Amateur Swimming Club for expert coaching. ON THE WAVES (1929, October 23). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 9 (LAST RACE EDITION). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223500854
Health by the Sea at Collaroy - 97 years
In 1916 Frederick George Sargood purchased a classic beachfront house with a sunshine north aspect on Collaroy Beach.
Homes for Our Army Nurses.
The Red Cross Society is at present arranging for the opening of two 'convalescent homes for our returning war nurses. After the storm and stress and strain the nurses deserve the utmost consideration, and they should be given months of rest and attention to recuperate their nerve force. Mr. Sargood's home at Collaroy, which was given to the War Chest, his been handed over to the Red Cross Society, and' will be opened as a home for tired nursing sisters. Through the Eyes of a Woman (1919, February 23). The Mirror (Sydney, NSW : 1917 - 1919), , p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article136733980
A CONTRAST: ILLNESS AND HEALTH
'THIS IS FINE !!!
CHILDREN'S CONVALESCENT HOME AT COLLAROY.
ON THE BEACH AT COLLAROY.
SOME OF THE LITTLE CRIPPLES.
DURING the war Mr. F. G. Sargood presented this beautiful bungalow at Collaroy, commanding a glorious view, to the War Chest Fund, expressing the wish that when it should become no longer useful to that organisation it should he given to the Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children as a convalescent home. In due course it was handed over to, the hospital, and the War Chest contributed £5000, the interest of which is to be used for the upkeep of the home, and a similar amount for the endowment of five cots in perpetuity. The hospital has expended a good deal in converting the bungalow into a thoroughly-equipped home, and many children are now in residence there, enjoying 1he recuperative properties of fresh air and sea-bathing. A CONTRAST: ILLNESS AND HEALTH (1922, January 18). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), , p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article169770525
CHILDREN'S CONVALESCENT HOME AT COLLAROY.
RECENTLY OPENED BY THE ROYAL ALEXANDRA HOSPITAL FOR CHILDREN.
ON THE VERANDAH OVERLOOKING THE BEACH, Showing the specially-designed cots, the top portions of which can be lifted as stretchers and placed on the sands.
CONVALESCENT CHILDREN IN CHARGE OF A VOLUNTARY HELPER. CHILDREN'S CONVALESCENT HOME AT COLLAROY. (1922, January 12). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15971245
CONVALESCENT HOME. OPENED AT COLLAROY.
The Convalescent Home at Collaroy in connection with the Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children was opened by the Governor (Sir Walter Davidson) on Saturday afternoon.
His Excellency, who was accompanied by Dame Margaret Davidson, was received by a guard of honour, composed of the Boy Scouts of the Manly and Narrabeen troops, and by the Manly Girl Guides.
Sir Walter Davidson, in declaring the home open, congratulated tho board of management on its progressive spirit in securing such an auxiliary to the institution in such beautiful surroundings, and in making available 30 cots for convalescent children from the hospital.
Dr. Clubbe, the president of the hospital, stated that the hospital had been hoping for a home of that description for the past 15 years. The home was the gift of Mr. F. G. Sargood, through the War Chest Fund. He further stated that with that gift that fund had given £5000 towards the endowment of the home. Some residents of Collaroy had stated that it was a shame that a home of that description should be established at a seaside resort, as there was a danger of the spread of diphtheria. Dr. Clubbe stated emphatically that he could deny the allegation, as the latest sewerage system had been supplied to the home under the supervision of the Health Department. There was no danger whatever in that direction, and Dr. Purdy had endorsed his statement.
Dr. Clubbe added that all cases taken there wore of a non-infectious type, and that the home was ably managed by a matron and a certificated staff, assisted by voluntary workers. The work of the hospital in saving child life was eulogised by Mr. C. W. Oakes, Minister for Health. CONVALESCENT HOME. (1922, June 26).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16009642
CHILDREN'S CONVALESCENT HOME AT COLLAROY.
THE GOVERNOR PERFORMING - THE OPENING CEREMONY ON SATURDAY. CHILDREN'S CONVALESCENT HOME AT COLLAROY. (1922, June 27). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16009865
FOR CONVALESCENT CHILDREN
The new Convalescent Home which has been opened at Collaroy in connection with the Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children possesses an ideal situation. It is built on the top of the headland overlooking Long Reel beach, and the view includes the whole coastline from Collaroy to Barrenjoey, and on a clear day the headlands on the other side of Broken Bay. All this — the golden sands, white-crested waves, blue sky. green sea, the red-roofed houses nestling in the trees, and the purple coast in the far distance — goes to make up the view seen from tho big verandah on which the patients live — for they all sleep out. This verandah is large enough to hold three rows of beds, each row holding about ten. The floor is raised, and therefore the back row gets just tho same view as the front, and there is no jealousy or neck craning. The doings of the people on the beach are always of interest, and there is invariably something fresh to look at. There is, however, a prospect of this view being lost, as a house is to be built on an adjoining block. An effort is being made to buy the land in the Interests of the institution — but a sum of £700 is required. When it is warm the children play on the beach, sunbake— lying quite naked behind specially constructed screens — paddle, or even bathe in the rock pool. All this is possible only a few minutes walk from the building. FOR CONVALESCENT CHILDREN (1922, June 25). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223945010
ROYAL ALEXANDRA HOSPITAL. A RECORD YEAR. 36,376 CHILDREN TREATED. The annual meeting of the Royal Alexandra Hospital tor Children was held yesterday, the Lord Mayor (Alderman Gilpin) presiding. The report of the board of management stated that from both the medical and financial points of view the year's work of 1922 was again a record one. Statistics showed that the total number of children treated In all departments during tho year was 36,376, the greatest number in the history of the hospital. The average number of patients resident daily was 192.. The Convalescent Home, Collaroy Beach, proved a great success, 133 patients having been admitted in the year. ROYAL ALEXANDRA HOSPITAL. (1923, May 24). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16077200
The Sargood Foundation states that in 1960 the site was declared “surplus to requirements” by the Royal Alexandria Hospital for Children and transferred to the Department of Health, and that successive governments attempted to rezone the land with intention to sell it.
In 1999, the then Collaroy Community Group (now the Sargood Foundation) were officially elected. Their mandate is to ensure that Frederick Sargood’s vision of a place of healing for the community remains in perpetuity.
In 2011 Lifetime Care and Support Authority purchased the land from the Department of Health. In 2012 The Honourable Barry O’Farrell, then Premier of NSW officiates at the Ground Breaking Ceremony for a new care facility which it is hoped will be completed this year, 2016.
Sargood Foundation: June 6 at 10:49am, from their Facebook page
Hello from Collaroy after the storm. We have been lucky here at the Sargood on Collaroy site however some of our neighbours have experience some significant damage. The Novati team have removed small branches in and around the site and surprisingly there is minimum water onsite. One of our local supporters, The Beach Club has been severely damaged but luckily no injuries. Please take care on the roads and around any flooded areas.
About the Sarggod Foundation
Empowering people with spinal cord injury to gain the confidence and skills to return to a full and rewarding life. Sargood is operated by Royal Rehab.
Sargood will be a world-class, residential learning centre on beautiful Collaroy beach .This facility will enable people to continue their rehab and return to rehab. It will enable contact with other people who share SCI from all life stages and journeys to support and share the journey together. The focus will be on encouraging community engagement and involvement, continuation of achievement of goals.
It equips you with the skills and confidence you need for new challenges. Living independently, getting a job., managing relationships. Taking part in the community and taking control of your life.
Statistics: 300 Australians suffer spinal cord injury each year. The average age is 19. More than half of these young people sustain quadriplegia and they need key support services to be able to successfully resume their lives.
What Makes Sargood Unique:
Many people with spinal cord injuries return to hospital because they haven't gained all the skills and confidence they need to live independently. We will offer: Holiday apartments, with or without SCI trained attendant carers. - Individual apartments where you can stay with your family so you can establish a new way of living together. - An apartment where your family can stay with you. - On-site learning to help you set and achieve your goals of living independently. - An uplifting, resort-like environment. - A supportive local community working toward an accessible, all inclusive Collaroy. - On-site learning for people with SCI, their attendant carers and family.
The Sargood Foundation is the fundraising arm of Sargood and is represented by the community which is a 25% stakeholder of Sargood. Our aim is to raise funds to ensure the Centre is completed to the “State of the Art” standard proposed and to focus on raising funds for the centre’s programs and the stay of residents who are unable to fund their own.
Royal Rehab are the highly credentialed organisation and personnel behind the day to day operation of the Sargood Centre and the residents with SCI.
Sargood is a not for profit partnership bringing together government and private funding with strong community support.
50% Lifetime Care and Support Authority.
25% The Sargood Foundation, representing the local community.
25% A private foundation.
Rod Macqueen AM, Alan Jones AO and Wendy Harmer are our Patrons.
Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/sargoodcentre/timeline
Striking Aerial Views PITTWATER. ONE OF THE LOVELIEST SPOTS IN N.S.W. Photographed from a height of 700ft.
FISHERMAN'S BEACH, LONG REEF, COLLAROY. From a height, of 500ft. Photos by T. Purcell. Striking Aerial Views (1929, January 9).Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), , p. 25. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article166259456