May 4 - 10, 2014: Issue 161
Pittwater's Noxious Weeds Update of Lists - Landholders Obliged To Control Those on Their Patch of Earth
Wild tobacco (Solanum mauritianum) and berries - photograph by A J Guesdon, 2014.
Pittwater's Noxious Weeds; Update of Lists - Landholders Obliged To Control Those on Their Patch of Earth
In the May-June Cooee - published by Pittwater Council, an updated list of Noxious Weeds Council submitted as a list of environmentally invasive weed trees, shrubs and groundcovers for consideration of elevated noxious weed status is listed. Subsequently, in February 2014, the Department of Primary Industries announced that Weed Control Order No. 30 was gazetted resulting in many of these ‘wish list’ weeds being included in the new legislation. As so many of these flowering stranglers of native vegetation can be hard to identify we thought publishing some images of these may help. Where possible we publish the flower, leaf and seed or fruit pod.
The Natural Resources Commission (NRC) has released a draft report outlining findings and recommendations for its review of weed management in NSW. This figure provides a summary of proposed institutional arrangements and responsibilities. The draft report has been informed by research, consultation and over 200 public submissions in response to the initial issues paper that was released in October 2013. Submissions on the draft report have now closed.
After consultation on the draft report, the final report will be prepared for the Minister for Primary Industries by late May 2014.
From Pittwater Council this week:
“The presence of noxious weeds are a constant threat to Pittwater’s natural environment, residents’ health and are costly to remove.” Mark Beharrell, Natural Environment & Education Manager said this week.
“Any measures that reduce their spread are welcome. Residents wishing to report noxious weeds or seek further information or advice can contact Council’s Noxious Weed Officer on 9970 1364 or visit Council’s website at www.pittwater.nsw.gov.au/environment/noxious_weeds“
Weed Alert: Sicklethorn
In 2012, the Australian Weeds Committee declared this Asparagus fern species a Weed of National Significance (WoNS).
Just two years later it is now a designated Class 2 Noxious Weed. A robust, invasive climber bearing hard, hooked thorns on light grey woody stems, Asparagus falcatus, can reach a height of 6 metres or more into the canopy. The leaves are shiny dark green, sickle shaped with wavy margins and clusters of small white flowers produce green seeds that mature to red.
Already a problem weed in the mid north coastal region, Sicklethorn has more recently been identified in and around several of Council’s creekline riparian zones however it is also gaining a foothold (or thornhold!) in less moist, semi-shaded conditions and surviving cooler temperatures than its subtropical African and Sri Lankan origins.
In a co-ordinated effort to control outbreaks and halt further spread of A. falcatus, Council contractors have targeted this noxious weed wherever it has been identified on public land. Adjacent private properties have been subsequently inspected and if found, owners alerted and issued with Notices to eradicate.
If you think you have seen this plant or have it growing on your property, please contact Council’s Noxious Weed Officer for further information on 9970 1364
Asparagus falcatus photo by Michael Wolf
New Noxious Weed List Update
Weed Control Order No. 30
Last year, Pittwater Council, along with Sydney North Noxious Weed Committee members, submitted a list of environmentally invasive weed trees, shrubs and groundcovers for consideration of elevated noxious weed status. Subsequently, in February 2014, the Department of Primary Industries announced that Weed Control Order No. 30 was gazetted resulting in many of these ‘wish list’ weeds being included in the new legislation.
Currently, under the Noxious Weeds Act 1993, private property landholders are obliged to control identified noxious weeds under 5 different Classes. Only the following more familiar weed species known to be in Pittwater and now on Council’s Noxious
Weeds List are highlighted below for your information. For a comprehensive list please refer to www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/aboutus/about/legislation-acts/noxious-weeds or Pittwater Council's Listings here
Class 1 – State Prohibited Weeds
Control Measure: The plant must be eradicated from the land and the land must be kept free of the plant. This is an all of NSW declaration.
The control objective for plants to which Class 1 applies is to prevent the introduction and establishment of those plants in NSW.
Boneseed, which is classified as a Class 1 noxious weed in New South.
The weed is native to South Africa, and has the ability to aggressively invade native Australian bushland while also posing a threat to significant rare or threatened species. Without effective control, it has the potential to spread into new areas, with most of southern New South Wales under threat.
Its status as a Class 1 noxious weed means it must be eradicated from the land and it is the responsibility of the land’s owner or occupier to control boneseed on their property.
Boneseed can be identified by the following features:
- Shrubs up to three metres high.
- Flowers are yellow with 5-8 petals and up to three centimetres in diameter. Peak flowering occurs from August to October.
- Leaves are 3-9 centimetres long and alternate along the stems. They are oval shaped with irregularly serrated edges. New growth is covered with white hairs that are shed as the leaves mature.
- Woody stems are branched and upright.
- Young fruit are round, green and fleshy, turning black when mature. They contain a single, smooth, round seed (6-7 millimetre diameter) which is bone-coloured when dry, giving it the name ‘boneseed’.
Class 4 – Locally Controlled Weeds
The growth of the plant must be managed in a manner that continuously inhibits the ability of the plant to spread and/or (the plant must not be sold, propagated or knowingly distributed).
The control objectives for plants to which Class 4 applies is to minimise the negative impact of those plants on the economy, community or environment of NSW.
*Currently exempt from Council’s DCP Control B4.22 Preservation of Trees or Bushland Vegetation.
The elevated noxious weed status bestowed on a ‘plant out of place’ means that these invasive weed species can be forcibly targeted for control, significantly reducing their potential to become a widespread problem in the natural environment.
Noxious weed status also increases potential for external funding to facilitate effective control programmes where current council resources are at capacity.
Of course there are still a large number of plants that are not listed noxious weeds but still have the potential to invade and alter our precious natural areas. However as individuals we can all do our bit to understand better and actively reduce the spread of undesirable plants by choosing to grow native plants endemic to the area.
Carefully consider new species selection if purchasing from commercial plant nurseries, markets or even on the internet, maintain a weed-free garden to reduce the seed spread or become an active Bushcare volunteer!
Pittwater Council has regular Native Plant give aways at Bushcare Volunteer work parties and at Community Events such as the Wine and Food Festival, Major Bushcare Days and Avalon Market Day. Council Bushcare officers are always on hand at these events with friendly advice on how to create your own bush haven.
Planting native plants will create habitat for our local birds and animals as well as create a no fuss garden that is easy to maintain.
Bushcare days are always listed on our Community News page for each month. A great way to invest in your community, keep fit and meet wonderful people.
Noxious Weed Act - 1993 - Five Control Classes
The Noxious Weeds Act 1993 specifies five control classes. Every declared noxious weed is placed within a class. Following are the five classes and the specified action for each class:
Class 1: State Prohibited Weeds*
Class 1 noxious weeds are plants that pose a potentially serious threat to primary production or the environment and are not present in the State or are present only to limited extent.
The Noxious Weed Act 1993 requires for a Class 1 noxious weed, “The plant must be eradicated from the land and the land must be kept free of the plant.”
The control objective for weed control Class 1 is to prevent the introduction and establishment of those plants in NSW.
Class 2: Regionally Prohibited Weeds*
Class 2 noxious weeds are plants that pose a potentially serious threat to primary production or the environment of a region but are not present in the region or are present only to limited extent.
The Noxious Weed Act 1993 requires for a Class 2 noxious weed, “The plant must be eradicated from the land and the land must be kept free of the plant.”
The control objective for weed control Class 2 is to prevent the introduction and establishment of those plants in parts of NSW.
Class 3: Regionally Controlled Weeds
Class 3 noxious weeds are plants that pose a serious threat to primary production or the environment of an area and are not widely distributed in the area but are likely to spread in the area or to another area.
The Noxious Weed Act 1993 requires for a Class 3 noxious weed, “The weed must be fully and continuously suppressed and destroyed.”
The control objective for weed control Class 3 is to reduce the area and impact of those plants in parts of NSW.
Class 4: Locally Controlled Weeds
Class 4 noxious weeds are plants that pose a serious threat to primary production, the environment or human health, are widely distributed in an area and are likely to spread in the area or to another area.
The Noxious Weed Act 1993 requires for a Class 4 noxious weed that “The growth of the plant must be managed in a manner that reduces its numbers spread and incidence and continuously inhibits its reproduction. Many listed Class 4 weeds have an extra requirement that they not be sold, propagated or knowingly distributed.”
The control objective for weed control Class 4 is to minimise the negative impact of those plants on the economy, community or environment of NSW.
Class 5: Restricted Weeds*
Class 5 noxious weeds are plants that are likely, by their sale or the sale of their seeds or movement within the State or area of the State, to spread in the State or outside the State.
The Noxious Weed Act 1993 requires for a Class 5 noxious weed, “The requirements in the Noxious Weeds Act 1993 for a notifiable weed must be complied with."
The control objective for weed control class 5 is to prevent the introduction of those plants into NSW, the spread of those plants within NSW or from NSW to another jurisdiction. The aim is to prevent their sale, propagation and distribution.
* Class 1, 2 and 5 weeds are Notifiable Weeds under the Noxious Weeds Act 1993.
As Notifiable weeds their presence must be reported by occupiers becoming aware of any plants on the land. They also must not be sold, propagated or knowingly transported.
Noxious Weeds - Identification Pictures
Boneseed (Chrysanthemoides monilifera subspecies monilifera)
Balloon vine (Cardiospermum grandiflorum) photo by A J Guesdon.
Camphor laurel (Cinnamomum camphora)* by Peter Woodard
Cassia/Senna (Senna pendula var. glabrata) + one covered in seed pods - photo by A J Guesdon.
Cat’s Claw Creeper (Dolichandra unguis-cati) by John Tann
Chinese celtis/Hackberry (Celtis sinensis) by KENPEI
Cockspur coral tree (Erythrina crista-galli) by Bidgee
Dolichos pea (Dipogon lignosus) courtesy Eurobodalla Shire Council
Edible Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)
Fireweed (Senecio madagascariensis) Photo by H. Rose.
Indian Hawthorn (Rhaphiolepis indica) Photos by Dave Whitinger
Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica) Photo by Aftabbanoori
Jasmine (Jasminum polyanthum) Photo by KENPEI
Mother of Millions (Bryophyllum daigremontianum) Photos by John Hosking.
Scotch/English Broom (Cytisus scoparius subsp. scoparius) Photo by Danny S.
Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus altissima) Photo by Fanghong.
Tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium) Photo by David J. Moorhead.
Yellow Bells (Tecoma stans) Photo by Tau'olunga.
Blue morning glory (Ipomoea indica) photo by A J Guesdon
Lantana (Lantana camara) and creeping lantana (Lantana montevidensis) photo by A J Guesdon
Taraxacum - Dandelion
Hibiscus - has been dumped in local reserve and now taking over. photo by A J Guesdon
Madeira Vine (Anredera cordifolia) photo by A J Guesdon
Taraxacum - Dandelion photo by A J Guesdon
Taraxacum - Dandelion
Pittwater's Noxious weeds - by A J Guesdon, 2014.