August 5 - 11, 2018: Issue 370

Roads To Pittwater: The Mona Vale Road

Pittwater Road [a view through the trees] circa 1860 by William Andrews (1840-1887) from album 'Sketches of Sydney and environs, 18-- ' Image No.; c12837 0021 c - courtesy State Library of NSW
Mona Vale Road runs along a ridge dividing the watershed on the south east via the Pymble Valley to Middle Harbour and north to Cowan Creek towards Broken Bay, and towards the Lane Cove River catchment. It is likely to have been formed in the path of an Aboriginal route, and is one of the first roads defined as a route to Pitt Water. 

This track started further south and was called the 'Lane Cove road', now known as the Pacific Highway. At what we now call Gordon and St. Ives, the Stoney Creek road commenced and ran from Gordon to meet up with this track. The area of St. Ives developed along Pittwater Road which had been built as a timber route to Pittwater around 1820. Originally called Pittwater Road, the stretch from the Lane Cove Road (Pacific Highway) to Telegraph Road was called Stoney Creek Road and from Telegraph Road(at St. Ives) northwards it was called Pittwater Road.

The first landholder in the district was one Daniel Dering Mathew, who arrived in the colony in 1812.  In 1819 he returned to England to purchase mechanical saw-milling machinery.  In 1823 he was granted 800 uncleared acres which he named Rosedale, which stretched into what is now Pymble Golf Course.  In 1824 he established a saw mill on the corner of Cowan Road and Stoney Creek Road (now Mona Vale Road).  His grant was not formalized until 1838.

At the other end, the Mona Vale/Rocklily end, the road was called the 'Lane Cove road' - simply because it was the 'road to Lane Cove'.  It is important to remember that what we now call Mona Vale had a few names in the past - one being Turrimetta and Taramatta.  The area was also known to be called 'Rocklily' or Rock Lily - some residents had 'Rock Lily' as the birth place on their birth certificates, even into 1910's.



Accidental Death.
On Friday afternoon, a party consisting of William Morgan, Jame Peiniiell, Joseph Waterhouse, Robert M'Intosh, and Jim Allen Jones, set out on horseback from Lane Cove, intending to proceed to Pittwater. They had proceeded about three miles along the by-road or foot-track, when Jones rode against an over hanging limb of a tree with such violence as to throw him from his horse, fracturing his skull. His companions conveyed him home, where he lingered until about six o'clock on Saturday morning, when he expired. Deceased was a tailor by trade, and until recently was a resident in Sydney.-Herald, Feb. 27. 
Sydney News. (1854, March 4). The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW : 1843 - 1893), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article686369 


THE LANE COVE ROAD.
(BY CHARLES WHITHAM.)

How does the Lane Cove-road, the main thoroughfare of the North Shore districts, get its name? It never comes within sight of Lane Cove waters, and, except for a brief incursion, it scarcely enters the municipality of that name. Indeed, people who live along its northern end call it the Gordon-road, which seems more appropriate, for it does go through Gordon.

It is the oldest white man's road in the district, for it follows the track that was cut by Lieutenant Henry Lidgbird Ball, of H.M.S. Supply, in 1789, from Blue's Point, along the ridge which affords the easiest route for the penetration of the North Shore region. Quite possibly, Ball followed up an aboriginal trail, of which there were many between Port Jackson and Broken Bay. The present North Shore railway to Hornsby follows nearly the same route as the Lane Cove-road and the rails are seldom far apart. Like the Military road of Mosman, its course is tortuous, and for the same reason the makers of those old trails avoided as far as possible the primal curse of man, and went round a big tree rather than undertake the labour of removing it.

For at least seventy years the road was a very rough one, not much more than a dray track through the big timber. When William McKeon, whose descendants are well known in Sydney to this day, went to Gordon (then known as Lane Cove Settlement) in 1845 there were only a few bark huts, occupied by timber-getters, along the track. In 1851, some money was appropriated by Parliament for improving the road, for we are told by the "Sydney Morning Herald" of May 1 that a meeting was held at the Old School, Lane Cove (where St. John's Church, Gordon now stands), to elect trustees to supervise the expenditure of the vote. Mr. Burgess was in the chair, and the trustees elected were Messrs. Geering, John Duffy, McKeon, R. Porter, Richard Hill, and H. Whittingham, all well-known names in the chronicles of Lane Cove, using the name in its earlier sense, as referring to all the country lying between St. Leonards and Wahroonga.

MAIL CARTS OF THE SIXTIES.

But the expenditure of a Government subsidy did not put the road into first-class order, for we read in Lepinstrier's book on Willoughby that in 1805, when the mail cart started from Chatswood for Blue's Point, it always carried an axe to cut away trees that might have fallen across the track. The fare was eighteen pence, and seats had to be booked a day previously. The road is in somewhat better condition now, for It Is recognised as one of the great arterial avenues leading out of Sydney, and very large sums have been, and are being, spent on it. It is not known as the Lane Cove-road until you go to the North Sydney Post-office. For the first three miles or so, the grade from the waterside is steep. A height of 210 feet is reached at St. Leonards, but from that point to Pymble the grades are easy. But from Pymble there is a steep series of grades to Pearce's Corner (630 feet), where the old Pennant Hills road is met, and the Lane Cove road loses its name. This corner, at the modern Wahroonga, was named after Aaron Pearce, one of the earliest settlers. Here beginneth the Peat's Ferry road.

The populous region now comprised in the municipalities of Willoughby and Lane Cove and Kuring-gai Shire was known in the early days of the colony as Lane Cove, because it was generally approached by the Lane Cove River, then navigable by small craft as far as, and beyond, Fidden's Wharf, near the present Killara. If you visit St Thomas' Graveyard in North Sydney you will see that the Archbolds, a well known Roseville family, are described as "of Clanville, Lane Cove." Clanville being the present Roseville neighbourhood.

"THE LUMBERJACKS."

The first white settlers of this district were what the Americans call "lumberjacks." Sydney Town was a voracious consumer of building timber, which came chiefly from the big gum trees of Lane Cove. They were felled by the pioneers, sawn into planks, or hauled in the log to the various wharves on Lane Cove, and shipped to the city. When the bush was cleared, orchards and market gardens were planted. Here is an advertisement from the "Sydney Gazette" of May 5, 1804, only 16 years after the arrival of the First Fleet, showing that settlements had been formed In Lane Cove at a very early date -

Whereas public notice has heretofore been duly given, cautioning persons from committing acts of trespass upon the farms known as Watson's, Archer's, Ikin's, and Waitrel's, lying near to and about Lane Cove, now the property of James Willshire, notwithstanding which, a number of very fine sheoaks and other trees have been fell and removed, no labour and exspense will be spared In putting the law, In force against them.

The land agents who advertise properties for sale "In the Roseville-Pymble districts, describe their wares as choice, exclusive, and superior, but It was not ever thus. Lane Cove was a refuge for escaped convicts and bad men; sporting bloods went there to see cock fights and prize fights.' Stolen booty and unlawful liquors were cached in its thickets and caves. 

This is, what the "Sydney Gazette" said in its leader of February 25, 1841:- -

"Lane Cove has long been noted as the resort, of disreputable people, and we do not hesitate to say that there should be a military post established there, to prevent smuggling and sly-grog selling. Sly-grog selling is carried on so openly at Lane Cove that can scarcely be said to deserve the name of 'sly.' Thieving is practised, the grog sellers being the receivers of stolen goods. If an active police magistrate were to visit this Infamous district frequently, we make no doubt that much would be done towards cleansing it of as great a set of ruffians as the colony holds." 

The people of Killara and Gordon are not quite like that now. 

THE LANE COVE ROAD. (1928, February 4). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16439308 

LOST, stolen, or strayed from Stoney Creek, Lane Cove Road,—A bay horse, branded eJ9. £l reward. Apply—
THOMAS WATSON,
Ominbus Proprietor, Lane Cove Road. 
LOST, stolen, or strayed from Stoney Creek, Lane Cove Road,—A bay horse, branded B. £1 reward. Apply— (1883, May 1). New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900), p. 2323. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article225725299 



Pittwater Affairs.
A meeting of the residents of Pittwater was held on Saturday evening at Bolton's Hotel, for the purpose of urging the Government to make the road from the Lagoon to Newport. Mr. Crawford, who was appointed chairman, in a neat speech, explained the object of the meeting and drew attention to state of the road which, in some parts was almost impassable, he stated that he was convinced it was only necessary to brine the matter under the notice of the Minister for Works to get the work done. After several forcible and appropriate speeches were made the following gentlemen were appointed to wait upon the Minister.— Messrs. M'Keon, Drs. Tebbut, O’Riley, James, and F. Smith. At the conclusion of the business a concert was given by a number of ladies and gentlemen, (visitors from Sydney), and a most enjoyable evening was spent.
Pittwater Affairs. (1883, March 27).Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article107230268 

TENDERS ACCEPTED.-The following tenders have been accepted : ... M'Gee and Brennan, Lane Cove road, £300 0s. D. Bailey, road Lane Cove to Pittwater, £543 18s. 7d.  GOVERNMENT GAZETTE. (1887, July 30).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13652337 

TELEGRAPH-ROAD, GORDON.

Yesterday Mr Howarth M L A , introduced a deputation of the residents of Pymble and St Ives to the Minister for Works to request that Telegraph-road in the Gordon district should be classed as a first class schedule road and should receive an annual vote. It was pointed out that the proposed increased expenditure would result in a corresponding decreased expenditure on Stoney Creek-road. The principal traffic to the Pymble station would be greatly benefited if the wishes of the deputation were granted.

The Minister, in reply, said he was not prepared to say that the relative value of Telegraph road was such as to entitle him to regard it as a main artery of traffic and to expend a large amount of money on it. The view taken by some of the superior officers of the department last year is that more money was spent in the North Shore district than its reasonable claims warranted. Also it had been pointed out that in a district in which the population was increasing and which was close to the great centres of population the residents might do something for themselves by way of incorporation. He could not promise to do anything for them until after the Estimates were passed. Then he would call for a further report. He would never schedule a road within 20 miles of Sydney unless it was a main artery of traffic. TELEGRAPH-ROAD, GORDON. (1898, November 4). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14183376 


OVER THE LANE COVE RIVER.
TO THE EDITOR.

Sir, Kindly permit me to correct a statement which occurs in your issue of tills morning. Under the heading "Over the Lane Cove River" are the statements, that till lately it was understood that the bridge (the proposed Lane Cove River bridge) was to be built lower down the river, either at Moubray-road or at Fuller's-road, the aldermen of Willoughby and Lane Cove having agreed In conference to leave to the department the final decision as to which of these two sites was the more desirable. But then the people of Pymble and thereabouts 'arrived' suddenly with a scheme for a bridge at the head of the navigable portion, of the river, and obtained something very like a promise from Mr. Lee." 

As an old resident of this district— one who distinctly remembers the whole history of the bridge movement— I can assure you that the foregoing statements are Incorrect. Over 80 years ago the residents' of Gordon and Ryde agitated for the construction of a bridge across the river at a spot only a few yards from where it is now proposed to erect It. Repeatedly during the last 80 years has the agitation been revived by the residents of Gordon and Ryde, and during that time surveys have been made, estimates given, and even a sum of  money put on the Estimates for carrying out the undertaking at the head of navigation. Many years after what may be called the commencement of the Pymble agitation it was suggested by the Willoughby Council (and old members of the council, such as Alderman Forsyth, will doubtless confirm my statements) that the building of the bridge at Fuller's-road would better serve the interests of Willoughby, and that an effort should be made to block the Gordon proposal. 

Since then every effort made by the northern districts to have the work carried out— which has been repeatedly promised by Ministers of the Crown — has been opposed by our Willoughby friends, with the result that Willoughby, which, in the writer's opinion, does not require the bridge, is unable to get it, and Pymble cannot get it either. 

Mr. Lee certainly, fully understood the question when he decided the bridge should be put at the head of navigation, and promised the residents that he: would have the work carried out at once. Chatswood, Willoughby, and Hunter's-Hill are well served, by the bridge at the Fig Tree. This bridge is approached by good roads both from Hunter's Hill and Willoughby, whilst to make roads and approaches to a bridge at Fuller's-road would probably cost six or seven thousand pounds. If, too, another bridge is required, surely it should be put half-way between Wahroonga and the present Fig Tree bridge, otherwise only the southern part of the districts will be served. 

Moreover, all the main roads through Hunter's-hill, Ryde, Marsfield, Eastwood, Carlingford, etc., converge to the head of navigation, whilst on the other side of the river the road from Manly through French's Forest, from Pittwater, from Sugar Loaf, and from the head of Cowan all junction with Stoney Creek-road, which is a production of the main highway from Hunter's-Hill. From Fig Tree Bridge to where Fuller's-road junctions with the river is not much over two miles, and it would be unwise to place two bridges close to each other whilst all the rest of the river remained without bridge accommodation. Unless the Government is prepared to erect bridges at Intervals of two miles tile whole river length, then there is but one place for the bridge, and that to at the head of navigation. — Yours, etc., JAMES G. EDWARDS. "Killara," September 13. OVER THE LANE COVE RIVER. (1899, September 15). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article237194089 



PITTWATER-ROAD.
The need of putting part of the road from the Ryde district to the sea coast at Pittwater into repair was brought under the notice of the Minister for Works yesterday by residents of Ryde and neighbourhood. It was a main road and a military road at one time, and passed through Crown lands, and, with the opening of the bridge over the Lane Cove would have a considerable traffic. The Minister said the report of the officer was against the proposal. He would, in view of their re-presentations, look further into the matter.
PITTWATER-ROAD. (1900, June 8). The Australian Star (Sydney, NSW : 1887 - 1909), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229378260 

The Pittwater Road Trouble Ended 
An Expenditure of £11600. Forty Men to be Put on.
The dangerous and almost impassable Pittwater-road, a portion of which forms the boundary between the Ryde and Hunter's Hill municipalities, has for a long time been a source of anxiety to the Ryde Council and to those unfortunate ratepayers who have been compelled to use it. Being a main military road, it has always been contended that it should at least be put in an efficient state of trafficable order by the Government, notwithstanding the fact that it traverses the municipalities of Ryde and Hunter’s Hill. 

During the last administration, it was contended by the then Minister for Works (Mr. Young) that the Hunter's Hill and Ryde Councils were jointly liable for its repair and maintenance, and all the Councils could got was a small annual subsidy towards keeping it in repair. This they have consistently refused to accept for years, as they considered acceptance would mean a recognition of a liability which they were not prepared to admit. The result was that these annual votes lapsed and the road lapsed too — into a dangerous and disgraceful condition. In fact, it has been described as positively the worst road in the entire estate. However, this very undesirable state of affairs is to be altered very shortly. A letter was read at the last meeting of the Ryde Council from Mr. Frank Farnell, M.P., conveying the welcome intelligence that on his representations the Minister for Works had decided to put 10 men at work on Pittwater-road early on the following week to place it in an efficient state of repair. The estimated cost of the work, Mr. Farnell added, was £1600. All the men employed on the work, he further stated, would be engaged at the Labour Bureau, ho had no power to recommend anyone for employment — all would have to register at the Bureau. The announcement that this much needed work was at last to be undertaken was received with general satisfaction, though the Council would have preferred very much to have had the control of the expenditure of the large sum stated. The Council has not much faith in the value of Labour Bureau work. Alderman Sutton expressed the opinion that the carrying out of the work by day labor in the manner stipulated, meant the wasting of at least £1000.
The Pittwater Road Trouble Ended. (1901, November 9). The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW : 1888 - 1950), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article85828930 

NOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT.

APPLICATIONS hating been made to bring the lands hereunder described under the provisions of the Heal Property Act, Certificates of Indefeasible Title will issue, unless Caveats be lodged in accordance with the Third Schedule to the said Act, on or before the date named opposite each case respectively.

Property.

No. 11,361. County of Cumberland, parish of Gordon, 9 acres 2 roods 26 ¾ perches, situated near Pymble, adjoining the properties of J. Terrey, — Ashdown, D. Stuart, and T. Brown,—is lot C of a subdivision of lot No. 5 of the Rosedale Estate, and part of 800 acres (portion No. 15 of parish) granted to Daniel Dering MathewNOTICE UNDER REAL PROPERTY ACT. (1901, December 13). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 9524. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article226391586 


MILITARY INTELLIGENCE. MANOUVERS BY THE LANCERS IN THE VICINITY OF NEWPORT.

The Sydney and Parramatta squadrons of the New South Wales Lancers were engaged on Saturday and part of yesterday in some interesting fluid operations in the neighbourhood of Rock Lily and Newport. The parade was also the last of the year.

The Sydney squadron, numbering 69, under Captain King, was as supposed to represent the advance party of an enemy which had landed at Bongan Bongan Beach, near the entrance to Broken Bay. The squadron left the city at 8.30 a.m., and bivouacked at 1 p.m. at Narrabeen. The landing party, by arrangement, commenced to make its dispositions at 2 p.m. from the Rock Lily Hotel, and the idea, was that the telegraph lines should be tapped in order to prevent reinforcements of the defending force coming from Hornsby.

The Parramatta, squadron of Lancers was ordered to find out the strength of the enemy that had landed at Bongan Bongan Beach. According to the plan of operations the road via the Spit was held to be untenable, so that the detachment had to proceed via Pymble. The Parramatta men mustered 72, and were under the command of Captain Mackenzie. They left Parramatta at 8a.m. and reached Tumble-down Dick, near Pymble, in time for lunch.  Lieutenant-Colonel James Burns, officer-commanding, accompanied them, and at Pymble Brigadier-General Finn, Major A. P. Luscombe, D.A. Q.M.G., and Lieutenant Macartney, A.D.C., joined the party with a view to witnessing the manouvres.

A start was made at 2 p.m. from Tumbledown Dickto ascertain the whereabouts of the enemy, and very rough country was encountered, but trooper's and horses got over the ground capitally. The enemy's landing party not having time apparently to achieve its object, its officer-commanding threw out a line of outposts extending from the Rock Lily Hotel to a little point near Newport. Shortly alter 3 p.m. the Parramatta squadron got into touch with the outposts about two miles from the hotel, and after some good work on both sides the evening's advance guard, according to the prearranged plan, was driven back to the reserve near the beach.

Owing to this reverse and the weather becoming thick and stormy the landing party was supposed to be unable to re-embark by boats on board of the cruisers, consequently a position was taken up on Bongan Head. In this phase of the operations, however, the Sydney squadron no longer represented the enemy, but joined the Parramatta men. The enemy's position on Bongan Head was represented by eight canvas targets, which had been erected under the supervision of Major M. Hilliard, D.S.O., and Captain P. C. Timothy. Four of these were located about 500 yards from the main road and the other f our about 900 yards distant, but the ranges were unknown to those who subsequently took part in the firing. It was decided that the attack on this position should be made shortly after daybreak on the following day by the entire body of Lancers representing the home force.

The two squadrons a little after 5 p.m. reached Mr. George Brock's Mona Vale estate, where Captain Timothy had arranged with the owner for the whole force to bivouac for the night. The troops were here joined by Colonel H. D. Mackenzie, A.A.G., Captain J.  Purves, and Captain J. S. Brunton, the two latter travelling by motor car. The Lancers band also came down by a coach provided by the officers, who also contributed the commissariat supplies.

The State Commandant addressed the officers and N.C.O's. during the evening, and said that he was well pleased generally with the tactics, intelligence, and conduct of the troops. The men had shown their efficiency as skilled horsemen in very rough country, and he complimented them on their mobility. The outpost work was creditably performed, but at times rather humid. After tea a camp-fire concert was held, in which the band figured conspicuously, and Mr. Brock' rendered valuable assistance. A boxing bout between two amateur champions, Troopers Parbury and R. Baker, proved exciting, as were also some smart singlestick tourneys.

At daybreak yesterday the reveille sounded, and the Lancers at 5.45 a.m. were on the way to attack the enemy's position, indicated by the canvas targets on Bongan Head, forty rounds of ball cartridge were fired per man in the attack, which was at unknown distances. The shooting was good. One target had about 200 hits on it. The weakness of the attack, according to Brigadier-General Finn, lay in the fact that the men were too prone to expose themselves and rush forward in large numbers instead of in twos and threesThese were defects apparent in all sham fights, however, and only corrected by a taste of the " Real thing."

The troops returned to camp at 8.16. After morning "stables " a bathing parade was held, in which nearly every Lancer participated on his horse. Mr. Brock was thanked for his kindness in quartering the forces, and route march was then taken via the Spit for the Sydney Squadron and via Pymble for the- Parramatta men. - The Sydney detachment reached the city in the afternoon. MILITARY INTELLIGENCE. (1902, December 15). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14521240

For more information see: http://www.lancers.org.au/

MILITARY. LANCERS' STAFF RIDE. 

On Monday last the Sydney Squadron of Lancers returned from a three days' staff ride in the vicinity of Pittwater. The work was undertaken on a tactical scheme connected with the landing of an enemy, the whole being under the command and supervision of Lieutenant M'Mahon. Organised as a complete regiment, the squadron left Sydney about 9 a.m. on Saturday, on a rapid march on Bay View, two squadrons travelling via Gordon and Tumbledown Dick Mountain, and two via Manly and Narrabeen, the advanced parties, by means of signalling communication, coming simultaneously into touch with each other in the scrub behind Rocklily. All ranks had duties of a higher nature than their existing rank, particular attention being paid to the issue of written orders, the forwarding of reports, and sketches In the field. Tents were not taken, the intention being to camp in the open, but owing to the wet weather, the men were billeted in one of Mr. Brock, of Mona Vale's, buildings, the 90 horses being picketed in the rear. MILITARY. (1906, October 4). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14828169


Photo: sections from 1905 Parish Map of Narrabeen showing railway dotted line - that was rejected - and 'The Sugarloaf - this section at Terrey Hills part of map also shows 'James Terrey & Philip Spies' owning section of 640 acres previously held by Obadiah Terrey - Below map was Proclaimed April 22nd 1886:



A LITTLE KNOWN BEAUTY SPOT. 
BY FRANK WALKER.

A little known stretch of country is that lying between the upper portion of the Milson's Point railway line and the district of Rocklily, Newport, Bayview, etc. The track that gives access from Gordon to Rocklily, passing through the rustic village of St. Ives, is known as the Pittwater-road, and has been in existence for some years, in a more or less neglected condition. Now, however, the authorities are bestirring themselves, and though in places there are stretches of deep sand to negotiate, and in others abrupt and dangerous descents, the major portion of the road is suitable for light traffic, and as the surface is further improved, this road will become more and more popular with tourists. There are views from different portions of the route, which for beauty and extensiveness even excel the Blue Mountains. The road passes through great forests, whose delicious coolness, even on the hottest day, is something: to look back upon with delight, whilst from the summits, of the more elevated plateaus the eye takes in an extent of country which to the west presents a succession of rolling hills and isolated mountain peaks as far as the eye can reach, and lo the east, the smiling landscape is bordered by the deep blue of the Pacific Ocean, the gleam of yellow seabeaches, with their silvery line of surf, standing out pure and white against the background of blue. Already the wild flowers art: breaking forth into bloom. The lovely epacris, or native heath, abounds in this region, and in the proper season must fill this well favoured locality with a blaze of glory. The handsome grevillia, or spider plant, with its deep red and silver-grey blossoms, may be found everywhere, and late though the season was when the writer visited this district, myriads of Christmas bells were still in bloom, and the numerous Dilwynnia family, with their variegated flowers of red and yellow, formed oases of colour amongst the grass.

About midway between Gordon and Rocklily the road winds up the side of a high mountain, locally known as 'Tumbledown Dick,' the views from every bend, being superb. Here would be the place for a fine, up-to-date residential hotel, which would be convenient to the city, would be surrounded by charming scenery, and whose inmates would derive the benefit to be obtained from the pure mountain air, without undergoing the preliminary toil and fatigue of a long railway journey. A few hundred pounds spent on the road would, enable a swift motor-car service to be initiated between this locality and Manly, Narrabeen, or Rocklily, and irrespective of the future, when, without doubt, accommodation houses will be built along this route, the whole extent of the road from Gordon to its terminus at Rocklily or Narrabeen would make an ideal tourist route, and amply justify the money spent in making the road fit for traffic. As to the name of this mountain, 'Tumble-down Dick,' it is high time that such nomenclature of beauty spots should be done away with, and as a suggestion the writer would offer the name of 'Mount Cook,' or 'Cook's Plateau,' as a tribute to the great navigator, whose eyes no doubt rested upon this elevated spot in his memorable passage up the coast in the year 1770. The whole of this region to the west is practically unexplored, a greater part of it being bounded by the area known as the Kuring-gai Chase, and it only awaits development, in the shape of good roads, to make of it a desirable place, where the city merchant could establish his country home, and though almost in touch with the metropolis find himself surrounded by all that is health-giving and enchanting in Nature. A LITTLE KNOWN BEAUTY SPOT. (1909, May 19). The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912), p. 22. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article164292811 


Photo: Stoney Creek Road near Gordon, 19 May 1906 – photo by Frank Walker. RAHS states; Unidentified man with bicycle on Stoney Creek Road, near Gordon. Possibly Frank Walker's cycling companion Richard Rowell. From negative in Mitchell Library Frank Walker Collection ON 150, Item 161


The plan for a train to Pittwater persists:

TURNED DOWN. A SUGGESTED RAILWAY. GORDON TO PITTWATER.
In ten years time you might have a chance: to-day you have none. This in effect was the reply made yesterday by the Minister for Works to a deputation which waited upon him with a request that he would favourably entertain the building of a railway from the North Shore line in the neighbourhood of Gordon or Pymble across to Pittwater with Broken Bay as the final objective. The deputation lacked nothing in numbers. There was a strong representation of the Kuringai and Warringah Shire Councils, of the Kuringai Ratepayers' Association, and of the Pittwater Progress Association It was introduced by Mr. Wade who with Dr Arthur emphasised the advantages to be derived from the construction of the proposed line. Dr Arthur enlarged on the advantages of throwing open for settlement country that from the standpoint of hygiene lacked nothing. It would be an ideal district he said for testing the Government scheme for erecting workmen’s homes. The land lay from 600 to 700 feet above sea level the surroundings were most picturesque and it lent itself well to drainage and sanitation. Since Sydney was increasing at such an enormous rate people would be driven more and more Into the Suburbs and he thought It would be a pity to compel them to seek homes along the low lying parts served by the Western line or along the shores of Botany Bay when such elevated and beautiful country as that lying between the North Shore line, and the ocean could be made accessible.

The Rev. Paul Clipsham president of the Kuringai Shire Council said the country lying between Gordon-Pymble on the one side and Narrabeen-Mona Vale on the other rivaled In its beauty anything to be seen on the Blue Mountains. He had not the slightest doubt that if the line were constructed it would develop an enormous passenger traffic. A line 17 miles long would open up the district well and seeing that there are no engineering difficulties to be overcome, he did not think It would be an expensive line to build. Apart from that it would greatly enhance the use of Crown lands through which the railway would pass. In all probability it would pay almost from the start. It would run through St Ives one of the most thriving fruit growing districts in the state. It would carry heavy consignments of fruit to Sydney and doubtless when communication with Broken Bay was opened up much of the fish supply of Sydney would be carried by It.

Messrs Ralston (president of the Warringah Shire Council) Griffiths, T. W. Taylor, Jones (secretary Pittwater Association) and R D Brown also addressed the Minister In Support of the railway project.

It was pointed out that Broken Bay would play an important part in any scheme of defence and that under these circumstances the Defence Department of the Commonwealth might be prepared to contribute to the cost of the maintenance of the line.

The Minister for Works said one of the stock arguments used by advocates of railway projects was the bearing the line would have upon defence. His business was to build lines not for defence purposes but for the development of the country. If however, there was anything in the suggestion that the Defence Department would pay part of the cost of a line to Broken Bay he would of course go carefully into the matter. He did not need to be told anything about the beauties of the country through which the proposed line would pass. He knew the country and it was the most beautiful country he had ever seen. It was to Australia what the Riviera was to Southern Europe. But he could not give the deputation a very encouraging reply. In time the railway would he made but he could not see his way to regard it as one of pressing necessity. Apart from that it would be enormously costly. The North Shore line cost £55 300 per mile and on that basis it would cost over a million to build the 20 miles to Broken Bay or if the line stopped at Mona Vale the cost would run to three quarters of a million. That was an enormous sum to spend to open up even so beautiful a district as the one in question. It would be a very fine thing for the landowners of the district whose property would be enormously increased in value. The State would get little out of it seeing that barely 1 ½ miles of the line would pass through Crown land. If the railway were justified on other grounds he would not object to making the fortunes of the landowners of the district.

But it was not Justified seeing the larger areas of unoccupied land to which the North Shore line gave access. Within 1 ½ miles of Wahroonga station alone there were hundreds of acres of primeval bush and the same thing applied to other stations along the line. The land was being held by owners, waiting for fancy prices. That land must be settled before the line to Pittwater could be considered. It was the policy of the government to spend what money it could get in building railway to open up wheat and agricultural country.

That was obviously more urgent work than building a railway into residential country which already had a railway on one side and would have an electrical tramway on though other side. It was proposed to have the electric tram service extended to Mona Vale. The line would be built off the road and In order to secure a speedy service the stopping place would be at Intervals of quarter or half mile. For quite a number of years that is all the residents could expect to get. The railway would come some day. Perhaps if the deputation waited upon the Minister 10 years from now they would probably get a more encouraging answer than he was able to give. TURNED DOWN. (1911, November 21).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15290696 


Photo: Gordon Railway Station, in the Upper North Shore of Sydney in 1907, courtesy State Library of NSW



Photo: sections from 1905 Parish of Narrabeen Map showing Tumbledown Hill end of Lane Cove Road and the Village of Turimetta (Mona Vale - Rocklily) end

The opening of the tram to Narrabeen renews the call for a train or tram to Broken Bay, as well as describes the road:

ST. IVES.
PAST AND PRESENT. COMMUNICATION ADVOCATED. 
In the olden times St. Ives was not the Important fruit-growing centre it afterwards became. The country was thickly wooded, and the first Industry started in the district was that of timber getting and sawing. The majority of the resident, were so engaged. 

Mr. Matthew, one of the original grantees, a man who before setting foot in Australia studied medicine in the Old Country, was one of the first settlers to start a sawmill, which was situated on the south-west side of St. Ives. To supply the mills he engaged a number of men in timber cutting, most of the labor being supplied by assigned servants— the custom of the times. After the timber had been cut and sawn into the marketable lengths, It was conveyed by road to the Lane Cove River, somewhere In the vicinity of the present golf links at Killara, whence It was, by boat, carried to Sydney, and landed, at the Market Wharf. Most of the timber from the district as far north as Hornsby was taken to the water by way of Fidden's Wharf-road— named after old 'Joe' Fidden, one of the oldest boatmen of the day. 

The Industry was a profitable one, but at the timber disappeared, residents commenced to cultivate their lands, and put them to other uses. The first orchards were established in Gordon, Pymble, and Turramurra, followed in 1884 by those at St. Ives. Mr. James Matthews cultivated portion of his land, known as the Rosedale grant, and planted a small orchard. This may be looked upon as the start of the Industry at St. Ives. After Matthews' death his land was subdivided, and passed into other hands. At this period the most conspicuous settlers were James Terrey, B. Smith, Hughes, Jones, Cates, Richardson, Britton, S. Johnson, Leonard, and Reid; and later still Moffitt, Bradley, John and Thomas Hughes, and Nancarrow, all of whom were orchardists. Some of the orchards had but a brief existence, but the others flourished, and exist at the present time, the fruit grown including oranges, lemons, peaches, apples, pears, and plums. To-day orchardists are setting a good return from the Industry, for which the country and soil are eminently suited. 

St. Ives is a picturesque centre, and is reached from Pymble by either the Stony Creek-road, or Telegraph-road, which Junction about a mile distant from the Lane Cove-road, and thence along the Pittwater-road enters the settlement two or three miles further on. It boasts a public school and a Methodist Church and school hall, and quite recently the Church of England purchased a building in which Divine Service is regularly held, at the corner of Cowan and Pittwater roads. The last-named road leads right on to Broken Bay. 

After passing through St. Ives the country becomes rocky and poor, and though within the population boundary as far as Tumbledown Dick, it is unproductive. 

St. Ives is not only picturesque, but healthy, the latter fart being in no small measure due to its altitude of 600ft. The pretty hamlet is constantly visited by motorists, who, while enjoying the cultivated beauty of the place and its bracing air, find it an excellent approach to Manly, Narrabeen and Newport, the roadway being In good condition and suitable for motors of all descriptions. Four miles from Pymble Is Hassall Park, a small reserved area set apart for public recreation, and well patronised by the young people of the district, though still in its primitive state. 

There is little doubt that St. Ives would have been a much more popular centre had it been granted train or tram connections with its neighbors. Some time ago the councillors of the Kuring-gai and Warringah Shires met and discussed the necessity of making the place accessible. As a result, an agitation was started In favor of establishing a line of railway from Pymble Station, on the Milson’s Point line, to Broken Bay, the cost of which was set down at about £500.000. This movement met with no success, the Government of the day turning the proposal down. Then a tramway connection was proposed, but with like result. There is small doubt in the local mind that a tramway would prove a profitable venture, as, besides opening up a beautiful country, it would be a great convenience to those at present settled in the district. 
It is held that It could be constructed at a small cost, and would Immediately become productive In a monetary sense, especially if after passing through St. Ives, it were carried through Frensh's Forest to Narrabeen. By this means a pretty alternative route to Narrabeen would be provided for the thousands of excursionists who already have availed themselves of the facilities offered by the Manly-Narrabeen tram. ST. IVES. (1913, February 19). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117931563 

MONA VALE DRAINAGE.
A petition, signed by sixty residents, was presented to the Warringah Shire Council at its last meeting. The object was to draw attention to the drainage of Mona Vale. The Black Swamp is nothing more than a pool of stagnant water the greater part of the year, and when not under water It considered a menace to health by reason of the amount of decaying vegetable matter washed Into it during every storm. It was suggested that a drain be made from Warriewood and Newport roads to the ocean, via Bayview. If this were done a considerable portion of good residential and agricultural ground would be opened up. The matter is to have consideration. MONA VALE DRAINAGE. (1913, June 18).Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article113364399 


Motor Fatality
A young woman named Oliver was thrown out of a motor car on Mona Vale road yesterday, and was killed. Motor Fatality (1918, March 25). The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural and Mining Advocate (NSW : 1898 - 1928), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article121755649 

LORRY CAPSIZES
TWO MEN INJURED
When a motor lorry capsized in Pittwater Road, Mona Vale, on Saturday afternoon, the driver, Herbert Walker, and Jack Bass were injured. Walker's hand was badly hurt, and Bass sustained severe shock. The other occupants of the lorry escaped injury. Walker and Bass were taken to the Manly Cottage Hospital. LORRY CAPSIZES (1923, December 31).The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article246001938 

MONA VALE WATER SERVICE
Local Rate Required
The extension of the water service to Mona Vale will involve the necessity for a local rate. The roads to be served are: Pittwater-road, Bay-view-road, Newport-road, Vineyard-street, Bungan-street, Mona-street. Darley-street, and By-the-Sea-road. The total ratable frontage will be 42,408ft. This at 80s per foot, an average struck on values, as assessed for this year, has (says the shire clerk in a report to the Warringah Council) a total unimproved value of £63,612. The rate necessary to be levied to make up the estimated annual deficiency of £317 14s 9d is 1 l-5d in the £. . : A petition has been forwarded to the Water Board asking for the inclusion of Warriewood-road in the reticulation scheme.
MONA VALE WATER SERVICE (1923, September 18). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 10 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222681170 

MONA VALE GETS A MOVE ON
Residents Insist on Good Roads and Other Improvements — Progress Association formed
TOURISTS' PARADISE.
Residents of the district extending from Green Hills to Church Point met at the Mona Vale Town Hall last night formed a Progress Association to co-operate with the Warringah Shire Council in getting necessary work done in their picturesque area. There was a splendid roll-up of enthusiasts from all parts of the district. Some came in their motor cars, others walked through the bush for miles, guided by the light of their lanterns. 

They elected their officers, adopted their rules, and outlined their plan of campaign. Mr. H. Lodge was appointed president, Mr. W. W. Hill vice-president, Mr. Muddle secretary, and Mr. Austin, treasurer. The president pointed out that the association would confine its activities to the area extending from Green Hills to Church Point, which had not received the attention at the hands of the council that it deserved. 

REFORM PLAN. Mr. Williams (Bay View) said that the Progress Association would not rest content until: — 
(1) The Warringah Shire Council makes a more equitable expenditure in A riding in proportion to the rates paid by the residents of that area. A riding extends from Narrabeen to Barrenjoey, and to Cowan on the western side.) 
(2) First-class roads are constructed from Manly to Pittwater— the gateway from Sydney to the beautiful Kuringai Chase. 
(3) The approaches to the surfing beaches are improved. 
(4) The wharves and baths at Bay View are made safe. (At present the stringers on the wharves are rusty, and the wire-netting In the baths Is in a most dilapidated condition— sharks ran easily get through the huge holes at high tide.) 
(5) The steps are made safe from the wharves to the boats at Bay View. (At present one has to be a gymnast to be able to Jump from the boats to the first step on the wharf. Four steps are missing, and the rest are rotting.) 
(6) The wharf at Church Point is made safe for the public. (It, like the wharf at Bay View, is rotting away.)
(7) The Black swamp at Mona Vale is drained and utilised either as a public park or a golf course. 

A BEAUTIFUL AREA. 
When these reforms are executed the district will be the pride of all Australians, blessed by Nature with scenic beauty beyond compare in the world; with glorious surfing beaches and mile after mile of beautiful bays, set like Jewels in sylvan surroundings, reflecting in their still depths the graceful trees that adorn them — bays for boating, fishing, and swimming, it is little wonder that the Pittwater district, which the newly-formed Progress Association is out to improve, is so popular with tourists. 

The district has commercial possibilities also, in its soil almost anything can be grown. Mr. Fredericks, of Mona Vale, is cultivating successfully pineapples, bananas, mangoes, citrus fruits, and sugar cane. And only 18 miles from Sydney! 

At present the district is renowned as a tourist resort, but with the advent of the Spit Bridge, rendering it, with good roads, easily accessible to the city, it will probably develop into one of the most popular residential areas on the outskirts of Sydney. The Mona Vale Progress Association is determined that this wonderful district shall come into its own. MONA VALE GETS A MOVE ON (1924, July 2). The Labor Daily (Sydney, NSW : 1924 - 1938), p. 5. Retrieved  from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article236544961 

The Turning Point 
AND now a break — for who needs any description of the route between Collaroy and Mona Vale, which in earlier days was frequently called after the old Rock Lily Hotel, whose career as a hostelry is over? 
Mona Vale for us spells another deviation, and we branch to our left just before we come to the angle of lthe recreation reserve, where the roads fork to Bayview and Barrenjoey respectively. Our path now is one that has been traversed by many lovers of the wheel, and it will take us in the course of a rather rough and steep journey to the new Gordon road, which always forms a welcome 'glide off' to the day's run. 

A little bit of easy going, and then we are faced by the notorious Tumble Down Dick, which is the pass to the uplands. A few days ago we met a man whom we thought to be above suspicion, and he told us that on one occasion he had pushed a motor-bicycle the whole way up this hill; but those who know this place will probably excuse our cynicism. 

Through the forest we speed as fast as ruts, potholes, and steep pinches will allow, until at last, we come to a spot where a road runs in from the left. This is the point we should have reached if we had followed the left-hand 'turning at the loquat trees. However that is by the way, and we tear along at our best pace towards St. Ives, for the shadows are lengthening and we still have some attractive ground to cover. Passing through the village, we near an old church on the left, and here we must halt for a few moments to point the way to another. by-path. 

A Disused Path and a Gully 
THE church stands at the angle of two roads, the one which we have been following, and another which serves a number of orchards and farmlets in the direction of the head of Cowan Creek. At one time this road was trafficable as far as Cowan Creek, but that is not the case to-day. Nevertheless, the tourist with an hour up his sleeve can pass the time very pleasurably by exploring this old road. After the main line, of settlements has been left, behind, the road for some hundreds of yards becomes wide and gravelly, with a fair sprinkling of bad ruts. Then it narrows again, and an odd-looking shack will be observed on the near side, of the track. By careful driving one can get some distance beyond this, as far as a cultivated clearing in which stands a tiny cottage. Here one should leave the car and strike off obliquely to the left down a barely perceptible track. Keep along the upper ridge of the hillside until the valley shows signs of deepening and then cut down towards the bottom of the gully. As a check on the direction taken, may mention that an old water-filled ... claypit will he passed before one heads down into the deeper part, of the valley. An easy walk of a few minutes duration will bring you to a pretty little cascade, and it is a ...
But time presses, and once again arc hark at the church. To ... the new Gordon road, which we pick up midway between Pymble and Gordon, we have but to keep on our course. Very soon we come to the crest of a hill, down which journey, and so pass under a railway bridge and come out on to the new road.
The northern country between Turramurra and Dural still remains untouched hut we must' reserve this for another day, content will) having' proved to our own satisfaction that he who runs may find beauties innumerable in that fine tract of country which might well be styled our Northern Suburban Playground. Motoring (1925, March 18). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), p. 35. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article159721719




SYDNEY ROAD CONDITIONS
Sydney to Palm Beach. — Generally very good to the Spit; good with bumpy patches to Brookvale, Narrabeen, Mona Vale, and Newport; fair to rough from Newport to Palm Beach. 
Milson's Point to Hornsby. — Very fair to bumpy to Crow's Nest, from here Willoughby-road may be taken to Chatswood or Lane Cove-road may be followed through St. Leonards ; excellent to Pearce's Corner; new surface between there and Hornsby. 
Hornsby to Berowra.— Mostly, worn and rough metalled surface, the new road towards Hawkesbury River may be taken for several miles, but it is not yet possible to reach Hawkesbury River, except by the. old road (rough and steep for the last mile). 
Galston Gorge to Parramatta. — Bumpy stretches of hard surface to Rogan's Hill, then generally good to Parramatta. 
Bobbin Head to Gordon-road. — Steep climb, with a succession of hairpin bends out of valley, then fair gravel surface through Kuring-gai Chase, rough near the gates; bear right at fork and reach Gordon-road by Turramurra-road (avoiding Bobbin Head-road, which is rough). 
French Forest Roads. — Generally fair, with occasional patches of exposed sandstone; the road from Roseville Bridge to the centres north of Manly is very freely used, and much traffic also passes over Pittwater-road (worn stretches) from Pymble to Mona Vale. Mona Vale may also be reached through French's Forest road from Roseville Bridge and from The Spit Bridge. Pearce's Corner to Parramatta. — Worn and pot-holey for a few miles along Pennant Hills-road, then becoming better, with occasional rough patches. 
Parramatta to Ryde, via Kissing Point-road.— Mostly worn surface ; excellent entering Ryde ; Victoria-road is {inder repair at the Ryde end. Ryde to North Sydney (via the bridges). — Good to Ryde boundary; mostly rough and pot-holey to Northern Suburbs Cemetery and Fuller's Bridge; very fair to good to Chatswood. 
Gladesville to North Sydney (via Fig Tree Bridge and Burn's Bay-road).— Fair in early stages ; then very good concrete surface to the junction with Lane Cove-road. 
Gladesville to Pymble or Chatswood (via Pittwater-road). — Exceedingly rough ; little used by motor traffic. Parramatta to McGrath's Hill. — First half-mile bumpy, then very good. 
McGrath's Hill to Wiseman's Ferry. — New road to beyond Cuttai Creek, but rough for last few miles to Wiseman's Ferry. 
McGrath's Hill to Richmond and Kurrajong Heights. — New road into Windsor, then patchy; very fair up the long hill. Kurrajong Heights to Mt. Victoria. — Very fair through Bilpin to foot of Mt. Tomah; exceedingly rongh over Mt. Tomah and, in parts, for the next few miles to the Mt. Wilson turn-off, then generally very fair to good country road through to Bell and Mt. Victoria. (Traffic over this route is frequently blocked by fallen trees)'.
SYDNEY ROAD CONDITIONS (1927, March 27). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 22. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article128517487 

SEA VIEWS
MONA VALE LANDS
Situated on the hill which rises behind Mona Vale Beach Is the Tonkin Estate; which Is to be sold by auction next Saturday by Messrs. Peach Bros. This estate Is within a few yards of the Manly-Pittwater-road, the main traffic artery of the Barrenjoey peninsular, which Is to be reconstructed In concrete. The 47 homesites have frontages to Vineyard-street and the Lane Cove-road. One large allotment has a homestead already built upon it. Handy to surf and 'bus services, the Tonkin Estate also has the advantage of quick access to Pittwater by the direct Bay View-road. Deposit required is £10 per lot. '
SEA VIEWS (1927, November 16). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 23 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222739443 

N.R.M.A.'S REPORT
A special up-to-the-minute report on the condition of the main southern road, between Sydney and Goulburn, is provided in this week's report by the N.R.M.A. Touring Department, one of whose officers is now engaged in an extensive road-reporting tour through the Southern districts of the State.

The principal motoring roads around Sydney are also treated in the report.

ROADS AROUND SYDNEY
Narrabeen to Palm Beach.— Fair generally to Newport, with some good stretches; fair winding road to Palm Beach, with occasional worn patches. Mona Vale to Church Point.— Splendid tarred surface, but worn and bumpy approaching Church Point.

French's Forest to Mona Vale, by way of pittwater-road.— Bumpy and worn gravel to Pittwater-road, then fair, becoming rough In parts over Tumbledown Dick and for a mile or so beyond; fair to Mona Vale.
SOUTH ROAD--SYDNEY TO GOULBURN (1928, August 9). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 4 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222171027

Through French's Forest and Round to Pittwater
Some of the most delightful motor tours around Sydney are quite close at hand. Of course, for the motorist who can spare a couple of days there are beautiful trips to be made north, south and west, but they are beyond the reach of the average man. He wants somewhere that will allow him to get along at an easy pace, have time to linger by the roadside, admire the view, boil a billy or even, perhaps have a little sleep beneath the shade of a tall gum. One of the prettiest and handiest runs for a Sunday afternoon is that which takes in French's Forest, with all its wealth of flowers, with its occasional glimpses of the sea — and which gives also a taste of the salt air about Narrabeen, Mona Vale and Brookvale. There are picnic places galore — communal camping grounds and secluded spots where one will not be disturbed. The best route to follow is that which starts from the Gordon-road, at Pymble. 

Gordon-road, of course, is reached by following the Lane Cove-road from North Sydney). From Gordon-road, turn to the right and follow the road — clearly marked— which leads under a railway bridge, and takes you to the pretty St. Ives country, with its orchards and little farms. Beyond St. Ives Is Davidson Park, where you can stop for afternoon tea, if you have brought it with you. Without difficulty the road can be followed till it junctions with French's Forest-road, which goes to the right, leading to Roseville Bridge or The Spit. Do not take this route, but continue ahead — Kuring-gai Chase can be seen to the left, the ocean to the right, Tumbledown Dick is the one hill which will probably compel you to get Into low gear, and, by the way. It Is as well to keep a sharp lookout for cars coming down the dangerous curve near the base of the hill. 

Beyond Tumble-down Dick is Foley's Hill, from the foot of which is easy going to Palm Beach-road. Here take a turn to the left, and a little way further on, the road branches, the left fork leading to Bay View and Church Point. Along this road, which skirts the edge of beautiful Pittwater, are numerous spots where you can camp. On the return trip, retrace your tracks till you reach Mona Vale, and then continue along the road to Narrabeen, whence you follow the tram line through Collaroy and Dee Why to Brookvale. At the school at Brookvale take the road which runs off to the right, and you will get some more fine bush scenery In French's Forest, culminating In the beauty of upper Middle Harbor, where you cross Roseville Bridge, and soon find yourself back on the Gordon-road. This is a tour which the N.R.M.A. recommends with confidence. The total distance is about 45 miles. Through French's Forest and Round to Pittwater (1929, November 24). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article225153350   

MONA VALE.
New Middle Harbour Bridge.
DR. BRADFIELD'S SCHEME.
In response to a request by the Minister for Works (Mr Davidson), Dr. Bradfield visited Collaroy on Monday evening, and out-lined to the Warringah Transport League an unofficial plan for the construction of a concrete motor road, via the Harbour Bridge, from Milson's Point to Mona Vale.

The scheme, which was evolved by Dr. Bradfield three years ago, when Mr Buttenshaw was Minister for Works, is known as the Kirribilli-Pittwater Super-highway. It traverses North Sydney, Mosman, Manly, and the shire of Warringah. Dr Bradfield claims that it would develop not only districts that are eminently suited for residential and pleasure purposes but also Warringah Shire where it is estimated that, excluding parks and recreation reserves, almost 1000 000 persons could make their homes, with a population density of 20 persons per acre.

The highway as planned, comprises three sections The first which is three miles and a half long, begins at the northern approach to the bridge at Alfred-street It traverses North Svdney and Mosman to Middle Harbour. The second section comprises a high level bridge across Middle Harbour, and the third section a super-highway from the bridge to French's Forest-road thence a bus highway through Manly and Warringah Shire to Mona Vale a distance of 11 miles.

In the Kirribilli-Middle Harbour section provision is made for a highway with an overall width of 100 feet In the centre is a roadway for fast traffic going above or below important cross thoroughfares, and fenced off from side roadways that are designed for ordinary traffic For the first quarter of a mile the roadway would be Independent of existing streets and would cross Warringah Park at the head of Neutral Bay by a street highway, 90 feet above park level It would meet Ben Boyd-road eventually passing under Military-road The estimated cost of this section would be £660 000.

The estimated cost of the Middle Harbour High Level Bridge is £900 000 Preliminary designs have already been made The bridge, of cantilever design with three deck truss spans and an overall length of steelwork of 2003 feet, would be half a mile upstream from the existing Spit Bridge and would connect Beauty Point with Seaforth.
The third section from the bridge to Mona Vale, would cost £510,000, and the total cost is estimated at £2 070,000, which would be reduced by nearly one-half by temporarily utilising the existing Spit Bridge. 
MONA VALE. (1932, February 3). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16838670 


DETOUR
OFF MAIN ROAD
FOR VIEWS PALM BEACH RUN
Most Sydney motorists have made the run along the northern beaches to Palm Beach, but few have deviated from the main road to explore the many pleasant places in the Pittwater district

From Sydney to Palm Beach, by way of The Spit, is 27 miles, and the N.R.M.A. suggests this as a morning run, with a picnic lunch at the sheltered beach and an exploring run on the way home. The motorist does not take his departure from Palm Beach by way of the main road. At the northern end of tile beach a sharp turn is made to the left on to a road that winds up the hillside. This road is somewhat narrow, and there are several sharp bends, but the steep climb is well worth while. Looking North At the top of the hill It Is advisable to pause In the Journey for there are several fine views looking north in the direction of Lion Island.

Continuing on over a fair road surface, the tourist comes to another splendid vista of headland and beach — Whale Bench, which is viewed from the heights. Over the southern end of Whale Bench the motorist makes a right-hand turn and descends to the main road, where the turn to the left is taken to Avalon, Just before entering Avalon from the direction of Palm Beach turn to the right on to the road that lends to Clareville. This road should be followed for a mile or so through pretty timber country to where there arc several lino picnic spots, having splendid views of Pittwater. It is not advisable to follow this road, to its dead-end. its it becomes very narrow, and turning is difficult. Back at Avalon either the new or old roads arc taken past the golf links to the top of the rise overlooking the settlement. The view from here Is splendid, but if the road to the right up the hill Is taken, n more extensive panorama may be viewed. Turning again on to the main road In the direction of Sydney, the tourist passes through Newport to Mona Vale, where the turn-off to Bayviww and Church Point is seen on the right. It is about three miles from the main road to Church Point, but the run is well worth taking. 

Running again on the main road towards the city, the motorist sees on the right just more than a mile before reaching Narrabeen, a road running inland to Elanora Heights, it is a climb up to the heights, but the reward is another line panorama of coastline.

If the traveller does not wish to return again to the main road, the Elanora Heights road may be followed inland to Stonay Creek or Pittwater-road, which is traversed up Tumbledown Dick, past St. Ives show-ground to Pacific Highway. This by no means exhausts the long list of by-ways off the main Palm Beach road, says the N.R.M.A. but merely outlines a few of the worth-while deviations from the well-known route.
DETOUR (1934, September 1). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 8 (FOOTBALL RESULTS). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230318925

MEMORIAL AVENUE.
Across Kuring-gai Municipality.
On Saturday afternoon the first section of an avenue of trees, which will be five miles long, was planted In Telegraph-road, Pymble It was intended as a memento of the visit of the Duke of Gloucester to Sydney, and was done In response to the request of the citizens' organising committee which had asked councils to mark the occasion by tree-planting in their areas. The section planted was a quarter of a mile long, and the completed avenue would extend from east of St Ives, along Pittwater-road, Telegraph-road, and Ryde-road to De Burgh bridge.

Alderman Cresswell O'Reilly, who presided said the scheme was an illustration of what could be accomplished by co-operation between citizens and the council for the beautification of a locality In this connection he acknowledged the work of Mr C R Barton and the officials of the Australian Forest League. Trees were planted by Sir Samuel Wälder (chairman of the organising committee) Sir Thomas Bavin Alderman Selby (Mayor of Kuring-gai), Mr S Tout (Forestry Commission), and representatives of the Australian Forest League Tree Lovers' League, Boy Scouts, Girl Guides and local bodies The red bottle brush was the tree chosen for the occasion.

Sir Samuel Waldor said the committee's request to local government bodies to plant trees as mementoes of the Duke's visit had met with a remarkable response Favourable replies had been received from 134 councils, and only six had refused.
MEMORIAL AVENUE. (1934, November 19). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17113598

BEACON HILL
New Road Construction
Motorists who journey to Sydney Urban northern beaches by way of Warrlngah-road, from Roseville through French's Forest, will soon be able to avoid the steep climb and descent, of Beacon Hill, near BrookVale, advises the N.R.M.A. Good progress is being made with construction of a road from the top of Beacon Hill down to Pittwater-road near its junction with Harbord road. The new thoroughfare, which fol-lows in some parts the line of May road, is an easy grade and from it some splendid panoramic views are obtained. As well as avoiding the sleep hill, the route will, shorten the journey to 'places north of Brookvale.
BEACON HILL (1935, March 9). The Maitland Daily Mercury (NSW : 1894 - 1939), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article126029583


Pittwater Rd after construction looking towards Pacific Highway August 1935. Image No.: d1_21454h, , courtesy State Library of NSW



Sydney, 30th October, 1935.
DECLARATION OF ROADS TO BE PUBLIC ROAD
UNDER PROVISIONS OF SECTION 18, PUBLIC ROADS ACT, 1902.
I, Sir Alexander Hore-Ruthven, Governor of the State of New South Wales, with the advice of the Executive Council, do hereby notify that the roads hereunder described, in pursuance of the provisions of section 18, Public Roads Act, 1902, are hereby declared to be public roads, and dedicated to the public accordingly.

A. HORE-RUTHVEN, Governor. E. A. BUTTENSHAW, Minister for Lands.

Descriptions.

...

Municipality of Ku-ring-gai.
Road of variable width, being a widening of part of Pittwater-road (Main Road No. 162) near St. Ives Show Ground. Plan R. 19,756-1,603, parish Manly Cove, county Cumberland, Land District Metropolitan.
DECLARATION OF ROADS TO BE PUBLIC ROAD UNDER PROVISIONS OF SECTION 18, PUBLIC ROADS ACT, 1902. (1935, November 15). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 4452. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223069306

The road to Mona Vale was clearly attracting more traffic and with that came more reports on the state of that road:

MONA VALE ROAD.
The Pittwater-road which provides a convenient route from the Western suburbs to the coast are in sand call for careful driving, through St. Ives, to the end of ... beyond the intersection of the road the road is very good, the route onward to Mona Vale are treacherous even In the dry. The gravel surface has been r..n and the holiday traffic, and stone foundation at track ..are glazed and slippery. The ... climbs at Tumbledown Dick, Mona Vale to the uplands are ...asant state, and there is a ten wheel-spin to develop if fast spell. The narrowness of the road the risks and many sections are rutted as well as slippery. MONA VALE ROAD. (1935, December 31).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17208906 


BAD ROAD 
French's Forest Route 
On a recent trip from Pymble to Mona Vale through French's Forest, officers of the N.R.M.A. touring department noticed that the road on the Mona Vale side of the French's Forest turnoff is very, worn and badly in need of top dressing. The surface on Tumble Down Dick and Foley's Hill is also corrugated and in places loose. 

This road carries heavy traffic, as it is one of the most important outlets from the North-Shore suburbs to Palm Beach, Avalon, Mona Vale, Church Point and other popular holiday places in this district. This road is in need of immediate repair, and in view of its importance the N.R.M.A. has taken the matter up with the responsible authorities. BAD ROAD (1936, January 9). The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW : 1888 - 1950), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article104694165 

COAL AND CANDLE CREEK
THE new road being constructed by the Public Works Department from the Pymble-Mona Vale road (Pittwater-road) to Coal and Candle Creek has been completed for a distance of three miles, and is available for traffic over this section.
The new road will not run to Cottage Point, at the junction of the Cowan and Coal and Candle Creeks, but beyond the site of the construction camp marking the termination of the present completed gravel pavement, it will swing back and gradually work down the hill on to Coal and Candle Creek at a point approximately two miles up the creek from Cottage Point. A mile and a half of road has yet to be constructed, and it is expected that the full length of four and a half miles will be available for traffic in about four months' time. The turn-off from the Pymble-Mona Vale road is a short distance on the Pymble side of the top of Tumbledown Dick Hill. The surface out to Coal and Candle Creek will be gravel throughout. COAL AND CANDLE CREEK (1937, August 1). Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article169610787


ROAD REPORTS.
PITTWATER ROAD DANGER SPOT.
Many complaints have leached the N R M A regarding the poor condition and the narrow carriageway on Pittwater Road between the West Head turnoff and Mona Vale. This road is classed as an important link between the north shore suburbs and the various coastal resorts between Narrabeen and Palm Beach and is used by thousands of motorists travelling to the beaches during the summer months.

From Pymble to the West Head turn-off by way of St Ives the road surface is good but from this point to Mona Vale particularly on Tumble Down Dick Hill and Foley s Hill the gravel has become badly worn and the roadway is considered barely wide enough to carry safely the large amount of motor traffic using this route.
The NRMA has taken up the matter with the Department of Main Roads and is urging that this section of road be resurfaced Widened and realigned. 
ROAD REPORTS. (1937, November 5).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17415102 


Looking west along old road, Main road 162 Feb 18th 1938. Image No.: d1_29544h, courtesy State Library of NSW


Looking east along main road 162 Feb 18th 1938. Image No.: d1_29543h, courtesy State Library of NSW

HIGHWAYS IN THE FASTNESSES OF FRENCHS FOREST
New Roads To Unspoilt Beauty Spots
FRENCH'S FOREST is a popular touring ground for Sydney motorists, and work now in progress in the north of the area will open up new country and many attractive picnic places.
THE N.R.M.A. Touring Department reports that probably the most important work is the new road down to Oyster Bay, on Coal and Candle Creek. This route leaves the Pymble-Mona Vale Road and leads for about three miles to a point at the top of the hill overlooking Oyster Bay. The new construction is completed (o this point, but work is proceeding on the section descend ing the hill to the bay. It will be probably a month or two before the hill section is completed and available to traffic. Another new road in this locality will make accessible a very pleasant round trip embracing Church Point on Pittwater. This route, known as the McCarr's Creek road, leads off from the Oyster Bay Road. At the moment construction has been completed for approximately a mile and a half towards Church Point. Work has also been started from the Church Point end, where a short section has been completed. It is expected that the road will be ready for traffic in about eight months. 

A WARNING 
For the time being, motorists are advised not to use the completed section of the McCarr's Creek road, as the formation is narrow and there are very few turning places. With the completion of this road an interesting alternative to the Pymble-Mona Vale trip will be available. The tourist will be able to leave the Pymble-Mona Vale Road west of Tumbledown Dick Hill and travel north, eventually circling to join the existing road at Church Point. The return journey will then be through Mona Vale on to the main Pittwater Road. Both these works are being carried out by the Public Works Department with funds made available for unemployment relief. A road improvement scheme is also to be put in hand in this locality by the Department of Main Roads. 

The Department is to reconstruct the Pymble-Mona Vale Road at Tumbledown Dick. At present this section includes severe turns and sleep grades, and the roadway is narrow. The reconstruction work will eliminate these hazards. New road work is also in progress at Bobbin Head in Kuring-gai Chase. From Bobbin Head construction is proceeding along the northern side of the waterway towards Apple Tree Flat, a mile distant At the present time it is not pro posed to carry this road beyond Apple Tree Flat, but it is likely that a picnic area may be developed at this point. The N.R.M.A. advises motorists that it is not yet possible to use this section of road.
HIGHWAYS IN THE FASTNESSES OF FRENCH'S FOREST (1938, March 20).Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article169087596 

Finally!:

ROAD WORK ON TUMBLEDOWN DICK HILL
The construction of a new road over Tumbledown Dick Hill, between St. Ives and Mona Vale, is now in progress, and when completed will afford an easier grade, with less severe turns than those on the old road. For the time being, motorists have to negotiate narrow side tracks, which become very slippery after rain. To avoid this section, motorists travelling to Mona Vale and further north towards Palm Beach may follow either the Roseville Bridge-Dee Why route, or go by way of Mosman, The Spit, and Condamine-street. The association has asked the Department of Main Roads to erect notices at the French's Forest road turn-off beyond St. Ives, and at Mona Vale, warning traffic of the work in progress. 
ROAD WORK ON TUMBLEDOWN DICK HILL (1938, June 3). Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (NSW : 1896 - 1938), p. 28. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article102337514 


Aboriginal carvings Main Road 162 taken Feb 18th 1938. Image No.: d1_29539h, courtesy State Library of NSW 

Mona Vale: looking E from top of Tumble Down Dick Hill. Date: 8/1939. Government Printing Office 1 - 27008, courtesy the State Library of NSW. 


ROAD REPORTS.
New Road to Church Point.
Officers of the NRMA touring department recently inspected the new road by way of McCarr's Creek to Church Point which has just been completed by the Department of Public Works. The road is of gravel formation of good average width and well graded.

To reach the new road the motorist proceeds along the St Ives-Mona Vale road from Terrey Hills and turns left on to the Coal and Candle Creek road at a small garage. A little more than a mile further on the new road to Church Point bears away to the right. Then follows a long, winding down grade through picturesque bush country. The road crosses the extreme upper reaches of McCarr's Creek near a turn-off to Coal and Candle Creek. This is a new road not yet open to traffic.

A corner store with garage in Terrey Hills,in 1937.

The Church Point road bears slightly to the right and continues over easy grades down the eastern side of McCarr's Creek. In the last two or three miles to Church Point there are some very pretty glimpses of the creek as the road winds round the eastern bank. 

The surface throughout is in very fair condition but until this road is tar sealed the association warns drivers to exercise care as with the dry summer weather and increased traffic loose edges might appear

The total distance from the Coal and Candle Creek road turn off to Church Point is five miles. ROAD REPORTS. (1938, December 16).The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17562662 

ROAD WITH FIVE NAMES.
A direct road which connects Ryde with northern beaches, and which is known in different sections as Lane Cove Road, Ryde Road, Gordon Road, Stoney Creek Road, and Pittwater Road, causes considerable confusion amongst travellers
The Main Roads Department, in a letter to Ryde Council and other councils, through whose areas the road passes, suggests that one name should be applied to it and asks the councils to suggest a name.
The road, which joins Pittwater Road from Manly, at Mona Vale, will connect with the new Spooner Highway, from Epping to St. Leonards, at Lucknow Road, North Ryde. 
ROAD WITH FIVE NAMES. (1939, February 10). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17547834 

NEW SCENIC ROAD OPENS UP FRESH COUNTRY.
A glimpse of the quaintly-named Coal and Candle Creek from the new scenic road which is being constructed by the Public Works Department. As an accompanying article explains, this road can be reached from Church Point on the Pittwater or from Pymble. It runs through part of the area controlled by the Kuring-gai Chase Trust and opens to the motorist some of the wild and unspoilt areas of the Hawkesbury River country.

NEW SCENIC ROAD OPENS UP FRESH COUNTRY. (1939, April 22). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17570090

Escapes Death By Gas
INVESTIGATING a leak in an underground gas main in Pittwater Road, Mona Vale, yesterday, Robert Brown of Pittwater Road, Manly, narrowly escaped death. Brown, an employee of the North Shore Gas Co. Ltd., had traced a leak in the gas supply to the main. A gang of workmen uncovered the pipes and Brown entered the trench to plug the leak. He was unconscious when workmates dragged him from the ditch and carried him to a nearby house. When Manly Ambulance officers arrived Brown was still unconscious, lying on the front lawn. They gave him Co2 gas, and within five minutes he revived sufficiently to be placed in the ambulance and taken to Manly Hospital. On the way, he became violently ill, but after treatment at the hospital he recovered and was allowed to go home. 
Escapes Death By Gas (1940, January 6).Daily News (Sydney, NSW : 1938 - 1940), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article236360559 


PYMBLE TO MONA VALE.
The road between Pymble and Mona Vale through French's Forest has been considerably improved, reports the N.R.M.A. A bituminous surface now extends to the foot of the Sugarloaf Hill on the Mona Vale side, but, as work is in progress between First Rocks Hill and Terry Hills, care should be exercised. From the Sugarloaf to Mona Vale work is in hand between the Elanora turn-off and Mona Vale Cemetery, where gravelling is in progress and traffic should proceed with care
PYMBLE TO MONA VALE. (1940, May 2).Catholic Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1932 - 1942), p. 36. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article146101811 

Father And Son In Road Smash
SYDNEY.-When a truck in which he and his father were travelling skidded and crashed over an embankment at Mona Vale last night Douglas Smith (22), carrier, of Narrabeen, was almost choked to death by the wreckage of the truck, which fell on him. The truck twice somersaulted and the nearside front wheel pinned Smith by the throat cutting off his breath until near by-residents lifted the wreckage off him. By that time he was black in the face. Father and son were admitted to hospital in a serious condition. 
Father And Son In Road Smash (1945, April 18). Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article49999137 

Man Killed in Road Smash
SYDNEY, Saturday. Ernest Hillier (55), stonemason, of Cabbagetree Road, Mona Vale, was killed last night when his car came in collision with a military truck.
An eye-witness told the police that Hillier had been catapulted from the driver's seat and hurled 16 feet into the roadway. He was killed instantly. Police were told that two men and a woman jumped from the truck and ran away
Man Killed in Road Smash (1945, December 15). Glen Innes Examiner (NSW : 1908 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article185424006 

SPEEDSTERS IN OPEN ROAD EVENT
AT TOP: Woman rider Miss Nancy Campbell talking with competitors Dave Jenkins (left) and Tom Hanson before the senior expert division at the Open Road Hill Climb at Foley's Hill, Mona Vale, yesterday. The events were organised by the Northern Districts Motor Cycle Association. 
LOWER: G. Ryan takes a spill during the lightweight event. 
SPEEDSTERS IN OPEN ROAD EVENT (1950, October 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27570891 


Roadside stop in 1951 in colour from what were then practically the rural outskirts of Sydney. Source: heavylambs panoramia

New ROAD PLAN
Department of Main Roads has announced provision has been made in its 1957 -'58 programme of works for the construction of an additional lane in Mona Vale Road and Forest Way, Terrey Hills. This will facilitate traffic movement at the junction of the two roads. Motorists who have experienced the heavy congestion that occurs in this locality during many weekends will welcome the advice received by the N.R.M.A. This follows representations drawing attention to the abnormal banking-up of traffic, which, at times was felt as far back as St. Ives. New Road Plan (1957, June 19). The Cumberland Argus (Parramatta, NSW : 1950 - 1962), p. 19. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article132134022 


Roadside stall at Terrey Hills, 1966


MANLY TO BAY VIEW—A POPULAR EASTER RESORT BY ROAD



1. On the Narrabeen Lagoon. 2. View from Sheepstation Hill, looking south. 3. Bay View. 4. a dip in the surf at Narrabeen. 5. Near Long Reef. 6. Approaching Narrabeen. 7. One of the creeks.

The distance from Manly to Bay View is about 15 miles. The road is by the Narrabeen-road past Rocklily. A proposal to put down a tram line is now being considered, and a member of the ministry was recently driven over the country, which in many parts is remarkably picturesque.


1. On the Narrabeen Lagoon. 


2. View from Sheepstation Hill, looking south. 


3. Bay View. 


4. A dip in the surf at Narrabeen. 


5. Near Long Reef. 


6. Approaching Narrabeen. 


7. One of the creeks.

MANLY TO BAY VIEW—A POPULAR EASTER RESORT BY ROAD. (1900, April 14). The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912), p. 878. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article165297416



Image No.: c071950005 Box 17, Albums of William Joseph Macpherson - Bay View, courtesy State Library of NSW and Macpherson Family.

NB: these are photographs by William Joseph Macpherson (Wharriewood - Warriewood) - visit:  The Macphersons of Wharriewood and Narrabeen: the photo albums of William Joseph Macpherson

Extras and References

Further



"TUMBLEDOWN DICK"
This nickname was borne by Richard Cromwell, second Protector of England, who died in 1712. Son of Oliver Cromwell, he reigned for only nine months after his father's death.
He had led a gay youth, loved field sports, and even drunk King Charles' health with Cavaliers, but when the Army made him leave Whitehall he said to adherents, 'I will not have a drop of blood spilt in the preservation of my greatness, which is a burden to me," and went unresistingly into oblivion, taking with him an old hair trunk of documents. He was £29,000 to debt, due partly to his father's funeral, and he had been in great danger of arrest, but, prudently “Shut himself up in his cabinet" and went to France, where he lived in retirement as John Clarke, reading and painting landscapes.
"TUMBLEDOWN DICK" (1942, October 28). The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (NSW : 1856 - 1861; 1863 - 1889; 1891 - 1954), , p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article193188654

TUMBLEDOWN DICK.
Old witch flying on a kitchen chair,
Cat on her shoulder, tail In the air
Man in the moon goes shivery all over.
Calls to his little dog, "At them, Rover!"
Cat starts mialling,
Dog bow-wowing,
Moon gets terrified and tips right over;
Man comes tumbling down into a motor.
"Hey!" says the taxi-man, "where shall I go ter?"
"Take me to Norwich,
They've hot pease-porridge,
That's what I want, for I'm shivery all over;
I can't find my way there without little Rover!"
L. H. ALLEN.
TUMBLEDOWN DICK. (1926, May 29). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16295334

TRAINING CAMP FOR BOY SCOUT OFFICERS. APPROACH TO THE CAMP, BETWEEN PYMBLE AND NARRABEEN, TO BE OPENED BY THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL ON MARCH 7.

This beautiful stretch of country is the gift of Mr. V. Roinel and Mr. and Mrs. Danvers Power, to the Boy Scout movement of New South Wales, for a training camp for officers and rovers, similar to the well known establishment at Gillwell Park in England. The cleared space In the picture indicates the site of the actual camp itself. The estate, which is now the splendid domain of the Boy Scout movement, is known as Korman Hurst, and is at the foot of Tumbledown Dick Hill, between Pymble and Narrabeen. Mr. Kelso King has provided the funds for fitting out the camp, which will be opened on March 7 by the Governor-General (Lord Forster). The estate, eminently fitted, li. is considered, for tho work of the movement, includes three structures, one of which a three-roomed cottage will be used as a clubroom and library. The two other buildings will be used for Red Cross purposes and for stores and offices. An Honourable Charge has been Issued by the Chief Scout (Major-Gcneral Sir Robert Baden-Powell) to Mr. Hartley MacAlllster, Deputy Commissioner, authorising him to act as a Deputy Camp Chief at the now camp. Accompanying this document were the little badge beads of office.TRAINING CAMP FOR BOY SCOUT OFFICERS. (1925, January 17). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 13. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16187662

TUMBLEDOWN DICK RESERVE. 
The NRMA recently approached the Lands Department with a suggestion that two areas on Tumbledown Dick Hill on the road between St Ives and Mona Vale, French's Forest be acquired as public reserves The Department has advised the association that the site on the southern side of the road is on freehold land, and it considers that the entailed resumption would not be warranted Regarding the area on the northern side however a comprehensive design for future disposal of a large area of Crown land in this locallty is, being prepared and an appropriate area will be set aside for public recreation when the scheme is finalised.  TUMBLEDOWN DICK RESERVE. (1939, April 25). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17592512 


THE LATE W. H. McKEOWN.

It was not a matter of surprise when it was announced that Mr. W.H. McKeown had passed away on Sunday morning last. He had attained the goodly age of 91 years, and was gathered at last as a shock of corn fully ripe. He was a real father in our Methodist Israel, and his story deserves to be more fully told. He was buried on Tuesday last in the Waverley Cemetery. For the present we content ourselves with a journalist's tribute as it appeared in the 'Daily Telegraph' of Tuesday, June 11th.

THE PASSING OF A PIONEER. In the death of Mr. William Henry McKeown, sen., there has passed away one of the oldest colonists of  the State, and one of the pioneers of the North Sydney district. His reminiscences of the early days in what was then called the Lane Cove district were always interesting, and the contribution he made to the material and moral welfare of the neighbourhood such as to deserve honourable mention.

THE LATE MR. W. H. McKEOWN. [photo]

 Mr. McKeown arrived in Sydney early in the year 1840, being then a lad of 19 years of age. He came from Ireland, and brought with him the sturdy qualities of the typical North of Ireland stock. His early attempts at finding a footing in Australia were  associated with the care of 'Government men,' an employment from which he shrank, and which he speedily gave up. One temporary job succeeded another, in which his self-reliance and power of adaptation were tested and developed. 

About the year 1845 he accepted an engagement in connection with a newly-planted orangery in what is now called Pymble, and thither, with his young wife, he removed. Crossing from Sydney to the northside of the harbour, he found there was no made road to what was then the distant bush. He had to find his way through a dense forest, simply following dray tracks through the bush. A few bark huts at intervals  along the way, the abodes of sawyers and wood getters, were the only signs of occupation of the territory where now stand the thriving suburbs of North Sydney, Chatswood, Roseville, Lindfield, and Gordon. Arrived at Pymble, there was a house licensed to sell beer only, an old wooden church, which served also as a school, and a public-house, where all sorts of drink, were sold. A gang or two of 'Government men' were employed hereabout, and timber-getting as the principal occupation. Orcharding on a small scale was also being attempted. 

For over half a century Mr. McKeown lived in the district, and witnessed its emergence from the primitive conditions in which he found it to one of the most popular and thriving of all the environs of the  city of Sydney. The record of his personal struggles interesting enough to form the subject of a popular autobiography. The path of the early settler was beset with many difficulties. Droughts were interspersed with terrific hailstorms, the latter of which occasionally stripped the orchards and rendered them comparatively unproductive for years. Labour troubles even then in evidence although unions and strikes had not been invented. The discovery of gold caused a stampede to the west of the Blue Mountains, labourers, clerks, shop-keepers, and even lawyers  forsook their wonted employ to find their El Dorado at the Turon and Tambaroora. Mr. McKeown sufficiently caught the fever to take two trips across the  mountains, but it was rather as a chartered driver in charge of organised parties, under contract for a consideration, than as a gold-seeker on his own account. He never believed in sudden roads to wealth, and never found one for himself. From the first Mr. McKeown was interested in the religious welfare of the district, and laboured personally earnestly to promote it. 

An old stone building stands on the Gordon-road, in Gordon, now as a store, which was the first substantial edifice for public worship erected north of North Sydney. It was built in the early fifties, at a cost of £850, and  served also as a schoolroom, with master's quarters attached. For many years this was known as "Lane Cove" Chapel, and was served by ministers from the York-street Methodist Church, and by local preachers, of whom Mr. McKeown soon became one. The  debt on it fell principally on its promoter's shoulders, and quaint are the tales he used to tell of the devices resorted to to meet the interest and reduce the debt. Zeal and self-denial eventually overcame all difficulties. 'Revivals' were frequent, and delighted the heart of the earnest man who was set upon the spiritual welfare of his neighbours. As population increased and spread, other 'chapels' were built at Willoughby, Hornsby, Pittwater, and other places, these being the pioneer places of worship in their respective neighbourhoods. 

As long as strength lasted Mr. McKeown continued his voluntary labours as a lay preacher, and at the time of his death he was probably the oldest local preacher in Methodism in Australia. Apart from his special interest in Church matters, Mr. McKeown was a good citizen in respect of the interest lie took in the social and material welfare of the district. He introduced new and improved methods of fruit culture. As a poultry-raiser he showed what could be done by special strains adapted for egg-production or for table use. He set a high standard of commercial morality, and when on one occasion he assigned his estate — mainly through the failure of others to meet their engagements to him — he subsequently paid most of his creditors in full, although under no legal obligation to do so. He was an ardent politician, and took a keen interest in public affairs right up to the last. In the, days when candidates were openly nominated on nomination day, he was frequently chosen to 'propose' a candidate from the hustings, and. his local influence was such that his candidate usually topped the poll. For a period he served as an alderman in the City Council, when he was carrying on business as a wood and coal and fruit merchant in Sydney. More than once he was asked to stand for' Parliament, but he could never be persuaded to become a candidate. His house was ever a 'centre' of kindly hospitality, and the record of those who have sat at his table or slept under his roof at Roseville, Pymble, where he resided for over half a  century, would be interesting as including ecclesiastics of all Churches, politicians of all hues, and commercial men from all the States and from over the seas. Since 1880 the North Sydney district has witnessed a wonderful development, and has become one of the most popular of all the residential areas of the metropolis. The Milson's Point-Hornsby railway line, has been the principal factor in bringing this about, and in securing the construction of the line Mr. McKeown took a leading part. Public meetings and deputations were organised by him, in conjunction with a few others, and successive Ministries were importuned until the work was put in hand, and at length carried to completion by the extension right to Milson's Point. With this the veteran's public work seemed to come to an end, and shortly after attaining his80th year he removed from the scene of his half century's labour to reside in quietude at Summer-hill. On leaving, he was made the recipient of several demonstrations evincing the esteem and appreciation entertained for him and his wife (who survives him)by the residents among whom they had lived so long and usefully. A family of 10 children and between 50 and 60 grandchildren, with several great-grandchildren, is the best legacy the venerable pioneer has left to the State. His sons are Rev. R. McKeown, of Waverley; Mr. G. M. McKeown, of Wagga Wagga Experiment Farm; Mr. J. McKeown, of the Civil Ambulance  Corps; Mr. W. H. McKeown, of Ashfield; and Mr. E. McKeown, of Belford. His sons-in-law are Rev. G.M'Intosh, of Chatswood; Mr. J. G. Edwards, of Kil-ara; Mr. W. Benson, of Waverley; Rev. J. E. Carruthers of Lindfield; and Mr. H. Hazlett, of Summer-hill. THE LATE W.H. McKEOWN. (1912, June 15). The Methodist(Sydney, NSW : 1892 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article155458683

Church Point. The same year, a probationer in his third year, the Rev. Edward J. Rodd was beginning his two years' term at St. Leonard. His circuit extended to Pittwater, and that year the Church Point Church was erected at a cost of £60. The erection of the church was accomplished through the efforts of Messrs. Geo. McIntosh and Wm. Henry McKeown, who conducted services at Bayview under a tree. Mr. William Oliver gave the site. In many early records it is spoken of as Chapel Point Church. For several years it was used as a public school, and Sir Henry Parkes' signature appears in the old visitor's book. Where is that book now? Diamond Jubilee. (1932, December 17). The Methodist(Sydney, NSW : 1892 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article155292368 

About Frank Walker. F.R.A.H.S

MR. FRANK WALKER, J P., F.R.A.H.S.
One of the Founders of the Royal Australian Historical Society.
Mr. Frank Walker was born at South Yarra, Victoria, in 1861, and came to reside permanently in Sydney in 1885. He always showed a keen interest in history, and made an early start in the collection of Australian historical data, which now is of immense value to him. Feeling that Australians in general should know more of their own country, he, in company with other kindred spirits, set about the formation of an Australian Historical Society, which after several ups and downs at last came into being in the year 1901. He became a member of its first Council, and for a period of ten years held the position of honorary treasurer. He was elected president in the year 1912, and the following year was again returned to office. In the latter year he was appointed president of the Blue Mountains Centenary Committee, which later on carried out to a successful conclusion the celebration of the first centenary of the first crossing of the Blue Mountains by Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth. This was practically the first centenary celebration in Australia, and showed the way to many similar functions in the succeeding years.

An ardent cyclist and photographer, Mr. Walker toured the greater part of New South Wales and Tasmania, collecting photographs and information concerning many of the then existing relics of the past which has been carefully tabulated and indexed for reference. 
In 1918, His Majesty the King was pleased to grant permission for the Society to use the prefix "Royal," and under this title it has since been known. Mr. Walker has been a prolific contributor to the press of articles on Australian history, and by means of lantern slides, of which he possesses some thousands, he has sought to spread further knowledge by public lectures in this and the neighboring States.

Always keenly interested in the development of Australia, commercially and other-wise, he has watched the growth and progress of the Federal Capital, Canberra, the site of which over twenty-four years ago he visited on the wheel, when there was nothing to indicate that this beautiful and well favored district would achieve the distinction which later years have brought it.

A very few of the original founders of the Historical Society, of which Mr. Walker is one, are left, the rest having crossed "The Great Divide," but their memory and the influence they exerted in the past still remain. Mr. Walker is still a member of the present Council, and hopes to be of much service yet to the Society before his time comes to make way for the rising generation.
From National Review, London, 1904. 
MR. FRANK WALKER, J P., F.R.A.H.S. (1927, January 17). The Federal Capital Pioneer Magazine (Canberra, ACT : 1926 - 1927), p. 27. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66350942 

The Great North Road: An Historic Highway
By Frank Walker.
ALTHOUGH a span of nearly fifteen years separates the making of the Great North-road from that of the two other main highways, the western and southern, the completion of an alternative route to Newcastle other than by sea marked an important epoch in the history of New South Wales. It served two purposes; the first, in providing travellers with a means of access to the Hunter River district, without the consequent tedious sea journey that had hitherto been necessary, and the second, in opening up and drawing attention to the large areas of magnificent country so eminently suitable for cultivation, which lay along the route chosen. A considerable degree of uncertainty has existed with regard to the first and original route. ' 

BUSH SCENE, NEAR ROSEVILLE STATION.

The early New South Wales calendars, which, as a rule, contain itineraries of the various important roads of the then colony, either surveyed or open for traffic, present the information, in a manner, which, to our modern ideas, seems particularly confusing. The constant notices and references to side tracks, and the occasional abrupt termination of the descriptions of main routes, which start off again at the point they left off several pages farther on, is apt to tangle the present day seeker after knowledge in a hopeless maze, which he is lucky to emerge from and preserve his reason. Only by careful study and comparison, step by step, is order evolved out of chaos, and it is interesting at this lapse of time to try to imagine how strangers who took the calendar for their guide, philosopher, and friend, managed eventually to reach the point they were bound for, and escape the numberless perils and dangers which the interior of the country contained in these days. This is particularly the case with the route under notice, which, prior to 1823, was a veritable 'terra incognita,' beyond the settled districts to the north of Sydney. The country, too, for the most part, was wild and desolate. Even now, in the less inhabited regions, there .are wild and rugged precipices, dark and dismal ravines, where even the foot of a blackfellow has never trodden, and densely wooded heights, almost as inaccessible as the most desolate part of the Blue Mountains. Here, in the season, waratahs bloom unseen, and the gigantic lily luxuriates in the sandy crevices of the rocks. This wonderful plant grows in these localities to a height of 16 or 18 feet, and is of a rich crimson colour, some of the blooms measuring three or four feet in circumference. It is, however, becoming scarce, owing to the spread of population, but may still be met with in the more secluded parts of the ranges. 

WHEN, therefore, it was proposed to open up communication between the metropolis and the growing settlement at Maitland by means of a road, speculation was rife as to what this mysterious tract of country contained. The first overland journey from Newcastle to Sydney was made by Major Morrisett, 48th Regiment, on April 25, 1823. This officer was for some years commandant at Newcastle, and the severity of his rule and strict attention to discipline are matters of history. He was promoted to the rank of lieutenant-colonel at a later period, and was once in charge of the settlement at Norfolk Island. After retiring from the ranks, he took up his residence at Bathurst, and, dying in 1852, was buried in the graveyard adjoining the Old Kalso Church, near Bathurst. No officer was better known in the western district. He had seen much service, and bore upon his face the traces of a wound received in action. At the time of his memorable journey in 1823. he was in the prime of life, and well suited to stand the fatigues of what proved a most arduous undertaking. Nine days were occupied in reaching Windsor, the country being described as excessively mountainous and wild, the distance traversed being 169 miles. Major Mitchell was ordered by Governor Darling to survey this track, and the first section, which reached to within six miles of Parramatta ferry, was opened in 1829. This route, via Pitt Town, is the one now traversed by the coaches from Windsor to Wiseman's Ferry. In 1832 another means of communication with the northern districts was opened by the formation of a road, which branched off the Parramatta-road at six and a quarter miles from Sydney, crossed the river by a punt, where Abbotsford now is, and, passing behind the site of Gladesville Asylum, continued on through Ryde and Pennant Hills, and eventually joined the first track at the twenty-fifth mile-post, the distance from Sydney to this point being 21 ¼ miles, thus effecting a saving in mileage. 


OLD WESLEYAN CHURCH, LYON'S ROAD, FIVE DOCK.

Still another track was formed a year or two later, which proves the antiquity of the highway on the northern side of the harbour, now known as the Gordon-road. The track commenced from Blue's Point (to-day the present road for some distance of its length is termed the Lane Coveroad), to which place there was communication by water from Dawe's Point, and generally followed about the same course as the present road. Crow's Nest Cottage is spoken of in the early calendars, and the residence of Provost-Marshal Gore, at Gore Hill, is mentioned, as, likewise, a grant of land belonging to Mr. Gore, which he named Artarmon. The present station on the Milson's Point line of railway perpetuates this name. A track leading to Pittwater, described as a pathway, occurs at eight and a quarter miles, which is exactly the distance of the present road to that locality. At 15.5 miles from the city what is described as the 'New North-road by the punt at Concord is reached.' The word 'Concord' is somewhat misleading, and is either a misprint or the present locality, now known as Abbotsfield, where the punt really was, may have been included in the district called by that name. Three miles further on the 'Great Northroad' is reached, thus giving an alternative route to and from Sydney, without passing through Parramatta or touching the Western road. 

THE original road, now known as the Glenorie-road, is not used except at rare intervals. He would be a courageous man who, knowing what lay before him after passing the village of Glenorie, would essay the task of driving over the 20 odd miles of deep sand, rough boulders, and cavernous ruts which now characterise this route. Tbe writer, not possessing the requisite knowledge at the time of the condition of the road, was venturesome enough to propel, or, rather, endeavour to propel, a bicycle over its forbidding surface, with the result that the greater portion of the distance had to be negotiated on foot willy-nilly. Five miles from Wiseman's Ferry this road junctions with the coach route, and the remainder of the distance to the river is all that could be desired. At the junction the attention of the traveller is drawn to a picturesque ruin, locally known as the 'haunted house.' Originally built of neatly squared courses of masonry, this habitation dates from the very earliest days, and was erected for the accommodation of a section of the military in charge of road gangs. THE present-day traveller over this route cannot fail to accord a note of admiration for the old road-makers when his eye takes in the stupendous work performed on the fashioning of the pass down the mountain to the village at Wiseman's Ferry. Splendidly graded, and of faultless surface, this section of roadway is at once an object-lesson 10 municipal and shire councils, and although in extenuation of local government failings the question of cheap and abundant labour bulks largely in any comparison of old and new methods, there are still profitable lessons to be learnt from these early-day achievements, and we should not be diffident in taking full advantage of them. 


COURT HOUSE CAVE, WISEMAN'S FERRY

The great stone embankments, which hold the road in position, as it were, between heaven and earth, extend far down into the valley, and though upwards of 80 years have elapsed since these stones were cut and placed in position, there is not the slightest sign of subsidence, and the work remains as firm and intact as the day it was completed. On the shoulder of the mountain, many feet above the road, a cleared space in the bush, covered with remains of stone buildings, mark the site of one of the numerous stockades that are scattered all over the district, and a natural cave, embellished with stone seats and a flight of steps leading up from the road, once served as a temporary "courthouse," in the days when buildings were scarce. From the platform of this cave a magnificent panorama of river and mountain scenery lies at the feet of the beholder, and the eye never tires of the beautiful prospect that opens out to the view. This particular scene should be one of our most treasured beauty spots. 

THE village of Wiseman's consists of about a score of buildings, but the Hawkesbury Inn— the original home of the celebrated Solomon Wiseman — dominates all others in point of size and historical interest. It is a strong, substantial building, constructed entirely of stone, and its oldfashioned, low-ceilinged rooms, queer, crooked stairways, and solid cedar appointments carry one instantly back Into the past. There are unexplored recesses, damp, dark, and mysterious beneath the building which have a tale of their own. An old stone stable, still wearing its ancient shingle roof, and half hidden by a gigantic Moreton Bay fig tree, is eloquent of the passing years, and hard-by a still older dwelling, now little more than a tumbled heap of stones, lies stranded on the 'shores of Time.' The grounds, which cover about an acre, are entirely surrounded by a stone and rubble wall, which, in itself, must have found work for 'unwilling hands extending over some considerable period. The road continues to the river a further half-mile, where a modern punt replaces the old wherry which did duty here for so many uneventful years. Again consulting the calendar we find that the original crossing was some considerable distance down stream, but the steep and dangerous grades rendered it unsafe, and in the early thirties the present track, which ascends to the summit of the range, some 4000 feet was made by a series of traverses on an easy grade, and effects a saving of nearly three miles. Here, again, the stone-work surface of roadway, the numerous culverts, and huge stone buttresses are a lasting monument to the skill of the early road engineers. Prom the top of the mountain there is a descent of some miles until the M'Donald River is reached, transit across being obtained by means of a punt. On the left side of the road near the river is a ruined stone church, open to the sky, and with window spaces, innocent of glass or frames. It stands a mute object of decay and ruin, and has remained in this condition for a great number of years. The road now follows the course of Mogo Creek for nearly nine miles, practically level, winding its serpentine way through a deep valley, the mountains here being densely wooded with steep, precipitous sides. The early itinerary of this road speaks of an inn kept by Mr. Richard Wiseman, at 858 miles from Sydney, or 354 from Wiseman's Ferry. There is now no habitation in this neighbourhood, all being wild bush, and what remained of the building has evidently been covered with undergrowth. With regard to Mogo Creek, which, as mentioned before, the road closely hugs, the original name was Sugarloaf Creek, but, as a matter of fact, the stream is properly speaking the Wollombi River, though at this point, and for several miles of its course, it could hardly be dignified by any other name than that of creek. At 964 miles from Sydney, 47 from the ferry, is the village of Wollombi. The calendar places this at 93 1/2 miles, but this reckoning is evidently made over the then new route. 


VIEW FROM MOUNTAIN PASS, WISEMAN'S FERRY.

WOLLOMBI is a pleasantly situated township, surrounded by mountains on every side, but the one the road approaches, though some considerable hill-climbing is necessary, some miles distant, ere the more level ground is reached. A road branches off in a north-easterly direction, passing through the township of Broke to the present town of Singleton. This road was in existence prior to 1834, as the calendar refers to it in this wise: — ' . . . the great north road continues down the valley of the Wollombi, reaching the reserve of Broke, where the road, after following this romantic valley nearly twenty miles, at length reaches the open country watered by the Hunter.' 

One of the Blaxland family possessed a sheep and cattle station near this road, but some miles beyond Wollombi; and the Rev. Richard Hill, a noted clergyman, whose name is closely identified with the early history of New South Wales, also owned an estate, which was named Milbro Dale, in this locality. Continuing the main route to West Maitland, an ideal road is met with, of excellent surface almost the whole distance. The country adjacent is still mountainous, and in the early days provided large quantities of cedar, rosewood, etc., many of the former trees being of magnificent growth. The pasturage even now Is luxuriant beyond belief, and prosperous homesteads are met with every few miles. At 72 miles from the ferry the comparatively young but vigorous township of Cessnock, a busy mining centre, has sprung into existence, and, judging by the strides it has made during a two years' absence the writer was surprised to see what a number of buildings had been added in that time. It bids fair to become one of the more important northern towns of the future. The road now continues in a north-easterly direction, passing through several old settlements, and joins the Maitland-Singleton road near the former township. The area of flat country on each side of the Hunter River in this locality was originally known as Wallis Plains, after Captain Wallis, who was commandant at Newcastle in the year 1818. This officer is credited with the founding of Christ Church, Newcastle, in which he held services when the incumbent was absent, a matter of frequent occurrence, since there were so few clergymen at that time in New South Wales. On these plains the towns of East and West Maitland were built, the first buildings dating from about the year 1827. In 1833 the entire population of the Hunter River district was about 2000, and in this year 16 or 17 cases on one occasion were awaiting trial at the assizes, plainly indicating the lawless state of the times, and the severity of rule that held sway. Many of the early pioneers — men who have left their mark on the records of ,this State, were closely identified with the town and district, and the numerous old-fashioned country residences in this neighbourhood, where they resided and founded families, and whose sons are still carrying on the work their fathers begun— are landmarks, whose importance cannot be questioned. The remaining distance to Newcastle, 20 miles, is now, more or less, thickly populated along the route which runs from Maitland in a south-easterly direction, and, approaching the Hunter River at Hexham, follows the right bank of that stream, until It finally enters the thriving and prosperous city of Newcastle, the total distance from Sydney, following the route described, being 149 ¼  miles. 

ST. ANNE'S CHURCH, RYDE.
The Great North Road: An Historic Highway. (1911, December 20). The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912), p. 35. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article164330841 

ST. IVES SHOW
attractive display

The Northern Suburbs A. and H. Association opened its sixth annual exhibition yesterday on the new showground in Pittwater Road, St. Ives. The committee prepared a ring, and the whole area of seven acres was cleared by voluntary labor. As yet there are no buildings on the ground, and large marquees accommodate the exhibits.

The entries exceeded last year's, and the generally high quality of the exhibits make an attractive display. Following are tho chief awards:— RING EVENTS. Pony, 12 hds. or under. M'Cauley 1, Green 2; do., 22.2 to 13.2, M'WIlliams 1, Lawson 'I', lady's or gent's hackney (novice), Miss Lawson 1, Miss Thompson 2; open gent's hackney, Mr. King's Tom 1', Mr. Lawson's Jack 2; gent's hackney (locally-owned), C. Gumming 1, Mrs Molly Lance's Michael 2; lady's hackney. Miss Thompson's Lady 1, Mr. C. Cumming's Tricolor 2. (In this latter event Miss Nancy Mann, who whs ridlug Lady, sustained a nasty fall, and was taken to the North Shore Hospital.) Lady's hackney (local), Miss Thompson's Lady 1, Miss Lance's Michael 2; sulky pony (not over 14 hands), A. Campbell's Romulus 1, — Spackmin 2 ; sulky horse, Mrs. G. Flanagan's Prince Ivusoff 1. — Page 2; lady rider (local), Miss Mollie Lance on Michael 1, Miss Brown on Ginger 2; girl rider, under 25, Ppggy Thompson (Turramurra) 1, Mollie Thompson 2, Betty Thompson 3 girl rider, under 11, Jessie Clune and Kathleen Clover divided first prize, Eileen M'Cauley and Edna Venters divided second prize. FRUIT. Oranges.— Navel, R. Shinfleld; White Slletta,..., J. Porter 1, G, Gnnkrodger 2; Valencies for export, W. Russell 1, G. Gankrodger 2. Emperor mandarins. W. Russell 1 and 2. Lisbon lemons, W. Dorrlngton 1, \V. Russell 2; Eureka lemons, W. Russell 1 and 2; collection of citrus fruit, W. Russell ; best-packed case of oranges, W. Russell 1, V. Shlnfield 2; case of lemons, W. Jtussell. Apples.— Jonathans, Fchofleld 1, W. Chase 2; M'lntosh Red, G. S. Pierce 1, W. Bourke 2; Red Carringtons, G. S. Pierce 1, R, .Shin-field 2; Striped Carringtons, J. M'Carthy; Trivett Seedlings, J. M'Carthy; any variety, J. M'Carthy; Granny Smith, IV. Chase; Mobbs Royal, G. S. Pierce; Nelson, G. S. Pierce; best collection, II . Britton. Pears.— s-Wiillams, H. Britton; China, W. H. Jones; Keslers, G. S. Pierce; best collection, H. Britton. Peaches.— Elbertn, W. Dorrington; Mountain Rose, Mrs. J. Reid; Wiggin, R. Shinfield; any variety, J. Fagan. Plums. — President, H. Shinfleld; Burbank, K. Shinfleld; Narrabeen Seedling, W. Oliver; Sat-suinn, G. S. Pierce; Upright Blood, J. Fagan; Wickson, IV. Hcusmau: any variety, J. Fagan; best collection, G. S. Pierce. Nectarines.— W. Dorrington. Passionfruit,— W. Foster. Collection of Fruit.— W. Hensmah. VEGETABLES. Early Rose Potatoes, It. Britton 1 and 2; Satisfaction, R, Shinfield; Brownells, H. Britton; Manhattan, R. Shinfield; Up-to-date, H. Britton ; collection of potatoes, H. Britton 3, R. Shinfleld 2. .Cabbage, K. Shinfield: Spanish onions, W. Chase; Swede turnips, R. Shinfield; parsnips, J. Fagan ; French beans, W. Dorrintgton; vegetable morrows. It. Shinfield; squashes, H. Britton; Inbie pumpkins, C. Stevens; apple cucumbers, H. Britton; cucumbers, S. W. Fagan : rhubarb, R. Shinfleld ; beetroot, R. Martin; silvcrbect, J. Fagan; collection of xegot-ables, R. Shinfield; tomatoes, J. Porter; herbs J. Shinfleld; root vegetables, R. Shinfield; green maize, V. Shinfield; sorghum, J. Shinfield: barley hay, J. Shinfield; oaten hay, R. Shinfield; wheaten hay, It. Shinfield; green lucerne, B. Smith; sweet corn, H. Britton; single farm exhibit, R. Shinfield. To-day's programme will Include ring events and the judging of cattle, also the official opening ceremony.
ST. IVES SHOW (1926, January 16). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article245853259

Motoring
Less Than an Hour from the G.P.O.
Sydney Beauty Spots for Afternoon Picnics

In the height of summer the beaches close lo the metropolis naturally make the strongest appeal to those motorists who have a few hours to spend on pleasure, but the fact is sometimes overlooked that within a few miles of the centre of the city there are many delightful resorts where, seen in the middle of winter, a happy afternoon can be passed in most pleasant and secluded surroundings. By 'Spotlight. '
...
Above Fuller's Bridge 
LET us set a liberal outward time limit of an hour and talk of some of the scenic charms which still, so far as a majority of motoring bushlovers are concerned, bush unseen within a few miles of the G.P.O. The toll at the Harbour Bridge is the last commercial transaction to mar the mellow afternoon; shops, old cottages, and bijou residences with 'every mod. conv.' flit by as we hasten to Chatswood, and a few hundred yards beyond its large Public school turn to the left into Fuller's-road. Within a minute or two suburbia begins to merge with the woodlands of the Upper Lane Cove, the picturesque rifle range runs almost parallel with the road on the right, and soon we reach Fuller's Bridge. A sorry itinerary, you might say, knowing that a cemetery and crematorium are the next points of interest on this route. But bear right-handed with us just before the approach to the bridge, and be confident that there are better things in store. A quarter of a mile of careful driving beside a picturesque tidal creek dotted with mangroves and bordered with she-oaks works a mighty transformation. We have buried the jangling city, and a world (albeit a very small one) of valley and forest is our oyster, to be opened leisurely along with the picnic hamper. Looking back, we feel but for the lack of a mountain nip in the air that we might be hundreds of miles from the city and traffic courts. There is an undulating sweep of green fields; in the background is a tree -clustered, sharp hill. Shapely old pear trees dot the foreground, and to complete the picture is a little homestead, whose steeply-sloped roof might have been designed to throw off the snows of the Monaro or the chill lakelands of Tasmania. Here, doubtless, the psychologist would tell us, is the ideal point at which to manipulate our mental circuits, and with a dwindling recollection of the roar of trams and crowded counters say 'good-bye to all that.' At least, the experiment is worth a trial. 
Lady game Drive 
THEN the road, the Lady Game Drive, meet souvenir of one who took the keenest pleasure in the beauties of our country, bears to the left, and, crossing a culvert, begins to climb uphill. Through a winding avenue of trees and native shrubs it threads its uneven way, and the driver will perforce at times drop down to a crawl when deep gutters and pot-holes loom ahead; but the short trip is well worth such small discomforts, and before we have had time to worry about the bumps we come out from the woods on to the open slopes, where, to the south-west, is a panorama reminiscent of England, and so throw off the spell of remoteness, and speeding up Fidden's Wharf-road rejoin the Pacific Highway at Killara. But the afternoon is still young, and before striking off towards the coast there is ample time to make a few more promising deviations from the beaten paths. So, taking our due place in the Saturday afternoon procession, we plod along the main highway as far as Turramurra, and then, at the first turning left after crossing the railway bridge, take a silent farewell of fellow-motorists who are confirmed lovers of concrete and bitumen and branch off downhill into Kissing Point-road. Several legends are extant as to the reasons for the name bestowed on that road, but historical research is no part of a cheerful, forgetful drive, and we are content to know that after two and a half miles of easy descent we shall reach a deadend, where the hills with their overhanging sandstone rocks and caves gather together, and below us the many small tree-clad creeks which feed the headwaters of the Lane Cove River have banded together in a cool, silent gully to form a constant stream with deep pools and rocks that invite the sunbaker. Well might one spend half an hour in wandering in this wilderness where flannel flowers and other bush plants have escaped the hands of marauders, and all is peace. 
A Forest and a Bush Road 
BUT if the itch to travel is persistent and time begins to hang heavy, we can make tracks back through Turramurra to St. Ives, turning into Telegraph -road, which is on the left at the crest of the hill above Pymble Railway Station. In less than a mile that street debouches on to the Pittwater-road, and before reaching St. Ives, which lies about another mile beyond, the Dalrymple-Hay Forest looms up on the right. The glades of that preserve are inviting on a hot day, and from the near-by lookout is a magnificent view of parts of French's Forest and the Heads, with, to the right, a glimpse of the Harbour Bridge to remind us that town and black care still 'sit on the crupper.' And so St. Ives, with its avenue of sombre pines and its worked-out and well-tilled orchards. 
The hours have flown by on winged feet, but there is still time to probe the arterial road from that township to Gordon, a pretty, winding route, beloved of equestrians Sydney Beauty Spots for A her noon Picnics (Concluded from Opposite Page.) Here, if energy triumphs over sloth, the car can be parked at some wide bend, and a short 'hike' will take the wanderer through rough country to shady valleys or lofty vantage points, and once again he will have succeeded, in the best sense, in burying himself for a brief space. But those who shrink from such exertions and want to 'do' as many places as possible, can round off the day by a trip to the Oxford Palls, in French's Forest. An easy approach is through Roseville to the bridge over Middle Harbour, in Roseville Chase, and thence up hill to the crossroads, where the right-hand branch is taken. Within a minute or two turn left, and do not follow the better road straight ahead, which leads past the brickworks. Continuing for about a mile and a half, a signboard 'Oxford Falls,' will be seen on the left, and here we turn off, and pursuing a rather bumpy downhill track reach the falls, near which are several small holdings, in less than two miles. Here we must 'call it a day,' and leave the tourist to find his own way home wards, with the suggestion that a dip in the surf at Manly might be a good tonic for dinner, and with the hope that by this shallow scratching of a wide field of beauty spots busy and fatigued motorists who seek complete relaxation will be encouraged to appreciate the less spectacular, but delightful, scenery which lies at their thresholds, and in so doing find an escape from the humdrum round of life.
Motoring (1935, March 6). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), p. 44. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article166110179 


Speeding in the Wake of Governor Phillip
By ' Spotlight '
THERE is bustle along the coastline of golden beaches and grassy headlands; a chatter of excited  aborigines. Even the black swans on Deewhy Lagoon sense that something is amiss and raise their long necks from probing the tempting shallows. Off-shore, dancing along in a following breeze, are two small open boats, and at the tiller of one is a man of enterprise, who has left his mark on the map of Australia. There at the helm sits Phillip, first Governor of the new colony, a real pioneer, who does not let his high office and the dictatorial power which he commands in an outpost of Empire restrain his innate energy to be up and doing and to see things for himself. Nearly a score of years before Cook had marked on the charts to the north of Port Jackson 'broken land, which appeared to form a bay.' Now Phillip, With the duties of office heavy upon him, and but a few weeks after he had, on his own responsibility moved the First Fleet from Botany Bay to what is to-day Sydney, has founded the infant colony, set everything in good running order, and, without breathing space, undertaken a reconnaissance by sea that few yachtsmen would envy. No decked, ocean-going launch or pleasure schooner for him. A long-boat and a cutter clear the Heads and venture north into the blue. 

MARCH 2; 1788, is the day logged as the start of this exploit, and that night the party slept in the boats, in the lee of a rocky point, 'as the natives, though friendly, appeared to be numerous.' One can picture the pow-pows round many a seashore fire while shellfish roast in the embers. The natives are fretful. 'Who are these intruders? What do they seek?' At dawn Phillip sailed on. He found the scenic glories of the Hawkesbury estuary, named one of its finest reaches after William Pitt the younger, and 'returned in safety to enjoy the blessings of the land.' Pittwater became a name on the chart. Another haven in a new, rich land had been discovered, and there we may leave this energetic first representative of the Throne in these latitudes with the grateful recollection of one whose spontaneous energy had a share in the revealing of a lovely stretch of playground at the threshold of the city. In that tract beaches, golf , links, still bays, and surviving patches of virgin bush now beckon the jaded toiler of the town. Phillip has gone, but his name lives in the archives, and the natives flustered at his coming have left a message for the new race in the weathered rock carvings and kitchen middens which the hurrying motorist might often forget when speeding to the allurements of Manly, Newport, Palm Beach, or the fastnesses of French's Forest. The original inhabitants have been spared the shattering of their peace by an endless stream of cars, the 'improvement' of their lands, and the new 'Spooner' costumes which next season are to make the beaches safer for democracy. Peace be with them! 

THE light fades, the endless film of history flicks through the years. Switching on at the 'sixties,' Barrenjoey, aforetime 'Barrenjuey,' is cast on the screen. There is no lighthouse as yet, but Phillip's verdict on that sequestered port has been appreciated by his successors. The Customs House nestling in the shelter of the abrupt headland which overtops the sandy isthmus is mute testimony that rumrunners and others have found the Hawkesbury a convenient, if not official, port of entry. Nowadays those who walk, sometimes optimistically carrying fishing-rods, from the end of the golf links road to the headland can capture something of the good old days, although the fish elude their wiles. They can see in the sandhills at the feet of the dark, timbered cliffs buildings which once housed the revenue-men. It is a thin slice of Cornwall in its heyday cast to the other side of the globe.

Picture, too, the pilgrimages of those travellers whose vessels, forced to shelter in Pittwater, preferred, as history records, to tramp through the bush to Middle Harbour rather than await the relenting of the elements. Barrenjoey is a highlight of colonial -history in that the old days still seem to linger there. When the nor'-easter blows in summer and the well-fed tourist takes his after-dinner nap in the warm hollow of a sheltering sandhill he might in his dreams see sudden alarums and excursions, the quick manning of the revenue cutter, a few shots at random, and perhaps the sail of a successful smuggler fading into the evening. If, as some romantics have said, all places are redolent of their history, the half-waking dreamer will glimpse the venerable lighthouse, now 'automatic,' and in his reveries hark back to the day in 1880 when a light 'of the second order dioptric' first shed its beams over that little patch of the Pacific. He will see the life of the early keepers of the lamp, the death by lightning of one whose tombstone on the scene of his labours bears an epitaph concluding: — 'I, too, in haste was called away; Repent; repent without delay!' 
'Three o'clock; time for another round.' 




A heartless friend breaks the spell, and reluctantly we are astir, and stroll back to the short, but picturesque, Palm Beach course. TO those whose week-ends are sometimes so strenuous that they welcome Monday's toil we would say, 'Give the round trip to Barrenjoey a trial.' There are temptations all along the route; some of them are indicated in the accompanying map, and few, if any, cities could boast of such a glorious variety of unspoilt scenery within a few miles of its hub. The itinerary illustrated is offered as a quick tonic. The chart might be amplified by a few explanations. Between Avalon and Palm Beach is a deviation coastwards to the Hole in the Wall. The car can be driven on the billowy turf to the very edge of the cliffs, and thence is a rough, formidable track which might have been made by mountain goats to the seaward cave. The cliffs overhang menacingly; there are signs of many a landslide, and with a quick scramble the narrow entrance to the wide and sombre cavern is reached. Running at brisk speed over the return route we turn off inquisitively to the ruined powder works. (See map.) Summer or winter, here is a warm, sheltered spot for picnickers. Pine trees flanked by a high natural hedge of 'bottle-brushes,' mellowed stonework, gill birds (a most palatable food en casserole) by the dozens, chortling, as it seems, 'This country is an animal sanctuary,' and with it all still the pervading spirit of the days that have been. IT was very proper that an establishment where high explosives were to be manufactured should be far removed from peopled districts. Its sponsor felt, doubtless, that at any minute it might go into smoke, even as he is said to have done. Carl von Beiren was pursued by the Law and was accused of fraudulent practices, but his virtues and demerits have no place here. Suffice it to say that in French's Forest he has left, a stone-throw from the main road between St. Ives and Mona Vale, and a little east of the turn-off to Elanora golf links, a still enduring monument to his efforts. There it is graven that in 1884 he set out to build Ingleside House, now a razed ruin, and a neatly chiselled powder cask surmounting the inscription, 'Advance Australia,' proclaims his good intentions. The sun is sinking; the western glare has gone. A fine day closes — and so to Sydney. 
MOTORING Speeding in the Wake of Governor Phillip (1935, August 21).Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), p. 49. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article160500014 


A TREE SANCTUARY! In the Dalrymple Hay Forest Reserve, Pymble. Community Quilts (1933, December 27).Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), p. 48. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article165961981 

FOREST RESERVE WANTED
MOVE TO RETAIN AREA AT PYMBLE
Ald. W. Creswell O'Reilly will preside at a meeting In the Killara Memorial Hall next Thursday, when an appeal will be made for contributions to preserve portion of the Dalrymple-Hay forest at Pymble, which is to be subdivided. This forest is the last remaining portion of the original Cumberland forest. Crossed cheques made payable to the Dalrymple-Hay: Forest Preservation Fund may be sent to the Rangers' League, Box 3607S., G.P.O., Sydney, or Mr. Chas. R. Barton, Barton and Co., 7 Macquarie-place, Sydney. The total area of the forest is 50 acres. The southern section, of 26½ acres, was resumed in 1925 by the Government as a State forest, while the now privately owned northern section comprises 29½ acres. FOREST RESERVE WANTED (1934, March 11). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 17. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230547085 

PYMBLE FOREST 
Mrs. A. F. Wyatt and Mr. F. T. Berman (joint hon. secretaries of the Dalrymple-Hay Forest Preservation Committee) write:— The committee wishes to express its appreciation of your valuable paper's assistance in giving such splendid publicity to the movement to save the Pymble (Brown's) Forest or so much of it as is available to our committee under an option to purchase. Unfortunately, though the whole area of 56 acres was resumed by the Crown in 1925 and dedicated as a State forest reserve, half of it was allowed to revert to the owners in 1931. If this unique belt of natural forest is to be saved for all time, funds must be speedily forthcoming. The Wild Life Preservation Society gave outright 25 guineas, but also guaranteed a similar amount in addition, should It prove necessary, rather than see the area lost to the public. Donations may be forwarded to the hon. treasurers, care of Mr. Chas. R. Barton (the organiser of the present movement), 5 Macquarie-place, Sydney. A BUNDLE OF LETTERS (1934, May 11).The Sun(Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 11 (FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229202395 

OPEN TO PUBLIC
Dalrymple-Hay Forest
The Dalrymple-Hay forest, Pittwater-road, Pymble, is now open to the public. This 11 ½ acres, with the adjoining 26 acres held by the Forestry Commission, is now a forest reserve. Arrangements are now in hand for a scheme of joint management, for the removal of certain noxious growths from the areas and for the erecting of notice boards. OPEN TO PUBLIC (1934, September 12).The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 16 (LAST RACE EDITION). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230325887 

Forest Reserve Near Pymble
THE Dalrymple-Hay forest reserve, beside the Pittwater road between Pymble and St. Ives, is now open to the public. Cars may be parked inside the entrance. It is very gratifying that after many difficulties this fine area of native timber should have been secured for the enjoyment of the public, and motorists who have not visited the forest will be astonished at the beauty of the surroundings and the peace and quiet of this delightful spot, which is within half an hour's run of the Sydney Harbour Bridge. Forest Reserve Near Pymble (1934, September 19). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1912 - 1938), p. 44. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article166108124 

WILD FLOWERS AND NATIVE PLANTS PROTECTION ACT, 1927. Appointment of Honorary Rangers. THE undermentioned persons have been appointed as Honorary Hangers in pursuance of the provision of the Wild Flowers and Native Plants Protection Act, 1927: - 
Ivor Bertie Wyatt, Esq., 26 Park-avenue, Gordon. Mrs. Annie Forsyth Wyatt, 26 Park-avenue, Gordon. (L.G. 1934-S. 3,915)… WILD FLOWERS AND NATIVE PLANTS PROTECTION ACT, 1927. (1934, October 12). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 3698. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223066411 


Mona Vale Public School Plants 140 Trees In Three Streets

ONE hundred and forty Bottle Brush trees were planted at Mona Vale on August 11, when Arbor Day was celebrated at Mona Vale School.

The trees were planted in Narrabeen, Waratah and Park streets, which surround the school, at which 148 students have become tree wardens.

The tree planting was arranged by the schoolmaster, Mr. Daly with the co-operation of the Parents and Citizens' Association. ;

- The P. &. C. and school children bought most of the treelings from the Forestry Department, the Department giving the remainder. 

Mr. Daly addressed the gathering of children, parents and visitors, after which Mr., Austin, inspector of schools, Mr. Asian; M.L.A., and Mr. Watson, of the Naturalist: Society, addressed the large gathering.

All spoke of the great value of trees to the individual, the community, and the nation, and urged the growing, care, and protection of trees.

Trees were living things of beauty and great usefulness, and every effort should be made to save them from damage and destruction, the speakers said. 

The young trees were distributed among the visitors, children and members of the Parents and Citizens' Association who moved to positions in the three streets where the treelings were planted.

Other visitors included members of the N.S.W. Town Planning Association (Mr. and Mrs. B. W. Ford), the president of Warringah Shire Council(Mr. R. Kent),- a member of the Forestry Advisory Committee (Mr.Turner), the secretary of Pittwater R.S.L. (Mr. Bimsan), Mrs. Ingleton, representing the Mona Vale Community League, and Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Collins.

The president of the P. and C. Association (Mrs. K. Batten) assisted by the secretary (Mrs. O. Anderson)entertained the visitors at lunch, while the school children provided a bright concert programme, which included Master Ted Budge's vocal solo, "Trees."

Visitors paid tributes to the school staff, P. and C. members, and all who assisted in the tree planting and entertainment. MONA VALVE SCHOOL PLANTS 140 TREES IN 3 STREETS. (1950, August 25). The Land (Sydney, NSW : 1911 - 1954), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article105713567


LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT, 1919
Warringah Shire Council: Proposed Resumption of Land at Mona Vale
HIS Excellency the Governor, with the advice of the Executive Council and in pursuance of the Local Government Act, 1919, has approved of the Warringah Shire Council's causing a notice of resumption of the land described in the Schedule hereto, together with a description of such land, to be published in the Government Gazette and in a newspaper circulating in the area in which the land is located, such land being required by the Warringah Shire Council for the purpose of widening a public road. (S. 58-2,803)
J. B. RENSHAW, Minister for Local Government. Department of Local Government, Sydney, 5th December, 1958.
Schedule
All that piece or parcel of land situate in the Shire of Warringah, parish of Narrabeen and county of Cumberland, being that part of lot 24, section B, Deposited Plan 6,195, shown in plan annexed to dealing D931,105,—having an area of perches or thereabouts, said to be in the possession of Anthony Irwin Ormsby, and shown on plan with the Department of Local (government, Sydney. 
LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT, 1919 (1958, December 5). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 3726. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220266509 

LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT, 1919
Warringah Shire Council: Proposed Resumption of Land at Mona Vale
HIS Excellency the Governor, with the advice of the Executive Council and in pursuance of the Local Government Act, 1919, has approved of the Warringah Shire Council's causing a notice of resumption of the land described in the Schedule hereto, together with a description of such land, to be published in the Government Gazette and in a newspaper circulating in the area in which the land is located, such land being required by the Warringah Shire Council for the purpose of widening a public road. (S. 59-900)
J. B. RENSHAW, Minister for Local Government. Department of Local Government, Sydney, 28th October, 1959.

Schedule
All that piece or parcel of land situate in the Shire of Warringah, parish of Narrabeen and county of Cumberland, being part of lot 22, section B, deposited plan 6,195: Commencing on the north-eastern side of Bassett-street at the southwestern corner of the said lot 22; and bounded thence on the north-west by part of the north-western, boundary of that lot bearing 19 degrees 56 minutes 15 feet 5 inch; on the northeast by a line bearing 96 degrees 54 minutes 51 feet 4 inches to the south-eastern boundary of the said lot 22; on the southeast by part of that boundary bearing 199 degrees 56 minutes 14 feet 8 ½  inches to the said north-eastern side, of Bassett street; and on the south-west by that side of that street bearing 276 degrees 29 minutes 30 seconds 51 feet 5 1/2 inches to the point of commencement,—having an area of 2 1/2 perches or thereabouts said to be in the possession of The Public Trustee, and shown on plan with the Department of Local Government, Sydney. 
LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT, 1919 (1959, October 30). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 3280. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220308934 

MAIN ROADS ACT, 1924.—PROCLAMATION
Acquisition of Land at Mona Vale in the Shire of Warringah
(l.s.) A. R. CUTLER, Governor.
I, Sir Arthur Roden Cutler, Governor of the State of New South Wales and its Dependencies, with the advice of the Executive Council and on the application of The Commissioner for Main Roads, made by virtue of the powers conferred in him by the Transport (Division of Functions) Act, 1932, do, in pursuance of the provisions of the Main Roads Act, 1924, by this my Proclamation, declare that so much of the land hereunder described as is Crown land is hereby appropriated and so much thereof as is private property is hereby resumed under the provisions of the Public Works Act, 1912, for the purposes of the Main Roads Act, 1924, and that the land hereunder described is hereby vested in The Commissioner for Main Roads; and I hereby further declare the land hereunder described to be a public road and, in accordance with a recommendation of The Commissioner for Main Roads made as aforesaid, the said land is hereby placed under the control of the Council of the Shire of Warringah.
Signed and sealed at Sydney, this 19th day of October, 1977.
By His Excellency's Command,
PETER COX, Minister for Transport and Highways.
GOD SAVE THE QUEEN!

Description of the Land Referred to Schedule
All those pieces or parcels of land situate in the Shire of Warringah, Parish of Narrabeen and County of Cumberland, being lots 1 and 2, Deposited Plan 585817, which is also numbered 0164.479.SS.0576 at the Department of Main Roads. The land is said to be in the possession of the Council of the Shire of Warringah and the Crown.
(D.M.R. Papers 479.11508) MAIN ROADS ACT, 1924.—PROCLAMATION (1977, October 28).Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 4689. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220125344 

MAIN ROADS ACT, 1924.—PROCLAMATION
Acquisition of Land at Mona Vale in the Shire of Warringah
(l.s.) A. R. CUTLER, Governor.
I, Sir Arthur Roden Cutler, Governor of the State of New South Wales and its Dependencies, with the advice of the Executive Council and on the application of The Commissioner for Main Roads, made by virtue of the powers conferred in him by the Transport (Division of Functions) Act, 1932, do, in pursuance of the provisions of the Main Roads Act, 1924, by this my Proclamation, declare that so much of the land hereunder described in Schedules 1 and 2 as is Crown land is hereby appropriated and so much thereof as is private property is hereby resumed under the provisions of the Public Works Act, 1912, for the purposes of the Main Roads Act, 1924, and that the land described in Schedules 1 and 2 hereunder is hereby vested in The Commissioner for Main Roads; and I hereby further declare the land described in Schedule 1 hereunder to be a public road and, in accordance with a recommendation of The Commissioner for Main Roads made as aforesaid, the said land described in the said Schedule 1 is hereby placed under the control of the Council of the Shire of Warringah.
Signed and sealed at Sydney, this 2nd day of August, 1978.
By His Excellency's Command, PETER COX, Minister for Transport and Highways.
GOD SAVE THE QUEEN!

Description of the Land Referred to
Schedule 1
All those pieces or parcels of land situate in the Shire of Warringah, Parish of Narrabeen and County of Cumberland, being Lots 13 to 17 inclusive. Deposited Plan 255709, which is also numbered O164.479.SS.0577 at the Department of Main Roads. The land is said to be in the possession of the Commissioner for Main Roads, the Council of the Shire of Warringah and the Crown.
Schedule 2
All those pieces or parcels of land situate in the Shire of Warringah, Parish of Narrabeen and County of Cumberland, being Lot 10. Deposited Plan 255709 which is also numbered O164.479.SS.0577 at the Department of Main Roads. The land is said to be in the possession of the Commissioner for Main Roads, the Council of the Shire of Warringah and the Crown. 
MAIN ROADS ACT, 1924.—PROCLAMATION (1978, August 11).Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 3324. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article219957200 

MAIN ROADS ACT, 1924.—PROCLAMATION
Acquisition of Land at Mona Vale in the Shire of Warringah
(L.S.) J. A. ROWLAND, Governor.
I, Air Marshal Sir James Anthony Rowland, Governor of the State of New South Wales, with the advice of the Executive Council and on the application of The Commissioner for Main Roads, made by virtue of the powers conferred in him by the Transport (Division of Functions) Act, 1932, do, in pursuance of the provisions of the Main Roads Act, 1924, by this my Proclamation, declare that so much of the land hereunder described as is Crown land is hereby appropriated and so much thereof as is private property is hereby resumed under the provisions of the Public Works Act, 1912, for the purposes of the Main Roads Act, 1924, and that the land described hereunder is hereby vested in The Commissioner for Main Roads and I hereby further declare the land hereunder described to be a public road and, in accordance with a recommendation of The Commissioner for Main Roads made as aforesaid, the said land is hereby placed under the control of the Council of the Shire of Warringah.
Signed and sealed at Sydney, this 20th day of March, 1985.
By His Excellency's Command,
L. BRERETON, Minister for Roads. GOD SAVE THE QUEEN!

Description of the Land Referred to Schedule
All that piece or parcel of land situate in the Shire of Warringah, Parish of Narrabeen and County of Cumberland, being parts of the land comprised within Certificates of Title, Register volume 12217, folio 34, volume 6139, folio 111, and volume 6139, folio 110, and shown as lot 32, Deposited Plan 708072, which is also numbered 0164.479.SS.0609 at the Department of Main Roads. The land is in the possession of The Commissioner for Main Roads.
(D.M.R. Papers 479.1593) 
MAIN ROADS ACT, 1924.—PROCLAMATION (1985, March 29).Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 1426. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article231880575 


Terrey Hills
Terrey Hills owes its name to the two original land holders Samuel Hills and Obediah James Terrey. Obediah Terrey acquired 640 acres (2.6 km2) in 1881 and Samuel Hills owned 100 acres (0.40 km2) nearby.

The area was used by Aborigines prior to European settlement, and rock carvings exist in some places. One set of carvings is located near Larool Road and depicts hunting scenes with kangaroos, human figures and footprints. 


Aboriginal rock carving, Larool Road - photo by Sardaka

For the older (geological) history, Terrey Hills is noted as the "laterite capital" of the Sydney Basin for those interested in how laterite forms (which has commonly been taken as indicator of climate change, and signalling former hotter and wetter conditions). The laterite of Terrey Hills was used for early road-making and also has been used for rock wall coastal defence at Collaroy Beach. It is the only place in New South Wales where fossils (meagre plant fibres) have been noted in laterite. The main laterite quarry (now the Terrey Hills playing field), and a smaller one at Tumbledown Dick, are on the National Estate (a Commonwealth heritage listing) and also have been nominated to the NSW Government local-significance heritage listing which in this area is administered by the Northern Rivers Council.

A small struggle has been ongoing for years to better protect the laterite exposure at Tumbledown Dick from the announced effects of Mona Vale road widening plans. The laterite was worked during the Great Depression when Australia had one third of the workforce out of work. The Warringah Shire Quarry or 'gravel pit' at Terrey Hills was an important place for the distribution of government relief work funding. Gai Halstead in 1988 wrote a bicentennial compilation which was sponsored by Dick Smith's "Australian Geographical" organisation which was then headquartered at Terrey Hills - "The story of Terry Hills and Duffys Forest".

In this it is noted that married men were given work at the rate of two weeks on and one off, whereas the single men worked at the 'gravel pit' at the rate of one week on and two off. Apart from this work there was little other work available at the time and Ms Halstead recorded the people at Terrey Hills were generally impoverished. For a week's work digging laterite gravel with pick and shovel there was received £1. To be paid that, they had to walk to the 'relief office' at Narrabeen. Besides digging the laterite, the relief workers based at Terrey Hills also built or improved the roads from Terrey Hills to Mona Vale, Cottage Point and Coal and Candle Creek. The area is generally poor in fossils and the only further thing of note is that a member of the local volunteer bush fire brigade found a fossil footprint in stone fallen from the bank of McCarr's Creek near the Duck Hole. 

The name was applied in 1934.
Wikipedia contributors. Terrey Hills, New South Wales. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Terrey_Hills,_New_South_Wales&oldid=852895770

In the 1830s Terrey Hills was a high ridge of bush through which timber getters drove their bullock teams, pulling enormous logs along the track from Pittwater to Mona Vale Road. The name Terrey Hills is a combination of two pioneers: Obadiah (James - son) Terrey and Samuel Hills. It was named Terrey Hills in 1934.

1880: Mona Vale Road was a dirt track. Terrey grazed sheep on his property which was also an overnight stopping place for sheep being driven from Parramatta to the abattoirs at Manly. The west side of Mona Vale Road was a railway reserve.

1907: The Railway Reserve was released for closer settlement. Blocks were 5 acres. By about 1930, forty families had settled into the area developing vegetable, flower and poultry farms, before the Depression.

1934: The Progress Association was formed; and Terrey Hills Public School was established in 1938 thanks to the persistence of local residents. Progress pushed for the provision of telephones in 1946 and electricity in 1948.

1942: The Volunteer Bush Fire Brigade was formed and has a proud record of bushfire fighting over the years. Terrey Hills History

Shortly after the war, the population grew with the demand for land for returned soldiers.

1955: First residential blocks were released. 1957 a library was established, thanks to the consistent effort of a local family.

1960: A number of blocks were dedicated for public reserves, recreation, churches and future public requirements.

In 1966 land was released by the State Planning Authority for residential purposes. Development was made possible by the extension of the Metropolitan Water Supply to the area in 1967. Land was also set aside for light industry.

From a small settlement, Terrey Hills has now become a thriving outer suburb of Sydney, surrounded by bushland and a haven for horses and contented families.

(Information taken from: History of Terrey Hills by Suzanne Hills)

FOX—TERREY—Sept. 12, at the residence of the bride's parents, Rosedale, Lane Cove, by the Rev. J. G. Middleton, the Rev. E. Fox, Newington College, Parramatta River, to Anne, eldest daughter of Mr. J. Terrey.
Family Notices (1876, November 17). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13383590

MARRIAGES.
TERREY - WATSON.- March 7. at Isloornasay, Waverley, the residence of the bride, by the Rev C. Terrey, brother of the bridegroom. James, eldest son of J. Terrey, of Lane Cove, to Isabella Robinson, second daughter of the late Robert Robinson Watson, of Sydney.
Family Notices (1878, April 12). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article107934725

WATSON—April 20th, at his residence, Sussex-street, near Druitt-street, Mr. Robert Robertson Watson, in the 35th year of his age, leaving an affectionate wife and family to lament his loss. 
Family Notices (1859, May 13). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13024824

WATSON  ROBERT R 7632/1859 V18597632 122B

Flora remarries:
206/1860 WATTON JAMES WATSON FLORA SYDNEY

£3000-Mr. James Terrey, jun. Strathfield, block of land, having an area of 3a. lr. 12p., fronting railivay, Clarendon-street, and another road, PROPERTY SALES. (1887, October 15). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13675230

TERREY.--March 2, at the residence of his brother, Dr. C. Terrey, Kiama, Obadiah Terrey, fourth son of James Terrey, of Mamhead, Bondi, aged 29.
Family Notices (1892, March 5). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13854759

TERREY.—May 28, at his late residence, Mamhead, Old South Head-road, Bondi, James Terrey, in his 78th year, for many years a resident of Rosedale, Pymble (late Lane Cove). 
Family Notices (1899, May 29). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14216163

TERREY.— May 28, at his late residence, Mamhead, Old South Head-road, Bondi, James Terrey, aged 77 years. Family Notices (1899, June 3). The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912), p. 1317. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article163690616

OBITUARY The many friends of Drs. Caleb and Halley Terrey will learn with regret of the death of their father, James Terrey, Esq., aged 77. The sad event took place on Sunday, May 28th, at his late residence, " Mainhead," Old South Head road, Bondi.
OBITUARY (1899, June 7). The Kiama Reporter and Illawarra Journal (NSW : 1899 - 1947), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article102775077

DEATH OF MR. JAMES WATSON.
The death is announced of Mr. James Watson, an old colonist, which took place at his residence, Isleornsay, Waverley-road, Bondi Junction, on Thursday evening. The late Mr. Watson's father was a weaver in the town of Paisley, Scotland, where the deceased was born in the year 1825. Fourteen years later he, with his parents and the rest of the family, arrived in Sydney, and for a time resided near Windsor, where he completed his early education. Subsequently the deceased gentleman engaged in commercial pursuits, and finally settled in Sydney as a carcase and retail butcher. He conducted his business with considerable success for a period of 16 years when he retired and removed to Waverley. The deceased gentleman, who was possessed of considerable property, was a man of unassuming disposition, and took no active part in municipal or political affairs. Church work occupied a considerable part of his time. Whilst residing in Sydney he was a prominent member of the Scots Church, Church-hill, during the pastorate of the late Rev. Dr. Lang. After his removal to Waverley the late Rev. John Macneil established a Presbyterian Church at Charing Cross, in the building now used as a school. The late Mr. Watson became identified with the church, and for many years filled important offices. When the question of erecting a new church adjoining the school hall was decided upon (under the pastorate of the Rev. John Macaulay, M.A.) the deceased was appointed treasurer of the building fund. He was also a trustee and the chairman of the church committee of management at the time of his death. The deceased, who married some 43 years ago, leaves a widow and four grown up daughters. The daughters, who are all married, include Mrs. D. Wachsman, Mrs. James Terrey, Mrs. Richard Cooke (all of Waverley), and Mrs. J. B. Watson (Victoria). The funeral will take place at Waverley to-day.
DEATH OF MR. JAMES WATSON. (1901, November 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14421552

A DISPUTED WILL.
THE LATE MR. J. WATSON'S ESTATE.
In the Probate Court yesterday Mr. Justice Walter had before him a suit in which the plain tiffs were the Perpetual Trustee Co., Ltd., and the defendants Flora Watson and Jemima Cook. Plaintiffs set out in their statement of claim that James Watson, late of Waverley, was at the time of his death, which took place on November 7, 1901, possessed of certain goods, chattels, etc. On October 3, 1901, being of sound -and disposing mind: the testator executed his last will, and appointed the plaintiffs executors thereof. On No vember 14, 1901, plaintiffs gave notice of their intention to apply for probate of the will, and, on November 21, the defendant Flora Watson, and a few days iater the defendant Jemima Cook, each entered a caveat against such probate being granted to plaintiffs. Plaintiffs prayed that pro bate of the will be granted to them as executors. In their statements of defence, Jemima Cook and Flora Watson set out that the document dated October 3, 1901, and alleged by plaintiffs to be the last will of the testator, had not been duly executed, as required by law; that the testator at the time of the alleged will of October 3, 1901, was not of sound mind, memory, and understanding; and that at the time of the execution of the alleged will testator did not know and approve of its contents. 

The estate is said to be worth be tween £40,000 and £50,000
By his last will the testator bequeathed to his executors, the Perpetual Trustee Company, Limited, the whole of his real and personal property, upon trust to sell, dispose of, and convert at their discretion into money, and to stand pos sessed of the proceeds arising from such sale and conversion, and to pay therefrom £200 to his wife, Flora Watson. He declared that in directing that sum only to be paid to his wife, he considered that she had already been provided for. The trustees were directed to invest the proceeds of the real and personal estate, and to pay the income arising, from the investments of £1000 to Mrs. Jemima Cook, wife of Richard Cook, of Waverley, clerk, for life. On the death of Mrs. Cook the sum of £1000 was to be divided equally amongst her children. Testator also bequeathed the sum of £200 to Mrs. Cook. The remainder of the estate was bequeathed to testator's daughter, Flora Katie Watson, wife of John Boyd Watson, of Victoria.
A DISPUTED WILL. (1902, February 12). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article113867212

WATSON WILL CASE.
The matter of the will of James Watson, in which Richard Cooke was the plaintiff, and Flora Watson and Flora Kate Watson, the defendants, was before Mr. Justice Walker. Probate Judge, yesterday morning. The statement of claim set forth that James Watson, of Waverley, was at the date of his death seized of lands, &c. On June 15, 1901. the said James Watson being of sound disposing mind and memory and understan ding duly made and executed his last will and testament,, which was duly signed and attested. He thereby appointed the plaintiff together with John M'Cauley and Willoughby Douglas Shrader to be executors and trustees. 
James Watson died on November 7, 1901, without having made any valid alteration in or revocation of his will. On March 28, 1902, the plaintiff, by his authorised proctor, caused to be inserted In the press notice of his Intention to apply for probate of the said will, with leave reserved for the other executors named in the will to come in and prove should they be so advised. On the 3rd of April, 1902, the defendant, Flora Watson, entered a caveat, against probate being granted to the plaintiff. The plaintiff prayed that probate, of the said will be grant ed to him as executor, with leave to the other executors to come in and prove should they be so advised; and that the defendants may be ordered to pay costs of and incidental to this suit. The statement of defence was to the effect that James Watson at the time of his making his will was not of sound and disposing mind and understanding; that the will and testarnent of the deceased was not duly executed, according to the provisions of the Wills Probate and "Administration Act, 1898; and that the said James Watson, at the time and execution of the alleged will, did not know and approve of its contents. Dr. Sly, together with Messrs. Leverrier and Waddell, appeared for plaintiff, Richard Cooke; and Messrs. Gordon, Strand and Kelynaelc, for the defendant. Flora Watson, widow of testator; and Mr. Broomfield, for defendant, Mrs. J. B. Watson. The case stands part heard.
WATSON WILL CASE. (1902, June 5). The Australian Star (Sydney, NSW : 1887 - 1909), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229082133

THE WATSON WILL CASE,
Alleged Eccentric Testator. Mrs. Watson Recalled
The matter of the will of James Watson, in which Richard Cooke was the plaintiff, and Flora Watson and Flora Kate Watson, the defendants, was again before Mr. Justice Walker, Probate Judge, yesterday afternoon. Dr. ,Sly, with him Mr. Leverrier and Mr. Waddell,..dhstrueted by'; Messrs. King and Schrader, appealed for the plaintiff, Richard Cooke; Mr. Gordon, with him Mr. Snand and Mr. Kelynack, Instructed by Mr. T. J. Dickson, appeared for the defendant, Flora  Watson; Mr. Broomfleld, Instructed by Mr; J. R;' Baxter Brucp, appeared for the defendant, Flora Kate Watson. 
Mrs. Watson, wife of testator, who was recalled this morning, was further examined by Dr. Sly this afternoon. She said she had worked for the money amassed by testator as hard as he had, and was entitled to her share. Witness did not mind testator having a valuation made of the property. She would not, however, have liked him to sell it. Testator and herself opened each other's letters. Her husband had never accused her of tampering with his papers; but he had accused her of tolling the deeds of Hunter's property. Dr. Sly. (to witness): Can you read, Mrs.. Watson ? — That's too bad. Can you read or write? I do not think, there Is anything Insulting. In that. Witness declined to answer, Dr. Sly: Very well, Mrs. Cooke. Witness: Don't call me Mrs. Cooke;. Dr. Sly: I beg your pardon — Mrs. Watson. Further examined by Dr, Sly Mrs. Watson said that Mrs. Waxman always , endorsed the cheques when her husband did not: Testator was always. "Informed when Mrs. Waxman endorsed. the cheques.
To Mr. Gordon Witness used to 'fill ' the whisky bottle— when testator was drinking— with water. On one occasion testator said to her, "This Is very weak, but I don't blame son." ..... The evidence having concluded Dr. Sly proceeded to address the court. Dr. Sly submitted that the' testator's transactions with his solicitor, Mr. Dickson, were sufficient to dissipate the Idea, that the testator suffered from any mental delusions. As regards the testator's general capacity for doing business transactions; he carried .them out In a most Intelligent way. Old men— especially, men over 70 years, of age-were given to obstinacy. The reading of the papers and the spying allegations were in the same category, and the question In connection with them was as to whether there were any delusions. When the court adjourned— the further ' consideration of the case being set down for Wednesday next— Dr. Sly had not concluded his address.
THE WATSON WILL CASE. (1902, June 17). The Australian Star (Sydney, NSW : 1887 - 1909), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229061006

WATSON WILL CASE
Alleged Eccentric testator. Addresses of Counsel
The matter of the will of James Watson, in which Richard Cooke was the plaintiff, and Flora Watson and Flora Kate Watson the defendants, was again before Mr. Justice Walker, Probate Judge, yesterday, afternoon. Mr. Gordon, continuing his address, submitted that the testator had said many extraordinary things which pointed to delusions, especially with regard to those who had taken care of him. Mr. Gordon concluded his address shortly after 3 o'clock, and Dr. Sly replied. His Honor, Dr. Sly submitted, would have to find that when he (the testator) made this will he had the necessary testamentary capacity. Counsel's addresses having concluded, his Honor (at 10 minutes to 4 o'clock) said that he would not now give judgment. The judgment, he said, might be a written one.
WATSON WILL CASE. (1902, June 20). The Australian Star (Sydney, NSW : 1887 - 1909), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229072158

LAW.
THURSDAY. JUNE 26.
WATSON WILL CASE..
A WILL SET ASIDE.
Judgment was delivered by Mr. Justice Walker yesterday afternoon, in tho Probate Court. in the suit of Cooke v. Watson, the hearing of evidence in connection with which occupied a fortnight.
His Honor said that the testator, James Watson, married Flora Watson, the widow of his deceased brother, Thomas Watson, and at the date of his marriage had no property at all. The business which his wife brought to him, and which she assisted in managing, was the nucleus of his own fortune, which, on his death, amounted to about £30,000. The evidence in the case proved conclusively that until two or three years before his death, which occurred on November 7th. 1901, the testator lived on terms of confidence and affection with his wife and all the members of his family. Between October, 1880, and October, 1898, the testator executed seven wills, and in all of these his wife, step-daughter, and her three children all took a substantial interest. It was shown that the testator became addicted to drink, and drank heavily for a year or more, but broke himself off this habit in November, 1900. After that he began to be suspicious of those around him, and displayed a nervous anxiety about the custody of documents and papers In his possession. On June 15th, 1901. the testator made a will, which was the will now in dispute, which seriously departed from the scheme of testamentary disposition of his property which had characterised his former wills. In this he left his wife merely the furniture and effects in his residence. £500 to his daughter, Mrs. J B. Watson. £25 to Mrs. Waxman, and the residue to Mrs. Cooke and her children, and he appointed Mr. Cooke. Mr. Schrader, and Mr. Maeaulny executors, and Mr. Cooke was now applying for probate of that will. On a later date, October 3rd, 1901, he made yet another will, in which he gave his wife £200, Mrs. Cooke £1000, and the residue to Mrs. J. B. Watson, and appointed the Perpetual Trustee Company executors. That will was also contested before the Court, and it was propounded for probate by the Perpetual Trustee Company, but as it turned out, the company was merely acting for Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Watson. and the granting of probate was opposed on the ground that Watson was not of testamentary capacity. The Court set aside that will on the ground that the testator was suffering from delusions which deprived him of testamentary capacity, and therefore Invalidated the will. Mrs. Cooke entered a caveat against the first will, alleging that the testator had not testamentary capacity. As to the general testamentary capacity of the testator, he, had expressed an opinion in the former case, and that was that testator's capacity was of a fluctuating capacity, he was unable to accept the extremes in either case. The evidence In this was the same as in the previous case, and produced a similar effect on his mind. He found that when the testator made the will in question, he was under delusions, that he was therefore deprived at his testamentary capacity, and accordingly held that the will must be set aside, with costs.
LAW. (1902, June 27). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article237623306 

THE LATE MR. J. WATSON.
ESTATE VALUED AT OVER £32,000.
On the application of Messrs. King and Schrader, solicitors, of Hoffnung's Chambers, Pittstreet, Sydney, probate of the will (executed on October 10. 1898) of the late Mr. James Watson, of Waverley, who died on November 7, 1901, was, on Thursday last, granted to Flora Watson, widow of the deceased, and Richard Cooke, stepson, who were appointed executors and trustees of the estate. The matter had been before the Probate Judge (Mr. Justice Walker) on two previous occasions, when applications were made for probate of wills made by the testator to be granted to persons other than those above mentioned, against which applications caveats had been lodged, his Honour deciding in favour of the caveators. After making some bequests to members of his family, the deceased, by his will of October 10, 1898, bequeathed practically the whole of his estate to his widow for life, and at her death to his daughter (Mrs. J. B. Watson, of Melbourne) and his four stepdaughters during their lives, Mrs. Watson to have two-sixths of the income, and the step-daughters one-sixth each. On the death of Mrs. J. B. Watson and her four stepsisters, the corpus of the estate is to be divided among their children. The estate for probate purposes was valued at over £32,000.
THE LATE MR. J. WATSON. (1902, August 7). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article112783952

WATSON.—June 2, 1911, at Isleornsay, Bondi Junction, Flora Watson, relict of the late James Watson, in her 83rd year.
Family Notices (1911, June 3). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15239847

WATSON.— The Funeral of the late Mrs. FLORA WATSON will leave Isleornasy, Bondi Junction, THIS AFTERNOON, at 3.30 o'clock, for Waverley Cemetery. WOOD and COMPANY,Funeral Directors, Sydney and Suburbs.
Family Notices (1911, June 3). The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article239094505

TERREY— KERR. 
The marriage took place on January- 22, at the Waverley Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. John Macauley, of Charles Gordon, fourth son of Mr. James Terrey, to Winifred Agnes, younger daughter of Mr. John Scott Kerr, of 'Roseville,' Bondi. The bride, given away by , her father, wore soft white Liberty satin, made in the, new druped style, and having a fish train, and trimmed with silk shadow lace and pearls: A wreath of orange blossom and lace veil were worn. The bride carried a shower bouquet, which was a gift from the. bridegroom together with a necklet of aquamarine and blis ter pearls. The bridesmaids were Miss Jessie Kerr (bride's sister), who wore flesh-pink crepe-de-chine, draped arnd finished with silk lace, black Panne velvet hat with cream lace and pale pink roses under the brim, and carried a bouquet of pale pink roses, and wore a pair of bracelets (the bridegroom's gifts) ;' and Miss Terrey (bridegroom's sister), who wore pale blue crepe-de-chine, with black velvet hat trimmed with pink roses The bridegroom gavo her a pale pink bouquet and a gold bangle. Mr. Harry Drew was best man, and Mr. Fred Terrey groomsman. A wedding breakfast was held at. . Baumann's, where about 80 guests were entertained, Mrs. Scott Kerr. wearing a handsome Paris gown of palest pink floral ninon-de-soie over point-de-gaze lace, and a black hat.

Mrs. James Terrey wore- black satin with jet ornaments. The guests included Mr. and Mrs John t Kerr, jun., Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Empson and Miss Empson, Mrs. and Miss Muir (Lawson, Mr and Mrs. Arthur Weld, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Haynes Mr. and Mrs. James. Austin. Mr. and Mrs Alex Terrey, Mr. and Mrs..James Terrey, Mr and Mrs. Reg. Terrey, Mr. and Mrs. Ewart Terrey Mr. and Mrs.. Bill Terrey, Dr. and Miss Graham', Mr. and Mrs. Fred Sutcliffe, Mr. and Mrs. Jack McPherson, Mr. and Mrs. Jimmy Hill, Rev. Macauley, Miss Esther Nash, Miss Bee Eai-nley, I Miss Jean Bailie,. Miss Sophie Thompson, Mrs. Eric Lorigton (Blackheath), Mr. and Miss Pat rick, Mrs. and Miss Paton, the Misses Ethel and Lizzie Hughes, Miss Mabel Batchelor, Miss Alice Batchelor, Miss Violet Grover,.Miss Cul len-Ward, Miss Amy Cutler, Miss Kathleen Du rack, Miss Fanny Durack, Miss Mary Durack, Mr. W. A. Kerr, Mrs. and Miss Annie Brown, Mr. Geo. Hill, Mr. Keith Voyness, Miss Kitty Dolling, Mr. and Mrs. George Gunter, Mr and Mrs. \V. Doyle, Miss Lilla Duff, Miss Doris Bam ficld, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Cohen, Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Gibb, the Misses King, Mr. Geo. W. Lawson. The bridal couple left for Mulgoa in' a motor, the bride wearing a smart check costume and a cerise hat.
TERREY—KERR. (1914, February 8). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article120362969

ISABELLA TERREY.
Isabella Robertson Watson was born in Sydney seventy-one years ago. Her parents were Presbyterians, but she was a scholar in the old York Street Sunday School for some time. On the removal of her people to Waverley, the family became identified with the Methodist Church, so that practically all her life she was associated with our Church, and the greater part with the Waverley Methodist Church. On March 7, 1878, she was married to Mr. James Terrey, than whom there is no more devoted servant of the Great Master and of the Church in the Waverley Circuit. Forty years of happy married life was interrupted for a little while by the call of the Master on Friday, August 15, and after some months of weariness, Mrs. Terrey fell asleep in Christ. 

Practically the whole of their married life was spent at Waverley, and though the care of the family was regarded by her as her first work, she found time to take and interest in the work of the church and a practical part in such work as the 4 ladies of the church were' engaged in for the furtherance of the cause throughout the circuit. Mrs. Terrey was a fine Christian, and an ideal wife and mother. Her faith was untroubled by any misgiving as to the goodness of God, and the real and abiding presence of Christ. She was gentle in disposition, of winsome, kindly manner, and spiritual attractiveness. For many years she was afflicted with deafness, and it meant much to her that she was not able to follow the order of public worship, but a fine patience and cheeriness characterised her attitude to  this affliction, and when one went to see her and talk with her on those great themes she loved so well, one felt that the benediction radiated , from her. She always did us good. She maintained a keen interest in the work of the church right up to the last. Her large sympathies never failed to attract the children, and she was never happier than when the grandchildren were romping through her home, and many a spiritual seed was sown in those little lives by hands as playful as theirs. The Rev J. W. Dains conducted the service at the grave in the Northern Suburbs Cemetery, and paid a warm tribute of respect to and affection for the late Mrs. Terrey on behalf of the people of Bondi Church, where Mr. and Mrs. Terrey had been worshippers for many years.
ISABELLA TERREY. (1924, September 13). The Methodist (Sydney, NSW : 1892 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article155279128
TERREY  ISABELLA R 12098/1924 Parents: ROBERT R FLORA Registered at: WOOLLAHRA

IN the Supreme Court of New South Wales.—Probate Jurisdiction.—In the will of JAMES TERREY, late of Bondi, in the State of New South Wales, gentleman, deceased.—Probate granted by the Supreme Court of New South Wales on 12th December, 1899.—Pursuant to the Wills, Probate and Administration Act, 1898-1954, Testator's Family Maintenance and Guardianship of Infants Act, 1916-1954, and Trustee Act, 1925-1942, William Arthur Terrey and John Hughes, trustees of the will of James Terrey, who died on 28th May, 1899, hereby give notice that creditors and others having any claim against or to the estate of the said deceased are required to send particulars of their claims to the trustees at the office of Messrs. E. H. Tebbutt & Sons, Solicitors, 28 Martin-place, Sydney, on or before 15th November, 1961, at the expiration of which time the said trustees will distribute the assets of the said deceased to the persons entitled thereto, having regard only to the claims of which they then have notice.— dated 30th August, 1961. E. H. TEBBUTT & SONS, Proctors for the Trustees, 28 Martin-place, Sydney. 3608—£1 5s.
IN the Supreme Court of New South Wales.—Probate Jurisdiction.—In the will of JAMES TERREY, late of Bondi, in (1961, September 8). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), p. 2836. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article220284156