November 11 - 17, 2012: Issue 84      

 WOODLAND CHIMES.

Oh, list to the chimes in the green woodlands ringing, 
As the west wind comes sighing amongst the' tall  trees, 
Kissing the petals of the fair flowers and flinging
Their delicate odours on the scent laden breeze
List! how softly and thrilling the sweet numbers  flow,
As the breeze o'er the ridges comes floating along,
Rustling the drooped fronds as they wave to and fro,
And mingling their music with the grey thrush's song.   
Down in the gullies, where the brown bees arehumming,
The sweet sylvan concert is chiming on still; 
For Spring in her mantle of blossoms is coming,
The woods' leafy labyrinth with beauty to fill,
The ridges and dingles and glens to illume
With the red tulip's sheen and the mimosa‚Äôs bloom,         
And with the tangled vines' tendrils in rich purple flower,   
Wreathing bright garlands in each leaf-spangled  bower.   

The wail of the waterfall 's borne on the gale,
From where leaps the river o'er the grey granite crags,   
Ere its waters, like silver, flow down through the vale, 
Mongst the tall tassalled reeds ands the yellow flower'd flags;
Up 'mid the mountain mists the lyre-birds are trilling,         
Whilst the flute-bird's clear carrol in the vale swells; 
The coo of the brown dove with music is filling 
The mimosa groves in the golden bloomed dells;
The brief notes of the blue jay and wattle-bird blend
With the sweet smelling chorus the wild songsters rhyme;
While down in the gullies and in the lone glens
The bell-bird breaks in with her soft silvery  chime :
The swoom of the waters, the sweet songs of the bird;
The rustle of green fronds by balmy winds stirred;
And the manifold sweet sounds which round us doring,
A paradise make of the green woods in spring.
BUSHMAN.     
Molonglo, 17th September, 1867.   
Original Poetry. (1867, September 25). Braidwood Independent(NSW : 1867), p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article30576957

 Red Wattlebird Song

The Red Wattlebird (Anthochaera carunculata), also known as Barkingbird or Gillbird, is a honeyeater; a group of birds found mainly in Australia and New Guinea which have highly developed brush-tipped tongues adapted for nectar feeding. The tongue is flicked rapidly and repeatedly into a flower, the upper mandible then compressing any liquid out when the bill is closed.

Although honeyeaters look and behave very much like other nectar-feeding passerines around the world (such as the sunbirds and flowerpeckers), they are unrelated, and the similarities are the consequence of convergent evolution. The Red Wattlebird is a large (up to 35 cm) grey-brown honeyeater with red eyes, distinctive red wattles either side of the neck and white streaks on the chest and belly, which reveals a bright yellow patch towards the tail. Juveniles are generally less flamboyant, with less prominent wattles and browner eyes.

The species is found in SE Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and southwest Western Australia in open forest, woodland, and near human habitation. The nest is formed from sticks and leaves lined with bark and hair, between 2 and 16 meters above ground, usually in the forked branches of a tree or shrub, in which two or three, pale brown-spotted pinkeggs are normally laid.

In addition to nectar, it takes insects and other small creatures, usually by hawking, and also berries and other fruit. This bird was first described by John White in his Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales(1790).

Red Wattlebird. (2012, October 6). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Red_Wattlebird&oldid=516310501


HOW did the wattlebird get its name?

The general impression seems to be that the name came to be bestowed because of the sup-posed association of the bird with the wattle tree, but this is not so. It arises from the long fleshy excrescences called wattles that characterise two of the three species of these birds. The wattles in the Tasmanian wattlebird are yellow; those of the Mainland species are red, and the brush wattlebird, which occurs in Tasmania and on the Mainland also, is devoid of them. What purpose these wattles serve no one has been able to discover. They may be simply ornaments.

We may be interested to know how the wattle tree also received its name.- Generally, it is confined to the well defined and typical tree-growths of the Acacia family, such as silver wattle, black wattle, golden wattle, Cootamundra, Queensland, and certain other allied trees. The pliable nature of the branches made the tree a suitable medium for wattling early dwelling houses and fences in Australian settlements, though the art of "wattle and daub" was known and applied in medieval times.

It is not always recognised, however, that the wattle tree was not the first Australian tree to be used for this purpose. The original breed used for wattling was the Callicoma, which is quite a different genus, though in New South Wales it is still known as "black wattle." WATTLEBIRD and Wattle. (1953, January 10). The Mercury(Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), p. 15. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27143136

Photos by A J Guesdon, November, 2012.