January 11 - 17, 2015: Issue 197

 Katherine Mary Roche

Is this photo of three women on Bayview Wharf the Roche Girls?; The noses would have it that it may very well be either  Elizabeth Ellen ‘Nellie’ (1886) Mary Honorah (Born 1888) Katherine Agnes T (born 1889) and youngest girl Nano Ellen – became a nun (born 1892) - the lady on the far right may even be mother Katherine Mary Roche herself! -  They are sitting opposite the entrance to where the family cottage and Bayview Post Office was - the Roche Estate.

After the death of her husband, James Joseph Roche, Katherine sold some portions of her lands, perhaps in part to meet death duties, and also because she wanted to move her children, still then young, closer to 'the city' - Mosman, for education, work, health reasons.

Bayview Wharf, three women on slipway trolley by Cecil S Harnett - GPO original locations or series - Macleay Museum: circa 1900-1910, Image No.: d1_04882, courtesy State Library of NSW. Cecil Harnett's family were connected with Mosman form its earliest days, and he frequented Balmoral Beach, which was also the sand and saltwater bay below the Roche Mosman home. THere is also another connection with the Harnett's in the form of Cecil's sister, Nurse Harnett (later Matron) who conducted Nurse Harnett's Private Hospital, originally opposite the Warringah Bowling Club and then in Ellamatta Avenue as 'Glengarry'. 

Also see: Port Jackson Pleasure Fleets - 5 and 6: The Building of Ships, Intercolonial Races, 22 Footers, 18 Footers and Mr Mark Foy

 Katherine Mary Roche
1853 to April 14, 1943 

Katherine Roche was the youngest daughter of John and Honorah Collins, married June 12th, 1847, known by many as the 'father of Pittwater'. Her eldest son, John Roche, was known as 'the soul of Pittwater' as well as 'father of the Pittwater Regatta’. 

Whiffs From Pittwater - JOHNNY ROCHE celebrated his twenty-third year of office as secretary of Pittwater Regatta on Saturday, but there was a whisper round Newport and Bayview after the termination of the carnival that the 'soul of the district' will not be a candidate for the office next year. Johnnie's burdens have been mounting up in recent years and he feels that it is up to somebody else to take up the work of running a gigantic aquatic gala. Whiffs From Pittwater. (1929, December 31). Sydney Sportsman (Surry Hills, NSW : 1900 - 1954), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article166465144 


This lady had to make hard decisions, run a small empire and look after young children when widowed as well as cope with one of the earliest confirmed cases of polio in Pittwater. Records indicate one of the two sons of her elder sister Ellen may also have been inflicted.

Katherine should also be credited with the fact that we have a Bayview recreation area, which those who came after her times may not be aware of. Her generosity, a nature that was intrinsic in succeeding generations of Collins and Roches, proved a dedication to giving to and doing for others even during your own testing times was part of these families nature.

Katherine was the daughter of two people from Cork, Ireland - a coastal part of Erin where sailing, rowing, fishing or being part of a landscape that meets the seascape is part of life. The valley of Avalon could have reminded the Collins family of home and as Jeremiah Collins, father of John, had been evicted from his holding of 50 acres on the ESTATE OF PIERCE NAGLE, ANNAKISSY in 1839, a way to keep themselves independent of such experiences would have made Katherine's father determined to own land here.

Interestingly Pierce Nagle was the nephew of Nano Nagle(christened Honora), founder of the Presentation Order of Nuns, a forerunner of schools for the poor, and a name which would be given to Katherine's youngest daughter.

We can see little of Katherine while growing tall apart from that glimpse given by Charle's de Boos in his 'My Holiday' series of articles when she would have been around 8 years old:

After crossing the creek, we came in sight of a homestead, small but neat, having evidently been only recently whitewashed. The paddock was now clear of all undergrowth, and, as a goodly cluster of large trees, the remnants of the former occupants of the soil, had been left standing round the house, it had an exceedingly pretty and picturesque appearance, its white sides gleaming out markedly from amongst the bright green of the shrubs around it, and the dark and sombre verdure of the forest monarchs that overshadowed it.

"This," said Tom, "is Tom Collins, and he's the man that will show us the cave."

“The cave ?" asked I. "What cave ?".....

A tap at the door brought out the mistress of the house, accompanied by her brood of little ones, all fat, chubby, and rosy faced, bearing on their countenances the imprimatur of good health. Having mentioned our errand, we were invited to enter, and we found the interior of the domicile even more neat, and white, and bright, than the exterior, for it was the very beau ideal of cleanliness, and care. The tin-ware which hung from the shelves was polished till it shone like silver, whilst the shelves themselves being of deal, were scoured almost to whiteness. The floor, though an earthern one, was swept so clean that it more resembled a single large slab of stone than what it really was; and the fire in the huge bush fireplace was nicely kept in the centre, each side being swept as carefully as the floor itself had been. The hut had been recently whitewashed throughout, and the whole had such a light and cleanly air as strongly to remind me of some of the farmhouses it has been my lot to visit in the mother country, where, perchance, some notable housewife would take such a pride in polishing that even to the iron hoops of the churn, the piggins or the milk coolers would be burnished up till they resembled steel.

Unfortunately our man, Tom Collins, who knew all about the cave, and who was, in fact, its first discoverer, was absent from home; his brother, however, would very willingly guide us to the spot, so said Mrs. Collins, and waiting the arrival of her brother-in-law, she brought forth a huge jug of milk, from which she desired us to help ourselves; and if Tom and Nat didn't do so to a pretty considerable extent, they made a very good attempt at it, that's all. I verily believe that they would have had impudence enough to have asked for another quart, had not the arrival of Collins frer turned their attention to another quarter. He at once expressed his willingness to conduct us, and furnished himself with a piece of candle, the interior part of the cave being so dark as to require a light for guidance amongst the fallen rocks that encumber it....(To be continued.) MY HOLIDAY. (1861, September 2). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13057913

The healthy appearance of the Collin's children did not stop one of the diseases of then taking Katherine's second eldest sister:

DIED.   On the 7th inst., of Scarlatina, at the residence of her uncle, Union Inn, North Shore, Margaret Mary, second  daughter of John and Honora Collins, of Pitt Water, aged 13 years and one month, and grand-daughter of the late  Mr. Jeremiah Collins, formerly of Anakessy, Co. Cork, Ireland. May she rest in peace. Family Notices. (1863, May 13). Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115426456

Scarlet fever, or scarlatina, is a bacterial infection that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, sore throat, and a red rash. In Sydney during the period 1863-76 at least 1500 deaths were attributed to this disease, and even more in Victoria. Children were those lost in these pandemics prior to the discovery of penicillin.

After the passing of Rev. J J Therry the extensive property he had once owned was put up for auction. John Collins set out to secure some of these parcels of land for his future and his family. On his way home a fall from a steamer eventuated in his passing:

‘In the midst of life we are in death' was sadly illustrated in the case of Mr. John Collins, of Pittwater, on Friday night, the 20th inst. Mr. Collins came up the Sunday before to attend the sale of the Pittwater estate, which took place on the 16th inst., his 66th birthday. From Monday to Friday he was making arrangements with a contractor for the erection of a cottage on one of his farms. Returning from Sydney on Friday evening by the half past 5 boat he fell overboard at Lavender Bay wharf, through, it is supposed, the bumping of the steamer against the piles. Owing to the noise of the engine the accident was not observed on the instant, and some short time had elapsed before Captain Butler, who has saved scores of lives from drowning, plunged in to the rescue. He soon brought Mr. Collins on board and proceeded with his steamer to Milson's Point, when he placed him in a cab which conveyed him to his brother-in-law's (Mr. Connolly), the Union Inn. Father Kennedy, S.J., and Dr. V. Browne were immediately in attendance, and both had strong hopes of his recovery until about 1 o'clock at night, when capillary bronchitis supervened. The deceased gentleman was an old colonist, having emigrated from Cork with his parents about 50 years ago. He was well known and widely respected, not only in Pittwater, where he was regarded as a patriarch, and where he resided for upwards of forty years, but also in the North Shore and in Sydney. He was a man of sterling principle, so fond of the right that he would not do wrong deliberately for a kingdom. He had a great contempt for the worldliness, avarice, and selfishness so characteristic of the present times, his own character being the very antipodes of these. On Monday morning a Requiem Mass for the repose of his soul was celebrated by Father Kennedy in the church of St. Mary Star of the Sea. The respect in which Mr. Collins was held was testified by the numbers of all classes who attended his funeral, which was the largest of any private funeral that has taken place here for the last twenty years. He leaves a widow, four sons, and a daughter, all, except one of the sons, living in Pittwater. May his soul rest in peace. ST. LEONARDS. (1881, May 28). Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115457523

The Collins stayed in Pittwater, now land-owners at Careel Bay. On 8 September 1881 Honorah Collins purchased from Therry’s estate the 80 acre grant at Bayview, next to Winnyjimmy Swamp, for £80, which was the market value of the land at the time. [LTO Book 229 No. 144] Honorah and her daughter Katherine lived at Bayview, Katherine taking on the duties of Post Mistress to the growing Bayview area on 21 August 1882. - PROFILES OF THE PIONEERS IN MANLY, WARRINGAH AND PITTWATER by Shelagh Champion, OAM, B.A.(Lib.Sc.) and George Champion, OAM, Dip.Ed.Admin. Revised 2013.

A report on request for a Post Office at Bayview:

Soon afterwards Katherine married:

ROCHE—COLLINS.—April 18, at the residence of the bride's mother, Rockvale, by the Rev. Dean Hanly, James Joseph, youngest son of John Roche, Esq., County Cork, Ireland, to Katherine M., youngest daughter of the late John Collins, Esq., of PittwaterFamily Notices. (1883, May 24). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13535436

They had six children: John (born 1884 - October 15, 1936) Elizabeth Ellen ( February 5th 1886 - 8 Apr 1979) Mary Honorah (Born 1888 - 26 Jul 1979) Katherine Agnes T (born 1889 - 13 Jul 1976) Nano E (1892- 29 Sep 1979) Francis Michael G (Born 1895) 

And while the Roche family grew, their father's success as a farmer accounts for a few reports:

Successful Poultry Farming. WRITTEN FOR THE,' TOWN AND COUNTRY JOURNAL.' (BY " ST. MAGNUS.")

There can be no doubt whatever that poultry fanning will pay, providing that the proper conditions for the successful rearing of the fowls are present and that ' skill is' brought to bear on the business. Many men enter, upon this business without any previous experience at all, ' and in such 'cases' failure is the general result. To make the business successful the fowls must have plenty of run, their houses and roosts must be kept scrupulously clean, the best breeds of fowls must be selected, and they must receive intelligent and careful attention. Uncombined with any other agricultural pursuit, poultry farming seldom pays unless in the hands of an expert, and even then it will pay better if combined with' some pursuit such, as fruit or vegetable growing. Some of the most successful poultry-breeders of New South Wales, are fruit growers. It stands to reason that where fowls can be largely fed on the waste accruing about such premises, they can be more profitably reared than in a place where the whole of-their food must be purchased. 

One of the most successful poultry-breeders of the country is Mr. J. J. Roche, Bayview, Pittwater. This gentleman combines poultry-breeding with fruit growing, he having 30 acres of a flourishing orchard, and making a, successful business of both pursuits. Briefly described, Mr. Roche's method is about as follows : His land (a light loamy soil, high, and dry, having a north-eastern aspect, with plenty of shells, sand, and grit in its natural composition) presents the ideal conditions for a poultry farm. The principal breeds he keeps are Langshans, Plymouth rocks, brown and white Leghorns, Houdans, Minoreas, Brahmas, Orpingtons, Spanish, Hamburgs, Dorkings, and colonial game, and Aylesbury and Pekin ducks. These he keeps fenced off in separate enclosures, giving them plenty, of room and plenty of shade. This order is, however, only observed during the breeding or mating season, after which, the birds are. allowed to assemble in flocks and to have an extended min. Mr. Roche hatches almost wholly by the incubator, and with moderate attention attains a high degree of success, getting on the average 90 per cent. He rears his chickens by foster-mother, consisting of iron tanks filled with hot water, sometimes, however, using hens in conjunction with the artificial mothers. The plan is to set a broody hen, and slip 12 chickens, hatched by the incubator, under her at night, when she will take to them as if they were her own hatching, and rear them, Mr. Roche believes that to cleanliness and feeding is due in a great measure, his success. He feeds principally on soft food, giving pollard mixed up into a stiff dough in the morning. The pollard should be moistened only to that consistency that when thrown on the ground it will crumble. Sometimes a little wheat is mixed with the pollard, and occasionally maize is given to color the eggs a bright red but maize is too heating to make it a regular diet. Garden feed, as a matter pf course, is given regularly, meat once or twice a week if it can be got, and sour milk when available..

Mr. Roche is particularly strict about his drinking fountains, and sees that they are kept clean and constantly supplied with pure, fresh water. Sulphate of iron is given as a tonic in the drinking water-as much as will lie on a penny piece in a bucket of water once a; week; This keeps the fowls free from disease, and gives them appetite for their food. His drinking vessels (see figures: 1 and 2) are simple of construction, yet eminently adapted for the purpose intended. Figure 1 shows a kerosene tin with holes cut in it(as shown in the engraving) through which the fowls thrust their heads, fill their mouths, and withdraw it to swallow the water. 

Figure 1.-Kerosene Tin Drinking, Fountain.

The advantage of this contrivance over an open vessel is that in the first place the water is kept cooler and purer, and in the second place the fowl, having to withdraw its head to swallow the water, any that may escape from its mouth in this ' operation falls on the ground instead of falling in the vessel as it inevitably would do, providing it was open, and the fowl stood over it to drink. The advantage of this contrivance then, is obvious, for - disease is but too frequently "communicated from one fowl to another by the slime and drippings that fall from diseased birds bills into the drinking-water. Figure 2 shows-another kind of drinking fountain;- 

Figure 2.-Box Drinking Fountain-Wood or Tin.

It may be a wooden box or tin, or iron vessel-of say-5in. deep', covered on the top as seen in the engraving; but -having holes through which the fowls may thrust the bills to drink. This contrivance does not however meet with the some approval from Mr. Roche as the other, for although the cover keeps the water clean, yet the fowls may stand over it and drink and the slime and drippings, from their bills majrind its way into the water through the holes- and so contaminate it. . Mr. Roche has experimented much with fowls by crossing one breed on to the other, and sometimes with the best results. First, he is a great believer in the langshan as a general purpose farmer's  fowl. They are good layers, good table fowls, hardy, fast growing, and docile. Next to them comes the brown and white Leghorns, so well and favorably known to poultry keepers. The Leghorns, however, lays a small egg, and they are small birds for the table. A cross between the Langshan and the Leghorn he, however, finds to bean excellent bird, and partakes .and combines the good qualities of both. He has also experimented extensively with other crosses; and is on the whole well pleased with the result. The colonial game he places before the British game as being better adapted to our climate and for table purposes. He considers his fowls pay him well, and there is room for an extension-of the business. It may be said that the whole district around Broken Bay is in every way adapted for poultry keeping. The climate is all that could be desired, and the soil is heavily impregnated-with shells and grit. The land has a good elevation, and there is an abundance of pure, fresh water and plenty of shade and green feed,- then it is close to market, and a man in his spare moments can always find something to employ his time working on the land. The district ought to be an excellent one for the beekeeper, as there are plenty of blooms and a wide scope of country for the bees to range over. There are, however, few apiaries of any pretensions in the district as yet, but various of the settlers are thinking of starting them. Successful Poultry Farming. (1893, November 18). Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907), p. 22. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71191960

The Late Agricultural Show. We regret that we omitted to record in the prize list of the late Sydney Agricultural Show the fact that Mr. J. J. Roche, Bayview, Pittwater, won first prize in preserved fruit in syrup, beating some very choice collections. Mr. Roche also secured second prize in mandarin oranges. Mr. Roche is the owner of a very fine Orchard and poultry farm at Bayview, Pittwater, and he writes that he is bottling his peaches and apricots, and makes it pay well, and in his opinion it is the only way to make fruit pay at the present prices. The Late Agricultural Show. (1895, May 4). Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1870 - 1907), p. 48. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71229161  


To the duties of postmistress were added Telephonist, after a petition from residents, commencing September 1893. We place all four pages of this, retrieved from National Archives of Australia, as it illustrates Pittwater was not as uninhabited as all the references to 'in the wilderness' may state:

Petition 1:

Petition 2:

Note; Joseph Bens - with on 'n'

Their premises, doubling as a post-office and store, was the place to visit for dignitaries ads well as a voting place and where community meetings were held. Some of these reports show when researching people to celebrate and honour their contributions that their surnames can be mistakenly misspelt:

COMPLIMENTARY PICNIC TO MR. DUGALD THOMSON, M.L.A.

On Saturday last the several committees who were formed to secure the return of Mr. Dugald Thomson as member for Warringah tendered to that gentleman a complimentary picnic the arrangements were in the hands of the hon. secretaries of the various committees, namely -Messrs G. J.Barry, of Neutral Bay ; John Blackwood, of Pittwater , J. G. Cannon, of Mosman , W. M'Clelland Inglis, of Sydney , and O H. Warburton, of Manly. The metropolitan contingent left Sydney by the1 p m. boat, and were met at Manly wharf by many villagers, with whom, in well appointed coaches, they wore driven to the Rock Lily Hotel, picking up on route members from ... and Narrabeen. The afternoon was spent in inspecting Mr J J. Roach's orchard at Bayview, enjoying the charming scenery of Pittwater, whose waters lay calm and unruffled in the sunshine which favoured the occasion, and after sampling the oranges generously placed at their disposal, the party returned to the Rock Lily for dinner. Host Houreux had provided for 70, but no less than 100 presented themselves, yet he gave them all an excellent repast. Representatives were present from the whole of the Warringah electorate. Apologies for absence were read from many gentle-men The chair was occupied by the Mayor of Manly, and the vice-chair by Mr. Leonard Dodds. After the toast of the " Queen " had been honoured the toast, "Our Guest, Mr Dugald Thomson," was proposed by Alderman Fletcher of Manly, seconded by Mr. J. Barre Johnston, and supported by Mr. Leonard Dodds, Dr Cullen, M.L C. , and Mr. P. T. Taylor. Mr. Dugald Thomson. M L A , who was received with loud cheers, said that he had to thank his committees most cordially for their invitation, and owed them another debt of gratitude. He was proud to know that by going straight and fulfilling his pledges he had gained the support not only of his former adherents but also of some who at one time were opposed to him, and this not withstanding the fact that his action in following Mr. Barton had been misconstrued. He felt satisfied that federation must receive the earnest attention of the House, because it was essentially a federal Parliament, and he would be willing to give Mr. Reid his support if that gentleman proved himself true in the cause of federation. He concluded by again thanking the electors for his return, and congratulated his committees upon the successful work they had performed.'' The third toast was "Federation," proposed by Mr, J, J. Cohen, M.L A., seconded by Mr. T.  West, and the last was .. Mr Thomson," proposed by Mr. 0. H. Warburton, and honoured with acclamation. With the usual thanks to the chair, the party adjourned to a smoke social, and after an hour's enjoyment returned to Manly by instalments in time to catch the steamers for Sydney. COMPLIMENTARY PICNIC TO MR. DUGALD THOMSON, M.L.A. (1898, August 8). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14138961

MR. DUGALD THOMSON AT BAYVIEW. On Friday evening Mr. Dugald Thomson, M.L A., addressed a meeting of the electors of Bayview. There was a good attendance Mr. J. Symonds (president of the progress association) presided. There were also on the platform Messrs. Roche, Morrison, Austin, and Blackwood. Mr. Thomson received a quiet and attentive hearing. He dealt with the democratic features of the bill, explained the provisions for deadlocks, and said it was impossible that any majority could represent any particular State in the Senate He also dealt with the matter of the capital, and pointed out some of the moat patent advantages which would accrue to New South Wales and the whole of the federating colonies. On the motion of Mr. J J. Roche, seconded by Mr. Austin, a vote of thanks was carried by acclamation to Mr. Thomson, and hearty cheers for federated Australia were given.  MR. DUGALD THOMSON AT BAYVIEW. (1899, May 30). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14251662

It was during this time that Katherine's mum passed away and James lost his brother:

ROCHE -March 21,1897, John Roche, Q.C., of Summerville, Cross-avenue, Dublin, late Co. Court Judge for Down, eldest son of the late John Roche, Co. Cork, and brother of J. J. Roche, Bayview  P.O., Pittwater. Family Notices. (1897, May 22). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14121702

ROCHE.—In loving memory of John Roche, Q.C., who died at his residence, Summerville, Dublin, 23rd March, 1897, late County Judge for Down, eldest brother of J. J. Roche, Bayview, Pittwater. R.I.P. Family Notices. (1899, March 23). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14205814

DEATH OF MRS. COLLINS. Full of years spent worthily, Mrs. Honora Collins relict of the late John Collins, died on the 20th instant the residence of her son-in-law, Mr. J. J. Roche, Bay View, Pittwater. For more than half a century she had lived at Pittwater, and no family was better known or more highly respected than the Collins family of Careel Bay. Mr. and Mrs. Collins were natives of the County Cork, whence they emigrated 60 years ago. Soon after their arrival in the colony they settled on Father Therry's grant at Pittwater, where Mr. Collins engaged in grazing and farming. The district has always been a great health resort. Many an invalid from Sydney recruited his health at the hospitable homestead of the Collins family. The cottage was flanked by two hills, named Mount St. Joseph and Mount St. Mary by Mr. Collins. It is told of him that he would allow none of his sick guests to leave until he saw that they were completely 'on their legs,' his test for which was a given time to ascend and descend these hills before breakfast. The remains of the deceased lady were brought on the 21st from Bay View to St. Mary's, North Sydney, where Masses were said for the repose of her soul. The funeral took place at Chatswood Cemetery, the family burial-place, the same day. The chief mourners were Mr. J. Collins, of the Harbours and Rivers Department; Mr. P. Collins (sons); Mr. J. J. Roche, son in-law; Messrs. J. T. and E. P. Swanson, nephews. Among others present were Mrs. Black, of Barrenjoey Customs Station,  Mrs. Midden, Mrs. Roche, Mrs. Earl, Mrs. Robertson, Mrs. F. Collins, Mrs. P. Collins, Messrs. D. J. Glacken, M'Teague, J. Wall, J. Crowley, H. Coyle, J. Macintosh, and Boulton.  The Rev. Father Dowling, of St. Patrick's College, Manly, attended Mrs. Collins during her last illness, and officiated at the grave. May her soul rest in peace. DEATH OF MRS. COLLINS. (1897, October 30). Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115471628


In Memoriam.  COLLINS.-In memory of my dear grandma, died October 20th, 1897, at Bayview, Pittwater. Mourned by her loving grandchildren, John, Nellie, Molly, Kathleen, Nano, and Frankie Roche. May her soul rest in peace. COLLINS.-In affectionate remembrance of our dear grandmother, Honorah Collins who departed this life October 20, 1897. Requiescat in pace. Inserted by J. and E. Swanson. Family Notices. (1898, October 20). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14143849

Besides advertisements for cheap incubators, all his breeds of chickens, working as a farmer and the Post Office being used as a polling place:
PITTWATER -Charming Cottage HOME, 7 rooms, furnished, 40 acres, 27 chains water frontage. 3 acres around cottage, highly improved, planted with citrus, stone, and tropical fruit trees. Title Torrens. Apply J.J. ROCHE, Bayview P.O.; or, E. TOWNS, Corso, Manly. Advertising. (1898, November 5). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14183567 

There began a series of testing times for the Roche's, which seem to show that those who stand up and be counted can also easily be those targeted by opportunists. A further report on this incident attributes the theft to young men visiting the district over the weekends and perhaps becoming the worse for drinking too much alcohol:

ROBBERY AT BAYVIEW.  THE POST OFFICE BROKEN INTO - Some time between Saturday night and Sunday morning the premises used as a post office at Bayview were broken into. Mr. J. J. Roche, the postmaster, and whose residence is at the back of the office, a small store facing the road, states that the thieves took -30s in cash, a supply of stamps, some tins of preserves, fish and meats, and a quantity of tobacco. The matter has been reported to the Manly police. Entrance was effected by taking out a pane of the shop window.ROBBERY AT BAYVIEW. (1899, February 6). Evening News(Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article113704967 

THE BAYVIEW  ROBBERY. DISCOVERY OF A PLANT.
A plant has been discovered at Bay view, in a cave close to the road, not far from the post office. There is no doubt that it is the proceeds of the recent robbery at Mr. Roach's, as the goods hidden consist of tinned fish, meats, jam, and some tobacco. Attempts had been made to open some of the tins, but the patent openers evidently bothered the burglars, for the half-opened tins were thrown away. A dog ferretted out the bad smelling tins, and this lead to the discovery of the swag. THE BAYVIEW ROBBERY. (1899, February 23). Evening News(Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article113699261 

Katherine was about to undergo claims made by a man named Audley Adams. Our research shows this was not the only claim he made against others - successfully obtaining mining rights further inland a few years after this time on someone else's property under access laws current farmers objecting to 'fracking' access on their lands may understand. Another claim he made, and land he used at nominal rent for mining purposes, was the subject of yet another trip to court and him being evicted due to the damage he caused to the land and apparent shady practices employed in gaining access.

Fortunately Katherine, raised on stories of evictions and living among the times when the Farrells caused so many problems for other residents, was aware of what may be needed to protect herself, her children and their inheritance:

IN THE SUPREME COURT OF NEW SOUTH WALES. - Probate Jurisdiction. - In the Estate of JOHN COLLINS, late of Pittwater, in the colony of New South Wales, Settler, deceased, intestate. - Application will be made after fourteen days from the publication hereof that Administration of the Estate of the above named deceased, left unadministered  by Honorah Collins, late of  Bayview, Widow, deceased, may be granted to KATHERINE MARY ROCHE, of Bayview aforesaid, the Daughter  of the said John Collins, deceased. LOUIS F. DIXON, Proctor for the Applicant, 92 Pitt-street, Sydney. Advertising. (1898, April 18). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14165223   

Audley Adams tries selling property out from under Katherine. Imagine finding this in the paper!
Right from : Advertising. (1899, February 28). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14201989 

Roche v Swanson
Mr Lingen, instructed by Mr L T Dixon, for the plaintiff, Mr W A Walker -nth Mi Harris, instructed by Mr A Bums, for tho defendant J Swanson and Mi Loxton with Mr Peden, instructed by Mr  A Reddell, for the defendant Audley Adams. Katherine Mary Roche, a daughter of the late John Collins, of Pittwater, and the late Honora Collins, invoked the Court against John Theodore Swanson, Edmund Clements Swanson, and Audley Adams. The two former are sons of plaintiff’s late sister Ellen, and Adams is the holder of land conveyed to him, plaintiff alleges, without valuable consideration, by her brothers Jeremiah Joseph Collins and Matthew Aneas Collins. Portion of this land, plaintiff says, was previously devised to her by her late mother, who was in possession of it by consent of the family when John Collins died intestate. Plaintiff applied, therefore, that the conveyance to Adams might be declared void as against her, that it might be declared that the plaintiff was entitled under the will of Honora Collins, and by reason of being interested in the intestate estate of John Collins, to five-sixths of the 80 acres comprised in the parcel, and the defendants John Theodore Swanson and Edmund Clements Swanson to one twelfth each, that a partitmu of tho said b0ictLS ho uuectod, und lu buch partition the five-sixths allotted to the plaintifff include JO area 10 perches settled upon her , that it be declared that Edmund Clemeuts Swanson must elect whether he would take under or against the will of Honora Collins, and in the former case should compensate the plaintiff by assigning to her his one-twelfth interest in the 80 acres , that an inquiry be directed as to what is due to the plaintiff as administratrix, do bonis non, of the intestate John Collins and as executrix of Honora Collins for the maintenance of the defendants John Theodore Swanson and Edmund Clements Swanson, that it be declared that the plaintiff is entitled, as executrix of Honora Collins, to expenses incurred in another application, that any lands be settled on J T or E C Swanson the plaintiff be declared entitled to a lion thereof for the whole or portion of such expense, and that the intestate estate of John Collins be administered by the Court. The defendant John T Swanson said he had no knowledge of any of the alleged facts stated by the plaintiff. He submitted that the plaintiff should have no higher right than he in any sale or partition of the property , also that any claim for expenses of maintenance against him should be disallowed, because Ina maintenance by John and Honora Collins was a free gift, and he gave his services as a set-off The defendant Audley Adams said the land in question was conveyed to him on payment of £250 , that Honora Collins and the plaintiff received notice of the conveyance from him shortly after its execution. They did not object. The alleged devise of portion of the property from Honora Collins to plaintiff subsequently was therefore void. Honora Collins was allowed to remain in possession until she died. The case stands part heard . EQUITY COURT. (1899, March 10). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14203804

Roche v. Swanson and Adams.
Mr. Lingen, instructed by Mr. L. F Dixon, for plaintiff, Katherine Mary Roche; Mr. W, A. Walker and Mr Harns, instructed by Mr. A. Burns, for the defendants, John Theodore and E. C. Swanson, Mr. Loxton and Mr. Peden, lnstructed by Mr. T. A.Reddal, for the defendant, Audley Adams.
The suit was as regards the .... of land, ice at Pittwater, Careel, and Brighton, in the estate of the late John Collins, who died intestate, ...
His Honor gave judgment for plaintiff is against the defendant Audley Adams, the decree being that a conveyance of the land in dispute to him was void as against the plaintiff, that the plaintiff was entitled to five-sixths of the total 81 acres, and the defendants John Theodore Swanson and Edmund Clements Swanson, to one-twelfth each; Adams to pay costs up to 1 p m. of the date of the order. Referred to the Master in Equity to approve of ... of partition between the plaintiff and the defendants J. T. and E C. Swanson; the Master to allot the defendants one twelfth each in such a way as to provide as far as possible that the plaintiff shall ..her five-sixths have all the lands improved by her or on her behalf. The Master also to provide that each defendant shall have as much water frontage as possible. Plaintiff abandons any claim for past maintenance of J. T. and E. C. Swanson, as they abandon any claim to £400 left to them under their late father's will, and their share of the personal estate of the deceased, John Collins. The defendant E C Swanson to have a fortnight to consider whether he will share under or against the will of Honora Collins. Portlier issues reserved for future consideration. Conti not disposed of also reserved. (Before Mr. Justice Walker.)  EQUITY COURT. (1899, March 22). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14205670

John Theodore and Edmund Clements Swanson were the children of  Ellen and Charles Swanson, Ellen being the first born daughter of John and Honora. Their parents died when these boys were still quite young and would have formed part of the Roche household at Bayview prior to their schooling.

One became a surveyor and the other a very popular teacher. John Theodore, the surveyor, whose name appears in an early sale lithograph for the Roche Estate showing his allotment, was one of those who spoke out about oyster leases monopolising the estuary waterfront and went on to serve his country in WWI. In 1916 young Frank (Francis M) Roche applied to sign up - Frank was barely 21, his occupation listed as 'surgical instrument maker'. John Theodore also sponsored a trophy, probably for John Roche, during some of the early RPAYC days among other duties he undertook.

The lithograph:
Roche, J. J. Roche's Estate, Bayview, Pittwater [cartographic material] : choice building sites, sheltered from all winds, water frontages : for private sale- 1910 - 1919. MAP Folder 135, LFSP 2174."Solicitors to the Estate, Louis F. Dixon, 92 Pitt St., Sydney. Courtesy National Library of Australia.

Tragically Edmund died soon after the above skirmish took place, the reports of his passing indicating he too suffered from a lifelong debilitation. Although polio is not confirmed as the cause, it certainly reads like the disease which brings so much pain with it and brought early deaths to so many prior to any viable treatment. The image of Edmund within one of these testimonies shows he had the same eyebrows as John Roche - dark and thick, and would seem to indicate this family trait came from the Irish Collins side of the family: 

SWANSON. — At her father's residence, Pittwater, on the 6th instant, Ellen, the beloved wife of Charles Swanson, Esq., and eldest daughter of John Collins, Esq.,aged 26. Requiescat in pace. Family Notices. (1874, October 10). Freeman's Journal(Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11547820

SWANSON — On April 7th, at Forbes, Charles John Swanson, son-in-law of John Collins, Pittwater, aged 39 years. Requiescat in pace. Family Notices. (1878, April 20). Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article111098081

Manly Horticultural Society. The second show in connection with the Manly Horticultural Society was opened yesterday afternoon in the Oddfellows' Hall. The judging, however, did not take place till late in the afternoon. The collection of palms and pot plants reflected much credit upon the exhibitors, while the cut flowers, including an excellent collection of chrysanthemums by Mr. C. H. Wickham, were of a most commendable description. Mr. J. J. Roche, of Bay View, had on view some splendid specimens of bananas, persimmons, citrons, lemons (two on one stalk weighing 3lb),valetta oranges, mandarins, guavas, passion fruit, all grown at his orchard, and some preserved fruits in bottles which were highly approved. Mr. Roche had also an exhibit of poultry, comprising a pair of colonial game fowls, the male bird weighing over 12lb, and. a pair of Langshans seven months old. The same gentleman showed some specimens of the 'Mrs. Bell' camellia grown by Mr. Swanson, his son-in law. Manly Horticultural Society. (1894, April 14). Evening News(Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article114076522 

SWANSON.— THE FUNERAL of the late EDMUND CLEMENT SWANSON will leave St.  Vincent's Hospice, at 1.30 p.m. sharp, THIS (SUNDAY), for St. Mary's Church, North Sydney, thence at 2.30 p.m. for the R.C. Cemetery, Chatswood.  Mrs. P. KIRBY and SON, Undertakers, 7 Elizabeth street. Family Notices. (1901, December 29). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 2. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article125886562 


SWANSON.- December 28, Edmund Clement Swanson, B .A., aged 29 years. R.I.P. Family Notices. (1901, December 31). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14466077 

Swanson, Edmund Clement : History of Europe, c ; geography, c ; English, c ; arithmetic, b ; algebra, b ; geometry, d ; trigonometry, a — Marist Brothers' St. Joseph's College, Hunter's Hill. CATHOLIC SCHOOLS AND THE SENIOR UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS. (1885, December 26). Freeman's Journal(Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), p. 15. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115466740 

first-class  honors and Professor Haswell's prize for Botany, first-class honors in geology and palæontology ;Eliza L. Abigail, George Alfred Blumer,Spencer Joseph St. Clair Butler, ......Edmund Clement Swanson, .... University of Sydney. (1893, April 11). The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW : 1843 - 1893), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article19021671 

Here are some of the names of bright students who matriculated in March at the Sydney University examinations and who later became well known in the professional world of Sydney:1 — Honors, Mathematics, A. R. Coffey, M. O'Gorman Hughes F. J. Meagher. Passes, St. Vincent's College: Miss Dorothy J. Bruton;St. Aloysius' College, A. R. Coffey, Michael O'Gorman Hughes, Daniel McLaughlin, Robert E. C. Treby; St. Igliatius' College, Riverview, John M. Curry, Henry A. Fitzgerald; St. Patrick's College, Goulburn, Francis J. Meagher; Marist Brothers' College, Hunter's Hill, Edmund C. Swanson; LOOKING BACKWARDS. (1932, August 18). Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article118090996 

DEATH OF MR. E. C. SWANSON, B.A. Keen regret was felt by the many friends and relatives of Mr. Edmund Swanson, B.A., when his death was reported at the Sacred Heart Hospice on December 28 last. Deceased, who had never been of a robust constitution, had been in doubtful health for a few weeks, but it was not such as to give alarm to his friends, and therefore the suddenness of his end had not been expected. At the Hospice, which he attended by the Very Rev. Dr. Carroll, V.GL, and needless to say he was watched with every care by the good Sisters in charge of that institution. Mr. Swanson was an 'old boy' of St Joseph's College, Hunter’s Hill. In that institution he distinguished himself by matriculating at the early age of 14, and gaining first class honours in mathematics, far which he had a special bent. He also secured second place for the Barker Scholarship. Entering St. John's College he won the Rector's Scholarship for mathematics, and obtained his degree in 1893. His career at the University was thwarted by the uncertain state of his health, and he had to be satisfied with taking an ordinary B.A. degree instead of securing it with first-class honours, as might reasonably have been expected. After leaving the University he took a position as teacher of classics and mathematics at St. Stanislaus' College, Bathurst. Though for a number of years suffering considerable pain he bore up manfully, and remained all through deeply resigned to the will of God in his regard. What would have been a triumphal march in the intellectual world but for the barrier imposed by his health, was not to him a subject to brood over ; he did not believe in playing the role of the disappointed man ; rather was he satisfied to make the best of circumstances, knowing the wisdom of conforming in all things to the will of God. His end was a most peaceful one. R.I.P. DEATH OF MR. E. C. SWANSON, B.A. (1902, January 18).Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), p. 17. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article111070958 

Death of Mr. E. C. Swanson, B.A.
The death is announced .of Mr. E. C. Swanson, B.A,, which took place in Sydney on Saturday morning. Mr. Swanson, who was a senior professor at SI. Stanitlaus' College, was about 29 years of age, and was a brilliant young Australian. He was educated at St. Joseph's, Hunter's Hill, and secured a brilliant pass in the Senior University examination when only 15 years of ago. After a clever University career he took his B.A. degree. He spent nearly four years at St. Stanislaus' College, where his amiable disposition and many sterling qualities gained him the universal love and esteem of both masters and boys. Outside the college he made hosts of friends in Bathurst, and his demise will be deeply regretted by hundreds of schoolmates and pupils allover the Commonwealth. The deceased was buried yesterday from St. Vincent's Hospital, Sydney. Death of Mr. E. C. Swanson, B.A. (1901, December 30).National Advocate (Bathurst, NSW : 1889 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article156847652 

YACHTING - ROYAL PRINCE ALFRED'S SEASON CLOSED Awanui III. Defeats Rawhiti and Runs Away with Swanson Trophy
(BY PELORUS.)- More fortunate than the Yacht Sauaaron. the Prince Alfreds had an ideal afternoon for their last race of the season last Saturday. The breeze came from the north-cast under a faultless Summer sky, and so many were the sailing craft under way that the harbor looked as though some huge cornucopia had poured its abundance of spar and sail upon its waters to mark the closing days of the season's sport. The yacht race was a handicap for trophy, to be won outright, presented to The Royal Prince Alfred Yacht Club by Mr. J. T. Swanson, of Fiji, and was sailed over the Manly-Fort Denison-Watson's Bay course. It resulted in a splendid victory for the six-metre yachts over their larger rivals, and in a super-victory for Awanui III. over her class competitor Rawhiti II.; by 3min 12sec...... YACHTING. (1921, March 16). Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article121163892 

ANZAC GRAVES.
Mr. J. T. Swanson, who was a member of the Imperial War Graves Commission at Gallipoli, is at present in Melbourne, and he waited upon the Assistant Secretary of External Affairs (Mr. Marks). Mr. Swanson stated that important work is being carried out on Gallipoli, and there are now 21 cemeteries at Anzac, four at Suvla Bay, and three at Cape Helles. The commission was camped at Kelia Leman, four miles above the Narrows, on the European side. Contractors had started work there in 1919. They were erecting permanent works, including stone walls around the cemeteries. There were a large number of people, including Greek men and women, Russians, Turks, and others, employed in the cemeteries, which were being kept scrupulously clean and in excellent condition. A number of visitors were coming from England, and a special, steamer named the Meteor was being employed for the purpose. ANZAC GRAYES. (1922, July 11). Narandera Argus and Riverina Advertiser (NSW : 1893 - 1953), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119955165
The Roche's were part of the many locals who did their utmost to develop Pittwater and ensure greater access for visitors. They were among the push for the never realised tram service, which only ever reached Narrabeen, and the wharf at Bayview, which we have created a page about in a prior history page, but include the report from 'official opening' here as it shows J J Roche built the first instalment:

PROPOSED MANLY TO PITTWATER TRAM. MINISTERIAL VISIT.
For two years past the project of a tramway from Manly to Pittwater has been mooted, its prospects and possibilities have been represented to both Mr. Reid and Mr. Lyne's  Governments, surveys have been made, reports and estimates prepared, and statistics collected but hitherto in spite of the exertions of the member for Warringah, Mr. Dugald Thomson, M.L.A., no step towards the realisation had been taken.
The new Minister for Works (the Hon. E. W.O'Sullivan) having had the matter brought prominently under his notice, arranged to visit the route on Saturday, and accordingly in company with Mr.  Dugald Thomson, arrived at Manly by special  launch at 10 in the morning, and then took coach to  the district, attended by many Manly residents and  visitors. Among the coach party were the Mayorof Manly (Alderman W. H. Fletcher), the Mayor  of Paddington (Alderman T. J. West), Messrs. E. and S. L. Ridge, H. T. Robey, D. Farrell, T.C. Haylock, A. Vialoux, and W. Bulfin.
The day was fine, and as he drove along the Minister’s attention was drawn to various points and undertakings of interest. Just over the Manly lagoon bridge gangs of men were breaking local white metal for the repair of the road as far as  Greendale, and it was shown that the same work  was badly wanted right down to Narrabeen. The  Salvation Army Home, its irrigation works, market gardens, and quarters excited comment, as did Mr.James's brick and pottery works, where it has been attempted to start an extensive local industry. Long Reef with its basin was inspected, where is the only boat refuge between Sydney and Broken Bay, but whose facilities are at present denied to the public because the Government has not proclaimed a road to it which was long since surveyed. At    Narrabeen a halt was made, and Mr. D. McLean joined the party, the drive being shortly resumed over Narrabeen bridge, past Rock Lily, and on to Church Point, at Bayview. There a large gathering had assembled, prominent among them being Messrs. G. S. Brock, J. J. Roche, S .Morrison, and Geddes. 
The steamer Cora took the party on board, and a trip up to Kuring-gai Chase, round Scotland Island, and on to the basin, was thoroughly enjoyed, and when a landing was effected at Newport  all were ready for host J. S. Gregg's excellent luncheon. At the hotel the party were met by Mr. J. Waterhouse, Mr. D. C. McLachlan, Mr. J. Symonds, Dr. Watson Harvey, Alderman F. C. Passau, and many others. Some 50 persons sat down, the chair being taken by Alderman W. H. Fletcher (Mayor of Manly), who proposed the health of "Her Majesty," after which Mr. T. J. West proposed " The Ministry " coupled with the name of the Hon. E. W. O'Sullivan.
Mr. O'Sullivan said that the action of his Government in sending troops to South Africa would have a prominent place in history. The unrest coincident with the last years of the centuries was abroad, perilous times were ahead, and the duty of every Britisher was to do what he or she could for the Empire. His colleagues had passed in four months, 54 measures, including the Early Closing Bill, the Amended Navigation Act, the re-valuation of selections, and trades union rates for skilled labour. His great aims were to mitigate the effects of droughts by water conservation, boring, and light railways to carry stock ; to carry out the city railway, the North Sydney bridge, and to light up Sydney with electricity.
Mr. J. Waterhouse proposed "The Parliament," coupled with the name of Mr. Dugald Thomson, M.L.A., to which that gentleman responded.The Minister for Works proposed "Success to the District," and said it was strange that so few people in Sydney knew anything about the magnificent scenery with which Pittwater teemed. He had that  day seen a great deal of picturesque beauty along the route, and it appeared to him that this was a part to which greater facility of access should be given for the sake of the people and the colony. He could not promise that money for the tramway should go on the Estimates or that the matter should be brought before the Public Works Committee just now; but he would promise to have a report made so complete and a survey as exhaustive as  would enable him to submit the scheme to the Cabinet, and persuade them to send it on to the committee at as early a date as possible. He had already ordered the tram from Mosman to the Spit, which would greatly help Manly, and enable travellers in rough weather to avoid the boats, and he would  honestly endeavour to forward the Pittwater project and while he was Minister would not lose sight of it.
Messrs. F. C. Passau, D. Farrell, J. Symonds, and D. C. McLachlan also spoke.  
The Chairman, in acknowledging the toast of his health, proposed by Mr. H. T. Robey, said he hoped the Government would reduce the debt on the Manly waterworks system, whose cost had been magnified by the purchase of watershed lands at very high figures. He suggested that the people of Pittwater and district might combine to hold a weekly market in Manly, and if they thought the scheme worth a trial he had no doubt the council would allow a suitable site.
On the return to Manly the journey was broken first at Mr. G. S. Brock's establishment at Mona Vale, and again at the Rock Lily Hotel. Manly  was reached at 7 p.m., and it is considered that a distinct forward movement was made by the day's proceedings. PROPOSED MANLY TO PITTWATER TRAM. (1900, January 29). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14291370

The Cora used to run up and down the Hawkesbury, landing passengers at Newport and taking visitors from there to the train up this beautiful river as day excursionists.

The duties of running a business, running a home, looking after a farm may have been arduous, but daughters mean hands to help and being part of the community means giving too:

A children's bazaar and promenade concert, in aid of the Patriotic Fund, has been Held in the Narrabeen School Hall, which was decorated with flowers, lent by Mrs. J. J. Roche (Bayview), Mr. and Mrs. Vieusseux, assisted by the school teachers and friends, worked hard to make the bazaar the success it turned out to be. Alderman West opened the entertainment. Mr. Huenerbein at the piano, and the school children (who sang as a chorus, 'Absent-minded Beggar'), were of great assistance to the promoters. On the concluding evening, a successful sale of work, in aid of the school prizes was held.  SOCIAL ITEMS. (1900, May 4). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article113714255 

Bayview Wharf was opened officially on Saturday 1st of December 1900:

A VISIT TO BAY VIEW. THE WHARF OPENED.
Bayview is steadily rising in Importance. Thousands who visit the locality gush over its lovely scenery, and its residents regard it as one of the most favored spots on earth; and if any suggestion be made to the contrary, they are ready with numerous arguments to support that opinion. The present Government, acting upon the sagacious suggestion of the member for the district, Mr. Dugald Thomson, has caused, to be constructed there a new pier, which will be appreciated not only by the frequent callers who make the journey thither by water, and whose yachts, during the season lend an additional charm to the seascape, but by the settlers in the place, who receive and send away many tons of produce in the year. The official opening of the pier took place on Saturday, and a small party left Sydney in the early morning to take part in the proceedings. Among the visitors were: Messrs. Dugald Thomson, Millard, and Cohen, M.L.A., Dr. Cullen. M.L.C., the Mayor of Manly (Alderman Fletcher), the Mayor of North Sydney (Alderman Purves),and Alderman T. J. West (Mayor of Paddington). Although somewhat threatening in the early part of the day, there was no rain, for which the party appeared thankful. The journey over the road from Manly acted like a good tonic, and all were in good spirits when they arrived at Bayview, where they received a cordial welcome from Mr. P. T. Taylor, president of the local progress association, Mr. J. J. Roche, and other residents. After a pleasant chat about the weather, the fruit-producing powers of the district, the poultry, and such-like matters of importance, the visitors were conducted under a gaily-decorated arch down the approach to the wharf. The latter is strongly built, is 140ft long, and there is a good depth of water alongside. Mr. Thomson mounted a portion of a recently-discharged cargo, and was requested by Mr. Taylor to perform the interesting ceremony. In giving expression to that desire, Mr. Taylor intimated that the residents were very much indebted to the Minister for Works (Mr. O'Sullivan), and to Mr. Thomson, for the erection of the wharf. Successive Ministers had promised that it should be done before, but their promises had been of pie-crust frailty. However, when the Minister visited the place with the member for the district a little while ago, he was impressed with its necessity, and tenders were called a few weeks later. That, of course, spoke volumes for the energy of the present Government, and particularly for Mr. O'Sullivan. Mr. Thomson, in that spirit of modesty which becomes a member of Parliament so well, declined to take all the credit for the work. 'There were,’ he said, ‘the strongest grounds for carrying it out Those of you who have been living here for so many years will remember the difficulties that have been experienced in landing goods. Men were obliged to wade through mud, and women and children to be carried. The work was certainly warranted. You will also remember that Mr. Roche, with commendable energy and enterprise, constructed a wharf himself, which the waves, with equal energy and enterprise, quickly destroyed, and it became necessary to have some better and more substantial means of approach. The Minister saw that necessity, and could not resist fulfilling his promise. I am glad you have the wharf, which will be of immense use to the district, and I hope that this ceremony will be a happy omen for the future. The ceremony over, the party boarded the steam launch Surprise, and were conveyed round Pittwater, and a delightful hour was spent viewing the glorious scenery which meets the eye on all sides. They were landed opposite the establishment of Mr. Buist, at which they enjoyed an excellent luncheon. The toast of 'The Queen' having been honored, Mr. L. Hopkins proposed the 'Ministry and Parliament.' In responding, Dr. Cullen referred to the importance of the Bayview district. Its claims would, he said, be recognised in the future, and, although they might have to wait for it, the tramway would come at last. With reference to the second Chamber of Parliament, the members of that body were abused and ridiculed a great deal; but they had to ask themselves if they had any business there unless they had to exercise their judgment upon the measures submitted to them —to act fairly and squarely to the whole of the people of the colony. He claimed that, with all its faults, the Legislative Council had tried to do so. He claimed that the second Chamber had rendered many services to the country during the present session. Over and over again the representatives of the other branch of the Legislature, who were elected by the people, were tempted by the least thoughtful to forget the duties, which they owed to the sober-minded, hard-working members of the community, who were not so well represented in the other Chamber; and measures that were passed by representatives who sat night and day needed the close attention of a revising Chamber. He appealed to the people of New South Wales to remember that while they had a second Chamber it was entitled to respect. If they did not respect it, let them sweep it out of existence at once. Although he was not in favor of a nominee Chamber, with life tenure, still that was better than having only one Chamber, but if it was not worthy of respect it should not be there. If the people wished for faithful service, and a court of appeal that would try fairly and squarely to serve the interests, not of any one class, but of the whole population, let them show the press of the country that they respected the Legislative Council and appreciated the work of its members. Mr. Millard, M.L.A, also responded. Mr. Cohen, M.L.A., proposed 'Success to the District,' and during his remarks made reference to the fact that its member would be a candidate for a seat in the Federal Parliament, expressing a hope that he would be found among its members. Mr. Purves supported the toast, and in doing so said he believed it was the Minister's intention to construct a tram line from Manly to Bayview. The toast was also responded to by Messrs, Taylor, J. Symonds (hon. sec), and Joseph Waterhouse. Mr. W. H. Vivian proposed 'The Member for the District,' which was cordially honored. Mr. Thomson spoke at some length in reply. Mr. C. Bennett proposed 'The Visitors,' which was responded to by Alderman Fleischer and Alderman West. A VISIT TO BAYVIEW. (1900, December 3). Evening News(Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article114014867 

The Best Place to Spend a Holiday AND THE BEST WAY. BAYVIEW.
Although this part of the country is so easy of access, few know of its existence, fewer still have seen its beauties and enjoyed the blissful quiet so much' appreciated by the busy city man. Bayview is beautifully situated on the southern arm of Broken Bay — Pittwater —eleven miles north from Manly, and is reached by coach from the latter. The road from Manly is one of the best in the state, and is a great favorite with cyclists. The scenery en route is varied and picturesque. Passing through Greendale we notice many neat cottages, beautiful gardens, and several dairy farms; further on we have the Salvation Army Home of Rest and Industrial Farm. A few minutes' drive and we pass the famous fishing ground, Deewhy Lagoon. Here the black swan are seen in large numbers. From this on for some miles the road skirts the ocean, and we pass Long Reef, long sandy beaches, Narrabeen village and lagoon, Sheepstation Hill, and Rocklily. A few yards from Rocklily,' the Bayview road turns off. After a drive of a mile through typical bush, with homesteads and orchards 'dotted here and there, we arrive at Roche's corner, where a panoramic view of Pittwater bursts suddenly on our sight. This is one of the finest pieces of scenery in all Australia. A beautiful sheet of water lies before you, with its countless bays and ramifications, the many headlands wooded down to the water's edge. Scotland Island is directly opposite, while Mount Elliot and Lion Island, ten miles distant, fill up the background. The road from this point onward winds and twists fantastically alone the foreshore to the terminus, Church Point. The term Bayview is given to the western shore of Pittwater. The inhabitants who are noted for their hospitality, are engaged in various pursuits, principally orcharding, poultry farming, gardening, and fishing. The fruit and fowls from the district have won many medals and certificates at the Royal Agricultural Shows, and received high encomiums from experts and connoisseurs. The fishing is superior to anything within easy distance of Sydney. Provision has been made for the tourists and visitors by the various boarding-housekeepers, whose tariff is most reasonable, and the many furnished cottages rent from 30/ per week, where families of eight and upwards may enjoy the comforts of home. Some of these cottages are provided with a boat, and supply linen cutlery, and firewood, &c. As the butcher, baker, and grocer call regularly, there is no inconvenience. The return fare from Circular Quay to Bayview is 3/6; so, for a few shillings, you may spend a day on the waters of Pittwater, catch sufficient fish for the family dinner, and enjoy the beauties of this elysian spot. Space will not permit of any notice of the new National Park — Kurringgai Chase—which has many miles of the foreshores of Pittwater. The trustees of this park are making many improvements for the convenience of visitors. Bayview, in short, is an ideal spot to spend a holiday — a place to recuperate after an illness, or to forget the worries and anxieties of business. — ONE WHO KNOWS. The Best Place to Spend a Holiday. (1901, March 3). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article125880318 

BAYVIEW, Friday. A ballot of the property-owners and residents within the Pittwater Progress Committee district at Bayview Post-office, taken to elect four members in place of the four retiring members according to the rules of the association resulted as follows:—J. Blackwood 46, C. J. Devlin 40, S. Morrison 30, R. Reid 30, W. Brewer 28, S. T. Connell 15, A. H. Young 15. The four first were elected. The committee now consists of Messrs. J. Blackwood, J. J. Roche, C. J. Devlin, S. Morrison, J. Symonds, R. Reid, and P. T. Taylor.SOUTH MINE DISASTER. (1901, June 29). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14394275 

NEW MAGISTRATES.
The following are included in a list of over-100 new magistrates just gazetted: Roche, John Joseph, of Pittwater; NEW MAGISTRATES. (1901, September 14). Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), p. 34. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article111086162 

A concert was held in aid of the funds of the Manly Cottage Hospital, at Buist's Hall, Bayview, on Saturday evening. Besides local performers, several ladies and gentlemen vocalists came from Manly and Sydney. Mr. Quirk, M.L.A.. presided, and the entertainment was a great success. Mr. Roach was hon. treasurer, and Mr. Devlin hon. secretary. NATIONAL PARK. (1901, October 23). Evening News(Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article112581200 

Concert at Bayview for Manly Cottage Hospital - BAYVIEW, Friday- A successful concert was  held in Kuring-gai Hall, Bayview, on Saturday evening, the ... instant, in aid of the Manly Cottage Hospital The chair was by Mr. E W Quirk, MLA. A good programme was provided The following artists took part -Professor King, ventriloquist, Messrs Wetherill, Reid, Greig, Tox, White, and Waterhouse, the Misses M and C Reid, E Baker, and E Chave Mr C J Devlin was hon secretary SOUTH COAST. (1901, October 26). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14418640 

MUNICIPAL COUNCILS. BAYVIEW, Friday.
A ballot was taken of the electors at Bayview Post-office last Tuesday for the purpose of filling three vacancies in the Pittwater Progress Association. There were six candidates, viz., J. J. Roche, James Booth, Henry Howlett, James Symonds. Leon Houreux and J. W. Austin. The three first named were elected. _ MUNICIPAL COUNCILS. (1902, June 28). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14437679

J. Roche, a practical and popular resident of Bayview, has made an offer to supply 3 cockerels each of the utility breeds, consisting of Orpingtons, Leghorns, Wyandottes, for distressed settlers, and suggests others do the same. Siftings. (1903, February 28). The Newsletter: an Australian Paper for Australian People (Sydney, NSW : 1900 - 1918), p. 5. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article128797975

The above offer is a reflection of a very bad drought experienced during early 1903 with many calls from western rural folk for help.

Mr Brock's entry into the Pittwater community, although he became the first 'mayor' of the soon to be formed Warringah Shire Council, was coupled with a push by him to take the Post Offices away from Bayview and Newport and install a 'central' one at Mona Vale. A word skirmish over petitions, with requests from RPAYC representatives and Duguld Thomason to retain 'waterside services' on the estuary and even Mr. Brock accusing the 'Post Master' of being an alcoholic and seemingly not too happy with many of the 'residents' or those who 'visit' , caused disharmony in the community, although other records indicate George Brock was welcome in many places by many established residents:


During the same year Katherine lost her husband:

ROCHE. - Of your charity pray for the repose of the soul of JAMES JOSEPH ROCHE, who died at his residence, Bayview, Pittwater, November 26th, 1904.Jesus, have mercy on his soul. In  memoriam. Family Notices. (1904, December 1). The Catholic Press(Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1942), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article104918168

MR J. J. Roche, j.p. - The funeral of the late J . J. Roche of Bay View, Pittwater took place on Monday last to Chatswood Cemetery. The remains were conveyed the night before from his late residence to St. Mary's, Ridge-street, North Sydney, where Mass was celebrated for the repose of his soul. The funeral started from the church at 8.30 a.m. and was attended by Messrs: John Roche (son), P. J. Collins. D. J. Glacken, Mr and Mrs. Reid, J Crowley, Misses Zahel, Connolly, and Mrs. Madden and many friends from Pittwater including Messers. J.  and M. K. Taylor, G. and J. Oliver, P. MCarthy. J. M'Intosh, C. and J. Devlin, J. M’Lean, G. Johnson. Mr. Roche, who was a native of Cork, had lived at Pittwater for many years, where he had established a good name for himself as Government official in charge or the post office, as fancy fowl breeder and orchardist. He leaves  a widow (daughter of the late Mr. John Collins, known for many years as the patriarch of Pittwater) and six children. The Rev. Fathers Kirby (of Pymble) and Cregan(of Manly) read the funeral prayers over the grave:— R.I:P:  OBITUARY. (1904, December 3). Freeman’s Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1850 – 1932), p. 20. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article111307023

ROCHE.—November 20 at his residence, Bayview Pittwater James Joseph Roche, in his 50th year Deeply regretted R.I.P. Family Notices. (1904, December 5). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14629235

Perhaps to provide for her children, including ongoing health care for son John, who had contracted polio when young, as much as pay Death Duties (paid 1908), Katherine then sold some of the Bayview property. A move was made to Mosman although this took time and during that time the Post Office and General Store continued business as well as being a place where other properties for sale could be viewed or inquired about.:

LAUNCH WARRINGA. Built by AVERY and SONS, of English Teak Planking. Kerosene Engine, 24 nominal... made by Grobl, Germany draught, 2ft 3in. Grobl, Germany. Length, 33ft; beam. Bit 21n;  3ln. May be inspected at BAY VIEW, PITTWATER. Apply Roche. JAMES R. LAWSON AND LITTLE" have received Instruction from the Trustees of KURING-GAI CHASE, PITTWATER, to sell THELAUNCH WARRINGA, as above. Advertising. (1905, April 1). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 18. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14675177

PITTWATER LANDS. CHOICE ALLOTMENTS. SHORTERS POINT, NEWPORT, and REFUGE COVE, NEWPORT. BEDROCK PRICES EASY TERMS PARTICULARS from Mrs. ROCHE, BAYVIEW. Advertising. (1905, December 30). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 17. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14718859

A move is shown, after which Katherine came to Bayview only once a week according to other records. Second daughter Mary was left in charge of the Post Office and became the lodger of Katherine's tenant:

ROCHE'S ESTATE, BAYVIEW-PITTWATER AT THE GOVERNMENT PIER, and ADJOINING THE POST AND TELEGRAPH OFFICE 'SUBDIVISION SALE OF SIXTEEN CHOICE RESIDENTIAL SITES, RANGING IN AREA FltOSr1J ACRE TO 6 ACRES. WATER FRONTAGES, AND FRONTING MAIN BAYVIEW ROAD AND ALEXANDRA CRESCENT. AND COMMANDING GRAND VIEWS OF PITTWATER HARBOR TORRENS TITLE and LIBERAL TERMS, of one tenth Deposit, and Balance by Quarterly Payments extending over 6 years. ''LITHOGRAPH PLAN obtainable from the Auctioneers, and on application at the Post-office, Bayview. COACH TICKETS 2/ RETURN) FOR DAY- OF SALE OBTAINABLE FROM THE AUCTIONEERS. , SALE-AUCTION SALE, ON THE GROUND, AT 3 O'CLOCK,NEXT SATURDAY, RICHARDSON & WRENCH LTD. Advertising. (1909, September 12). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article126590897

It was during 1909 that the Post Office records for Bayview begin to record that Katherine was at Mosman and daughter Mary was in charge of postmistress duties. As stated in one of her letters to those in charge, when a discrepancy in the accounts appears, the move was made as her children had 'gone to work' in the city, while the younger siblings were moved to where they could be educated in the way she wished. 

One of the early 'treatments' for those suffering pain from the debilitating polio disease was massage.

Apart from an advertisement from someone who was at this Mosman address, rooms for rent to make ends meet as well as a dog, were part of the home premises:

Mandolong Road Mosman; Rockcliff Mandolong road Mosman - MOSMAN, well Furn Double Rooms terms moderate, ocean view Rockcliff Mandolong rd Double and single Advertising. (1911, April 21). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15244771 

STEPHENSON, Masseur (Rockcliff), Mandolong rd, Mosman, near Spit Junction. Advertising. (1911, September 2). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 28. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15270810 

Lost, Tuesday., Military Road, Fox-Terrier.. Detainer prosec. Reward. Rockcliff Mandolong rd MosmanAdvertising. (1911, October 28). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 18. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15284626 

AGENTS, Note.-My property, Rockcliff, Mandalong rd, Mosman, Withdrawn from Sale. H. M. Roche. Advertising. (1926, May 1). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16289486 

MOSMAN, "ROCKCLIFFE," MANDALONG-ROAD, corner Arbutus-street,-2-story Brick Residence, tile roof, containing porch entrance, drawing-room, dining-room, 2 bedrooms, bathroom (heater), kitchen, and laundry, and 2 bedrooms and sleeping-out verandah upstairs. Electric light. LAND 117ft 81n to Mandalong-road, with a depth along Arbutus-street of 110ft  6 ½ in. TORRENS  TITLE. Advertising. (1926, May 25). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16294044 

ARBUTUS STREET – This street was named by the wife of Mr S. Cook, the owner of the estate (Manager of the Sydney Morning Herald) who was a Sydney University Medallist in Botany. It refers to a well known shrub. It was originally Arbutus Road. MANDALONG ROAD – This was sometimes spelt Mandolong (in 1916 street directory). In early days Mandolong Road was called Balmoral Road.

H M Roche may refer to the wife of John Roche, Hester Mona (nee Clay). The Mosman home appears to have been leased from the Clay Family.

Here again treatment of John Roche's polio may indicate some of those who came in contact with the family through their skills and knowledge of health and treatments.

Hester was the youngest daughter of a local doctor and surgeon:

OBITUARY. DR. W. R. CLAY. The death occurred on Monday in a private hospital at Darlinghurst of Dr. William Rudolph Clay. The deceased, though retired from practice, was well known in the northern suburbs. He was a member of the Royal College of Surgeons and a licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians. Dr. Clay commenced the practice of his profession in 1886, and during the war served with the Army Medical Corps abroad. Until recently he resided with his daughter at Cremorne. He was Medical practitioner; surgeon. 

DEATH OF DR. W. R. CLAY
Dr. William Rudolph Clay, a well known Sydney practitioner, died at a private hospital at Darlinghurst on Monday. The deceased gentleman was a son of the Rev. Dr. Clay, who was a medical man as well as a clergyman in England. He obtained his degree at Middlesex Hospital, and came to Sydney In the middle eighties. For some time be was on the staff of the Sydney Hospital, where he had Dr. G Hughes as a colleague, and later he was connected with the Health Department of the city Council. Dr Clay practiced his profession at Arncliff, Hornsby, and Narrabeen. On the outbreak of war he offered his services, and was sent to Egypt with the AIF. He also made numerous trips as senior medical officer on transports. Dr. Clay, whose wife died while he was on active service, did not resume private practice after his discharge from the military, but took a position as medical officer on an Interstate steamer. He is survived by two sons and three daughters. The remains were Interred at the Church of England Cemetery, Manly, this morning. DEATH OF DR. W. R. CLAY. (1921, July 13). Evening News(Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article118917960

William Rudolph Clay was born circa January 1864 at Portswood, Hampshire, England. He married Rosa Catherine Hester, daughter of James Jeaffreson Hester and Jane Caroline Cuénod-Churchill, on 28 June 1888 at Gundagai, New South Wales, Australia, in at “Kimo”, Gundagai by Rev. R. J. R. Edwards marriage.1,2 He died on 11 July 1921 at Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. He was educated M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., London.2 Military service with the AIF in the First World War as a medical officer:
Religion:Church of England, Occupation     Medical practitioner, Address: Manly, New South Wales, Marital status: Married
Age at embarkation: 52, Next of kin: Wife, Mrs R C Clay, Sydney and Boyle Streets, Manly, New South Wales
Enlistment date: 6 September 1915, Rank on enlistment: Major, Unit name: Medical Officers, Embarkation details: Unit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board RMS Malwa on 2 December 1915. Unit from Nominal Roll: No 2 C Transport. Returned to Australia 3 May 1919

Her mother:
Rosa Catherine Hester was born on 11 June 1864 at Madras, India.She was the daughter of James Jeaffreson Hester and Jane Caroline Cuénod-Churchill. She married William Rudolph Clay on 28 June 1888 at Gundagai, New South Wales, Australia, in at “Kimo”, Gundagai by Rev. R. J. R. Edwards marriage. She died on 12 March 1917 at age 52 at Manly, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, at her residence, “Nilgiri”, Sydney-road and Boyle-street, Manly / NSW BDM index no. 3150/1917.5

The Clay family:
34300/1896  CLAY MILDRED M – married James Robinson 
31649/1892  CLAY HESTER M – married John Roche
30770/1890  CLAY BERTHA M – Married FREDERICK R Jordon – she was a  writer
A CLOAK OF LOVE. BY BERTHA M. CLAY Author of ' The Mystery of Woodcroft,'' The Begum's Necklace,' 'The Ironmaster's Daughter,' A Woodland Maid,' etc. (ALL RIGHTS RESEBVED.)CHAPTER XVIII.
After an hour 's hard walking and an hour's hard thinking, Ronald Heseltine returned to his room at the hotel. He looked like a man who had passed through some terrible ordeal. He wrote two short letters, one to Lord Lorington and one to John Foxen. He told Foxen to put an end to every investigation concerning Miss Tyndall.
He had himself heard from the young lady. His letter to the Earl had better be transcribed :? ' ' My dear Lorington, — Now that I know where I am there need be no further philandering. I have had to put up a big fight almost single-handed, but the battle is almost won. I have now an opportunity to look round andset my house in order, and my marriage with Eva need not be unduly delayed. I will see you in London tomorrow. — Yours sincerely, RONALD 
A CLOAK OF LOVE. (1933, October 13). The Southern Record and Advertiser (Candelo, NSW : 1910 - 1938), p. 2. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article125750252 

7041/1889  CLAY JEAFFRESON  R
6798/1898  CLAY EDMUND F
ROBINSON-CLAY.-May 9, at St James's Church, Sydney, James, son of James Robinson, Kimo, Gundagai, to Mildred, youngest daughter of Dr. Clay, A.A M.C. (on active service).  Family Notices. (1918, June 8). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15783714 

CLAY. —March 12, at her late residence, Nilgiri, Sydney-road and Boyle-street, Manly, Catherine, dearly- loved wife of Major Clay, A.A.M.C. (on active service). Family Notices. (1917, March 15). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15725757 

Hester became a Roche in 1924:

WEDDING BELLS. ROCHE— CLAY.
Sydney's aquatic circles were largely represented on Tuesday afternoon at the wedding of Miss Hester Mona Clay, second daughter of the late Major W. R. Clay, A.A.M.C., and Mrs. Clay, of Hornsby and Sydney, with Mr. John Roche, elder son of the late Mr. J. J. Roche and Mrs. K. M.Roche, of Mandelong Road, Mosman. Mr. Roche has been hon. Secretary of the Pittwater regatta for 17 years; he is a member of the Royal Prince Alfred Yacht Club, Manly Reggatta, and Anniversary Regatta Clubs. The marriage took place at St. Matthew's Church, Manly, Rev. L. A. Pearce, of St. Augustine's, Neutral Bay, being the celebrant. The bride was smartly frocked in nattier blue taffeta, wearing a hat to tone, and carrying a posy. She was attended by Miss D. Watkins, wearing a frock of burnt orange georgette, brown hat, and carrying an early Victorian posy. Mr. S. D. Wenburn was best man. The reception was held at the Pacific Hotel, where Mrs. Jas. Robinson, of Kimo Station, Gundagai, was hostess. Mr. and Mrs. Roche left, after the entertainment, for a motor tour of the South Coast to Eden, and thence on to Canberra. WEDDING BELLS. (1924, March 4). The Gundagai Times and Tumut, Adelong and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser(NSW : 1868 - 1931), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article121769637  

BACK IN TOWN. John Roche is back in town from Gundagai, where he has been recuperating on Kimo Station. The Pittwater secretary looks remarkably well, but it will be yet some time before he will be able to take up hard work. In Frank Buchanan, E. Hungerford, and Jack Goddard, the big yacht clubs have efficient officials; but a successor to John Roche has yet to be located by the Alfreds. BACK IN TOWN. (1925, October 30). Arrow (Sydney, NSW : 1916 - 1933), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article105946581 

Shortly before this marriage the old home at Bayview was destroyed:
FIRE AT BAYVIEW. POST-OFFICE DESTROYED.
Bay-view Post-office, which is connected with a general store, was destroyed by fire late on Monday night. The building was of two Floors, and built of weatherboard. The postumster, Mr. T. E. Newney, and his wife, who were asleep on the top floor, found it impossible when awakened by the fire to descend the stairs. They reached the ground by means of a waterpipe. It was Impossible to save the place owing to the absence of a fire brigade in the district. The building was Insured for £600FIRE AT BAYVIEW. (1923, April 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16066567 

MIDNIGHT BLAZE AT BAYVIEW Thrilling Escapes
Thomas Edward Newey and his wife, occupiers of the Past Office dwelling and refreshment store at Bayview, near Pittwater, had thrilling experience last night, when the building was burnt to the ground. They escaped in their nightclothes by descending a downpipe and dropping on to a water tank. They were awakened shortly after 11 p.m. by the crackling of flames below. Mr. Newey found that It would be Impossible to descend the stairs, which were a mass of flames-Of weatherboard construction, the building was wonderful fuel for the flames. The only other way of leaving was through a window at the side of which a downpipe led from the guttering round the roof to a tank below. Mr. Newey and his wife climbed through the window, and after a difficult descent, managed to land safely on the tank, from which It was a comparatively easy Jump to the ground. The building was consumed In an incredibly short time. There Is no fire brigade in the District, and it was impossible to do anything to save the place. Mrs. Roach, of Mosman, was the owner. Newey’s plaoe was In the nature of a landmark, and commanded a wonderful view of Pittwater on one side and as far as Palm Beach on the other.MIDNIGHT BLAZE. (1923, April 10). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article118842452 


One of the few items found regarding Frank (Francis), who, being a Pittwater gentleman, and from sea-faring Cork in his blood, was born to sail:
Another splendid performance was that of F. Roche in the two events for local boats. From scratch in the race for boats 19ft and under he won by 20sec from Query (P. G. Taylor), 6min(Kiwi (B. B. Monckton), 5min was third. This afternoon race was for both 24ft and under and as Gannet is an 18-footer, she was conceded 9min start. She won again with ease by 11min. Query, 18min, being again second, and Lorelli (H. Gonsalves), 12min third. Pittwater Regatta: SWASTIKA WINS RAWSON CUP. (1924, January 2).Referee(Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article136617971 

F. ROCHE'S GANNET (18FT.), WINNER OF DOUBLE SAILING EVENT FOR LOCAL OPEN BOATS AT  THE PITTWATER REGATTA. SHE DEFEATED QUERY IN THE FIRST EVENT BY 20SEC, AND AGAIN BY 11MIN. IN THE AFTERNOON RACE. No title. (1924, January 4). Arrow (Sydney, NSW : 1916 - 1933), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article103540217 

Some of the many reasons John Roche needed to recuperate:

PITTWATER. Anniversary Regatta. CUP WON BY NORN. 
The twenty-first Pittwater Regatta was held on Saturday in the picturesque surroundings of Broken Day. Glorious weather prevailed, and n north-east breeze made for Ideal sailing conditions.
There is probably no more charmingly situated spot In Australia for the holding of a regatta. Tree-lined bays and inlets afford an excellent setting and. save for a seaside home dotted here and there, the scene Is one of seclusion. Typical Australian scenery abounds, with Lion Island standing as a sentinel at the approach from the ocean.
On Saturday the placid waters were covered with craft of all descriptions-from the tiny outboard motor boat to the cruising yachts-and at one time it looked as though all the sailing craft of Sydney Harbour had been suddenly transported there. The racing was of a most Interesting character. The only accident of note was when a four-oared crew was upset. The coxswain was the most alarmed, but he was held up by the stroke, who with words of humour brought back the colour to the coxswain's pallid checks.
Pittwater Regatta came Into being as the result of a private match, In December, 1905 between the Crouch brothers, of Queensland, and W. D. M. Taylor, who sailed the Carella, owned by Lord Forster, and Mr. John Roche, for 21 years honorary secretary for the regatta. An unusual course was chosen, being from Pittwater, where the flagship was moored on Saturday, around Lion Isle and back, a distance of l8 miles. The Crouch brothers won. Local residents became enthusiastic as the result of this match, and the first regatta was held in February, 1906 (actually March 1907). It catered for local sailing and rowing boats, but there were only six starters for the first motor launch race. Both the entries and prize-money have Increased annually. This year there were 107 sailing boats, 57 heavy boats, and eight events under Now South Wales Rowing Association conditions, with crews totalling 80 rowers. There were also three races for Navy League Sea Cadets.
The regatta is now recognised are one of the most popular and spectacular In Australia. It has, too many Interesting personal characteristics. Among those who were connected with Its Inauguration 21 years ago. and who are at present taking an active part In It, are Mr. John Williams (the first president),Mr. W. D. M. Taylor, Mrs. E. G. Greig (formerly hon. treasurer and assistant secretary, who has not missed a regatta for 21 years),and Mr. John Roche (secretary from the beginning).
Pittwater Aquatic Club, circa 1925-1940. Image a409025 from Hood Collection part II - courtesy State Library of NSW
The Governor-General (Lord Stonehaven)was received at the Bayview Wharf on Saturday morning by Mr. Roche, who introduced him to the president of the Warringah Shire Council, to Mr. Archdale Parkhill, M.P., Mr. C. A. Le Maistre Walker, C.B.E. (president of the regatta committee), Mt. R. W. ti,Weaver. M.L.A.. Mr. John Williams, Alderman S. H. Burns (hon. secretary of Balmain Regatta), Mr. H. G. Alderson (chairman oí the New South Wales Rowing Association). Mr.W. N. Cuthbertson (general manager of the Newcastle and Hunter River Steamship Company), and Mrs. E. G. Greig. The Navy League Sea Cadets provided a guard of honour beneath arches of- flags and greenery prepared by residents of the district. His Excellency then embarked on the motor cruiser Miramar, belonging to Mr. Stuart F. Doyle, commodore of the Royal Motor Yacht Club. At 3.30. p.m. Lord Stonehaven was received aboard the flag-ship Newcastle.
ANNUAL DINNER.
There was a large attendance at the annual dinner held In the evening at the Newport Hotel. The commodore (Mr. C. A. Le Maistre Walker, C.B.E.), in proposing the toast "The Day we Celebrate," said that Saturday was unique In the history of Pittwater Regatta. They had celebrated their 21st birthday, and for the first time the Governor-General had been their guest. In one race two boats had been sailed by father and son. Lord Stonehaven was so pleased with the victory of the Norn, formerly owned by Lord Forster, that he expressed the Intention of Immediately cabling the result to Lord Forster. (Cheers.) Pitt-water Regatta had made a name for Itself, of which It could rightly be proud, not only In the aquatic world of Australia, but throughout the British Empire.
Mr. Archdale Parkhill said that at the first official regatta In 1887, the patron was one of the most distinguished statesmen that' Australia had produced-Mr. W. n. Dalley.(Cheers.) The programme Intimated that one of the prices was two pairs of fowls, which showed the modest beginning the club had
…. Navy League Sea Cadets Single Sculls Scratch Race.-II. Collins (North Sydney). 1; .. MacArthur (North Sydney), 2; ... Other starter. Mosman Bay.PITTWATER. (1928, January 2). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 18, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16431002 

NAVY LEAGUE SEA CADETS.
Service gig race; championship of New South Wales, Navy League Sea Cadets companies, double bank; service gig race, single bank; double sculls handicap(in Hit rowing -kill«).
Heavy Skiffs.-Old buffers' handicap, 60 years and over; Mrs. C, A. Notting single sculls handicap for girls and boys, 18 years and under, residents of district; ladle.' single sculls, all-comers' handicap, _m;men's single sculls, all-comers' handicap, lm; Gladstone skiff race, single sculls handicap, lui; men's double sculls, all-comers' handicap, l.m; ladles' double sculls handicap, all-comers, .in; mixed double sculls, all- comers' handicap, lm. Entries for these events close with John Roche (hon. secretary), 42 Mountain-street, city, on Monday, December 3. ROWING. (1928, November 27). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16512361 

AUSTRALIAN POWER-BOAT ASSOCIATION
Mr Moor also resigned his position of hon secretary of the Australian Power Boat Association and the well-known yachtsman Mr John Roche member of the Broken Bay branch of the R M Y C member of the Royal Prince Alfred Yacht Club and of the Pittwater Regatta has been elected to the position. Mr Moor will continue to be a member of the RMYC and will represent the Victorian Motor Boat Club on the APBA MOTOR BOATING. (1932, April 7). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16853883

REGATTA FOR MANLY. The North Harbor-Manly regatta is to be held on Saturday, April 1. Among the promoters are: Messrs. P. Brentnall,J. H. Brown, jun., Stewart Black, A. F.Cavill, R. E. Adrian, L H Simms, R C.Griffiths, H. Miles, W J. S. Perdriau, Eric N Rowley.John Roche — the well known secretary of the Pittwater regatta— A Seller, H. H. Scotland, S. Walsh andA, Stevens. The flagship will be in North Harbor opposite to Forty Baskets Beach. The courses for the rowing races will be the length of North Harbor,. finishing .at the flagship, and triangular courses will be chosen for most of the sailing events. Before the war the Manly regatta was one of the events of the summer season. Manly is particularly well situated for a regatta. Mr.L. H. Simms is the honorary secretary. YACHTING. (1922, February 8). Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article127926194 

This afternoon this company will offer for public auction on the grounds the Roche Estate at Careel Bay, Pittwater, which comprises 40 allotments, averaging 50ft front-ages, with depths varying from 120 to 138 feet. The allotments have frontages to Barrenjoey Road, Currawong-avenue, and the public reserve facing Careel Bay. The land is level, easily accessible, and does not present any building difficulties.  REAL ESTATE. (1930, January 4). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16615407

SALES OF THE WEEK. Raine and Horne Limited report having sold 13 allotments on Saturday last at the public auction of the Roche Estate Careel Bay,  Pittwater The prices ranged from £ 3 to £3/12/6 per foot the total sales realising £2250 REAL ESTATE. (1930, January 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16617163
One of the last pictures of John Roche - from the 1933 Pittwater Regatta: Not much was missed by Mr. John Roche ( vice-president) , and Mr, S. A . P. Burns at the Pittwater Regatta on Saturday. North Sydney High School Successes. (1933, January 4).Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), p. 17. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article135323379 
 
MR. J. ROCHE. The funeral of Mr John Roche, formerly of Balfour-road, Rose Bay, who was prominent In aquatic circles, took place to South Head cemetery on Saturday, after a service at St Mary Magdalene Roman Catholic Church, Rose Bay. The chief mourners were the Misses K and N Roche (sisters) Mr F Roche (brother) and Messrs J Robinson and M Palmer (brothers-in-law).
Others present Included Messrs W L Dendy(Port Jackson and Manly Steamship Co Ltd ) R J Gray C Trebeck L C Waterman (Sydney Yacht Racing Association) Dr Scott Skirving Dr H S Kirkland Dr F M Furber Messrs F Buchanan E L Holdday P Ross (Royal Sydney Yacht Squadron) G E  Browne H G Alderson (New South Wales Rowing Association) T L Mulhall W A Henderson J R Stutter, W Evennett, W M Marks S D Wenborn (Sydney Amateur Sailing Club) N M Goddard T J Robb C R Moss W T Morson Colonel A Spain Messrs C Plowman H R Crammond Stanley Spain W Rayment W McNeill J Kelly (Farmers and Graziers Co-operative Grain Insurance and Agency Co Ltd) J Buchanan (Royal Prince Alfred Yacht Club) W J Creagh (Anniversary Regatta committee) and P Whiddon (Royal Prince Edward Yacht Club). MR. J. ROCHE. (1936, October 19). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17280824

Hesta never remarried and passed away in 1980.

The other gentleman doctor of note who featured in John Roche's life was Dr. Robert Scot Skirving, a talented sailor from his early years, who owned many boats of allkinds, and wrote this on John Roche's passing:

AN APPRECIATION.  The 'Late' John Roche. (BY. R.S.S.)

In the experience of everybody, we come across personalities which attract us, for reasons which often are somewhat hard to define-or, on the contrary, for outstanding qualities, which those who run may read, or, indeed, for some special act of public usefulness, or private unselfishness.

From whatever reason, or from whatever combination of them, John Roche, who died last week, was certainly one of those rare souls, who unconsciously, and without effort, gained among his fellows, their affection and confidence. It was just his cheerfulness, his placid courage, his elan, and fine conduct of life, which, in his case, had been, in many ways, no easy one.

Roche was brought up, from his earliest years, on a property on the estuary of the Hawkesbury, owned by his family at Bay View. We all, in our hearts, cherish some spot of this attractive, if difficult world, which we call home, and to which, as poets so often remind us, our wandering thoughts return. John Roche's mind, I do believe, was never far divorced from his beloved Broken Bay. He knew and loved every arm of its far-flung waterways, and he used to dwell with pride on the lush and often exotic vegetation that hid itself, and flourished, in sheltered spots round the creeks of that delectable region.

It followed that he not only liked the trees and fruits of his native bushland, but it was the sea that mostly called him, and so fishing and boats and yachts, or indeed anything that would carry him on the face of the waters, gave him a joy which never paled-a Joy happily shared by many of us who have escaped the devastating malady of golf or other things even less laudable!

But, apart from the prominent positions he has held in the yachting world, and which, Indeed, have been very useful, Important, and unselfish ones in all ways, and about which others are very much more competent to speak than I am-it is rather concerning his character as a man that I would wish to add my little offering to his name and fame.

It was probably known to all who knew him intimately, that from his childhood, he suffered from the after-results of that tragic malady of early life, Infantile paralysis. Most men would have wilted under such a handicap. Not so John Roche-neither in deed, manner, nor word did he allow his disabilities to alter his way of life. Nor did he ever pour out useless complaints against fate regarding his own great physical drawbacks. Far otherwise was his way, for he always carried a high heart, with a happy smile, and a wholesome speech to sweeten the day's greeting.

I might write much, and with more detail, of this line man's fine record, but it is not necessary, for of those who read tills small eloge of mine, who knew him, they could themselves tell much more of things Indicative of his life-long courage in the face of many difficult, days. We part indeed from "a very gallant gentleman," and a fine sportsman. AN APPRECIATION. (1936, October 20). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17268893 Portrait of a Mr John Roche courtesy ANMM, Object no. 00024319. 

Dr R. Scot Skirving and wife Lucy (nee Hester) lost a child in infancy, another son died serving in WWI. A physician and surgeon, he was born on 18 December 1859 at Camptown, Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland, son of Robert Scot Skirving, farmer, and his wife Elizabeth (Leila), daughter of William Owen, squire of Ekindale, Rathdownie, Ireland. Among his forbears were Adam Skirving, poet, Archibald Skirving, painter, and 'Black' John Skirving who escaped from Flodden Field with the standard wrapped around his body and took it safely to Edinburgh. Reared in an atmosphere of extreme Calvinism, Robert attended the Edinburgh Academy and Eastman's Royal Naval Academy, near Portsmouth, England. A few weeks too old for the Royal Navy, he entered the merchant service and, after two voyages to Iceland, joined the training ship Conway, and was apprenticed in 1875 in a sailing vessel, Tantallon Castle, bound for Port Adelaide.

On the return voyage Scot Skirving developed beri-beri, which led him in 1876 to enrol in medicine at the University of Edinburgh (M.B., Ch.M., 1881). He came fifth in a year which also included (Sir) Alexander MacCormick, (Sir) Thomas Anderson Stuart and (Sir) Arthur Conan Doyle. After further studies in Dublin and Vienna he was appointed house physician at the Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, in 1881. Early in 1883 Scot Skirving joined the migrant ship, Ellora, as ship's surgeon and returned to Australia. He practised in Queensland until appointed medical superintendent at (Royal) Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, by Anderson Stuart in November 1883. In 1884 he set up practice in College Street and on 6 January 1886 at Willoughby married Lucy Susan Hester (d.1950). 

Right: R. Scot Skirving portrait, courtesy State Library of NSW - now held by Art Gallery of NSW - Gift of R.C. Scott 1956

He was successively honorary assistant physician (1884-89), honorary physician (1889-1911) and consultant from 1911 at R.P.A.HAs honorary physician at the Hospital for Sick Children (1884-89) he clashed with its lady superintendent, Frances Holden. He was also an able surgeon and was honorary surgeon at St Vincent's Hospital (1889-1923). He was the lecturer in clinical medicine at the University of Sydney (1889-1911), was president of the New South Wales branch of the British Medical Association (1891-92) and served as chief medical adviser to the Australian Mutual Provident Society (1911-36). During World War II he was persuaded by (Sir) Herbert Schlink to lecture at R.P.A.H.

As a clinician Scot Skirving was greatly celebrated. A handsome man, about 5 ft 10 ins (178 cm) tall, with aquiline features, he was a popular teacher and an accomplished, if somewhat flamboyant, lecturer, illustrating his points with amusing anecdotes. He served in the South African War as consulting surgeon (1900-01) with MacCormick and on his return wrote a pamphlet on Our Army in South Africa (1901). In England on the outbreak of World War I, Scot Skirving served as a major in the Royal Army Medical Corps, for three months in charge of an auxiliary hospital in Essex, then as surgeon specialist at Queen Alexandra Military Hospital, Millbank, London. In 1918 he reported on Australian medical units in northern France, at the request of Major General Sir Neville Howse. He returned to Sydney in January 1919.

Scot Skirving published extensively on medical and more general subjects in the Australian Medical Gazette and the Medical Journal of Australia, including his reminiscences of his voyages to Australia. Widely read, with a poetic turn of phrase and an evident love of the English language, he entertained Robert Louis Stevenson (whose works he admired) and wrote a novel, Love and Longitude (1901). His speech, uttered in a deep, rich voice, reflected both the Bible and his saltier experiences in the merchant marine. He became renowned for his biting comments about his colleagues. The sea remained 'his greatest love': he held a master's certificate, belonged to the League of Ancient Mariners of New South Wales, sailed his own yacht until his eighties, and in 1931 published a manual, Wire Splicing for Yachtsmen.

Even at the time it was rare for 'a man to practice as a specialist surgeon at one hospital and as a specialist physician at another'. He was proud to be a foundation fellow of both the (Royal) Australasian College of Surgeons (1927) and of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians (1938) and an honorary fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, England (1953). Scot Skirving died at his Bellevue Hill home on 15 July 1956 and was cremated. He was survived by one of his three sons: one had died in infancy and Archibald was mortally wounded in 1915 at Gallipoli while serving with the Royal Irish Fusiliers. Scot Skirving's estate was valued for probate at £213,817 in two States. His name is commemorated at the University of Sydney by a prize in medicine and surgery.


Author: J. Atherton Young - Print Publication Details: J. Atherton Young, 'Skirving, Robert Scot (1859 - 1956)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Medical practitioner. He graduated from University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland, in 1881 with a Bachelor of Medicine (M.B.). He graduated from University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland, in 1881 with a Master of Surgery (Ch.M.).

Worth noting is the marriage of his second son to the daughter of our first prime minister. Leila Stephanie Barton, was born at Manly:

Miss Stephanie Barton, youngest daughter, of Sir Edmund Barton, is to be married almost immediately in London to Mr. Robert Scot-Skirving, eldest son of Dr. and Mrs. Scot-Skirving, whose fine-looking younger son succumbed to wounds at Gallipoli a month or so ago. WOMAN'S PAGE. (1915, November 18). Freeman's Journal(Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), p. 26. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115595406 

WEDDINGS - SCOT-SKIRVING — BARTON.— The marriage of Robert Churchill Scot-Skirving, son of Dr. and Mrs. Scot-Skirving, of 'Clapton,' Darlinghurst, and Stephanie, younger daughter of Sir Edmund Barton and Lady Barton, of 'Avenel,' Darling Point was celebrated at Brompton Parish Church, London, on December 1, by Rev. H. L. Jackson, rector of Little Canfield and late rector of St. James, Sydney, assisted by Rev. A. W. Gough. The church was decorated with white blossoms. Sir Edmund Barton gave his daughter away. She was attired in a walking dress of white cloth and ninon trimmed with skunk, and white velvet hat. She carried a lily of the-valley posy mixed with flesh-pink rosebuds. Miss Viola Robinson (cousin) attended as bridesmaid. Lieutenant R. J. A. Massie, 4thBattalion, A.I.E.F.. supported the bridegroom. Mrs. R. C. Scott-Skirving intends to reside at 104 Colcherne Court, Old Brompton-road, London. WEDDINGS. (1916, January 23). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article121338762

Dr Scot Skirving's estimation of John Roche's love for Bayview was not underestimated:
We have all heard of the wishing trees in the Botanical Gardens, but Newport has two even more famous. They are two cabbage trees, one on each side of the road to Bayview, and if their reputation is correct, as vouched for by Mr. John Roche, the visitors' to Bayview should not fail to wish under them. THE REVONAH CUP RACE. (1925, February 18). Referee(Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article127568605
Image No: a3286050h - 1909 'On the road to Bayview' - from Album 50: Photographs of the Allen family, May 1909 - 12 October 1909, courtesy State Library of NSW.
Much of Katherine's later life seemed occupied with ensuring Bayview retained its original beauty. A few notes from Warringah Shire Council Minutes of Meetings, some of which go on record shortly before and then after the lady's passing away!:
From Warringah Council records:
Bayview Park Memorandum of Transfer in respect of Lot 23 D.P. 4010, and that the Council accept dedication from K.M Roche  of Lots 6A and 7A, D.P. 4010, for public recreation purposes11/6/1928

17/10/28. Respecting receptions at Bayview for park purposes. Resolved (Crs. Hitchcock, Parr) Bayview Park That the Council record in the Minutes the Council's appreciation of Mrs. Roche's public-spiritedness and generosity, 

Bayview Park extension: Mrs. K. M. Roche. 15.3.30Stating that when she dedicated to the Council Lots 6A. and 7A as an addition to Bayview Park, it was on the understanding that the Council would secure Lot 5A, and requesting that the Council acquire this lot without delay. Resolved, - That application under Seal of the Council be made to the Minister for Local Government to resume Lot 5A, Roche's Estate, Bayview, for public recreation purposes, as an addition to Bayview Park24/3/1930

Pittwater Aquatic Club, 17/8/36, answering the objection of Mr. Bowden and Mrs. Roche to the proposal to build a Clubhouse on Bayview Park, and stating the case for the Club. Resolved , - That the letter be "received". (Crs. Hewitt, Hitchcock)

40. Shipway & Berne, Solicitors,. 13/4/37, protesting, on behalf of Mrs. K.M. Roche  and Mr. H. Bowdan, against the Council proceeding with the erection of a boat-shed and pavilion on the foreshores at Bayview, requesting Council to defer action Bayview until a proper inquiry has been held into the desirability of erecting the building, having regard to the views and wishes of local property owners, and to the question of preventing any further spoiling of the area, and intimating that should the Council decline to stay its hand until an inquiry is held, action will he taken to prevent the Council from proceeding. 40a. C. Williams and 11 other ratepayers residing within half a mile of Bayview Park, advising they have no objection to the erection of the proposed building. On the recommendation of the President it was resolved that the matter be left in the hands of the President and the Shire Clerk. (Crs. Hitchcock, Green)

Mrs. K. Roche (various properties some under old system title, some under Real Property Act, George Street, Patrick Street and Barrenjoey Road, Careel Bay (debt approximately £500) Resolved,- That the Solicitor give her notice that unless she pays £20 per month, off the debt until further notice, proceedings will be taken to recover the whole amount from her (Cr, McPaul, Cr. Green). 31/8/1937

ROCHE.-April 14, at 26 Eastern Road, Turramurra. Katherine Mary, widow of James J. Roche. R.I.P. Interred April 15. Family Notices. (1943, April 16). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17844678

IN THE SUPREME COURT OF NEW SOUTH WALES - Probate Jurisdiction - In the Will and Codicil of KATHERINE MARYROCHE late of Gordon near Sydney in the State of New South Wales Widow deceased - Application will be made after fourteen days  from publication hereof that Probate of the Will and Codicill of the above named deceased dated the fourteenth day of September one thousand and nine hundred and thirty seven and the twenty seventh day of November one thousand nine hundred and forty respectively may be granted to ELIZABETH ELLEN ROCHE MARY HONORAH ROCHE and KATHLEEN AGNES ROCHE the Executrices  and trustees named therein and all persons having any claim against the Estate of the said deceased are required to forward particulars thereof to the undersigned within the said period and all notices may be served at the undermentioned address J N GAMMELL Proctor for the Executrices 81 Pitt Street, Sydney. Advertising. (1943, April 21). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17845175 

The sisters were still selling lots of land at Pittwater into the 1960's and adding to 'Bayview Park'. A small sample from Warringah Shire Council Records:
Avalon Beach Progress Assoc., 31/5/51, regarding the condition of Patrick Street Careel Bay, and requesting that it be graded to make it passable for traffic. (9a) J.M.Gammell & Street Co 31/5/51, on same matter, on behalf of Estate of K.M. Roche, and stating their clients are prepared to contribute £100 towards the cost of improving the street. Resolved, - That the grader be put over this street immediately: (Crs. Berry,Hewitt) resolved, - That the offer of Estate of K.M. Roche be accepted, and £400 be voted for improvements to this street. (Crs. Berry, Hewitt)

Release of easement affecting Lots 4/5 D.P. 22441 between Pittwater Road and Alexandra Crescent; Bayview-in favour of K.A.,. M.H. and E. E. Roche (Crs. Reynolds/Job).

Application for subdivision - Pittwater Road, Bayview - Applicant J.L. Hagan - owners, E. Collins and E. & M. Roche. Part Portion 29 (amended Dian - 36 allotments). Resolved, - That the Committee's recommendations be adopted and in addition the land set aside for public garden and recreation space be constructed, beautified, and playground equipment to the Engineer's satisfaction be installed therein. (Crs. Jones/Miles.) 27/6/1960

Nano is not mentioned in her will, as she had by then taken up a vocation: 
Nano Roche- Sister Campion

The new parish priest of Lakemba began to visit the people and after a while he asked Sister Shirley Fagan’s mother, who lived near the presbytery, ‘who is this Sister Campion? Everyone in the Parish talks about her?’ The following represents memories of some of the Sisters.
Campion Roche’s introduction to the Josephites was quite extraordinary. A number of Sisters have heard this story and the one who shared this with me was in the presence of Campion when she herself was relating it. When the news of Mother Mary’s death filtered through to St Mary’s Parish North Sydney and Monte Sant’Angelo, two students were chosen to bring the message of sympathy. One an elder girl Miss Rowan, and a younger one Nano Roche (later Sister Campion) because she had a cousin in the community, Sister Ignatius Glacken. 
The following is how Campion related this experience:
I came from Monte Sant’Angelo when Mother Mary died, as a representative of the Sisters of Mercy and the Children of Mary, and we were taken to the room where Mother’s corpse was lying. A large number of nuns was there, praying and weeping. I always think that I got my vocation from that scene, as previously I had given no thought to the Sisters of St Joseph.
The scene made a very deep impression on me. 
Campion Roche was born at Pittwater NSW on 29 August 1892. In 1913 Campion entered the Josephites, four years after the day she recounted above. She finished school, went to Business College, and had a job in business. Campion ministered in schools at Berry, Gosford, Bangalow, Lidcombe, Leongatha Victoria, Nimmitabel, Granville, Lakemba and Campsie.
In 1947 she was elected to the Congregational Leadership Team and appointed Secretary until she resigned at the Special Renewal Chapter in 1969. Most of us associate Campion with taking the Cause forward and whilst that was a tremendous undertaking many contributors to this story hold differing and varied memories of a ‘very lovely lady’.
A Very Lovely Lady
Some of the phrases used to describe Campion were ‘she took me to the first parish priest’s funeral many years later – a kindness still l remembered;’ ‘she always had a smile in the back of her mind;’ ‘I nursed her in the Infirmary about 1978. She was a wonderful patient. She showed great respect for all who cared for her and was always pleasant and happy.’ ‘Campion was always sensitive to those who had sisters in the Congregation and made it possible for them to holiday and get together when possible. We were very appreciative of that.’ When a young Sister was going to Bungendore, Campion told her that she would be lonely but ‘always remember God is with you all the time’.
One Sister encapsulates below the feelings expressed by many who knew her at Lakemba and Campsie:
I have heard it said that Campion had a soft spot for nuns who came from Lakemba or Campsie. I don’t know if that was true or not. I first met her when I was in Kindergarten and she was Principal of St Mel’s Campsie. I was sent with messages to her at times. I would knock on the door but I could not reach the handle. One of the big girls would let me in. [Sister Campion] called me ‘Mary’. I don’t know why. When I was entering she certainly knew who I was. Campion was a very intelligent, knowledgeable person yet she was very interested in ordinary people.
Campion Driver of the Cause
According to the many memories shared Campion seemed to possess the characteristics needed for a driver. These are some of the statements Sisters made:
[Following her election at the 1947 Chapter] Campion was determined to continue the Canonisation, she was determined to take the Cause forward – Mother Leone was keen on the present moment and the Canonisation took a back seat. Campion set out to change this. Mother Leone would say we knew Mother Mary was in heaven but Campion was determined to press ahead with the Cause.’
‘Campion was an educator with a great heart. Enthusiasm and determination were her characteristics.’
The Roads Travelled
When I asked a group of our Senior Sisters at Hunters Hill what Campion and Columbkille did regarding the Cause their first response was ‘what they did was secretive, they worked with records and letters, we didn’t know the detail but we took notice of them and what they knew. They were listened to when they spoke.’ As I thought about this response I realised that very few of us knew the details of this work. Some further interviews and reading threw some light on this Process which is outlined briefly below. However there are some other pearls to share before that. Recorded in our Archives is this reflection written a few days after Campion’s death by one who knew her well:
As a novice Campion typed manuscripts for ‘the Life and Letters of Mary of the Cross’ the first printed publication about Mother Mary of the Cross…Doubtless this helped her deepen her interest in and love for the Foundress of the Congregation she entered, and led her to see the importance of preserving everything relating to the heritage of the Congregation, its Foundress and its early members. Because of her foresight much material is now available for the enrichment and instruction about Mary.
Other comments about the work were ‘Campion went around interviewing the nuns who knew Mother Mary and there were a lot of them then…’ ‘Campion went around collecting Mary MacKillop’s letters and kept them together under her bed and then in the big cupboards in her office.’ Another said to me:
…before every new Little Sister came to Mount Street Campion did the rounds to retrieve anything about Mary MacKillop. Campion said ‘there would be nothing left if I didn’t do that’. Campion would say ‘the Little Sisters are always cleaning up!’
The Provinces were not spared from this collecting as can be seen from this comment:
Campion went on a big collecting time – she recalled everything that the Provinces had relating to Mary MacKillop and some of the Provinces were resentful of this. Some of the Sisters responsible for that Ministry in their own Provinces began collecting again! The Cause had been halted a few times so everyone was ‘a litt e twitchy’. It was emphasised that we had to be vigilant of inappropriate use of pictures and ‘relics’ before the official approval of Rome.
On the topic of relics one of the Senior Sisters recalled the following:
As novices we were invited to her office to see what had been gathered. Sister Campion opened her treasures which were kept in cupboards with glass doors. There was not much there because I don’t think we valued the thought of keeping things … Among the things we were shown was a little purse, a little box which was not opened for fear that contact with the outside air could destroy or harm the contents – I think this could have been a lock of hair, part of a habit – a sleeve rather out of shape because of Mary MacKillop’s stroke, a book of customs and rules, a pair of rosary beads and I think a crucifix.
The following account is more recent and illustrates how the influence of Mary MacKillop is all embracing:
In January 1961 while I was ‘on the Door and Phone’ at Mount Street, Campion came in asking for helpers to assemble ‘relics’ of Mary MacKillop. Campion’s passion for Mary MacKillop was very obvious to me…Soon I was assembling thousands of ‘relics’. It involved handling and cutting cloth used by Mary, mostly nightwear, mounting very small pieces on a picture with an official seal, covering with laminate and crocheting around it. I later taught my mother to crochet so she could assist in assembling ‘relics’ with me as the demand was constant! Years later, when I suggested to Campion having ‘relics’ done commercially she said the ‘cloth was too sacred’ to be handled elsewhere. When I took bundles of completed ‘relics’ to Campion’s office she showed me many of the exhibits in our current museum, which at that time were carefully packed in drawers. I also saw general Congregational material and historical documents now in our Archives. Her office contained items such as Mary’s letters and diaries, various letters from Sisters to Mary, account books, deeds of property ... Campion showed me Mary’s cross-hatched letters which were typed and then checked.
Campion was also at the forefront of coordinating the Congregation’s response to the Second Vatican Council’s call for renewal. Campion, with assistance, prepared a survey which went to all Sisters asking them to identify the three qualities of Mary MacKillop which would also be used for the Cause. Sr Bernadine Carberry who had lived with Mary MacKillop was 90+ at the time of this survey. She told one of the Sisters who was organising the responses: ‘the spirit of the Order is the spirit of John the Baptist – of prayer, of poverty and penance.’
The Process and Stress of the Cause
Mother Laurence O’Brien initiated the Process of the canonisation in 1925 as we know. A Postulator and a Promoter of the Faith were appointed, and Tribunals were set up. The first part of the Process commencing on 19 April 1926 was to search for the writings of Mary MacKillop. Initially this request was to every parish in the Sydney Archdiocese and later to the Bishops of Australia and New Zealand. The call was for any writings or authenticated copies of writings of Mary MacKillop possessed by religious, clergy or lay people to be handed in. Mother Laurence sent this request to all the Sisters. A large collection of writings was made.
The second part of the Process beginning 27 September 1926 called for witnesses to be presented before the Postulator who was to uphold the Cause and the Promoter of Faith who was to watch for weaknesses in the evidence. A massive number of documents was prepared. Questions and witnesses’ replies formed the substance of the Process. All members of the Tribunal, as well as the witnesses, were bound on solemn oath for the duration of the Process to observe secrecy on the questions and the evidence.
When the Tribunal met in March 1929 the Promoter of the Faith lodged an objection to the continuation of the proceedings on ‘a technical difficulty’. Essentially this was the inability of the Roman authorities to supply a copy of Cardinal Moran’s 1885 report on the Adelaide Commission of 1883 which had been the occasion of an infamous slander against Mother Mary. The Tribunal was adjourned to gather further evidence. Osmund Thorpe cp, who was a member of the Tribunal, was given the task of preparing this evidence. The Josephites benefitted from his research in more ways than one for Mother Leone was so impressed with his work that she asked him to make it into a book which was published in 1957. The work of Campion during this phase cannot be underestimated.
By 1951 the Notary in the earlier Tribunal, Norman Thomas Gilroy, had become the Cardinal Archbishop of Sydney. He urged that the Cause be continued. Within 13 days he acquired the missing Moran report from Rome and he re-established the Tribunal. Further sessions were held over the next ten years.
Mother Mary is Close to You
There is no doubt that Campion was driving this Process and directing the preparation of the materials used in evidence. Norberta Earl, Therese Magdalen O’Connor and others, helped with the typing and organising. Whilst the evidence speaks for itself as well as Campion’s unwavering confidence and trust in Mary MacKillop’s presence throughout the Process, the strain of this work on Campion is highlighted in this undated interview given by her and found in our Archives:
Mother Mary is close to you. That is her way. I felt that in a very special way during the Process. There was that dreadful oath… It’s been changed now. I truly believe it added ten years to my life. I was so fearful that I would say something wrong. I did make a mistake about something. I was worried that I might say something as fact that I had no evidence for. When I was asked about the time Mother Bernard was Mother General ‘Did they have a good relationship?’ Oh yes, they had good relationships, but I had no evidence to prove it. Well, I used to go to Mother’s grave each time I was to be called into the presence of the Cardinal. I would pray that I would not say anything that I should not say. I then felt very strongly the nearness of Mother Mary.
Campion died on 29 September 1979 aged 87 years. The two comments presented below were written and said 30 years apart but they summarise the great contribution Campion made to the Congregation and the Cause. One Josephite wrote four days after Campion’s death:
A woman with an awareness of the importance of history, heritage and tradition; with a vision of a challenging future; but above all a woman with a great capacity for warmth and friendship – such a woman was Sister Campion Roche.
Another Josephite offered this comment in the preparation of this article:
Campion was keeper of that treasure, custodian of the memories and preserver of the spirit that lay somewhat dormant for 20 years.

Reliquary - Sr Campion Roche and Mary Mackillop By Debra Vermeer- 16 July, 2010

The foresight of the late Sr Campion Roche rsj, who stashed Mary MacKillop’s belongings under her bed and in her cupboards for safekeeping, will be rewarded when strands of Mary’s hair taken from a locket are presented to Pope Benedict as official relics during the canonisation of Australia’s first Saint.

The hair will be presented to Pope Benedict XVI as part of the Canonisation Ceremony in St Peter’s Square. It will be contained in a specially designed and uniquely Australian reliquary – a cross made from Australian red gum from Penola, where Mary was a governess and established her first school house.

The Sisters of St Joseph commissioned Penola sculptor Guy Detot to craft the cross. He has also made two others - one to be kept at Mary’s tomb in North Sydney and one to go to the Mary MacKillop Interpretive Centre at Penola.

Sr Anne Derwin rsj, Congregational Leader of the Sisters of St Joseph, said it is the practice that a relic of the person to be canonised is presented to the Pope during the ceremony. The relic is usually carried forward by the Postulator of the Cause, meaning that Sr Maria Casey rsj will have that honour in the case of Mary MacKillop. “We thought it would be nice to have something uniquely Australian for the reliquary and we had the thought that the red gum from Penola would be nice,” Sr Anne said.

After a day spent exploring the old station at Penola where Mary worked as a governess, Mr Detot found inspiration in some old red gum fence posts on the property. Sr Anne said the sisters were “thrilled” with the end result. The actual hand-over of the hair from Postulator to Sculptor will take place when Sr Maria returns briefly to Australia from Rome next month.

Sr Anne said it is not known who originally took the strands of hair and kept them in the locket, but they have been in the Order’s archive since the 1960s. “One of the Sisters said her family was given it by a Sister who guarded Mary MacKillop’s things – her letters and mementos which were kept after she died,” she said. The Sister who kept guard over Mary’s things was Sr Campion Roche. “She kept a lot of it under her bed and was instrumental in getting Mary’s letters transcribed and pushing for the Cause (for Sainthood),” Sr Anne said.

One of the senior Sisters of the time later recalled the following about Sr Campion’s endeavours to vouchsafe Mary MacKillop’s belongings:
“As novices we were invited to her office to see what had been gathered. Sister Campion opened her treasures which were kept in cupboards with glass doors. There was not much there because I don’t think we valued the thought of keeping things … Among the things we were shown was a little purse, a little box which was not opened for fear that contact with the outside air could destroy or harm the contents – I think this could have been a lock of hair, part of a habit – a sleeve rather out of shape because of Mary MacKillop’s stroke, a book of customs and rules, a pair of rosary beads and I think a crucifix.”

When she died on 29 September 1979 aged 87 years, Sr Campion was remembered as “a woman with an awareness of the importance of history, heritage and tradition; with a vision of a challenging future; but above all a woman with a great capacity for warmth and friendship”.

In more contemporary times, Sr Campion is seen by one Josephite as “keeper of that treasure, custodian of the memories and preserver of the spirit”. Sr Campion’s spirit will no doubt be felt by many during the presentation of the relics on October 17.

Katherine Mary Roche, although she may not have had any grandchildren, certainly gave much to Pittwater, and through her children, and how they were raised, a lot more than can be estimated in this short record. All the changes she saw, and her indomitable spirit, has invested all still here with an open green space at Bayview, with daughters that gave and gave and gave, and sons who inspire us still to strive, to overcome pain and disabilities, and to get out on the water and row, and putt putt, and sail!
What an amazing lady.

Above: The view down the hillto Barview Wharf - Roche premises to right, Maybanke Anderson home to left. Below: 'white paling fence'at front of Roche hoome and view to Bayviw wharf - both circa 1900-1910. Photos courtesy State Library of NSW images No: a106167h and a106165h

Extras:

Poultry-farming and Fruitgrowing at Pittwater.

By G. E.

Anyone with a day or two's leisure and a taste for picturesque scenery cannot do better than go over to Manly by steam boat and secure a seat in one of M. Houreaux's comfortable coaches which await the steamer's arrival at the pier to convey intending passengers to Rock Lily and Bayview, the former being about 10 and the latter 13 miles from Manly. The drive is one of the pleasantest and at the same time the least expensive to be had anywhere about Sydney, the fare to Rock Lily being only 1b and to the terminus at Pittwater a 6d extra. The views obtained from many points along the road are varied and charming. Now the coach sweeps by still waters embosomed in forest greenery; anon, as we approach nearer the coast, bold headlands are to be seen jutting out into the Pacific, with intervening stretches of sandy beach; on which the blue waves curl and break with a crisp and pleasant sound ; while the horizon seaward is fleered with many a sail or darkened by the smoke of passing steamers, and the foliage of the Banksias on the uplands swayed by the sea-breeze and glistening in the sun like burnished silver. All these objects, as they successfully come into view; combine to make our Journey anything but monotonous. Moreover, the lush Hinging the -roadside is rich in floral wealth, especially in the spring of the year, bright-hued flowers peeping form from every nook, and graceful eras displaying their green frondage on many a mossy bank. The air, too, is so delightfully pure and fragrant that it is a pleasure to inhale it after the fetid atmosphere of the city, and it has a way of its own in sharpening one's appetite to such a degree that we feel quite prepared, on reaching Rock Lily, to do justice to the good things provided for us by the host of the Rock Lily Hotel The menu is extensive and varied, quite equal to the best of our metropolitan cafes, find after luncheon there are quoits, skittles, Swings, and other aids to digestion, in the retention grounds over the way, to which most of the visitors make their way. But we are bound for Bayview, and Harry the driver's 'all aboard !' shortly summons as to mount the smaller vehicle, which has been put on to convey us to our destination. 

There is nothing particularly attractive m the immediate surroundings of Rock Lily. The hotel stands on flat, low-lying ground, with a back ground to the westward of dark, forest covered hills. The landlord and his wife hail from La Belle France. He Is somewhat of an expert in the nee of the brush, and visitors to the hotel cannot fail to notice evidenoes of his skill in this direction in the numerous sketches which ornament the walls of the rooms. About ban a mile beyond Rock Lily the road leads between two stately columns of the Livistonia palm, and it is to be hoped that these beautiful specimens of a fast- disappearing and interesting class of plants may be long spared from destruction. After passing the little church the scenery becomes more picturesque as the coach winds round the foot of Roche's Hill On our right a dense belt of casuarina trees shuts us out from any extended view in that direction but; after reaching the point where this belt terminates, the beautiful expanse of water known as Pittwater comes suddenly into sight, with the village of Newport visible under the high land near the head of the inlet, Scotland Island over near its western shore, and Lion Island dimly outlined in the hazy distance. Pittwater is one of the southern branches of Broken Bay, and is bounded easterly by the long and narrow peninsula terminating in a point at Barrenjoey. Along its western shores extends the recently-proclaimed national park -known as Kurring-gai Chase. 

Presently we reach the homestead of Mr. J. J. Roche, who, besides working an orchard and poultry-farm, keeps the local store and post-office. Here we alight to inspect the prize poultry of which Mr. Roche is so successful a breeder. The approach to his house, which stands on a gentle eminence, is by a road bordered with orange and lemon trees, in fall bearing and pictures of robust health. The proprietor, whom we surprise in the attending of work among his feathered flocks, greets us with a cordial welcome, and conducts us through his establishment, pointing out such birds as he considers worthy of special notice, whether on account of their value as layers or for table use. Each class has a separate shed and run to itself, and it is impossible with these precautions for any mixed strains to appear. The runs are severally enclosed by 6ft. wire netting affixed to hardwood standards, and each run is so arranged as to contain within its boundaries some shady fruit tree under which the fowls gather in the heat of the day. Langshans, white and brown Leghorns, and Minorcas are the principal breeds raised by Mr. Roche, and the stock at present on hand comprises about 600 head of all classes. Some of the birds are marvels of beauty and size, and the proprietor tells as that the demand for sets of eggs from his stock exceeds the supply. 

After surveying the occupants of the various pens and the excellent appliances for closing the inlets to the sheds at night so as to secure the birds from the depredations of- native cats and other nocturnal prowlers, we stroll through the orchards and orangeries. Mr. Roche commenced about 12 years ago to clear his ground, which was then occupied by an primeval forest, and he has now got .. acres under fruit trees. The ground has a northerly aspect, and is sheltered from southerly and south easterly gales by a high ridge of forest-clad hills. Both soil and position are admirably adapted for the successful growing of citrus trees yielding immense crops of fruit of the finest quality. Five acres are devoted to oranges and 5 to lemons ; peaches occupy 3 acres, apricots 3, and other fruits, including plums, guavas, loquats, &c.,fiacres. The principal varieties of oranges grown are St. Michael's, navel, and proved seedlings. 

About half a mile beyond Mr. Roche's, and nearer Church Point, is the orchard of Mr. J. R. Baker, comprising 6 acres of peaches, nectarines, and other summer fruits, and 2 acres of oranges, many of the latter when ripe measuring 18in. in circumference. Mr. Baker keeps about 100 head of poultry, chiefly crosses from Langshan, Leghorn, and Minorca stock. Half an hour's pleasant walk over the hill brings as to the snug little homestead of Mr. C. F. Munro, on a slope facing the south-east. He has been six years working up his selection to its present admirable condition, and has 8 acres of healthy. -looking fruit trees. He finds that the stone fruits do better on his ground than oranges, consequently the area devoted to the latter is limited in extent. About 100 head of poultry are kept, principally Minorcas, and a fine lot of birds they are. Mr. Monro is a bachelor, and does all his own work, both outside and in. He makes tea for us, and sets before us bottled fruits, jellies, and other delicacies prepared by his own hands from the products of his own land, and after tea lights his pipe and shows us a collection of native weapon brought by him from Northern Queensland. From the front of his house there is a pretty view across the valley to the sloping hills beyond, where a fine smoke wreath is seen curling upward from the bush, and which indicates the spot where an old friend of my own has purchased land and set himself the task of clearing the forest and planting a home in the wilderness. Poultry-farming and Fruitgrowing at Pittwater. (1895, March 2).The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912), p. 424. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article162736592

Manly to Broken Bay. - A PICTURESQUE AND HEALTHY TRIP.  BY "ST. MAGNUS."

From Bay View the road, a very good one, winds around the beach, disclosing as every vantage point is gained new beauties of land and water. Around here are some very good orchards, with trees laden with fruit, and the homesteads peeping out from masses of evergreen foliage, with an extensive vista of land and water.

Our illustration, " A Cluster of Lemons," grown by Mr. Roche, on his Bay View Orchard, will compare favorably with any fruit of the kind grown in this country or any other. The lemons, which are of the Lisbon variety, and are very juicy, are simply superb, and grow close to the salt water in the greatest profusion ; and oranges, which are of the Siletta variety, are among the sweetest and best ever grown.

On Mr. Roche's property are several small caves, interesting as the unmistakable residence of generations of blackfellows, and the shells and debris collected show ages of habitation, and what is now used as manure.

The flora of the district is varied, as may be supposed from the climate and soil. Grey gum, spotted gum, ironbark, blood wood, and turpentines, and others of the eucalypti develop into lofty trees, which cover the whole face of the country and give it a densely wooded appearance. In the olden days large quantities of excellent timber was shipped from the district, and there is still large quantities obtainable, although not so handy as desirable. A dense undergrowth occurs in suitable situations, prominent among which are the numerous palms common to the coast. The baroneas, flannel flowers, waratahs, fuchsias, &c, all grow in the most bewildering confusion ; rock lilies, stag horns, and other epiphytal plants cover the rocks and trees, while a perfect maze of ferns cover the sward wherever they can find root for themselves, from the tender maidenhair to the more lofty fern tree. Ever-flowing streams of water pour down from the mountain sides, in some instances forming cascades of considerable volume, which still further enhance the beauty of the scene.

In short this favored region has every resource calculated to render it a fit habitation for man, a salubrious climate, fertile soil, plenty of wood and water, and within easy distance from market. Its fisheries alone, if energetically prosecuted ought to return a revenue sufficient to support a large population, while its close proximity to the metropolis and many beauties ought to attract a constant stream of tourists. The reason the district is so backward in respect of permanent settlement is no doubt because there are so many other localities where the land is more easily cleared and the soil of a better quality. One drawback has been that much of the best of the land has been locked up from settlement by large landholders. Tourists and summer visitors are now beginning to pour into the district. Many Sydney business men are buying properties and building cottages there on for summer residences. The district has rapid and efficient and cheap, communication with Manly, by coach, but what is required to bring it within easy reach of the metropolis is a tramway or light line of railway. Under existing circumstances one can leave Church Point at 6.15 a.m., and reach Circular Quay by the Manly boat at 9 a.m., but a railway to North Sydney would do the journey much quicker and with more comfort. As a place of resort for holiday-makers Pittwater and Broken Bay has many, attraction and as a place of residence for those who like marine views it stands unsurpassed. Manly to Broken Bay. (1893, November 11). Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907), p. 19. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71191632

The postponed Pittwater regatta will-be held tomorrow. The hon. secretaries (Miss Gladys Roche, and. Mr. J. Roche), and the committee have done a lot of work. Nearly a' hundred entries have been received for the various rowing, sailing and motor boat races. ' The first event is timed to start at -11 am and is for localboats 14ft to 18ft, for. which fifteen entries have been received. For the ali^comers' –sailing skiff : race the following are the handicaps :,—Native (H. Rodrick), scr; Dart (J. Sharp), 8min Rainbow (J. Hanson), 8min; Mat (W. Riddie),9min;..Rio- (A. Robey), 13min; Myrtle (J.Crouch), --.16min. The entries for the ladies' single sculls are:— Mrs. Wilmot, Mrs. Jackson, Miss G. Lloyd, and, Miss L. Arter. The other events: also include three in which ladies may join, and the sailing races cater for- all-classes of local craft. The steamer will be the flagship. Special coaches and motor 'buses'will leave Manly for Bay View wharf at 9.15, 10.15, and 11.16,'- returning immediately after the last race is completed. SAILING. (1907, March 22 Friday). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115224482 

SAILING. The Pittwater Regatta will be held on the16th instant The programme comprises fifteen rowing, sailing, and motor events The prize money totals £55, 10s, besides a number of trophies. There are three sailing events, open to all-comers, viz , Handicap for 16ft skiffs, under P.J.S.S.C. rules, prizes £7, £2, and £1;handicap for 14ft to 24ft boats f jib and mainsail only), prizes £5, £2, and trophy; and an all boats' handicap (jib and mainsail only, to be sailed by youths under 18), prizes £2 and £1.There is also a licensed fishing boat handicap-jib and mainsail) for Broken Bay, Hawkesbury, Cowan, and Brisbane Water boats, tor prizes of£6, £1, and trophy. The rowing portion. includes three races for ladies, and one for ladies and gentlemen, these, as -well as other -events, being for local residents only Entries for all comers' races will close on the 12th, the local events closing tin the 9th. Miss Gladys Lloyd and Mr- -John Roche are the hon. secs, their address being Post Office, Bay View, Pittwater. The flagship will be the steamer Woy Woy. SAILING. (1907, March 9). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115223002 

Third Heat. Misses Gladys and Hilda Lloyd.-Manly (all white); Misses Ruby and Jessie  Bouchior, Port Hacking (red, white; arid blue) ;Misses Edith and Mabel Herbert, Port Macquarie (gold' sashes' and caps) ; Mrs. S. Green and Mrs. Young, Darlinghurst (blue and gold)ROWING. (1906, August 1). Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article120320982 

On March 12 the marriage of Mr. Leslie Fortnam Glen, oldest son of Mr. A. W. Glen, of Manly, with Miss Amy Muriel Lloyd, second daughter of Mr. W. F. Lloyd, of Pittwater, took place In the Presbyterian Church, Manly. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. Anderson Gardiner in the presence of a large number of relations and friends. The church was prettily decorated for the occasion by girlfriends. The bride was given away by her father, and wore a dress of white voile, with white hat and veil of chiffon, and carried a bridal bouquet with satin streamers, the gift of an old and valued friend. The bridesmaids were Miss Gladys Lloyd and Miss Emma Glen, both of whom wore white silk, with hats to match. They also wore a gold ring and watch respectively, the gifts of the bridegroom. Mr. S. Williams acted as best man. After the ceremony a reception was held at Purves, Manly, where a large number of wedding guests were received and entertained with light refreshments. The happy pair drove away about 5 o'clock amidst showers of confetti and flowers for their honeymoon, which Is to be spent on the Wrestern Uno. Amongst the invited guests were:-Mr. and Mrs. W. F. Lloyd, Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Glen, Miss Gravely, Miss M. Lloyd, Mr. and Mrs. D. R. Muir, Miss Florence Muir, Mr. and Miss Lloyd, Mr. and Mrs. E. Poulton, Miss H. Lloyd, Miss G. Lloyd, Mr. and Mrs. Williams, Master S. Lloyd, Mr. and Mrs. Morgan, Miss L. Glen, Miss E. Glen, Miss A. Glen, Mr. H. Glen, Mr. and Mrs. Lawson, Mr. and Mrs. MacKenzie, Mrs. Williams, Mrs. Urquhart, Mrs. Smith, Miss F. Smith, the Rev. Anderson Gardiner and Mrs. Gardiner Mr., Mrs., and Miss Burge, Mr. and Mrs. Williamson, Mr., Mrs., and Miss Lackey, Mr.S. Lackey, Mr., Mrs., and the Misses Allen, Miss L Beaver, Miss A. Beaver, Mrs. and Miss Thomas, Mr. and Miss Shortus, Miss Green, Mrs. and Miss Gant, the Misses Hannam, Miss Nathan, Miss Morton, Miss D. Williams, the Misses MacKenzie, Mr. Middleton, Mr. Sid.Williams, Mr. Meyers, Mr. Cullen, Mr. H. Gordon, Mr. O'Grady. The presents were numerous and costly. SOCIAL. (1904, April 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14612240 

MR. W. F. LLOYD. Mr William Frederick Lloyd, whose death took place at his home in Pittwater last week, was a well-known resident of Manly and outlying districts for a quarter of a century. Born In Sydney eighty years ago, he was for many years in the service of Mr F Lassetter, of George-street He was one of the senior officers, when he retired to start a business for himself, as a commercial broker.His father, for a considerable period, was superintendent of the Government Dock at Cockatoo. The late Mr Lloyd, was a nephew of the late Mr George Alfred Lloyd of Elizabeth Bay The deceased was a keen cricketer in his younger days and always a most enthusiastic fisherman. MR. W. F. LLOYD. (1927, May 24). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1637532


SECOND ANNUAL PITTWATER REGATTA. 1st FEBRUARY, 1908. TOTAL PRIZE MONEY…. Entries CLOSE 22nd JANUARY, 1908. J. ROCHE, Hon. Sec,  _Bayview, Pittwater. Advertising. (1908, January 18). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14946194 

MANLY REGATTA : AN IMMENSE SUCCESS Boomerang Wins Barton Smith Cup Sunbeam Scores: Interstate Racing

(By PELORUS)

Lulled by breezes serene and tender,

Set by surges and snow-white sands, 

Crowned with beauty and clad in splendor, 

Matchless Manly for ever stands. — Roderic Quinn.

Manly Cove fairly scintillated in the glorious sunshine during the holding of the regatta, making a charming setting for the numerous white-sailed craft afloat, and the splashes of many-colored bunting that marked the occasion. The event of last week-end was Manly regatta, which, in the perfect weather that prevailed, was, from every point of view, an immense success. The threatening clouds of the morning made way for radiant sunshine,, and this, with refreshing tops'l breeze from the northeast, which, whilst being quite sufficient for the sailing events, did not interfere with the rowing races, made the conditions excellent. The flagship, the Port Jackson Company's s.s. Bingarra, after picking up the president and officials and a number of spectators at the Manly wharf, proceeded to moorings in North Harbor, inside the reef at the point, and in a straight line -with the jetty, a position commanding a full view of the rowing courses and a fair portion of the sailing arena. No wonder there was a largeattendance.

CHARMING SCENE.

After 2 p.m., when boats of many kinds— from Lilliputian dinghies to 10-metre yachts — from the harbor bays assembled, and subsequently during the contests, the waters of Manly Cove and North Harbor presented a scene abounding in charm and absorbing in interest. Like Pittwater, Manly possesses all the facilities for a regatta. The president of the regatta, Mr. F.E. Barton Smith; Mr. L. H. Simms, the secretary; the executive committee; and Mr. John Roche, the unofficial counsellor, are to be congratulated upon the general arrangements, the provisions for the convenience and comfort of the public, the care with which the marks were laid; the elegant and well printed programmes, and the splendid manner in which everything was carried out. There was not a hitch. It is surely an achievement to conduct a regatta of sixteen events in an afternoon of little more than three hours, as was the case at Manly, with a precision and smoothness from start to finish that never for one moment faltered.

ON THE BINGARRA.

For the throng on the flagship there was amusement and excitement. Some of the finishes were very close, and, at the end, several races concluding in quick succession the obliging gunner for the occasion fired his miniature cannon, announcing the victories, with a rapidity and dexterity that won the admiration and envy of all the youngsters on board. The president, Mr. Barton Smith, who during the afternoon was ubiquitous onthe ship seeing to the enjoyment of all, entertained the officials and others in the committee's saloon at the finish. He proposed the health of and thanked the officials, and was afterwards toasted, inturn, at the request of General Sir Granville Ryrie, M.P.Other toasts werethe secretary, Mr. Simms, and 'the indispensable' Johnnie Roche. Among others present were the Mayor of Manly, Ald. Kevile, and Mr. R. Weaver, M.L.A. The officials for the sailing races were: starter, W. Douglas; judges, F. S. Adams and T. S. Mulhall; umpire, G. Hawkesley; timekeepers, S. D. McLaren, L. Reed and P. P. Packham; handicappers, A. L. Stevens, W. Douglas and club officials, and record-keeper, Mr.Maund.

ALL YACHTS HANDICAP.

The eight Starters in this race were : Eun-na-mara II. (A. Wilson), 161min; Magic (F. B. Langley), 14Smin; Scotia(C. T. Brockhoff), and Oenone (J. S.Brunton), 13Jmin; Sunbeam (A. W. Crane), 13min; Aoma (J. S. Palmer),llmin; Bona (Bradley and Towse), 52min; Rawhiti (F. Albert), scratch. The course was from the flagship, round buoy off Manly pier, round buoy off South Reef, thence round mark off flagship, twice. Magic and Aoma got the best of the flying start, but it was not long before Rawhiti took the lead, and subsequently Bona secured second position. Rounding the flagship mark the first lap the times were : Rawhiti, 4.5.20; Bona,.,4.7.20; Aoma, 4.9.10; and Sunbeam, 4.10.15. The order of the rest was Magic, Scotia, Sun-na-Mara, Oenone. Over the second lap Rawhiti increased her lead and both she and Bona drew further ahead of the rest, but the breeze was too light, and the distance too short for the backmarkers. The finishing and adjusted times were: Rawhiti, 4.38.4; Bona (4.41.5), 4.35.20;Aoma (4.46.12), 4.35.12; Sunbeam (4.46.51), 4.33.51; Scotia (4.49.3), 4.35.18;Magic (4.49.42), 4.34.57; Eun-na-Mara(4.53.54), 4.37.39; Oenone (4.56.40), 4.42.55. Thus the places were gained bySunbeam, 1; Magic, 2; Aoma, 3. Sunbeam won by lmin 6sec and Magic obtained second place by 15sec.

GENERAL HANDICAP S.A.S.C.

The big field was comprised of : Olive I. (S. H. Stevens) 23min; Olive II. (Dr. Shepherd), 22min ; Gol Gol (Dr.Thomas), 22min; Snowdrop (W. Rayment), 17min; Spray (L. Robertson), 16min; Winifred (T. Ferry), llmin; Vagabond (H. Maxwell), llmin; Burraneer(F. G. Goats and H. S. Best); lOmin;Bui Bui (R. Griffiths), lOsec; Apache (L.Murnin), 9sec ; Athene (D. Carment),9min; Dawn (O. Backhouse), 8min;Chance (Dr.- Gordon Craig), 5min;Cynthia (A. Butler), 4mln; Caprice (H.J. Stone), 4min; Sea Rover (W. L.Dendy), scratch. The course was thesame as that for the All Yachts race.Olive II. took the lead and kept wellahead' of the rest. The order of theboats rounding the flagship mark thefirst time was Olive II., Olive I., GolGol, Spray, . Snowdrop, Vagab'ound Apache, Athene, Bui Bui. Burraneer,Winifred, Chance, Dawn, Cynthia, Red Rover. Olive II. sailed home an easy winner, and Spray beat Gol Gol for second place by lmin 28sec. There followed Bui .Bui, Snowdrop, Chance, Athene, Red Rover and Vagabond.

RESTRICTED CLASS YACHTS.

Owing to the coming Interstate races, there were only four starters in this event — Mr. A. Albert's Boomerang, Mr. J. Alderton's Gumleaf, Mr. A. H. Davies' Cherry Too and Mr. Frank Sargent's Gymea. The course was from line off flagship, round buoy off Manly Pier and round Pile light, Watson's Bay, thence round mark off flagship buoy off Pier and mark off Quarantine station to a finish off flagship. Boomerang getting away best at the start, led over the course. The order rounding the mark off the flagship was Boomerang, Cherry Too, Gumleaf and Gymea and it remained unaltered to the finish, when the times recorded were : Boomerang. 4.28.54, CherryToo, 4.29.57, Gumleaf, 4.31.25 and Gymea,4.31 45. Thus Boomerang won her firstrace of the season by lmin 3sec, withlmin 28sec between second and thirdboats.

INTERSTATE RACING.

The first of the series of Interstate restricted class events will be held on Moreton Bay 10-day, when the race for the cup presented by Mr.. Frank Albert, of Sydney, will be sailed. New South Wales will be represented by Lord Forster's Corella, with Mr. Fred Doran at the tiller, and Mr, J. A. Milson's E.O.J., and Mr. W. E. Arnott's Nettle, which will be sailed by their respective owners. The Queensland boats of the class are Lakatoi, Maroomba, Miss Brisbane and Moongalba. In a sort of trial spin held in Hamilton Reach, Brisbane River, last Saturday, Moongabba won by a little more than2min from'' Nettle; Miss Brisbane was third. The crews of Corella and E.O.J.' were entertained before their departure North by the members of the Royal Sydney Yacht Squadron, when the Vice Commodore, Mr. E. P. Simpson, occupied the chair. The All Yachts' Race at Manly regatta, won by Sunbeam, was , sailed in the absence of the owner, Mr. Arthur Crane, who was holidaying in Tasmania, by Mr. W. A. Henderson;' of Manly. It is the second occasion he has sailed, the Sunbeam this season, having been at the tiller on Anniversary Day. Mr. Henderson has been for'd-hand with Mr. Crane for 16 years. YACHTING. (1923, February 14).Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article128109237  

MANLY REGATTA. SAILING AND ROWING EVENTS. EXCITING SURF-BOAT RACES.

The light south-easterly wind which prevailed on Saturday afternoon was ideal for the sailing events at the annual Manly regatta, while the water In North Harbour, where the rowing contests took place was calm. The Port Jackson and Manly Steamship Company’s steamer Bingarra acted is flagship Mr Alfred Seller was commodore, and Mr John Roche vice commodore. ROWING. Surf Lifesaving, Boat Manly 1, North Steyne A 2 Newport 3. MANLY REGATTA. (1927, February 21). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16356350 

RELIEF WORKERS INMOTOR CRASH 47 Involved CRASH INTO TREE. SYDNEY, Friday.

With the driver frantically trying to regain control, a motor lorry, carrying 47 relief workers , to-day crashed Into a tree in Bayview Road, Bayview, throwing the men in all directions. But for the tree, the lorry would have fallen over a 6ft. drop Into Pittwater.

Nine of the men were taken to Manly District Hospital by Manly District Ambulance for treatment. Bushell, who was found to have suffered a probable fracture of the skull, and Tickner and Hyslop with severe lacerations and shock, were admitted to hospital. The others were allowed to leave.(The more seriously Injured men are: —John Bushell, 50, of Osborne Road, Manly, head injuries, large wound on right leg and right finger. Arthur Hyslop, 54, of Banksia Road. Dee Why, probable fractured left leg, Injuries to right arm. and probable internal injuries. Henry Tickner, 61, of Daisy Street, Dee Why abrasions to legs and severe shock. Other men, treated for minor injuries, were: —Arthur Brunette, G3, of High Street, Dee Why, Alonda Augustus Roney, 35, Bennett Street, Manly Vale; Herbert Pomfrett, of Headland Road. Curl Curl; Frederick Loxton, 40, of Dalley Street, Harbord; Charles Rowles, 50,of Pittwater Road. North Manly Arthur Smith, 44, of Pittwater Road, Brookvale.

Ambulance treated several others at the scene of the accident for shock and minor abrasions. The lorry was one of four conveying the men to the scene of roadway construction in progress at Church Point. Approaching a sharp bend in the road near Fermoy Avenue, the steering gear of the third lorry suddenly failed, and. failing to take the bend, the lorry crashed headlong into the tree, catapulting its passengers into the air. 

Mr. Cedric Williams, who lives in Fermoy Avenue, about 50 yards from the accident scene, was at the rear of his home when a terrific crash was heard.

'We couldn't see what had happened from where we were,' he said, 'but before we could investigate, a man came running up, shouting out. 'We've had a smash at the bottom of the road. Quickly, can you give us some water.' The man's clothes were torn and he was covered in dust.' 

Mr. Williams provided the man with a can of water and with his mother accompanied him to the scene of the accident.

''It was an amazing sight. Men were lying everywhere.' he said. 'A local doctor, who had been called, was attending to the injuries of the men.' They certainly were lucky men, for the most part. Only for that tree, which prevented the truck from going into the water, some of them may have been drowned.'

Manly District Ambulance was not long in arriving, and after first aid treatment was administered, nine of the men were taken to Manly Hospital. Miss Ruby Cowell, of Bayview post Office store,' was standing at the doorway of a shop when she heard what she described as a “terrific crash’

'Four trucks pass daily.' she said, 'and I had already seen two of them go by, and when I heard the crash. I guessed it was one of the other trucks.' Miss Cowell directed one of the relief workers to a telephone to call the ambulance. NINE INJURED. (1938, January 29). National Advocate(Bathurst, NSW : 1889 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article160704753 

PUBLIC HEALTH REPORTS - VOL. 32 OCTOBER 5, 1917 No. 40  POLIOMYELITIS IN AUSTRALIA. 

The information contained in the following statement was taken from a publication issued in the current year by the quarantine service of the Commonwealth of Australia, entitled "A Review of Recent Literature on Typhus Fever and Acute Anterior Poliomyelitis," by F. E. Cox, chief quarantine officer, Victoria, Australia: 

First recognized occurrence of poliomyelitis in Australia. — It is probable that sporadic cases of poliomyelitis occurred in Australia during a considerable period before any outbreak of the disease was recorded. The first sporadic cases noted occurred in the year 1887. 

These were a case, presumably poliomyelitis, recorded by Hood as occurring on the Clarence River, New South Wales, and a case, type not specified, recorded by Altmann as occurring at Port Lincoln, South Australia. In 1890 three sporadic cases, all fatal, wererecorded in New South Wales. In 1893 Stokes recorded three cases occurring in one family at Port Macquarie, New South Wales. The first recorded outbreak of poliomyelitis in Australia occurred at Port Lincoln, South Australia, in 1895. 

New South Wales. — The outbreak of poliomyelitis at Sydney, the second to occur in Australia, began in the summer of 1903-1904. From Sydney the disease spread over the greater part of New South Wales and Queensland. Thirty-five cases were recorded at Sydney by Litchfield between November, 1903, and March, 1904, most of which occurred in December and January. The season was unusually wet and cool. During December, 1903, and January, 1904, 34 cases were noted in Sydney by Wade. These cases were of the spinal type andmost of the patients were children under two and a half years of age. Six cases were recorded by Blackall as occurring at Queanbeyan early in the year. A fatal case (Landry's paralysis) was noted at Grafton. Eight cases were noted at Young. Cases were reported in two other country districts of New South Wales — Armidale and Glen Innes. 

In 1909 12 cases occurred at Sydney in March. Toward the end of the year, 20 cases occurred on the Richmond and Tweed Rivers, New South Wales. 

During the period from 1891 to 1913, 206 cases of infantile paralysis were admitted to the Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children, Camperdown, Sydney. From 1891 to 1908 the greatest number of cases admitted in any one year was 7, in 1895. From 1909 to 1913 the admissions were as follows: 1909, 29 cases; 1910, 22 cases; 1911, 16 cases; 1912, 46 cases; 1913, 50 cases. 

During the year 1914, 79 cases (of which 64 occurred at Sydney), with one death, were notified in New South Wales. Retrieved fromhttps://archive.org/stream/jstor-4574638/4574638_djvu.txt 



Relatives:

COLLINS—FITZPATRICK.—February 4, at St. Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, Jeremiah, eldest son of John Collins, Pittwater, to Kate, youngest daughter of the late Garrett Fitzpatrick. Family Notices. (1878, February 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13407540

V18511431 62/1851 COLLINS JEREMIAH J JOHN HONORA

COLLINS. —July 25, at his parents' residence, 13 Pyrmont-street, Pyrmont, Joseph Parnell Magner, the dearly beloved youngest son of J. J. and K. E. Collins, and grandson of the late John Collins, of Careel, Pittwater, aged 11 months and 14 days. Family Notices. (1898, August 11). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14145497


Mrs. B. M. Glacken, North Sydney. The death of Mrs. B. M. Glacken, a well known parishioner of St. Mary's Church, North Sydney, took place recently after along illness. Deceased was the eldest daughter of Mr. Bernard Daly, who owned since '45 Daly's paddock, at the corner of Lane Cove-road and West-street, North Sydney, upon part of which the Union Hotel is built. Mr. Daly, in conjunction with Mr. T. Ryan, secured the grant of two acres — the site of So. Marv's. Rddce-street, and of the Marist Brothers' School, opposite St. Leonards' Park. Her mother was the sister of. Mr. John. Collins, the trusted agent of the Ven. Archpriest Therry, and long known, as the 'patriarch of Pittwater, where lie resided. Mrs. Glacken was engaged in teaching in the Catholic school at Lavender Bay up to 1882. She was then offered a position in a public school, but she declined, and devoted herself to her aged father, who was then in his declining years. As a teacher she was very popular, as she was in every walk of life. Some 25years ago she married Mr. J. D. Glacken, builder and contractor. Like his wife, he has been active and zealous in all Church and school matters. Many children blessed their marriage, four sons and three daughters living. The eldest of the latter, Sister Ignatius Mary, joined the Sisters of St. Joseph, of whom her aunt, Sister Louis Mary, has long been a member. A Requiem Mass was celebrated by Father Carroll, S.J., on Friday morning last, for Mrs. Glacken, in St. Mary's, Ridge-street, where she was baptised 51 years ago, where she was married, and whence she wished her funeral to leave for Gore Hill cemetery. The attendance at the Mass and funeral was very large, and included, among others, the following: Sister Ignatius Mary (daughter),Sister Louis Mary (sister), Mr. D. J. Glacken (husband), and Miss Dorothy (daughter), Ignatius, Joseph, Augustus, and Aloysius (sons), Mrs. Roche, Mr. and Mrs. P. J. Collins, Frank Collins, Mr. and Mrs. Jeremiah Collins, and Misses Masie Collins and Connelly (cousins), Sub-Inspector Brennan, Messrs. Marr, A. E. Dyer, P. M'Auliffe, Mr. and Mrs. MacDermott, Mr. andMrs. J. C. Byrne, Misses L. Coyle, J. White, Polli, P. White, Crowley, Ebert, E.M'Donnall, R. F. Cullen, J. A. MDonnall, Captain Harry Bellett, Mesdames Roberts, M'G'rath, Wall, Duggan, Long, Taylor, and O'Connor, Misses Zahel, Coyle, and Oulle'n. Father Sydes, S.J., assisted by Fathers M'Curtin, S.J., and Murphy, S.J., officiated at the grave. At the conclusion of the ceremonies Father Sydes, S.J., said in effect ...she was a moral woman all her life. The good life she led gave ease to her mind and enabled her to bear her sickness with equanimity. She was sustained by a firm conscience and great confidence in God. Her whole life, embracing girlhood, womanhood, and motherhood, was most exemplary. Mrs. B. M. Glacken, North Sydney. (1913, June 19). Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), p. 24. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article108165411 

GLACKEN. -Pray for the repose of the soul of the late Bridget M. Glacken, wife of D .  J . Glacken, and eldest daughter  of the late Bernard and Catherine Daly, aged 51 years, passed away 12th June, 1913— R.I.P. Family Notices. (1913, June 19). Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), p. 17. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article108165529 

Obituary MR. DENIS JOSEPH GLACKEN.

The death occurred on Tuesday, 1stOctober, at 'Mater' Private Hospital, of Mr.. Denis Joseph Glacken, one of the oldest and most active parishioners of St. Mary's, North Sydney. Mr. Glacken, who was born at Mountrath, Queen's County, Ireland, came to Australia fifty years ago and became widely known as a builder of convents and Catholic .... contractor for the original portion of Monte Sant' Angelo, Miller-street, and for the original portion of St. Joseph's Convent,Mount-street. He also built St. Martha's Industrial Home, Leichhardt, fend the convent school, ' Archer-street, Chatswood. He also supervised many of the buildings erected in connection with his parish church. He was a churchwarden for many years, foremost in every move merit of parish activities, and a member of the A.H.C. Guild. Mr. Glacken, who was in his 73rd year, leaves a widow, a daughter, Sister M. Ignatius (St. Joseph's Convent, Arncliffe), and three sons, Ignatius, Austin and Louis. The body was taken to the church, where Requim Mass was celebrated at 7 o'clock.The funeral left for Gore Hill Cemetery at 3.15 p.m. Rev. Father O'Mara,S.J., officiated at the graveside, and the Rosary was recited by the hundreds who had congregated to pay a last tribute to one who was a loyal son of Holy Church, and a-charitable friend to God'spoor. Among those who attended thefuneral were Mrs. Glacken. (widow), Mr. and Mrs. I J. Glacken (son and daughter-in-law),. ..Messrs. Austin and Louis Glacken (sons), Mr. J. Glacken (brother), Miss K. Glacken (cousin), Mrs. Collins, Mr. and Mrs. H. Stater, Brothers Rupert (St. Joseph's College), Barnabas (Bondi), Austin (St. Joseph's), Phillip- (St. Patrick's); Mr. A. Tonge,M.L.A., Aldermen. Blue and Grennan, ex Alderman E.'M. Clark, ex-Police Inspectors Fitzpatrick and Kelly, ex-Sergeant Moylan, Messrs. R. Baird (North Sydney Bowling Club), A. W. M. d'Apice, W. A.O'Dohell, W. T. Proctor, Luke M'Donnell, A. W. Stater, M. J. O'Connor, P.. U.O'Keeffe, W. M'Carron, P. . Bellew, G.Phegan, J. Tapson, T. Atkins, W. Graham, G. Ridley, P. Buckley, W. Bruce,J. Duncan, Jas. Dunleavy, E. S. Collins,A. Walker* E. iBarnes, J. Stirison, J.Wormold, W. Battersby, P. O'Grady, G.O. Hyde, R. Thomas, P. and T. Quinn, F. Collins (sen. and jun.), A. M'Kye, C. Johnston, Phil Smyth, M. M'Cann, LesSprouster, F. Bates, R. Lnch, D. Kevins,A. Ebert, Gus , Dyer, P. Quigley,  J. A.Polle, and J. and F. Collins. The funeral arrangements were made by W. N. Bull. Obituary. (1929, October 24). Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), p. 14. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article118066588 

ON THE 12th April, at the Residence of her Son-in-Law, Mr Bernard Daly, Union Inn, NORTH SHORE, Mrs Catherine Collins, Relict of the late Jeremiah Collins, of Pittwater, Aged 81 Years.  Family Notices. (1872, April 16). Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60860033 

By special license, on the 17th April, at the Roman Catholic Chapel, North Shore, by the Rev. Peter Powell, Mr. Bernard Daly, Union Inn, North Shore, to Miss Catherine Collins, daughter of the late Jeremiah Collins, Pitt Water. Family Notices. (1856, April 18). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12981900 

DALY—March 9th, at her residence, Union Inn, North Shore, Mrs. Bernard Daly, of three children, a son and two daughters. Family Notices. (1866, March 21). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13128368 

It is with much regret that I have to record the death of Mrs. Daly, wife of Mr. Bernard Daly of the Union Inn, which took place on Saturday morning last. Mrs. Daly had been long ill, and at intervals during her protracted illness suffered very much; but she bore it with a patience and fortitude truly edifying; never dejected, always resigned, she received her sufferings as trials to purify her virtue. On Monday morning the Very Rev. Dean Kenny celebrated a Requiem Mass for the repose of her soul in the Church of St. Mary,' Star of the Sea,' whence the funeral cortege started in the afternoon. It was, notwithstanding the inclement, weather, one of the largest that has taken place on the shore for a long time, being attended by all classes. Mrs. Daly was the eldest daughter of the late Mr. Jeremiah Collins of Pitt Water, and sister of Mr. John Collins of the same place. May she rest in peace. ST. LEONARDS. (1876, October 14). Freeman's Journal(Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115300322 

DALY. —October 1, at his residence, St. Leonards, Bernard Daly,  in the 61st year of his age. May his soul rest in peace. Amen. Family Notices. (1877, October 2). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13400857 

3322/1877  DALY BERNARD MATTHEW DIED ST LEONARDS ST LEONARDS

THE FRIENDS of the deceased Mr. BERNARD DALY are respectfully invited to attend his Funeral ; to move from his late residence near the Union Inn, St. Leonards, North Shore, THIS DAY, Wednesday, at 2 o'clock, to the Catholic Cemetery, Lane Cove. JAMES  CURTIS.Family Notices. (1877, October 3). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13400894 

 the license of the Union Inn, St. Leonards, from Bernard Daly to John Connolly. WATER POLICE COURT. (1877, March 28). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13387885 

The Union inn, one of the oldest publics on the Shore, has changed occupiers, Mr. Bernard Daly, who owns the property, has been obliged through failing health to relinquish the business. Mr. John Connolly, of Pittwater, the new host, is renovating the old house, and intends making it what it was in its palmy days— a house noted for good cheer, order, and civility. ST. LEONARDS. (1877, April 21). Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115374915 

CONNOLLY.- At her residence, Union Inn, St. Leonards, Mary Connolly, in her 56th yearFamily Notices. (1884, October 20). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13574099 

THE FRIENDS of the late Mrs. MARY CONNOLLY, relict of the late Mr. John Connolly, are respectfully invited to attend her Funeral ; to move from St. Mary's Church, St. Leonards, TOMORROW (Tuesday) MORNING, at 11 o'clock, for the Catholic Cemetery, Lane Cove. P. KIRBY, Undertaker, 84,Hunter-street, and 201, Devonshire-street, Surry Hills. Family Notices. (1884, October 20). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13574175 

Marriage: 514/1854 V1854514 100 CONNOLLY JOHN COLLINS MARY LD

Children of Bernard and Catherine Daly (nee Collins): 

3932/1857  DALY MATTHEW J BERNARD CATHERINE ST LEONARDS Unavailable

4420/1866  DALY MARY A BERNARD CATHERINE ST LEONARDS Unavailable

4421/1866  DALY ANN T BERNARD CATHERINE ST LEONARDS Unavailable

4422/1866  DALY HENRY N BERNARD CATHERINE ST LEONARDS Unavailable

4808/1867  DALY MARY E BERNARD CATHERINE ST LEONARDS Unavailable

4303/1864  DALY MARGARET M BERNARD CATHERINE ST LEONARDS Unavailable

3995/1862  DALY BRIDGET M BERNARD KATE ST LEONARDS Unavailable

4036/1861  DALY JEREMIAH F BERNARD CATHERINE ST LEONARDS

THE FRIENDS of the late Mr. JEREMIAH FRANCIS DALY are respectfully Invited to attend his Funeral ; to move from St. Mary's R. C. Church, St. Leonards, THIS (Monday) AFTERNOON, at a quarter-past 2 o'clock, for Chatswood Cemetery. Mrs. P. KIRBY, Undertaker, 88Hunter-street, and top of William-street, Darlinghurst.

THE FRIENDS of the late Mr. BERNARD DALY are respectfully invited to attend the Funeral of his deceased beloved SON, Jeremiah Francis; to move from St. Mary's R. C. Church, St. Leonards, THIS (Monday) AFTER-NOON, at a quarter-past 2 o'clock, for Chatswood Cemetery. Mrs. P. KIRBY, 88 Hunter-st., and top of William-street.

THE FRIENDS of Mr. DENNIS JOSEPH GLACKEN are respectfully Invited to attend the Funeral  of his deceased BROTHER-IN-LAW, Jeremiah Francis Daley ; to move from St. Mary's R. C. Church, St. Leonards, THIS (Monday) AFTERNOON, at a quarter past 2 o'clock, for Chatswood Cemetery. Mrs. P. Kirby, Undertaker. Family Notices. (1890, March 31). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13765296 

MRS. MARY CONNOLLY (McKILLOP). The death occurred on the 9th ult., of Mrs. Mary Connolly, of Guildford. She was the eldest daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. J. A.McKillop, formerly of Carcoar, and later of Goulburn. Her maiden name was Mary Mc-Killop, and she was a relative of the late Mother Mary of the Cross, Foundress of the Sisters of St. Joseph, for whom she had great affection. She was present with her father when Mother Mary's remains were removed to the Memorial Chapel, Mount-street, North Sydney. She was educated at St. Vincent's College, Sydney, where she displayed talent as a pianist and violinist. In St. Peter and Paul's Cathedral, Goulburn. she was married to Mr. G. E. Connolly in 1900. Her first home was at Carcoar, then Orange, Manly and Guildford, where her husband died in 1935. She was an attendant at daily Mass and Holy Communion, until ill-health made it impossible, when Rev. Father T. Harrington was indefatigable in his attention until the end. She was also visited frequently by the Sisters of St. Joseph. Mrs. Connolly was a member of the Third Order of St. Francis, and was buried as a Tertiary. Requiem Mass was celebrated in St. Patrick's, Guildford, and the interment took place at Rookwood Cemetery, beside her husband and son. Father Harrington officiated at both ceremonies. Mrs. Connolly is survived by four sons—Messrs. J. E. Connolly (Cowra), George and John (Guild-ford), and Frank (Moree). One son, Richard, predeceased her. Mother M. Fidelis, Superioress of the Convent of Mercy, Stockinbingal, is her only daughter, and Mother Mary Colombiere, Superioress-General of the Sisters of Mercy in Goulburn and Wagga Diocese, Mrs. Dalton and Miss H. McKillop(Sydney) are sisters ; Messrs. Duncan and Douglas McKillop are brothers.—R.I.P.  MRS. MARY CONNOLLY (McKILLOP). (1941, January 16). The Catholic Press (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1942), p. 20. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article106424095 


Spectators onboard NAMOI, 1921 Pittwater Regatta (is the young lady with the hat and glasses at front, 3rd from right, a young Nano Roche? - are there any other Roche's aboard?) image courtesy Australian National Maritime Musueum. Image No: 00012160 from their William Hall collection of photos.

Matriarchs of Pittwater I - Katherine Mary Roche - threads collected and collated by A J Guesdon, 2015.