May 3 - 9, 2015: Issue 212

The First Royal Visitor to Australia: the Incident at Clontarf

March 12th, 1868 


ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMER "FAIRY" AT CLONTARF, WITH H.R.H. PRINCE ALFRED ON BOARD. THE RECENT ATTEMPT ON THE LIFE OF His Royal Highness THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH. (1868, April 20). Illustrated Sydney News (NSW : 1853 - 1872), p. 1 Supplement: SUPPLEMENT TO THE ILLUSTRATED SYDNEY NEWS. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63513927

The First Royal Visitor to Australia: the Incident at Clontarf

March 12th, 1868 

Pittwater has many connections with the British Royal Family; the Royal Prince Alfred Yacht Club was named for the first member of the Royal family to visit Australia, Prince Alfred, when the club members still sailed on Sydney Harbour and to Pittwater. His ‘picnic’ at Clontarf to support the Sailors Home, an assassination attempt by a very recent arrival, and the outrage of citizens afterwards, begins a long and enduring romance with and for succeeding generations of our Royal family. 

The second Royal visitors to our shores, Princes Albert and George, came here too in 1883 for a visit, boarding a steamer at Newport Wharf for a tour along the Hawkesbury River. They travelled overland in a coach they boarded at Manly – their relative’s experience not deterring a chance to see the beauty of this place.

In 1901 the  Duke and Duchess of Cornwall also spent a restful time on the Hawkesbury, mooring adjacent to our estuary, after their official duties in opening the first Parliament of Australia in the year of our Federation. 

Some residents recall being a part of Queen Elizabeth’s first visit as Naval Cadets, while Palm Beach SLSC founding member and ‘the Father of Surf Life Saving’, Adrian Curlewis, along with his wife Betty Curlewis, were gracious hosts of  Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh at the Bondi Royal Surf Carnival of 1954. Many still remember Her Majesty’s later visit to Manly, to the Royal Far West Children’s home in 1970 or her mother's salute of a 1958 Life Saving Carnival for her benefit at Manly too. 

During the 1954 Royal Tour Her Majesty’s ladies-in-waiting caused some to think the Queen was water skiing on Narrabeen Lagoon or lunching at Palm Beach until who was whom was clarified. Some are still certain Queen Elizabeth did have a few days off at Palm Beach which reports from that year can neither confirm nor deny: 

Ladies-in-waiting  Confuse Crowds

Cars containing the Queen's Ladies in-Waiting confused crowds yesterday who rushed to see the Queen pass. The people thought the Queen would be in the cars. The Ladies-in-Waiting are Lady Pamela Mountbatten and Lady Alice Egerton. Both went driving-Lady Pamela to Narrabeen Lake to water-ski, and Lady Alice to Palm Beach.

Hundreds thought Lady Pamela was the. Queen when they saw her driving to Narrabeen Lake. She drove to the lake in a Royal tour Daimler. Two men went with her to the lake, and also Miss Elizabeth Northcott, daughter of the Governor of N.S.W., Sir John Northcott.

ARMY DRIVERS

The party used two cars driven by Army personnel. Crowds rushed to the road-side, waving flags and cheering when they saw the two cars approaching. Both cars were black and both bore silver crowns. About 150 people were waiting outside Dalwood Homes, in Wakehurst Park-way in case the Queen passed. They groaned with disappointment when they saw that neither the Queen nor the Duke of Edinburgh was in the cars.

Groups of people further along the road caught only a glimpse of the occupants, and thought they had seen the Queen. When told they had not seen the Queen they decided to wait in case she also passed. Mr. W. Ledsan, president of the Dolphin Water Ski Club, met the party at the lake.

Lady Mountbatten then changed from a light cotton print frock into a white swimming costume and she and Miss Northcott climbed into a motor boat. Mr. Ledsan drove the motorboat to the end of the lake, where the water was calm. Half an hour later the boat returned towing Lady Pamela on water-skis.

Water-ski experts, among a crowd of 200 who watched, said Lady Pamela was a proficient water-skier. She was on the lake for nearly an hour.

PALM BEACH TRIP

Lady Alice Egerton, meanwhile, was in a party of two Royal cars that went to Palm Beach. With her were the Queens secretary, Sir Michael Ademe, her assistant secretary, Colonel Martin Charteris, the Minister in charge of the Royal tour, Mr. Eric Harrison, and the Commonwealth Director, Lieutenant-Colonel F. H. Berryman.

Crowds cheered, waved, and tooted motor horns as the cars passed them on the way to Palm Beach. When they saw the Queen was not in the cars they also decided to wait for the Queen. A rumour spread that the Queen's car would come next.

At Palm Beach the party went to the home of Mr. Sam Walder. All the party surfed later except Lady Alice, who sat on the beach. Mr. Walder's home is near the home of Mr. J. Carroll, where it was rumoured last week that the Queen and Duke would rest. Ladies-in-waiting Confuse Crowds. (1954, February 8). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18408639 

Other officials attending the Royal Family have also taken part in Pittwater times either informally or formally – a lovely example resounds from October 5th 1958, when Admiral H.J. Buchanan, C.B.E./D.S.O., aide-de-camp to both King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II, officially opened the Avalon Sailing Club.

Brian Friend OAM, related being privileged in his days as a member of the Water Police of Pittwater to be part of the crew that gained a day off for, and a visit to where so many relatives had been before them, in showing Prince Charles and Lady Diana around our superlative estuary and her waters.

More recently Prince Harry was part of the International Fleet Review salute at Bradley’s Head, within cooee of the Northern Beaches, while Prince William and Duchess of Cambridge, Kate, made sure Manly and a Surf Life Saving Carnival was part of their first tour here together. 

Many Royal family members have served as members of the Royal Navy, and all arrive in Sydney Harbour on ships, so visiting Pittwater or other places on the Northern Beaches would allow them an insight or a day off in an environment they love as well as getting to experience eponymous Australian events and lifestyle. The affection remains mutual in a place that welcomes all and celebrates what is known locally as ‘democracy on the sand and water’.

An article we ran a few weeks back on Jane Connor's new book, Royal Visits to Australiainspired us to look closer at the incident Jane nominated as one that most intrigued her, the 'assassination attempt' on Australia's first Royal visitor, a then 23 year old HRH The Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, the second son and fourth child of Queen Victoria, who visited Clontarf on March 12th, 1868 to attend a Sailor's Home picnic and was shot by a man who, from this distance, clearly sounds as though he was suffering from some kind of psychological condition:

ATTEMPT  TO  ASSASSINATE H. R. H. PRINCE ALFRED, AT CLONTARF.

IT is with the deepest sorrow that we have to announce a most determined attempt to assassinate his Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh. When the Prince left the luncheon tent at the Sailors' Home Picnic (a report of which will be found in another column), he escorted the Countess of Belmore to the door of the Royal tent, and then turned to converse with his Excellency the Governor, the Chief Justice, and Sir William Manning. They remained talking a few seconds, and then his Royal Highness and Sir William Manning sauntered across the green towards the clump of trees bordering the beach, and under which the Galatea Band was stationed. 

EXCURSIONISTS STARTING FOR THE PICNIC FROM THE CIRCULAR QUAY. THE RECENT ATTEMPT ON THE LIFE OF His Royal Highness THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH. (1868, April 20). Illustrated Sydney News (NSW : 1853 - 1872), p. 1 Supplement: SUPPLEMENT TO THE ILLUSTRATED SYDNEY NEWS. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63513927

The subject of conversation was the Sailors' Home, and his Royal Highness, to mark his appreciation of the institution, handed Sir William a cheque as a donation to the institution. Sir William made his acknowledgments for the donation, and then asked his Royal Highness whether he would go round to Cabbage Tree Beach to see the aboriginals, as they were then ready for some sports. 

H.R.H. PRINCE ALFRED HANDING CHEQUE TO SIR WILLIAM MANNING. THE RECENT ATTEMPT ON THE LIFE OF His Royal Highness THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH. (1868, April 20). Illustrated Sydney News (NSW : 1853 - 1872), p. 1 Supplement: SUPPLEMENT TO THE ILLUSTRATED SYDNEY NEWS. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63513927 

Before his Royal Highness could reply a treacherous assailant, who had just left the crowd of persons congregated under the shade of the trees, stole up behind him and when he had approached to within five or six feet pulled out a revolver, took deliberate aim, and fired. The shot took effect about the middle of the back of his Royal Highness, an inch or two to the right of the spine. He fell forward on his hands and knees, exclaiming," Good God, my back is broken." 

Sir William Manning, hearing the discharge, and seeing his Royal Highness fall, turned and sprang at the would-be assassin, who then jumped back and aimed the murderous weapon at Sir William. Seeing the pistol directed towards him, Sir William stooped to evade the shot, and, losing his balance, fell. Fortunately the charge did not explode; but as Sir William Manning was an the act of rising, the ruffian took aim a third time; just at the moment Mr. Vial (of Castlereagh-street), who happened to be behind, sprang upon the dastardly assailant, pinioned his arms to his side, and thus the aim of the pistol was diverted from the body of Sir William Manning to the ground. The weapon was discharged, however, and the shot entered the foot of Mr. George Thorne, senior, who fainted, and was taken away by Mr. Hassall, and other friends.

Picture: MR. THORNE IS ALSO SHOT. ATTEMPTED ASSASSINATION OF THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH. (1868, March 23). Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (Melbourne, Vic. : 1867 - 1875), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60448809 

In the meantime a number of people, attracted by the discharge of firearms, and seeing his Royal Highness fall, ran to the spot, and three or four of them, among whom was Mr. T. Hales and a young gentleman named M'Mahon, lifted his Royal Highness to carry him into his tent. It was evident from the demeanour of his Royal Highness that he was suffering great pain, and he asked his bearers to carry him gently. This wish was complied with as far as possible, and thus he was borne into his tent. Here he was taken in charge by Dr. Watson, of H. M. S. Challenger, who together with Dr. Wright (of Sydney), Dr. Powell of the Galatea, and Assistant-surgeon Waugh of the Challenger, were immediately in attendance. The dress of his Royal Highness was removed, and upon an examination of the wound it was found that the bullet had penetrated the back, near the middle, and about two inches from the right side of the lower part of the spine, traversing the course of the ribs, round by the right to the abdomen, where it lodged, immediately below the surface. No vital organ, fortunately, appeared to be injured, the course of the bullet being, to all appearance, quite superficial.

While this painful examination was in progress another scene, which almost defies description, was going on in another part of the ground. No sooner had Mr. Vial grasped the arms of the man who had fired the shots, than Mr. Benjamin Mortimer (an American gentleman), Mr. Whiting (of the firm of Drynan and Whiting), A. L. Jackson, and other gentlemen seized him; and, had it not been for the closing  in around them of the police and other persons, they would speedily have placed him beyond the reach of the Law Courts. 

MR. VIAL SEIZING THE ASSASSIN. THE RECENT ATTEMPT ON THE LIFE OF His Royal Highness THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH. (1868, April 20). Illustrated Sydney News (NSW : 1853 - 1872), p. 1 Supplement: SUPPLEMENT TO THE ILLUSTRATED SYDNEY NEWS. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63513927 

The people shouted "lynch him," "hang him," "string him up," and so on, and there was a general rush to get at him. The police, headed by Superintendent Orridge, got hold of the assassin, and they had the greatest difficulty in preventing the infuriated people from tearing him limb from limb. In this the police were ably assisted by the Chief Justice, Lord Newry, and the men of the Galatea Band. Both Lord Newry and Sir Alfred Stephen exerted them-selves to get the prisoner on board the steamer lying at the wharf, while Mr. Orridge, with herculean strength, kept back the crowd as much as possible. The task of putting the prisoner on board the ship was not an easy one, and it was fully ten minutes before they could get him on to the wharf. By that time all the clothing from the upper part of his body was torn off, his eyes, face, and body were much bruised, and blood was flowing from various wounds; and when he was dragged on  to the deck of the Paterson, he appeared to be utterly unconscious. No sooner was he onboard than a number of sailors had a rope ready to string him up, and it was only by the interference of Lord Newry that his life was spared. Some of the police were very roughly used, detective Powell getting about the worst of it. In the scuffle he fell over some stones, and had a chance of being trampled to death.  

The whole of the police on the ground were under the command of Mr. Fosbery.

The people, out of whose hands the prisoner had been rescued, immediately gave vent to their disappointment, and, at an indignation meeting, summarily convened, determined to bring him back from the steamer, and dispatch him at the scene of his crime. A rush was then made for the steamer, which had just hauled off a few feet from the wharf, and they shouted to the captain to haul in. For a moment this officer appeared to waver, but the Hon. John Hay, who was on the bridge, doubtless divining the intentions of the crowd, peremptorily ordered the captain to haul off. This he did, and the vessel accordingly proceeded on her way to Sydney.

The effect of this dastardly attempt at assassinating the Prince, among the immense number of persons congregated at Clontarf, may be more easily imagined than described. A large number of ladies fainted, others were seized with hysterics, and the whole multitude was convulsed. Suddenly a joyous throng had been converted into a mass of excited people, in whose breasts sympathy for the Royal sufferer, and indignation for his murderous assailant, alternately prevailed; while pallid faces and tearful eyes told of the deep anxiety that was felt in reference to the extent of the injuries which his Royal Highness had sustained. People crowded by hundreds around the tent in which the sufferer lay, until they were informed that they must keep back, in order to allow free ventilation; they at once fell back thirty or    forty yards and formed a complete cordon around the tent, and anxiously awaited the result of the examination. Finding the people so anxious about him his Royal Highness said "Tell the people I am not much hurt, I shall be better presently." 

H.R.H. PRINCE ALFRED IN THE TENT AFTER THE ASSAULT.  THE RECENT ATTEMPT ON THE LIFE OF His Royal Highness THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH. (1868, April 20). Illustrated Sydney News (NSW : 1853 - 1872), p. 1 Supplement: SUPPLEMENT TO THE ILLUSTRATED SYDNEY NEWS. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63513927

His Royal  Highness, who never lost consciousness, although feeling faint and weak from the shock to his nervous system, and from loss of blood, described to his attendants the sensation he experienced when struck by the bullet. He said he felt as though he was being lifted off the ground.

At about five o'clock his Royal Highness was placed on a litter, and borne by men of the Galatea to the deck of the Morpeth, a solemn silence being preserved by the people, who stood on either side while the cortege passed. Among those who were in immediate attendance on his Royal Highness were the gentlemen of his suite, namely Lieutenant Haig, Lord Newry, and the Hon. Eliot Yorke, all of whom were painfully affected by the tragic occurrence. His Excellency the Governor, Commodore Lambert, Captain Beresford and Mr. Toulmin were also most assiduous in their sympathetic attentions, and proceeded to Sydney in the same boat. Prior to this the little steamer Fairy had been sent up to Sydney with a message for the officer in charge of the Galatea, to be prepared with a boat to convey the Royal sufferer to the shore; and when the Morpeth arrived off Farm Cove a barge from the Galatea came alongside. The Prince, who was lying upon a stretcher with a soft mattress under him, and his head supported by pillows, was lowered into his barge which was manned by a number of his own sailors. On arriving at the landing place he was carefully raised out of the boat. Rumours of the occurrence having reached town, large numbers of persons rushed to the jetty in front of Government House, where it was presumed the Prince would land. Here a body of police and marines were posted- some of them guarding the approach from the wharf to Government House, and others forming near the landing-place, in order to escort his Royal Highness. The crowd forced back to the high ground, and kept at some distance from the chosen line of route.

The Prince was surrounded by a guard of marines, and the sight of his prostrate and helpless condition called forth from the crowd many expressions of sympathy.

Picture: Landing the Prisoner. ATTEMPTED ASSASSINATION OF THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH. (1868, March 23). Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers(Melbourne, Vic. : 1867 - 1875), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60448809

Upon the arrival of the Paterson at the wharf, the prisoner was landed and conveyed in charge of Mr. Orridge to the gaol. O'Farrell is a fair complexioned man, about five feet eleven inches in height, and apparently about five and thirty years of age. He has a slight beard and moustache, and a military air. He is perfectly self-possessed, is said to be a man of good education, and in manner is not unpleasing. He was dressed in a dark coat and trousers and white waistcoat. 

Right: Henry James O'Farrell, author of the assassination attempt on Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, 1868 / photographer Montagu Scott, courtesy State Library of nSW, Image No.: a128287

His clothes were torn to ribbons by the excited crowd, and he received many severe bruises, his eyes being blackened, his nose swelled very much, and his lips puffed out like those of a negro. According to his own statements - although he says very little and maintains much reticence with respect to himself and the motives of his dastardly deed – he is a native of Dublin, but left Ireland at a very early age. He has been in many countries, has spent a considerable time on the European continent, and in America, and about three months ago came from Victoria to New South Wales. 

He has expressed a hope that the Prince would not die, and says that he did not mean to kill, but merely to "frighten him " – a statement which is absurd upon the face of it. Two revolvers were found on him, one of which had not been discharged, and every chamber of which was loaded, - the other, the weapon, with which the attempt at assassination  was committed, was picked up by one of the Galatea's bandsmen after the prisoner's capture. The latter is a small Colt's revolver, such as could easily be carried in the pocket.

ATTEMPTED ASSASSINATION OF HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS  DUKE OF EDINBURGH AT CLONTARF, MIDDLE HARBOUR. ATTEMPTED ASSASSINATION OF HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS DUKE OF EDINBURGH AT CLONTARF, MIDDLE HARBOUR. (1868, March 25). Illustrated Sydney News (NSW : 1853 - 1872), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63513891 

Late in the afternoon a rumour was brought to the Legislative Assembly that the Prince was shot. The correctness of the information was doubted, and it was not until a reply to an inquiry was sent from the detective office, stating that a shot had been fired at the Prince, and that a person or persons were in custody,  that the report was believed. Meantime Superintendent Orridge went up to the House, and reported that a man was in custody, and that he had conveyed him to the gaol. The House was at once adjourned. The Colonial Secretary, Mr. Parkes, proceeded to the gaol and saw the prisoner. He ascertained that his name was H. F. O'Farrell, that he slept on Wednesday night at the Clarendon Hotel, corner of George and Hunter streets. 

The Colonial Secretary asked him how he came to commit such an outrage, to which he replied, "Come, come, it  is not fair to ask me such a question as that the Prince is all right - the Prince will live, you need not fear about him - it's only a side wound - I shall be hanged but the Prince will live." 

On leaving the gaol the Colonial Secretary taking with him two police constables went to the Clarendon Hotel. The people there knew nothing about the affair beyond hearing a rumour that the Prince had been shot. They admitted that such a man as the prisoner was described to be, had lived there, and the room in which he had slept was at once searched. Some articles of wearing apparel were found in a broken box and in a table drawer. In various places(in the drawer and in the pockets of his clothes) were found percussion caps, detonating cartridges, wadding for revolvers, a Douay Bible, and a number of religious books, in which his name was inscribed. Having secured these things, the Colonial Secretary ascertained that O'Farrell had been in Sydney from about Christmas last, and that whilst the Prince has been here whenever the other lodgers in the house spoke of him this man got out of temper, and denounced him. He went out on Tuesday evening to go to the ball; but, for some reason, did not get in, and came back. The Colonial  Secretary also ascertained that he had lived at Tierney's Currency Lass Hotel, corner of Pitt and Hunter streets; and to that house they  proceeded. Here, in a box, said to belong to O'Farrell, they found a number of articles of clothing and some written papers, from which it was shown that he had resided in Melbourne.

It is almost impossible to describe the sensation which the news of the outrage produced in the city. When first heard it was treated as a mere rumour; many persons saw the police take the  prisoner from the Paterson, but considered him merely some fellow who had got his clothes torn in a drunken brawl. It was not until the announcement was made in the Assembly, and that the members on retiring mentioned the fact, that the news received any credence. The excitement was intensified by the appearance of a party of mounted police dashing at full speed towards the Circular Quay; a party of foot police, fully armed, followed and took up their positions opposite the landing-stage, where it was reported that the Prince would be landed. Several thousand citizens were assembled about the wharf and on board the vessels lying alongside, where they remained until information was received that the Prince had been taken to Government House. 

The police then withdrew, and the people dispersed. A member of our staff, who had started from Clontarf for the city directly after the outrage was perpetrated, brought the particulars, which were immediately printed, and some thousands distributed, and eagerly read. The streets were thronged with people, whose sole topic appeared to be the sad event; it was evident that  some gigantic calamity, affecting all classes of the people, had taken place, and spread sorrow throughout the entire community. At the Prince of Wales Theatre, where his Royal Highness had announced his intention of being present on the occasion of Mr. Hoskins' benefit, a notice was posted, that in consequence of the dastardly outrage on the person of H. R. H. the Duke of Edinburgh, the theatre was closed for the night. At the School of Arts Dr. Carr announced that in consequence of the calamity which had fallen upon the colony in the attempted assassination of the Duke of Edinburgh, it would be unseemly for any entertainment being given; the audience at once  acquiesced. Up to midnight many persons we reassembled at the doors of our office, desirous of learning the latest news, and expressing their sympathy for the Royal sufferer. An immense crowd also assembled at the gates leading to Government House, and anxiously enquired of persons coming from that direction, how the Prince was progressing.  

The Bishop of Sydney, together with the  Ministers and other gentlemen, called at Government House yesterday evening, but could not see the Prince. Miss Osborne was in attendance, and one of the nursing sisters remained during the night. His Royal Highness could not lie down. There was no appearance of hemorrhage. The medical gentlemen speak favourably of the case, as the Prince has youth, health, and a good constitution in his favour.  ATTEMPT TO ASSASSINATED H. R. H. PRINCE ALFRED, AT CLONTARF. (1868, March 13).The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13154858 

There was fallout from this incidence. Despite the Prince's plea for clemency, O'Farrell was hung on April 21st 1868 in the Darlinghurst Goal, while his false claims that he was acting under orders from the Fenian Brotherhood caused an anti-Irish throughout the 'colony of Australia'. Just a few examples of this:

Saturday night. H..H. the Duke of Edinburgh is getting on favorably. Mr George Thome, who received the second shot in his foot, is suffering great pain. The ball has not yet been extracted. The committee of the ball and regatta, which are advertised for St. Patrick's Day, is in bad odor. An indignation meeting will be held in most of the provincial towns. Abhorrence of the cowardly deed is universal. 'The Sailors' Home committee, the Civil servants and a number of other public bodies have adopted addresses of sympathy with the Duke. SYDNEY. 15th March.

H. R. Highness is progressing most favorably. He passed a goodnight, and slept almost without intermission. Poor Mr Thorpe- continues to suffer great pain. His medical attendants have-not yet attempted to extract the ball. The St. Patrick's Day ball and regatta have been postponed indefinitely. The committee is in bad odor, in consequence of treasonable expressions which have been used at some of their meetings. It is reported that the Government intend to prosecute the proprietors of the Freeman's Journal for having published some seditious articles. Mr Sullivan, the editor of this paper, refused, on a public occasion a short time ago, to drink to the toast of the Queen's health, and he had to leave Sydney privately on Saturday, as a number of people had gone to the office of the paper to look for him, with a view to wreak summary vengeance upon him. All the churches in Sydney were crowded today, and prayers were offered for the speedy recovery of his Royal Highness., No doubt is entertained here that the assassination was originally intended to have been perpetrated in Victoria, and that most of O'Farrell's accomplices will be found there. The bullet which was taken from the Prince's body; was flattened at one end. The Duke sat up for two hours this afternoon. He is in but little pain, and his spirits are good.' He received several visitors. ' Sydney, 16th March.

During the night he had a refreshing sleep, and is now again progressing favorably. The Irishmen employed on the Western Railway works have been warned not to proceed to-morrow with the intended funeral procession in honor of the three Fenians executed in Manchester. Indignation meetings are being held in all parts of the colony. ATTEMPTED ASSASSINATION OF THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH. (1868, March 23). Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (Melbourne, Vic. : 1867 - 1875), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60448809

On a positive note, the New South Wales Legislative Assembly voted on March 24th to erect a memorial building "to raise a permanent and substantial monument in testimony of the heartfelt gratitude of the community at the recovery of HRH", it was to be the Prince Alfred Hospital. Queen Victoria permitted the use of the term "Royal", so the memorial building was the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital. It was built using funds raised by public subscription, and is today one of our foremost hospitals.

Apart from this incidence taking place at Clontarf, and a little way into the future, as stated above, the Prince Alfred Yacht Club, later to become the Royal Prince Alfred Yacht Club, was formed on Tuesday October 15th 1867 and named in honour of the Prince.

AQUATICS. Perhaps the most important event of the aquatic off season was a meeting held on Tuesday evening at M'Grath and Punch's hotel, where a number of pleasure boat owners assembled to consider the propriety of forming another yacht club. This step, was partly owing to the exclusion by the R.S.Y.C. of all yachts under five tons. 

The affair was as businesslike as any of the kind ever held. Resolutions  were passed without much waste of words, and ere the meeting separated the Prince Alfred Yacht Club was formed, and a pile of cash in front of the treasurer showed that the movement was real. The registration fee for yachts was fixed at 10s. 6d., and members annual subscription at 20s. The club colours are to be the Australian ensign without stars on the blue cross, burgee white with blue cross. 

The yachts already entered are the Scud, Australian, Spray, Cruiser, Lurline, Dora, Flying Scud, and the unnamed now building for- Mr. Brown, by Lomax,  of Balmain. This is a fair beginning, considering that the advertisement calling a meeting only appeared that morning, and it seems certain that, at the first general meeting of the club on next Monday night a large addition of boats and members will take place. Go ahead 'Alfreds,' there is plenty of loom for both clubs. YACHTING. (1867, October 19 - Saturday). Sydney Mail (NSW : 1860 - 1871), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article166800569

TELEGRAPHIC DESPATCHES. (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENTS.)
SYDNEY, TUESDAY. The Prince Alfred Yacht Club is a great success. Sixteen yachts and forty members have already joined. The opening trip will take place on the anniversary of the Prince of Wales's birthday.  TELEGRAPHIC DESPATCHES. (1867, October 30).The Argus(Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5782053 

THE PRINCE ALFRED YACHT CLUB -A general meeting of this club was held yesterday, at M'Grath and Punch's hotel, King-street, for the election of new members, six of whom were admitted, and the yacht Psyche added to the squadron. The opening trip has been arranged to take place on the first Saturday in December, and it is also understood the club will take part in the naval reception to H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh. The first annual election of officers is to be held during the first week in January. No title. (1867, November 19). The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28607997 

PRINCE ALFRED YACHT Club.-This young and rising association held an adjourned meeting at the Club Room, McGrath's Hotel, on Monday the 18th instant when five new members were elected The opening day has been definitely fixed for Saturday, the 7th December, when it is expected 17 yachts will salute the Vice-Commodore. The " Gitana" lately owned by F. J. Jackson, Esq., has passed into the hands of J. R. Walters, Esq., of the Cruiser, and is a valuable addition to the Prince Alfred Yacht Club. Bell's Guide to the Australian Turf. (1867, November 30). Bell’s Life in Sydney and Sporting Chronicle (NSW : 1860 - 1870), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65468826 

PRINCE ALFRED YACHT CLUB.-Opening Trip, SATURDAY, 7th December, 1867. Yacht’s to assemble in Lavender Bay, at half-past 1 o'clock precisely. By order of the acting Vice-Commodore Strickland , P. J. CLARK, Hon. Secretary. Advertising. (1867, December 6).The Sydney Morning Herald(NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13159241 

The Prince Alfred Yacht Club opening trip was a very successful one. There was a large muster of vessels. NEW SOUTH WALES. (1867, December 9 – Monday ). Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1859 - 1924), p. 3. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article147775661 

Captain Hixson has been despatched to Melbourne to arrange definitely as to the date of the Galatea's arrival off Sydney Heads¿ so that the naval reception may he fixed accordingly. The large steamers will meet the Prince off Botany, and the smaller ones off the Light Ship. The Royal Sydney will join the procession off Shark Point, and the Prince Alfred Yacht Club off Clarke Island. The Galatea will remain off Fort Denison until the whole of the vessels in the procession pass by, and will then take up her moorings in about the centre of Farm Cove. On the following day the official landing is to take place at the Circular Quay, where a large triumphal arch has been erected.
PRINCE ALFRED'S VISIT. (1867, December 16). Illustrated Sydney News (NSW : 1853 - 1872), p. 1. Retrieved fromhttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63513754

The Prince Officially arrived February 22nd to a city especially dressed for him. This report also lists the newly formed Prince Alfred Yacht Club vessels that took place in the welcoming:

THE PRINCE'S VISIT.
THE arrival of H. R. H. the Duke of Edinburgh, and the festivities consequent on his visit, has been the event of the month, as indeed it may be termed of the year. What influence this visit may have on the future of the Australian colonies it is at present impossible to say, but certain it is that the event is not without significance. It may be that the Government of the mother country wish to adopt Goldwin Smith's views in considering that colonies are a source of weakness to England, and want reliable information as to whether the spread of democratic ideas have debased our fellow-colonists to the extent that Robt.Lowe, Marsh, and others, who owe their present positions to Australia, have industriously labored to prove. Some even hint that the establishment of a kingdom with a junior branch of the Guelph family as our Royal family, has some connection with the cruise of the Galatea ; but whatever may have been the object in thus honoring us, whatever be our faults and failings, the people of Australia have shown that they have not forgotten to be hospitable, and in their hearty reception of Prince Alfred exhibited their loyalty to the British throne, but still more strikingly their admiration of the benevolent sway and many virtues of that good Queen whose character stands preeminently above those of her predecessors on the throne of England. Our pages have already recorded the Prince's" visit to the neighboring colonies, we shall now in as full a manner as our space will admit give some account of his visit to our own. -
On the 18th ult., after a brief stay in Tasmania, the Galatea left Hobart Town, and in accordance with arrangements made by Captain Hixson during his recent visit to Melbourne, called off Twofold Bay on the 20th and fired a gun. A special messenger conveyed the news to Bombala, from whence it was telegraphed to Sydney the same day, and speedily spread throughout the colony. A stranger visiting this city for the first time would have been at a loss to imagine where all the flags came from that were then flung to the breeze, or whence came all the artists whose efforts were displayed in the shape of transparencies of every conceivable hue, design, and variety of merit. Unfortunately the weather alone seemed unpropitiously inclined, and the pluvial visitation so earnestly wished for during the last three months of 1867, threatened to come at last. The morning of the 21st confirmed the fears, the rain commenced, but did not damp the ardour of thousands who, from the early hour at which the Galatea was reported as having passed Wollongong, thronged the streets en route for the steamers or some vantage ground overlooking the harbour from which a good view of the proceedings might be obtained. Ships were moved down to Neutral Bay to take part in the night display, steamers belonging to escort fleet gave forth volumes of smoke, and the yachts of the Royal Sydney and Prince Alfred clubs spread their canvas wings ready to perform their share in the reception. At noon, Captain Hixson, acting commodore of the steam fleet, fired a gun from the Auckland, the signal to take positions ;Vice-Commodore Trouton, on board the City of Adelaide, promptly responded, and at one o'clock the two lines of steamers, crowded with passengers, went down the harbour in the following order to receive the Galatea.
PORT DIVISION.                                             STARBOARD DIVISION.  
City of Adelaide, Captain Auckland, Captain Harris. Walker. 
                                                                          Morpeth, Captain Budd, 
Coonanbara,  Capt. Adams.                         Lady Bowen, Captain Lake.
City of Melbourne, Captain Balclutha, Captain Hill, Paddle.                                                          
                                                                          Agnes Irving, Captain Greer.
Wonga Wonga, Captain Fitzsimmons.        Kembla, Captain Mailler.
                                                                          City of Newcastle, Captain 
Florence Irving, Capt. Milman.                       Summerbell.
Hunter, Captain Sullivan.                                Ballina, Captain Creer.
Collaroy, Captain M'Diamont.                       Grafton, Captain Maides.
James Paterson, Capt. Durrell.                     Woniora, Captain Morwick.
Paterson, Capt. Summerbell.                        Fire King, Captain Hersee.
Helen Macgregor, Capt. Muir. 
Sir J. Burgoyne, Capt. Banks.

After proceeding to Botany the Galatea was seen coming up under easy steam, and the two lines opened and allowed the Galatea to pass between, each simultaneously displaying the signal "Welcome," while cheer, after cheer rang from ship to
ship, which the Galatea acknowledged by the signal " Thank you."

ENTERING THE HEADS AND THE HARBOUR RECEPTION.
Soon after three o'clock the Galatea entered the Heads- followed by the other steamers in the order named, and after passing the lightship were joined by the second division in the following order :- .
PORT.                     STARBOARD.
Breadalbane.          Prince Alfred. 
Adelaide.                Vesta. 
Phantom.                Transit.
Emu                         Pelican.
Culloden                  Black Swan. 
Atalanta.                  Herald. 
Courier                    Gomea.
Waratah.                  Boomerang.
Ysabel.                     Sir John Young.
Peri.                         Kirribilli.
Brothers                  Perseverance.
Gipsy Queen.          Ferry Queen.

The yachts of the Royal Sydney Yacht Squadron followed under the command of Commodore Dangar, and eleven of the Prince Alfred Yacht Club under the command of Vice-Commodore Strickland. Before reaching her anchorage, the Galatea saluted Commodore Lambert's pennant, the guns of the Challenger. responded, and the shore batteries followed with a royal. salute. The escorting vessels, after passing the Galatea, went to their assigned positions, while the yachts rounded under her stern, saluted, went into Farm Cove, and all prepared for the night display. The rain having ceased about sundown raised hopes of a fine night, but hardly had the first rocket shot into mid-heaven when the weather broke and continued wet all night, and though it destroyed much of the effect it did not prevent the grandest sight ever seen in this harbour, if indeed in any other. 

Every headland was lit up with bushfires, the forts with colored fires, and the ships with Chinese and colored lanterns, Bengal lights, in fact with everything that could add brilliancy to the scene. The P. and 0. Company's steamships Avoca and Bombay, moored off Fort Denison, were illuminated with lanterns slung from truck to rail, and along the bulwarks, thus defining the outlines of the vessels. The P. and N. Z. Company's steamship Kaikoura was illuminated with lanterns, extending along the hull, and hanging from the rigging. The Vernon had her ports and the outlines of her hull illuminated. The Napoleon the Third, Titana, Parramatta, Cospatrick, and Christiana Thompson, and several yachts of the Prince Alfred Clubwere also prominent in the extent of their illuminations

An incessant fire of rockets and other fireworks kept up until nine o'clock, when there was a cessation, and the Galatea, hitherto in darkness, was instantaneously lit up with blue lights in each port, and four lights forming a southern cross on each mast. Many persons thought this the finale, when cheers from the neighbourhood of Darling Harbour and Dawes' Battery announced the approach of the most novel and extraordinary feature in the illuminations-a huge representation of a fiery dragon. The A. S. N. Company's steamer Yaamba was enclosed on both sides by transparencies, which formed an accurate picture of a dragon-the eyes, scales, jaws, teeth, and ears of the monster being clearly discernible. The length of the figure was one hundred and two feet, and the height at the head twenty six feet. The jaws were about sixteen feet long, and they were distended so as to leave a mouth of from six to seven feet. The tail consisted of twenty-five ships' boats, over each of which, from stem to stern, rows of lanterns were hung. A number of men inside the Yaamba was stationed at the bows, and it was made to spit forth a shower of rockets and other fireworks, while the boats astern made a similar display. Three or four steamships, and a large number of small boats, crowded with excursionists, escorted the serpent, which moved slowly through the fleet at anchor, then round Fort Denison, and back to its lair.

THE OFFICIAL LANDING.
Shortly before noon on the 22nd, the Prince, who had landed privately and visited Government House on the previous evening, left the Galatea to land officially. All the war vessels in port manned their yards, fired Royal salutes, and loudly cheered as the barge containing his Royal Highness, Lieutenant Haig, Mr. Brierly, Lord Newry, and the Hon. E. Yorke rowed by. The ships in the Cove were all dressed, and spectators swarmed the rigging. A spacious landing stage, 53 feet by 30 feet, covered in the centre with scarlet cloth, had been specially constructed at the centre of the Circular Quay, and on this the Prince landed and was received by his Excellency Earl Belmore and the members of the Executive. The enclosed space in front of the Custom House was occupied by a number of prominent residents, who formed a double line to the triumphal arch, where the Corporation of the city awaited H.P.H. with an elegantly-engrossed address enclosed in a silver casket. The novel structure, which afforded temporary shelter to the municipal authorities was recently erected under the superintendence of the Colonial Architect, and is a novel-looking, but at the same time, elegant structure. It consists of one grand central opening, by a depth of thirty feet, twenty-five feet wide, with wing openings eleven feet wide, capped with three gold-painted domes on pediments, with crown pediments. The central dome rising seventy-nine feet and the wing domes forty feet each, with flag-staffs. The central dome is pierced with twelve circular openings, each of which contains a letter of the name "Alfred" prepared for illumination. The ceilings of the wings consist of paper centre flowers with spandrils and cornices. The ceiling of the centre dome rises on ribs enlivened with tropical foliage on a ground of sunset tint. Painted on the interior of the central dome are figures of Fame bearing wreaths of laurel on a ground of azure, dressings of flags artistically arranged, the groups of Neptune and Minerva on the central key-stones, and the busts of Captain Cook and Lord Nelson on the central niches. Over the central dome floated the Royal Standard, rising out of atrophy of small flags, and over the wing domes the blue and white ensigns.
Triumphal arch, Prince's Stairs, Circular Quay, Sydney. Landing of Duke of Edinburgh, 1868, January / photographer unknown, courtesy State Library of NSW
As soon as the Prince and party entered the arch, the Mayor presented the following address :
" May it please your Royal Highness,
"I have the honor, on behalf of the Municipal Council of the City of Sydney, to congratulate your Royal Highness upon your safe arrival, and to offer you a most hearty welcome to this distant portion of her Majesty's dominions.
“I trust that the efforts which will be made by the inhabit-ants of this city, and by other colonists, for the reception of the son of their Most Gracious Sovereign, will meet with your approval.
" Your Royal Highness may rest assured that these manifestations are but a faint indication of the sentiments of earnest loyalty and personal devotion to her Majesty the Queen which pervades all classes in New South Wales.
"(Signed) CHAS. MOORE, Mayor." Chas. H. Woolcott, Town Clerk."
To .which his Royal Highness replied- 
" Sir,-I beg you to express to the members of the Municipal Council, and through them to the people of Sydney, the lively satisfaction I feel at the hearty reception they have given me. The cordiality of the welcome I have met with has given me all the more pleasure, because that I am persuaded that it is the evidence of the depth and sincerity of the loyalty which her Majesty's subjects in Sydney entertain for her throne and per-son, and on behalf of the Queen I return you my most grateful acknowledgments.,
. "(Signed) ALFRED." To the Mayor of Sydney."
The procession' then formed in the following order :
The Volunteer Fire Company, No. 1, " with engine, Manchester Unity Lodges of Odd Fellows, Grand United Order Lodges of Odd Fellows. Ancient Order of Foresters, Sons of Temperance. Protestant Friendly Alliance. , .Mayors and Members of Suburban Municipalities-. H.P..H. the DUKE OF EDINBURGH, Earl Belmore, Lord Newry, and Lieut. Haig, in an open carriage, escorted by a picked detachment of the Mounted Police force.
Officers of H. M. Naval and Military Force's, Members of the Executive Council.
Members of the Reception .Committee; The suite of his Royal Highness. .
The suite of his Excellency the Governor, Foreign Consuls.
Judges of the Supreme Court. Members of the Legislative Council. Members of the Legislative Assembly. The Mayor and Aldermen of the City of Sydney. The Officers of the University; Private Citizens in carriages.

The procession went through Castlereagh-street North, Macquarie-place, Bridge-street, George-street, Bathurst-street, Elizabeth-street to Liverpool-street, up Liverpool-street as far as College-street, thence along Macquarie-street into the Government Domain.
There fully 10,000 school children had assembled, under the direction of Mr. Fisher, to sing the National Anthem. The streets along the route of the procession were thickly lined with spectators, and thousands viewed it from balconies, windows, house-tops, and stands erected for the purpose. Thousands of flags of every known shape, size, and device were seen on every side, and had the weather been at all favorable, the Prince's reception in Sydney would have outshone any that he had previously received. Jupiter Pluvius would not be appeased, and however much the consequences might be beneficial to the agricultural and pastoral interests, it was still more so to the drapers, as it played sad havoc with the elaborate costumes of the fair sex who would see the Prince.

THE ILLUMINATIONS.
Costly, though not so general as might be expected, were the preparations for the nocturnal display. Those on the triumphal arches, Government offices, banks, and other public buildings were particularly elaborate, and deserving of notice. The sun had hardly set ere thousands thronged the streets to witness the display, and until midnight there was hardly room to move along the principal streets. Excellent order was preserved by the mounted police, and not a single accident occurred to mar the festivities. We regret that our space will only admit of the following description of the principal illuminations.
The arches over the gates leading to Government House were brilliantly illuminated. A number of cherubs were represented on the principal arch, and above and below them were lines of colored lamps, the whole being surmounted by the letters A E with a star between in gas jets, reflected through glass prisms'
On the two smaller arches were illuminated stars. There were also two transparent pictures, one the Galatea, the other Edinburgh Castle. 
The arch in front of the "Albert Statue" was copied from that of one of the transepts of the Crystal Palace. It consists of five separate openings, the central one for carriages, with one on each side for horsemen, and two other arches for foot passengers. The extreme height of the central arch is thirty-five feet, the upper part surmounted by flags. On the flagstaff in the centre waves St. George's ensign, the other flagstaffs bore banners, and beneath these are groups of flags of varied hues. The woodwork of the arch is painted stone color, relieved with blue and picked out with cherry on a puce ground. In the panels, in letters of blue and gold, on one side “Welcome Alfred," and the other " Duke of Edinburgh," with a transparency bearing the Duke's arms. A large coronet of wood-work, appropriately colored, surmounts the central arch, surrounded with groups of flags. The whole outline of the arches was lit with jets of gas, and each front with variegated lamps. The soffits of the arch were lighted with Chinese, lanterns, and each of the main pillars with vases of colored fire. The faces of all the side arches were profusely decorated with evergreens flags, and shields of England, Scotland, Ireland, Prussia, Denmark, &c.
The arch at the Circular Quay was one of the most splendid features of the night. It was surmounted by stars in gas, seven feet by four. Beneath the stars were wreaths of fire, amidst which shone the name of the Prince. The two smaller domes were also encircled by wreaths of gas jets, the cornices defined bylines of fire, and the words "Welcome Prince Alfred" in variegated lamps. An immense chandelier was suspended from the centre of the large arch, and a small one from each of the wings. On the parapet were razes of fire.
At the Water Police Office was a transparency, twelve feet by ten, representing the Galatea coming to anchor in Farm Cove other ships being also represented, together with a view of Port Macquarie.
The Custom House was illuminated by a large transparency, .forty feet by twenty, representing the landing of Captain Cook', and his taking possession of the country in the name of the King in 1770. In the centre is Cook, surrounded by his officers, while to the left preparations are being made for the first feaston Australian soil, surrounded by a border representing the progress of architecture in the colony. In the bottom corner the first wharf in Sydney, on the opposite side the present Circular Quay with shipping. Immediately above, Government House as it now stands, and opposite it a hut in Pitt-street the first residence of Governor Phillip. In the top corner on one side old St. Phillip's Church, and on the other side St. Andrew's Cathedral.
The Government Printing Office transparency represented King Edward and Queen on the throne, with Caxton in kneeling posture offering the first printed copy of the Bible; in the background were courtiers and attendants. On the left hand top corner the first printing press used by Caxton, the other side displayed the modern press. Below was a cricket ground, with Aboriginal cricketers playing; on the other side blacks in a state of barbarism. 
At the Public Works Office, transparencies. The centre represented Minerva, with allegorical figures of Engineering and Architecture; in the background the Parthenon, and a landscape with railways. On the left of the centre Neptune, with a view of Wollongong on one side, and Newcastle on the other. Fronting the Roads and Bridges department was a figure of Vulcan, view of Nepean Bridge, and a dray entering the punt, on which was one of Cobb's mail coaches, representing the past ; the present was represented by a railway train crossing the bridge, and another coming down the Zigzag, with Knapsack Gully in the distance.
On the Treasury building a transparency. In the centre ornamented scroll work, one side illustrating fife on the gold-fields, the other commerce ; above, vases, containing flowers and fruits, with a figure of Britannia in the centre, and the motto" Thine shall be all the subject main, and every shore it circles thine." At the base a piece of stonework supporting the figures of Peace and Plenty. In the centre A. E. A. and the Saxe-Coburg crest; at the left side a sovereign as issued from the Sydney Mint; beneath the inscription " Welcome to the land of gold. "

At the Colonial Secretary's Office, a transparency containing several well-executed figures, shewing that Art, Science, Charity, Justice, and Mercy, had their proper place in the Government of this colony. The figures were also intended to indicate the nature of the departments under the control of the Colonial Secretary. "
The Lands' Office transparency was very fine, and of excellent design, and represented Britannia placing the laurel wreath on the brow of the discoverer of this colony, Captain Cook. The pedestal bearing the figures was enclosed by a parapet wall of open work, surrounded by a pavement of black and white marble. .
The western fronts of the two Houses of Parliament were lighted up by colored lamps, the whole of the structure being outlined. In the centre was a large transparency showing the meeting bf two galleys on the Ocean-one representing the mother-country, the other Australia. Near the stern of one, decorated with the British arms, stands Britannia, presenting Australia with a. rudder as an emblem of government. The genius of the colony is impersonated by a graceful female, of youthful aspect, taking the responsibilities imposed upon her with a serious mien. 
Right: Triumphal Arch - Hyde Park, Royal Visit, 1868] / J.H. Newman , Digital Order Number: c007660041 from Album: Scott family - collection of photographs mainly comprising group portraits and photographs of towns including Grenfell, Newcastle, and Sydney, ca. 1866-1914, courtesy Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales
The Sydney Infirmary, a large transparency of "the Good Samaritan." The benevolent wayfarer supporting the ill-used traveller. In distinct lateral compartments, figures of Asclepius, Physic, and Hygeia, with the emblems usually attributed to those myths. On the top of these figures, Death with his scythe, and Life with her olive branch.
The Royal Mint, a large transparency, Australia, under the auspices of Minerva and Mercury, inaugurating the coinage of money in Sydney. At the top the Royal Arms over New South Wales seated on a throne supported by the kangaroo and emu. On either side of the principal figure were Mercury and Minerva, and subordinate figures, principally females. At the back a large building intended to represent a mint, and numerous figures busily engaged in coining money. Some of these are pouring out the newly minted coinage upon a large stone slab, on the face of which is inscribed, ‘Established 14th May, lboo. Gold coined since to the amount of 23 millions sterling. On the right, children with flowers and fruit and sheaves of wheat, and men with sheep and cattle and the spade and shovel typical of the agricultural, pastoral, and mineral wealth of the country. .
At the Colonial Architect's Office, a transparency of the Royal Arms, around which was an ornamental scroll on a onie ground. Colored fires were also burnt. .
The Museum, sculpturesque transparencies representing scientific men. Naturalists-Linnaeus, Buffon, Cimer, and Sir Joseph Banks. Maritime Discovery was represented by a ‘Cook, Sculpture' by Phidias, Painting by Raffaello, Chemistry by Sir H. Davy, and Philosophy by Plato and Aristotle.
The triumphal arch at the corner of the South Head-road and Liverpool-street was illuminated with variegated lamps three sides of the centre pillars supporting the arch were stars formed by variegated lamps, and from the centre of the arch a chandelier of colored lamps. At the top of the pillars were transparencies-VR (conjoined), and AE (conjoined). Above these the letters A, L, F, R, E, D, in transparencies ; the whole surmounted by a crown of colored lamps.
Registrar-General's Offices-Two transparencies: one with life-like figures of founders and explorers of the colony, and scenes indicative of its resources ; the other relating to population and the industries connected with gold and coal mining and grazing. In the centre is an open volume, with statistics, in reference to registered deeds, property, population, and products. The picture extended along the whole front of the building, and was much admired.
Council of Education-Large transparency, having exquisite effect, showed an aperture in a wall, through which is being driven the Chariot of Education, drawn apparently, after the pattern of the Chariot of the Sun ; the Owl of Wisdom marshalling the way; in the phaeton, male and female figures bearing aloft a flag on which is inscribed, "Knowledge is Power." At the apex of the masonry are an open Bible and a burning lamp, at the base a marble bust of Minerva. The sides of the picture are flanked by two native figures-one in a wild state and the other civilised by the means of education; behind each figure, tropical foliage.
Supreme Court-Large transparency, in the centre of which his Justice, beneath the Royal arms, and on each side allegorical figures of Science and Art, standing in bold relief on sky blue background.
Office of Inspector-General of Police-Illumination, variegated lamps in clusters round each of the six pilasters of the verandah, with festoons between each opening ; below and between the festoons Chinese lamps.
Site of the General Post Office.-A very large painting with windows pierced and. illuminated from behind. Number of figures in foreground. This painting shows what the new Post Office building will be when completed.
The Savings' Bank.-Over the doorway an immense gas star, surmounted with a crown also in gas. Underneath were the words, " Welcome" Alfred."
Central Police Court.-City of Edinburgh coat of arms enclosed in a wreath of laurels, the label with the motto "Nisi Dominus Frustra" below ; along the parapet beneath, the words, " Welcome Duke of Edinburgh," in variegated lamps.
Telegraph Office.-A transparency, representing the progress of telegraphic discoveries. Benjamin Franklin and his kite; Morse with various instruments since invented for transmitting telegrams ; and the laying of the Atlantic cable.
The Observatory.-A magnificent electric light, produced by a galvanic battery of 400 cells, known as Maynooth's battery, each cell 74 inches in height and 4 inches in diameter, the battery communicating with self-adjusting apparatus for keeping up the spark between the two carbon points. The reflectors were 21| inches in diameter. The light was exhibited in various colors, effacted by slides of colored glass before the reflector. The apparatus was made by Mr. Kopseh, of the Telegraph Department.
Benevolent Asylum.-Large transparency, 18x12, Peabody and Howard in the foreground; Peabody represented as holding a bag of gold which he is dispensing to a number of the indigent, whose figures occupy the background; Howard seated on the ground holding a scroll.
School of Arts.-Gas illumination. Over the door, an anchor in a wreath, an imperial crown above. The pillars wreathed with gas jets. Transparencies in each window representing groups of statuary.
English, Scottish, and Australian Chartered Bank.-An immense gas star with anchor in centre, and the letters A E A.
The London Chartered Bank.-A large gas star, in centre a thistle, and the word welcome. A star over the door, and aline of lights between the first and second stories.
Joint Stock Bank.-At each extremity of the front verandah a large gas star, one having in its centre the letter P. the other A. The initials VR in glass crystals and the word Alfred formed the centre between the stars.
Bank of Australasia. -A transparency of the Duke surrounded with a wreath of oak leaves and allegorical figures, "Treuundfest " on a ribbon. A large double star in gas. '
GRAND DISPLAY OF FIREWORKS IN THE OUTER DOMAIN IN HONOUR OF THE VISIT OF THE H.R.R. PRINCE ALFRED
Union Bank of Australia, Pitt-street and Hunter-street. Festoons of gas outlining the top of the building. In the centre,. over the main doorway, the word "Welcome," and a large laurel wreath also in jets of gas.
Bank of New South Wales.-Gas stars in front of each of the lower windows, above the letters A EA, large gas star on.each side. Along the top of the building was a row of gas jets, with a device A E A in circle.
Commercial Bank.-An immense gas star over the doorway ;-six columns in front encircled with bands of gas jets ; along the top of the building was a row of gas jets with crown in centre, and the word " Welcome" in gas.
United Insurance Company.-Fine transparency, Britannia seated on rock, leaning with one arm on a shield, the other grasping the Royal Standard. On the right the Australian crest and the Galatea, on the left Prince Alfred's crest. A number of flags were also displayed.
The European Fire and Life Insurance Company's Office. A transparency in three sections ; the centre a welcome to the Prince, above a scroll with "welcome," a beehive representing industry ; a representation of the countryman whose vehicle stuck fast in the mud, appealing to Jupiter to extricate him, Underneath was the moral, "Help thyself," in white letters. On one side a representation indicative of improvidence, and on the other of industry and prudence.
Sydney Marine Assurance Office.-Transparency, the Prince in a triumphal car drawn by children.
The Victoria Insurance Company's Office.-Transparency, a portrait of the Prince, with the rose, thistle, and shamrock, lions couchant, and the Galatea.
The Sydney Insurance Company's Office.-Gas jets representing laurel wreath surrounding the emblem of their office, and large star.
The London and Lancashire Insurance Company's Office.-A large transparency, heraldic design, draped with flags, a lion couchant on one side, and a kangaroo on the other ; underneath was the motto, '' Sic fortis etruria crevit. "
The Australian Mutual Provident Society's Office.-Five large stars in gas jets, and the words, "Welcome Alfred" - underneath.
Farmer, Painter, and Pope, drapers.-Gas illumination ex-tending for about 140 feet, A star at each end, between the  words " Victoria House " in letters four feet high.
Prince, Ogg, and Co.-An elaborate design formed of evergreens and flowers, lighted up with about 2000 variegated lamps.
Thompson and Giles, George-street.-Transparency extending the whole length of the building, illumination in centre-star-and A E A in jets of gas.
Messrs. D. Jones and Co.-A large gas star at each end of the balcony, crown and anchor in centre ; the front of the building was festooned with evergreens, flowers, and flags ; and in the upper windows were transparencies. .
Gibbs, Shallard, and Co., Illustrated views office, &c-Large transparency, 14 feet by 10, representing an Australian corroboree ; also an illumination consisting of a star and shield of arms. Building decorated with flags.
Sydney Morning Herald.- Gas stars in every window except five, which had transparencies-The Duke's shield by the shields of England, Ireland, Scotland, and N. S. Wales, motto, "A National Welcome ;" the Duke leaning on his shield, motto, "Welcome to Sydney;" Britannia (holding a trident and British ensign) drawn by a sea-horse ; Galatea entering Sydney Heads on a sea-dragon ; the Duke's shield.
Volunteer Club, Castlereagh-street north.-Arms of the Volunteers-the arms of Great Britain quarterly with the arms of the Colony. Supporters : two volunteers, an artillery-man, and a rifleman. Motto : "For defence not defiance." Verandah hung with three dozen large Chinese lanterns.
F. Lassetter.-Large crown in glass crystals of great brilliancy, and particularly effective.
li. Tharne, grocer.-Transparency, allegorical representation of England, Ireland, and Scotland, view of Edinburgh in the distance.
Messrs. Gordon and Gotch, Punch office.- two transparencies, one the Duke's shield, casque, &c., surmounted with flags of all nations, and letters A EA ; the other was a representation of St. George and the dragon, surmounted with rose, shamrock, and thistle ; motto-Welcome.
The Commissariat Stores.-Transparencies-the Royal Arms of very large dimensions, and on the George-street front the arms of the war department.
The Exchange had braziers of fire round the whole of the parapet, and figures in transparencies in each window. Amongst the most prominent were Captain Cook, Sir Thomas Gresham, Adam Smith, the political economist, and a finely designed
figure of Australia.
Mr. John Sands, bookseller.-Large transparency-Australia with emu and kangaroo, introduced by Britannia to Prince Alfred. His Royal Highness in the centre of the picture, his ship in the back ground. On either side, arms of the Duke of Edinburgh and of New South Wales.
City Bank, corner of George and King streets.-Illumination-Large gas star with motto "Honi soit qui mal y pense."
Anchor in centre of star.
Thomas Spencer, Shakespeare Tavern.-Two chromo tropic wheels, of different patterns and colours. On either side transparencies representing the Queen and Prince Alfred.
Showers of fireworks were discharged at intervals from the Domain and Hyde Park. On Thursday, the 23rd, the Prince received addresses at Government house, the first being those from Parliament, which met purposely that morning to pass them
THE PRINCE'S VISIT. (1868, February 22). Illustrated Sydney News (NSW : 1853 - 1872), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63513833

Three masted sailing ship H.M.S. Galatea, ca. 1868 Alfred, the Duke of Edinburgh was a naval officer and the H.M.S. Galatea was his first command. The Galatea was in Australian waters from October 1867 till June 1868 while the Duke completed the first royal tour of Australia. Courtesy John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland. Image No.: StateLibQld 1 254247 
HMS Galatea was an Ariadne class 26-gun sixth rate wooden screw frigate in the Royal Navy, launched in 1859 and broken up 1883. She was first assigned to the Channel Squadron and then from 1863 to 1865 to the North America and West Indies Station based in Bermuda and Halifax. While in Halifax, Galatea inspired a trio of dramatic paintings by ship portrait artist John O'Brien. In 1866, after a refit, she went on a world cruise, under the command of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.

 

Above: Prince Alfred Yacht Club Regatta - 1895 (?) - Bronzewing and Althea (steamship in background) with yacht. BRONZEWING on the day and was accompanied by the flagship ALATHEA. courtesy ANMM Collection 00019553

THE GALATEA ENTERING SYDNEY HARBOR. 

THE GALATEA ENTERING, SYDNEY HARBOR. (1868, March 3). Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (Melbourne, Vic. : 1867 - 1875), p. 1 Supplement: SUPPLEMENT TO THE ILLUSTRATED AUSTRALIAN NEWS. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60450599

The First Royal Visitor to Australia: the Incident at Clontarf: March 12th, 1868 - threads collected and collated by A J Guesdon, 2015.