January 15 - 21, 2023: Issue 567


Warringah Freeway Upgrade: Future Beaches Link Tunnel Environment Destruction Apparent In Cammeray Local Residents/Groups State - Just Two Trees To Be 'Retained'


North Sydney Council: 9 November 2022 - When the State Government announced changes to the Western Harbour Tunnel construction techniques this week we called on them to stop and reassess the project. This massacre of trees on Arthur St, North Sydney is the response. Our thanks to the residents who are documenting the trail of destruction across the area. Images: NSC

The Upper House Public Works Committee released its report on the impact of the Western Harbour Tunnel and Beaches Link on Monday December 5th 2022.

Chair of the Committee, the Hon Daniel Mookhey MLC, commented: 'This inquiry examined government plans to build two under-harbour motorways in Sydney—the Western Harbour Tunnel and Beaches Link.

'These are large projects, with large price tags, and significant impact on communities they interact with.

The community responded strongly to the committee’s inquiry, contributing more than 575 submissions, with the vast majority opposed to the projects.'

Mr Mookhey continued, 'The committee identified various issues with the planning and justification of the Western Harbour Tunnel and Beaches Link, including that the government failed to adequately consider public transport options, that procurement processes led to delays and extra costs, and that there was a lack of transparency regarding project planning.

The committee makes various recommendations to improve transparency around the projects, noting the importance of properly informing the public ahead of the March 2023 election.'

'Importantly, the committee recommends the government not proceed with Beaches Link, as there has not been an adequate explanation of what its benefits and costs are for the NSW community.

'The committee also makes several recommendations on the impacts of the Projects on air and water quality, and recommendations on managing the impacts of the Projects on three Sydney regions that would be directly affected by construction and operation—the Inner West, Lower North Shore and Northern Beaches.'

The Chair concluded, 'I note that at the time of writing enabling works for the Western Harbour Tunnel have begun, and that the government has recently announced major changes to the way the Tunnel itself is constructed. I put on record my hope that the recommendations of this inquiry and the contributions of its stakeholders are appropriately considered in any decisions the government makes.'

Information about the inquiry, including the committee's report, is available on the committee's website: www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/committees/inquiries/Pages/inquiry-details.aspx?pk=2767

Northern Beaches Council supported the Project, listing it would address high levels of traffic congestion on Northern Beaches, provide a direct connection to the Sydney motorway network, support growth in the Northern Beaches, ′unlock′ parts of the Council′s Hospital Precinct Structure Plan for Frenchs Forest and support additional growth in Brookvale as its reasons for support. 

Council expressed its satisfaction with stakeholder and community engagement around the Projects through to the EIS exhibition.

However, St Cecilia's Catholic School Advisory Committee and Northern Beaches Secondary College Balgowlah Boys Campus Parents & Citizens Association expressed dissatisfaction with consultation and planning processes, noting their schools were omitted in the EIS. Northern Beaches Secondary College Balgowlah Boys Campus Parents & Citizens Association further claimed to be ′ignored during preparation of the EIS′ due to the proposal not being substantially changed in response to their concerns and the school not be contacted during EIS preparation.

Environmental impacts in the Northern Beaches were a common theme for stakeholders. Organisations from our area highlighted impacts of Beaches Link on parks, biodiversity, specific flora and fauna, established trees, and waterways either as reasons to oppose Beaches Link or as impacts that need to be addressed.

There are all concerns persisting around the health impacts of air pollution. 

The Inquiry was a result the community lobbied for after a 11,000 strong petition to Parliament was effectively dismissed by the government in 2020. 

‘’The community have been asking for transparency and real consultation around these multi-billion dollar toll road investments for some time given their extreme impacts and planning documents which simply don't pass the pub test. Many of the major findings reflect what we identified in planning documents 5 years ago and have been lobbying government members to look into for years.’’ one community group has stated

A public campaign championed by Greens MP Jamie Parker, Member for Balmain, has seen the government change its plan to dredge Sydney Harbour between Birchgrove and Waverton and committed to continue boring underground.

The original plan was to dig up thousands of tonnes of toxic sludge from the bed of Sydney Harbour just off Yurulbin Point in Birchgrove. This contaminated sediment, marine biologists warned, was likely to pollute the harbour and threaten up to 70 marine species including seahorses, sea dragons, dolphins, little penguins and seagrasses.

Residents anticipate the same may occur in Middle Harbour. 

The Beaches Link tunnel construction is to include two cofferdams to allow construction of the interface structures where driven tunnels will meet immersed tube tunnels. According to the environmental impact statement for Beaches Link the cofferdams will be ′constructed at each end of the Middle Harbour crossing and within the harbour off the shore at Northbridge to the south and Seaforth to the north′. Middle Harbour will be dredged between the two cofferdams to allow a gravel bed and immersed tube tunnels to be placed in the resulting trench.

NSW Opposition Leader Chris Minns stated in October 2021 a Labor government would scrap plans for the $10 billion Beaches Link toll road tunnel and redirected the money into public transport infrastructure for Western Sydney.

"Parramatta's population is set to increase by 204,000, Camden by 227,000, Liverpool by 229,000 and Blacktown by 264,000 over the next two decades," he said.

"Meanwhile, the northern beaches will grow by just 31,000 and Mosman by just 1,000 people over the same period." he told the annual state conference of the Labor party

On December 1st, 2022 the State Government announced that Sydney’s third harbour crossing had reached a major milestone with the $4.24 billion contract to deliver stage two of the project awarded to ACCIONA.

Premier Dominic Perrottet said the new Western Harbour Tunnel would provide a western bypass of the CBD, taking pressure off other major roads across the city and helping commuters move around more easily.

However the City of Sydney Council, in it's October 2022 Submission to Western Distributor Network Improvements proposal, stated the Transport for NSW Western Distributor road network improvements proposal will have substantial negative impacts on people, place and safety in Pyrmont and Ultimo.

'The impacts will also hinder the NSW Government’s ability to achieve its vision and planning aspirations. The proposal:  conflicts with NSW Government policy and planning, will permanently increase traffic in Pyrmont and Ultimo, will negatively impact the safety of people in Pyrmont and Ultimo, requires removal of 71 trees, up to 10% of trees across the study area,  will impact local communities and public transport during construction and into the future.

The Western Harbour Tunnel will connect to WestConnex at the Rozelle Interchange, cross underneath Sydney Harbour between Birchgrove and Waverton, and connect with the Warringah Freeway near North Sydney via a 6.5 kilometre tunnel with three lanes in each direction.

Minister for Metropolitan Roads Natalie Ward said the new tunnel would be constructed underground with Tunnel Boring Machines instead of being an Immersed Tube Tunnel.

“We’ve collaborated with industry to come up with the best outcome for the local community and the environment, which involves tunnelling underneath the harbour seabed rather than building a tunnel on top of the seabed,” Mrs Ward said. 

“We know our population is growing and this is how we make sure our infrastructure keeps pace, supporting a strong economy and a brighter future for everyone in NSW, not just those who use this tunnel.”

Member for North Shore Felicity Wilson said her community would enjoy significant benefits from the project, which will redirect traffic off rat runs on local streets and see the delivery of more green open space.

“Tunnelling means we no longer need construction sites at Balls Head and Berrys Bay in Waverton,” Ms Wilson said.

“I’m enormously excited to be able to return Berrys Bay to the local community and deliver them 1.9 hectares of beautiful foreshore parkland and public space, even earlier than planned.”

The government states that once complete, the Western Harbour Tunnel will cut traffic by 35 per cent in the Western Distributor, 20 per cent in the Sydney Harbour Tunnel and 17 per cent on the Harbour Bridge.

Construction of stage one is already underway. Further community consultation will take place next year ahead of the commencement of major work on stage two in late 2023.

The timing of the State Government's announcement, when it would have been aware the Inquiry report was due for release, has also caused concern, given that the contract to bring the tunnel into Cammeray was signed off prior to their assessing and responding to what the Inquiry found.

''This inquiry was one of the best submitted to inquiries in recent history with quality submissions from hundreds of community members and well qualified experts (ie Marine Scientists, Asthma Australia, Dr's etc). All committees are headed by various members of parliament under terms of reference - the governments weak argument that the findings are politically biased simply does not hold water as findings are very well evidenced.

In light of the findings a Halt and Reassessment of the plan for the Western Harbour Tunnel post March 23 is absolutely necessary - the extensive further planning required should not be rushed through given the complexity of this project and extent of it's issues.  A new cabinet needs to ensure that this project is done right and that we do not bear any further unnecessary risk. 

It is time now to cancel the Beaches Link outright - clearly the Environmental Impact Assessment does not satisfy the terms of the Secretaries Environmental Assessment Requirements (SEARS) and there is no business case or public/active transport consideration. The Beaches Link doesn't just need a few amendments it needs to go back to the drawing board with public transport alternatives at it's heart.

Tearing down thousands of additional trees, digging up contaminated Flat Rock Gully and dredging Middle Harbour is not an option worth considering for an unjustified project which simply delivers more traffic into the Northern Beaches.

By rights the Western Harbour Tunnel should likewise be completely re-assessed and re-designed with a new business case produced independent of the pressure of politically timed contracts. How a project can be deemed to have a positive cost benefit ratio with such a fundamental part of the projects design (the harbour crossing and therefore alignment) is almost impossible to understand. The costs of bringing all construction up from Waverton into North Sydney and the loss of some benefits of the original design will have a considerable impact on the BCR.

Fiscal accountability and public transparency around these projects is extremely limited and a great deal of community time has gone into giving feedback over the difficult Covid years. It's time the government showed the community some good faith and proceeded as they should have 5 years ago - with some objectivity and transparency around the need for these toll roads.'' one of the local residents groups has stated.

Another shared this:


Residents alongside the Warringah Freeway Upgrade, and members of the community group 'Save Cammeray Park', along with North Sydney Council continue to call on a halt for what is occurring there as the destruction proceeds.

On December 18th 2022 one member shared the following graphic information, wherein it shows just two trees will be retained, stating:

 '' {it's] Awful to see how many mature trees are earmarked for chopping down around the High Street reserves. 
Purple dots = direct impact (double-speak for chopped down).  Yellow dots = potential impact (double-speak for most likely chopped down too).  
W-FU is death by ten thousand cuts to our environment. We need to see this project halted, redesigned with our environment valued, and the compensation of new green spaces and new tree plantings going in now, not ‘sometime in the future’. ''

By mid-December 2022 over 1000 trees had been removed from this area.

View over 'Warringah Freeway Upgrade on January 10, 2022. Image supplied by 'Save Cammeray Park'

On December 15, 2022 another Save Cammeray Park North Sydney group member stated:
''Through the whole night, until early morning, big trees were floating in the air in High Street, outside my bedroom window.
They were cut down and shifted across the street, dropped down on the ground where the High Street Reserve used to be until last Friday (the Reserve with old and huge trees vanished in just one night!!) A lot more trees still to go 😭😡
[the] Warringah Freeway Upgrade project
progress…of huge devastation!!!''


North Sydney Council, one of the few councils in Sydney that stood up to the State Government when the same was forcibly amalgamating councils in 2016, and retained its independence, continues to be an independent voice for residents and has been outspoken about the impact the WFU is having on their LGA:

Open Letter To Tim James MP

North Sydney has less open space per person than any other northern Sydney council - significantly less. So you knew when you were elected to Parliament that we were rightly angry to be losing 15,000 sqm of parkland permanently to house maintenance infrastructure for the Western Harbour Tunnel.

You assured our community that you were fresh eyes and ears and, to be fair, you made the time to listen. Then silence, inaction, and more silence.

Today contractors will begin chopping down another 655 trees on the Cammeray Parklands, adding to the 100 that have already been removed. That’s 600 more trees than you told us would be going.
These are mature trees that have taken 20, 30 or 40 years to grow. They are not just visually appealing, although they beautifully soften the edges of Ernest Street and the Warringah Freeway. These trees are the lungs of North Sydney, absorbing carbon dioxide, releasing oxygen and creating a cleaner atmosphere for us all to breathe.

The Cammeray Parkland trees provide habitat for our local fauna, including insects, lizards, birds and possums. Planted together, they form a wildlife corridor that allows wildlife to move more safely between our bushland reserves. This corridor of trees is an important source of food for our local wildlife and enables the migration and interbreeding of fauna that help keep populations viable.
Land clearing is the preference of developers and contractors because it’s cheap and makes their task easier. However, offering to plant more trees at the end of the construction cannot replace what will be lost. Ecosystems, once destroyed, can take decades or centuries to restore.

Time is up Mr James. This is your last opportunity to speak up for your community. Ask your government to halt the project temporarily so that some of these precious trees can be retained and the infrastructure shed can be placed underground and the open space returned to the community when the project is complete.  
Zoe Baker, Mayor of North Sydney
June 17th, 2022

Western Harbour Tunnel Statement From North Sydney Mayor:

A full and comprehensive Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is urgently required to assess the changed Western Harbour Tunnel construction methodology announced by the State Government.

The Government has awarded a $4.24 billion contract to ACCIONA to bore the tunnel under the seabed, following concerns that the planned Immersed Tube Tunnel would stir up toxic sediment and kill marine life.
While it is gratifying that reason has finally prevailed, and Berrys Bay appears to have a reprieve, we know from experience that the devil is in the detail and once again none has been provided.

The North Sydney community is left with a myriad of questions. Will the new tunnel require additional pollution stacks or vents, and if so, where will they be located? Will the tunnel follow the existing route or will the route need to be modified to allow for a safe tunnel gradient?

What will be the impact of the Roadhead entry points on Cammeray and North Sydney? Will the spill continue to be removed by barge, or will it be trucked out from the entry points, with consequences for local roads?

The Member for North Shore has announced that 1.9 hectares of foreshore land at Berrys Bay will be returned to the community and it would be churlish not to welcome that announcement. But the land is industrial land that needs extensive rehabilitation. This was to have been paid for as part of the tunnel site remediation. Is there a plan for this now?

Announcing the signing of a contract of that magnitude before any of the details are released or their impact assessed is a reflection of the contempt this Government has for local communities and their well being. I would like to rejoice for Berrys Bay, but how can we do so when we don’t know whether the change in tunnel plan will result in a worse outcome for residents in other areas.

An EIS exists in law to ensure that impacts are teased out before projects begin. With such a significant change to the project, a new EIS is a necessity, not an optional extra.

Mayor Zoë Baker
December 1st, 2022

However, the works on the WFU continue, all day and all night, with flyers advising of the night works.

North Sydney Council:  When Will The Destruction End?

November 15, 2022: When will the destruction end?

North Sydney Council:
A sad update on this story: three of the ducklings have died. Mama duck remains lost, so the other two ducklings have been re-homed in Lane Cove under the care of another duck.

With the significant loss of canopy created by the Western Harbour Tunnel project, it’s more important than ever for us to protect the bushland we have left and our native fauna. The tunnels impact register describes the risk to fauna as ‘low’. They are required to rescue fauna during tree clearing. 

Residents and local groups, such as Save Manly Dam, state that what is happening at Cammeray is what is heading our way should the Beaches Link 'tunnel for developers funnel' proceed. They are calling on beaches locals to think carefully about how they will vote at the forthcoming March 2023 State Election given the impact who wins government will have on their own and their children's future.