June 15 - 21, 2014: Issue 167

Avalon Beach Surf Life Saving Club   
The First Clubhouse

'Panorama of beachgoers at Avalon Beach', New South Wales, ca. 1925 (1920; no mid-beach dressing sheds in picture as per 1921/22 photos from sales plans/advertisements) -  section enlarged to show dressing sheds on Avalon Beach at this point in time. Full picture below. The beginnings of Norfolk Pines, planted by A J Small are in the white wicker tree guards. Image No.: nla.pic-vn6217968 by EB Studios, part of the Enemark collection of panoramic photographs, courtesy National Library of Australia.

Avalon Beach Surf Life Saving Club - The First Clubhouse

The building of the first Avalon Beach SLS Clubhouse has a number of positive factors that at the time may not have seemed so. The Depression years of 1933 to 1934 and the Work Relief Fund, people flocking to the coasts to fish and feed and house their families in tents during the mass evictions of that time, the vision of Arthur Jabez Small to create a paradise and call on the "Spanish style" pavilions in mode and skills of the then, and for a fair time afterwards, President of the Town Planning Association of NSW, Bertram Willoughby Ford, in the face of the Avalon Progress Association and a thriving artist's community wanting Alexander Stewart Jolly of Loggan Rock, Careel House fame, the influence of sporting champion wives and even the dreams of Archpriest J J Therry, who had originally wanted a 'healthful marine resort' built here shaped what would be on the landscape. 

DEATH OF MRS. COLLINS.

Full of years spent worthily, Mrs. Honora Collins relict of the late John Collins, died on the 20th instant the residence of her son-in-law, Mr. J. J. Roche, Bay View, Pittwater. For more than half a century she had lived at Pittwater, and no family was better known or more highly respected than the Collins family of Careel Bay. Mr. and Mrs. Collins were natives of the County Cork, whence they emigrated 60 years ago. Soon after their arrival in the colony they settled on Father Therry's grant at Pittwater, where Mr. Collins engaged in grazing and farming. The district has always been a great health resort. Many an invalid from Sydney recruited his health at the hospitable homestead of the Collins family. The cottage was flanked by two hills, named Mount St. Joseph and Mount St. Mary by Mr. Collins. It is told of him that he would allow none of his sick guests to leave until he saw that they were completely 'on their legs,' his test for which was a given time to ascend and descend these hills before breakfast. The remains of the deceased lady were brought on the 21st from Bay View to St. Mary's, North Sydney, where Masses were said for the repose of her soul. The funeral took place at Chatswood Cemetery, the family burial-place, the same day. The chief mourners were Mr. J. Collins, of the Harbours and Rivers Department; Mr. P. Collins (sons) ; Mr. J. J. Roche, son in-law; Messrs. J. T. and E. P. Swanson, nephews. Among others present were Mrs. Black, of Barrenjoey Customs Station,  Mrs. Midden, Mrs. Roche, Mrs. Earl, Mrs. Robertson, Mrs. F. Collins, Mrs. P. Collins, Messrs. D. J. Glacken, M'Teague, J.Wall, J. Crowley, H. Coyle, J. Macintosh, and Boulton. The Rev. Father Dowling, of St. Patrick's College, Manly, attended Mrs. Collins during her last illness, and officiated at the grave. May her soul rest in peace. DEATH OF MRS. COLLINS. (1897, October 30). Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115471628

J. J. Roche is the father of John Roche, 'father of the Pittwater Regattas'.

Add in factors such as the coming into fashion motor camp of the 1920's, the returning from Galipolli of men such as Daniel Webb Brookhouse Bartlett, paid lifesaver of Avalon Beach, previously 'farmer', or originally a country boy too, Stanley Montgomery Wickham, pioneer Australian rugby union player, plus the aspirations and influences of the 186 families plus their souls who visited, had permissive occupancies or were residing in Avalon during these years, coupled with new roads such as a deviation to be named 'Old Barrenjoey Road' from the still infamous kamikaze corner, then called 'Five Ways corner' and sometimes 'Six Ways', the still running ferries that would bring people to Clareville wharf (on what was still for a while called 'Long Beach') all came together to create something wonderful for the community and its visitors out of what could have been an endless word skirmish and failure to achieve the objective: that of vigilance  extended to the beach and all who visit her waters.

The Avalon Beach SLSC, and a reel and line on the beach, existed long before a clubhouse. Warringah Shire Council's Minutes of Meetings: 17/12/1923:  Resolved, - That maintenance Han Oliver be instructed to return to Mr. Small the life line which he holds, and the surf reel at Avalon Beach, and return the other line to station. 

Mr Small and Mr Wickham and others then became more organised; please note that it should be an 'A' instead of H for Mr. Small's initials:

A CLUB FOR AVALON. A surf life-saving club has been formed at Avalon, the spot rendered famous by the song, or vice-versa. A meeting was held on Sunday at the residence of Mr. H. J .Small, who was appointed president. Mr. Stan Wickham the Rugby Union International, is hon. secretary-treasurer of the new club. THE SURFERS. (1925, March 13 - Friday). Arrow (Sydney, NSW : 1916 - 1933), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article103545114

The foundation meeting - on the steps stand Dr. Sydney dentist, Arthur Cecil Hanson with A J Small (second from left in white trousers) on his right, Stan Wickham (3.) and Bert Paddon (also white trousers - born 1906) to his left.  Also among these founders of Avalon Beach is A G (Tom) Hanson - verandah, and Small’s son Geoff is on the far right of the verandah, who was also in the first squad. Third boy from left in balcony bay alcove is Neville Fox, gentleman without collar back row of those on steps looks like Mr. Henry Fox while the tall lad beside him looks like Vincent. If you compare the faces in this picture with those of the Fox-Williams wedding picture and that of the Pittwater rowers at Parramatta in 1935 further down the page, a few faces are definitely the same. 
Vincent Fox and Bert Paddon were both in the first successful bronze medallion squad of 31 January 1926 - (Geoff Searl)
Above image courtesy Rod Hanson - Hanson Family 


 
Above: a younger Neville Fox from Williams/Fox Family Album.s Below - An enlarged section from The Hanlon Family's picture of the first meeting of Avalon Beach SLSC founding members

In 1926, whether through the surf club association and its rowing of surf boats, or through meeting others on the estuary rowing, Vincent Fox and Bert Paddon began to feature as individuals and as a team among Pittwater Regatta winners;

DOWN AT AVALON. Three clubs — Collaroy, North Narrabeen, and Newport — made Avalon Beach their rendezvous last Sunday for the purpose of giving instruction to the new local club. Mr. Ramsay Sharpe was in charge of the teams, who were welcomed by Mr. Small, Dr. Hanson, Mr. Fox, and other residents of Avalon. An interested spectator of the general proceedings was Mr. Ruskin Rowe, one of the pioneers of Freshwater Club and now a member of Bondi. With a view of stimulating interest Mr. Rowe has offered a prize of £2/2/to the first Avalon member qualifying for the bronze proficiency medallion of the S.L.S.A

Picture: MR. H. RAMSAY SHARPE, vice-president and enthusiastic worker for the S.L.S.A. BONDI FOR SURF CHAMPIONSHIPS COOK'S HILL NEXT SATURDAY. (1926, January 10). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 7 Section: Social and Magazine Section. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article128124019 

So, if this is all reported correctly, Avalon Beach SLS Club was created Sunday, 8th of March, 1925. And the song so popular then?:

 Al Jolson - Avalon (1920) 

Charted at #2 in November 1920. Also #11 for Art Hickman in January 1921. The song was recorded by many artists in the '20's, '30's and '40's including Cab Calloway, Red Nichols, Benny Goodman, Lewis James and Harry James. Al Jolson himself re-recorded it in the 1940's after the success of "The Jolson Story". Written by Al Jolson, Buddy DeSylva and Vincent Rose.

The Work began:

INSTRUCTION FOR AVALON. Collaroy and North Narrabeen Clubs are each sending an instructional team to Avalon Beach today. Mr. H. Ramsay Sharpe, vice-president , of the S.L.S.A. will be in charge of the teams. Avalon beach is steadily increasing in popularity, and a life saving club was formed there last year under the hon. secretaryship of Mr. Stan Wickham, the well-known footballer of earlier years. WHATS WRONG WITH COOGEE ?. (1926, January 3). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 5 Section: Social and Magazine Section. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article128132940

DOWN AT AVALON. Three clubs — Collaroy, North Narrabeen, and Newport — made Avalon Beach their rendezvous last Sunday for the purpose of giving instruction to the new local club. Mr. Ramsay Sharpe was in charge of the teams, who were welcomed by Mr. Small, Dr. Hanson, Mr. Fox, and other residents of Avalon. An interested spectator of the general proceedings was Mr. Ruskin Rowe, one of the pioneers of Freshwater Club and now a member of Bondi. With a view of stimulating interest, Mr. Rowe has offered a prize of £2/2/to -the first Avalon member qualifying for the bronze proficiency medallion of the S.L.S.A.. BONDI FOR SURF CHAMPIONSHIPS COOK'S HILL NEXT SATURDAY. (1926, January 10). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 7 Section: Social and Magazine Section. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article128124019

The first Bronze Medallions earned by Avalon SLS members were Geoffrey Small (son of Arthur), Cecil Holmes, Vincent Fox and Bert Paddon on June 31st, 1926.

There was already a reel and line at Avalon Beach prior to this time, it was stored in the dressing sheds built by Arthur Jabez Small early in 1921. On May 2nd, 1922 Mr. Small put in an application for the first subdivision of what was named 'Avalon Estate' to Warringah Shire Council. 

His first advertisements preceded and their Martin place vendors preceded Mr. Small's becoming involved in the 1922-1930's campaign to extend Martin Place: 

Cronulla was, Palm Beach is, and Avalon Beach will be. This is the catch slogan which has been adopted by the vendor of the Palmgrove Estate at Avalon, which is to be sold by Messrs. H. W. Horning and Co., on Boxing Day. Judging by the beautiful panoramic views which appear in an attractive booklet, and which also occupy a conspicuous position in Messrs. Horning and Co.'s windows, Martin-place, the scenery surrounding the estate must be exceptionally beautiful. Avalon is the new sea side resort between Newport and Palm Beach. The Palmgrove Estate is on the main Barrenjoey-road, and is right at the beach. The owner has evidently had the public good in mind, as the estate has been well planted with Ornamental shade trees, while a section of it known as the Palm Grove, has been presented as a park. This is a remarkable beauty spot, with a wealth of graceful palms, maidenhair, burrawang, and other ferns. The estate is in every respect a most attractive proposition to those looking  for week-end and holiday sites. REAL ESTATE NEWS. (1921, December 11). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article123241058

UNIQUE BIT OF SIDNEY SCENERY A real jungle growth on the Palmgrove Estate, Avalon Beach, presented as a park. UNIQUE BIT OF SYDNEY SCENERY. (1921, December 18).Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article123246540

AVALON BEACH, Palmgrove Estate, by H. W. Horning and Company, Limited. BOXING DAY LAND SALES. (1921, December 23). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article118884347

The sale realised  7 lots In the Palmgrove estate, Avalon Beach, £987;REAL ESTATE. (1922, January 21). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15979205 and 'Palmgrove Estate' was used again in 1928:

Advertising. (1928, October 13). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16501418

1928 saw the finishing of a new road to be called an 'old' road, from Warringah Council meetings: Resolved (Crs Hope, Hitchcock) - That the deviations of Street Names Barrenjoey Road be called "Barrenjoey Road", and that the old road in the same section be called "Old Barrenjoey Road." 19/03/1928

This had been preceded by: 13/10/1924: 13. Arthur J. Small of Avalon Beach Estates, 13/10/24, re proposed deviation of Barrenjoey Road, and declining to agree to pay the whole cost of construction, where his land fronts the road on both sides Resolved, - (Cre. Hewitt, B..worth) That the President see Mr. Small and discuss the road matter with him on the ground, in company with the Shire Engineer.

54. Avalon Beach Estate 2.11.26. suggesting that the opening of Barrenjoey Road deviations be treated as an important public event, that the name "De Chair Drive" be given the deviations, and submitting a proposal for tree planting along the deviations.' : Resolved, - (Crs. Simpson, Hope) That the suggestions-be favored but be deferred for consideration until the construction of the deviations is in progress.

And followed up by: A. J. Small 19/4/29. Inquiring if the Council Beach desires to purchase any of the allotments in his recent subdivision in Avalon Parade for the purpose of obtaining better access to the beach. Resolved that a letter be sent to Mr. Small suggesting that in view of the benefit he derives from the deviation of Barrenjoey Road, he might give a little land for access to Avalon Beach  52. Same. 19/4/29. Requesting that steps be taken to convey to him portion of an old Government road in exchange for similar land adjoining, which he conveyed to the Council. Resolved that Mr. Small pay the expenses of the exchange of the land, unless he gives the desired access to Avalon Beach.

IN AVALON'S VALLEY SUBDIVISION OPENED

Buyers Interested in the Pride of Avalon Estate, Avalon, will be motored to Inspect It by Messrs. McLaughlin and Co., of 72 Pitt-street, city, the managing agents. This recently-opened subdivision Is within the shelter of Avalon valley, handily situated to beach, swimming pool, golf course, and the calm waters of Careel Bay, on the other side of the Barrenjoey Peninsular. It Is just off the main road, and sheltered from boisterous winds, while its elevation affords fine views across the green plain which stretches from the ocean to Pittwater. This estate is being offered on easy terms, .which allow purchasers five years to pay. IN AVALON'S VALLEY (1929, March 15). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), , p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222706455 

Above rightphoto:  Motor cars driving along road, Avalon, New South Wales, 1930 Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-147289886 

Sir Dudley Rawson Stratford became governor of New South Wales in October 1923, arriving in Sydney with his wife on 28 February 1924. Mr. Small had his agents and workers confer with Warringah Council on matters regarding different parts of his estate during the next few years, and occasional correspondence

This photo shows the extent of the dressing sheds and showers in 1930: 'Motor cars, some with tarpaulins attached, parked adjacent to Avalon Beach, New South Wales, 1930', nla.pic-an24768648, Part of Prospectus photographs of Avalon, 1930 [album], courtesy National Library of Australia.

How did a surf club building begin?: With delays in requested repairs to the dressing sheds:

21/11/1932:  By Cr. Austin --That the Inspector be empowered to repair the dressing sheds on Avalon Beach: Surfbathing By Cr. Austin 

5/12/1932: 59. A J Small drawing attention to the out-of-date dressing accommodation on Avalon Beach; (b), on the necessity for filling up, levelling off and turfing certain portions of the beach reserve, and the making of a solid pathway to the public lavatories, stating he is prepared to supply the buffalo turf free of charge, and would like to discuss several suggestions with the Works Committee on the spot. Referred to the Works Committee and A. Riding Councillors: 

19/12/1932: Two letters from; A . J Small (a) explaining his failure to meet the Works Committee at Avalon Beach Reserve: On 12th inst., and (b) re permits to erect tents on his camping ground at  Avalon Beach were read. Resolved, That Mr Small be given a further opportunity of discussing with the Works Committee the subject matter of the previous letter:.(Cre. Austin, Barber) Resol - That Mr. Small be requested to erect sanitary conveniences on his camping ground, one for each sex, and the Council's fixed charge for permits to erect tents be adhered to refer to letter to apper – fees for camping on private grounds.

16/1/1933: Avalon (10) Re-proposal for new dressing sheds at Avalon Beach Surfbathing "Received”. 

A proposal to repair old dressing sheds or build new dressing sheds quickly became:

13/3/1933 Avalon Beach Surf Building: Mr. Ford, Architect, who was present, submitted, at the invitation of the Council, plan prepared by him on behalf of Mr. A.J. Small, for public dressing accommodation at Avalon Beach, estimated to cost £2,000; if carried out in its entirety, and contended that the whole expenditure would be justified in order to make the building a revenue-producing one. He stated that Mr. Small's water supply at Avalon would be Made available to the building, and that Mr. Small guaranteed £200 towards the cost. Resolved, - That the Council co-operate with the Avalon people, and guarantee that it will support their application for a building up to £750, and that the Council ask the Relief Committee for a grant of £1000, £750 to be expended on Avalon Beach-and, £250 on North Curl Curl Beach, and that plans and specifications be sent in within one week. (Crs. Hughes, Austin) 

27/3/1933: At this stage the ordinary procedure was suspended to allow Mr. Jolley, representing the Avalon Beach Progress Association, to submit plan of proposed Clubhouse and dressing accommodation at Avalon Beach, estimated to cost: £750 - That the matter be referred to "A”-Riding Councillors to-report on to next meeting. (Crs. Sterland, Austin) In reply to Cr. Hughes, Mr. Jolley stated that the Avalon Beach people would have no objection to Mr.B. W. Ford.'s plan (also submitted to this meeting) provided the Council approved of it, and that it should be erected for £750. He also stated that whichever plan was adopted; the Avalon people did not propose to contribute anything towards the work- 57.  Avalon Beach SLS Club,. 20/3/33:requesting that Mr. D. Bartlett, a paid-life saver on Avalon Beach, be appointed a Beach Inspector. Resolved; -That Mr. Bartlett be appointed a Beach Inspector under Seal of the Council. (Crs. Austin Ritchie) 65. Bertram W. Ford -Architect 20/3/33, submitted amendedi plan for dressing shed-and-Clubhouse on Avalon Beach at estimated cost  of £750 and recommending that a charge be made for admission to the sheds to make buildings revenue producing. Mr. Ford was in attendance, stated that A. J. Small requested him to represent him in the matter, that If the plans submitted by him were Adopted, Mr. Small would-grant the use of his pumping plant, and would find £200 towards the cost of the building, if required, that he (Mr. Ford) was- Prepared to interview Mr. Hawkins, Assistant Minister for Labour & Industry, in support of the Council's application for A building loan for Avalon Beach, and also for North Curl-Curl: In reply to Cr. Hughes, he stated that he could erect the building in accordance with the plan Submitted for £750. -Resolved, - That the Council apply for a loan of £750 for the surf building at Avalon Beach in Accordance with Mr. Ford's plan,- and also a loan of £600 for a Surf Clubhouse at North Curl Curl Beach. (Crs, Hughes Austin)

10/4/1933: 15. E.Harding; 25/3/33, applying for position as foreman working on proposed surf sheds at Avalon Beach. Resolved “received”.

46. Bertram W. Ford, Architect: 8/4/33.;-submitting plans and specification of proposed Clubhouse at North Curl Curl Beach, estimated cost of building £600. The Clerk reported that Mr Ford expected payment of the usual Architect's fees in respect of the building both at Avalon Beach and North Curl H Curl Beach. Mr. Ford was present, and stated that his estimate of 600 for the North Curl Curl Tech included the Architect's fees. He also Stated that his estimate of £750 for the Avalon buildings would cover the Architect's fee and that he could erect a building for the money. Resolved. That the Council makes Application to the Building Relief Committee for a loan of £750 for the surf building at Avalon Beach and a loan of £600 for the surf buildings at North Curl Curl Beach, the architect fees to be included in both amounts. (Crs. Hughes, Austin)

Alexander Jolly's buildings all had an inherent quality of celebrating and seeming to come from the landscapes they were built in. He had been in Avalon for around a decade by this time and was considered a part of the artists who flocked here in order to create. Jolly had joined A. E. Dashwood, an estate agent, in land speculation in the developing Avalon area around 1923. He was a keen salesman and lived on the land for sale, in a small cabin or tent, until all lots had been sold. This experience of local bushland brought a re-awakening of his architectural inspiration and, consequently, a few clients. After being commissioned to design a building, Jolly continued his habit of living on the site, directing and often helping with construction. A lone proponent of organic architecture on steep bushland, his uncompromising buildings, using earthy colours and textures, appeared to grow out of the surrounds. Loggan Rock (1930) and Careel House (1931), both at Careel Head, and the Elephant House (1935), Taylor's Point, highlighted his personal philosophy. 

The Depression reduced sales in the area and by the late 1930's he moved with Dashwood to sell property on the south coast. He was known for being fond of a tipple before deciding to conquer a propensity to drink, and this may account for almost colourful records in Council Meetings bare essentials Minutes. Further entries in Warringah Shire records indicate that the community and Avalon SLS club did commit to match or pay back the costs involved in building a surf club facility, a decision that was followed again during the second surf club metamorphis.

Bertram Willoughby Ford, architect, would have met Mr. Small during the campaign to ensure what you have in strolling down the mall like space of Martin Place today exists. 

MARTIN PLACE CHANGE.  Protest Against Tunnel Scheme. AT a meeting convened by Mr. A. J. Small at the Real Estate Institute today, strong protest was voiced against a movement which is said to have as Its object the abandonment of the Martin Place extension scheme. The proposal, it was stated, was that a tunnel, as an outlet for traffic from the Harbor Bridge, should take the place of the extension. Ex-Ald. Courtenay moved, and Mr Cole. M.LC. seconded, that a committee consisting of Messrs. Charles B…. .Flackart, Small, and Williams, .should ask whether the candidates for the City Council would support the original scheme as favored by the City Council in 1923. MARTIN PLACE CHANGE. (1930, May 13). Evening News(Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117475328

Mr Small and Mr Ford stand beside each other in this picture - mid centre (Mr Ford 4th from right, Mr Small 5th from right):

DEFENDERS OF MARTIN PLACE. The Martin Place Extension Committee, which has appointed a sub-committee,. To ask City Council candidates if they will support the extension to Macquarie street against a tunnel proposal. DEFENDERS OF MARTIN PLACE. (1930, May 14). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117471732

During the time of plans being submitted and a building constructed B W Ford was President of the Town Planning Association of NSW, a position Mr. Small held a few years prior to him, among other works which underline his commitment to creating a paradise of Avalon and perhaps lend insight into why he allowed so many others to subdivide and sell land:

PARKS AND PLAYGROUNDS. Aims of Movement. "That every child shall have a chance to play and every citizen the opportunity for recreation" was adopted as a chief aim in the constitution of the New South Wales Parks and Playgrounds Movement, which held its first annual meeting at the New South Wales Cricket Association's Chambers on Wednesday. "The normal expansion of Sydneys playing fields should be, at a minimum, from 100to 120 acres of level land every year," says the report of the movement. A report on the whole matter by the Surveyor-General, who was being assisted by a committee of the movement, was expected shortly. "In the meantime, the executive of the movement has taken up (as an Immediate measure) the question of pressing for 'Five More Moore Parks."

The meeting, which was a full one, delegates from 30 bodies being present, was concerned largely with the elimination by the Legislative Council of the parks clauses of the Greater Sydney Bill. 'This meant', said Dr. C. E. W. Bean, honorary secretary of the movement, 'that, although the Greater Sydney authority, if established, could plan parks and playgrounds, It would not be able to acquire them, or even to accept them if given to it-powers which were possessed by greater-city authorities all over the world. '

On the motion of the chairman, Mr. A. J.Small, seconded by Mr. D. G. Stead, the meeting expressed its unanimous disapproval of the elimination of these powers from the bill. The liability of all State school playgrounds to taxation while many private school grounds were exempt was also strongly criticised in the report, a case being cited in which public land lying Idle was heavily rated as soon as it was permitted to be used as a play-ground for State schoolchildren. On the motion of the chairman, seconded by Mr. R.A. Bennett, it was resolved to urge that, in the bill projected by the Government, exemption should be extended to all school play-grounds. A committee was appointed "to co-operate with the city authorities in their task of re-organising the playground system of Sydney," And It was also resolved, on the motion of Mr. Burrows and Mrs. Wyatt, to urge the preservation by some means of the Pymble State forest. Mr. A. J. Small (president of the Town Planning Association) was elected as first president of the Parks and Playgrounds Movement. PARKS AND PLAYGROUNDS. (1931, September 25). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16818070

Meanwhile, back at the beach, Mr Ford:

AVALON BEACH. Improvements being made at Avalon Beach include the improvement of a miniature golf course in conjunction with the erection of tea-gardens, the main feature of which will be a semi-open air pavilion, Mr. Bertram W. Ford, architect, has accepted the tender of Mr. J. A. Carter, contractor, Manly, for this work. The walls of the pavilion will be lined externally with shingles, and the roof of colour-blended tiles. AVALON BEACH. (1931, December 29). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16799986

MR. BERTRAM W. FORD. Town Planning President. Mr. Bertram W. Ford, formerly secretary of the Town Planning Association of New South Wales, has been elected president of the association. Mr. Ford has been Interested in town planning and architecture for several years. He was a fellow of the Institute of Architects for nearly 20 years. He was a staunch advocate for the extension of Martin-place, having for 12 years agitated for the fulfilment of this project. He is also president of the Balgowlah U.A.P.  Speaker’s' Association, and president of the Balgowlah Progress Association. MR. BERTRAM W. FORD. (1934, August 14). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17079789

Mr Ford held this position for well over a decade. His wife:

MRS. BERTRAM FORD — ALL-ROUND CHAMPION. Mrs. Bertram Ford is here shown acknowledging the plaudits of her friends after the finish of the Ladies' Sculling Championship, which she won on the Parramatta River on Saturday week. Mrs. Ford was also a member of the crew which won the Champion Fours on the same day. She has had a remarkable career having gained the highest championships and representative honors in three different branches of sport, while she has also shown exceptional proficiency in several others. She must now be regarded as the finest all-round woman athlete in Australia

Mrs. Ford has made history in lawn tennis, in which she has won some sixty championships, and secured absolute possession of nine silver challenge cups, each of which had to be won several times before becoming her own property. She has represented her State on twenty-two occasions. Mrs. Ford is the only New South Wales woman player who has ever won the three championships of Victoria— singles, doubles, and mixed — and her record 

during the past fourteen years includes individual successes against every first-class lady player whom she has met, either in Australia or New Zealand. The list is formidable, for it includes Misses Nunnelly and Powdrell, from New Zealand; Misses Addison, Stewart, and Boyd, from Victoria; Mrs. Molesworth, from Queensland; and Misses Collings and Bremer and Mrs Beatty, of this State, in addition to more recent champions, On the ice, Mrs. Ford is recognised as one of the leading fancy figure skaters, and in ice hockey she has successfully represented her State in Melbourne within the last three months, and was invited to represent it in rowing before her recent championship win. She has shown herself equally proficient as a swimmer and surfer, and is an expert horsewoman. Mrs. Ford attributes much of her success in tennis and rowing to the advice of her husband, whom she regards as a leading authority on tennis, and a keen judge of rowing. YACHTING. (1922, November 15). Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), p. 14. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article127923281

OBITUARY. MRS. BAKER JONES.  Mrs. Baker Jones, formerly of Stanmore and America, whose death occurred at the home of her daughter, Mrs R Bertram Ford, at Balgowlah, was the daughter of an architect and bridge engineer. She came to Australia in 1852. She was married twice. Her first husband was Inspector W T. Baker, of Sydney and the second the Rev A. R. Jones, of Wales. She went to America for 10 years, but returned to Australia after the death of her second husband. A son Mr. Leslie Baker, manager of the Bank of Australasia at Glen Innes, and four daughters-Mrs. J Shield. Mrs. P. A. B. Williams, Mrs Bertram Ford, and Miss L. Knaggs Baker-survive her. The remains were privately interred at the Northern Suburbs Cemetery after a service at her home and graveside conducted by her son-in-law the Rev P A B Williams, of Hornsby. OBITUARY. (1938, December 31). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 15. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27975614

Mrs. B. S. B. Stevens, wife of the Premier of New South Wales, will be entertained at a garden party by Mr. and Mrs. Bertram Ford at their home, 16 West st, Balgowlah, on Tuesday, December 3, Mrs. E. S. Spooner, Mrs. Archdale Parkhill, and Mrs. H. W Lloyd will be other guests. SOCIAL AND PERSONAL. (1935, November 30). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17218636

There then commenced delays deciding on the site for the building. Small, Surf Life Saving, the Avalon SLS members and Avalon residents and members of the Avalon Progress Committee pushed for a clubhouse in the centre of the beach. 1933, considered by many to be the height of the Depression in Australia, defined Warringah Council's options: they had to get it built to budget, and this theme recurs throughout the records until sudden 'modifications' past the opening of the first structure, that would cost more than the whole first version, and then some. From the Minutes of Meetings:

Building Committee; 18/4/33; Re: Council's application for £750 for purpose of erecting dressing Avalon Surf accommodation and Surf Clubhouse at Avalon Beach, stating that the plan and specification have been forwarded to the Building Local Government Department for action, that the work, approved, should be carried out by contract; that the decision of including Architect fees in the loan money is favourably viewed, and referred to the Local Government Department for advice. Received.

8/5/1933: 18. Building Committee, 26/4/33. (a) approving of a 'Garai 8750- re construction of Surf Life Saving Club room and public dressing accommodation at Avalon Beach, subject to the production to the Local Government Department and the Committee of the last three tenders left for final Consideration; (b) stating that the 'proposal for the erection of a new Surf Club House at North Curl Curl Beach is not recommended by the Local Government Department. Resolved, - That tenders be called for the erection, of surf building at Avalon, the tenders to be called by the Council and that the fixing of the site of the building be left to the Inspector A Riding Councillors. (Crs. Hughes, Austin) 18a. Avalon Beach S.L.S.Club 4 :4/5/33,:requesting that the Council proceed with the building of the Clubhouse before the public dressing accommodation: Resolved -The Club be informed of the Government's requirement for the public. Resolved; That a letter be sent to the Building Relief Committee inquiring the reason for refusing the application respecting North Curl Curl Clubhouse. (Crs.Nichelas,Sterland) Avalon Bch. 31 A. J. Small, 29/4/33, re Council's proposal for acquisition Reserve of part of his lane for access to Avalon Beach Reserve, requesting an appointment with the Works Committee to discuss the matter before going into the question of price. Referred to the Works-Committee and A. Riding Councillors to meet Mr. Small on the ground in a month's time. That Mr. Ford, Architect for the proposed surf building at Avalon Beach who is in attendance, be questioned regarding the proposed surf building at Avalon Mr. Ford replied to the various questions, and, stated that if he were permitted to call for tender for the erection of the building, if the Council,- after receiving the tenders, decides not to proceed, he would not charge his fees as Architect. Resolved- That such being the case, Mr. Ford be allowed to go ahead with-the proposal. (Crs. Hughes.Sterland) 

Warringah Shire Council Minutes Tuesday 6th of June, 1933: A deputation from the Avalon  Progress Association, consisting of Mr. Wilson, (President) and Mr. Stevenson (Secretary) and Dr. Hanson, waited on the Council in regard to the proposal to to erect surf buildings on Avalon Beach Reserve. After hearing the deputation. it was resolved that Mr. B.W. Ford, Architect be informed that tenders must be in by next Saturday week, and that the tenders be left in the hands of the President and the A, Riding Councillors to deal with. (Crs. Hughes, Hitchcock) 12. Avalon Beach SLS Club, 19/6/33,. stating that if the proposed surf building be commenced shortly and completed for not more than £750, the Club will pay interest on the money at 3%; Avalon requesting favourable consideration of the 'plan submitted by the Progress Association'. Received ft Building 13. Avalon Beach Progress Association 13/6/33, submitting plan and specifications for public surf sheds and Clubhouse at Avalon Beach Same,:  26/6/33, expressing opinion that it is not necessary to-expend, more than £750 on the proposed surf sheds and Clubhouse, that should the Council have more money than this at its disposal it should be used for other urgent works and improvements at Avalon; also expressing concern at the delay in the erection of the buildings. "Received".

3/7/1933: At this stage the Council went Into COMMITTEE of the while for the purpose of dealing with the matters stated hereunder. 1., Proposed surf buildings at Avalon Beach Proposed Surf Building at Avalon Beach Reserve: Mr B W Ford, Architect, submitted in person two Plans the lesser being a cutting down of the major proposal to bring the estimated cost within the limit, of tenders for the two proposals alternatively: the reduced propose' the lowest' tender was that of H. Cardow £749.10.0, and for the major proposal the lowest was £941.5.0. He explained the difference between the two proposals. Resolved,- That H. Cardow's tender be accepted with the addition of £10 for the water-proof flooring, subject to the contract being suitable to the Council. (Crs. Austin, Barber) Messrs. Stevenson, Jolly and Wickham, representatives of the Avalon Progress Association, and a Mr. McNeil were admitted and informed of The Council's decision. Mr McNeil addressed the Council, stated he represented the biggest selling organisation in the Shire, and pressed for the adoption of the major proposal Mr. Stevenson said his Association desired him to affirm that the expenditure of £750 was adequate for the time being. He further said that it was the Association's ambition to repay to the Council the whole £750. It was decided that the two lowest tenders be forwarded to the Local Government Department, and also the plans and specifications on which they were based for adoption by the Department in lieu of those previously approved. The representatives from Avalon thereupon left the meeting. 

31/7/1933: … from the Avalon Beach  Progress Association, advising that the Association was of the opinion that the new surf buildings for Avalon Beach should be erected on the site originally selected, was called for. Mr. Ford, Architect, and Mr. A.J.Small, who were present, addressed the Council, and contended that it should be removed to a position further north: Mr. Jolly, on behalf of the Progress Association, protested against this. Mr. Small stated that if the building were erected in a central position, as suggested by him, he would be prepared to turf about one acre of the area with Buffalo sods, and carry out improvements that would cost him £100. Cr. Barber moved that if Mr. Small will give in writing that he is prepared to turf about one acre at his own expense, as offered by him, and also that he is prepared to bear any cost of the building in excess of £750, the site recommended by his be accepted. Cr. Austin seconded. The motion was not carried. It was resolved that the Councillors for A.Riding meet:Mr A J. Small and the Progress Association for the purpose of finally selecting a site.

14/8/1933: Surf-Life Saving Assoc.s.,-2/8/33.-stating that in the opinion of members of the Avalon Surf Life Saving Club, and also of members of the Association who, know Avalon Beach, the proposed location for the new surf buildings would not be the most suitable, and that the best location would be towards the centre of the beach. 10a. Coast Lands Ltd., 10/8/33, contending the surf buildings should be erected as near the centre of the beach as possible.:-10b. Building Relief Committee, 9/8/33, advising that the amended plan and specification of the surf building at Avalon are approved; 10c. Careel Ocean Beach Estate Ltd., 11/8/33, contending that the buildings should be erected Avalon as near the centre of the beach as possible. 10d. B.W. Ford, Architect 14/8/33, suggesting the Works Committee make an Buildings inspection, and finally settle the matter of a site. Cr. Hitchcock Moved that the surf building be erected on the site elected by-A. Riding Councillors, the Inspector-and the Progress Association. Cr. McPaul seconded. Cr: Sterland moved, as an amendMent, Cr. Fox seconding, that the whole Council visit the site on next Monday for the purpose of deciding the matter, that the Surf Club, the Progress Association and Mr. Small be invited to be present. The amendment was Carried. The motion as amended, was thereupon put and carried. It was decided that the meeting be a Special Meeting of the Council, and commence at Avalon Beach  at 4 p.m. Council hold on Monday, 14th August, 1931. - 55.  Avalon Beach. Progress-Assoc., 5/8/33, on-advisability of acquiring land immediately adjacent to Avalon Beach,  approximately 12 acres, exclusive of tea rooms,tennis courts: Reserve and miniature golf links, for recreation and parking Extension purposes. Resolved, 1-That this matter be, considered at the Special Meeting of the Council, to beheld on Monday next at Avalon.

SPECIAL MEETING:OF WARRINGAH SHIRE COUNCIL HELD ON AVALON BEACH RESERVE ON MONDAY,  21st AUGUST, 1933. ATTENDANCE: Cr. Shaw rd (President), Crs.-Austin, Hitchcock, Hughes,-Fox, Nicholas, Sterland, Barber and Waal. The Minutes were taken by the Shire Clerk (R.G.Jamieson). The Engineer and Inspector were-in attendance. Purpose of: Select a site-for proposed surf buildings at Avalon Beach, and to consider Avalon Beach Progress Association’s request for resumption of about 12 acres of land adjacent to the Beach Reserve. 1. Site for New Building: Inspections were made of the site previously selected by A. Riding Councillors and the Building Inspector, and of the site suggested Small and the Architect for the building-Mr.B.W.Ford). Avalon The matter was discussed with interested persons present, and opinions,as to the most suitable site were expressed by Mr.H.J. Small, owner of adjoining land and of Avalon golf links, Mr.Paddon, an old-resident and member of the local Surf Club and also the local Progress Association, Mr. Bartlett, a member of the local Surf Club, and Life Saver on the beach, Mr. S. Wickham, Hon. Secretary Of the Progress Association, Mr. Doyle, Vice President of the Surf Life Saving Association of NSW, B W Ford Arthitect for the building, Mr. S. O'Brien, Secretary of Careel Ocean Beach Estate Ltd., and Sir Sulmon, Past President of the Town Planning Association of N.S.W., After hearing the views of the various speakers, Councillors withdrew for the purpose of coming to a decision, and a site between the two suggested Sites was decided at. Cr. Nicholas moved that the northern end of the proposed building be in line with the northern end of the existing public lavatories, provided that the contract price be not exceeded. Cr.: Hitchcock seconded.Cr. Barber moved as an amendment,-:that the southern end of the building be, in line with the northern wall Of the lavatories, and extend northwards, provided that the contract price be not exceeded. Cr. Sterland seconded. 'The amendment was carried. The motion as amended Was thereupon put and carried. Specifications for the construction Of the building was then considered. The Council's Building Inspector suggested certain alterations and amendments. Resolved: That the specification be amended to the satisfaction of the Inspector. (Crs. Barber, Sterland) 2. Avalon Progress Association's-request for the resumption Avalon of land adjacent to the beach reserve: Resolved- That before consideration is given to this matter the Valuer Reserve General be asked to make a special valuation of the land. The meeting thereupon terminated. 

The next Meetings Minutes confirm the building works are finally underway and that friction has developed between the newly elected President of the Town Planning Association of NSW :

25/9/1933: AVALON SURF BUILDING: The President reported that in compliance with the instruction given at last meeting, he and the Building Inspector, in company with the Contractor, had made an inspection of  Avalon Beach, that after a careful inspection, it was found that the only suitable site upon which the building could be erected without extra expense to the Council was within a few feet of the site originally selected, and that he and the Inspector had thereupon fixed upon that site, and the building was at present being erected upon it. Resolved, - Building That the action of the President and Inspector be endorsed. (Crs. Nicholas, McPaul) A letter from the Architect, Mr. B.W. Ford, 22/9/33, dealing with this matter, was read. A letter from the Shire Solicitors, 23/9/33, furnishing advice as to what action the Council might take in view of the attitude adopted by the Architect, was also read. Resolved, - That Mr. Ford's services be dispensed with forthwith, that the building be constructed under the joint supervision of the Council's Engineer and Building Inspector, and that Mr. Ford be paid for his services in the preparation of plans and specifications upon his handing over to the Council the Contract and the plans and specifications relating thereto. (Crs.Barber,McPaul) Resolved, - That Cr. Hitchcock also give his attention to the building, as far as he possibly van. (Crs. Hughes, Austin) The HEALTH INSPECTOR'S REPORT was read and dealt with as follows:- 1. Reporting on selection of site for surf building at Avalon Beach by President and himself under the Reserve instruction given by Council at the last meeting: "Received". Resolved, - That the sum of £30 be voted towards the levelling of the land around the new building when necessary. (Ors. Austin, Hitchcock) 31. Surf Life Sevingiasoc., 18/9/33, re alteration of site of proposed surf building at  Avalon Beach, and requesting that site fixed at the Special Meeting hall at Avalon be adhered to. "Received" 32 Received" 11. Avalon Beach Progress Assoc., 20/9/33, thanking Council for the repairs effected to Park Road, and for bringing to finality the matter of the site for the new surf building on Avalon Beach . "Received"

So clubhouse officially opened on January 23rd, 1934

SURF LIFE-SAVERS PRAISED BY MINISTER. The work done by surf life-savers was warmly praised by the Minister for Labour and Industry (Mr Dunningham) when he was opening a clubhouse and dressing pavilion at Avalon Beach on Saturday. Mr Dunningham said he was in favour of Government aid for surf life-saving clubs, the work they did justified it, unfortunately, the state of the public finances did not make this possible at present. The practical Interest of the Government had been shown in the assistance given to provide adequate accommodation In 18 months a sum of more than £100 000 had been made available through the Unemployment Relief Council. The new building is a one story structure of brick with a tile roof. It was erected at a cost of nearly £800. It contains dressing rooms, and club casualty and reel rooms. SURF LIFE-SAVERS. (1934, January 29 - Friday). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17043744

Many Improvements have been made at Avalon Beach during recent months, including the erection of a surf pavilion and club-house, designed by Bertram W Ford The same architect has designed the service station now being erected near the beach. This conforms to the natural surroundings. It is in the Spanish type and gives good facilities to visiting motorists. NEW WORKS. (1934, February 27). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17065984

THE COUNCILS. WARRINGAH. Figures supplied by the Warringah shire clerk (Mr. Jamieson) showed continued advancement during the past 10 years. The unimproved capital value in 1923 was £2,317,618, in 1927 it was £4,370,669, and in 1933 it was £3,514,976. The value of buildings erected in the shire during the past three years was £40,106 in 1931, £59,427 in 1932, and £71,594 in 1933. Outstanding rates at the end of 1933 totalled £65,000. Collection is difficult, because two-thirds of the ratepayers of the shire live elsewhere. Within the shire are 13 beaches patrolled by surf clubs. Last year a surf pavilion was erected at Newport at a cost of £2000, and another at Avalon Beach at a cost of £750. Rock baths were built at North Narrabeen Headland at a cost of £494. This is the tenth rock bath built by the council. A sum of £6700 was spent on a bridge and approaches over Harbord Lagoon, between North Curl Curl and South Curl Curl. This forms the connecting link in a marine drive from Harbord to Deewhy. Other important works carried out were the reclamation of a swamp area and the formation of a public reserve at Newport, at a cost of £5500; construction of drainage works on Barrenjoey-road at the entrance to Palm Beach, £695; construction of brick wall and an iron fence round Brookvale Park, £634; and drainage works at Deewhy and Mona Vale Flat. After years of agitation, land fronting Harbord Beach has been acquired at a cost of £4000, and extensive improvements will be carried out. THE COUNCILS. (1934, January 9). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17038853

Above: Official opening of Avalon Beach SLS Clubhouse - picture courtesy Avalon Beach Historical Society. 

Aerial picture shows the open pavillions of the Clubhouse - circa 1935. 

But wait, there's more!: More songs, more moonlight...

THE VALE OF AVALON. Its Varied Attractions. (BY M. M. CAMPBELL.) Of all the many beautiful beaches abounding within reach of a short car run from Sydney, surely there is none, which for sheer loveliness, can compare with Avalon. As one tops the rise above it on the road from New- port, the eye rests with delight on the exquisite picture that it forms. Backed by a dense growth oi Angophoras and other native trees which clothe the hills behind it, the vale itself lies green and restful, and leads the eye down to the golden crescent of the beach. Beyond the rugged grandeur of the rocky point at the far end of the beach, green headlands run out to meet the ocean, and it is within one of these that a cave of unusual formation is to be found-the peculiarity of which is not observed from the out- side; but walk a little way into its dim recesses, then turn and look back, and you will see etched upon the brilliance of the blue water by the outline of the dark entrance rocks,' an almost perfect reproduction of the map of Australia. But the most exquisite sight the writer ever beheld at Avalon was seen from the beach one night when the light of the moon fell across the waves at such an angle that the crest of every breaking billow was irradiated by a shimmering Luna-bow. All the tints and tones of a rainbow were there-but subdued, muted as it were, into an etherealised loveliness never to be forgotten by the beholder. THE VALE OF AVALON. (1934, April 7). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17073748

...more modifications - from the Minutes of Meetings of the then Warringah Shire Council:

18/6/1934: 3. Mr. Noel Leahy, Architect, submitted his amended plan of proposed surf building at Avalon Beach in respect of which £1000 advance is being received from the Government, and he also submitted tenders for the work received in response to his advertisement, numbering four, the lowest being that of George Sheppard of Mona Vale, for £945: Resolved, - That the Architect be instructed to accept the tender of George Sheppard for £945. (Crs. Hughes, Austin) Resolved, - That tenders be called for the removal of the old surf building on Mona Vale Beach, and the re-erection of it on Bayview Park in its present form. (Crs. Austin, Nicholas)

and:
 AVALON S.L.S.C. are building an addition to their club premises — a brick constructed boat-shed. DIFFERENT SWIMMING STYLES TO SUIT VARIOUS PHYSIQUES (1936, December 24). Referee (Sydney, NSW : 1886 - 1939), , p. 17. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article135654054

This picture, courtesy of Norma Watt, shows what this fairly new structure quickly became:

Reg Wood, one of the boys from Woolloomooloo who served as a lifesaver on Avalon Beach, shared an insight into the state of the clubhouse during this time:

So you saw the second clubhouse get built?  Oh yes. When I first started going there we’d be there for the weekend. We got there by bus, walked up to the clubhouse, this was about four o’clock in the afternoon, and it was the first time we’d been over since winter, just the start of the season, we opened up the padlocked door and walked in….you’ve got no idea how bad the air was – the rats had been busy taking over the place – we had cold showers there and there were holes in front of the cold showers where they’d chewed through. so we ended up going into the boatshed, which was at the end then, and we slept on the wooden floors in there. Later on, when you got used to the place, you’d sleep in the sand hills – they were quieter! (laughs). We progressed, we went to hammocks at one stage; we put two big cables across the clubhouse and we’d hang hammocks on it and then we’d sleep in those.

Inspired by the remarkable work performed by members of the Woolloomooloo Police Boys' Club in patrolling Avalon Beach, a batch of youngsters from the Leichhardt Police Boys' Club became qualified life-savers during the week-end. They were tutored by Constable Ray Murdoch, a member of the Fresh-water Club, and amazed Surf Life Saving Association examiners by their proficiency and confidence. Murdoch gained his instructors' certificate, and M. W. Koller, R. H. Marshall, D. J. Marshall, A. Hensley, and W. P. Drury their bronze medallions. K. Taylor, who is only 15, secured his qualifying certificate. Although these youths are not attached to any club, they are now qualified life-savers, and are eligible for entry to any registered surf life-saving club. In the last two years more than 40 awards have been made to members of police boys' clubs. SURF LIFE-SAVERS AS HUNTERS. (1944, December 19). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17932315

Max and Norma Watt with Clubhouse behind them - 1945

Shark Max caught - showing northern end of Clubhouse - Norma says they sold tickets to see this to raise funds for the Avalon Beach SLS Club.

And while on sharks, what the son of J T Stapleton, real estate gentleman at Avalon, found while at the beach:

THEIR GOOD DEED These Scouts, while fishing at Avalon Beach recently, saw a shark near their rowing boat. One stunned the monster with an oar, and all three then dived overboard and dragged the 6ft. wobbegong ashore after having jagged a boat-hook into its mouth. From the left: J. Keegan, B. Kitson and P. J. Stapleton, who are seen holding the Jawbones. THE CALL OF SPORT. (1933, January 19). The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW : 1888 - 1950), p. 13. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article107809364

Mr Arthur Jabez Small, 

A few insights into a long and winding road, in order to get at how this came about, and how an initial plan to simply refurbish the then existing 'dressing sheds' and the 'water closets' present in 1932 became a clubhouse. There are a lot of elements and people involved, two thirds who resided outside of the area, (per Warringah Shire records) here, and a lot of visitors who relied upon 'Vigilance and Service':

Mr. T. F. Moran, honorary secretary of the*Surf Life Saving Association, said 1,841 surfers were given first aid at Cronulla alone during the 1950-51 season. At Clovelly 525 were given first aid, and at Avalon, 300. Men Who Make Our Beaches Safe. (1952, January 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18258410

MASS RESCUE. At Avalon lifesavers  made a mass-rescue at about 2.30 p.m. An Avalon beltman, W. Ingram, swam 100 yards through the surf to rescue a man struggling in a strong current. By the time he reached the man the current had caught eight other people and was dragging them out to sea. Two other lines were manned, and two other club-members, A. Hyde and J. Duff, swam out to help Ingram. Each of the three lifesavers brought in three people. Mr. J. Luxford, ot Heath Street, Ryde, who was one of those rescued, was treated for shock at the clubhouse. Avalon lifesavers made 11 rescues in the morning.

JOINT EFFORT. At Palm Beach lifesavers from both Palm Beach and North Palm Beach set out with reels to rescue a man in difficulties between the beaches, about 200 yards from shore, yesterday afternoon. The Palm Beach belt team made the rescue, with North Palm Beach assisting. Mona Vale Beach had a shark alarm during the morning. Ten surf club members were swimming about 200 yards from shore and saw two sharks within 20 yards of them. The sharks turned away and moved slowly out to sea. Manly was the only beach which reported crowds smaller than usual for this time of the year. LIFESAVERS AID 55. (1952, December 15). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18294968

Of those that came before the above rescues, and the lead into the second clubhouse, there are a few broad strokes, veering slightly to the east, south and north of Avalon Beach, that kept 'Priest's Flat' a place for cows and horses well into the 1950's and show the change on the landscape. The Depression followed by World War II slowed urban growth here. At the time of 1933 construction of the first Avalon Beach SLS clubhouse the bulk of people reached here, if they could afford it and weren't coming to camp at Avalon Camping Grounds, via irregular buses, and still... via ferries and steamers:

S.S. ERRINGHI. Sailing THIS DAY for all parts Hawkesbury River and Pittwater, from Albion Wharf, foot Market-st. Cargo till 4.30, MA5838. Advertising. (1933, February 24). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28030424

After the passing away of Archpriest J J Therry his will bequeathed the whole of his Josephton Estate, which began to be sold off from April 1880. Prior to then people would land at what is now known as Careel Bay Wharf on steamers:

Descending to the valley, we crossed the farm purchased by Mr. Canty, which is believed to be carboniferous. Some years ago competent judges gave it as their opinion that coal existed there. A bore of four hundred feet, made in the ground many years ago, when an attempt was made to test it, passed through strata that indicated the immediate vicinity of the black diamond. Mr. Coghlan's diamond drill would soon settle the question whether coal could be struck there. Mr. Collins's farm is situated in the valley, being flanked on the east by St. Michael's Cave and the South Head of Broken Bay, and on the West by Mount St. Mary. After doing full justice to Mr. Collins's hospitality, we sallied forth under his guidance to survey that part of the estate in which we were interested. We directed our steps towards Long Beach, nearly opposite Scotland Island,  Pittwater Harbour. CRUIG BARRY.11th May, 1880. A TRIP TO PITTWATER. (1880, May 22). Freeman's Journal(Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932), p. 19. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article133488037

EIGHT MAGNIFICENT BLOCKS OF LAND, CAREEL BAY, PITTWATER, SURVEYOR'S DESCRIPTION. W PRITCHARD will sell by auction, THIS DAY,  Thursday, JULY 6th, at 11 o'clock, in his Rooms, 289 George-street. The above magnificent blocks of land.

SURVEYOR'S DESCRIPTION. The land forms the pick of the late Rev. Therry's PITTWATER ESTATE, on CAREEL BAY. It is with regard to beauty of scenery, salubrity of climate, and fertility of soil, unsurpassed in this charming locality, and overlooks the tranquil waters of CAREEL BAY and PITTWATER HARBOUR, backed by the bold MOUNTAINS of the WORLD-FAMED HAWKKESBURY on the WEST ; and commands an immense and extensive view over the PACIFIC OCEAN on the EAST. Lots A and B. of block 1, rise in gentle terraces from the MAINROAD to BARRENJOEE, to a height of above 200 feet, and then slope down to the coast in a northerly direction. Lots C and D of Block 1 lie on gently rising ground, partly cleared, and are protected against southerly winds by a wall of high COAST CLIFFS. All these four lots contain an abundant supply of USEFUL TIMBER and practicable facilities for a PERMANENT SUPPLY OF FRESH WATER, particularly lots C and D. which are traversed by a watercourse running into CAREEL BAY.

ALL lots have large frontages to the GOVERNMENT MAIN ROAD leading to the POST and TELEGRAPH OFFICE and LIGHTHOUSE at BARRENJOEE. which connects the land for sale with MANLY, LANE COVE, and M'CARR'S CREEK SETTLEMENTS: and on the portion from the old HOMESTEAD to BARRENJOEE the GOVERNMENT have voted £500 for improvements, so that communication with the POST and TELEGRAPH OFFICE will be EASY and ENJOYABLE.

LOTS A. B. and C of Suburban Lot 2, in the primary subdivision of the "PITTWATER ESTATE," are on level ground, bounded on the WEST by the waters of CAREEL BAY and on the EAST by the GOVERNMENT MAIN ROAD to BARRENJOEE. Lots A and B are pretty well timbered, and Lot C is nearly open ground, and enjoys on the South the frontage of another ONE CHAIN ROAD to the MOUTH of CAREEL CREEK.

THERE IS DAILY COMMUNICATION WITHIN A FEW MILES OF THE LAND FOR SALE, either by LAND or SEA, Coaches run duly from MANLY to NEWPORT, and thence a ride, drive, or sail for a few miles brings one to CAREEL BAY. The STEAMER FLORRIE, which runs in connection with the coaches from NEWPORT to GOSFORD, will also land passengers and luggage at BARRENJOEE; steamers run also direct from SYDNEY to the HAWKESBURY" and BRISBANE WATER, midland passengers at the LIGHTHOUSE STATION. The whole distance from MANLY is about 14 miles. The GOVERNMENT have voted the necessary funds for a bridge over the NARRABEEN LAGOON, and it is also clearing a new one-chain road from the LANE COVE-ROAD to the PTTWATER-ROAD, andeo avoids the NARRABEEN LAGOON. FOUR SCHOONERS are plying regularly between PITTWATER and SYDNEY, and so facilitate the transfer of heavy material.

PLENTY of SPORT with GUN, ROD. or BOAT.

(Signed) J. WANDELS, CE., 19-6-82.

The land in this locality has been proved to be well suited for ORANGE GROWING ; but in a few months there will not be an acre of land in the locality available for purchase. LITHOGRAPHIC PLANS may be had at the Rooms of the Auctioneer. TERMS AT SALE. Advertising. (1882, July 6). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13514755

The land eventually sold and resold. It is the era leading up to World War I and just past this that leads to the establishment of savers of lives on Avalon Beach. Although many people bought small and larger blocks, in 1915, a man who had vast experience in the medical profession, was married to a Methodist minister's daughter, established ear, nose and throat in Sydney, and having experienced enteric during service (Boer War) may have had multiple reasons for becoming the owner of the bulk of the estate still then named Careel Bay. Herbert Russell Nolan 179 acres 3 roods on Careel Bay at South Head of Broken Bay and on road from Manly to Barrenjoey in Shire Warringah Parish Narrabeen County Cumberland Volume 2560 Folio 195: 10/03/1914 to 16/03/1915 -  and at Clareville: Beatrice Dora Gooud 31 acres 3 roods 5 3/4 perches Refuge Cove Pittwater, Parish of Narrabeen, County of Cumberland. Part lot 9 Villa Estates and lot 10 Southern Division Pittwater Estate. Part 1200 acres granted John Joseph Therry 31 August 1833. Volume 3441 Folio 134. Date range: 15/05/1922 to 14/04/1923 - both from NSW State Records.

No 15,531 APPLICANT -Frank Henry Burt, Sydney LAND -County Cumberland, parish Narrabeen, shire Warringah, 18 acres 1 rood 20 perches, at Pitt Water, lot 18, villa sites. Pitt Water Estate, and part 1200 acres (portion 20 of parish) granted to John Joseph Therry, adjoining properties of A E Wickham and W H Holt  Advertising (1908, December 12). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28149677 

Dr. Nolan passed away in 1915:

DEATH OF DR. H. R. NOLAN.  Very general regret will be felt at the death of Dr. H. Russell Nolan, of Macquarie-street, which took place at his residence, Potts Point, early yesterday morning. Dr. Nolan was still in his prime-his age was 48 years; and though for some months he had been ailing, It was not expected that his illness would end so suddenly. He was a scholar of Newington College, and for many years had been a member of its council. After graduating at the Medical School of the Sydney University he went to Toowoomba, on the Darling Downs, and established a practice there. He married the eldest daughter of the late Rev. Dr. Kelynack, and was practising in Toowoomba when the Boer war broke out. He left for the front with the 2nd contingent of Queensland Mounted Infantry, and served until incapacitated by enteric. Proceeding to London, he entered upon a special course of study, and in 1902 came to Sydney, setting up In Macquarie- street as an ear, nose, and throat specialist, again establishing himself in a fine practice, and winning a wide reputation by his skill. He was appointed hon. assistant surgeon to Dr. Hankin at Prince Alfred Hospital, and on Dr Hankin's retirement received the senior position. He was appointed lecturer on diseases of the ear, nose, and throat at the Medical School of the Sydney University; and for some time had been medical referee in connection with the conference of the Methodist Church, founding a bursary for the theological students of the church In memory of his late father. His fine character and consistent generosity gained him many friends, and in his own profession his death is felt as a greatly. He leaves a widow and three sons. DEATH OF DR. H. R. NOLAN. (1915, February 4). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15568214

Captain Herbert Russell Nolan, 2nd Queensland Mounted Infantry. Photograph extracted from The Queenslander, 20 January 1900, pp. 117 - 123.

The list of those who attended his funeral indicates many who had contact with Pittwater's aquatic circles even if he did not sail himself.

FUNERAL OF DR. H. R. NOLAN. The funeral of Dr. Herbert Russell Nolan, second son of the late Rev. J. A. Nolan, took place yesterday in the Methodist section of the Rookwood Cemetery. The service held at Moville, Rockwall-crescent, Potts Point, deceased's late residence, and the service at the graveside were conducted by the Rev. Howard Nolan, brother of the deceased, assisted by the Revs. James Colwell, L. H. Kelynack, and F. Colwell. The chief mourners were Messrs. Morven and Geoffrey Nolan (sons), the Rev. Howard Nolan, and Messrs. Henry, Oliver, Wesley, and Percy Nolan (brothers), the Rev. Harold Kelynack, and Messrs. W. Frank, Aubrey, Erich, and Athol Kelynack (brothers-in-Law). Among others present at the grave were the Rev. C. J. Prescott, the Rev. F. Boyer, the Rev. F. Colwell (President Methodist Conference), the Rev. Dr. Carruthers (Secretary of the General Methodist Conference, and representative of the Board of Missions), the Rev. James Colwell, the Rev. W. H. Williams, Sir Thomas Anderson Stuart, the Rev. C. E. James, Dr. Sinclair Gillies, Dr. S. Sheldon, Dr. Binney, Dr. Herbert Marks, Dr. W. A. Dunn, Dr. Woolnough, Dr. Mansfield, Dr. S. Lever, Messrs. C. Brunsdon Fletcher, Harold Rabone, W E V. Robson, M.L.A., E. E. de Gyulay, P. N Slade, Arthur Hardy, F. M'Cure, L. G. Priestley, S. Waterson, A. J. Phillips, A. Whitney Harold Cowlishaw, W. Cuthbertson, R. Cowlishaw, J. Barnard Clarence Prescott, G. Walker, and others. A contingent of cadets from Newington College represented the college at the graveside. FUNERAL OF DR. H. R. NOLAN. (1915, February 5). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15564750

'Moville' was at 7 Rockwell Crescent and was put up for auction by Stanton and Son Tuesday 23rd of November, 1920.

LATE DR. H. R. NOLAN. Probate has been granted of the will of the late Dr. Herbert Russell Nolan, medical practitioner, of Potts Point, who died on February 3. Testator appointed his widow, Emma Florence Nolan, sole executrix, and bequeathed to her the whole of his real and personal estate. The net value of the estate was estimated at £16,856 17s 1d, of which £14, 764,  3s -4d represented real estate. LATE DR. H. R. NOLAN. (1915, March 24). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15582712

At the other end of the vale we now call Avalon Beach, then known in part as 'Priest's Flat' the bulk of the land was owned this time by:

John Stevenson 361 acres situated on Bilgola Creek and on a road leading to the road from Manly to Barrenjoey Shire Warringah Parish Narrabeen Volume 2554 Folio 103. Date range: 14/01/1913 to 18/02/1915. 

The Careel Bay and Marine Parade end of what was then 'Ocean Beach' and the Careel Ocean Beach Estate, and it's 1922 Brochure, show the structures, or lack of them, and placement of Dressing Sheds built by one Arthur Jabez Small. The enlarged sections below this brochure show roads, and park-like fields:

Sale of Ocean Water Frontages. One of the attractions of the New Year with big advantages attached by reason of the rarity of the opportunity is the auction sale, January 26, of ocean water frontages on a beautiful surf beach at Careel Bay, Pittwater, just above. Manly. No better way to spend Anniversary Day could be found than to visit the spot, for which every provision will be made, as may be gathered from the advertisements. The land for sale is the Careel Ocean Beach Estate, which is only three-quarters of a mile from Clareville Wharf at Pittwater. There are hundreds of splendid deep blocks fronting a beautiful ocean beach and intersected by a fine wide marine parade. Only £3 deposit is required for each £50 purchase, and the balance, in easy installments over a term of seven years. The auctioneers are Messrs. Stanton and Son, Pitt-street, and Messrs. Hanson, Strong and Robey, Manly. The solicitors to the Estate are Messrs. Bowman and Mackenzie, George-street, Sydney. Sale of Ocean Water Frontages. (1914, January 17). The Newsletter: an Australian Paper for Australian People (Sydney, NSW : 1900 - 1918), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article116942799

Stanton and Son, Ltd, report lots 63 and 89, Careel Ocean Beach Estate, £65;REAL ESTATE. (1917, April 29). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article122793415

Stanton and Son, Ltd, report, 15 lots in the Careel Ocean Beach Estate, with frontages of in all of 752 feet to Marine Parade for a total of £6781. REAL ESTATE. (1919, January 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15819701

Mr. Arthur J. Small, representative of the Avalon Beach Estates, states that the land sold to the Japanese is outside the boundaries of his estate, being correctly speaking in the district called Careel.  AVALON BEACH LAND. (1922, December 16). Evening News(Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article118810692

Stanton & Son. Careel Ocean Beach estate [cartographic material] : "The hole in the wall", 2nd subdivision, 1922. MAP Folder 37, LFSP 499. Part 1. and Stanton & Son. Careel Ocean Beach estate [cartographic material] : "The hole in the wall", 2nd subdivision 1922. MAP Folder 37, LFSP 499. Part 2., courtesy National Library of Australia.

Arthur Jabez Small was born on October 10, 1878, at Marrickville to Emma Augusta (nee Newsham) and Jabez William Small. He was barely a teenager when his father passed away:

On the 9th instant, at the Congregational Church, Petersham, by the Rev. Thomas Roseby, B.A., J. W. SMALL, youngest son of the late William Small, M.D., M.R.C.S.E., Boston, Lincolnshire, to EMMA AUGUSTA, second daughter of Captain JOHN NEWSHAM, N. S. W. Rifles, Bayswater, Marrickville.  Family Notices. (1870, November 12). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13218849

SMALL. October 10, at her residence, Mordiallic, Sydenham-road, Marrickville, the wife of Jabez W. Small, of a son. Family Notices. (1878, October 26). Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1870 - 1907), p. 40. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article70595988

SMALL—December 20, 1891, at his residence, Balwyn, Victoria, Jabez William Small, aged 51 years. Family Notices. (1892, January 25). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13845008

SMALL -On the 20th inst, at his residence, Balwyn, Victoria, Jabez William Small, formerly of Manly, NSW, aged 51 years, youngest son of the late William Small, of Boston, Lincolnshire, England, surgeon. Family Notices - The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 21 December 1891, page 1

Jabez William Small was born in 1840 in Boston, Lincolnshire, UK. In 1850 he arrived in Melbourne aboard ship Anna Maria with his family. Residence 1863 Chapel Street, Prahran, Melbourne, Vic. and subsequently went into business with brother Thomas Stephen as photographic equipment importers. "Photographer and photographic dealer Jabez William Small exhibited English and foreign, coloured and plain photographs, and ran photographic studios in Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane and Adelaide between 1870 and 1900. Jabez William Small was the brother of Thomas Stephen Small, who was also for a time a photographic dealer with George Wills Priston (who had married their sister Elizabeth). By 1866 'Small’ was in Melbourne, in a photographic partnership with George Priston at 73 Little Collins Street. They exhibited English and foreign, coloured and plain photographs at the 1866 Melbourne Intercolonial Exhibition. By 1871 Priston and Small had separate Melbourne studios (Small’s was in the Royal Arcade) but the partnership apparently continued until the 1890s. They also opened branches in Sydney (1870-1900), Brisbane (1893-94) and Adelaide (1894-97). Jabez W. Small was often referred to as Smale or Smail and he also seems to be the 'John Small’ listed as a photographer of Chapel Street, Prahran, in the Melbourne Directory for 1863. " - retrieved from Design and Art Australia Online
     
Man, almost whole-length, to left, beard and moustache, seated with knees crossed, left arm resting on arm of chair by Small, Thomas S., 1872-1876, photographer. State Library of Victoria has a few of these old images, mostly undated, but flourish dates for photographer in Melbourne, circa 1872-1876, image H2005.34/2420 dated 1871.

Shelagh Champion OAM and George Champion OAM refer to Jabez William Small in their Manly Biographies records, stating that Jabez William Small purchased 20 acres of land at Manly for ₤140 on 27 February 1874.

Although children born at this time are registered in St. George, in February 1882 J W Small stood for Manly Council and was successful. One daughter, Stella Elizabeth was born at Manly:
MUNICIPALITY OF MANLY. ANNUAL ELECTION OF ALDERMEN. Voting of Ratepayers pursuant to Licensing Act 1882.
NOTICE is hereby given that FRIDAY NEXT, the 10th instant, has been appointed for holding a POLL for the ELECTION of TWO ALDERMEN in the place of Messrs. Austin and Duff, who retire by effluxion of time; and also FOR TAKING THE VOTE   OF THE RATEPAYERS in conformity with the LOCAL OPTION CLAUSE (No. 34) of the Licensing Act of 1882.
The following gentlemen have been nominated for the offices of Aldermen :—
CHARLES RUDLAND AUSTIN, Agent, Holmesdale, Pittwater-road, Freeholder.
JABEZ WILLIAM SMALL, Importer Photographic Goods, East Esplanade, Freeholder.
WILLIAM JOHNSON, House and Land Agent, Raglan-street.
POLLING PLACES :
MANLY — ODDFELLOWS' HALL, Raglan-street.
SYDNEY — CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, EXCHANGE, Bridge-street, 
The Poll will open at 8 a.m., and close at 3 p.m.
J. B. SMITHERS, Deputy Returning Officer. Municipal Council-chambers, Tuesday, February 7, 1882. Advertising. (1882, February 8). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13504685

SMALL.—May 7, at her residence, East Esplanade, Manly Beach, the wife of Jabez W. Small of a daughter.  Family Notices. (1882, May 27). Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1870 - 1907), p. 41. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article70969484

The Champions also offer an insight into J W Small's father's influence and credo:
Alderman Jabez William Small was elected to Manly Council in February 1882. He was an importer of photographic goods and lived on East Esplanade. A fervent believer in the establishment of a volunteer rifle corps at Manly Beach, he drew up a list on 9 July 1883 headed “Manly Beach Volunteer Rifle Corps” which stated, “We, the undersigned Residents of Manly, hereby express our willingness to join a Volunteer Rifle Company at Manly, and to conform to such rules and regulations as may be deemed expedient for its
management. In witness whereof we attach our signatures.” Seventy-four Manly residents signed up. - Shooting for Pleasure in Manly. By Shelagh Champion, OAM, and George Champion, OAM, May 2007. Manly Library Local Studies. 

The Volunteer Rifle Corps, Manly, never came about. In 1886 Jabez and Emma's youngest daughter was born, Ida V, with birth registration at Petersham. This child, and all of J W's five daughters and three sons were left well provided for, with a clearly large investment in land and properties:
WILLS AND ESTATES. Probate has been sealed of the will of Jabez William Small, late of Balwyn, formerly of Manly, N.S.W. , importer. The testator died  at Balwyn on the 20th December, 1891, and probate of the will, dated November 13,1891,was granted in New South Wales in March,1892, the gross value of the property in that colony being £11,734. The real estate in this colony is valued at £5,102, and the personalty at £29, or a total of £5,131. The testator leaves the whole of his property to his wife, Emma Augusta Small, of Balwyn. WILLS AND ESTATES. (1893, October 13). The Argus(Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8701002
FOR interest, instruction and amusement combined, the Exhibition trustees are to be congratulated on arranging such a comprehensive representation of the art of photography as practised in Melbourne. The exhibition is not intended to show the gradual development of photography, which anyone can see for himself by comparing the collection of photographs accumulated during the last twenty years, but rather to emphasize the present state of perfection to which photographers have brought their art. In the first section devoted to appliances and materials used in photography, four firms set before the spectators the secrets of the treasure-house. Messrs. Baker and Rouse, Messrs. J. W. Small and Company, Messrs. W. Watson and Sons and Mr. C.B. Howslip. But it is only the cognoscenti-in photography-that this section attracts. A Photographic Exhibition. (1895, February 1). Table Talk(Melbourne, Vic. : 1885 - 1939), p. 7. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article145921174
Right: J. W. SMALL AND CO. (1911, December 14). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 12. Retrieved  from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115279115

There was also a John William (J.W.) Small, who was Arthur's elder brother (born 1873). In 1902 Arthur Jabez Small married Jessie Sparks - marriage registered at St Leonards.

SMALL--SPARKS - April 1), at Wimmera Alfred-street, North Sydney, by the Rev. Rodger M'Kinnon, Arthur, second son of Mrs. And late J. W Small, of Manly, N.S.W. and Balwyn, Victoria, to Jessie, eldest daughter of Henry Sparks, Wyrallah, Mount-street, North Sydney. Family Notices. (1902, April 26). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14465300
 In 1912 Thomas Stephen, Jabez's brother, died. His photograph taking had ceased around 1876, perhaps why the company, still going strong in 1912, was called 'J W Small' can be seen his Family Notice:
SMALL. —On the 1st August, 1912, at Harlaxton, San Remo, Victoria, Lieut. Colonel Thomas Stephen Small, widower of the late Zilpha Burchett Small, eldest son of the late William  Small, surgeon, and the late Elizabeth Jerrems Small, of Boston, Lincolnshire, England, in his 77th year. Landed in Victoria 12th December, 1850, ship Anna Maria. Family Notices. (1912, August 2). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article10500560

There is a lot more to share as insights and tributes to what was a life filled with service and activity. A few threads of Mr Arthur Jabez Small show this wide range of interests and:

AVALON BEACH. Whatley Watson, Ltd., will sell by public auction on the grounds, Park Estate, Avalon Beach tomorrow. Avalon Beach is 14 miles north of Manly, between Newport and Palm Beach. It is reached by tram from Manly to Narrabeen, thence by motor bus, which runs to a regular timetable to Palm Beach. It can easily be reached by car from Sydney in about an hour and a quarter, and in much less time from the Northern Suburbs, and now the Roseville and Spit bridges are almost completed the journey will soon be considerably shortened. There is also a steamer service from Clareville wharf (handy to the estate)to the Hawkesbury River railway station, which is a very pleasant journey, passing en route through glorious scenery all the time, tennis courts are now available, and excellent golf links are nearly completed. These links have been laid out by one of Sydney's leading professionals, and comprise golfing country equal to, if not better than, any links in the metropolitan area. A club house is shortly to be erected. It is expected that these links will form an immense boon and attraction to golfers, owing to the badly congested state of all seaside links at the present time. FINANCE-COMMENCE-REAL ESTATE. (1924, October 5).Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article128144077

COMPANY NEWS. The following companies have been registered, shares being of the value of £1 each: 'Avalon Beach Estates, Limited,' capital £25,000, to purchase, take on lease or in exchange, or otherwise acquire any lands and buildings, but in particular to acquire a certain parcel of land, containing about 180 acres, situated at Avalon, N.S.W. First directors, G. M. Whitmore, R. N. Randell, and A. R. Macgregor. COMPANY NEWS. (1927, November 4). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 15. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16416226

DISTRICT COURT. (Before Judge White.)MORATORIUM ACT.

Australian Securities v Avalon Beach and others. Reserved judgment was given on the application, under the Moratorium Act, 1930,  by Australian Securities, Limited, of Wynyard-street, Sydney, for leave to take foreclosure proceedings in respect of certain mortgage securities to it from Avalon Beach Estates, Limited, of Castlereagh-street, Sydney, over the interests of the latter in certain land bought by it from Arthur Jabez Small, and over purchase moneys under sub-sales by Avalon Beach Estates, Limited, ofthe same land to various sub-purchasers. It was submitted that Avalon Beach Estates, Limited, still owed certain of the purchase moneys payable to Small, and had also given a mortgage security to Motor Discounts. Limited, of Castlereagh-street, Sydney, over certain of the contracts of sub-sale. Evidence was given that Willmore and Randell, Limited—the company was not made a party to the application—had been appointed by Avalon Bench Estates, Limited, selling agents for the allotments in the sub-division, and that these two companies were now in voluntary liquidation.  George Malcolm Willmore and Reginald N.  Randell, company directors, who were covenantors for payment of the mortgage moneys secured to Australian Securities, Limited, were made respondents to the application.

For the applicant company it was urged that the evidence given should satisfy the Court that as to certain alleged breaches by Avalon  Beach Estates, Limited, regarding securities, its conduct in allowing Willmore and Randell, Limited, to receive from it certain of the purchase moneys under the sub-sales was such as to render Avalon Beach Estates, Limited, undeserving of the benefit or protection of the Moratorium Act, within the meaning of sub-section 4 of section 4, and that, there-fore, the application should be granted.

It was contended on behalf of Avalon Beach Estates, Limited, that the question of conduct under section 4, sub-section 4, could only be taken into account in the case where the mortgagor was unable either to redeem the property in full or to repay any part of the principal moneys. It was further contended that the proviso in sub-section 3 of section4—which prohibited the Court from granting leave to commence proceedings for fore-closure unless the Court was satisfied that, having regard to all the relevant circum-stances, including the ability of the mortgagor to redeem the property out of his own moneys, it would be unjust and inequitable not to grant the application—only applied in a case where the evidence established that the mortgagor was financially able to pay the whole of themortgage moneys due. Evidence had been given, however, that some of the moneys were still held by the liquidator of Avalon Beach Estates, Limited.

His Honor, remarking that he was not satisfied that he should give leave to take the course proposed, dismissed the application.

Mr. H. V. Jaques (instructed by Messrs. Stephen, Jaques, and Stephen) appeared for the applicant company; Mr. E. F. McDonald(instructed by Messrs. W. S. Gray and Perkins) for Avalon Beach Estates, Limited; Mr.J. M. Sanders (instructed by Mr. R. S. B.Sillar) for Motor Discounts, Limited; and Mr. E. R. Mann for G. M. Willmore and R.N. Randell. DISTRICT COURT. (1931, June 6). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16783860


POPULAR AVALON. The popular rock baths at Avalon, skirting the (3) Three (3) Beaches Estate. (See advertisement on this page.). No title. (1929, June 30). Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 - 1930), p. 11. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article131640629

MR. C. D. PATERSON. Following a service at St Andrews Presbyterian Church Manly the funeral of Mr CD Paterson late president of the Surf Life Saving Association took place yesterday A striking tribute was paid by members of surf clubs a large number of them marching before the hearse to the Manly Cemetery Th eRev A M Stevenson conducted the services at the church and the graveside. The principal mourners were Mrs Paterson(widow) Mr D Paterson (son) Miss C Paterson (daughter) Messrs G W J Donald and David Paterson (brothers) and Messrs Donald Colin Jack and David Paterson (nephews). Among others present were -Sir Kelso King and Mrs W H Walker (Royal Life Saving Society)Messrs R Murdoch o W Mason J Qarllck CH Hay and J S Cormatk (Premiers Department) N S H Cotts E M V Shemwell (Sydney Harbour Trust) R S Mavnnrd (Advertising Association)S McKellar White APR Simpson B N MissenB W Ford (Town PlannhiR Association), A J Small (Parks and Playgrounds Movement) G P V Cole (Commonwealth Bank; H S Tebbutt ( Sydney Mail) I J C Cocks (Government Tourist Bureau) ...many others ... Among those representing the Surf Life Saving Association Included - Among the surf life saving clubs represented were -North Steyne Messrs A W Whitehead(president) W Allison D Soutar (captain) ... Deewhy W Crisp North Curl Curl H Young North Bondi Col A Hyman Avalon, H Ruskin Rowe A J Small ...AN APPRECIATION (By LIEUT COL A W HYMAN ) The passing of Charles Davidson Paterson is a great blow to many members of the com-munity To be president for 21 years of the Surf Life Saving Association of Australia of which he was one of the founders is in itself an outstanding record of public service. During the 25 years of the associations existence Its members have saved more than 25 000 lives In the surf on the Australian beaches It was Mr Patersons strong character which was largely responsible for the administration of an organisation which has such a stirring and wonderful record It is no exaggeration to say his name in regard to the work has become a household word throughout Australia Mr Paterson s direct and straight dealing made immediate and lasting impressions on all he met He was untiring services in the cause of humanity will long be remembered and the gap which has now been created by his sudden and unexpected death will be difficult to fill. Vigilance and Service Is the motto of the Surf Life Saving Association and it is a fitting In Memoriam to the character of Charles Davidson Paterson  MR. C. D. PATERSON. (1933, December 5). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17029703

Six unidentified men and women playing golf, Avalon, New South Wales, 1930. Image No.: nla.pic-an24768627, courtesy NLA.

N.R.M.A. GOLF DAY At the invitation of Mr. A. J. Small golfing members of the N.R.M.A. will have a day out at Avalon Links on Saturday, August 22. Tickets entitling members to a free round may be obtained from the association's touring department. The Avalon course, which is situated just inland from the beach, is considered to be 'one of the most picturesque nine. hole courses in the State. Early application for tickers is advised, as the number is limited. N.R.M.A. GOLF DAY. (1936, August 13). The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW : 1888 - 1950), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article104690232

FINE FOR REMOVAL OF TURF. At the Manly Summons Court yesterday, Thomas William Allston was fined £5 for having damaged maliciously the  property of Arthur Jabez Small at Careel Ocean Beach Estate, Avalon to the extent of £7. Evidence was given that about 900 square feet of turf had been cut from the complainants land. Alliston was also ordered to pay £6/(1 S costs and £7 compensation for damage done.  FINE FOR REMOVAL OF TURF. (1939, September 15). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17627571


Mr. Harry Pollard, 73, a former well known resident of the Bellinger, who died at Campsie recently, was a link with the past. His grandfather arrived in Australia in the year 1800, and his marriage, in 1827, was the first conducted in St. Anne's Church, Ryde. Deceased 's mother was a daughter of Major Duffy of the Third Irish Fusiliers,  in charge of convicts under the command of Governor Bourke. For services rendered he received a grant of land at Thornleigh, on the Bellinger, where deceased was born. On the Bellinger deceased was engaged on roadwork, and then in the timber industry, and after moving to Sydney was employed for 15 years by Mr. A. J. Small on the subdivision of various estates, including Avalon Beach. Mrs. Pollard, who survives her husband, was born on the Manning; River 74 years ago.  She was  a daughter of the late Mr. Hector McKenzie, one of the earliest settlers, on the Bellinger., When the family were on the way up the coast on the old ship Eliza the ship went aground on the Bellinger bar. OBITUARY. (1938, June 10). The Richmond River Herald and Northern Districts Advertiser (NSW : 1886 - 1942), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article126113171

Panorama of beachgoers at Avalon Beach', New South Wales, ca. 1925 (1920; no mid-beach dressing sheds in picture as per 1921/22 photos from sales plans/advertisements) -  section enlarged to show North Avalon 'Careel Ocean Beach Estate 's first holiday shacks and homes. Image No.: nla.pic-vn6217968 by EB Studios, part of the Enemark collection of panoramic photographs, courtesy National Library of Australia.

  Samuel Wood - postcard photonegatives of Avalon, Bilgola and Newport, ca. 1928 Album: a1470, courtesy State Library of NSW.

Extras and Incidentals: 

A New Church for Mona Vale .  Memories of Father Therry.  FATHER FARRELL BUILDS WHERE A SURVEYOR VISIONED A CITY.

In 1862, drawing up a plan for the subdivision of the Pittwater Estate owned by Very Rev. Archpriest John Joseph Therry, Mr. Elyard, the surveyor, recommended; 'that a sufficient portion may be reserved near the water, and possessing the sea breeze, for Public Gardens and games; and also, sites for a School of Arts, Library, Court of Justice and Christian Churches. I trust that the trees s'' near St. Michael's Cave (now known as Hole in the Wall) may not be touched, and that that spot may not be interfered with by human hands. I think this is the proper way of establishing a city at Broken Bay, and I shall have great pleasure, for my part, in acknowledging you as its first Bishop.' This example of public spiritedness, and a vision of Mona Vale, as it might have been, was brought to our minds by Right Rev. Monsignor Eris O'Brien, Ph.D., M.A.-,P.P., who made a special appeal for funds at the opening of the new church at Mona Vale last Sunday. The new church, of which the parish priest — Rev. Father M. F. Farrell — is the architect and builder — was blessed and opened by Very Rev. Monsignor J. McDonald, P.P., P.C., who represented his Grace Archbishop Gilroy. Associated with Father Farrell as volunteer workers have been Messrs. Harwood, O'Reilly, Kavanagh, Erickson, Kilroy, Rock, Eastwell, Hayes, and Rigby. Subsequent to the blessing, Very Rev. Monsignor J. McDonald presided at a public meeting in the church. Included among the clergy present were Right Rev. Monsignori P. Doherty, P.P., V.F., and Eris O'Brien. Ph.D.. M.A., Rev. Fathers M. F. Farrell, P.P., J. Breen, P.P., J. Wall, P.P., W. Neilson, J. McGovern, E. Morreau, and Crowe, C.SS.R. 

The Speeches.

In the course of his speech, Father Farrell expressed his disappointment that his Grace Archbishop Gilroy had found it impossible to attend the function, but said he was pleased that his Grace had delegated Very Rev. Monsignor McDonald to act for him. Monsignor McDonald for many years had charge of the whole district from Manly to Palm Beach and was therefore very interested in Mona Vale. Father Farrell also welcomed Right Rev. Monsignori Doherty and Eris O'Brien and the other priests whose coming he appreciated. 'You all recognise that a new church was absolutely necessary in Mona Vale' he continued. 'In the holiday period the majority of the people were outside the tiny little church that has served for over fifty years. It was necessary to build adequate accommodation, but we were faced with the difficulty of not being able to put the entire burden of debt upon' the small number of permanent residents. The visitors are here for only a few weeks of the year, and in the winter months the little church as it stood was quite big enough to accommodate the local residents. Therefore, the duty of paying for the new church should fall upon the shoulders of the visitors. It is difficult to make them understand that.' The figures of past years show that we could not safely go much beyond £1000 debt. That is not a very large sum and would not provide anything elaborate in the way of a new building. Yet we had to have accommodation. Our aim and object was to provide fairly good accommodation economically. The building cost £1467/16/8. Anyone who has any idea of the values of building in these days of high prices will understand that that figure is just about –less than half of what it should have cost. Furnishings amount to £307/5/7. Against that we have £675/11/1, and at the moment we have a debt of £1102/11/2.'I should like to thank those who assisted in the task of the construction of the building,' concluded Father Farrell.' As I have said, we had to accomplish it as economically as possible. That was no easy task. We had to call upon volunteer labor and, almost entirety, that volunteer labor was restricted to Saturday. Saturday after Saturday there was a loyal band of men who came out hero to do what, they could to attain this glorious achievement. On behalf of the parishioners I should like to thank them and the ladies who also assisted so generously.' (Applause.)

Very Rev. Monsignor McDonald, P.P.,P.C., said: 'I was sent here by the Archbishop this afternoon to perform the blessing of this new church of the Sacred Heart at Mona Vale. I deeply regret that his Grace, at the last moment, found it impossible to attend. I regret the disappointment to your zealous pastor; and I regret also, your disappointment at not having his Grace here; but, above all, I regret that his Grace has not had yet the happiness of seeing this achievement of Father Farrell's. Incoming here to-day, his Grace requested me first of all to commend the pastor, Father Farrell, for his zeal and industry — for this new church. It is an achievement. It is beautiful in aspect and commodious; its dimensions are sufficiently large to meet the requirements of the congregation of Mona Vale and its visitors for many years. Father Farrell has achieved more than that, because he has done it. to an extent with the labors of his own hands, and his unusual constructive ability has been employed to great advantage in producing this beautiful church. He has also given evidence of unusual financial ability in being able to produce it at such a moderate figure. But this work was a labor of love, for Father Farrell realised he was doing it for God and for the worship of God. 

Church-school in Narrabeen.

As you know, he has already provided a beautiful church-school in Narrabeen. which, to my knowledge, has won the admiration of the residents and the throng of visitors that come there. It has brought many blessings with it since its inception, and I am quite convinced that the same history will follow the church at Mona Vale. ,'The second message that his Grace asked me to give is very important. He said- 'Tell the tourists and visitors to Mona Vale that this church and the consequent expense of erecting it was carried out, for the most part, to give them an opportunity of hearing Mass on Sunday, and that they should, as far as they are able, remove the burden of financial responsibility that at present rests on the shoulders of their pastor. They may have many causes in their own parish but they cannot but admire the industry and zeal of the pastor of Dee Why.'

Happy Memories.

'I am pleased to be present at the ceremony this afternoon,' continued Monsignor McDonald. 'I am pleased to be here because I was associated with Mona Vale for ten years — from 1916 till1926 — and I have very happy memories of the little congregation of Mona Vale and the church. The few residents that still remain must have felt a small pang of regret at seeing the little old building demolished, but we are all overjoyed and delighted to see the better building that has taken its place. The little church that preceded this building cost £150. Its finance was principally sponsored by the owner of the Rockley Hotel. We have one priest of the archdiocese living, and still an active priest, who said Mass in the old church in January, 1900. He used to say 8 o'clock Mass here and 11 o'clock at Careel Bay.' This is an historic day for the residents of Mona Vale, because this day a house is built for God. This building is not merely a place where you will assemble to pray. It is more than that. It is a place where you will come to do something — to offer up the adorable Sacrifice of the Mass, the most Precious Body and Blood of Our Divine Saviour every Sunday.' Right Rev. Monsignor P. Doherty, who laid the foundation stone on July 21, spoke of his long association with Father Farrell, who spent 15 or 16 years with him at Wollongong. Father Farrell then had exclusive charge of Port Kembla and used to travel across the mountains to the Cordeaux River, where he taught the children in the schools. Monsignor Doherty wished to pay tribute to Father Farrell as a priest, and said in conclusion: 'There is no greater priest anywhere than he for his zeal for souls and the work ho does asa priest.

'Special Appeal by Monsignor Eris O'Brion. Right Rev. Monsignor Eris O'Brien, Ph.D., M.A., P.P., who made the appeal, said he was a very old friend of Father Farrell, with whom he went to college.' We priests in Sydney have a tremendous admiration for this extraordinary man in this very long and big district who undertakes works thatwould seem impossible to the average man,' he said. 'We would all like to wish him well and congratulate him on the excellence of the work that has been achieved.'

More History. 

Monsignor O'Brien continued: 'To-day reference has been made to the history of the old church, and Monsignor McDonald has gone back to 1900. To me it seems that the completion of this church to-day is the natural fulfilmentof a destiny that was set here farlonger ago than 1900. In 1821 Father Therry came to this country and set to work to build up the Catholic Church here. A few years after his arrival he went to see Governor Brisbane, who promised him 1200 acres at Pittwater, but it was not until 1833 that this promise was fulfilled by Governor Bourke. The property then stretched from Narrabeen Lake to Careel bay. in 1836 he purchased from private owners 10 acres at the head of Narrabeen Lagoon, and in 1837 Governor Bourke made a further grant of 280 acres. Hence Father Therry had about 1500 acres stretching from Narrabeen Lake to Careel Bay and across to Avalon. He appointed a Dr. Bergin to superintend the cultivation of the land, but soon started trafficking In lime, sending it down to Sydney. He had further ambitions for this district. The coal seams that were being worked with success at Newcastle were supposed to continue through to Illawarra, and it was possible that Pittwater might be on the route. So Father Therry opened a small coalmine on the property near Hole in Wall or, as it was then called, St. Michael's Cave. 

(NB: Cola shaft was actually on the golf course):

In 1862.

In 1862 he got in touch with Mr. Elyard, a great surveyor, and drew up a plan of subdivision for the whole of the district. Mr. Elyard recommended that: 'A sufficient portion may be reserved near the water, and possessing the sea breeze, for Public Gardens and games: and also, sites for a School of Arts, Library, Court of Justice and Christian Churches. I trust that the trees near St. Michael's Cave may not be touched, and that that spot may not be interfered with by human hands. I think this is the proper way of establishing a city at Broken Bay, and I shall nave great pleasure, for my own part, in acknowledging you as its first, Bishop.' The plan of subdivision was eventually drawn up. The district was to be called Josephton (after the first priest) and the township Brighton.

'I dont know how much was sold, but 80 acres was left in 1864, for Father Therry's will of that date states: 'I desire that my farm of eighty acres, formerly known as Peter Petitta's farm at Pitt Water, which is beautifully and most advantageously situated, should be divided into four equal parts of twenty acres each which are Intended as the sites for educational establishments for the Benedictines, Jesuits, Franciscans and the French Mission of the Propaganda.

The Jesuit Fathers, who received whatever land there was, actually worked the coal mine for a few months, then sold all in 1880. It was 'scrubland' — and worth nothing.' That is the history. But I want to show you what was intended and what, with good planning, could have happened in this lovely spot,' continued Monsignor O'Brien. 'Instead of opening Mona Vale Church to-day, we might have been completing the Cathedral of  Bishop Farrell, under the Presidency of the Metropolitan Archbishop of Sydney. The name, Josephton, would have been delightful — though Narrabeen is Australian; and Avalon brings back memories of King Arthur and his Knights. But I prefer St. Michael's Cave to Hole in the Wall. Time has not blotted out the memories of the priest, for streets designated in his old subdivision map of 1864 have been preserved. If you go to Careel Bay, which is the Bay on the Pittwater side of Palm Beach, you will see to-day streets named by Father Therry — John-street and Joseph-street(his own names), William-street (his brother), Therry-street (his surname),Patrick-street and George-street (both designated by him). I can Imagine Father Therry looking down from heaven to-day, happy that a church has been built. I can imagine his deep sympathy with and understanding of Father Farrell. Father Therry came to this country and set about a big task. He labored with his own hands and Father Farrell is that same, simple ,active kind.' To-day I give three reasons why you should support Father Farrell,' concluded Monsignor O'Brien. 'Firstly, because this district is redolent of Catholicism. Secondly, because a church is needed, and Father Farrell has worked hard. And thirdly, because your lives will be happier. Rev. Father W. Neilson, who has been associated with Father Farrell in this work, proposed a vote of thanks to Monsignor McDonald for having represented his Grace Archbishop Gilroy in blessing the church and making it the House of God. He was supported by Mr. Gilroy. Father Farrell subsequently announced that the collection resulted in £190 being handed in.

The new church at Mona Vale (on left of picture), with the old church beside it. The building, with front and side porches, is 85ft. long and 30ft. wide, and constructed of chocolate and cream faced bricks. It cost £1467, and the furnishings £307. Rev. Father M. Farrell was the architect and supervisor, and voluntary workers included Messrs.Harwood, O'Reilly, Kavanagh, Erickson, Kilroy, Rock, Eastwell, Hayes and Rigby. A New Church for Mona Vale. (1941, January 16). Catholic Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1932 - 1942), p. 20. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article146374878

NOISES IN THE NIGHT. IT Is no easy task to out all the noises that come out of the night, when one is the bush. I am writing this in a camp near Avalon Beach, and while for an instant it might seem that the night is still but for the roar and restless beat of the waves on the sand, and the rise and fall of the wind in the trees, yet a little attention brings a myriad night-noises to the ear. There is the chorused chirp of distant crickets; there is the rustle of the leaves; there Is the drip, drip of some mysterious moisture tailing from the tent-fly to the ground; there la the strain and tiny groan of the 'guys;' there Is the 'plop' of a stray frog, and croaks of others from far off. A dog barks intermittently. Now and again the sound of a distant motor«born pierces the wall of trees. Every little while some forest-thing makes a noise like the faint chop of an axe. ^but It is more resonant. A bird is whimpering, a low 'caw' at times. There are small whisperings and movements in the grass and amid the bushes. Some wandering horse or cow too. Is cropping at the grass— first a slight tug- and then a soft crunch, and its hooves stamp-unevenly over the broken ground. Suddenly the earth seems to respond with a rumble to the heavy passage of a motor-bus on its way to or from Narrabeen; and, finally the shrill cry of a boy, or the deep note from the throat of a man, comes up, Imperiously, from the beach.—WARREN GRAVES. NOISES IN THE NIGHT. (1926, February 27). Evening News(Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article126129866


ENGEHURST. TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD. Sir,-Having been born in Engehurst, Iwas Interested In references to that estate in the "Sydney Morning Herald" on the 22nd,the "Location of ENGEHURST," of the 23rd, and the lettor of Mr. J. H. Watson, of the 21thInsts. My father (the late R. H. Reynolds)purchased the estate In 1878, and our family resided In the house until 1912. Built on a commanding position, with lovely views of the harbour, and endowed with a delightful old world garden, and with entrance gates In Glenmore-road, the estate was one of the most picturesque about 'beautiful Sydney. The house Was  built by convict labour for Mr. Hely, who was, I believe, a superintendent of convicts, and It was originally a large bungalow, to which my father made additions. The basement was interesting, being cut from the solid rock, and encompassed, by a double wall, with a well supplied with fresh water from a, never-failing source. Begg (now Ormond) street was constructed through the estate, and my father later sold the bulk of the remaining estate, and now the house is so surrounded by terraces of houses that It has lost Its Individuality, but can be easily identified in the bond in Ormond-street. It has been converted into flats, and the Royal Hospital for Women Is immediately In rear of it.

I am, etc,  E. H. REYNOLDS, Lt. Col. Avalon Bench, Jan. 25.  ENGEHURST. (1929, January 29). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16526971

 Samuel Wood - postcard photonegatives of Avalon, Bilgola and Newport, ca. 1928 Album: a1470h , courtesy State Library of NSW.

 Avalon Beach Surf Club - First Building - Warringah Shire Council – associated records from Council Meetings Minutes

 29. Arthur J. Small, 2/5/22, submitting plan of 1st subdivision of Avalon Estate: Referred to the Engineer. W. J Snape, 8/5/22, offering to attend to sanitary service on Avalon Beach Bathing for ten shillings per month: Resolved - that the offer be accepted, and as he has been doing the work for some time, the payment date from 1st May.

16/10/1922: Avalon Beach; in regard to-A J Small’s application to bring land adjoining Avalon Beach Reserve Under the Real Property Act –was read and received.

23/4/1923: It was decided that M.Clelands request for attention to Peninsula wharf, A. J. Small’s proposal for improvements at Avalon Beach, and application by S I. Cole and others for road improvements at Newport should stand over for the present.

17/12/1923:  Resolved, - That maintenance Han Oliver be instructed to return to Mr. Small the life line which he holds, and the surf reel at Avalon Beach, and return the other line to station. 

13/10/1924: 13. Arthur J. Small of Avalon Beach Estates, 13/10/24, re proposed deviation of Barrenjoey Road, and declining to agree to pay the whole cost of construction, where his land fronts the road on both sides Resolved, - (Cre. Hewitt, B..worth) That the President see Mr. Small and discuss the road matter with him on the ground, in company with the Shire Engineer. 16. Arthur J. Small. 15.9.26. on the desirability of the Council acquiring an area at Avalon Beach, on which the Ocean cave known as "St Michael's Cave" is situated ; Resolved, - (Crs. Hope, Simpson) Mr. Small be asked for further information as to the situation of the Cave and the ownership of the land. 17. Same:  20.9.26. on the necessity for improving the path leading to Avalon Rock Bath, before the bathing season commences : Resolved, - (Crs. Hope, Simpson) That it be referred to the Overseer for attention by the maintenance.

54. Avalon Beach Estate 2.11.26. suggesting that the opening of Barrenjoey Road deviations be treated as an important public event, that the name "De Chair Drive" be given the deviations, and submitting a proposal for tree planting along the deviations.' : Resolved, - (Crs. Simpson, Hope) That the suggestions-be favored but be deferred for consideration until the construction of the deviations is in progress.

30/4/1928: 40.,Garland, Seaborn & Abbott 13/4/28 Suggesting certain drainage improvements at Avalon Beach to prevent damage to A J Small's property. Resolved (Crs. Hitchcock, That the Engineer furnish an estimate of the cost, and the work of cutting the drain be put in hand immediately the transfer is finalised. 

62. Garland. Seaborn & Abbott. 29/6/28. Again requesting that the Shire Engineer confer with the green-keeper of Avalon Beach golf links in regard to defective drainage. Referred to the Overseer for attention. 

18. Main Roads Board. 16/7/28. Advising that the length of Barrenjoey Road which is proposed to be proclaimed a main road is that extending from Newport to the end of the last at deviation at Avalon. Resolved: (Crs. Hitchcock, Atkins) - That an application be made to have the whole length of Barrenjoey Road proclaimed a main road. 20. H.E. Fry. 12/7/28. Requesting a garage approach to 57, Avalon Beach Estate. Referred to the Overseer for report. 

23/7/1928: 45. Garland. Seaborn & Abbott. 10/7/28. Suggesting, as a temporary measure to relieve the drainage trouble at Avalon Beach, that a drain be cut from the junction of Barrenjoey Road deviation and Avalon Parade to the 25-ft.easement opposite the tennis courts. Left with the Engineer to deal with

2/10/1928: 1. Resolved (Ore. Campbell, Greenwood) - That the Council insist on the defects on the road on Bilgola Head in Avalon Estate be made good.

29/10/1928:  Avalon Resolved - That the Engineer inspect the roadwork on Beach Estate Serpentine Road, Avalon Beach Estate, being carried out by Messr.s. Farlev & Lewers and if Satisfied, permission to proceed with the rolling of the road be given, so that such work be complete by the next Committee meeting. 

1. Resolved (Crc. Campbell, Parr) - That the report regarding A.N. Neilly’s proposal for the subdivision of Miss J Campbell's land, Lot 9 Clareville Beach Estate, be referred to the Works Committee with an objection to the width of the proposed new roads. 3 , Resolved That in regard to Avalon Beach Estate that the small park shown on the plan be eliminated, and that the other matters in regard to the subdivision be referred to he Works Committee for report.

7/1/1929: Avalon Beach & District Progress Assn. 17/12/28. Respecting the condition of the road at the rear of Mr. Alexander’s residence at Clareville. Resolved - That a copy of the Overseer's report be forwarded to the Association.

24. B. Kenny & Son. 6/2/29. Submitting, for affixing of Council's Seal, D.P. of part of  Avalon Beach  Estate, fronting "The Crescent" and "The Serpentine," and assuring the Council that the complete fencing and culverts will be each completed within the next month. Resolved (dt. Hitchcock, state Or. Robertson) that authority be given for the affixing of the Council's Seal to the plan, upon receipt of £250 to be paid into the Council's Trust Fund as a guarantee for the completion of the work on the subdivision, and upon the Engineer certifying that permanent marks and drainage easements have been correctly provided. 25. Same. 6/2/29. requesting the Council to consider the question of tarring the roads in Avalon Beach Estate subdivision, including Plateau Road, the company being prepared to make a reasonable contribution towards the cost of the works. Resolved (Or. Hitchcock, Cr. Austin) That if the Co. will tar the first 30 chains of Plateau Road the Council will give it a second coat and maintain it.

18/3/1929:  7. Avalon Beach Estate - proposed tarring of roads: Resolved (Crs. Hitchcock,, Parr) - That the Council, agree only to the tarring of Plateau Road and Serpentine Crescent, and that the Engineer furnish an estimate of the-cost of this, the Company to be informed that the work will be proceeded with immediately.  

29/4/1929: 38. Avalon Beach Progress Assoc. 15/4/29. Contending that Avalon does not get the share of works expenditure it is entitled to, and drawing particular attention to the condition of Avalon Parade and Central Road. Resolved (Crs. Hitchcock, Austin) - That the Engineer prepare an estimate for the improvement of Central Road and Hudson Parade with a view to the inclusion of these two roads in a loan proposal for A. Riding. 15/4/29. Drawing attention to (i) a danger at the Avalon rock bath; and suggesting that a chain be placed across the corner as a safe guard, and (2) a traffic danger at the "Six Ways" between Bilgola and Avalon Beaches, and suggesting a warning sign or notices be erected there (1) to be dealt with before the next swimming season, (2) referred to Works Committee.

A. J. Small 19/4/29. Inquiring if the Council Beach desires to purchase any of the allotments in his recent subdivision in Avalon Parade for the purpose of obtaining better access to the beach. Resolved that a letter be sent to Mr. Small suggesting that in view of the benefit he derives from the deviation of Barrenjoey Road, he might give a little land for access to Avalon Beach  52. Same. 19/4/29. Requesting that steps be taken to convey to him portion of an old Government road in exchange for similar land adjoining, which he conveyed to the Council. Resolved that Mr. Small pay the expenses of the exchange of the land, unless he gives the desired access to Avalon Beach.

17. Avalon Beach Estates Ltd. 30/4/29. Inquiring if the Council will affix its Seal to the Deposited Plans of Avalon subdivision, if furnished with a Bond from the Southern Union Insurance Co. Ltd for an amount sufficient to cover the cost of completing the unfinished roads. Referred to the Works Committee. 

Meeting of 7th August, 1929. 59. Avalon Beach & District Progress Assoc.30/7/29. - Protesting against the inadequacy of the proposed access to Avalon Beach Reserve, and submitting a conditional offer made by Mr. Small for a strip of land 80 ft wide for the purpose. Referred to the Works Committee and "A" Riding Councillors. 60. Same. Again complaining of the bad condition of Avalon Parade. To be informed of the water tables vote padded at this meeting. 61. Same. 30/7/29. Requesting that danger signs be erected at the Six Ways at the top of Bilgola Hill. Resolved (Crs Hitchcock, Robertson) -. That a post be erected as requested, and the N.R.M.A. be invited to give an expression of opinion. 

Section of Avalon Golf Links from: 54 aerial views of Sydney golf courses] / Hall & Co., ca. 193-?Album ID : 879475, courtesy State Library of NSW.

Page of Minutes of Meeting of 23rd September,1929. 10. Resolved (Crs. Parr, Robertson) – That a new line and belt be obtained for Newport Beach, and that the bathing dressing sheds be repaired, as recommended. Resolved (Cr. Boss) - That the lnspector ascertain whether it is possible for an employee of the Council to inspect Surf-bathing reels and lines on the beaches where inspections are considered, by the Inspector to be necessary. 12. Resolved (ors. Austin1 Hitchcock) That sand and clay filling be placed under the club-house on Mona Vale Beach, as recommended:  13. The report regarding the condition of the dressing sheds on North Narrabeen Beach was referred to B. Riding Surf-bathing Councillors. Resolved(Crs. Parr, Ross) - That the Secretary of the North Narrabeen Surf Club be informed of the condition of the surf boat. 14. Resolved (Crs Ross, Greenwood) '-'That the effecting of repairs to the Delitt Street sheds be confirmed. 34. Resolved (Crc. Parr, Greenwood) That drainage Collaroy - Surf-bathing" improvements be effected in the dressing sheds on Collaroy Beach, as recommended, if the work is not already done. 16. Resolvcd (Crs. Parr. Boss) a That the Deewhy North Deewhy North Beach be provided with life saving appliances and housing for same, as agreed to for Avalon Beach, and the Deewhy Surf Club be asked to send a member to inspect the appliances once or twice a week. 17. Resolved (Crc. Parr, Boss) - That the showers in the Deewhy Club-house at Deewhy Beach be repaired, as recommended, and that pegs for clothes be put in the dressing sheds

26/9/29. Re proposed closing of unused road at Avalon Beach and transfer of same to Mr. Small, explaining what action should be taken, and requesting payment of usual deposit of £5. Resolved (Crs. Hitchcock, Robertson .That the sale of the old road be approved and whatever Mr. A J Small has to pay for the land be refunded to him by the Council when the money has been transferred to the Council by the Lands Department.

11. Avalon Beach Progress Assoc. 17/9/29:  Again - requesting that Clareville wharf be put in order. Resolved, - The Engineer go into the matter of Wharves on a report for improvements on all the wharves of Pittwater - with a view to the inclusion of the work in a loan proposal, and he be empowered to obtain the services of a draughtsman if necessary for the preparation of plans. 

G. Dempster. 11/11/29. Suggesting (1) that the new life saving reel at Avalon Beach be handed over to the life saver at Waterloo Street, (2) that one of the reels at Newport Beach be handed over to the North Narrabeen Surf Club, and another one to the North Curl Curl-Surf Club, (3)that half the wages of a beach patrol for Avalon, Bilgola and Newport, be paid by the Council and the balance from parking fees, and;(4) that alarm bells, be provided at North Curl Curl, South Narrabeen,-Waterloo street, Mona Vale and Bilgola and Newport'. Resolved — That he be thanked for his suggestions, but that the Council does not see its way clear to carry out the whole of them, and that some of the equipment referred to by him is owned privately, by the Clubs, and not by the Council.

Metropolitan District Surveyor. 13/11/29. Inquiring if the Council intends to proceed with the construction of a drive along the 100-ft. reservation of Deewhy Head if so, when the work will be commenced; and requesting that if not, the excavation be filled in with suitable material. Resolved: - That the Department be asked to declare the reserve a public road. 75. Same. 13/11/29:  Inquiring if the Council has any objection to the issue of quarry licenses to remove shell grit from Avalon Beach and Newport ocean beach: Resolved. The Department be informed the Council objects to the licenses, and that if any further applications are made the applicants will be referred to the Department.

16/12/1929: 25. Perkins Stevenson & Co. 29. Requesting that the matter of attention to Bilgola Creek at Mrs. Maclurcan's  property be reconsidered, and holding Council responsible should any further damage result. Resolved (Crs. Hitchcock Robertson) - That the Council without prejudice, that it cannot see its way to more than it has already offered, 26. E. Kenny & Son:  4/12/29 Submitting copies of Deposited Pans of western subdivision of Avalon Beach Estate for council’s approval offering monetary guarantee for due completion of roadwork, and an under-taking that the road drainage, etc. will be finished within one month from date. (Dealt with. in Engineer's report to this meeting)

Frank A. Nook, 7/1/30. Applying for permission to gather shell grit from the ocean at Avalon Beach. To be informed that the Council has no objection provided the Department of Mine's permission is obtained, and it is understood Council will withdraw permission at any time if thought fit. (Crs. Corkery, Austin.) 26. Avalon Beach Progress Assoc, 4.1.30 Stating that if Council will provide three more garbage receptacles for Avalon Beach, with suitable notices placed on them, the Association will place them in position, (2) on the need for sanitary conveniences at Taylor's Point Reserve, (3) drawing attention to the "appalling condition" of Clareville wharf. Decisions:- (1) Resolved The Association be asked whether it is in a position to arrange for the emptying and cleaning of the receptacles, (2) referred to the Inspector for report.

10/2/1930: That the Overseer's report respecting the removal of grit from Avalon Beach Reserve be adopted, and the Inspector investigate the each matter of the bag structures erected on the reserve.

33.Avalon Beach Progress Aesop. 4/11/30. Requesting that Avalon Beach reserve and beach frontage be put in order, and that the Council apply to the Unemployment Relief Council for a grant of about £100 for the purpose. Resolved, - The Association be informed of the number of applications already made to the Unemployment Relief Council, and the disappointing result of same. (Crs. Greenwood, Hitchcock) 34.4/11/30. Requesting that the southern corner of the Central Road-Barrenjoey, Road junction be rounded off, scrub cleared from both corners, and the Central Road graded Central Road back for a distance of about 50 yards from Barrenjoey Road. Resolved, - That work be carried out by the maintenance men as recommended by the Overseer. (Crs. Robertson, Austin)

25. A. J. Small, 23/7/31, drawing attention to: the "inadequate methods of drainage provided for the area in  the neighbourhood of Wickham's Store at Avalon Beach ", explaining that are, in his opinion, the causes of the trouble, and notifying the Council he holds it responsible for the damage done in Wickham's Store during the last heavy rain storm, Referred to A. Riding Councillors. 7. Bobbie & Poxall, Licensed Surveyor, 5/8/31 requesting Council to reconsider its decision in regard to the damage done to Mrs Macluron's property at Bilgola Beach by storm water. Resolved, - That the Council's previous decision be adhered to:  (Cra. Campbell, Austin) 8. Reynolds, … & Co., 31/7/31, giving notice of intention to issue a writ for £50 in respect of damage to Mrs. Metcalf's property in Barrenjoey Road, Avalon Beach  Resolved, - That the Councils previous decision be adhered to, 94 Creagh & Creagh, Solicitors, 7/7/31, respecting damage to A E Hordern's property at Palm Beach by stormwater: Resolved, That the President and Engineer go into the matter. (Crs Austin. McPaul) Avalon drainage in vicinity of Bayview Avenue and Palmgrove Road - re Ruskin Rowe letter Resolved, - That the report be adopted. (C) Clareville drainage at Beach Parade 

Avalon Beach General Store owned by Stan Wickham, on Avalon Parade, New South Wales, 1930, Image No.:nla.pic-an24768496, courtesy NLA

Lands Department, .6/8/31;.respecting an application for a license to remove about 2 tons of loose stones, suitable for rookery work, from the area adjacent to the southern end of  Avalon Beach and inquiring if the Council has any objection to the removal of the loose stone or boulders between high and low tide water marks. Resolved - That the Council raise no objection, provided no more than two tons are taken. (Cre.- Campbell Hitchcock) . 

AJ .Small, 15/8/31, reporting damage by boys to a sign board at Avalon Beach, and suggesting Council take some action in the matter. Resolved, - That the Headmtster of the Newport Public school be written to and requested to warn the boys referred to.

26/4/1932: By Cr. Austin, seconded by Cr. Hughes, That in regard to Mr. Wickham's trading kiosk on Avalon Beach Reserve, the rental be reduced from 5/- to 1/- per Week for the period I commencing 1st May and ending 31st August this year.

12/8/1932: Crs: Austin; Hughes). (b) Whale Beach – Surf bathing Resolved, - that some kind of shelter be provided for the Buildings emergency reel; Crs. Nicholas, Fox).' (c) Avalon Beach - Resolved That-the minor repairs be effected to the dressing sheds, as recommended,',(Crs. Hitchcock, Austin). (d) Bilgola Beach.4.Resolved:—That the old line be replaced with a new one. 35. Mrs. Grace Wickham, 5/9/32, clear the dead bushes and trees on the reserve at Avalon Beach :Referred to the Works Committee for report. 

21/11/1932:  By Cr. Austin --That the Inspector be empowered to repair the dressing sheds on Avalon Beach: Surfbathing By Cr. Austin 

5/12/1932: 59. A J Small drawing attention to the out-of-date dressing accommodation on Avalon Beach; (b), on the necessity for filling up, levelling off and turfing certain portions of the beach reserve, and the making of a solid pathway to the public lavatories, stating he is prepared to supply the buffalo turf free of charge, and would like to discuss several suggestions with the Works Committee on the spot. Referred to the Works Committee and A. Riding Councillors: 

19/12/1932: Two letters from; A . J Small (a) explaining his failure to meet the Works Committee at Avalon Beach Reserve: On 12th inst., and (b) re permits to erect tents on his camping ground at  Avalon Beach were read. Resolved, That Mr Small be given a further opportunity of discussing with the Works Committee the subject matter of the previous letter:.(Cre. Austin, Barber) Resol - That Mr. Small be requested to erect sanitary conveniences on his camping ground, one for each sex, and the Council's fixed charge for permits to erect tents be adhered to refer to letter to apper – fees for camping on private grounds.

FEE CHARGED. Tents on Private PropertyProperty owners and persons who camped near the many beaches in the Warringah Shire during the Christmas holidays have protested against the action of the Warringah Shire Council in levying a camping fee of 5/for every tent erected on private property. Campers were surprised when officers of the council asked them to pay the camping fee. Their attention was drawn to notices signed by tile shire clerk (Mr. R. G. Jamieson) stat-ing that "any person erecting a tent or campon his own land or on any other private landwithout first making application and obtaining permission from the council to do so, will be prosecuted." The notice added that the feefor the erection of each tent was 5/, whichmust be paid on application. There was an addendum, "Fee for one night only, 2/6."Receipts were issued in each case where the fee was paid. Several meetings of protest were held by campers A meeting held at Avalon beach on Monday night passed a resolution record-ing a "strong protest against the charge levied as a building permit on tents," and appointed a deputation to wait on the president of the Warringah Shire Council. Mr. A. J. Small (vice-president and past president of the Parks and Playgrounds Association) said yesterday that it was astounding that the council should have the audacity to collect camping fees from persons camped on private property. In his opinion, the charge was an interference with the liberty of the people. Councillor Sheppard said last night that the council was within its rights In levying the fee, which was really a building fee. The council had power to levy the fee under Clause 85 of Ordinance 71, which read: "A person, shall not erect a tent unless upon application made for the purpose he obtains the approval of the council or of a representative of the council authorised to grant such approval." Councillor Sheppard said the council, In deciding to levy the fee, had taken the view that the campers should contribute towards the cost of cleaning up the areas used as campsites after the holidays. This work had been a heavy charge on the council's finances in previous years. The fee charged was nominal and should not cause resentment. The 5/fee was charged for those camping on private property. Those camping on public reserves were charged a larger fee. He added that the council had decided to exempt Boy Scouts from the fee. By error some Scouts had been charged the fee, but these amounts would be refunded.  FEE CHARGED. (1932, December 29). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16941707

MOTOR CAMP AT AVALON. The N.R.M.A. has made arrangements for establishing a summer motor camp at Avalon Beach, 22 miles from Sydney, between Narrabeen and Palm Beach. There is a fine surf beach at Avalon, and a nine-hole golf course, on which members of the Association are entitled to play at a reduced fee. A tennis court is situated nearby. All stores and petrol supplies may be obtained at Avalon. Full details of the camp may be obtained from the N.R.M.A. Touring Department. MOTOR CAMP AT AVALON. (1934, December 3). Moree Gwydir Examiner and General Advertiser (NSW : 1901 - 1940), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article111879115

16/1/1933: Avalon (10) Re-proposal for new dressing sheds at Avalon Beach Surfbathing "Received”. 55. National Roads & Motorists Assoc. 21/12/32, requesting improvements to two dangerous places in The Serpentine viz - at Bilgola end, and at Barrenjoey Road - opposite the golf links. Resolved, - There is no money available for this work. 

30/1/1933: (7) Submitting estimate, £40, for making a clay bank in front of dressing sheds on Avalon Beach Reserve, filling Avalon Beach depressions, and top-dressing and planting buffalo sods: Reserve Resolved.- That the Amount of the estimate be voted for the work.

27/2/1933: (17) Avalon Beach & District Progress Assoc. 15/2/33, submitting following requests - (a) that the Council endeavour to secure a grant from the Unemployment Relief Council for the building of proper dressing sheds on Avalon Beach; (b) that provision be made for the erection of a Clubhouse, in Avalon conjunction with the surf sheds, the Council to provide the Surfbathing material, the Association the labour; also pointing out that the Association is paying for a life saver. Resolved,- They be informed that if they submit plans showing what they require, the Council might make application on those plans to the Unemployment Relief Council. (Crs. Hitchcock, Austin) (18) Same, 17/2/33, drawing attention to the unsatisfactory condition of the lavatories on Avalon Beach TENTS: Resolved - That A.J.Small be-notified that the Council cannot approve of tents being erected on his land at Avalon Beach in future unless adequate sanitary conveniences are provided. (Hitchcock, Austin) (19) Same, 10/2/33,- resubmitting 'following requests - (a) that pile and wire netting baths be erected adjoining Clareville Wharf; that attention be given to Clareville Wharf, which is in a dangerous state; (c) that danger sign be erected at the Six Ways junction at the top of the hill between Bilgola and Avalon. Resolved, - That the Association be informed there is no Money available for the first and third Matters, and that the Shire Engineer prepare a report and estimates for improvements to the wharf.

13/3/1933:  P.M.G. 'S 'Dept.1/3/33,: inquiring whether Council desires to express any wish in connection with a natal name for the proposed post Office at Avalon Beach. Resolved, The Department be recommended to adopt the name "Therry”. - (Crs., Hitchcock, Austin) .

27/3/1933: A.J. Small requesting-Council supporting his protest against any name being given to the 'Post Office at Avalon Beach other than "Avalon Beach"

13/3/1933 Avalon Beach Surf Building: Mr. Ford, Architect, who was present, submitted, at the invitation of the Council, plan prepared by him on behalf of Mr. A.J. Small, for public dressing accommodation at Avalon Beach, estimated to cost £2,000; if carried out in its entirety, and contended that the whole expenditure would be justified in order to make the building a revenue-producing one. He stated that Mr. Small's water supply at Avalon would be Made available to the building, and that Mr. Small guaranteed £200 towards the cost. Resolved, - That the Council co-operate with the Avalon people, and guarantee that it will support their application for a building up to £750, and that the Council ask the Relief Committee for a grant of £1000, £750 to be expended on Avalon Beach-and, £250 on North Curl Curl Beach, and that plans and specifications be sent in within one week. (Crs. Hughes, Austin) 

27/3/1933: At this stage the ordinary procedure was suspended to allow Mr. Jolley, representing the Avalon Beach Progress Association, to submit plan of proposed Clubhouse-and, dressing accommodation at Avalon Beach, estimated to cost: £750 - That the matter be referred to "A”-Riding Councillors to-report on to next meeting. (Crs. Sterland, Austin) In reply to Cr. Hughes, Mr. Jolley stated that the Avalon Beach people would have no objection to Mr.B. W. Ford.'s plan (also submitted to this meeting)) provided the Council approved of it, and that it should be erected for £750. He also stated that whichever plan was adopted; the Avalon people did not propose to contribute anything towards the work- 57.  Avalon Beach SLS Club,.20/3/33:requesting that Mr. D. Bartlett, a paid-life saver on Avalon Beach, be appointed a Beach Inspector. Resolved; -'That Mr. Bartlett be appointed a Beach. Inspector under Seal of the Council. (Crs. Austin Ritchie) 65. Bertram W. Ford -Architect 20/3/33, submitted amendedi plan for dressing shed-and-Clubhouse on Avalon Beach at estimated cost  of £750 and recommending that a charge be made for admission to the sheds to make buildings revenue producing. Mr. Ford was in attendance, stated that A. J. Small requested him to represent him in the matter, that If the plans submitted by him were Adopted, Mr. Small would-grant the use of his pumping plant, and would find £200 towards the cost of the building, if required, that he (Mr. Ford) was- Prepared to interview Mr. Hawkins, Assistant Minister for Labour & Industry, in support of the Council's application for A building loan for Avalon Beach, and also for North Curl-Curl: In reply to Cr. Hughes, he stated that he could erect the building in accordance with the plan Submitted for £750. -Resolved, - That the Council apply for a loan of £750 for the surf building at Avalon Beach in Accordance with Mr. Ford's plan,- and also a loan of £600 for a Surf Clubhouse at North Curl Curl Beach. (Crs, Hughes Austin)

10/4/1933: 15. E.Harding; 25/3/33, applying for position as foreman working on proposed surf sheds at Avalon Beach. Resolved “received”.

46. Bertram W. Ford, Architect: 8/4/33.;-submitting plans and specification of proposed Clubhouse at North Curl Curl Beach, estimated cost of building £600. The Clerk reported that Mr Ford expected payment of the usual Architect's fees in respect of the building both at Avalon Beach and North Curl H Curl Beach. Mr. Ford was present, and stated that his estimate of 600 for the North Curl Curl Tech included the Architect's fees. He also Stated that his estimate of £750 for the Avalon buildings would cover the Architect's fee and that he could erect a building for the money. Resolved. That the Council makes Application to the Building Relief Committee for a loan of £750 for the surf building at Avalon Beach and a loan of £600 for the surf buildings at North Curl Curl Beach, the architect fees to be included in both amounts. (Crs. Hughes, Austin)

QUESTIONS AND MOTIONS GENERAL: The following requests submitted by the Councillors named, were agreed to. By Cr. Hitchcock – That regarding-the notice erected on Mr. Small's land adjacent to Avalon Beach Reserve prohibiting camping, Mr. Small be asked for an explanation as to why he has placed the whole onus for the discontinuance of camping on the Council. By Cr. Austin, seconded by Cr. Hughes, That the Council Relief Works approach the Government proposing that no one from local labour exchanges be employed on relief works unless resident three months within the district. By Cr. Austin, seconded by Cr. Hitchcock

Building Committee; 18/4/33; Re: Council's application for £750 for purpose of erecting dressing Avalon Surf accommodation and Surf Clubhouse at Avalon Beach, stating that the plan and specification have been forwarded to the Building Local Government Department for action, that the work, approved, should be carried out by contract; that the decision of including Architect fees in the loan money is favourably viewed, and referred to the Local Government Department for advice. Received.

8/5/1933: 18. Building Committee, 26/4/33. (a) approving of a 'Garai 8750- re construction of Surf Life Saving Club room and public dressing accommodation at Avalon Beach, subject to the production to the Local Government Department and the Committee of the last three tenders left for final Consideration; (b) stating that the 'proposal for the erection of a new Surf Club House at North Curl Curl Beach is not recommended by the Local Government Department. Resolved, - That tenders be called for the erection, of surf building at Avalon, the tenders to be called by the Council and that the fixing of the site of the building be left to the Inspector A Riding Councillors. (Crs. Hughes, Austin) 18a. Avalon Beach S.L.S.Club 4 :4/5/33,:requesting that the Council proceed with the building of the Clubhouse before the public dressing accommodation: Resolved, -'The Club be informed of the Government's requirement for the public. Resolved; That a letter be sent to the Building Relief Committee inquiring the reason for refusing the application respecting North Curl Curl Clubhouse. (Crs.Nichelas,Sterland) Avalon Bch. 31 A. J. Small, 29/4/33, re Council's proposal for acquisition Reserve of part of his lane for access to Avalon Beach Reserve, requesting an appointment with the Works Committee to discuss the matter before going into the question of price. Referred to the Works-Committee and A. Riding Councillors to meet Mr. Small on the ground in a month's time.  That Mr. Ford, Architect for the-proposed surf building at Avalon Beach who is in attendance, be questioned regarding the proposed surf building at Avalon Mr. Ford replied to the various questions, and, stated that if he were permitted to, call for tender for the erection of the building, if the Council,- after receiving the tenders, decides not to proceed, he would not charge his fees as Architect. Resolved,'- That such being the case, Mr. Ford be allowed to go ahead with-the proposal. (Crs. Hughes.Sterland) 

22/5/1933:  5 5/33.:A J Small re, tents on private land at Avalon Beach, pointing out that notwithstanding the Tents restrictions placed on him, four holiday camps, without lavatories, were established on lot:3; Avalon NO'1. Estate during the Easter holidays. That the letter be ."received".

6/6/1933: MT — Bull dinR and Dr. Hanson, waited on the Council in regard to the proposal to erect surf buildings on Avalon Beach Reserve. After hearing the deputation. it was resolved that Mr. B.W. Ford, Architect be informed that tenders must be in by next Saturday week, and that the tenders be left in the hands of the President and the A, Riding Councillors to deal with. (Crs. Hughes, Hitchcock) 

12. Avalon Beach SLS Club, 19/6/33,. stating that if the proposed surf building be commenced shortly and completed for not more than £750, the Club will pay interest on the money at 3%; Avalon requesting favourable consideration of the "plan submitted by the Progress Association'. Received ft Building 13. Avalon Beach Progress Association 13/6/33, submitting plan and specifications for public surf sheds and Clubhouse at Avalon Beach Same,:  26/6/33, expressing opinion that it is not necessary to-expend, more than £750 on the proposed surf sheds and Clubhouse, that should the Council have more money than this at its disposal it should be used for other urgent works and improvements at Avalon; also expressing concern at the delay in the erection of the buildings. "Received".

 25; Avalon Progress Assoc., 19/6/33, again requesting that the cisterns-at the Avalon Beach lavatories be enclosed so that they cannot be interfered with.' Referred to the Bch.-Reserye inspector for attention.

3/7/1933: A Letter from, Mr.-A. J. Small, addressed to Cr. Hughes, respecting a. proposal for the dedication of part, and sale Avalon of part, of his land adjacent to Avalon Beach reserve, as Beach shown on an accompanying plan for access to the beach Reserve reserve, provided the Council pays him £750 for the land, Access to and £100 for the improvements, and agreeing to certain conditions set but on an accompanying list, was read. Resolved, e. That Mr. Small's offer be accepted, the £100 for the improvements to be paid in six months, and the £750 over period of four years in equal annual instalments with interest at the rate of 4% per annum on the unpaid balances. (Crs. Austin, Hitchcock)  Deferred till next meeting. Avalon 4. :Proposed acquisition of land-for providing improved access to Avalon Beach Reserve: Resolved, - That the Beach Reserve resolution passed earlier last meeting be not given effect until a letter has been written to Mr. Small offering him £650 for the necessary land, and his reply is received. 

At this stage the Council went Into COMMITTEE of the while for the purpose of dealing with the matters stated , hereunder. 1., Proposed surf buildings at Avalon Beach Proposed Surf Building at Avalon Beach Reserve: Mr B W Ford, Architect, submitted in person two Plans the lesser being a cutting down of the major proposal to bring the estimated cost within the limit, of tenders for the two proposals alternatively: the reduced propose' the lowest' tender was that of H. Cardow £749.10.0, and for the major proposal the lowest was £941.5.0. He explained the difference between the two proposals. Resolved,- That H. Cardow's tender be accepted with the addition of £10 for the water-proof flooring, subject to the contract being suitable to the Council. (Crs. Austin, Barber) Messrs. Stevenson, Jolly and Wickham, representatives of the Avalon Progress Association, and a Mr. McNeil were admitted and informed of The Council's decision. Mr McNeil addressed the Council, stated he represented the biggest selling organisation in the Shire, and pressed for the adoption of the major proposal Mr. Stevenson said his Association desired him to affirm that the expenditure of £750 was adequate for the time being. He further said that it was the Association's ambition to repay to the Council the whole £750. It was decided that the two lowest tenders be forwarded to the Local Government Department, and also the plans and specifications on which they were based for adoption by the Department in lieu of those previously approved. The representatives from Avalon thereupon left the meeting. 

31/7/1933: … from the Avalon Beach  Progress Association, advising that the Association was of the opinion that the new surf buildings for Avalon Beach should be erected on the site originally selected, was called for. Mr. Ford, Architect, and Mr. A.J.Small, who were present, addressed the Council, and contended that it should be removed to a position further north: Mr. Jolly, on behalf of the Progress Association, protested against this. Mr. Small stated that if the building were erected in a central position, as suggested by him, he would be prepared to turf about one acre of the area with Buffalo sods, and carry out improvements that would cost him £100. Cr. Barber moved that if Mr. Small will give in writing that he is prepared to turf about one acre at his own expense, as offered by him, and also that he is prepared to bear any cost of the building in excess of £750, the site recommended by his be accepted. Cr. Austin seconded. The motion was not carried. It was resolved that the Councillors for A.Riding meet:Mr A J. Small and the Progress Association for the purpose of finally selecting a site.

14/8/1933: Surf-Life Saving Assoc.s.,-2/8/33.-stating that in the opinion of members of the Avalon Surf Life Saving Club, and also of members of the Association who, know Avalon Beach, the proposed location for the new surf buildings would not be the most suitable, and that the best location would be towards the centre of the beach. 10a. Coast Lands Ltd., 10/8/33, contending the surf buildings should be erected as near the centre of the beach as possible.:-10b. Building Relief Committee, 9/8/33, advising that the amended plan and specification of the surf building at Avalon are approved; 10c. Careel Ocean Beach Estate Ltd., 11/8/33, contending that the buildings should be erected Avalon as near the centre of the beach as possible. 10d. B.W. Ford, Architect‘. 14/8/33, suggesting the Works Committee make an Buildings inspection, and finally settle the matter of a site. Cr. Hitchcock Moved that the surf building be erected on the site elected by-A. Riding Councillors, the Inspector-and the Progress Association. Cr. McPaul seconded. Cr: Sterland moved, as an amendMent, Cr. Fox seconding, that the whole Council visit the site on next Monday for the purpose of deciding the matter, that the Surf Club, the Progress Association and Mr. Small be-invited to be present. The amendment was Carried. The motion as amended, was thereupon put and carried. It was decided that the meeting be a Special Meeting of the Council, and commence at Avalon Beach  at 4 p.m. Council hold on Monday, 14th August, 1931. - 55.  Avalon Beach. Progress-Assoc., 5/8/33, on-advisability of acquiring land immediately adjacent to Avalon Beach,  approximately 12 acres, exclusive of tea rooms,tennis courts: Reserve and miniature golf links, for recreation and parking Extension purposes. Resolved, 1-'That this matter be, considered at the Special Meeting of the Council, to beheld on Monday next at Avalon.

SPECIAL MEETING:OF WARRINGAH SHIRE 1248' COUNCIL HELD ON AVALON BEACH RESERVE ON MONDAY,  21st AUGUST, 1933. ATTENDANCE: Cr. Shaw rd (President), Crs.-Austin, Hitchdock, Hughes,-Fox, Nicholas, Sterland, Barber and Waal. The Minutes were taken by the Shire Clerk (R.G.Jamieson). The Engineer and Inspector were-in attendance. Purpose of: Select a site-for proposed surf buildings at Ayalon Beach, and to consider Avalon Beach Progress Association’s request for resumption of about 12 acres of land adjacent to the Beach Reserve. 1. Site for New Building: Intpections were made of the site previously selected by A. Riding Councillors and the Building Inspector, and of the site suggested Small and the Architect for the building-Mr.B.W.Ford). Avalon The matter was discussed with'interested persOns present, and opinions,as to the most suitable site were expressed by Mr.H.J. Small, owner of adjoining land and of Avalon golf links, Mr.Paddon, an old-resident and member of the local Surf Club and also the local Progress Association, Mr. Bartlett, a member of the local Surf Club, and Life Saver on the beach, Mr. S. Wickham, Hon. Secretary Of the Progress Association, Mr. Doyle, Vice President of the Surf Life Saving Association of NSW, B W Ford Arthitect for the building, Mr. S. O'Brien, Secretary of Careel Ocean Beach Estate Ltd., and Sir Sulmon, Past President of the Town Planning Association of N.S.W., After hearing the views of the various speakers,- Councillors withdrew for the purpose of coming to a decision, and a site between the two suggested Sites was decided at. Cr. Nicholas moved that the northern end of the proposed building be in line with the northern end of the existing public lavatories, provided that the contract price be not exceeded. Cr.: Hitchcock seconded.Cr. Barber moved as an amendment,-:that the southern end of the building be, in line with the northern wall Of the lavatories, and extend northwards, provided that the contract price be not exceeded. Cr. Sterland seconded. 'The amendment was carried. The motion as amended Was thereupon put and carried. Specifications for the construction Of the building was then considered. The Council's Building Inspector suggested certain alterations and amendments. Resolved: That the specification be amended to the satisfaction of the Inspector. (Crs. Barber, Sterland) 2. Avalon Progress Association's-request for the resumption Avalon of land adjacent to the beach reserve: Resolved,'- That_ before consideration is given to this matter the Valuer Reserve General be asked to make a special valuation of the land. The meeting thereupon terminated .H The foregoihg Minutes were confirmed thie4;46 of August, 1933

11/9/1933: . Petition by 29 ratepayers and residents of Avalon district, each in support of  Avalon Beach Progress Association Re: request that steps be taken for resumption of land at the rear of Avalon Beach Reserve for a public reserve and recreation ground.- Resolved, a That the Engineer prepare a plan of the land, excluding the improved area, for submission to the Valuer General. (Crs. Hitchcock, Austin) 

25/9/1933: WARRINGAH SHIRE COUNCIL HELD IN THE SHIRE HALL, BROOKVALE, ON MONDAY, 25*h SEPTEMBER. 1933. There wore present Cr. Sheppard (President), Crs. Hitchcock, Hughes, Austin, MoPaul, Barber, Fox and Nicholas, the Shire Clerk (R.G.Jamieson), Shire Engineer (E.Ward) and Shire Inspector (E.T.Staxx). An apology from Cr. Sterland for his absence was submitted and received. The MINUTES of the Ordinary Meeting of 11th inst. were adopted as a correct record. The FINANCE COMMITTEE'S REPORT, as contained in the Minutes of the Committee's mooting of even date, was adopted. In regard to the resignation of Mr. E.H.R. Giesen, temporary Engineer's Surveyor and Draughtsman in the Shire Engineer's office, it was resolved that Mr. Giesen be furnished with a reference under the Seal of the Council. (Crs. Hitchcock, Austin) The BUILDING SUB-COMMITTEE'S REPORT was submitted and was adopted. AVALON SURF BUILDING: The President reported that in compliance with the instruction given at last meeting, he and the Building Inspector, in company with the Contractor, had made an inspection of  Avalon Beach, that after a careful inspection, it was found that the only suitable site upon which the building could be erected without extra expense to the Council was within a few feet of the site originally selected, and that he and the Inspector had thereupon fixed upon that site, and the building was at present being erected upon it. Resolved, - Building That the action of the President and Inspector be endorsed. (Crs. Nicholas, McPaul) A letter from the Architect, Mr. B.W. Ford, 22/9/33, dealing with this matter, was read. A letter from the Shire Solicitors, 23/9/33, furnishing advice as to what action the Council might take in view of the attitude adopted by the Architect, was also read. Resolved, - That Mr. Ford's services be dispensed with forthwith, that the building be constructed under the joint supervision of the Council's Engineer and Building Inspector, and that Mr. Ford be paid for his services in the preparation of plans and specifications upon his handing over to the Council the Contract and the plans and specifications relating thereto. (Crs.Barber,McPaul) Resolved, - That Cr. Hitchcock also give his attention to the building, as far as he possibly van. (Crs. Hughes, Austin)

The HEALTH INSPECTOR'S REPORT was read and dealt with as follows:- 1. Reporting on selection of site for surf building at Avalon Beach by President and himself under the Reserve instruction given by Council at the last meeting: "Received". Resolved, - That the sum of £30 be voted towards the levelling of the land around the new building when necessary. (Ors. Austin, Hitchcock) 31. Surf Life Sevingiasoc., 18/9/33, re alteration of site of proposed surf building at  Avalon Beach, and requesting that site fixed at the Special Meeting hall at Avalon be adhered to. "Received" 32 Received" 11. Avalon Beach  Progress Assoc., 20/9/33, thanking Council for the repairs effedted to Park Road, and for bringing to finality the matter of the site for the new surf building on Avalon Beach . "Received"

19. B. W. Ford, Architect, 9/1/34, re Avalon Beach surf building contract, and requesting a conference with Council. 

52. Avalon Beach Progress Assoc., 24/1/34, requesting Council to move immediately in the matter of resuming approximately 6 acres of land adjacent to Avalon Beach Reserve, and stating Extension +.0 special r.:to being struck to Association would finance the purchase. Resolved, - That the Valuer General's special valuation of the land be awaited.

29/1/1934: 2. Re new surf building on Avalon Beach  Reserve. Avalon Beach That the pine tree in front of the building, which was recently ring-barked, without authority, be removed altogether. _(Crs. -Hughes Storland) 

A.J.Small, 7/2/34, (a) claiming compensation for damage by stormwater in Avalon Parade at his tow Service Station, and for loss of business on this account;. (b) expressing opinion that the method proposed by the Engineer to deal with this matter is neither adequate nor satisfactory, that the open cuts would in time scour into large holes; (c; pointing out the large amount of rates paid by himself and Avalon Beach Estates. Resolved, - That this matter be referred back to the Shire Engineer to go into thoroughly, and to furnish a report to next meeting, (Ors. Hughes)

26. A.J.Small, 15/4/35, stating his intention to enclose with a fence his land adjoining Avalon Beach  Reserve, requesting Council's approval to the type of fence proposed, and to pay in reserve its proportion of the cost when completed. Resolved,- That the matter be left to "A" Riding Councillors to confer upon, and to report in a month's time. (rs. Hughes, Nicholas)

7/5/1934: 5. Re conference with Mr. A.J. Small, respecting proposed acquisition of his land adjacent to the beach reserve, Avalon Beach, and his request for improvements to Avalon Parade: Avalon Resolved, - That the question of improvements to Avalon Parade be deferred until the matter of the main road deviation proposal is finalised. Resolved, - That it be left to the President and Shire Clerk to negotiate with Mr. Small on the matters on the lines recommended by the Works Committee, and as to whether he will give a certain portion of his land on the eastern aide of the proposed road. 5. Re Water supply for  Avalon Beach surf buildings: Resolved That the Inspector go further into the matter, and make tests to ascertain where he can get the flow of water. (Ors. Hitchcodk, Storland).

21/5/1934: 40.  Avalon Beach Progress Assoc., 10/5/34, inquiring what further action has been taken towards acquiring land adjacent Reserve to Avalon Beach Reserve, and with what results, if any. Extension Resolved, - They be informed the Council has done nothing further on account of the negotiations between the Main Roads Department and Mr. Small respecting deviation of the road through Mr. Small's property. (Crs. Hitchcock, Hughes) Proposal for extension of Avalon Beach Reserve: Resolved. That a copy of the report on the interview which the President and the Shire Clerk had with Mr. A.J.Small regarding this matter be sent to the Avalon Progress Association. (Crs. Hitchcock, Sterland)  67— Postmaster General’s;15/5/34, inquiring whether Public Council has any objections to the erection of an improved telephone cabinet at Mr. S. Wickham's Store & Post Office, Avalon Beach, in position shown;a accompanying sketch. Resolved, - That the Council offer no objection. Mr A J Small 4/5/34, drawing attention to the fact that some one has enclosed, within a fence a lane batmen Lots 21 Closing of and 22, Clareville Ocean Beach Estate, Avalon Beach, thereby Lane preventing public access, requesting Council to take immediate steps to have the obstructions removed and the thoroughfare re-opened. Absolved, - That consideration be deferred until next meeting. - (deferred for a further three meetings in fact).

5/6/1934: Re water supply for surf building at Avalon Beach Resolved - That the water supply be obtained from the existing well. (Crs. Hitchcock, Hughes) 56.  Avalon Beach Progress Committee., 29/5/34, drawing attention to the state of Central Road, Park Road and Careel Head Road. suggesting the Works Committee permit a member of the Association to point out parts complained of; (b) requesting that a street light be placed at the junction of Park Road on Kevin Avenue. Referred to the Engineer for report. 57.  29/5/34, re proposed addition to Avalon Beach Reserve, opposing any proposal for resumption unlade the who Reserve of the "island block" be included, contending that the Council should meet the wishes of the signatories to the earlier extension petition, and requesting that the Valuer General be asked to give a valuation of the "island block". Resolved - That the Engineer prepare a plan of the "island block" and the 80-ft. strip adjoining for submission to the Valuer-General for valuation. (Ore. Hitchcock, Hughes)

18/6/1934: 3. Mr. Noel Leahy, Architect, submitted his amended plan of proposed surf building at Avalon Beach in respect of which £1000 advance is being received from the Government, and he also submitted tenders for the work received in response to his advertisement, numbering four, the lowest being that of George Sheppard of Mona Vale, for £945: Resolved, - That the Architect be instructed to accept the tender of George Sheppard for £945. (Crs. Hughes, Austin) Resolved, - That tenders be called for the removal of the old surf building on Mona Vale Beach, and the re-erection of it on Bayview Park in its present form. (Crs. Austin, Nicholas)

2/7/1934: Council held on Mond, 2nd July,. 19s4. St Michael’s Cave: and it is probable that a large number of people will attend; requesting that a little attention be given the pathway from the top of the cliff to the cage to make it Michael's safer, suggesting the placing of a wire cable between Cave  about half way down for a distance of about 30 feet, the cutting of a stop at that point, and the removal of loose stones for the remainder of the distance:- Resolved, - That a rough pathway be made by means of relief labour at a cost to the Council of not more than £2. (Crs. Fox, Sheppard) 55. Ramo, 26/6/34, forwarding copy of a letter which he has sent to the Minister for Health relating to the recent of unhealthy land at  Avalon Beach, protesting Drainage against the inclusion Of certain lands, pointing out that the building up of the lands by the property owners would be futile unless stormwater channels are constructed by the Council, and suggesting that the existing open drain on the southern aide of Avalon Parade alongside Lot 10 be roplacod with pipes. Resolved, - He be informed of the instruction to the Engineer to prepare a comprehensive scheme of drain- age. (Cro. Sheppard, Fox) 56. H.F. Gonsalves, 27/6/34, drawing attention to the bad Barrenjoey condition of Barrenjoey Road from the golf links Road corner to the store. Referred to the Engineer or Overseer to see what can be done to drain the water from the are 57. E.A. Forster, 26/6/31, complaining of the condition of the tracks on Scotland Island, pointing out that on holiday, he had to clear trees and scrub from the road to get to his land. Resolved, - That the expenditure of £20 vote be expended.

30/7/1934: 4. A,J, Small, 12/7/34, regarding Board of Health's notification at Avalon Beach, advising that the Valuer General has been requested to make a revaluation, and also Lands at stating that certain sections of the land should not have been included in the embargo, and requesting the Council to take immediate steps to have the embargo lifted. 4a. Public Health Dept. 26/7/34, forwarding copy of a reply it has sent to Mr. Small. "Received" 

13/8/1934: The HEALTH INSPECTOR'S REPORT was read and dealt with as follows- Avalon Surf Club- completion of water supply and sanitation at new surf Building buildings on Avalon Beach Reserve: Resolved, - That the work be now carried out. 

10/9/1934: 3. Reporting progress of work of installing septic tank and water supply at Avalon Beach surf building: "Received". J. T. Stapleton & Co., LTD., requesting Council to do something to relieve the hardship caused by the Board of Health's proclamation regarding land at Avalon Beach, suggesting that Council fill up all the low-lying portions of Old-New Barrenjoey Road, obtaining filling from the beach nearby. To be informed of what the Council has decided to do at this meeting. 

24/9/1934: 68.  Avalon Beach Progress Assoc., pointing out that most of the tree guards at Avalon enclose nothing but weeds, planting and suggesting their removal Referred to the Works Committee for report. Recommendation adopted.

5/11/1934: 25. A.J.Small 26/10/34, stating he is repeatedly receiving requests for permission to camp on his property at Avalon Beach, suggesting the Council make a flat charge of, say, up to £5 per annum, for camping on Lot 26 and Lots 3 and 4, Avalon Beach, he being prepared to erect sanitary accommodation to any reasonable extent, and have the camping area properly run and supervised; that N.R.M.A. officials have inspected the camping area, and are prepared to support the proposal; inquiring whether if such camp be established, the Council would prevent the indiscriminate camping on adjacent public roads and reserves, and by trespassers on private property. Resolved, - That the proposal be approved on the condition suggested by the Inspector, viz - that three earth closets be provided for men, and three for ladies, and Mr. Small arrange direct with the sanitary Contractor for adequate sanitary services, and pay him direct for same; that a notice be erected in a suitable position prohibiting camping on the roads and reserves. (Crs. Hitchcock, Hughes)

19/11/1934 Avalon Surf Building:  2. Re water supply-to Avalon Beach  Reserve: Resolved, - That authority be given for the purchase of a 1,000-gallon tank and for the removal of the existing tank to Building the Council's depot, to be later used on Bilgola Reserve. (Crs. Hughes, Hitchcock) offer of Mr. A.J.Small to allow Council to obtain water from a well on his land adjoining Avalon Beach Reserve: Resolved, - That the matter be left in the hands of the "A" Riding Councillors.

17/12/1934: 5. Avalon Beach Water Supply: Resolved, That the report be adopted, and the draft Agreement with Mr. A. J. Small be accepted. (Crs. Hughes, Sheppard) Water 6. Extension of Water Supply and Sewerage: Recommendation Supply that the water extension be carried to Avalon and Palm Beach, was adopted, (Crs. Austin, Sheppard) 69 Deewhy: 

Permanent Life Saver Committee,- 16/12/34, applying for First Aid outfit, and for supply of four badges and two beach flags. The requests were agreed to. 70. Avalon Beach S.L.S. Club, 17/12/34, (a) nominating, for appointment as Beach Inspectors - Messrs. C. E..Beirne, W.Pury and D.Bartlett. Resolved, - That the appointments be approved. Avalon (Crs. Ross, Nichol)

22/1/1935: 5. Submitting License re obtaining water from Mr. A.J.Small for public use on  Avalon Beach  Reserve: Resolved - That the Seal of the Council be affixed to the Licence. 24. A.S.Small, 9/1/35, pointing out that although the Council towards the end of last year resolved that no camping be permitted on the reserve and adjoining roads at Avalon  Beach, there are six or seven camps there now, and the Council has accepted fees from the occupants; also pointing out that three Banksia trees on the reserve have been cut down. Already dealt with in Inspector's report.11. Re complaint by Mr A. J. Small of camping on roads and Camping reserves at Avalon Beach: Referred to A. Riding Councillors for consideration.

5/2/1935: 34. G. K. Dunbar, 25/1/35, re: lack Of public parklands adjacent to Avalon Beach, and the fencing off of private land adjoining the Beach reserve, and contending the latter land should be resumed by the Council before the owner puts more improvements on it. Received.  A.E. Felton, 28/1/35, contending that camping on the Bilgola reserve at Bilgola Beach should not be prohibited, agreeing that the area becomes congested, suggesting there be on one line of tents permitted, with a 3-ft. space between them:  Resolved, - That the Council's previous decision to prohibit camping on the reserve be agreed, and the Inspector see that it is carried out. (Crs. Hewitt, Hughes)

19/2/1935: Cr. Hyghan moved as an amendment that the council purchase an 80-ft. strip for access to the beach Avalon Beach reserve from the proposed main road through Mr. Small's land for the sum Of £600, the full amount to be set off against Mr. Small's rates indebtedness, provided the proposed main road is established by the Main Roads Department without cost to the Council. Cr. Hewitt seconded. The amendment was defeated. The original motion was thereupon put and carried. Clareville Wharf: Cost of demolition of Clareville Wharf: Resolved, the expenditure of £99 on the demolition be confirmed, (Crs. Hughes, Sheppard)

5/3/1935 Avalon Surf Building: E. Lloyd Sanders M.L.A., 18/2/35, on necessity of cubicles in the surf building at Avalon Beach, suggesting these could be provided without cost to the Council, and the users be granted a Permissive Occupancy. Resolved, - That the proposal be approved, it being understood there will be no expense to the Council. (Crs. Hewitt,' Hughes) National Roads & Motorists Assoc., 21/2/35, pointing but that persons camping on the public reserve at Avalon Beach pass through the section of Mr. Small’s ground used by N.R.M.A. members, requesting the Council to give its attention to this matter before the Easter holidays. Resolved, -That the matter be left to A. Riding Councillors. 63. A.J.Small, 2712/35, re camping on Avalon Beach Reserve, taking exception to a recent report by the Inspector on the matter, explaining the position, and requesting a definite statement of the Council's intention in regard to allowing camping on the beach reserve. Cr. Hughes moved, Cr. Hewitt seconding, that the Inspector should not have made the remarks concerning Mr. Small which he made in recent report to the Council. Cr. Campbell moved an amendment, Cr. Beello seconding, that consideration of the letter be deferred until the Inspector returns from holidays. The amendment was carried.

Fred Holmes, 26/2/35, re proposed resumptions at Avalon Beach, inquiring whether it is intended to levy a local rate, and whether in such case, the local ratepayers of Avalon Beach may demand a poll. 70a. Avalon Beach Progress Association. Resumption 27/2/35, thanking Council for its decision to effect this resumption. 70b. G. K. Dunbar, 28/2/35, contending that the whole of Mr. Small's land between the beach reserve and Barrenjoey Road should be resumed. Resolved, - That these letters be considered by the Finance Committee. (Crs. Hewitt, Hughes)

AVALON BEACH – proposed resumption. The Warringah Shire Council has advised the N.R.M.A. that action is to be taken in effect the resumption of the whole of the land between Avalon Beach reserve and Old Barrenjoey Road, on which a ship is situated. The association, when advocating the resumption, pointed out that the existing reserve is narrow and sandy, and does not offer facilities for car parking. The are which is proposed to resume is admirably suited for camping and picnicking AVALON BEACH. (1936, April 30). The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW : 1888 - 1950), p. 15. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article104692630

ROAD PLANNING. Sir,-Mr. A. J. Small's letter commenting on my criticism of the Main Roads Department would carry more weight were it not for the following facts:

The Warringah Shire Council has never agreed to the proposed deviation, nor formally accepted the road, but it has been paid for the land to be used as a road by the Main Roads Department.

The deviation proposed by the council and approved by the planning engineer of the Cumberland County Council not only does away with the bends in the sub-division road now used as a main road referred to by Mr. Small, but three other bends as well. I have been on every relevant deputation and conference in connection with the reserve resumption and Main Roads Department proposed deviation that has been held, and know all the facts. Road traffic has increased since the deviation objected to was first proposed, and, consequently, it is not part of a well considered plan to-day. I have the authority of the Avalon Beach and District Progress Association to object to the Main Roads Department's outdated proposal. GEO. K. DUNBAR, Councillor.  Sydney.  ROAD PLANNING. (1947, May 16). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18026446

ROAD DANGERS Sir,-Councillor Dunbar's letter on the road deviation at Avalon Beach attacks the well-considered plan of the Main Roads Department to by-pass the Avalon business centre and avoid two dangerous right-angle turns therein.  The new traffic deviation will preserve a well-planned district lay out and appears to be the only practical solution. The Main Roads Department stated as far back as 1938 in a letter to the late Lloyd Sanders, M L A , that after full investigation of alternatives and all circumstances, the route now criticised by Councillor Dunbar should be adopted. The land was resumed by the Department in1939 and formally accepted as a public road by the Warringah Shire Council early in 1946.  In view of the many serious accidents which have occurred and the near capsize of two buses recently at the existing road junction, the Avalon Ratepayers' Association, which strongly supports the Commissioner's plan, has urged its early completion in the interest of public safety. The deviation will provide a much safer road and will certainly not create the potential death trap imagined by your correspondent, ARTHUR J. SMALL President, Avalon District Ratepayers Association. Sydney. ROAD DANGERS. (1947, May 14). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18026153

PARKS AND PLAYGROUNDS. The annual meeting of the Parks and Play-grounds Movement was held last night. Alder-man E. S. Marks, in a short address, described his experiences while in America for the Olympic Games and emphasised the necessity for greater recreation facilities at the present time when so many people were unemployed. The following officers were elected for the ensuing year President, Mr. A. W. Green; vice-presidents, Messrs. A. J. Small, D. G. Stead, Mrs. O. Peatfield, and Miss M. Simpson; hon. secretary, Dr. C. E. W. Bean ; hon. assistant secretary, Miss M. Swain. PARKS AND PLAYGROUNDS. (1932, December 2). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16935114

PARKS AND PLAYGROUNDS.  The executive committee of the Parks and Playgrounds' Movement of New South Wales yesterday unanimously passed a resolution protesting against the use of parks and play-grounds as parking spaces for motor cars. Dr. C. W. E. Bean asked that the strongest opposition should be offered to the proposal of the Lord Mayor (Alderman Hagon) that the Domain should be used as a parking ground. Mr. A. J. Small said it might be a good thing to ask the Lord Mayor what his proposal was before they publicly condemned him. It was decided that the Lord Mayor should be requested to give details of his proposal, and that definite action should be deferred pending his reply. It was decided to support the Grose Valley reservation scheme, including the Blue Gum Forest, as part of the larger scheme submitted to the Blue Mountains Council. During Health Week there is to be a public inspection of parks and playgrounds in the Redfern area, with a view to emphasising the urgent necessity for additional playing spaces In that municipality. PARKS AND PLAYGROUNDS. (1933, November 2). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17020766

Above: Panorama of Avalon Beach, New South Wales, ca. 1925, Image No: nla.pic-vn6296279, courtesy National Library of Australia. Below; section from above. By EB Studios, part of the Enemark collection of panoramic photographs

 Avalon Beach Surf Life Saving Club - The First Clubhouse, threads collected and collated by A J Guesdon, 2014.